First Horizon National Corporation 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
Commission File Number 001-15185
Registrants telephone number, including Area Code: 901-523-4444
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in
Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to
Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x YES o NO
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (Section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)
x Large Accelerated Filer o Accelerated Filer o Non-Accelerated Filer o Smaller Reporting Company
check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2
of the Exchange Act).
At June 30, 2007, the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity of the registrant held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $4.9 billion.
At January 31, 2008, the registrant had 126,424,112 shares of common stock outstanding.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:
Note on Page Number References
In this report, references to specific pages in the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to shareholders, or to specific pages of its consolidated financial statements or the notes thereto, relate to page numbers appearing in Exhibit 13 to this report. The Exhibit 13 page numbers do not necessarily correspond to page numbers appearing in the printed 2007 Annual Report to shareholders.
First Horizon National Corporation (the Corporation, we, or us) is a Tennessee corporation headquartered in Memphis, Tennessee and incorporated in 1968. The Corporation is registered as a bank holding company under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, and is a financial holding company under the provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act. At December 31, 2007, the Corporation had total assets of $37.0 billion and ranked 1st in terms of total assets among Tennessee-headquartered bank holding companies and ranked 25th nationally.
Through its principal subsidiary, First Tennessee Bank National Association (the Bank), and its other banking-related subsidiaries, the Corporation provides diversified financial services through four business segments. The segments reflect the common activities and operations of aggregated business segments across the various delivery channels: Retail/Commercial Banking, Mortgage Banking, and Capital Markets. In addition, the Corporate segment provides essential support within the Corporation. The percentage of consolidated revenues (for this purpose, the sum of net interest income and noninterest income) ascribed to each of our segments for the past three years was: Retail/Commercial Banking, 71% (2007), 63% (2006), and 56% (2005); Mortgage Banking, 9% (2007), 22% (2006), and 28% (2005); Capital Markets, 18% (2007),18% (2006), and 15% (2005); and Corporate, 2% (2007), (3)% (2006), and 1% (2005). Financial and other additional information concerning our segments appears in the response to Item 7 of Part II hereof and Note 22 to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders. During 2007 approximately 52% of revenues were provided by fee income and approximately 48% of revenues were provided by net interest income. As a financial holding company, the Corporation coordinates the financial resources of the consolidated enterprise and maintains systems of financial, operational and administrative control intended to coordinate selected policies and activities, including as described in Item 9A of Part II hereto.
The Bank is a national banking association with principal offices in Memphis, Tennessee. It received its charter in 1864. During 2007 through its various business lines, including consolidated subsidiaries, the Bank generated gross revenue (net interest income plus noninterest income) of approximately $1.8 billion and contributed the majority of consolidated revenue from continuing operations. At December 31, 2007, the Bank had $37.0 billion in total assets, $17.0 billion in total deposits, and $21.8 billion in total net loans. Among Tennessee headquartered banks, the Bank ranked 1st in Tennessee deposit market share at June 30, 2007.
At December 31, 2007, the Corporations subsidiaries had over 500 business locations in 42 U.S. states and Hong Kong, excluding off-premises ATMs. Most of those locations were bank financial centers, mortgage offices, national construction offices, and FTN Financial offices.
At December 31, 2007, the Bank had 216 financial centers (sometimes referred to as financial center level 5, or FC5, bank branch locations) in six states: 187 FC5s in 17 Tennessee counties, including all of the major metropolitan areas of the state; 11 FC5s in Georgia; 8 FC5s in Mississippi; and 10 FC5s in Texas. The 10 FC5 branches in Texas operating under the First Horizon Bank name were sold in February 2008. Nearly all FC5 bank branch locations have on-premises ATMs. The Bank also has off-premises ATMs in its banking markets as well as in several mortgage offices.
FTN Financial products and services, at December 31, 2007, were offered through 19 offices in 15 states plus a 20th office in Hong Kong. FTN Financial Capital Markets, a division of the Bank, ranked as one of the leading underwriters of U.S. agency debt.
At December 31, 2007, the First Horizon Home Loan division of the Bank, with principal offices in the Dallas, Texas metropolitan area, and its affiliates provided mortgage banking services through 250 retail production cost centers and 30 wholesale production cost centers in 41 states. First Horizon Home Loans ranked in the top 20 nationally in mortgage loan originations, and in the top 15 nationally in mortgage loan servicing, at December 31, 2007 as reported by Inside Mortgage Finance. In 2007 and continuing into 2008 the Corporation is examining its mortgage businesses and, as a result, has closed and may continue to close selected mortgage offices. The Corporation presently is in the process of evaluating strategic alternatives for its mortgage businesses.
At December 31, 2007, the Corporation provided the following services through its subsidiaries:
An element of the Corporations business strategy is to seek acquisitions and consider divestitures that would enhance long-term shareholder value. The Corporation has personnel who are constantly reviewing and developing opportunities to achieve this element of the Corporations strategy. Acquisitions and divestitures which closed during the past three years are described in Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
All of the Corporations operating subsidiaries are listed in Exhibit 21. The Bank has filed notice with the Comptroller of the Currency (Comptroller or OCC) as a government securities broker/dealer. The FTN Financial Capital Markets division of the Bank is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) as a municipal securities dealer. The Bank is supervised and regulated as described below. Highland Capital Management Corp., Martin and Company, Inc., First Horizon Advisory Services, Inc., FTN Midwest Asset Management Corp., and First Tennessee Brokerage, Inc. are registered with the SEC as investment advisers. Hickory Venture Capital Corporation is licensed as a Small Business Investment Company. First Tennessee Brokerage, Inc., FTN Financial Securities Corp. and FTN Midwest Securities Corp. are registered as broker-dealers with the SEC and all states where they conduct business for which registration is required. The First Horizon Home Loans division of the Bank is regulated by the Comptroller. First Tennessee Insurance Services, Inc. and First Horizon Insurance Services, Inc. are licensed as insurance agencies in all states where they do business for which licensing is required. FT Reinsurance Company is licensed by the state of South Carolina as a monoline insurance company. First Horizon Insurance, Inc.s subsidiaries, First Horizon Insurance Group, Inc. and First Horizon Insurance Agency, Inc., are licensed as insurance agencies in all states where they do business for which licensing is required. FTN Financial Securities Corp., First Horizon Insurance Services, Inc., FTN Midwest Securities Corp., FTN Midwest Asset Management Corp., First Tennessee Insurance Services, Inc., First Horizon Insurance Group, Inc., and First Horizon Insurance Agency, Inc. are financial subsidiaries under the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act. First Tennessee Brokerage, Inc. is licensed as an insurance agency in the states where it does business for which licensing is required for the sale of annuity products.
Expenditures for research and development activities were not material in any of the last three fiscal years ended December 31, 2007.
Neither the Corporation nor any of its significant subsidiaries is dependent upon a single customer or very few customers.
The Corporation does not experience material seasonality. The Corporation does experience a degree of seasonal variation in revenues and expenses associated primarily with its mortgage banking business, with the result that pre-tax earnings for that business typically are somewhat lower in the late fall and winter and somewhat higher in the late spring and summer.
At December 31, 2007, the Corporation and its subsidiaries had 10,130 employees, or 9,941 full-time-equivalent employees, not including contract labor for certain services.
For additional information on the business of the Corporation, refer to the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition and Glossary sections contained in pages 3 through 56 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which sections are incorporated herein by reference.
The Corporations current internet address is www.fhnc.com. The Corporation makes available free of charge on its Internet website its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments thereto as soon as reasonably practicable after the Corporation files such material with, or furnishes such material to, the Securities and Exchange Commission, as applicable.
Supervision and Regulation.
The following summary sets forth certain of the material elements of the regulatory framework applicable to bank holding companies and financial holding companies and their subsidiaries and to
companies engaged in securities and insurance activities and provides certain specific information about the Corporation. The bank regulatory framework is intended primarily for the protection of depositors and the Federal Deposit Insurance Funds and not for the protection of security holders. In addition, certain activities of the Corporation and its subsidiaries are subject to various securities and insurance laws and are regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the state insurance departments of the states in which they operate. To the extent that the following information describes statutory and regulatory provisions, it is qualified in its entirety by express reference to each of the particular statutory and regulatory provisions. A change in applicable statutes, regulations or regulatory policy may have a material effect on the business of the Corporation.
The Corporation is a bank holding company and financial holding company within the meaning of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (the BHCA), and is registered with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve). The Corporation is subject to the regulation and supervision of and examination by the Federal Reserve under the BHCA. The Corporation is required to file with the Federal Reserve annual reports and such additional information as the Federal Reserve may require pursuant to the BHCA.
Under the BHCA, prior to March 13, 2000, bank holding companies could not in general directly or indirectly acquire the ownership or control of more than 5% of the voting shares or substantially all of the assets of any company, including a bank, without the prior approval of the Federal Reserve, and a bank holding company and its subsidiaries were generally limited to engaging in banking and activities found by the Federal Reserve to be so closely related to banking as to be a proper incident thereto. Since March 13, 2000, eligible bank holding companies that elect to become financial holding companies may affiliate with securities firms and insurance companies and engage in activities that are financial in nature generally without the prior approval of the Federal Reserve. See Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act below.
In addition, the BHCA permits the Federal Reserve to approve an application by a bank holding company to acquire a bank located outside the acquirers principal state of operations without regard to whether the transaction is prohibited under state law. See Interstate Banking and Branching Legislation. The Tennessee Bank Structure Act of 1974, among other things, prohibits (subject to certain exceptions) a bank holding company from acquiring a bank for which the home state is Tennessee (a Tennessee bank) if, upon consummation, the company would directly or indirectly control 30% or more of the total deposits in insured depository institutions in Tennessee. As of June 30, 2007, the Corporation estimates that it held approximately 19.6% of such deposits. Subject to certain exceptions, the Tennessee Bank Structure Act prohibits a bank holding company from acquiring a bank in Tennessee which has been in operation for less than three years. Tennessee law permits a Tennessee bank to establish branches in any county in Tennessee. See also - Interstate Banking and Branching Legislation below.
The Bank is a national banking association subject to regulation, examination and supervision by the Comptroller as its primary federal regulator. In addition, the Bank is insured by, and subject to regulation by, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the FDIC). The Bank is also subject to various requirements and restrictions under federal and state law, including requirements to maintain reserves against deposits, restrictions on the types and amounts of loans that may be granted and the interest that may be charged thereon and limitations on the types of investments that may be made, activities that may be engaged in, and types of services that may be offered. Various consumer laws and regulations also affect the operations of the Bank. In addition to the impact of regulation, commercial banks are affected significantly by the actions of the Federal Reserve as it attempts to control the money supply and credit availability in order to influence the economy.
Payment of Dividends
The Corporation is a legal entity separate and distinct from its banking and other subsidiaries. The principal source of cash flow of the Corporation, including cash flow to pay dividends on its stock or principal (premium, if any) and interest on debt securities, is dividends from the Bank. There are statutory and regulatory limitations on the payment of dividends by the Bank to the Corporation, as well as by the Corporation to its shareholders.
As a national bank, the Bank is required by federal law to obtain the prior approval of the Comptroller for the payment of dividends if the total of all dividends declared by the board of directors of the Bank in any year will exceed the total of (i) its net profits (as defined and interpreted by regulation) for that year plus (ii) the retained net profits (as defined and interpreted by regulation) for the preceding two years, less any required transfers to surplus. A national bank also can pay dividends only to the extent that retained net profits (including the portion transferred to surplus) exceed bad debts (as defined by regulation).
If, in the opinion of the applicable federal bank regulatory authority, a depository institution or a holding company is engaged in or is about to engage in an unsafe or unsound practice (which, depending on the financial condition of the depository institution or holding company, could include the payment of dividends), such authority may require that such institution or holding company cease and desist from such practice. The federal banking agencies have indicated that paying dividends that deplete a depository institutions or holding companys capital base to an inadequate level would be such an unsafe and unsound banking practice. Moreover, the Federal Reserve, the Comptroller and the FDIC have issued policy statements which provide that bank holding companies and insured depository institutions generally should only pay dividends out of current operating earnings.
In addition, under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDIA), an FDIC-insured depository institution may not make any capital distributions (including the payment of dividends) or pay any management fees to its holding company or pay any dividend if it is undercapitalized or if such payment would cause it to become undercapitalized.
At December 31, 2007 and at January 1, 2008, under dividend restrictions imposed under applicable federal laws as outlined above, the Bank could not legally declare aggregate dividends on the Banks common or preferred stock without obtaining regulatory approval as a result of the Bank having inadequate retained net profits. The application of those restrictions to the Bank is discussed in more detail under the heading Liquidity Management in the Managements Discussion and Analysis section beginning on page 29 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which section is incorporated herein by reference. As mentioned in that section, the Bank has obtained OCC approval to declare dividends on the Banks outstanding preferred stock payable in April 2008. The Bank has not requested approval to pay common dividends to the Corporation, its sole common stockholder. The Bank does not currently plan to pay common dividends to the Corporation until such time as the dividend restriction calculation would permit such payment without regulatory approval. At the current quarterly dividend rate of 20 cents per share, the Corporation estimates that it will have sufficient cash available to pay the common shareholder dividend as well as its other current obligations through 2008 even if the Bank were unable to pay a dividend to the Corporation during the year.
Under Tennessee law, the Corporation is not permitted to pay dividends if, after giving effect to such payment, it would not be able to pay its debts as they become due in the usual course of business or the Corporations total assets would be less than the sum of its total liabilities plus any amounts needed to satisfy any preferential rights if the Corporation was dissolving. In addition, in deciding whether or not to declare a dividend of any particular size, the Corporations Board must consider the Corporations current and prospective capital, liquidity, and other needs.
The payment of dividends by the Corporation and the Bank may also be affected or limited by other factors, such as the requirement to maintain adequate capital above regulatory guidelines and debt covenants.
Transactions with Affiliates
There are various legal restrictions on the extent to which the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries (including for purposes of this paragraph, in certain situations, subsidiaries of the Bank) can borrow or otherwise obtain credit from the Bank. There are also legal restrictions on the Banks purchases of or investments in the securities of and purchases of assets from the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries, the Banks loans or extensions of credit to third parties collateralized by the securities or obligations of the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries, the issuance of guaranties, acceptances and letters of credit on behalf of the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries, and certain bank transactions with the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries, or with respect to which the Corporation and its nonbank subsidiaries act as agent, participate or have a financial interest. Subject to certain limited exceptions, the Bank (including for purposes of this paragraph all subsidiaries of the Bank) may not extend credit to the Corporation or to any other affiliate (other than another subsidiary bank and certain exempted affiliates) in an amount which exceeds 10% of the Banks capital stock and surplus and may not extend credit in the aggregate to all such affiliates in an amount which exceeds 20% of its capital stock and surplus. Further, there are legal requirements as to the type, amount and quality of collateral which must secure such extensions of credit by the Bank to the Corporation or to such other affiliates. Also, extensions of credit and other transactions between the Bank and the Corporation or such other affiliates must be on terms and under circumstances, including credit standards, that are substantially the same or at least as favorable to the Bank as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with non-affiliated companies. Also, the Bank and certain of its subsidiaries are prohibited from engaging in certain tie-in arrangements in connection with extensions of credit, leases or sales of property, or furnishing of services.
The Federal Reserve has adopted risk-based capital guidelines for bank holding companies. The minimum guideline for the ratio of total capital (Total Capital) to risk-weighted assets (including certain off-balance-sheet items, such as standby letters of credit) is 8%, and the minimum ratio of Tier 1 Capital (defined below) to risk-weighted assets is 4%. At least half of the Total Capital must be composed of common stock, minority interests in the equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, non-cumulative perpetual preferred stock and a limited amount of cumulative perpetual preferred stock and trust preferred securities, less any amounts of goodwill, other intangible assets, and other items that are required to be deducted (Tier 1 Capital). The remainder may consist of qualifying subordinated debt, certain types of mandatory convertible securities and perpetual debt, other preferred stock and a limited amount of loan loss reserves. At December 31, 2007, the Corporations consolidated Total Capital and Tier 1 Capital ratios were 12.75% and 8.12 %, respectively.
The Federal Reserve Board, the FDIC, and the OCC have adopted rules to incorporate market and interest-rate risk components into their risk-based capital standards and that explicitly identify concentration of credit risk and certain risks arising from non-traditional activities, and the management of such risks, as important factors to consider in assessing an institutions overall capital adequacy. Under the market risk requirements, capital is allocated to support the amount of market risk related to a financial institutions ongoing trading activities for banks with relatively large trading activities. Institutions are able to satisfy any additional capital requirement, in part, by issuing short-term subordinated debt that qualifies as Tier 3 capital. Based on present practices and activity levels, these trading-related market risk rules have no significant impact on the Corporations regulatory capital requirements.
In addition, the Federal Reserve has established minimum leverage ratio guidelines for bank holding companies. These guidelines provide for a minimum ratio of Tier 1 Capital to quarterly average
assets, less goodwill and certain other intangible assets (the Leverage Ratio), of 3% for bank holding companies that meet certain specific criteria, including having the highest regulatory rating. All other bank holding companies generally are required to maintain a Leverage Ratio of at least 3%, plus an additional cushion of 100 to 200 basis points. The Corporations Leverage Ratio at December 31, 2007, was 6.64%. The guidelines also provide that bank holding companies experiencing internal growth or making acquisitions will be expected to maintain strong capital positions substantially above the minimum supervisory levels without significant reliance on intangible assets. Furthermore, the Federal Reserve has indicated that it will consider a tangible Tier 1 Capital leverage ratio (deducting all intangibles) and other indicia of capital strength in evaluating proposals for expansion or new activities.
The Bank is subject to risk-based and leverage capital requirements similar to those described above adopted by the Comptroller. The Corporation believes that the Bank was in compliance with applicable minimum capital requirements as of December 31, 2007. Neither the Corporation nor the Bank has been advised by any federal banking agency of any specific minimum Leverage Ratio requirement applicable to it.
Failure to meet capital guidelines could subject a bank to a variety of enforcement remedies, including the termination of deposit insurance by the FDIC, and to certain restrictions on its business and in certain circumstances to the appointment of a conservator or receiver. See Prompt Corrective Action at page 8.
In 1999, the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision launched its efforts to develop an improved capital adequacy framework by issuing its proposals to revise the 1988 Capital Accord. In June 2004, the Basel Committee issued its final framework. The new capital framework (Basel II) consists of minimum capital requirements, a supervisory review process, and the effective use of market discipline. Basel II seeks to ensure that a banks capital position is consistent with its overall risk profile and strategy, encourages early supervisory intervention when a banks capital position deteriorates, and calls for detailed disclosure of a banks capital adequacy and how it evaluates its own capital adequacy.
In September 2006 the U.S. regulators published a revised Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPR) for Basel II. The Final Rule on Advanced Capital Adequacy Framework-Basel II, has been approved by all regulatory agencies and was published in the Federal Register on December 7, 2007. It will take effect on April 1, 2008. The Final Rule currently applies only to certain core banks with total assets of $250 billion or more, but allows non-core banks to opt in. Under the Final Rule the Bank is considered to be a non-core bank. For those non-core banks that do not opt in, a NPR was issued in December 2006, known as Basel IA, which proposed certain revisions to the current Basel I capital rules. The regulators coordinated the issuance of the Basel II NPR with the issuance of a Basel IA NPR in a manner that allowed for some overlap in the comment period through March 2007 to allow the effects of the two proposals to be evaluated side by side.
The agencies are currently developing a NPR that would provide non-core banks the option of adopting the Standardized Approach of the Basel II Framework. The Basel II Standardized NPR is expected to replace the Basel 1A NPR.
Holding Company Structure and Support of Subsidiary Banks
Because the Corporation is a holding company, its right to participate in the assets of any subsidiary upon the latters liquidation or reorganization will be subject to the prior claims of the subsidiarys creditors (including depositors in the case of the Bank) except to the extent that the
Corporation may itself be a creditor with recognized claims against the subsidiary. In addition, depositors of a bank, and the FDIC as their subrogee, would be entitled to priority over the creditors in the event of liquidation of a bank subsidiary.
Under Federal Reserve policy, the Corporation is expected to act as a source of financial strength to, and to commit resources to support, the Bank. This support may be required at times when, absent such Federal Reserve policy, the Corporation may not be inclined to provide it. In addition, any capital loans by a bank holding company to any of its subsidiary banks are subordinate in right of payment to deposits and to certain other indebtedness of such subsidiary bank. In the event of a bank holding companys bankruptcy, any commitment by the bank holding company to a federal bank regulatory agency to maintain the capital of a subsidiary bank will be assumed by the bankruptcy trustee and entitled to a priority of payment.
Under the FDIA, a depository institution insured by the FDIC can be held liable for any loss incurred by, or reasonably expected to be incurred by, the FDIC in connection with (i) the default of a commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution or (ii) any assistance provided by the FDIC to any commonly controlled FDIC-insured depository institution in danger of default. Default is defined generally as the appointment of a conservator or receiver and in danger of default is defined generally as the existence of certain conditions indicating that a default is likely to occur in the absence of regulatory assistance. The FDICs claim for damages is superior to claims of shareholders of the insured depository institution or its holding company but is subordinate to claims of depositors, secured creditors and holders of subordinated debt (other than affiliates) of the commonly controlled insured depository institution. The Bank is currently the only depository institution owned by the Corporation. In the event that the Corporation established or acquired another depository institution, any loss suffered by the FDIC in respect of one subsidiary bank would likely result in assertion of the cross-guarantee provisions, the assessment of such estimated losses against the Corporations other subsidiary bank(s), and a potential loss of the Corporations investment in such subsidiary bank.
Prompt Corrective Action
The FDIA requires, among other things, the federal banking regulators to take prompt corrective action in respect of FDIC-insured depository institutions that do not meet minimum capital requirements. Under the FDIA, insured depository institutions are divided into five capital tiers: well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized and critically undercapitalized. Under applicable regulations, an institution is defined to be well capitalized if it maintains a Leverage Ratio of at least 5%, a Tier 1 Capital ratio of at least 6% and a Total Capital ratio of at least 10% and is not subject to a directive, order or written agreement to meet and maintain specific capital levels. An institution is defined to be adequately capitalized if it meets all of its minimum capital requirements as described above. An institution will be considered undercapitalized if it fails to meet any minimum required measure, significantly undercapitalized if it has a Total Risk-Based Capital ratio of less than 6%, a Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital ratio of less than 3% or a Leverage Ratio of less than 3% and critically undercapitalized if it fails to maintain a level of tangible equity equal to at least 2% of total assets. An institution may be deemed to be in a capitalization category that is lower than is indicated by its actual capital position if it receives an unsatisfactory examination rating.
The FDIA generally prohibits an FDIC-insured depository institution from making any capital distribution (including payment of dividends) or paying any management fee to its holding company if the depository institution would thereafter be undercapitalized. Undercapitalized depository institutions are subject to restrictions on borrowing from the Federal Reserve System. In addition, undercapitalized
depository institutions are subject to growth limitations and are required to submit capital restoration plans. An insured depository institutions holding company must guarantee the capital plan, up to an amount equal to the lesser of 5% of the depository institutions assets at the time it becomes undercapitalized or the amount of the capital deficiency when the institution fails to comply with the plan, for the plan to be accepted by the applicable federal regulatory authority. The federal banking agencies may not accept a capital plan without determining, among other things, that the plan is based on realistic assumptions and is likely to succeed in restoring the depository institutions capital. If a depository institution fails to submit an acceptable plan, it is treated as if it is significantly undercapitalized.
Significantly undercapitalized depository institutions may be subject to a number of requirements and restrictions, including orders to sell sufficient voting stock to become adequately capitalized, requirements to reduce total assets and cessation of receipt of deposits from correspondent banks. Critically undercapitalized depository institutions are subject to appointment of a receiver or conservator, generally within 90 days of the date on which they become critically undercapitalized.
At December 31, 2007, the Bank had sufficient capital to qualify as well capitalized under the regulatory capital requirements discussed above.
Interstate Banking and Branching Legislation
Under current federal law, a bank may merge with a bank in another state and continue to operate the merged banks branches as interstate branches, unless a state has opted out of allowing such transactions, which currently none do. States may impose restrictions on such merger transactions, including minimum age requirements (up to a maximum of five years), and state deposit concentration limits. Many states have imposed such age requirements for a minimum period of time that a bank must have been in existence before a merger is allowed. Additionally, national and state deposit concentration limits apply to interstate mergers.
Federal law also allows a bank to establish and operate a de novo branch or acquire an existing branch in a state in which a bank is not headquartered and does not maintain a branch if the host state explicitly permits de novo branching. Various states permit de novo branching, and some states require reciprocal branching statutes to allow de novo branching. Tennessee permits de novo branching on a reciprocal basis.
Once a bank has established branches in a state through an interstate merger transaction or through de novo branching, the bank may then establish and acquire additional branches within that state to the same extent that a state chartered bank is allowed to establish or acquire branches within the state.
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (GLB Act) repealed or modified a number of significant provisions of then-current laws, including the Glass-Steagall Act and the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, which imposed restrictions on banking organizations ability to engage in certain types of activities. The GLB Act generally allows bank holding companies such as the Corporation broad authority to
engage in activities that are financial in nature or incidental to such a financial activity, including insurance underwriting and brokerage; merchant banking; securities underwriting, dealing and market-making; real estate development; and such additional activities as the Federal Reserve in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury determines to be financial in nature or incidental thereto. A bank holding company may engage in these activities directly or through subsidiaries by qualifying as a financial holding company. To qualify, a bank holding company must file a declaration with the Federal Reserve and certify that all of its subsidiary depository institutions are well-managed and well-capitalized. The GLB Act also permits national banks such as the Bank to engage in certain of these activities through financial subsidiaries. To control or hold an interest in a financial subsidiary, a national bank must meet the following requirements:
No new financial activity may be commenced under the GLB Act unless the national bank and all of its depository institution affiliates have at least satisfactory CRA ratings. Certain restrictions apply if the bank holding company or the national bank fails to continue to meet one or more of the requirements listed above. In addition, the GLB Act contains a number of other provisions that may affect the Banks operations, including functional regulation of the Banks securities and investment management operations by the SEC and the Banks insurance operations by the States and limitations on the use and disclosure to third parties of customer information. The Corporation is a financial holding company and the Bank has a number of financial subsidiaries.
FDIC Insurance Assessments; DIFA
The Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) was formed in March 2006 when the FDIC merged the Bank Insurance Fund with the Savings Association Insurance Fund pursuant to the the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 (2005 Reform Act). Prior to 2007, the FDIC insurance premium charged on bank deposits insured by the DIF varied depending on the institutions risk classification, based on capital and supervisory risk factors. Beginning in 2007 new risk category and DIF premium structures became effective. The new rate ranges are based on four new Risk Categories that in turn are based on asset size as well as capital, supervisory, credit, and other risk factors. Somewhat different factors are
used for institutions in different situations. Within the range for a given Risk Category, the rate applicable to any particular institution is determined by the FDIC according to formal guidelines. As part of the 2005 Reform Act, Congress provided credits to certain institutions that paid high premiums in the past to bolster the FDICs insurance reserves; as a result, an institution could have had credits reduce or eliminate DIF premiums in 2007.
The Deposit Insurance Funds Act of 1996 (DIFA) provides for assessments to be imposed on insured depository institutions with respect to deposits insured by the DIF to pay for the cost of Financing Corporation (FICO) bonds. All banks are assessed to pay the interest due on FICO bonds. The FICO assessment cost to the Corporation on an annual basis is immaterial.
Under the FDIA, insurance of deposits may be terminated by the FDIC upon a finding that the institution has engaged in unsafe and unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations or has violated any applicable law, regulation, rule, order or condition imposed by a federal bank regulatory agency.
Federal law provides that deposits and certain claims for administrative expenses and employee compensation against an insured depository institution would be afforded a priority over other general unsecured claims against such an institution, including federal funds and letters of credit, in the liquidation or other resolution of such an institution by any receiver.
Certain of the Corporations subsidiaries are subject to various securities laws and regulations and capital adequacy requirements promulgated by the regulatory and exchange authorities of the jurisdictions in which they operate.
The Corporations registered broker-dealer subsidiaries are subject to the SECs net capital rule, Rule 15c3-1. That rule requires the maintenance of minimum net capital and limits the ability of the broker-dealer to transfer large amounts of capital to a parent company or affiliate. Compliance with the rule could limit operations that require intensive use of capital, such as underwriting and trading.
Certain of the Corporations subsidiaries are registered investment advisers which are regulated under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Advisory contracts with clients automatically terminate under these laws upon an assignment of the contract by the investment adviser unless appropriate consents are obtained.
In 2007, the SEC and Federal Reserve Board adopted regulations that expanded significantly the SECs ability to regulate securities businesses conducted by banks and their subsidiaries, but also created specific exceptions to that authority for certain services and products. Securities activities and products covered by the exceptions may continue to be conducted by the Bank. All other securities activities and products must be conducted through a broker-dealer registered with the SEC. Key portions of those new rules will apply to the Corporations subsidiaries beginning January 1, 2009. The Corporation presently intends to adjust its practices during 2008 as necessary in order to fall within applicable exceptions.
Subsidiaries of the Corporation sell various types of insurance as agent in a number of the states. Insurance activities are subject to regulation by the states in which such business is transacted. Although
most of such regulation focuses on insurance companies and their insurance products, insurance agents and their activities are also subject to regulation by the states, including, among other things, licensing and marketing and sales practices.
The Corporation and its subsidiaries face substantial competition in all aspects of the businesses in which they engage from national and state banks located in Tennessee and large out-of-state and non-U.S. banks as well as from savings and loan associations, credit unions, other financial institutions, consumer finance companies, trust companies, investment counseling firms, money market and other mutual funds, insurance companies and agencies, securities firms, mortgage banking companies, and others. For certain information on the competitive position of the Corporation and the Bank, refer to the General subsection above of this Item 1. Also, refer to the subsections entitled Supervision and Regulation and Effect of Governmental Policies, both of which are relevant to an analysis of the Corporations competitors. Due to the intense competition in the financial services industry, the Corporation makes no representation that its competitive position has remained constant, nor can it predict whether its position will change in the future.
Sources and Availability of Funds.
Specific reference is made to the Managements Discussion and Analysis and Glossary sections, including the subsection entitled Liquidity Management, contained in pages 3 through 56 (including pages 30 through 33) of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which sections are incorporated herein by reference.
Effect of Governmental Policies.
The Bank is affected by the policies of regulatory authorities, including the Federal Reserve System and the Comptroller. An important function of the Federal Reserve System is to regulate the national money supply.
Among the instruments of monetary policy used by the Federal Reserve are: purchases and sales of U.S. Government securities in the marketplace; changes in the discount rate, which is the rate any depository institution must pay to borrow from the Federal Reserve; and changes in the reserve requirements of depository institutions. These instruments are effective in influencing economic and monetary growth, interest rate levels and inflation.
The monetary policies of the Federal Reserve System and other governmental policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue to do so in the future. Because of changing conditions in the national and international economy and in the money market, as well as the result of actions by monetary and fiscal authorities, it is not possible to predict with certainty future changes in interest rates, deposit levels, loan demand or the business and earnings of the Corporation and the Bank or whether the changing economic conditions will have a positive or negative effect on operations and earnings.
Various bills are from the time to time introduced in the United States Congress and the Tennessee General Assembly and other state legislatures, and regulations are proposed by the regulatory agencies which could affect the business of the Corporation and its subsidiaries. It cannot be predicted whether or in what form any of these proposals will be adopted or the extent to which the business of the Corporation and its subsidiaries may be affected thereby.
Statistical Information Required by Guide 3.
The statistical information required to be displayed under Item I pursuant to Guide 3, Statistical Disclosure by Bank Holding Companies, of the Exchange Act Industry Guides is incorporated herein by reference to the Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto and the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition and Glossary sections set forth at pages 3 through 56 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders. Certain information not contained in the 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, but required by Guide 3, is contained in the tables immediately following:
FIRST HORIZON NATIONAL CORPORATION
Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to agree with current presentation.
Maturities of Certificates of Deposit $100,000 and more on December 31, 2007
Contractual Maturities of Commercial & Real Estate Construction Loans on December 31, 2007
This item outlines specific risks that could affect the ability of our various businesses to compete, change our risk profile, or eventually impact our financial results. The risks we face generally are similar to those experienced, to varying degrees, by all financial services companies.
Our strategies and managements ability to react to changing competitive and economic environments have enabled us historically to compete effectively and manage risks to acceptable levels. However, our operating environment continues to evolve and new risks continue to emerge. To address that challenge we have established an enterprise-wide risk management committee that oversees processes for monitoring evolving risks and oversees various initiatives designed to manage and control our potential exposure.
We have outlined potential risk factors below that we presently believe could be important to us; however, other risks may prove to be important in the future. New risks may emerge at any time and we cannot predict with certainty all potential developments which could affect our financial performance. The following discussion highlights potential risks which could intensify over time or shift dynamically in a way that might change our risk profile. In addition to the factors discussed elsewhere in this report (including the material incorporated into this report), among the factors that could cause our future results to differ materially from our past results and from expectations are those discussed in this item.
This report, including materials incorporated into it, may contain forward-looking statements with respect to our beliefs, plans, goals, expectations, and estimates. Forward-looking statements are statements that are not a representation of historical information but rather are related to future operations,
strategies, financial results or other developments. The words believe, expect, anticipate, intend, estimate, should, is likely, will, going forward, and other expressions that indicate future events and trends identify forward-looking statements.
Forward-looking statements are necessarily based upon estimates and assumptions that are inherently subject to significant business, operational, economic and competitive uncertainties and contingencies, many of which are beyond any companys control, and many of which, with respect to future business decisions and actions (including acquisitions and divestitures), are subject to change. Examples of uncertainties and contingencies include, among other important factors: general and local economic and business conditions; expectations of and actual timing and amount of interest rate movements, including the slope of the yield curve, which can have a significant impact on a financial services institution; market and monetary fluctuations; inflation or deflation; customer and investor responses to these conditions; the financial condition of borrowers and other counterparties; competition within and outside the financial services industry; geopolitical developments including possible terrorist activity; natural disasters; effectiveness of our hedging practices; technology; demand for our product offerings; new products and services in the industries in which we operate; and critical accounting estimates. Other factors are those inherent in originating, selling, and servicing loans including prepayment risks, pricing concessions, fluctuation in U.S. housing prices, fluctuation of collateral values, and changes in customer profiles. Additionally, the actions of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB), the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve), Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), and other regulators; regulatory, administrative, and judicial proceedings and changes in laws and regulations applicable to us; and our success in executing our business plans and strategies and managing the risks involved in the foregoing, could cause actual results to differ.
We assume no obligation to update any forward-looking statements that are made in this report or in any other statement, release, report, or filing from time to time. Actual results could differ because of one or more factors, including those presented below, in other sections of this report, or in material incorporated by reference into this report. Readers of this report should carefully consider the factors discussed in this Item below, among others, in evaluating forward-looking statements and assessing our prospects.
Like all financial services companies, we compete for customers. Our primary areas of competition include: retail and commercial deposits and bank loans, wealth management, home mortgage loans and lines of credit, mortgage servicing, capital markets products and services, and other consumer and business financial products and services. Our competitors in these areas include national, state, and non-US banks, savings and loan associations, credit unions, consumer finance companies, trust companies, investment counseling firms, money market and other mutual funds, insurance companies and agencies, securities firms, mortgage banking companies, and other financial services companies that serve the markets which we serve. We expect that competition will continue to grow more intense with respect to most of our products and services. For additional information regarding competition for customers, refer to the Competition heading of Part I, Item 1 beginning on page 12 of this report.
While we face competition for customers, we also compete for financial capital (see Financing, Funding, and Liquidity Risks beginning on page 19 of this report) and to acquire and retain the human capital we need to thrive. Labor markets change over time; the segments of that market most useful to us may contract with demographic shifts relating to age, birth rates, education levels, geography, local or regional economic conditions, and other factors. Some of the keys to our ability to manage our competitive challenges are:
Using those factors and others, we have focused on the delivery of products and services in a manner that maximizes the value our customers obtain from their relationships with us, and we have developed strategies that have enabled us to gain market share in our targeted markets over time. We also have developed strategies to attract customers and talent that are displaced when competitors merge.
Growth and Disposition Risks
Every organization faces risks associated with growth. Our growth in recent years has resulted primarily from a combination of: our expansion strategy in banking; acquisition of customers from competitors that have merged with each other; and targeted non-bank business acquisitions. In 2007 we modified our growth strategy in response to substantial and rapid changes in business conditions and to take advantage of certain opportunities.
Although our growth strategy is expected to evolve as business conditions continue to change, at present our strategy has two primary components: to invest capital and other resources in our current Tennessee-based retail/commercial banking market footprints; and to continue to expand our capital markets business into a broader range of products, services, and customers. In any case in 2008 growth is expected to be coordinated with a focus on stronger and more stable returns on capital. Our growth has been and at present continues to be primarily organic rather than through substantial acquisitions. We believe that the successful execution of our growth strategy depends upon a number of key elements, including:
We have in place a number of strategies designed to achieve each of those elements. Our challenge is to execute those strategies and adjust them as conditions change.
To the extent we engage in bank or non-bank business acquisitions, we face various risks associated with that practice, including:
At times a company must consider disposing of or otherwise exiting businesses or units that no longer fit into managements plans for the future. Key risks associated with dispositions, including closures, include:
Like all other lenders, we face the risk that our customers may not repay their loans and that the realizable value of collateral may be insufficient to avoid a loss. In our business some level of credit loss is unavoidable and overall levels of credit loss can vary over time. Our ability to manage credit risks depends primarily upon our ability to assess the creditworthiness of customers and the value of collateral, including real estate. We control credit risk by diversifying our loan portfolio and managing its granularity, and by recording and managing an allowance for expected loan losses based on the factors mentioned above and in accordance with applicable accounting rules. We also record loan charge-offs in accordance with accounting and regulatory guidelines and rules. These guidelines and rules could change and cause charge-offs to increase for reasons related or unrelated to the underlying performance of our portfolio; such changes by the OCC and other banking agencies have been common in recent years. This risk is shared with all financial institutions. Moreover, the SEC could take accounting positions applicable to our holding company that may be inconsistent with those taken by the OCC or other regulators for the Bank. The models and approaches we use to originate and manage loans are regularly updated to take into account changes in the competitive environment, in real estate prices and other collateral values, and in the economy, among other things, based on our experience originating loans and servicing loan portfolios. Additional information concerning credit risks and our management of them is set forth under the captions Credit Risk Management beginning on page 34, Foreclosure Reserves beginning on page 47, and Allowance for Loan Losses beginning on page 48, of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
We use insurance to manage a number of risks, including damage or destruction of property, legal and other liability, and certain types of credit risks. Not all such risks are insured, in any given insured situation our insurance may be inadequate to cover all loss, and many risks we face are uninsurable. For those risks that are insured, we also face the risk that the insurer may default on its obligations or refuse to honor them. We treat the former risk as a type of credit risk, which we manage by reviewing the insurers that we use and by striving to use more than one insurer when feasible and practical. The latter risk is inherent in any contractual situation.
A portion of our retail loan portfolio involves mortgage default insurance. If a default insurer were to experience a significant credit downgrade or were to become insolvent, that could adversely affect the carrying value of loans insured by that company, which could result in an immediate increase in our loan loss provision or write-down of the carrying value of those loans on our balance sheet and, in either case, a corresponding impact on our financial results. If many default insurers were to experience downgrades or insolvency at the same time, the risk of a financial impact would be amplified and the disruption to the default insurance industry could curtail our ability to originate new loans that need such insurance, which would result in a loss of business for us.
Risk From Economic Downturns and Changes
Delinquencies and credit losses generally increase during economic downturns due to an increase in liquidity problems for customers and downward pressure on collateral values. Likewise, demand for loans (at a given level of creditworthiness), deposit products, fixed income products, and financial services may decline during an economic downturn, and may be adversely affected by other national, regional, or local economic factors that impact demand for loans and other financial products and services such as (for example) changes in interest rates, real estate prices, or expectations concerning rates or prices. Accordingly, an economic downturn or other adverse economic change (local, regional, or national) can hurt our financial performance in the form of higher loan losses, lower loan production levels, lower deposit levels, and lower fees from transactions and services. These risks are faced by all financial services companies and we have in place processes and tools that we believe allow us to monitor and manage those risks.
In the normal course of our businesses, including (among others) banking, mortgage, and capital markets, we attempt to create partial or full economic hedges of various, though not all, financial risks. We do that primarily by using derivative instruments or by engaging in business activities that we believe are countercyclical to the risks at issue. Our hedging activities are discussed in more detail in various places under the following captions of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report: Risk Management, beginning on page 27; and, Critical Accounting Policies, beginning on page 42. Hedging creates certain risks for us, including the risk that the other party to the hedge transaction will fail to perform (counterparty risk, which is a type of credit risk), and the risk that the hedge will not fully protect us from loss as intended (hedge failure risk). Although we actively manage those risks, unexpected counterparty failure or hedge failure could have a significant adverse effect on our liquidity and earnings.
Our ability to conduct and grow our businesses, and to obtain and retain customers, is highly dependent upon external perceptions of our business practices and our financial stability. Our reputation is, therefore, a key asset for us. Our reputation is affected principally by our own practices and how those practices are perceived and understood by others. Adverse perceptions regarding the practices of our competitors, or our industry as a whole, also may adversely impact our reputation. In addition, adverse perceptions relating to parties with whom we have important relationships may adversely impact our reputation.
Damage to our reputation could hinder our ability to access the capital markets or otherwise impact our liquidity, could hamper our ability to attract new customers and retain existing ones, could create or aggravate regulatory difficulties, and could undermine our ability to attract and retain talented employees, among other things. Adverse impacts on our reputation, or the reputation of our industry, may also result in greater regulatory and/or legislative scrutiny, which may lead to laws or regulations that change or constrain our business or operations. Events that result in damage to our reputation also may increase our litigation risk.
As with all other risks, we actively devote significant resources to safeguard our reputation. Senior management oversees processes for reputation risk monitoring, assessment, and management.
Our ability to conduct and grow our businesses is dependent in part upon our ability to create and maintain an appropriate operational and organizational infrastructure, manage expenses, and recruit and retain personnel with the ability to manage an increasingly complex business. Operational risk can arise in many ways, including: errors related to failed or inadequate processes; faulty or disabled computer systems; fraud, theft, physical security breaches, electronic data and related security breaches, or other criminal conduct by employees or third parties; and exposure to other external events.
In addition, we outsource some of our operational functions to third parties. Those third parties may experience similar errors or disruptions that could adversely impact us and over which we may have limited control and, in some cases, limited ability to quickly obtain an alternate vendor. To the extent we increase our reliance on third party vendors to perform or assist operational functions, the challenge of managing the associated risks becomes more difficult.
Failure to build and maintain the necessary operational infrastructure, or failure of our disaster preparedness plans if primary infrastructure components suffer damage, can lead to risk of loss of service to customers, legal actions, or noncompliance with applicable laws or regulatory standards. Operational risk is specifically managed through internal monitoring, measurement, and assessment by line management and oversight of processes by top management. Operational risk also is mitigated by following regulatory guidance. Additional information concerning operational risks and our management of them appears under the caption Operational Risk Management beginning on page 34 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Financing, Funding, and Liquidity Risks
Management of liquidity and related risks is a key function for our business. Additional information concerning liquidity risk management is set forth under the caption Liquidity Management beginning on page 30 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Our funding requirements currently are met principally by deposits, financing from other financial institutions, and financing from institutional investors by means of the capital markets. In general, the costs of our funding directly impact our costs of doing business and, therefore, can positively or negatively affect our financial results.
A number of factors could make such funding more difficult, more expensive, or unavailable on affordable terms, including, but not limited to, our financial results, organizational changes, adverse impacts on our reputation, changes in the activities of our business partners, disruptions in the capital markets, specific events that adversely impact the financial services industry, counterparty availability, changes affecting our loan portfolio or other assets, changes affecting our corporate and regulatory structure, interest rate fluctuations, ratings agency actions, general economic conditions, and the legal, regulatory, accounting, and tax environments governing our funding transactions. In addition, our ability to raise funds is strongly affected by the general state of the U.S. and world economies and financial markets, and may become increasingly difficult due to economic and other factors beyond our control.
To a certain degree we depend on our ability to sell or securitize first and second mortgage loans and, in the past, home equity line of credit loans (which we refer to as HELOC). Those actions involve the sale of whole loans or of beneficial interests in loans. Although the market for loans traditionally has been substantial, if it experiences disruptions we may be unable to sell or securitize our mortgage or HELOC loans at favorable or profitable pricing levels, or at all. If we are unable to continue to sell or securitize our loans, we seek alternative funding sources to fund loan originations and meet our other liquidity needs. If we are unable to find cost-effective and stable alternatives, that failure can negatively impact our liquidity and can potentially increase our cost of funds and lower our loan growth. Moreover, such disruptions: (i) can force us to significantly and disadvantageously change our loan products and product mix; (ii) can temporarily or indefinitely reduce our loan origination flow and the resulting revenues; and, (iii) as to loans originated prior to such disruptions, can result in our selling such loans at an immediate loss or our keeping them on our balance sheet or both. Keeping pre-disruption loans on our balance sheet can adversely impact our liquidity and capital ratios, and can expose us to losses both immediately and later due to the effects of accounting rules that require us to adjust certain loan values to the lower of cost or market (sometimes referred to as a LOCOM adjustment). Disruptions of this sort in
fact occurred in 2007, as did many of the impacts outlined above; see Recent Downturns and Disruptions beginning on page 24 of this report for further information.
Events affecting interest rates, markets, and other factors which adversely impact our ability or desire to access the capital markets for funding likewise may adversely affect the demand for our services in our capital markets business. As a result, disruptions in those areas may adversely impact our earnings in that business unit as well as in our retail/commercial banking and mortgage banking units. For instance, the disruptions in 2007 that were primarily related to mortgages and mortgage-backed assets significantly reduced the current demand for certain of our capital markets products and services, and increased the costs and uncertainties associated with our mortgage servicing business.
When we sell or securitize mortgage and HELOC loans, we sometimes do with varying degrees of recourse, which means, in effect, that we retain some of the risk for the loan if it defaults. In many instances we sell or securitize loans with no recourse. A loan sold with recourse generally means we retain substantial or full responsibility if it defaults. For a loan sold with no recourse, we could still bear responsibility to the buyer in many cases if the loan defaults early or is paid off early (typically within the first 90 days), or if the loan does not conform to representations we made to the buyer at the time of sale. In those cases usually we would satisfy our obligations to the buyer by repurchase or substitution of an eligible loan. Typically we have similar obligations for breach of representations or warranties, or early default, if the loan is included on a non-recourse basis in a securitization transaction. We manage the early default risk through our credit review processes, and we manage the risk of non-conformity through origination and documentation controls and procedures, and through post-closing quality control processes. Additional information concerning these risks is set forth under the caption Foreclosure Reserves beginning on page 47 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Rating agencies assign credit ratings to issuers and their debt. In that role, agencies directly affect the availability and cost of our funding. The Corporation and the Bank currently receive ratings from several rating entities for unsecured borrowings. A rating below investment grade typically reduces availability and increases the cost of market-based funding. A debt rating of Baa3 or higher by Moodys Investors Service, or BBB- or higher by Standard & Poors and Fitch Ratings, is considered investment grade for many purposes. At the present time, all three rating agencies rate the unsecured senior debt of the Corporation and the Bank as investment grade. Because we depend on institutional borrowing and the capital markets for funding and capital, we could experience reduced liquidity and increased cost of funding if our debt ratings were lowered, particularly if lowered below investment grade. In addition, other actions by ratings agencies can create uncertainty about our ratings in the future and thus can adversely affect the cost and availability of funding, including placing us on negative outlook or on watchlist. Please note that a credit rating is not a recommendation to buy, sell, or hold securities, is subject to revision or withdrawal at any time, and should be evaluated independently of any other rating.
Regulatory laws or rules that establish minimum capital levels, regulate deposit insurance, and govern related funding matters for banks could be changed in a manner that could increase our overall cost of capital and thus reduce our earnings.
Interest Rate and Yield Curve Risks
A significant portion of our business involves borrowing and lending money. Accordingly, changes in interest rates directly impact our revenues and expenses, and potentially could expand or compress our net interest margin. We actively manage our balance sheet to control the risks of a reduction in net interest margin brought about by ordinary fluctuations in rates. Additional information concerning
those risks and our management of them appears under the caption Interest Rate Risk Management beginning on page 28 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Our mortgage lending and servicing businesses also are affected by changes in interest rates. Generally, when rates increase, demand for mortgage loans and HELOC tend to decrease (and our revenues from new originations tend to fall), and when rates decrease, demand tends to increases (and our origination revenues tend to increase). In a contrary fashion, when interest rates increase, the value of mortgage servicing rights (MSR) that we retain generally increases, and when rates decline the value of MSR tends to declines. However, those general tendencies do not result in concrete outcomes in all circumstances; for example, a decrease in interest rates does not always result in an increased volume of loan originations even if MSR values are affected negatively because other factors may blunt loan demand or curtail credit availability. Additional information concerning those risks and our management of them appears under the caption Mortgage Servicing Rights and Other Related Retained Interests beginning on page 43 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Our mortgage lending business is affected by changes in interest rates in another manner. During the period of loan origination (when loans are in the pipeline) and prior to the loans sale in the secondary market (when loans are in the warehouse), we are exposed to the risk of interest rate changes for those pipeline loans which we have agreed to lock in the customers mortgage rate and for all warehouse loans that bear a fixed rate. We manage that rate-change risk through hedging activities and other methods; however, it is not possible to eliminate all such risks, and a rate change is just one of the risks that could impact the demand for, and thus the value of, our pipeline and warehouse loans. Additional information concerning those risks and our management of them appears under the caption Pipeline and Warehouse beginning on page 46 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Like all financial services companies, we face the risks associated with movements in the yield curve. The yield curve simply shows the interest rates applicable to short and long term debt. The curve is steep when short-term rates are much lower than long-term rates; it is flat when short-term rates are equal, or nearly equal, to long-term rates; and it is inverted when short-term rates exceed long-term rates. Historically, the yield curve normally is positively sloped. However, recently the yield curve has been relatively flat or inverted for protracted periods. A flat or inverted yield curve tends to decrease net interest margin, as yields on the warehouse narrow relative to their short-term funding sources, and it tends to reduce demand for long-term debt securities, adversely impacting the revenues of our capital markets business. A prolonged inversion of the yield curve historically is so uncommon that it is difficult to predict all the effects that such a market condition is reasonably likely to create. One such effect upon us was an overall increase in the cost of hedging mortgage servicing rights (MSR) in our mortgage business. This cost is tied to factors including volatility in the market place, the shape of the yield curve, product duration, risk tolerance and other effects which may favorably or unfavorably impact hedging cost.
Lastly, expectations by the market regarding the direction of future interest rate movements, particularly long-term rates, can impact the demand for long-term debt which in turn can impact the revenues of our capital markets business. That risk is most apparent during times when strong
expectations have not yet been reflected in market rates, or when expectations are especially weak or uncertain.
Securities Inventories and Market Risks
Our capital markets business buys and sells various types of securities for its institutional customers. In the course of that business we hold inventory positions and are exposed to certain risks of market fluctuations. In addition, we are exposed to credit risk and interest rate risk associated with debt securities. We manage the risks of holding inventories of securities through certain policies and procedures, including hedging activities related to certain interest rate risks. Additional information concerning those risks and our management of them appears under the caption Market Risk Management beginning on page 34 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which is part of the material from that Report that has been incorporated by reference into Item 7 of Part II of this report, and in the Credit Risks discussion beginning on page 17 of this report.
In addition, we earn fees and other income related to our brokerage business and our management of assets for customers. Declines, disruptions, or precipitous changes in markets or market prices can adversely affect those revenue sources.
Venture Capital Risks
Our venture capital business is inherently volatile. The companies we invest in tend to be much less mature, smaller, and much more unproven than a typical public company. Accordingly, those investments carry a substantial risk of loss. Venture capital investments also are inherently illiquid. Success in this business can only be assessed in the long term and depends to a very large extent upon the ability of management to find sound investment prospects, negotiate financially appropriate investment terms, and oversee each investment as the company uses the venture capital and develops. In the short term, venture capital losses are not uncommon even if the business proves to be successful in the long term.
Regulatory and Legal Risks
We operate in a heavily regulated industry and therefore are subject to many banking, deposit, insurance, insurance brokerage, securities brokerage and underwriting, and consumer lending regulations in addition to the rules applicable to all companies publicly traded in the U.S. securities markets and, in particular, on the New York Stock Exchange. Failure to comply with applicable regulations could result in financial, structural, and operational penalties. In addition, efforts to comply with applicable regulations may increase our costs and/or limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities. See Supervision and Regulation in Item 1 of this report, beginning on page 3 above, for additional information concerning financial industry regulations. Federal and state regulations significantly limit the types of activities in which we, as a financial institution, may engage. In addition, we are subject to a wide array of other regulations that govern other aspects of how we conduct our business, such as in the areas of employment and intellectual property. Federal and state legislative and regulatory authorities occasionally consider changing these regulations or adopting new ones. Such actions could limit the amount of interest or fees we can charge, could restrict our ability to collect loans or realize on collateral, or could materially affect us in other ways. Additional federal and state consumer protection regulations also could expand the privacy protections afforded to customers of financial institutions, restricting our ability to share or receive customer information and increasing our costs. In addition, changes in accounting rules can significantly affect how we record and report assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and earnings.
The Bank is required to maintain certain regulatory capital levels and ratios, as discussed under the caption Capital Adequacy beginning on page 6 of this report. If the Bank experiences financial losses, its ability to meet those requirements may be strained. Pressure to maintain capital and capital ratios during times of financial loss, especially protracted loss, may lead to actions that are adverse to our shareholders. Those actions could include, among other things, reductions in our common dividend, the sale of the Banks or our stock at a time when market prices are disadvantageous, and a contraction of our balance sheet (involving sales or other dispositions of assets or businesses) at a time when market values are depressed.
Some state authorities have from time to time challenged the position of the OCC that it is the exclusive regulator of various aspects of national banks or their operating subsidiaries. If one or more of those challenges were successful, or if Congress or the OCC were to change the applicable banking laws or regulations, we could be impacted significantly, due, among other things, to possible increased regulatory burdens, governmental and private party actions alleging non-compliance with state law, and the expense of tracking and complying with the different laws and regulations of nearly all 50 states.
We also face litigation risks from customers, employees, vendors, contractual parties, and other persons, either singly or in class actions, and from federal or state regulators. Litigation is an unavoidable part of doing business, and we seek to manage those risks through internal controls, personnel training, insurance, litigation management, our compliance and ethics processes, and other means. However, the commencement, outcome, and magnitude of litigation cannot be predicted or controlled with certainty.
Holding Company Dividends
Historically the Corporation has depended upon common dividends from the Bank for cash to fund common dividends paid to the Corporation’s shareholders. Because the Bank experienced a loss for 2007, however, regulatory constraints will prevent the Bank from declaring and paying dividends to the Corporation in 2008 unless and until the Bank’s earnings are greater than $74.0 million plus preferred dividends. The Bank has regulatory permission to declare preferred dividends payable in April 2008, which are estimated to total approximately $4 million. Additional information concerning those regulatory restrictions on the Bank is discussed in more detail under the heading “Liquidity Management” in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis section beginning on page 30 of the Corporation’s 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders, which section is incorporated herein by reference. At December 31, 2007 the Corporation, on a non-consolidated basis, had approximately $215.9 million cash on hand. The Corporation paid a dividend of 45 cents per share, or approximately $56.5 million, in early January, 2008 and has declared a dividend of 20 cents per share, or approximately $25.1 million, payable in April, 2008, representing a rate reduction of over 50%. Due to the foregoing circumstances and certain other commitments of the Corporation, the Corporation’s common dividend could be at risk of further reduction unless the Bank’s earnings ease the regulatory constraints.
Accounting Estimate Risks
The preparation of our consolidated financial statements in conformity with US generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make significant estimates that affect the financial statements. Two of our most critical estimates are the level of the allowance for credit losses and the valuation of mortgage servicing rights. However, other estimates occasionally become highly significant, especially in volatile situations such as litigation and other loss contingency matters. Estimates are made at specific points in time; as actual events unfold, estimates are adjusted accordingly. Due to the inherent nature of these estimates, it is possible that, at some time in the future, we may significantly increase the allowance for credit losses and/or sustain credit losses that are significantly higher than the provided allowance, or we may recognize a significant provision for impairment of our mortgage servicing rights, goodwill, or other assets, or we may make some other adjustment that will differ materially from the estimates that we make today. For additional information concerning the sensitivity of these estimates, refer to Critical Accounting Policies beginning on page 42 of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section of our 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders.
Risks of Expense Control
Expenses and other costs directly affect our earnings. Our ability to successfully manage expenses is important to our long-term survival. Many factors can influence the amount of our expenses, as well as how quickly they grow. As our businesses change or expand, additional expenses can arise from asset purchases, structural reorganization, evolving business strategies, and changing regulations, among other things. We manage expense growth and risk through a variety of means, including selectively outsourcing or multi-sourcing various functions and procurement coordination and processes.
Our mortgage and capital markets businesses are national in scope, and capital markets is developing in selected international markets. Our traditional banking business remains grounded in, and depends upon, the major Tennessee markets. As a result, to a greater degree than many of our competitors that operate nationally or in much broader regions, our banking business currently is exposed to adverse economic, regulatory, natural disaster, and other risks that might primarily impact Tennessee and the mid-South region of the US.
Non-US Operations Risks
In 2007 we expanded our capital markets business by opening an office in Hong Kong, our first office outside of the United States. Opening and operating non-US offices creates a number of risks. Specific risks associated with any non-US presence include: the risk that taxes, licenses, fees, prohibitions, and other barriers and constraints may be created or increased by the US or other countries that would impact our ability to operate overseas profitably or at all; the risk that our assets and operations in a particular country could be nationalized in whole or part without adequate compensation; the risk that currency exchange rates could move unfavorably so as to diminish or destroy the US dollar value of assets, or to enlarge the US dollar value of liabilities, denominated in those currencies; and the risk that political or cultural preferences in a particular host country might become antagonistic to US companies. Our ability to manage those and other risks will depend upon a number of factors, including: our ability to recognize and anticipate differences in cultural and other expectations applicable to customers, employees, regulators, and vendors and other business partners; our ability to recognize and act upon opportunities and constraints peculiar to the countries and cultures in which our offices operate; our ability to recognize and manage any exchange rate risks to which we are exposed; and our ability to anticipate the stability of or changes in the political, legal, and monetary systems of the countries in which our offices operate.
Recent Downturns and Disruptions
In 2007 several downturns and disruptions occurred in markets which are important to our businesses, and similar or additional adverse events may occur in the future. Although those events did not create new types of risks, we believe it is useful to highlight some of the key impacts of those events on our business to illustrate how events beyond our control can adversely affect us.
Some of the significant recent downturns and disruptions relevant to mortgage and related businesses include:
Some of the significant actual and potential impacts of those events on one or more of our businesses include:
The Corporation has no properties that it considers materially important to its financial statements.
The Corporation is a party to no material pending legal proceedings the nature of which are required to be disclosed pursuant to the Instructions contained in the Form of this Report.
There were no matters submitted during the fourth quarter of 2007 to a vote of security holders, through the solicitation of proxies or otherwise.
SUPPLEMENTAL PART I INFORMATION
Executive Officers of the Registrant
The following is a list of executive officers of the Corporation as of February 27, 2008. The executive officers are elected at the April meeting of the Corporations Board of Directors following the annual meeting of shareholders for a term of one year and until their successors are elected and qualified. Each of the executive officers has been employed by the Corporation or its subsidiaries during each of the last five fiscal years except for Messrs. Daniel, Jordan, Olivier, Rose, and Tuggle.
Declaration of Covenant
On March 23, 2005, the Bank issued 300,000 shares of Class A Non-Cumulative Perpetual Preferred Stock (Bank Preferred Stock). That issuance was the subject of the Corporations Current Report on Form 8-K filed March 24, 2005. The Bank made a Declaration of Covenant dated as of July 20, 2005 (Declaration) in connection with the Bank Preferred Stock. The Declaration was the subject of Item 8.01 of the Corporations Current Report on Form 8-K filed July 22, 2005. Under the Declaration, the Bank has promised to redeem shares of the Bank Preferred Stock only if and to the extent that the redemption price is equal to or less than the New Equity Amount as of the date of redemption. New Equity Amount means, on any date, the net proceeds to the Bank or subsidiaries of the Bank received during the six months prior to such date from new issuances of common stock of the Bank or of other securities or combinations of securities that
provided, however, that the net proceeds of such securities or combinations of securities (A) if issued to any affiliate of the Bank other than the Corporation, shall not qualify as a New Equity Amount and (B) if issued to the Corporation shall qualify as a New Equity Amount only if such securities or combinations of securities have been purchased by the Corporation with the net proceeds from new issuances of common stock of the Corporation or of securities or combinations of securities by the Corporation during such six-month period that
The covenants in the Declaration run in favor of persons that buy, hold, or sell debt of the Bank during the period that such debt is Covered Debt. The Banks 5.05% Subordinated Bank Notes Due January 15, 2015 (2015 Notes) are the initial Covered Debt. Other debt will replace the 2015 Notes as the Covered Debt under the Declaration on the earlier to occur of (x) the date two years prior to the 2015 Notes maturity, or (y) the date the Bank gives notice of a redemption of the 2015 Notes such that, or the date 2015 Notes are repurchased in such an amount that, the outstanding principal amount of 2015 Notes is or will become less than $100 million.
The Declaration is subject to various additional terms and conditions. The Declaration may be terminated if the holders of at least 51% by principal amount of the Covered Debt so agree, or if the Bank no longer has any long-term indebtedness rated by a nationally recognized statistical rating organization.
The summary description of the Declaration in this report is qualified in its entirety by the full terms of the Declaration, which are controlling.
Note on Page Number References
In this report, references to specific pages in the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to shareholders, or to specific pages of its consolidated financial statements or the notes thereto, relate to page numbers appearing in Exhibit 13 to this report. The Exhibit 13 page numbers do not necessarily correspond to page numbers appearing in the printed 2007 Annual Report to shareholders.
The Corporations common stock, $0.625 par value, is listed and trades on the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. under the symbol FHN. As of December 31, 2007, there were 7,410 shareholders of record of the Corporations common stock. Additional information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to:
The Corporation has provided the information required by Item 201(e) of Regulation S-K on page 125 of its 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders under the caption Total Shareholder Return Performance Graph. That information is not filed with this report and is not incorporated by reference herein.
On March 1, 2005, FHN purchased all of the outstanding stock of Greenwich Home Mortgage Corporation. A portion of the total purchase price was paid in 2005 to ten shareholders of Greenwich in the form of a total of 90,867 shares of FHNs common stock, par value $0.625 per share, inclusive of shares issued into escrow accounts established under the acquisition agreement. The agreement calls for possible additional shares to be issued over certain periods based on certain actions or results (collectively, adjustment shares). During 2007, a total of 1,358 escrow shares were distributed to Greenwich shareholders pursuant to the agreement, representing the final distribution from the escrow accounts. Adjustment shares were not issued during the year, but may be issued in the future under the agreement. There was no underwriter associated with the privately negotiated transaction. The issuance of FHN shares in connection with the transaction was exempt from registration pursuant, among other things, to Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. Except for such shares, during 2007 the Corporation sold no equity securities without registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.
Repurchases are made in the open market or through privately negotiated transactions and are subject to market conditions, accumulation of excess equity and prudent capital management. Pursuant to Board authority, the Corporation may repurchase shares from time to time for general purposes and for its stock option and other compensation plans, and will evaluate the level of capital and take action designed to generate or use capital as appropriate for the interests of the shareholders. Additional information concerning repurchase activity during the final three months of 2007 is presented in Table 14, and the surrounding notes and other text, of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section appearing on page 27 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to shareholders, which information is incorporated herein by this reference.
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Selected Financial and Operating Data table appearing on page 2 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to shareholders.
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section, Glossary section, and the Consolidated Historical Statements of Income and Consolidated Average Balance Sheets and Related Yields and Rates tables appearing on pages 3-56 and 121-123 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders.
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Interest Rate Risk Management subsection of Note 25 to the Consolidated Financial Statements, and to the Risk Management-Interest Rate Risk Management subsection of the Managements Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition section, both of which appear, respectively, on page 114 and on pages 28-30 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders.
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto and to the Summary of Quarterly Financial Information table appearing, respectively, on pages 60-120 and on page 51 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Corporations management, with the participation of the Corporations Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Corporations disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by the annual report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer have concluded that the Corporations disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that material information relating to the Corporation and the Corporations consolidated subsidiaries is made known to such officers by others within these entities, particularly during the period this annual report was prepared, in order to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Managements Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting. The report of management required by Item 308(a) of Regulation S-K, and the attestation report required by Item 308(b) of Regulation S-K, appear at pages 57-58 of the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to Shareholders and are incorporated herein by this reference.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. There have not been any changes in the Corporations internal control over financial reporting during the Corporations fourth fiscal quarter that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, the Corporations internal control over financial reporting.
There is no information required to have been disclosed in a report on Form 8-K during the fourth quarter of 2007 that has not been reported.
The information called for by this Item as it relates to directors and nominees for director of the Corporation, the Audit Committee of the Corporations Board of Directors, members of the Audit Committee, and audit committee financial expert is incorporated herein by reference to the Corporate Governance and Board Matters section and the Vote Item No. 1Election of Directors section of the Corporations 2008 Proxy Statement (excluding the Audit Committee Report, the statements regarding the existence, availability, and location of the Audit Committees charter, and the Compensation Committee Report). The information required by this Item as it relates to executive officers of the Corporation is incorporated herein by reference to the information provided under the heading Executive Officers of the Registrant in the Supplemental Part I Information following Item 4 of this Report. The
information required by this Item as it relates to compliance with Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is incorporated herein by reference to the Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance section of the 2008 Proxy Statement.
In 2007 there were no material amendments to the procedures, described in the Corporations 2008 Proxy Statement, by which security holders may recommend nominees to the Corporations Board of Directors.
The Corporations Board of Directors has adopted a Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers that applies to the Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and Controller and also applies to all professionals serving in the financial, accounting, or audit areas of the Corporation and its subsidiaries. A copy of the Code has been filed (or incorporated by reference) as Exhibit 14 to this report and is posted on the Corporations current internet website (www.fhnc.com). (Click on Investor Relations, and then Corporate Governance.) A paper copy of the Code is available without charge upon written request addressed to the Corporate Secretary of the Corporation at its main office, 165 Madison Avenue, Memphis, Tennessee 38103. The Corporation intends to satisfy its disclosure obligations under Item 5.05 of Form 8-K related to Code amendments or waivers by posting such information on the Corporations internet website, the address for which is listed above.
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation, Executive Compensation, and Director Compensation sections of the Corporations 2008 Proxy Statement.
The Corporation has provided the information required by Item 407(e)(5) of Regulation S-K in its 2008 Proxy Statement under the caption Compensation Committee Report. That information is not filed with this report and is not incorporated by reference herein.
Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans
Equity Compensation Plan Information
The following table provides information as of December 31, 2007 with respect to shares of Corporation common stock that may be issued under its existing equity compensation plans, including the following plans:
Of the 17,357,278 options outstanding at December 31, 2007, approximately 28% were issued in connection with employee and director cash deferral elections. The Corporation received approximately $44,600,000 in employee cash deferrals and $4,200,000 in non-employee directors and advisory board retainer and meeting fee deferrals. The opportunity to defer portions of their compensation in exchange for options has not been offered to employees, directors or advisory board members with respect to compensation earned at any time since January 1, 2005. The table includes information with respect to shares subject to outstanding options granted under equity compensation plans that are no longer in effect. Footnotes (2) and (5) to the table set forth the total number of shares of Corporation common stock issuable upon the exercise of options under the expired plans as of December 31, 2007. No additional options may be granted under those expired plans.
Equity Compensation Plan Information
Column C shows the number of shares available for future award grants under the plans indicated at December 31, 2007, assuming eventual full exercise or issuance of all shares covered by awards outstanding on that date. Shares covered by outstanding options are shown in column A. A total of 1,794,967 shares are covered by outstanding awards other than options, including 1,579,860 under plans approved by shareowners and 215,107 under plans not approved by shareowners.
The 1997 Plan was adopted by the Board of Directors on April 16, 1996 and expired in April 2007. The 1997 Plan provided for granting of nonqualified stock options.
Options granted under the 1997 Plan have been granted to substantially all employees of the Corporation under our FirstShare and management option programs. The FirstShare program was a broad-based employee plan, where all employees of the Corporation (except management level employees) received a stock option award annually. Management level employees receive annual stock option awards under the management option program. The FirstShare options vest 100 percent after three years and have a term of 10 years. The management options vest 50 percent after 3 years and 50 percent after 4 years, unless a specified stock price is achieved within the 3 year period. The management options have a term of 7 years. In addition to the above, prior to 2005 certain employees could elect to defer a portion of their annual compensation into stock options under the 1997 Plan. These options vest after 6 months and have a term of 20 years. The options vest on an accelerated basis in the event of a change in control of First Horizon. All options granted under the 1997 Plan have an exercise price equal to the fair market value on the date of grant. Notwithstanding the above, under our deferred compensation stock option program, the option price per share may be less than 100 percent of the fair market value of the share at the time the option is granted if the employee has entered into an agreement with the Corporation to receive a stock option grant in lieu of compensation and the amount of compensation foregone when added to the cash exercise price of the options equals at least the fair market value of the shares on the date of grant. The deferred compensation stock option program has not been effective since January 2005.
As of December 31, 2007, options covering 11,014,152 shares of Corporation common stock were outstanding under the 1997 Plan, no shares remained available for future option grants, and options covering 17,061,815 shares had been exercised during the life of the plan. Of the options outstanding under the 1997 Plan, approximately 38% were issued in connection with employee cash deferral elections. The Corporation received approximately $38,500,000 in cash deferrals to offset a portion of the exercise price.
The 1997 Plan was filed as Exhibit 10(c) in the Corporations Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2002, filed with the SEC.
The Advisory Board Plans
The Advisory Board Plans were adopted by the Board of Directors in October 2001, January 1997 and January 1991. The 2002 Advisory Board Plan was terminated in 2005, and the 1997 and 1991 plans expired in 2002 and 1997, respectively.
Options granted under the Advisory Board Plans were granted only to regional and advisory board members who are not employees. The options were granted in lieu of the participants receiving retainers or attendance fees for bank board and advisory board meetings. The number of shares subject to grant equaled the amount of fees/retainers earned divided by one half of the fair market value of one share of common stock on the date of the option grant. The exercise price plus the amount of fees foregone equaled the fair market value of the stock on the date of the grant. The options were vested at the grant date. Those granted on or prior to January 2, 2004 have a term of 20 years, while those granted on or after July 1, 2004 have a term of 10 years.
As of December 31, 2007, options covering 63,820 shares of Corporation common stock were outstanding under the Advisory Board Plans, zero shares remained available for future option grants, and options covering 168,470 shares had been exercised during the life of the plan.
The 1997 and 1991 Advisory Board Plans were filed as Exhibits 10(t) and 10(u), respectively, to the Corporations 2002 Form 10-K. The 2002 Advisory Board Plan was filed as Exhibit 10(s) to the Corporations Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2004.
Beneficial Ownership of Corporation Stock
The information required by this Item pursuant to Item 403(a) and (b) of Regulation S-K is incorporated herein by reference to the Stock Ownership Information section of the Corporations 2008 Proxy Statement.
Change in Control Arrangements
The Corporation is unaware of any arrangements which may result in a change in control of the Corporation.
A portion of the information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the Transactions with Related Persons section of the 2008 Proxy Statement. The Corporations independent directors and nominees are identified in the first paragraph of the Independence and Categorical Standards section of the 2008 Proxy Statement, which paragraph is incorporated herein by reference.
The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors has adopted an Audit and Non-Audit Services Pre-Approval Policy, a copy of which is set forth as part of Appendix E to the Corporations 2008 Proxy Statement and is incorporated herein by reference.
Information regarding fees billed to the Corporation by KPMG LLP for the two most recent fiscal years is incorporated herein by reference to the Vote Item No. 4 section of the 2008 Proxy Statement. No services were approved by the Audit Committee pursuant to Rule 2-01(c)(7)(i)(C) of Regulation S-X.
Note on Page Number References
In this report, references to specific pages in the Corporations 2007 Annual Report to shareholders, or to specific pages of its consolidated financial statements or the notes thereto, relate to page numbers appearing in Exhibit 13 to this report. The Exhibit 13 page numbers do not necessarily correspond to page numbers appearing in the printed 2007 Annual Report to shareholders.
The following documents are filed as a part of this Report:
Financial Statement Schedules: Not applicable.
*Performance-Based Incentive Award Documents
*Other Stock-Based Incentive Plan Agreements and Related Documents
*Management Cash Incentive Plan Documents
Other Material Contract Exhibits related to Management or Directors
Other Material Contract Exhibits
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.