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Exide Technologies 10-Q 2011

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32
  5. Ex-32
e10vq
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
(Mark One)
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-11263
EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
     
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  23-0552730
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
     
13000 Deerfield Parkway,
Building 200
Milton, Georgia
(Address of principal executive offices)
  30004
(Zip Code)
(678) 566-9000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     Indicate by a check mark whether the Registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer þ  Non-accelerated filer o  Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    
     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
     As of July 29, 2011, 78,093,507 shares of common stock were outstanding.
 
 


 

EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
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 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32
 EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
 EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited, in thousands, except per-share data)
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands, except per-share data)  
Net sales
  $ 745,095     $ 644,666  
Cost of sales
    628,445       529,948  
 
           
Gross profit
    116,650       114,718  
 
           
 
               
Selling and administrative expenses
    102,738       96,015  
Restructuring and impairments, net
    295       8,205  
 
           
Operating income
    13,617       10,498  
 
           
 
               
Other expense, net
    120       10,321  
Interest expense, net
    17,660       14,983  
 
           
Loss before income taxes
    (4,163 )     (14,806 )
Income tax provision (benefit)
    1,633       (5,800 )
 
           
Net loss
    (5,796 )     (9,006 )
Net (loss) income attributable to noncontrolling interests
    (604 )     38  
 
           
Net loss attributable to Exide Technologies
  $ (5,192 )   $ (9,044 )
 
           
 
               
Loss per share
               
Basic and diluted
  $ (0.07 )   $ (0.12 )
 
           
 
               
Weighted average shares
               
Basic and diluted
    77,518       76,315  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited, in thousands, except per-share data)
                 
    June 30, 2011     March 31, 2011  
ASSETS
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 130,856     $ 161,363  
Accounts receivable, net
    483,907       508,937  
Inventories, net
    599,813       519,909  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    22,790       22,476  
Deferred income taxes
    31,485       31,115  
 
           
Total current assets
    1,268,851       1,243,800  
 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net
    619,289       611,635  
 
           
Other assets:
               
Goodwill and intangibles, net
    179,102       178,418  
Deferred income taxes
    85,926       81,036  
Other noncurrent assets
    73,418       68,775  
 
           
 
    338,446       328,229  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 2,226,586     $ 2,183,664  
 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Current liabilities:
               
Short-term borrowings
  $ 10,218     $ 9,088  
Current maturities of long-term debt
    1,644       2,132  
Accounts payable
    421,596       417,156  
Accrued expenses
    299,719       273,387  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    733,177       701,763  
Long-term debt
    746,533       746,938  
Noncurrent retirement obligations
    213,773       214,236  
Deferred income taxes
    18,271       15,898  
Other noncurrent liabilities
    98,365       98,940  
 
           
Total liabilities
    1,810,119       1,777,775  
 
           
 
               
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 1,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding
           
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 200,000 shares authorized, 77,915 and 77,498 shares issued and outstanding
    779       775  
Additional paid-in capital
    1,130,305       1,127,124  
Accumulated deficit
    (777,844 )     (772,652 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income
    62,542       49,540  
 
           
Total stockholders’ equity attributable to Exide Technologies
    415,782       404,787  
Noncontrolling interests
    685       1,102  
 
           
Total stockholders’ equity
    416,467       405,889  
 
           
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $ 2,226,586     $ 2,183,664  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited, in thousands)
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
Cash Flows From Operating Activities:
               
Net loss
  $ (5,796 )   $ (9,006 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash (used in) provided by operating activities—
               
Depreciation and amortization
    21,755       20,936  
Unrealized gain on warrants
    (68 )     (101 )
Net loss on asset sales / impairments
    248       1,311  
Deferred income taxes
    (1,849 )     (9,824 )
Provision for doubtful accounts
    455       (416 )
Non-cash stock compensation
    1,368       1,957  
Amortization of deferred financing costs
    1,090       1,213  
Currency remeasurement loss
    2,551       9,756  
Changes in assets and liabilities —
               
Receivables
    30,937       53,749  
Inventories
    (72,075 )     (53,807 )
Other current assets
    (126 )     (314 )
Payables
    (2,529 )     (6,531 )
Accrued expenses
    19,981       (9,481 )
Other noncurrent liabilities
    (5,018 )     328  
Other, net
    (3,506 )     3,468  
 
           
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
    (12,582 )     3,238  
 
           
 
               
Cash Flows From Investing Activities:
               
Capital expenditures
    (18,723 )     (10,447 )
Proceeds from asset sales
    9       287  
 
           
Net cash used in investing activities
    (18,714 )     (10,160 )
 
           
 
               
Cash Flows From Financing Activities:
               
Increase in short-term borrowings
    834       2,286  
Decrease in borrowings under Senior Secured Credit Facility
          (714 )
Decrease in other debt
    (1,184 )     (410 )
Acquisition of noncontrolling interests/other
    277       (865 )
 
           
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
    (73 )     297  
 
           
 
               
Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Cash and Cash Equivalents
    862       (2,395 )
 
           
 
               
Net Decrease In Cash and Cash Equivalents
    (30,507 )     (9,020 )
Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Period
    161,363       89,558  
 
           
Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Period
  $ 130,856     $ 80,538  
 
           
 
               
Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:
               
Cash paid during the period —
               
Interest
  $ 2,139     $ 4,097  
Income taxes (net of refunds)
  $ 3,939     $ 1,658  
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.

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EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2011
(Unaudited)
(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION
     The Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Exide Technologies (referred to together with its subsidiaries, unless the context requires otherwise, as “Exide” or the “Company”) and all of its majority-owned subsidiaries. These statements are presented in accordance with the requirements of Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all of the disclosures normally required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), or those disclosures normally made in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K. Accordingly, the reader of this Form 10-Q should refer to the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011 for further information.
     The financial information has been prepared in accordance with the Company’s customary accounting practices. In the Company’s opinion, the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, cash flows, and financial position for the periods presented. This includes accounting and disclosures related to any subsequent events occurring from the balance sheet date through the date the financial statements were issued.
     Unless otherwise indicated or unless the context otherwise requires, references to “fiscal year” refer to the period ended March 31 of that year (e.g., “fiscal 2012” refers to the period beginning April 1, 2011 and ending March 31, 2012). Certain comparative prior period amounts in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation. Specifically, the Company reclassified approximately $5.6 million from selling and administrative expenses to cost of sales in the prior year quarter to conform the classification of certain Industrial Energy Europe and Rest of World (“ROW”) headcount and related expenses to that of other operating segments. This reclassification did not impact operating income or cash flows.
(2) STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
     The stockholders’ equity accounts for both the Company and noncontrolling interests consist of:
                                                 
                            Accumulated                
            Additional             Other             Total  
    Common     Paid-in     Accumulated     Comprehensive     Noncontrolling     Stockholders’  
    Stock     Capital     Deficit     Income     Interests     Equity  
    (In thousands)  
Balance at April 1, 2011
  $ 775     $ 1,127,124     $ (772,652 )   $ 49,540     $ 1,102     $ 405,889  
 
                                   
Net loss
                (5,192 )           (604 )     (5,796 )
Defined benefit plans, net of tax of $8
                      6             6  
Translation adjustment
                      12,261       187       12,448  
Net recognition of unrealized gain on derivatives, net of tax
                      735             735  
Common stock issuance/other
    4       1,813                         1,817  
Stock compensation
          1,368                         1,368  
 
                                   
Balance at June 30, 2011
  $ 779     $ 1,130,305     $ (777,844 )   $ 62,542     $ 685     $ 416,467  
 
                                   

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Total comprehensive income (loss) and its components are as follows:
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Net loss
  $ (5,796 )   $ (9,006 )
 
               
Defined benefit plans
    6       480  
Cumulative translation adjustment
    12,448       (19,248 )
Derivatives qualifying as hedges
    735       928  
 
               
 
           
Total comprehensive income (loss)
  $ 7,393     $ (26,846 )
 
           
(3) ACCOUNTING FOR DERIVATIVES
     The Company uses derivative contracts to hedge the volatility arising from changes in the fair value of certain assets and liabilities that are subject to market risk, such as interest rates on debt instruments, foreign currency exchange rates, and certain commodities. The Company does not enter into derivative contracts for trading or speculative purposes.
     The Company recognizes outstanding derivative instruments as assets or liabilities, based on measurements of their fair values. If a derivative qualifies for hedge accounting, gains or losses in its fair value that offset changes in the fair value of the asset or liability being hedged (“effective” gains or losses) are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income, and subsequently recorded in earnings only as the related variability on the hedged transaction is recorded in earnings. If a derivative does not qualify for hedge accounting, changes in its fair value are reported in earnings immediately upon occurrence, and the classification of cash flows from these instruments is consistent with that of the transactions being hedged. Derivatives qualify for hedge accounting if they are designated as hedging instruments at their inception, and if they are highly effective in achieving fair value changes that offset the fair value changes of the assets or liabilities being hedged. Regardless of a derivative’s accounting designation, changes in its fair value that are not offset by fair value changes in the asset or liability being hedged are considered ineffective, and are recognized in earnings immediately.
     The Company enters into commodity swap contracts for various time periods usually not exceeding one year. The Company uses these contracts to mitigate the effects of its exposure to price variability on certain raw materials and other costs included in the delivered cost of its products. These contracts have been designated as cash flow hedging instruments.
     The Company also enters into foreign currency forward contracts for various time periods ranging from one month to several years. The Company uses these contracts to mitigate the effect of its exposure to foreign currency remeasurement gains and losses on selected transactions that will be settled in a currency other than the functional currency of the transacting entity. These contracts have been designated as fair value hedging instruments. Changes in the fair value of these currency forward contracts are recognized immediately in earnings.
     During the first quarter of fiscal 2012, the Company entered into an interest rate swap. The swap was not designated as a hedging instrument, and the changes in its fair value have been recognized in earnings for the quarter ended June 30, 2011. The Company terminated the swap contract in July of 2011.
     The following tables set forth information on the presentation of these derivative instruments in the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements:

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        Fair Value As of
    Balance Sheet Location   June 30, 2011   March 31, 2011
        (In thousands)
Asset Derivatives:
                   
Interest rate swap (a)
  Current assets   $ 3,344     $  
Commodity swaps
  Current assets     1,262       1,564  
 
                   
Liability Derivatives:
                   
Foreign exchange forwards
  Current liabilities     3,222     $ 2,555  
Commodity swap
  Current liabilities     539       1,263  
                 
    Statement of Operations   For the Three Months Ended
    Location   June 30, 2011   June 30, 2010
        (In thousands)
Foreign Exchange Forwards
               
Loss (gain)
  Other (income) expense, net   $          1,958   $          (10,537)
Interest Rate Swap (a)
               
Gain
  Other (income) expense, net             (2,922)                  —
Interest Rate Swap
               
Loss
  Interest expense, net               —                  1,429
 
(a)   Interest rate swap not designated as a hedging instrument.
(4) GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill and intangible assets consist of:
                                                 
            Trademarks     Trademarks                    
            and     and                    
    Goodwill     Tradenames     Tradenames                    
    (not subject to     (not subject to     (subject to     Customer              
    amortization)     amortization)     amortization)     Relationships     Technology     Total  
    (In thousands)  
As of June 30, 2011
                                               
Gross amount
  $ 4,543     $ 64,659     $ 14,695     $ 121,526     $ 32,483     $ 237,906  
Accumulated amortization
                (8,317 )     (36,127 )     (14,360 )     (58,804 )
 
                                   
Net
  $ 4,543     $ 64,659     $ 6,378     $ 85,399     $ 18,123     $ 179,102  
 
                                   
 
                                               
As of March 31, 2011
                                               
Gross amount
  $ 4,568     $ 63,561     $ 14,444     $ 119,454     $ 31,986     $ 234,013  
Accumulated amortization
                (7,891 )     (34,273 )     (13,431 )     (55,595 )
 
                                   
Net
  $ 4,568     $ 63,561     $ 6,553     $ 85,181     $ 18,555     $ 178,418  
 
                                   
     Amortization of intangible assets for the first three months of fiscal 2012 and 2011 was $2.1 million and $2.1 million, respectively. Excluding the impact of any future acquisitions (if any), the Company anticipates annual amortization of intangible assets for each of the next five years to be approximately $8.0 million to $9.0 million. Intangible assets have been recorded at the legal entity level and are subject to foreign currency fluctuation.

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(5) INVENTORIES
Inventories, valued using the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method, consist of:
                 
    June 30, 2011     March 31, 2011  
    (In thousands)  
Raw materials
  $ 87,680     $ 83,584  
Work-in-process
    141,542       128,003  
Finished goods
    370,591       308,322  
 
           
 
  $ 599,813     $ 519,909  
 
           
(6) OTHER NONCURRENT ASSETS
Other noncurrent assets consist of the following:
                 
    June 30, 2011     March 31, 2011  
    (In thousands)  
Deposits (a)
  $ 25,577     $ 21,813  
Deferred financing costs
    23,447       23,982  
Investment in affiliates
    2,017       1,988  
Capitalized software, net
    2,871       3,102  
Loan to affiliate
    1,005       1,005  
Retirement plans
    14,244       12,523  
Other
    4,257       4,362  
 
           
 
  $ 73,418     $ 68,775  
 
           
 
(a)   Deposits principally represent amounts held by beneficiaries as cash collateral for the Company’s contingent obligations with respect to certain environmental matters, tax audits, workers compensation insurance, and operating lease commitments.
(7) DEBT
     At June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011, short-term borrowings of $10.2 million and $9.1 million, respectively, consisted of borrowings under various operating lines of credit and working capital facilities maintained by certain of the Company’s non-U.S. subsidiaries. Certain of these borrowings are collateralized by receivables, inventories and/or property. These borrowing facilities, which are typically for one-year renewable terms, generally bear interest at current local market rates plus up to one percent per annum. The weighted average interest rate on short-term borrowings was approximately 5.4% and 4.7% at June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011, respectively.
     Total long-term debt consists of:
                 
    June 30, 2011     March 31, 2011  
    (In thousands)  
8 5/8% Senior Secured Notes due 2018
  $ 675,000     $ 675,000  
Floating Rate Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013
    60,000       60,000  
Other, including capital lease obligations and other loans at interest rates generally ranging up to 11.0% due in installments through 2024
    13,177       14,070  
 
           
Total
    748,177       749,070  
Less-current maturities
    1,644       2,132  
 
           
Total Long-Term Debt
  $ 746,533     $ 746,938  
 
           
     Total debt at June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011 was $758.4 million and $758.2 million, respectively.

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(8) INTEREST EXPENSE, NET
     Interest income of $0.7 million and $0.2 million is included in interest expense, net for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.
(9) OTHER EXPENSE, NET
Other expense, net consist of:
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Currency remeasurement loss (a)
    2,551       9,756  
Reorgnization items (b)
    554       637  
Gain on interest rate swap
    (2,922 )      
Other
    (63 )     (72 )
 
           
 
  $ 120     $ 10,321  
 
           
 
(a)   The currency remeasurement loss relates primarily to intercompany loans to foreign subsidiaries denominated in Euros, the Australian dollar, Belarus ruble, and various foreign currencies.
 
(b)   Reorganization items primarily consist of professional fees and claim settlements related to the Company’s prior bankruptcy filing from which the successor Company emerged May 2004.
(10) EMPLOYEE BENEFITS
     The components of the Company’s net periodic pension and other post-retirement benefit costs are as follows:
                 
    Pension Benefits  
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
               
Service cost
  $ 586     $ 782  
Interest cost
    7,998       8,202  
Expected return on plan assets
    (7,607 )     (7,119 )
Amortization of:
               
Prior service cost
    20       2  
Actuarial loss
    170       265  
 
               
 
           
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 1,167     $ 2,132  
 
           
                 
    Other Post-Retirement Benefits  
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Components of net periodic benefit cost:
               
Service cost
  $ 125     $ 45  
Interest cost
    277       254  
Amortization of:
               
Prior service cost
    (122 )     (122 )
Actuarial loss
    122       27  
 
               
 
           
Net periodic benefit cost
  $ 402     $ 204  
 
           
     The estimated fiscal 2012 pension plan contributions are $28.7 million and other post-retirement contributions are $2.0 million. Payments aggregating $7.0 million were made during the three months ended June 30, 2011.

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(11) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Claims Reconciliation
     On April 15, 2002, the “Petition Date”, Exide Technologies, together with certain of its subsidiaries (the “Debtors”), filed voluntary petitions for reorganization under Chapter 11 of the federal bankruptcy laws (“Bankruptcy Code” or “Chapter 11”) in the United States Bankruptcy Court for the District of Delaware (“Bankruptcy Court”). The Debtors continued to operate their businesses and manage their properties as debtors-in-possession throughout the course of the bankruptcy case. The Debtors, along with the Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors, filed a Joint Plan of Reorganization (the “Plan”) with the Bankruptcy Court on February 27, 2004 and, on April 21, 2004, the Bankruptcy Court confirmed the Plan.
     Under the Plan, holders of general unsecured claims were eligible to receive collectively 2.5 million shares of common stock and warrants to purchase up to approximately 6.7 million shares of common stock at $29.84 per share. Approximately 13.4% of such common stock and warrants were initially reserved for distribution for disputed claims. The Official Committee of Unsecured Creditors, in consultation with the Company, established such reserve to provide for a pro rata distribution of new common stock and warrants to holders of disputed claims as they become allowed. As claims are evaluated and processed, the Company will object to some claims or portions thereof, and upward adjustments (to the extent common stock and warrants not previously distributed remain) or downward adjustments to the reserve will be made pending or following adjudication of such objections. Predictions regarding the allowance and classification of claims are difficult to make. With respect to environmental claims in particular, it is difficult to assess the Company’s potential liability due to the large number of other potentially responsible parties. For example, a demand for the total cleanup costs of a landfill used by many entities may be asserted by the government using joint and several liability theories. Although the Company believes that there is a reasonable basis to believe that it will ultimately be responsible for only its proportional share of these remediation costs, there can be no assurance that the Company will prevail on these claims. In addition, the scope of remedial costs, or other environmental injuries, is highly variable and estimating these costs involves complex legal, scientific and technical judgments. Many of the claimants who have filed disputed claims, particularly environmental and personal injury claims, produce little or no proof of fault on which the Company can assess its potential liability. Such claimants often either fail to specify a determinate amount of damages or provide little or no basis for the alleged damages. In some cases, the Company is still seeking additional information needed for a claims assessment and information that is unknown to the Company at the current time may significantly affect the Company’s assessment regarding the adequacy of the reserve amounts in the future.
     As general unsecured claims have been allowed in the Bankruptcy Court, the Company has distributed approximately one share of common stock per $383.00 in allowed claim amount and approximately one warrant per $153.00 in allowed claim amount. These rates were established based upon the assumption that the common stock and warrants allocated to holders of general unsecured claims on the effective date, including the reserve established for disputed claims, would be fully distributed so that the recovery rates for all allowed unsecured claims would comply with the Plan without the need for any redistribution or supplemental issuance of securities. Effective May 6, 2011, all outstanding warrants expired and were cancelled. No more warrants will be issued to resolve any remaining pre-petition claims. If the amount of general unsecured claims that is eventually allowed exceeds the amount of claims anticipated in the setting of the reserve, additional common stock will be issued for the excess claim amounts at the same rates as used for the other general unsecured claims. If this were to occur, additional common stock would also be issued to the holders of pre-petition secured claims to maintain the ratio of their distribution in common stock at nine times the amount of common stock distributed for all unsecured claims.
     Based on information available as of July 29, 2011, approximately 66.6% of common stock and warrants reserved for this purpose has been distributed. The Company also continues to resolve certain non-objected claims.
Private Party Lawsuits and other Legal Proceedings
     In 2003, the Company served notices to reject certain executory contracts with EnerSys, which the Company contended were executory, including a 1991 Trademark and Trade Name License Agreement (the “Trademark License”), pursuant to which the Company had licensed to EnerSys use of the “Exide” trademark on certain industrial battery products in the United States and 80 foreign countries. EnerSys objected to the rejection of certain of those contracts, including the Trademark License. In 2006, the Bankruptcy Court granted the Company’s request to reject certain of the contracts, including the Trademark License. EnerSys appealed those rulings. On June 1, 2010, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the Bankruptcy Court ruling, and remanded to the lower courts, holding that certain of the contracts, including the Trademark License, were not executory contracts and, therefore, were not subject to rejection. On August 27, 2010, acting on the Third Circuit’s mandate, the Bankruptcy Court vacated its prior orders and denied the Company’s motion to reject the contracts on the grounds that the agreements are not executory. On September 20, 2010, the Company filed a complaint in the Bankruptcy Court seeking a declaratory judgment that EnerSys does not have enforceable rights under the Trademark License under Bankruptcy Code provisions which the Company believes are relevant to non-executory contracts. EnerSys has filed a motion to dismiss that complaint, which the Company has opposed, and the motion

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remains pending. Additionally, on September 27, 2010, the Company filed a Petition for Certiorari, requesting that the U.S. Supreme Court issue a writ of certiorari to the Third Circuit Court of Appeals to review that court’s judgment. The Petition for Certiorari was denied by the Supreme Court on February 22, 2011.
Environmental Matters
     As a result of its multinational manufacturing, distribution and recycling operations, the Company is subject to numerous federal, state, and local environmental, occupational health, and safety laws and regulations, as well as similar laws and regulations in other countries in which the Company operates (collectively, “EH&S laws”).
     The Company is exposed to liabilities under such EH&S laws arising from its past handling, release, storage and disposal of materials now designated as hazardous substances and hazardous wastes. The Company previously has received notification from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (“EPA”), equivalent state and local agencies or others alleging or indicating that the Company is or may be responsible for performing and/or investigating environmental remediation, or seeking the repayment of the costs spent by governmental entities or others performing investigations and/or remediation at certain U.S. sites under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act or similar state laws.
     The Company monitors and responds to inquiries from the EPA, equivalent state and local agencies and others at approximately 50 federally defined Superfund or state equivalent sites. While the ultimate outcome of these environmental matters is uncertain due to several factors, including the number of other parties that also may be responsible, the scope of investigation performed at such sites and the remediation alternatives pursued by such federal and equivalent state and local agencies, the Company presently believes any liability for these matters, individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.
     The Company is also involved in the assessment and remediation of various other properties, including certain currently and formerly owned or operating facilities. Such assessment and remedial work is being conducted pursuant to applicable EH&S laws with varying degrees of involvement by appropriate regulatory authorities. In addition, certain environmental matters concerning the Company are pending in various courts or with certain environmental regulatory agencies with respect to these currently or formerly owned or operating locations. While the ultimate outcome of these environmental matters is uncertain, the Company presently believes the resolution of these known environmental matters, individually and in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, cash flows or results of operations.
     The Company has established liabilities for on-site and off-site environmental remediation costs where such costs are probable and reasonably estimable and believes that such liabilities are adequate. As of June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011, the amount of such liabilities on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets was approximately $28.7 million and $28.2 million, respectively. Because environmental liabilities are not accrued until a liability is determined to be probable and reasonably estimable, not all potential future environmental liabilities have been included in the Company’s environmental liabilities and, therefore, additional earnings charges are possible. Also, future findings or changes in estimates could have a material adverse effect on the recorded reserves and cash flows.
     The sites that currently have the largest reserves include the following:
Tampa, Florida
     The Tampa site is a former secondary lead recycling plant, lead oxide production facility, and sheet lead-rolling mill that operated from 1943 to 1989. Under a RCRA Part B Closure Permit and a Consent Decree with the State of Florida, Exide is required to investigate and remediate certain historic environmental impacts to the site. Cost estimates for remediation (closure and post-closure) are expected to range from $13.0 million to $20.0 million depending on final State of Florida requirements. The remediation activities are expected to occur over the course of several years.
Columbus, Georgia
     The Columbus site is a former secondary lead recycling plant that was taken out of service in 1999, but remains part of a larger facility that includes an operating lead-acid battery manufacturing facility. Groundwater remediation activities began in 1988. Costs for supplemental investigations, remediation and site closure are currently estimated at $6.0 million to $9.0 million.
Guarantees
     At June 30, 2011, the Company had outstanding letters of credit with a face value of $57.1 million and surety bonds with a face value of $2.3 million. The majority of the letters of credit and surety bonds have been issued as collateral or financial assurance with respect to certain liabilities the Company has recorded including, but not limited to, environmental remediation obligations and

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self-insured workers’ compensation reserves. Failure of the Company to satisfy its obligations with respect to the primary obligations secured by the letters of credit or surety bonds could entitle the beneficiary of the related letter of credit or surety bond to demand payments pursuant to such instruments. The letters of credit generally have terms up to one year. Collateral held by the sureties in the form of letters of credit at June 30, 2011, pursuant to the terms of the agreement, totaled approximately $2.2 million.
     Certain of the Company’s European and Asia Pacific subsidiaries have issued bank guarantees as collateral or financial assurance in connection with environmental obligations, income tax claims and customer contract requirements. At June 30, 2011, bank guarantees with an aggregate face value of $17.2 million were outstanding.
Sales Returns and Allowances
     The Company provides for an allowance for product returns and/or allowances. Based upon product examination in the manufacturing re-work process, the Company believes that the majority of its product returns are not the result of product defects. The Company recognizes the estimated cost of product returns as a reduction of net sales in the period in which the related revenue is recognized. The product return estimates are based upon historical trends and claims experience, and include an assessment of the anticipated lag between the date of sale and claim/return date.
     Changes in the Company’s sales returns and allowances liability (in thousands) are as follows:
         
Balance at March 31, 2011
  $ 35,707  
 
   
Accrual for sales returns and allowances
    9,448  
Settlements made (in cash or credit) and currency translation
    (9,247 )
 
     
Balance at June 30, 2011
  $ 35,908  
 
     
(12) INCOME TAXES
     The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal year 2012 and fiscal year 2011 is (39.2%) and 39.2% respectively. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was impacted by the recognition of taxes on income and losses in all of our jurisdictions with the exception of the United Kingdom, Spain, and France which have full valuation allowances. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2011 was additionally impacted by the recognition of valuation allowances in Australia and Italy. The Company released its full valuation allowance in second quarter fiscal 2011 recorded in Australia and Italy after determining that it was more likely than not that the Company would realize all deductible temporary differences and carryforwards in the foreseeable future.
     The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was impacted by miscellaneous discrete items of $0.2 million.
     Each quarter, the Company reviews the need to report the future realization of tax benefits of deductible temporary differences or loss carryforwards on its financial statements. All available evidence is considered to determine whether a valuation allowance should be established against these future tax benefits or previously established valuation allowances should be released. This review is performed on a jurisdiction by jurisdiction basis. As global market conditions and the Company’s financial results in certain jurisdictions improve, the continued release of related valuation allowances may occur.
     The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction and various state and foreign jurisdictions. With limited exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal income tax examinations by tax authorities for years ended before March 31, 2008. With respect to state and local jurisdictions and countries outside of the United States, with limited exceptions, the Company and its subsidiaries are no longer subject to income tax audits for years ended before March 31, 2005. Although the outcome of tax audits is always uncertain, the Company believes that adequate amounts of tax, interest and penalties have been provided for any adjustments that could result from these years.
     The Company is appealing the results of a tax audit in Spain for fiscal years 2003 through 2006 that is related to current and certain former Spanish subsidiaries. In May 2011, the Company was notified that the Spanish tax authorities will begin an audit of its current and certain former Spanish subsidiaries for fiscal years 2007 through 2010. The Company anticipates that it will receive an assessment for matters similar to those under appeal, which may amount to $40.0 million. Although the Company would appeal this estimated assessment and attempt to enter into a delayed payment plan as it successfully accomplished with respect to the 2003 through 2006 assessment, negative results from one or more such tax audits could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows, or results of operations.

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     The Company’s unrecognized tax benefits increased from $51.5 million to $52.8 million during the first three months of fiscal 2012 due primarily to the effects of foreign currency translation plus unrecognized tax benefits established during the period less unrecognized tax benefits released during the period due to expiration of statute of limitations. The amount, if recognized, that would affect the Company’s effective tax rate at June 30, 2011 is $18.9 million.
     The Company classifies interest and penalties on uncertain tax benefits as income tax expense. At June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011, before any tax benefits, the Company had $2.8 million and $2.7 million, respectively, of accrued interest and penalties on unrecognized tax benefits.
     During the next twelve months, the Company does not expect the resolution of any tax audits which could potentially reduce unrecognized tax benefits by a material amount. However, expiration of the statute of limitations for a tax year in which the Company has recorded an uncertain tax benefit will occur in the next twelve months. The removal of this uncertain tax benefit would affect the Company’s effective tax rate by $1.1 million.
(13) RESTRUCTURING AND IMPAIRMENTS, NET
During the first three months of fiscal 2012, the Company has continued to implement operational changes to streamline and rationalize its structure in an effort to simplify the organization and eliminate redundant and/or unnecessary costs.
     Summarized restructuring reserve activity:
                                         
                            Asset Sale and        
    Severance             Total     Impairments        
    Costs     Closure Costs     Restructuring     (gain) loss     Total Expenses  
    (In thousands)  
Balance at March 31, 2011
  $ 18,732     $ 4,607     $ 23,339                  
Expenses
    (270 )     318       48     $ 247     $ 295  
 
                                   
Payments and Currency Translation
    (5,563 )     (616 )     (6,179 )                
 
                                 
Balance at June 30, 2011
  $ 12,899     $ 4,309     $ 17,208                  
 
                                 
     Remaining expenditures principally represent (i) severance and related benefits payable per employee agreements and/or regulatory requirements, (ii) lease commitments for certain closed facilities, branches and offices, as well as leases for excess and permanently idle equipment payable in accordance with contractual terms, and (iii) certain other closure costs including dismantlement and costs associated with removal obligations incurred in connection with the exit of facilities.
     Summarized restructuring and asset sale and impairment expenses by segment:
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Transportation Americas
  $ 80     $ 1,468  
Transportation Europe & ROW
    99       300  
Industrial Energy Americas
    177       61  
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    (61 )     6,062  
Unallocated corporate
          314  
 
               
 
           
TOTAL
  $ 295     $ 8,205  
 
           
(14) LOSS PER SHARE
     The Company computes basic loss per share by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted loss per share is computed by dividing net income, after adding back the after-tax amount of interest recognized in the period associated with the Company’s Floating Rate Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes, by diluted weighted average shares outstanding. Potentially dilutive shares include the assumed exercise of stock options and the assumed vesting of restricted stock and stock unit awards (using the treasury stock method) as well as the assumed conversion of the

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convertible debt, if dilutive (using the if-converted method). Shares which are contingently issuable under the Company’s plan of reorganization have been included as outstanding common shares for purposes of calculating basic loss per share.
     Due to a net loss for the three month periods ended June 30, 2011 and June 30, 2010, certain potentially dilutive shares were excluded from the diluted loss per share calculation because their effect would be antidilutive:
                 
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Shares associated with convertible debt (assumed conversion)
    3,697       3,697  
Employee stock options
    3,078       3,911  
Restricted stock awards
    1,676       639  
Warrants
          6,725  
 
   
 
           
Total shares excluded
    8,451       14,972  
 
           
(15) FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
     The Company uses available market information and appropriate methodologies to estimate the fair value of its financial instruments. Considerable judgment is required in interpreting market data to develop these estimates. Accordingly, the estimates presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company could realize in a current market exchange. Certain of these financial instruments are with major financial institutions and expose the Company to market and credit risks and may at times be concentrated with certain counterparties or groups of counterparties. The creditworthiness of counterparties is continually reviewed, and full performance is currently anticipated.
     The Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, and short-term borrowings all have carrying amounts that are a reasonable estimate of their fair values. The carrying values and estimated fair values of the Company’s long-term obligations and other financial instruments are as follows:
                                 
    June 30, 2011   March 31, 2011
            Estimated Fair           Estimated Fair
    Carrying Value   Value   Carrying Value   Value
    (In thousands)
(Liability) Asset:
                               
Senior Secured Notes due 2018
  $ (675,000 )   $ (699,469 )   $ (675,000 )   $ (718,031 )
Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due 2013
    (60,000 )     (54,450 )     (60,000 )     (55,425 )
Interest Rate Swap (a)
    3,344       3,344              
Foreign Currency Forwards (a)
                               
Liability
    (3,222 )     (3,222 )     (2,555 )     (2,555 )
Commodity Swap (a)
                               
Asset
    1,262       1,262       1,564       1,564  
Liability
    (539 )     (539 )     (1,263 )     (1,263 )
     (a) These financial instruments are required to be measured at fair value, and are based on inputs as described in the three-tier hierarchy that prioritizes inputs used in measuring fair value as of the reported date:
         
 
  Level 1 –   Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities;
 
       
 
  Level 2 –   Inputs other than quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
 
       
 
  Level 3 –   Inputs from valuation techniques in which one or more key value drivers are not observable, and must be based on the reporting entity’s own assumptions.
The following table represents our financial instruments that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, and the basis for that measurement:

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            Quoted Price in   Significant    
            Active Markets   Other   Significant
    Total   for   Observable   Unobservable
    Fair Value   Identical Assets   Inputs   Inputs
    Measurement   (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3)
    (In thousands)
June 30, 2011:
                               
Assets:
                               
Interest rate swap
  $ 3,344     $     $ 3,344     $  
Commodity swap
    1,262             1,262        
Liabilities:
                               
Foreign exchange forward
    3,222             3,222        
Commodity Swap
    539             539        
 
                               
March 31, 2011:
                               
Assets:
                               
Commodity Swap
    1,564             1,564        
Liabilities:
                               
Foreign exchange forward
    2,555             2,555        
Commodity Swap
    1,263             1,263        
     The Company uses a market approach to determine the fair values of all of its derivative instruments subject to recurring fair value measurements. The fair value of each financial instrument was determined based upon observable forward prices for the related underlying financial index or commodity price, and each has been classified as Level 2 based on the nature of the underlying markets in which those derivatives are traded. For additional discussion of the Company’s derivative instruments and hedging activities, see Note 3.
(16) SEGMENT INFORMATION
     The Company reports its results in four business segments: Transportation Americas, Transportation Europe and Rest of World (“ROW”), Industrial Energy Americas and Industrial Energy Europe and ROW. The Company is a global producer and recycler of lead-acid batteries. The Company’s four business segments provide a comprehensive range of stored electrical energy products and services for transportation and industrial applications.
     Transportation markets include original-equipment and aftermarket batteries for cars, trucks, off-road vehicles, agricultural and construction vehicles, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, marine, and other applications. Industrial markets include batteries for motive power and network power applications. Motive power batteries are used in the materials handling industry for electric forklift trucks, and in other industries, including floor cleaning machinery, powered wheelchairs, railroad locomotives, mining and the electric road vehicles market. Network power batteries are used for backup power for use with telecommunications systems, computer installations, hospitals, air traffic control, security systems, utility, railway and military applications.
     The Company’s four reportable segments are determined based upon the nature of the markets served and the geographic regions in which they operate. The Company’s chief operating decision-maker monitors and manages the financial performance of these four business groups. Costs of certain shared services and other corporate costs are not allocated or charged to the business groups.
     Selected financial information concerning the Company’s reportable segments is as follows:

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    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
    (In thousands)  
Net sales
               
Transportation Americas
  $ 217,597     $ 227,054  
Transportation Europe & ROW
    227,220       181,373  
Industrial Energy Americas
    88,544       68,491  
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    211,734       167,748  
 
           
 
  $ 745,095     $ 644,666  
 
           
 
               
Operating income
               
Transportation Americas
  $ (4,550 )   $ 10,915  
Transportation Europe & ROW
    12,253       8,066  
Industrial Energy Americas
    9,389       4,982  
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    3,935       4,069  
Unallocated corporate expenses
    (7,115 )     (9,329 )
 
           
 
    13,912       18,703  
Restructuring and Impairment Costs (a)
    295       8,205  
 
           
 
               
Total Operating Income
  $ 13,617     $ 10,498  
 
           
 
(a)   See Note 13 for detail by segment.
Item 2 Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
     The following discussion and analysis provides information which management believes is relevant to an assessment and understanding of the Company’s consolidated results of operations and financial condition. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes thereto contained in this Report on Form 10-Q.
     Some of the statements contained in the following discussion of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations refer to future expectations or include other “forward-looking” information. Those statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by these statements. The forward-looking information is based on various factors and was derived from numerous assumptions. See “Cautionary Statement for Purposes of the Safe Harbor Provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995,” included in this Report on Form 10-Q for a discussion of factors to be considered when evaluating forward-looking information detailed below. These factors could cause our actual results to differ materially from the forward looking statements. For a discussion of certain legal contingencies, see Note 11 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Executive Overview
     The Company is a global producer and recycler of lead-acid batteries. The Company’s four business segments, Transportation Americas, Transportation Europe and Rest of World (“ROW”), Industrial Energy Americas, and Industrial Energy Europe and ROW provide a comprehensive range of stored electrical energy products and services for transportation and industrial applications.
     Transportation markets include Original Equipment (“OE”) and aftermarket automotive, heavy-duty truck, agricultural and marine applications, and new technologies for hybrid vehicles. Industrial markets include batteries for telecommunications systems, electric utilities, railroads, uninterruptible power supply (“UPS”), lift trucks, mining, and other commercial vehicles.
     The Company’s four reportable segments are determined based upon the nature of the markets served and the geographic regions in which they operate. The Company’s chief operating decision-maker monitors and manages the financial performance of these four business groups.
Factors Which Affect the Company’s Financial Performance
     Lead and Other Raw Materials. Lead represented approximately 52.4% of the Company’s cost of goods sold for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2011. The market price of lead fluctuates. Generally, when lead prices decrease, customers may seek disproportionate price reductions from the Company, and when lead prices increase, customers may resist price increases. Either of these situations may cause customer demand for the Company’s products to be reduced and the Company’s net sales and gross margins to decline. The average price of lead as quoted on the London Metals Exchange (“LME”) has increased 31.1% from $1,943

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per metric ton for the three months ended June 30, 2010 to $2,548 per metric ton for the three months ended June 30, 2011. During the first fiscal quarter, the LME lead price has decreased from $2,719 per metric ton at March 31, 2011 to $2,622 per metric ton at June 30, 2011. At July 29, 2011, the quoted price on the LME was $2,613 per metric ton. To the extent that lead prices continue to be volatile and the Company is unable to maintain existing pricing or pass higher material costs resulting from this volatility to its customers, its financial performance will be adversely impacted.
     Energy Costs. The Company relies on various sources of energy to support its manufacturing and distribution process, principally natural gas at its recycling facilities, electricity in its battery assembly facilities, and diesel fuel for distribution of its products. The Company seeks to recoup these increases in energy costs through price increases or surcharges. To the extent the Company is unable to pass on these higher energy costs to its customers, its financial performance will be adversely impacted.
     Competition. The global transportation and industrial energy battery markets are highly competitive. In recent years, competition has continued to intensify and has affected the Company’s ability to pass along increased prices to keep pace with rising production costs. The effects of this competition have been exacerbated by excess capacity in certain of the Company’s markets, fluctuating lead prices and low-priced Asian imports in certain of the Company’s markets.
     Exchange Rates. The Company is exposed to foreign currency risk in most European countries, principally from fluctuations in the Euro. For the first quarter of fiscal 2012, the exchange rate of the Euro to the U.S. Dollar increased 13.4% on average to $1.44 compared to $1.27 for the first quarter of fiscal 2011. At June 30, 2011, the Euro was $1.45 or 2.1% higher as compared to $1.42 at March 31, 2011. Fluctuations in foreign currencies impacted the Company’s results for the periods presented herein. For the first quarter ended June 30, 2011, approximately 58.9% of the Company’s net sales were generated in Europe and ROW. Further, approximately 65.7% of the Company’s aggregate accounts receivable and inventory as of June 30, 2011 were held by its European and ROW subsidiaries.
     The Company is also exposed, although to a lesser extent, to foreign currency risk in Canada, Mexico, the U.K., Poland, Australia, and various countries in the Pacific Rim. Fluctuations of exchange rates against the U.S. Dollar can result in variations in the U.S. Dollar value of non-U.S. sales, expenses, assets, and liabilities. In some instances, gains in one currency may be offset by losses in another.
     Markets. The Company is subject to concentrations of customers and sales in a few geographic locations and is dependent on customers in certain industries, including the automotive, communications and data and material handling markets. Economic difficulties experienced in these markets and geographic locations impact the Company’s financial results. In addition, capital spending by major customers in our network power channels continue to be below historic levels.
     Seasonality and Weather. The Company sells a disproportionate share of its transportation aftermarket batteries during the fall and early winter (the Company’s third and a portion of its fourth fiscal quarters). Retailers and distributors buy automotive batteries during these periods so they will have sufficient inventory for cold weather periods. The impact of seasonality on sales has the effect of increasing the Company’s working capital requirements and also makes the Company more sensitive to fluctuations in the availability of liquidity.
     Unusually cold winters or hot summers may accelerate battery failure and increase demand for transportation replacement batteries. Mild winters and cool summers may have the opposite effect. As a result, if the Company’s sales are reduced by an unusually warm winter or cool summer, the Company typically does not recover these sales in later periods. Further, if the Company’s sales are adversely affected by the weather, the Company typically cannot make offsetting cost reductions to protect its liquidity and gross margins in the short-term because a large portion of the Company’s manufacturing and distribution costs are fixed.
     Interest Rates. The Company is exposed to fluctuations in interest rates on its variable rate debt, portions of which were hedged during the three months ended June 30, 2011. See Notes 3 and 7 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this Form 10-Q.
First quarter of Fiscal 2012 Highlights and Outlook
     In the Americas, the Company obtains the vast majority of its lead requirements from five Company-owned and operated secondary lead recycling plants. These facilities reclaim lead by recycling spent lead-acid batteries, which are obtained for recycling from the Company’s customers and outside spent-battery collectors. Recycling helps the Company in the Americas control the cost of its principal raw material as compared to purchasing lead at prevailing market prices. Similar to the fluctuation in lead prices, however, the cost of spent batteries has also fluctuated. The average market cost of purchased spent batteries increased approximately 16.6% in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 versus the first quarter of fiscal 2011. In response, the Company takes pricing actions as allowed by the market and is attempting to secure higher captive spent battery return rates to help mitigate the risks associated with this price volatility.

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     In Europe, the Company’s lead requirements are mainly fulfilled by third-party suppliers. Because of the Company’s exposure to the historically volatile lead market prices in Europe, the Company has implemented several measures to offset changes in lead prices, including selective pricing actions and lead price escalators. The Company has automatic lead price escalators with virtually all OEM customers. The Company currently obtains a small portion of its lead requirements from recycling in its European facilities.
     The Company expects that volatility in lead and other commodity costs, which affect all business segments, will continue to put pressure on the Company’s financial performance. However, selective pricing actions, lead price escalators in certain contracts and fuel surcharges have been implemented to help mitigate these risks. The implementation of selective pricing actions and price escalators generally lag the rise in market prices of lead and other commodities. Both lead price escalators and fuel surcharges may not be accepted by our customers, and if the price of lead decreases, our customers may seek disproportionate price reductions.
     In addition to managing the impact of fluctuations in lead and other commodity costs on the Company’s results, the key elements of the Company’s underlying business plans and continued strategies are:
(i) Successful execution and completion of the Company’s restructuring plan and organizational realignment of divisional and corporate functions intended to result in further targeted headcount reductions.
(ii) Actions designed to improve the Company’s liquidity and operating cash flow through working capital reduction plans, the sale of non-strategic assets and businesses, streamlining cash management processes, implementing plans to minimize the cash costs of the Company’s restructuring initiatives, and closely managing capital expenditures.
(iii) Continued factory and distribution productivity improvements through the Company’s established EXCELL program utilizing tools that include six sigma, lean, and the Toyota Production System.
(iv) Continued review and rationalization of the various brand offerings of products in its markets to gain efficiencies in manufacturing and distribution, and better leverage the Company’s marketing spending.
(v) Continued investment in production capacity to meet evolving needs for enhanced batteries (AGM and Micro-Hybrid Flooded) required for the increasing numbers of Stop & Start and Micro-Hybrid vehicles.
(vi) Increased research and development and engineering investments designed to develop enhanced lead-acid products as well as products utilizing alternative chemistries. In this regard, the Company continues to identify government funding opportunities to support near and long-term technological improvements in energy storage applications.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
     The Company’s discussion and analysis of its financial condition and results of operations is based upon the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The preparation of these financial statements requires the Company to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the related disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates based on its historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.
     The Company believes that the critical accounting policies and estimates disclosed in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011 affect the preparation of its Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The reader of this report should refer to the Company’s annual report for further information.
Results of Operations
Three months ended June 30, 2011 compared with three months ended June 30, 2010
     Net Sales
     Net sales were $745.1 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 versus $644.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. Foreign currency translation (primarily the strengthening of the Euro against the U.S. dollar) favorably impacted net sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 by approximately $54.2 million. Excluding the foreign currency translation impact, net sales increased by approximately $46.3 million, or 7.2%, primarily as a result of an estimated $29.5 million in lead related price increases, partially offset by a slight decrease in unit sales in some of the Company’s markets.

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     Net sales by business segment were as follows:
                                         
                    FAVORABLE / (UNFAVORABLE)  
    For the Three Months Ended             Currency     Non-Currency  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010     TOTAL     Related     Related  
    (In thousands)  
Transportation Americas
  $ 217,597     $ 227,054     $ (9,457 )   $ 2,163     $ (11,620 )
Transportation Europe & ROW
    227,220       181,373       45,847       26,648       19,199  
Industrial Energy Americas
    88,544       68,491       20,053       331       19,722  
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    211,734       167,748       43,986       25,025       18,961  
 
   
 
                             
TOTAL
  $ 745,095     $ 644,666     $ 100,429     $ 54,167     $ 46,262  
 
                             
          Transportation Americas net sales, excluding the foreign currency translation impact, decreased 5.1% due to a 16.4% decrease in aftermarket unit sales partially offset by a 26.6% increase in OEM unit sales and $13.8 million impact of lead related price increases. Third-party lead sales for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 were approximately $8.9 million higher than such third-party sales in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.
     Transportation Europe and ROW net sales, excluding foreign currency translation, increased 10.6% mainly due to 7.3% higher unit sales in the OEM channel and $11.8 million impact of lead related pricing actions, partially offset by 8.4% lower unit sales in the aftermarket channel.
     Industrial Energy Americas net sales, excluding the foreign currency translation impact, increased 28.8% due to 21.3% higher unit sales in both the Motive Power and Network Power markets.
     Industrial Energy Europe and ROW net sales, excluding foreign currency translation impact, increased 11.3% due to 18.4% higher unit sales in the Motive Power market and $5.7 million of lead related pricing actions. Network Power sales in Europe continue to be relatively depressed.
     Gross Profit
          Gross profit was $116.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 versus $114.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. Gross margin decreased to 15.7% from 17.8% in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. Gross profit was unfavorably impacted by $10.0 million or 134 basis points resulting from unrecovered lead costs. Foreign currency translation favorably impacted gross profit in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 by $8.8 million.
     Operating Expenses
  i.   Selling and administrative expenses increased $6.7 million, to $102.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 from $96.0 million in fiscal 2011. Excluding unfavorable foreign currency translation impact of $6.9 million, the expenses essentially remained flat. Included in selling and administrative expenses were general and administrative expenses of $43.5 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and $42.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011.
 
  ii.   Restructuring and impairment expenses decreased by $7.9 million, to $0.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 from $8.2 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011, and included non-cash asset impairment charges of $0.2 million and $1.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively. The decrease was primarily due to restructuring activities in the prior year quarter, including certain headcount reductions in Europe, and a closed facility in the Americas.
     Operating Income
     Operating income was $13.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 versus $10.5 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. Operating income was favorably impacted by manufacturing efficiencies and $7.9 million of lower restructuring and impairment expenses, partially offset by the unfavorable impact of lead on gross margin. Foreign currency translation favorably impacted operating income in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 by $1.8 million.

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     Operating income by segment was as follows:
                                                         
    For the Three Months Ended        
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010     FAVORABLE / (UNFAVORABLE)  
            Percent of             Percent of             Currency     Non-Currency  
    TOTAL     Net Sales     TOTAL     Net Sales     TOTAL     Related     Related  
    (In thousands)  
Transportation Americas
  $ (4,550 )     -2.1 %   $ 10,915       4.8 %   $ (15,465 )   $ 98     $ (15,563 )
Transportation Europe & ROW
    12,253       5.4 %     8,066       4.4 %     4,187       1,593       2,594  
Industrial Energy Americas
    9,389       10.6 %     4,982       7.3 %     4,407       (1 )     4,408  
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    3,935       1.9 %     4,069       2.4 %     (134 )     780       (914 )
Unallocated corporate
    (7,115 )     n/a       (9,329 )     n/a       2,214       (618 )     2,832  
 
                                         
 
    13,912       1.9 %     18,703       2.9 %     (4,791 )     1,852       (6,643 )
Less: Restructuring and Impairment Costs
    295       n/a       8,205       n/a       7,910       (8 )     7,918  
 
                                         
 
                                                       
Total Operating Income
  $ 13,617       1.8 %   $ 10,498       1.6 %   $ 3,119     $ 1,844     $ 1,275  
 
                                         
Gross margins by segment are shown below:
                 
    For the Three Months Ended  
    June 30, 2011     June 30, 2010  
Transportation Americas
    12.0 %     17.5 %
Transportation Europe & ROW
    17.0 %     17.2 %
Industrial Energy Americas
    22.8 %     23.6 %
Industrial Energy Europe & ROW
    15.0 %     16.4 %
 
               
 
           
TOTAL
    15.7 %     17.8 %
 
           
     Transportation Americas operating income, excluding the foreign currency translation impact, decreased primarily due to 16.4% lower aftermarket unit sales. Higher commodity costs including lead significantly impacted the gross margin for the period. The increase in net sales and cost of sales from lead related pricing had an 80 basis point unfavorable impact on gross margin. Intermittent production outages at the Company’s Reading, PA recycling facility during the current year period have negatively impacted results by approximately $4.9 million, consisting primarily of incremental direct costs and lower lead sales.
     Transportation Europe and ROW operating income, excluding foreign currency translation, increased mainly due to pricing actions and higher unit sales in the OEM channel, partially offset by a net 90 basis point negative impact of lead pricing and lower unit sales in the aftermarket channel.
     Industrial Energy Americas operating income increased due to higher unit sales in the Motive Power and Network Power markets as well as improved manufacturing efficiencies and lower warranty expenses.
     Industrial Energy Europe and ROW operating income, excluding foreign currency translation impact, was slightly down. Higher unit sales, principally in the Motive Power market, and productivity improvements resulting from the prior year closure of the Over Hulton, UK plant resulted in improved profits in Europe. This increase was offset by a $2.4 million reduction in operating income in Asia Pacific. Pricing pressures from Chinese-made product required the Company to reduce pricing on its imported products. The increase in net sales and cost of sales from lead related pricing had a 40 basis point unfavorable impact on gross margin.
     Unallocated corporate, excluding the foreign currency translation impact, decreased mainly due to lower professional fees and stock compensation expenses.
     Other (Income) Expenses
     Other expense was $0.1 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 versus $10.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011. The decrease primarily relates to higher prior year currency remeasurement loss of approximately $9.8.

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     Interest Expenses
     Interest expense increased $2.7 million, to $17.7 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 from $15.0 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 primarily due to increased borrowings.
     Income Taxes
                 
    For the Three Months Ended
    June 30, 2011   June 30, 2010
    (In thousands)
Pre-tax loss
  $ (4,163 )   $ (14,806 )
Income tax provision (benefit)
    1,633       (5,800 )
 
               
Effective tax rate
    -39.2 %     39.2 %
     The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 was impacted by the recognition of taxes on income and losses in all of our jurisdictions with the exception of the United Kingdom, Spain, and France which have full valuation allowances. The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2011 was additionally impacted by the recognition of valuation allowances in Australia and Italy.
     The effective tax rate for the first quarter of fiscal 2012 was primarily affected by the recognition of $1.5 million in valuation allowances on current period tax benefits generated in the United Kingdom, France, and Spain. The first quarter tax expense was also impacted by miscellaneous discrete items of $0.2 million. The effective tax rate for first quarter of fiscal year 2011 was impacted by the recognition of $0.5 million in valuation allowances on current period tax benefits generated primarily in United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Italy. Additionally, the tax rate in fiscal year 2011 was impacted by a benefit of $4.2 million established through a Polish adjustment to tax basis in intangibles.
     The Company is also subject to tax audits by governmental authorities in the U.S. and in non-U.S. jurisdictions. Negative results from one or more such tax audits could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows, or results of operations. See Note 12 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion of the Company’s effective tax rate.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
     As of June 30, 2011, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $130.9 million and availability under the Company’s senior secured asset-backed revolving credit facility (the “ABL facility”) of $142.9 million. This compared to cash and cash equivalents of $161.4 million and availability under the ABL facility of $144.0 million as of March 31, 2011.
     In January 2011, the Company issued $675.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 8 5/8% senior secured notes (“Senior Secured Notes”) due 2018. Concurrently with the issuance of the Senior Secured Notes, the Company entered into the five-year ABL facility with commitments of an aggregate borrowing capacity of $200.0 million.
The Senior Secured Notes
          Borrowings under the Senior Secured Notes bear interest at a rate of 8 5/8% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears in February and August, beginning August, 2011.
     The notes are secured by (i) a first-priority lien on the notes priority collateral, which includes the Company’s existing and after-acquired equipment, stock of the Company’s direct subsidiaries, certain intercompany loans, certain real property, and substantially all of the Company’s other assets that do not secure the ABL facility on a first-priority basis, and (ii) a second-priority lien on the ABL priority collateral, which includes the Company’s assets that secure the ABL facility on a first-priority basis, including the Company’s receivables, inventory, intellectual property rights, deposit accounts, tax refunds, certain intercompany loans and certain other related assets and proceeds thereof. The ABL facility will be secured by a first-priority lien on the ABL priority collateral and a second-priority lien on the notes priority collateral. The value of the collateral at any time will depend on market and other economic conditions, including the availability of suitable buyers for the collateral.
     The notes contain provisions by which the Company may elect to repay some or all of the principal balance prior to its 2018 maturity date:

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    Prior to February 1, 2014, the Company may on one or more occasions redeem up to 35% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes at a redemption price equal to 108.625% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest, with the net cash proceeds of certain equity offerings. The Company may make such a redemption only if, after such redemption, at least 65% of the aggregate principal amount of the notes issued under the indenture remains outstanding and the Issuer issues a redemption notice in respect thereof not more than 60 days of the date of the equity offering closing.
 
    Prior to February 1, 2015, the Company may:
  i.   redeem in whole or in part the notes at a redemption price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, and a “make-whole” premium.
 
  ii.   redeem, no more than once in any twelve-month period, up to 10% of the original aggregate principal amount of the notes at a redemption price equal to 103% of the principal amount of the notes to be redeemed, plus accrued and unpaid interest.
    On or after February 1 of the years indicated below, the Company may redeem, in whole or in part, the notes at the redemption prices set forth in the following table (expressed as a percentage of the principal amount thereof):
         
Year   Percentage
2015
    104.313 %
2016
    102.16 %
2017 and thereafter
    100.00 %
     Upon a change of control the Company will be required to make an offer to repurchase the notes at a price equal to 101% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest to the date of repurchase.
     The indenture for these notes contains certain covenants which limit the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries’ ability to, among other things, incur debt, pay dividends, make investments, create liens or use assets as security, and sell assets including the capital stock of subsidiaries.
Asset-Backed Revolving Credit Facility
          The ABL facility has a borrowing capacity of $200 million, and includes a letter of credit sub-facility of $75.0 million, a swingline sub-facility of $25.0 million and an accordion feature that permits the Company to increase the revolving credit commitments by an amount up to $50.0 million (for an aggregate revolving credit commitment of up to $250.0 million) if the Company obtains commitments from existing or new lenders for such increase. Revolving loans and letters of credit under the ABL facility will be available in U.S. Dollars and Euros. The ABL facility will mature January 25, 2016. The ABL facility (not including the swingline sub-facility) bears interest at a rate equal to (1) the base rate plus an interest margin or (2) LIBOR (for U.S. Dollar or Euro denominated revolving loans, as applicable) plus an interest margin. The base rate will be a rate per annum equal to the greatest of (a) the U.S. Federal Funds Rate plus 0.50%, (b) the prime commercial lending rate of the administrative agent, and (c) a rate equal to LIBOR for a one-month interest period plus 1.00%. The swingline sub-facility will bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the applicable floating rate (base rate or LIBOR for a one-month interest period) plus an interest margin. The interest margin will be adjusted quarterly based on the average amount available for drawing under the ABL facility and will range between 2.75% and 3.25% per annum for LIBOR borrowings and 1.75% and 2.25% per annum for base rate borrowings.
     The Company’s ability to obtain revolving loans and letters of credit under the ABL facility will be subject to a borrowing base comprising the following: (1) a domestic borrowing base comprising 85% of the Company’s eligible accounts receivable and those of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries, plus 85% of the net orderly liquidation value of the Company’s eligible inventory and such domestic subsidiaries less, in each case, certain reserves and subject to certain limitations, and (2) a foreign borrowing base comprising 85% of the combined eligible accounts receivable of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries, plus 85% of the net orderly liquidation value of eligible inventory of the Company’s Canadian subsidiaries less, in each case, certain reserves and subject to certain limitations. The maximum amount of credit that will be available to the Company under the foreign borrowing base will be limited to the U.S. Dollar equivalent of $40.0 million plus the availability generated by the eligible accounts receivable and inventory of our Canadian subsidiaries.
     The obligations under the ABL facility are guaranteed by certain of the Company’s domestic subsidiaries. The obligations of Exide C.V. under the ABL facility will be guaranteed by the Company’s domestic subsidiary and certain foreign subsidiaries.

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     The obligations under the ABL facility will be secured by a lien on substantially all of the assets of Exide Technologies and domestic subsidiaries, and the obligations of Exide C.V. and the foreign subsidiaries under the ABL facility will be secured by a lien on substantially all of the assets of Exide Technologies and domestic subsidiaries, and on substantially all of the personal property of Exide C.V. and the foreign subsidiaries. Subject to certain permitted liens, the liens securing the obligations under the ABL facility will be first priority liens on all assets other than notes priority collateral and will be second priority liens on all notes priority collateral.
     The ABL facility contains customary conditions including restrictions on, among other things, the incurrence of indebtedness and liens, dividends and other distributions, consolidations and mergers, the purchase and sale of assets, the issuance or redemption of equity interests, loans and investments, acquisitions, intercompany transactions, a change of control, voluntary payments and modifications of indebtedness, modification of organizational documents and material contracts, affiliate transactions, and changes in lines of business. The ABL facility also contains a financial covenant requiring the Company to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.00 to 1.00, tested monthly on a trailing twelve-month basis, if at any time the Company’s excess availability under the ABL facility is less than the greater of $30.0 million and 15% of the aggregate commitments of the lenders.
The Convertible Notes
     In March 2005, the Company issued floating rate convertible senior subordinated notes due September 18, 2013, with an aggregate principal amount of $60.0 million. These notes bear interest at a per annum rate equal to the 3-month LIBOR, adjusted quarterly, minus a spread of 1.5%. The interest rate at June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011 was 0.0%. Interest is payable quarterly. The notes are convertible into the Company’s common stock at a conversion rate of 61.6143 shares per one thousand dollars principal amount at maturity, subject to adjustments for any common stock splits, dividends on the common stock, tender and exchange offers by the Company for the common stock and third-party tender offers, and in the case of a change in control in which 10% or more of the consideration for the common stock is cash or non-traded securities, the conversion rate increases, depending on the value offered and timing of the transaction, to as much as 70.2247 shares per one thousand dollars principal amount.
     At June 30, 2011, the Company was in compliance with covenants contained in the ABL Facility and indenture governing the 8 5/8% Senior Secured Notes and floating rate convertible subordinated notes.
     At June 30, 2011, the Company had outstanding letters of credit with a face value of $57.1 million and surety bonds with a face value of $2.3 million. The majority of the letters of credit and surety bonds have been issued as collateral or financial assurance with respect to certain liabilities that the Company has recorded, including but not limited to environmental remediation obligations and self-insured workers’ compensation reserves. Failure of the Company to satisfy its obligations with respect to the primary obligations secured by the letters of credit or surety bonds could entitle the beneficiary of the related letter of credit or surety bond to demand payments pursuant to such instruments. The letters of credit generally have terms up to one year. Collateral held by the surety in the form of letters of credit at June 30, 2011, pursuant to the terms of the agreement, was $2.2 million.
     Risks and uncertainties could cause the Company’s performance to differ from management’s estimates. As discussed above under “Factors Which Affect the Company’s Financial Performance — Seasonality and Weather,” the Company’s business is seasonal. During the Company’s first and second fiscal quarters, the Company builds inventory in anticipation of increased sales in the winter months. This inventory build increases the Company’s working capital needs. During these quarters, because working capital needs are already high, unexpected costs or increases in costs beyond predicted levels would place a strain on the Company’s liquidity.
Sources and Uses of Cash
     The Company’s liquidity requirements have been met historically through cash provided by operations, borrowed funds and the proceeds of sales of accounts receivable. Additional cash has been generated in the past several years through rights offerings, common stock issuances, and the sale of non-core businesses and assets.
     The Company’s liquidity needs arise primarily from the funding of working capital, and obligations on indebtedness and capital expenditures. Because of the seasonality of the Company’s business, more cash has typically been generated in the third and fourth fiscal quarters than the first and second fiscal quarters. Greatest cash demands from operations have historically occurred during the months of June through October.
     Going forward, the Company’s principal sources of liquidity are expected to be cash on hand, cash from operations, borrowings under the ABL facility, and the sale of idled assets, principally closed facilities, in certain foreign countries.
     Cash (used in) provided by operating activities were ($12.6) million and $3.2 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively. This decrease primarily relates to increased working capital usage versus the prior year period related to higher accounts receivable activity and increases in inventory resulting from higher commodity costs, partially offset by decreased restructuring payments.

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     Cash used in investing activites primarily consisted of capital expenditures of $18.7 million and $10.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and 2011, respectively.
     Cash (used in) provided by financing activities was ($0.1) million and $0.3 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011, respectively.
     The Company believes that it will have adequate liquidity to support its operational restructuring programs during the remainder of fiscal 2012, which include, among other things, payment of remaining accrued restructuring costs of approximately $17.2 million as of June 30, 2011. For further discussion see Note 13 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
     The estimated fiscal 2012 pension plan contributions are $28.7 million and other post-retirement contributions are $2.0 million. Payments aggregating $7.0 million were made during the three months ended June 30, 2011.
     The Company is subject to tax audits by governmental authorities in the U.S. and in non-U.S. jurisdictions. The Company is appealing the results of a tax audit in Spain for fiscal years 2003 through 2006 that is related to current and certain former Spanish subsidiaries. In May 2011, the Company was notified that the Spanish tax authorities will begin an audit of its current and certain former Spanish subsidiaries for fiscal years 2007 through 2010. The Company anticipates that it will receive an assessment for matters similar to those under appeal, which may amount to $40.0 million. Although the Company would appeal this estimated assessment and attempt to enter into a delayed payment plan as it successfully accomplished with respect to the 2003 through 2006 assessment, negative results from one or more such tax audits could materially and adversely affect the Company’s business, financial condition, cash flows, or results of operations.
Financial Instruments and Market Risk
     From time to time, the Company has used forward contracts to economically hedge certain commodity price exposures, including lead. The forward contracts are entered into for periods consistent with related underlying exposures and do not constitute positions independent of those exposures. The Company expects that it may increase the use of financial instruments, including fixed and variable rate debt as well as swaps, forward and option contracts to finance its operations and to hedge interest rate, currency and certain commodity purchasing requirements in the future. The swap, forward, and option contracts would be entered into for periods consistent with related underlying exposures and would not constitute positions independent of those exposures. The Company has not entered into, and does not intend to enter into, contracts for speculative purposes nor be a party to any leveraged instruments. See Note 3 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
     The Company’s ability to utilize financial instruments may be restricted because of tightening, and/or elimination of unsecured credit availability with counter-parties. If the Company is unable to utilize such instruments, the Company may be exposed to greater risk with respect to its ability to manage exposures to fluctuations in foreign currencies, interest rates, lead prices, and other commodities.
Accounts Receivable Factoring Arrangements
     In the ordinary course of business, the Company utilizes accounts receivable factoring arrangements in countries where programs of this type are typical. Under these arrangements, the Company may sell certain of its trade accounts receivable to financial institutions. The arrangements do not contain recourse provisions against the Company for its customers’ failure to pay. The Company sold approximately $77.3 million and $67.3 million of foreign currency trade accounts receivable as of June 30, 2011 and March 31, 2011, respectively. Changes in the level of receivables sold from year to year are included in the change in accounts receivable within cash flow from operations in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks
     Changes to the quantitative and qualitative market risks as of June 30, 2011 are described in Item 2 above, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Financial Instruments and Market Risk”. Also, see the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2011 for further information.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures

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Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
     The Company maintains “disclosure controls and procedures,” as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) of the Exchange Act, that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in SEC rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to the Company’s management, including the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
     As of the end of the period covered by this report, the Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of senior management, including the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(b) and 15d-15(b). Based upon, and as of the date of this evaluation, the chief executive officer and the chief financial officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of June 30, 2011.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
     There have not been any changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2011 that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT FOR PURPOSES OF THE SAFE HARBOR
PROVISION OF THE PRIVATE SECURITIES LITIGATION REFORM ACT OF 1995
Except for historical information, this report may be deemed to contain “forward-looking” statements. The Company desires to avail itself of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the “Act”) and is including this cautionary statement for the express purpose of availing itself of the protection afforded by the Act.
Examples of forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to (a) projections of revenues, cost of raw materials, operating income or loss, income or loss, earnings or loss per share, capital expenditures, growth prospects, dividends, the effect of currency translations, capital structure, and other financial items, (b) statements of plans and objectives of the Company or its management or Board of Directors, including the introduction of new products, or estimates or predictions of actions by customers, suppliers, competitors or regulating authorities, (c) statements of future economic performance, and (d) statements of assumptions, such as the prevailing weather conditions in the Company’s market areas, underlying other statements and statements about the Company or its business.
     Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these forward looking statements include, but are not limited to, the following general factors such as: (i) the fact that lead, a major constituent in most of the Company’s products, experiences significant fluctuations in market price and is a hazardous material that may give rise to costly environmental and safety claims, (ii) the Company’s ability to implement and fund business strategies based on current liquidity, (iii) the Company’s ability to realize anticipated efficiencies and avoid additional unanticipated costs related to its restructuring activities, (iv) the cyclical nature of the industries in which the Company operates and the impact of current adverse economic conditions on those industries, (v) unseasonable weather (warm winters and cool summers) which adversely affects demand for automotive and some industrial batteries, (vi) the Company’s substantial debt and debt service requirements which may restrict the Company’s operational and financial flexibility, as well as imposing significant interest and financing costs, (vii) the litigation proceedings to which the Company is subject, the results of which could have a material adverse effect on the Company and its business, (viii) the realization of the tax benefits of the Company’s net operating loss carry forwards, which is dependent upon future taxable income, (ix) the negative results of tax audits in the U.S. and Europe which could require the payment of significant cash taxes, (x) competitiveness of the battery markets in the Americas and Europe, (xi) risks involved in foreign operations such as disruption of markets, changes in import and export laws, currency restrictions, currency exchange rate fluctuations and possible terrorist attacks against U.S. interests, (xii) the ability to acquire goods and services and/or fulfill later needs at budgeted costs, (xiii) general economic conditions, (xiv) the Company’s ability to successfully pass along increased material costs to its customers, and (xv) recently adopted U.S. lead emissions standards and the implementation of such standards by applicable states, and (xvi) those risk factors described in the Company’s fiscal 2011 Form 10-K filed on June 1, 2011.
The Company cautions each reader of this report to carefully consider those factors set forth above. Such factors have, in some instances, affected and in the future could affect the ability of the Company to achieve its projected results and may cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed herein. We do not undertake to update our forward looking statements.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
     See Note 11 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements in this document.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
     The risk factors which were disclosed in the Company’s fiscal 2011 Form 10-K have not materially changed since we filed our fiscal 2011 Form 10-K. See Item 1A to Part I of the Company’s fiscal 2011 Form 10-K for a complete discussion of these risk factors.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
                                 
                           
                            (d) Maximum
                            Number (or
                    (c) Total Number of   Approximate Dollar
    (a) Total           Shares (or Units)   Value) of Shares (or
    Number of   (b) Average Price   Purchased as Part of   Units) that May Yet
    Shares (or Units)   Paid per Share (or   Publicly Announced   Be Purchased Under
Period   Purchased (1)   Unit)   Plans or Programs   the Plans or Programs
April 1 through April 30
                       
May 1 through May 31
    3,126     $ 9.57              
June 1 through June 30
    473     $ 7.24              
 
(1)   Acquired by the Company in exchange for payment of U.S. tax obligations for certain participants in the Company’s 2004 Stock Incentive Plan that elected to surrender a portion of their shares in connection with vesting of restricted stock awards.
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
     None
Item 4. [Removed and Reserved]
     None
Item 5.Other Information
     None
Item 6. Exhibits
         
  31.1    
Certification of James R. Bolch, President and Chief Executive Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  31.2    
Certification of Phillip A. Damaska, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer, pursuant to Section 302 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  32    
Certifications pursuant to Section 906 of Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
       
 
  101 .INS    
XBRL Instance Document
       
 
  101 .SCH    
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
       
 
  101 .CAL    
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
       
 
  101 .LAB    
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
       
 
  101 .PRE    
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document

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SIGNATURES
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  EXIDE TECHNOLOGIES
 
 
  By:   /s/ Phillip A. Damaska    
    Phillip A. Damaska   
    Executive Vice President and
Chief Financial Officer

Date: August 4, 2011
 
 

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