ComScore Inc 10-K 2011
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission File Number 000-1158172
11950 Democracy Drive, Suite 600
Reston, Virginia 20190
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files) Yes o No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
The aggregate market value of the registrants voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the registrant on June 30, 2010, the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter, was $364.8 million (based on the closing sales price of the registrants common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market on that date). Shares of the registrants common stock held by each officer and director and each person who owns more than 10% or more of the outstanding common stock of the registrant have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrants classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: As of April 29, 2011, there were 31,816,840 shares of the registrants common stock outstanding.
This Amendment No. 1 on Form 10-K/A (this Amendment) amends comScore, Incs Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010, originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 15, 2011 (the Original Filing). We are amending and refiling Part III to include information required by Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14 because our definitive proxy statement will not be filed within 120 days after December 31, 2010, the end of the fiscal year covered by our Annual Report on Form 10-K. Accordingly, reference to our proxy statement on the cover page has been deleted.
In addition, pursuant to the rules of the SEC, we have also included as exhibits currently dated certifications required under Section 302 of The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Because no financial statements are contained within this Amendment, we are not including certifications pursuant to Section 906 of The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. We are amending and refiling Part IV to reflect the inclusion of those certifications.
Except as described above, no other changes have been made to the Original Filing. Except as otherwise indicated herein, this Amendment continues to speak as of the date of the Original Filing, and we have not updated the disclosures contained therein to reflect any events that occurred subsequent to the date of the Original Filing. The filing of this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A is not a representation that any statements contained in items of our Annual Report on Form 10-K other than Part III, Items 10 through 14, and Part IV are true or complete as of any date subsequent to the Original Filing.
AMENDMENT NO. 1
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K/A
FOR THE PERIOD ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
The following table sets forth the names and ages of our executive officers and directors as of May 2, 2011:
Magid M. Abraham, Ph.D. one of our co-founders, has served as our President, Chief Executive Officer and as a Director since September 1999. In 1995, Dr. Abraham founded Paragren Technologies, Inc., which specialized in delivering large scale Customer Relationship Marketing systems for strategic and target marketing, and served as its Chief Executive Officer from 1995 to 1999. Prior to founding Paragren, Dr. Abraham was employed by Information Resources, Inc. from 1985 until 1995, where he was President and Chief Operating Officer from 1993 to 1994 and later Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors from 1994 until 1995. In 2008, Dr. Abraham was inducted into the Entrepreneur Hall of Fame and was named an Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year in the Washington DC area. In 2009 he received the AMAs Parlin Award, a preeminent national honor recognizing one individual annually who has demonstrated outstanding leadership and sustained impact on advancing the evolving profession of marketing research over an extended period of time. Dr. Abraham received the Paul Green Award and the William F. ODell Award from the American Marketing Association for an article that he co-authored in the Journal of Marketing Research. He received a Ph.D. in Operations Research and an M.B.A. from MIT. He also holds an Engineering degree from the École Polytechnique in France.
Gian M. Fulgoni, one of our co-founders, has served as our Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors since September 1999. Prior to co-founding comScore, Mr. Fulgoni was employed by Information Resources, Inc., where he served as President from 1981 to 1989, Chief Executive Officer from 1986 to 1998 and Chairman of the Board of Directors from 1991 until 1995. Mr. Fulgoni has served on the board of directors of PetMed Express, Inc. since 2002 and previously served from August 1999 through November 2000. Mr. Fulgoni has also served on the board of directors of the Advertising Research Foundation, an industry research organization, since 2008. He also served on the board of directors of Platinum Technology, Inc. from 1990 to 1999, U.S. Robotics, Inc. from 1991 to 1994, and Yesmail.com, Inc. from 1999 to 2000. In 1991 and again in 2004, Mr. Fulgoni was named an Illinois Entrepreneur of the Year, the only person to have twice received the honor. In 1992, he received the Wall Street Transcript Award for outstanding contributions as Chief Executive Officer of Information Resources, Inc. in enhancing the overall value of that company to the benefit of its shareholders. In 2008, Mr. Fulgoni was inducted into the Chicago Entrepreneur Hall of Fame and was named an Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year. Educated in the United Kingdom, Mr. Fulgoni holds an M.A. in Marketing from the University of Lancaster and a B.Sc. in Physics from the University of Manchester.
Kenneth J. Tarpey has served as our Chief Financial Officer since April 20, 2009. Prior to joining comScore, Mr. Tarpey was Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer of Objectvideo, Inc., a Reston, Virginia-based provider of video surveillance software, from 2003 until April 2009. From 2002 until 2003, Mr. Tarpey was Senior Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer of Ai Metrix, Inc., a Herndon, Virginia-based provider of network optimization software. From 1997 until 2001, Mr. Tarpey was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Proxicom, a NASDAQ-listed Internet business consulting and development company. Mr. Tarpey holds an M.B.A. from Babson College and a B.A. from College of the Holy Cross.
Gregory T. Dale has served as our Chief Operating Officer since August 2009. Prior to that, he served as our Vice President, Product Management from September 1999 until October 2000 and as our Chief Technology Officer from October 2000 until August 2009. Prior to joining us, he served as Vice President of Client Service at Paragren Technologies, Inc., a company that specialized in enterprise relationship marketing. He holds a B.S. in Industrial Management from Purdue University.
Christiana L. Lin has served as our EVP, General Counsel and Chief Privacy Officer since August 2009. Prior to that, she served as our Deputy General Counsel from February 2001 until March 2003, as our Corporate Counsel and Chief Privacy Officer from March 2003 until January 2006 and as our General Counsel and Chief Privacy Officer from January 2006 until August 2009. Ms. Lin holds a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in Political Science from Yale University.
Jeffrey Ganek has served as a director since May 2008. From December 1999 until November 2010, Mr. Ganek also served as chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of NeuStar, Inc., which provides clearinghouse services to the telecommunications industry. From December 1995 to December 1999, Mr. Ganek was Senior Vice President and Managing Director of Communications Industry Services at Lockheed Martin, an advanced technology company. From 1993 to 1995, he was Vice President Asia Operations for Global TeleSystems Group, a communications service provider in Europe and Asia. From 1991 to 1993, Mr. Ganek was Vice President of Marketing at GTE Spacenet, a satellite communications service provider. From 1985 to 1991, he was Director of Marketing and Corporate Development at MCI Communications Corporation, a telecommunications company. From 1976 to 1985, he held management positions at AT&T, a telecommunications company, in Corporate Development, Marketing and Finance. Mr. Ganek holds an M.S. in Public Policy and Management and a B.S. in Economics from Carnegie-Mellon University.
Bruce Golden has served as a director since June 2002. He is a partner at Accel Partners, which he joined in 1997. Mr. Golden has led a number of investments in enterprise software and Internet-related companies while at Accel. He currently serves as a member of the boards of directors of Qlik Technologies Inc., a provider of business intelligence solutions, and Responsys, Inc., a provider of on-demand relationship marketing software, as well as several private companies. Mr. Golden holds an M.B.A. from Stanford University and a B.A. from Columbia University.
William J. Henderson has served as a director since August 2001. Mr. Henderson was the 71st Postmaster General of the United States. He served in that position from May 1998 until his retirement in May 2001. Mr. Henderson also served as the Chief Operations Officer of Netflix, Inc. from January 2006 until February 2007. Mr. Henderson also currently serves on the board of directors of Acxiom Corporation, where he has been a director since June 2001. Mr. Henderson holds a B.S. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and served in the U.S. Army.
William Katz has served as a director since June 2008. Since June 2004, Mr. Katz has also served as the chairman of the board of directors of Visible World Inc., a privately-held multimedia marketing services provider. From 1996 to 2004, Mr. Katz served as President and Chief Executive Officer of BBDO New York, the flagship office of BBDO Worldwide, the worlds third largest global agency network. Mr. Katz holds a B.A. in Business and Psychology from American University.
Ronald J. Korn has served as a director since November 2005. Since 1991, he has served as the President of Ronald Korn Consulting, which provides business and marketing services. Mr. Korn served as a director, chairman of the audit committee, and member of the loan committee of Equinox Financial Corporation from 1999 until its acquisition in October 2005. Since 2002, he has served as a director, chairman of the audit committee and a member of the compensation and nominating and governance committees of PetMed Express, Inc., and since July 2003, he has served as a director, chairman of the audit committee and a member of the compensation committee of Ocwen Financial Corporation. Prior to that, Mr. Korn was a partner and employee of KPMG, LLP, from 1961 to 1991,
where he was the managing partner of KPMGs Miami office from 1985 until 1991. Mr. Korn holds a B.S. from the Wharton School of Business at the University of Pennsylvania and a J.D. from New York University Law School.
Jarl Mohn, also known as Lee Masters from his radio career, has served as a director since June 2008. Mr. Mohn has also served on the board of directors of Scripps Network Interactive since June 2008. From December 2003 until July 2008, Mr. Mohn served on the board of directors of CNET Networks, Inc., where he also served as non-executive chairman from October 2006 to July 2008. Mr. Mohn also previously served on the boards of directors of XM Satellite Radio, Inc. from May 2004 to July 2008 and the E.W. Scripps Company from 2002 until 2008. Mr. Mohn was the founding President of Liberty Digital Inc., a publicly traded subsidiary of Liberty Media Group involved in interactive television, cable television networks and Internet enterprises, and served as its Chief Executive Officer from June 1999 to March 2002. Prior to founding Liberty Digital, he was President and Chief Executive Officer of E! Entertainment Television. From 1986 to 1989, Mr. Mohn was Executive Vice President and General Manager of MTV and VH1. His professional career also includes twenty years in radio. Mr. Mohn attended Temple University, where he studied Mathematics and Philosophy.
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires that certain of our executive officers and directors, and persons who own more than 10% of a registered class of our equity securities, file reports of ownership and changes in ownership (Forms 3, 4 and 5) with the SEC. Such executive officers, directors and greater than 10% holders are required to furnish us with copies of all of these forms that they file. Certain employees of our company hold a power of attorney to enable such individuals to file ownership and change in ownership forms on behalf of certain of our executive officers and directors.
Based solely on our review of these reports or written representations from certain reporting persons, we believe that during 2010, all filing requirements applicable to our officers, directors, greater-than-10% beneficial owners and other persons subject to Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, were met, except that the following reports, although filed, were not filed timely:
We have adopted a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics that applies to all directors and employees of the company, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer and principal accounting officer or controller. The full text of our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics is posted under the Investor Relations section on our website at http://www.comscore.com.
There have been no material changes to the procedures by which security holders may recommend nominees to our board of directors since those procedures were described in our proxy statement for our 2010 annual meeting of stockholders.
We have a separately-designated audit committee of our board of directors established in accordance with Section 3(a)(58)(A) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
The audit committee of our board of directors recommends the appointment of our independent registered public accountant, reviews our internal accounting procedures and financial statements, and consults with and reviews the services provided by our independent registered public accountant, including the results and scope of their audit. The audit committee met eleven times (including telephonic meetings) during 2010.
The audit committee is currently comprised of Ronald J. Korn (chair), William J. Henderson and Jeffrey Ganek, each of whom is independent within the meaning of the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and applicable SEC and NASDAQ rules. Ronald J. Korn is chairman of our audit committee as well as our audit committee financial expert, as currently defined under the SEC rules implementing the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. We believe that the composition and functioning of our audit committee complies with all applicable requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, The NASDAQ Global Market, and SEC rules and regulations.
The audit committee operates under a written charter adopted by the board of directors, a copy of which is available under the Investor Relations section of our website, http://www.comscore.com.
The following discussion and analysis of our compensation arrangements with our named executive officers should be read together with the compensation tables and related disclosures set forth elsewhere in this Amendment No. 1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A. Our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2010 are Magid M. Abraham, Kenneth J. Tarpey, Gian M. Fulgoni, Gregory T. Dale and Christiana L. Lin. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that are based on our current plans and expectations regarding future compensation programs. Actual compensation programs that we adopt may differ materially from currently planned programs as summarized in this discussion.
The objective of our compensation programs for employees is to attract and retain top talent. Our compensation plans are designed to motivate and reward employees for achievement of positive business results and also to promote and enforce accountability. In determining the compensation arrangement of our named executive officers, we are guided by the following key principles:
We believe that our executive compensation and benefit program balances short-term and long-term components, cash and equity elements, and fixed and contingent payments. We apply our compensation philosophy using both quantitative and qualitative standards to incentivize our named executive officers and reward them for achieving the following goals:
Our executive compensation structure aims not only to compensate top talent at levels that we believe are generally at the 50th percentile or greater of an identified peer group, but also to be fair relative to compensation paid to other professionals within our organization, relative to our short- and long-term performance results and relative to the value we deliver to our stockholders. In some instances, we may seek to compensate at levels that we believe are at other than the 50th percentile of our identified peer group in the event that our compensation committee believes such compensation structure would be in our best interest to attract the appropriate talent to meet our needs. We seek to maintain a performance-oriented culture with a compensation approach that rewards our executive officers when we achieve and exceed our goals and objectives, while putting at risk an appropriate portion of their compensation against the possibility that our goals and objectives may not be achieved. Our compensation committee considers both qualitative and quantitative factors as measures of individual performance and weights these factors as appropriate in assessing a particular individuals performance. Overall, our approach is designed to relate the compensation of our named executive officers to the following: the achievement of short- and long-term goals and objectives; their willingness to challenge and improve existing policies and structures; and their capability to take advantage of unique opportunities and overcome difficult challenges within our business.
Our compensation committee approves, administers and interprets our executive compensation and benefit policies, including our 1999 Stock Plan, our 2007 Equity Incentive Plan and our compensation, incentives and benefits programs. Our compensation committee is appointed by our board of directors, and consists entirely of directors who are outside directors for purposes of Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code, non-employee directors for purposes of Rule 16b-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and independent directors under the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market. Our compensation committee is comprised of Messrs. Henderson, Katz and Mohn, and is chaired by Mr. Henderson.
Our compensation committee reviews and approves our executive compensation and benefit program to ensure that it is consistent with our compensation philosophy and corporate governance guidelines. Our compensation committee also is responsible for establishing the executive compensation packages offered to our named executive officers.
Our compensation committee has taken the following steps to ensure that our executive compensation and benefit program is consistent with both our compensation philosophy and our corporate governance guidelines:
In July 2009, our compensation committee selected and directly engaged the services of a new independent executive compensation consulting firm, Compensia. The committee selected Compensia because Compensias primary focus is on technology companies and because of its familiarity and experience in advising the compensation committees for the boards of directors of technology companies. No member of the compensation committee or any named executive officer has any affiliation with Compensia. Compensia has not performed any other work for us, and it has reported directly to the chairman of the compensation committee. Compensia is engaged to conduct an annual compensation study for the compensation committee of our board of directors, including without limitation, selection of a peer group, reporting on our compensation as compared to our peers, and providing recommendations to the compensation committee on adjustments to our compensation plans and approaches to support our compensation philosophy.
Fees of the Compensation Committee Consultants
The aggregate fees billed by Compensia for 2010 to provide advice or recommendations on the amount or form of executive and director compensation did not exceed $120,000 individually or in the aggregate. Compensia did not provide additional services to us or our affiliates during 2010.
Approval of Compensation Consultant Services
In 2009, our board of directors and our management sought to engage a compensation consultant with strong experience with technology companies at similar stages of growth as our company. In 2009, our General Counsel screened and recommended several firms, including Compensia, to serve as the compensation consultant to our compensation committee. The chairman of our compensation committee interviewed representatives from three firms and our compensation committee determined that it would engage Compensia. Our compensation committee directly approved Compensia as its compensation consultant.
Review of Compensation Policies for 2010 Fiscal Year
In the fourth quarter of 2009, as part of our ongoing commitment to link current compensation levels to our compensation philosophy and business strategy, our compensation committee requested that Compensia review our direct compensation, including base salary, total cash compensation and total direct compensation. Also in 2009, our compensation committee requested that Compensia review our identified peer group and recommend appropriate improvements.
Compensia provided a report to the compensation committee in October 2009 with observations and analyses regarding the direct compensation of our named executive officers. The October 2009 study referenced both published compensation survey data of comparably-sized companies and a valuation peer group determined based on inputs from investment banks as well as management input as to companies with whom we compete for
executive talent, with median annual revenues of up to twice our annual revenues. All of the companies included in the peer group are providers of digital marketing intelligence or related analytical products and services, marketing services and solutions or survey services. Specifically, the peer group consisted of the following companies:
Our identified peer group for our 2010 compensation changed somewhat from the group previously identified and used. Upon consultation with the compensation committee and management, as well as upon conducting independent research, Compensia recommended the group identified above. The changes in composition from 2009 were due to several factors, including the determination by Compensia to better align our recommended peer group with similarly-sized companies in the technology space with similar growth characteristics as our own business. We also eliminated certain companies from our prior peer group due to the impact of the changing economy on identified firms as well as certain firms existing in the market altogether.
Our compensation committee chose the 50th percentile of this peer group for our compensation components with a view towards what our compensation committee believed to be fair to our named executive officers and to the company as well as consistent with industry practices in the technology sector. In making such determination, our compensation committee considered such factors as the stage of our companys development, the size and characteristics of our company, based on both headcount and operations and balance sheet characteristics, as well as the expected future characteristics of our business relative to our identified peer group.
Based on the inputs from Compensia and our management as well as their own review, our compensation committee determined that our named executive officers compensation package for our 2010 fiscal year continued to fall within the 50th percentile range of the identified peer group for executive compensation, and target annual incentives, total cash compensation and total direct compensation were all in line with market medians, with the flexibility to exceed up to the 75th percentile range of the identified peer group. Our compensation committee further determined that, with the exception of Dr. Abraham, Mr. Dale and Ms. Lin, our named executive officers base salaries for our 2010 fiscal year continued to fall within the 50th percentile range of our identified peer group for executive base salary.
Although Dr. Abrahams base salary was found to be below the 50th percentile range in 2010, our compensation committee determined that Dr. Abrahams compensation package was heavily weighted in equity compensation. Such equity component was found to have counterbalanced the shortfall in base salary such that Dr. Abrahams compensation package remained consistent with our compensation philosophy. Moreover, the compensation committee believed that the heavier weighting towards equity compensation would better align Dr. Abrahams interests with the long-term interests of the company and our stockholders.
As Chief Technology Officer, Mr. Dales compensation fell within the 50th percentile range of our identified peer groups for executive base salary. In August 2009, Mr. Dale was promoted without an accompanying cash increase at that time. Additionally, in July 2009, Ms. Lin was promoted to executive vice president, and in December 2009, Ms. Lin assumed the additional responsibility of overseeing our human capital department without an accompanying cash increase at that time. Mr. Dale and Ms. Lin did not receive increases in cash salary in connection with their increased responsibilities at those times, but each was awarded additional restricted stock at such time in order to maintain a total compensation package that was consistent with the 50th percentile for peers with their respective level of responsibility. Moreover, in support of our cash-conservation efforts in 2009, our compensation committee determined to accelerate the vesting of 2,500 shares of restricted stock previously issued to Mr. Dale and Ms. Lin. On April 22, 2010, based on input received from Compensia, and in consultation with management, our compensation committee determined to adjust Mr. Dales and Ms. Lins compensation by providing each executive with a 9% increase to their base salary effective May 1, 2010.
In addition, on July 22, 2010, our compensation committee approved restoring the base salary of Mr. Tarpey to the base salary set forth in the terms of his original offer letter effective July 23, 2010. Mr. Tarpeys salary was reduced in connection with our 2009 cash-conservation activities pursuant to which a number of our senior executives and employees had their salaries reduced temporarily in exchange for certain grants of restricted stock.
Otherwise, because there was no change in responsibilities for the other named executive officers, the compensation committee determined to leave 2010 base salaries for those named executive officers unchanged from 2009.
Our compensation committee believes that our current compensation format and the target levels are consistent with our targeted range of our identified peer group. In reaching these decisions, the compensation committee considered the importance of providing increased incentive opportunities to our named executive officers in equity, which would help better align the long-term incentives of those executives with the incentives of our stockholders.
Our executive compensation program consists of three components: base salary, short- and long-term equity incentives (including equity awards in the form of stock options, restricted stock units and/or restricted stock awards) and benefits.
Our compensation committee evaluates executive compensation and strives to apply the mix of these components in a manner that implements our philosophy while meeting our objectives to attract and retain top talent using compensation that is consistent with or more attractive than other opportunities while also adjusting for individual relative performance and responsibilities as well as our business goals. Our compensation committee has no formal policy for allocating compensation among the compensation components described above, but it does strive to set each component at levels that are consistent with the 50th percentile range of our identified peer group.
Base salary is used to recognize the experience, skills, knowledge and responsibilities required of each named executive officer, as well as to reflect market conditions as indicated by reference to our peer group. As we initially considered our named executive officers compensation for 2010, base salary determinations were guided primarily by our objective to provide compensation at levels to attract and retain top talent. In establishing the 2010 base salaries of the named executive officers, our compensation committee and management took into account a number of factors, including the executives seniority, position and functional role, level of responsibility and his or her accomplishments against personal and group objectives. In addition, we considered the market for corresponding positions within comparable geographic areas and industries as well as the state of our business and our cash flows. In initially setting 2010 base salaries, the compensation committee and management also compared their assessments to input provided by Compensia.
The base salaries of each of our named executive officers are reviewed on an annual basis and adjustments are made following each fiscal year, within the context of our overall annual merit increase structure, and at other times as appropriate, in each case to reflect performance-based factors, marketplace conditions and the overall performance of our business. We do not apply specific formulas to determine increases. We considered the following when evaluating named executive officers salaries:
Dr. Abraham, our Chief Executive Officer, periodically reviewed the performance of our named executive officers in the context of the factors noted above and recommended to the compensation committee any base salary changes deemed appropriate.
In late 2009, in connection with input provided by Compensia, our compensation committee evaluated the base salaries of our named executive officers for our 2010 fiscal year. Although all of our named executive officers achieved various objectives and demonstrated improvements in their personal capacities during 2009, the compensation committee continued to heavily consider the external market factors and economic conditions in its review of our named executive officers respective compensation arrangements. In light of our overall financial performance and the continued general uncertainty of the global economic conditions at that time, as well as the competitive conditions within our peer group and industry, our compensation committee determined at that time to set base salaries of our named executive officers for our 2010 fiscal year at the same level as were set in 2009. However, in April 22, 2010, based on additional input received from Compensia, and in consultation with management, our compensation committee determined to further adjust Mr. Dales and Ms. Lins compensation by providing each executive with a 9% increase to their base salary effective May 1, 2010 to reflect increased responsibilities. On July 22, 2010, our compensation committee approved restoring the base salary of Mr. Tarpey to the base salary set forth in the terms of his original offer letter effective July 23, 2010. Otherwise, because there was no change in responsibilities for the other named executive officers, the compensation committee determined to leave 2010 base salaries for those named executive officers unchanged from 2009. Our compensation committee believed that such levels remained consistent with our compensation philosophy of providing executive base salaries at the 50th percentile range of our peer group.
The annual base salaries for 2009 and 2010 for each named executive officer are set forth below:
Equity-based incentives are primarily guided by our objective of aligning named executive officers with the interests of our stockholders. Grants of stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock made to executive officers are designed to provide them with incentive to execute their responsibilities in such a way as to generate long-term benefit to us and our stockholders. Through possession of stock options, restricted stock units and shares
of restricted stock, our executives participate in the long-term results of their efforts, whether by appreciation of our companys value or the impact of business setbacks, either company-specific or industry based. Additionally, stock options, restricted stock units and shares of restricted stock provide a means of ensuring the retention of named executive officers, in that they are in almost all cases subject to vesting over an extended period of time, often multiple years.
Stock options, restricted stock units and shares of restricted stock are granted periodically, and are typically subject to vesting based on the executives continued employment. Historically, most of these grants were designed to vest evenly over four years, beginning on the date of the grant.
We typically use shares of restricted common stock as a form of long-term compensation. Our compensation committee has preferred the use of restricted stock in favor of stock options ever since our common stock has become publicly traded because it results in less dilution of our existing stockholders, it provides some immediate, tangible value to our employees, and it also does not require cash outlay by our employees. At the same time, restricted stock with vesting promotes employee retention while incentivizing our employees to pursue long-term growth initiatives. We expect to continue to predominantly use restricted stock awards in favor of stock options as a form of long-term, stock-based compensation for the foreseeable future.
Upon joining us, each executive is generally granted an initial restricted stock award that is primarily based on competitive conditions applicable to the executives specific position. In addition, the compensation committee considers the number of shares subject to equity awards owned by other executives in comparable positions within our company when determining the number of shares to grant to each executive, as well as the number of shares that remain unvested. Based upon input provided by Compensia and reviewed by our compensation committee, we believe this strategy is consistent with the approach of our peer group and, in our compensation committees view, is appropriate for aligning the interests of our executives with those of our stockholders over the long term.
Periodic awards to named executive officers are made based on an assessment of their sustained performance over time, their ability to effect results that drive value to our stockholders and their level of responsibility within our organization. Dr. Abraham, our Chief Executive Officer, periodically reviews the performance of our other named executive officers on this basis and recommends any equity awards to our compensation committee. The compensation committee reviews and approves any such recommendations as appropriate.
2010 Executive Incentive Compensation Policy
In February 2010, our compensation committee confirmed that the combined bonus and long-term compensation policies and target levels that we used for our 2009 Executive Long-Term Compensation Policy remained appropriate and therefore remained the same for our 2010 Executive Incentive Compensation Policy. These target levels and the actual amounts paid out were as follows for 2010:
These awards were paid out following the end of our 2010 fiscal year. The short-term performance-based stock bonus awards were fully vested upon the grant date. One-third of the shares subject to the award of the long-term performance-based stock bonus awards to each named executive officer shall vest annually beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date until the full amount of the award is vested, subject to continued employment through each of the vesting dates.
Our compensation committee believes that this format and the target levels are consistent with or more attractive than other opportunities in those named executive officers respective marketplaces based on their experience in the marketplace as well as insight provided by Compensia.
Under this policy, the award levels established for the 2010 fiscal year for Dr. Abraham and Messrs. Tarpey and Fulgoni were based on a mix of quantitative and qualitative factors, certain of which were the satisfactory completion of specific projects or initiatives. The quantitative milestones varied somewhat from 2009 to reflect the expected financial performance of the company in 2010 as compared to 2009. Our compensation committee selected the targets and the weighting of the targets based on their experience as well as Compensias input. The weighting is more heavily weighted towards profitability measures in the interest of incentivizing Dr. Abraham and Messrs. Tarpey and Fulgoni to achieve increased profitable growth for our business as a whole. The 2010 targets for Dr. Abraham and Messrs. Tarpey and Fulgoni were calculated based on the following component factors:
The annual performance targets established for the 2010 fiscal year for Mr. Dale and Ms. Lin were based on each respective named executive officers actual salary earned during 2010 and the achievement of qualitative performance factors such as successful completion and integration of strategic transactions, effective management of their respective organizations, the development and release of new technology or product offerings, successful recruiting and development of our human resources and the successful implementation of strategic initiatives.
May 2010 Market-Based Performance Stock Option Awards
In May 2010, following a review of market-based performance equity awards in conjunction with Compensia, our compensation committee approved awards of stock options that were designed to motivate management to drive enterprise value toward a significantly higher market capitalization over the next two years and promote sustainability of such achievement. We refer to these options in this proxy statement as the May 2010 Stock
Option Grants. The May 2010 Stock Option Grants were granted effective as of May 4, 2010 with an exercise price of $18.21 per share, to each of the named executive officers employed as of that date, in the amounts listed below:
Each of the May 2010 Stock Option Grants is subject to market-based vesting, whereby 100% of the shares subject to option is eligible to vest in the event that our common stock closing price as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market exceeds an average of $30 per share for a consecutive thirty-day period prior to May 4, 2012, an event we refer to as the Trigger. Fifty percent (50%) of the shares subject to the options will vest upon achievement of the Trigger and the remaining fifty percent (50%) of the shares subject to the options will vest on the one year anniversary of the achievement of the Trigger, subject to the named executive officers continued status as a service provider to us through such dates. The thirty (30)-day price average and bifurcated vesting provisions are intended to promote sustainability of significantly higher market capitalization.
Our compensation committee, with advice from our senior management and input from Compensia, devised the May 2010 Stock Option Grants with a goal of promoting aggressive growth of our business. These awards were designed to incentivize our named executive officers to nearly double the value of our business within the two year period in which the May 2010 Stock Option Grants are eligible to vest. Furthermore, the Trigger is designed to promote sustainable growth. Our compensation committee and our management concluded this was an aggressive growth strategy that could be achieved with significant effort from our named executive officers, particular from our chief executive officer. Accordingly, the preponderance of the May 2010 Stock Option Grants were awarded to Dr. Abraham in recognition of his unique abilities and with a view towards his leadership in achieving the financial results necessary to achieve the target market capitalization.
In the event of (a) an indictment, plea of nolo contendere or conviction, of any felony or of any crime involving dishonesty by a named executive officer; (b) a material breach by a named executive officer of his or her duties or of a company policy, including repeated unsatisfactory performance of job duties as determined by our compensation committee or our board of directors; or (c) a commission of any act of dishonesty, embezzlement, theft, fraud or misconduct by a named executive officer with respect to us, any of which in the good faith and reasonable determination of our compensation committee or our board of directors is materially detrimental to us, our business or our reputation, our compensation committee has the right to deny vesting of the option for such named executive officer and cause the option to immediately terminate for no consideration to the individual.
In addition to the market-based vesting conditions, the options may vest in part or entirely upon a change of control, as more fully described under the subsequent heading Severance and Change of Control Arrangements.
We provide the following benefits to our named executive officers on the same basis as the benefits provided to all our employees:
These benefits are consistent with those offered by other companies and specifically with those companies with which we compete for employees.
In general, we do not view perquisites as a significant component of our executive compensation structure. However, the compensation committee has the authority to approve perquisites, primarily for retention purposes or to accommodate specific, and usually temporary, circumstances of executives who do not reside near their work locations.
Our named executive officers are parties to various agreements that provide certain benefits to those named executive officers in the event of their termination or a change of control of comScore under certain circumstances or both.
We believe the following arrangements are useful retention tools that are particularly necessary in an industry, such as ours, where there is frequent market consolidation. We recognize that it is possible that we may be subject to a change of control, and that this possibility could result in a sudden departure or distraction of our key executives to the detriment of our business. We believe that the following arrangements help to maintain the continued focus and dedication of our executives to their assigned duties to maximize stockholder value without the distraction that could result from the uncertainty of a change of control.
Change of Control and Severance Agreements
In July 2010, our compensation committee, following consultation with our outside compensation consultant, Compensia, approved Change of Control and Severance Agreements for certain members of the our management, including each of our current named executive officers: Magid M. Abraham, Ph.D.; Gian M. Fulgoni; Kenneth J. Tarpey; Gregory T. Dale; and Christiana L. Lin.
Each of these Change of Control and Severance Agreements has a three-year initial term with automatic one-year renewals thereafter, and an automatic 12-month extension following the date of a change of control. Each agreement provides that if, prior to a change of control, we terminate such executives employment without cause, or such executive resigns from such employment for good reason, then subject to certain covenants such executive would be entitled to the following severance benefits:
The table below identifies the severance period specified in the Change of Control and Severance Agreements for each such executive:
Each of the Change of Control and Severance Agreements also provides that if, on or within 12 months after a change of control, such executives employment is terminated without cause, or any such executive resigns for good reason, then subject to certain covenants each such executive would be entitled to the following severance benefits:
The table below identifies the change of control multiple specified in the agreements for each such executive:
Each of the agreements with Messrs. Tarpey and Dale and Ms. Lin provides that if each such executive remains employed by or continues to provide services to us through the one-year anniversary of a change of control, one hundred percent (100%) of such executives then outstanding and unvested equity awards (excluding the May 2010 Stock Option Grants, which include their own separate acceleration provisions) as of the date of the change of control shall accelerate and become vested in full. The agreements for Dr. Abraham and Mr. Fulgoni provide for accelerated vesting of one hundred percent (100%) of their then outstanding and unvested equity awards (excluding the May 2010 Stock Option Grants, which include their own separate acceleration provisions) upon a change of
control. Such single-trigger acceleration is consistent with existing equity awards held by Dr. Abraham and Mr. Fulgoni.
These Change of Control and Severance Agreements supersede any existing severance or change of control provisions included in our named executive officers respective employment agreements or letter agreements.
In the event that the benefits under an Agreement would (i) constitute parachute payments within the meaning of Section 280G of the Internal Revenue Code (the Code) or (ii) would be subject the excise tax imposed by Section 4999 of the Code, each such executive would receive such payment as would entitle such executive to receive the greatest after-tax benefit.
The effects of these arrangements are described under Executive Compensation Potential Payments upon Termination or Change-in-Control. We believe that these arrangements will help our executive officers maintain continued focus and dedication to their responsibilities to help maximize stockholder value if there is a potential transaction that could involve a change of control. We also believe these arrangements are competitive with arrangements offered to senior executives at companies with whom we compete for executive talent and are necessary to the achievement of our business objective of management retention.
May 2010 Stock Option Grants
In addition, the May 2010 Stock Option Grants to each of Dr. Abraham, Messrs. Tarpey, Fulgoni and Dale and Ms. Lin may vest in part or entirely upon a change of control, which for purposes of the options vesting will be generally defined as an acquisition of at least fifty percent (50%) of the voting control of our company, a sale or merger of our company, or the sale of substantially all the assets of comScore. Upon such a change of control, if our common stock closing price as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market exceeds an average of $24.10 per share for the thirty-day period immediately preceding the change of control, fifty percent (50%) of the shares subject to option will vest upon the consummation of the change of control. The percentage of the total shares subject to option that vest upon a change of control increases linearly from fifty percent (50%) at $24.10 per share to one hundred percent (100%) at thirty dollars ($30) per share based on the thirty (30)-day average of our common stock closing price as reported by the NASDAQ Global Market immediately preceding the change of control.
Our compensation approach is necessarily tied to our stage of development as a company. Accordingly, the specific direction, emphasis and components of our executive compensation program will continue to evolve as our company and its underlying business strategy continue to grow and develop. For example, we have reduced our executive compensation programs emphasis on stock options as a long-term incentive component in favor of other forms of equity compensation such as restricted stock awards. Similarly, we continue to revise how we measure senior executive performance to take into account the unique requirements of being a public company, including, but not limited to, strict compliance with the standards of the Sarbanes Oxley Act. In addition, we have engaged an outside compensation consultant since mid-2007 to assist our compensation committee in continuing to evolve our executive compensation program, and we may look to programs implemented by comparable public companies in refining our compensation approach.
The compensation committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A with company management. Based on the compensation committees review of, and the discussions with management with respect to, the Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the compensation committee recommended to the board of directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K/A for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2010 for filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
William J. Henderson, Chairman
The foregoing compensation committee report shall not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and shall not otherwise be deemed filed under these acts, except to the extent we specifically incorporate by reference into such filings.
Summary Compensation Table
The following table sets forth summary information concerning compensation for the following persons: (i) all persons serving as our chief executive officer during 2010, (ii) all persons serving as our chief financial officer during 2010 and (iii) the three most highly compensated of our other executive officers who received compensation during 2010 of at least $100,000 and who were executive officers on December 31, 2010. We refer to these persons as our named executive officers elsewhere in this Amendment No. 1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A. The following table includes all compensation earned by the named executive officers for the respective periods, regardless of whether such amounts were actually paid during the period.
The following table sets forth certain information concerning grants of plan-based awards to named executive officers in 2010.
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End
The following table shows outstanding equity awards held by the named executive officers as of December 31, 2010.
The following table shows the stock options exercised and value realized upon exercise, as well as all stock awards vested and value realized upon vesting by our named executive officers during the year ended December 31, 2010.
Potential Payments Upon Termination or a Change of Control
The following table estimates payments and the value of any accelerated vesting that would have been due to each named executive officer in the event of a change of control, assuming the change of control occurred on December 31, 2010.
The following table estimates payments as well as the value of any accelerated vesting that would have been due to each named executive officer in the event his employment had been terminated not in connection with a change of control without cause or if such executive resigns without good reason, assuming the termination occurred on December 31, 2010.
The following table estimates payments as well as the value of any accelerated vesting that would have been due to each named executive officer in the event his employment had been terminated in connection with or within 12 months of a change of control without cause or if such executive resigns without good reason, assuming the termination occurred on December 31, 2010.
For a further discussion of the agreements pursuant to which our named executive officers are entitled to payments upon a termination or change of control, see the section titled Compensation Discussion and Analysis Components of our Executive Compensation Program Severance and Change of Control Arrangements.
Compensation Risk Assessment
Our compensation committee and management have considered whether our compensation programs for employees create incentives for excessive or unreasonable risks that could have a material adverse effect on us. Our compensation committee believes that our compensation plans are consistent with practices for our industry and that risks arising from our compensation policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on us.
Retainers and Meeting Fees: During 2010, our non-employee directors were eligible to receive an annual cash retainer of $25,000 for service generally on our board of directors.
In addition, prior to August 2010, the non-employee chairpersons of certain of the standing committees of our board of directors were eligible to receive additional annual cash retainers. In August 2010, our board of directors conducted a review of our director compensation policies, which considered input from Compensia. Based on this review, our board of directors approved, among other changes, an increase in the levels of the annual cash retainer supplements for non-employee committee chairpersons and members effective as of July 1, 2010 in order to
improve the competiveness of the compensation provided to the non-employee members of our board of directors as well as to appropriately reflect the level involvement of our committee members. The additional annual cash retainers for which members or chairperson of certain committees of our board of directors were eligible before and after this increase in 2010 were as follows:
In the case of new non-employee directors, these fees are prorated based on when the non-employee director joined our board of directors during the year. Employee directors are not compensated for board of director or committee service in addition to their regular employee compensation.
Other Equity-Based Compensation: Outside directors are also eligible to receive stock awards and option grants under our 2007 Equity Incentive Plan. Since our initial public offering in 2007, our non-employee directors have been and are entitled to an annual grant of restricted stock having a value of $50,000 at the time of grant. In August 2010, our board of directors conducted a review of our director compensation policies, which considered input from Compensia. Based on this review, our board of directors approved, among other changes, an increase in the grant date value of the annual grant of restricted stock to approximately $90,000 in order to improve the competiveness of the compensation provided to the non-employee members of our board of directors as well as to appropriately reflect the level involvement of our committee members.
The total amount of each annual grant of restricted stock shall remain unvested until the earlier of (i) the date of the respective directors next anniversary upon joining our board of directors, (ii) the date of the first annual stockholders meeting following the date of grant or (iii) a change of control. The board of directors has discretion to accelerate or modify such vesting schedule due to special circumstances.
Expenses: We reimburse our non-employee directors for all reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as directors. Such expense reimbursements are not included in the table below under the subheading 2010 Director Compensation.
The following table sets forth certain information concerning cash and non-cash compensation earned by the non-employee members of our board of directors in 2010. None of the non-employee members of our board of directors received option awards or other compensation in 2010.
William J. Henderson, William Katz and Jarl Mohn served as our compensation committee during 2010. None of the members of our compensation committee in 2010 was a present or former officer or employee of our company. In addition, during 2010, none of our officers had an interlock relationship, as that term is defined by the SEC.
SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
The following table sets forth certain information with respect to beneficial ownership of our common stock, as of March 31, 2011, by:
Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules of the SEC. Except as indicated by the footnotes below, we believe, based on the information furnished to us, that the persons and entities named in the table below have sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares of the common stock that they beneficially own, subject to applicable community property laws. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage ownership of that person, shares of common stock subject to options or warrants held by that person that are currently exercisable or exercisable within 60 days of March 31, 2011 are
deemed outstanding, but are not deemed outstanding for purposes of computing the percentage ownership of any other person. Unless otherwise indicated, these shares do not include any stock or options awarded after March 31, 2010. A total of 31,807,200 shares of our common stock were outstanding as of March 31, 2011.
Except as otherwise indicated, the address of each of the persons in this table is c/o comScore, Inc., 11950 Democracy Drive, Suite 600, Reston, Virginia 20190.
The following table summarizes our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2010:
Related person transactions, which we define as all transactions involving an executive officer, director, nominee for director or a holder of more than five percent of our common stock, including any of their immediate family members and any entity owned or controlled by such persons, are reviewed and approved by the audit committee of our board of directors or in some cases by a majority of disinterested directors on our board of directors.
In any transaction involving a related person, our audit committee and our board of directors consider all of the available material facts and circumstances of the transaction, including: the direct and indirect interests of the related persons; in the event the related person is a director or nominee for director (or immediate family member of a director or an entity with which a director is affiliated), the impact that the transaction will have on a directors or nominee for directors independence; the risks, costs and benefits of the transaction to us; and whether any alternative transactions or sources for comparable services or products are available.
After considering all such facts and circumstances, our audit committee and our board of directors determines whether approval or ratification of the related person transaction is in our best interests. For example, if our audit committee determines that the proposed terms of a related person transaction are reasonable and at least as favorable as could have been obtained from unrelated third parties, it will recommend to our board of directors that such transaction be approved or ratified. In addition, if a related person transaction will compromise the independence of one of our directors or nominees for director, our audit committee may recommend that our board of directors reject the transaction if it could affect our ability to comply with securities laws and regulations or NASDAQ listing requirements.
Of the transactions described below, the employment arrangement with Ms. Abraham and several of the indemnification agreements were entered into prior to the adoption of our audit committee charter. Accordingly, each of those transactions were approved by disinterested members of our board of directors after making a determination that the transaction was executed on terms no less favorable than those we could have obtained from unrelated third parties. The transaction with Rapleaf was ratified by our audit committee after making a determination that the transaction was executed on terms no less favorable than those we could have obtained from unrelated third parties.
The policies and procedures described above for reviewing and approving related person transactions are not in writing. However, the charter for our audit committee provides that one of the committees responsibilities is to review and approve in advance any proposed related person transactions.
We believe that there has not been any other transaction or series of transactions during 2010 to which we were or are to be a participant in which the amount involved exceeds $120,000 and in which any director, nominee for director, executive officer or holder of more than five percent of our common stock, or members of any such persons immediate family, had or will have a direct or indirect material interest, other than compensation described in Executive Compensation or Director Compensation elsewhere in this Amendment No. 1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A and as described below.
Since our inception in 1999, Linda Boland Abraham, the spouse of our President and Chief Executive Officer, Dr. Magid M. Abraham, has been employed in various management positions with us. Most recently, Ms. Abraham has served as our Chief Marketing Officer and Executive Vice President of International Business Development beginning in 2009. During the year ended December 31, 2010, Ms. Abraham earned approximately $202,938 in salary. Also during the year ended December 31, 2010, Ms. Abraham received an award of shares of our restricted stock pursuant to our 2009 Bonus Policy with a fair value at the time of grant of approximately $595,514 that was granted in February 2010.
We have entered into an indemnification agreement with each of our directors and executive officers. The indemnification agreements and our amended and restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws require us to indemnify our directors and officers to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law.
Services Agreement with RapLeaf
During 2010, we entered into a Data Processing agreement with Rapleaf, Inc., or Rapleaf. Our president and chief executive officer, Dr. Magid M. Abraham, was a member of RapLeafs board of directors until October 2010. We paid $144,000 pursuant to such agreement during the year ended December 31, 2010. In relation to this counterparty, there was $14,000 included in accounts payable balances as of December 31, 2010.
Our board of directors has determined that each of Messrs. Ganek, Golden, Henderson, Katz, Korn and Mohn is independent under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the listing standards of the NASDAQ Stock Market; therefore, every member of the audit committee, compensation committee and nominating and governance committee is an independent director in accordance with those standards. There were no related person transactions considered in the last fiscal year in the determination of the independence of the directors.
Audit and Related Fees for Fiscal Years 2009 and 2010
The following table sets forth a summary of the fees billed to us by Ernst & Young LLP for professional services for the fiscal years ended December 31, 2009 and 2010, respectively. All of the services described in the following fee table were approved by the audit committee.
The audit committee meets regularly with Ernst & Young LLP throughout the year and reviews both audit and non-audit services performed by Ernst & Young LLP as well as fees charged for such services. The audit committee has determined that the provision of the services described above is compatible with maintaining Ernst & Young LLPs independence in the conduct of its audit functions.
Our audit committee has adopted and our board of directors has approved a policy that sets forth the procedures and the conditions pursuant to which services proposed to be performed by the independent auditor may be pre-approved. Pursuant to its audit, audit-related and non-audit services pre-approval policy, our audit committee may delegate either type of pre-approval authority to one or more of its members. The member to whom such authority is delegated must report, for informational purposes only, any pre-approval decisions to the audit committee at its next scheduled meeting. Our audit committee pre-approved all audit related, tax and other services rendered by Ernst & Young LLP in 2009 and 2010.
(a)(1) and (a)(2): No financial statements or schedules are filed with this Amendment No. 1 to Annual Report on Form 10-K/A.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Magid M. Abraham, Ph.D.
President and Chief Executive Officer
May 2, 2011
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.