Farmer Brothers Company 10-Q 2010
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2010
For the transition period from to
Commission file number: 001-34249
FARMER BROS. CO.
(exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (310) 787-5200
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x NO ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES ¨ NO ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ¨ NO x
On November 4, 2010, the registrant had 16,156,861 shares outstanding of its common stock, par value $1.00 per share, which is the registrants only class of common stock.
FARMER BROS. CO.
FORM 10-Q QUARTERLY REPORT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FARMER BROS. CO.
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
FARMER BROS. CO.
(Dollars in thousands, except share and per share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
FARMER BROS. CO.
(Dollars in thousands)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these financial statements.
FARMER BROS. CO.
Note 1. Farmer Bros. Co. and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Farmer Bros. Co. (including its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context requires otherwise, herein referred to as the Company, we, or our) is a manufacturer, wholesaler and distributor of coffee, tea and culinary products to institutional food service establishments including restaurants, hotels, casinos, hospitals and food service providers, as well as retailers such as convenience stores, coffee houses, general merchandisers, private-label retailers and grocery stores. The Company was incorporated in California in 1923, and reincorporated in Delaware in 2004.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Rule 10-01 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (GAAP) for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals, unless otherwise indicated) considered necessary for a fair presentation of the interim financial data have been included. Operating results for the three months ended September 30, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the fiscal year ending June 30, 2011. Events occurring subsequent to September 30, 2010 have been evaluated for potential recognition or disclosure in the unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three months ended September 30, 2010.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K, as amended, for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) on September 14, 2010.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results may differ from those estimates.
Fair Value Measurements
Effective July 1, 2009, the Company implemented the requirements of Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures (ASC 820), of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the FASB) for its financial assets and liabilities. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset, or paid to transfer a liability, in an orderly transaction between market participants. The Company maximizes the use of observable market inputs, minimizes the use of unobservable market inputs and discloses in the form of an outlined hierarchy the details of such fair value measurements. See Note 2 for additional information.
Coffee Brewing Equipment and Service
The Company classifies certain expenses related to coffee brewing equipment provided to customers as cost of goods sold. These costs include the cost of equipment as well as the cost of servicing that equipment (including service employees salaries, cost of transportation and the cost of supplies and parts) and are considered directly attributable to the generation of revenues from the Companys customers. Accordingly, such costs included in cost of goods sold in the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal quarters ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 are $7.2 million and $5.5 million, respectively. The Company capitalized coffee brewing equipment in the amounts of $2.9 million and $4.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively. Depreciation expense related to capitalized coffee brewing equipment reported as cost of goods sold was $2.1 million and $1.2 million in the fiscal quarters ended September 30, 2010 and 2009, respectively.
Most products are sold and delivered to the Companys customers at their places of business by the Companys route sales employees. Revenue is recognized at the time the Companys sales representatives physically deliver products to customers and title passes or upon acceptance by the customer when shipped by third party delivery.
In connection with the acquisition of the DSD Coffee Business in February 2009, the Company entered into an agreement with Sara Lee Corporation (Sara Lee) pursuant to which the Company performs co-packing services for Sara Lee as Sara Lees agent. The Company recognizes revenue from this arrangement on a net basis, net of direct costs of revenue. As of September 30, 2010, the Company had $3.0 million of receivables from Sara Lee related to this arrangement, which are included in Other receivables, net (see Note 3).
Earnings (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic earnings (loss) per share (EPS) is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average common shares outstanding (see Note 9), excluding unallocated shares held by the Companys Employee Stock Ownership Plan. Diluted EPS includes the effect of any potential shares outstanding, which for the Company consists of dilutive stock options. The dilutive effect of stock options is calculated using the treasury stock method with an offset from expected proceeds upon exercise of the stock options and unrecognized compensation expense. Computation of EPS for the fiscal quarters ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 does not include the dilutive effect of 100,817 and 39,824 shares, respectively, issuable under stock options since their inclusion would be anti-dilutive. Accordingly the unaudited consolidated financial statements present only basic net income (loss) per common share.
Effective July 1, 2009, the Company began using the Two-Class Method to compute EPS. The Two-Class Method considers unvested restricted stock with a right to receive non-forfeitable dividends as participating securities and allocates earnings to participating securities in the computation of EPS. The Company computed EPS using the Two-Class Method for all periods presented. The effect for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 was not material.
The following dividends were declared in the first three months of fiscal 2011 on the dates indicated (in thousands, except per share amounts):
Impairment of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Company performs an annual goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment test as of June 30 of each fiscal year. Goodwill and other indefinite-lived intangible assets are not amortized but instead are reviewed for impairment annually and on an interim basis if events or changes in circumstances between annual tests indicate that an asset might be impaired. Indefinite-lived intangible assets are tested for impairment by comparing their fair values to their carrying values. Testing for impairment of goodwill is a two-step process. The first step requires the Company to compare the fair value of its reporting units to the carrying value of the net assets of the respective reporting units, including goodwill. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than the carrying value, goodwill of the reporting unit is potentially impaired and the Company then completes step two to measure the impairment loss, if any. The second step requires the calculation of the implied fair value of goodwill by deducting the fair value of all tangible and intangible net assets of the reporting unit from the fair value of the reporting unit. If the implied fair value of goodwill is less than the carrying amount of goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized equal to the difference.
In addition to an annual test, goodwill and indefinite-lived intangible assets must also be tested on an interim basis if events or circumstances indicate that the estimated fair value of such assets has decreased below their carrying value. There were no such events or circumstances during the three months ended September 30, 2010.
Recently Adopted Accounting Standards
In October 2009, the multiple-element arrangements guidance codified in ASC 605-25, Revenue RecognitionMultiple Element Arrangements, was modified by the FASB as a result of the final consensus reached on EITF Issue No. 08-1, Revenue Arrangements with Multiple Deliverables, which was codified by ASU No. 2009-13. The guidance in ASU No. 2009-13 supersedes the existing guidance on such arrangements and is effective for the first annual reporting period after June 15, 2010 and was effective for the Company beginning on July 1, 2010. Adoption of ASU No. 2009-13 did not materially affect the results of operations, financial condition or cash flows of the Company.
New Accounting Pronouncements
No new accounting pronouncements were issued during the quarter ended September 30, 2010 and through the date of this filing that the Company believes are applicable or would have a material impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial condition or cash flows of the Company.
Note 2. Investments and Derivative Instruments
The Company purchases various derivative instruments as investments or to create economic hedges of its interest rate risk and commodity price risk. At September 30, 2010 and June 30, 2010, derivative instruments are not designated as accounting hedges. The fair value of derivative instruments is based upon broker quotes. The Company records unrealized gains and losses on trading securities and changes in the market value of certain coffee contracts meeting the definition of derivatives in Other income.
The Company groups its assets and liabilities at fair value in three levels, based on the markets in which the assets and liabilities are traded and the reliability of the assumptions used to determine fair value. These levels are:
The Companys investments have been grouped as follows at September 30, 2010 and June 30, 2010:
There were no significant transfers of securities between Level 1 and Level 2 as of September 30, 2010.
Investments, consisting of marketable debt and equity securities, money market instruments and various derivative instruments, are held for trading purposes and are stated at fair value. Investments are as follows:
Gains and losses, both realized and unrealized, are included in Other income. Net realized and unrealized gains and losses are as follows:
Preferred stock investments as of September 30, 2010 consisted of securities with a fair value of $33.9 million in an unrealized gain position and securities with a fair value of $9.9 million in an unrealized loss position. Preferred stock investments as of June 30, 2010 consisted of securities with a fair value of $36.3 million in an unrealized gain position and securities with a fair value of $14.4 million in an unrealized loss position. The following tables show gross unrealized losses (although such losses have been recognized in the statements of operations) and fair value for those investments that were in an unrealized loss position as of September 30, 2010 and June 30, 2010, aggregated by the length of time those investments have been in a continuous loss position:
Note 3. Accounts and Notes Receivable, net
Note 4. Inventories
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. Costs of coffee, tea and culinary products are determined on the last in, first out (LIFO) basis. Costs of coffee brewing equipment manufactured are accounted for on the first in, first out (FIFO) basis. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method is made only at the end of each fiscal year based on the inventory levels and
costs at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations must necessarily be based on managements estimates of expected fiscal year-end inventory levels and costs. Because these estimates are subject to many forces beyond managements control, interim results are subject to the final fiscal year-end LIFO inventory valuation.
Note 5. Employee Benefit Plans
The Company provides pension plans for most full time employees. Generally the plans provide benefits based on years of service and/or a combination of years of service and earnings. Retirees are also eligible for medical and life insurance benefits.
Company Pension Plans
The Company has a contributory defined benefit plan for the majority of its employees who are not covered under a collective bargaining agreement (Farmer Bros. Co. Plan) and two defined benefit pension plans for certain hourly employees covered under a collective bargaining agreement (Brewmatic Plan and Hourly Employees Plan ). The net periodic benefit costs for the defined benefit plans are as follows:
Components of net periodic benefit cost
Weighted-average assumptions used to determine net periodic benefit cost
Basis used to determine expected long-term return on plan assets
Historical and future expected rates of return of multiple asset classes were analyzed to develop a risk-free real rate of return and risk premiums for each asset class. The overall rate for each asset class was developed by combining a long-term inflation component, the risk-free real rate of return, and the associated risk premium. A weighted average rate of return was developed based on those overall rates and the target asset allocation of the plans.
The Company sponsors defined benefit postretirement medical and dental plans that cover non-union employees and retirees, and certain union locals. The plan is contributory and retiree contributions are fixed at a current level. The plan is not funded. Effective January 1, 2008, the Company adopted a new plan for retiree medical benefits. The new plan is a cost sharing approach between the Company and covered employees and dependents in which the Company subsidizes a larger proportion of covered expenses for retirees who were long-term employees, and provides less coverage for retirees who were short-term employees. Additionally, the plan establishes a maximum Company contribution.
The following table shows the components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009.
Components of net periodic postretirement benefit cost
Weighted-average assumptions used to determine net periodic postretirement benefit cost
The fiscal 2011 estimate of net periodic postretirement benefit cost is also based on July 1, 2009 census data assuming there were no demographic actuarial gains or losses during the fiscal year ended June 30, 2010.
Note 6. Bank Loan
On March 2, 2009, the Company and its wholly owned subsidiary, Coffee Bean International, Inc. (CBI), as Borrowers, entered into a Loan and Security Agreement (the Loan Agreement), with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, successor by merger to Wachovia Bank, National Association (Wells Fargo), as Lender, providing for a $50 million senior secured revolving credit facility expiring in February 2012 to help finance the DSD Coffee Business acquisition and for general corporate purposes.
All outstanding obligations under the Loan Agreement are collateralized by perfected security interests in the assets of the Borrowers, excluding the preferred stock held in investment accounts. The revolving line provides for advances of 85% of eligible accounts receivable and 65% of eligible inventory, as defined. The Loan Agreement has an unused commitment fee of 0.375%. The interest rate was 3.75% at September 30, 2010.
On August 31, 2010, the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries entered into Amendment No. 4 to Loan and Security Agreement (the Amendment) with Wells Fargo pursuant to which effective March 31, 2010, certain collateral reporting, dividend payment, and financial covenants were modified. Effective September 1, 2010, the Amendment also amended the range of interest rates on the line usage based on modified Monthly Average Excess Availability levels. The range is PRIME + 0.25% to PRIME + 0.75% or Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 2.5% to Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 3.0%. As of September 30, 2010, the Company was in compliance with all restrictive covenants under the Loan Agreement.
On September 30, 2010, the Company was eligible to borrow up to a total of $50.0 million under the credit facility. As of September 30, 2010, the Company had borrowed $31.5 million of this amount, utilized $3.2 million of its letters of credit sub-limit, and had excess availability of $15.3 million under the credit facility.
Note 7. Stock-Based Compensation
The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made under the Omnibus Plan based on estimated fair values. No stock options or restricted stock were granted during the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009.
The Company estimates the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service period in the Companys consolidated statement of operations. The Company estimates forfeitures based on its historical pre-vest forfeiture rate and will revise those estimates in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. The Companys assumption regarding expected stock price volatility is based on the historical volatility of its stock price. The risk-free interest rate is based on U.S. Treasury zero-coupon issues at the date of grant with a remaining term equal to the expected life of the stock options.
The following table summarizes stock option activity for the three months ended September 30, 2010:
The aggregate intrinsic value in the table above represents the total pretax intrinsic value, based on the Companys closing stock price of $16.00 at September 30, 2010, representing the last trading day of the quarter, which would have been received by award holders had all award holders exercised their awards that were in-the-money as of that date. As of September 30, 2010, there was approximately $1.0 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options and no shares vested during the three months ended September 30, 2010. Compensation expense recognized in general and administrative expenses in each of the three month periods ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 was $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.
Shares of restricted stock vest at the end of three years from the grant date for eligible employees and officers who are employees. Shares of restricted stock vest ratably over a period of three years for directors and officers who are not employees. Compensation expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the service period based on the estimated fair value of the restricted stock that is ultimately expected to vest. Restricted stock based compensation expense recognized in general and administrative expenses in each of the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 was $0.1 million. As of September 30, 2010, there was approximately $1.0 million of unrecognized compensation cost related to restricted stock. No shares of restricted stock vested during the three months ended September 30, 2010. The following table summarizes restricted stock activity for the three months ended September 30, 2010:
Note 8. Income Taxes
The Company adjusts its effective tax rate each quarter based on its current estimated annual effective tax rate. The Company also records the tax impact of certain discrete items, unusual or infrequently occurring tax events and the effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur. In addition, the Company evaluates its deferred tax assets quarterly to determine if a valuation allowance is required.
The Company considered whether a valuation allowance should be recorded against deferred tax assets based on the likelihood that the benefits of the deferred tax assets would or would not ultimately be realized in future periods. In making this assessment, significant weight was given to evidence that could be objectively verified such as recent operating results and less consideration was given to less objective indicators such as future earnings projections.
After consideration of positive and negative evidence, including the recent history of losses, the Company cannot conclude that it is more likely than not to generate future earnings sufficient to realize the Companys deferred tax assets. Accordingly, the Company increased its valuation allowance by $4.4 million in the fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2010 to $48.2 million.
A summary of the income tax expense recorded for the three months ended September 30, 2010 and 2009 is as follows:
As of September 30, 2010 and June 30, 2010 the Company had not recognized the following tax benefits in its consolidated financial statements:
The Internal Revenue Service and the State of California are currently conducting examinations of the Companys open tax years. The Company believes it is reasonably possible that a portion of its total unrecognized tax benefits will decrease in the next twelve months upon the conclusion of these examinations. However, it is premature to assess the range of the reasonably possible changes to the Companys unrecognized tax benefits.
Note 9. Net Income (Loss) Per Share
The following table sets forth the calculation of basic and diluted net income (loss) per share:
Certain statements contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are not based on historical fact and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of federal securities laws and regulations. These statements are based on managements current expectations, assumptions, estimates and observations of future events and include any statements that do not directly relate to any historical or current fact. These forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words like anticipates, estimates, projects, expects, plans, believes, intends, will, assumes and other words of similar meaning. Owing to the uncertainties inherent in forward-looking statements, actual results could differ materially from those set forth in forward-looking statements. We intend these forward-looking statements to speak only at the time of this report and do not undertake to update or revise these statements as more information becomes available except as required under federal securities laws and the rules and regulations of the SEC. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, fluctuations in availability and cost of green coffee, competition, organizational changes, our ability to successfully integrate the CBI and DSD Coffee Business acquisitions, the impact of a weaker economy, business conditions in the coffee industry and food industry in general, our continued success in attracting new customers, variances from budgeted sales mix and growth rates, weather and special or unusual events, the impact of global climate change or legal or regulatory responses to such changes, and changes in the quality or dividend stream of third parties securities and other investment vehicles in which we have invested our assets, as well as other risks described in this report and other factors described from time to time in our filings with the SEC.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
On March 2, 2009, we entered into a Loan Agreement with Wells Fargo, as Lender, providing for a $50 million senior secured revolving credit facility expiring in February 2012 to help finance the DSD Coffee Business acquisition and for general corporate purposes. The Loan Agreement contains a variety of restrictive covenants customary in an asset based lending facility, including a minimum excess availability requirement and a minimum total liquidity requirement, and it places limits on dividends. The Loan Agreement allows us to pay dividends at the current rate, subject to certain liquidity requirements.
All outstanding obligations under the Loan Agreement are collateralized by perfected security interests in our assets, excluding the preferred stock held in investment accounts. The revolving line provides for advances of 85% of eligible accounts receivable and 65% of eligible inventory, as defined. The Loan Agreement has an unused commitment fee of 0.375%. The interest rate varies based upon line usage, borrowing base availability and market conditions. The interest rate on the Companys outstanding borrowings was 3.75% at September 30, 2010. Due to the short-term nature of the credit facility and the variable interest rate, fair value of the balance outstanding approximates carrying value.
On August 31, 2010, we entered into Amendment No. 4 to Loan and Security Agreement with Wells Fargo (the Amendment) pursuant to which effective March 31, 2010, certain collateral reporting, dividend payment, and financial covenants were modified. Effective September 1, 2010, the Amendment also amended the range of interest rates on the line usage based on modified Monthly Average Excess Availability levels. The range is PRIME + 0.25% to PRIME + 0.75% or Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 2.5% to Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 3.0%. As of September 30, 2010, we were in compliance with all restrictive covenants under the Loan Agreement.
On September 30, 2010, we were eligible to borrow up to a total of $50.0 million under the credit facility. As of September 30, 2010, we had borrowed $31.5 million, utilized $3.2 million of our letters of credit sub-limit, and had excess availability under the credit facility of $15.3 million.
In fiscal 2011, we continue to focus on streamlining our operations including, where appropriate, expense reductions, asset redeployment and improvements in operating efficiencies and automation intended to improve our operating results. We expect to continue to increase our selling prices in response to substantial increases in the cost of raw materials for coffee, tea and culinary products to the extent possible without negatively impacting our market share. In addition, we expect to implement a number of initiatives intended to reduce the cost of our operations, including initiatives to reduce inventory levels and tighten our management of accounts receivables, cost-share measures to address increases in employee healthcare costs, automation of certain functions including the centralization of certain IT functions, and initiatives to reduce the use of outside services. We also intend to continue to sell our
excess real estate where appropriate and have renegotiated lease arrangements on real estate on more favorable terms in light of current market conditions. In the first quarter of fiscal 2011, we sold a portion of our investments in preferred stock in order to diversify our liquid assets and to pay down a portion of the outstanding balance on our revolving line of credit.
During the three months ended September 30, 2010, we capitalized $5.6 million in property and equipment purchases which included $2.9 million in expenditures to replace normal wear and tear of coffee brewing equipment, $1.3 million in expenditures for vehicles, and machinery and equipment.
Our expected capital expenditures for fiscal 2011 include completion of the installation of the two roasters and other production equipment at our Torrance facility and expenditures to replace normal wear and tear of coffee brewing equipment, vehicles, and machinery and equipment.
As described above, we maintain a $50 million senior secured revolving line of credit with Wells Fargo. Although we expect cost reductions and other positive synergies from integrating the DSD Coffee Business with our operations, the timing of these improvements is uncertain. We believe this credit facility, to the extent available, in addition to our other liquid assets, provides sufficient capital resources and flexibility for the next twelve months to allow us to meet necessary working capital requirements and implement our business plan without relying solely on cash flows from operations.
Our working capital is comprised of the following:
As of September 30, 2010, we had no material commitments for capital expenditures other than those described above.
Results of Operations
Our net sales in the three months ended September 30, 2010 decreased $3.4 million, or 3%, to $108.7 million as compared to $112.1 million during the three months ended September 30, 2009, primarily due to a modest reduction in the number of customers who purchased our products and a slight decline in the amount of products sold to those customers who have been with the Company for more than one year. We expect that the ongoing weakness in the economy and reduced consumer spending will continue to impact our sales through the remainder of fiscal 2011.
Gross profit in the three months ended September 30, 2010 decreased $10.4 million, or 19%, to $43.9 million, as compared to $54.3 million during the three months ended September 30, 2009. Gross margin decreased to 40% in the three months ended September 30, 2010 from 48% in the comparable period in the prior fiscal year. This decrease in gross margin is primarily due to higher total coffee brewing equipment and service costs included in cost of goods sold compared to the same period in the prior year, increased raw material costs, and changes in the mix of our customers and the products we sell to them.
Operating expenses in the three months ended September 30, 2010 decreased $0.8 million, or 1%, to $56.0 million, or 51% of sales, from $56.8 million, or 51% of sales, in the comparable period of fiscal 2010.
Loss from operations in the three months ended September 30, 2010 was ($12.0) million as compared to ($2.5) million during the three months ended September 30, 2009 primarily due to the decline in gross profit.
Total other income, net in the three months ended September 30, 2010 decreased to $2.5 million as compared to $5.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2009, primarily due to lower net unrealized gains in our preferred stock portfolio during the three months ended September 30, 2010 as compared to the three months ended September 30, 2009. Interest expense of $0.4 million in the three months ended September 30, 2010 as compared to $0.1 million in the three months ended September 30, 2009 also contributed to this decrease. Lower net unrealized gains in our preferred stock portfolio resulted in part from a reduced portfolio balance due to the sale of a portion of our preferred stock portfolio during the three months ended September 30, 2010.
Income tax expense for each of the three months ended September 30, 2010 and September 30, 2009 was $0.4 million. Income tax expense for the three months ended September 30, 2010 includes no benefit from the pretax loss because of a $4.4 million increase in the Companys valuation allowance related to its deferred tax assets.
As a result of the forgoing factors, net loss in the three months ended September 30, 2010 was ($9.9) million, or ($0.66) per common share, as compared to net income of $2.2 million, or $0.15 per common share, during the same period in the prior fiscal year.
Interest Rate Risk
We are exposed to market value risk arising from changes in interest rates on our securities portfolio. Our portfolio of preferred securities has sometimes included investments in derivatives that provide a natural economic hedge of interest rate risk. We review the interest rate sensitivity of these securities and (a) may enter into short positions in futures contracts on U.S. Treasury securities or (b) may hold put options on such futures contracts in order to reduce the impact of certain interest rate changes on such preferred stocks. Specifically, we attempt to manage the risk arising from changes in the general level of interest rates. We do not transact in futures contracts or put options for speculative purposes.
The number and type of futures and options contracts entered into depends on, among other items, the specific maturity and issuer redemption provisions for each preferred stock held, the slope of the U.S. Treasury yield curve, the expected volatility of U.S. Treasury yields, and the costs of using futures and/or options. At September 30, 2010, we had no futures or put options designated as interest rate hedges.
The following table demonstrates the impact of varying interest rate changes based on the preferred stock holdings, futures and options positions, and market yield and price relationships at September 30, 2010. This table is predicated on an instantaneous change in the general level of interest rates and assumes predictable relationships between the prices of preferred securities holdings, the yields on U.S. Treasury securities and related futures and options.
Our revolving line of credit with Wells Fargo is at a variable rate. The interest rate varies based upon line usage, borrowing base availability and market conditions. Effective September 1, 2010, the interest rate on the line usage was amended to a range of PRIME + 0.25% to PRIME + 0.75% or Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 2.5% to Adjusted Eurodollar Rate + 3.0%, based on modified Monthly Average Excess Availability levels. As of September 30, 2010, we had borrowed $31.5 million, utilized $3.2 million of letters of credit sub-limit, and had excess availability of $15.3 million under the credit facility. The interest rate on the Companys outstanding borrowings at September 30, 2010 was 3.75%.
The following table demonstrates the impact of interest rate changes on our interest expense under the revolving credit facility for a full year based on the outstanding balance and interest rate as of September 30, 2010:
Commodity Price Risk
We are exposed to commodity price risk arising from changes in the market price of green coffee. We price green coffee inventory on the last-in, first-out (LIFO) basis. In the normal course of business we hold a large green coffee inventory and enter into forward commodity purchase agreements with suppliers. We are subject to price risk resulting from the volatility of green coffee prices. Due to competition and market conditions, volatile price increases cannot always be passed on to our customers. From time to time we may hold a mix of futures contracts and options to help hedge against volatile green coffee price decreases. Gains and losses on these derivative instruments are realized immediately in Other income.
On September 30, 2010, we had no open hedge derivative contracts, and our entire exposure to commodity risk was in the potential change of our inventory value resulting from changes in the market price of green coffee. The following table demonstrates the impact of changes in the market value of coffee cost on the market value of coffee forward purchase contracts as of September 30, 2010:
Disclosure controls and procedures are controls and other procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the rules and forms of the SEC. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information we are required to disclose in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures. In January 2010, we adopted Disclosure Controls and Procedures that included the organization of a Disclosure Committee designed to enhance our process of documenting our compliance with Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act. The Disclosure Committee performed its duties as prescribed by our Disclosure Controls and Procedures in preparing this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal period ended September 30, 2010.
As of September 30, 2010, our management, with the participation of our principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Rule 13a-15(e) promulgated under the Exchange Act. Based upon this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of September 30, 2010, our disclosure controls and procedures were effective.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
Management has determined that there has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) promulgated under the Exchange Act) during our fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2010 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
See Exhibit Index.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.