Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

Wall Street Journal  Aug 21  Comment 
Indicators from major economies are likely to affect the moods of central bankers set to return from vacation and possibly adjust monetary policy in the U.S., eurozone and Japan in the weeks ahead.
Forex News  Aug 19  Comment 
There were two important economic releases from Canada scheduled for today, the Consumer Price Index and retail sales, and both of them turned out to be disappointing. Unsurprisingly, the market reacted to the news by pushing...
Benzinga  Aug 19  Comment 
USD/CAD is trading at 1.2888, up 0.0106. The pair is trading choppy and has surged higher in rapid fashion. Statistics Canada reported that year over year CPI (consumer price index) for July was 1.3 percent versus 1.5 percent in June....
Benzinga  Aug 18  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.1317, up 0.0019. The pair is trading rangebound and in the middle of the session range. Market chatter about European economic data and headline news is making the rounds. Eurostat reported that year over year...  Aug 18  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - After the release of Eurozone final consumer prices for July at 5:00 am ET Thursday, the euro changed little against its major rivals. As of 5:01 am ET,the euro was trading at 0.6602 against the pound, 1.0846 against the...  Aug 18  Comment 
Benzinga  Aug 18  Comment 
USD/CAD is trading at 1.2820, down 0.0020. The pair is trading near the lows of the month and in the middle of the session range. Market talk about headline news and money flows is making the rounds. Statistics Canada scheduled to...  Aug 17  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - Croatia's consumer prices continued its downward trend in July, figures from the Croatian Bureau of Statistics showed Wednesday. The consumer price index fell 1.5 percent year-over-year in July, slightly slower than the...
Benzinga  Aug 16  Comment 
GBP/USD is trading at 1.2980, up 0.0101. The pair is trading just under the highs of the session. Trading is very choppy. Market talk about global money flows and European economic data is making the rounds. The U.K. Office for...  Aug 16  Comment  Aug 15  Comment 
BRUSSELS (dpa-AFX) - The pound declined against its key counterparts in European trading on Monday, as traders await nation's consumer price inflation report for July on Tuesday, which is likely to turn negative in the wake of the U.K. vote...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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