This excerpt taken from the EQR 10-K filed Mar 14, 2005.
TRUST AND OF THE SHAREHOLDERS AND TRUSTEES
SECTION 6.1 Authorization by Board of Share Issuance. The Board of Trustees may authorize the issuance from time to time of Shares of any class, whether now or hereafter authorized, or securities convertible into Shares of any class, whether now or hereafter authorized, for such consideration as the Board of Trustees may deem advisable, subject to such restrictions or limitations, if any, as may be set forth in this Declaration of Trust or in the Bylaws of the Trust or in the general laws of the State of Maryland.
SECTION 6.2 Preemptive and Appraisal Rights. Except as may be provided by the Board of Trustees in authorizing the issuance of Shares pursuant to Sections 5.4 and 5.5, no holder of Shares shall, as such holder, (a) have any preemptive right to purchase or subscribe for any additional Shares or any other security of the Trust which the Trust may issue or sell or (b), except as expressly required by Title 8, have any right to require the Trust to pay him the fair value of his Shares in an appraisal or similar proceeding.
SECTION 6.3 Advisor Agreements. Subject to such approval of the Shareholders and other conditions, if any, as may be required by any applicable statute, rule or regulation, the Board of Trustees may authorize the execution and performance by the Trust of one or more agreements with any person, corporation, association, company, trust, partnership (limited or general) or other organization whereby, subject to the supervision and control of the Board of Trustees, any such other person, corporation, association, company, trust, partnership (limited or general) or other organization (the Advisor) shall render or make available to the Trust managerial, investment, advisory and/or related services, office space and other services and facilities (including, if deemed advisable by the Board of Trustees, the management or supervision of the investments of the Trust) upon such terms and conditions as may be provided in such agreement or agreements (including, if deemed fair and equitable by the Board of Trustees, the compensation payable thereunder by the Trust).
SECTION 6.4 Related Party Transactions.
(a) Without limiting any other procedures available by law or otherwise to the Trust, the Board of Trustees may authorize any agreement of the character described in Section 6.3 or other transaction with any person, corporation, association, company, trust, partnership (limited
or general) or other organization, although one or more of the Trustees or officers of the Trust may be a party to any such agreement or an officer, director, stockholder or member of such other party, and no such agreement or transaction shall be invalidated or rendered void or voidable solely by reason of the existence of any such relationship if the existence is disclosed or known to the Board of Trustees, and the contract or transaction is approved by the Board of Trustees (including the affirmative vote of a majority of the disinterested Trustees even if they constitute less than a quorum of the Board). Any Trustee who is also a director, officer, stockholder or member of such other entity may be counted in determining the existence of a quorum at any meeting of the Board of Trustees considering such matter.
(b) Subsequent to the date hereof (the Restriction Date) the affirmative vote of a majority of the disinterested Trustees (even if they constitute less than a quorum of the Board) shall be required to approve the purchase by the Trust or its subsidiaries of any properties under the direct or indirect control of Samuel Zell or Starwood Capital Partners, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership, or in which he or it has a direct or indirect substantial economic interest on the Restriction Date.
SECTION 6.5 Determinations by Board. The determination as to any of the following matters, made in good faith by or pursuant to the direction of the Board of Trustees consistent with this Declaration of Trust and in the absence of actual receipt of an improper benefit in money, property or services or active and deliberate dishonesty established by a court, shall be final and conclusive and shall be binding upon the Trust and every holder of Shares: (a) the amount of the net income of the Trust for any period and the amount of assets at any time legally available for the payment of dividends, redemption of Shares or the payment of other distributions with respect to Shares; (b) the amount of paid-in surplus, net assets, other surplus, annual or other net profit, net assets in excess of capital, undivided profits or excess of profits over losses on sales of assets; (c) the amount, purpose, time of creation, increase or decrease, alteration or cancellation of any reserves or charges and the propriety thereof (whether or not any obligation or liability for which such reserves or charges shall have been created shall have been paid or discharged); (d) the fair value, or any sale, bid or asked price to be applied in determining the fair value, of any asset owned or held by the Trust; and (e) any matters relating to the acquisition, holding and disposition of any assets by the Trust.
SECTION 6.6 Reserved Powers of Board. The enumeration and definition of powers of the Board of Trustees included in this Article VI shall in no way be limited or restricted by reference to or inference from the terms of any other clause of this or any other provision of the Declaration of Trust, or construed or deemed by inference or otherwise in any manner to exclude or limit the powers conferred upon the Board of Trustees under the general laws of the State of Maryland as now or hereafter in force.
SECTION 6.7 REIT Qualification. The Board of Trustees shall use its reasonable best efforts to cause the Trust and the Shareholders to qualify for federal income tax treatment in accordance with the REIT Provisions of the Code. In furtherance of the foregoing, the Board of Trustee shall use its reasonable best efforts to take such actions as are necessary, and may take such actions as in its sole judgment and discretion are desirable, to preserve the status of the Trust as a REIT, including amending the provisions of this Declaration of Trust as provided in Article IX; provided, however, that if the Board of Trustees determines that it is no longer in the best interests
of the Trust for it to continue to qualify as a REIT, the Board of Trustees may revoke or otherwise terminate the Trusts REIT election.