Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

The Economic Times  Aug 16  Comment 
According to the global financial services major, both CPI and WPI inflation have troughed in June and are expected to rise further in the coming months.
Clusterstock  Aug 15  Comment 
LONDON — Inflation remained unchanged in July, as the worst of Britain's Brexit-driven price growth appears to be over. The Office for National Statistics said in its latest release that the UK's Consumer Prices Index (CPI) inflation rate —...
The Economic Times  Aug 14  Comment 
India’s headline inflation rate based on the Consumer Price Index went up to 2.36% in July from 1.46% in June and 6.07% a year earlier.
The Economic Times  Aug 14  Comment 
Overall reaction was subdued to Monday's Chinese data which were generally weaker than forecast.
WA Business News  Aug 13  Comment 
Gold prices have climbed to two-month highs, rising for the fourth straight day as investors sought refuge amid escalating tensions between North Korea and the United States, while bullion also received support from weak US inflation data.
Forex News  Aug 11  Comment 
The USD/CAD currency pair today tested new lows after the release of weak CPI data by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. The weak crude oil prices in the global market could not allow the currency pair to drop much lower...
Wall Street Journal  Aug 11  Comment 




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This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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