Document Sciences 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
(Amendment No. 1)
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006
For the transition period from to
Commission File Number: 0-20981
DOCUMENT SCIENCES CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (760) 602-1400
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, $.001 par value per share
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of Registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer ¨ Non-accelerated filer x
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
The aggregate market value of the Registrants voting common equity held by non-affiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold as of June 30, 2006 was $19,858,658.
As of March 20, 2007, there were 4,343,864 shares of the Registrants common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
TABLE OF CONTENT S
This Form 10-K/A is to amend Part III, Items 10 through 14, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 20, 2007 (the 2006 Form 10-K). In addition, as required by Rule 12b-15 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), new certifications by our principal executive officer and principal financial officer are being filed as exhibits to this Form 10-K/A under Item 15 of Part IV hereof.
For purposes of this Form 10-K/A, and in accordance with Rule 12b-15 under the Exchange Act, Items 10 through 14 of our 2006 Form 10-K have been amended and restated in their entireties. This Form 10-K/A does not modify or update other disclosures as presented in the original 2006 Form 10-K.
Our directors, executive officers and key employees, their respective ages and positions as of March 20, 2007, are as follows:
John L. McGannon has served as President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Document Sciences since January 2001. He has been a director since January 2001. He has also served as Chief Financial Officer, Vice President, Chief Administrative Officer and Controller since joining Document Sciences in September 1998. From June 1997 through August 1998, he served as the Manager of Financial Analysis and Planning for Simulation Sciences, Inc., a California-based software developer for the oil and chemical engineering industries. Mr. McGannon worked for Chevron Corporation from 1988 to 1997 in a variety of financial management positions. Mr. McGannon holds a BA degree from Stanford University and an MBA from Carnegie Mellon University.
Thomas L. Ringer has served as Chairman of the Board of Directors of Document Sciences since March 1998 and has been a director of Document Sciences since 1992. He is currently Chairman of the Boards of Directors of M.S. Aerospace, Inc., a private manufacturing company and The Center for Corporate Innovation, a private services company. In addition, Mr. Ringer serves as Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of Wedbush Morgan Securities, Inc., a private investment company and serves on the Board of Directors of California Amplifier, Inc and Maxwell Technologies, Inc. Mr. Ringer holds BS and MBA degrees from Indiana University.
Ronald S. Beard has served as a director of Document Sciences since December 2004. Mr. Beard is currently a partner in the Zeughauser Group, consultants to the legal industry. Mr. Beard is a retired former partner of the law firm of Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP. He joined the firm in 1964, served as Chairman of the firm from April 1991 until December 2001, and was also its Managing Partner from April 1991 until mid-1997. Mr. Beard also serves as the Chairman of the Board of Directors of Callaway Golf Company and as a Director of Javo Beverage Company. He received his law degree in 1964 from Yale Law School.
Margaret A. Breya has served as a director of Document Sciences since August 2005. Ms. Breya is currently a Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer of Business Objects S.A. Ms. Breya is responsible
for all aspects of Business Objects marketing operations worldwide. Ms. Breya has over 20 years of high-tech marketing experience. Prior to Business Objects, Ms. Breya was Senior Vice President and Chief Marketing Officer at BEA Systems, Inc. and Senior Vice President, Marketing and Global Sales Operations, at Sun Microsystems. Ms. Breya holds a Masters of Business Administration from the University of Oregon and a BSEE from the University of Illinois.
Barton L. Faber has served as a director of Document Sciences since July 1996. He served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Document Sciences from June 1999 through January 2001. From 1996 to 1998, he served as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer of Metromail, an information company. From April 1985 to June 1996, Mr. Faber held various positions with R.R. Donnelley, a financial printing firm. Before joining R.R. Donnelley, he held various positions with Mobil Oil Corporation and Continental Illinois Corp. Mr. Faber currently serves as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of FABERcapital and as a member of the Boards of Directors of IPT Holdings, listed on the AIM Exchange in London, Looking Glass Technologies and Incentive Logic Corporation. Mr. Faber holds a BS degree from Arizona State University and an MBA from New York University.
Colin J. OBrien has served as a director of Document Sciences since December 1995. From February 1992 to January 2001, he was employed in various positions at Xerox and last served as Executive Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of XESystems, Inc., a subsidiary of Xerox. Prior to February 1992, Mr. OBrien was the founder and Chief Executive Officer of Triax Corporation, an investment company specializing in defense electronics companies. Prior to founding Triax Corporation, he was the Chief Executive Officer of Times Fiber Communications, Inc., a fiber optic company. Mr. OBrien currently serves on the Board of Directors of Kepner-Tregoe, a private consulting firm. Mr. OBrien holds a degree in Chemical Engineering from the University of New South Wales.
Nasser S. Barghouti, PhD. has served as our Chief Technology Officer since July 2004. Prior to joining Document Sciences, Mr. Barghouti co-founded Objectiva Software Solutions in August 2001 and served as Chief Technology Officer. Prior to founding Objectiva, he served as the Global Director of Technology at ONEWORLD Software Solutions from 2000 to 2001, where he was responsible for setting the technology direction of the company, and for providing technical oversight on software projects. Mr. Barghouti was also Associate Director of Information Technology at Bear Stearns & Co. in New York City, one of the worlds leading investment banks and brokerage clearing houses. He served as a Senior Member of the Technical Staff at AT&T Research Labs in Florham Park, NJ and Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ. Mr. Barghouti received his BS, MS and PhD all in Computer Science from Columbia University. He has published dozens of papers in reference journals and international conferences, and has given numerous presentations at leading research labs and scientific forums.
Edward Calnan has served as Senior Vice President of Sales for Document Sciences since September 2006. Prior to joining Document Sciences, Mr. Calnan served as Senior Vice President and General Manager at Capital IQ, a division of Standard & Poors. Mr. Calnan has also held the position of Senior Vice President of Global Sales and Account Management for Thomson Financial, as well as senior sales leadership positions with WorldStreet Corporation and One World Software Solutions. Mr. Calnan holds a Bachelors of Arts degree in Political Science from Saint Michaels College.
Daniel J. Fregeau has served as our Executive Vice President since January 2001. From 1998 to 2001, he served as Vice President of Worldwide Sales and Business Development. From 1997 to 1998, he served as our Vice President, Business Development. From 1994 to 1997, he served as our Vice President, Marketing and from 1992 to 1994, he served as our Vice President, Sales. Before joining Document Sciences, Mr. Fregeau was Marketing Manager for the Networking Division of Sears Business Centers, San Diego, from 1990 to 1992. Mr. Fregeau was a founder and principal of MicroAge in San Diego from 1988 to 1990. From 1982 to 1988, he held several positions with Xerox Corporations Electronic Publishing Business Unit including Manager of Systems Engineering and Integration, Technical Program Manager and Project Manager. While at Xerox, Mr. Fregeau designed and directed the development of several publishing products and was a key contributor to the launch of the XICS (now CompuSet) product in the U.S. and Canada.
Todd W. Schmidt has served as our Chief Financial Officer (CFO) since December 2005 and our Secretary since February 2006. Prior to joining Document Sciences, Mr. Schmidt served as the CFO of Dickie Walker Marine, Inc. from 2002 to 2005, the CFO of ENCAD, Inc. from 1996 to 2002 and as the Vice President of Finance and Administration for several Southern California companies from 1976 to 1995, including Biosym Technologies, Inc., Dura Pharmaceuticals and IVAC Corporation. He has served as a Board member and business advisor for several start-up and existing companies in the biomedical, software and other high-tech fields. Mr. Schmidt holds a BS and MBA from Northwestern University.
J. Douglas Winter has served as our Chief Operating Officer since April 2005. From July 2004 to April 2005, he served as our General Manager of Technical Operations. Prior to joining Document Sciences, Mr. Winter co-founded Objectiva Software Solutions in August 2001 and served as CEO. Previously, he served as General Manager of ONEWORLD Software Solutions California client service centers from 1999 to 2001, establishing their west coast operations and also served as part of their global operations committee, responsible for formulating and executing strategic operations. Mr. Winter also served as Program Manager for Qualcomms 3500 series of CDMA base stations and later was responsible for the product certification and testing of the QUALCOMM Thin Phone (QCP 860/1960). Mr. Winter holds an MSEE and an MBA from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a BSEE from Virginia Technological University. Following his undergraduate work, he worked for three years for Westinghouse where he was an instructor for the U.S. Navys nuclear training program.
Tao Ye has served as our General Manager of Asian Operations since July 2004. Prior to joining Document Sciences, Mr. Ye co-founded Objectiva Software Solutions in August 2001 and was Chief Operating Officer and President of Objectiva Software Solutions in China. Previously, he served as General Manager of the ONEWORLD Softwares Greater China Division from 1999 to 2001. Prior to ONEWORLD, Mr. Ye was Program Manager for Intel Materials eBusiness effort and also worked for Eastman Kodak Company where he designed and implemented Kodaks supply chain for Greater China Region. He holds an MBA from the MIT Sloan School of Business, a M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from the MIT School of Engineering, an M.S. in Materials Science from the University of California Santa Barbara and a B.S. in Mathematical Mechanics from Peking (Beijing) University.
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Section 16(a)) requires our directors and executive officers, and persons who own more than ten percent of a registered class of our equity securities, to file with the Securities and Exchange Commission and The Nasdaq Capital Market reports of ownership and changes in ownership of our common stock and other equity securities. Officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders are required by the SEC to furnish Document Sciences with copies of all Section 16(a) reports they file.
To our knowledge, based solely on review of the copies of such reports furnished to Document Sciences or written representations that no other reports were required, we believe that during the 2006 fiscal year all filings made by our officers, directors and greater than ten percent stockholders were timely filed, except for the following:
J. Douglas Winter filed two late Form 4 reports with respect to two transactions that were not reported on a timely basis. Edward Calnan filed one late Form 4 report with respect to one transaction that was not reported on a timely basis. He also filed one late Form 3 report. Margaret A. Breya, Nasser Barghouti and Tao Ye each filed one late Form 4 report with respect to one transaction that was not reported on a timely basis.
Code of Conduct
Our Board of Directors has adopted a Code of Conduct for Document Sciences which applies to our officers, including our Chief Executive Officer and our principal financial and accounting officer. The Code of
Conduct is available on our website at www.docsciences.com. The Code of Conduct is also available in print to any stockholder requesting a copy in writing from our corporate secretary at our executive offices. We intend to disclose any amendments to our Code of Conduct made with respect to our directors or executive officers on our website.
Our Board of Directors has established an Audit Committee. In 2006, the Audit Committee consisted of Messrs. Beard, Ringer, OBrien and Ms. Breya. The Board of Directors has determined that each of the members of the Audit Committee is independent under the Nasdaq marketplace rules and under rules adopted by the SEC pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Board of Directors has also determined that all members of the Audit Committee meet the requirements for financial literacy and that Mr. Ringer qualifies as an audit committee financial expert in accordance with applicable rules and regulations of the SEC. Mr. Beard serves as the Chairman of the Audit Committee.
COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors has overall responsibility for determining the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer (CEO) and other executive officers. Each member of the Compensation Committee is appointed by the Board and has been determined by the Board to be an independent director under applicable NASDAQ marketplace rules.
Our executive compensation program is intended to:
Our program is designed to link executive pay levels with individual performance and our financial performance. Key elements of our executive compensation program include:
We believe that our executive compensation program makes a significant contribution to our success, mirrors our culture and adheres to high standards of corporate governance.
Governance of Executive Compensation
The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors plays the lead role in the governance of executive compensation at Document Sciences. In 2006, the Compensation Committee consisted of three directorsBarton Faber (Chairman), Thomas Ringer and Margaret Breya. The Compensation Committee members have extensive management and Board experience, including experience dealing with executive compensation issues.
The Compensation Committee operates under a charter adopted by the Board of Directors in 2004. The charter is posted in the About Us/Investor Relations/Board of Director committee charters section of our website at www.docscience.com.
The Compensation Committees duties and responsibilities are listed in its charter and include, but are not limited to, the following:
The Compensation Committee has the sole authority to select, retain and/or replace any compensation or other outside consultant for assistance in the evaluation of director, CEO or other executive officers compensation, including the sole authority to approve the consultants fees and other retention terms. Services provided by the consultant may include evaluating our existing executive officer and director compensation based on market comparables, analyzing compensation design alternatives and advising us on the new proxy statement disclosure rules. In 2005, the Compensation Committee selected Sibson Consulting (Sibson) as its compensation consultant to evaluate our then existing executive officer and director compensation based on market comparables, analyze compensation design alternatives and provide specific recommendations on compensation decisions regarding the CEO, executive officers, and directors. The Compensation Committee considers Sibson to be independent and selected Sibson because of its experience in compensation consulting, and its knowledge of compensation practices in the technology industry and among public companies.
The Compensation Committee met two times in 2006 and acted by unanimous written consent two times. The Chairman of the Compensation Committee prepared each meetings agenda, which was distributed to Compensation Committee members in advance of the meeting (along with support materials). All three Compensation Committee members attended all of the meetings in 2006. From time to time, the Compensation Committee has requested that the CEO and the Chief Financial Officer (CFO) attend portions of the meetings. In addition, the Compensation Committee has requested that the CEO make recommendations regarding the compensation of executive officers.
Objectives of the Document Sciences Executive Compensation Programs
We believe strongly in pay-for-performance and measurement of quantifiable results. While base salaries for the CEO and other executive officers should reflect the marketplace for similar positions at similar companies, a significant portion of their compensation is earned based on our financial performance and the financial performance of each executives area of responsibility. Quantifiable performance objectives are established in advance, approved by the Compensation Committee and communicated to our executive officers early in the year. We also provide significant incentives for exceeding these performance objectives. Our emphasis on measurable performance objectives emanates from our belief that sustained strong financial performance is an effective means of enhancing long-term stockholder return.
The Compensation Committee considers competitive benchmarking data in the establishment of base salaries, incentive targets, equity awards and total compensation levels. In 2006, the Compensation Committee
relied on a benchmarking study conducted in 2005 by Sibson. This study compared Document Sciences executive compensation levels, mix of compensation elements and plan design to 12 comparable public technology companies that primarily provide software and servicesStellent Inc., Mobius Management Systems Inc., Docucorp International Inc., Captiva Software Corporation, I-Many Inc., Segue Software Inc., Scientific Learning Corporation, GSE Systems Inc., Convera Corporation, Peerless Systems Corporation, Astea International inc., and Omrtool Ltd. The Compensation Committee made adjustments to our executive compensation program in late 2005 based on the following results and recommendations of the benchmarking study:
Elements of Document Sciences Executive Compensation Program
Our executive compensation program consists of five basic elementsbase salary; variable incentive bonuses; long-term incentive compensation that is currently delivered through stock options and restricted stock grants; employee benefits and executive perquisites and income protection features such as employment agreements and change-in-control provisions. The remainder of this section provides details on each of these elements of our executive compensation program.
Our objective is to provide our executive officers and other employees with base salaries competitive with our peer group. We provide this opportunity in order to attract and retain an appropriate caliber of talent and experience for our workforce. The base salary for each of our executive officers is initially established through negotiation at the time of hire, based on such factors as the officers qualifications, experience, prior salary and competitive salary information. Any increases thereafter are determined by an assessment of the officers sustained performance as well as competitive salary information. In general, our Compensation Committee targets base salaries for our executive officers to be slightly above the median level of the compensation range for our peer group of companies.
The Compensation Committee established 2006 through 2008 base salaries for Document Sciences executive officers in July 2005, based on Sibsons benchmarking study and recommendation and the Compensation Committees assessment of each officers sustained performance. Although the base salaries were set slightly above the median, they were fixed for three years. With respect to base salaries, the Compensation Committee retains the discretion to modify such salary based upon the Compensation Committees evaluation of existing business conditions.
Annual Variable Incentive Bonuses
We provide the opportunity for our executive officers and other employees to earn an annual cash bonus. We provide this opportunity in order to attract and retain an appropriate caliber of talent and experience for our key positions and to motivate executive officers and other eligible employees to achieve our annual business
goals. A significant portion of each of our executive officers total annual cash compensation is dependent on our companys and the individual executives achievement of financial and other objectives set forth in our annual Executive Bonus Plan. Any bonus payouts under our annual Executive Bonus Plan to our executive officers are based on the following three factors, which are discussed in more detail below:
For the 2006 Executive Bonus Plan, the Compensation Committee established a 2006 annual cash bonus target for each of our executive officers based in part on guidance provided by Sibson . In establishing the annual cash bonus targets, the Compensation Committees goal was to set bonus targets at a level such that total annual cash compensation paid to each of our executive officers if the 100% target was achieved would be at the median of total annual cash compensation, including base salary, paid to similarly situated executive officers in the core peer companies identified by Sibson . For 2006, cash bonus targets at the 100% target net income level for our executive officers ranged from 10% to 50% of each executive officers base salary.
For purposes of the 2006 Executive Bonus Plan, our companys financial performance for fiscal year 2006 was measured by net income. In order for our executive officers to receive any bonus payout for 2006, a minimum net income needed to be reached. If our company did not achieve this threshold, no bonus payouts would be paid to any of our executive officers with respect to fiscal year 2006. When setting this threshold, the Compensation Committee believed that the performance goal was reasonably achievable. If our company achieved its target net income, each of our executive officers would become eligible to receive 100% of his target, subject to further adjustment based on his or her performance. If we achieved operating results above the threshold but below the target, the bonus payout would be an amount less than 100% of the target. If our company exceeded its target net income, the bonus payout would be an amount greater than 100% of the target, but no more that 200% of the target. See the Grants of Plan Based Awards table for additional information relating to the 2006 Executive Bonus Plan. Our Senior Vice President of Sales participates in a separate variable compensation plan based upon sales bookings and did not participate in the 2006 Executive Bonus Plan.
With respect to individual performance, the Compensation Committee retains the discretion to modify the payout based upon the Compensation Committees evaluation of the executive officers overall performance and contributions to our company and other events. These adjustments may exclude all or a portion of both the positive or negative effect of external events that are outside the control of our executive officers, such as natural disasters, litigation, or regulatory changes in accounting or taxation standards. These adjustments may also exclude all or a portion of both the positive or negative effect of unusual or significant strategic events that are within the control of our executive officers, but that are undertaken with an expectation of improving our long-term financial performance, such as acquisitions.
In 2006, our company did not meet the minimum net income threshold. As a result, the Compensation Committee did not award any bonuses to our executive officers under the 2006 Executive Bonus Plan, but did award special bonuses outside the plan. The Compensation Committee determined that revenue deferral of certain license agreements due to compliance with accounting standards, as well as, our decision to incur significant expense by substantially increasing our domestic sales force in the latter part of 2006 to position us to meet 2007 sales objectives impacted our ability to achieve our target net income for 2006.
Long-Term Incentive Compensation
In 2006, our long-term incentive compensation consisted of stock option and restricted stock awards. We currently believe that stock options and restricted stock awards are the best vehicles for aligning the interests of executives and shareholders of a growth-oriented company because executives will benefit if there is stock price
appreciation. Each of our executive officers received an initial stock option or restricted stock grant that was individually negotiated in connection with his respective employment agreement and each has received subsequent stock option grants as an incentive for continued employment. Because there were a limited number of shares available for issuance under our stock incentive plans, in late 2005, we reduced stock option grants and replaced them with restricted stock grants. This allows us to utilize fewer shares while still providing the necessary incentives to attract and retain executives and other employees.
Grants of stock options and time-vested restricted stock during 2006 were awarded under our 2004 Stock Incentive Plan and, in the case of our Senior Vice President of Sales, under a Stock Option and Restricted Stock Plan and Agreement. Details on awards granted during 2006 to our CEO and other Named Executive Officers may be found in the table entitled Grants of Plan-Based Awards. Details on all options exercised in 2006 by our CEO and other Named Executive Officers may be found in the table entitled Options Exercised and Stock Vested. Consistent with our governance standards and 2004 Stock Incentive Plan guidelines, stock option grants and restricted stock awards are approved by the Compensation Committee and granted on the date of approval by our Board of Directors at their regular board meetings. Restricted stock awards vest either (i) over four years starting on the first anniversary of the grant, with an additional 25% of the award vesting each year on the anniversary of the grant or (ii) over three years with 30% on the first anniversary of the grant, 30% on the second anniversary of the grant, and 40% on the first anniversary of the grant .Stock options are granted at an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the grant, vest 25% on the first anniversary of the date of the grant with the balance vesting monthly in equal installments over the next three years, and remain exercisable until the ten year anniversary of the grant, subject to shorter exercise periods following termination of employment.
Details on all outstanding option awards and stock awards of our CEO and other Named Executive Officers as of the end of 2006 may be found in the table entitled Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End. Only one Named Executive Officer received a restricted stock award in 2006. On February 1, 2006, Mr. Schmidt received a restricted stock grant of 7,500 shares of our common stock in connection with the beginning of his employment at Document Sciences. No equity incentives were awarded to the CEO or other Named Executive Officers during 2006 in light of their already significant stock option, restricted stock, and common stock holdings. The Compensation Committee believes that in light of the already significant holdings of the CEO and other Named Executive Officers and the limited number of shares available for issuance under our stock incentive plans, granting additional equity awards would not provide any additional incentives to such officers.
Employee Benefits and Executive Perquisites
As disclosed in the All Other Compensation column of the Summary Compensation Table, we provide our CEO and other executive officers with a limited number of special benefits and perquisites. We pay for healthcare premiums for the CEO and each of the executive officers. Mr. McGannon also receives a $500 per month automobile allowance, and Mr. Ye receives an annual stipend of $50,000 for housing and other living expenses in China. We believe that these benefits and perquisites are not unusual in our industry. In addition, the CEO and other executive officers participate in the same employee benefit plans as all other employees. The employee benefit programs, which are reviewed periodically by the Compensation Committee, include a 401(k) retirement program to which we make contributions and various health and welfare benefit programs. We believe that these programs are also generally consistent with technology industry practice for companies of our size and financial position.
Income Protection Programs
Consistent with peer-group practice (as determined in Sibsons 2005 study), we have entered into employment agreements with our CEO and certain executive officers. The purpose of these employment agreements, which include severance arrangements in the event of termination or a change in control, is to enhance our executive recruiting and retention efforts by following industry practices, and to provide our
executives with reasonable levels of income protection while being responsible in the potential use of shareholder assets. Sibsons 2005 research indicated that the severance-related benefits provided to our executive officers at that time were at the lower end of the peer-group range of practices. These employment agreements are explained in more detail under the section Potential Payments upon Termination or Change in Control. We believe that the employee agreements are in our stockholders best interests because they encourage the CEO and other executive officers to support transactions that are in the best interests of stockholders.
Stock Ownership Guidelines
We do not currently have stock ownership guidelines for our CEO and other executive officers. Sibsons 2005 research did not indicate that such programs are prevalent practice among our peer group. Also, the Compensation Committee recognizes that the CEO and most other executive officers hold a significant number of shares and/or stock options and thus are strongly aligned with shareholder interests.
Impact of Regulatory Requirements
The Compensation Committee considers regulatory requirements and their impact when making executive compensation decisions concerning the CEO and other executive officers. We adopted SFAS No. 123R effective for the 2006 fiscal year. In determining option awards for 2006, the Compensation Committee generally considered the potential expense of those programs under SFAS No. 123R and the impact on earnings per share. The Compensation Committee concluded that the award levels were in the best interests of stockholders given competitive compensation practices in the technology industry and among our peer companies, the awards potential expense, the companys performance, and the impact of the awards on employee motivation and retention.
We believe that our executive compensation program strongly supports our philosophy of pay-for-performance. We further believe that compensation levels and programs for the CEO and other executive officers are consistent with competitive practices in our industry and thus advance our recruiting and retention objectives. The Compensation Committee will continue to review our programs on a regular basis and will update them from time to time based on changes in competitive practices, regulatory requirements and our needs.
COMPENSATION COMMITTEE REPORT
The Compensation Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management. Based on these reviews and discussions, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board of Directors that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Respectfully submitted by the Compensation Committee,
Barton L. Faber, Chairman
Thomas L. Ringer
Margaret A. Breya
Summary Compensation Table
The table below summarizes the total compensation paid or earned by our CEO, CFO, and our other three most highly compensated executive officers (the Named Executive Officers) for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006.
Grants of Plan Based Awards
The following table sets forth, for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006, certain information regarding incentive plan awards granted to the CEO, CFO and other Named Executive Officers.
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End 2006
The following table sets forth certain information concerning outstanding equity awards held by the Named Executive Officers as of December 31, 2006.
Option Exercises and Stock Vested Table
The following table sets forth certain information concerning option exercises and stock vested held by the CEO, CFO and other Named Executive Officers as of December 31, 2006.
Potential Payments Upon Termination Or Change Of Control
The tables below reflect the amount of compensation to each of the Named Executive Officers of the Company in the event of termination of such executives employment. The amount of compensation payable to each Named Executive Officer upon voluntary termination, early retirement, involuntary not-for-cause termination, termination following a change of control and in the event of disability or death of the executive is shown below. The amounts shown assume that such termination was effective as of December 31, 2006 and thus include amounts earned through such time and are estimates of the amounts which would be paid out to the executives upon their termination. The actual amounts to be paid out can only be determined at the time of such executives separation from the Company.
Employment Contracts and Severance Arrangements
Employment Agreement with John L. McGannon
Mr. McGannons Employment Agreement is effective as of October 1, 2005 and provides for a base annual salary of $275,000 and a performance-based bonus equal to 50% to 100% of such annual base salary. The criteria for the performance-based bonus and amount of the payment will be determined by the Compensation Committee in its sole and absolute discretion. The Employment Agreement also entitles Mr. McGannon to receive, upon termination of his employment for any reason, payments equal to (i) the portion of his then current annual base salary which has accrued through the date of his termination, (ii) any vested bonus payments, stock options or restricted stock to which he is entitled as of the date of his termination and (iii) any payments for unused vacation and reimbursement of expenses which are due, accrued or payable as of the date of his termination. If Mr. McGannon is terminated by the Company without cause, but not in connection with a change in control of the Company as described below, then in addition to the payments described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above, he is entitled to receive (x) an amount equal to his then-current annual base salary and performance-based bonus for a 12-month period and (y) continuation of health benefits for a 12-month period. If either 30 days before or within 18 months following a change in control of the Company, Mr. McGannon is terminated by the Company without cause or he terminates his employment for good reason, then in addition to the payments described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above, he is entitled to receive (A) an amount equal to two times his annual base salary and prorated performance-based target bonus and (B) continuation of health benefits for a 24-month period. In addition, Mr. McGannon has agreed under his Employment Agreement that he will not, while his Employment Agreement is in effect and for 12 months after its termination, solicit or attempt to solicit (or assist others to solicit) for employment any person who is, or within the preceding 12 months was, an employee of the Company.
Employment Agreements with Nasser Barghouti, J. Douglas Winter and Tao Ye
Each of Mr. Barghoutis, Mr. Winters and Mr. Yes Employment Agreement is effective as of October 1, 2005 and provides for a base annual salary of $200,000 for Mr. Barghouti and Mr. Winters, $175,000 for Mr. Ye and a performance-based bonus equal to 50% to 100% of such annual base salary. The criteria for the performance-based bonus and amount of the payment will be determined by the Compensation Committee in its sole and absolute discretion. The Employment Agreement also entitles each of them to receive, upon termination of his employment for any reason, payments equal to (i) the portion of his then current annual base salary which has accrued through the date of his termination, (ii) any vested bonus payments, stock options or restricted stock to which he is entitled as of the date of his termination and (iii) any payments for unused vacation and reimbursement of expenses which are due, accrued or payable as of the date of his termination. If Mr. Barghouti, Mr. Winter or Mr. Ye is terminated by the Company without cause, but not in connection with a change in control of the Company as described below, then in addition to the payments described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above, each is entitled to receive (x) an amount equal to his then-current annual base salary for a 6-month period and (y) continuation of health benefits for a 6-month period. If either 30 days before or within 18 months following a change in control of the Company, any of them is terminated by the Company without cause or any terminates his employment for good reason, then in addition to the payments described in (i), (ii) and (iii) above, he is entitled to receive (A) an amount equal to 1.5 times his annual base salary and prorated performance-based target bonus and (B) continuation of health benefits for an 18-month period. In addition, each of Mr. Barghouti, Mr. Winter or Mr. Ye has agreed under his Employment Agreement that he will not, while his Employment Agreement is in effect and for 12 months after its termination, solicit or attempt to solicit (or assist others to solicit) for employment any person who is, or within the preceding 12 months was, an employee of the Company.
a) Payments Made Upon Termination
Regardless of the manner in which a Named Executive Officers employment terminates, he will be entitled to receive amounts earned during his term of employment. Such amounts include:
b) Payments Made Upon Termination Without Cause
If a Named Executive Officers employment is terminated by the company without Cause, but not in connection with a Change in Control, then he/she will receive, in addition to the items identified above (section a), continuation of the Annual Base Salary and the Health Benefits as described in the Employment Contract and Severance Arrangement section above.
c) Payments Made upon a Change of Control
If, either 30 days before or within 18 months following a Change of Control, the Company terminates a Named Executive Officers employment without Cause, or if a Named Executive Officer terminates his/her employment for Good Reason, then the executive is entitled to receive, in addition to the items identified above (section a), portions of the Annual Base Salary and the targeted annual Bonus, as well as, continuation of Health Benefits.
If a Named Executive Officers employment is terminated by the Company for Cause, in the event of death or disability or due to voluntary resignation for any reason other than for Good Reason either 30 days before or within 18 months following a Change of Control, the executive will be entitled to the compensation set forth in section (a).
The use of the term Cause herein shall mean:
The following tables indicate the potential payments and benefits to which the Named Executive Officers will be entitled upon termination of employment. Calculations for the following tables are based on the following assumptions: (i) the triggering event occurred on December 31, 2006; (ii) salaries were paid through December 31, 2006; and (iii) the per share price of our common stock is $6.70, the closing price on December 29, 2006.
Voluntary Termination, Involuntary For Cause Termination, Disability or Death
Voluntary Termination for Good Reason or
Involuntary Not for Cause Termination as a result of a Change in Control
Payments for termination associated with Change in Control will be awarded if the triggering event takes place within 30 days before or 18 months following the change in control of the company.
Involuntary Not For Cause Termination
Pursuant to our director compensation arrangement, non-employee directors receive the following compensation:
In September 2005, we eliminated the stock option grant to acquire up to 30,000 shares of our common stock, as of the business day immediately following each annual meeting of stockholders and upon initial appointment to the Board, and replaced it with a restricted stock grant of 10,000 shares of our common stock, vesting over three years. This grant occurs upon initial appointment to the Board and as a grant occurring once every three years, unless otherwise adjusted at the discretion of the Compensation Committee.
Directors who are also our employees of Document Sciences do not receive extra compensation for their service on our Board of Directors.
COMPENSATION COMMITTEE INTERLOCKS AND INSIDER PARTICIPATION
During 2006, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors consisted of Mr. Faber, Mr. Ringer and Ms. Breya. None of our executive officers serves as a member of the board of directors or compensation committee of any entity that has one or more executive officers who serve on our Board of Directors or Compensation Committee.
During 2006, none of our executive officers served as: (i) a member of the compensation committee (or other committee of the board of directors performing equivalent functions or, in the absence of any such committee, the entire board of directors) of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on our Compensation Committee; (ii) a director of another entity, one of whose executive officers served on our Compensation Committee; or (iii) a member of the compensation committee (or other committee of the board of directors performing equivalent functions or, in the absence of any such committee, the entire board of directors) of another entity, one of whose executive officers served as one of our directors.
EQUITY COMPENSATION PLAN INFORMATION
The following table provides information with respect to our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2006, which plans were as follows: the 1995 Stock Incentive Plan, the 2004 Stock Incentive Plan and the 1997 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, as amended.
The following table sets forth the beneficial ownership of Document Sciences common stock as of March 20, 2007, for the following: (i) each person or group of affiliated persons known to us to beneficially own 5% or more of our common stock; (ii) each of our directors and nominees; (iii) each of our executive officers listed in the Summary Compensation Table; and (iv) all of our directors and executive officers as a group.
Except as disclosed elsewhere in this document, no director, executive officer, nominee for election as a director nor any beneficial holder of more than five percent of Document Sciences outstanding capital stock, had any material interest, direct or indirect, in any reportable transaction with Document Sciences during the last fiscal year, or since the commencement of the current fiscal year, or any reportable business relationship with Document Sciences during such time.
We have entered into indemnification agreements with each of our executive officers and directors. Those indemnification agreements require us to indemnify these individuals to the fullest extent permitted by Delaware law. In addition, we have purchased a policy of directors and officers liability insurance that insures our directors and officers against the cost of defense, settlement or payment of a judgment in some circumstances.
Procedures for Approval of Related Person Transactions
Our policy for the review and approval of transactions between us and related persons is set forth in the charter of our Audit Committee. Pursuant to the charter of our Audit Committee, it is the responsibility of our Audit Committee to review and approve all transactions or arrangements to which we were or will be a participant in which any director or executive officer had or will have a direct or indirect material interest.
Our Board of Directors has determined, after considering all the relevant facts and circumstances, that each of Messrs. Ringer, Faber, OBrien, Beard and Ms. Breya are independent directors, within the meaning of Rule 4200(a)(15) under NASDAQ listing standards. Mr. McGannon does not meet the aforementioned independence standards because of his relationship as an employee of Document Sciences.
The following table shows the aggregate fees paid or accrued by us for audit and other services provided by Ernst & Young for fiscal years ended December 31, 2006 and December 31, 2005.
The charter of our Audit Committee provides that the duties and responsibilities of our Audit Committee include the pre-approval of all audit, audit-related, tax and other services permitted by law or applicable SEC regulations (including fee and cost ranges) to be performed by our independent registered public accounting firm. Any pre-approved services that will involve fees or costs exceeding pre-approved levels will also require specific pre-approval by the Audit Committee.
To the extent deemed appropriate, the Audit Committee may delegate pre-approval authority to the Chairman of the Audit Committee or any one or more other members of the Audit Committee provided that any member of the Audit Committee who has exercised any such delegation must report any such pre-approval decision to the Audit Committee at its next scheduled meeting.
Our Audit Committee requires that our independent registered public accounting firm, in conjunction with our Chief Financial Officer, be responsible for seeking pre-approval for providing services to us and that any request for pre-approval must inform the Audit Committee about each service to be provided and must provide detail as to the particular service to be provided.
All of the services provided by Ernst & Young LLP described above under the captions Audit Fees, Audit-Related Fees and Tax Fees were approved by our Audit Committee.
(a) The following documents are filed as part of this Form 10-K/A:
(b) Exhibits. The exhibits listed on the accompanying index to exhibits.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Dated: April 30, 2007
POWER OF ATTORNEY
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints John L. McGannon his attorney-in-fact, with full power of substitution, for him in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this report, and to file the same, with exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorney-in-fact or his substitute, may do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant on April 30, 2007 in the capacities indicated:
DOCUMENT SCIENCES CORPORATION
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K/A
FOR YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2006
INDEX TO EXHIBITS