This excerpt taken from the ELN 6-K filed Apr 11, 2005.
RevenueDiscounts, Sales Returns, Rebates and Charge-backs
Estimated sales returns, pursuant to rights of return granted to our customers, are reflected as a reduction of revenue in the same period that the related sales are recorded. The sales returns provisions are based on actual experience, although in certain situations, for example, a new product launch or at patent expiry, further judgement may be required. Additionally, revenue is also recorded net of provision, made at the time of sale, for estimated cash discounts, rebates and charge-backs. These amounts are included in other current liabilities (rebates) or deducted from trade debtors (other discounts). Discounts, sales returns, rebates and charge-backs that require the use of judgement in the establishment of the accrual include Medicaid, managed care, long-term care, hospital and various other government programmes. We enter into contracts with managed care organisations to provide access to our products. Based on a managed care organisations market share performance and utilisation of our products, the organisation receives rebates from us. In addition, we are bound by certain laws and regulations to provide products at a discounted rate to Medicaid recipients. Medicaid rebates are paid to each state in the United States based on claims filed by pharmacies that provide our products to Medicaid recipients at the reduced rate. Charge-backs are reimbursements to wholesalers for sales to third parties at reduced prices. Cash discounts are provided to customers that pay their invoice within a certain time period. Discounts, sales returns, rebates and charge-backs are primarily based upon historical rebate and discount payments made to our customer segment groups. These amounts are calculated based upon a percentage of sales for each of our products as defined by the statutory rates and the contracts with our various customer groups. The nature of estimating discounts, sales returns, rebates and charge-backs is complex and subject to change. However, we believe that we have used reasonable judgements in assessing our estimates.
For additional information regarding our significant accounting policies, please refer to Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.