Dover 10-K 2010
Documents found in this filing:
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For fiscal year ended December 31, 2009
Commission File No. 1-4018
280 Park Avenue New York, N.Y. 10017
(Address of principal executive offices)
Telephone: (212) 922-1640
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files.) Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§ 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.þ
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of the close of business June 30, 2009 was $6,159,218,863. The registrants closing price as reported on the New York Stock Exchange-Composite Transactions for June 30, 2009 was $33.09 per share. The number of outstanding shares of the registrants common stock as of February 11, 2010 was 187,232,126.
Documents Incorporated by Reference: Part III Certain Portions of the Proxy Statement for Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 6, 2010 (the 2010 Proxy Statement).
This Annual Report on Form 10-K, especially Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements relate to, among other things, income, earnings, cash flows, changes in operations, operating improvements, industries in which Dover companies operate and the U.S. and global economies. Statements in this Form 10-K that are not historical are hereby identified as forward-looking statements and may be indicated by words or phrases such as anticipates, supports, indicates, suggests, will, plans, projects, expects, believes, should, would, could, hope, forecast, management is of the opinion, use of the future tense and similar words or phrases. Forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from current expectations including, but not limited to: current economic conditions and uncertainties in the credit and capital markets; the Companys ability to achieve expected savings from integration, synergy and other cost-control initiatives; the ability to identify and successfully consummate value-adding acquisition opportunities; increased competition and pricing pressures in the markets served by Dovers operating companies; the ability of Dovers companies to expand into new geographic markets and to anticipate and meet customer demands for new products and product enhancements; increases in the cost of raw materials; changes in customer demand; political events that could impact the worldwide economy; the impact of natural disasters and their effect on global energy markets; a downgrade in Dovers credit ratings; international economic conditions including interest rate and currency exchange rate fluctuations; the relative mix of products and services which impacts margins and operating efficiencies; short-term capacity constraints; domestic and foreign governmental and public policy changes including environmental regulations and tax policies (including domestic and international export subsidy programs, research and experimentation credits and other similar programs); unforeseen developments in contingencies such as litigation; protection and validity of patent and other intellectual property rights; the cyclical nature of some of Dovers companies; domestic housing industry weakness; and possible future terrorist threats and their effect on the worldwide economy. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.
The Company may, from time to time, post financial or other information on its Internet website, www.dovercorporation.com. The Internet address is for informational purposes only and is not intended for use as a hyperlink. The Company is not incorporating any material on its website into this report.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dover Corporation (Dover or the Company), incorporated in 1947 in the State of Delaware, became a publicly traded company in 1955. The Company owns and operates a global portfolio of manufacturing companies providing innovative components and equipment, specialty systems and support services for a variety of applications in the industrial products, engineered systems, fluid management and electronic technologies markets. Additional information is contained in Items 7 and 8.
The Company reports its results in four business segments Industrial Products, Engineered Systems, Fluid Management and Electronic Technologies. The Company discusses its operations at the platform level within the Industrial Products, Engineered Systems, and Fluid Management segments, each of which contains two platforms. The results of Electronic Technologies are discussed at the segment level. Dover companies design, manufacture, assemble and/or service the following:
The Company operates with certain fundamental business strategies. First, it seeks to acquire and own businesses that manufacture proprietary engineered industrial products and are leaders in four broad markets: Industrial Products, Engineered Systems, Fluid Management and Electronic Technologies. To ensure success, Dover companies place strong emphasis on new product development to better serve customers and expand into new product and geographic markets. Second, the Companys businesses are committed to operational excellence, and to being market leaders as measured by market share, customer service, innovation, profitability and return on invested capital. Third, the Company is committed to an operating culture with high ethical standards, trust, respect and open communication, to allow individual growth and operational effectiveness. Fourth, the Company seeks to utilize its strong free cash flow in a balanced manner to grow its businesses and to increase shareholder value.
The Companys operating structure of four defined industry segments and six core business platforms within those segments drives focused acquisition activity, accelerates opportunities to identify and capture operating synergies, including global sourcing and supply chain integration, and advances the development of the Companys executive talent. The presidents of the Companys operating companies and groups have responsibility for their businesses performance as they are able to serve customers by focusing closely on their products and markets and reacting quickly to customer needs. The Companys segment and executive management set strategic direction and initiatives, provide oversight, allocate and manage capital, are responsible for major acquisitions and provide other services.
In addition, the Company is committed to creating value for its customers, employees and shareholders through sustainable business practices that protect the environment and the development of products that help its customers meet their sustainability goals. Dover companies are increasing their focus on efficient energy usage, greenhouse gas reduction and waste management as they strive to meet the global environmental needs of today and tomorrow.
The Company is committed to driving shareholder return through three key objectives. First, the Company is committed to achieving annual sales growth of 7% to 10% which includes 4% to 5% through-cycle organic growth. The balance of sales growth is expected to be achieved from disciplined acquisitions. Secondly, the Company continues to focus on margin improvement activities and to expand return on invested capital to effectuate earnings per share growth ranging from 10% to 13% on an annual basis. Lastly, the Company is committed to generating free cash flow as a percentage of sales in excess of 10% through disciplined capital allocation and active working capital management. The Company supports these goals through (1) alignment of management compensation with these objectives, (2) a well defined and actively managed merger and acquisition processes, and (3) talent development programs.
The Companys acquisition program has two elements. First, it seeks to acquire value creating add-on businesses that broaden its existing companies and their global reach, manufacture innovative components and equipment, specialty systems and/or support services, and sell to industrial or commercial users. Second, in the right circumstances, it will strategically pursue larger, stand-alone businesses that have the potential to either complement its existing companies or allow the Company to pursue a new platform. During the period from 2007 through 2009, the Company purchased 17 businesses with an aggregate cost of $605.8 million.
In 2009, the Company acquired six add-on businesses, for aggregate consideration of $228.4 million (including $6.4 million of consideration paid in the form of common stock issued in connection with the acquisition of Inpro/Seal Company). In 2008, the Company acquired four add-on businesses for an aggregate cost of $103.8 million, and in 2007, the Company acquired seven add-on businesses for an aggregate cost of $273.6 million.
For more details regarding acquisitions completed over the past two years, see Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8. The Companys future growth depends in large part on finding and acquiring successful businesses, as a substantial number of the Companys current businesses operate in relatively mature markets. While the Company expects to generate annual organic growth of 4% - 5% over a business cycle absent extraordinary economic conditions, sustained organic growth at these levels for individual businesses is difficult to achieve consistently each year.
While the Company generally expects to hold and integrate businesses that it buys, it continually reviews its portfolio to verify that those businesses continue to be essential contributors to the Companys long-term growth strategy. Occasionally the Company may also make an opportunistic sale of one of its companies based on specific market conditions and strategic considerations. During the past three years (2007- 2009), the Company decided to reduce its exposure to small, lower margin operations, and, accordingly, it discontinued 7 operations and sold 10 businesses for an aggregate consideration of approximately $187.3 million. For more details, see the Discontinued Operations discussion below and Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8.
Below is a description of the Companys reportable segments and related platforms. For additional financial information about the Companys reportable segments, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
The Industrial Products segment provides Material Handling products and services that improve its customers productivity as well as products used in various Mobile Equipment applications primarily in the transportation equipment, vehicle service and solid waste management markets. The segment manages and sells its products and services through two business platforms described below.
The Material Handling platform primarily serves two global markets infrastructure and industrial automation. The companies in this platform develop and manufacture branded customer productivity enhancing systems. These products are produced in the United States, Germany, Thailand, India, China, Brazil and France and are marketed globally on a direct basis to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and through a global dealer and distribution network to industrial end users.
The Material Handling platform companies in the infrastructure market sell to broad segments of the construction, utility, demolition, recycling, scrap processing, material handling, forestry, energy, military, marine, towing/recovery, refuse, mining and automotive OEM markets. Major products include mobile shears, concrete demolition tools, buckets, backhoes, trenchers, augers, worm gear and planetary winches, and hydraulic lift and electronic control/monitoring systems for mobile and structural cranes, 4WD and AWD power train systems, accessories for off-road vehicles and operator cabs and rollover structures. These products are sold to OEMs and extensive dealer networks primarily in North America. Components systems and services are also provided for military vehicles and marine applications.
The Material Handling platform companies in the industrial automation market provide a wide range of modular automation components including manual clamps, power clamps, rotary and linear mechanical indexers, conveyors, pick and place units, as well as end-of-arm robotic grippers, slides and end effectors. These products serve a very broad market including food processing, packaging, paper processing, medical, electronic, automotive, nuclear, and general industrial products. These businesses generate almost half of their revenues outside the U.S.
The Mobile Equipment platform serves three primary markets transportation equipment, solid waste management and vehicle service. The companies in this platform manufacture tank trailers, specialty trailers, refuse collection
bodies (garbage trucks), container lifts, on-site waste management and recycling systems, vehicle service lifts, touch-free and friction vehicle wash systems, vehicle collision measuring and repair systems, aerospace and submarine related fluid control assemblies, high strength fasteners and bearings, internal jet engine components and accessories, precision components for commercial and military aerospace equipment and commercial aerospace after market services. The businesses also provide components for off-road sports vehicles and high performance automotive and power-sport vehicles. The platform has manufacturing operations in North and South America, Asia and Europe.
The businesses in the transportation equipment market manufacture and sell aluminum, stainless steel and steel tank trailers that carry petroleum products, chemical, edible and dry bulk products, as well as specialty trailers focused on the heavy haul, oil field and recovery markets. Trailers are marketed both directly and indirectly through distributors to customers in the construction, trucking, railroad, oilfield and heavy haul industries. These products are also sold to government agencies in the United States and globally.
The businesses in the solid waste management market provide products and services for the refuse collection industry and for on-site processing and compaction of trash and recyclable materials. Products are sold to municipal customers, national accounts and independent waste haulers through a network of distributors and directly in certain geographic areas. The on-site waste management and recycling systems include a variety of stationary compactors, wire processing and separation machines, and balers that are manufactured and sold primarily in the U.S. to distribution centers, malls, stadiums, arenas, office complexes, retail stores and recycling centers.
The businesses in the vehicle service market provide a wide range of products and services that are utilized in vehicle services, maintenance, repair and modification. Vehicle lifts and collision equipment are sold through equipment distributors and directly to a wide variety of markets, including independent service and repair shops, collision repair shops, national chains and franchised service facilities, new vehicle dealers, governments, and directly to consumers via the internet. Car wash systems, both touch-free and friction, are sold primarily in the United States and Canada to major oil companies, convenience store chains and individual investors. These products are sold through a distribution network that installs the equipment and provides after sale service and support. High performance internal combustion engine components, including pistons, connecting rods, crankshafts and accessories, and fuel and combustion management devices are designed to meet customer specifications for the racing and enthusiast markets in both the powersports and automotive market segments. These products are sold directly and through distribution networks on a global basis.
The Engineered Systems segment provides products and services for the refrigeration, storage, packaging and preparation of food products, as well as industrial marking and coding systems for various markets. The segment serves its markets by managing these products and services through two business platforms which are described below.
The Product Identification platform (PI) is a worldwide supplier of industrial marking and coding systems that serves food, beverage, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, electronic, automotive and other markets where variable marking is required. Its primary printing products are used for marking variable information (such as date codes or serial numbers) on consumer products. PI provides solutions for product marking on primary packaging, secondary packaging such as cartons, and pallet marking for use in warehouse logistics operations. PI also manufactures bar code printers and portable printers used where on demand labels/receipts are required. The PI principal manufacturing facilities are in the United States, France and China with sales operations globally.
The Engineered Products platform manufactures refrigeration systems, refrigeration display cases, walk-in coolers and freezers, electrical distribution products and engineering services, commercial foodservice equipment, cook-chill production systems, custom food storage and preparation products, kitchen ventilation systems, conveyer systems, beverage can-making machinery, and packaging machines used for meat, poultry and other food products. In addition, the platform manufactures copper-brazed compact heat exchangers, and designs
software for heating and cooling substations. The platforms manufacturing facilities and distributing operations are in North America, Europe and Asia.
The majority of the systems and machinery that are manufactured or serviced by the Engineered Products platform is used by the supermarket industry, big-box retail and convenience stores, the commercial/industrial refrigeration industry, institutional and commercial foodservice markets, and beverage can-making industries. The commercial foodservice cooking equipment products serve their markets worldwide through a network of dealers, distributors, national chain accounts, manufacturer representatives, and a direct sales force with the primary market being North America. The heat exchangers are sold via a direct sales force throughout the world for various applications in a wide variety of industries.
The Fluid Management segment provides products and services for end-to-end stewardship of its customers critical fluids including liquids, gases, powders and other solutions that are hazardous, valuable or process-critical. The segment provides highly engineered, cost-saving technologies that help contain, control, move, measure and monitor these critical fluids. To better serve its end-markets, these products and services are channeled through two business platforms described below.
The Energy platform serves the oil, gas and power generation industries. Its products promote the efficient and cost-effective extraction, storage and movement of oil and gas products, or constitute critical components for power generation equipment. Major products manufactured by companies within this platform include: polycrystalline diamond cutters (PDCs) used in drill bits for oil and gas wells; steel sucker rods, plunger lifts, and accessories used in artificial lift applications in oil and gas production; pressure, temperature and flow monitoring equipment used in oil and gas exploration and production applications; and control valves and instrumentation for oil and gas production. In addition, these companies manufacture various compressor parts that are used in the natural gas production, distribution and oil refining markets, as well as bearings and remote condition monitoring systems that are used for rotating machinery applications such as turbo machinery, motors, generators and compressors used in energy, utility, marine and other industries. Sales are made directly to customers and through various distribution channels. Sales are predominantly in North America with international sales directed largely to Europe and South America.
The Fluid Solutions platform manufactures pumps, compressors, vehicle fuel dispensing products, and products for the transfer, monitoring, measuring and protection of hazardous, liquid and dry bulk commodities. In addition, these companies manufacture quick disconnect couplings and chemical proportioning and dispensing products. The products are manufactured in the United States, South America, Asia and Europe and marketed globally through a network of distributors or via direct channels.
Vehicle fuel dispensing products include conventional, vapor recovery, and clean energy (LPG, CNG, and Hydrogen) nozzles, swivels and breakaways, as well as tank pressure management systems. Products manufactured for the transportation, storage and processing of hazardous liquid and dry-bulk commodities include relief valves, loading/unloading angle valves, rupture disc devices, actuator systems, level measurement gauges, swivel joints, butterfly valves, lined ball valves, aeration systems, industrial access ports, manholes, hatches, collars, weld rings and fill covers.
This platforms pumps and compressors are used to transfer liquid and bulk products and are sold to a wide variety of markets, including the refined fuels, LPG, pulp and paper, wastewater, food/sanitary, military, transportation and chemical process industries. These companies manufacture centrifugal, reciprocating (double diaphragm) and rotary pumps that are used in demanding and specialized fluid transfer process applications.
The quick disconnect couplings provide fluid control solutions to the industrial, food handling, life sciences and chemical handling markets. The chemical portioning and dispensing systems are used to dilute and dispense
concentrated cleaning chemicals and are sold to the food service, health care, supermarket, institutional, school, building service contractor and industrial markets.
The Electronic Technologies segment designs and manufactures electronic test, material deposition and manual soldering equipment, advanced micro-acoustic components, and specialty electronic components. The products are manufactured primarily in North America, Europe and Asia and are sold throughout the world directly and through a network of distributors.
The test equipment products include machines, test fixtures and related products used in testing bare and loaded electronic circuit boards and semiconductors. In addition, the segment manufactures high-speed precision material deposition machines and other related tools used in the assembly process for printed circuit boards and other specialty applications as well as precision manual soldering, de-soldering and other hand tools.
The micro-acoustic components manufactured include audio communications components, primarily miniaturized microphones, receivers and electromechanical components for use in hearing aids as well as high performance transducers for use in professional audio devices, high-end headsets, medical devices and military headsets. This business also designs, manufactures and assembles microphones for use in the personal mobile device and communications markets, including mobile phones, PDAs, Bluetooth ® headsets and laptop computers.
The specialty electronic components include frequency control/select components and modules employing quartz technologies, microwave electromechanical switches, radio frequency and microwave filters, integrated assemblies, multi-layer ceramic capacitors and high frequency capacitors. These components are sold to communication, medical, defense, aerospace and automotive manufacturers worldwide.
Operating companies that are considered discontinued operations in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 360, Property Plant and Equipment, are presented separately in the consolidated statements of operations, balance sheets and cash flows and are not included in continuing operations. Earnings from discontinued operations include impairment charges, when necessary, to reduce these businesses to estimated fair value. Fair value is determined by using directly observable inputs, such as a negotiated selling price, or other valuation techniques that use market assumptions that are reasonable and supportable. All interim and full year reporting periods presented reflect the continuing operations on a comparable basis. Please refer to Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Form 10-K for additional information on discontinued operations.
The Companys operating companies use a wide variety of raw materials, primarily metals and semi-processed or finished components, which are generally available from a number of sources. As a result, shortages or the loss of any single supplier have not had, and are not likely to have, a material impact on operating profits. While the needed raw materials are generally available, commodity pricing has trended upward over the past few years, particularly for various grades of steel, copper, aluminum and select other commodities. The Company has generally kept pace with or exceeded raw material cost increases using effective pricing strategies. During 2009, the Company generally experienced decreases in commodity prices.
Research and Development
The Companys operating companies are encouraged to develop new products as well as to upgrade and improve existing products to satisfy customer needs, expand revenue opportunities domestically and internationally, maintain or extend competitive advantages, improve product reliability and reduce production costs. During 2009, $178.3 million of expense was incurred for research and development, including qualified engineering costs, compared with $189.2 million and $193.2 million in 2008 and 2007, respectively.
Our operating companies in the Product Identification platform and Electronic Technologies segment expend significant effort in research and development because the rate of product development by their customers is often quite high. The companies that develop product identification equipment and specialty electronic components for the life sciences, datacom and telecom commercial markets believe that their customers expect a continuing rate of product innovation, performance improvement and reduced costs. The result has been that product life cycles in these markets generally average less than five years with meaningful sales price reductions over that time period.
The Companys other segments contain many businesses that are also involved in important product improvement initiatives. These businesses also concentrate on working closely with customers on specific applications, expanding product lines and market applications, and continuously improving manufacturing processes. Most of these businesses experience a much more moderate rate of change in their markets and products than is generally experienced by the Product Identification platform and the Electronic Technologies segment.
Intellectual Property and Intangible Assets
The Company owns many patents, trademarks, licenses and other forms of intellectual property, which have been acquired over a number of years and, to the extent relevant, expire at various times over a number of years. A large portion of the Companys intellectual property consists of patents, unpatented technology and proprietary information constituting trade secrets that the companies seek to protect in various ways, including confidentiality agreements with employees and suppliers where appropriate. In addition, a significant portion of the Companys intangible assets relate to customer relationships. While the Companys intellectual property and customer relationships are important to its success, the loss or expiration of any of these rights or relationships, or any group of related rights or relationships, is not likely to materially affect the Company on a consolidated basis. The Company believes that its companies commitment to continuous engineering improvements, new product development and improved manufacturing techniques, as well as strong sales, marketing and service efforts, are significant to their general leadership positions in the niche markets that they serve.
In general, Dover companies, while not strongly seasonal, tend to have stronger revenue in the second and third quarters, particularly companies serving the consumer electronics, transportation, construction, waste hauling, petroleum, commercial refrigeration and food service markets. Companies serving the major equipment markets, such as power generation, chemical and processing industries, have long lead times geared to seasonal, commercial or consumer demands, and tend to delay or accelerate product ordering and delivery to coincide with those market trends.
Dovers companies serve thousands of customers, no one of which accounted for more than 10% of the Companys consolidated revenue in 2009. Similarly, within each of the four segments, no customer accounted for more than 10% of that segments revenue in 2009.
With respect to the Engineered Systems, Fluid Management and Industrial Products segments, customer concentrations are quite varied. Companies supplying the waste handling, construction, agricultural, defense, energy, automotive and commercial refrigeration industries tend to deal with a few large customers that are significant within those industries. This also tends to be true for companies supplying the power generation, aerospace and chemical industries. In the other markets served, there is usually a much lower concentration of customers, particularly where the companies provide a substantial number of products as well as services applicable to a broad range of end use applications.
Certain companies within the Electronic Technologies segment serve the military, space, aerospace, commercial and datacom/telecom infrastructure markets. Their customers include some of the largest operators in these markets. In addition, many of the OEM customers of these companies within the Electronic Technologies segment outsource their manufacturing to Electronic Manufacturing Services (EMS) companies. Other customers include global cell phone and hearing aid manufacturers, many of the largest global EMS companies, particularly in China, and major printed circuit board and semiconductor manufacturers.
Backlog generally is not a significant long-term success factor in most of the Companys businesses, as most of the products of Dover companies have relatively short order-to-delivery periods. It is more relevant to those businesses that produce larger and more sophisticated machines or have long-term government contracts, primarily in the Mobile Equipment platform within the Industrial Products segment. Total Company backlog as of December 31, 2009 and 2008 was $1,083.5 million and $1,156.0 million, respectively. This reflects the decrease in global economic activity experienced during the latter half of 2008, which began to stabilize in the latter half of 2009.
The Companys competitive environment is complex because of the wide diversity of the products its companies manufacture and the markets they serve. In general, most Dover companies are market leaders that compete with only a few companies, and the key competitive factors are customer service, product quality and innovation. Dover companies usually have more significant competitors domestically, where their principal markets are, than in non-U.S. markets. However, Dover companies are becoming increasingly global where more competitors exist.
Certain companies in the Electronic Technologies and Engineered Systems segments compete globally against a variety of companies, primarily operating in Europe and the Far East.
For non-U.S. revenue and an allocation of the assets of the Companys continuing operations, see Note 14 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of this Form 10-K.
Although international operations are subject to certain risks, such as price and exchange rate fluctuations and non-U.S. governmental restrictions, the Company continues to increase its expansion into international markets, including South America, Asia and Eastern Europe.
Most of the Companys non-U.S. subsidiaries and affiliates are based in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and, with increased emphasis, China, Malaysia, India, Mexico, Brazil and Eastern Europe.
The Company believes its companies operations generally are in substantial compliance with applicable regulations. In a few instances, particular plants and businesses have been the subject of administrative and legal proceedings with governmental agencies or private parties relating to the discharge or potential discharge of regulated substances. Where necessary, these matters have been addressed with specific consent orders to achieve compliance. The Company believes that continued compliance will not have a material impact on the Companys financial position and will not require significant expenditures or adjustments to reserves.
The Company had approximately 29,300 employees in continuing operations as of December 31, 2009, which was a decline of approximately 9% from the prior year end, reflecting the Companys restructuring activities in response to an overall global economic slowdown.
The Company makes available through the Financial Reports link on its Internet website, http://www.dovercorporation.com, the Companys annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to these reports. The Company posts each of these reports on the website as soon as reasonably practicable after the report is filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The information on the Companys Internet website is not incorporated into this Form 10-K.
The Companys business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows can be impacted by a number of factors which could cause its actual results to vary materially from recent results or from anticipated future results. In general, the Company is subject to the same general risks and uncertainties that impact many other industrial companies such as general economic, industry and/or market conditions and growth rates; the impact of natural
disasters, and their effect on global energy markets; continued events in the Middle East and possible future terrorist threats and their effect on the worldwide economy; and changes in laws or accounting rules. The risk factors discussed in this section should be considered together with information included elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and should not be considered the only risks facing the Company.
The Company has identified the following specific risks and uncertainties that it considers material:
In 2010, the Companys businesses may continue to be adversely affected by disruptions in the financial markets or declines in economic activity both domestically and internationally in those countries in which the Company operates. These circumstances will also impact the Companys suppliers and customers in various ways which could have an impact on the Companys business operations, particularly if global credit markets are not operating efficiently and effectively to support industrial commerce. Such negative changes in worldwide economic and capital market conditions are beyond the Companys control, are highly unpredictable, and can have an adverse effect on the Companys revenue, earnings, cash flows and cost of capital.
The Companys competitive environment is complex because of the wide diversity of the products that its companies manufacture and the markets they serve. In general, most Dover companies compete with only a few companies. The ability of Dovers companies to compete effectively depends on how successfully they anticipate and respond to various competitive factors, including new products and services that may be introduced by their competitors, changes in customer preferences, and pricing pressures. If Dovers companies are unable to anticipate their competitors development of new products and services and/or identify customer needs and preferences on a timely basis or successfully introduce new products and services in response to such competitive factors, they could lose customers to competitors. If Dovers companies do not compete effectively, Dover companies may experience lower revenue, operating profits and cash flows.
Certain Dover companies, particularly in the Electronic Technologies segment, sell their products in industries that are constantly experiencing change as new technologies are developed. In order to grow and remain competitive, the companies in these industries must adapt to future changes in technology to enhance their existing products and introduce new products to address their customers changing demands. Also, a meaningful portion of the Electronic Technologies segments revenue is derived from companies that are subject to unpredictable short-term business cycles.
The Energy platform in the Fluid Management segment is subject to risk due to the volatility of energy prices, although overall demand is more directly related to depletion rates and global economic conditions and related energy demands. In addition, certain Dover businesses manufacture products that are used in or related to residential and commercial construction, which can be adversely affected by a prolonged downturn in new housing starts and other construction markets.
As a result of all the above factors, the revenue and operating performance of these companies in any one period are not necessarily predictive of their revenue and operating performance in other periods, and these factors could have a material impact on the Companys consolidated results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
Dovers companies purchase raw materials, subassemblies and components for use in their manufacturing operations, which exposes them to volatility in prices for certain commodities. Significant price increases for these
commodities could adversely affect operating profits for certain Dover companies. While the Companys businesses generally attempt to mitigate the impact of increased raw material prices by hedging or passing along the increased costs to customers, there may be a time delay between the increased raw material prices and the ability to increase the prices of products, or they may be unable to increase the prices of products due to a competitors pricing pressure or other factors. In addition, while raw materials are generally available now, the inability to obtain necessary raw materials could affect the ability to meet customer commitments and satisfy market demand for certain products. Consequently, a significant price increase in raw materials, or their unavailability, may result in a loss of customers and adversely impact revenue, operating profits and cash flows.
Approximately 43% of the Companys revenue is derived outside of the United States and the Company continues to focus on penetrating new global markets as part of its overall growth strategy. This global expansion strategy is subject to general risks related to international operations, including, among others: political, social and economic instability and disruptions; government embargoes or trade restrictions; the imposition of duties and tariffs and other trade barriers; import and export controls; increased compliance costs; transportation delays and disruptions; and difficulties in staffing and managing multi-national organizations. If the Company is unable to successfully mitigate these risks, they could have an adverse effect on the Companys growth strategy involving expansion into new geographic markets and on its results of operations and financial position.
The Company conducts business through its subsidiaries in many different countries, and fluctuations in currency exchange rates could have a significant impact on the reported results of operations, which are presented in U.S. dollars. A significant and growing portion of the Companys products are manufactured in lower-cost locations and sold in various countries. Cross border transactions, both with external parties and intercompany relationships, result in increased exposure to foreign exchange effects. Accordingly, significant changes in currency exchange rates, particularly the Euro, Pound Sterling, Chinese RMB (Yuan) and the Canadian dollar, could cause fluctuations in the reported results of the Companys operations that could negatively affect its results of operations. Additionally, the strengthening of certain currencies such as the Euro and U.S. dollar potentially exposes the Company to competitive threats from lower cost producers in other countries such as China. The Companys sales are translated into U.S. dollars for reporting purposes. The weakening of the U.S. dollar could result in unfavorable translation effects as the results of foreign locations are translated into U.S. dollars.
The Company is continually evaluating its cost structure and seeking ways to capture synergies across its operations. If the Company is unable to reduce costs and expenses through its various programs, it could adversely affect the Companys operating profits and cash flows.
The Companys growth, profitability and effectiveness in conducting its operations and executing its strategic plans depend in part on its ability to attract, retain and develop qualified personnel, align them with appropriate opportunities and maintain adequate succession plans for key management positions. If the Company is unsuccessful in these efforts, its operating results could be adversely affected.
The Companys domestic and international sales and operations are subject to risks associated with changes in local government laws (including environmental and export laws), regulations and policies. Failure to comply with any of these laws could result in civil and criminal, monetary and non-monetary penalties as well as potential damage
to the Companys reputation. In addition, the Company cannot provide assurance that its costs of complying with current or future laws, including environmental protection, employment, and health and safety laws, will not exceed its estimates. In addition, the Company has invested in certain countries, including Brazil, Russia, India and China that carry high levels of currency, political, compliance and economic risk. While these risks or the impact of these risks are difficult to predict, any one or more of them could adversely affect the Companys businesses and reputation.
The Companys effective tax rate is impacted by changes in the mix among earnings in countries with differing statutory tax rates, changes in the valuation allowance of deferred tax assets or changes in tax laws. The amount of income taxes and other taxes paid can be adversely impacted by changes in statutory tax rates and laws and are subject to ongoing audits by domestic and international authorities. If these audits result in assessments different from amounts estimated, then the Companys financial results may be adversely affected by unfavorable tax adjustments.
The Company and certain of its subsidiaries are, and from time to time may become, parties to a number of legal proceedings incidental to their businesses involving alleged injuries arising out of the use of their products, exposure to hazardous substances or patent infringement, employment matters and commercial disputes. The defense of these lawsuits may require significant expenses, divert managements attention, and the Company may be required to pay damages that could adversely affect its financial condition. In addition, any insurance or indemnification rights that the Company may have may be insufficient or unavailable to protect it against potential loss exposures.
Dover companies own patents, trademarks, licenses and other forms of intellectual property related to their products. Dover companies employ various measures to maintain and protect their intellectual property. These measures may not prevent their intellectual property from being challenged, invalidated or circumvented, particularly in countries where intellectual property rights are not highly developed or protected. Unauthorized use of these intellectual property rights could adversely impact the competitive position of Dovers companies and have a negative impact on their revenue, operating profits and cash flows.
The Company expects to continue its strategy of seeking to acquire value creating add-on businesses that broaden its existing companies and their global reach as well as, in the right circumstances, strategically pursuing larger, stand-alone businesses that have the potential to either complement its existing companies or allow the Company to pursue a new platform. However, there can be no assurance that the Company will find suitable businesses to purchase or that the associated price would be acceptable. If the Company is unsuccessful in its acquisition efforts, then its ability to continue to grow at rates similar to prior years could be adversely affected. In addition, a completed acquisition may underperform relative to expectations, be unable to achieve synergies originally anticipated, or require the payment of additional expenses for assumed liabilities. Further, failure to allocate capital appropriately could also result in over exposure in certain markets and geographies. These factors could potentially have an adverse impact on the Companys operating profits and cash flows. The inability to dispose of non-core assets and businesses on satisfactory terms and conditions and within the expected time frame could also have an adverse affect on our results of operations.
Three major ratings agencies (Moodys, Standard and Poors, and Fitch Ratings) evaluate the Companys credit profile on an ongoing basis and have each assigned high ratings for the Companys long-term debt as of December 31, 2009. In February 2010, the Company met with Moodys, Standard Poors and Fitch Ratings. All agencies reaffirmed their current credit ratings for the Company. Although the Company does not anticipate a material change in its credit ratings, if the Companys current credit ratings deteriorate, then its borrowing costs could increase, including increased fees under the Five-Year Credit Facility and the Companys access to future sources of liquidity may be adversely affected.
The number, type, location and size of the Companys properties as of December 31, 2009 are shown on the following charts, by segment:
The facilities are generally well maintained and suitable for the operations conducted.
During 2009, the Company had a net reduction of 23 manufacturing and warehouse facilities reflecting the Companys restructuring activities in response to the current economic climate. These reductions and plant consolidations are not expected to restrict the Companys ability to meet customer needs should economic conditions improve materially in 2010.
In November 2009, the Company announced that it would relocate its corporate headquarters from New York City to Downers Grove, Illinois during the second quarter of 2010 and the relocation is anticipated to be completed during the summer. The move will essentially consolidate the corporate management team into one location which will improve communication and strategic decision making and facilitate performance efficiencies.
A few of the Companys subsidiaries are involved in legal proceedings relating to the cleanup of waste disposal sites identified under federal and state statutes which provide for the allocation of such costs among potentially responsible parties. In each instance, the extent of the subsidiarys liability appears to be very small in relation to the total projected expenditures and the number of other potentially responsible parties involved and it is anticipated to be immaterial to the Company. In addition, a few of the Companys subsidiaries are involved in ongoing remedial activities at certain plant sites, in cooperation with regulatory agencies, and appropriate reserves have been established.
The Company and certain of its subsidiaries are, and from time to time may become, parties to a number of other legal proceedings incidental to their businesses. These proceedings primarily involve claims by private parties alleging injury arising out of the use of products of Dover companies, exposure to hazardous substances or patent infringement, employment matters and commercial disputes. Management and legal counsel periodically review the probable outcome of such proceedings, the costs and expenses reasonably expected to be incurred, the availability and extent of insurance coverage, and established reserves. While it is not possible to predict the outcome of these legal actions or any need for additional reserves, in the opinion of management, based on these reviews, it is unlikely that the disposition of the lawsuits and the other matters mentioned above will have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial position, results of operations, cash flows or competitive position.
No matter was submitted to a vote of the Companys security holders in the last quarter of 2009.
Executive Officers of the Registrant
All officers are elected annually at the first meeting of the Board of Directors, following the Companys annual meeting of shareholders, and are subject to removal at any time by the Board of Directors. The executive officers of the Company as of February 19, 2010, and their positions with the Company (and, where relevant, prior business experience) for the past five years, are as follows:
The principal market in which the Companys common stock is traded is the New York Stock Exchange. Information on the high and low sales prices of such stock, and the frequency and the amount of dividends paid during the last two years, is as follows:
The number of holders of record of the Companys Common Stock as of January 29, 2010 was approximately 15,802. This figure includes participants in the Companys 401(k) program.
Information regarding securities authorized for issuance under the Companys equity compensation plans is contained in Part III, Item 12 of this Form 10-K.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
On December 30, 2009 the Company issued 150,991 shares of its common stock to the shareholders of Inpro/Seal Company as partial consideration for the acquisition by Waukesha Bearings Corporation of Inpro/Seal Companys assets. The shares were issued pursuant to Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
The Company did not purchase any shares of its stock during the fourth quarter of 2009.
This performance graph does not constitute soliciting material, is not deemed filed with the SEC and is not incorporated by reference in any of the Companys filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or the Exchange Act of 1934, whether made before or after the date of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and irrespective of any general incorporation language in any such filing, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates this performance graph by reference therein.
Comparison of Five-Year Cumulative Total Return*
Dover Corporation, S&P 500 Index & Peer Group Index
Total Stockholder Returns
Data Source: Hemscott, Inc.
This graph assumes $100 invested on December 31, 2004 in Dover Corporation common stock, the S&P 500 index and a peer group index.
The peer index consists of the following public companies selected by the Company: 3M Company, Actuant Corporation, Agco Corporation, Agilent Technologies Inc., Ametek Inc., Cameron International Corporation, Carlisle Companies Incorporated, Cooper Industries Ltd., Crane Co., Danaher Corporation, Deere & Company, Eaton Corporation, Emerson Electric Co., Flowserve Corporation, FMC Technologies Inc., Honeywell International, Inc., Hubbell Incorporated, IDEX Corporation, Illinois Tool Works Inc., Ingersoll-Rand Company Limited, ITT Corporation, Leggett & Platt Incorporated, Masco Corp., Oshkosh Corp., Paccar Inc., Pall Corporation, Parker-Hannifin Corporation, Pentair Inc., Precision Castparts Corp., Rockwell Automation, Inc., Roper Industries Inc., SPX Corporation, Terex Corporation, The Manitowoc Co., The Timken Company, Tyco International Ltd., United Technologies Corporation, and Weatherford International Ltd.
Selected Company financial information for the years 2005 through 2009 is set forth in the following 5-year Consolidated Table.
All results and data in the table above reflect continuing operations, unless otherwise noted. All periods reflect the impact of certain operations that were discontinued. As a result, the data presented above will not necessarily agree to previously issued financial statements. See Note 3 for additional information on discontinued operations.
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes which appear elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. The Companys actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including those discussed elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, particularly in Item 1A. Risk Factors and in SPECIAL NOTES REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS inside the front cover of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Management assesses the Companys liquidity in terms of its ability to generate cash to fund its operating, investing and financing activities. Significant factors affecting liquidity are: cash flows generated from operating activities, capital expenditures, acquisitions, dispositions, dividends, repurchases of outstanding shares, adequacy of available commercial paper and bank lines of credit, and the ability to attract long-term capital with satisfactory terms. The Company generates substantial cash from operations and remains in a strong financial position, with sufficient liquidity available for reinvestment in existing businesses and strategic acquisitions while managing its capital structure on a short and long-term basis.
Cash and equivalents of $714.4 million at December 31, 2009, increased by $167.0 million from the prior year balance of $547.4 million. Cash and equivalents were invested in highly liquid investment grade money market instruments with maturity of 90 days or less. Short-term investments consist of investment grade time deposits with original maturity dates between three months and one year. Short-term investments of $223.8 million as of December 31, 2009 decreased by $55.7 million from the prior year balance of $279.5 million.
The Companys total cash, cash equivalents and short-term investment balance of $938.2 million at December 31, 2009, includes $813.8 million held outside of the United States.
The following table is derived from the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows:
Cash flows provided by operating activities for 2009 decreased $208.4 million from the prior year primarily reflecting lower earnings on reduced sales from continuing operations and increased contributions to employee benefit plans partially offset by improvements in working capital.
Cash used in investing activities during 2009 decreased $195.1 million compared to 2008, largely reflecting reduced capital expenditures and net purchases of short-term investments partially offset by higher acquisition costs and higher proceeds from the sale of a business in 2008. Cash acquisition spending was $222.0 million (excluding $6.4 million of consideration paid in the form of common stock) during 2009 compared to $103.8 million in the prior year. Capital expenditures during 2009 decreased 31.7% to $120.0 million compared to $175.8 million in the prior year due to discretionary management spend in response to the economic environment. The Company currently anticipates that any acquisitions made during 2010 will be funded from available cash and internally generated funds, and if necessary, through the issuance of commercial paper, use of established lines of credit or public debt markets. Capital expenditures during 2010 are expected to be approximately 2.3% to 2.5% of revenue.
Cash used in financing activities during 2009 decreased $171.0 million compared to the prior year primarily driven by the absence of share repurchases versus the prior year and reduced proceeds from the exercise of stock options, partially offset by debt repayments and higher dividend payments in 2009.
The Company had no share repurchases in 2009. In May 2007, the Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 10,000,000 shares through May 2012. Approximately 8.9 million shares remain authorized for repurchase under this five year authorization as of December 31, 2009.
During the twelve months ended December 31, 2008, pursuant to a separate $500 million share repurchase program approved by the Board of Directors in the fourth quarter of 2007, the Company repurchased 10,000,000 shares of its common stock in the open market at an average price of $46.15 per share. As of December 31, 2008, the Company had completed the purchases of all shares authorized under this $500 million share repurchase program.
Adjusted Working Capital
Adjusted Working Capital (a non-GAAP measure calculated as accounts receivable, plus inventory, less accounts payable) decreased from the prior year by $183.3 million, or 14.4%, to $1,092.6 million which reflected a decrease in receivables of $134.4 million, a decrease in net inventory of $65.3 million and a decrease in accounts payable of $16.4 million, generally due to active working capital management in a lower revenue environment. Excluding acquisitions, dispositions, and the effects of foreign exchange translation of $21.1 million, Adjusted Working Capital would have decreased by $246.2 million, or 19.3%. Average Annual Adjusted Working Capital as a percentage of revenue (a non-GAAP measure calculated as the five-quarter average balance of accounts receivable, plus inventory, less accounts payable divided by the trailing twelve months of revenue) increased to 19.9% at December 31, 2009 from 18.3% at December 31, 2008, and inventory turns were 6.2 at December 31, 2009 compared to 7.1 at December 31, 2008.
In addition to measuring its cash flow generation and usage based upon the operating, investing and financing classifications included in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, the Company also measures free cash flow (a non-GAAP measure). Management believes that free cash flow is an important measure of operating performance because it provides management and investors a measurement of cash generated from operations that is available to repay debt, pay dividends, fund acquisitions and repurchase the Companys common stock. For further information, see Non-GAAP Disclosures at the end of this Item 7.
Free Cash Flow
Free cash flow for the year ended December 31, 2009 was $682.1 million or 11.8% of revenue compared to $834.6 million or 11.0% of revenue in the prior year. The 2009 decrease in free cash flow reflects lower earnings from continuing operations and higher employee benefit contributions partially offset by improvements in working capital and a decrease in capital expenditures as compared to the prior year. The increase in free cash flow as a percentage of revenue is due to active management of adjusted working capital in a lower revenue environment.
The following table is a reconciliation of free cash flow to cash flows from operating activities
At December 31, 2009, the Companys net property, plant, and equipment totaled $828.9 million compared to $872.1 million at the end of 2008. The decrease in net property, plant and equipment reflected depreciation of $159.6 million and disposals of $21.7 million, partially offset by capital expenditures of $120.0 million, acquisitions of $11.6 million and $12.3 million related to foreign currency fluctuations.
The aggregate of current and deferred income tax assets and liabilities decreased from a $240.7 million net liability at the beginning of the year to a net liability of $222.3 million at year-end 2009. This resulted primarily from a decrease in deferred tax liabilities related to intangible assets and accounts receivable, partially offset by an increase in deferred tax assets related to net operating loss and other carryforwards.
The Companys consolidated benefit obligation related to defined and supplemental retirement benefits increased by $31.0 million in 2009. The increase was due primarily to interest costs of $37.6 million, benefits earned of $20.2 million, currency changes of $10.3 million, business acquisitions of $7.2 million, a net actuarial loss of $7.1 million, and other changes, partially offset by benefits paid of $54.5 million. In 2009, plan assets increased $56.9 million primarily due to Company contributions of $77.5 million, investment returns of $24.0 million, currency and other changes amounting to $7.2 million, partially offset by $54.5 million in benefits paid during the year. It is anticipated that the Companys defined and supplemental retirement benefits expense will decrease from $36.5 million in 2009 to approximately $32.4 million in 2010.
The Company utilizes the net debt to total capitalization calculation (a non-GAAP measure) to assess its overall financial leverage and capacity and believes the calculation is useful to investors for the same reason. The following table provides a reconciliation of net debt to total capitalization to the most directly comparable GAAP measures:
The total debt level of $1,860.9 million at December 31, 2009 decreased $224.8 million from December 31, 2008 due to repayment of commercial paper borrowings of $192.8 million and a decrease in long-term debt of $32.0 million. Net debt at December 31, 2009 decreased $336.1 million as a result of the decrease in total debt, a decrease in adjusted working capital and the absence of share repurchases in 2009.
The Companys long-term debt instruments had a book value of $1,860.9 million on December 31, 2009 and a fair value of approximately $1,954.6 million. On December 31, 2008, the Companys long-term debt instruments had a book value of $1,892.9 million and a fair value of approximately $2,018.5 million.
The Company believes that existing sources of liquidity are adequate to meet anticipated funding needs at comparable risk-based interest rates for the foreseeable future. Acquisition spending and/or share repurchases could potentially increase the Companys debt. However, management anticipates that the net debt to total capitalization ratio will remain generally consistent with historical levels. Operating cash flow and access to capital markets are expected to satisfy the Companys various cash flow requirements, including acquisitions and capital expenditures.
Management is not aware of any potential deterioration to the Companys liquidity. Under the Companys $1 billion 5-year unsecured revolving credit facility with a syndicate of banks, which expires in November 2012, the Company is required to maintain an interest coverage ratio of EBITDA to consolidated net interest expense of not less than 3.5 to 1. The Company was in compliance with this covenant and its other long-term debt covenants at December 31, 2009 and had a coverage ratio of 9.1 to 1. It is anticipated that in 2010 any funding requirements above cash generated from operations will be met through the issuance of commercial paper. Given the current economic conditions, the Company fully expects to remain in compliance with all of its debt covenants.
The Company periodically enters into financial transactions specifically to hedge its exposures to various items, including, but not limited to, interest rate and foreign exchange rate risk. Through various programs, the
Company hedges its cash flow exposures to foreign exchange rate risk by entering into foreign exchange forward contracts and collars. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes and does not have a material portfolio of derivative financial instruments.
The Companys long-term debt with a book value of $1,860.9 million includes $35.6 million which matures in less than one year and had a fair value of approximately $1,954.6 million at December 31, 2009. The estimated fair value of the long-term debt is based on quoted market prices, and present value techniques used to value similar instruments.
During the second quarter ended June 30, 2008, the Company repaid its $150 million 6.25% Notes due June 1, 2008. In addition, on March 14, 2008, the Company issued $350 million of 5.45% Notes due 2018 and $250 million of 6.60% Notes due 2038. The net proceeds of $594.1 million from the notes were used to repay borrowings under the Companys commercial paper program, and were reflected in long-term debt in the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2008. The notes and debentures are redeemable at the option of the Company in whole or in part at any time at a redemption price that includes a make-whole premium, with accrued interest to the redemption date.
During the first quarter of 2008, Dover entered into several interest rate swaps in anticipation of the debt financing completed on March 14, 2008 which, upon settlement, resulted in a net gain of $1.2 million which was deferred and is being amortized over the lives of the related notes.
There is an outstanding swap agreement for a total notional amount of $50.0 million, or CHF65.1 million, which swaps the U.S. 6-month LIBOR rate and the Swiss Franc 6-month LIBOR rate. This agreement hedges a portion of the Companys net investment in non-U.S. operations and the fair value outstanding at December 31, 2009 includes a loss of $13.3 million which was based on quoted market prices for similar instruments (uses Level 2 inputs under the ASC 820 hierarchy). This hedge is effective.
During the third quarter of 2008, the Company entered into a foreign currency hedge which was subsequently settled within the quarter in anticipation of a potential acquisition, which did not occur. As a result of terminating the hedge, the Company recorded a gain of $2.4 million in the third quarter ended September 30, 2008.
At December 31, 2008, the Company had open foreign exchange forward purchase contracts expiring through December 2009 related to cash flow and fair value hedges of foreign currency exposures. The fair values of these contracts were based on quoted market prices for identical instruments as of December 31, 2008 (uses Level 1 inputs ASC 820 hierarchy).
The details of the open contracts as of December 31, 2009 are as follows:
The Companys credit ratings, which are independently developed by the respective rating agencies, are as follows for the years ended December 31:
A summary of the Companys undiscounted long-term debt, commitments and obligations as of December 31, 2009 and the years when these obligations are expected to be due is as follows:
2009 COMPARED TO 2008
Consolidated Results of Operations
Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased 24% compared to 2008, due to decreases experienced across all four segments primarily driven by a $837.7 million or 34% decrease at Industrial Products and a $443.1 million or 26% decrease at Fluid Management as a result of lower demand and sales volume stemming from general unfavorable economic conditions. Revenue decreased at Engineered Systems by $148.4 million or 7% due to lower sales volume in core businesses which was offset by the incremental revenue from the 2009 acquisitions. Overall, the Companys organic revenue growth decreased 23.9% with an unfavorable decrease in foreign exchange of 1.7% partially offset by a favorable impact of 1.9% in net growth from acquisitions. Gross profit decreased 23% to $2,099.1 million from 2008 while the gross profit margin remained essentially flat at 36.3% and 36.1%, in 2009 and 2008, respectively.
Selling and Administrative Expenses
Selling and administrative expenses of $1,511.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 decreased $189.6 million over the comparable 2008 period, primarily due to decreased revenue activity, cost curtailment efforts and integration programs partially offset by restructuring charges. Selling and administrative expenses as a percentage of revenue increased to 26% from 22% in the prior year reflecting reduced revenue levels and restructuring charges of $50.2 million.
Interest Expense, net
Interest expense, net, increased 5% to $100.4 million for 2009, compared to $96.0 million for 2008 primarily due to lower average outstanding commercial paper balances during the period more than offset by cash and investments that were reinvested at lower interest rates during the later part of the year. Interest expense for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 was $116.2 million and $130.2 million, respectively. Interest income for the years ended December 31, 2009 and 2008 was $15.8 million and $34.2 million, respectively.
Other Expense (Income), net
Other expense (income), net for 2009 and 2008 of ($4.0) million and ($12.7) million, respectively, was driven primarily related to the effect of foreign exchange fluctuations on assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other the Companys functional currency.
The effective tax rates for continuing operations for 2009 was 24.4% compared to the prior year rate of 26.6%. The effective tax rate for 2009 was improved by $31.6 million of net benefits recognized for tax positions that were effectively settled primarily in the second and fourth quarters of 2009. The effective tax rate for 2008 was favorably impacted by $26.3 million of net benefits recognized for tax positions that were primarily settled in the third and fourth quarters of 2008. The full year 2009 rate reflects the favorable impact of benefits recognized for tax positions that were effectively settled and the favorable impact of a higher percentage of non-U.S. earnings in low tax rate jurisdictions.
Net earnings for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009 were $356.4 million or $1.91 dilutive earnings per share (EPS) including a loss from discontinued operations of $15.5 million or $0.08 EPS, compared to net earnings of $590.8 million or $3.12 dilutive EPS for the same period of 2008, including a loss from discontinued operations of $103.9 million or $0.55 EPS. The losses from discontinued operations in 2009 include approximately $10.3 million, net of tax, related to a write-down of a business held for sale. The losses from discontinued operations in 2008 largely reflect a loss provision for a business held for sale, as well as tax expenses and tax accruals related to ongoing Federal tax settlements and state tax assessments. Refer to Note 3 in the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on discontinued operations.
In addition to these factors, earnings across all platforms were also negatively impacted by restructuring charges as noted below, partially offset by benefits captured from business restructuring and integration programs completed to date.
The Companys synergy capture programs and the restructuring initiatives launched during 2008, were continued throughout 2009. The Company was able to respond to the economic downturn through strategic restructuring efforts undertaken by management which yielded savings of approximately $125 million in 2009. The 2010 benefits from these restructuring efforts are expected to range from $30 million to $40 million. During 2009, the Company had a net reduction in its workforce of approximately 2,950, or 9%, and a net reduction of 23 manufacturing and warehouse facilities. The Company does not anticipate a significant reduction to its workforce in 2010 and will continue to monitor business activity across its markets served and adjust capacity as necessary pending the economic climate.
From time to time, the Company has initiated various restructuring programs at its operating companies as noted above and has recorded severance and other restructuring costs in connection with purchase accounting for acquisitions prior to January 1, 2009.
At December 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company had reserves related to severance and other restructuring activities of $16.8 million and $31.0 million, respectively. During 2009, the Company recorded $72.1 million in additional charges and made $66.8 million in payments and $19.5 million of non-cash write-downs related to reserve balances. For 2009, approximately $21.9 million and $50.2 million of restructuring charges were recorded in cost of goods and services and selling and administrative expenses, respectively, in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. During 2008, the Company recorded $27.4 million in additional charges and $5.6 million in purchase accounting reserves related to acquisitions, partially offset by other non-cash write-downs of $2.3 million and payments of $28.1 million.
Current Economic Environment
With few exceptions, the Company experienced lower demand across all of its end markets resulting in lower bookings and backlog in the fourth quarter of 2008 through the first half of 2009, with modest improvements in certain segments in the second half of 2009. Although this downturn had a significant adverse impact on revenue and earnings for the year, the Company maintained double-digit margin levels and generated free cash flow in excess of 10% as a percentage of revenue. The structural changes made over the last few years, becoming less dependent on capital goods markets and having greater recurring revenue, together with improved working capital management and strong pricing discipline partially offset the impact of the economic downturn during 2009. As discussed above in the Liquidity and Capital Resources section, the Company believes that existing sources of liquidity are adequate to meet anticipated funding needs at comparable risk-based interest rates.
The Company estimates full year organic growth to be in the range of 4% to 6% (inclusive of a foreign currency impact of 1%) and acquisition related growth to be around 3% for transactions completed in 2009. Based on these revenue assumptions and profitability expectations, the Company has projected that its diluted earnings per share from continuing operations will be in the range of $2.35 to $2.65 and expects its earnings to follow a traditional seasonal pattern of being higher in the second and third quarters. The Company also remains focused on key initiatives including the corporate development program, post merger integration process and supply chain initiative among others.
Segment Results of Operations
Industrial Products revenue and earnings decreased by 34% and 53%, respectively, as compared to the prior year primarily due to general economic conditions as well as the continued downturn in infrastructure, energy, and transportation markets. The segment decline in revenue primarily reflected a core business decrease of 33% and an unfavorable impact of 1.0% due to foreign exchange. Earnings and margin were impacted by decreased revenue and $17.5 million in restructuring charges. The segment has experienced modest improvement in commercial activity across markets served during the fourth quarter of 2009.
Material Handling revenue and earnings decreased 42% and 73%, respectively, when compared to the prior year. The platform experienced significant challenges in its core infrastructure, automotive, construction equipment and energy markets which were partially offset by an increase in military demand. The decrease in revenue coupled with restructuring charges of $11.0 million negatively impacted earnings. Although bookings are down 47% as compared to 2008, the platforms served end markets have stabilized in the fourth quarter.
Mobile Equipment revenue and earnings decreased 27% and 29%, respectively, over the prior year. The strength of the military market during the year was offset by challenges in the energy, bulk transport and vehicle service markets. Earnings at the platform were primarily impacted by lower revenue and restructuring charges of $6.5 million.
Engineered Systems revenue and earnings decreased by 7% and 18%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The decline in revenue was primarily driven by an 11% decline in core business revenue (excluding acquisitions) as a result of general softness in the markets served by the segment and an unfavorable impact of foreign exchange of 3%. The acquisitions of Tyler, Ala Cart, Inc. and Barker Company in the Engineered Products platform and Extech Instruments in the Product Identification platform accounted for 7% revenue growth. The earnings decline was substantially driven by the softness in most end markets served, $18.4 million of restructuring charges and $6.2 million of acquisition related expenses.
Engineered Products revenue and earnings decreased by 2% and 10%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. Lower sales volume throughout our core businesses (most notably refrigeration equipment) were partially offset by acquisition revenue. The earnings decline resulted from lower sales volume in commercial cooling, HVAC and packaging equipment, restructuring charges of $6.9 million and $6.2 million of acquisition related expenses.
Product Identification platform revenue and earnings declined 13% and 18%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. Core revenue decreased 10% due to lower sales volume in the Direct Marketing and Bar Coding business with the balance of the revenue decline due to foreign exchange. The platform incurred $11.5 million in restructuring charges during the year.
Fluid Managements revenue and earnings decreased by 26% and 33%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The decline in revenue was primarily driven by a 25% decline in core business revenue and an unfavorable impact of foreign exchange of 2%. The decline in revenue was partially offset by the full year effect of 2008 acquisitions and a 2009 acquisition (1%). The earnings decline was driven by reduced revenue, $9.7 million in restructuring charges and acquisition related expenses of $2.5 million.
The Energy platforms revenue and earnings decreased 33% and 38%, respectively, as compared to the prior year. The decline in revenue is a result of lower demand in the oil, gas and power generation industries, partially offset by the impact of 2008 and 2009 acquisitions. The platform has experienced a recent increase in revenue growth stemming from increases in active North American drilling rigs. The decrease in earnings is a result of lower sales volume, restructuring charges of $3.0 million and acquisition related expenses of $2.5 million, partially offset by operational improvements and cost savings as a result of restructuring activities. Waukesha Bearings acquired Inpro/Seal Company on December 30, 2009 which accounted for the majority of the acquisition costs.
The Fluid Solutions platform revenue and earnings decreased 17% and 20%, respectively, as compared to the prior year due to lower demand in the their various industrial markets. Decreased earnings reflect lower sales volume and $6.7 million of restructuring charges.
Electronic Technologies revenue and earnings decreased 26% and 57%, respectively, as compared to the prior year primarily driven by weak demand for telecom components and electronic assembly and test equipment. The decline in core revenue was 24% and there was a 2% unfavorable impact on revenue from foreign exchange. Micro Electronic Mechanical Systems (MEMS) products continue to show increased customer adoption, while military and space programs continue to provide a constructive business climate for our electronic component companies. Earnings for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009 were negatively impacted by lower sales volume and $26.6 million of restructuring charges. In addition, the comparability of 2009 earnings is impacted by the favorable impact of 2008 earnings, which included a $7.5 million gain on the sale of a business (semi-conductor test handling).
2008 COMPARED TO 2007
Consolidated Results of Operations
Revenue for the year ended December 31, 2008 increased 3% over 2007, due to increases of $232.0 million at Fluid Management, $52.2 million at Industrial Products and $6.0 million at Electronic Technologies. These revenue increases were due to positive market fundamentals and acquisitions at Fluid Management, while Engineered Systems revenue decreased $41.7 million due to weakness in markets served by the Engineered Products platform. Overall, Dovers organic revenue growth was 1%, net acquisition growth was 1% and the impact from foreign exchange was 1%. Gross profit increased 4% to $2,730.0 million from 2007 while the gross profit margin remained essentially flat at 36.1% and 35.8%, in 2008 and 2007, respectively.
Selling and Administrative Expenses
Selling and administrative expenses of $1,700.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2008 increased $86.7 million over the comparable 2007 period, primarily due to increased revenue activity, increased professional fees and restructuring charges.
Interest Expense, net
Interest expense, net, increased 7% to $96.0 million for 2008, compared to $89.6 million for 2007. The increase was due to higher average outstanding borrowings used to fund purchases of the Companys common stock and higher average commercial paper rates.
Other Expense (Income), net
Other expense (income), net for 2008 and 2007 of ($12.7) million and $3.5 million, respectively, was driven primarily by foreign exchange gains and losses, partially offset by other miscellaneous income.
The 2008 and 2007 tax rate for continuing operations was 26.6% in both periods, each favorably impacted by the mix of non-U.S. earnings in low-taxed overseas jurisdictions.
Net earnings for the twelve months ended December 31, 2008 were $590.8 million or $3.12 EPS, which included a loss from discontinued operations of $103.9 million or $0.55 EPS, compared to net earnings of $661.1 million or $3.26 EPS for the same period of 2007, including a loss from discontinued operations of $8.7 million or $0.04 EPS. The losses from discontinued operations in 2008 largely reflect a loss provision for a business expected to be sold in 2009, as well as tax expenses and tax accruals related to ongoing Federal tax settlements and state tax assessments. Refer to Note 3 in the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on discontinued operations.
Segment Results of Operations
Industrial Products increase in revenue over the prior year was primarily due to strength in the military and solid waste management markets as well as the impact of the December 2007 acquisition of Industrial Motion Control LLC (IMC), and the March 2008 acquisition of Lantec Winch and Gear Inc. Overall, the segment had 2% revenue growth from its core businesses and acquisition growth of 3%, which was partially offset by the sale of a line of business. Earnings declined 4% when compared to the prior year substantially due to weakness in the construction and the North American auto service markets, and restructuring costs.
Material Handling revenue decreased 1% while earnings decreased 5% when compared to the prior year. Revenue and earnings growth in the industrial winch business was more than offset by softness in the infrastructure, industrial automation and automotive markets. In addition, the platform incurred additional expenses related to its ongoing cost reduction and integration activities.
Mobile Equipment revenue and earnings increased 5% and 2%, respectively, over the prior year. The revenue increase was primarily due to core business growth as the platform continued to experience strength in the aerospace, military and solid waste management markets. Softness in the automotive service and bulk transport end markets partially offset the increases experienced in other markets.
Engineered Systems decreases in revenue and earnings over the prior year of 2% and 5%, respectively, were primarily driven by the Engineered Products platform. Overall, the segment had a 4% decline in revenue from its core businesses which was partially offset by the favorable impact of currency rates of 2%.
Engineered Products revenue and earnings decreased 5% and 15%, respectively, over the prior year due to weaker sales of retail food equipment and softness in the beverage can equipment business. In addition to the reduction in overall sales volume during the year, the platforms earnings were negatively impacted by currency exchange rates, restructuring and a $6.6 million one-time charge primarily related to inventory. Partially offsetting these declines were the results of the heat exchanger and foodservice businesses which experienced continued strength throughout 2008.
Product Identification platform revenue and earnings both increased 1% over 2007. The revenue growth was primarily due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange as the core businesses in the platform experienced lower volume. Despite the decline in core business revenue, the platform was able to maintain margins consistent with the prior year due to on-going integration activities across the platform.
Fluid Management revenue and earnings increased 16% and 27%, respectively, over 2007 due to strength in the oil, gas, and power generation sectors served by the Energy platform as well as the diverse markets served by the Fluid Solutions platform. Overall, the segment had organic revenue growth of 12%, acquisition growth of 3%, with the remainder due to the favorable impact of foreign exchange.
The Energy platforms revenue increased 21% while its earnings improved 32%, when compared to 2007, due to strength in the oil and gas markets and increasing power generation demand. Earnings and margin benefited from the higher volume and operational improvements.
The Fluid Solutions platform revenue increased 10% and earnings improved 20% due to acquisitions and strength in the markets served by its core businesses. In general, demand remained strong for pumps, dispensing systems, and connectors. Earnings and margins improved due to a favorable business mix and cost savings from the platforms ongoing cost reduction activities.
Electronic Technologies revenue was flat while earnings increased 7% when compared to the prior year. Revenue increases in the micro-acoustic component business were offset by a softening in the other markets served by the segment resulting in a 3% decline in core business revenue, excluding favorable foreign exchange rates. The segments earnings benefited from the increased volume in the micro-acoustic component business, a $7.5 million gain from the sale of a line of business (semi-conductor test handling), and cost savings from restructuring activities that were implemented in the first quarter of 2008.
Critical Accounting Policies
The Companys consolidated financial statements and related public financial information are based on the application of generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP). GAAP requires the use of estimates, assumptions, judgments and subjective interpretations of accounting principles that have an impact on the assets, liabilities, revenue and expense amounts reported. These estimates can also affect supplemental information contained in the public disclosures of the Company, including information regarding contingencies, risk and its financial condition. The Company believes its use of estimates and underlying accounting assumptions conform to GAAP and are consistently applied. Valuations based on estimates are reviewed for reasonableness on a consistent basis throughout the Company. The Company believes that its significant accounting policies are primary areas where the financial information of the Company is subject to the use of estimates, assumptions and the application of judgement which include the following areas:
Adoption of New Accounting Standards
In December 2007, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 805, Business Combinations (ASC 805), which retains the fundamental requirements that the acquisition method of accounting (the purchase method) be used for all business combinations and for an acquirer to be identified for each business combination. In general, the statement 1) extends its applicability to all events where one entity obtains control over one or more other businesses, 2) broadens the use of fair value measurements used to recognize the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, 3) changes the accounting for acquisition related fees and restructuring costs incurred in connection with an acquisition, and 4) increases required disclosures. The Company has applied the provisions of this guidance prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after January 1, 2009. The impact of these provisions did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements since its adoption.
In April 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 805 for the initial recognition and measurement, subsequent measurement and accounting, and disclosures for assets and liabilities arising from contingencies in business combinations. ASC 805 eliminates the distinction between contractual and non-contractual contingencies. The Company has applied the provisions of this guidance prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after January 1, 2009. The impact of these provisions did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements since its adoption.
In April 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 350, Goodwill and Other Intangibles (ASC 350) and ASC 275, Risks and Uncertainties (ASC 275), to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the intangible asset. ASC 350 and ASC 275 amend the factors to be considered when developing renewal or extension assumptions that are used to estimate an intangible assets useful life. The guidance is to be applied prospectively to intangible assets acquired after December 31, 2008. In addition, ASC 350 and ASC 275 increase the disclosure requirements related to renewal or extension assumptions. The Company has applied the provisions of this guidance to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after January 1, 2009. The impact of ASC 350 and ASC 275 did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements since its adoption.
In December 2008, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 715, Compensation Retirement Benefits (ASC 715) which amends the disclosure requirements about plan assets of a defined pension or other postretirement plan. The provisions of this guidance require disclosure of 1) how investment allocation decisions are made, including factors that are pertinent to an understanding of the investment policies and strategies, 2) the fair value of each major category of plan assets, 3) the inputs and valuation techniques used to determine fair value and 4) an understanding of significant concentration of risk in plan assets. The provisions of this guidance become effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2009 and are to be applied prospectively. The adoption of the amendments under ASC 715 did not have a material impact on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
In May 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 855, Subsequent Events (ASC 855) which establishes general standards of accounting for and disclosures of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or are available to be issued. ASC 855 became effective for interim or annual financial periods ending after June 15, 2009 and was adopted in the second quarter of 2009. The adoption of ASC 855 did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
In June 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 105, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (ASC 105), which establishes the FASB Accounting Standards Codification (Codification) as the source of authoritative accounting principles recognized by the FASB to be applied by nongovernmental entities in the preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. ASC 105 became effective for financial statements issued for interim periods ended after September 15, 2009. All content within the Codification carries the same level of authority. The adoption of ASC 105 did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
In April 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 825, Financial Instruments (ASC 825) to require disclosures about fair value of financial instruments not measured on the balance sheet at fair value in interim financial statements as well as in annual financial statements. The provisions of this guidance require all entities to disclose the methods and significant assumptions used to estimate the fair value of financial instruments. ASC 825 became effective for interim periods ended after June 15, 2009 and does not require comparative disclosure for earlier periods presented upon initial adoption. The adoption of ASC 825 did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
Effective December 31, 2006, the Company applied certain provisions of ASC 715 which required companies to report the funded status of their defined benefit pension and other postretirement benefit plans on their balance sheets as a net liability or asset. Upon adoption at December 31, 2006, the Company recorded a net reduction to shareholders equity of $123.5 million, net of tax. In addition, effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2008, the new standard required companies to measure benefit obligations and plan assets as of a Companys fiscal year end (December 31, 2008 for the Company), using one of the methods prescribed in the standard. The Company adopted the new valuation date requirements using the 15-month alternative, as prescribed in the standard, which resulted in a charge of approximately $5.8 million, net of tax, to retained earnings during the fourth quarter of 2008.
In September 2006, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820) which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in GAAP, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. For financial assets and liabilities, this guidance was effective for fiscal periods beginning after November 15, 2007 and did not require any new fair value measurements. The
adoption of this guidance on January 1, 2008 did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements. In February 2008, the FASB delayed the effective date for nonfinancial assets and liabilities to fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008, except for items that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). The adoption of the provisions of ASC 820 related to non-financial assets did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
In February 2007, the FASB issued authoritative guidance under ASC 825 which permits entities to choose to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. This statement became effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, including interim periods within that fiscal year. The Company did not elect the fair value option for any of its existing financial instruments as of December 31, 2008 and the Company has not determined whether or not it will elect this option for financial instruments it may acquire in the future.
Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted certain provisions under ASC 740, Income Taxes (ASC 740) which specifies the way companies are to account for uncertainty in income tax reporting, and prescribes a methodology for recognizing, reversing and measuring the tax benefits of a tax position taken, or expected to be taken, in a tax return. As a result of adopting the new standard, the Company recorded a $58.2 million increase to reserves as a cumulative effect decrease to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2007, of which $53.4 million was included in continuing operations. Including this cumulative effect adjustment, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits, net of indirect benefits and deposits, of $190.5 million at January 1, 2007, of which $35.4 million related to accrued interest and penalties. The portion of the unrecognized tax benefits at January 1, 2007 included in continuing operations totaled $147.6 million, of which $28.0 million related to accrued interest and penalties.
In an effort to provide investors with additional information regarding the Companys results as determined by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the Company also discloses non-GAAP information which management believes provides useful information to investors. Free cash flow, net debt, total debt, total capitalization, adjusted working capital, average annual adjusted working capital, revenues excluding the impact of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and organic revenue growth are not financial measures under GAAP and should not be considered as a substitute for cash flows from operating activities, debt or equity, revenue and working capital as determined in accordance with GAAP, and they may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies. Management believes the (1) net debt to total capitalization ratio and (2) free cash flow are important measures of operating performance and liquidity. Net debt to total capitalization is helpful in evaluating the Companys capital structure and the amount of leverage it employs. Free cash flow provides both management and investors a measurement of cash generated from operations that is available to fund acquisitions, pay dividends, repay debt and repurchase the Companys common stock. Reconciliations of free cash flow, total debt and net debt can be found above in this Item 7, Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation. Management believes that reporting adjusted working capital (also sometimes called working capital), which is calculated as accounts receivable, plus inventory, less accounts payable, provides a meaningful measure of the Companys operational results by showing the changes caused solely by revenue. Management believes that reporting adjusted working capital and revenues at constant currency, which excludes the positive or negative impact of fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, provides a meaningful measure of the Companys operational changes, given the global nature of Dovers businesses. Management believes that reporting organic revenue growth, which excludes the impact of foreign currency exchange rates and the impact of acquisitions, provides a useful comparison of the Companys revenue performance and trends between periods.
The Companys exposure to market risk for changes in interest rates relates primarily to the fair value of long-term fixed interest rate debt, interest rate swaps attached thereto, commercial paper borrowings and investments in cash equivalents. Generally, the fair market value of fixed-interest rate debt will increase as interest rates fall and decrease as interest rates rise.
The Company conducts business in various non-U.S. countries, primarily in Canada, Mexico, substantially all of the European countries, Brazil, Argentina, Malaysia, China, India and other Asian countries. Therefore, changes in the value of the currencies of these countries affect the Companys financial position and cash flows when translated into U.S. Dollars. The Company has generally accepted the exposure to exchange rate movements relative to its investment in non-U.S. operations. The Company may, from time to time, for a specific exposure, enter into fair value hedges. Certain individual operating companies that have foreign exchange exposure have established formal policies to mitigate risk in this area by using fair value and/or cash flow hedging. The Company has mitigated and will continue to mitigate a portion of its currency exposure through operation of non-U.S. operating companies in which the majority of all costs are local-currency based. A change of 5% or less in the value of all foreign currencies would not have a material effect on the Companys financial position and cash flows.
(All other schedules are not required and have been omitted)
The management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f).
The Companys management assessed the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009. In making this assessment, the Companys management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) in Internal Control Integrated Framework .
Based on its assessment under the criteria set forth in Internal Control Integrated Framework , management concluded that, as of December 31, 2009, the Companys internal control over financial reporting was effective to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
In making its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009, management has excluded those companies acquired in purchase business combinations during 2009, which included Tyler Refrigeration, Mechanical Field Services, Ala Cart, Inc., Barker Company, Extech Instruments, and Inpro/Seal Company. These companies are wholly-owned by the Company and their total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2009 represents approximately 2.3% of the Companys consolidated total revenue for the same period and their assets represent approximately 3.1% of the Companys consolidated assets as of December 31, 2009.
The effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009 has been audited by PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their attestation report which appears herein.
To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Dover Corporation:
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Dover Corporation and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2009 and 2008, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2009 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009 based on criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Companys management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, appearing under Item 8. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Companys internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.
As discussed in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed the manner in which it accounts for uncertain income tax positions in 2007.
A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
As described in Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Tyler Refrigeration, Mechanical Field Services LP., Ala Cart, Inc. Barker Company, Extech Instruments and Inpro/Seal Company from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2009 because they were acquired by the Company in purchase business combinations during 2009. We have also excluded Tyler Refrigeration, Mechanical Field Services LP., Ala Cart, Inc., Barker Company, Extech Instruments and Inpro/Seal Company from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. These companies are wholly owned by the Company and their total assets and revenue represent approximately 3.1% and 2.3%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009.
/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP
New York, New York
February 19, 2010
The following table is a reconciliation of the share amounts used in computing earnings per share:
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Dover Corporation (the Company) is a diversified, multinational manufacturing corporation comprised of operating companies that manufacture a broad range of specialized industrial products and components as well as related services and consumables. The Company also provides engineering, testing and other similar services, which are not significant in relation to consolidated revenue. The Companys operating companies are based primarily in the United States of America and Europe with manufacturing and other operations throughout the world. The Company reports its results in four segments, Industrial Products, Engineered Systems, Fluid Management and Electronic Technologies. For additional information on the Companys segments, see Note 14.
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. Intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of operations of purchased businesses are included from the dates of acquisitions. The assets, liabilities, results of operations and cash flows of all discontinued operations have been separately reported as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Certain amounts in prior years have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.
All of the Companys acquisitions have been accounted for under Accounting Standard Codification (ASC) 805, Business Combinations (ASC 805). Accordingly, the accounts of the acquired companies, after adjustments to reflect fair market values assigned to assets and liabilities, have been included in the consolidated financial statements from their respective dates of acquisition. The 2009 acquisitions (see list below) are wholly-owned and had an aggregate cost of $222.0 million, net of cash acquired, plus the issuance of $6.4 million of common stock for aggregate consideration of $228.4 million at the date of acquisition. There is no material contingent consideration related to the acquisitions at December 31, 2009. In connection with certain acquisitions that occurred prior to January 1, 2009, the Company had reserves related to severance and facility closings of $0.9 million and $27.9 million at December 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2009 the reserves were reduced by payments of $11.6 million and non-cash adjustments of $15.4 million. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2008, the Company recorded payments and non-cash adjustments of $28.1 million and $2.3 million, respectively.
On May 8, 2009, Hill PHOENIX acquired certain assets and intellectual property of Tyler Refrigeration, a manufacturer of refrigerated display merchandiser and refrigeration systems for the food industry which was a unit
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
of Carrier Corporation. Hill PHOENIX also purchased Tylers five service and installation branch businesses. Tyler enhances the Companys portfolio of industry-leading proprietary technology and adds key talent that augments product innovation, engineering, field support and other customer related functions at Hill PHOENIX. The transaction also improves the Companys position in commercial refrigeration.
On November 17, 2009, Hill PHOENIX acquired substantially all of the assets of Barker Company, Limited and all of the issued and outstanding stock of its sister company, Barker Sales and Service, Inc. (collectively the Barker Company). The Barker Company specializes in manufacturing display cases for supermarkets, convenience stores and food service. The Barker Company will complement and substantially increase Hill PHOENIXs specialty product offerings and enable Hill PHOENIX to meet increasing demand for more specialized and highly customized products in the fast-growing specialty merchandiser segment. Hill PHOENIX will also benefit from capabilities sharing, an improved cost position and revenue synergies.
On December 30, 2009, Waukesha Bearings acquired substantially all of the assets of Inpro/Seal Company, a manufacturer of bearing isolator technologies. The purchase included the issuance of approximately 151,000 common shares. These shares have a six month restriction on sale. The acquisition of Inpro/Seal Company adds a broad range of rotating equipment applications and is an adjacent product line to Waukeshas bearing solutions for oil and gas and power generation markets. The Inpro/Seal Company brand has been very successful in North America and, when leveraged across Waukeshas global footprint, is expected to provide opportunities for growth internationally. Waukesha expects to realize additional synergies through the Companys global sourcing initiatives and from joint technology development as manufacturers and end-users of rotating equipment seek more advanced, integrated solutions.
For certain acquisitions that occurred in the fourth quarter of 2009, the Company is in the process of obtaining or finalizing appraisals of tangible and intangible assets and it is continuing to evaluate the initial purchase price allocations, as of the acquisition date, which will be adjusted as additional information relative to the fair values of the assets and liabilities of the businesses become known. Accordingly, management has used their best estimate in the initial purchase price allocation as of the date of these financial statements.
The following table summarizes the estimated fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed as of the dates of all 2009 acquisitions and the amounts assigned to goodwill and intangible asset classifications:
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The amounts assigned to goodwill and major intangible asset classifications by segment for the 2009 acquisitions are as follows:
Pro Forma Information
The following unaudited pro forma information illustrates the effect on the Companys revenue and net earnings for the twelve-month periods ended December 31, 2009 and 2008, assuming that the 2009 and 2008 acquisitions had all taken place on January 1, 2008.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
These pro forma results of operations have been prepared for comparative purposes only and include certain adjustments to actual financial results for the relevant periods, such as imputed financing costs, and estimated additional amortization and depreciation expense as a result of intangibles and fixed assets acquired, measured at fair value. They do not purport to be indicative of the results of operations that actually would have resulted had the acquisitions occurred on the date indicated or that may result in the future.
During the first and fourth quarters of 2009, the Company recorded in aggregate, a $10.3 million (after-tax) write-down to the carrying value of a business held for sale. The write-down and other adjustments resulted in a net after-tax loss on sale of approximately $11.2 million for the year. The after-tax loss from discontinued operations for the twelve months ended December 31, 2009 is approximately $15.5 million. At December 31, 2009, only one business remains held for sale.
During the fourth quarter of 2008 the Company closed on a sale of a line of business in the Electronic Technologies segment resulting in a $7.5 million (after-tax) gain, which was recorded in Selling and administrative expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The major classes of discontinued assets and liabilities included in the Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows:
In addition to the entity currently held for sale in discontinued operations, the assets and liabilities of discontinued operations include residual amounts related to businesses previously sold. These residual amounts include property, plant and equipment, deferred tax assets, short and long-term reserves, and contingencies.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Summarized results of the Companys discontinued operations are detailed in the following table:
Additional information related to the after-tax loss on sale of $101.7 million recorded in discontinued operations during 2008 is as follows:
During 2007, the Company discontinued two businesses, of which one was sold during the same year. In addition, the Company sold five businesses that were previously discontinued. Additional information related to the after-tax loss on sale of $17.1 million recorded in discontinued operations during 2007 is as follows:
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. These estimates may be adjusted due to changes in future economic, industry or customer financial conditions, as well as changes in technology or demand. Significant estimates include allowances for doubtful accounts receivable, net realizable value of inventories, restructuring reserves, valuation of goodwill and intangible assets, pension and post retirement assumptions, useful lives associated with amortization and depreciation of intangibles and fixed assets, warranty reserves, income taxes and tax valuation reserves, environmental reserves, legal reserves, insurance reserves and the valuations of discontinued assets and liabilities.
Cash and cash equivalents include cash on hand, demand deposits and short-term investments which are highly liquid in nature and have original maturities at the time of purchase of three months or less.
Short-term investments consist of bank term deposits that have original maturity dates that range from six to nine months. At December 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company had $223.8 million and $279.5 million of bank term deposits that earn a weighted average interest rate of 1.01% and 4.68%, respectively.
Accounts receivable is composed principally of trade accounts receivable that arise primarily from the sale of goods or services on account and are stated at historical cost. Management at each operating company evaluates accounts receivable to estimate the amount of accounts receivable that will not be collected in the future and records the appropriate provision. The provision for doubtful accounts is recorded as a charge to operating expense and reduces accounts receivable. The estimated allowance for doubtful accounts is based primarily on managements evaluation of the aging of the accounts receivable balance, the financial condition of its customers, historical trends and the time outstanding of specific balances. Actual collections of accounts receivable could differ from managements estimates due to changes in future economic, industry or customers financial conditions.
The carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, trade receivables, accounts payable, notes payable and accrued expenses approximated fair value as of December 31, 2009 and 2008 due to the short maturity of less than one year for these instruments.
ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820) establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires the Company to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instruments categorization within the hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. ASC 820 establishes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
Level 1: inputs are unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: inputs other than level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices in active markets for similar assets and liabilities, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, or other inputs that are observable or can be corroborated by observable market data for substantially the full term of assets or liabilities.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Level 3: unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.
The following table sets forth the Companys financial assets and liabilities that were measured at fair value on a recurring basis at December 31, 2009 by the level within the fair value hierarchy:
Short term investments are included in current assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets, and generally consist of bank term deposits with original maturities greater than 90 days.
Inventories for the majority of the Companys subsidiaries, including all international subsidiaries, are stated at the lower of cost, determined on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis, or market. Other domestic inventory is stated at cost, determined on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis, which is less than market value. Future inventory valuations could differ from managements estimates due to changes in economic, industry or customer financial conditions, as well as unanticipated changes in technology or demand.
Property, plant and equipment includes the historic cost of land, buildings, equipment and significant improvements to existing plant and equipment or, in the case of acquisitions, a fair market value appraisal of such assets completed at the time of acquisition. Expenditures for maintenance, repairs and minor renewals are expensed as incurred. When property or equipment is sold or otherwise disposed of, the related cost and accumulated depreciation is removed from the respective accounts and the gain or loss realized on disposition is reflected in earnings. Depreciation expense was $159.6 million in 2009, $159.3 million in 2008 and $151.7 million in 2007 and was calculated on a straight-line basis for assets acquired during all periods presented. The Company depreciates its assets over their estimated useful lives as follows: buildings and improvements 5 to 31.5 years; machinery and equipment 3 to 7 years; furniture and fixtures 3 to 7 years; and vehicles 3 years.
The Company periodically enters into financial transactions specifically to hedge its exposures to various items, including, but not limited to, interest rate and foreign exchange rate risk. Through various programs, the Company hedges its cash flow exposures to foreign exchange rate risk by entering into foreign exchange forward contracts and collars. The Company does not enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative purposes and does not have a material portfolio of derivative financial instruments.
The Company recognizes all derivatives as either assets or liabilities on the balance sheet and measures those instruments at fair value. If the derivative is designated as a fair value hedge and is effective, the changes in the fair value of the derivative and of the hedged item attributable to the hedged risk are recognized in earnings as offsets to the changes in fair value of the exposures being hedged in the same period. If the derivative is designated as a cash flow hedge, the effective portions of changes in the fair value of the derivative are recorded in other comprehensive earnings and are recognized in earnings as the hedged transaction occurs. Ineffective portions of changes in the fair value of cash flow hedges are recognized in earnings immediately.
Tests for hedge ineffectiveness are conducted periodically and any ineffectiveness found is recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Operations. The fair market value of all outstanding transactions is recorded in Other assets and deferred charges, or in the Other deferrals section of the balance sheet, as applicable. The corresponding
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
change in value of the hedged assets/liabilities is recorded directly in that section of the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Goodwill is the excess of the acquisition cost of businesses over the fair value of the identifiable net assets acquired. In accordance with ASC 350, Intangibles Goodwill and Other (ASC 350), the Company does not amortize goodwill. Instead, goodwill is tested for impairment annually unless indicators of impairment exist, such as a significant sustained change in the business climate, during the interim periods.
For 2009 and 2008, the Company identified 10 reporting units each year for its annual goodwill test which was performed as of September 30. Step one of the test compared the fair value of the reporting unit using a discounted cash flow method to its book value. This method uses the Companys own market assumptions including projecting future cash flows, determining appropriate discount rates, and other assumptions which are reasonable and inherent in the discounted cash flow analysis. The projections are based on historical performance and future estimated results. These assumptions require significant judgment and actual results may differ from assumed and estimated amounts. Step two, which compares the book value of the goodwill to its implied fair value, was not necessary since there were no indicators of potential impairment from step one. For information related to the amount of the Companys goodwill by segment, see Note 7.
Similar to goodwill, the Company tests indefinite-lived, intangible assets (primarily trademarks) at least annually unless indicators of impairment exist, such as a significant sustained change in the business climate, during the interim periods. In performing these tests, the Company uses a discounted cash flow method to calculate and compare the fair value of the intangible to its book value. This method uses the Companys own market assumptions which are reasonable and inherent in the discounted cash flow analysis. If the fair value is less than the book value of the intangibles, an impairment charge would be recognized. For information related to the amount of the Companys intangible asset classes, see Note 7.
In accordance with ASC 360, Property Plant and Equipment (ASC 360) long-lived assets (including intangible assets that are amortized) are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable, such as a significant sustained change in the business climate, during the interim periods. If an indicator of impairment exists for any grouping of assets, an estimate of undiscounted future cash flows is produced and compared to its carrying value. If an asset is determined to be impaired, the loss is measured by the excess of the carrying amount of the asset over its fair value as determined by an estimate of discounted future cash flows. There were no indicators of impairment noted during 2009.
Assets and liabilities of non-U.S. subsidiaries, where the functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, have been translated at year-end exchange rates and profit and loss accounts have been translated using weighted average yearly exchange rates. Adjustments resulting from translation have been recorded in the equity section of the balance sheet as cumulative translation adjustments. Assets and liabilities of an entity that are denominated in currencies other than an entitys functional currency are remeasured into the functional currency using end of period exchange rates or historical rates where applicable to certain balances. Gains and losses related to these remeasurements are recorded within the Statements of Operations as a component of Other Expense (Income), net.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
Revenue is recognized when all of the following circumstances are satisfied: a) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, b) price is fixed or determinable, c) collectability is reasonably assured, and d) delivery has occurred. In revenue transactions where installation is required, revenue can be recognized when the installation obligation is not essential to the functionality of the delivered products. Revenue transactions involving non-essential installation obligations are those which can generally be completed in a short period of time at insignificant cost and the skills required to complete these installations are not unique to the Company and in many cases can be provided by third parties or the customers. If the installation obligation is essential to the functionality of the delivered product, revenue recognition is deferred until installation is complete. In addition, when it is determined that there are multiple deliverables to a sales arrangement, the Company will allocate consideration received to the separate deliverables based on their relative fair values and recognize revenue based on the appropriate criteria for each deliverable identified. In a limited number of revenue transactions, other post-shipment obligations such as training and customer acceptance are required and, accordingly, revenue recognition is deferred until the customer is obligated to pay, or acceptance has been confirmed. Service revenue is recognized and earned when services are performed and is not significant to any period presented. The Company recognizes contract revenue under percentage of completion accounting using the cost to cost method as the measure of progress. The application of percentage of completion accounting requires estimates of future revenues and contract costs over the full term of the contract. The Company updates project cost estimates on a quarterly basis or more frequently, when changes in circumstances warrant.
The Company records stock-based compensation expense on a straight-line basis, generally over the explicit service period of three years (except for retirement eligible employees and retirees). Awards granted to retirement eligible employees are expensed immediately and the Company shortens the vesting period, for expensing purposes, for any employee who will become eligible to retire within the three-year explicit service period. Expense for these employees is recorded over the period from the date of grant through the date the employee first becomes eligible to retire and is no longer required to provide service. For additional information related to stock-based compensation, including activity for 2009, 2008 and 2007, see Note 10.
The provision for income taxes on continuing operations includes federal, state, local and non-U.S. taxes. Tax credits, primarily for research and experimentation and non-U.S. earnings, export programs, and U.S. manufacturers tax deduction are recognized as a reduction of the provision for income taxes on continuing operations in the year in which they are available for tax purposes. Deferred taxes are provided on temporary differences between assets and liabilities for financial and tax reporting purposes as measured by enacted tax rates expected to apply when temporary differences are settled or realized. Future tax benefits are recognized to the extent that realization of those benefits is considered to be more likely than not. A valuation allowance is established for deferred tax assets for which realization is not assured. The Company has not provided for any residual U.S. income taxes on unremitted earnings of non-U.S. subsidiaries as such earnings are currently intended to be indefinitely reinvested.
ASC 740 specifies the way companies are to account for uncertainty in income tax reporting, and prescribes a methodology for recognizing, reversing and measuring the tax benefits of a tax position taken, or expected to be taken, in a tax return. The provisions of this guidance became effective January 1, 2007 and, as a result of adopting these provisions, the Company recorded a $58.2 million increase to reserves as a cumulative effect decrease to opening retained earnings as of January 1, 2007, of which $53.4 million was included in continuing operations. Including this cumulative effect adjustment, the Company had unrecognized tax benefits, net of indirect benefits and deposits, of $190.5 million at January 1, 2007, of which $35.4 million related to accrued interest and penalties. The portion of the unrecognized tax benefits at January 1, 2007 included in continuing operations totaled
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
$147.6 million, of which $28.0 million related to accrued interest and penalties. For additional information on the Companys income taxes and unrecognized tax benefits, see Note 11.
Research and development costs, including qualifying engineering costs, are expensed when incurred and amounted to $178.3 million in 2009, $189.2 million in 2008 and $193.2 million in 2007.
The Company currently self-insures its product and commercial general liability claims up to $5.0 million per occurrence, its workers compensation claims up to $0.5 million per occurrence, and automobile liability claims up to $1.0 million per occurrence. Third-party insurance provides primary level coverage in excess of these amounts up to certain specified limits. In addition, the Company has excess liability insurance from third-party insurers on both an aggregate and an individual occurrence basis well in excess of the limits of the primary coverage. A worldwide program of property insurance covers the Companys owned and leased property and any business interruptions that may occur due to an insured hazard affecting those properties, subject to reasonable deductibles and aggregate limits. The Companys property and casualty insurance programs contain various deductibles that, based on the Companys experience, are typical and customary for a company of its size and risk profile. The Company does not consider any of the deductibles to represent a material risk to the Company. The Company generally maintains deductibles for claims and liabilities related primarily to workers compensation, health and welfare claims, general commercial, product and automobile liability and property damage, and business interruption resulting from certain events. The Company accrues for claim exposures that are probable of occurrence and can be reasonably estimated. As part of the Companys risk management program, insurance is maintained to transfer risk beyond the level of self-retention and provides protection on both an individual claim and annual aggregate basis.
The following table displays the components of inventory:
At December 31, 2009 and 2008, domestic inventories, determined by the LIFO inventory method amounted to $60.4 million and $56.4 million, respectively.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
The following table details the components of property, plant & equipment, net: