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ESSA Bancorp 10-Q 2010

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32
  5. Ex-32
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

 

x Quarterly Report Pursuant To Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2010

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from             to             

Commission File No. 001-33384

 

 

ESSA Bancorp, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Pennsylvania   20-8023072

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

200 Palmer Street, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania   18360
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)

(570) 421-0531

(Registrant’s telephone number)

N/A

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such requirements for the past 90 days.    YES  x    NO  ¨.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate web site if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES  ¨    NO  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer” and “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨    Accelerated filer   x
Non-accelerated filer   ¨    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES  ¨    NO  x

As of May 3, 2010 there were 14,193,720 shares of the Registrant’s common stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

ESSA Bancorp, Inc.

FORM 10-Q

Index

 

          Page
Part I. Financial Information

Item 1.

   Financial Statements (unaudited)    3

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    20

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    29

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures    29
Part II. Other Information

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings    29

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors    29

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds    30

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities    30

Item 4.

   (Removed and Reserved)   

Item 5.

   Other Information    30

Item 6.

   Exhibits    30

Signature Page

   31

 

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Table of Contents

Part I. Financial Information

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

(UNAUDITED)

 

     March 31,
2010
    September 30,
2009
 
     (dollars in thousands)  

ASSETS

    

Cash and due from banks

   $ 6,402      $ 7,103   

Interest-bearing deposits with other institutions

     19,513        11,490   
                

Total cash and cash equivalents

     25,915        18,593   

Certificates of deposit

     1,991        5,355   

Investment securities available for sale

     223,000        217,566   

Investment securities held to maturity (estimated fair value of $15,445 and $6,923)

     15,230        6,709   

Loans receivable (net of allowance for loan losses of $6,595 and $5,815)

     728,739        733,580   

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     20,727        20,727   

Premises and equipment

     12,230        10,620   

Bank-owned life insurance

     15,347        15,072   

Foreclosed real estate

     1,801        2,579   

Other assets

     13,712        11,318   
                

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 1,058,692      $ 1,042,119   
                

LIABILITIES

    

Deposits

   $ 482,527      $ 408,855   

Short-term borrowings

     15,000        48,091   

Other borrowings

     370,757        390,507   

Advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     4,223        1,377   

Other liabilities

     7,121        7,783   
                

TOTAL LIABILITIES

     879,628        856,613   
                

Commitment and contingencies

     —          —     

STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

    

Preferred Stock ($.01 par value; 10,000,000 shares authorized, none issued)

     —          —     

Common stock ($.01 par value; 40,000,000 shares authorized, 16,980,900 issued; 14,234,491 and 14,878,620 outstanding at March 31, 2010 and September 30, 2009)

     170        170   

Additional paid in capital

     163,386        162,243   

Unallocated common stock held by the Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)

     (12,113     (12,339

Retained earnings

     63,411        62,337   

Treasury stock, at cost; 2,746,409 and 2,102,280 shares at March 31, 2010 and September 30, 2009

     (35,754     (27,695

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (36     790   
                

TOTAL STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     179,064        185,506   
                

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 1,058,692      $ 1,042,119   
                

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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Table of Contents

ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

     For the Three  Months
Ended March 31,
   For the Six Months
Ended March 31,
     2010    2009    2010    2009
     (dollars in thousands, except per share data)

INTEREST INCOME

           

Loans receivable

   $ 10,166    $ 10,523    $ 20,507    $ 21,124

Investment securities:

           

Taxable

     2,164      2,644      4,401      5,097

Exempt from federal income tax

     77      82      160      165

Other investment income

     1      1      2      120
                           

Total interest income

     12,408      13,250      25,070      26,506
                           

INTEREST EXPENSE

           

Deposits

     1,458      1,788      2,864      3,759

Short-term borrowings

     35      118      84      273

Other borrowings

     3,711      4,135      7,635      8,271
                           

Total interest expense

     5,204      6,041      10,583      12,303
                           

NET INTEREST INCOME

     7,204      7,209      14,487      14,203

Provision for loan losses

     650      375      1,150      750
                           

NET INTEREST INCOME AFTER PROVISION FOR LOAN LOSSES

     6,554      6,834      13,337      13,453
                           

NONINTEREST INCOME

           

Service fees on deposit accounts

     777      739      1,604      1,579

Services charges and fees on loans

     124      171      225      292

Trust and investment fees

     212      205      432      414

Gain on sale of investments, net

     308      —        308      —  

Gain on sale of loans, net

     40      —        195      —  

Earnings on Bank-owned life insurance

     135      139      275      278

Other

     11      8      24      24
                           

Total noninterest income

     1,607      1,262      3,063      2,587
                           

NONINTEREST EXPENSE

           

Compensation and employee benefits

     3,601      3,590      7,337      7,174

Occupancy and equipment

     763      754      1,322      1,464

Professional fees

     386      387      763      722

Data processing

     467      467      917      936

Advertising

     166      149      264      352

FDIC premiums

     123      57      481      85

Loss on foreclosed real estate

     —        —        1,200      —  

Other

     539      495      992      933
                           

Total noninterest expense

     6,045      5,899      13,276      11,666
                           

Income before income taxes

     2,116      2,197      3,124      4,374

Income taxes

     513      660      727      1,007
                           

NET INCOME

   $ 1,603    $ 1,537    $ 2,397    $ 3,367
                           

Earnings per share

           

Basic

   $ 0.12    $ 0.11    $ 0.18    $ 0.24

Diluted

   $ 0.12    $ 0.11    $ 0.18    $ 0.24

Dividends per share

   $ 0.05    $ 0.04    $ 0.10    $ 0.08

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Common Stock                              
     Number of
Shares
    Amount    Additional
Paid In
Capital
   Unallocated
Common Stock
Held by the
ESOP
    Retained
Earnings
    Treasury
Stock
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (loss)
    Total
Stockholders’

Equity
 

Balance, September 30, 2009

   14,878,620      $ 170    $ 162,243    $ (12,339   $ 62,337      $ (27,695   $ 790      $ 185,506   

Net income

               2,397            2,397   

Other comprehensive income (loss):

                  

Unrealized loss on securities available for sale, net of income tax benefit of $479

                   (929     (929

Change in unrecognized pension cost, net of income taxes of $53

                   103        103   

Cash dividends declared ($.10 per share)

               (1,323         (1,323

Stock based compensation

          1,070              1,070   

Allocation of ESOP stock

          53      226              279   

Restricted stock forfeitures

   (1,600        20          (20       —     

Treasury shares purchased

   (642,529               (8,039       (8,039
                                                            

Balance, March 31, 2010

   14,234,491      $ 170    $ 163,386    $ (12,113   $ 63,411      $ (35,754   $ (36   $ 179,064   
                                                            

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     For the Six Months
Ended March 31,
 
     2010     2009  
     (dollars in thousands)  

OPERATING ACTIVITIES

    

Net income

   $ 2,397      $ 3,367   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Provision for loan losses

     1,150        750   

Provision for depreciation and amortization

     579        612   

Accretion of discounts and premiums, net

     249        (92

Gain on sale of investment securities, net

     (308     —     

Gain on sale of loans, net

     (195     —     

Origination of mortgage loans sold

     (8,218     —     

Proceeds from sale of mortgage loans originated for sale

     8,413        —     

Compensation expense on ESOP

     279        311   

Stock based compensation

     1,070        1,076   

Decrease in accrued interest receivable

     5        318   

Increase (decrease) in accrued interest payable

     (95     14   

Earnings on bank-owned life insurance

     (275     (278

Deferred federal income taxes

     179        (544

Increase in prepaid federal deposit insurance premiums

     (1,600     —     

Loss on foreclosed real estate

     1,200        —     

Other, net

     (1,339     (201
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     3,491        5,333   
                

INVESTING ACTIVITIES

    

Proceeds from repayments of certificates of deposit

     3,385        1,900   

Purchase of certificates of deposit

     —          (2,926

Investment securities available for sale:

    

Proceeds from sale of investment securities

     13,940        —     

Proceeds from principal repayments and maturities

     31,199        48,492   

Purchases

     (52,018     (53,316

Investment securities held to maturity:

    

Proceeds from principal repayments and maturities

     1,633        1,262   

Purchases

     (10,163     —     

Increase (decrease) in loans receivable, net

     3,396        (41,568

Redemption of FHLB stock

     —          509   

Purchase of FHLB stock

     —          (2,048

Purchase of low income housing tax credits

     —          (2,729

Capital improvements to foreclosed real estate

     (43     —     

Purchase of premises, equipment, and software

     (2,158     (335
                

Net cash used for investing activities

     (10,829     (50,759
                

FINANCING ACTIVITIES

    

Increase in deposits, net

     73,672        28,817   

Net increase (decrease) in short-term borrowings

     (33,091     21,780   

Proceeds from other borrowings

     15,750        83,860   

Repayment of other borrowings

     (35,500     (68,000

Increase in advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     2,846        2,235   

Purchase of treasury stock

     (7,694     (17,428

Dividends on common stock

     (1,323     (1,152
                

Net cash provided by financing activities

     14,660        50,112   
                

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

     7,322        4,686   

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD

     18,593        12,614   
                

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD

   $ 25,915      $ 17,300   
                

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES

    

Cash Paid:

    

Interest

   $ 10,678      $ 12,289   

Income taxes

     1,246        1,530   

Noncash items:

    

Other real estate owned

     379        2,113   

Treasury stock payable

     (345     719   

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements.

 

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ESSA BANCORP, INC. AND SUBSIDIARY

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

(unaudited)

 

1. Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

The unaudited, consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ESSA Bancorp, Inc. (the “Company”), and its wholly owned subsidiary, ESSA Bank & Trust (the “Bank”), and the Bank’s wholly owned subsidiaries, ESSACOR Inc. and Pocono Investment Company. The primary purpose of the Company is to act as a holding company for the Bank. The Company is subject to regulation and supervision by the Office of Thrift Supervision (the “OTS”). The Bank is a Pennsylvania chartered savings association located in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. The Bank’s primary business consists of the taking of deposits and granting of loans to customers generally in Monroe, Northampton and Lehigh counties, Pennsylvania. The Bank is subject to regulation and supervision by the Pennsylvania Department of Banking and the OTS. The investment in subsidiary on the parent company’s financial statements is carried at the parent company’s equity in the underlying net assets.

ESSACOR, Inc. is a Pennsylvania corporation that is currently inactive. Pocono Investment Company is a Delaware corporation formed as an investment company subsidiary to hold and manage certain investments, including certain intellectual property. All intercompany transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

The unaudited consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments, which in the opinion of management are necessary for a fair presentation of the results of the interim periods and are of a normal and recurring nature. Operating results for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending September 30, 2010.

 

2. Earnings per Share

The following table sets forth the composition of the weighted-average common shares (denominator) used in the basic and diluted earnings per share computation for the three and six month periods ended March 31, 2010 and 2009.

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     March 31,
2010
    March 31,
2009
    March 31,
2010
    March 31,
2009
 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding

   16,980,900      16,980,900      16,980,899      16,980,900   

Average treasury stock shares

   (2,501,794   (1,160,078   (2,386,935   (876,594

Average unearned ESOP shares

   (1,205,215   (1,260,491   (1,210,935   (1,266,211

Average unearned non-vested shares

   (393,162   (511,470   (398,124   (516,220
                        

Weighted average common shares and common stock equivalents used to calculate basic earnings per share

   12,880,729      14,048,861      12,984,905      14,321,875   
                        

Additional common stock equivalents (non-vested stock) used to calculate diluted earnings per share

   —        —        —        —     

Additional common stock equivalents (stock options) used to calculate diluted earnings per share

   —            —     
                        

Weighted average common shares and common stock equivalents used to calculate diluted earnings per share

   12,880,729      14,048,861      12,984,905      14,321,875   
                        

 

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At March 31, 2010 and 2009 there were options to purchase 1,458,379 shares of common stock outstanding at a price of $12.35 per share that were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. At March 31, 2010 and 2009 there were common stock equivalents outstanding of 372,026 and 491,174 shares, respectively at a price of $12.35 per share that were not included in the computation of diluted EPS because to do so would have been anti-dilutive.

 

3. Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

The accounting principles followed by the Company and its subsidiaries and the methods of applying these principles conform to U.S. generally accepted accounting principles and to general practice within the banking industry. In preparing the consolidated financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the consolidated balance sheet date and related revenues and expenses for the period. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.

 

4. Comprehensive Income

The components of other comprehensive income (loss) are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
March  31
   Six Months Ended
March 31
     2010     2009    2010     2009

Net income

   $ 1,603      $ 1,537    $ 2,397      $ 3,367
                             

Unrealized gain (loss) on securities available for sale

     (386     2,611      (1,205     3,889

Realized gains included in net income, net of tax of $105

     (203     —        (203     —  

Change in unrecognized pension cost

     79        55      156        108
                             

Other comprehensive income (loss) before tax (benefit)

     (510     2,666      (1,252     3,997

Income taxes (benefit) related to comprehensive income (loss)

     (173     906      (426     1,359
                             

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     (337     1,760      (826     2,638
                             

Comprehensive income

   $ 1,266      $ 3,297    $ 1,571      $ 6,005
                             

 

5. Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In December 2007, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued an accounting standard related to noncontrolling interests in consolidated financial statements, which is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2008. This standard establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary, which is sometimes referred to as minority interest, is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements. Among other requirements, this statement requires consolidated net income to be reported at amounts that include the amounts attributable to both the parent and the noncontrolling interest. It also requires disclosure, on the face of the consolidated income statement, of the amounts of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest. This accounting standard was subsequently codified into Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 810-10, Consolidation. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial position.

In June 2008, the FASB issued accounting guidance related to determining whether instruments granted in share-based payment transactions are participating securities, which is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those years. This guidance clarified that instruments granted in share-based payment transactions can be participating securities prior to the requisite service having been rendered. A basic principle of this guidance is that unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and are to be included in the computation of EPS pursuant to the two-class method. All prior-period EPS data presented (including interim financial statements, summaries of earnings, and selected financial data) are required to be adjusted retrospectively to conform to this guidance. This accounting guidance was subsequently codified into ASC Topic 260, Earnings Per Share. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial position.

 

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In June 2009, the FASB issued an accounting standard related to the accounting for transfers of financial assets, which is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2009, and interim periods within those fiscal years. This standard enhances reporting about transfers of financial assets, including securitizations, and where companies have continuing exposure to the risks related to transferred financial assets. This standard eliminates the concept of a “qualifying special-purpose entity” and changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets. This standard also requires additional disclosures about all continuing involvements with transferred financial assets including information about gains and losses resulting from transfers during the period. This accounting standard was subsequently codified into ASC Topic 860. The adoption of this standard is expected to not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial position.

In September 2006, the FASB issued an accounting standard related to fair value measurements, which was effective for the Company on October 1, 2008. This standard defined fair value, established a framework for measuring fair value, and expanded disclosure requirements about fair value measurements. On October 1, 2008, the Company adopted this accounting standard related to fair value measurements for the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities. The Company adopted this accounting standard related to fair value measurements for the Company’s nonfinancial assets and nonfinancial liabilities on October 1, 2009. This accounting standard was subsequently codified into ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures.

In August 2009, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2009-05, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820) – Measuring Liabilities at Fair Value. This ASU provides amendments for fair value measurements of liabilities. It provides clarification that in circumstances in which a quoted price in an active market for the identical liability is not available, a reporting entity is required to measure fair value using one or more techniques. ASU 2009-05 also clarifies that when estimating a fair value of a liability, a reporting entity is not required to include a separate input or adjustment to other inputs relating to the existence of a restriction that prevents the transfer of the liability. ASU 2009-05 is effective for the first reporting period (including interim periods) beginning after issuance or fourth quarter 2009. The adoption of this standard did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operation, financial position, or disclosure.

In April 2009, the FASB issued new guidance impacting ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures. This ASC provides additional guidance in determining fair values when there is no active market or where the price inputs being used represent distressed sales. It reaffirms the need to use judgment to ascertain if a formerly active market has become inactive and in determining fair values when markets have become inactive. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material effect on the Company’s results of operations or financial position.

In April 2009, the FASB issued new guidance impacting ASC 825-10-50, Financial Instruments, which relates to fair value disclosures for any financial instruments that are not currently reflected on the balance sheet of companies at fair value. This guidance amended existing Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) to require disclosures about fair value of financial instruments for interim reporting periods of publicly traded companies as well as in annual financial statements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods ending after June 15, 2009. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In April 2009, the FASB issued new guidance impacting ASC 320-10, Investments — Debt and Equity Securities, which provides additional guidance designed to create greater clarity and consistency in accounting for and presenting impairment losses on securities. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods ending after June 15, 2009. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

On April 1, 2009, the FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance under ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations, which became effective for periods beginning after December 15, 2008. ASC Topic 805

 

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applies to all transactions and other events in which one entity obtains control over one or more other businesses. ASC Topic 805 requires an acquirer, upon initially obtaining control of another entity, to recognize the assets, liabilities and any non-controlling interest in the acquiree at fair value as of the acquisition date. Contingent consideration is required to be recognized and measured at fair value on the date of acquisition rather than at a later date when the amount of that consideration may be determinable beyond a reasonable doubt. This fair value approach replaces the cost-allocation process required under previous accounting guidance whereby the cost of an acquisition was allocated to the individual assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair value. ASC Topic 805 requires acquirers to expense acquisition-related costs as incurred rather than allocating such costs to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, as was previously the case under prior accounting guidance. Assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination that arise from contingencies are to be recognized at fair value if fair value can be reasonably estimated. If fair value of such an asset or liability cannot be reasonably estimated, the asset or liability would generally be recognized in accordance with ASC Topic 450, Contingencies. Under ASC Topic 805, the requirements of ASC Topic 420, Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations, would have to be met in order to accrue for a restructuring plan in purchase accounting. Pre-acquisition contingencies are to be recognized at fair value, unless it is a non-contractual contingency that is not likely to materialize, in which case, nothing should be recognized in purchase accounting and, instead, that contingency would be subject to the probable and estimable recognition criteria of ASC Topic 450, Contingencies. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

In June 2009, the FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance under ASC Topic 810, Consolidation, which amends prior guidance to change how a company determines when an entity that is insufficiently capitalized or is not controlled through voting (or similar rights) should be consolidated. The determination of whether a company is required to consolidate an entity is based on, among other things, an entity’s purpose and design and a company’s ability to direct the activities of the entity that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance. The new authoritative accounting guidance requires additional disclosures about the reporting entity’s involvement with variable-interest entities and any significant changes in risk exposure due to that involvement as well as its affect on the entity’s financial statements. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations.

On December 30, 2008, the FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance under ASC Topic 715, Compensation—Retirement Benefits, which provides guidance related to an employer’s disclosures about plan assets of defined benefit pension or other post-retirement benefit plans. Under ASC Topic 715, disclosures should provide users of financial statements with an understanding of how investment allocation decisions are made, the factors that are pertinent to an understanding of investment policies and strategies, the major categories of plan assets, the inputs and valuation techniques used to measure the fair value of plan assets, the effect of fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs on changes in plan assets for the period and significant concentrations of risk within plan assets. This guidance is effective fiscal year ending after December 15, 2009. The adoption of this new guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

The FASB issued new authoritative accounting guidance under ASC Topic 855, Subsequent Events, which establishes general standards of accounting for and disclosure of events that occur after the balance sheet date but before financial statements are issued or available to be issued. ASC Topic 855 defines (i) the period after the balance sheet date during which a reporting entity’s management should evaluate events or transactions that may occur for potential recognition or disclosure in the financial statements, (ii) the circumstances under which an entity should recognize events or transactions occurring after the balance sheet date in its financial statements, and (iii) the disclosures an entity should make about events or transactions that occurred after the balance sheet date. The new authoritative accounting guidance under ASC Topic 855 is effective for periods ending after June 15, 2009. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

 

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In December 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-16, Accounting for Transfer of Financial Assets. ASU 2009-16 provides guidance to improve the relevance, representational faithfulness, and comparability of the information that an entity provides in its financial statements about a transfer of financial assets; the effects of a transfer on its financial position, financial performance, and cash flows; and a transferor’s continuing involvement, if any, in transferred financial assets. ASU 2009-16 is effective for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In December 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-17, Improvements to Financial Reporting by Enterprises Involved with Variable Interest Entities. The objective of ASU 2009-17 is to improve financial reporting by enterprises involved with variable interest entities and to provide more relevant and reliable information to users of financial statements. ASU 2009-17 is effective for annual periods beginning after November 15, 2009 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In September 2009, the FASB issued new guidance impacting Topic 820. This creates a practical expedient to measure the fair value of an alternative investment that does not have a readily determinable fair value. This guidance also requires certain additional disclosures. This guidance is effective for interim and annual periods ending after December 15, 2009. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In October 2009, the FASB issued ASU 2009-15, Accounting for Own-Share Lending Arrangements in Contemplation of Convertible Debt Issuance or Other Financing. ASU 2009-15 amends Subtopic 470-20 to expand accounting and reporting guidance for own-share lending arrangements issued in contemplation of convertible debt issuance. ASU 2009-15 is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after December 15, 2009 and interim periods within those fiscal years for arrangements outstanding as of the beginning of those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-01, Equity (Topic 505): Accounting for Distributions to Shareholders with Components of Stock and Cash – a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force. ASU 2010-01 clarifies that the stock portion of a distribution to shareholders that allows them to elect to receive cash or stock with a potential limitation on the total amount of cash that all shareholders can elect to receive in the aggregate is considered a share issuance that is reflected in EPS prospectively and is not a stock dividend. ASU 2010-01 is effective for interim and annual periods ending on or after December 15, 2009 and should be applied on a retrospective basis. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-02, Consolidation (Topic 810): Accounting and reporting for Decreases in Ownership of a Subsidiary – a Scope Clarification. ASU 2010-02 amends Subtopic 810-10 to address implementation issues related to changes in ownership provisions including clarifying the scope of the decrease in ownership and additional disclosures. ASU 2010-02 is effective beginning in the period that an entity adopts Statement 160. If an entity has previously adopted Statement 160, ASU 2010-02 is effective beginning in the first interim or annual reporting period ending on or after December 15, 2009 and should be applied retrospectively to the first period Statement 160 was adopted. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-04, Accounting for Various Topics – Technical Corrections to SEC Paragraphs. ASU 2010-04 makes technical corrections to existing SEC guidance including the following topics: accounting for subsequent investments, termination of an interest rate swap, issuance of financial statements—subsequent events, use of residential method to value acquired assets other than goodwill, adjustments in assets and liabilities for holding gains and losses, and selections of discount rate used for measuring defined benefit obligation. ASU 2010-04 is effective January 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

 

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In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-05, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Escrowed Share Arrangements and the Presumption of Compensation. ASU 2010-05 updates existing guidance to address the SEC staff’s views on overcoming the presumption that for certain shareholders escrowed share arrangements represent compensation. ASU 2010-05 is effective January 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In January 2010, the FASB issued ASU No. 2010-06, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (Topic 820): Improving Disclosures about Fair Value Measurements. ASU 2010-06 amends Subtopic 820-10 to clarify existing disclosures, require new disclosures, and includes conforming amendments to guidance on employers’ disclosures about postretirement benefit plan assets. ASU 2010-06 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2009, except for disclosures about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements in the roll forward of activity in Level 3 fair value measurements. Those disclosures are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2010 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In February 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-08, Technical Corrections to Various Topics. ASU 2010-08 clarifies guidance on embedded derivatives and hedging. ASU 2010-08 is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2009. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial position.

In March 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-11, Derivatives and Hedging. ASU 2010-11 provides clarification and related additional examples to improve financial reporting by resolving potential ambiguity about the breadth of the embedded credit derivative scope exception in ASC 815-15-15-8. ASU 2010-11 is effective at the beginning of the first fiscal quarter beginning after June 15, 2010. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In April 2010, the FASB issued ASU 2010-13, Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Effect of Denominating the Exercise Price of a Share-Based Payment Award in the Currency of the Market in Which the Underlying Equity Security Trades. ASU 2010-13 provides guidance on the classification of a share-based payment award as either equity or a liability. A share-based payment that contains a condition that is not a market, performance, or service condition is required to be classified as a liability. ASU 2010-13 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning on or after December 15, 2010 and is not expected to have a significant impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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6. Investment Securities

The amortized cost and fair value of investment securities available for sale and held to maturity are summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2010
     Amortized
Cost
   Gross Unrealized
Gains
   Gross Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value

Available for Sale

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 72,547    $ 1,478    $ (25   $ 74,000

Freddie Mac

     67,250      2,355      (1     69,604

Governmental National Mortgage Association securities

     29,732      868      (74     30,526
                            

Total mortgage-backed securities

     169,529      4,701      (100     174,130

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     9,390      226      (35     9,581

U.S. government agency securities

     38,998      265      (31     39,232
                            

Total debt securities

     217,917      5,192      (166     222,943

Equity securities

     12      45      —          57
                            

Total

   $ 217,929    $ 5,237    $ (166   $ 223,000
                            

Held to Maturity

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 3,381    $ 126    $ —        $ 3,507

Freddie Mac

     11,849      90      (1     11,938
                            

Total

   $ 15,230    $ 216    $ (1   $ 15,445
                            
     September 30, 2009
     Amortized
Cost
   Gross Unrealized
Gains
   Gross Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value

Available for Sale

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 66,709    $ 1,716    $ (2   $ 68,423

Freddie Mac

     83,005      2,864      —          85,869

Governmental National Mortgage Association securities

     32,734      1,238      —          33,972
                            

Total mortgage-backed securities

     182,448      5,818      (2     188,264

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     7,168      315      —          7,483

U.S. government agency securities

     21,458      288      —          21,746
                            

Total debt securities

     211,074      6,421      (2     217,493

Equity securities

     12      61      —          73
                            

Total

   $ 211,086    $ 6,482    $ (2   $ 217,566
                            

Held to Maturity

          

Fannie Mae

   $ 4,492    $ 150    $ —        $ 4,642

Freddie Mac

     2,217      65      (1     2,281
                            

Total

   $ 6,709    $ 215    $ (1   $ 6,923
                            

 

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The amortized cost and fair value of debt securities at March 31, 2010, by contractual maturity, are shown below. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties (in thousands):

 

     Available For Sale    Held To Maturity
     Amortized
Cost
   Fair Value    Amortized
Cost
   Fair Value

Due in one year or less

   $ 6,777    $ 6,832    $ 1,559    $ 1,569

Due after one year through five years

     35,108      35,254      —        —  

Due after five years through ten years

     24,379      24,855      2,866      3,011

Due after ten years

     151,653      156,002      10,805      10,865
                           

Total

   $ 217,917    $ 222,943    $ 15,230    $ 15,445
                           

For the six months ended March 31, 2010 the Company realized gross gains of $308,000 and proceeds from the sale of investment securities of $13.9 million. The Bank had no sale of investment securities for the six months ended March 31, 2009.

 

7. Unrealized Losses on Securities

The following table shows the Company’s gross unrealized losses and fair value, aggregated by investment category and length of time that the individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position (in thousands):

 

     March 31, 2010  
          Less than Twelve Months     Twelve Months or Greater     Total  
     Number of
Securities
   Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fannie Mac

   8    $ 18,225    $ (25   $ —      $ —        $ 18,225    $ (25

Freddie Mac

   2      1,011      (1     22      (1     1,033      (2

Governmental National Mortgage Association securities

   8      8,803      (74     —        —          8,803      (74

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

   4      2,687      (35     —        —          2,687      (35

U.S. government agency securities

   4      7,023      (31     —        —          7,023      (31
                                                  

Total

   26    $ 37,749    $ (166   $ 22    $ (1   $ 37,771    $ (167
                                                  
     September 30, 2009  
          Less than Twelve Months     Twelve Months or Greater     Total  
     Number of
Securities
   Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
    Fair Value    Gross
Unrealized
Losses
 

Fannie Mac

   2    $ 5,353    $ (2   $ —      $ —        $ 5,353    $ (2

Freddie Mac

   1      —        —          38      (1     38      (1
                                                  

Total

   3    $ 5,353    $ (2   $ 38    $ (1   $ 5,391    $ (3
                                                  

The Company’s investment securities portfolio contains unrealized losses on securities, including mortgage-related instruments issued or backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government, or generally viewed as having the implied guarantee of the U.S. government, and debt obligations of a U.S. State or political subdivision.

The Company reviews its position quarterly and asserts that at March 31, 2010, the declines outlined in the above table represent temporary declines and the Company would not be required to sell the security before its anticipated recovery in market value.

 

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The Company has concluded that any impairment of its investment securities portfolio is not other than temporary but is the result of interest rate changes that are not expected to result in the non-collection of principal and interest during the period.

 

8. Loans Receivable, Net and Allowance for Loan Losses

Loans receivable consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2010
   September 30,
2009

Real Estate Loans:

     

Residential

   $ 597,634    $ 603,830

Construction

     1,119      1,707

Commercial

     71,667      68,040

Commercial

     17,168      16,452

Home equity loans and lines of credit

     45,164      46,792

Other

     2,386      2,526
             
     735,138      739,347

Plus deferred loan costs

     196      48
             
     735,334      739,395

Less allowance for loan losses

     6,595      5,815
             

Net loans

   $ 728,739    $ 733,580
             

The activity in the allowance for loan losses is summarized as follows (in thousands):

 

     Six Months Ended
March 31,
 
     2010     2009  

Balance, beginning of period

   $ 5,815      $ 4,915   

Add

    

Provision charged to operations

     1,150        750   

Loan recoveries

     26        1   
                
     6,991        5,666   

Less loans charged off

     (396     (457
                

Balance, end of period

   $ 6,595      $ 5,209   
                

 

9. Deposits

Deposits consist of the following major classifications (in thousands):

 

     March 31,
2010
   September 30,
2009

Non-interest bearing demand accounts

   $ 27,704    $ 25,415

NOW accounts

     57,423      54,635

Money market accounts

     118,251      109,265

Savings and club accounts

     70,564      66,305

Certificates of deposit

     208,585      153,235
             

Total

   $ 482,527    $ 408,855
             

 

10. Net Periodic Benefit Cost-Defined Benefit Plan

For a detailed disclosure on the Bank’s pension and employee benefits plans, please refer to Note 15 of the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for the year ended September 30, 2009 included in the Company’s Form 10-K.

 

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The following table comprises the components of net periodic benefit cost for the periods ended (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended
March 31,
    Six Months Ended
March  31,
 
     2010     2009     2010     2009  

Service Cost

   $ 106      $ 90      $ 211      $ 180   

Interest Cost

     142        127        285        254   

Expected return on plan assets

     (145     (127     (290     (254

Amortization of prior service cost

     3        2        5        4   

Amortization of unrecognized loss

     74        51        150        102   
                                

Net periodic benefit cost

   $ 180      $ 143      $ 361      $ 286   
                                

The Bank expects to contribute $500,000 to its pension plan in 2010.

 

11. Equity Incentive Plan

The Company maintains the ESSA Bancorp, Inc. 2007 Equity Incentive Plan (the “Plan”). The Plan provides for a total of 2,377,326 shares of common stock for issuance upon the grant or exercise of awards. Of the shares available under the Plan, 1,698,090 may be issued in connection with the exercise of stock options and 679,236 may be issued as restricted stock. The Plan allows for the granting of non-qualified stock options (“NSOs”), incentive stock options (“ISOs”), and restricted stock. Options are granted at no less than the fair value of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant.

Certain officers, employees and outside directors were granted in aggregate 1,140,469 NSOs; 317,910 ISOs; and 590,320 shares of restricted stock. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for Share-Based Payments, the Company began to expense the fair value of all share-based compensation grants over the requisite service periods.

The Company classifies share-based compensation for employees and outside directors within “Compensation and employee benefits” in the consolidated statement of income to correspond with the same line item as compensation paid. Additionally, generally accepted accounting principles require the Company to report: (1) the expense associated with the grants as an adjustment to operating cash flows and (2) any benefits of realized tax deductions in excess of previously recognized tax benefits on compensation expense as a financing cash flow.

Stock options vest over a five-year service period and expire ten years after grant date. Management recognizes compensation expense for the fair values of these awards, which vest on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the awards.

Restricted shares vest over a five-year service period. The product of the number of shares granted and the grant date market price of the Company’s common stock determines the fair value of restricted shares under the Company’s restricted stock plan. Management recognizes compensation expense for the fair value of restricted shares on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period for the entire award.

For the six months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, the Company recorded $1.1 million of share-based compensation expense, comprised of stock option expense of $347,000 and restricted stock expense of $724,000. Expected future expense relating to the 1,166,703 non-vested options outstanding as of March 31, 2010, is $2.2 million over the remaining vesting period of 3.17 years. Expected future compensation expense relating to the 469,931 restricted shares at March 31, 2010, is $4.6 million over the remaining vesting period of 3.17 years.

 

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The following is a summary of the Company’s stock option activity and related information for its option plan for the six months ended March 31, 2010.

 

     Number of Stock
Options
   Weighted-
average

Exercise
Price
   Weighted-
average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (in years)
   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
(in thousands)

Outstanding, September 30, 2009

   1,458,379    $ 12.35    8.67    $ 1,254

Granted

   —           

Exercised

   —           

Forfeited

   —           
             

Outstanding, March 31, 2010

   1,458,379    $ 12.35    8.17    $ 277
             

Exercisable at March 31, 2010

   291,676    $ 12.35    8.17    $ 55
             

The weighted-average grant date fair value of the Company’s non-vested options as of March 31, 2010 and 2009, was $2.38.

The following is a summary of the status of the Company’s restricted stock as of the six months ended March 31, 2010, and changes therein during the year then ended:

 

     Number of
Restricted Stock
   Weighted-
average
Grant Date
Fair Value

Nonvested at September 30, 2009

   471,531    $ 12.35

Granted

   —        —  

Vested

   —        —  

Forfeited

   1,600      12.35
       

Nonvested at March 31, 2010

   469,931    $ 12.35
       

 

12. Fair Value Measurement

The Company adopted new generally accepted accounting principles related to Fair Value Measurements on October 1, 2008 which provides consistency and comparability in determining fair value measurements and provides for expanded disclosures about fair value measurements. The definition of fair value maintains the exchange price notion in earlier definitions of fair value but focuses on the exit price of the asset or liability. The exit price is the price that would be received to sell the asset or paid to transfer the liability adjusted for certain inherent risks and restrictions. Expanded disclosures are also required about the use of fair value to measure assets and liabilities.

The following table presents information about the Company’s securities, other real estate owned and impaired loans measured at fair value as of March 31, 2010, and indicates the fair value hierarchy of the valuation techniques utilized by the Bank to determine such fair value:

 

Fair Value Measurements Utilized for the

Company’s Financial Assets (in thousands):

   Quoted Prices in Active
Markets for Identical  Assets

(Level 1)
   Significant Other
Observable Inputs (Level 2)
   Significant  Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)
   Balances as of
March 31, 2010

Securities available-for-sale measured on a recurring basis

           

Mortgage backed securities

   $ —      $ 174,130    $ —      $ 174,130

Obligations of states and political subdivisions

     —        9,581      —        9,581

U.S. government agencies

     —        39,232      —        39,232

Equity securities

     57      —        —        57
                       

Total debt and equity securities

   $ 57    $ 222,943    $ —      $ 223,000

Foreclosed real estate owned measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —      $ 1,801    $ —      $ 1,801

Impaired loans measured on a non-recurring basis

   $ —      $ 8,280    $ —      $ 8,280

As required by generally accepted accounting principles, each financial asset and liability must be identified as having been valued according to specified level of input, 1, 2 or 3. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the Bank has the ability to access at the measurement date. Fair values determined by Level 2 inputs utilize inputs other than quoted prices included in

 

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Level 1 that are observable for the asset, either directly or indirectly. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets in active markets, and inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the asset, and include situations where there is little, if any, market activity for the asset or liability. In certain cases, the inputs used to measure fair value may fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy, within which the fair value measurement in its entirety falls, has been determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement in its entirety. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement in its entirety requires judgment, and considers factors specific to the asset.

The measurement of fair value should be consistent with one of the following valuation techniques: market approach, income approach, and/or cost approach. The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities (including a business). For example, valuation techniques consistent with the market approach often use market multiples derived from a set of comparables. Multiples might lie in ranges with a different multiple for each comparable. The selection of where within the range the appropriate multiple falls requires judgment, considering factors specific to the measurement (qualitative and quantitative). Valuation techniques consistent with the market approach include matrix pricing. Matrix pricing is a mathematical technique used principally to value debt securities without relying exclusively on quoted prices for the specific securities, but rather by relying on a security’s relationship to other benchmark quoted securities. Most of the securities classified as available for sale are reported at fair value utilizing Level 2 inputs. For these securities, the Company obtains fair value measurements from an independent pricing service. The fair value measurements consider observable data that may include dealer quoted market spreads, cash flows, the U.S. Treasury yield curve, live trading levels, trade execution data, market consensus prepayment speeds, credit information and the bond’s terms and conditions, among other things. Securities reported at fair value utilizing Level 1 inputs are limited to actively traded equity securities whose market price is readily available from the New York Stock Exchange or the NASDAQ exchange. Other real estate owned (OREO) is measured at fair value, less cost to sell at the date of foreclosure. Valuations are periodically performed by management and the assets are carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value, less cost to sell. Income and expenses from operations and changes in valuation allowance are included in the net expenses from OREO. Impaired loans are reported at fair value utilizing level two inputs. For these loans, a review of the collateral is conducted and an appropriate allowance for loan losses is allocated to the loan. At March 31, 2010, fifty impaired loans with a carrying value of $9.1 million were reduced by specific valuation allowance totaling $780,000 resulting in a net fair value of $8.3 million based on Level 2 inputs.

Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The fair values presented represent the Company’s best estimate of fair value using the methodologies discussed below.

 

     March 31, 2010    September 30, 2009
     Carrying Value    Fair Value    Carrying Value    Fair Value

Financial assets:

           

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 25,915    $ 25,915    $ 18,593    $ 18,593

Certificates of deposit

     1,991      1,996      5,355      5,355

Investment and mortgage-backed securities:

           

Available for sale

     223,000      223,000      217,566      217,566

Held to maturity

     15,230      15,445      6,709      6,923

Loans receivable, net

     728,739      742,576      733,580      750,163

Accrued interest receivable

     4,414      4,414      4,419      4,419

FHLB stock

     20,727      20,727      20,727      20,727

Mortgage servicing rights

     334      334      289      289

Bank owned life insurance

     15,347      15,347      15,072      15,072

Financial liabilities:

           

Deposits

     482,527      485,628      408,855      412,438

Short-term borrowings

     15,000      15,000      48,091      48,091

Other borrowings

     370,757      385,721      390,507      408,039

Advances by borrowers for taxes and insurance

     4,223      4,223      1,377      1,377

Accrued interest payable

     1,691      1,691      1,786      1,786

 

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Financial instruments are defined as cash, evidence of an ownership interest in an entity, or a contract which creates an obligation or right to receive or deliver cash or another financial instrument from/to a second entity on potentially favorable or unfavorable terms.

Fair value is defined as the amount at which a financial instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties other than in a forced or liquidation sale. If a quoted market price is available for a financial instrument, the fair value would be calculated based upon the market price per trading unit of the instrument.

If no readily available market exists, the fair value for financial instruments should be based upon management’s judgment regarding current economic conditions, interest rate risk, expected cash flows, future estimated losses, and other factors as determined through various option pricing formulas or simulation modeling.

As many of these assumptions result from judgments made by management based upon estimates which are inherently uncertain, the resulting values may not be indicative of the amount realizable in the sale of a particular financial instrument. In addition, changes in the assumptions on which the values are based may have a significant impact on the resulting estimated values.

As certain assets and liabilities, such as deferred tax assets, premises and equipment, and many other operational elements of the Bank, are not considered financial instruments but have value, this fair value of financial instruments would not represent the full market value of the Company.

The Company employed simulation modeling in determining the fair value of financial instruments for which quoted market prices were not available based upon the following assumptions:

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Accrued Interest Receivable, Short-Term Borrowings, Advances by Borrowers for Taxes and Insurance, and Accrued Interest Payable

The fair value approximates the current book value.

Bank-Owned Life Insurance

The fair value is equal to the cash surrender value of the Bank-owned life insurance.

Investment and Mortgage-Backed Securities Available for Sale and Held to Maturity and FHLB Stock

The fair value of investment and mortgage-backed securities available for sale is equal to the available quoted market price. If no quoted market price is available, fair value is estimated using the quoted market price for similar securities. Since the FHLB stock is not actively traded on a secondary market and held exclusively by member financial institutions, the fair market value approximates the carrying amount.

Certificates of Deposit, Loans Receivable, Deposits, Other Borrowings, and Mortgage Servicing Rights

The fair values for loans and mortgage servicing rights are estimated by discounting contractual cash flows and adjusting for prepayment estimates. Discount rates are based upon market rates generally charged for such loans with similar characteristics. Demand, savings, and money market deposit accounts are valued at the amount payable on demand as of year end. Fair values for certificates of deposit, time deposits, and other borrowings are estimated using a discounted cash flow calculation that applies contractual costs currently being offered in the existing portfolio to current market rates being offered for deposits and borrowings of similar remaining maturities.

Commitments to Extend Credit

These financial instruments are generally not subject to sale, and fair values are not readily available. The carrying value, represented by the net deferred fee arising from the unrecognized commitment, and the fair value, determined by discounting the remaining contractual fee over the term of the commitment using fees currently charged to enter into similar agreements with similar credit risk, are not considered material for disclosure.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Forward Looking Statements

This quarterly report contains forward-looking statements, which can be identified by the use of such words as estimate, project, believe, intend, anticipate, plan, seek, expect and similar expressions. These forward-looking statements include:

 

   

statements of our goals, intentions and expectations;

 

   

statements regarding our business plans and prospects and growth and operating strategies;

 

   

statements regarding the asset quality of our loan and investment portfolios; and

 

   

estimates of our risks and future costs and benefits.

By identifying these forward-looking statements for you in this manner, we are alerting you to the possibility that our actual results and financial condition may differ, possibly materially, from the anticipated results and financial condition indicated in these forward-looking statements. Important factors that could cause our actual results and financial condition to differ from those indicated in the forward-looking statements include, among others, those discussed under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K and Part II, Item 1A of this Report on Form 10-Q, as well as the following factors:

 

   

significantly increased competition among depository and other financial institutions;

 

   

inflation and changes in the interest rate environment that reduce our margins or reduce the fair value of financial instruments;

 

   

general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas, that are worse than expected;

 

   

adverse changes in the securities markets;

 

   

legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect our business;

 

   

our ability to enter new markets successfully and take advantage of growth opportunities, and the possible short-term dilutive effect of potential acquisitions or de novo branches, if any;

 

   

changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits;

 

   

changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the bank regulatory agencies and the Financial Accounting Standards Board; and

 

   

changes in our organization, compensation and benefit plans.

These risks and uncertainties should be considered in evaluating forward-looking statements and undue reliance should not be placed on such statements.

Comparison of Financial Condition at March 31, 2010 and September 30, 2009

Total Assets. Total assets increased by $16.6 million, or 1.6%, to $1,058.7 million at March 31, 2010 from $1,042.1 million at September 30, 2009. This increase was primarily due to increases in interest bearing deposits with other institutions, investment securities available for sale and investment securities held to maturity.

Interest-Bearing Deposits with Other Institutions. Interest-bearing deposits with other institutions increased $8.0 million, or 69.8%, to $19.5 million at March 31, 2010 from $11.5 million at September 30, 2009. The primary reason for the increase was an increase of $8.0 million in the Company’s interest bearing deposit account at the FHLBank Pittsburgh. This increase was the result of deposit growth at the Company in excess of loan demand, investment purchases and other uses of cash.

Certificates of Deposit. The Company realized maturities of $3.4 million in certificates of deposit at other FDIC insured financial institutions during the six months ended March 31, 2010.

 

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Investment Securities Available for Sale. Investment securities available for sale increased $5.4 million, or 2.5%, to $223.0 million at March 31, 2010 from $217.6 million at September 30, 2009. The increase was due primarily to increases of $17.5 million in the Company’s portfolio of US government agency securities and $2.1 million in the Company’s portfolio of municipal bonds. These increases were partially offset by a $14.1 million decrease in the Company’s portfolio of mortgage-backed securities issued by United States government sponsored agencies or entities. The growth in United States government sponsored agencies or entities portfolio was due primarily to an investment strategy focused on shorter duration securities. The decrease in mortgage backed securities was primarily due to the partial reinvestment of repayments on mortgage backed securities into shorter duration U.S. government agency securities.

Investment Securities Held to Maturity. Investment securities held to maturity increased $8.5 million, or 127.0%, to $15.2 million at March 31, 2010 from $6.7 million at September 30, 2009. The increase was due primarily to the purchase of $10.2 million of mortgage-backed securities issued by United States government sponsored agencies or entities as part of a leverage strategy to take advantage of a steep yield curve.

Net Loans. Net loans decreased $4.8 million, or 0.7%, to $728.7 million at March 31, 2010 from $733.6 million at September 30, 2009. During this period, residential loans outstanding decreased by $6.2 million to $597.6 million, construction loans outstanding declined by $588,000 to $1.1 million and home equity loans and lines of credit outstanding decreased by $1.6 million to $45.2 million. These decreases were partially offset by increases in commercial real estate loans outstanding of $3.6 million to $71.7 million and commercial loans outstanding of $716,000 to $17.2 million. The Company sold $8.2 million of long term fixed rate residential mortgage loans during the six months ended March 31, 2010, as part of an overall interest rate risk management strategy.

Deposits. Deposits increased $73.7 million, or 18.0 %, to $482.5 million at March 31, 2010 from $408.9 million at September 30, 2009. At March 31, 2010 compared to September 30, 2009, certificate of deposit accounts increased $55.4 million to $208.6 million, money market accounts increased $9.0 million to $118.3 million, non-interest bearing demand accounts increased $2.3 million to $27.7 million, NOW accounts increased $2.8 million to $57.4 million and savings and club accounts increased $4.3 million to $70.6 million. Included in the certificates of deposit at March 31, 2010 was an increase of $36.5 million in brokered certificates of deposit to $58.5 million. The increase in brokered certificates was the result of the Company’s use of these funds to replace matured borrowings with a net decrease to the overall cost of funds.

Borrowed Funds. Borrowed funds decreased by $52.8 million, or 12.0 %, to $385.8 million at March 31, 2010, from $438.6 million at September 30, 2009. The decrease in borrowed funds was primarily due to the increases in deposit accounts.

Stockholders’ Equity. Stockholders’ equity decreased by $6.4 million, or 3.5 %, to $179.1 million at March 31, 2010 from $185.5 million at September 30, 2009. This decrease was primarily the result of a stock repurchase program the company began in June 2008. In June, 2009, the Company announced that it had completed its first stock repurchase program having purchased 2,547,135 shares at a weighted average cost of $13.14. It was also announced that the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a second stock repurchase program to purchase up to an additional 10% of its outstanding shares. As of March 31, 2010, the Company had purchased an additional 754,529 shares at a weighted average cost of $12.59 per share under the second stock repurchase program including the repurchase of 359,229 shares at an average cost of $12.38 per share during the three months ended March 31, 2010.

 

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Average Balance Sheets for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and 2009

The following tables set forth average balance sheets, average yields and costs, and certain other information for the periods indicated. All average balances are daily average balances, the yields set forth below include the effect of deferred fees and discounts and premiums that are amortized or accreted to interest income.

 

     For the Three Months Ended March 31  
     2010     2009  
     Average
Balance
    Interest
Income/
Expense
    Yield/
Cost
    Average
Balance
    Interest
Income/
Expense
    Yield/
Cost
 
     (dollars in thousands)  

Interest-earning assets:

            

Loans (1)

   $ 733,330      $ 10,166      5.62   $ 733,754      $ 10,523      5.82

Investment securities

            

Taxable (2)

     37,483        207      2.24     35,707        309      3.51

Exempt from federal income tax (2) (3)

     6,915        77      6.84     7,217        82      6.98
                                            

Total investment securities

     44,398        284      2.96     42,924        391      4.09

Mortgage-backed securities

     185,390        1,957      4.28     187,992        2,335      5.04

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     20,727        —        0.00     20,727        —        0.00

Other

     10,330        1      0.04     7,313        1      0.06
                                            

Total interest-earning assets

     994,175        12,408      5.08     992,710        13,250      5.43

Allowance for loan losses

     (6,358         (4,963    

Noninterest-earning assets

     50,065            44,874       
                        

Total assets

   $ 1,037,882          $ 1,032,621       
                        

Interest-bearing liabilities:

            

NOW accounts

   $ 53,460        10      0.08   $ 53,844        11      0.08

Money market accounts

     114,275        324      1.15     92,137        404      1.78

Savings and club accounts

     67,047        51      0.31     61,389        67      0.44

Certificates of deposit

     165,463        1,073      2.63     155,183        1,306      3.41

Borrowed funds

     417,239        3,746      3.64     442,385        4,253      3.90
                                            

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     817,484        5,204      2.58     804,938        6,041      3.04

Non-interest bearing NOW accounts

     26,472            23,402       

Noninterest-bearing liabilities

     10,707            10,679       
                        

Total liabilities

     854,663            839,019       

Equity

     183,219            193,602       
                        

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,037,882          $ 1,032,621       
                                    

Net interest income

     $ 7,204          $ 7,209     
                        

Interest rate spread

       2.50       2.39

Net interest-earning assets

   $ 176,691          $ 187,772       
                        

Net interest margin (4)

       2.94       2.95
            

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

       121.61         123.33  

 

(1) Non-accruing loans are included in the outstanding loan balances.
(2) Held to maturity securities are reported at amortized cost. Available for sale securities are reported at fair value.
(3) Yields on tax exempt securities have been calculated on a fully tax equivalent basis assuming a tax rate of 34%.
(4) Represents the difference between interest earned and interest paid, divided by average total interest earning assets.

 

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     For the Six Months Ended March 31,  
     2010     2009  
     Average
Balance
    Interest
Income/
Expense
    Yield/ Cost     Average Balance     Interest
Income/
Expense
    Yield/ Cost  
                 (dollars in thousands)              

Interest-earning assets:

            

Loans (1)

   $ 735,338      $ 20,507      5.59   $ 725,081      $ 21,124      5.84

Investment securities

            

Taxable (2)

     33,893        393      2.33     40,483        734      3.64

Exempt from federal income tax (2) (3)

     7,169        160      6.78     7,072        165      7.05
                                            

Total investment securities

     41,062        553      3.10     47,555        899      4.14

Mortgage-backed securities

     187,547        4,008      4.29     175,144        4,363      5.00

Federal Home Loan Bank stock

     20,727        —        0.00     20,143        112      1.12

Other

     7,148        2      0.06     8,240        8      0.19
                                            

Total interest-earning assets

     991,822        25,070      5.09     976,163        26,506      5.46

Allowance for loan losses

     (6,139         (4,841    

Noninterest-earning assets

     48,791            46,266       
                        

Total assets

   $ 1,034,474          $ 1,017,588       
                        

Interest-bearing liabilities:

          

NOW accounts

   $ 53,667        20      0.07   $ 53,523        22      0.08

Money market accounts

     111,893        642      1.15     84,264        878      2.09

Savings and club accounts

     66,144        109      0.33     61,050        130      0.43

Certificates of deposit

     155,312        2,093      2.70     156,823        2,729      3.49

Borrowed funds

     426,329        7,719      3.63     432,887        8,544      3.96
                                            

Total interest-bearing liabilities

     813,345        10,583      2.61     788,547        12,303      3.13

Non-interest bearing NOW accounts

     26,555            23,584       

Noninterest-bearing liabilities

     10,060            9,997       
                        

Total liabilities

     849,960            822,128       

Equity

     184,514            195,460       
                        

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 1,034,474          $ 1,017,588       
                                    

Net interest income

     $ 14,487          $ 14,203     
                        

Interest rate spread

       2.48       2.33

Net interest-earning assets

   $ 178,477          $ 187,616       
                        

Net interest margin (4)

       2.93       2.92
            

Average interest-earning assets to average interest-bearing liabilities

       121.94         123.79  

 

(1) Non-accruing loans are included in the outstanding loan balances.
(2) Held to maturity securities are reported at amortized cost. Available for sale securities are reported at fair value.
(3) Yields on tax exempt securities have been calculated on a fully tax equivalent basis assuming a tax rate of 34%.
(4) Represents the difference between interest earned and interest paid, divided by average total interest earning assets.

Comparison of Operating Results for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009

Net Income. Net income increased $66,000, or 4.3%, to $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 compared to net income of $1.6 million for the comparable period in 2009.

Net Interest Income. Net interest income decreased $5,000 or 0.1 %, to $7.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $7.2 million for the comparable period in 2009. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease in average net earning assets of $11.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 as compared to average net earning assets for the comparable period in 2009, which was offset in part by an increase of 11 basis points in the Company’s interest rate spread to 2.50% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, from 2.39% for the comparable period in 2009.

Interest Income. Interest income decreased $842,000 or 6.4%, to $12.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $13.3 million for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease resulted primarily from a 35

 

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basis point decrease in average yield on interest earning assets partially offset by a $1.5 million increase in average interest-earning assets. The average yield on interest earning assets was 5.08% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to 5.43% for the comparable 2009 period as market interest rates remained low throughout the period. Average loans decreased $424,000 between the two periods. Mortgage backed securities also decreased $2.6 million in average balances between the two periods. These decreases were offset in part by increases in the average balances of taxable investment securities of $1.5 million and average other interest earning assets of $3.0 million. The primary reason for the decrease in mortgage backed securities was the partial reinvestment of repayments on mortgage backed securities into U.S. government agency securities. Average Federal Home Loan Bank stock was unchanged from the prior period. As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, the Bank maintains an investment in the capital stock of the FHLBank Pittsburgh in an amount not less than 70 basis points of the outstanding unused FHLB borrowing capacity or 1/20 of its outstanding FHLB borrowings, whichever is greater, as calculated throughout the year. On December 23, 2008, the FHLBank Pittsburgh notified its members, including the Company, that it was suspending the payment of dividends on its capital stock and the repurchase of excess capital stock until further notice. The increase in other interest earning assets was primarily due to an increase in the average balance of cash the Company held at FHLBank Pittsburgh.

Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased $837,000 or 13.9%, to $5.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $6.0 million for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease resulted from a 46 basis point decrease in the overall cost of interest bearing liabilities to 2.58% for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from 3.04% for the comparable 2009 period, partially offset by a $12.5 million increase in average interest-bearing liabilities. Average interest bearing deposits increased $37.7 million and average borrowed funds decreased $25.1 million. Average interest bearing deposits increased primarily as a result of a $22.1 million increase in average money market accounts, a $10.3 million increase in average certificates of deposit, and a $5.7 million increase in savings and club accounts.

Provision for Loan Losses. In evaluating the level of the allowance for loan losses, management considers historical loss experience, the types of loans and the amount of loans in the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect a borrower’s ability to repay, the estimated value of any underlying collateral, peer group information and prevailing economic conditions. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are subject to interpretation and revision as more information becomes available or as future events occur. Non-performing assets at March 31, 2010 were $11.9 million compared to non-performing assets of $5.4 million at March 31, 2009. After an evaluation of these factors, management made a provision for loan losses of $650,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 as compared to $375,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2009. The allowance for loan losses was $6.6 million, or 0.90% of loans outstanding, at March 31, 2010, compared to $5.2 million, or 0.69% of loans outstanding at March 31, 2009.

Non-interest Income. Non-interest income increased $345,000 or 27.3%, to $1.6 million from $1.3 million for the comparable period in 2009. The primary reason for the increase was the gains on the sale of investments of $308,000 during the 2009 period. The Company sold $13.7 million of adjustable rate investment securities during the three months ended March 31, 2010, as part of an overall strategy to minimize the impact of the current low interest rate environment.

Non-interest Expense. Non-interest expense increased $146,000, or 2.5%, to $6.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $5.9 million for the comparable period in 2009. The primary reasons for the increases were increases in FDIC insurance premiums of $66,000 and an increase in other expenses of $44,000. The primary reason for the increase in other expenses was an increase in the cost of foreclosed real estate.

Income Taxes. Income tax expense decreased $147,000 or 22.3%, to $513,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010 from $660,000 for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease was primarily a result of the decrease in income before taxes of $81,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2010. The effective tax rate was 24.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2010, compared to 30.0% for the 2009 period.

 

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Comparison of Operating Results for the Six Months Ended March 31, 2010 and March 31, 2009

Net Income. Net income decreased $970,000 or 28.8%, to $2.4 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 compared to net income of $3.4 million for the comparable period in 2009. The net income of $2.4 million for the six months ending March 31, 2010 included a write-down of foreclosed real estate of $1.2 million. The 2009 period included a one-time tax benefit of $317,000 related to the Company’s other than temporary impairment (OTTI) charge taken in the previous fiscal year. The OTTI charge related to Fannie Mae perpetual preferred stock held in the Company’s available for sale securities portfolio.

Net Interest Income. Net interest income increased $284,000 or 2.0%, to $14.5 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from $14.2 million for the comparable period in 2009. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase of 15 basis points in the Company’s interest rate spread to 2.48% for the six months ended March 31, 2010, from 2.33% for the comparable period in 2009, which was offset in part by a decrease in average net earning assets of $9.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 as compared to average net earning assets for the comparable period in 2009.

Interest Income. Interest income decreased $1.4 million or 5.4%, to $25.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from $26.5 million for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease resulted primarily from a 37 basis point decrease in average yield on interest earning assets partially offset by a $15.7 million increase in average interest-earning assets. The average yield on interest earning assets was 5.09% for the six months ended March 31, 2010, as compared to 5.46% for the comparable 2009 period. Loans increased on average $10.3 million between the two periods along with increases in the average balance of mortgage backed securities of $12.4 million. In addition, average Federal Home Loan Bank stock increased $584,000. These increases were offset in part by a decrease in the average balances of investment securities of $6.5 million and average other interest earning assets of $1.1 million. The primary reason for the increase in mortgage backed securities was the partial reinvestment of borrowing proceeds, maturing certificates of deposit and investment securities into these assets. Average Federal Home Loan Bank stock increased as a result of the Bank’s increase in borrowings from the FHLBank Pittsburgh. As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank System, the Bank maintains an investment in the capital stock of the FHLBank Pittsburgh in an amount not less than 70 basis points of the outstanding unused FHLB borrowing capacity or 1/20 of its outstanding FHLB borrowings, whichever is greater, as calculated throughout the year. On December 23, 2008, the FHLBank Pittsburgh notified its members, including the Company, that it was suspending the payment of dividends on its capital stock and the repurchase of excess capital stock until further notice.

Interest Expense. Interest expense decreased $1.7 million, to $10.6 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from $12.3 million for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease resulted from a 52 basis point decrease in the overall cost of interest bearing liabilities to 2.61% for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from 3.13% for the comparable 2009 period, partially offset by a $24.8 million increase in average interest-bearing liabilities. Average interest bearing deposits increased $31.4 million and average borrowed funds decreased $6.6 million. Average interest bearing deposits increased primarily as a result of an increase of $27.6 million in average money market accounts and $5.1 million in savings and club accounts.

Provision for Loan Losses. In evaluating the level of the allowance for loan losses, management considers historical loss experience, the types of loans and the amount of loans in the loan portfolio, adverse situations that may affect a borrower’s ability to repay, the estimated value of any underlying collateral, peer group information and prevailing economic conditions. This evaluation is inherently subjective as it requires estimates that are subject to interpretation and revision as more information becomes available or as future events occur. Non-performing assets at March 31, 2010 were $11.9 million compared to non-performing assets of $5.4 million at March 31, 2009. After an evaluation of these factors, management made a provision for loan losses of $1.2 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 as compared to $750,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2009. The allowance for loan losses was $6.6 million, or 0.90% of loans outstanding, at March 31, 2010, compared to $5.2 million, or 0.69% of loans outstanding at March 31, 2009.

Non-interest Income. Non-interest income increased $476,000 or 18.4%, to $3.1 million from $2.6 million for the comparable period in 2009. The primary reasons for the increase were increases in gain on sale of

 

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investments of $308,000 and gain on sale of loans of $195,000 which were partially offset by declines in service charges and fees on loans of $67,000. Gains on sales of investments increased due to the sale of $13.7 million of adjustable rate investment securities. The sale of $8.2 million of long term fixed rate mortgages increased gains on sale of loans.

Non-interest Expense. Non-interest expense increased $1.6 million, or 13.8%, to $13.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from $11.7 million for the comparable period in 2009. The primary reasons for the increases were increases in write-down in other real estate of $1.2 million, FDIC insurance premiums of $396,000 and compensation and employee benefits of $163,000. These increases were offset in part by decreases in occupancy and equipment expense of $142,000 and advertising expense of $88,000. Write-downs of foreclosed real estate increased because the Company took a $1.2 million charge off in the first fiscal quarter of 2010 related to a single property in the Bank’s foreclosed real estate portfolio. FDIC premiums increased as a result of increases in the cost of FDIC insurance. Compensation and employee benefits increased primarily as a result of the hiring of additional employees to staff the Company’s branch expansion.

Income Taxes. Income tax expense decreased $280,000 or 27.8%, to $727,000 for the six months ended March 31, 2010 from $1.0 million for the comparable 2009 period. The decrease in income tax expense was primarily the result of a decrease of $1.3 million in income before taxes for the six months ended March 31, 2010 compared to the comparable period in 2009. The effective tax rate was 23.3% for the six months ended March 31, 2010, compared to 23.0% for the 2009 period.

Non-Performing Assets

The following table provides information with respect to the Bank’s non-performing assets at the dates indicated. (Dollars in thousands)

 

     March 31,
2010
    September 30,
2009
 

Non-performing assets:

    

Non-accruing loans

   $ 9,701      $ 4,565   

Troubled debt restructures

     401        589   
                

Total non-performing loans

     10,102        5,154   

Real estate owned

     1,801        2,579   
                

Total non-performing assets

   $ 11,903      $ 7,733   
                

Ratio of non-performing loans to total loans

     1.37     0.70

Ratio of non-performing loans to total assets

     0.95     0.49

Ratio of non-performing assets to total assets

     1.12     0.74

Ratio of allowance for loan losses to total loans

     0.90     0.79

Loans are reviewed on a regular basis and are placed on non-accrual status when they become more than 90 days delinquent. When loans are placed on non-accrual status, unpaid accrued interest is fully reserved, and further income is recognized only to the extent received. Nonperforming assets increased $4.2 million to $11.9 million at March 31, 2010 from $7.7 million at September 30, 2009. Nonperforming loans increased $4.9 million to $10.1 million at March 31, 2010 from $5.2 million at September 30, 2009. The $9.7 million of non-accruing loans included 37 residential loans with an aggregate outstanding balance of $6.7 million that were past due 90 or more days at March 31, 2010, 12 commercial loans with aggregate outstanding balances of $2.7 million and 4 consumer loans with aggregate balances of $255,000. Foreclosed real estate decreased $779,000 to $1.8 million at March 31, 2010 from $2.6 million at September 30, 2009. The $779,000 decrease included a $1.2 million write-down of one property which was partially offset by the addition of 3 residential properties with carrying balances of $379,000 to the foreclosed real estate portfolio.

 

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Liquidity and Capital Resources

We maintain liquid assets at levels we consider adequate to meet both our short-term and long-term liquidity needs. We adjust our liquidity levels to fund deposit outflows, repay our borrowings and to fund loan commitments. We also adjust liquidity as appropriate to meet asset and liability management objectives.

Our primary sources of liquidity are deposits, prepayment and repayment of loans and mortgage-backed securities, maturities of investment securities and other short-term investments, and earnings and funds provided from operations, as well as access to FHLBank advances and other borrowing sources. While scheduled principal repayments on loans and mortgage-backed securities are a relatively predictable source of funds, deposit flows and loan prepayments are greatly influenced by market interest rates, economic conditions, and rates offered by our competition. We set the interest rates on our deposits to maintain a desired level of total deposits.

A portion of our liquidity consists of cash and cash equivalents and borrowings, which are a product of our operating, investing and financing activities. At March 31, 2010, $25.9 million of our assets were invested in cash and cash equivalents. Our primary sources of cash are principal repayments on loans, proceeds from the maturities of investment securities, principal repayments of mortgage-backed securities and increases in deposit accounts. Short-term investment securities (maturing in one year or less) totaled $8.4 million at March 31, 2010. As of March 31, 2010, we had $320.8 million in borrowings outstanding from FHLBank Pittsburgh, $65 million in borrowings through repurchase agreements with other financial institutions. We have access to additional FHLBank advances of up to approximately $164.0 million.

At March 31, 2010, we had $41.9 million in loan commitments outstanding, which included, in part, $9.0 million in undisbursed construction loans, $21.1 million in unused home equity lines of credit, $3.7 million in commercial lines of credit and $3.5 million to originate primarily multi-family and nonresidential mortgage loans. Certificates of deposit due within one year of March 31, 2010 totaled $73.2 million, or 35.1% of certificates of deposit. If these maturing deposits do not remain with us, we will be required to seek other sources of funds, including other certificates of deposit and borrowings. Depending on market conditions, we may be required to pay higher rates on such deposits or other borrowings than we currently pay on the certificates of deposit due on or before March 31, 2011. We believe, however, based on past experience, that a significant portion of our certificates of deposit will remain with us. We have the ability to attract and retain deposits by adjusting the interest rates offered.

As reported in the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, our cash flows are classified for financial reporting purposes as operating, investing or financing cash flows. Net cash provided by operating activities was $3.5 million and $5.3 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively. These amounts differ from our net income because of a variety of cash receipts and disbursements that did not affect net income for the respective periods. Net cash used in investing activities was $10.8 million and $50.8 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively, principally reflecting our loan and investment security activities. Deposit and borrowing cash flows have comprised most of our financing activities which resulted in net cash provided of $14.7 million and $50.1 million for the six months ended March 31, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Critical Accounting Policies

We consider accounting policies that require management to exercise significant judgment or discretion or make significant assumptions that have, or could have, a material impact on the carrying value of certain assets or on income, to be critical accounting policies. We consider the following to be our critical accounting policies:

Allowance for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses is the estimated amount considered necessary to cover credit losses inherent in the loan portfolio at the balance sheet date. The allowance is established through the provision for loan losses which is charged against income. In determining the allowance for loan losses, management makes significant estimates and has identified this policy as one of our most critical. The methodology for determining the allowance for loan losses is considered a critical accounting policy by management due to the high degree of judgment involved, the subjectivity of the assumptions utilized and the potential for changes in the economic environment that could result in changes to the amount of the recorded allowance for loan losses.

 

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As a substantial amount of our loan portfolio is collateralized by real estate, appraisals of the underlying value of property securing loans and discounted cash flow valuations of properties are critical in determining the amount of the allowance required for specific loans. Assumptions for appraisals and discounted cash flow valuations are instrumental in determining the value of properties. Overly optimistic assumptions or negative changes to assumptions could significantly impact the valuation of a property securing a loan and the related allowance determined. The assumptions supporting such appraisals and discounted cash flow valuations are carefully reviewed by management to determine that the resulting values reasonably reflect amounts realizable on the related loans.

Management performs a quarterly evaluation of the adequacy of the allowance for loan losses. Consideration is given to a variety of factors in establishing this estimate including, but not limited to, current economic conditions, delinquency statistics, geographic and industry concentrations, the adequacy of the underlying collateral, the financial strength of the borrower, results of internal and external loan reviews and other relevant factors. This evaluation is inherently subjective, as it requires material estimates that may be susceptible to significant revision based on changes in economic and real estate market conditions.

The analysis of the allowance for loan losses has two components: specific and general allocations. Specific allocations are made for loans that are determined to be impaired. Impairment is measured by determining the present value of expected future cash flows or, for collateral-dependent loans, the fair value of the collateral adjusted for market conditions and selling expenses. The general allocation is determined by segregating the remaining loans by type of loan, risk weighting (if applicable) and payment history. We also analyze historical loss experience, delinquency trends, general economic conditions and geographic and industry concentrations. This analysis establishes factors that are applied to the loan groups to determine the amount of the general allocations. Actual loan losses may be significantly more than the allowance for loan losses we have established which could have a material negative effect on our financial results.

Other-than-Temporary Investment Security Impairment. Securities are evaluated periodically to determine whether a decline in their value is other-than-temporary. Management utilizes criteria such as the magnitude and duration of the decline, in addition to the reasons underlying the decline, to determine whether the loss in value is other-than-temporary. The term “other-than-temporary” is not intended to indicate that the decline is permanent, but indicates that the prospect for a near-term recovery of value is not necessarily favorable, or that there is a lack of evidence to support a realizable value equal to or greater than the carrying value of the investment. Once a decline in value is determined to be other-than-temporary, the value of the security is reduced and a corresponding charge to earnings is recognized.

Deferred Income Taxes. We use the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. If current available information raises doubt as to the realization of the deferred tax assets, a valuation allowance is established. We consider the determination of this valuation allowance to be a critical accounting policy because of the need to exercise significant judgment in evaluating the amount and timing of recognition of deferred tax liabilities and assets, including projections of future taxable income. These judgments and estimates are reviewed on a continual basis as regulatory and business factors change. A valuation allowance for deferred tax assets may be required if the amount of taxes recoverable through loss carryback declines, or if we project lower levels of future taxable income. Such a valuation allowance would be established through a charge to income tax expense which would adversely affect our operating results. At March 31, 2010 the Company had a $2.6 million valuation allowance established against its deferred tax asset. The tax deduction generated by the contribution to the Foundation as part of the Company’s stock offering exceeded the allowable federal income tax deduction limitations resulting in the establishment of this valuation allowance for the contribution carry forward.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements (as such term is defined in applicable Securities and Exchange Commission rules) that are reasonably likely to have a current or future material effect on our financial condition, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures or capital resources.

Contractual Obligations

During the first six months of fiscal 2010, the Company’s contractual obligations did not change materially from those discussed in the Company’s Financial Statements for the year ended September 30, 2009.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

The majority of our assets and liabilities are monetary in nature. Consequently, our most significant form of market risk is interest rate risk. Our assets, consisting primarily of mortgage loans, have longer maturities than our liabilities, consisting primarily of deposits and borrowings. As a result, a principal part of our business strategy is to manage interest rate risk and reduce the exposure of our net interest income to changes in market interest rates. Accordingly, our Board of Directors has approved guidelines for managing the interest rate risk inherent in our assets and liabilities, given our business strategy, operating environment, capital, liquidity and performance objectives. Senior management monitors the level of interest rate risk on a regular basis and the asset/liability committee meets quarterly to review our asset/liability policies and interest rate risk position.

We have sought to manage our interest rate risk in order to minimize the exposure of our earnings and capital to changes in interest rates. The net proceeds from the offering increased our capital and provided management with greater flexibility to manage our interest rate risk. In particular, management used the majority of the capital we received to increase our interest-earning assets. There have been no material changes in our interest rate risk since September 30, 2009.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, we evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based upon that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this report, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that the Company files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

There were no significant changes made in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) or in other factors that could significantly affect the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting during the period covered by this report that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

Part II – Other Information

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to various legal actions arising in the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, the resolution of these legal actions is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

There have been no material changes in the “Risk Factors” disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2009 on Form 10-K filed on December 11, 2009.

 

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Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

The following table presents a summary of the Company’s share repurchases during the quarter ended March 31, 2010.

Company Purchases of Common Stock

 

Period

   Total number of
shares purchased
   Average price
paid per share
   Total number of
shares purchased as
part of publicly
announced plans or
programs
   Maximum number
of shares that may
yet be purchased
under the plans or
programs

January 1- January 31, 2010

   —      $ —      —      1,103,762

February 1 – February 28, 2010

   170,678      11.77    170,678    933,084

March 1 – March 31, 2010

   188,551      12.93    188,551    744,533
               

Total

   359,229    $ 12.38    359,229   
               

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. [Removed and Reserved]

 

Item 5. Other Information

Not applicable.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are either filed as part of this report or are incorporated herein by reference:

 

3.1    Certificate of Incorporation of ESSA Bancorp, Inc.*
3.2    Bylaws of ESSA Bancorp, Inc.*
4        Form of Common Stock Certificate of ESSA Bancorp, Inc.*
10.2    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement for Gary S. Olson**
10.3    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement for Robert S. Howes**
10.4    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement for Allan A. Muto**
10.5    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement for Diane K. Reimer**
10.6    Amended and Restated Employment Agreement for V. Gail Warner**
10.7    Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan**
10.8    Endorsement Split Dollar Life Insurance Agreement for Gary S. Olson**
10.9    Endorsement Split Dollar Life Insurance Agreement for Robert S. Howes**
21       Subsidiaries of Registrant*
31.1    Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
31.2    Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
32        Certification of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

* Incorporated by reference to the Registration Statement on Form S-1 of ESSA Bancorp, Inc. (file no. 333-139157), originally filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on December 7, 2006.
** Incorporated by reference to ESSA Bancorp, Inc.’s current report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 6, 2008.

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

      ESSA BANCORP, INC.

Date: May 7, 2010

 

/s/ Gary S. Olson

  Gary S. Olson
  President and Chief Executive Officer

Date: May 7, 2010

 

/s/ Allan A. Muto

  Allan A. Muto
  Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

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