Consumer Price Index - CPI (CPIS)

BBC News  12 hrs ago  Comment 
Champagne is making a comeback a decade after the bubble burst for the Republic of Ireland's 'Celtic Tiger' economy.  Feb 21  Comment 
DUBLIN (dpa-AFX) - Ireland's consumer prices increased at the start of the year, figures from the Central Statistics Office showed Tuesday. The consumer price index rose 0.3 percent year-over-year in January, after remaining flat in the...
Benzinga  Feb 21  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0572, down 0.0035. France's National Statistics Institute of Statistics and Economic studies (INSEE) reported that January CPI (Consumer Price Index) fell 0.2 percent versus a rise of 0.3 percent in December. Year over...  Feb 20  Comment 
Government green paper discusses giving annual rises based on CPI, not RPI, which could cost average of £20,000 over lifetime Companies could slash pension promises to 11 million employees, potentially knocking thousands of pounds off the...
The Hindu Business Line  Feb 19  Comment 
The inflation based on Wholesale Price Index (WPI), for the month of January 2017, has moved above the Consumer Price Index (CPI) after their convergence in December 2016. In January, WPI was 5.25 p...
The Economic Times  Feb 19  Comment 
Retail executives, some of whom met with Trump this week, have argued such a tax will raise consumer prices and hurt their businesses.  Feb 16  Comment 
CANBERA (dpa-AFX) - Asian stocks were mixed on Thursday as upbeat U.S. data coupled with Fed Chair Janet Yellen's hawkish tone in her latest remarks on Capitol Hill helped spur expectations of a faster pace of Fed rate-hike in 2017. U.S....  Feb 15  Comment 
BRUSSELS/FRANKFURT/PARIS (dpa-AFX) - Consumer Prices, retails sales report as well as industrial production data will have an impact on the trading for the day. Another focus is on Fed Chair Janet Yellen's second testimony before the House of...
Benzinga  Feb 15  Comment 
EUR/USD is trading at 1.0554, down 0.0023. Spain's National Statistics Institute (INE) reported that January CPI (Consumer Price Index) eased 0.5 percent versus a rise of 0.6 percent in December. Year over year January CPI in Spain rose 3...


This article is about the Consumer Price Index. For the article on the company with ticker CPI or companies named CPI, see CPI (disambiguation).

The Consumer Price Index (CPI, or headline inflation) provides data on the month-over-month and year-over-year changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services. It is the main inflation report for the futures and financial markets. Unexpected rises in this indicator usually lead to falling bond prices, rising interest rates, and increased market volatility.

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) measures two kinds of CPI statistics: CPI for urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W), and the chained CPI for all urban consumers (C-CPI-U). Of the two types of CPI, the C-CPI-U is a better representation of the general public, because it accounts for about 87% of the population. On top of that, the BLS also calculates Core CPI Index, which excludes goods with volatile prices like food and energy in order to measure core inflation. Consumer prices are important because consumer buying drives the economy. CPI examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. The CPI is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance. Changes in CPI are used to assess price changes associated with the cost of living.

CPI is one of the most frequently used statistics for identifying periods of inflation or deflation. This is because large rises in CPI during a short period of time typically denote periods of inflation and large drops in CPI during a short period of time usually mark periods of deflation.

Also see the Produce Price Index.

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