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First Advantage 10-K 2008
Form 10-K

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

 

x Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2007

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission file number: 001-31666

FIRST ADVANTAGE CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   61-1437565

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

12395 First American Way

Poway, California 92064

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(727) 214-3411

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Class A Common Stock   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
(Title of each class)   (Name of each exchange on which registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.  Yes  ¨  No  x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  Yes  ¨  No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  x  No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  ¨    Accelerated filer  x    Non-accelerated filer  ¨
Smaller reporting company  ¨      

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12-b).  Yes  ¨  No  x

The aggregate market value of voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates was $192,498,000 as of June 29, 2007.

There were 11,400,946 shares of outstanding Class A Common Stock of the registrant as of February 25, 2008.

There were 47,726,521 shares of outstanding Class B Common Stock of the registrant as of February 25, 2008.

Documents Incorporated by Reference

Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement related to the 2008 annual meeting of stockholders are incorporated by reference in Part III of this report. The definitive proxy statement will be filed no later than 120 days after the close of the registrant’s fiscal year.

 

 

 


CERTAIN STATEMENTS IN THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K, INCLUDING THOSE RELATING TO RELATIONSHIPS WITH DATA SUPPLIERS, TERMINATION OF SUPPLIER RELATIONSHIPS, PRODUCT DEMAND, ACQUISITION TARGETS, INTERNATIONAL MARKETS, LITIGATION, EXPENSES, AND CASH FLOW AND LIQUIDITY ARE FORWARD LOOKING. RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES EXIST THAT MAY CAUSE RESULTS TO DIFFER MATERIALLY FROM THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS. FACTORS THAT COULD CAUSE THE ANTICIPATED RESULTS TO DIFFER FROM THOSE DESCRIBED IN THE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS INCLUDE: GENERAL VOLATILITY OF THE CAPITAL MARKETS AND THE MARKET PRICE OF THE COMPANY’S CLASS A COMMON STOCK; THE COMPANY’S ABILITY TO SUCCESSFULLY RAISE CAPITAL; THE COMPANY’S ABILITY TO IDENTIFY AND COMPLETE ACQUISITIONS AND SUCCESSFULLY INTEGRATE BUSINESSES IT ACQUIRES; CHANGES IN APPLICABLE GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS; THE DEGREE AND NATURE OF THE COMPANY’S COMPETITION; INCREASES IN THE COMPANY’S EXPENSES; CONTINUED CONSOLIDATION AMONG THE COMPANY’S COMPETITORS AND CUSTOMERS; UNANTICIPATED TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES AND REQUIREMENTS; THE COMPANY’S ABILITY TO IDENTIFY SUPPLIERS OF QUALITY AND COST-EFFECTIVE DATA; AND OTHER FACTORS DESCRIBED IN THIS ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K. THE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS SPEAK ONLY AS OF THE DATE THEY ARE MADE. THE COMPANY DOES NOT UNDERTAKE TO UPDATE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS TO REFLECT CIRCUMSTANCES OR EVENTS THAT OCCUR AFTER THE DATE THE FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS ARE MADE.

PART I

Item 1. Business

Our Company

First Advantage Corporation (“First Advantage,” “Company” or “We”) is a growing, international provider of risk mitigation and business solutions. Our Company was formed in the June 5, 2003 merger with The First American Corporation’s (“First American”) screening technology division and US SEARCH.com Inc. (“US SEARCH”). On June 6, 2003, First Advantage’s Class A common stock commenced trading on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) under the symbol “FADV”.

Prior to June 5, 2003, our activities were limited to participation in the business combination transaction contemplated by the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated December 13, 2002 by and among First American, US SEARCH, First Advantage and Stockholm Seven Merger Corp.

On June 5, 2003, HireCheck, Inc., Employee Health Programs, Inc., SafeRent, Inc., Substance Abuse Management, Inc., American Driving Records, Inc. and First American Registry, Inc., each formerly a wholly-owned subsidiary of First American and collectively comprising the First American Screening Technology (“FAST”) division, and US SEARCH, a public company whose common shares were, until June 5, 2003, traded on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC under the symbol “SRCH”, became wholly-owned operating subsidiaries of First Advantage.

Pursuant to the Merger Agreement, on June 5, 2003, First American received First Advantage Class B common stock representing approximately 81% of the economic interest and 98% of the voting interest of First Advantage. The former shareholders of US SEARCH exchanged their outstanding shares of US SEARCH common stock for First Advantage Class A common stock representing, in the aggregate, approximately 20% of the economic interest and 2% of the voting interest in First Advantage.

On September 14, 2005, the Company completed the acquisition to buy First American’s Credit Information Group (“CIG”) Business under the terms of the master transfer agreement. First Advantage purchased the CIG Business and related businesses with 29,073,170 shares of its Class B common stock. The acquisition of the CIG

 

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Business by First Advantage was a transaction between businesses under common control of First American. As such, First Advantage recorded the assets and liabilities of the CIG Business at historical cost. Historical financial statements of First Advantage have been restated to include results of operations of the CIG Business at historical costs. As of December 31, 2007, First American owned approximately 75% of the economic interest and approximately 90% of the voting interest of First Advantage. Subject to certain restrictions, First American may at any time convert each of its shares of our Class B common stock into one share of Class A common stock.

Business of First Advantage

Our operations are organized into six business segments: Lender Services, Data Services, Dealer Services, Employer Services, Multifamily Services, and Investigative and Litigation Support Services.

A summary of our service revenue, income from operations, and assets for our segments is found in Note 16 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8, which is included herein by reference.

Lender Services

The Lender Services segment provides specialized credit reports for mortgage lenders throughout the United States. The Company believes that it is the largest provider of credit reports to the United States mortgage lending industry, based on the number of credit reports issued. In preparing its merged credit reports for mortgage lenders, the Company obtains credit reports from at least two of the three United States primary credit bureaus, merges and summarizes the credit reports, and delivers its report in a standard format acceptable to mortgage loan originators and secondary mortgage purchasers. Our Lender Services segment accounted for approximately 19% of our service revenue in 2007.

Demand for our Lender Services products usually decreases in November and December due to the holidays and related decrease in home buying activity.

Data Services

First Advantage’s Data Services segment offers motor vehicle records, transportation industry credit reporting, supply chain theft and damage mitigation consulting, criminal records reselling, specialty finance credit reporting, consumer credit reporting services and lead generation. Our Data Services segment accounted for approximately 15% of our service revenue in 2007.

Our motor vehicle record services provide customers with automated access to motor vehicle records from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Independent insurance agents operating in the United States represent the core of the customer base for this product, which they use for underwriting purposes. Employers also utilize the product to manage risk associated with employees that require the use of a vehicle in the performance of their duties. For most customers, we receive and fulfill orders through our proprietary Comprise/ZapApp® software, which allows the customer to integrate the process of obtaining motor vehicles reports with other processes utilized by the customer.

As part of the offerings of this segment, we also provide trucking companies with access to a database of payment practice records on more than 60,000 transportation brokers and shippers in North America, which is comprised of client-contributed accounts receivables and public records data. Subscribing clients utilize the Company’s services to evaluate the nonpayment (or slow payment) risk of shippers and brokers before agreeing to transport cargo on credit. Additionally, we offer transportation consulting services that are designed to address and resolve asset management and compliance problems for owners and operators of truck fleets.

Demand for our motor vehicle records products usually decreases in November and December as a result of reductions in the insurance and employment markets.

 

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The Company also provides specialized credit reports direct to consumers. These reports may be derived from credit reports obtained from one or more of the three United States credit bureaus and may be specially formatted for ease of use by the creditor or to facilitate interpretation by a consumer.

Our specialty finance credit reporting business, Teletrack, provides credit reports derived from its proprietary database. The Company believes Teletrack is the largest provider of credit reports focusing on specialty borrowers in the United States, based on the number of reports issued. Its primary customers include pay-day loan, rent-to-own retailers and similar types of creditors. Demand for our specialty finance credit products usually increases in November and December due to the holidays and increased consumer spending. In turn, the business generally experiences a decrease in demand in the first quarter due to tax return refunds, thereby decreasing the need for payday loans.

Our lead generation business is a provider of performance-based, cost-per-action (“CPA”) internet marketing solutions. Its primary service offerings are sales lead generation, list management and affiliate network marketing. Customers include a wide variety of companies ranging from medium-sized businesses to Fortune 500 companies, including many service providers in the specialty and personal finance markets.

Dealer Services

The Dealer Services segment provides specialized credit reports, credit automation software, and automotive lead generation services to auto dealers and lenders. These reports may be derived from credit reports obtained from one or more of the three United States credit bureaus and may be specially formatted for ease of use by the creditor or to facilitate interpretation by a consumer. The segment provides comprehensive solutions that help organizations meet their lending, leasing and other consumer credit automation needs. By delivering innovative systems, services and data solutions, the Company helps companies reduce risk, decrease costs and improve service. Our Dealer Services segment accounted for approximately 14% of our service revenue in 2007.

Our Dealer Services segment generally experiences seasonality close to the end of the year, which is attributed to the holidays and consumer focus diverted from car sales.

Employer Services

First Advantage’s Employer Services segment helps thousands of companies in the United States and abroad manage risk with our employment screening, occupational health, tax incentive services and hiring solutions. Our Employer Services segment accounted for approximately 30% of our service revenue in 2007.

Our employment screening services generate reports about a prospective employee’s criminal record, motor vehicle violations, credit standing and involvement in civil litigation. We also make inquiries of provided references and former employers, verify educational credentials and licenses, verify social security numbers and check industry specific records. A customer can order any of these and other related services individually, as a package with our other employment screening products or with other products we offer. Depending on a customer’s preference, orders may be placed and fulfilled directly from the Company, through a secure Internet connection, software, facsimile or through third party vendors.

Our occupational health products generally involve the design and management of drug free workplace programs, including provision for the collection and testing of specimens and interpretation of the results. We also provide physical examination services to employers. Reports of our findings are generally delivered through a secure Internet connection or through other direct means. We also develop and manage employee assistance programs, which provide our customers’ employees with access to confidential counseling services and other resources to assist with personal issues that may affect workplace productivity. These programs cover a wide range of personal and workplace issues, including alcohol and drug abuse, marital problems, family matters, bereavement management, depression, stress, retirement and downsizing. First Advantage’s employee assistance

 

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programs also provide employers with a number of corporate-focused services, including management counseling, critical incident stress management programs, organizational change consulting and intensive specialty training on issues such as violence in the workplace.

Our tax incentive services specialize in identifying primarily employment-related tax incentive programs available under both federal and state legislation, and processing the paperwork required to capture such tax incentives and credits. We also offer comprehensive sales and use tax-consulting services to assist clients with compliance with changing laws and regulations affecting sales and use taxes.

Our hiring solutions group provides skill assessment, recruiting and hiring systems to manage job applicants. We provide an applicant tracking system to customers to track job applicants from the initial stages of job requisition development through the hiring and on-board process. We can also provide the complete outsourcing of the recruitment process.

Our professional employer organization provides comprehensive outsourced management of payroll and human resource management for its clients.

Our employment screening, occupational health services and hiring solutions generally experience seasonality near year-end, which is attributed to decreases in hiring. Our tax incentive services group’s ability to obtain certain tax credits, such as the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (“WOTC”) program or a similar program, is dependent upon the passage of federal legislation that generally must be renewed every one or two years. The Work Opportunity Tax Credit program was renewed for two years in fourth quarter 2006 for employees hired after December 31, 2005 and before January 1, 2008. The WOTC program was renewed again in the second quarter of 2007 through August 31, 2011.

Multifamily Services

First Advantage’s Multifamily Services segment helps thousands of companies in the United States manage risk with resident screening services. Our Multifamily Services segment accounted for approximately 9% of our service revenue in 2007.

Our resident screening offerings generate reports containing information about a prospective renter’s eviction record, lease and payment performance history, credit standing, references and criminal records to residential property managers and owners operating in the United States. Depending on a customer’s needs, our reports may contain one or any combination of these pieces of information. In serving our customers, we may draw on our database of landlord-tenant records, which is the largest of its kind in the United States, and our database of criminal conviction information, which is one of the largest for use in resident screening in the United States. We also offer a scoring product, which assesses risk of default by a prospective renter based on a statistical scoring model developed exclusively for the multifamily housing industry. Customers generally order and receive the segment’s resident screening products through a secure Internet connection or through proprietary software.

Our resident screening products experience seasonality declines during the winter months from November to March.

Investigative and Litigation Support Services

The Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment provides corporate litigation and investigative services. Products and services provided by the segment include: surveillance services, field interviews, computer forensics, electronic discovery, due diligence reports and other high level investigations. Our Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment accounted for approximately 13% of our service revenue in 2007.

 

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Our investigative service businesses help customers with investigative services designed to detect and expose worker’s compensation, disability and liability insurance fraud. Purchased mostly by insurance carriers, third party administrators and self-insuring companies, these services generally involve field surveillance and interviews conducted by more than 80 full-time licensed staff investigators. This segment receives orders in a variety of ways, including by telephone or other direct contact with the client, facsimile, e-mail or through the Internet. In most cases, investigation reports, including accompanying video, are sent via mail or courier to the client.

Within this segment we also provide services that assist our customers in business, legal and financial matters, including investigations and litigation arising from trade secret theft, software infringement, financial fraud, employee malfeasance and unfair competition. The segment employs computer forensic and electronic discovery experts and consultants in its bi-coastal state-of-the-art laboratories. We also offer due diligence services for a variety of purposes and have a specialized database of hedge fund managers. Increased emphasis on corporate integrity and compliance, following the wave of corporate scandals and the resulting litigation, has driven growth in the segment’s business.

Historical Growth

Prior to the June 5, 2003 mergers, HireCheck, Employee Health Programs, SafeRent, Substance Abuse Management, American Driving Records and First American Registry, now wholly-owned subsidiaries of First Advantage, were wholly-owned subsidiaries of First American and made up the FAST division.

In the late 1990s, First American initiated a diversification strategy which called for, among other things, the combination of one of its core competencies—data management and analysis—with businesses that are counter-cyclical to its long-standing real estate related products and services. First American also sought businesses that were complementary to its rapidly growing credit reporting business, First American CREDCO. First American management initially focused on the background screening industry—an information-intensive business with a heavy demand for credit reports and a relatively tangential tie to the real estate market.

In September 1998, First American began its entry into the employee screening industry by acquiring HireCheck. HireCheck, headquartered in St. Petersburg, Florida, and now referred to as First Advantage Background Services Corporation is today the principal subsidiary through which our Employer Services segment provides employment screening services. In the same month, First American also entered the resident screening industry by acquiring First American Registry, now known as First Advantage SafeRent, headquartered in Rockville, Maryland. First Advantage SafeRent, which we believe to be the largest resident screening company in the United States, is today the principal subsidiary through which our Multifamily Services segment provides resident screening products.

Continuing its efforts to provide a comprehensive set of risk management tools to its customers, in August 2001 First American entered the occupational health services business by acquiring Milwaukee, Wisconsin-based Substance Abuse Management.

Five months later, in January 2002, First American further added to the menu of services offered by the FAST division by acquiring American Driving Records, a Rancho Cordova, California-based provider of motor vehicle reports. One of the largest competitors in its industry, American Driving Records brought to the FAST division not only a formidable player in a key area of the risk management industry, but also enhanced the division’s access to the motor vehicle records of almost every state in the United States. With American Driving Records, First American purchased ZapApp India Private Limited, a Bangalore, India-based private limited company that provides technology services to American Driving Records and now to all of First Advantage.

In an effort to improve the profitability of the companies then comprising the FAST division, in the second quarter of 2001 First American reorganized the division’s management structure by dedicating a single

 

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management group to the oversight of all operations. By emphasizing the group as a whole, First American believed this reorganization effort would position the FAST division to pursue cross-selling opportunities, take advantage of mutual supplier relationships and leverage technological developments and resources across the entire division. It also hoped to focus management on efforts to improve the division’s operating margins by increasing the volume of transactions performed using the division’s existing systems, whether through internal sales growth or by acquiring businesses with complementary product offerings. In January 2002, First American formally created the FAST division and began reporting the division as a segment in its financial statements.

Strategic Acquisitions Following the 2001 Reorganization

First American supplemented the division’s employee background screening operations by acquiring Factual Business Information, Inc., headquartered in Miami, Florida, in August 2001 and Pretiem Corporation, headquartered in Princeton Junction, New Jersey, in December of 2001. These acquisitions provided the division with an expanded customer base for employee screening services in three important employment markets: the Miami metropolitan area, New Jersey and New York State.

In the last quarter of 2002, the FAST division completed acquisitions of Employee Health Programs in October and SafeRent in November.

A competitor of Substance Abuse Management, the Bethesda, Maryland-based Employee Health Programs brought critical volume to the FAST division’s occupational health business. Through the acquisition of Employee Health Programs, the FAST division also expanded the scope of its existing services to include employee assistance programs, which are designed to help troubled employees resolve personal issues that can affect workplace productivity. Employee Health Programs and Substance Abuse Management, now known as First Advantage Occupational Health Services Corporation, are today the principal subsidiaries through which the Employer Services segment provides occupational health services.

SafeRent, headquartered in Denver, Colorado, brought additional key customers to the FAST division’s resident screening business and increased the division’s penetration in key markets, in particular markets in the western United States.

June 5, 2003 Mergers

In the June 5, 2003 mergers, the companies comprising the FAST division and US SEARCH combined under one umbrella. US SEARCH brought to First Advantage not only many important employment screening customers through its Professional Resource Screening, Inc. subsidiary, but also an opportunity to pursue a new market—consumers—with specially tailored versions of our existing products. Ultimately, Professional Resource Screening was combined with the other companies in our Employer Services segment.

September 14, 2005 Merger

On September 14, 2005, the Company completed the acquisition to buy First American’s CIG Business under the terms of the master transfer agreement. Under the terms of the agreement, First American and its First American Real Estate Solutions (“FARES”) joint venture contributed their mortgage, automotive, consumer and specialty finance credit businesses to First Advantage in exchange for 29,073,170 shares of First Advantage Class B common stock. The acquisition of the CIG Business by First Advantage was a transaction between businesses under common control of First American. As such, First Advantage recorded the assets and liabilities of the CIG Business at historical cost. Historical financial statements of First Advantage have been restated to include results of operations of the CIG Business at historical costs.

 

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Strategic Acquisitions

Since becoming a public company in June 2003, we have actively pursued our acquisition strategy. In August 2003, we acquired two employment background screening companies, Liberatore Services, Inc. and Total Information Source, Inc., and an occupational health services company, Continental Compliance Systems. In September 2003 we further expanded our occupational health services with the acquisition of Employee Information Services, Inc. In that same month, we acquired Omega Insurance Services, Inc., which brought a new investigative services product to First Advantage. In November 2003 we made three acquisitions: occupational health services company Greystone Health Sciences Corporation; MedTech Diagnostics, Inc., a provider of both occupational health services and employment screening services; and Agency Records, Inc., a provider of motor vehicle records. In December 2003, we acquired Credential Check & Personnel Services, Inc., an employment screening company.

During the first quarter of 2004, the Company acquired Quantitative Risk Solutions LLC, Proudfoot Reports Incorporated, MVR’s, Inc., Background Information Systems, Inc., Infocheck Ltd. and Landlord Protect, Inc. During the second quarter of 2004, the Company acquired U.D. Registry, Inc., CoreFacts, LLC, Realeum, Inc., and CIC Enterprises, Inc. During the third quarter 2004, the Company acquired BackTrack Reports, Inc. and National Background Data, LLC. During the fourth quarter 2004, the Company acquired Business Tax Credit Corporation d/b/a The Alameda Company and Compunet Credit Services, Inc.

The Company acquired fifteen companies in 2005. In the second quarter of 2005, the Company acquired Bar None, Inc, a provider of credit-based lead generation, processing and tracking services, which is included in our Dealer Services segment. In the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company acquired majority interest in LeadClick Media Inc, an online lead generation and marketing company. This company is included in our Data Services segment. In 2005, we acquired two businesses from Experian. They were Experian RES and Credit Data Services, both were added to our Lender Services segment. Throughout the year, we added six companies to our Employer Services segment, including ITax Group, Inc., Quest Research Group, LTD, Recruiternet, Inc., Road Manager Financial Services, Inc., TruStar Solutions, Inc., and majority interest in PrideRock Holding Company, Inc. Recruiternet, Inc. and TruStar Solutions, Inc. together became our hiring solutions group. Three companies were added to our Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment in 2005. They were Data Recovery Services, Inc., Phoenix Research Corporation, and True Data Partners. We also acquired The Info Center and Jenark Business Systems, Inc. which both are included in our Multifamily Services segment.

The Company acquired eleven companies in 2006. Nine of those acquisitions, SkillCheck Inc., National Data Verification Services, Brooke Consulting, HR Logix LLC, Inquest, Inc., Accufacts Pre-Employment Screening, Inc., DecisionHR USA, Inc., Refsure Worldwide Pty LTD, and Single Source Services, Inc. are included in our Employer Services Segment. Two of these, Evident Data, Inc. and DataSec UK Ltd are included in our Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment.

The Company acquired two companies in 2007. In February 2007, the Company acquired R E Austin, Ltd. an international employment screening company which will be included in the Employer Services segment. In December 2007, CredStar was acquired to be included in our Lender Services segment.

Customers

First Advantage, through its subsidiaries, serves a wide variety of clients throughout the United States and abroad. The tens of thousands of customers served by First Advantage include nearly a quarter of those businesses comprising the Fortune 1000, leading mortgage lenders, automobile dealerships, real estate investment trusts and property management companies, many of the top providers of transportation services, insurance agents, the leading national law firms, and non-profit organizations. Dominant categories of customers vary depending on the type of service or product. For example, our credit reporting services are typically purchased by industry-leading mortgage and refinance lenders. Automobile dealerships nationwide buy our credit

 

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reports as well as our automotive lead generation services. Insurance carriers, agents and claims adjusters purchase a substantial proportion of our surveillance services. Law firms nationwide utilize the computer forensics and e-discovery services we offer. Trucking companies are major consumers of our occupational health and transportation industry credit services. Multifamily housing property management companies and landlords of all sizes are represented in the resident screening business’ customer base. Larger employers represent the predominant share of the employee background screening and tax incentive services clients. Individual consumers dominate the customer base for our consumer direct businesses. We derive approximately $86.4 million of revenue from operations outside the United States and their related customers.

We have in excess of 90,000 customers. No single customer is responsible for 8 percent or more of our service revenue.

Suppliers

Data represents a key ingredient in most of our products. In obtaining such data, we draw upon a wide variety of sources, including governmental agencies, credit reporting agencies, competitors, customers, third parties which compile public record information and on-line search services. Many of our suppliers provide this data in electronic format. We do not anticipate the termination of any significant relationship with any of our data suppliers. We obtain some of our data from consumer credit reporting agencies. Any of these suppliers could stop supplying this data or could substantially increase their prices. Withholding this data could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

In connection with our occupational health services, we depend upon services provided by specimen collection agencies and laboratories. There is significant competition among suppliers of these services and, consequently, we do not believe the termination of our relationship with any of these suppliers would have a material adverse effect on its financial condition or operating results.

Governmental Regulation

Although generally our products or services do not require governmental approvals, our businesses are subject to various federal and state regulations that may impact our products and services. For example, the Federal Fair Credit Reporting Act, Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act, the Drivers Privacy Protection Act, the CAN-SPAM Act, federal and state laws relating to drug testing, federal and state tax credit laws, state private investigator laws, federal and state laws regulating to residential-leasing and landlord services, federal and state laws regulating the hiring process, and various state laws regulating services that include disclosure of personal information.

Many state and local laws require certain of our subsidiaries and employees engaged in providing our investigative services products to be licensed as private investigators. Some state and local governments require the same with respect to our employee screening companies.

Historically, we have been able to comply with existing laws and regulations without incurring substantial costs or restrictions on our business.

Competition

A number of companies compete with our service offerings. First Advantage’s most significant credit reporting services competitors are the three major credit repositories and Kroll Factual Data (“Kroll”). First Advantage’s most significant national competitors in employment background verifications include ChoicePoint, Kroll, U.S. Investigative Services and ADP, although hundreds of local and regional competitors also exist. In occupational health services, we believe that we have only one significant nationwide competitor, ChoicePoint; however, there are a number of local and regional companies in the industry, as well. The addition of both

 

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applicant tracking systems (“ATS”) and recruiting services brought new competitors into our mix. The ATS competitive field includes no dominant players, but rather, many small competitors focused on serving specific industries. Similarly, competition in recruiting is also very diverse and includes ATS companies, advertising agencies, job board companies, and in house recruiting departments. First Advantage’s most significant national competitors in our tax incentive services include ADP, Talx and the Big 4 accounting firms, and other small regional companies operating in that market. The resident screening industry is fragmented, with only approximately eight other companies providing significant competition to First Advantage’s business on a national level. In motor vehicle record services, there are approximately ten major competitors to First Advantage, the most predominant of which is ChoicePoint. Our transportation credit services business competes with three significant vendors. First Advantage’s insurance fraud investigative services also compete with three other companies on a national basis, with a broad spectrum of regional and local competitors. First Advantage’s due diligence services compete with a handful of small boutiques, Kroll and two or three regional firms across the country. Our computer forensics services mainly compete against the large litigation consulting practices, the Big 4 accounting firms, and Kroll. Our e-discovery business line also competes with Kroll, Electronic Evidence Discovery, and a handful of other top tier providers. There is also some competition from small regional companies and sole practitioners for both of these services. In virtually all of these markets, First Advantage competes foremost on the basis of customer service and secondarily on product and price differentiation.

Intellectual Property

First Advantage owns a number of items of intellectual property, including trademarks, tradenames, copyrights, patents, domain names and unregistered trade secrets. First Advantage is not dependent upon any single item of intellectual property.

Strategies for Future Growth of First Advantage

First Advantage believes that as the world becomes increasingly risky for individuals and organizations, demand for our products and services will grow. Our primary goal is to be well positioned to capture not only a substantial portion of the existing market, but also a substantial share of the expected growth. We intend to accomplish this goal in the following manner:

Pursue Strategic Acquisitions. We intend to continue pursuing acquisitions of companies that would enable us to enter new markets as well as increase our share of those markets in which we are already operating. We will pursue companies with assets that will enhance our ability to fulfill orders, including companies with proprietary databases containing information for use in our products or technology that would make order placement or product delivery more efficient. We also expect to pursue acquisition opportunities which would enable us to enter into related product fields. In 2007, we expanded our international employment screening business with the acquisition of R E Austin, Ltd. We also increased our market share in our Lender Services segment with the acquisition of CredStar. Our 2006 acquisitions of TruStar Solutions, Inc., Recruiternet, Inc., SkillCheck, Inc., and HR Logix, LLC. all applicant service companies, and our acquisition of Decision HR USA, Inc., a professional employer organization, are examples of our efforts to enter into related product fields. Our 2005 acquisitions of Phoenix Research Corporation and True Data Partners, allowed us to expand the breadth of our high-end investigative services, such as e-discovery and computer forensics, in our Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment.

International Expansion. In second quarter 2005, we acquired Quest Research Ltd., the premier provider of employment screening services in India and East Asia. In fourth quarter 2005, the Company opened an employment screening office in Manila, Philippines to help serve the increasing overseas demand for screening by multinational corporations. In first quarter 2006, we acquired Brooke Consulting, a regional employment screening provider focused on Japan and Korea. In third quarter 2006, we acquired Refsure Worldwide Pty Ltd., a background screening company located in Sydney, Australia that provides services throughout Asia-Pacific. In 2007, we expanded our international employment screening business with the acquisition of R E Austin, Ltd. located in England. These strategic additions bolster the international employment screening operations of First

 

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Advantage, situating the Company to more effectively service multinational corporations’ demands for these services. We intend to continue to pursue opportunities to offer our services outside the United States. Given the risks that face businesses around the world, we believe that international markets provide a substantial opportunity for growth. We expect that by expanding our offerings to other countries we will also enhance our ability to compete in the United States for the business of global companies.

Product Expansion. First Advantage continues to seek strategic methods of meeting unique customer and market segment needs by providing solutions through product expansion and the ability to bundle various product offerings. Our Lender Services segment has identified the need for alternative credit products in the non-traditional and emerging home loan markets. Additionally, our emergence into the lead generation industry will provide a conduit to bundle service offerings with our Dealer Services segment enabling First Advantage to bring new products and business solutions to meet our market segment needs.

Employees

We employ over 4,600 people. Of this number, approximately 1,600 are employed abroad.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

You should consider carefully the following risk factors, as well as the other information contained elsewhere in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. We face risks other than those listed here, including those that are unknown to us and others of which we may be aware but, at present, consider immaterial. Because of the following factors, as well as other variables affecting our operating results, past financial performance may not be a reliable indicator of future performance, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods.

We are controlled by First American and as a result other stockholders have little or no influence over stockholders’ decisions.

As a result of the June 5, 2003 mergers and our acquisition of First American’s CIG and related businesses, First American and affiliates own 100% of our Class B common stock, which have ten votes per share compared to one vote per share of our Class A common stock. Consequently, First American and affiliates control over 98% of the total voting power of First Advantage and, therefore, First American has the right to control the outcome of any matter submitted for the vote or consent of First Advantage’s stockholders, unless a separate class vote is required under Delaware law. First American has the voting power to control the election of our board of directors and is able to cause an amendment of our certificate of incorporation or bylaws. First American also may be able to cause changes in our business without seeking the approval of any other party. These changes may not be beneficial to us or in the best interest of our other stockholders. For example, First American has the power to prevent, delay or cause a change in control and could take other actions that might be favorable to First American, but not necessarily to other stockholders. Similarly, subject to restrictions contained in the standstill agreement entered into as part of the June 5, 2003 mergers, First American has the voting power to exercise a controlling influence over our business and affairs and has the ability to make decisions concerning such things as:

 

   

mergers or other business combinations;

 

   

purchases or sales of assets;

 

   

offerings of securities;

 

   

indebtedness that we may incur; and

 

   

payments of any dividends.

 

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We cannot assure you that First American’s ownership of our common stock or its relationship with us will not have a material adverse effect on our overall business strategy or on the market price of our Class A common stock.

Under The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”) corporate governance rules, if a single stockholder holds more than 50% of the voting power of a company, that company is considered a “controlled company.” A controlled company is exempt from the Nasdaq rules requiring that a majority of the company’s board of directors be independent directors and that the compensation and nomination committees be comprised solely of independent directors. First American owns more than 50% of the voting power of First Advantage and we may take advantage of such exemptions afforded to controlled companies.

First American could sell its controlling interest in us and therefore we could eventually be controlled by an unknown third party.

Subject to certain restrictions, First American could elect to sell all or a substantial or controlling portion of its equity interest in us to a third party without offering to our other stockholders the opportunity to participate in the transaction. If another party acquires First American’s interest in us, that third party may be able to control us in the same manner that First American is able to control us. A sale to a third party also may adversely affect the market price of our Class A common stock because the change in control may result in a change in management decisions, business policy and our attractiveness to future investors.

We have very little operating history as an independent company.

Before June 5, 2003, we had no operating history as a separate public company. Due to this lack of operating history as a separate public company, there can be no assurance that our business strategy will be successful on a long-term basis. Several members of our management team have never operated a stand-alone public company.

We may need additional capital in order to finance operations or pursue acquisitions. Accordingly, we may have to obtain our own financing for operations and perform most of our own administrative functions. There can be no assurance that we will be able to develop successfully the financial and managerial resources and structure necessary to operate as an independent public company, or that our available financing and anticipated cash flow from operations will be sufficient to meet all of our cash requirements.

We are dependent on information suppliers. If we are unable to manage successfully our relationships with a number of these suppliers, the quality and availability of our services may be harmed or could have a material adverse impact on our business.

We obtain some of the data used in our services from third party suppliers and government entities. If a number of suppliers are no longer able or are unwilling to provide us with certain data, we may need to find alternative sources. If we are unable to identify and contract with suitable alternative data suppliers and integrate these data sources into our service offerings, we could experience service disruptions, increased costs and reduced quality of our services. Additionally, if one or more of our suppliers terminates our existing agreements, there is no assurance that we will obtain new agreements with third party suppliers on terms favorable to us, if at all. Loss of such access or the availability of data in the future due to increased governmental regulation or otherwise could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We use social security numbers to generate certain reports. Social security numbers could become unavailable in the future because of changes in the law or because data suppliers decide not to supply them. If this information cannot be obtained in the future, we would be unable to generate reports as efficiently. Although names, addresses and dates of birth are used to generate reports, without the use of social security numbers, we believe that those reports would not be as complete or as accurate as the reports generated with social security

 

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numbers. Less complete or less accurate reports could adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations. We obtain the credit header data in our databases from consumer credit reporting agencies. The data consists of names, addresses, social security numbers and dates of birth. Any of these suppliers could stop supplying this data or could substantially increase their prices. Withholding this data could materially adversely affect our business, financial position and results of operations.

We may be subject to increased regulation regarding the use of personal information.

Certain data and services we provide are subject to regulation under the Fair Credit Reporting Act, Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Drivers Privacy Protection Act, and to a lesser extent, various other federal, state, and Local Law and regulation. Compliance with existing federal, state and local laws and regulations has not had a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition to date. Nonetheless, federal, state and local laws and regulations in the United States designed to protect the public from the misuse of personal information in the marketplace and adverse publicity or potential litigation concerning the commercial use of such information may increasingly affect our operations and could result in substantial regulatory compliance expense, litigation expense and a loss of revenue.

We face significant security risks related to our electronic transmission of confidential information.

We rely on encryption and other technologies to provide system security to effect secure transmission of confidential or personal information. We may license these technologies from third parties. There is no assurance that our use of applications designed for data security, or that of third-party contractors will effectively counter evolving security risks. A security or privacy breach could:

 

   

expose us to liability;

 

   

increase our expenses relating to resolution of these breaches;

 

   

deter customers from using our services; and

 

   

deter suppliers from doing business with us.

Any inability to protect the security and privacy of our electronic transactions could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

First Advantage may be adversely affected by recent high-profile events involving data theft at a number of information services companies.

Several information services companies that are competitors of First Advantage have recently been involved in high-profile events involving data theft. These incidents or similar data theft incidents in the future could impact First Advantage. In particular, these events could result in increased legal and regulatory scrutiny of the industry in general and specific information services companies in particular and changes in federal, state and local laws and regulations in the United States designed to protect the public from the misuse of personal information in the marketplace. Changes in the laws and adverse publicity or potential litigation concerning the commercial use of such information may affect First Advantage’s operations and could result in substantial regulatory compliance expense, litigation expense and a loss of revenue.

We could face liability based on the nature of our services and the content of the materials provided which may not be covered by insurance.

We may face potential liability from individuals, government agencies or businesses for defamation, invasion of privacy, negligence, copyright, patent or trademark infringement and other claims based on the nature and content of the materials that appear or are used in our products or services. Insurance may not be available to cover claims of these types or may not be adequate to cover us for all risks to which we are exposed. Any

 

13


imposition of liability, particularly liability that is not covered by insurance or is in excess of our insurance coverage, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We may not be able to pursue our acquisition strategy.

Our strategy historically has been to grow through acquisitions. For example, since January 1, 2006, we completed thirteen acquisitions. We may not be able to identify suitable acquisition candidates, obtain the capital necessary to pursue our acquisition strategy or complete acquisitions on satisfactory terms. A number of our competitors also have adopted the strategy of expanding and diversifying through acquisitions. We likely will experience competition in our effort to execute on our acquisition strategy, and we expect the level of competition to increase. As a result, we may be unable to continue to make acquisitions or may be forced to pay more for the companies we are able to acquire.

The integration of companies we acquire may be difficult and may result in a failure to realize some of the anticipated potential benefits of our acquisitions.

When we acquire companies or businesses, we may not be able to integrate or manage these businesses so as to produce returns that justify the investment. Any difficulty in successfully integrating or managing the operations of the businesses could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations or liquidity, and could lead to a failure to realize any anticipated synergies. Our management also will be required to dedicate substantial time and effort to the integration of our acquisitions. These efforts could divert management’s focus and resources from other strategic opportunities and operational matters.

The continued success of the Credit Information Group is dependent on a number of factors, some of which may be beyond First Advantage’s control.

A substantial proportion of the revenue of the Credit Information Group is derived from the resale to end users of credit reports provided exclusively by the three repositories of credit information in the United States. In certain transactions, such as those involving the resale of residential property, end users require the Credit Information Group to provide a credit report derived from merged information supplied by all three repositories. These repositories also sell credit reports directly to end users. There can be no assurance that a credit repository will not attempt to gain a competitive advantage over the Credit Information Group by increasing the price it charges the Credit Information Group for credit reports or by selling credit reports to end users at a lower price than the Credit Information Group can offer. Such practices may make the credit report products of the Credit Information Group less profitable or less attractive to end-users and, thus, may have a material adverse effect on the results of operations or financial condition of the Credit Information Group.

 

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In addition, a portion of the Credit Information Group’s revenues that may in the future be received under an outsourcing agreement with First American are dependent upon the performance of RELS, LLC (“RELS”), an entity that is managed and controlled by First American, and thus are beyond the control of First Advantage. The commercial arrangements under which RELS provides services and it derives revenues are based on agreements with RELS’ single customer, which is the other member of RELS, whose interests may be different from and/or adverse to First Advantage. These underlying arrangements are terminable with little or no notice. Accordingly, there can be no assurances as to revenues, if any, that may in the future be received by First Advantage under the outsourcing agreement. The loss of such revenues could be material to First Advantage.

In connection with its acquisition of the Credit Information Group, First Advantage entered into a new services agreement under which First American agrees to provide a number of key services to First Advantage. Under this agreement, First American and its affiliates agree to serve as the exclusive resellers of credit reports and related services compiled by the Credit Information Group to the mortgage market. First American has agreed to provide these services for only a limited period of time, and there is no guarantee that First American will continue to provide these services to First Advantage following the expiration of the term of the applicable service under the amended and restated services agreement, or continue the price or other terms on which First American might be willing to do so. In addition, since the sale of Credit Information Group reports and services in the mortgage industry will be made exclusively by First American, the sale of these reports and services will be in accordance with the terms of the amended and restated services agreement, and there can be no assurances as to the future amount of such sales or level of services beyond the term or in excess of the levels required under the services agreement.

Finally, demand for a substantial portion of the Credit Information Group’s products generally decreases as the number of lending transactions in which the Credit Information Group’s products are purchased decreases. Management of the Credit Information Group has found that the number of lending transactions in which the Credit Information Group’s products are purchased decreases when interest rates are high, the supply of funds for borrowing are limited or the United States economy is weak. First Advantage believes that this trend could continue when these factors occur.

Our revenues depend to an extent on conditions in the mortgage industry specifically and on the health of the economy in general, over which First Advantage has no control.

The downturn in the mortgage industry has resulted in a decline in revenue in our Lender Services business and has had an impact on our financial condition and results of operations. A general economic downturn could result in our customers delaying or decreasing their hiring activity, leading to reduced demand for the products and services offered by our Employer Services business.

We may not be able to realize the entire book value of goodwill from acquisitions.

As of December 31, 2007, we have approximately $695.7 million of goodwill. We have implemented the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” which requires that existing goodwill not be amortized, but instead be assessed annually for impairment or sooner if circumstances indicate a possible impairment. We will monitor for impairment of goodwill on past and future acquisitions. In the event that the book value of goodwill is impaired, any such impairment would be charged to earnings in the period of impairment. There can be no assurances that future impairment of goodwill under SFAS No. 142 will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations. The goodwill valuation is performed by management.

 

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We currently do not plan to pay dividends; however, as a controlled company we cannot assure that such a dividend will not be paid.

We intend to retain future earnings, if any, which may be generated from operations to help finance the growth and development of our business. As a result, we do not anticipate paying dividends to stockholders for the foreseeable future; however, First American has voting power to exercise a controlling influence on whether or not to declare the payment of dividend in the future.

Our business depends on technology that may become obsolete.

We use the information technology to better serve our clients and reduce costs. This technology likely will change and may become obsolete as new technologies develop. Our future success will depend upon our ability to remain current with the rapid changes in the technologies used in our business, to learn quickly to use new technologies as they emerge and to develop new technology-based solutions as appropriate. If we are unable to do this, we could be at a competitive disadvantage. Our competitors may gain exclusive access to improved technology, which also could put us at a competitive disadvantage. If we cannot adapt to these changes, our business, financial condition or results of operations may be materially affected in an adverse manner.

Our Class A common stock has minimal liquidity due to its small public float.

Although as of December 31, 2007 there were approximately 59 million total shares of First Advantage common stock outstanding, approximately 75% are owned by First American, approximately 6% are owned by Experian and approximately 4% are held of record by Pequot Private Equity Fund II, L.P. Currently only approximately 15% of our issued and outstanding shares are freely transferable without restriction under the Securities Act. Accordingly, only a small number of shares of First Advantage actually trade—between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2007 the average daily trading volume of our Class A common stock was approximately 92,000 shares per trading day. Consequently, our stockholders may have difficulty selling shares of our Class A common stock.

Significant stockholders may sell shares of our common stock that may cause our share price to fall.

Subject to certain restrictions, First American may at any time convert each of its shares of our Class B common stock into one share of Class A common stock. First American, Experian or Pequot may transfer shares of our common stock in a privately-negotiated transaction or to affiliates or stockholders. Any transfers, sales or distributions by First American, Experian or Pequot of a substantial amount of our Class A common stock in the marketplace, or to stockholders, or the market perception that these transfers, sales or distributions could occur, could materially and adversely affect the prevailing market prices for our Class A common stock.

Conflict of interest may arise because certain of our directors and officers are also directors and officers of the Company’s related parties.

Certain persons associated with the Company have a continuing relationship with related parties. Parker Kennedy, Chairman of the Board of First Advantage, also serves as Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of First American and as an executive officer and board member of certain of its affiliates. Mr. Kennedy, currently associated with First American, was asked to serve as a director and officer of First Advantage because of his knowledge of, and experience with, our business and its operations. As such, he may have great influence on our business decisions. Mr. Kennedy owns stock, and options to acquire stock, of First American. Donald Robert, a director of First Advantage, is the Chief Executive Officer of Experian Group, a significant supplier of ours. Frank McMahon, a director of First Advantage, also serves as Chief Financial Officer and Vice Chairman of First American. Additionally, two of our directors, David Chatham and D. Van Skilling serve on the First American board.

 

16


These affiliations with both First American and First Advantage could create, or appear to create, potential conflicts of interest when these directors are faced with decisions that could have different implications for First American and First Advantage.

We are a party to a stockholders agreement that may impact corporate governance.

First Advantage, First American and Pequot have entered into a stockholders agreement pursuant to which First American has agreed to vote as many of its shares in First Advantage as is necessary to ensure that our board of directors has no more than ten members and that a representative of Pequot who meets certain requirements is elected a director of First Advantage or, at Pequot’s request, a board observer of First Advantage. Pequot’s right to designate a board member or observer will continue until such time as Pequot and its affiliates’ collective ownership of First Advantage stock is less than 75% of the holdings Pequot received in the June 5, 2003 mergers. As a result of this arrangement and First American’s dominant ownership position in First Advantage, holders of First Advantage Class A common stock (other than Pequot) will have little or no ability to cause a director selected by such holders to be appointed to our board of directors and, consequently, little or no ability to influence the direction or management of First Advantage.

Our results of operations may be affected by the seasonality of our business.

Historically, we have seen a decrease in our volumes in certain segments of our business, in particular our Employer Services and Multifamily segments, due to the holiday season and inclement weather that results in declines in hiring and apartment rental activity. Accordingly, there may be a decrease in earnings in the first and fourth quarter as compared to the second and third quarter.

We are subject to significant competition in many of the markets in which we compete.

The information industry in which we operate is highly competitive, and is expected to remain highly competitive. In each of the markets served, we compete on the basis of price, quality, customer service and product and service selection. Our competitive position in various market segments depends upon the relative strength of competitors in the segment and the resources devoted to competing in that segment. Due to their size, certain competitors may be able to allocate greater resources to a particular market segment than we can. As a result, these competitors may be in a better position to anticipate and respond to changing customer preferences, emerging technologies and market trends. In addition, new competitors and alliances may emerge to take market share away. We may be unable to maintain or strengthen our competitive position in our market segments, especially against larger competitors. We may incur additional costs to upgrade systems in order to compete. If we fail to successfully compete, our business, financial position and results of operations may be adversely affected.

Our failure to attract and retain qualified personnel would have a material adverse effect on our business.

We cannot be certain that we can continue to attract and retain sufficient qualified management, technical, sales or other personnel necessary to conduct our business successfully.

We cannot assure that our stock price will not fall.

The market price of our Class A common stock could be subject to significant fluctuations. Among the factors that could affect our stock price are:

 

   

quarterly variations in our operating results;

 

   

changes in revenue or earnings estimates or publication of research reports by analysts;

 

   

failure to meet analysts’ revenue or earnings estimates;

 

   

speculation in the press or investment community;

 

17


   

strategic actions by us or our competitors, such as acquisitions or restructurings;

 

   

actions by institutional stockholders;

 

   

general market conditions;

 

   

domestic and international economic factors unrelated to our performance; and

 

   

changes in internal controls over financial reporting.

Our capital raising efforts may dilute stockholders interests.

If we raise additional capital by issuing equity securities, the issuance will result in ownership dilution to our existing stockholders. The extent of the dilution will vary based upon the amount of capital raised.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments.

None.

Available Information

We maintain a website, www.fadv.com, which includes financial and other information for investors. Our annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available through the investor relations page of our website as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file such material with, or furnish it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Our website and the information contained therein or connected thereto are not intended to be incorporated into this annual report on Form 10-K, or any other filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission unless we expressly incorporate such materials.

The public can read and copy any materials the Company files with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 450 Fifth Street, N.W., Washington D.C. 20549. The public can obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC also maintains an Internet site, www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.

Item 2. Properties

Our corporate headquarters is located in approximately 74,000 square feet of office space in St. Petersburg, Florida. The Company’s Florida based employment background screening group and investigative services group also reside in this office space. The lease commenced in April 2005 and terminates One Hundred Fifty-Six (156) months from the commencement date. Current monthly rent is approximately $134,000.

The Company’s Lender Services segment and certain businesses in its Dealer Services segment lease two office buildings from First American in Poway, California. The total square footage is approximately 153,000 and the monthly rent is approximately $169,000. The lease commenced in September 2005 and expires in Sixty (60) months from the commencement date.

First Advantage, through its subsidiaries, maintains approximately 87 other offices in North America and abroad. These offices, all of which are leased, comprise a total of approximately 700,000 square feet of space.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

First Advantage’s subsidiaries are involved in litigation from time to time in the ordinary course of their businesses. We do not believe that the outcome of any pending or threatened litigation involving these entities will have a material adverse effect on our financial position, operating results or cash flows.

 

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One subsidiary is a defendant in a class action lawsuit that is pending before the California Supreme Court, should they elect to hear the appeal. The plaintiffs allege that our subsidiary, directly and through their agents, violated the California Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies Act, California Business and Professions Code by failing to use reasonable procedures to ensure the maximum possible accuracy when issuing tenant reports and violated and the Investigative Consumer Reporting Agencies Act (ICCRA). The Court of Appeals of the Fourth Appellate District affirmed the trial court’s dismissal of plaintiff’s claims on the ground that ICCRA is too unconstitutionally vague. Plaintiff has requested that the Supreme Court review the decision. The Company does not believe that the ultimate resolution of these actions will have a material adverse affect on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the quarter ended December 31, 2007.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholders Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities.

Class A Common Stock Market Prices and Dividends

Our Class A common stock is quoted on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC under the symbol “FADV”. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sale prices of our Class A common stock as reported on The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC.

 

     2007    2006
     High    Low    High    Low

Quarter ended March 31,

   $ 26.78    $ 21.42    $ 28.67    $ 22.22

Quarter ended June 30,

   $ 25.46    $ 22.20    $ 26.95    $ 20.77

Quarter ended September 30,

   $ 23.25    $ 16.61    $ 22.86    $ 19.04

Quarter ended December 31,

   $ 19.98    $ 16.10    $ 23.34    $ 18.69

The approximate number of record holders of Class A common stock on January 31, 2008 was 65.

Our Class B common stock is not listed or quoted on any exchange or quotation system. The First American Corporation and its affiliates own all of our outstanding Class B common stock.

We have not paid any dividends on either our Class A common stock or our Class B common stock and we do not anticipate paying any dividends on our common stock in the foreseeable future. We currently intend to retain our future earnings for use in the operation and expansion of our business.

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

The following table sets forth details regarding equity securities of the Company that were authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans of the Company as of December 31, 2007.

 

(in thousands, except per share amount)   Number of Securities
to be Issued Upon
Exercise of
Outstanding Options
(a)
  Weighted-Average
Exercise Price of
Outstanding Options
(b)
  Remaining Available for
Future Issuance

Under Equity
Compensation Plans
(Excluding Securities
Reflected in Column (a))

(c)

Equity compensation plan approved by security holders (1)

  4,558   $ 22.42   2,442

Equity compensation plan not approved by security holders (2)

  56   $ 36.97  

Warrants not approved by security holders (2)

  45   $ 12.77  

 

(1)

Consists of the 2003 First Advantage Incentive Compensation Plan. See Note 15 to the Company’s Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

(2)

Consists of shares relating to all outstanding options and warrants assumed by the Company in connection with the merger with US SEARCH.com Inc. See Note 15 to the Company’s Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities

In connection with the June 5, 2003 merger of the Company with the FAST division of First American and with US SEARCH.com Inc. we issued 16,027,285 shares of our Class B common stock to First American. We issued these shares to First American in exchange for all of the equity of the companies comprising the FAST division of First American and certain other covenants of First American.

 

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On September 14, 2005, the Company completed the acquisition to buy First American’s CIG Business under the terms of the master transfer agreement. First Advantage paid for the CIG Business and related businesses with 29,073,170 shares of its Class B common stock and repaid, in full, the principal debt amount of $20 million by issuing 975,610 shares of its Class B common stock.

On March 23, 2006, the Company issued 1,650,455 shares of its Class B common stock to FADV Holdings LLC, a subsidiary of First American. The issuance of the Class B common stock was in accordance with the Master Transfer agreement with First American for the purchase of its CIG Business, which included the purchase of First American’s minority interest in DealerTrack Holdings, Inc. (“DealerTrack”). The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue additional shares of Class B common stock to First American in the event that DealerTrack consummated an initial public offering of its stock before the second anniversary of the closing of the CIG acquisition and the value of the minority interest in DealerTrack exceeded $50 million. The initial public offering was completed by DealerTrack on December 16, 2005. The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue the number of shares equal to the quotient of (x) 50% of the amount by which the value of the DealerTrack interest exceeds $50 million (based on the average closing price per share of DealerTrack’s stock over the 60 business day period beginning on the fifth business day after the completion of its initial public offering), divided by (y) $20.50.

Each share of Class B common stock is convertible into a single share of Class A common stock at the election of First American, at such time as First American and its affiliates collectively own less than 28% of the total issued and outstanding shares of our capital stock or upon transfer of any shares of Class B common stock to a person other than First American or an affiliate of First American (excluding distributions by First American to its shareholders in a tax-free “spinoff” under Section 355(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, and any subsequent transfers of such shares).

In issuing these shares we relied on exemptions from registration under Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933 and Rule 506 promulgated pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933. We believed the issuance to be exempt from registration because First American, as a corporation with total assets in excess of $5.0 million, was an accredited investor and the transaction otherwise met the requirements for exemption from registration.

There were no shares purchased, since the inception of the Company, as part of a repurchase plan or program.

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The Company’s operating results for the five years ended December 31, 2007 include results for the acquired entities (excluding the CIG Business) from their respective dates of acquisition. The acquisition of the CIG Business by First Advantage was a transaction between businesses under the common control of First American. In an acquisition of businesses under common control, the acquiring company records acquired assets and liabilities at historical costs. The historical income statements of First Advantage for the five years ended December 31, 2007 include the operations of the CIG Business at historical cost assuming the acquisition was completed on January 1, 2003.

Certain amounts for the year ended December 31, 2006, 2005, 2004, and 2003 have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 presentation.

On March 1, 2007, John Long submitted his resignation as the Chief Executive Officer and as a director of the Company, effective as of March 30, 2007. In connection with his resignation from the Company, Mr. Long and First Advantage entered into a Transition Agreement dated as of March 2, 2007. The Transition Agreement provides that Mr. Long will receive cash severance of $4.4 million, $2.2 million was paid in March 2007 with the remaining payment of $2.2 million scheduled to be paid in March 2008. In addition, Mr. Long received an acceleration of his unvested options and two restricted stock awards, effective March 30, 2007. An additional

 

21


restricted stock award made to Mr. Long will vest during the term of restrictive covenants set forth in the Transition Agreement. Restricted stock units, previously granted to Mr. Long, will continue to vest according to the terms of First Advantage’s 2003 Incentive Compensation Plan. Based on the recommendation of the Compensation Committee, the Transition Agreement was approved by First Advantage’s board of directors on March 1, 2007. In connection with the Transition Agreement, First Advantage recorded compensation expense of $8.0 million in the first quarter of 2007, reflecting the value of the cash severance payment of $4.4 million and the value of the previously unvested restricted stock, restricted stock units and stock options. The $8.0 million of compensation expense reduced net income for the year ended December 31, 2007 by $4.7 million or $0.08 per diluted share.

The 2007 results include a pretax charge of $1.7 million ($1.0 million after tax or 2 cents per diluted share) for costs incurred in connection with continued planned operational consolidations in the Employer Services segment.

In October 2007, the Company completed the sale of its US Search business for approximately $26.5 million resulting in a gain before income taxes of approximately $20.4 million. The results of this business’ operations are reflected in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income as discontinued operations. The results of this business’ operations in prior years have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 classification.

In October 2007, the Company sold approximately 2,875,000 shares of DealerTrack Holdings, Inc. (“DealerTrack”) common stock. The sale resulted in a pretax investment gain, of approximately $97.4 million or $58.4 million after tax and $0.99 per diluted share.

In fourth quarter 2006, DealerTrack completed a follow on offering of its stock. The Company recognized a pretax investment gain of approximately $7.0 million. In the fourth quarter of 2005, the Company recorded a pretax gain of $9.5 million as a result of DealerTrack’s sale of 6.7 million shares of its common stock in an initial public offering. The sale of the stock was at a price per share in excess of its carrying value.

The results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2005 include $3.2 million of nondeductible merger costs that First Advantage incurred in connection with its acquisition of the CIG Business from First American; $2.0 million of costs incurred in connection with the relocation of the company’s corporate headquarters and other office consolidations; and $0.6 million of costs related to the launch of the corporate branding initiative that was announced in June 2005.

 

22


This information is only a summary and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and accompanying notes included in Item 8 “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”.

 

    For the year ended December 31,  
(in thousands, except per share amounts)   2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  

Income Statement Data:

         

Service revenue

  $ 788,135     $ 745,078     $ 581,117     $ 459,267     $ 378,251  

Reimbursed government fee revenue

    54,767       52,723       47,644       44,599       31,585  
                                       

Total revenue

    842,902       797,801       628,761       503,866       409,836  

Cost of service revenue

    226,984       237,021       182,829       146,778       119,769  

Government fees paid

    54,767       52,723       47,644       44,599       31,585  
                                       

Total cost of service

    281,751       289,744       230,473       191,377       151,354  
                                       

Gross margin

    561,151       508,057       398,288       312,489       258,482  
                                       

Operating expenses

    443,577       388,641       301,535       240,125       199,197  
                                       

Impairment loss

    —         —         —         —         1,739  
                                       

Income from operations

    117,574       119,416       96,753       72,364       57,546  
                                       

Total interest (expense) income, net

    (8,601 )     (12,410 )     (6,469 )     (1,957 )     331  
                                       

Equity in earnings (loss) of investee

    2,939       2,299       1,385       1,782       (326 )

Gain on sale of investment

    97,380       6,993       9,471       —         13,028  
                                       

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest

    209,292       116,298       101,140       72,189       70,579  

Provision for income taxes

    84,080       47,383       43,009       29,776       32,730  
                                       

Income from continuing operations before minority interest

    125,212       68,915       58,131       42,413       37,849  

Minority interest

    1,177       3,314       443       —         —    
                                       

Income from continuing operations

    124,035       65,601       57,688       42,413       37,849  

Income (loss) and gain from discontinued operations,
net of tax

    14,072       560       738       (80 )     36  
                                       

Net Income

  $ 138,107     $ 66,161     $ 58,426     $ 42,333     $ 37,885  
                                       

Balance Sheet Data:

         

Total assets

  $ 1,231,933     $ 1,083,188     $ 980,083     $ 572,536     $ 427,505  

Long-term debt

  $ 14,404     $ 179,531     $ 182,127     $ 86,480     $ 14,499  

Stockholders’ equity

  $ 883,590     $ 674,941     $ 582,848     $ 418,187     $ 369,013  

Per Share Information:

         

Basic

         

Income from continuing operations

  $ 2.11     $ 1.14     $ 1.09     $ 0.85     $ 0.79  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

    0.24       0.01       0.01       —         —    
                                       

Net Income

  $ 2.35     $ 1.15     $ 1.10     $ 0.85     $ 0.79  
                                       

Diluted

         

Income from continuing operations

  $ 2.10     $ 1.13     $ 1.08     $ 0.85     $ 0.79  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

    0.24       0.01       0.01       —         —    
                                       

Net Income

  $ 2.34     $ 1.14     $ 1.09     $ 0.85     $ 0.79  
                                       

Weighted average shares outstanding

         

Basic

    58,871       57,502       52,884       49,711       48,066  

Diluted

    59,121       58,079       53,593       50,036       48,202  

Total shares outstanding at December 31,

    59,095       58,179       55,765       50,084       47,723  

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

Overview

First Advantage Corporation (NASDAQ: FADV) (“First Advantage” or the “Company”) provides global risk mitigation, screening services and credit reporting to enterprise and consumer customers. The Company operates in six primary business segments; Lender Services, Data Services, Dealer Services, Employer Services, Multifamily Services, and Investigative and Litigation Support Services. First Advantage is headquartered in St. Petersburg, Florida, and has more than 4,600 employees in offices throughout North America and abroad. The current economic downturn has caused decreased service revenue in the Lender Services segment related to the mortgage industry and the Data Services segment related to lead generation and specialty finance businesses. These decreases were offset by international growth in our Employer Services and Investigative and Litigation Support Services segments.

The Lender Services segment provides specialized credit reporting services, strategic marketing solutions, anti-fraud/identity verification tools, and broker certification services for mortgage and home equity lenders. Specialized credit reporting services includes delivering consolidated consumer credit reports to the mortgage and home equity industries. These reports are derived from credit reports obtained from one or more of the three United States primary credit bureaus, and may be merged or specially formatted for ease of use by lenders and other financial institutions.

The Data Services segment includes business lines that provide transportation credit reporting, motor vehicle record reporting, supply chain theft and damage mitigation consulting, criminal records reselling, specialty finance credit reporting, and lead generation. Products and services offered by the Data Services segment include driver history reports, vehicle registration, credit reports on cargo shippers and brokers, individuals’ credit reports, and membership-based consumer products and services.

The Dealer Services segment provides specialized credit reporting services, credit automation software, and automotive lead generation services. Specialized credit reporting services include delivering consolidated consumer credit reports to the automotive, recreational vehicle, marine and manufactured housing marketplace. These reports are derived from credit reports obtained from one or more of the three United States primary credit bureaus, and may be merged or specially formatted for ease of use by dealers and financial institutions. The Dealer Services segment provides credit automation and loan origination software that helps organizations meet their lending, leasing, and other credit automation needs. Designed to drive consumers into an auto dealership to buy a vehicle, the segment’s automotive lead generation services provide advertising and other marketing, telemarketing, fulfillment and customer management solutions.

The Employer Services segment includes employment background screening, hiring management systems, occupational health services, and tax incentive services. The Employer Services segment serves approximately 20,000 customers, including approximately a quarter of the Fortune 1000 companies. Products and services relating to employment background screening include criminal records searches, employment verification, education verification, social security number verification and credit reporting. Hiring management systems provide recruiting strategies, applicant tracking, and talent management software. Occupational health services include drug-free workplace programs, physical examinations and employee assistance programs. Tax incentive services include services related to the administration of employment-based and location-based tax credit and incentive programs, sales and use tax programs and fleet asset management programs. The professional employer organization provides companies with comprehensive outsourced management of payroll and human resource management.

The Multifamily Services segment includes resident screening services. Resident screening services include criminal and eviction records searches, credit reporting, employment verification, lease performance and payment histories. Other products and services offered by this segment include renters’ insurance, property performance analytics and property management software. The Multifamily Services segment serves approximately 13,000 customers. The Company has a proprietary database of approximately 34 million landlord-tenant records that include eviction court records, rental histories, payment trends and landlord contributed data.

 

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The Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment offers surveillance services, field interviews, computer forensics, electronic discovery, due diligence reports and other high level investigations. These services are provided to approximately 2,000 enterprise customers nationwide, including insurance agents, claims adjusters and risk managers, law firms and financial institutions.

First Advantage intends to continue its efforts to consolidate the operations brought together in mergers and acquisitions. First Advantage also intends to continue pursuing acquisitions of businesses that will enable the Company to enter new markets as well as increase existing market share. First Advantage also expects to pursue acquisition opportunities which will enable the Company to enter into related product fields.

First Advantage generates revenue in the form of fees from reports created from searches performed, credit reports delivered to its customers, project and consulting fees, membership fees collected on its credit monitoring membership products, sale of software licenses, maintenance, custom programming, and related services provided. First Advantage generally enters into agreements with customers that provide for a fixed fee per report or for services provided. For purposes of analyzing operating results, operating margin and operating costs are compared to service revenues, excluding reimbursed government fee revenue. Elimination of inter-segment revenue is included in the Corporate segment.

Cost of sales includes fees paid to vendors or agencies for data procurement, specimen collection, laboratory testing, and investigators’ compensation, benefits and travel expenses.

First Advantage’s operating expenses consist primarily of compensation and benefits costs for employees, commissions, occupancy and related costs, other selling, general and administrative expenses associated with operating its business, depreciation of property and equipment and amortization of intangible assets. The Company’s expenses are likely to increase with increasing revenue levels.

Critical Accounting Estimates

First Advantage believes the following are the more critical accounting estimates that impact its financial statements. In connection with the preparation of our financial statements, management is required to make assumptions and estimates about future events, and apply judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue, expenses and the related disclosures. Management’s assumptions, estimates and judgments are based on historical experience, current trends and other factors that management believes to be relevant at the time the consolidated financial statements are prepared. Although First Advantage believes that its estimates and assumptions are reasonable, future events and their effects cannot be determined with certainty, actual results could differ from our assumptions and estimates, and such differences could be material.

The Company’s significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements, included in Item 8, Financial Statement and Supplementary Data, of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Basis of Presentation and Consolidation

First Advantage’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations is based upon its audited consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. The Company’s operating results for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 include results for the acquired entities, excluding the CIG Business, from their respective dates of acquisition. The acquisition of the CIG Business by First Advantage is a transaction between businesses under the common control of First American. In an acquisition of businesses under common control, the acquiring company records acquired assets and liabilities at historical costs.

 

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The elimination of intra-segment revenue and cost of service revenue is included in Corporate. These transactions are recorded at cost.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from the sale of reports and leads is recognized at the time of delivery, as the Company has no significant ongoing obligation after delivery. Revenue from investigative and litigation support services is recognized as services are performed. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company includes reimbursed government fees in revenue and in cost of service.

Revenue via the eAdvertising network of LeadClick Media, Inc. is recognized when transactions are completed as evidenced by qualifying actions by end users of the publishers and /or advertiser on the proprietary eAdvertising network. Revenue as a result of list management services is recognized when transactions are completed as evidenced by qualifying actions of end users. In most instances, the qualifying action that completes the earnings process is the submission of an on-line form that generates a sales lead via the internet.

Membership fees, billed monthly to member’s accounts, are recognized in the month the fee is earned. A portion of the membership revenue received is paid in the form of a commission to clients and is reflected in other operating expenses. Revenue earned from providing services to third party issuers of membership based consumer products is recognized at the time the service is provided, generally on a monthly basis.

Software maintenance revenues are recognized ratably over the term of the maintenance period. Custom programming and professional consulting service revenue is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method pursuant to Accounting Research Bulletin (ARB) No. 45 “Long-Term Construction-Type Contracts.” To the extent that interim amounts billed to clients exceed revenue earned, deferred income is recorded. Other revenue is recognized upon completion of the contractual obligation, which is typically evidenced by delivery of the product or performance of the service.

Allowance for Uncollectible Receivables

The allowance for all probable uncollectible receivables is based on a combination of historical data, cash payment trends, specific customer issues, write-off trends, general economic conditions and other factors. These factors are continuously monitored by management to arrive at an estimate for the amount of accounts receivable that may ultimately be uncollectible. In circumstances where First Advantage is aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations, First Advantage records a specific allowance for bad debts against amounts due to reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount it reasonably believes will be collected. This analysis requires making significant estimates, and changes in facts and circumstances could result in material changes in the allowance for uncollectible receivables.

Capitalized Software Development Costs

First Advantage capitalizes costs associated with developing software for internal use, which costs primarily include salaries of developers. Direct costs incurred in the development of software are capitalized once the preliminary project stage is completed, management has committed to funding the project and completion and use of the software for its intended purpose are probable. First Advantage ceases capitalization of development costs once the software has been substantially completed at the date of conversion and is ready for its intended use. The estimation of useful lives requires a significant amount of judgment related to matters, specifically, future changes in technology. The Company believes there have not been any events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives.

 

26


Database Development Costs

Database development costs represent expenditures associated with First Advantage’s databases of information for customer usage. The costs are capitalized from the time technological feasibility is established until the information is ready for use. The estimation of useful lives requires a significant amount of judgment related to matters such as future changes in technology, legal issues related to allowable uses of data and other matters. The Company believes there have not been any events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives.

Impairment of Intangible and Long-Lived Assets

First Advantage carries intangible and long-lived assets at cost less accumulated amortization (where applicable). Accounting standards require that assets be written down if they become impaired. Intangible and long-lived assets are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset is not recoverable. At such time that an impairment in value of an intangible or long-lived asset is identified, the impairment will be measured as the amount by which the carrying amount of a long-lived asset exceeds its fair value. Fair value is determined by employing an expected present value technique, which utilizes multiple cash flow scenarios that reflect the range of possible outcomes and an appropriate discount rate. In accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” the Company completed a goodwill impairment test, for the year ending December 31, 2007, for all reporting units. A valuation date of September 30, 2007 was used for this impairment test and was performed by management and a third party. The test determined that each reporting unit had a fair value in excess of carrying value, therefore, no goodwill impairment was recorded.

These types of analyses contain uncertainties because they require management to make assumptions and to apply judgments to estimate industry economic factors and the profitability of future business strategies. The Company does not believe there is a reasonable likelihood that there will be a material change in the future estimates or assumptions we use to test for goodwill impairment losses. However, if actual results are not consistent with the Company’s estimates and assumptions, we may be exposed to an impairment charge that could be material.

Purchase Accounting

First Advantage completed two acquisitions in 2007, eleven acquisitions in 2006, and fifteen acquisitions in 2005. The purchase method of accounting requires companies to assign values to assets and liabilities acquired based upon their fair values. In most instances, there is not a readily defined or listed market price for individual assets and liabilities acquired in connection with a business, including intangible assets. The determination of fair value for assets and liabilities in many instances requires a high degree of estimation. The valuation of intangibles assets, in particular, is very subjective. First Advantage generally uses internal cash flow models and, in certain instances, third party valuations in estimating fair values. The use of different valuation techniques and assumptions can change the amounts and useful lives assigned to the assets and liabilities acquired, including goodwill and other intangible assets and related amortization expense. Amounts allocated to certain assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2007 are based on preliminary estimates of fair value and may be revised in 2008. The Company does not anticipate that revisions to the amounts allocated to acquired assets and liabilities, if any, will be significant to the Company’s financial statements.

Share-Based Compensation

Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123R (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” which is a revision of SFAS No. 123 “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” and supersedes Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25 “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” and its related implementation guidance. The Statement focuses primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity

 

27


obtains employee services in share-based payment transactions. SFAS No. 123R requires a public entity to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award (with limited exceptions). The cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. The Company adopted SFAS No. 123R using the modified prospective method. Under this method, results of prior periods are not restated. Share-based compensation expense was $13.3 million ($8.5 million after tax or $0.14 per basic and diluted share) and $10.7 million ($7.8 million after tax or $0.14 per basic and diluted share) for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

Option-pricing models and generally accepted valuation techniques require management to make assumptions and to apply judgment to determine the fair value of our awards. These assumptions and judgments include estimating the future volatility of the Company’s stock price, expected dividend yield, future employee turnover rates and future employee stock options exercise behaviors. Management does not believe there is a reasonable likelihood there will be a material change in the future estimates or assumptions we use to determine share-based compensation expense. However, if actual results are not consistent with our estimates or assumptions, share-based compensation expense reported in our financial statements may not be representative of the actual economic cost of the share-base compensation.

Income Taxes

We estimate our income tax provision in each of the jurisdictions in which we operate, a process that includes estimating exposures related to examinations by taxing authorities. We must also make judgments regarding the ability to realize the deferred tax assets. The carrying value of our net deferred tax assets is based on our belief that it is more likely than not that we will generate sufficient future taxable income in certain jurisdictions to realize these deferred tax assets. A valuation allowance has been established for deferred tax assets that we do not believe meet the “more likely than not” criteria established by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109, Accounting for Income Taxes. Our judgments regarding future taxable income may change due to changes in market conditions, changes in tax laws or other factors. If our assumptions and consequently our estimates change in the future, the valuation allowances we have established may be increased or decreased, resulting in a respective increase or decrease in either income tax expense or goodwill.

 

28


Operating Results

The following is a summary of the operating results by the Company’s business segments for the three years ended December 31, 2007.

 

(in thousands)   Lender
Services
    Data
Services
    Dealer
Services
    Employer
Services
    Multifamily
Services
    Invest/
Litigation
Support
Services
    Corporate
and
Eliminations
    Total  

2007

               

Service revenue

  $ 151,163     $ 121,788     $ 113,448     $ 233,163     $ 72,276     $ 98,955     $ (2,658 )   $ 788,135  

Reimbursed government fee revenue

    —         45,312       —         13,439       —         —         (3,984 )     54,767  
                                                               

Total revenue

    151,163       167,100       113,448       246,602       72,276       98,955       (6,642 )     842,902  

Cost of service revenue

    51,191       37,381       59,540       64,366       6,805       10,378       (2,677 )     226,984  

Government fees paid

    —         45,312       —         13,439       —         —         (3,984 )     54,767  
                                                               

Total cost of service

    51,191       82,693       59,540       77,805       6,805       10,378       (6,661 )     281,751  

Gross margin

    99,972       84,407       53,908       168,797       65,471       88,577       19       561,151  

Salaries and benefits

    47,975       23,013       15,502       85,917       26,705       37,421       37,704       274,237  

Facilities and telecommunications

    7,571       3,074       1,296       9,947       3,769       2,503       4,260       32,420  

Other operating expenses

    4,525       14,383       19,825       33,182       11,496       11,028       363       94,802  

Depreciation and amortization

    6,792       10,250       2,775       10,625       4,880       3,471       3,325       42,118  
                                                               

Income (loss) from operations

  $ 33,109     $ 33,687     $ 14,510     $ 29,126     $ 18,621     $ 34,154     $ (45,633 )   $ 117,574  
                                                               

Operating margin percentage

    21.9 %     27.7 %     12.8 %     12.5 %     25.8 %     34.5 %     N/A       14.9 %
    Lender
Services
    Data
Services
    Dealer
Services
    Employer
Services
    Multifamily
Services
    Invest/
Litigation
Support
Services
    Corporate
and
Eliminations
    Total  

2006

               

Service revenue

  $ 175,991     $ 128,961     $ 120,780     $ 195,180     $ 68,811     $ 59,162     $ (3,807 )   $ 745,078  

Reimbursed government fee revenue

    —         44,420       —         11,400       —         —         (3,097 )     52,723  
                                                               

Total revenue

    175,991       173,381       120,780       206,580       68,811       59,162       (6,904 )     797,801  

Cost of service revenue

    57,608       42,445       64,265       58,537       6,661       11,044       (3,539 )     237,021  

Government fees paid

    —         44,420       —         11,400       —         —         (3,097 )     52,723  
                                                               

Total cost of service

    57,608       86,865       64,265       69,937       6,661       11,044       (6,636 )     289,744  

Gross margin

    118,383       86,516       56,515       136,643       62,150       48,118       (268 )     508,057  

Salaries and benefits

    48,668       20,680       16,558       71,028       26,221       23,478       28,283       234,916  

Facilities and telecommunications

    7,291       2,589       1,585       8,297       3,706       1,748       4,332       29,548  

Other operating expenses

    1,398       12,803       19,430       28,979       12,573       8,311       2,909       86,403  

Depreciation and amortization

    6,755       10,331       2,829       8,507       4,522       3,204       1,626       37,774  
                                                               

Income (loss) from operations

  $ 54,271     $ 40,113     $ 16,113     $ 19,832     $ 15,128     $ 11,377     $ (37,418 )   $ 119,416  
                                                               

Operating margin percentage

    30.8 %     31.1 %     13.3 %     10.2 %     22.0 %     19.2 %     N/A       16.0 %
    Lender
Services
    Data
Services
    Dealer
Services
    Employer
Services
    Multifamily
Services
    Invest/
Litigation
Support
Services
    Corporate
and
Eliminations
    Total  

2005

               

Service revenue

  $ 168,327     $ 76,711     $ 98,357     $ 143,839     $ 63,254     $ 34,580     $ (3,951 )   $ 581,117  

Reimbursed government fee revenue

    —         39,432       —         10,556       —         —         (2,344 )     47,644  
                                                               

Total revenue

    168,327       116,143       98,357       154,395       63,254       34,580       (6,295 )     628,761  

Cost of service revenue

    55,094       15,609       50,218       46,654       6,232       12,980       (3,958 )     182,829  

Government fees paid

    —         39,432       —         10,556       —         —         (2,344 )     47,644  
                                                               

Total cost of service

    55,094       55,041       50,218       57,210       6,232       12,980       (6,302 )     230,473  

Gross margin

    113,233       61,102       48,139       97,185       57,022       21,600       7       398,288  

Salaries and benefits

    49,815       13,704       14,603       52,005       22,589       12,284       13,855       178,855  

Facilities and telecommunications

    7,146       2,007       1,283       6,259       3,318       1,204       4,026       25,243  

Other operating expenses

    1,341       12,018       16,305       20,309       10,884       4,123       6,485       71,465  

Depreciation and amortization

    6,726       5,163       2,389       5,311       4,109       1,882       392       25,972  
                                                               

Income (loss) from operations

  $ 48,205     $ 28,210     $ 13,559     $ 13,301     $ 16,122     $ 2,107     $ (24,751 )   $ 96,753  
                                                               

Operating margin percentage

    28.6 %     36.8 %     13.8 %     9.2 %     25.5 %     6.1 %     N/A       16.6 %

 

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Lender Services Segment

2007 Compared to 2006

Total service revenue was $151.2 million in 2007, a decrease of $24.8 million compared to service revenue of $176.0 million in 2006. A decrease in transactions related to the decline in the mortgage industry resulted in an overall decrease in service revenue despite an increase of $3.7 million in revenue from new products and services.

Gross margin was $100.0 million in 2007, a decrease of $18.4 million compared to gross margin of $118.4 million in 2006. The impact of the decrease in transactions and an increase in credit data costs resulted in an overall decrease in gross margin. Gross margin was 66.1% of revenue in 2007 as compared to 67.3% in 2006.

Salaries and benefits decreased by $0.7 million. Salaries and benefits were 31.7% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 27.7% during the same period in 2006. Salaries and benefits expense decreased due to an increase in capitalized personnel costs related to software development initiatives, and a decrease in incentive based compensation, partially offset by an increase in benefit costs and severance related expense. Overall headcount for the segment decreased by 49 employees, excluding an acquisition at the end of the fourth quarter.

Facilities and telecommunication expense increased by $0.3 million. Facilities and telecommunication expense were 5.0% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 4.1% in 2006.

Other operating expenses increased by $3.1 million. Other operating expenses were 3.0% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 0.8% in 2006. The change in 2007 is primarily due to an increase in bad debt expense of $3.7 million and costs related to international operations. This is partially offset by a $0.1 million decrease in temporary labor cost consisting of a $1.0 million decrease related to operations offset by $0.9 million increase for IT projects and system migrations, and an increase in the amounts allocated for IT costs, shared services, and product development initiatives.

Depreciation and amortization was flat in 2007 compared to 2006. Depreciation and amortization was 4.5% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 3.8% in 2006.

Income from operations was $33.1 million in 2007 compared to $54.3 million in 2006. The operating margin percentage decreased from 30.8% to 21.9% primarily due to the impact of the decrease in service revenue caused by the decline in the mortgage industry, costs of international operations and bad debt expense.

2006 Compared to 2005

Total service revenue was $176.0 million in 2006, an increase of $7.7 million compared to service revenue of $168.3 million in 2005. The acquisition of mortgage credit reporting businesses during the first and fourth quarters of 2005 accounted for $8.1 million of the increase, and revenue from the credit reporting portion of the business owned for more than one year decreased by $0.4 million or 0.3%.

Gross margin was $118.4 million in 2006, an increase of $5.2 million compared to gross margin of $113.2 million in 2005. Gross margin was 67.3% in 2006 and 2005.

Salaries and benefits decreased by $1.1 million. Salaries and benefits were 27.7% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 29.6% during the same period in 2005. Salaries and benefits expense increased $1.2 million due to the acquisitions during 2005 and $0.7 million due to share-based compensation recorded in 2006. However, total salaries and benefits expense decreased due to operational efficiencies achieved as a result of the two acquisitions, an increase in capitalized personnel costs related to software development projects, a decrease in benefit costs, and due to certain salary and benefit costs being absorbed by the Corporate segment in 2006.

 

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Facilities and telecommunication increased by $0.1 million. Facilities and telecommunication expenses were 4.1% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 4.2% in 2005.

Other operating expenses increased by $0.1 million. Other operating expenses were 0.8% of service revenue in 2006 and 2005. Other operating expenses increased by $1.1 million due to the acquisitions during 2005, however operating expenses from the credit reporting portion of the business owned for more than one year decreased by $1.0 million due to operational efficiencies and an increase in the amounts allocated to the Data Services segment for IT costs related to supporting the credit platform utilized to process direct to consumer oriented credit reporting solutions, and an increase in the amounts allocated to the Dealer Services and Data Services segments for shared services and product development initiatives.

Depreciation and amortization was 3.8% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 4.0% in 2005.

Income from operations was $54.3 million in 2006 compared to $48.2 million in 2005. The operating margin percentage increased from 28.6% to 30.8% primarily due to lower salaries and benefit expenses in 2006 compared to 2005. Operating income from existing businesses increased by $3.0 million.

Data Services Segment

2007 Compared to 2006

Total service revenue was $121.8 million in 2007, a decrease of $7.2 million compared to 2006 service revenue of $129.0 million. The decrease is primarily due to the decline in the lead generation business as a result of the weakness in the credit markets in the second half of 2007. This decrease is offset by an increase in revenue from the sale of credit reports.

Salaries and benefits increased $2.3 million. Salaries and benefits were 18.9% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 16.0% in 2006. The overall increase is due to increased staffing levels and related salaries and benefit costs needed to support the growth of the businesses, and is due to bringing services in-house that had previously been outsourced in order to gain additional control over processes that impact their service to clients, as well as gain cost efficiencies.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $0.5 million. The current year expense as a percentage of service revenue was 2.5%, compared to 2.0% in 2006. The increase is primarily due to the increase in rent and telecom costs as a result of two of the businesses moving their offices.

Other operating expenses increased $1.6 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 11.8% and 9.9% for years ended 2007 and 2006, respectively. The increase is due to increased allocated accounting and finance expenses, and increased marketing expenses.

Depreciation and amortization was flat in 2007 compared to 2006. Depreciation and amortization was 8.4% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 8.0% in 2006.

Operating income decreased $6.4 million. The operating margin was 27.7% for 2007 compared to 31.1% for 2006. The decrease is primarily due to a decline in revenue at the lead generation business and increases in salaries and benefits and other operating expenses.

2006 Compared to 2005

Total service revenue was $129.0 million in 2006, an increase of $52.3 million compared to 2005 service revenue of $76.7 million. The increase is primarily due to the fourth quarter 2005 acquisition of a lead generation business. This business accounted for $43.4 million of the increase. The segment experienced 12.8% in organic growth from prior year. The organic growth is related to an increase in products and services offered, several new customers and increased transaction volume to current customers.

Salaries and benefits increased $7.0 million. Salaries and benefits were 16.0% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 17.9% in 2005. The expense increase is primarily due to the 2005 acquisition, an overall increase in

 

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employees, and $0.7 million in share-based compensation recorded in 2006. The overall increase in employees is due to increased staffing to reduce outsourced projects.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $0.6 million. The current year expense as a percentage of service revenue was 2.0%, compared to 2.6% in 2005. The increase in expense is primarily due to the fourth quarter 2005 acquisition.

Depreciation and amortization expenses were 3.8% of service revenue in 2006 as compared to 4.0% in 2005.

Other operating expenses increased $0.8 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 9.9% and 15.7% for years ended 2006 and 2005, respectively. Other operating expenses increased $1.1 million related to the 2005 acquisition. The remaining increase is due to increased allocated IT expenses from the Lender Services segment. These increases are offset by a decrease in purchased services related to increased staffing to reduce outsourced projects. The decrease as a percentage of service revenue is due to operating efficiencies achieved at business owned more than a year.

Operating income increased $11.9 million. The increase is primarily due to the 2005 acquisition. The operating margin was 31.1% for 2006 compared to 36.8% for 2005. The decrease in the operating margin is primarily due to the sales mix and related margins. The lead generation business acquired in 2005 has a relatively lower operating margin in relation to the other businesses in the segment primarily due to amortization of intangibles.

Dealer Services

2007 Compared to 2006

Total service revenue was $113.4 million in 2007, a decrease of $7.4 million compared to service revenue of $120.8 million in 2006. A 42% decrease in revenues in the automotive lead generation business resulted in an overall decrease in service revenue, offset by an increase in transactions which accounted for a 6.8% increase in credit report related revenues.

Cost of service revenue was $59.5 million in 2007, a decrease of $4.8 million compared to cost of service revenue of $64.3 million in 2006. An increase in cost of service revenue based on an increase in credit report related transactions was offset by a decrease in cost of service revenue on the lower margin automotive lead generation business.

Salaries and benefits decreased $1.1 million. Salaries and benefits were 13.7% of service revenue in 2007 and in 2006. Salaries and benefits expense decreased due to operational efficiencies which included relocation and consolidation of certain functions of the automotive lead generation business during the fourth quarter of 2006 and first quarter of 2007.

Facilities and telecommunication expense decreased by $0.3 million. Facilities and telecommunication expense was 1.1% of service revenue in 2007 as compared to 1.3% of service revenue in 2006. Facilities and telecommunication expense decreased due to operational efficiencies which included relocation and consolidation of facilities for the automotive lead generation business.

Other operating expenses increased by $0.4 million. Other operating expenses were 17.5% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 16.1% in 2006. The increase in 2007 is due to an increase in marketing expenses related to the introduction of new products and services and an increase in allocations for shared services and product development initiatives, partially offset by a decrease in bad debt expense and contract labor at the automotive lead generation business.

Depreciation and amortization expenses were 2.4% of service revenue in 2007 as compared to 2.3% in 2006.

Income from operations was $14.5 million in 2007 compared to $16.1 million in 2006. The operating margin percentage decreased from 13.3% to 12.8% primarily due to the decline of operating results in the automotive lead generation subsidiary.

 

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2006 Compared to 2005

Total service revenue was $120.8 million in 2006, an increase of $22.4 million compared to service revenue of $98.4 million in 2005. An increase in transactions from market share gains and an increase in the average per unit sales price accounted for $11.2 million of the increase, and the acquisition of an automotive lead generation business during the second quarter of 2005 accounted for the remaining $11.2 million of the increase.

Cost of service revenue was $64.3 million in 2006, an increase of $14.1 million compared to cost of service revenue of $50.2 million in 2005. The acquisition of an automotive lead generation business during the second quarter of 2005 accounted for $7.7 million of the increase, and an increase in transactions, higher credit data costs, and an increase in commissions paid to our partners accounted for the additional increase in the cost of service revenue.

Salaries and benefits increased by $2.0 million. Salaries and benefits were 13.7% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 14.8% in the same period in 2005. Salaries and benefits expense increased $2.3 million due to the acquisition of an automotive lead generation business during the second quarter of 2005 and $0.4 million due to share-based compensation recorded in 2006. However, salaries and benefits from existing businesses decreased by $0.7 million due to operational efficiencies and a decrease in benefits costs.

Facilities and telecommunication increased by $0.3 million as a result of the acquisition of an automotive lead generation business during the second quarter of 2005. Facilities and telecommunication expenses were 1.3% of service revenue in 2006 and in 2005.

Other operating expenses increased by $3.1 million. Other operating expenses were 16.1% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 16.6% in 2005. Other operating expenses increased $2.3 million due to the acquisition of an automotive lead generation business during the second quarter of 2005, of which $1.2 million related to an increase in the allowance reserve, and other operating expenses from existing businesses increased $0.8 million, and an increase in amounts allocated from the Lender Services segment for shared services and product development initiatives.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.4 million due to an increase in amortization of intangible assets as a result of the acquisition. Depreciation and amortization expenses were 2.3% of service revenue in 2006 as compared to 2.4% in 2005.

Income from operations was $16.1 million in 2006 compared to $13.6 million in 2005. The operating margin percentage decreased from 13.8% to 13.3% primarily due to operating losses incurred at the vehicle lead generation business acquired in 2005, the impact of which was partially offset by operational efficiencies realized on the increase in revenues from the existing businesses and a decrease in benefit costs. Operating income from existing businesses increased by $4.4 million.

Employer Services

2007 Compared to 2006

Service revenue was $233.2 million, an increase of $38.0 million compared to prior year. The increase is primarily related to the nine 2006 acquisitions in the segment. Specifically, the acquired hiring management solutions division added $4.9 million and the background screening division acquisitions added $13.8 million in service revenue to the segment. In addition, the segment showed increased volumes from the passing of the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (“WOTC”) program in late 2006. These increases were offset by a decrease in revenue at the occupational health division of $2.6 million.

Salaries and benefits increased $14.9 million. Salaries and benefits were 36.8% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 36.4% in 2006. The expense increase is primarily due to acquisitions, international growth, and severance expense of approximately $0.9 million recorded for office closures.

 

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Facilities and telecommunication expense increased $1.7 million. The current year expense as a percentage of service revenue was 4.3%, which is comparable to 2006. The segment recorded approximately $.3 million in future lease expense related to office consolidations. The remaining increase in expense is primarily due to the acquisitions and international expansion, partially offset by office consolidations.

Other operating expenses increased $4.2 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 14.2% and 14.8% for years ended 2007 and 2006, respectively. The increase in operating expenses is primarily due to the acquisitions, international growth, and approximately $0.5 million in expenses related to office closures.

Depreciation and amortization increased $2.1 million. Depreciation and amortization expense was 4.6% of service revenue for the year ended 2007 compared to 4.4% for the same period of 2006. The increase is primarily due to the amortization of the acquired intangible assets.

Operating income increased $9.3 million. The operating margin was 12.5% for 2007 compared to 10.2% for 2006. The increase is primarily due to revenue and earnings growth in most product lines offset by a decline in the occupational health business and $1.7 million in expense related to consolidating offices.

2006 Compared to 2005

Service revenue was $195.2 million, an increase of $51.3 million compared to prior year. The increase is primarily related to the six 2005 acquisitions and nine 2006 acquisitions in the segment. Specifically, the acquired hiring management solutions division added $25.7 million and the background screening division acquisitions added $19.3 million in service revenue to the segment. In addition, the segment increased volumes from the Hurricane Katrina tax credit program, offset by decreased revenue from the delayed passing of the WOTC program.

Salaries and benefits increased $19.0 million. Salaries and benefits were 36.4% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 36.2% in 2005. The expense increase is primarily due to acquisitions and $1.6 million in share-based compensation recorded in 2006.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $2.0 million. The current year expense as a percentage of service revenue was 4.3%, which is comparable to 2005. The increase in expense is primarily due to the acquisitions and international expansion.

Other operating expenses increased $8.7 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 14.8% and 14.1% for years ended 2006 and 2005, respectively. The increase in operating expenses is primarily due to the acquisitions in the hiring management solutions division, and the background screening division. These increases are offset by efficiencies gained by integrating past acquisitions.

Depreciation and amortization increased $3.2 million. Depreciation and amortization expense was 4.4% of service revenue for the year ended 2006 compared to 3.7% for the same period of 2005. The increase is primarily due to the amortization of the acquired intangible assets.

Operating income increased $6.5 million. The operating margin was 10.2% for 2006 compared to 9.2% for 2005. The increase is primarily due to acquisitions, international expansion, and reduction of costs from successful integration of prior acquisitions, offset by share-based compensation expense of $1.6 million.

Multifamily Services

2007 Compared to 2006

Total service revenue was $72.3 million in 2007, an increase of $3.5 million compared to 2006. The increase is primarily due the segment’s organic growth of approximately 5%. The organic growth is related to increases in criminal searches and commissions on renters’ insurance.

 

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Salaries and benefits increased $0.5 million. Salaries and benefits were 36.9% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 38.1% in 2006. The increase is primarily related to customary annual salary increases offset by strategic reductions in employees.

Facilities and telecommunication expense was flat in comparing 2007 to 2006. Facilities and telecommunication expense was 5.2% and 5.4% of service revenue in 2007 and 2006, respectively.

Other operating expenses decreased $1.1 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 15.9% and 18.3% in 2007 and 2006, respectively. The decrease is related to reduced costs of leased equipment, software and marketing expense.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.4 million. Depreciation and amortization was 6.8% and 6.6% of service revenue for the year ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The increase is related to an increase in developed software projects.

Operating income increased by $3.5 million. Operating margin is 25.8% in 2007 compared to 22.0% in 2006. The increase in operating income and margin is primarily due to the containment of costs coupled with the revenue growth.

2006 Compared to 2005

Total service revenue was $68.8 million in 2006, an increase of $5.6 million compared to 2005. The increase is primarily due to late 2005 acquisitions in the segment. The segment’s organic growth was approximately 2%.

Salaries and benefits increased $3.6 million. Salaries and benefits were 38.1% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 35.7% in 2005. The increase is primarily related to companies acquired in late 2005 and $0.8 million in share-based compensation expense recorded in 2006.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $0.4 million. Facilities and telecommunications were 5.4% of service revenue in 2006 which is comparable to prior year.

Other operating expenses increased $1.7 million. As a percentage of service revenue, other operating expenses were 18.3% and 17.2% in 2006 and 2005, respectively. The increase is related to acquisitions, an increase in programming expenses related to new projects, and an increase in professional fees related to data security and compliance, offset by a decrease in legal fees.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.4 million due to an increase in amortization of intangible assets as a result of the acquisitions and an increase in the segment’s database asset.

Operating income decreased by $1.0 million. Operating margin is 22% in 2006 compared to 25.5% in 2005. The decrease in operating income and margin is primarily due to costs incurred in connection with increased data security and compliance.

Investigative and Litigation Support Services

2007 Compared to 2006

Total service revenue was $99.0 million in 2007, an increase of $39.8 million compared to 2006 service revenue of $59.2 million. The increase is primarily due to the continued growth in the segment’s electronic discovery business of the Litigation Support Services division.

Cost of service revenue was $10.4 million in 2007, a decrease of $0.7 million compared to 2006. Cost of service revenue as a percentage of service revenue decreased from 18.7% to 10.5% due to the decrease in revenue at the investigative business, which is a lower margin business.

 

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Salaries and benefits increased by $13.9 million. Salaries and benefits were 37.8% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 39.7% in 2006. The increase in expense is due increases in incentive compensation and commissions as a result of the revenue growth.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $0.8 million. Facilities and telecommunications were 2.5% of service revenue in 2007 compared 3.0% in the prior year. The increase is primarily due to the growth in the Litigation Support Services division.

Other operating expenses increased by $2.7 million and were 11.1% of service revenue in 2007 compared to 14.0% in 2006. The increase is primarily due to increased international travel and the growth in the Litigation Support Services division.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $0.3 million. The increase is the result of the increase in capital equipment related to growth.

Income from operations was $34.2 million in 2007 compared to $11.4 million in 2006. The increase is primarily due to increased revenues at the higher margin electronic discovery business as opposed to surveillance services.

2006 Compared to 2005

Total service revenue was $59.2 million in 2006, an increase of $24.6 million compared to 2005 service revenue of $34.6 million. The increase is primarily due to the fourth quarter 2005 acquisition of an electronic discovery business.

Cost of service revenue was $11.0 million in 2006, a decrease of $1.9 million compared to 2005. Cost of service revenue as a percentage of service revenue decreased from 37.5% to 18.7% due to the acquisition of an electronic discovery and computer forensics business in fourth quarter 2005 and the related sales mix.

Salaries and benefits increased by $11.2 million. Salaries and benefits were 39.7% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 35.5% in 2005. The increase is due to $0.6 million in share-based compensation expense recorded, an increase in bonus expense, and an overall increase related to acquisitions offset by a decrease in staffing at the investigative division.

Facilities and telecommunications increased $0.5 million. Facilities and telecommunications were 3.0% of service revenue in 2006 compared 3.5% in the prior year. The increase is primarily due to the 2005 acquisition and related expenses.

Other operating expenses increased by $4.2 million and were 14% of service revenue in 2006 compared to 11.9% in 2005. The increase is primarily due to 2005 acquisitions.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $1.3 million. The increase is the result of the acquisitions and the increase in capital equipment related to electronic discovery business.

Income from operations was $11.4 million in 2006 compared to $2.1 million in 2005. The increase is primarily due to the acquisition in the fourth quarter of 2005 of an investigative business that concentrates on higher margin electronic discovery services as opposed to surveillance services.

Corporate

2007 Compared to 2006

Corporate costs and expenses primarily represent compensation and benefits for senior management, administrative staff, technology personnel and their related expenses in addition to an administrative fee paid to First American. Additional costs were incurred for the increased level of professional fees for data security and

 

36


increased staffing in the technology, accounting, human resources, and legal departments to support corporate growth. The corporate expenses were $45.6 million in 2007, an increase of $8.2 million compared to 2006. The current year expenses were impacted by the $8.0 million of severance costs related to the termination of the former CEO’s employment.

2006 Compared to 2005

Corporate costs and expenses primarily represent compensation and benefits for senior management, administrative staff, technology personnel and their related expenses in addition to an administrative fee paid to First American. Additional costs were incurred for the increased level of professional fees for audit related services, Sarbanes Oxley compliance, data security and increased staffing in the technology, accounting, human resources, and legal departments to support corporate growth. The corporate expenses were $37.4 million in 2006, an increase of $12.7 million compared to 2005. The prior year expense was impacted by the following expenses not recurring in 2006; (a) $3.2 million related to CIG acquisition costs; (b) $2.0 million related to relocation expenses; and (c) $0.6 million related to launching the Company’s branding initiative. Salaries and benefits increased $14.4 million due to corporate growth and approximately $5.8 million in share-based compensation expense recorded in 2006 related to the adoption of SFAS No. 123R. The remaining increase is related to the new Corporate headquarters and related expenses.

Consolidated Results

2007 Compared to 2006

Consolidated service revenue for the year ended December 31, 2007 was $788.1 million, an increase of $43.0 million compared to service revenue of $745.1 million in 2006. Acquisitions accounted for $24.4 million of the increase and organic growth for the year ended December 31, 2007 was 2.6%.

Salaries and benefits were 34.8% of service revenue for 2007 and 31.5% for 2006. The increase is related to additional employees added through acquisitions and company growth. In addition, approximately $13.3 million in expense was recorded for share-based compensation in 2007 compared to $10.7 million in 2006.

Facilities and telecommunication expense increased by $2.9 million compared to the same period in 2006. Facilities and telecommunication expense was 4.1% of service revenue for 2007 and 4.0% in the same period of 2006. The increase is primarily related to acquisitions, relocation expenses and international expansion.

Other operating expenses increased by $8.4 million compared to 2006. Other operating expenses were 12.0% of service revenue for year ended December 31, 2007 and 11.6% compared to the same period for 2006. The increase is due to acquisitions, and increased marketing, software, international travel, legal and professional expenses.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $4.3 million due to an overall increase in amortization of intangible assets as a result of acquisitions, rollout of software initiatives and capital asset investment for organic growth.

Income from operations was $117.6 million for the 2007 compared to $119.4 million for 2006. The decrease of $1.8 million is comprised of an increase in operating income of $9.3 million at the Employer Services segment, $22.8 million at the Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment and $3.5 million at the Multifamily Services segment, offset by a decrease in operating income of $21.2 million at the Lender Services segment, $6.4 million at the Data Services segment, $1.6 million at the Dealer Services segment and an increase of Corporate expenses of $8.2 million.

The consolidated operating margin was 14.9% for the year ended December 31, 2007, compared to 16.0% for the same period in 2006. The decrease in margin is primarily due to the decline in revenue and margins in the Lender Services and Data Services segments, offset by the increased revenue and margins in the Investigative and Litigation Services segment.

 

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2006 Compared to 2005

Consolidated service revenue for the year ended December 31, 2006 was $745.1 million, an increase of $164.0 million compared to service revenue of $581.1 million in 2005. Acquisitions accounted for $147.2 million of the increase. Organic growth for the year ended December 31, 2006 was 3.3%.

Salaries and benefits were 31.5% of service revenue for 2006 and 30.8% for 2005. The increase is related to additional employees added through acquisitions and company growth. In addition, approximately $10.7 million in expense was recorded for share-based compensation in 2006.

Facilities and telecommunication increased by $4.3 million compared to the same period in 2005. Facilities and telecommunication expenses were 4.0% of service revenue for 2006 and 4.3% in the same period of 2005. Approximately $2.0 million in relocation expenses were recorded in 2005. The increase in facilities and telecommunication expenses is primarily due to acquisitions and increased costs related to the new corporate facilities.

Other operating expenses increased by $14.9 million compared to 2005. Other operating expenses were 11.6% of service revenue for year ended December 31, 2006 and 12.3% compared to the same period for 2005. The increase is due to acquisitions, and increased marketing, legal and professional fees related to data security and compliance.

Depreciation and amortization increased by $11.8 million due to an overall increase in amortization of intangible assets as a result of acquisitions and asset additions.

Income from operations was $119.4 million for the 2006 compared to $96.8 million for 2005. The increase of $22.6 million is comprised of an increase in operating income of $6.0 million in the Lender Services segment, $11.9 million in the Data Services segment, $2.6 million in the Dealer Services segment, $6.5 million in Employer Services and $9.3 million in the Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment offset by a decrease in operating income of $1.0 million at the Multifamily Services segment and an increase of Corporate expenses of $12.7 million.

The consolidated operating margin was 16.0% for the year ended December 31, 2006, compared to 16.6% for the same period in 2005. The decrease in margin is primarily due to the increase in infrastructure, security and compliance costs incurred to support company-wide growth, and the share-based compensation expense recorded in 2006.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

The Company’s principal sources of capital include, but are not limited to, existing cash balances, operating cash flows and borrowing under its Secured Credit Facility (see Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements). The Company’s short-term and long-term liquidity depends primarily upon its level of net income, working capital management (accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued expenses) and bank borrowings. The Company believes that, based on current forecasts and anticipated market conditions, sufficient operating cash flow will be generated to meet substantially all operating needs, to make planned capital expenditures, scheduled debt payments, and tax obligations for the next twelve months. Any material variance of operating results could require us to seek other funding alternatives including raising additional capital.

In 2007, 2006 and 2005, First Advantage sought to acquire other businesses as part of its growth strategy. The Company will continue to evaluate acquisitions in order to achieve economies of scale, expand market share and enter new markets.

 

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While uncertainties within the Company’s industry exist, management is not aware of any trends or events likely to have a material adverse effect on liquidity or the accompanying financial statements. Management expects continued weakness in the real estate and mortgage markets impacting the Company’s Lender Services segment and certain businesses in the Data Services segment. Given this outlook, management of these segments will focus on expense reductions and operating efficiencies.

Statement of Cash Flows

The Company’s primary source of liquidity is cash flow from operations and amounts available under credit lines the Company has established with a bank syndication. As of December 31, 2007, cash and cash equivalents were $76.6 million.

Cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations was $141.0 million; $91.8 million; and $70.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively.

Cash provided from operating activities of continuing operations increased by $49.2 million from 2006 to 2007. The increase was derived from 2007 income from continuing operations of $124.0 million compared to $65.6 million in 2006. Depreciation and amortization increased by $4.3 million, bad debt expense increased by $2.9 million and share-based compensation increased by $2.6 million, offset by a $97.4 million gain on the sale of DealerTrack shares. The primary changes in operating assets and liabilities were due to an increase in income tax liabilities, an increase in accrued compensation and an increase in accounts receivable collections offset by payments to affiliates and payments made for accrued liabilities.

Cash provided from operating activities of continuing operations increased by $21.1 million from 2005 to 2006. The increase was derived from 2006 income from continuing operations of $65.6 million compared to $57.7 million in 2005, an increase in depreciation and amortization of $11.8 million, an increase in minority interests of $2.9 million and share-based compensation of $10.7 million recorded in 2006. The primary changes in operating assets and liabilities were due to an increase in accounts receivable offset by increases in accounts payable, and accrued compensation.

Cash provided by investing activities of continuing operations was $53.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. Cash used in investing activities of continuing operations was $62.8 million, and $153.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2006 and 2005, respectively. In 2007, cash in the amount of $33.9 million was used for acquisitions compared to $34.6 million in 2004 and $153.6 million in 2005. Purchases of property and equipment were $36.7 million in 2007 compared to $28.3 million in 2006 and $18.2 million in 2005. Database development costs were $3.6 million in 2007 compared to $3.6 million in 2006 and $3.4 million in 2005. Proceeds from sale of DealerTrack shares as discussed in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements were $128.1 million. The proceeds were used to pay down the Company’s debt.

Cash used in financing activities of continuing operations was $167.9 million in 2007 and $25.6 million in 2006 compared to cash provided by financing activities of $101.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2005. Proceeds from bank financing were $50.2 million, $71.5 million and $180.1 million for the years ended 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. First American contributed $3.8 million in 2007 and $45.0 million in 2005 to LeadClick Holdings LLC (70% owned by First Advantage and 30% owned by First American), a consolidated subsidiary of First Advantage, which acquired LeadClick Media, Inc. Repayment of debt was $222.0 million in 2007, $97.0 million in 2006, and $106.9 million in 2005. The CIG Business made a cash distribution to First American of $25.7 million prior to the 2005 acquisition.

Net cash provided by discontinued operations was $18.0 million in 2007. Net cash used in discontinued operations was minimal in 2006 and 2005 for the US Search business.

Certain acquisitions have success consideration payments or earn-out provisions included in the purchase agreements. At December 31, 2007, the Company estimates that approximately $42.0 million in additional

 

39


consideration will be paid in the next twelve months in connection with these acquisitions. The payments will be in the form of cash, stock and debt. The actual amount of the consideration is dependent upon the future operating results of the respective acquisitions. The Company will record the fair value of the success consideration issued as an additional cost of the respective acquired entities at such time as the contingency is resolved and the additional consideration is distributable. The additional cost will be recorded to goodwill.

Debt and Capital

At December 31, 2007, the Company had available lines of credit of $220.9 million.

On September 29, 2005, the Company executed a revolving credit agreement, with a bank syndication (the “Credit Agreement”). Borrowings available under the Credit Agreement total up to $225 million. The Credit Agreement includes a $10 million sub-facility for the issuance of letters of credit and up to a $5 million swing loan facility. The credit facility maturity date is September 28, 2010. The Credit Agreement is collateralized by the stock of the Company’s subsidiaries.

The interest rate is based on one of two options consisting of 1) the higher of Federal Funds Rate plus  1/2% and Bank of America’s announced “Prime Rate” or 2) a “LIBOR based rate”. The “LIBOR based rate” is based on LIBOR plus a margin that can range from 1.125% to 1.75% (based on progressive levels of leverage). First Advantage management must elect the LIBOR based option up to three days prior to its utilization.

The agreement contains usual and customary negative covenants for transactions of this type including but not limited to those regarding liens, investments, creation of indebtedness and fundamental changes, as well as financial covenants of consolidated leverage ratio and minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio.

The agreement contains usual and customary provisions regarding acceleration. In the event of a default by the Company under the credit facility, the lenders will have no further obligation to make loans or issue letters of credit and in some cases may, at the option of a majority of the lenders, declare all amounts owed by the Company immediately due and payable and require the Company to provide collateral, and in some cases any amounts owed by the Company under the credit facility will automatically become immediately due and payable. There was no outstanding balance related to the credit facility at December 31, 2007.

At December 31, 2007, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants of its loan agreements.

First Advantage filed an amended Registration Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission for the issuance of up to 5,000,000 shares of our Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share, from time to time as full or partial consideration for the acquisition of businesses, assets or securities of other business entities. The Registration Statement was declared effective on January 9, 2006. As of December 31, 2007, 1,338,631 shares were issued.

First Advantage filed a Registration Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission for the issuance of up to 2,000,000 shares of our Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share, from time to time for general corporate purposes. The Registration Statement was declared effective on January 3, 2005. No shares have been issued as of December 31, 2007.

Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments

First Advantage leases certain office facilities, automobiles and equipment under operating leases, which, for the most part, are renewable. The majority of these leases also provide that First Advantage will pay insurance and applicable taxes.

On January 17, 2005, the Company entered into a thirteen-year facilities lease agreement with 100 Carillon, LLC for approximately 74,000 square feet of office space in St. Petersburg, Florida. This office space serves as

 

40


the Company’s corporate headquarters. The Company’s Florida based employment background screening group and investigative services group also reside in this office space. Aggregate minimum lease payments are $22.8 million over the term of the lease, which commenced on April 1, 2005.

The following is a schedule of long-term contractual commitments as of December 31, 2007 over the periods in which they are expected to be paid.

 

(in thousands)    2008    2009    2010    2011    2012    Thereafter    Total

Advertising commitments

   $ 358    $ —      $ —      $ —      $ —      $ —      $ 358

Minimum contract purchase commitments

     2,011      642      194      153      —        —        3,000

Operating leases

     17,527      13,667      10,104      8,033      6,473      19,756      75,560

Debt and capital leases

     18,282      8,114      6,290      —        —        —        32,686

Interest payments related to debt (1)

     1,780      924      423      —        —        —        3,127
                                                

Total(2)

   $ 39,958    $ 23,347    $ 17,011    $ 8,186    $ 6,473    $ 19,756    $ 114,731
                                                

 

(1)

Estimated interest payments are calculated assuming current interest rates over minimum maturity periods specified in debt agreements.

(2)

Excludes FIN 48 tax liability of $1.7 million due to uncertainty of payment period.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Interest Rate Risk

The Company considered the provision of Financial Reporting Release No. 48 “Disclosure of Accounting Policies for Derivative Financial Instruments and Derivative Commodity Instruments, and Disclosure of Quantitative and Qualitative Information about Market Risk Inherent In Derivative Financial Instruments, Other Financial Instruments and Derivative Commodity Instruments.” The Company had no holdings of derivative financial instruments at December 31, 2007 and our total liabilities as of December 31, 2007 consist primarily of notes payable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities.

The Company’s fixed rate debt consists primarily of uncollateralized term notes. In addition, the Company has $18.0 million of variable rate debt outstanding. Based on the Company’s current outstanding debt, a 1% increase in interest rates would result in an immaterial change in expense and net income.

Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk

The majority of the Company’s revenue, expense and capital expenditure activities are transacted in U.S. dollars. However, the Company does transact business in other currencies. The Company’s international operations represent an aggregate of approximately 11% of its consolidated service revenues from continuing operations during the year ended December 31, 2007, and approximately 8% of consolidated total assets at December 31, 2007.

The Company is required to translate, or express in U.S. dollars, the assets and liabilities of its foreign subsidiaries that are denominated or measured in foreign currencies at the applicable year-end rate of exchange on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company records the resulting translation adjustment, and gains and losses resulting from the translation of intercompany balances of a long-term investment nature, as components of its shareholders’ equity. Other immaterial foreign currency transaction gains and losses are recorded in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income. The Company has not hedged translational foreign currency exposure.

For the year ended December 31, 2007, a 10% fluctuation in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and our foreign currencies would result in an immaterial change in revenues and net income.

 

41


Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.

Report of Independent Registered Certified Public Accounting Firm

To the Board of Directors and Stockholders of First Advantage Corporation:

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the index appearing under item 15(a)(1) present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of First Advantage Corporation and its subsidiaries at December 31, 2007 and 2006, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2007 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule appearing under item 15(a)(2) presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

/s/ PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

Tampa, Florida

February 28, 2008

 

42


First Advantage Corporation

Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

(in thousands)    December 31,
2007
   December 31,
2006

Assets

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 76,600    $ 31,562

Accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $7,413 and $6,487
in 2007 and 2006, respectively)

     151,640      137,485

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     11,091      10,098

Income tax receivable

     —        6,155

Deferred income tax asset

     26,023      12,051

Assets of discontinued operations (Note 4)

     —        6,735
             

Total current assets

     265,354      204,086

Property and equipment, net

     80,949      65,629

Goodwill

     695,744      648,427

Customer lists, net

     66,035      74,419

Other intangible assets, net

     23,015      28,324

Database development costs, net

     11,105      10,640

Marketable equity securities

     85,476      —  

Investment in equity investee

     —        55,001

Other assets

     4,255      3,397
             

Total assets

   $ 1,231,933    $ 1,089,923
             

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable

   $ 45,583    $ 43,293

Accrued compensation

     44,344      34,759

Accrued liabilities

     13,085      21,237

Deferred income

     9,474      8,397

Income tax payable

     51,721      —  

Due to affiliates

     6,750      4,776

Current portion of long-term debt and capital leases

     18,282      20,794

Liabilities of discontinued operations (Note 4)

     —        3,669
             

Total current liabilities

     189,239      136,925

Long-term debt and capital leases, net of current portion

     14,404      179,531

Deferred income tax liability

     90,785      44,802

Other liabilities

     5,494      5,311
             

Total liabilities

     299,922      366,569
             

Minority interest

     48,421      48,413

Commitments and contingencies (Note 13)

     

Stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, $.001 par value; 1,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding

     —        —  

Class A common stock, $.001 par value; 125,000 shares authorized; 11,368 and 10,452 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively

     11      10

Class B common stock, $.001 par value; 75,000 shares authorized; 47,727 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2007 and 2006

     48      48

Additional paid-in capital

     488,683      455,657

Retained earnings

     355,745      218,566

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     39,103      660
             

Total stockholders’ equity

     883,590      674,941
             

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,231,933    $ 1,089,923
             

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

43


First Advantage Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)    2007     2006     2005  

Service revenue

   $ 788,135     $ 745,078     $ 581,117  

Reimbursed government fee revenue

     54,767       52,723       47,644  
                        

Total revenue

     842,902       797,801       628,761  
                        

Cost of service revenue

     226,984       237,021       182,829  

Government fees paid

     54,767       52,723       47,644  
                        

Total cost of service

     281,751       289,744       230,473  
                        

Gross margin

     561,151       508,057       398,288  
                        

Salaries and benefits

     274,237       234,916       178,855  

Facilities and telecommunications

     32,420       29,548       25,243  

Other operating expenses

     94,802       86,403       71,465  

Depreciation and amortization

     42,118       37,774       25,972  
                        

Total operating expenses

     443,577       388,641       301,535  
                        

Income from operations

     117,574       119,416       96,753  
                        

Interest (expense) income:

      

Interest expense

     (10,637 )     (13,319 )     (6,618 )

Interest income

     2,036       909       149  
                        

Total interest (expense) income, net

     (8,601 )     (12,410 )     (6,469 )

Equity in earnings of investee

     2,939       2,299       1,385  

Gain on investment

     97,380       6,993       9,471  
                        

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest

     209,292       116,298       101,140  

Provision for income taxes

     84,080       47,383       43,009  
                        

Income from continuing operations before minority interest

     125,212       68,915       58,131  

Minority interest

     1,177       3,314       443  
                        

Income from continuing operations

     124,035       65,601       57,688  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     1,935       560       738  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

     12,137       —         —    
                        

Net income

     138,107       66,161       58,426  

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

      

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     3,531       299       103  

Unrealized gain on investment

     34,912       —         —    
                        

Comprehensive income

   $ 176,550     $ 66,460     $ 58,529  
                        

Basic income per share:

      

Income from continuing operations

   $ 2.11     $ 1.14     $ 1.09  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     0.03       0.01       0.01  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

     0.21       —         —    
                        

Net income

   $ 2.35     $ 1.15     $ 1.10  
                        

Diluted income per share:

      

Income from continuing operations

   $ 2.10     $ 1.13     $ 1.08  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     0.03       0.01       0.01  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

     0.21       —         —    
                        

Net income

   $ 2.34     $ 1.14     $ 1.09  
                        

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

      

Basic

     58,871       57,502       52,884  

Diluted

     59,121       58,079       53,593  

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

44


First Advantage Corporation

Consolidated Statement of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

(in thousands)   Common
Stock
Shares
  Common
Stock
Amount
  Additional
Paid-in
Capital
    Retained
Earnings
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income
  Total  

Balance at January 1, 2005

  50,084   $ 50   $ 298,243     $ 119,636     $ 258   $ 418,187  

Distribution to First American from CIG prior to merger

  —       —       —         (25,657 )     —       (25,657 )

Contribution from First American for CIG liabilities prior to merger

  —       —       4,608       —         —       4,608  

Net income for 2005

  —       —       —         58,426       —       58,426  

Class A Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

  2,015     2     51,231       —         —       51,233  

Class A Shares issued in connection with warrants, share-based compensation, and benefit plans

  446     1     8,504       —         —       8,505  

Class B Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

  2,244     2     46,553       —         —       46,555  

Class B Shares issued in connection with conversion of debt

  976     1     19,999       —         —       20,000  

Tax benefit related to stock options

  —       —       888       —         —       888  

Foreign currency translation

  —       —       —         —         103     103  
                                       

Balance at December 31, 2005

  55,765   $ 56   $ 430,026     $ 152,405     $ 361   $ 582,848  

Net income for 2006

  —       —       —         66,161       —       66,161  

Class A Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

  552     —       13,103       —         —       13,103  

Class A Shares issued in connection with warrants, share-based compensation, and benefit plans

  212     —       4,106       —         —       4,106  

Class B Shares issued in connection with CIG acquisition

  1,650     2     (2 )     —         —       —    

Settlement with First American for CIG liabilities prior to merger

  —       —       (1,129 )     —         —       (1,129 )

Tax benefit related to stock options

  —       —       (12 )     —         —       (12 )

Share-based compensation

  —       —       9,565       —         —       9,565  

Foreign currency translation

  —       —       —         —         299     299  
                                       

Balance at December 31, 2006

  58,179   $ 58   $ 455,657     $ 218,566     $ 660   $ 674,941  

Net income for 2007

  —       —       —         138,107       —       138,107  

Class A Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

  444     —       10,912       —         —       10,912  

Cumulative effect of the adoption of FIN 48

  —       —       —         (928 )     —       (928 )

Class A Shares issued in connection with warrants, share-based compensation, and benefit plans

  472     1     11,141       —         —       11,142  

Tax benefit related to stock options

  —       —       204       —         —       204  

Share-based compensation

  —       —       10,769       —         —       10,769  

Foreign currency translation

  —       —       —         —         3,531     3,531  

Unrealized gain on investment, net of tax

  —       —       —         —         34,912     34,912  
                                       

Balance at December 31, 2007

  59,095   $ 59   $ 488,683     $ 355,745     $ 39,103   $ 883,590  
                                       

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

45


First Advantage Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006     2005  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 138,107     $ 66,161     $ 58,426  

Income from discontinued operations

     1,935       560       738  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations

     12,137       —         —    
                        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 124,035     $ 65,601     $ 57,688  

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     42,118       37,774       25,972  

Bad debt expense

     8,496       5,587       1,477  

Share-based compensation

     13,258       10,673       —    

Minority interests in net income

     1,177       3,314       443  

Equity in earnings of investee

     (2,939 )     (2,299 )     (1,385 )

Deferred income tax

     (4,996 )     6,188       18,286  

Gain on investment

     (97,380 )     (6,993 )     (9,471 )

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:

      

Accounts receivable

     (19,261 )     (29,287 )     (13,496 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (1,014 )     (2,949 )     (2,582 )

Other assets

     (765 )     608       (223 )

Accounts payable

     602       788       (6,581 )

Accrued liabilities

     (8,389 )     (4,871 )     (533 )

Deferred income

     646       117       (1,675 )

Due to affiliates

     1,951       7,532       3,378  

Income tax accounts

     68,561       (6,606 )     (5,136 )

Accrued compensation and other liabilities

     14,864       6,576       4,540  
                        

Net cash provided by operating activities—continuing operations

     140,964       91,753       70,702  
                        

Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities—discontinued operations

     (6,368 )     1,563       716  
                        

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Database development costs

     (3,616 )     (3,560 )     (3,434 )

Purchases of property and equipment

     (36,735 )     (28,324 )     (18,244 )

Proceeds from sale of investment

     128,064       —         —    

Notes receivable

     —         —         4,000  

Cash paid for acquisitions

     (33,908 )     (34,642 )     (153,605 )

Cash balance of companies acquired

     136       3,745       18,060  
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities—continuing operations

     53,941       (62,781 )     (153,223 )
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities—discontinued operations

     24,319       (1,347 )     (858 )
                        

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from long-term debt

     50,222       71,516       180,081  

Repayment of long-term debt

     (222,020 )     (96,963 )     (106,870 )

Cash contributions from First American to LeadClick Holdings, LLC

     3,881       —         45,000  

Proceeds from Class A Shares issued in connection with stock option plan and employee stock purchase plan

     3,760       2,463       7,603  

Distribution to First American from CIG prior to the merger

     —         —         (25,657 )

Distribution to minority interest shareholders

     (3,930 )     (2,613 )     —    

Tax benefit related to stock options

     204       (12 )     888  
                        

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities—continuing operations

     (167,883 )     (25,609 )     101,045  
                        

Effect of exchange rates on cash

     65       (18 )     2  
                        

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     45,038       3,561       18,384  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     31,562       28,217       9,691  

(Increase) decrease in cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations

     —         (216 )     142  
                        

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 76,600     $ 31,562     $ 28,217  
                        

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

46


First Advantage Corporation

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

(in thousands)    2007    2006    2005

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

        

Cash paid for interest

   $ 11,311    $ 13,238    $ 4,769
                    

Cash paid for income taxes

   $ 30,004    $ 47,841    $ 8,803
                    

Non-cash investing and financing activities:

        

Class A Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

   $ 10,912    $ 13,103    $ 51,233
                    

Notes and deferred payments in connection with acquisitions

   $ 3,932    $ 9,039    $ 56,191
                    

Class A Shares issued for compensation

   $ 7,383    $ 1,643    $ 902
                    

Class B Shares issued in connection with acquisitions

   $ —      $ —      $ 46,555
                    

Class B Shares issued for converted debt

   $ —      $ —      $ 20,000
                    

Unrealized gain on investment

   $ 34,912    $ —      $ —  
                    

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

47


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

1. Organization and Nature of Business

First Advantage Corporation (the “Company” or “First Advantage”) is a global risk mitigation and business solutions provider and operates in six primary business segments: Lender Services, Data Services, Dealer Services, Employer Services, Multifamily Services, and Investigative and Litigation Support Services.

The Lender Services segment provides consumer credit reporting solutions for mortgage and home equity needs.

The Data Services segment includes business lines that provide transportation credit reporting, motor vehicle record reporting, supply chain theft and damage mitigation consulting, criminal records reselling, specialty finance credit reporting, consumer credit reporting and lead generation services.

The Dealer Services segment serves the automotive dealer marketplace by delivering consolidated consumer credit reports, credit automation software and automotive lead development services.

The Employer Services segment includes employment background screening, hiring management solutions, occupational health services, tax incentive services and payroll and human resource management.

The Multifamily Services segment includes resident screening services, property management software and renters’ insurance services.

The Investigative and Litigation Support Services segment supports businesses, insurers and law firms nationwide with their insurance fraud investigations, surveillance, computer forensics, electronic discovery, data recovery, due diligence reporting and corporate and litigation investigative needs.

In September 2005, the Company completed the acquisition of The First American Corporation’s (“First American”) Credit Information Group (“CIG”) Business. First Advantage paid for the CIG Business and related businesses with 29,073,170 shares of its Class B common stock. First American and affiliates own approximately 81% of the shares of capital stock of the Company as of December 31, 2007. The Class B common stock owned by First American is entitled to ten votes per share on all matters presented to the stockholders for vote.

In March 2006, the Company issued 1,650,455 shares of its Class B common stock to FADV Holdings LLC, a subsidiary of First American. The issuance of the Class B common stock was in accordance with the Master Transfer agreement with First American for the purchase of its CIG Business, which included the purchase of First American’s minority interest in DealerTrack Holdings, Inc. (“DealerTrack”). The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue additional shares of Class B common stock to First American in the event that DealerTrack consummated an initial public offering of its stock before the second anniversary of the closing of the CIG acquisition and the value of the minority interest in DealerTrack exceeded $50 million. The initial public offering was completed by DealerTrack on December 16, 2005. The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue the number of shares equal to the quotient of (x) 50% of the amount by which the value of the DealerTrack interest exceeds $50 million (based on the average closing price per share of DealerTrack’s stock over the 60 business day period beginning on the fifth business day after the completion of its initial public offering), divided by (y) $20.50.

2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The Company’s operating results for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005 include results for acquired entities (excluding the CIG Business) from their respective dates of acquisition. The acquisition of the

 

48


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

CIG Business by First Advantage was a transaction between businesses under the common control of First American. In an acquisition of businesses under common control, the acquiring company records acquired assets and liabilities at historical costs. The consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income, changes in stockholder’s equity and of cash flows of First Advantage for the years ended December 31, 2005 include the operations of the CIG business at historical cost assuming the acquisition was completed on January 1, 2005.

Certain amounts for the years ended December 31, 2006 and 2005 have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 presentation.

On March 1, 2007, John Long submitted his resignation as the Chief Executive Officer and as a director of the Company, effective as of March 30, 2007. In connection with his resignation from the Company, Mr. Long and First Advantage entered into a Transition Agreement dated as of March 2, 2007. The Transition Agreement provides that Mr. Long will receive cash severance of $4.4 million, $2.2 million was paid in March 2007 with the remaining payment of $2.2 million scheduled to be paid in March 2008. In addition, Mr. Long received an acceleration of his unvested options and two restricted stock awards, effective March 30, 2007. An additional restricted stock award made to Mr. Long will vest during the term of restrictive covenants set forth in the Transition Agreement. Restricted stock units, previously granted to Mr. Long, will continue to vest according to the terms of First Advantage’s 2003 Incentive Compensation Plan. Based on the recommendation of the Compensation Committee, the Transition Agreement was approved by First Advantage’s board of directors on March 1, 2007. In connection with the Transition Agreement, First Advantage recorded compensation expense of $8.0 million in the first quarter of 2007, reflecting the value of the cash severance payment of $4.4 million and the value of the previously unvested restricted stock, restricted stock units and stock options. The $8.0 million of compensation expense reduced net income for the year ended December 31, 2007 by $4.7 million or $0.08 per diluted share.

In October 2007, the Company completed the sale of its US Search business for approximately $26.5 million in cash resulting in a gain before income taxes of approximately $20.4 million. US SEARCH.com was included in the Company’s Data Services segment. With the growth of First Advantage, a consumer-driven people locator service no longer fits into the Company’s core business strategy. The results of this business’ operations are reflected in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income as discontinued operations. The results of this business’ operations in prior years have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 classification.

In October 2007, the Company sold approximately 2,875,000 shares of DealerTrack Holdings, Inc. (“DealerTrack”) common stock. The sale resulted in a pretax gain on investment of approximately $97.4 million or $58.4 million after tax and $0.99 per diluted share. The Company discontinued using the equity method of accounting for its remaining investment in DealerTrack, which is accounted for on the cost method. After the sale, First Advantage continues to own approximately 2,553,000 shares of DealerTrack common stock, which is approximately 6% of the outstanding shares.

The results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2005, include $3.2 million of nondeductible merger costs that First Advantage incurred in connection with its acquisition of the CIG Business from First American; $2.0 million of costs incurred in connection with the relocation of the company’s corporate headquarters and other office consolidations; and $0.6 million of costs related to the launch of the corporate branding initiative that was announced in June 2005. These costs are included in the Company’s Corporate segment.

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements for the three years ended December 31, 2007 include the accounts of the Company and all majority owned subsidiaries. All significant inter-company transactions and balances have been eliminated.

 

49


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Use of Estimates

The preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the statements. Actual results could differ from the estimates and assumptions used.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amount of the Company’s financial instruments at December 31, 2007 and 2006, which includes cash and cash equivalents, marketable equity securities and accounts receivable, approximates fair value because of the short maturity of those instruments. The Company’s marketable equity securities are classified as available for sale securities. Unrealized holding gains and losses for available for sale securities are excluded from earnings and reported, net of taxes, as accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The Company considers its variable rate debt to be representative of current market rates and, accordingly, estimates that the recorded amounts approximate fair market value. Fair value estimates of its fixed rate debt were determined using discounted cash flow methods with a discount rate of 7.25% and 8.25%, which are the estimated rates that similar instruments could be negotiated at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

The estimated fair values of the Company’s financial instruments, none of which are held for trading purposes, are summarized as follows:

 

     December 31, 2007     December 31, 2006  
(in thousands)    Carrying
Amount
    Estimated
Fair Value
    Carrying
Amount
    Estimated
Fair Value
 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 76,600     $ 76,600     $ 31,562     $ 31,562  

Accounts receivable

     151,640       151,640       137,485       137,485  

Marketable equity securities

     85,476       85,476       —         —    

Long-term debt and capital leases

     (32,686 )     (32,464 )     (200,325 )     (199,748 )

Cash Equivalents

The Company considers cash equivalents to be all short-term investments that have an initial maturity of 90 days or less.

Marketable Equity Securities

Equity securities are carried at fair value and consist of the investment in DealerTrack common stock. The Company classifies the investment in DealerTrack as available for sale. Any temporary change in the value based on the stock price at the end of the period is recorded as an unrealized gain or loss in stockholders’ equity.

Accounts Receivable

Accounts receivable are due from companies in a broad range of industries located throughout the United States and abroad. Credit is extended based on an evaluation of the customer’s financial condition, and generally, collateral is not required.

The allowance for all probable uncollectible receivables is based on a combination of historical data, cash payment trends, specific customer issues, write-off trends, general economic conditions and other factors. These factors are continuously monitored by management to arrive at the estimate for the amount of accounts receivable that may be ultimately uncollectible. In circumstances where the Company is aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations, the Company records a specific allowance for doubtful accounts against amounts due, to reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount it reasonably believes will be collected. Management believes that the allowance at December 31, 2007 and 2006 is reasonably stated.

 

50


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost. Property and equipment includes computer software acquired and developed for internal use. Software development costs are capitalized from the time technological feasibility is established until the software is ready for use.

The Company follows Statement of Position (“SOP”) 98-1, “Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use.” SOP 98-1 requires the Company to capitalize interest costs incurred and certain payroll-related costs of employees directly associated with developing software in addition to incremental payments to third parties. The Company capitalized interest of approximately $0.9 million and $0.7 million in the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

Depreciation on leasehold improvements is computed on the straight-line method over the shorter of the life of the asset, or the lease term, ranging from 3 to 13 years. Depreciation on data processing equipment and furniture and equipment is computed using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives ranging from 3 to 10 years. Capitalized software costs are amortized using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives of 3 to 7 years.

Database Development Costs

Database development costs represent the cost to develop the proprietary databases of information for customer usage. The costs are capitalized from the time technological feasibility is established until the information is ready for use. These costs are amortized using the straight-line method over estimated useful life of 7 to 10 years.

Goodwill, Customer Lists and Other Intangible Assets

Customer lists are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, ranging from 4 to 20 years. Other intangibles, which include covenants not to compete and trade names, are amortized straight-line method over their estimated useful lives, ranging from 2 to 20 years. The Company regularly evaluates the amortization period assigned to each intangible asset to ensure that there have not been any events or circumstances that warrant revised estimates of useful lives. The annual test for impairment was performed in 2007 (using the September 30 valuation date) by management.

The Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” impairment testing process includes two phases. The first phase (Test 1) compares the fair value of each reporting unit to its book value. The fair value of each reporting unit is determined by using discounted cash flow analysis and market approach valuations. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its book value, the goodwill is not considered impaired and no additional analysis is required. However, if the book value is greater than the fair value, a second test (Test 2) must be completed to determine if the fair value of the goodwill exceeds the book value of the goodwill. The fair value of the goodwill is determined by discounted cash flow analysis.

Purchase Accounting

The purchase method of accounting requires companies to assign values to assets and liabilities acquired based upon their fair values. In most instances there is not a readily defined or listed market price for individual assets and liabilities acquired in connection with a business, including intangible assets. The determination of fair value for assets and liabilities in many instances requires a high degree of estimation. The valuation of intangible assets, in particular is very subjective. The Company generally uses internal cash flow models and in certain

 

51


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

instances third party valuations in estimating fair values. The use of different valuation techniques and assumptions could change the amounts and useful lives assigned to the assets and liabilities acquired, including goodwill and other intangible assets and related amortization expense. Amounts allocated to certain assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2007 are based on preliminary estimates of fair value and may be revised. The Company does not anticipate that revisions to the amounts allocated to the acquired assets and liabilities, if any, will be significant to the Company’s financial statements.

Income Taxes

Taxes are based on income for financial reporting purposes and include deferred taxes applicable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amount and the tax basis of certain of the Company’s assets and liabilities.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

With respect to long-lived assets to be held and used, an asset (or group of assets) will be considered impaired when the expected undiscounted cash flows from use and/or disposition are less than the asset’s carrying value. The amount of any impairment charge will be based on the difference between the carrying and fair value of the asset. The determination of fair values considers quoted market prices, if available, and prices for similar assets and the results of other valuation techniques.

For assets to be sold, an asset (or group of assets) that meets the criteria established by SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment of Disposal of Long Lived Assets” (“SFAS 144”) for classification of assets held for sale will be carried at the lower of carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell.

In October 2007, the Company completed the sale of its US Search business for approximately $26.5 million resulting in a gain of $20.4 million ($12.1 million net of tax).

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from the sale of reports and leads is recognized at the time of delivery, as the Company has no significant ongoing obligation after delivery. Revenue from investigative services is recognized as services are performed. In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company includes reimbursed government fees in revenue and in cost of service.

Revenue via the eAdvertising network of LeadClick Media, Inc. is recognized when transactions are completed as evidenced by qualifying actions by end users of the publishers and /or advertiser on the proprietary eAdvertising network. Revenue as a result of list management services is recognized when transactions are completed as evidenced by qualifying actions of end users. In most instances, the qualifying action that completes the earnings process is the submission of an on-line form that generates a sales lead via the internet.

Membership fees, billed monthly to member’s accounts, are recognized in the month the fee is earned. A portion of the membership revenue received is paid in the form of a commission to clients and is reflected in other operating expenses. Revenue earned from providing services to third party issuers of membership based consumer products is recognized at the time the service is provided, generally on a monthly basis.

 

52


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Software maintenance revenues are recognized ratably over the term of the maintenance period. Custom programming and professional consulting service revenue is recognized using the percentage-of-completion method pursuant to Accounting Research Bulletin (ARB) No. 45 “Long-Term Construction-Type Contracts.” To the extent that interim amounts billed to clients exceed revenue earned, deferred income is recorded. Other revenue is recognized upon completion of the contractual obligation, which is typically evidenced by delivery of the product or performance of the service.

Comprehensive Income

SFAS No. 130, “Reporting Comprehensive Income”, governs the financial statement presentation of changes in stockholders’ equity resulting from non-owner sources. Comprehensive income includes all changes in equity except those resulting from investments by owners and distribution to owners. Specifically, foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains on investment are recorded in other comprehensive income.

Share-Based Compensation

Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted SFAS No. 123R (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” which is a revision of SFAS No. 123 “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” and supersedes Accounting Principles Board (“APB”) Opinion No. 25 “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” and its related implementation guidance. The Statement focuses primarily on accounting for transactions in which an entity obtains employee services in share-based payment transactions. SFAS No. 123R requires a public entity to measure the cost of employee services received in exchange for an award of equity instruments based on the grant-date fair value of the award (with limited exceptions). The cost is recognized over the period during which an employee is required to provide services in exchange for the award. The Company adopted SFAS No. 123R using the modified prospective method. Under this method, results of prior periods are not restated. Share-based compensation expense was $13.3 million ($8.5 million after tax or $0.14 per basic and diluted share) and $10.7 million ($7.8 million after tax or $0.14 per basic and diluted share) for the twelve months ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

Commencing with the first quarter of fiscal 2006, the Company began transitioning from the Black-Scholes options model to a lattice model to estimate the fair value of new employee stock options on the date of grant. The Company believes the lattice option pricing model provides a more refined estimate of the fair value of our employee stock options. The fair value of each option grant was estimated on the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model for all grants prior to January 1, 2006. For option grants in January 2006 and thereafter, the fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of the grant using the lattice option pricing model. The option pricing models incorporate the following.

 

     At December 31,  
     2007
(Lattice)
    2006
(Lattice)
 

Expected dividend yield

   0 %   0 %

Risk-free interest rate (1)

   4.61 %   4.56-4.81 %

Expected volatility (2)

   30 %   30 %

Expected life (3)

   5.25     5.00  

 

(1)

The risk-free rate for the periods within the contractual term of the options is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of the grant.

(2)

The expected volatility is a measure of the amount by which a stock price has fluctuated or is expected to fluctuate based primarily on the Company's historical data.

(3)

The expected life is the period of time, on average, that participants are expected to hold their options before exercise based primarily on the Company's historical data.

 

53


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

As share-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income for the twelve months ended December 31, 2007 is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, it has been reduced for forfeitures.

As of December 31, 2007, $8.1 million of total unrecognized compensation costs related to non-vested awards is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 1.2 years. There were no share-based compensation costs capitalized as of December 31, 2007.

The Company did not recognize share-based compensation related to options for the year ended December 31, 2005. The exercise price of the Company’s employee stock awards equaled the market price of the underlying stock on the date of the grant per APB Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” and related interpretations. Prior to January 1, 2006, the Company followed SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock Based Compensation,” as amended by SFAS No. 148 “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation—Transition and Disclosure,” through disclosure only. The Company accounted for share-based compensation using the intrinsic value method prescribed in APB Opinion No. 25, and related interpretations. The fair value for each option grant was estimated under SFAS No. 123 using the Black-Scholes pricing model. If the Company had elected or was required to apply the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123, to share-based employee compensation, net income and net income per share would have been reduced to the pro forma amounts indicated in the following table for the year ended December 31, 2005.

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)    2005

Net income, as reported

   $ 58,426

Less: share-based compensation expense, net of tax

     6,440
      

Pro forma net income

   $ 51,986
      

Earnings per share:

  

Basic, as reported

   $ 1.10

Basic, pro forma

   $ 0.98

Diluted, as reported

   $ 1.09

Diluted, pro forma

   $ 0.97

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value within generally accepted accounting principles, and expands disclosure requirements regarding fair value measurements. The provisions for SFAS 157 are effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company does not believe the adoption of this new pronouncement will have a significant effect on the Company’s financial statements.

In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 159 “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Liabilities” (“SFAS 159”). SFAS 159 allows companies to report selected financial assets and liabilities at fair value at their discretion. SFAS 159 also establishes presentation and disclosure requirements designed to facilitate comparisons between companies that choose different

 

54


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

measurement attributes for similar types of assets and liabilities. SFAS 159 is effective at the beginning of a company's first fiscal year after November 15, 2007. The Company does not believe the adoption of this new pronouncement will have a significant effect on the Company’s financial statements.

In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 141 (revised 2007) “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141(R)”). This replaces SFAS 141, Business Combinations, and requires an acquirer to recognize the assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, including those arising from contractual contingencies, any contingent consideration, and any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date, with limited exceptions specified in the statement. SFAS 141(R) also requires the acquirer in a business combination achieved in stages (sometimes referred to as a step acquisition) to recognize the identifiable assets and liabilities, as well as the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree, at the full amounts of their fair values (or other amounts determined in accordance with SFAS 141(R). In addition, SFAS 141(R)’s requirement to measure the noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at fair value will result in recognizing the goodwill attributable to the noncontrolling interest in addition to that attributable to the acquirer. SFAS 141(R) amends SFAS 109, Accounting for Income Taxes, to require the acquirer to recognize changes in the amount of its deferred tax benefits that are recognizable because of a business combination either in income from continuing operations in the period of the combination or directly in contributed capital, depending on the circumstances. SFAS 141(R) is effective at the beginning of a company's first fiscal year after December 15, 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of adoption on its consolidated financial statements and the impact, if any, is not known at this time.

In December 2007, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 160 (revised 2007) “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 amends Accounting Research Bulletin 51, Consolidated Financial Statements, to establish accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. It also clarifies that a noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary is an ownership interest in the consolidated entity that should be reported as equity in the consolidated financial statements. SFAS 160 also changes the way the consolidated income statement is presented by requiring consolidated net income to be reported at amounts that include the amounts attributable to both the parent and the noncontrolling interest. It also requires disclosure, on the face of the consolidated statement of income, of the amounts of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest. SFAS 160 is effective at the beginning of a company's first fiscal year after December 15, 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the effects of adoption on its consolidated financial statements and the impact, if any, is not known at this time.

3. Acquisitions

During 2007, the Company acquired two businesses. The acquisitions were in the Employer Services segment and Lender Services segment. The preliminary allocation of the purchase price is based upon estimates of the assets and liabilities acquired in accordance with SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations.” In addition, the Company paid consideration of $36.2 million related to earnout provisions from prior year acquisitions and an additional purchase of a portion of the minority interest in LeadClick Media Inc.

 

55


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

The aggregate purchase price of the acquisitions and the earnouts completed during 2007 is as follows:

 

(in thousands)     

Cash

   $ 33,908

Notes payable

     3,932

Stock (378 Class A shares issued)

     9,267
      
   $ 47,107
      

The cash paid includes $3.8 million contributed by First American to LeadClick Holding Company, LLC (70% owned by First Advantage and 30% owned by First American), a consolidated subsidiary of First Advantage, to fund their portion of the acquisition cost.

The preliminary allocation of the aggregate purchase price of these acquisitions and the earnouts are as follows:

 

(in thousands)     

Goodwill

   $ 42,653

Identifiable intangible assets

     2,847

Net assets acquired

     1,607
      
   $ 47,107
      

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by operating segment, for the year ended December 31, 2007 are as follows:

 

(in thousands)    Balance at
December 31,
2006
   Acquisitions    Adjustments to
net assets
acquired
   Balance at
December 31,
2007

Lender Services

   $ 46,800    $ 4,288    $ —      $ 51,088

Data Services

     216,551      11,495      2,069      230,115

Dealer Services

     55,995      —        —        55,995

Employer Services

     224,012      18,713      2,591      245,316

Multifamily Services

     48,100      1,000      —        49,100

Investigative and Litigation Support Services

     56,969      7,157      4      64,130
                           

Consolidated

   $ 648,427    $ 42,653    $ 4,664    $ 695,744
                           

The adjustments to net assets acquired represent post acquisition adjustments for those companies not acquired in the period.

In applying the purchase method of accounting, management undertook a comprehensive review of the acquired entity to ensure that all identifiable assets and liabilities are properly recorded at their fair value. The acquisitions of these companies were based on management’s consideration of past and expected future performance as well as the potential strategic fit with the long-term goals of First Advantage. The expected long-term growth, market position and expected synergies to be generated by inclusion of this company are the primary factors which gave rise to an acquisition price which resulted in the recognition of goodwill.

In determining fair value, the Company utilizes a variety of valuation techniques including discounted cash flow analysis and outside appraisals to the extent necessary given materiality and complexity. All excess purchase price is appropriately recorded as goodwill. The useful lives for all assets recorded in purchase accounting are based on market conditions, contractual terms and other appropriate factors.

 

56


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

In connection with the 2005 acquisition of LeadClick Media Inc. (“LeadClick”), the Company and First American are obligated to purchase the remaining 25% interest in LeadClick ratably over the following three years unless the period is extended by mutual agreement of the parties. During 2007, the Company acquired 8.5% interest for $12.6 million. In addition, certain acquisitions have success consideration payments or earn-out provisions included in the purchase agreements. At December 31, 2007, the Company estimates that approximately $42.0 million in additional consideration will be paid in the next twelve months in connection with these acquisitions. The payments will be in the form of cash, stock and debt. The actual amount of the consideration is dependent upon the future operating results of the respective acquisitions. The Company will record the fair value of the additional consideration issued as an additional cost of the respective acquired entities at such time as the contingency is resolved and the additional consideration is distributable. The additional cost will be recorded to goodwill.

4. Discontinued Operations

As discussed in Note 2, in October 2007, the Company completed the sale of its consumer business, US SEARCH.com for approximately $26.5 million in cash resulting in a gain before income taxes of approximately $20.4 million. US SEARCH.com was included in the Company’s Data Services segment. With the growth of First Advantage, a consumer-driven people locator service no longer fits into the Company’s core business strategy. The results of this business’ operations are reflected in the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive Income as discontinued operations. The results of this business’ operations in prior years have been reclassified to conform to the 2007 classification.

The following amounts have been segregated from continuing operations and are reflected as discontinued operations for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005.

 

(in thousands, except per share amounts)    2007    2006    2005

Total revenue

   $ 19,309    $ 19,763    $ 14,988
                    

Income from discontinued operations before income taxes

   $ 3,258    $ 950    $ 1,251

Gain on sale of discontinued operations before income taxes

     20,440      —        —  
                    

Income tax expense

     9,626      390      513
                    

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

   $ 14,072    $ 560    $ 738
                    

Earnings per share:

        

Basic

   $ 0.24    $ 0.01    $ 0.01
                    

Diluted

   $ 0.24    $ 0.01    $ 0.01
                    

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     58,871      57,502      52,884

Diluted

     59,121      58,079      53,593

At December 31, 2006, the Company classified certain assets and liabilities associated with the discontinued operations as assets of discontinued operations and liabilities of discontinued operations in the Consolidated Balance Sheets in accordance with the guidance in the SFAS 144.

 

57


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

(in thousands)     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 379

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $6

     1,078

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     84

Property and equipment, net

     3,302

Goodwill

     1,697

Other assets

     195
      

Total assets of discontinued operations

     6,735

Accounts payable

     2,988

Accrued compensation

     540

Accrued liabilities

     49

Deferred income

     65

Other long term liabilities

     27
      

Total liabilities of discontinued operations

     3,669
      

Total net assets of discontinued operations

   $ 3,066
      

5. Goodwill and Intangible Assets

The Company’s reporting units for purposes of allocating goodwill and testing for impairment are the following: (i) lender services; (ii) data services (specialty finance lending, transportation, consumer credit, lead generation) ; (iii) dealer services; (iv) employer services; (v) multifamily services; and (vi) investigative and litigation services.

In accordance with the adoption of SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” the Company completed the transitional goodwill impairment test for all reporting units and determined that each reporting unit had a fair value in excess of carrying value, therefore, no goodwill impairment was recorded. The annual test for impairment was performed in 2007 (using the September 30 valuation date), by management. The test determined that each reporting unit had a fair value in excess of carrying value, therefore, no goodwill impairment was recorded.

Goodwill and other intangible assets for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 are as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006  

Goodwill

   $ 695,744     $ 648,427  
                

Customer lists

   $ 99,687     $ 96,917  

Less accumulated amortization

     (33,652 )     (22,498 )
                

Customer lists, net

   $ 66,035     $ 74,419  
                

Other intangible assets:

    

Noncompete agreements

     14,727       15,084  

Trade names

     21,622       21,607  
                
     36,349       36,691  

Less accumulated amortization

     (13,334 )     (8,367 )
                

Other intangible assets, net

   $ 23,015     $ 28,324  
                

 

58


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Amortization expense of customer lists and other intangible assets was approximately $16.6 million, $16.6 million and $8.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Amortization expense relating to customer lists and other intangible asset balances as of December 31, 2007 is expected to be as follows over the next five years:

 

(in thousands)     

Year ending December 31,

    

2008

   $ 16,307

2009

     15,387

2010

     14,437

2011

     11,533

2012

     10,087

Thereafter

     21,299
      
   $ 89,050
      

The change in the carrying amount of identifiable intangible assets is as follows for the year ended December 31, 2007:

 

(in thousands)    Other
Intangible
Assets
    Customer
Lists
 

Balance, at December 31, 2006

   $ 28,324     $ 74,419  

Acquisitions

     181       2,666  

Adjustments

     31       73  

Amortization

     (5,521 )     (11,123 )
                

Balance, at December 31, 2007

   $ 23,015     $ 66,035  
                

6. Property and Equipment

As of December 31, 2007 and 2006, property and equipment is as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006  

Furniture and equipment

   $ 19,471     $ 17,569  

Data processing equipment

     31,165       25,140  

Capitalized software

     126,347       103,250  

Leasehold improvements

     12,603       10,345  
                
     189,586       156,304  

Less accumulated depreciation

     (108,637 )     (90,675 )
                

Property and equipment, net

   $ 80,949     $ 65,629  
                

Depreciation and amortization expense was approximately $22.3 million, $18.1 million and $14.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.

 

59


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

7. Database Development Costs

Database development costs for the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006 are as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006  

Eviction data

   $ 18,349     $ 16,057  

Criminal data

     4,333       3,785  

Sub-prime credit data

     1,912       1,650  

Less accumulated amortization

     (13,489 )     (10,852 )
                

Database development costs

   $ 11,105     $ 10,640  
                

Amortization expense relating to database development costs was approximately $3.2 million, $3.0 million and $3.0 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Approximately $4.7 million in fully amortized specialty credit data was disposed of as of December 31, 2006.

8. Investment in Marketable Equity Securities

During March 2003, the Company exchanged its equity interest in a subsidiary of First American Credit Management Solutions, Inc. (“CMSI”), a division of the CIG Business, for a 21% equity interest in DealerTrack, a leading provider of transformational business processes for the auto finance industry. The transaction was accounted for at fair value determined by a third party. The investment in DealerTrack was accounted for using the equity method. An investor using the equity method initially records an investment at cost. Subsequently, the carrying amount of the investment is increased to reflect the investor's share of income of the investee and is reduced to reflect the investor’s share of losses of the investee or dividends received from the investee. The cost of the investment exceeded the Company’s ownership interest in the equity of DealerTrack by approximately $28.6 million at the date of acquisition and the excess purchase price was accounted for as goodwill.

In March 2006, the Company issued approximately 1.7 million shares of its Class B common stock to FADV Holdings LLC, a subsidiary of First American. The issuance of the Class B common stock was in accordance with the Master Transfer agreement with First American for the purchase of its Credit Information Group, which included the purchase of First American’s minority interest in DealerTrack. The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue additional shares of Class B common stock to First American in the event that DealerTrack consummated an initial public offering of its stock before the second anniversary of the closing of the CIG Business acquisition and the value of the minority interest in DealerTrack exceeded $50 million. The initial public offering (“IPO”) was completed by DealerTrack on December 16, 2005. The Master Transfer agreement required the Company to issue the number of shares equal to the quotient of (x) 50% of the amount by which the value of the DealerTrack interest exceeds $50 million (based on the average closing price per share of DealerTrack’s stock over the 60 business day period beginning on the fifth business day after the completion of its initial public offering), divided by (y) $20.50.

As a result of the IPO, the Company recognized a 2005 pretax investment gain of approximately $9.5 million. The sale of the stock was at a price per share in excess of its carrying value. As a result of the issuance of the shares, the Company’s ownership interest in DealerTrack decreased from approximately 21% to 16%.

In October 2006, DealerTrack completed a follow on offering of its stock. As a result of the offering, the Company recognized a pretax investment gain of approximately $7.0 million. The sale of the stock was at a price per share in excess of its carrying value. As a result of the issuance of the shares, the Company’s ownership interest in DealerTrack decreased from approximately 16% to 14%.

 

60


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

In October 2007, the Company sold 2,875,000 shares of DealerTrack common stock. The sale resulted in a pretax gain on investment of approximately $97.4 million or $58.4 million after tax and $0.99 per diluted share. After the sale, First Advantage owns approximately 2,553,000 shares of DealerTrack common stock, which is approximately 6% of the outstanding shares. As a result, the Company discontinued using the equity method of accounting for its remaining investment in DealerTrack. The investment is classified as marketable equity securities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2007. The unrealized gain of $58.2 million, $34.9 million net of tax, for the year ended December 31, 2007 was recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income, as a component of stockholders’ equity. As of February 25, 2008, the market value of the DealerTrack stock has declined to approximately $52.6 million.

9. Debt

On September 29, 2005, the Company executed a revolving credit agreement, with a bank syndication (the “Credit Agreement”). Borrowings available under the Credit Agreement total up to $225 million. The Credit Agreement includes a $10 million sub-facility for the issuance of letters of credit and up to a $5 million swing loan facility. The credit facility maturity date is September 28, 2010.

The interest rate is based on one of two options consisting of 1) the higher of Federal Funds Rate plus  1/2% and Bank of America’s announced “Prime Rate” or 2) a “LIBOR based rate”. The “LIBOR based rate” is based on LIBOR plus a margin that can range from 1.125% to 1.75% (based on progressive levels of leverage). First Advantage management must elect the LIBOR based option up to three days prior to its utilization.

The Credit Agreement contains usual and customary negative covenants for transactions of this type including but not limited to those regarding liens, investments, creation of indebtedness and fundamental changes, as well as financial covenants of consolidated leverage ratio and minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio.

The Credit Agreement contains usual and customary provisions regarding acceleration. In the event of a default by the Company under the credit facility, the lenders will have no further obligation to make loans or issue letters of credit and in some cases may, at the option of a majority of the lenders, declare all amounts owed by the Company immediately due and payable and require the Company to provide collateral, and in some cases any amounts owed by the Company under the credit facility will automatically become immediately due and payable. The Credit Agreement is collateralized by the stock of the Company’s subsidiaries.

At December 31, 2007, the Company was in compliance with the financial covenants of its loan agreement.

Long-term debt consists of the following at December 31:

 

(in thousands)    2007    2006

Acquisition notes:

     

Weighted average interest rate of 6.3% and 6.6% at December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively, with maturities through 2010

   $ 32,520    $ 49,791

Bank notes:

     

$225 million Secured Credit Facility, interest at 30-day LIBOR plus 1.25% (6.6% at December 31, 2006) matures September 2010

     —        150,000

Capital leases and other debt:

     

Various interest rates with maturities through 2010

     166      534
             

Total long-term debt and capital leases

     32,686      200,325

Less current portion of long-term debt and capital leases

     18,282      20,794
             

Long-term debt and capital leases, net of current portion

   $ 14,404    $ 179,531
             

 

61


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Aggregate maturities of long-term borrowings over the next three years are as follows:

 

(in thousands)     

Year ending December 31,

    

2008

   $ 18,282

2009

     8,114

2010

     6,290
      

Total

   $ 32,686
      

10. Income Taxes

For income tax purposes, the domestic and foreign components of income from continuing operations before income taxes were as follows:

 

      2007    2006    2005

Domestic

   $ 204,069    $ 114,062    $ 99,744

Foreign

     5,223      2,236      1,396
                    

Total

   $ 209,292    $ 116,298    $ 101,140
                    

The provision (benefit) for income taxes from continuing operations is summarized as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006     2005  

Current:

      

Federal

   $ 71,574     $ 35,365     $ 19,601  

State

     14,927       4,397       4,701  

Foreign

     2,575       1,065       560  
                        
     89,076       40,827       24,862  
                        

Deferred:

      

Federal

     (4,511 )     6,940       13,610  

State

     (20 )     (161 )     4,595  

Foreign

     (465 )     (223 )     (58 )
                        
     (4,996 )     6,556       18,147  
                        

Total current and deferred

   $ 84,080     $ 47,383     $ 43,009  
                        

Income taxes for continuing operations differ from the amounts computed by applying the federal income tax rate of 35.0%. A reconciliation of the difference is as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007    2006    2005

Taxes calculated at federal rate

   $ 73,252    $ 40,647    $ 35,172

State taxes, net of federal benefit

     9,689      2,753      6,043

Exclusion of certain expenses:

        

Meals and entertainment expenses

     415      361      285

Incentive stock option

     588      1,364      —  

Other items, net

     136      2,258      1,509
                    
   $ 84,080    $ 47,383    $ 43,009
                    

 

62


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

The primary components of temporary differences that give rise to the Company’s net deferred tax liability are as follows:

 

(in thousands)    2007     2006  

Deferred tax assets:

    

Federal net operating loss carryforwards

   $ 7,717     $ 20,404  

State net operating loss carryforwards

     4,546       3,228  

State tax

     6,394       3,828  

Bad debt reserves

     2,978       2,688  

Employee benefits

     15,532       4,511  

Accrued expenses and loss reserves

     2,055       768  

Other

     298       297  

Less: valuation allowance

     (3,689 )     (2,008 )
                
     35,831       33,716  
                

Deferred tax liabilities:

    

Depreciable and amortizable assets

     66,533       57,201  

Marketable equity securities

     29,241       9,050  

Other

     4,819       216  
                
     100,593       66,467  
                

Net deferred tax liability

   $ 64,762     $ 32,751  
                

As of December 31, 2007, the Company estimates that federal and state net operating loss carry forwards of approximately $22.0 million and $36.9 million, respectively, will be available to reduce future taxable income after taking into account various federal and state limitations on the utilization of such net operating loss carry forwards.

The Company evaluates the realizability of its deferred tax assets by assessing the valuation allowance and by adjusting the amount of such allowance if necessary. The factors used to assess the likelihood of realization are the Company’s forecast of future taxable income and available tax planning strategies that could be implemented to realize the net deferred tax assets. Based upon a sustained pattern of historical taxable income, projections for future taxable income over the periods in which the net operating losses will be deductible, management believes it is more likely than not that the Company will not realize the benefits of a portion of the net operating loss carry forwards. The valuation allowance consists of the estimated tax effect of the unutilized net operating loss carry forward.

As of December 31, 2007, United States taxes were not provided on income of our foreign subsidiaries, as we have invested or expect to invest the undistributed earnings indefinitely. Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest for foreign subsidiaries was $5.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2007. If in the future this income is repatriated to the United States, or if we determine that the earnings will be remitted in the foreseeable future, additional tax provisions may be required.

The Company or one of its subsidiaries files income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, various state jurisdictions, and foreign jurisdictions. With few exceptions, the Company is no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations by tax authorities for years before 2003, and state and local, and non-U.S. income tax examinations by tax authorities before 2002. In February 2008, the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) initiated an examination of First Advantage’s consolidated 2005 federal income tax return. In 2007, the IRS initiated an examination of the separately filed 2005 federal tax return of Leadclick Media, Inc. The Company does not anticipate material adjustments as a result of these examinations.

 

63


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

The Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48 (“FIN 48”), “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes”, on January 1, 2007. As a result of the implementation of FIN 48, the Company recognized approximately a $0.2 million increase in the liability for uncertain tax benefits as well as approximately $0.7 million increase in the liability for related penalties and interest, which were accounted for as a reduction to the January 1, 2007 retained earnings.

As of December 31, 2007, the Company has a $1.7 million total liability recorded for unrecognized tax benefits as well as a $0.3 million total liability for income tax related interest and $0.6 million total liability for income tax related penalties. The total amount of unrecognized tax benefits that, if recognized, would affect the effective tax rate is $1.7 million. The majority of the unrecognized tax benefits and associated interest relates to foreign operations. The Company recognizes interest accrued related to unrecognized tax benefits in interest expense and penalties in operating expenses. The Company does not currently anticipate that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly increase or decrease by the end of 2008.

 

(in thousands)    January 1,
2007
Balance
   Increase in
Current
Period
Balances
   Decrease in
Current
Period
Balances
    December 31,
2007

Ending
Balance

Uncertain Tax Liabilities & Benefits

                    

Federal & State

   $ 770    $ 143    $ (324 )   $ 589

International

     —        1,065      —         1,065
                            

Total Uncertain Tax Liabilities & Benefits

   $ 770    $ 1,208    $ (324 )   $ 1,654
                            

11. Employee Benefits

Effective January 1, 2004, the Company created the First Advantage Corporation 401(k) Plan (the “Savings Plan”). All employees of the Company who participated in the First American Corporation 401(k) Savings Plan (the “First American Plan”) were transferred into the Savings Plan. A total of 2.0 million shares of First Advantage Class A common stock are reserved for issuance in connection with the Company’s Savings Plan. The Savings Plan allows for employee-elective contributions up to the maximum deductible amount as determined by the Internal Revenue Code. In previous years, the Company made contributions to the Savings Plan based on profitability, as well as contributions of the participants. Beginning for the 2006 plan year, the Company is matching dollar for dollar up to three percent of the employees’ eligible pay. The Company’s expense related to the Savings Plan amounted to approximately $4.1 million, $3.4 million, and $1.2 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005 respectively.

Prior to January 1, 2004, employees of the Company were eligible to participate in the First American Plan, which was available to substantially all employees. Prior to the merger, the employees of the CIG Business participated in the First American Plan. The Company’s expense related to the First American Plan amounted to approximately $2.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2005.

Certain employees of the Company are eligible to participate in First American’s defined benefit pension plan. Prior to the merger, certain employees of the CIG Business were eligible to participate in First American’s defined benefit pension plan. The Company expensed payments to the pension plan of approximately $0.3 million, $0.5 million and $0.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The actuarial present value of accumulated plan benefits and net assets available for benefits to the Company’s employees under this plan is not readily available.

 

64


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

In August 2003, the Company’s board of directors approved the First Advantage Corporation 2003 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the “Stock Purchase Plan”). The Stock Purchase Plan, which is intended to qualify under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code, allows eligible employees to purchase First Advantage Class A common stock through payroll deductions for 85% of the fair market value of the First Advantage Class A common stock. Participation in the plan is voluntary. Eligible employees may participate by authorizing payroll deductions of up to 15% of their base pay for each payroll period. At the end of each one-month offering period, each participant will receive an amount of First Advantage Class A common stock equal to the sum of that participant’s payroll deductions during such period divided by 85% of the fair market value of the common stock at the end of the period. No employee may participate in the plan if such employee owns or would own after the purchase of shares under the plan, 5% or more of the voting power of all classes of First Advantage stock. Shares of First Advantage Class A common stock issued under the Stock Purchase Plan must be held for a period of one year. A total of 1.0 million shares of First Advantage Class A common stock are reserved for issuance under the plan. A total of 62,044 and 63,608 shares were issued in connection with the plan during the years ended December 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

12. Related Parties

First American provides certain legal, financial, technology, administrative and managerial support services to the Company. A service agreement was entered into on January 1, 2004. Under the terms of the agreement, human resources systems and payroll systems and support, network services and financial systems are provided at an annual cost of approximately $0.3 million. The initial term of the agreement is for one year, and self renews every six months. In addition, certain other services including corporate insurance, personal property leasing, software licensing and maintenance, and company car programs are provided at actual cost. The Company incurred approximately $9.7 million, $9.5 million, and $9.0 million in operating expenses for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006, and 2005, respectively.

First American and certain affiliates provided sales and marketing, legal, financial, technology, leased facilities, leased equipment and other administrative services to the CIG Business. As part of the acquisition of the CIG Business, an amended and restated services agreement was entered into on September 14, 2005. Under the terms of the new agreement, human resources systems and payroll systems and support, network services and financial systems are provided at an annual cost of approximately $4.5 million. The amounts allocated to the CIG Business prior to September 14, 2005 were based on management’s assumptions (primarily usage, time incurred and number of employees) as to the proportion of the services used by the CIG Business in relation to the actual costs incurred by First American and affiliates in providing the services. The Company incurred approximately $4.5 million, $4.5 million and $6.9 million in service fees for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The initial term of the agreement was for one year, and renews every six months.

The Company also entered into an agreement with First American to lease the CIG Business’ office space in Poway, California. The lease was for an initial lease term of five years to commence on the closing date with a one-time option to renew the term for an additional five years. The rent payable under the lease is approximately $169,000 a month and the Company is obligated to pay all costs and expenses related to the property, including operating expenses, maintenance and taxes. The terms of the agreements are twelve months, which will automatically renew for an additional twelve months unless terminated. The Company incurred approximately $2.0 million in rent expense for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005.

 

65


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Effective January 1, 2003, the Company and a subsidiary of First American entered into an agreement whereby the Company will act as an agent in selling renters insurance. The Company receives a commission of 12% of the insurance premiums and 20% of the profits (as defined in the agreement) of the insurance premiums written. Commissions earned in 2007, 2006 and 2005 were approximately $1.5 million, $0.8 million and $0.3 million, respectively.

The Company performs employment screening, credit reporting and hiring management services for First American. Total revenue from First American was approximately $3.0 million, $2.8 million and $0.7 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. First American Real Estate Solutions, LLC (“FARES”), a joint venture between First American and Experian Information Solutions, Inc. (“Experian”), owns 50% of a joint venture that provides mortgage credit reports and operations support to a nationwide mortgage lender. In accordance with the terms of the joint venture operating agreement, the mortgage and consumer credit reporting operation of FARES receives a merge fee per credit report issued and is reimbursed for certain operating costs. In addition, FARES records the 50% share of the earnings of the joint venture using the equity method of accounting. In connection with the acquisition of the CIG Business, FARES entered into an outsourcing agreement where the Company continues to provide these services to the nationwide mortgage lender. These earnings are included in service revenue in the accompanying combined statements of income and totaled $4.8 million, $5.2 million, and $5.7 million, for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Total merge fees were $6.2 million, $6.5 million, and $7.1 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively and are included in service revenue in the accompanying combined statement of income. Total reimbursement for operating costs were $3.7 million, $6.5 million, and $7.3 million, for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The reimbursement of operating costs is reflected as a reduction in operating expenses in the accompanying financial statements.

Experian owns approximately 6% of a combination of First Advantage’s Class A and Class B common shares and is considered a related party. The cost of credit reports purchased by the Company from Experian was $28.8 million, $30.0 million, and $27.4 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. The Company sells background and lead generation services to Experian. Total revenue from these sales was $0.1 million, $0.2 million and $0.3 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.

13. Commitments and Contingencies

Operating Leases

The Company leases certain office facilities, automobiles and equipment under operating leases, which, for the most part, are renewable. The majority of these leases also provide that the Company will pay insurance and taxes. Rent expense under operating leases was approximately $23.3 million, $22.9 million and $18.5 million for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.

 

66


First Advantage Corporation

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements—(Continued)

For the Years Ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Future minimum rental payments under operating leases that have initial or remaining non-cancelable lease terms in excess of one year as of December 31, 2007, are as follows:

 

(in thousands)     

Year ending December 31,

    

2008

   $ 17,527

2009

     13,667

2010

     10,104

2011

     8,033

2012

     6,473

Thereafter

     19,756
      
   $ 75,560
      

Litigation

The Company is involved in litigation from time to time in the ordinary course of business. The Company does not believe that the outcome of any pending or threatened litigation will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial position or operating results.

14. Earnings Per Share

Pursuant to the provisions of SFAS No. 128 “Earnings Per Share”, basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock and common stock equivalents outstanding during the period. Dilutive common stock equi