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Enterprise Bancorp 10-Q 2016

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32
  5. Ex-32
10-Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
Form 10-Q
 
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016

Commission File Number:  001-33912
 Enterprise Bancorp, Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Massachusetts
04-3308902
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
incorporation or organization)
 
 
 
222 Merrimack Street, Lowell, Massachusetts
01852
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip code)
 (978) 459-9000
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  x Yes   o  No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files)  x Yes  o  No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definition for "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one): 
Large accelerated filer o
Accelerated filer x
Non-accelerated filer o
Smaller reporting company o
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  ¨  Yes  x  No
 
As of May 2, 2016, there were 10,474,757 shares of the issuer's common stock outstanding- Par Value $0.01 per share





ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
INDEX

 
 
Page Number
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I-FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1 -
Financial Statements
ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Unaudited)

(Dollars in thousands)
March 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Assets
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents:
 

 
 

Cash and due from banks
$
34,018

 
$
32,318

Interest-earning deposits
24,912

 
19,177

Total cash and cash equivalents
58,930

 
51,495

Investment securities at fair value
304,946

 
300,358

Federal Home Loan Bank stock
2,793

 
3,050

Loans held for sale
770

 
1,709

Loans, less allowance for loan losses of $29,910 at March 31, 2016 and $29,008 at December 31, 2015
1,834,782

 
1,830,954

Premises and equipment, net
31,984

 
30,553

Accrued interest receivable
8,393

 
7,790

Deferred income taxes, net
12,962

 
14,111

Bank-owned life insurance
28,209

 
28,018

Prepaid income taxes

 
57

Prepaid expenses and other assets
15,207

 
11,780

Goodwill
5,656

 
5,656

Total assets
$
2,304,632

 
$
2,285,531

Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity
 

 
 

Liabilities
 

 
 

Deposits
$
2,087,737

 
$
2,018,148

Borrowed funds
671

 
53,671

Subordinated debt
14,825

 
14,822

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
13,497

 
18,287

Income taxes payable
1,551

 

Accrued interest payable
266

 
276

Total liabilities
$
2,118,547

 
$
2,105,204

Commitments and Contingencies


 


Stockholders' Equity
 

 
 

Preferred stock, $0.01 par value per share; 1,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued

 

Common stock $0.01 par value per share; 20,000,000 shares authorized; 10,473,738 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2016 (including 155,421 shares of unvested participating restricted awards), 10,377,787 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2015 (including 144,717 shares of unvested participating restricted awards)
105

 
104

Additional paid-in-capital
61,927

 
61,008

Retained earnings
119,904

 
116,941

Accumulated other comprehensive income
4,149

 
2,274

Total stockholders' equity
$
186,085

 
$
180,327

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
2,304,632

 
$
2,285,531

 
See the accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.

3


ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
2016
 
2015
Interest and dividend income:
 
 
 
Loans and loans held for sale
$
20,881

 
$
18,582

Investment securities
1,540

 
1,225

Other interest-earning assets
44

 
32

Total interest and dividend income
22,465

 
19,839

Interest expense:
 
 
 
Deposits
1,088

 
992

Borrowed funds
63

 
21

Subordinated debt
231

 
372

Total interest expense
1,382

 
1,385

Net interest income
21,083

 
18,454

Provision for loan losses
850

 
625

Net interest income after provision for loan losses
20,233

 
17,829

Non-interest income:
 
 
 
Investment advisory fees
1,104

 
1,177

Deposit and interchange fees
1,242

 
1,154

Income on bank-owned life insurance, net
191

 
100

Net gains on sales of investment securities
2

 
900

Gains on sales of loans
89

 
156

Other income
578

 
538

Total non-interest income
3,206

 
4,025

Non-interest expense:
 
 
 
Salaries and employee benefits
10,485

 
9,581

Occupancy and equipment expenses
1,813

 
1,960

Technology and telecommunications expenses
1,423

 
1,417

Advertising and public relations expenses
679

 
730

Audit, legal and other professional fees
488

 
359

Deposit insurance premiums
326

 
293

Supplies and postage expenses
229

 
258

Investment advisory and custodial expenses
89

 
46

Other operating expenses
1,337

 
1,566

Total non-interest expense
16,869

 
16,210

Income before income taxes
6,570

 
5,644

Provision for income taxes
2,257

 
2,024

Net income
$
4,313

 
$
3,620

 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.41

 
$
0.35

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.41

 
$
0.35

 
 
 
 
Basic weighted average common shares outstanding
10,405,112

 
10,243,044

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding
10,471,784

 
10,310,474

 
See the accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.

4



ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Unaudited)

 
 
Three months ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2016
 
2015
Net income
$
4,313

 
$
3,620

Other comprehensive income, net of taxes:
 
 
 
Gross change in unrealized holding gains on investments arising during the period
3,026

 
2,107

Income tax expense
(1,150
)
 
(724
)
Net unrealized holding gains, net of tax
1,876

 
1,383

Less: Reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income
 
 
 
Net realized gains on sales of securities during the period
2

 
900

Income tax expense
(1
)
 
(314
)
Reclassification adjustment for gains realized, net of tax
1

 
586

 
 
 
 
Total other comprehensive income
1,875

 
797

Comprehensive income
$
6,188

 
$
4,417



See the accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.



5


ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders' Equity
(Unaudited)

 
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)
 
Common
Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
Retained
Earnings
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
 
Total
Stockholders'
Equity
Balance at December 31, 2015
 
$
104

 
$
61,008

 
$
116,941

 
$
2,274

 
$
180,327

Net income
 
 
 
 
 
4,313

 
 
 
4,313

Other comprehensive income, net
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1,875

 
1,875

Common stock dividend paid ($0.13 per share)
 
 
 
 
 
(1,350
)
 
 
 
(1,350
)
Common stock issued under dividend reinvestment plan
 

 
336

 
 
 
 
 
336

Common stock issued other
 

 
16

 
 
 
 
 
16

Stock-based compensation, net
 
1

 
422

 
 
 
 
 
423

Stock options exercised, net
 

 
145

 
 
 
 
 
145

Balance at March 31, 2016
 
$
105

 
$
61,927

 
$
119,904

 
$
4,149

 
$
186,085

 
See the accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.


6


ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Unaudited)
 
Three months ended March 31,
(Dollars in thousands)
2016
 
2015
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
4,313

 
$
3,620

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Provision for loan losses
850

 
625

Depreciation and amortization
1,425

 
1,389

Stock-based compensation expense
443

 
488

Mortgage loans originated for sale
(3,273
)
 
(6,729
)
Proceeds from mortgage loans sold
4,301

 
8,131

Net gains on sales of loans
(89
)
 
(156
)
Net gains on sales of OREO

 
(154
)
Net gains on sales of investments
(2
)
 
(900
)
Income on bank-owned life insurance, net
(191
)
 
(100
)
Changes in:
 
 
 
Accrued interest receivable
(603
)
 
(268
)
Prepaid expenses and other assets
(3,580
)
 
6,807

Deferred income taxes

 
74

Accrued expenses and other liabilities
(662
)
 
(228
)
Subordinated debt issuance costs
3

 
(190
)
Accrued interest payable
(10
)
 
(282
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
2,925

 
12,127

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from sales of investment securities available-for-sale
306

 
10,151

Net proceeds (purchases) from FHLB capital stock
257

 
(882
)
Proceeds from maturities, calls and pay-downs of investment securities
4,785

 
6,443

Purchase of investment securities
(9,210
)
 
(9,877
)
Net increase in loans
(4,678
)
 
(9,459
)
Additions to premises and equipment, net
(3,006
)
 
(786
)
Proceeds from OREO sales and payments

 
901

Proceeds from bank-owned life insurance
405

 

Net cash used in investing activities
(11,141
)
 
(3,509
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Net increase in deposits
69,589

 
96,748

Net decrease in borrowed funds
(53,000
)
 
(58,000
)
Repayment of subordinated debt

 
(10,825
)
Proceeds from issuance of subordinated debt

 
15,000

Cash dividends paid
(1,350
)
 
(1,279
)
Proceeds from issuance of common stock
352

 
368

Exercise of stock options, net of repurchases for tax withholdings and tax benefit on stock options and restricted stock
60

 
384

Net cash provided by financing activities
15,651

 
42,396

 
 
 
 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
7,435

 
51,014

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
51,495

 
40,146

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
58,930

 
$
91,160

 
 
 
 
Supplemental financial data:
 
 
 
Cash Paid For: Interest
$
1,392

 
$
1,667

Cash Paid For: Income Taxes
636

 
587

 
 
 
 
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing activity:
 
 
 
Net purchases of investment securities not yet settled
100

 
2,237

 See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements.

7


ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 
(1)
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(a) Organization of Holding Company and Basis of Presentation

The accompanying unaudited consolidated interim financial statements and these notes should be read in conjunction with the December 31, 2015 audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto contained in the 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K of Enterprise Bancorp, Inc. (the "Company" or "Enterprise"), a Massachusetts corporation, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC") on March 15, 2016.  The Company has not changed its accounting policies from those disclosed in its 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The Company's unaudited consolidated interim financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, Enterprise Bank and Trust Company (the "Bank").  The Bank is a Massachusetts trust company organized in 1989. Substantially all of the Company's operations are conducted through the Bank and its subsidiaries.

The Bank's subsidiaries include Enterprise Insurance Services, LLC and Enterprise Investment Services, LLC, organized under the laws of the State of Delaware for the purposes of engaging in insurance sales activities and offering non-deposit investment products and services, respectively.  In addition, the Bank has the following subsidiaries that are incorporated in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and classified as security corporations in accordance with applicable Massachusetts General Laws: Enterprise Security Corporation; Enterprise Security Corporation II; and Enterprise Security Corporation III.  The security corporations, which hold various types of qualifying securities, are limited to conducting securities investment activities that the Bank itself would be allowed to conduct under applicable laws.

The Company has 22 full service branches serving the greater Merrimack Valley and North Central regions of Massachusetts and Southern New Hampshire. The Company also plans to open its second Nashua, NH branch in the second quarter of 2016. Through the Bank and its subsidiaries, the Company offers a range of commercial and consumer loan products, and deposit and cash management services. The Company also offers investment advisory and wealth management, trust and insurance services.  The services offered through the Bank and its subsidiaries are managed as one strategic unit and represent the Company's only reportable operating segment.

Prior to the end of March 2015, pursuant to the Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") Topic 810 "Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities," issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB"), the Company carried Junior Subordinated Debentures as a liability on its consolidated financial statements, along with the related interest expense. The debentures were issued by a statutory business trust (the "Trust") created by the Company in March 2000 under the laws of the State of Delaware, and the trust preferred securities issued by the Trust, and the related non-interest expense, were excluded from the Company's consolidated financial statements. In March 2015, the Company redeemed in full the Junior Subordinated Debentures, which in turn allowed the Trust to redeem in full the trust preferred securities. The Company also dissolved the Trust in April 2015. See Note 6, "Borrowed Funds and Subordinated Debt," below for further information on the Company's subordinated debt.

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the "FDIC") and the Massachusetts Division of Banks (the "Division") have regulatory authority over the Bank.  The Bank is also subject to certain regulatory requirements of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the "Federal Reserve Board") and, with respect to its New Hampshire branch operations, the New Hampshire Banking Department.  The business and operations of the Company are subject to the regulatory oversight of the Federal Reserve Board.  The Division also retains supervisory jurisdiction over the Company.

The accompanying unaudited consolidated interim financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States ("GAAP") for interim financial information and the instructions for Form 10-Q through the rules and interpretive releases of the SEC under federal securities law. In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated interim financial statements reflect all necessary adjustments consisting of normal recurring accruals for a fair presentation.  All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in the accompanying unaudited consolidated interim financial statements. Certain previous years' amounts in the consolidated financial statements, and notes thereto, have been reclassified to conform to the current year's presentation. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected for the entire year.

8

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 


(b) Critical Accounting Estimates

In preparing the unaudited consolidated interim financial statements in conformity with GAAP, management is required to exercise judgment in determining many of the methodologies, assumptions and estimates to be utilized.  These assumptions and estimates affect the reported values of assets and liabilities as of the balance sheet date and income and expenses for the period then ended.  As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates should the assumptions and estimates used change over time due to changes in circumstances.  Changes in those estimates resulting from continuing change in the economic environment and other factors will be reflected in the financial statements and results of operations in future periods.

As discussed in the Company's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K, the three most significant areas in which management applies critical assumptions and estimates that are particularly susceptible to change relate to the determination of the allowance for loan losses, impairment review of investment securities and the impairment review of goodwill.  Refer to Note 1,"Summary of Significant Accounting Policies," to the Company's consolidated financial statements included in the Company's 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K for significant accounting policies. The Company has not changed its significant accounting policies from those disclosed in its 2015 Annual Report filed on Form 10-K.

(c) Reporting Comprehensive Income

Comprehensive income is defined as all changes to stockholders' equity except investments by and distributions to stockholders.  Net income is one component of comprehensive income, with other components referred to in the aggregate as other comprehensive income.  The Company's only other comprehensive income component is the net unrealized holding gains or losses on investments available-for-sale, net of deferred income taxes. Pursuant to Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") No. 2013-02, Comprehensive Income (Topic 220): Reporting Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, the Company initially excludes these unrealized holding gains and losses from net income; however, they are later reported as reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income into net income when the securities are sold. When securities are sold, the reclassification of realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities are included on the Consolidated Statements of Income under the "non-interest income" subheading on the line item "net gains on sales of investment securities" and the related income tax expense is included in the line item "provision for income taxes," both of which are also detailed on the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income under the subheading "reclassification adjustment for net gains included in net income."

(d) Restricted Investments

As a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Boston ("FHLB"), the Company is required to purchase certain levels of FHLB capital stock at par value in association with the Company's borrowing relationship from the FHLB.  This stock is classified as a restricted investment and carried at cost, which management believes approximates fair value.  FHLB stock represents the only restricted investment held by the Company.
 
In conjunction with the other-than-temporary-impairment ("OTTI") review on available-for-sale investments (See Note 2, "Investments," for additional information), management also regularly reviews its holdings of FHLB stock for OTTI. Based on management's periodic review, the Company has not recorded any OTTI charges on this investment to date. If it was determined that a write-down of FHLB stock was required, impairment would be recognized through a charge to earnings.

(e) Income Taxes
 
The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes.  Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts and the tax basis of assets and liabilities.  The deferred tax assets and liabilities are reflected at currently enacted income tax rates applicable to the period in which the deferred tax assets or liabilities are expected to be realized or settled.  As changes in tax laws or rates are enacted, deferred tax assets and liabilities will be adjusted accordingly through the provision for income taxes.

The Company's policy is to classify interest resulting from underpayment of income taxes as income tax expense in the first period the interest would begin accruing according to the provisions of the relevant tax law.  The Company classifies penalties resulting from underpayment of income taxes as income tax expense in the period for which the Company claims or expects to claim an uncertain tax position or in the period in which the Company's judgment changes regarding an uncertain tax position.

9

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

 
The income tax provisions will differ from the expense that would result from applying the federal statutory rate to income before taxes, due primarily to the impact of tax exempt interest from certain investment securities, loans and bank-owned life insurance.

The Company did not have any unrecognized tax benefits accrued as income tax liabilities or receivables or as deferred tax items at March 31, 2016.  The Company is subject to U.S. federal and state income tax examinations by taxing authorities for the 2012 through 2015 tax years.

(f) Subsequent Events

Although the Company believes its current capital is adequate to support ongoing operations, on April 21, 2016, the Company commenced a subscription rights offering to the Company’s stockholders, together with a supplemental community offering, with the intention of raising up to $10 million in gross proceeds. The Company has the ability to accept oversubscription requests in the rights offering and/or to facilitate sales of shares to new investors in the community offering resulting in gross proceeds of up to $12 million. All shares sold in the offerings will be sold at a per share price of $21.50. Subject to early termination or extension at the sole discretion of the Company, the rights offering is scheduled to expire on May 27, 2016 and the supplemental community offering is scheduled to expire on June 10, 2016. The Company intends to use the net proceeds from the offerings to support future asset growth and for various corporate purposes. The Company is using its existing shelf registration statement in connection with the offerings.

(g) Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued ASU No. 2015-03, Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs. The amendments in this ASU require that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The recognition and measurement guidance for debt issuance costs are not affected by the amendments in this ASU. Entities are required to apply the new guidance on a retrospective basis, wherein the balance sheet of each individual period presented should be adjusted to reflect the period-specific effects of applying the new guidance. For public business entities, the amendments are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption of the amendments is permitted for financial statements that have not been previously issued. The Company early adopted this ASU as of January 1, 2015 in relation to the Company's Fixed-to-Floating Rate Subordinated Notes issued in January 2015. This adoption did not have a material impact on the Company's financial statements or results of operations.

In January 2015, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2015-01, "Income Statement-Extraordinary and Unusual Items (Subtopic 225-20): Simplifying Income Statement Presentation by Eliminating the Concept of Extraordinary Items." This ASU will align more closely GAAP income statement presentation guidance with International Audit Standards (IAS) 1, Presentation of Financial Statements, which prohibits the presentation and disclosure of extraordinary items. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2015. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on the Company's financial statements. 

For information regarding recent accounting pronouncements not yet adopted by the Company, see Item 2, "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," under the heading "Recent Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted."


10

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

(2)Investments
 
The amortized cost and carrying values of investment securities at the dates specified are summarized as follows:

 
 
March 31, 2016
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized
cost
 
Unrealized
gains
 
Unrealized
losses
 
Fair Value
Federal agency obligations (1)
 
$
78,640

 
$
1,097

 
$
19

 
$
79,718

Residential federal agency MBS (1)
 
72,069

 
844

 
184

 
72,729

Commercial federal agency MBS(1)
 
27,499

 
286

 

 
27,785

Municipal securities
 
97,040

 
2,928

 
43

 
99,925

Corporate bonds
 
10,284


128


29


10,383

Certificates of deposits (2)
 
1,943

 
17

 

 
1,960

Total fixed income securities
 
287,475

 
5,300

 
275

 
292,500

Equity investments
 
10,969

 
1,879

 
402

 
12,446

Total available-for-sale securities, at fair value
 
$
298,444

 
$
7,179

 
$
677

 
$
304,946

 
 
 
December 31, 2015
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Amortized
cost
 
Unrealized
gains
 
Unrealized
losses
 
Fair Value
Federal agency obligations(1)
 
$
78,626

 
$
352

 
$
153

 
$
78,825

Residential federal agency MBS(1)
 
75,105

 
406

 
648

 
74,863

Commercial federal agency MBS(1)
 
23,908

 

 
363

 
23,545

Municipal securities
 
96,189

 
2,357

 
35

 
98,511

Corporate bonds
 
10,257

 
44

 
95

 
10,206

Certificates of deposits(2)
 
2,753

 

 
2

 
2,751

Total fixed income securities
 
286,838

 
3,159

 
1,296

 
288,701

Equity investments
 
10,043

 
1,966

 
352

 
11,657

Total available-for-sale securities, at fair value
 
$
296,881

 
$
5,125

 
$
1,648

 
$
300,358


__________________________________________
(1)
These categories may include investments issued or guaranteed by government sponsored enterprises such as Fannie Mae ("FNMA"), Freddie Mac ("FHLMC"), Federal Farm Credit Bank ("FFCB"), or one of several Federal Home Loan Banks, as well as, investments guaranteed by Ginnie Mae ("GNMA"), a wholly-owned government entity. 
(2)
Certificates of deposits ("CDs") represent term deposits issued by banks that are subject to FDIC insurance and purchased on the open market.

Included in the residential federal agency MBS category were collateralized mortgage obligations (“CMOs”) totaling $20.0 million and $20.8 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015 respectively. All of the commercial MBS investments held by the Company were CMOs.

At March 31, 2016, the equity portfolio consisted primarily of investments in a diversified group of mutual funds, with a portion of the portfolio (approximately 16%) invested in individual common stock of entities in the financial services industry.

Net unrealized appreciation and depreciation on investments available-for-sale, net of applicable income taxes, are reflected as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income.

The net unrealized gain or loss in the Company's fixed income portfolio fluctuates as market interest rates rise and fall.  Due to the fixed rate nature of this portfolio, as market rates fall the value of the portfolio rises, and as market rates rise, the value

11

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

of the portfolio declines.  The unrealized gains or losses on fixed income investments will also decline as the securities approach maturity, or if the issuer is credit impaired. Unrealized gains or losses will be recognized in the statements of income if the securities are sold. However, if an unrealized loss on a fixed income investment is deemed to be other than temporary, the credit loss portion is charged to earnings and the noncredit portion is recognized in accumulated other comprehensive income.

The net unrealized gain or loss on equity securities will fluctuate based on changes in the market value of the mutual funds and individual securities held in the portfolio.  Unrealized gains or losses will be recognized in the statements of income if the securities are sold. However, if an unrealized loss on an equity security is deemed to be other than temporary prior to a sale, the loss is charged to earnings.

Management regularly reviews the portfolio for securities with unrealized losses that are other-than-temporarily impaired.  During the three months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, the Company did not record any fair value impairment charges on its investments. As of March 31, 2016, there were a total of 36 investments (fixed income and equity, excluding CDs), with a fair market value of $28.6 million, in an unrealized loss position totaling $677 thousand, including 9 investments in an unrealized loss position totaling $194 thousand that have been temporarily impaired for 12 months or longer. Management attributes these unrealized losses to increases in market yields compared to the yields at the time the investments were purchased by the Company and the impact of market value fluctuations on the equity portion of our portfolio. Management does not consider these investments to be other-than-temporarily impaired at March 31, 2016, because (1) the decline in market value is not attributable to credit quality for fixed income securities or a fundamental deterioration in the equity fund or issuers, and (2) the Company does not intend to, and it is more likely than not that it will not be required to, sell those investments prior to a market price recovery or maturity.  

In assessing the Company's investments in federal agency mortgage-backed securities and federal agency obligations, the contractual cash flows of these investments are guaranteed by the respective government sponsored enterprise (FHLMC, FNMA, FFCB, or FHLB) or wholly-owned government corporation (GNMA). Accordingly, it is expected that the securities would not be settled at a price less than the par value of the Company's investments. Management's assessment of other fixed income investments within the portfolio includes reviews of market pricing, ongoing credit quality evaluations, assessment of the investments' materiality, and duration of the investments' unrealized loss position. In addition, the Company utilizes an outside registered investment adviser to manage the corporate and municipal bond portfolios, within prescribed guidelines set by management, and to provide assistance in assessing the credit risk of those portfolios. At March 31, 2016, the Company's corporate and municipal bond portfolios did not contain any securities below investment grade, as reported by major credit rating agencies. For equities and funds, management's assessment includes the severity of the declines, whether it is unlikely that the security or fund will completely recover its unrealized loss within a reasonable time period and if the equity security or fund exhibits fundamental deterioration.

As noted in the table above, a small portion of the fixed income portfolio is also invested in short-term CDs purchased on the open market; none of which were in an unrealized loss position at March 31, 2016.


12

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

The contractual maturity distribution at March 31, 2016 of total fixed income investments was as follows:

 
Within One Year
 
After One, But Within 
Five Years
 
After Five, But Within
Ten Years
 
After Ten Years
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Yields
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Yields
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Yields
 
Amortized
Cost
 
Yields
At amortized cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Federal agency obligations
$
7,035

 
0.91
%
 
$
62,054

 
1.59
%
 
$
9,551

 
2.22
%
 
$

 
%
Residential federal agency MBS

 
%
 
3,101

 
3.17
%
 
1,242

 
1.91
%
 
67,726

 
2.13
%
Commercial federal agency MBS

 
%
 

 
%
 
27,499

 
2.26
%
 

 
%
Municipal securities
6,233

 
2.31
%
 
25,813

 
3.58
%
 
33,612

 
3.65
%
 
31,382

 
3.85
%
Corporate bonds
528

 
1.33
%
 
5,175

 
2.15
%
 
4,581

 
2.94
%
 

 
%
CDs
993

 
0.34
%
 
950

 
2.13
%
 

 
%
 

 
%
Total fixed income securities
$
14,789

 
1.48
%
 
$
97,093

 
2.21
%
 
$
76,485

 
2.90
%
 
$
99,108

 
2.67
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
At fair value:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total fixed income securities
$
14,841

 
 
 
$
98,726

 
 
 
$
78,292

 
 
 
$
100,641

 
 

Scheduled contractual maturities shown above may not reflect the actual maturities of the investments. The actual MBS/CMO cash flows likely will be faster than presented above due to prepayments and amortization. Similarly, included in the carrying value of fixed income investments above are callable securities, comprised of municipal securities and corporate bonds totaling $49.4 million, which can be redeemed by the issuer prior to the maturity presented above.  Management considers these factors when evaluating the interest rate risk in the Company's asset-liability management program.

From time to time, the Company may pledge securities as collateral for deposit account balances of municipal deposit customers, and for borrowing capacity with the FHLB and the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston (the "FRB").  The fair value of securities pledged as collateral for these purposes was $290.5 million at March 31, 2016

See Note 11, "Fair Value Measurements," below for further information regarding the Company's fair value measurements for available-for-sale securities.

(3)
Loans

The Company specializes in lending to business entities, non-profit organizations, professionals and individuals. The Company's primary lending focus is on the development of high quality commercial relationships achieved through active business development efforts, long-term relationships with established commercial developers, strong community involvement and focused marketing strategies.  Loans made to businesses include commercial mortgage loans, construction and land development loans, secured and unsecured commercial loans and lines of credit, and standby letters of credit.  The Company also originates equipment lease financing for businesses. Loans made to individuals include conventional residential mortgage loans, home equity loans and lines, residential construction loans on primary and secondary residences, and secured and unsecured personal loans and lines of credit. The Company manages its loan portfolio to avoid concentration by industry and loan size to lessen its credit risk exposure.

See Note 4, "Allowance for Loan Losses," for information on the Company's credit risk management, non-accrual, impaired and troubled debt restructured loans and the allowance for loan losses.

13

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

 
Major classifications of loans at the periods indicated were as follows:
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
March 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Commercial real estate
 
$
936,907

 
$
936,921

Commercial and industrial
 
456,436

 
458,553

Commercial construction
 
207,214

 
202,993

Total commercial loans
 
1,600,557

 
1,598,467

Residential mortgages
 
170,585

 
169,188

Home equity loans and lines
 
84,665

 
83,373

Consumer
 
10,539

 
10,747

Total retail loans
 
265,789

 
263,308

 
 
 
 
 
Gross loans
 
1,866,346

 
1,861,775

Deferred loan origination fees, net
 
(1,654
)
 
(1,813
)
Total loans
 
1,864,692

 
1,859,962

Allowance for loan losses
 
(29,910
)
 
(29,008
)
Net loans
 
$
1,834,782

 
$
1,830,954

 
Loan Categories
 
- Commercial loans:

Commercial real estate loans include loans secured by both owner-use and non-owner occupied real estate.  These loans are typically secured by a variety of commercial and industrial property types, including one-to-four and multi-family apartment buildings, office or mixed-use facilities, strip shopping centers, or other commercial properties, and are generally guaranteed by the principals of the borrower. Commercial real estate loans generally have repayment periods of approximately fifteen to twenty-five years.  Variable interest rate loans have a variety of adjustment terms and underlying interest rate indices, and are generally fixed for an initial period before periodic rate adjustments begin.
 
Commercial and industrial loans include seasonal revolving lines of credit, working capital loans, equipment financing (including equipment leases), and term loans.  Also included in commercial and industrial loans are loans partially guaranteed by the U.S. Small Business Administration ("SBA"), and loans under various programs and agencies.  Commercial and industrial credits may be unsecured loans and lines to financially strong borrowers, loans secured in whole or in part by real estate unrelated to the principal purpose of the loan or secured by inventories, equipment, or receivables, and are generally guaranteed by the principals of the borrower.  Variable rate loans and lines in this portfolio have interest rates that are periodically adjusted, with loans generally having fixed initial periods.  Commercial and industrial loans have average repayment periods of one to seven years.
 
Commercial construction loans include the development of residential housing and condominium projects, the development of commercial and industrial use property, and loans for the purchase and improvement of raw land.  These loans are secured in whole or in part by underlying real estate collateral and are generally guaranteed by the principals of the borrowers.  Construction lenders work to cultivate long-term relationships with established commercial developers. The Company limits the amount of financing provided to any single developer for the construction of properties built on a speculative basis.  Funds for construction projects are disbursed as pre-specified stages of construction are completed.  Regular site inspections are performed, prior to advancing additional funds, at each construction phase, either by experienced construction lenders on staff or by independent outside inspection companies.  Commercial construction loans generally are variable rate loans and lines with interest rates that are periodically adjusted and generally have terms of one to three years.

From time to time, the Company participates with other banks in the financing of certain commercial projects.  Participating loans with other institutions provide banks the opportunity to retain customer relationships and reduce credit risk exposure among each participating bank, while providing customers with larger credit vehicles than the individual bank might be willing or able to offer independently. In some cases, the Company may act as the lead lender, originating and servicing the loans, but

14

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

participating out a portion of the funding to other banks.  In other cases, the Company may participate in loans originated by other institutions. In each case, the participating bank funds a percentage of the loan commitment and takes on the related pro-rata risk.  In each case in which the Company participates in a loan, the rights and obligations of each participating bank are divided proportionately among the participating banks in an amount equal to their share of ownership and with equal priority among all banks.  The balances participated out to other institutions are not carried as assets on the Company's financial statements.  Loans originated by other banks in which the Company is a participating institution are carried in the loan portfolio at the Company's pro rata share of ownership.  The Company performs an independent credit analysis of each commitment and a review of the participating institution prior to participation in the loan.  Loans originated by other banks in which the Company is a participating institution amounted to $59.6 million at March 31, 2016 and $62.3 million at December 31, 2015.
 
Standby letters of credit are conditional commitments issued by the Company to guarantee the financial obligation or performance of a customer to a third party.  The credit risk involved in issuing letters of credit is essentially the same as that involved in extending loan facilities to customers.  If the letter of credit is drawn upon, a loan is created for the customer, generally a commercial loan, with the same criteria associated with similar commercial loans.
 
- Residential loans:

Enterprise originates conventional mortgage loans on one-to-four family residential properties.  These properties may serve as the borrower's primary residence, or be vacation homes or investment properties.  Loan to value limits vary, generally from 75% for multi-family, owner occupied properties, up to 97% for single family, owner-occupied properties, with mortgage insurance coverage required for loan-to-value ratios greater than 80% based on program parameters.  In addition, financing is provided for the construction of owner-occupied primary and secondary residences.  Residential mortgage loans may have terms of up to 30 years at either fixed or adjustable rates of interest.  Fixed and adjustable rate residential mortgage loans are generally originated using secondary market underwriting and documentation standards.
 
Depending on the current interest rate environment, management projections of future interest rates and the overall asset-liability management program of the Company, management may elect to sell those fixed and adjustable rate residential mortgage loans which are eligible for sale in the secondary market, or hold some or all of this residential loan production for the Company's portfolio.  Mortgage loans are generally not pooled for sale, but instead sold on an individual basis. The Company may retain or sell the servicing when selling the loans.  Loans sold are subject to standard secondary market underwriting and eligibility representations and warranties over the life of the loan and are subject to an early payment default period covering the first four payments for certain loan sales. Loans classified as held for sale are carried as a separate line item on the balance sheet.

  - Home equity loans and lines of credit:

Home equity term loans are originated for one-to-four family residential properties with maximum original loan to value ratios generally up to 80% of the assessed or appraised value of the property securing the loan.  Home equity loan payments consist of monthly principal and interest based on amortization ranging from three to fifteen years.  The rates may also be fixed for three to fifteen years.
 
The Company originates home equity revolving lines of credit for one-to-four family residential properties with maximum original loan to value ratios generally up to 80% of the appraised value of the property securing the loan.  Home equity lines generally have interest rates that adjust monthly based on changes in the Prime Rate, although minimum rates may be applicable.  Some home equity line rates may be fixed for a period of time and then adjusted monthly thereafter. The payment schedule for home equity lines requires interest only payments for the first ten years of the lines. Generally at the end of ten years, the line may be frozen to future advances, and principal plus interest payments are collected over a fifteen-year amortization schedule or, for eligible borrowers meeting certain requirements, the line availability may be extended for an additional interest only period.
 
- Consumer loans:

Consumer loans consist primarily of secured or unsecured personal loans, loans under energy efficiency financing programs in conjunction with Massachusetts public utilities, and overdraft protection lines on checking accounts extended to individual customers. The aggregate amount of overdrawn deposit accounts are reclassified as loan balances.
 


15

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

Loans serviced for others
 
At March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, the Company was servicing residential mortgage loans owned by investors amounting to $18.2 million and $18.5 million, respectively.  Additionally, the Company was servicing commercial loans participated out to various other institutions amounting to $53.1 million and $52.7 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. See the discussion above for further information regarding commercial participations.
 
Loans serving as collateral
 
Loans designated as qualified collateral and pledged to the FHLB for borrowing capacity are summarized below:

(Dollars in thousands)
March 31,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
Commercial real estate
$
277,056

 
$
281,802

Residential mortgages
122,744

 
118,855

Home equity
13,349

 
13,972

Total loans pledged to FHLB
$
413,149

 
$
414,629


(4)
Allowance for Loan Losses
 
While the Company seeks to manage its loan portfolio to avoid concentration by industry and loan size to lessen its credit risk exposure, inherent in the lending process is the risk of loss due to customer non-payment, or "credit risk."  The Company endeavors to minimize this risk through sound underwriting practices and the risk management function; however, management recognizes that loan losses will occur and that the amount of these losses will fluctuate depending on the risk characteristics of the loan portfolio and economic conditions.

The allowance for loan losses is an estimate of probable credit risk inherent in the loan portfolio as of the specified balance sheet dates. The Company maintains the allowance at a level that it deems adequate to absorb all reasonably anticipated probable losses from specifically known and other credit risks associated with the portfolio. In making its assessment on the adequacy of the allowance, management considers several quantitative and qualitative factors that could have an effect on the credit quality of the portfolio, including individual assessment of larger and high risk credits, delinquency trends and the level of non-performing loans, impaired and restructured loans, net charge-offs, the growth and composition of the loan portfolio, expansion in the geographic market area, the experience level of lenders and changes in underwriting criteria, and the strength of the local and national economies, among other factors.

Allowance for probable loan losses methodology

On a quarterly basis, management prepares an estimate of the allowance necessary to cover estimated probable credit losses.  The Company uses a systematic methodology to measure the amount of estimated loan loss exposure inherent in the portfolio for purposes of establishing a sufficient allowance for loan losses. The methodology makes use of specific reserves for loans individually evaluated and deemed impaired, and general reserves for larger groups of homogeneous loans, which are collectively evaluated relying on a combination of qualitative and quantitative factors that may affect credit quality of the pool.

There have been no material changes to the Company's underwriting practices, credit risk management system, or to the allowance assessment methodology used to estimate loan loss exposure as reported in the 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K.  Refer to heading "Allowance for probable loan losses methodology" contained in Note 4 "Allowance For Loan Losses," to the Company's consolidated financial statements contained in the 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of management's methodology used to estimate the loan loss exposure inherent in the portfolio for purposes of establishing a sufficient allowance.


16

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

The balances of loans as of March 31, 2016 by segment and evaluation method are summarized as follows: 

(Dollars in thousands)
 
Loans individually
evaluated for
impairment
 
Loans collectively
evaluated for
impairment
 
Total Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
9,926

 
$
926,981

 
$
936,907

Commercial and industrial
 
7,853

 
448,583

 
456,436

Commercial construction
 
2,989

 
204,225

 
207,214

Residential
 
307

 
170,278

 
170,585

Home equity
 
309

 
84,356

 
84,665

Consumer
 
21

 
10,518

 
10,539

Deferred Fees
 

 
(1,654
)
 
(1,654
)
Total loans
 
$
21,405

 
$
1,843,287

 
$
1,864,692


The balances of loans as of December 31, 2015 by segment and evaluation method are summarized as follows:

(Dollars in thousands)
 
Loans individually
evaluated for
impairment
 
Loans collectively
evaluated for
impairment
 
Total Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
12,287

 
$
924,634

 
$
936,921

Commercial and industrial
 
7,810

 
450,743

 
458,553

Commercial construction
 
3,032

 
199,961

 
202,993

Residential
 
366

 
168,822

 
169,188

Home equity
 
169

 
83,204

 
83,373

Consumer
 
24

 
10,723

 
10,747

Deferred Fees
 

 
(1,813
)
 
(1,813
)
Total loans
 
$
23,688

 
$
1,836,274

 
$
1,859,962


Credit quality indicators

Early detection of credit issues is critical to minimize credit losses. Accordingly, management regularly monitors internal credit quality indicators such as the risk classification of individual loans, adversely classified loans, past due and non-accrual loans, impaired and restructured loans, and the level of foreclosure activity, as well as trends in the general levels of these indicators. However, despite prudent loan underwriting and ongoing credit risk management, adverse changes within the Company's market area or deterioration in the local, regional or national economic conditions could negatively impact the portfolio's credit risk profile and the Company's asset quality in the future.

Adversely classified loans

The Company's loan risk rating system classifies loans depending on risk of loss characteristics.  The classifications range from "substantially risk free" for the highest quality loans and loans that are secured by cash collateral, through a satisfactory range of "minimal," "moderate," "better than average," and "average" risk, to the regulatory problem-asset classifications of "criticized," for loans that may need additional monitoring, and the more severe adverse classifications of "substandard," "doubtful," and "loss" based on criteria established under banking regulations.
 
Loans classified as substandard include those loans characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if deficiencies are not corrected.  These loans are inadequately protected by the sound net worth and paying capacity of the borrower; repayment has become increasingly reliant on collateral liquidation or reliance on guarantees; credit weaknesses are well-defined; and borrower cash flow is insufficient to meet required debt service specified in loan terms and to meet other obligations, such as trade debt and tax payments.
 
Loans classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in a substandard rated loan with the added characteristic that the weaknesses make collection or full payment from liquidation, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values,

17

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

highly questionable and improbable.  The probability of loss is extremely high, but because of certain important and reasonably specific pending factors which may work to the advantage and strengthening of the loan, its classification as an estimated loss is deferred until more exact status may be determined.

Loans classified as loss are generally considered uncollectible at present, although long-term recovery of part or all of loan proceeds may be possible.  These "loss" loans would require a specific loss reserve or charge-off.
 
Adversely classified loans may be accruing or in non-accrual status and may be additionally designated as impaired or restructured, or some combination thereof.  Loans which are evaluated to be of weaker credit quality are reviewed on a more frequent basis by management.
 
The following tables present the Company's credit risk profile for each class of loan in its portfolio by internally assigned risk rating category at the periods indicated. 
 
 
March 31, 2016
 
 
Adversely Classified
 
Not Adversely
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Substandard
 
Doubtful
 
Loss
 
Classified
 
Gross Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
11,586

 
$

 
$

 
$
925,321

 
$
936,907

Commercial and industrial
 
9,100

 
42

 
3

 
447,291

 
456,436

Commercial construction
 
1,734

 

 

 
205,480

 
207,214

Residential
 
1,213

 

 

 
169,372

 
170,585

Home equity
 
644

 

 

 
84,021

 
84,665

Consumer
 
37

 
11

 

 
10,491

 
10,539

Total gross loans
 
$
24,314

 
$
53

 
$
3

 
$
1,841,976

 
$
1,866,346



 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
Adversely Classified
 
Not Adversely
 
 
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Substandard
 
Doubtful
 
Loss
 
Classified
 
Gross Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
12,487

 
$

 
$

 
$
924,434

 
$
936,921

Commercial and industrial
 
8,670

 

 
3

 
449,880

 
458,553

Commercial construction
 
1,776

 

 

 
201,217

 
202,993

Residential
 
1,278

 

 

 
167,910

 
169,188

Home equity
 
503

 

 
5

 
82,865

 
83,373

Consumer
 
38

 
11

 

 
10,698

 
10,747

Total gross loans
 
$
24,752

 
$
11

 
$
8

 
$
1,837,004

 
$
1,861,775



Total adversely classified loans amounted to 1.31% of total loans at March 31, 2016, as compared to 1.33% at December 31, 2015. At March 31, 2016, as compared to December 31, 2015, adversely classified balances decreased, due primarily to several larger commercial loan payoffs and principal payments, partially offset by additional credit downgrades during the period.

Past due and non-accrual loans

Loans on which the accrual of interest has been discontinued are designated as non-accrual and are credit downgraded to one of the adversely classified categories noted above.  Accrual of interest on loans is generally discontinued when a loan becomes contractually past due, with respect to interest or principal, by 90 days, or when reasonable doubt exists as to the full and timely collection of interest or principal. When a loan is placed on non-accrual status, all interest previously accrued but not collected is reversed against current period interest income. Interest payments received on loans in a non-accrual status are generally applied to principal on the books of the Company. Interest accruals are resumed on such loans only when payments are brought current and have remained current for a period of 180 days and when, in the judgment of management, the

18

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

collectability of both principal and interest is reasonably assured. Additionally, deposit accounts overdrawn for 90 or more days are included in the consumer non-accrual balances below.

 The following tables present age analysis of past due loans as of the dates indicated. 

Balance at March 31, 2016
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Loans
30-59 Days
Past Due
 
Loans
60-89 Days
Past Due
 
Loans 90 or
More Days
Past Due (non-
accrual)
 
Total Past
Due Loans
 
Current Loans
 
Gross
Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
4,665

 
$
398

 
$
6,188

 
$
11,251

 
$
925,656

 
$
936,907

Commercial and industrial
 
833

 
238

 
4,106

 
5,177

 
451,259

 
456,436

Commercial construction
 
175

 

 
213

 
388

 
206,826

 
207,214

Residential
 

 
553

 
307

 
860

 
169,725

 
170,585

Home equity
 

 

 
424

 
424

 
84,241

 
84,665

Consumer
 
7

 
19

 
26

 
52

 
10,487

 
10,539

Total gross loans
 
$
5,680

 
$
1,208

 
$
11,264

 
$
18,152

 
$
1,848,194

 
$
1,866,346


Balance at December 31, 2015
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Loans
30-59 Days
Past Due
 
Loans
60-89 Days
Past Due
 
Loans 90 or
More Days
Past Due (non-
accrual)
 
Total Past
Due Loans
 
Current Loans
 
Gross Loans
Commercial real estate
 
$
1,124

 
$
1,140

 
$
8,506

 
$
10,770

 
$
926,151

 
$
936,921

Commercial and industrial
 
1,218

 
691

 
4,323

 
6,232

 
452,321

 
458,553

Commercial construction
 
581

 

 
335

 
916

 
202,077

 
202,993

Residential
 
250

 
180

 
366

 
796

 
168,392

 
169,188

Home equity
 
622

 

 
288

 
910

 
82,463

 
83,373

Consumer
 
35

 
10

 
27

 
72

 
10,675

 
10,747

Total gross loans
 
$
3,830

 
$
2,021

 
$
13,845

 
$
19,696

 
$
1,842,079

 
$
1,861,775

 
At March 31, 2016 and March 31, 2015, all loans 90 days or more past due were carried as non-accrual. Non-accrual loans which were not adversely classified amounted to $337 thousand at March 31, 2016 and $402 thousand at December 31, 2015. These balances primarily represented the guaranteed portions of non-performing SBA loans. The majority of the non-accrual loan balances were also carried as impaired loans during the periods noted, and are discussed further below.

The ratio of non-accrual loans to total loans amounted to 0.60% at March 31, 2016, 0.74% at December 31, 2015, and 1.07% at March 31, 2015. Non-accrual loan balances decreased due primarily to several larger commercial loan payoffs and principal payments, partially offset by additional loans added to non-accrual status during the period. The increase in loans 30 - 59 days past due occurred within the commercial real estate portfolio at March 31, 2016, with the majority of these loans having subsequent payments made by mid-April.
 
The Company's obligation to fulfill the additional funding commitments on non-accrual loans is generally contingent on the borrower's compliance with the terms of the credit agreement. If the borrower is not in compliance, additional funding commitments may or may not be made at the Company's discretion. At March 31, 2016, there were no additional funding commitments for loans on non-accrual status.
 
Impaired loans
 
Impaired loans are individually significant loans for which management considers it probable that not all amounts due (principal and interest) in accordance with the original contractual terms will be collected.  The majority of impaired loans are included within the non-accrual balances; however, not every loan on non-accrual status has been designated as impaired.  Impaired loans include loans that have been modified in a troubled debt restructuring (or "TDR," see below).  Impaired loans

19

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

exclude large groups of smaller-balance homogeneous loans, such as residential mortgage loans and consumer loans, which are collectively evaluated for impairment, and loans that are measured at fair value, unless the loan is amended in a TDR. 

Management does not set any minimum delay of payments as a factor in reviewing for impaired classification.  Management considers the individual payment status, net worth and earnings potential of the borrower, and the value and cash flow of the collateral as factors to determine if a loan will be paid in accordance with its contractual terms. An impaired or TDR loan classification will be considered for upgrade based on the borrower's sustained performance over time and their improving financial condition. Consistent with the criteria for returning non-accrual loans to accrual status, the borrower must demonstrate the ability to continue to service the loan in accordance with the original or modified terms and, in the judgment of management, the collectability of the remaining balances, both principal and interest, are reasonably assured. In the case of TDR loans having had a modified interest rate, that rate must be at, or greater than, a market rate for a similar credit at the time of modification for an upgrade to be considered.

Impaired loans are individually evaluated for credit loss and a specific allowance reserve is assigned for the amount of the estimated probable credit loss.  Refer to heading "Allowance for probable loan losses methodology" contained in Note 4 "Allowance For Loan Losses," to the Company's consolidated financial statements contained in the 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further discussion of management's methodology used to estimate specific reserves for impaired loans.
 
The carrying value of impaired loans amounted to $21.4 million and $23.7 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.  Total accruing impaired loans amounted to $10.3 million and $10.1 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively, while non-accrual impaired loans amounted to $11.1 million and $13.6 million as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively.   The decrease was due primarily to the several larger commercial loan payoffs and principal payments discussed above. However, in the current period, the credit ratings of three larger commercial relationships were downgraded to criticized or adverse risk-ratings, based on a review of their individual business circumstances, including one commercial and industrial loan designated as impaired requiring additional specific reserves as of March 31, 2016.
 
The following tables set forth the recorded investment in impaired loans and the related specific allowance allocated as of the dates indicated.
Balance at March 31, 2016
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Unpaid
contractual
principal
balance
 
Total recorded
investment in
impaired loans
 
Recorded
investment
with no
allowance
 
Recorded
investment
with
allowance
 
Related specific
allowance
Commercial real estate
 
$
11,810

 
$
9,926

 
$
9,165

 
$
761

 
$
179

Commercial and industrial
 
9,932

 
7,853

 
4,615

 
3,238

 
1,420

Commercial construction
 
3,024

 
2,989

 
1,552

 
1,437

 
488

Residential
 
395

 
307

 
307

 

 

Home equity
 
450

 
309

 
309

 

 

Consumer
 
23

 
21

 

 
21

 
21

Total
 
$
25,634

 
$
21,405

 
$
15,948

 
$
5,457

 
$
2,108


Balance at December 31, 2015
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Unpaid
contractual
principal 
balance
 
Total recorded
investment in
impaired loans
 
Recorded
investment
with no
allowance
 
Recorded
investment
with
allowance
 
Related specific
allowance
Commercial real estate
 
$
14,903

 
$
12,287

 
$
11,734

 
$
553

 
$
186

Commercial and industrial
 
9,816

 
7,810

 
5,253

 
2,557

 
1,078

Commercial construction
 
3,147

 
3,032

 
1,583

 
1,449

 
499

Residential
 
453

 
366

 
366

 

 

Home equity
 
308

 
169

 
164

 
5

 
5

Consumer
 
25

 
24

 

 
24

 
24

Total
 
$
28,652

 
$
23,688

 
$
19,100

 
$
4,588

 
$
1,792


20

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

The following table presents the average recorded investment in impaired loans and the related interest recognized during the periods indicated:

 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2016
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2015
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Average recorded
investment
 
Interest income
recognized
 
Average recorded
investment
 
Interest income
recognized
Commercial real estate
 
$
9,668

 
$
43

 
$
15,479

 
$
45

Commercial and industrial
 
8,424

 
26

 
11,256

 
34

Commercial construction
 
2,975

 
37

 
2,624

 
26

Residential
 
308

 

 
459

 

Home equity
 
246

 
(2
)
 
179

 
1

Consumer
 
22

 

 
49

 

Total
 
$
21,643

 
$
104

 
$
30,046

 
$
106


At March 31, 2016, additional funding commitments for impaired loans totaled $469 thousand. The Company's obligation to fulfill the additional funding commitments on impaired loans is generally contingent on the borrower's compliance with the terms of the credit agreement. If the borrower is not in compliance, additional funding commitments may or may not be made at the Company's discretion.
 
Troubled debt restructurings
 
Loans are designated as a TDR when, as part of an agreement to modify the original contractual terms of the loan as a result of financial difficulties of the borrower, the Bank grants the borrower a concession on the terms, that would not otherwise be considered.  Typically, such concessions may consist of a reduction in interest rate to a below market rate, taking into account the credit quality of the note, or a deferment or reduction of payments (principal or interest) which materially alters the Bank's position or significantly extends the note's maturity date, such that the present value of cash flows to be received is materially less than those contractually established at the loan's origination. All loans that are modified are reviewed by the Company to identify if a TDR has occurred. TDR loans are included in the impaired loan category and, as such, these loans are individually evaluated and a specific reserve is assigned for the amount of the estimated probable credit loss. 

Total TDR loans, included in the impaired loan balances above, as of March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, were $15.6 million and $17.1 million, respectively. TDR loans on accrual status amounted to $10.3 million and $10.1 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. TDR loans included in non-performing loans amounted to $5.3 million and $7.1 million at March 31, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively. The Company continues to work with commercial relationships and enters into loan modifications to the extent deemed to be necessary or appropriate while attempting to achieve the best mutual outcome given the current economic environment.

At March 31, 2016, additional funding commitments for TDR loans totaled $469 thousand. The Company's obligation to fulfill the additional funding commitments on TDR loans is generally contingent on the borrower's compliance with the terms of the credit agreement. If the borrower is not in compliance, additional funding commitments may or may not be made at the Company's discretion.


21

ENTERPRISE BANCORP, INC.
Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Interim Financial Statements
 

The following tables present certain information regarding loan modifications classified as troubled debt restructures.

Loans modified as troubled debt restructurings during the three months ended March 31, 2016 are detailed below.

 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2016
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Number of
restructurings
 
Pre-modification
outstanding recorded
investment
 
Post-modification
outstanding recorded
investment
Commercial real estate
 

 
$

 
$

Commercial and industrial
 
1

 
264

 
264

Commercial construction
 

 

 

Residential
 

 

 

Home equity
 

 

 

Consumer
 

 

 

Total
 
1

 
$
264

 
$
264


There were no loans modified as troubled debt restructurings within the preceding twelve month period for which there was a subsequent payment default during the three months ended March 31, 2016.

There were no subsequent charge-offs associated with the TDRs noted in the table above during the three months ended months ended March 31, 2016. At March 31, 2016, there were no specific reserves allocated to the TDRs entered into during the 2016 period as management considered it likely that the unreserved principal will ultimately be collected. The TDR noted in the table above was on accrual status pre and post modification.

Loans modified as troubled debt restructurings during the three month period ended March 31, 2015 are detailed below. 

 
 
Three months ended March 31, 2015
(Dollars in thousands)
 
Number of
restructurings
 
Pre-modification
outstanding recorded
investment
 
Post-modification
outstanding recorded
investment
Commercial real estate
 

 
$

 
$

Commercial and industrial
 
4

 
869

 
869

Commercial construction