Eagle Bancorp 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
U.S. SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Commission file number: 0-25923
Eagle Bancorp, Inc.
Registrants Telephone Number, including area code: (301) 986-1800
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: Common Stock $.01 par value
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Section 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant; (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports; and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
The aggregate market value of the outstanding Common Stock held by nonaffiliates as of June 30, 2006 was approximately $152 million.
As of March 7, 2007, the number of outstanding shares of the Common Stock, $.01 par value, of Eagle Bancorp, Inc. was 9,501,172.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Companys definitive Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be held on May 15, 2007 are incorporated by reference in part III hereof.
The following shows the location in this Annual Report on Form 10-K or the Companys Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on May 15, 2007, of the information required to be disclosed by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission Form 10-K. References to pages only are to pages in this report.
The following table shows selected historical consolidated financial data for Eagle Bancorp (the Company). It should be read in conjunction with the Companys audited consolidated financial statements appearing elsewhere in this report.
(1) Adjusted for all years presented giving retroactive effect to stock splits in the form of 30% stock dividends paid on July 5, 2006 and February 28, 2005 and a seven for five stock split in the form of a 40% stock dividend paid on June 15, 2001.
(2) Computed by dividing noninterest expense by the sum of net interest income and noninterest income.
(3) Computed by dividing dividends declared per share by net income per share.
The following discussion provides information about the results of operations, financial condition, liquidity, and capital resources of Eagle Bancorp, Inc. (the Company) and its subsidiary, EagleBank (the Bank). This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto, appearing elsewhere in this report.
This report contains forward looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, including statements of goals, intentions, and expectations as to future trends, plans, events or results of Company operations and policies and regarding general economic conditions. In some cases, forward looking statements can be identified by use of such words as may, will, anticipate, believes, expects, plans, estimates, potential, continue, should, and similar words or phases. These statements are based upon current and anticipated economic conditions, nationally and in the Companys market, interest rates and interest rate policy, competitive factors and other conditions which, by their nature, are not susceptible to accurate forecast, and are subject to significant uncertainty. Because of these uncertainties and the assumptions on which this discussion and the forward looking statements are based, actual future operations and results in the future may differ materially from those indicated herein. Readers are cautioned against placing undue reliance on any such forward looking statements.
The Company is a growth oriented, one-bank holding company headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland. We provide general commercial and consumer banking services through our wholly owned banking subsidiary EagleBank, a Maryland chartered bank which is a member of the Federal Reserve System. We were organized in October 1997, to be the holding company for the Bank. The Bank was organized as an independent, community oriented, and full-service alternative to the super regional financial institutions, which dominate our primary market area. Our philosophy is to provide superior, personalized service to our customers. We focus on relationship banking, providing each customer with a number of services, becoming familiar with and addressing customer needs in a proactive, personalized fashion. The Bank currently has six offices serving Montgomery County and three offices in the District of Columbia. In May 2006, the Bank opened its newest branch in Chevy Chase, Montgomery County, Maryland. In July 2006, the Company formed Eagle Commercial Ventures, LLC as a direct subsidiary to provide subordinate financing for the acquisition, development and construction of real estate projects, where the primary financing would be provided by EagleBank.
The Company offers a broad range of commercial banking services to our business and professional clients as well as full service consumer banking services to individuals living or working in the service area. We emphasize providing commercial banking services to sole proprietors, small and medium-sized businesses, partnerships, corporations, non-profit organizations and associations, and investors living and working in and near our primary service area. A full range of retail banking services are offered to accommodate the individual needs of both business customers as well as the community we serve. These services include the usual deposit functions of commercial banks, including business and personal checking accounts, NOW accounts and money market and savings accounts, business, construction, and commercial loans, equipment leasing, residential mortgages and consumer loans and cash management services. We have developed significant expertise and commitment as an SBA lender, have been designated a Preferred Lender by the Small Business Administration (SBA), and are the largest community bank SBA lender in the Washington metropolitan area. In 2006, the Bank developed and began offering a remote deposit service which allows clients to facilitate and expedite deposit transactions through the use of electronic scanning devices.
The Companys consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and follow general practices within the banking industry. Application of these principles requires management to make estimates, assumptions, and judgments that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates, assumptions and judgments are based on information available as of the date of the consolidated financial statements; accordingly, as this information changes, the consolidated financial statements could reflect different estimates, assumptions, and judgments. Certain policies inherently have a greater reliance on the use of estimates, assumptions and judgments and as such have a greater possibility of producing results that could be materially different than originally reported. Estimates, assumptions, and judgments are necessary when assets and liabilities are required to be recorded at fair value, when a decline in the value of an asset not carried on the financial statements at fair value warrants an impairment write-down or valuation reserve to be established, or when an asset or liability needs to be recorded contingent upon a future event. Carrying assets and liabilities at fair value inherently results in more financial statement volatility. The fair values and the information used to record valuation adjustments for certain assets and liabilities are based either on quoted market prices or are provided by other third-party sources, when available.
The allowance for credit losses is an estimate of the losses that may be sustained in our loan portfolio. The allowance is based on two principles of accounting: (a) Statement on Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) 5, Accounting for Contingencies, which requires that losses be accrued when they are probable of occurring and are estimable and (b) SFAS No. 114, Accounting by Creditors for Impairment of a Loan, which requires that losses be accrued when it is probable that the Company will not collect all principal and interest payments according to the contractual terms of the loan. The loss, if any, can be determined by the difference between the loan balance and the value of collateral, the present value of expected future cash flows, or values observable in the secondary markets.
Three components comprise our allowance for credit losses: a specific allowance, a formula allowance and a nonspecific or environmental factors allowance. Each component is determined based on estimates that can and do change when actual events occur.
The specific allowance allocates an allowance to identified loans. A loan for which reserves are individually allocated may show deficiencies in the borrowers overall financial condition, payment record, support available from financial guarantors and or the fair market value of collateral. When a loan is identified as impaired, a specific reserve is established based on the Companys assessment of the loss that may be associated with the individual loan.
The formula allowance is used to estimate the loss on internally risk rated loans, exclusive of those identified as substandard, doubtful and loss, which are segregated from non-classified loans. Classified loans are assigned specific reserves based on an impairment analysis. Allowance factors relate to the level of the internal risk rating with non-classified loans exhibiting higher risk ratings receiving a higher allowance factor.
The nonspecific or environmental factors allowance is an estimate of potential loss associated with the remaining loans (those not identified as either requiring specific reserves or having classified risk ratings). The loss estimates are based on more global factors, such as delinquency trends, loss history, trends in the volume and size of individual credits, effects of changes in lending policy, the experience and depth of management, national and local economic trends, any concentrations of credit risk, the quality of the loan review system and the effect of external factors such as competition and regulatory requirements. The environmental factors allowance captures losses whose impact on the portfolio may have occurred but have yet to be recognized in the other allowance factors.
Management has significant discretion in making the judgments inherent in the determination of the provision and allowance for credit losses, including, in connection with the valuation of collateral, a borrowers prospects of repayment, and in establishing allowance factors on the formula allowance and nonspecific or environmental allowance components of the allowance. The establishment of allowance factors is a continuing evaluation, based on managements ongoing assessment of the global factors discussed above and their impact on the portfolio. The allowance factors may change from period to period, resulting in an increase or decrease in the amount of the provision or allowance, based upon the same volume and classification of loans. Changes in allowance factors have a direct impact on the amount of the provision, and a related, after tax effect on net income. Errors in managements perception and assessment of the global factors and their impact on the portfolio could result in the allowance not being adequate to cover losses in the portfolio, and may result in additional provisions or charge-offs. Alternatively, errors in managements perception and assessment of the global factors and their impact on the portfolio could result in the allowance being in excess of amounts necessary to cover losses in the portfolio, and may result in lower provisioning in the future. For additional information regarding the allowance for credit losses, refer to the discussion under the caption Allowance for Credit Losses below.
Beginning in January 2006, the Company adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 123R, which requires the expense recognition for the fair value of share based compensation awards, such as stock options, restricted stock, performance based shares and the like. This standard allows management to establish modeling assumptions as to expected stock price volatility, option terms, forfeiture rates and dividend rates which directly impact estimated fair value. The accounting standard also allows for the use of alternative option pricing models which may impact fair value as determined. The Companys practice is to utilize reasonable and supportable assumptions, which are reviewed with the appropriate Board Committee(s).
The Company reported net income of $8.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2006, a 6% increase over net income of $7.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2005, as compared to $5.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2004.
Earnings per basic share were $0.85 for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to $0.82 for the year 2005 and $0.56 for the year 2004. Earnings per diluted share was $0.81 for the year ended December 31, 2006, as compared to $0.77 for the year 2005 and $0.53 for the year 2004.
For the three months ended December 31, 2006, the Company reported net income of $2.2 million as compared to $2.1 million for the same period in 2005. Earnings per basic share was $0.23 and $0.22 per diluted share for the three months ended December 31, 2006, as compared to $0.22 per basic share and $0.21 per diluted share for the same period in 2005.
Earnings per share for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2005 and 2004 have been adjusted to reflect 1.3 for one stock splits in the form of 30% stock dividends effected on July 5, 2006 and February 26, 2005.
The Company had a return on average assets of 1.13% and a return on average equity of 11.63% for the year of 2006, as compared to returns on average assets and average equity of 1.24% and 12.25%, respectively, for the year of 2005 and 1.04% and 9.16% respectively, for the year of 2004.
The increase in net income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2006 as compared to the same period in 2005 can be attributed substantially to an increase of 13% in net interest income, resulting from an increase of 17% in average earning assets and a decline in the net interest margin of 18 basis points. Since June 2004, the Federal Reserve Bank increased the federal funds target rate by 425 basis points to 5.25% in seventeen interest rate increases of 25 basis points each. Through the year ended December 2005,
the impact of these interest rate increases was to contribute to gains in the Companys net interest margin as the higher interest rates impacted asset yields more than the higher interest rates impacted funding costs. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2006, the Company has experienced a decline in its net interest margin as the funding mix has shifted to more interest bearing deposits and borrowed funds and as the costs of those funds increased. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2006, average interest bearing liabilities funding average earning assets increased to 73% as compared to 70% for the twelve months of 2005. Additionally, while the average rate on earning assets for the twelve month period ended December 31, 2006 as compared to 2005 has risen by 108 basis points from 6.38% to 7.46%, the cost of interest bearing liabilities has increased by 164 basis points from 1.98% to 3.62%, resulting in a decline in the net interest spread from 4.40% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2005 to 3.84% for the twelve months ended December 31, 2006. The 18 basis point decline in the net interest margin during the same period has been less than the decline in the net interest spread as the Company continues to benefit from a significant amount of average noninterest bearing funding sources. For the twelve months ended December 31, 2006, average noninterest sources funding earning assets was $183 million as compared to $170 million for the same period in 2005. The combination of higher levels of market interest rates and the increase in noninterest funding sources has resulted in an increase in the value of noninterest sources funding earning assets from 59 basis points for the twelve months in 2005 to 98 basis points for the twelve months ended December 31, 2006.
As a result of competitive pressures, rates paid on deposits, which have been increasing to meet funding needs, may continue to have increases in future periods, which may not be offset by further increases in interest rates on earning assets. As a result of such potential margin compression, the Companys earnings could be adversely impacted.
Loans, which generally have higher yields than securities and other earning assets, increased to 85% of average earning assets in the year 2006 from 83% of average earning assets for the year of 2005. Investment securities for the year of 2005 accounted for 12% of average earning assets as compared to 11% for the year of 2006. This decline in the proportion of average investment securities to average earning assets was directly related to average loan growth for the year 2006 exceeding the growth of average deposits and other funding sources.
The provision for credit losses was $1.7 million for the year of 2006 as compared to $1.8 million for the same period in 2005. This decline was largely attributable to a lesser amount of loan growth in the loan portfolio in 2006 as compared to 2005, offset by specific reserves being provided on a significant problem commercial loan relationship identified in August 2006. As discussed in the section on Allowance for Credit Losses, the Company had $357 thousand of net charge-offs in the year of 2006. This compared to net charge-offs of $98 thousand for the year of 2005. At December 31, 2006, the allowance for credit losses was $7.4 million or 1.18% of total loans, as compared to $6.0 million or 1.09% of total loans at December 31, 2005. The provision for credit losses was $327 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2006 as compared to $532 thousand for the same period in 2005, the decrease being attributable to a lesser amount of loan growth in the fourth quarter of 2006 as compared to 2005. For the fourth quarter of 2006, the Company had no net charge-offs or recoveries as compared to net charge-offs of $45 thousand for the same period in 2005.
Total noninterest income was $3.8 million for the year 2006 as compared to $4.0 million for 2005, a 4% decline. These amounts include net investment gains of $124 thousand for the year of 2006 and $279 thousand in 2005. Excluding gains on the sale of investment securities, noninterest income was $3.7 million in both 2006 and 2005. This result was due primarily to increased revenue on deposit service charges being effectively offset by lesser amounts of gains on the sale of SBA loans and SBA service fees. For the three months ended December 31, 2006, total noninterest income was $945 thousand as compared to $833 thousand for the same period in 2005. These amounts include net investment gains of $39 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2006 as compared to net investment losses of
$2 thousand for the same quarter in 2005. Excluding gains on the sale of investment securities, noninterest income increased to $906 thousand for the fourth quarter of 2006, versus $835 thousand for the fourth quarter of 2005.
Noninterest expenses increased from $19.0 million for the year of 2005 to $21.8 million for the year of 2006, an increase of 15%. The increase was attributable primarily to increases in personnel and related benefit cost increases, the cost of share based compensation under new accounting rules effective January 1, 2006 ($345 thousand pre-tax), increased premises and equipment expenses, due in part to a new banking office and the relocation of another banking office, and to higher marketing and advertising costs, outside data processing costs and professional fees associated with a larger organization. For the year 2006, the efficiency ratio, which measures the ratio of noninterest expenses to the sum of net interest income and noninterest income (total revenue) was 60.15% as compared to 57.95% for the year of 2005. For the three months ended December 31, 2006, total noninterest expenses were $5.7 million, as compared to $4.9 million for the same period in 2005, an increase of 18%. This increase was due substantially to the same factors mentioned above which affected the increase for the full year 2006 over 2005.
The combination of increases in net interest income attributed to increases in the average volume of earning assets offset partially by a decline in the net interest margin, similar amounts of total noninterest income, lesser amounts of provision for credit losses due to lesser growth, and increases in noninterest expenses, resulted in an improvement in net income for the year of 2006 versus 2005 of 6% and for the three months ended December 31, 2006 versus 2005 of 4%.
Net interest income is the difference between interest income on earning assets and the cost of funds supporting those assets. Earning assets are composed primarily of loans and investment securities. The cost of funds represents interest expense on deposits, customer repurchase agreements and other borrowings, which comprise federal funds purchased and advances from the Federal Home Loan Bank of Atlanta (FHLBA). Noninterest bearing deposits and capital are other components representing funding sources. Changes in the volume and mix of assets and funding sources, along with the changes in yields earned and rates paid, determine changes in net interest income. Net interest income in 2006 was $32.4 million compared to $28.7 million in 2005 and $19.9 million in 2004.
The following table labeled Average Balances, Interest Yields and Rates and Net Interest Margin presents the average balances and rates of the various categories of the Companys assets and liabilities. Included in the table is a measurement of interest rate spread and margin. Interest spread is the difference (expressed as a percentage) between the interest rate earned on earning assets less the interest rate paid on interest bearing liabilities. While net interest spread provides a quick comparison of earnings rates versus cost of funds, management believes that the net interest margin provides a better measurement of performance, since the net interest margin includes the effect of noninterest bearing sources in its calculation, which are significant factors in the Companys financial performance. The net interest margin is net interest income (annualized) expressed as a percentage of average earning assets.
(1) Includes loans held for sale.
(2) Loans placed on nonaccrual status are included in average balances. Net loan fees and late charges in interest income on loans totaled $2 million, $1.2 million and $595 thousand for 2006, 2005, and 2004 respectively.
The rate/volume table below presents the composition of the change in net interest income for the periods indicated, as allocated between the change in net interest income due to changes in the volume of average earning assets and interest bearing liabilities, and the changes in net interest income due to changes in interest rates. As the table shows, the increase in net interest income in 2006 as compared to 2005 is due to growth in the volume of earning assets and a decrease in the margin earned on earning assets. For 2005 over 2004, the increase in net interest income was a function of both increased volume of earning assets and increases in the net interest margin.
The provision for credit losses represents the amount of expense charged to earnings to fund the allowance for credit losses. The amount of the allowance for credit losses is based on many factors which reflect managements assessment of the risk in the loan portfolio. Those factors include economic conditions and trends, the value and adequacy of collateral, volume and mix of the portfolio, performance of the portfolio, and internal loan processes of the Company and Bank.
During the year of 2006, a provision for credit losses was made in the amount of $1.7 million and the allowance for credit losses increased $1.4 million, including the impact of net charge-offs of $357 thousand during the period. The provision for credit losses of $1.7 million for the year 2006 compared to a provision for credit losses of $1.8 million for the year 2005 and $675 thousand for the year 2004. The lower provision in 2006 is attributable primarily to three factors: a lower amount of net loan growth in 2006 as compared to 2005 offset in part by a specific loan provision in the third quarter of 2006 associated with a large commercial lending relationship, and a slight change in the mix of the loan portfolio toward more real estatecommercial and construction credits during the year (70% versus 68%). For the three months ended December 31, 2006, a provision for credit losses was made in the amount of $327 thousand, as compared to $532 thousand for the same period in 2005, the lower provision being due to lesser growth in the portfolio in the three months ended December 31, 2006 as compared to the same period in 2005, and to accommodate a higher level of net-charge offs in the fourth quarter of 2005. For the fourth quarter of 2005, net charge-offs amounted to $45 thousand as compared to no net charge-offs for the same period in 2006.
The provision for credit losses was $1.8 million in 2005 compared to $675 thousand in 2004. The higher provision for 2005, was due substantially to a 32% growth rate in the loan portfolio during the year.
The maintenance of a high quality loan portfolio, with an adequate allowance for credit losses will continue to be a primary objective of the Company.
Noninterest income consists of deposit account service charges, gains on the sale of SBA and residential mortgage loans, investment gains and losses, other noninterest loan fees, income from bank owned life insurance (BOLI) and other service fees. For the year ended December 31, 2006, noninterest income was $3.8 million. This compared to $4.0 million of noninterest income for the year ended December 31, 2005 and $3.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2004.
The Company is an active originator of SBA loans and its current practice is to sell the insured portion of those loans at a premium. Income from this source was $813 thousand for the year ended December 31, 2006 compared to $933 thousand and $648 thousand for the years ended December 31, 2005 and 2004, respectively, as the Company continues to emphasize this lending activity. The decline in income in 2006 as compared to 2005 was due substantially to more competitive sales pricing while the increase in 2005 over 2004 primarily reflected an increased volume of loans sold. The Company also originates residential mortgage loans on a pre-sold basis, servicing released. Sales of these mortgage loans yielded gains of $301 thousand in 2006 compared to $312 thousand in 2005 and $304 thousand in 2004.
Net investment gains amounted to $124 thousand for 2006 as compared to $279 thousand for 2005 and $453 thousand for 2004. The Company sells securities in response to asset/liability management objectives.
Income for the year 2006 amounted to $1.4 million from deposit account service charges and $406 thousand from BOLI, versus $1.2 million from deposit account service charges and $401 thousand from BOLI for the year ended December 31, 2005 and $1.3 million from deposit account service charges and $385 thousand from BOLI for the year ended December 31, 2004. The increase in deposit service charges in 2006 over 2005 was due to additional volume and modifications of earnings credit rates. The decline in deposit service charges in 2005 versus 2004 was primarily related to a decline in overdraft fees but was also attributed to lower commercial deposit account service fees as the 2005 level of interest rates increased the earnings credit to commercial bank clients during the year 2005 as compared to 2004.
Other noninterest income which comprises other service charges, SBA service fees, title and settlement fees, and loan prepayment and commitment fees, amounted to $816 thousand for the year of 2006, $920 thousand for the year of 2005, and $708 thousand for the year of 2004, the decrease in 2006 as compared to 2005 due in part to lower amounts of commitment and prepayment fees.
Noninterest income was $945 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2006 as compared to $833 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2005 an increase of 13%. These amounts include a net investment gain of $39 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2006 and a net investment loss of $2 thousand for the three months ended December 31, 2005. Excluding gains on the sale of investment securities, noninterest income was $906 thousand for the fourth quarter of 2006, versus $835 thousand for the fourth quarter of 2005, an increase of 9%, resulting primarily from an increase in deposit service fees for reasons discussed above relating to the year 2006 as compared to 2005.
Noninterest expense was $21.8 million for 2006, an increase of 15% as compared to $19.0 million for 2005 and $15.0 million for 2004.
Salaries and benefits were $12.2 million for the year of 2006, a 16% increase as compared to $10.5 million for 2005, and $8.2 million for 2004. This increase in 2006 over 2005 was due to additions to staff and related benefit costs, the cost of share based compensation under new accounting rules effective January 1, 2006 ($345 thousand pre-tax), partially offset by lower amounts of incentive based
compensation. At December 31, 2006, the Bank had 171 full time equivalent employees as compared to 145 at December 31, 2005 and 119 at December 31, 2004.
Premises and equipment expenses amounted to $3.8 million for the year of 2006 versus $3.5 million for 2005. This increase of 11% was due primarily to a new banking office opened in May 2006, to the relocation of another office, and to ongoing operating expense increases associated with the Companys facilities, all of which are leased, and increased equipment costs. Premises and equipment expense was $2.7 million for 2004.
Marketing and advertising costs increased from $473 thousand in 2005 to $587 thousand in 2006, an increase of 24%. This increase was associated primarily with increased advertising for deposit products and to special marketing efforts, including sponsorships, customer appreciation events and amounts expended to enhance the Banks web-site. Marketing and advertising cost was $280 thousand in 2004.
Outside data processing costs were $881 thousand for 2006, as compared to $769 thousand in 2005, or an increase of 14%. The higher costs were due primarily to added system capabilities and to higher processing volumes. Outside data processing costs were $652 thousand for 2004.
Legal and consulting expenses were $448 thousand for 2006 as compared to $674 thousand in 2005 and $434 thousand in 2004. The lower cost in 2006 as compared to 2005 related to a significant consulting arrangement in 2005 related to a companywide initiative on relationship management and attendant systems.
Other expenses, increased to $3.8 million in 2006 from $3.1 million for 2005. The major components of costs in this category include ATM expenses, telephone, courier, printing, business development, office supplies, charitable contributions, and dues. Other expenses were $2.7 million for 2004.
Noninterest expenses were $5.7 million for the three months ended December 31, 2006 compared to $4.9 million for the three months ended December 31, 2005, an increase of 18%. The same factors which contributed to increased noninterest expense for the year of 2006 over 2005 mentioned above also contributed substantially to the increase in noninterest expenses for the three months ended December 31, 2006, as compared to the same period in 2005.
Commencing in 2007, the Bank will be required to pay, along with all other depository institutions insured by the FDIC, deposit insurance premiums. The Bank has never paid deposit insurance premiums before. The premium is expected to be in the range of 5-7 basis points on the Banks assessable deposit base. While the Bank may seek to adjust interest rates paid on deposits to reflect the payment of premiums, competitive pressures may limit its ability to do so. Institutions which are older and larger than the Bank may have substantial premium credits which may temporarily offset all or part of those institutions premium payments, which may enable them to more aggressively price deposits. If the Bank is unable to price the deposit premium into deposit rates, the payment of premiums is likely to have an adverse affect on earnings.
The Company recorded income tax expense of $4.7 million in 2006 compared to $4.4 million in 2005, and $2.9 million in 2004, resulting in an effective tax rate of 36.9%, 36.7% and 36.3% respectively.
At December 31, 2006, the Companys total assets were $773.5 million, loans were $625.8 million, deposits were $628.5 million and stockholders equity was $72.9 million. As compared to December 31, 2005, assets grew in 2006 by $101.2 million (15%), loans by $76.6 million (14%), deposits by $59.6 million (10%) and stockholders equity by $8.0 million (12%).
The Company declared cash dividends of $0.23 per share for the year 2006 and $0.22 per share for the year 2005.
The investment securities portfolio is comprised primarily of U.S. Agency debt securities (64%) with final maturities to seven years and an average life of 3.1 years. This portfolio includes $4.3 million of structured notes. The remaining debt securities portfolio consists primarily of seasoned mortgage pass-through securities which have average expected lives of 3.4 years with contractual maturities of the underlying mortgages of up to thirty years. The remaining securities portfolio consists of equity investments, some of which are required by regulatory mandates (Federal Reserve and Federal Home Loan Bank stocks) and the remaining equities of a few community based banking companies.
At December 31, 2006, the investment portfolio amounted to $91.1 million as compared to a balance of $68.1 million at December 31, 2005, an increase of 34%. The investment portfolio is managed to achieve goals related to income, liquidity, interest rate risk management and providing collateral for customer repurchase agreements and other borrowing relationships.
The Company also has a portfolio of short-term investments utilized for asset liability management needs which consists of discount notes, money market investments, other bank certificates of deposit and similar instruments. This portfolio amounted to $4.9 million at December 31, 2006 as compared to $11.2 million at December 31, 2005.
The third element of the Companys securities portfolio is federal funds sold which amounted to $9.7 million at December 31, 2006 as compared to $6.1 million at December 31, 2005. These funds represent excess daily liquidity which is invested on an unsecured basis with well capitalized banks, in amounts generally limited both in the aggregate and to any one bank.
The tables below and Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements provide additional information regarding the Companys investment securities. The Company classifies all its investment securities as available-for-sale (AFS). This classification requires that investment securities be recorded at their fair value with any difference between the fair value and amortized cost (the purchase price adjusted by any accretion or amortization) reported as a component of stockholders equity (accumulated other comprehensive income), net of deferred income taxes. At December 31, 2006, the Company had a net unrealized loss in AFS securities of $420 thousand as compared to a net unrealized loss in AFS securities of $1.0 million at December 31, 2005. The deferred income tax benefit of these unrealized gains and losses was $167 thousand and $390 thousand, respectively.
The following table provides information regarding the composition of the Companys investment securities portfolio at the dates indicated. Amounts are reported at estimated fair value.
The following table provides information, on an amortized cost basis, regarding the contractual maturity and weighted average yield of the investment portfolio at December 31, 2006. Expected maturities will differ from contractual maturities because borrowers may have the right to call or prepay obligations with or without call or prepayment penalties.
At December 31, 2006, there were no issuers, other than the U.S. Government and its agencies, whose securities owned by the Company had a book or fair value exceeding ten percent of the Companys stockholders equity.
In its lending activities, the Company seeks to develop sound relationships with clients whose businesses and individual banking needs will grow with the Bank. There has been a significant effort to grow the loan portfolio and to be responsive to the lending needs in the markets served, while maintaining sound asset quality.
Loan growth over the past year has been favorable, with loans outstanding reaching $625.8 million at December 31, 2006, an increase of $76.6 million or 14% as compared to $549.2 million at December 31, 2005, and were $415.5 million at December 31, 2004, an increase of $98.0 million or 31% in 2005 over 2004. For the fourth quarter of 2006, the loan portfolio increased $34.6 million over $591.2 million at September 30, 2006
The Bank is primarily business oriented and as can be seen in the chart below, has a large proportion of its loan portfolio related to real estate (70%) consisting of real estate-commercial, real estate-residential mortgage and construction-commercial and residential. Real estate also serves as collateral for loans made for other purposes, resulting in 79% of our loans being secured by real estate.
The following table shows the trends in the composition of the loan portfolio over the past five years.
(1) Includes loans for land acquisition and owner occupied properties.
As discussed under the caption Business and Risk Factors, the Company has directly made and expects to continue making higher risk loans that entail higher risks than loans made following normal underwriting practices (higher risk loan transactions). These higher risk loan transactions may also be made through the Companys newly formed subsidiary, Eagle Commercial Ventures (ECV), which was
formed in July 2006. The transactions are structured to provide the Company or ECV with returns commensurate to the risk through the requirement of additional interest following payoff of all loans:
· At December 31, 2006, the Company and the Bank have continuing additional interest rights in a higher risk loan transaction where the underlying loans are fully paid and substantial additional interest/revenue is currently expected in 2007 from the sale of remaining units. This residual revenue is considered additional interest under the loan agreements and will be recognized as noninterest revenue when realized. Such amounts may be material to 2007 net income.
· At December 31, 2006, ECV has a $2.0 million loan outstanding relating to a higher risk loan transaction on a real estate project located outside the Companys primary market area which is currently in a construction phase. The loan is expected to be outstanding throughout 2007, with sales completed in 2008.
Although the Company carefully underwrites each higher risk loan transaction and expects these transactions to provide additional revenues, there can be no assurance that any higher risk loan transaction, or the related loans made by the Bank, will prove profitable for the Company and Bank, that the Company and Bank will be able to receive any additional interest payments in respect of these loans, that any additional interest payments will be significant, or that the Company and Bank will not incur losses in respect of these transactions.
The following table sets forth the term to contractual maturity of the loan portfolio as of December 31, 2006.
Loans are shown in the period based on final contractual maturity. Demand loans, having no contractual maturity and overdrafts, are reported as due in one year or less.
As noted above, a significant portion of the loan portfolio consists of commercial, construction and commercial real estate loans, primarily made in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area and secured by real estate or other collateral in that market. Although these loans are made to a diversified pool of unrelated borrowers across numerous businesses, adverse developments in the Washington D.C. metropolitan real estate market could have an adverse impact on this portfolio of loans and the Companys income and financial position. While our basic trading area is the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area, the Bank has made loans outside that market area where the nature and quality of such loans was consistent with the Banks lending policies.
At December 31, 2006, the Company had no other concentrations of loans in any one industry exceeding 10% of its total loan portfolio. An industry for this purpose is defined as a group of counterparties that are engaged in similar activities and have similar economic characteristics that would cause their ability to meet contractual obligations to be similarly affected by changes in economic or other conditions.
Management has developed a comprehensive review process to monitor the adequacy of the allowance for credit losses. The review process and guidelines were developed utilizing guidance from federal banking regulatory agencies. The results of this review process, in combination with conclusions of the Banks outside loan review consultant, support managements view as to the adequacy of the allowance as of the balance sheet date. During 2006, a provision for credit losses was made in the amount of $1.7 million before net charge-offs of $357 thousand. A full discussion of the accounting for allowance for credit losses is contained in Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements; activity in the allowance for credit losses is contained in Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Also, please refer to the discussion under the caption, Critical Accounting Policies within Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation for further discussion of the methodology which management employs to maintain an adequate allowance for credit losses, and the discussion under the caption Provision for Credit Losses.
The allowance for loan losses represented 1.19% of total loans at December 31, 2006 as compared to 1.09% at December 31, 2005. This increase in the ratio of the allowance was due to two factors as follows: additional reserves provided in the third quarter of 2006 for a large problem commercial loan relationship identified in August 2006 and to a slight increase in the environmental factors of the non-specific reserve component related to various factors including potential impacts of higher interest rates on debt service capacity and on real estate values.
At December 31, 2006, the Company had $2.0 million of loans classified as nonperforming, and $4.3 million of potential problem loans, as compared to $491 thousand of nonperforming assets and $2.9 million of potential problem loans at December 31, 2005. Please refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements under the caption Loans for a discussion of the Companys policy regarding impairment of loans. Please refer to Nonperforming Assets below for a discussion of problem and potential problem assets.
As the loan portfolio and allowance for credit losses review process continues to evolve, there may be changes to elements of the allowance and this may have an effect on the overall level of the allowance maintained. To date, the Bank has enjoyed a high quality loan portfolio with relatively low levels of net charge-offs and low delinquency rates. The maintenance of a high quality portfolio will continue to be a high priority for both management and the Board of Directors.
Management, being aware of the significant loan growth experienced by the Company and the problems which could develop in an unmonitored environment, is intent on maintaining a strong credit review system and risk rating process. The Company established a Credit Department in 2003 to provide independent analysis of credit requests and to manage problem credits. The Credit Department has developed and implemented additional analytical procedures for evaluating credit requests, has further refined the Companys risk rating system, and has adopted enhanced monitoring of the portfolio. The loan portfolio analysis process is ongoing and proactive in order to maintain a portfolio of quality credits and to quickly identify any weaknesses before they become more severe.
The following table sets forth activity in the allowance for credit losses for the past five years.