DeVry 10-K 2009
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended: June 30, 2009
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 1-13988
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrant’s telephone number; including area code:
Securities registered pursuant to section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes R No £
Indicate by check mark if the Registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes £ No R
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes R No £
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes £ No £
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. £Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes £ No R
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by nonaffiliates as of the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold. Shares of common stock held directly or controlled by each director and executive officer have been excluded.
December 31, 2008 - $4,042,601,161
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.
August 17, 2009 — 71,164,789 shares of Common Stock, $0.01 par value
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Certain portions of the Registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on November 11, 2009, are incorporated into Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent stated herein.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FISCAL YEAR ENDED JUNE 30, 2009
Certain statements contained in this annual report on Form 10-K, including those that affect DeVry’s expectations or plans, may constitute forward-looking statements subject to the Safe Harbor Provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements generally can be identified by phrases such as DeVry Inc. or its management “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “expects,” “forecasts,” “foresees,” or other words or phrases of similar import. Actual results may differ materially from those projected or implied by these forward-looking statements. Potential risks and uncertainties that could affect DeVry’s results are described more fully in Item 1A, “Risk Factors” and in the subsections of “Item 1 — Business” entitled “Competition,” “Student Recruiting and Admission,” “Accreditation,” “Approval and Licensing,” “Tuition and Fees,” “Financial Aid and Financing Student Education,” “Student Loan Defaults,” “Career Services,” “Seasonality,” and “Employees.” The forward looking statements should be considered in the context of the risk factors listed above and discussed elsewhere in this Form 10-K.
ITEM 1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
OVERVIEW OF DEVRY INC.
DeVry Inc. (“DeVry”) is incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware. DeVry’s executive offices are located at One Tower Lane, Suite 1000, Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, 60181, and the telephone number is (630) 571-7700. “DeVry” refers to DeVry Inc. alone or with its wholly owned subsidiaries, as the context requires. When this Report uses the words “we” or “our,” it refers to DeVry and its subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires.
DeVry, through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, owns and operates DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, U.S. Education, Becker Professional Education and Advanced Academics. In addition, DeVry owns an 82.3 percent majority stake in Fanor.
DeVry University>, founded by Dr. Herman DeVry in 1931, offers associate, bachelor’s and master’s degree programs in technology; healthcare technology; business and management. DeVry University is one of the largest private, degree-granting, regionally accredited, higher education systems in North America. Undergraduate and graduate degree programs are offered in the United States, Canada and online. Graduate degree programs in management are offered through DeVry University’s Keller Graduate School of Management, which was founded in 1973 by Dennis J. Keller and Ronald L. Taylor. DeVry University comprises DeVry’s Business, Technology and Management segment.
Ross University, >which was founded in 1978, is one of the world’s largest providers of medical and veterinary medical education. Ross University comprises Ross University School of Medicine, located in the Caribbean country of Dominica with a clinical center in Freeport, Grand Bahama, and Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine, located in St. Kitts. DeVry acquired Ross University in May 2003.
Chamberlain College of Nursing>, formerly Deaconess College of Nursing, was founded in 1889 and acquired by DeVry in March 2005. Chamberlain offers several nursing degree and degree completion programs at its five campuses in the United States and online.
U.S. Education>, the parent organization of Apollo College and Western Career College, was founded in 1998 and acquired by DeVry in September 2008. Apollo College and Western Career College prepare students for careers in healthcare through certificate, associate and bachelor’s degree programs. The addition of U.S. Education has further diversified DeVry’s curricula. With Ross University and Chamberlain, U.S. Education makes up DeVry’s Medical and Healthcare segment.
Becker Professional Education>, founded in 1957 as the Becker CPA review and acquired by DeVry in 1996, prepares candidates for the Certified Public Accountant (“CPA”) examination, Chartered Financial Analyst (“CFA”) professional certification examinations, and the Project Management Professional (“PMP”) certification examination. It also offers continuing professional education programs and seminars in accounting and finance. Classes are taught in nearly 300 locations, including sites in 40 foreign countries and DeVry University teaching sites. Becker Professional Education comprises DeVry’s Professional Education segment.
Advanced Academics>, founded in 2000, provides online secondary education to school districts throughout the United States. DeVry acquired Advanced Academics in October 2007. The addition of Advanced Academics has further diversified DeVry’s curricula.
Fanor>, founded in 2001 and based in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, is the parent organization of Faculdades Nordeste, Faculdade Ruy Barbosa, Faculdade FTE, and Faculdade ÁREA1. These institutions operate five campus locations in the cities of Salvador and Fortaleza, and offer undergraduate and graduate programs focused in business management, law and engineering. With Advanced Academics, Fanor comprises DeVry’s Other Educational Services segment.
Student enrollments in DeVry’s degree granting programs, including DeVry University, Ross University and Chamberlain College of Nursing, follow. Student enrollments in U.S. Education’s degree and certificate granting programs are included beginning with fall 2008.
Financial and descriptive information about DeVry’s operating segments is presented in Note 15, “Segment Information,” to the Consolidated Financial Statements. During the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2009 and in connection with the acquisition of Fanor, DeVry realigned its operating segments and included a new segment. The four segments are as follows:
Unless indicated, or the context requires otherwise, references to years refer to DeVry’s fiscal years then ended.
The mission of DeVry University is to foster student learning through high-quality, career-oriented education integrating technology, science, business and the arts. The university delivers practitioner-oriented undergraduate and graduate programs onsite and online to meet the needs of a diverse and geographically dispersed student population.
In January 2009, DeVry University launched a new academic structure which organized its various disciplines into five specific colleges.
The structure provides flexibility for future curricula and adopts an organization that is more familiar to students. Degree programs are offered in the following areas. Unless otherwise noted, all degree programs are also available online.
*Not available online
**Only available online
Students access these degree and certificate programs through a North American system of 94 locations as well as through DeVry University’s online delivery platform.
DeVry University reviews and revises its curricula on a regular basis for relevance to both students and employers. In addition, new programs and degrees are regularly evaluated to improve DeVry University’s educational offerings and respond to competitive changes in the employment market.
Some of the more significant developments over the past two years are summarized below.
Laboratory courses throughout each curriculum prepare students for the workplace by integrating classroom learning with a practical, hands-on experience and applied learning activities that enhance technical skills. For some courses, laboratory activities are delivered in a specialized classroom featuring advanced equipment and software. In addition, some laboratory activities take place in a lecture-lab classroom, using PCs and various software packages.
DeVry University also invests in resources for libraries and academic support services that can assist students in any phase of their educational program. DeVry University offers undergraduate students an array of social and professional activities including student organizations closely linked to students’ professional aspirations. Campuses regularly invite technology and business leaders into the classroom. Faculty members serve as mentors for student chapters of professional associations and sponsor a wide range of student co-curricular projects. Students are required to complete a course that teaches practical strategies and methods for realizing success so they will be prepared to assume responsibility for their own learning and growth.
Keller Graduate School of Management emphasizes excellence in teaching, student mastery of practical management skills, and service to working adults. The curricula, like the undergraduate curricula, are subject to regular review for relevance to both students and employers. Keller offers classes in the evening, on weekends and online, which enables students to complete their degrees using whatever combination of online and onsite coursework suits their needs. To broaden the scope and appeal of its master’s degree programs, Keller has developed concentrations and graduate certificates. Most faculty members are practicing professionals who bring their expertise to the classroom, emphasizing theory and practices that will best serve students in their work as managers. Critical competencies in areas such as business communications, electronic commerce, technology, ethics, quality, and international matters are woven throughout the curricula.
Keller’s Master of Accounting and Financial Management program offers students a choice of three professional certification exam-preparation emphases: Certified Public Accountant, Certified Fraud Examiner, or Chartered Financial Analyst. The Certified Public Accountant and Chartered Financial Analyst concentrations were developed in conjunction with Becker Professional Education. Keller’s Master of Project Management program abides by the operational and educational criteria set forth by the Project Management Institute (“PMI”) and earned the highest level of accreditation and the elite designation of Global Accreditation Center (GAC) in January 2009. Coursework within Keller’s Master of Human Resource Management program is in alignment with the HR Curriculum Guidelines and Templates established by the Society for Human Resource Management. The Master of Public Administration program offers students a choice of three tracks: government management, nonprofit management, and health management.
DeVry University operates on a uniform academic calendar for both the undergraduate and graduate degree programs across all methods of educational delivery — onsite and online. The calendar consists of three academic periods of 16 weeks each, comprising two eight-week sessions.
Online Delivery and Technology
DeVry University has offered online graduate programs since September 1998, and online undergraduate programs since 2001. Our online course offerings have increased every year, and we expect to continue to add online programs and concentrations in the future. By offering courses online, we can better serve students whose schedules or personal circumstances prevent them from attending classes in person, optimize use of classroom space, and offer students the latest educational technologies.
The majority of DeVry University’s online students are adults attracted by the quality, inherent flexibility and convenience of the program. We also have many students who “mix and match” onsite and online courses to best meet their individual needs and schedules.
DeVry University offers nearly all of its undergraduate and graduate degree programs online. All of the Keller master’s degree programs are offered online.
In addition to our online degree programs, many undergraduate and graduate courses are taught using an integrated learning system, or “blended learning model,” that incorporates both onsite and instructor-guided online activities.
Total undergraduate enrollment in summer 2009 reached a record high of 55,979 students, an increase of 21.9% compared to 45,907 in the previous summer. There were 17,991 coursetakers for the summer 2009 term in DeVry University’s graduate programs, including its Keller Graduate School of Management, representing an increase of 12.3% over the prior year. Coursetaker enrollment in DeVry University online program offerings in summer 2009 was 56,321, an increase of 26.6% over the prior year. The term coursetaker refers to the number of courses taken by a student. Thus, one student taking two courses is counted as two coursetakers.
The following table provides historical enrollment data for DeVry University’s undergraduate operation, including both onsite and online students.
The following table provides historical coursetaker enrollment for DeVry University’s graduate operation including its Keller Graduate School of Management.
The following table provides historical enrollment for DeVry University’s undergraduate and graduate online coursetakers.
The total postsecondary student population can be thought of as two categories of students: career-launchers, who are primarily traditional college-age students; and career-enhancers, who are primarily working adults.
According to the U.S. Department of Education, between 1997 and 2007, the latest period for which data are available, enrollment in degree granting institutions increased by 26%, from 14.5 million to 18.2 million. Much of the enrollment growth was in full-time enrollment; the number of full-time students rose 34%, while the number of part-time students grew 15%. Enrollment increases may be affected both by population growth and by rising rates of individuals inspired to attend college. Between 1997 and 2007, the number of 18- to 24-year olds increased from 25.5 million to 29.5 million, and the percentage of 18- to 24-year olds enrolled in college rose from 37% in 1997 to 39% in 2007.
The number of young students has been growing more rapidly than the number of older students, but this pattern is expected to change. The U.S. Department of Education estimates that between 1995 and 2006 enrollment of students under age 25 increased by 33%. Enrollment of persons 25 and older rose by 13% during the same period. From 2006 to 2017, the National Center for Education Statistics (“NCES”) projects a rise of 10% in enrollments of persons under 25, and a rise of 19% in enrollments of persons 25 and older. Many external forces have combined to inspire older students to attend college today: the development of the knowledge-based economy; the rapid pace of technological change in the workplace; the emergence of e-learning tools that make continuing education more feasible; and a growing recognition of the importance of lifelong learning.
The NCES estimates that in 2007 approximately 37.6% of all college students were at least 25 years old. DeVry believes that more than half of our undergraduate students are at least 25 years old. More significantly, at DeVry University online and DeVry University centers, which are designed for the adult student and have been the fastest growing portion of our operations, nearly 80% of DeVry University’s students are age 25 or older. Projections indicate that the percentage of this age group attending college will remain constant at approximately 40% until 2014. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that through 2010, job categories requiring at least some postsecondary education (primarily bachelor’s and associate degrees) will grow nearly twice as fast as those not requiring such education.
Another strong motivation for students considering a postsecondary education is the prospective income premium. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2007, the average income of U.S. employees with a bachelor’s degree was approximately $47,240 which was nearly 67% higher than the average for those with only a high school education. The wage gap is even larger for those with graduate degrees.
DeVry University’s student body is increasingly diverse and many come from lower income families, or are first in their family to attend college. Some DeVry University campuses rank near the top of the list of institutions in the number of degrees granted to minority students in the fields of computer and information science, business, and all academic disciplines combined. In particular, DeVry University continues to be ranked among the top producers in the country of minority graduates earning bachelor’s degrees in the fields of computer and information sciences (CIS), and business, marketing and management by Diverse Issues in Higher Education (June 2009).
Demographic information based on DeVry University’s fall term enrollments follows.
MEDICAL AND HEALTHCARE
Ross University operates two schools: Ross University School of Medicine confers the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree, and Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine confers the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.) degree. Together, the two Ross schools had 4,448 students enrolled in the May 2009 semester. Over 7,000 graduates have received Ross M.D. degrees since 1978; these individuals are practicing in all 50 states. More than 2,300 graduates have received Ross D.V.M. degrees.
Ross medical students complete a four-semester (approximately 16 months) basic science and pre-clinical curriculum in modern classrooms and laboratories at a campus located in Dominica and at a newly opened clinical facility in Freeport, Grand Bahama. The four semesters are followed by a one-semester course entitled Advanced Introduction to Clinical Medicine at the Dominica campus, the Ross clinical location in Miami or at an affiliated hospital facility in Saginaw, Michigan. After students successfully complete Step 1 of the U.S. Medical Licensing Examinationtm, which assesses whether medical school students understand and can apply scientific concepts that are basic to the practice of medicine, they can complete the remainder of the 10-semester program by participating in clinical rotations under Ross University direction, and conducted at nearly 70 affiliated teaching hospitals in the United States.
In January 2009, Ross University School of Medicine began teaching courses at its newly opened clinical center in Freeport, Grand Bahama. The Ross Dominica campus continues to maintain its position as the medical school’s primary campus. All students in the medical school currently begin their training in Dominica, with a portion of third and fourth semester students taking clinical classes in Freeport. The Ross University Freeport clinical center, located 52 miles from Fort Lauderdale, will grow to accommodate the future expansion needs of Ross University’s medical program, as well as potentially adding other degree programs. The Freeport clinical center currently has 21 faculty members and will add more as enrollment increases. Depending upon the pace of development, capital expenditures related to opening the branch campus, including land, buildings and equipment, are expected to be in the range of $35-$60 million over the next several years.
Ross’ educational program is highly similar to the educational programs typically offered at U.S. medical schools. However, Ross’ program consists of three academic semesters per year — beginning in May, September, and January — which allows the students to complete their basic science and clinical curriculum in less time than they would at a U.S. medical school. The program prepares students for general medical practice and provides the foundation for postgraduate specialty training primarily in the United States.
Ross veterinary students complete a seven-semester pre-clinical curriculum in a large modern facility in St. Kitts. This program is structured to provide a veterinary education that is comparable to traditional educational programs at U.S. veterinary schools. After completing their pre-clinical curriculum, Ross veterinary students enter a clinical clerkship lasting approximately 48 weeks under Ross University direction at one of 21 affiliated U.S. Colleges of Veterinary Medicine. At both the Medical and Veterinary schools, there is an academic trend that is introducing students to clinical experiences and clinical skills earlier in their respective curriculums.
The following table provides historical enrollment data for Ross University, including both medical and veterinary school students.
The average Ross medical student is 27 years old — two years older than the U.S. medical school average — and the student population is approximately 56% male. The average Ross veterinary student also is 27 years old — one year older than the U.S. veterinary school average — and the student population is more than 72% female. Most Ross students are either citizens or permanent residents of the United States.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
DeVry acquired Chamberlain College of Nursing in March 2005. Founded as Deaconess College of Nursing more than a century ago, Chamberlain offers programs in nursing education leading to one of three degrees: Associate of Science in Nursing (“ASN”), Bachelor of Science in Nursing (“BSN”), or Master of Science in Nursing (offered only online). Students enroll at campuses in St. Louis, Missouri; Columbus, Ohio; Phoenix, Arizona; Addison, Illinois; Jacksonville, Florida; and/or online. Chamberlain had 4,302 students enrolled in the July 2009 semester.
Chamberlain’s BSN program is a traditional on-campus baccalaureate program. The BSN program enables students to complete their BSN degree in three years of full-time study as opposed to typical four year BSN programs where students take the summer off. Students who already have achieved Registered Nurse (“RN”) designation through a diploma or associate degree can complete their BSN online through Chamberlain’s “fast track” RN to BSN completion program in as little as three semesters. The ASN program is a six-semester year round program offered onsite or online only from the Columbus, Ohio location. In addition, Licensed Practical Nurses (“LPNs”) receive up to 10 hours of credit for their previous work and can complete an ASN degree through either the onsite or online programs in Ohio. General education courses are taught through DeVry University.
Chamberlain’s degree programs provide nursing skill training and general education. Pre-licensure students complete clinical training at hospitals or other healthcare facilities. Chamberlain has developed numerous partnerships with hospitals for this purpose.
The online master’s degree program offers two specialty tracks: nurse education and nurse executive. The program is 72 credit hours and is designed to take approximately two years of part-time study. Management courses are taught through Keller Graduate School of Management.
The following table provides historical enrollment data for Chamberlain, including both onsite and online students.
Ninety percent of Chamberlain students are female. Students in the on-campus BSN program tend to be younger, yet most enter Chamberlain with previous college credits. Those in the ASN program tend to be non-traditional adult students who are changing careers.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, RNs constitute the largest healthcare occupation in the United States with 2.3 million jobs. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services projects that the demand for RNs will grow by 27.3% over the next several years.
DeVry acquired U.S. Education Corporation (“U.S. Education”) in September 2008. U.S. Education is the parent organization of Apollo College and Western Career College and is headquartered in Mission Viejo, California. Apollo College and Western Career College prepare students for careers in healthcare through certificate and associate degree programs. The two colleges operate 18 campus locations in the western United States and currently serve more than 10,000 students.
Apollo College and Western Career College currently offer career specific certificate or associate degree programs through campus based courses in the following areas:
(A)Offered only at Apollo College
(W)Offered only at Western Career College
In July 2009, Apollo College began offering its first online bachelor’s degree completion programs in both medical imaging and respiratory care. Apollo is utilizing the DeVry Online Services technology platform, further leveraging DeVry’s high quality resources such as faculty recruiting, curriculum development and student services.
The following table provides historical enrollment data for U.S. Education students.
Becker Professional Education is a global leader in professional education and training, serving the accounting, finance and project management professions. In late July 2009, the organization adopted a master brand strategy and unified all products and services under one brand, Becker Professional Education. This change leverages the strength of the Becker brand, emphasizes its portfolio of products and services, and reflects the commitment to career long learning. The Stalla Review for the CFA® Exams brand will migrate to Becker Professional Education over the next couple of years.
Becker Professional Education’s primary product lines are review courses preparing students to take the Certified Public Accountant, Chartered Financial Analyst and Project Management Professional certification examinations as well as continuing professional education and training programs. Through its CPA and CFA review courses, Becker served more than 50,000 students in fiscal year 2009. Becker CPA Review is the industry leader in providing CPA exam review services and has been preparing candidates to pass the exam for over 50 years. For 2008, nine of the top 10 Elijah Watt Sells Award winners, individuals who achieved the highest cumulative scores on the CPA exam, prepared with Becker. For 2007, all 10 of the Elijah Watt Sells Award winners prepared with Becker.
In 2001, DeVry acquired Stalla Seminars, a leading provider of CFA review courses and materials. With more than three decades of experience helping candidates prepare for their CFA exams, Stalla Review for the CFA® Exams offers live, online and self study CFA review programs in the United States and in major financial centers around the world. Stalla has become a leader in course-centric, comprehensive CFA exam preparation with more live class locations than any other provider. Through its classes, resources and expanding partnerships with firms, local CFA societies, universities, and other global affiliates, Stalla serves thousands of candidates every year worldwide.
To better meet the demands of today’s busy professionals, Becker’s classes are offered in three flexible formats: live, self-study and online. The self-study and online products are interactive, and offer the same instructor-led lectures and materials available in the live classroom courses. The online course also provides each student an online instructor who offers individualized guidance and assistance as needed. After experiencing several years of steady growth in enrollments with our self-study and online review course formats, Becker CPA orders for these formats declined slightly in fiscal year 2009.
Based on published exam pass rate statistics supplied by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (“AICPA”), Becker CPA Review students pass at twice the rate of all CPA exam candidates who did not take a Becker review course. Becker CPA exam review course students represent nearly one-half of all students passing the CPA exam. At the mandate of the CFA Institute, the professional association that administers the CFA exam, Stalla and other CFA preparation providers are prohibited from publicly disclosing pass rate performance.
Becker Professional Education also offers educational and training programs in the fields of accounting, finance and project management to help organizations achieve superior performance through professional development. Since instruction can be conducted at the organization’s site, Becker provides a unique and cost-effective continuing education model. In fiscal year 2009, Becker further expanded this product offering by introducing CPE courses online.
Becker CPA Exam Review
The Uniform CPA Examination (“CPA exam”) is prepared and administered by the AICPA. The CPA exam is offered only in a computer-based, on-demand, four-part format for eight months of the year. In addition to successfully passing the four-part exam, CPA candidates must also meet educational, work experience, and other requirements specific to the state or jurisdiction in which they intend to be licensed to practice. Despite the turbulent economic times, the demand for CPAs remains relatively strong and the number of exam candidates has increased significantly during the past several years.
Stalla Review for the CFA® Exam
The CFA program is a graduate-level curriculum and examination program intended to expand a candidate’s working knowledge and skills relating to the investment decision-making process. The curriculum is divided into three successive “levels,” each of which concludes with an examination. The CFA designation is often referred to in practice as the “gold standard” for investment professionals, serving as a standard for measuring practitioner-oriented competence and integrity in areas including corporate finance, portfolio management, securities analysis, wealth management, and ethical and professional standards. Stalla’s approach to CFA exam preparation combines expert, comprehensive instruction, an integrated suite of learning tools continuous guidance and academic support in a program personalized to fit candidates’ unique learning styles and scheduling requirements.
Becker began offering a CFA review course for the Level I examination in 2000. The 2001 acquisition of Stalla Seminars (predecessor of Stalla Review for the CFA® Exam) enhanced that program and added review courses for the respective Level II and Level III examinations. Stalla also offers stand alone CFA exam study materials and seminars, and its course offerings are also available in flexible online and self study formats.
Nearly 129,000 candidates from 154 countries enrolled for the June 2009 CFA exams, bringing total enrollments for the two CFA exam cycles in fiscal year 2009 to over 200,000 — an increase of 15% over 2008. As an indicator of just how “global” the CFA program has become, of the total enrollments for fiscal year 2009, 64% of candidates resided outside of North America, with the majority of international candidates coming from Asia-Pacific, India, Europe and the Middle East. While strong overall enrollment growth continues, new Level I enrollments in North America have declined in light of the recent economic and financial sector turmoil.
OTHER EDUCATIONAL SERVICES
Advanced Academics, Inc. (“AAI”) is a leading provider of online secondary education. Founded in 2000 and headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, AAI partners with school districts to help more students graduate high school. AAI supplements traditional classroom programs through Web-based course instruction using highly qualified teachers and a proprietary technology platform specifically designed for secondary education. DeVry acquired Advanced Academics on October 31, 2007.
AAI also operates virtual high schools in six states. Since its inception, AAI has delivered online learning programs to more than 60,000 students in more than 300 school districts. The addition of AAI has further diversified DeVry’s curricula.
On April 1, 2009, DeVry completed its acquisition of a majority stake in Fanor, a leading provider of private postsecondary education in northeastern Brazil. Founded in 2001 and based in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, Fanor is the parent organization of Faculdades Nordeste, Faculdade Ruy Barbosa, Faculdade FTE, and Faculdade ÁREA1. These institutions operate five campus locations in the cities of Salvador and Fortaleza, and serve more than 10,000 students through undergraduate and graduate programs focused in business management, law and engineering. The addition of Fanor has further diversified DeVry’s curricula and expands DeVry’s international presence.
The postsecondary education market is highly fragmented and competitive; no single institution has a significant market share. According to the NCES, there were approximately 6,550 Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions in the United States as of the 2007-08 academic year, including approximately 2,730 private, for-profit (“market-funded”) schools; approximately 2,000 public schools (“publicly-funded” e.g. state institutions and community colleges); and approximately 1,820 private, not-for-profit (“privately-funded”) schools. According to the NCES, in 2007 approximately 18.2 million students were attending degree-granting institutions that participate in the various financial aid programs under Title IV of the Higher Education Act.
In every market in which DeVry University operates, there are numerous state institutions, community colleges, and privately-funded universities. In particular, there is growing competitive pressure from community colleges, traditional universities, and technical colleges that offer industry-specific certification programs, particularly in the computer information field. In addition, there is growing competition from online programs (by market-funded, publicly-funded and privately-funded institutions) and site-based market-funded school programs.
Tuition at independent privately-funded institutions is, on average, higher than the tuition at DeVry University. Publicly-supported colleges may offer similar programs at a lower tuition level because of government subsidies, tax-deductible contributions, and other financial sources not available to market-funded schools. In fact, many local community colleges offer programs similar in content to DeVry University’s associate degree programs, but at a much lower tuition. While community college enrollments have grown significantly in recent years and these institutions may be viewed as competitors, they also provide DeVry University an opportunity: it has a number of articulation and transfer agreements in place with community colleges that make it easier for their graduates to continue their education to earn a bachelor’s degree at DeVry University.
For more information on DeVry University tuition, please read the section entitled “Tuition and Fees.”
Geography and Consistency
DeVry University campuses and centers are located in 26 states, with multiple locations within many of the states, as well as one location in Canada. As such, DeVry University offers a national system of educational offerings to adults who may be transferred or choose to move from one part of the country to another. In addition, we offer all our graduate programs and nearly all undergraduate programs through DeVry University’s online delivery, making these programs available to all qualified students in all 50 states and internationally without regard to their location or daily schedule. In most markets where it operates, DeVry University offers a broader range of elective course options than its competitors.
To ensure that students can readily transfer from one DeVry University location to another without disrupting their studies, our graduate and undergraduate curricula generally are consistent at all locations (with some content variations to meet local employment market and/or regulatory requirements).
DeVry University’s competitive strengths in the market for undergraduate programs include:
In recent years, DeVry has increased its competitiveness by enhancing several of the undergraduate programs, expanding DeVry University online offerings, and adding DeVry University centers. As a result, we offer more locations, and more flexible class schedules and learning formats, than most other educational institutions. Undergraduate classes at DeVry University campuses generally are offered in morning, afternoon and evening sessions, which help students maintain part-time jobs. Undergraduate classes at DeVry University centers generally are offered in the evening for the convenience of predominantly working adult students, but daytime classes are offered at centers in markets where there is deemed to be sufficient demand.
DeVry University’s competitive strengths in the market for graduate programs include:
Graduate programs, both onsite and online, are offered in six, eight-week sessions each year. Classroom-based courses generally meet once a week, either in the evening or on Saturday, for the convenience of students with heavy travel or other demands on their time.
As the market for adult education programs has expanded in recent years, other schools have implemented multi-location evening and weekend programs. Enrollments in DeVry University’s graduate programs continue to increase, demonstrating the recognition it has earned as an innovator in providing high quality practical education.
Medical and Healthcare
In the medical education market, Ross University competes with the 131 U.S. schools of medicine, 25 U.S. colleges of osteopathic medicine, and approximately 30 Caribbean medical schools. In the veterinary education market, Ross competes with AVMA accredited schools, of which 28 are U.S., five are Canadian and eight are international veterinary schools. In addition, Ross competes with two non-AVMA Caribbean veterinary schools.
Ross University attracts potential students for several reasons. For some, Ross is their first or only choice of schools because of its commitment to and focus on practitioner-oriented teaching. Others applied to U.S.-based medical or veterinary schools but were not admitted or were wait-listed. Some students elected not to apply to U.S. schools because of self-perceived deficiencies in their academic record or standardized test scores.
For 2008, it is estimated that applications to U.S. medical and veterinary medical schools aggregated over 42,000 and 6,000, respectively. From these applicant pools, approximately 45% and 47%, respectively, were accepted. An additional estimated 4,400 students were accepted to U.S. osteopathic medical schools. Acceptance levels have remained largely unchanged for more than two decades, but have recently started to increase with the authorization or opening of several new allopathic and osteopathic schools.
Medical and veterinary school applicants who were denied admission or wait-listed at U.S. schools constitute a large segment of prospective students for Ross University. Based upon the number of Medical College Admission Test (“MCAT”) takers, which increased to approximately 75,000 in 2008 (up from approximately 67,800 in 2007), management believes the potential market for medical school students is much larger than the denied applicant pool alone.
According to the Association of American Medical Colleges, the demand for medical education is expected to increase over the next decade by approximately 30%, spurred by a physician supply/demand imbalance that is projected to grow. The capacity of U.S. medical schools has not changed materially in more than two decades. However, some expansion is likely in the U.S. medical education industry in the future because of the growing supply/demand imbalance for medical doctors. Management believes the veterinary medical education market is subject to some of the same forces.
Compared to its market-funded competitors, Ross University enjoys several competitive advantages, including a large alumni base and strong reputation, federal financial aid eligibility for its students, and its historically large network of diverse geographical opportunities for clinical rotations.
In the last year for which there is published data (September 2002), more Ross University School of Medicine graduates obtained first year residency positions at U.S. teaching hospitals than graduates from any other medical school in the world, including those schools in the United States. Those residency appointments have been in virtually every medical specialty and subspecialty.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Nursing constitutes the largest occupation in healthcare, with more than 2.3 million nursing jobs in the United States alone. It is estimated that more new nursing jobs will be created in the United States during the next decade than in any other healthcare profession. Despite the ongoing and increasing need for nurses, demand has not yet produced a sufficient increase in educational capacity. It is estimated by the National League for Nursing that over 99,000 qualified applicants were turned away from U.S. nursing schools in 2007 because of lack of capacity.
Nationally, Chamberlain competes in the nursing education market which has more than 800 programs leading to RN licensure. These include both four-year educational institutions and two-year community colleges. However, Chamberlain has an advantage over many of its competitors because it offers a three-year, year-round BSN program and the opportunity to take classes both onsite and online.
The career college segment of the postsecondary education market is also highly fragmented and competitive; no single institution has a significant market share. Most students will not relocate or travel long distances to attend a career college, so competition is primarily localized geographically. Competitors range from large public community colleges to professionally operated multi-campus institutions to single campus family owned institutions. In general, community colleges offer the lowest tuition prices and have the largest enrollments.
A prospective career college student in most markets will have a choice of institutions offering similar programs. Apollo College and Western Career College compete successfully by focusing primarily on healthcare and nursing programs. Both institutions are well known in their local markets for offering:
Becker Professional Education competes with other methods of CPA and CFA exam preparation, including self-study resources from the CFA Institute, courses sponsored by affiliated CFA societies, courses offered by colleges and universities, and courses offered by other private training companies. Becker typically charges more for exam preparation than colleges and private competitors.
With its 50-plus year history and exceptional track record of preparing students to pass the CPA exam, Becker differentiates itself from competitors by providing:
Becker’s self study and online courses offer a wider range of study alternatives than other course providers. Becker students have a high success rate on the exam; some of Becker students enroll after taking other review courses or studying independently without success.
Stalla differentiates itself from competitors by employing an expert-led, comprehensive approach to preparation focused on helping candidates master and apply CFA curriculum topics and pass their exams. Other advantages over competing programs include:
CPA and CFA exam candidates can take advantage of the Becker review course content and methodology in conjunction with their DeVry University MBA or Master of Accounting and Financial Management programs, earning full academic credit. These credits also may be used to fulfill the 150-hour educational requirement that most states have made a prerequisite to becoming licensed as a certified public accountant. Extending the marketing and administrative benefits of joint operation, Becker offers classes at DeVry University locations or through online learning.
The Stalla CFA review course is taught live in a classroom setting in major financial centers around the world and in an online format and self-study format to reach potential exam takers not able to attend the classroom course. In the CFA exam preparation market, much like the CPA exam preparation market, Stalla competes with courses offered by local CFA Society chapters, other training companies, and student self-study.
STUDENT RECRUITING AND ADMISSION
DeVry University employs approximately 1,400 admissions advisors, not including managers and other administrative staff who support the recruiting process, throughout the United States and Canada. Admissions advisors are salaried, full-time DeVry employees. There are admissions advisors at each DeVry University location who work with potential applicants.
Undergraduate students applying to DeVry University to take courses online are recruited primarily by admissions advisors, either at a DeVry University location if the applicant lives or works in the area, or by a central staff of admissions advisors who are dedicated to serving online applicants. Some applicants to online programs, who are in areas remote from a DeVry University location, including active military personnel on military bases, are recruited by a central staff of admissions advisors.
All graduate school students are recruited by admissions advisors.
Certain states and Canadian provinces require advisors and student recruiters to be licensed or authorized by a particular regulatory agency. Regulations governing student participation in U.S. federal financial assistance programs prohibit schools from paying commissions, bonuses, or incentives to student recruiters based directly or indirectly on the number of students they enroll. DeVry University’s compensation practices have been designed to be in compliance with current regulations.
Many of DeVry University’s applicants are older working adults who want to attend class in the evening or on weekends, recently unemployed adults seeking to improve their job skills, and students transferring to a DeVry University undergraduate program from nearby colleges and universities. In addition, DeVry University has entered into articulation agreements with community colleges to facilitate the enrollment of their students seeking to transfer course credits to DeVry University. A growing number of new students enrolling in our undergraduate programs have some prior college experience. In addition, military veterans with military-specific technical training are attracted to DeVry University’s practical career-oriented education and extensive geographic reach.
Admissions advisors visited more than 8,000 high schools, community colleges, military bases, and other locations in North America last year, making presentations on career choices — particularly in business and technology-related fields — and on the importance of a college education. Participating students complete career surveys, which provide an important source of recruiting inquiries. Admissions advisors also receive student inquiries generated by DeVry University’s web site, the Internet, direct mail, television, radio and print advertising. Follow-up interview sessions with prospective students generally take place at a DeVry University location or in the student’s home with his or her parents.
DeVry University also recruits students through its Keller Center for Corporate Learning program. The program is designed to meet the education needs of corporate clients and their employees with DeVry University program offerings. A national network of corporate account managers directs its student recruiting efforts primarily at Fortune 1000 companies leveraging relationships with these clients through DeVry University’s career services organization.
Marketing and Outreach
DeVry University currently advertises on various Internet sites, television and radio, in magazines and newspapers, and utilizes telemarketing and direct mail to reach prospective students. During fiscal 2009, we increased efficiency in inquiry generation marketing efforts, focusing on nationally efficient advertising vehicles, including Internet, television, radio and direct mail. We continuously update our marketing programs in order to better communicate the quality of our degree programs and the value of a DeVry University education. In September 2009, we will launch a highly integrated brand initiative that further refines our focus on DeVry University’s 30-plus years of graduate employment success, while emphasizing DeVry University as an accredited, highly-respected academic institution. The refined brand campaign is grounded in ongoing in-depth consumer, marketplace and brand research, and will leverage a number of channels, including broadcast, print and Internet advertising, public relations, and social media, as well as local marketing efforts. By building upon the equity we have in preparing our students for the careers of tomorrow, as well as the depth and breadth of our university’s degree offerings, we will re-energize the brand and increase potential student awareness of and interest in DeVry University.
DeVry University serves high school students in several unique ways. Since July 2004, we have worked with the Chicago Public School system to create the DeVry University Advantage Academy. This program allows high school students with an aptitude for mathematics and technology to complete their junior and senior year of high school coursework at DeVry University’s Chicago campus while also taking college-level courses taught by DeVry University faculty. Upon completion, Advantage Academy students will have the opportunity to graduate with both a high school diploma and an associate degree in Network Systems Administration. All tuition, textbooks, and educational materials are paid for by the Chicago Board of Education and DeVry University. Since its inception in 2004, 544 students have enrolled in the DeVry University Advantage Academy. From the first four cohorts, approximately 92% of the students earned their high school diploma, and approximately 92% earned their associate degree. Approximately 39% of the associate degree graduates have continued on for their bachelor’s degree at DeVry University. A class of approximately 115 students will begin in September 2009. DeVry University replicated this model program with the Columbus, Ohio School District in July 2006. In June 2009, the Columbus Advantage Academy graduated a class of 22 students, most of whom are continuing their education, enrolling at colleges and universities across the United States this fall to pursue bachelor’s degrees. In July 2009, a class of 24 students began. Efforts are underway to launch similar Advantage Academy programs in other metropolitan areas.
Other outreach and recruitment initiatives include weekend SAT preparatory classes for high school seniors, Career Reality workshops to teach students and educators about trends in business and industry, free summer classes for high school students seeking a head start on business and technology college credits, and fellowships for high school and community college faculty and administrators. Another example is HerWorld®, an innovative program designed to encourage and reinforce interest in business and technology careers among high school girls.
To be admitted to a DeVry University undergraduate program in the United States, an applicant must be either a high school graduate from a DeVry-recognized institution, have a General Education Development (“GED”) certificate, or hold a degree from a DeVry University-approved postsecondary institution. Applicants for admission must be at least 17 years old and complete an interview with an admissions advisor/representative. In Canada, an applicant must meet either the same criteria as in the United States, or meet alternative “mature student” criteria. International applicants must provide documentation demonstrating the required level of prior education, satisfy the English-language proficiency requirement and meet all other admission requirements.
All applicants must meet prescribed admission qualifications and attain minimum placement examination scores, which vary depending on the program. Students take the Accuplacer computer-adaptive placement tests designed by The College Board or the DeVry online computer adaptive placement tests developed internally, to assess applicants’ achievement levels and developmental needs during the admission process. ACT or SAT examination scores deemed appropriate for the desired program, or acceptable grades in qualifying college-level work completed at an approved postsecondary institution, also can be used to meet undergraduate admission requirements.
After prospective students complete an application, an admissions advisor/representative contacts them through phone calls, mailings, and invitations to site-based workshops or other events to improve the rate at which such applicants begin their program of study.
To be admitted to a graduate program, applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree from a U.S. institution that is accredited by or is in candidacy status with a U.S. regional accrediting agency or selected national accrediting agencies or international institutions recognized as the equivalent, and complete an interview with an admissions advisor/representative. International applicants must hold a degree recognized to be equivalent to a U.S. baccalaureate degree, satisfy the English-language proficiency requirement, and meet all other admission requirements. Applicants whose undergraduate cumulative grade point average is 2.70 or higher are eligible for admission. Applicants with a cumulative grade point average below 2.70 must achieve acceptable scores on the Graduate Management Admission Test (“GMAT”), the Graduate Record Examination (“GRE”) or the Keller-administered admission test. Admissions decisions are based on evaluation of a candidate’s academic credentials, entrance test scores, and a personal interview.
Medical and Healthcare
The Ross University School of Medicine and School of Veterinary Medicine focus their marketing efforts on attracting highly qualified, primarily U.S. and Canadian applicants, with the motivation and requisite academic ability to complete their educational programs and pass the United States Medical Licensing Exam and the North American Veterinary Licensure Examination, respectively. Ross’ marketing effort includes direct e-mail marketing, visits to undergraduate campuses to meet students and their pre-med/pre-vet advisors, targeted direct mail campaigns, information seminars in 40 major markets throughout the United States, Canada, and Puerto Rico, alumni referrals, a national undergraduate poster campaign, radio advertisements in select markets and print ads in major magazines and newspapers.
Ross employs regional admissions representatives in ten cities throughout the U.S. and in Ontario, Canada, who seek out and pursue student interest in our two programs. Senior Associate Directors of Admissions and Associate Directors of Admission recruit, interview, admit, and enroll all new students to each of our three entering cohorts. The successful applicant must have all prerequisite sciences (with labs), mathematics, and English courses as dictated by the admissions committee of both the medical and veterinary schools respectively. All candidates for admission must interview with an associate director at one of our sites in New Jersey, Miami, Providence, Charlotte, Dallas, Los Angeles, Anaheim, Orlando, Denver, Chicago or Ontario, Canada. All admission decisions are made by the admissions committees of the medical and veterinary schools.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Chamberlain utilizes varied marketing approaches to generate interest from potential students. Chamberlain recruiters visit Arizona, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio and Florida high schools, employ targeted direct mail and Internet campaigns, cultivate alumni referrals and participate in information seminars and career fairs. Chamberlain holds open house events to attract local prospective students, and advertises in healthcare career publications, in newspapers, and on television and radio. Chamberlain’s extensive informational web-site generates nearly one-third of all potential applicant inquiries.
Chamberlain employs regional admissions representatives who arrange for student interviews and campus tours. Admission requirements include a high school diploma or GED; minimum cumulative grade point average requirements vary depending upon the program. Applicants must pass the Chamberlain standard pre-admission exam or obtain a prescribed minimum score on the ACT or SAT exam, depending upon the program in which the applicant is interested. Admissions decisions are made by an admissions committee.
Apollo College and Western Career College utilize varied marketing approaches to generate interest from potential students. Recruiters visit high schools in Arizona, California, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Washington and Idaho. Apollo College and Western Career College also conduct local advertising campaigns using broadcast media, print media, targeted direct mail and digital media. In addition, Apollo College and Western Career College hold open house events to attract local prospective students, cultivate alumni referrals, and participate in information seminars and career fairs.
Becker Professional Education markets its courses directly to potential students and to selected employers, primarily the large national and regional accounting and financial services firms. Alumni referrals, direct mail, print advertising, electronic mail, and a network of on-campus recruiters at colleges and universities across the country also generate new students for Becker’s CPA and CFA review courses. The Becker web-site is another source of information for interested applicants.
Becker Professional Education delivers its CPA review courses on about 100 college campuses, recruiting students attending those institutions. Becker also is the preferred provider of CPA review for several of the country’s largest CPA firms, partnering with 98 of the top 100 public accounting firms, including each of the Big 4 Firms.
The CFA exam review course is now offered in an expanded number of classroom locations and online. Dozens of CFA societies, including those in Toronto, Washington D.C., Chicago, Singapore, and Hong Kong, have adopted Stalla as their provider of choice for CFA preparation courses and programs. In fact, 15 of the top 20 CFA societies in the world (in terms of membership count) have endorsed Stalla as their provider of choice for their local CFA member candidates. Also, multiple prominent investment firms and universities are on the Stalla client roster, further expanding the reach and prominence of the Stalla brand.
Educational institutions and their individual programs are awarded “accreditation” by achieving a level of quality that entitles them to the confidence of the educational community and the public they serve. Accredited institutions are subject to periodic review by accrediting bodies to ensure continued high performance and institutional and program improvement and integrity, and to confirm that accreditation requirements continue to be satisfied.
Regional accreditation in the United States is a voluntary process designed to promote educational quality and improvement, and is an important strength for DeVry University. Management believes regional accreditation offers DeVry University a significant advantage over most other market-funded colleges. DeVry University has been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission (“HLC”) of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, which is one of the six regional collegiate accrediting agencies in the United States. College and university administrators depend on the accredited status of an institution when evaluating transfers of credit and applications to their schools; employers rely on the accredited status of an institution when evaluating a candidate’s credentials; and parents and high school counselors look to accreditation for assurance that an institution meets quality educational standards. Moreover, accreditation is necessary for students to qualify for federal financial assistance, and most scholarship commissions restrict their awards to students attending accredited institutions.
Keller Graduate School of Management was first awarded its accreditation in 1977, and DeVry Institutes was first awarded North Central Association (now HLC) accreditation in 1981. Each school was separately accredited until February 2002, when the North Central Association approved the merger of DeVry Institutes and Keller Graduate School into a single institution with the name DeVry University. After a comprehensive evaluation visit in August 2002, the HLC approved a 10-year re-accreditation for DeVry University. HLC further affirmed that DeVry University can offer, without restriction, any of its programs onsite, online, or through any combination of the two. In September 2008, DeVry University was accepted into the Academic Quality Improvement Program (AQIP) of the HLC, a seven year accreditation reaffirmation process based on creating a culture of continuous improvement, one of DeVry University’s key values.
In addition to regional accreditation, the baccalaureate electronics engineering technology programs at most of DeVry University’s U.S. locations are accredited by the Technology Accreditation Commission of ABET (“TAC of ABET”), an accreditation board for applied science, computing, engineering, and technical educations. Baccalaureate computer engineering technology programs at several DeVry University U.S. locations are also accredited by TAC of ABET. The associate level electronics engineering technology program in North Brunswick, New Jersey is also TAC of ABET accredited.
The associate degree in health information technology is offered online and at DeVry University locations in Atlanta, Chicago, Columbus, Dallas, Ft. Washington, Houston, and Southern California. These programs are accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Health Informatics and Information Management Education. Additional DeVry campuses are in the process of applying for this accreditation for their programs.
The province of Alberta granted accreditation to DeVry Calgary to confer Bachelor of Technology degrees in 2001 and accreditation to confer Bachelor of Science degrees in 2006. DeVry Calgary is the first and only market-funded institution in Canada to be provincially accredited to grant bachelor’s degrees. Through an arrangement with the Alberta Department of Advanced Education, the State of Arizona, and the HLC, the computer engineering technology and network and communications management curricula offered at DeVry Calgary fall under the accreditation of DeVry University (Arizona) as an offsite instructional location. The computer engineering technology and electronics engineering technology programs are accredited by the Canadian Technology Accreditation Board.
Medical and Healthcare
The Commonwealth of Dominica authorizes Ross University School of Medicine to confer the Doctor of Medicine degree. The medical school is recognized and accredited as a University and School of Medicine by the Dominica Medical Board (“DMB”). The National Committee on Foreign Medical Education of the U.S. Department of Education has affirmed that the DMB has established and enforces standards of educational accreditation that are comparable to those promulgated by the U.S. Liaison Committee on Medical Education. Ross University has also received four-year accreditation by the Caribbean Accreditation Authority for Education in Medicine and other Health Professions. In addition, Ross University is approved by the four U.S. states – California, Florida, New Jersey and New York — that have processes in place to evaluate and accredit an international medical school’s programs, allowing Ross students to participate in clinical residency training programs in those states.
The Veterinary School has been recognized and accredited as a University and School of Veterinary Medicine by the government of the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis (“St. Kitts”) and is chartered to confer the Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. The Veterinary School is American Veterinary Medical Association (“AVMA”) listed and has affiliations with 21 AVMA-accredited U.S. colleges of veterinary medicine so that Ross students can complete their final three semesters of study in the United States. Only students who graduate from an AVMA-listed school are eligible for U.S. licensure.
The Veterinary School has undergone a consultative visit from the AVMA Council on Education as a precursor to the University applying to the AVMA for accreditation as an international school. The University has received a site visit report covering the consultative visit from the AVMA Council on Education and a follow-up report and is implementing the AVMA’s recommendations.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Chamberlain College of Nursing is HLC accredited. The ASN, BSN and MSN programs are approved by the respective State Boards of Nursing of Arizona, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio and Florida and are accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission. The BSN program is also accredited by the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education.
Apollo College is nationally accredited by the Accrediting Council of Independent Colleges and Schools. Western Career College is regionally accredited by the Accrediting Commission for Community and Junior Colleges of the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. In addition to the institutional accreditations, Apollo College and Western Career College hold a number of programmatic accreditations, including:
Other Educational Services
Advanced Academics is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools and the Commission on International and Trans-Regional Accreditation.
Fanor’s institutions are accredited by the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
APPROVAL AND LICENSING
DeVry needs authorizations from many state or Canadian provincial licensing agencies or ministries to recruit students, operate schools, conduct exam preparation courses, and grant degrees. Generally, the addition of any new program of study or new operating location also requires approval by the appropriate licensing and regulatory agencies. In the United States, each DeVry University, Ross University clinical locations, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College location is approved to grant associate, bachelor’s and/or master’s degrees by the respective state in which it is located.
Many states and Canadian provinces require market-funded postsecondary education institutions to post surety bonds for licensure. In the United States, DeVry has posted approximately $22.6 million of surety bonds with regulatory authorities on behalf of DeVry University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College, Western Career College and Becker Professional Education. DeVry has posted CDN $0.3 million of surety bonds with regulatory agencies in Canada.
Certain states have set standards of financial responsibility that differ from those prescribed by federal regulation. DeVry believes it is in material compliance with state and Canadian provincial regulations. If DeVry were unable to meet the tests of financial responsibility for a specific state, and could not otherwise demonstrate financial responsibility, DeVry could be required to cease operations in that state. To date, DeVry has successfully demonstrated its financial responsibility where required.
TUITION AND FEES
Effective with the summer 2009 term, DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate tuition ranges from $550 to $595 per credit hour for students enrolling in 1 to 11 credit hours. Tuition ranges from $330 to $355 per credit hour for each credit hour in excess of 11 credit hours. These tuition rates vary by location and/or program and represent an expected weighted average increase of approximately 6.6% as compared to the summer 2008 term. However, effective with the summer 2009 term, DeVry University consolidated several of its student fees including graduation, transcript, technology and student activity fees into a lesser student services charge. The effective weighted average tuition increase was approximately 5.5% when the fee reduction is taken into account.
Based upon current tuition rates, a full-time student enrolling in the five-term undergraduate network systems administration program will pay total tuition ranging from $34,260 to $35,815. A full-time student enrolled in the eight-term undergraduate business administration program will pay total tuition ranging from $60,330 to $63,070, including the application fee and tuition deposit.
Among four-year institutions, DeVry University’s undergraduate tuition during the 2007-08 academic year was lower than the average tuition of private schools and comparable to the average out-of-state tuition of public schools, but it was higher than the average in-state tuition of publically supported institutions, according to data published by the National Center for Education Statistics. At four-year private schools, the average annual undergraduate tuition and fees for the 2007-2008 academic year was $19,047 at not-for-profit schools (a 6.2% increase from the prior year) and $14,908 at for-profit schools (a 4.5% increase). The average annual undergraduate tuition and fees at four-year public schools was $5,730 for in-state (a 4.3% increase) and $13,595 for out-of-state tuition (a 3.5% increase).
Effective with the July 2009 term, Keller Graduate School of Management program tuition per classroom course (four quarter credit hours) ranges from $1,995 to $2,200, depending on location. This represents an expected weighted average increase of 4.6%. The price for a graduate course taken online is $2,200, compared to $2,100 previously.
If a student leaves school before completing a term, federal, state, and Canadian provincial regulations permit schools to retain a set percentage of the total tuition received. This amount varies with, but generally equals or exceeds, the percentage of the term the student completes. Excess amounts are refunded to the student or the appropriate financial aid funding source.
Some DeVry University programs, including the computer information systems and electronics and computer technology programs require students to purchase a laptop computer at some locations. Students also must purchase their own textbooks, electronic course materials and supplies.
Medical and Healthcare
Effective September 2009, tuition and fees for the beginning basic sciences portion of the programs at the medical and veterinary schools are $14,665 and $14,375, respectively, per semester. This tuition rate represents an increase from September 2008 tuition rates of approximately 7.4% for the medical school and 5.3% for the veterinary school. Tuition and fees for the final clinical portion of the programs are $16,100 per semester for the medical school, and $18,050 per semester for the veterinary school. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation, and living expenses.
DeVry believes that Ross University’s tuition is at the middle of the range among private medical and veterinary schools, but approximately equal to or higher than tuition in publicly supported medical and veterinary schools. Tuition rates at most medical and veterinary schools, including Ross University, have increased every year, and management believes rates will continue to increase.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Tuition for the 2009-2010 academic year is $595 per credit hour for students enrolled in the BSN (onsite), ADN and LPN-to-RN programs. Students enrolled on a full-time basis (between 12 and 17 credit hours) are charged a flat tuition amount of $7,140 per semester. This represents an increase from 2008-2009 academic year tuition rates of approximately 9%. However, effective with the summer 2009 term, Chamberlain consolidated several of its student fees into a lesser student services charge. The effective weighted average tuition increase was approximately 8% when the fee reduction is taken into account. These amounts do not include the cost of books, supplies, transportation or living expenses.
Tuition for the 2009-2010 academic year is $575 per credit hour for students enrolled in the RN-to-BSN online degree program. Students enrolled on a full-time basis (between 12 and 17 credit hours) are charged a flat tuition amount of $6,900 per semester. Tuition for the 2009-2010 academic year is $735 per credit hour for students enrolled in the online MSN program.
DeVry believes that Chamberlain’s tuition is in the middle of the range among private nursing schools, but equal to or higher than tuition in publicly supported schools. Tuition rates at most nursing schools have increased every year, and management believes they will continue to increase.
On a per credit hour basis, tuition for Apollo College and Western Career College programs ranges from $338 per credit hour to $1,602 per credit hour for non-general education courses, with the wide range due to the nature of the program. General Education courses are charged at $295 per credit hour at Apollo, $345 per credit hour at Western Career College. Student tuition is reduced accordingly for any incoming academic credits that are applicable. Students are charged a non-refundable registration fee ranging from $95 to $100, and they are also charged separately for books and special (program specific) supplies and/or testing. A student services fee ranging from $75 to $150 is charged at Apollo College as well, depending on the program. Total program tuition ranges from approximately $12,000 for core programs to over $60,000 for some advanced programs.
Tuition was raised approximately 3.5% on July 1, 2008. Tuition was increased a comparable percentage in July 2009.
Tuition for programs offered by Apollo College and Western Career College is based primarily on market conditions affecting the programs and the locations in which they are offered. U.S. Education’s pricing strategy is to leverage its high quality programs by pricing them at the high end of the range of comparable market-funded institutions.
The price of the complete classroom Becker CPA review course, including an administrative fee, is $2,900. The complete CPA review course on CD-ROM and the complete online review course are the same price. Exam candidates may elect to enroll for individual sections of the exam review course at a price of $935 per section. Becker offers discounts from these tuition rates under various enrollment promotions at college campuses and for students employed by participating accounting firms.
The current list prices for the CFA exam course packages range from $1,290 to $1,590, and Stalla offers various promotional program discounts and stand alone preparation prices.
FINANCIAL AID AND FINANCING STUDENT EDUCATION
Students attending DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College finance their education through a variety of sources, including government-sponsored financial aid, private and university-provided scholarships, employer-provided tuition assistance, veteran’s benefits, private loans and cash payments. Students attending the Becker Professional Education review courses are not eligible for federal or state financial aid, but many receive partial or full tuition reimbursement from their employers.
The following table summarizes DeVry’s cash receipts from tuition payments by fund source as a percentage of total revenue for the fiscal years 2008 and 2007, respectively. Final data for fiscal year 2009 is not yet available.
DeVry University assists its undergraduate students in locating part-time employment to supplement their incomes and help finance their education. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics indicates that almost half of all full-time college students between the ages of 18 and 24 are employed, but we believe the employment rate among DeVry University full-time undergraduate students is higher.
All financial aid and assistance programs are subject to political and governmental budgetary considerations. In the United States, the Higher Education Act (“HEA”) guides the federal government’s support of postsecondary education. The HEA was last reauthorized by the United States Congress in July 2008, and was signed into law by the President in August 2008.
Information about Particular Government Financial Aid Programs
DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College students participate in many U.S. and Canadian financial aid programs. Each of these programs is briefly described below.
United States federal financial aid programs
Students in the United States rely on three types of U.S. Department of Education financial aid programs under Title IV of the Higher Education Act.
1. Grants. DeVry University and Chamberlain College of Nursing undergraduate, Apollo and Western Career College students may participate in the Federal Pell Grant, Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grant and the Academic Competitiveness Grant programs. Additionally, certain DeVry University undergraduate students may participate in the National Science and Mathematics Access to Retain Talent (“SMART”) Grant program.
2. Loans. DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College students may participate in the Stafford and PLUS programs within the Federal Family Education Loan Program (“FFELP”) and the William D. Ford Federal Direct Student Loan Program. DeVry University undergraduate students may also participate in the Federal Perkins Student Loan Program.
3. Federal work-study. This program offers work opportunities, both on or off campus, on a part-time basis to undergraduate students who demonstrate financial need. Work-study wages are paid partly from federal funds and partly from qualified employer funds.
A U.S. Department of Education regulation known as the “90/10 Rule” affects only proprietary postsecondary institutions, such as DeVry University, Ross University and Chamberlain, Apollo College and Western Career College. Under this regulation, an institution that derives more than 90% of its revenues from federal financial assistance programs in any year may not participate in these programs for the following year. The following table details the percent of revenue from federal financial assistance programs for each of DeVry’s Title IV eligible institutions for fiscal years 2008 and 2007, respectively. Final data for fiscal 2009 is not yet available.
DeVry University’s percent of revenue from federal financial assistance programs increased in fiscal year 2008 as compared to fiscal year 2007 primarily due to increased loan and grant limits. Chamberlain College of Nursing’s percent of revenue from federal financial assistance programs decreased in fiscal year 2008 as compared to fiscal year 2007 primarily due to an increase of students in the RN-to-BSN completion program who receive employer reimbursement or are self-pay students.
State financial aid programs
Several states, including Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and Vermont offer state grant and loan assistance to eligible undergraduate students.
Private Loan Programs
Some DeVry University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Ross University, Apollo College and Western Career College students rely on private (nonfederal) loan programs for financial assistance. These programs are used to finance the gap between a student’s educational and living costs and their financial aid awards. The amount of the typical loan varies significantly according to the student’s enrollment and financial aid awards. DeVry estimates that approximately one-half of the borrowings under private loan programs are used by students to pay for non-educational expenses, such as room and board.
Prior to 2006, Ross University students relied heavily on private loan programs to meet the gap between tuition and Stafford loan eligibility as well as to meet living costs. Legislation enacted in February 2006 expanded the parent loan program (PLUS) eligibility to graduate students. This lower-cost, non-credit based program is now used in place of private loan programs for most U.S. citizens and permanent residents.
Most private loans are approved using the student or co-borrower’s credit history. The cost of these loans varies, but in almost all cases will be more costly than the federal programs. The application process is separate from the traditional financial aid process. Student finance personnel at DeVry’s degree granting institutions coordinate these processes to ensure that all students receive assistance from the federal and state programs first. A small percentage of these loans were issued from school-backed pools. These pools were made available to students with little or no credit history or some adverse credit history, who otherwise would not qualify for a private loan. School-backed programs typically contain an up-front cost-sharing component or a recourse provision for defaulted loans. Less than 1% of the total private loans to DeVry University’s students were made under a school-backed program.
DeVry maintains a recommended lender list as a service to students, and selects the lenders through open and competitive requests for proposals. The recommended list helps students sort through an array of loan offers they may receive from scores of lenders. DeVry develops the list of recommended lenders based on their ability to provide services including the following:
DeVry absorbs any costs related to employees who sit on lender advisory boards, attend any lender-sponsored training, or receive any lender-sponsored services. DeVry does not accept any referral or marketing fees from lenders. DeVry is a voluntary signatory to the Student Loan Codes of Conduct developed by the Arizona, New Jersey and New York attorneys general.
The United States has a number of tax-favored programs aimed at promoting savings for future college expenses. These include state-sponsored “529” college savings plans, state-sponsored prepaid tuition plans, education savings accounts (formerly known as education IRAs), custodial accounts for minors, Hope and Lifetime Learning credits, and tax deductions for interest on student loans.
Canadian government financial aid programs
Canadian citizens or permanent residents of Canada (other than students from Quebec) are eligible for loans under the Canada Student Loan Plan, which is financed by the Canadian government but administered at the provincial level. Canadian undergraduate students attending the DeVry University Calgary campus may also be eligible for provincial student loans. Eligibility and amount of funding vary by province. Students attending DeVry University on-line or in the United States or Ross University may be eligible for the Canada Student Loan program. The loans are interest-free while the student is in school, and repayment begins six months after the student leaves school. Qualified students also may benefit from Canada Study Grants (designed for students whose financial needs and special circumstances cannot otherwise be met), tax-free withdrawals from retirement savings plans, tax-free education savings plans, loan repayment extensions, and interest relief on loans.
DeVry-Provided Financial Assistance
DeVry’s EDUCARD® Plan is available to DeVry University and Chamberlain College of Nursing students; a similar option is available for Apollo and Western Career College and Ross University students. The EDUCARD® Plan is a proprietary loan program designed to assist students who are unable to completely cover educational costs by other means. EDUCARD® proprietary loans may be used only for tuition, books, and fees, and are available only after all other student financial assistance has been applied toward those purposes. Repayment plans for EDUCARD® Plan balances are developed to address the financial circumstances of the particular student. Under the deferred payment plan, certain students can arrange to defer all payments on tuition and fees for twelve weeks from the start of the term when the full amount is due. Interest charges accrue each month on the unpaid balance. Under the revolving loan plan, amounts owed by current students are subject to a monthly interest charge of one percent of the average outstanding balance. After a student leaves school, the student typically will have a monthly installment repayment plan with all balances due within 12 to 60 months.
DeVry University undergraduate students also are eligible for numerous DeVry-sponsored scholarships. Scholarship programs generally are designed to attract recent high school graduates and students enrolled at community colleges, with awards that range from $1,000 per term up to the amount of full tuition. DeVry University has also provided funds in the form of institutional grants to help those students most in need of financial assistance.
DeVry University and Chamberlain College of Nursing students who receive employer tuition assistance may choose from several deferred tuition payment plans. Students eligible for tuition reimbursement plans may have their tuition billed directly to their employers or payment deferred until after the end of the session. Educational expenses paid by an employer on behalf of an employee generally are excludable from the employee’s income if provided under a qualified educational assistance plan. At present, the maximum annual exclusion is $5,250.
Students taking the Becker Professional Education review courses are not eligible for federal or state financial aid, but many receive partial or full tuition reimbursement from their employers. Private loans are also available to students to help meet the program costs.
Compliance with Legislative and Regulatory Requirements
Extensive and complex regulations in the United States and Canada govern all the government grant, loan, and work study programs in which DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College and their respective students participate. DeVry must comply with many rules and standards, including maximum student loan default rates, limits on the proportion of its revenue that can be derived from federal aid programs, prohibitions on certain types of incentive payments to student recruiters and financial aid officers, standards of financial responsibility, and administrative capability requirements. Like any other educational institution, DeVry’s administration of these programs is periodically reviewed by various regulatory agencies and is subject to audit or investigation by other governmental authorities. Any violation could be the basis for penalties or other disciplinary action, including initiation of a suspension, limitation or termination proceeding. Previous Department of Education and state regulatory agency program reviews have not resulted in significant findings or adjustments against DeVry. If a proceeding were initiated and caused the Department of Education to substantially curtail DeVry’s participation in government grant or loan programs, DeVry’s enrollments, revenues and accounts receivable could be all adversely affected.
The financial responsibility test for continued participation by an institution’s students in federal financial assistance programs is based upon a composite score of three ratios: an equity ratio that measures the institution’s capital resources; a primary reserve ratio that measures an institution’s ability to fund its operations from current resources; and a net income ratio that measures an institution’s ability to operate profitably. A minimum score of 1.5 is necessary to meet the Department of Education’s financial standards.
For the past several years, DeVry’s composite score has exceeded the required minimum of 1.5. Management believes it will continue to demonstrate the required level of financial stability. If DeVry were unable to meet requisite financial responsibility standards or otherwise demonstrate, within the regulations, its ability to continue to provide educational services, then DeVry could be required to post a letter of credit to enable its students to continue to participate in federal financial assistance programs.
Institutions that participate in U.S. federal financial aid programs must disclose information upon request about undergraduate student “completion rates” to current and prospective students. The federal Student-Right-To-Know Act defines the cohort of students on which the institution must report as “first-time, full-time, degree-seeking” students who enter the fall term. Completion rates calculated in accordance with the statute for each of DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate campuses generally fall within the range of completion rates at selected four-year urban public colleges in the areas in which its campuses are located. However, its overall completion rate actually is higher than reported in these statistics: many DeVry University students have previously attended other colleges (and completion rates for undergraduate students entering with previous college experience generally are higher than for first-time students), but these students are not included in the completion rate statistics that are defined by the Student-Right-To-Know Act. In an effort to improve our completion rates as defined by the statute, DeVry University has changed undergraduate admission requirements and added student support services. For the 2002 freshman student cohorts (the latest period for which final completion statistics are available), the graduation rate for DeVry University U.S. undergraduates was 31.1% as compared to the 2001 rate of 31.3%.
Specialized staff at DeVry’s Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, headquarters review, interpret, and establish procedures for compliance with regulations governing financial assistance programs and processes financial aid applications. Because financial assistance programs are required to be administered in accordance with the standard of care and diligence of a fiduciary, any regulatory violation could be the basis for disciplinary action, including the initiation of a suspension, limitation, or termination proceeding.
In the United States, DeVry University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Ross University, Apollo College and Western Career College have completed and submitted all required audits of compliance with federal financial assistance programs for fiscal year 2008. DeVry’s independent public accountants are currently conducting the required audits of the one-year period ended June 30, 2009. In conjunction with previously filed financial aid audit reports, DeVry University has been required to post letters of credit. As of August 2009, there were approximately $12.2 million in letters of credit outstanding, representing less than 2% of the Title IV aid administered in fiscal year 2008, relating to participation in federal financial aid assistance programs. These letters of credit expire in less than one year. No amount has ever been drawn under these letters of credit issued on behalf of DeVry.
As a part of its effort to monitor the administration of student financial assistance programs, the U.S. Department of Education and state grant agencies may conduct site visits and program reviews at any educational institution at any time. Reviews at several DeVry campuses have not resulted in any adverse material findings or adjustments.
In addition to the requirements that educational institutions must meet, student recipients of financial aid must maintain satisfactory academic progress toward completion of their program of study and an appropriate grade point average.
STUDENT LOAN DEFAULTS
The U.S. Department of Education has instituted strict regulations that penalize institutions whose students have high default rates on federal student loans. For a variety of reasons, high default rates are most often found in proprietary institutions and community colleges — all of which tend to have a higher percentage of low income students enrolled than do four-year publicly supported and independent colleges and universities.
Educational institutions are penalized to varying degrees under the FFELP or the William D. Ford Federal Direct Student Loan Program, depending on the default rate for the “cohort” defined in the statute. An institution with a cohort default rate that exceeds 20% for the year is required to develop a plan to reduce defaults, but the institution’s operations and its students’ ability to utilize student loans are not restricted. An institution with a cohort default rate of 25% or more for three consecutive years is ineligible to participate in these loan programs and cannot offer student loans administered by the U.S. Department of Education for the fiscal year in which the ineligibility determination is made and for the next two fiscal years. Students attending an institution whose cohort default rate has exceeded 25% for three consecutive years also are ineligible for Pell grants. Any institution with a cohort default rate of 40% or more in any year is subject to immediate limitation, suspension, or termination proceedings from all federal aid programs. DeVry carefully monitors students’ loan default rate and has never had a cohort default rate of 25% or more for three consecutive years, or of 40% or more in any one year. DeVry is not subject to any restriction or termination under any student loan program.
According to the U.S. Department of Education, the cohort default rate for all colleges and universities eligible for federal financial aid increased from 4.6% in fiscal year 2005 to 5.2% for fiscal year 2006 (the latest period for which data is available).
Default rates for DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College students follow. The latest period for which final data is available is 2006.
Under the Federal Perkins loan program, the institution is responsible for collecting outstanding loans. Any institution with a Perkins loan cohort default rate exceeding 15% must establish a default reduction plan. DeVry has worked to reduce the default rate by implementing student counseling and additional collection efforts and retaining outside loan service agencies.
DeVry University believes that the employment of its graduates is essential to its ability to attract and retain students. Career services professionals located at DeVry University undergraduate campuses work with students to choose careers, craft resumes, and prepare for job interviews. The staff also maintains contact with local and national employers to proactively identify job opportunities and arrange interviews. In many cases, company hiring representatives conduct interviews at DeVry University campuses.
DeVry University attempts to gather accurate data to determine how many of its undergraduates, both at the associate and bachelor’s degree levels, are employed in positions related to their program of study within six months following graduation. To a large extent, the reliability of such data depends on the quality of information that graduates self-report.
In the 10 year period ending October 2008, DeVry University’s U.S. campuses graduated more than 69,000 students who were eligible for career services assistance (this excludes graduates who continued their education, students from foreign countries not legally eligible to work in the United States, and other categories of students who were not available for employment). More than 58,000 graduates during this 10 year period actively pursued employment or were already employed; 89% of those held positions related to their program of study within six months of graduation.
For the three undergraduate classes that ended in calendar year 2008, there were 6,658 graduates from DeVry University’s U.S. undergraduate degree and diploma programs eligible for career service assistance, excluding the one-year post-baccalaureate information technology program (this excludes students continuing their education, students from foreign countries legally ineligible to work in the United States, and others ineligible for employment). From that pool of graduates, 6,001 actively pursued employment or were already employed. Within six months of graduation, 5,460, or 91% of those graduates were employed in positions related to their program of study. This compares to 92.8% who were employed in positions related to their program of study for the three classes that ended in calendar year 2007, and 91.9% who were employed in positions related to their program of study for the three classes that ended in calendar year 2006.
DeVry University believes that a significant number of graduating students currently employed in positions not directly related to their program of study have chosen to not actively seek other employment opportunities. For the three graduating classes in calendar year 2008, there were 438 graduates who were employed but not in positions related to their program of study. Of these individuals, 72% did not conduct an active employment search through DeVry University’s career services offices.
DeVry University’s 2008 graduates (associate and bachelor’s degree programs) achieved reported annual compensation ranging from $33,288 to $50,071 with an average compensation of $45,486. Individual compensation levels vary depending upon the graduate’s previous employment experience, program of study, and geographic area of employment.
DeVry University believes that no single employer has hired more than 5% of our graduates in recent years. Major employers of DeVry undergraduates include Abbott Laboratories, Boeing, Dell, Federal Express, GE Healthcare, Hewlett-Packard, IBM, Intel, J.P. Morgan Chase, Motorola, Northrop Grumman, State Farm, Siemens, and UPS.
DeVry University hosted its first Virtual Career Fair on May 6, 2009, a simulated environment that mirrors a physical Career Fair. The Virtual Career Fair provided real-time employer/student interaction and great networking opportunities for students. More than 5,400 people (students, grads, and alumni) attended, and more than 25 companies participated including AT&T, Comcast, GE Healthcare, H&R Block, Hewlett Packard, IBM, IRS, Johnson & Johnson, Procter and Gamble: Research & Development, RedBox, Schlumberger, Staples, State Farm Insurance, Verizon Telecom, Volt Technologies, and Zen Technologies Ltd. As a result of this Fair, two people were hired, two have internships, and more than 25 interviews have been conducted. Due to its success, two additional Virtual Career Fairs have been scheduled for Fiscal Year 2010.
Management considers its career services commitment an important element of its service to students. Over the past several years, DeVry University developed and implemented a student national job database, which allows students to log into one site to view, apply for, and learn more about job leads appropriate to their experience and education level. For the upcoming year, this database will be further expanded for employer use. In addition, management developed a preferred employer program. This program provides an avenue for businesses to easily partner with DeVry in areas such as career services, curriculum development, and continued employee education.
Apollo College and Western Career College provide career service support to students through dedicated employees at each campus location. The range of services provided includes: assistance in preparing resumes, coaching to define a job search strategy, coaching to improve interviewing skills, employer outreach initiatives to identify job opportunities, access to posted online job opportunities and guidance to help graduates obtain employment in their field of study.
DeVry’s quarterly revenue and net income fluctuate primarily as a result of the pattern of student enrollments. Generally, the schools’ highest enrollment and revenues typically occur in the fall, which corresponds to the second and third quarters of DeVry’s fiscal year. Enrollment is slightly lower in the spring, and the lowest enrollment generally occurs during the summer months. DeVry’s operating costs do not fluctuate as significantly on a quarterly basis.
Results of operations reflect both this seasonal enrollment pattern and the pattern of student recruiting activity costs that precede the start of every term. Revenues, operating income, and net income by quarter for each of the past two fiscal years are included in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, “Quarterly Financial Data.”
As of June 30, 2009, DeVry had the following number of employees:
DeVry also utilizes independent contractors who teach as adjunct faculty and instructors. These independent contractors are not included in the above table. DeVry believes that its relationship with its employees is satisfactory. The only employees represented by a union are approximately 200 administrative and support employees of Ross University’s medical school campus in Dominica. These employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement with a local union.
Each DeVry University campus and center is managed by a campus president or center director and has a staff of academic deans, faculty and academic support staff, admissions group, career service and student service personnel, and other professionals. Group vice presidents of operations oversee the campuses and centers in geographically defined areas.
Each DeVry University campus president hires academic deans and faculty members in accordance with internal criteria, accrediting standards, and applicable state law. More than 85% of our full-time undergraduate faculty members hold advanced academic degrees, and most faculty members teaching in technical areas have related industry experience. DeVry University offers sabbatical and other leave programs to allow faculty to engage in developmental projects or consulting opportunities so they can maintain and enhance their currency and teaching skills.
In addition to its regular faculty, DeVry University engages adjunct and visiting faculty — especially in the evening programs and at DeVry University Online — who teach on a part-time basis while continuing to work in their technical field or specialty.
Graduate program faculty members are primarily practicing business professionals who are engaged to teach on a course-by-course basis. We offer a multi-session course to train and develop new faculty throughout Keller’s national system. To support its practitioner faculty, DeVry University employs a core of academically and professionally qualified staff that includes curriculum managers and program directors. Over the past several years, graduate school courses have been taught selectively by full-time faculty to respond to student demand in areas of rapidly growing enrollment and to meet licensing approval requirements in certain states. Less than 10% of our graduate instructors, excluding non-faculty employees who teach courses on an occasional basis, are employed on a full-time basis.
DeVry University faculty members have teaching schedules that may include both day and evening classes. Some faculty may teach both graduate and undergraduate courses, depending upon their qualifications and the demand at specific locations or for specific courses.
Faculty members are evaluated periodically based on student comments and observations by an academic dean. DeVry University does not offer tenure.
Medical and Healthcare
The Ross University School of Medicine and School of Veterinary Medicine are managed by deans with appropriate department chairs and course directors to oversee the educational operations. In addition, each campus has student services staff to assist with financial aid, housing, and other student-related matters. The campuses are supported by Ross Health Sciences, Inc., a central administrative staff, located in North Brunswick, New Jersey, and Miami, Florida.
Each medical school faculty member has a Ph.D. or an M.D. degree or both. The full-time faculty is supplemented by visiting or part-time instructors who are engaged to lecture on very specialized or emerging subjects. Each veterinary faculty member has either a Ph.D. or D.V.M. degree or both. Ross University faculty members are not tenured.
Chamberlain College of Nursing
Chamberlain College of Nursing campuses are managed by campus deans who are doctorally prepared nurse administrators. The campus deans report to a vice president of campus operations and are supported by a vice president of academic affairs who is responsible for standardized delivery of curricula on each campus. Student services staff is available to assist campus and online students with admissions, financial aid, housing, and other aspects of student life. Administration of the Chamberlain online program offerings is supported, in part, by staff at DeVry Online. The campuses and online program offerings are supported by a central administrative/management staff located in Addison, Illinois.
In general, Chamberlain College of Nursing faculty members have a Master of Science in Nursing, and several have a Ph.D. Those faculty without a master’s degree are enrolled in a graduate program in nursing. General education courses are taught by DeVry University faculty. Chamberlain faculty members are not tenured.
Apollo College and Western Career College campuses are managed by Campus Executive Directors. These Campus Executive Directors are supported by campus-based, director level support staff in the functional areas of admissions, career services, financial aid, student records, and academics. Further support and oversight in the areas of academics, accounting, financial aid, marketing, human resources, and information technology are provided by divisional staff located in Phoenix, Arizona (Apollo College) and Sacramento, California (Western Career College).
U.S. Education has its main office in Mission Viejo, California. Support functions in accounting/finance, marketing, information technology, real estate, risk management and human resources are maintained at this office.
All Apollo College and Western Career College faculty members must meet the minimum academic credentialing requirements as set forth by their respective institutional and programmatic accreditation bodies, as applicable.
Becker Professional Education is managed by a staff based primarily in DeVry’s Oakbrook Terrace home office that supports its operations. Certain regional operations, as well as some other functions such as curriculum development, are managed and located throughout the United States and Canada. Becker’s faculty consists primarily of practicing professionals and university professors who teach the review courses on a part-time, course-by-course basis.
Other Educational Services
The majority of Advanced Academics’ employees work at its home office located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. The staff includes state certified high school teachers, high school counselors, student service, curriculum development, information technology, student recruiting, finance and administrative personnel. In addition, Advanced Academics maintains several smaller offices throughout the United States for faculty and student service employees.
Fanor’s management team along with support service functions including academics, compliance, marketing, finance, information technology and human resources are based in Fortaleza, Brazil. Each campus is led by a president and the smaller center locations are led by a director. Most of Fanor’s faculty are part-time and more than 30% hold Master’s and/or Doctoral degrees.
Home Office Staff
Staff at DeVry’s Oakbrook Terrace, Illinois, home office supports the employees for all of DeVry’s educational programs and locations by providing a broad range of services. Among the centrally-provided support services are curriculum development, academic management, licensing and accreditation, marketing and recruiting management, information technology, financial aid processing, regulatory compliance, internal audit, legal, tax, payroll, and finance and accounting.
TRADEMARKS AND SERVICE MARKS
DeVry owns and uses numerous trademarks and service marks, such as “DeVry,” “DeVry University,” “Keller Graduate School of Management,” “Advanced Academics,” “Becker CPA Review,” “Ross University,” “Chamberlain,” “U.S. Education,” “Apollo College,” “Western Career College,” “EDUCARD®,” and variants thereof. All trademarks, service marks, and copyright registrations associated with its businesses are registered in the name of a subsidiary of DeVry Inc. Copyright registrations expire over various periods of time. DeVry vigorously defends against infringements of its trademarks, service marks, and copyrights.
DeVry’s Web site is at http://www.devryinc.com.
Through its Web site, DeVry offers (free of charge) the Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78m(a) or 78o(d)) as soon as reasonably practicable after it electronically files such material with, or furnishes such material to, the SEC. The Web site also includes copies of the following:
DeVry Corporate Governance Principles
Policy for Communication with Directors
Policy for Communicating Allegations Related to Accounting Complaints
Director Nominating Process
Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
Academic Committee Charter
Audit Committee Charter
Compensation Committee Charter
Finance Committee Charter
Governance Committee Charter
Information contained on the Web site is not incorporated by reference into this report.
Copies of the DeVry’s filings with the SEC and the above-listed policies and charters also may be obtained by written request to the Investor Relations at DeVry’s executive offices. In addition, DeVry’s filings with the SEC can be read or copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a Web site that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC; the Web site address is at http://www.sec.gov.
ITEM 1A — RISK FACTORS
DeVry’s business operations are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties. Investors should carefully consider the risk factors described below and all other information contained in the Annual Report on Form 10-K before making an investment decision with respect to DeVry’s common stock. If any of the following risks are realized, DeVry’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows could be materially and adversely affected, and as a result, the trading price of DeVry’s common stock could be materially and adversely impacted. Because of their very nature, management cannot predict all the possible risks and uncertainties that may arise. Risks and uncertainties that may affect DeVry’s business include, but are not limited to:
Risks Related to DeVry’s Highly Regulated Industry
DeVry is subject to risks relating to regulatory matters. If DeVry fails to comply with the extensive regulatory requirements for its business, DeVry could face fines and penalties, including loss of access to federal and state student financial aid for our students.
As a provider of higher education, DeVry is subject to extensive regulation on both the federal and state levels. In particular, the Higher Education Act, as amended and reauthorized, (“the Higher Education Act”) subjects DeVry’s degree granting institutions (DeVry University, Ross University, Chamberlain College of Nursing, Apollo College and Western Career College) and all other higher education institutions that participate in the various federal student financial aid programs under Title IV of the Higher Education Act (“Title IV”) to significant regulatory scrutiny.
To participate in Title IV, an institution must receive and maintain authorization by the appropriate state education agencies, be accredited by an accrediting commission recognized by the U.S. Department of Education (“U.S. DOE”), and be certified by the U.S. DOE as an eligible institution. Most U.S. DOE requirements are applied on an institutional basis.
These regulatory requirements cover virtually all phases of our U.S. operations, including educational program offerings, facilities, instructional and administrative staff, administrative procedures, marketing and recruiting, financial operations, payment of refunds to students who withdraw, acquisitions or openings of new schools or programs, addition of new educational programs and changes in our corporate structure and ownership.
If DeVry is found to be in noncompliance with any of these regulations, standards or policies, any one of the relevant regulatory agencies could take action including:
Any of the penalties, injunctions, restrictions or other forms of censure listed above could have a material adverse effect on DeVry’s business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. If DeVry were to lose its Title IV eligibility, DeVry would experience a dramatic and adverse decline in revenue and would be unable to continue business as it is currently conducted.
The following are some of the more significant regulatory requirements and risks related to governmental and accrediting body oversight of DeVry’s business:
DeVry could lose or suffer limitations in accreditations and licensing approvals that could affect its ability to recruit students, operate schools in some locations, and grant degrees.
Unforeseen changes to laws or regulations governing DeVry’s operations may adversely affect current operations or future growth opportunities.
DeVry is subject to risks relating to financial aid and student finance. A substantial decrease in student financing options, or a significant increase in financing costs for DeVry students, could have a material adverse affect on DeVry’s student enrollment and financial results.
DeVry’s students are highly dependent on government-funded financial aid programs. If there are changes to financial aid program regulations that restrict student eligibility or reduce funding levels, DeVry’s enrollment and/or collection of student billings may suffer, causing revenues to decline. Conversely, increases in state funding levels to taxpayer-supported educational institutions could generate further price competition that adversely affects DeVry’s ability to recruit and retain students.
Changes in tax laws or reduced corporate earnings both could affect corporate educational benefit plans. If employers reduce tuition reimbursement amounts, working students may be less likely to enroll in a DeVry program, causing enrollment and revenues to decline.
Risks Related to DeVry’s Business
DeVry is subject to risks relating to enrollment of students. If DeVry is not able to continue to successfully recruit and retain its students, it will not be able to sustain its recent revenue growth rate.
DeVry’s undergraduate and graduate educational programs are concentrated in selected areas of technology, healthcare and business. If applicant career interests shift away from these fields, and we do not anticipate or adequately respond to that trend, future enrollment and revenue may decline.
If employment opportunities for DeVry graduates in fields related to their educational programs decline, future enrollment and revenue may decline as potential applicants choose to enroll at other educational institutions offering different courses of study.
DeVry may experience increased competition from other educational institutions in recruiting new students and retaining students already enrolled, causing enrollment and revenues to decline.
DeVry is subject to risks relating to operating matters, which could have a material adverse affect on DeVry’s financial results.
If other educational institutions reduce their price of tuition, a DeVry education could become less attractive to prospective students. In addition, DeVry may be unable, for competitive reasons, to maintain and increase tuition rates in the future, adversely affecting future revenues and earnings.
DeVry may be unable to hire and retain key employees with appropriate educational qualifications and experience, causing DeVry to incur higher wage expense and/or provide less student support and customer service which could adversely affect enrollment, revenues and expense.
The performance and reliability of DeVry’s computer networks and system applications, especially its online educational platforms and student operational and financial aid packaging applications, are critical to DeVry’s reputation and ability to attract and retain students. System errors and/or failures could adversely impact DeVry’s delivery of educational content to its online students. In addition, system errors could result in delays and/or errors in processing student financial aid and related disbursements.
Security breaches of DeVry’s information systems can create system disruptions, shutdowns or unauthorized disclosure of confidential information. If DeVry is unable to prevent such security breaches, its operations could be disrupted, or DeVry may suffer reputational damage and/or financial loss because of lost or misappropriated information.
DeVry may experience business interruptions resulting from natural disasters, inclement weather, transit disruptions, or other events in one or more of the geographic areas in which it operates, particularly in the West Coast and Gulf States of the U.S. and in the Caribbean. These events could cause DeVry to close schools — temporarily or permanently — and could affect student recruiting opportunities in those locations, causing enrollment and revenues to decline.
DeVry may not be able to successfully identify, pursue or integrate acquisitions.
As part of its growth strategy, DeVry is actively considering acquisition opportunities in the U.S. and worldwide. DeVry has acquired and expects to acquire additional educational institutions that complement our strategic direction, some of which could be material. Any acquisition involves significant risks and uncertainties, including:
Proposed changes in U.S. tax laws regarding earnings from international operations could adversely affect our financial results.
During May 2009, the U.S. Treasury Department announced that it will seek legislative changes to federal tax laws governing the taxation of foreign earnings of U.S. based companies. DeVry’s effective income tax rate reflects benefits derived from operations outside the United States. Earnings of Ross University’s international operations are not subject to foreign or U.S. federal income taxes as described in Note 10, Income Taxes, to the Consolidated Financial Statements. If such federal tax laws were changed and some of Ross University’s international earnings were subject to federal income tax, or if certain of DeVry’s U.S. expenses were not deductible for U.S. income tax purposes, DeVry’s effective income tax rate would increase and its earnings and cash flows would be adversely impacted.
DeVry may experience movements in foreign currency exchange rates which could adversely affect our operating results.
As DeVry expands internationally, DeVry will conduct more transactions in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar. Additionally, the volume of transactions in the various foreign currencies will continue to increase, thus increasing DeVry’s exposure to foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could have a material adverse affect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Expansion into new international markets will subject DeVry to risks inherent in international operations.
As part of its growth strategy, DeVry has acquired and intends to acquire or establish additional educational operations outside of the United States. To the extent that DeVry expands internationally, DeVry will face risks that are inherent in international operations including:
DeVry’s goodwill and intangible assets could potentially be impaired if our business results and financial condition were materially and adversely impacted by the risks and uncertainties
At June 30, 2009, intangible assets from business combinations totaled $203.2 million, and goodwill totaled $512.6 million. Together, these assets equaled approximately 50% of total assets as of such date. If D