Commercial Metals Company (NYSE:CMC) is primarily a recycler of scrap metal, using discarded material to make new finished steel products. CMC owns groups of steel mini-mills in the U.S. and in Poland which melt down scrap metal to make steel. In addition to the recycling and manufacture of steel products, the company also manufactures specialized metals and copper tubing. The company earned $6.8 billion in revenue and $21 million in net income in 2009.
CMC owns the recycling centers that break down old products into scrap and the mini-mills that turn scrap into steel. This vertical integration helps shield the company from volatility in the iron ore market. CMC also protects itself by operating in multiple countries - less than 60% of its sales are in the U.S.
Increased international demand for steel, especially from China, has led to a global boom in steel prices . The flourishing industry has allowed CMC to earn handsome margins, and cash dividends for shareholders have increased fourfold in the past two years. The firm’s recent success will help it to deal with the significant risk factors in its market, including elevated international competition, rising raw material costs, and weakening domestic construction and automobile industries.
CMC divides its operations into two geographic segments:
Although CMC competes with regional, national and foreign manufacturers of steel and copper products, the company does not hold a substantial market share in any of its domestic productions. The company claims that CMCZ is the second largest supplier of wire rod and rebar in the Polish market. CMC also asserts that it is one of the largest recyclers of nonferrous (non-iron) metal in the domestic market. The company competes with companies like: