Digital River 10-Q 2005
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ý No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2) Yes ý No o
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date.
DIGITAL RIVER, INC.
DIGITAL RIVER, INC.
(in thousands, except share data)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
DIGITAL RIVER, INC.
(in thousands, except per share data; unaudited)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
DIGITAL RIVER, INC.
(in thousands; unaudited)
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
DIGITAL RIVER, INC.
1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included herein reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments, which in our opinion are necessary to fairly state our consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements included in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any subsequent quarter or for the entire fiscal year ending December 31, 2005. The December 31, 2004 balance sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
A detailed description of our significant accounting policies can be found in our most recent Annual Report filed on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2004.
Foreign Currency Translation
Foreign currency denominated revenue and expense transactions are remeasured to our functional currency using average exchange rates for the fiscal period. Foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities are remeasured to our functional currency using the exchange rate in effect at the respective balance sheet dates. Any gains or losses are included in the consolidated statement of operations within other income (expense), net. The financial position and results of operations of our foreign subsidiaries are measured using local currency as the functional currency. Assets and liabilities are translated to their U.S. dollar equivalents at rates in effect at the respective balance sheet dates and statements of operations and cash flows are translated using average exchange rates for the fiscal period. The resulting translation adjustments are recorded as a component of stockholders equity.
Research and Development and Software Development
Research and development expenses consist primarily of development personnel and external contractor costs related to the development of new products and services, enhancement of existing products and services, quality assurance and testing. We follow AICPA Statement of Position No. 98-1, Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use, in accounting for internally developed software. Consistent with SOP 98-1, we capitalized approximately, $0 million and $0.4 million of software development costs related to those efforts for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, respectively. We did not capitalize any costs related to software development during the three months ended June 30, 2005 and do not expect to capitalize any such costs for the balance of 2005. These capitalized costs are included in purchases of equipment within investing activities on our Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows.
2. NET INCOME PER SHARE
The table below sets forth the computation of basic and diluted net income per share (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Subsequent to our issuance of 1.25% convertible senior notes on June 1, 2004, the Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF), Issue No. 04-08, proposed that the unissued shares underlying contingent convertible notes be treated as if such shares were issued and outstanding for the purposes of calculating GAAP diluted earnings per share. The notes are contingently convertible into approximately 4.4 million shares of common stock at an initial conversion price of $44.063 per share, which have been included in our weighted average shares outstanding calculation since the date of issuance.
3. GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
We account for our goodwill in accordance with SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Asset. SFAS No. 142 precludes the amortization of goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite lives, but these assets are reviewed annually (or more frequently if impairment indicators arise) for impairment.
We complete our annual impairment test in the fourth quarter of each fiscal year, and reassess any intangible assets, including goodwill, recorded in connection with earlier acquisitions. There was no impairment of goodwill in the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004.
Information regarding our other intangible assets is as follows (in thousands):
Amortization expense for the three months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 was $2.1 million and $2.3 million, respectively and $4.5 million and $3.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 respectively. Estimated amortization expense for the remaining life of the intangible assets, based on intangible assets as of June 30, 2005, is as follows (in thousands):
4. STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
Prior to the annual stockholders meeting held in May 2005, we had two stock-based employee compensation plans, which are described more fully in Note 11 of our 2004 Annual Report on Form 10-K. At the annual stockholders meeting held in May 2005, stockholders approved an amendment and restatement of our 1998 Stock Option Plan that combined the 1998 plan with our 1999 Stock Option Plan and gave us the flexibility to grant restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards and performance shares, in addition to incentive and nonstatutory stock options, to our directors, employees, and consultants under the combined plan. We account for these plans under the recognition and measurement principles of Accounting Principles Board (APB) Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related interpretations. No stock-based employee compensation cost is reflected in net income, as all options granted under these plans had an exercise price equal to the market value of the underlying common stock on the date of the grant.
We have elected to apply the disclosure-only provisions of SFAS No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation as amended by SFAS No. 148. Accordingly, we account for stock-based compensation using the intrinsic value method prescribed in APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related interpretations. Compensation cost for stock options is measured as the excess, if any, of the fair value of our common stock at the date of grant over the stock option exercise price.
The following table illustrates the effect on net income and net income per share if we had applied the fair value recognition provision of Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, to stock-based employee compensation (in thousands, except per share amounts):
The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model using the following weighted average assumptions:
In December 2004, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued SFAS 123 (R), Share-Based Payment. This Statement is a revision to SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, and supersedes APB Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees. SFAS 123(R) requires the measurement of the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award. No compensation cost is recognized for equity instruments for which employees do not render service. We expect to adopt SFAS 123(R) effective on January 1, 2006, requiring compensation cost to be recognized as expense for the portion of outstanding unvested awards, and any new awards made thereafter, based on the grant-date fair value of those awards.
5. ACQUISITIONS AND EARN-OUT ARRANGEMENTS
In March 2005, we acquired certain assets and assumed certain liabilities, vendor contracts and intellectual property of SWReg, an operating business of Atlantic Coast plc, a private limited UK company for $8.8 million in cash. SWReg is a provider of e-commerce services for software authors. Goodwill of $8.8 million was recorded as a result of this acquisition. We are amortizing other intangibles assets acquired as follows; technology over three years, tradename over five years, and customer relationships over a four-year period. We may also make additional earn-out payments in cash based on achieving specific revenue and development goals over the first 12 months following the closing of the acquisition. Such earn-out amounts, if paid, will be recorded as goodwill as they are considered incremental to the purchase price.
In November 2004, we acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of BlueHornet Networks, Inc. BlueHornet is a leading provider of e-mail marketing campaign management services and related customer relationship management (CRM) tools. As consideration for the acquisition, we issued a total of 160 thousand shares of our common stock to the BlueHornet stockholders, valued at approximately $5.3 million, paid off $0.7 million of BlueHornet debt obligations at
closing and agreed to pay an additional $0.5 million in cash to the former BlueHornet stockholders following the transition of certain BlueHornet assets to our facilities in Eden Prairie, Minnesota. Goodwill of $4.8 million was recorded as a result of this acquisition. We are amortizing other intangible assets acquired, consisting of technology/tradename, customer relationships and non-compete agreements, over a three-year period. In addition, the former BlueHornet stockholders may receive additional earn-out payments in cash or our common stock, at our discretion, based on BlueHornets operating performance over the first 36 months following the closing of the acquisition. These earn-out amounts, if paid, will be recorded as goodwill as they are considered incremental to the purchase price.
In June 2004, we acquired substantially all of the assets and assumed certain liabilities of Fireclick, Inc., a leading provider of Web-analysis solutions for online retailers, providing web site owners with the tools necessary to measure campaign ROI, track user path analysis and enhance web site user experience. Under the terms of the agreement, we paid $7.5 million in cash and an additional $0.3 million in cash upon the completion of certain integration milestones. Goodwill of $7.5 million has been recorded as a result of this acquisition. We are amortizing other intangible assets acquired, consisting of non-compete agreements and technology/tradename, over a three-year period. The agreement also provides Fireclick the opportunity for an earn-out based on our achieving certain revenue and profitability targets attributable to Fireclick over the first 36 months following the closing of the acquisition. These earn-out amounts, if paid, will be recorded as goodwill as they are considered incremental to the purchase price.
In April 2004, we acquired element 5 AG, a privately held company based in Germany and a leading European e-commerce solution provider for software publishers. Under the terms of the acquisition, we paid $120 million in cash to acquire all of the outstanding shares of capital stock of element 5. We also agreed to pay up to an additional $2.5 million in cash based on element 5s operating performance over the first 24 months following the closing of the acquisition. Goodwill of $110.8 million was recorded as a result of this acquisition. We are amortizing other intangible assets acquired, consisting of technology/tradename, customer relationships and non-compete agreements, over a three-year period.
On January 18, 2005, we entered into an agreement with senior employees of element 5 AG, pursuant to which these employees agreed to cease providing services to element 5 sixty days after the date of the agreement. We also agreed to resolve a $12 million escrow associated with our acquisition of element 5 by distributing $10 million to the former element 5 shareholders, and $2 million to us. Certain adjustments were also made to our earn-out obligations under the April 2004 acquisition agreement. Under the restructured earn-out, the former element 5 shareholders were paid $1.25 million on March 1, 2005 and will be paid an additional $1.25 million on March 1, 2006. These earn-out amounts have been recorded as additional goodwill as they were incremental to the purchase price.
As of June 30, 2005, our accrued acquisition cost related to the element 5 restructuring plan was $2.9 million. The following table provides detail on the activity and our remaining accrual balance as of June 30, 2005 (in thousands):
As of June 30, 2005, we believe that the maximum potential for future earn-out payments for all prior acquisitions is approximately $2.8 million. This amount has not yet been recorded as goodwill.
The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the operating results of each business from the date of acquisition. The following unaudited pro forma condensed results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 2004 have been prepared as if each of the acquisitions had occurred on January 1, 2004 (in thousands, except per share amounts):
This financial information does not purport to represent results that would actually have been obtained if the transactions had been completed on January 1, 2004 or any future results that may be realized.
6. LONG-TERM DEBT
On June 1, 2004 we sold and issued $175 million in aggregate principal amount of 1.25% convertible senior notes due January 1, 2024, in a private, unregistered offering. The notes were sold at 100% of their principal amount. The initial purchasers exercised in full their option to purchase up to an additional $20 million in aggregate principal amount of the notes on June 30, 2004, which purchase transaction closed on July 6, 2004.
We are required to pay interest on the notes on January 1 and July 1. The notes bear interest at a rate of 1.25% and, if specified conditions are met, are convertible into our common stock at a conversion price of $44.063 per share. The notes may be surrendered for conversion under certain circumstances, including the satisfaction of a market price condition, such that the price of our common stock reaches a specified threshold; the satisfaction of a trading price condition, such that the trading price of the notes falls below a specified level; the redemption of the notes by us, the occurrence of specified corporate transactions, as defined in the related indenture; and the occurrence of a fundamental change, as defined in the related indenture. The initial conversion price is equivalent to a conversion rate of approximately 22.6948 shares per $1,000 of principal amount of the notes. We will adjust the conversion price if certain events occur, as specified in the related indenture, such as the issuance of our common stock as a dividend or distribution or the occurrence of a stock subdivision or combination. If a fundamental change, such as a change in our control, as defined in the related indenture, occurs on or before January 1, 2009, we may also be required to purchase the notes for cash and pay an additional make whole premium payable in our common stock upon the repurchase or conversion of the notes in connection with the fundamental change. Holders of the notes have the right to require us to repurchase their notes prior to maturity on January 1, 2009, 2014 and 2019. We have the right to redeem the notes, under certain circumstances, on or after July 1, 2007 and prior to January 1, 2009, and we may redeem the notes at anytime on or after January 1, 2009.
A portion of the net proceeds of the offering was used to repay our senior secured revolving credit facility with Harris Trust and Savings Bank. The balance will be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital, capital expenditures, potential future acquisitions, investments, and the potential repurchase of shares of our common stock.
In the second quarter of 2005 and 2004, we incurred interest expense of $0.6 million and $0.2 million, respectively, on the convertible senior notes and made no interest payments. Interest expense on the convertible senior notes for six months ended June 30, 2005 and June 30, 2004 was $1.2 million and $0.2 million, respectively.
We note that, except for the historical information contained herein, the matters discussed below contain forward-looking statements that involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, performance or achievements, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. We expressly disclaim any obligation to update this information or publicly release any revision or reflect events or circumstances after the date of this report. Such factors include, among others: our limited operating history and variability of operating results, possibility of future losses, risks associated with electronic software delivery, dependence on the Internet and growth in electronic commerce and Internet infrastructure development, dependence on software publishers, dependence on online retailers, system development and electronic commerce security risks, rapid technological changes, competition in the electronic commerce industry, the importance of attracting and retaining personnel, management of our growth, integration of acquired companies, dependence on key employees and other risk factors referenced in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2004.
We are a provider of comprehensive e-commerce outsourcing solutions. We were incorporated in February 1994 and commenced offering products for sale through our clients e-commerce stores in August 1996. From inception through August 1996, we had no sales, and our activities related primarily to the development of our proprietary technology platform. In 1996, we began to focus our business development efforts on the software industry, building our catalog of software products through contracts with software publishers. In 1997, we began to develop software distribution relationships through contracts with online retailers. In late 1998, we began to offer our comprehensive e-commerce outsourcing services in the form of a transaction fee-based e-commerce service to clients outside of the software industry. As of June 30, 2005, we were providing e-commerce services for more than 40,000 software and digital products publishers, manufacturers, online retailers and online channel partners.
Prior to January 1, 2004, we managed our physical goods clients through a division (formerly our E-Business Services Division) that was separate from our Software and Digital Commerce Services Division. Beginning January 1, 2004, this divisional structure was consolidated, and we announced that we will no longer report our activities as separate business segments. Nonetheless, we remain committed to serving existing and new physical goods clients.
We have approximately nine years of operating history upon which investors may evaluate our business and prospects. Until 2003, we incurred significant operating losses, and as of June 30, 2005, we had an accumulated deficit of $29.1 million. We intend to expend financial and management resources on the development of additional services, sales and marketing, technology and operations to support larger-scale operations and greater service offerings. Although we expect to generate positive cash flow from operations in 2005, there can be no assurance that our revenue will increase or even continue at its current level or that we will maintain profitability or generate cash from operations in future periods.
Our prospects must be considered in light of the risks, expenses and difficulties frequently encountered by companies in new and rapidly evolving markets such as e-commerce. To address these risks, we must, among other things, attract and retain software publishers and online retailers as clients, attract and retain physical goods clients, introduce new Web sites, online stores or services, continue to upgrade and develop our systems and infrastructure to meet emerging market needs and remain competitive in our service offerings, and retain and attract personnel commensurate with our business needs. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in addressing these risks, and any failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our current and future expense levels are based largely on our planned operations and estimates of future revenue. Revenue and operating results generally depend on the volume and timing of orders received, which are difficult to forecast. We may be unable to adjust spending in a timely manner to compensate for any unexpected revenue shortfall. Accordingly, any significant shortfall in revenue could have an immediate adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. Our quarterly and annual operating results are subject to fluctuations in demand for the products or services offered by us or our clients, such as anti-virus software and tax preparation software, among others. In particular, sales of anti-virus software represented a significant portion of our revenues in recent years, and continue to be very important to our business. To the extent that our competitors successfully introduce products or services not sold through our platform that are competitive with products and services sold by current Digital River clients (including anti-virus products and services), our revenues will be adversely affected.
We are also likely to continue to see revenue fluctuate on a seasonal basis, which is typical for the software publishing market in general and for our existing physical goods clients. We believe that our first and fourth quarters tend to be seasonally stronger than our second and third quarters due to the timing of demand for tax preparation software and the holiday season selling period. In addition, we believe that software publishers avoid new product releases in the summer months. In view of the rapidly evolving nature of our business, we are unable to accurately forecast our revenue and believe that period-to-period comparisons of our operating results are not necessarily meaningful and should not be relied upon as an indication of future performance.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth certain items from our condensed consolidated statements of operations as a percentage of total revenue for the periods indicated.
We acquired element 5 AG in April 2004, Fireclick, Inc. in June 2004, BlueHornet Networks, Inc. in November 2004 and SWReg in March 2005. Accordingly, our operations in the second quarter of 2005 include the revenue and expenses of these acquired operations, with no corresponding expenses in the second quarter of 2004. As a result, while absolute dollars have increased in the second quarter of 2005 compared to 2004, our total costs and expenses declined as a percent of revenue from 80.2% for the three months ended June 30, 2004 to 71.5% for the three months ended June 30, 2005 and from 78.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2004 to 69.4% for the six months ended June 30, 2005.
REVENUE. Revenue increased to $51.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2005 from $34.9 million for the same period in the prior year, an increase of $16.3, million or 46.6%. For the six months ended June 30, 2005, revenue totaled $105.7 million, an increase of $38.9 million, or 58.4%, from revenue of $66.7 million in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily attributable to higher online activity across our client base and growth in the number of software publishers, online retailers and international sites.
International sales represented approximately 39% and 31% of total revenue in the three month period ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively, and approximately 38% and 29% of total revenue for the six month period ended June 30, 2005 and 2004, respectively. We expect that this percentage will continue to increase on a year over year basis.
GROSS MARGIN (Exclusive of depreciation and amortization, consistent with our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.) Cost of revenue consists of direct cost of services and network and infrastructure costs
and is composed of direct labor costs related to revenue and the costs to operate and maintain our technology platform, as well as customer service, site design, customer specific development and operations functions. Such amounts are shown exclusive of any related depreciation and amortization expenses. Gross margin was $45.2 million and $94.0 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, up from $29.9 and $57.9 million for the same periods in the prior year. Gross profit margins were 88.4% and 88.9% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 versus 85.8% and 86.7% for the same periods in the prior year due to greater leveraging of our infrastructure over more revenue and clients. We continue to believe that e-commerce and related services may become more competitive in the future. Accordingly, we may have to reduce our pricing or alter our pricing structure and policies in the future and any such change could negatively impact gross margins. We expect direct cost of services and network and infrastructure to increase in absolute dollars and remain relatively flat as a percent of revenue.
GROSS MARGIN (Inclusive of depreciation and amortization, an alternative to our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations.) Gross margin, inclusive of depreciation and amortization, was $42.8 million and $89.5 million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, up from $28.1 and $54.4 million for the same periods in the prior year. Gross profit margins, inclusive of depreciation and amortization, were 83.8% and 84.7% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 and 80.5% and 81.5% for the same periods of prior year. This inclusive presentation is an allocation of depreciation and amortization costs from that line item in our Consolidated Statement of Operations. This inclusive allocation presentation impacts neither net income, nor net income per share as reported.
SALES AND MARKETING. Sales and marketing expense consists primarily of personnel and related expenses, advertising and promotional expenses, credit card chargebacks and bad debt expense, and credit card transaction and other payment processing fees. Sales and marketing expense increased to $15.7 million and $32.1 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 from $11.4 million and $22.9 million for the same periods in the prior year, an increase of $4.3 million, or 38.0%, and $9.2 million, or 40.4%, respectively. The increase primarily resulted from credit card fees directly associated with the increase in revenue and additional sales and marketing personnel and related expenses, partially offset by lower bad debt expense and lower advertising expenses. As a percentage of revenue, sales and marketing expense was 30.8% and 30.4%, respectively, in the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, compared to 32.7% and 34.3%, respectively, for the same periods in the prior year, primarily reflecting our increased revenue. We expect sales and marketing expenses to increase in absolute dollars and decline slightly as a percentage of revenue over time.
PRODUCT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. Product research and development expense consists primarily of personnel and related expenses and consulting costs associated with developing and enhancing our technology platform and related internal systems. Product research and development expense increased to $5.1 million and $9.6 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 from $3.6 million and $6.6 million for the same periods in the prior year, an increase of $1.5 million, or 40.7%, and $3.0 million, or 45.9%, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by increases in personnel-related expenses and outside consulting fees. During the second quarter of 2005, we continued to advance our new self-service, remote-control technology, as well as the international and e-marketing capabilities on our next-generation e-commerce platform. We capitalized approximately $0.0 million and $0.4 million of software development costs related to these efforts in the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, respectively. We did not capitalize any costs related to software development during the three months ended June 30, 2005 and do not expect to capitalize any such costs for the balance of 2005. As a percentage of revenue, product research and development expense was 10.0% and 9.1% in the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, compared to 10.5% and 9.8% for the same periods in the prior year. We expect product research and development costs to increase in absolute dollars and remain relatively flat on a percentage basis as revenues increase.
GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE. General and administrative expense consists primarily of executive, accounting and administrative personnel and related expenses, including professional fees and investor relations expenses. General and administrative expenses increased to $5.3 million and $10.9 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 from $3.9 million and $6.7 million for the same periods in the prior year, an increase of $1.4 million, or 37.5%, and $4.2 million, or 63.1%, respectively. The increase resulted primarily from wages and professional service expenses. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expense was 10.4% and 10.3% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005, compared to 11.0% and 10.0% for the same periods in the prior year. We expect general and administrative expense will increase in absolute dollars over time as we continue to build infrastructure to support our business and comply with new governmental regulations. As a percentage of revenue, general and administrative expense is expected to decline slightly over time.
AMORTIZATION OF ACQUISITION-RELATED INTANGIBLES. Amortization of acquisition related intangibles consists of amortization of other intangible assets recorded from our acquisitions over the last three years. Amortization of intangible assets was $2.1 million and $4.5 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 compared to $2.3 million and $3.8 million for the same periods in the prior year. The increase was due to additional amortizable assets acquired throughout 2004 and the first quarter of 2005.
OTHER INCOME/(EXPENSE), NET. Other income/(expense), net consists of interest income on our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments, interest expense on debt financing obligations, currency gain or loss from remeasured foreign transactions or assets from their native currency to their functional currency, as well as gain or loss on the sale of investments. Interest income was $2.3 million and $4.1 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 compared to $0.4 million and $0.8 million for the same periods in the prior year. Interest expense on long term debt and other interest expense was $0.6 million and $1.2 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005 compared to $0.3 million and $0.3 million for the same periods in the prior year. Losses from currency remeasurement were $0.7 million and $0.8 million, respectively, for the three and six months ended June 30, 2005. Gains and losses were $0.1 million and $0.5 million for the same periods in the prior year. Gains or losses from the sale of investments were immaterial.
INCOME TAXES. For the three months ended June 30, 2005, we had tax expense of $5.2 million of which $4.3 million related to domestic operations and $0.9 million to foreign operations. The effective tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2005 was 34%. The increase in the tax rate from the first quarter rate of 26% is because the net operating loss arising from continuing operations was fully utilized in the first quarter. Subsequent net operating loss utilization is attributable to deductions arising from disqualifying non-qualifying stock option dispositions that do not affect tax rate. We anticipate an annual effective rate of 34% for the remainder of the year.
As of June 30, 2005, we had net U.S. operating loss carryforwards of approximately $84.6 million resulting from disqualifying dispositions of stock options and foreign tax loss carryforwards of $8.4 million related to pre-acquisition losses. When these disqualifying disposition deductions and pre-acquisition loss deductions are realized for financial statement purposes, they will not result in a reduction in income tax expense, rather the benefit will be recorded as additional paid-in-capital or a reduction of goodwill. The U.S. income tax net operating loss carryforwards expire beginning in the year 2012. Additionally, we have made a Section 338 election allowing us to deduct the step up basis in acquisitions of approximately $100 million over 15 years from 2005 to 2019.
No income tax expense was recorded for the three month period ended June 30, 2004, as we utilized prior operating loss carryforwards and related valuation allowance resulting in a full offset of income tax expense for the quarter. Deductions from disqualifying dispositions of stock options are included in net operating loss carryforwards with a corresponding valuation allowance.
Because of the uncertainty of future realization, a valuation allowance equal to the net deferred tax asset has been recorded. Ownership changes resulting from the issuance of additional equity may limit future annual realization of the tax net operating loss carryforwards to a specified percentage of our value under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
Liquidity and Capital Resources
As of June 30, 2005, we had $142.2 million of cash and cash equivalents, $179.8 million of short-term investments and working capital of approximately $229.9 million. Significant components of our working capital are cash and cash equivalents, short term investments and short term receivables net of client and merchant payables. Our primary source of internal liquidity is our operating activities. During the six months ended June 30, 2005, our operations generated $38.5 million of cash compared to $25.0 million for the same period of the prior year. The improvement was mainly due to an increase in net income and non-cash tax expense offset by a decrease in accounts payable. Net cash used in investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2005 totaled $29.7 million. This was comprised of cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash received of $7.8 million, net purchases of investments of $15.9 million and investments in property, equipment and capitalized software of $6.0 million. In March 2005, we acquired SWReg, an operating business of Atlantic Coast plc, a private limited UK company, for $8.8 million in cash. Net cash provided by financing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2005 totaled $8.7 million. This was comprised of the sale of stock through the exercise of stock options and purchases through the employee stock purchase plan totaling $11.9 million offset by $3.2 million repurchases of common stock.
Our principal commitments consist of interest and principal on our convertible senior notes and long-term obligations outstanding under operating leases. Although we have no material commitments for capital expenditures, we anticipate continued capital expenditures consistent with our anticipated growth in operations, infrastructure, and personnel. We further anticipate that our expenditures on product development will be consistent with our anticipated growth in operations. We also anticipate that we will continue to experience growth in our operating expenses for the foreseeable future and that our operating expenses will be a material use of our cash resources.
We expect to continue to evaluate and consider a wide array of potential strategic transactions, including business combinations and acquisitions of businesses, products, services and other assets as well as licenses of technology related to our current business. At any given time, we may be engaged in discussions or negotiations with respect to one or more such transactions. Any such transactions could have a material impact on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flows. There is no assurance that any such discussions or negotiations will result in the consummation of any transaction. The process of integrating any acquisition may create unforeseen challenges for our operational, financial and management information systems, as well as unforeseen expenditures and other risks, including diversion of managements attention from other business concerns, the potential loss of key customers, employees and business partners, difficulties in managing facilities and employees in different geographic areas, and difficulties in entering markets in which we have no or limited direct prior experience and where competitors in such markets have stronger market positions. In addition, an acquisition may cause us to assume liabilities or become subject to litigation. Further, there can be no assurance that we will realize a positive return on any acquisition or that future acquisitions will not be dilutive to our current shareholders percentage ownership or to earnings. We have allocated significant valuation in the form of goodwill and intangibles for the companies we acquired in the past, which is subject to impairment testing on a regular basis. If the individual businesses do not perform as expected at the acquisition dates, we may incur impairment charges for goodwill, accelerated amortization of definite-lived intangible assets due to shortened expected lives of those assets, immediate write-offs and restructuring or other related expenses.
With respect to our convertible senior notes, we are required to pay interest on the notes on January 1 and July 1 of each year. On January 3, 2005 we paid $1.4 million in interest for the period June 1 through December 31, 2004. The notes bear interest at a rate of 1.25% and, if specified conditions are met, are convertible into our common stock at a conversion price of $44.063 per share. The notes may be surrendered for conversion under certain circumstances, including the satisfaction of a market price condition, such that the price of our common stock reaches a specified threshold; the satisfaction of a trading price condition, such that the trading price of the notes falls below a specified level; the redemption of the notes by us, the occurrence of specified corporate transactions, as defined in the related indenture; and the occurrence of a fundamental change, as defined in the related indenture.
The initial conversion price is equivalent to a conversion rate of approximately 22.6948 shares per $1,000 of principal amount of the notes. We will adjust the conversion price if certain events occur, as specified in the related indenture, such as the issuance of our common stock as a dividend or distribution or the occurrence of a stock subdivision or combination. In addition, contingent interest is required to be paid to holders if certain conditions are met. If a fundamental change, such as a change in our control, as defined in the related indenture, occurs on or before January 1, 2009, we may also be required to purchase the notes for cash and pay an additional make whole premium payable in our common stock upon the repurchase or conversion of the notes in connection with the fundamental change. Holders of the notes have the right to require us to repurchase their notes prior to maturity on January 1, 2009, 2014 and 2019. We have the right to redeem the notes, under certain circumstances, on or after July 1, 2007 and prior to January 1, 2009, and we may redeem the notes at anytime on or after January 1, 2009.
We believe that existing sources of liquidity and the results of our operations will provide adequate cash to fund our operations, although we may seek to raise additional capital. In January 2002, we filed a universal shelf registration statement with the SEC pursuant to which we could issue up to $100 million in common stock, preferred stock, debt securities and/or warrants. Of this amount, approximately $45 million was utilized to issue common stock in our July 2003 public offering, leaving approximately $55 million available for future use. In January 2005, we filed a registration statement to increase our available shelf registration amount from approximately $55 million to $255 million. In addition, we filed an acquisition shelf registration statement for up to approximately 1.5 million shares. Both registration statements were declared effective by the SEC in April 2005. These filings were made to provide future flexibility for acquisition and financing purposes. The sale of additional equity or convertible debt securities could result in additional dilution to our stockholders. There can be no assurances that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
Interest Rate Risk
We maintain our portfolio of cash equivalents and short-term investments in a variety of securities, including government obligations and money market funds. Investments are classified as available-for-sale securities and carried at their market value with cumulative unrealized gains or losses recorded as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income/(loss) within stockholders equity. As of June 30, 2005, all securities held had maturities of less than three years. A sharp rise in interest rates could have an adverse impact on the market value of certain securities in our portfolio. We do not currently hedge our interest rate exposure and do not enter into financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes or utilize derivative financial instruments. There have been no significant changes to our investment portfolio that would alter our interest rate risk for the three months ended June 30, 2005.
Foreign Currency Risk
Our operations have historically been conducted primarily in the United States currency and as such have not been subject to material foreign currency exchange rate risk. However, the growth in our international operations is increasing our exposure to foreign currency fluctuations as well as other risks typical of international operations, including, but not limited to differing economic conditions, changes in political climate, differing tax structures and other regulations and restrictions. Accordingly, our future results could be materially adversely impacted by changes in these or other factors. For example, approximately half of our subsidiary element 5s revenue is denominated in euros or currencies other than the U.S. dollar. As a result, a greater proportion of our revenues and earnings are now subject to currency fluctuations. We translate statement of operations amounts that are denominated in foreign currency into U.S. dollars at the average exchange rates in each applicable period. To the extent the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, the translation of these foreign currency denominated transactions results in increased net revenues, operating expenses and net income. Conversely, our net revenues, operating expenses and net income will decrease when the U.S. dollar strengthens against foreign currencies. We do not currently have a currency hedging program to mitigate the effect of fluctuations of currency prices on our financial results.
(a) Based on their evaluation of our disclosure controls and procedures conducted as of June 30, 2005, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) or 15d-15(e) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) are effective at the reasonable assurance level.
(b) This evaluation did not identify any change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended June 30, 2005 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Limitations on the Effectiveness of Controls
Our management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, does not expect that our disclosure controls and procedures or our internal control will prevent all error and fraud. A control system, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Further, the design of a control system must reflect the fact that there are resource constraints, and the benefits of controls must be considered relative to their costs. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within our company have been detected. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people, or by management override of the control. The design of any system of controls also is based in part upon certain assumptions about the likelihood of future events, and there can be no assurance that any design will succeed in achieving its stated goals under all potential future conditions; over time, control may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate. Because of the inherent limitations in a cost-effective control system, misstatements due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.
Beginning in August 2001, we and certain of our officers and directors were named as defendants in several class action shareholder complaints filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York, now consolidated as In re Digital River, Inc. Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation, Case No. 01-CV-7355. Similar complaints, referred to here as the IPO Lawsuits, were filed in the same court against hundreds of other public companies, referred to here as the Issuers. In the consolidated amended complaint against us, the plaintiffs allege that we, certain of our officers and directors and the underwriters of our initial public offering, or IPO, violated Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933 based on allegations that our IPO registration statement and prospectus failed to disclose material facts regarding the compensation to be received by, and the stock allocation practices of, the IPO underwriters. The complaint also contains a claim for violation of Section 10(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 based on allegations that this omission constituted a deceit on investors. The plaintiffs seek unspecified monetary damages and other relief.
In July 2002, we joined in a global motion to dismiss the IPO Lawsuits filed by all of the Issuers (among others). In October 2002, the parties agreed to toll the statute of limitations with respect to certain of the named officers and directors until September 30, 2003 and on the basis of this agreement, our officers and directors were dismissed from the lawsuit without prejudice. In February 2003, the court issued a decision denying the motion to dismiss the Section 11 claims against us and almost all of the other Issuers and denying the motion to dismiss the Section 10(b) claims against us and many of the Issuers.
In June 2003, pursuant to the authorization of a special litigation committee of our board of directors, we and a substantial majority of Issuers entered into a non-binding memorandum of understanding reflecting a tentative settlement of the IPO Lawsuits. The terms of the tentative settlement provide for, among other things, a release of the Issuers and their officers and directors from all further liability resulting from plaintiffs claims, and the assignment to plaintiffs of certain potential claims that the Issuers may have against their IPO underwriters. The tentative settlement also provides that, in the event that plaintiffs ultimately recover less than a guaranteed sum of $1 billion from the IPO underwriters, plaintiffs would be entitled to payment by each participating Issuers insurer of a pro rata share of any shortfall in the plaintiffs guaranteed recovery. In September 2003, in connection with the tentative settlement, our officers and directors who had entered tolling agreements with plaintiffs (described above) agreed to extend those agreements so that they would not expire prior to any settlement being finalized. In June 2004, we executed a final settlement agreement with the plaintiffs consistent with the terms of the memorandum of understanding. On February 15, 2005, the Court issued a decision certifying a class action for settlement purposes and granting preliminary approval of the settlement, subject to modification of certain bar orders contemplated by the settlement. In addition, the settlement is still subject to statutory notice requirements as well as final judicial approval. Pending final approval of the settlement, we continue to believe that the claims against us, our officers and directors are without merit and intend to defend against them vigorously.
In addition, we are subject to legal proceedings, claims, and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business. While the final outcome of these matters is currently not determinable, we believe there is no litigation pending against us that could have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operation or cash flows.
In April 2005, the Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $50.0 million of our outstanding shares of common stock. This new program superseded and replaced the $5.0 million share repurchase program adopted in 2001. In 2001, we spent $267,000 to repurchase our shares. Under the new program, the shares may be repurchased in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions. Repurchases are at our discretion based on ongoing assessments of the capital needs of the business, the market price of our common stock and general market conditions. No time limit was set for the completion of the repurchase program.
During the six months ended June 30, 2005, we repurchased a total of 136,000 shares at a weighted average price per share of $23.57.
Our annual meeting of stockholders was held on May 25, 2005 (the Annual Meeting). The following matters were considered and voted upon at the Annual Meeting:
The first matter related to the election of the director nominee Thomas F. Madison as a director to serve until the 2008 annual meeting of the stockholders. The votes cast for and against such nominee were as follows:
William J. Lansing, Frederick M. Seegal, Joel A. Ronning, Perry W. Steiner and J. Paul Thorin are our directors whose terms of office as directors continued after the Annual Meeting
The second matter related to an amendment and restatement of our 1998 Stock Option Plan that would combine the 1998 Plan with our 1999 Stock Option Plan and would give us the flexibility to grant restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards and performance shares, in addition to incentive and nonstatutory stock options, to our directors, employees, and consultants under the combined plan. There were 17,565,886 votes cast for the approval, and there were 7,898,267 votes cast against the approval. There were 58,451 abstentions and 6,750,608 broker non-votes.
The third matter related to the ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young, LLP as our independent auditors for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2005. There were 32,103,819 votes cast for approval, and there were 129,670 votes cast against the approval. There were 39,723 abstentions and no broker non-votes.
In August 2005, the Compensation Committee of our Board of Directors approved an amendment and restatement of the employment agreement of our Chief Executive Officer, Joel A. Ronning. A copy of the agreement, as so amended and restated, is attached to this report as an exhibit and is incorporated herein by reference.
In addition, an amendment to the option agreements of our directors was also approved to allow acceleration of vesting in the event of a change of control. A form of the amendment is attached hereto as an exhibit and is incorporated herein by reference.
* Confidential treatment has been requested for portions of this agreement, which portions have been filed separately with the SEC.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
* Confidential treatment has been requested for portions of this agreement, which portions have been filed separately with the SEC.