MedPage Today  Mar 20  Comment 
(MedPage Today) -- As IRs, DRs converge in hospital settings, can they -- should they -- stay independent?
GenEng News  Feb 6  Comment 
Live from SLAS 2018 Labcyte has introduced the Access™ Dual-Robot System (DRS) and the Echo ® 655T liquid handler. The Company developed this acoustic sample management system for high-throughput new drug screening with AstraZeneca, Brooks...
The Hindu Business Line  Sep 27  Comment 
The International Cricket Council has announced implementing changes in playing conditions from the introduction of Decision Review System (DRS) in T20 Internationals to putting a restriction on the ...
Benzinga  Sep 25  Comment 
If you ask DRS Markets Director of Strategy and Risk Richard Lester, trading in the CFD space is a mess of leverage, commission fees and regulations. That’s why his company has developed a fintech platform that streamlines the customer...
Forbes  Jul 25  Comment 
The movement of Google, Apple and Amazon into health can change the game and also provide important lessons for the industry.
The Hindu Business Line  Apr 7  Comment 
During the high-octane clash, Dhoni had asked for a DRS referral when it was not for the taking.
The Hindu Business Line  Mar 8  Comment 
The BCCI today came out in strong support of India captain Virat Kohli and requested the ICC to take note of Australian skipper Steve Smith’s “brain fade” in seeking dressing room’s advice for a DRS ...
Insurance Journal  Mar 1  Comment 
Two doctors who operated a pain management clinic on the Alabama coast are facing time in federal prison after being convicted of running what authorities describe as a pill mill. Jurors in Mobile returned the verdict Feb. 23 against Drs. …
Forbes  Feb 23  Comment 
Randy Swan: In 1997 I designed and created the Swan Defined Risk Strategy (DRS) to manage risk directly using options to hedge out most of the market risk. Philosophically, we don't believe in market timing or stock selection. We believe that...


Diagnostic/Retrieval Systems (DRS) Technologies (NYSE:DRS) sells thermal imaging devices, electronic sensor systems, and rugged computers to the U.S. military and government intelligence agencies. DRS is in the midst of a merger with Finmeccanica, S.p.A. (Milan: FNC), who will acquire 100% of DRS’ stock for US$81 per share in cash.[1]

93% of the company's sales are to the U.S. government.[2] Military spending, such as on the Iraq War, increases DRS’ revenue and earnings. Democratic Presidential Candidate Barack Obama has promised to end the Iraq War, which would greatly reduce defense spending, while Republican Candidate John McCain has vowed to continue in Iraq. As a result, DRS stands to gain or lose from the outcome of the 2008 elections.

Business Financials

DRS operates in four segments: Command, Control, Communications, Computers & Intelligence (C4I) Segment (40% fiscal 2008), Reconnaissance, Surveillance & Target Acquisition (RSTA) Segment (24%), Sustainment Systems Segment (15%), and Technical Services Segment (21%).[3] Net earnings for fiscal 2008 was $165.8M, 60% higher than $103.6M last fiscal year, 2007.[4] Revenue increased 17% from $2.82B in fiscal 2007 to $3.3B in 2008.[5] The increase was attributable entirely to strong growth in each of the company's four operating segments. Total assets were $4.2B and total liabilities were $2.7B with a current ratio of 1.46, a 99.6% debt-to-equity ratio, and a 4.5 percent net profit margin.[6]

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DRS Backlog March 31
in thousands 2008 2007 2006 2005
U.S. Government $3,327,697 $2,789,388 $2,101,446 $1,096,275
Foreign governments $208,807 $ 213,397 $240,976 $171,880
Commercial/Industrial products $70,652 $35,079 $53,640 $46,623
Total $3,607,156 $3,037,864 $ 2,396,062 $1,314,778

Backlog increased by 18.7% in 2008. Fixed price contracts made 76% of the contracts and the remaining 24% were cost-type/time and materials contracts.[10] Fixed price contracts enables DRS to benefit from any disparity between cost price and the contract price. However, any overrun costs that exceed the fixed contract price, DRS bears all the cost. For cost-type contracts DRS is reimbursed for any extra costs and is also paid an extra fee.

Revenue by Operating Segment in millions
Business Segment 2008 2007 % change
Sustainment Systems$495.255$400.78523.6%
Technical Services$683.352$681.2850.3%
Total Revenue$3,295.38$2,821.1116.8%

Command, Control, Communications, Computers & Intelligence Segment

The C4I Segment is comprised of the following business areas: Command, Control & Communications (C3), which includes naval display systems, ship communications systems, radar systems, technical support, electronic manufacturing and system integration services, secure voice and data communications, air combat training and electronic warfare and ship network systems; Power Systems, which includes naval and industrial power generation, conversion, propulsion, distribution and control systems; Intelligence Technologies, which includes signals intelligence, communications intelligence, data collection, processing and dissemination equipment, high-speed digital data and imaging systems, unmanned vehicles and mission and flight recorders; and Tactical Systems, which includes battle management tactical computer systems, peripherals, electronic test, and diagnostics and vehicle electronics.[12]

Revenues increased $195.7M, or 17.2%, to $1.3B for the year ended March 31, 2008, as compared with the fiscal 2007.[13] Operating income increased $21.1M, or 16.2%, to $151.1M.[14] The key drivers were: increased shipments related to driver vision enhancement systems for groung-based vehicles, rugged computer systems, and replacement video display modules. Partially offsetting overall higher revenues were decreased shipments of rugged computer systems sold in the international market.[15]

Reconnaissance, Surveillance & Target Acquisition Segment

The RSTA Segment develops and produces electro-optical sighting, targeting and weapon sensor systems, and image intensification night vision, combat identification and laser aimer/illuminator products, and provides electronic manufacturing services. [16]

Revenues increased $182.1M, or 30.4%, to $781.7M for the fiscal 2008 compared with the 2007 fiscal year.[17] Operating income increased $53.5M, or 168.2%, to $85.4M.[18] The increase in revenues was primarily attributable to increased shipments of driver vision enhancement equipment for ground-based vehicles, thermal imaging systems and subsystems for a long-range surveillance system, and ground-based target acquisiotion and missile control subsytems. Partially offsetting the overall increase in revenues were lower volume from rapidly deployable thermal imaging systems.[19]

Sustainment Systems Segment

The Sustainment Systems Segment designs, engineers and manufactures integrated military electronics and other military support equipment, primarily for the Department of Defense (DoD), as well as related heat transfer and air handling equipment, and power generation and distribution equipment for domestic commercial and industrial users.[20] The segment provides these systems primarily for military, humanitarian, disaster recovery and emergency responder applications.

For fiscal 2008, revenues increased $94.5M, or 23.6%, to $495.3M.[21] Its operating income also increase $12.6M, or 21.3%, to $72M.[22] The primary revenue drivers were: increased shipments of tactical quiet generator sets, higher demand for replacement environmental control systems for missile launch and alert facilities, and heavy mobile ammunition trailers for the U.S. Army; however, there were lower shipments of a precision targeting system, partially offsetting overall revenue[23]

Technical Services Segment

The Technical Services Segment provides engineering services, logistics and training services, advanced technology services, security and asset protection systems and services, telecommunication systems, integration and information technology services, power generation and vehicle armor kits.[24] The segment provides these services for military, intelligence, humanitarian, disaster recovery and emergency responder applications.

In fiscal 2008, it saw a $2.1M increase, or 0.3%, to $683.4M.[25] Its operatin income also increased $3.5M, or 7.1%, to $52.6M.[26] The primary revenue drivers were significant increases on the Rapid Response program and a satellite-based communication network program; however, decreases in various government installations, commercial vehicle armor kits and mobile power generation and distribution equipment programs largely offsetted revenue increases.[27]

Key Trends and Forces

DRS’ Sales Revenue is Dependent on U.S. and Foreign Governments

A substantial amount of DRS Technologies’ revenue depends on U.S. Government and other foreign governments sales. For the fiscal years 2008, 2007 and 2006, approximately93%, 90%, and 87%, respectively, of DRS’s revenues came from defense industry contracts with the U.S. government and its agencies.[28] In addition, for the fiscal years 2008, 2007 and 2006, approximately 5%, 7%, and 9% of DRS’s revenues came from sales to foreign governments, respectively.[29] Renewal and follow-on contracts are important because contracts are for fixed terms, varying between a couple of months to over five years. Failure to obtain renewal or follow-on contracts with the U.S. can result in an adverse loss of revenue since U.S. government contracts account for a substantial portion of their revenues.

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Political and Military Events Directly Affects DRS' Sales

The federal budget for the Departmen of Defense (DoD) has been in a sustained upswing since 9/11, and this strong environment has benefited the vast majority of defense contractors, DRS being no exception. The 2007 federal budget had a 7 percent increase in DoD spending, from 410.8 B to 439.3B.[31] According to the federal budget for 2008, spending for DoD is projected to increase to 479.5B in 2008 and 515.4B in 2009.[32] Decisions made by the U.S. Congress on spending directly affects DRS. Both presidential and congressional decision can have adverse affects on future sales for DRS. Democrats are more likely to support social programs such as national healthcare and also more willing to end wars, therefore fixing the U.S. federal budget to promote social programs and reduce national defense spending.

Fixed-Price Contracts can be Beneficial but also Risky

Most of DRS' contracts are fixed-price contracts, 76% in 2008, in which a price is agreed upon for their products or services.[33] DRS benefits from cutting costs and widening the gap between cost of production and the fixed-price contract, increasing their earning. However, if DRS fails to perform under such contracts, it will have the burden of righting the contracts. Any cost overruns on fixed-price contracts reduce its profitability because DRS must take in the extra costs.

DRS Contract Types March 31
Type of Contract 2008 2007 2006 2005
Cost-type/time and materials24%24%17%19%

M&A and Integration of Acquired Businesses Aid Growth

DRS’ growth strategy has depended on acquiring businesses. Through many acquisitions DRS has also acquired a 118.7% debt-to-equity ratio with a long term debt of $1,783M in 2007.[35] DRS paid off more than $150M of it’s long term debt in 2008; it has reduced its debt-to-equity ratio to 96.6% by reducing its long term debt to $1,627M in fiscal 2008. Competitors also compete in acquiring businesses, and DRS will have to incur additional debt by issuing additional securities for future acquisitions. Even though DRS has a total of $1,627M of long term debt, it is able to create a substantial amount of cash from operating activities, $211.5M in 2008, enabling it to pay its debts.[36] Paying off its debts allows the company to take into consideration additional debt in order to procure the necessary funds to continue their acquisition strategy. Since past revenue growth has been largely attributed to their successful acquisition strategy, failure to continue acquiring and integrating businesses will have reduce revenue growth. Failure to integrate acquired companies into their operations will have additional negative effects.

Finmeccanica, S.p.A. (Milan: FNC), a supplier of electronics equipment and defense and security systems and services, will acquire 100% of DRS stock for US$81 per share in cash, valued at approximately US$5.2 billion (euro 3.4 billion).[37] The transaction lets Finmeccanica consolidate its international role as a key supplier of integrated systems for defense and security, but it will have to comply with all national security requirements in order to enter the U.S. market as a key player. This however, will further let DRS to seek new business opportunities in the U.S. and abroad.

DRS most current acquisitions in millions
Date Business Acquired Stock Purchase Transaction
Jan-06Engineered Support Systems, Inc. (ESSI)$1,930.00
Jun-05Walk About Computer Systems, Inc. (WalkAbout)$13.80
Apr-05Codem Systems, Inc. (Codem)$31.60
Dec-04Night Vision Equipment Co., Inc. and Excalibur Electro Optics, Inc. (NVEC)$47.20


DRS' largest competitors are BAE Systems PLC, Raytheon Company (RTN), and L-3 Communications Holdings, Inc., among others. DRS is the best cost value producer. Some competitors are also their customers and suppliers. DRS received a $23M order from Northrop Grumman to provide replacement environment control systems for electronic equipment and personnel.[39] It won three contracts for a total $55M from the U.S. Army’s Communications Electronic Command to manufacture tactical quiet generators.[40]

Direct Competitor Comparison as of March 31, 2008
Quarterly Revenue Growth (yoy)23.00%NA6.30%11.40%13.20%
Revenue (ttm)$3.15BNA$14.17B$21.85B$633.22M
Operating Margins(ttm)9.80%NA10.52%11.05%10.44%
Net Income(ttm)$132.78MNA$786.00M$1.77B$54.71M


  1. Finmeccanica to Acquire DRS for US$5.2 billion (euro 3.4 billion)
  2. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 5
  3. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 52
  4. DRS Technologies Reports Record Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2008
  5. DRS Technologies Reports Record Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2008
  6. Income Statements by Yahoo Finance
  7. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 45
  8. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 29
  9. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 6
  10. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 6
  11. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 45
  12. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 2
  13. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 52
  14. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 53
  15. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 53
  16. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 3
  17. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 53
  18. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 54
  19. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 53
  20. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 3
  21. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 54
  22. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 55
  23. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 54
  24. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 3
  25. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 55
  26. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 55
  27. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 55
  28. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 5
  29. DRS 2008 10-K, Pg 84
  30. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 5
  31. U.S. Federal Budget Pg 19
  32. U.S. Federal Budget Pg 5
  33. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 5
  34. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 5
  35. Balance Sheet by Yahoo finance
  36. Balance Sheet by Yahoo finance
  37. Finmeccanica to Acquire DRS for US$5.2 billion (euro 3.4 billion)
  38. DRS 2007 10-K, Pg 34-35
  39. DRS Technologies receives $23M Northrop Grumman order
  40. DRS Technologies Awarded $55 Million in Contracts to Manufacture Tactical Quiet Generators for US Army
  41. Competitor Analysis
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