Firstbank 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
U.S. SECURITIES AND
|[X]||Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006.|
|[_]||Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [No Fee Required] for the transition period from ________ to ________.|
Commission File Number: 000-14209
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(State of Incorporation)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
|311 Woodworth Avenue
(Address of principal executive offices)
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (989) 463-3131
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act:
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ____ No X
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act. Yes [_] No [X] interceptions or interference.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes X No ____
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12-b-2). Large accelerated filer ___ Accelerated filer X Non-accelerated filer ____
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ___ No X
Aggregate Market Value as of June 30, 2006: $144,683,000
Common stock outstanding at March 2, 2007: 6,496,270 shares.
Portions of the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, are incorporated by reference in Part II.
Portions of the definitive proxy statement for the registrants annual shareholders meeting to be held April 23, 2007 are incorporated by reference in Part III.
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENTS
This annual report on Form 10-K including, without limitation, managements discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations and other sections of the Corporations Annual Report to Shareholders which are incorporated by reference in this report, contains forward looking statements that are based on managements beliefs, assumptions, current expectations, estimates and projections about the financial services industry, the economy, and about the Corporation itself. Words such as anticipate, believe, determine, estimate, expect, forecast, intend, is likely, plan, project, opinion, variations of such terms, and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward looking statements. The presentations and discussions of the provision and allowance for loan losses and determinations as to the need for other allowances presented or incorporated by reference in this report are inherently forward looking statements in that they involve judgments and statements of belief as to the outcome of future events. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict with regard to timing, extent, likelihood, and degree of occurrence. Therefore, actual results and outcomes may materially differ from what may be expressed or forecasted in such forward looking statements. Internal and external factors that may cause such a difference include changes in interest rates and interest rate relationships; demand for products and services; the degree of competition of traditional and non-traditional competitors; changes in banking regulations; changes in tax laws; changes in prices, levies, and assessments; the impact of technological advances; governmental and regulatory policy changes; the outcomes of pending and future litigation and contingencies; trends in customer behavior and customer ability to repay loans; software failure; errors or miscalculations; changes in accounting principles, policies and guidelines; and the vicissitudes of the national economy. The Corporation undertakes no obligation to update, amend or clarify forward looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise.
Copies of the Corporations Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are available free of charge through the Corporations website (www.firstbankmi.com) as soon as reasonably practicable after the Corporation electronically files the material with, or furnishes it to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. The reference to our website address does not constitute incorporation by reference of the information contained on the website, and the information contained on the website is not part of this document.
Firstbank Corporation (the Corporation) is a financial holding company. We own all of the outstanding stock of Firstbank Alma, Firstbank (Mt. Pleasant), Firstbank West Branch, Firstbank Lakeview, Firstbank St. Johns, Keystone Community Bank, Gladwin Land Company, Inc. (a real estate appraisal company), and FBMI Risk Management Services, Inc. (a captive insurance company).
Our business is concentrated in a single industry segment commercial banking. Each subsidiary bank is a full-service community bank. Our subsidiary banks offer all customary banking services, including the acceptance of checking, savings, and time deposits and the making of commercial, mortgage (principally single family), home improvement, automobile, and other consumer loans. Trust services are offered to customers through Citizens Bank Wealth Management in the Firstbank Alma main office.
Our principal sources of revenues are interest and fees on loans and non-interest revenue resulting from banking and non-bank subsidiary activity. On a consolidated basis, interest and fees on loans accounted for approximately 83% of total revenue in 2006, 80% in 2005, and 76% in 2004. Non-interest revenue accounted for approximately 13% of total revenue in 2006, 15% in 2005, and 19% in 2004. Interest on securities accounted for approximately 4% of total revenue 2006 and 5% in each of 2005, and 2004. We have no foreign assets and no income from foreign sources. The business of our subsidiary banks is not seasonal to any material extent. Beginning in 2001, each of our subsidiary banks established mortgage company subsidiaries. Each of our subsidiary banks also offers securities brokerage services at their main offices through arrangements with third party brokerage firms.
Firstbank Alma is a Michigan state chartered bank. It and its predecessors have operated continuously in Alma, Michigan since 1880. Its main office and one branch are located in Alma. Firstbank Alma also has one full service branch located in each of the following communities near Alma: Ashley, Auburn, Ithaca, Merrill, Pine River Township, St. Charles, St. Louis and Vestaburg. Firstbank Alma Mortgage Company, a subsidiary of the bank, was established in 2001.
Firstbank (Mount Pleasant) is a Michigan state chartered bank which was incorporated in 1894. Its main office and one branch are located in Mount Pleasant, Michigan. Firstbank (Mount Pleasant) also has two full service branches in Union Township and one full service branch located in each of the following communities near Mount Pleasant: Clare, Shepherd, Cadillac and Winn. Firstbank (Mount Pleasant) Mortgage Company, a subsidiary of the bank, was established in 2001.
Firstbank West Branch is a Michigan state chartered bank which was incorporated in 1980. Its main office and two branches are located in West Branch, Michigan. Firstbank West Branch also has one full service branch located in each of the following communities near West Branch: Fairview, Hale, Higgins Lake, Prescott, Rose City, St. Helen and West Branch Township. Firstbank West Branch owns 1st Armored, Incorporated (an armored car service provider), 1st Title, Incorporated (a title insurance company), Firstbank West Branch Mortgage Company (a subsidiary of the bank, established in 2001) and a 55% interest in C.A. Hanes Realty, Incorporated. 1st Title, Incorporated owns a 52% interest in 1st Investors Title, LLC (a title insurance company).
Firstbank Lakeview is a Michigan state chartered bank which was established in 1904. Its main office and one branch are located in Lakeview, Michigan. Firstbank Lakeview also has one full service branch located in each of the following communities; Howard City, Morley, Remus and Canadian Lakes (Morton Township). Firstbank Lakeview Mortgage Company, a subsidiary of the bank, was established in 2001.
Firstbank St. Johns is a Michigan state chartered bank which was established in 2000. Its main office and one branch are located in St. Johns, Michigan. Firstbank St. Johns Mortgage Company, a subsidiary of the bank, was established in 2001.
Keystone Community Bank is a Michigan state chartered bank which was established in 1997 and acquired by us on October 1, 2005. Its main office and two branches are located in Kalamazoo with two additional branches in Portage. Keystone Mortgage Services, LLC, is a 99% owned subsidiary of the bank. Keystone Premium Finance, LLC, is a 90% owned subsidiary of the bank. Keystone T.I. Sub, LLC is wholly owned by the bank, and KCB Title Insurance Agency, LLC is a 50% owned subsidiary of Keystone T.I. Sub, LLC.
The following table shows comparative information concerning our subsidiary banks at December 31, 2006:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
As of December 31, 2006 we employed 405 persons on a full-time equivalent basis.
Banking in our market areas and in the State of Michigan is highly competitive. In addition to competition from other commercial banks, we face significant competition from non-bank financial institutions. Savings and loan associations are able to compete aggressively with commercial banks for deposits and loans. Credit unions and finance companies are also significant factors in the consumer loan market. Insurance companies, investment firms and retailers are significant competitors for investment products. Banks compete for deposits with a broad spectrum of other types of investments such as mutual funds, debt securities of corporations and debt securities of the federal government, state governments and their respective agencies. The principal methods of competition for financial services are price (interest rates paid on deposits, interest rates charged on loans and fees charged for services) and service (the convenience and quality of services rendered to customers).
Our subsidiary banks compete directly with other banks, thrift institutions, credit unions and other non-depository financial institutions in six geographic banking markets where their offices are located. Firstbank Alma primarily competes in Gratiot, Bay, Montcalm, and Saginaw counties; Firstbank (Mount Pleasant) primarily in Isabella, Clare and Wexford counties; Firstbank West Branch primarily in Iosco, Oscoda, Ogemaw, and Roscommon counties; Firstbank Lakeview primarily in Mecosta and Montcalm counties; Firstbank St. Johns primarily in Clinton County; and Keystone Community Bank primarily in Kalamazoo county.
Banks and bank holding companies are extensively regulated. We are a financial holding company that is regulated by the Federal Reserve System. Firstbank Alma, Firstbank (Mount Pleasant), Firstbank West Branch, Firstbank Lakeview, Firstbank St. Johns and Keystone Community Bank are chartered under state law and are supervised, examined, and regulated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Division of Financial Institutions of the Michigan Office of Financial and Insurance Services.
Laws that govern banks significantly limit their business activities in a number of respects. Prior approval of the Federal Reserve Board, and in some cases various other governing agencies, is required for us to acquire control of any additional banks or branches. Our business activities are limited to banking and to other activities which are determined, by the Federal Reserve Board, to be closely related to banking. Transactions among the Corporation and its subsidiary banks are significantly restricted. In addition, bank regulations govern the ability of our subsidiary banks to pay dividends or make other distributions to the Corporation.
In addition to laws that affect businesses in general, banks are subject to a number of federal and state laws and regulations which have a material impact on their business. These include, among others, state usury laws, state laws relating to the Expedited Funds Availability Act, the Community Reinvestment Act, the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Bank Secrecy Act, the Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act, the Financial Institutions Reform, the Recovery and Enforcement Act, the FDIC Improvement Act of 1991 (the FDIC Improvement Act), the U.S.A. Patriot Act, electronic funds transfer laws, redlining laws, antitrust laws, environmental laws and privacy laws.
Our common stock is registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Exchange Act). It is therefore, subject to the information, proxy solicitation, insider trading and other restrictions and requirements of the SEC under the Exchange Act. On July 30, 2002, President Bush signed into law the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act provides for numerous changes to the reporting, accounting, corporate governance and business practices of companies as well as financial and other professionals who have involvement with the U.S. public markets. In 2004 section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act were implemented, which require us and our auditors to report on the Companys system of internal controls. Extensive testing and monitoring of our internal control environment was performed by both our management and our external audit firm.
The enactment of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (the GLB Act) represents a pivotal point in the history of the financial services industry. The GLB Act sweeps away large parts of a regulatory framework that had its origins in the Depression Era of the 1930s. Effective March 11, 2000, new opportunities became available for banks, other depository institutions, insurance companies and securities firms to enter into combinations that permit a single financial service organization to offer customers a more complete array of financial products and services. The GLB Act provided a new regulatory framework for regulation through the financial holding company which will have, as its umbrella regulator, the Federal Reserve Board. Functional regulation of the financial holding companys separately regulated subsidiaries will be conducted by their primary functional regulator. In order to qualify as a financial holding company a bank holding company must file an election to become a financial holding company and each of its banks must be well capitalized and well managed. In addition, the GLB Act makes satisfactory or above Community Reinvestment Act compliance, for insured depository institutions and their financial holding companies, necessary in order for them to engage in new financial activities. The GLB Act provides a federal right to privacy of non-public personal information of individual customers. We are also subject to certain state laws that deal with the use and distribution of non-public personal information.
We believe that the GLB Act could significantly increase competition in our business. We applied for and were granted financial holding company status in the third quarter of 2006.
The instruments of government monetary policy, as determined by the Federal Reserve Board, may influence the growth and distribution of bank loans, investments, and deposits and may also affect interest rates on loans and deposits. These policies have a significant effect on the operating results of banks.
Under applicable laws, regulations and policies, we are expected to act as a source of financial strength to each subsidiary bank and to commit resources to support each subsidiary bank. Any insured depository institution owned by us may be assessed for losses incurred by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the FDIC) in connection with assistance provided to, or the failure of, any other insured depository institution owned by us.
On March 31, 2006, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) merged the Bank Insurance Fund (BIF) and Savings Association Insurance Fund (SAIF) to form the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) in accordance with the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 (Reform Act). The FDIC will maintain the insurance reserves of the DIF by assessing depository institutions an insurance premium.
On November 2, 2006, the FDIC adopted final regulations that implemented the Reform Act of 2005. The final regulations enable the FDIC to tie each depository institutions DIF insurance premiums both to the balance of insured deposits, as well as to the degree of risk the institution poses to the DIF. In addition, the FDIC has new flexibility to manage the DIFs reserve ratio within a range, which in turn will help prevent sharp swings in assessment rates that were possible under the design of the former system. Under the new risk-based assessment system, the FDIC will evaluate each depository institutions risk based on three primary sources of information: supervisory ratings for all insured institutions, financial ratios for most institutions, and long-term debt issuer ratings for large institutions that have them.
Federal law allows financial holding companies to acquire banks located in any state in the United States without regard to geographic restrictions or reciprocity requirements imposed by state law and to establish interstate branch networks through acquisitions of other banks. Michigan and federal law permits both U.S. and non U.S. banks to establish branch offices in Michigan. The Michigan Banking Code permits, in appropriated circumstances and with the approval of the Commissioner: (i) acquisition of Michigan banks by FDIC insured banks, savings banks, or savings and loan associations located in other states (ii) sale by a Michigan bank of branches to an FDIC insured bank, savings bank or savings and loan association located in a state in which a Michigan bank could purchase branches of the purchasing entity; (iii) consolidation of Michigan banks and FDIC insured banks, savings banks or savings and loan associations located in other states having laws permitting such consolidation; (iv) establishment of branches in Michigan by FDIC insured banks located in other states, the District of Columbia or U.S. territories or protectorates having laws permitting a Michigan bank to establish a branch in such jurisdiction; and (v) establishment by foreign banks of branches located in Michigan.
Risk-based capital and leverage standards apply to all banks under federal regulations. The risk-based capital ratio standards establish a systematic analytical framework that is intended to make regulatory capital requirements sensitive to differences in risk profiles among banking organizations, take off-balance sheet liability exposures into explicit account in assessing capital adequacy and minimize disincentives to hold liquid, low risk assets. Risk-based capital ratios are determined by allocating assets and specified off-balance sheet commitments into risk-weighting categories. Higher levels of capital are required for categories perceived as representing greater risk.
Failure to meet minimum capital ratio standards could subject a bank to a variety of enforcement remedies available to the federal regulatory authorities including restrictions on certain kinds of activities, restrictions on asset growth, limitations on the ability to pay dividends, the issuance of a directive to increase capital and the termination of deposit insurance premiums at the lowest available rate.
Each of our subsidiary banks, and the Corporation itself on a consolidated basis, maintains capital at levels which exceed both the minimum and well capitalized levels under currently applicable regulatory requirements.
The following table summarizes compliance with regulatory capital ratios by us and each of our subsidiary banks at December 31, 2006:
|Minimum regulatory requirement||4||%||4||%||8||%|
|Well capitalized regulatory level||5||%||6||%||10||%|
|Firstbank Corporation - Consolidated||8.81||%||10.37||%||11.43||%|
|Firstbank - Alma||7.37||%||9.80||%||11.06||%|
|Firstbank (Mount Pleasant)||8.07||%||8.99||%||10.02||%|
|Firstbank - West Branch||7.59||%||9.38||%||10.40||%|
|Firstbank - Lakeview||7.80||%||9.09||%||10.34||%|
|Firstbank - St. Johns||8.48||%||9.70||%||10.71||%|
|Keystone Community Bank||9.07||%||9.44||%||10.36||%|
The following table shows the amounts by which our capital (on a consolidated basis) exceeds current regulatory requirements on a dollar amount basis:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Capital Balances at December 31, 2006||$||93,688||$||93,688||$||103,285|
|Required Regulatory Capital||42,540||36,134||72,269|
|Capital in Excess of Regulatory Minimums||$||51,148||$||57,554||$||31,016|
The nature of the business of our subsidiaries is such that they hold title, on a temporary or permanent basis, to a number of parcels of real property. These include property owned for branch offices and other business purposes as well as properties taken in, or in lieu of, foreclosures to satisfy loans in default. Under current state and federal laws, present and past owners of real property may be exposed to liability for the cost of remediation of contamination on or originating from such properties, even though they are wholly innocent of the actions which caused the contamination. Such liabilities can be material and can exceed the value of the contaminated property.
The carrying values of investment securities as of the date indicated are summarized as follows:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|US Government Agencies||$||33,584||$||36,851||$||37,399|
|States and Political Subdivisions||1,629||3,655||5,526|
|Mortgage Backed Securities||4,143||3,544||3,021|
|Corporate and Other||3,210||2,879||1,474|
|States and Political Subdivisions||26,559||26,882||25,055|
The following table shows, by class of maturities at December 31, 2006, the amounts and weighted average yields of such investment securities (1):
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|One Year or Less||$||22,084||3.58||%|
|Over One Through Five Years||8,503||3.79||%|
|Over Five Through Ten Years||2,997||5.65||%|
|State and Political Subdivisions:|
|One Year or Less||4,437||4.51||%|
|Over One Through Five Years||13,453||4.45||%|
|Over Five Through Ten Years||6,677||4.37||%|
|Over Ten Years||3,621||5.23||%|
|Mortgage Backed Securities|
|One Year or Less||3||6.50||%|
|Over One Through Five Years||3,045||4.64||%|
|Over Five Through Ten Years||122||6.00||%|
|Over Ten Years||973||4.91||%|
|Corporate and Other:|
|One Year or Less||3,210||6.04||%|
|(1)||Calculated on the basis of the carrying value and effective yields weighted for the scheduled maturity of each security.|
|(2)||Weighted average yield has been computed on a fully taxable equivalent basis. The rates shown on securities issued by states and political subdivisions have been presented assuming a 35% tax rate.|
The following table presents the loans outstanding at December 31st for the years ended:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Commercial and Agricultural||$||194,810||$||183,473||$||110,261||$||112,384||$||97,951|
|Real Estate Mortgages||570,386||574,873||456,585||407,924||392,950|
|Real Estate Construction||81,218||61,067||47,920||55,160||47,103|
The following table shows the maturity of commercial and agricultural and real estate construction loans outstanding at December 31, 2006. Also provided are the amounts due after one year, classified according to their sensitivity to changes in interest rates.
|One Year to|
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Commercial and Agricultural||$||72,830||$||101,994||$||19,986||$||194,810|
|Real Estate Construction||41,517||33,131||6,570||81,218|
|Loans Due after One Year:|
|With Pre-determined Rate||$||72,757||$||21,862||94,619|
|With Adjustable Rates||62,368||4,694||67,062|
The following table summarizes nonaccrual, troubled debt restructurings and past-due loans at December 31st for the years ended:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Commercial and Agricultural||$||813||$||534||$||806||$||529||$||215|
|Real Estate Mortgages||847||4,079||633||269||355|
|Accruing Loans 90 Days or More Past Due:|
|Commercial and Agricultural||767||199||158||21||2,821|
|Real Estate Mortgages||1,597||2,054||186||543||290|
|Commercial and Agricultural||0||0||0||0||53|
|Real Estate Mortgages||0||0||0||0||0|
|Total Nonperforming Loans||4,253||7,212||1,864||1,415||3,813|
|Property from Defaulted Loans||1,700||1,020||950||364||578|
|Total Nonperforming Assets||$||5,953||$||7,352||$||2,814||$||1,779||$||4,391|
Nonperforming assets are defined as nonaccrual loans, loans 90 days or more past due, property from defaulted loans and renegotiated loans.
The amount of interest income on the above loans that was included in net income for the period ended December 31, 2006, was $314,680. If the nonaccrual and renegotiated loans had performed in accordance with their original terms and had been outstanding throughout the period, or since origination if held for part of the period, an additional $97,514 in gross interest income would have been recorded.
Loan performance is reviewed regularly by external loan review specialists, loan officers and senior management. When reasonable doubt exists concerning collectibility of interest or principal, the loan is placed in nonaccrual status. Any interest previously accrued but not collected at that time is reversed and charged against current earnings.
At December 31, 2006 we had $30,656,564 in commercial and mortgage loans for which payments are presently current although the borrowers are experiencing financial difficulties. Those loans are subject to special attention and their status is reviewed on a monthly basis.
At December 31, 2006, there were no concentrations of loans exceeding 10 percent of total loans, which are not otherwise disclosed as a category of loans, in our consolidated balance sheets contained in our Annual Report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006.
The following table summarizes changes in the allowance for loan losses arising from loans charged off and recoveries on loans previously charged off by loan category and additions to the allowance which were charged to expense at December 31st for the years ended:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Balance at Beginning of Period||$||11,559||$||10,581||$||11,627||$||11,536||$||11,038|
|Allowance of acquired banks||0||1,949||0||0||0|
|Commercial and Agricultural||1,910||1,146||224||219||285|
|Real Estate Mortgages||157||84||221||50||242|
|Commercial and Agricultural||86||173||65||104||98|
|Real Estate Mortgages||21||57||77||32||64|
|Provision for Loan Losses||767||295||(425||)||550||1,170|
|Balance at End of Period||$||9,966||$||11,559||$||10,581||$||11,627||$||11,536|
|Net Charge-Offs as a Percent of Average Loans||.26||%||.17||%||.09||%||.08||%||.11||%|
The allowance for loan losses is based on managements evaluation of the portfolio, past loan loss experience, current economic conditions, volume, growth, composition of the loan portfolio and other relevant factors. The allowance is increased by provisions for loan losses that have been charged to expense and reduced by net charge-offs.
The allowance for loan losses was allocated to provide for inherent losses within the following loan categories as of December 31st for the years ended:
|% of loans to total loans||Allowance|
|% of loans to total loans||Allowance|
|% of loans to total loans||Allowance|
|% of loans to total loans||Allowance|
|% of loans to total loans|
We have developed and implemented a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative methodology for analyzing factors which impact the allowance for loan losses. This methodology is applied consistently across our six banking subsidiaries and considers exposures to industries potentially most affected by current risks in the economic and political environment and the review of potential risks in certain credits.
The daily average deposits and rates paid on such deposits for the years ending December 31st are as follows:
|(In Thousands of Dollars)|
|Non-interest-bearing Demand Deposits||$||124,740||$||112,088||$||104,515|
|Interest-bearing Demand Deposits||169,507||2.06||%||170,211||1.36||%||184,660||0.78||%|
|Other Savings Deposits||131,226||1.74||%||124,671||1.21||%||99,717||0.60||%|
|Other Time Deposits||383,424||4.47||%||257,626||3.32||%||202,378||2.67||%|
|Total Average Deposits||$||808,897||3.35||%||$||664,596||2.24||%||$||591,270||1.26||%|
The time remaining until maturity of time certificates of deposit and other time deposits of $100,000 or more at December 31, 2006, was as follows (In Thousands of Dollars):
|Three Months or Less||$||47,355|
|Over Three Through Six Months||37,070|
|Over Six Through Twelve Months||54,011|
|Over Twelve Months||31,010|
The following table sets forth certain financial ratios for the years ended:
|Return on Average Total Assets||0.95||%||1.15||%||1.32||%|
|Return on Average Equity||10.72||%||12.77||%||13.06||%|
|Average Equity to Average Total Assets||8.89||%||9.02||%||10.07||%|
|Dividend Payout Ratio||54.72||%||47.35||%||42.56||%|
Included in short term borrowed funds are repurchase agreements as described in Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, which consist of the following:
|Amounts Outstanding at the End of the Year||$||32,079||$||31,011||$||28,850|
|Weighted Average Interest Rate at the End of the Year||4.17||%||2.88||%||1.10||%|
|Maximum Amount Outstanding at any Month End During Year||$||37,459||$||31,920||$||30,993|
|Approximate Average Amounts Outstanding During the Year||$||31,108||$||28,065||$||25,390|
|Approximate Weighted Average Interest Rate for the Year||3.89||%||2.18||%||0.87||%|
The weighted average interest rates are derived by dividing the interest expense for the period by the daily average balance during the period.
You should carefully consider the following risk factors, together with the other information provided in this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Changes in economic conditions or interest rates may negatively affect our earnings, capital and liquidity.
The results of operations for financial institutions, including our banks, may be materially and adversely affected by changes in prevailing local and national economic conditions, including declines in real estate market values, rapid increases or decreases in interest rates and changes in the monetary and fiscal policies of the federal government. Our profitability is heavily influenced by the spread between the interest rates we earn on investments and loans and the interest rates we pay on deposits and other interest-bearing liabilities. Substantially all our loans are to businesses and individuals in Michigan and any decline in the economy of this area could adversely affect us. Like most banking institutions, our net interest spread and margin will be affected by general economic conditions and other factors that influence market interest rates and our ability to respond to changes in such rates. At any given time, our assets and liabilities may be such that they are affected differently by a given change in interest rates.
Our credit losses could increase and our allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover actual loan losses.
The risk of nonpayment of loans is inherent in all lending activities and nonpayment, if it occurs, may have a material adverse affect on our earnings and overall financial condition as well as the value of our common stock. We make various assumptions and judgments about the collectibility of our loan portfolio and provide an allowance for potential losses based on a number of factors. If our assumptions are wrong, our allowance for loan and lease losses may not be sufficient to cover our losses, thereby having an adverse affect on our operating results, and may cause us to increase the allowance in the future. The actual amount of future provisions for loan losses cannot now be determined and may exceed the amounts of past provisions. Additionally, federal banking regulators, as an integral part of their supervisory function, periodically review our allowance for credit losses. These regulatory agencies may require us to increase our provision for credit losses or to recognize further loan or lease charge-offs based upon their judgments, which may be different from ours. Any increase in the allowance for credit losses could have a negative effect on our net income, financial condition and results of operations.
Our business is subject to various lending risks depending on the nature of the borrowers business, its cash flow and our collateral.
Repayment of our commercial loans is often dependent on cash flow of the borrower, which may be unpredictable, and collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Our commercial loans are primarily made based on the cash flow of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. Most often, this collateral is accounts receivable, inventory, equipment or real estate. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers. Other collateral securing loans may depreciate over time, may be difficult to appraise and may fluctuate in value based on the success of the business.
Our commercial real estate loans involve higher principal amounts than other loans, and repayment of these loans may be dependent on factors outside our control or the control of our borrowers. Commercial real estate lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts, and the repayment of these loans generally is dependent, in large part, on sufficient income from the properties securing the loans to cover operating expenses and debt service. Because payments on loans secured by commercial real estate often depend upon the successful operating and management of the properties, repayment of such loans may be affected by factors outside the borrowers control, such as adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy or changes in government regulation. If the cash flow from the project is reduced, the borrowers ability to repay the loan and the value of the security for the loan may be impaired.
Our construction loans are based upon estimates of costs to construct and value associated with the completed project. These estimates may be inaccurate. Because of the uncertainties inherent in estimating construction costs, as well as the market value of the completed project, it is relatively difficult to evaluate accurately the total funds required to complete a project and the related loan-to-value ratio. As a result, construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property, rather than the ability of the borrower or guarantor to repay principal and interest. Delays in completing the project may arise from labor problems, material shortages and other unpredictable contingencies. If the estimate of the cost of construction is inaccurate, we may be required to advance additional funds to complete construction. If our appraisal of the value of the completed project proves to be overstated, we may have inadequate security for the repayment of the loan upon completion of the project.
Our consumer loans generally have a higher risk of default than our other loans. Consumer loans may involve greater risk than our other loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by rapidly depreciating assets. In such cases, any repossessed collateral for a defaulted consumer loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance as a result of damage, loss or depreciation. The remaining deficiency often does not warrant further substantial collection efforts against the borrower beyond obtaining a deficiency judgment. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrowers continuing financial stability, and thus, are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy, all of which increase when the economy is weak. Furthermore, the application of various Federal and state laws, including Federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount that can be recovered on such loans.
To sustain our continued growth, we require additional capital to fund our expanding lending activities and any bank or branch acquisitions. We may acquire banks and related businesses that we believe provide a strategic fit with our business. To the extent that we grow through acquisitions, we cannot assure you that we will be able to adequately or profitably manage such growth. Acquiring other banks and businesses involves risks commonly associated with acquisitions.
We rely heavily on our management and other key personnel, and the loss of any of them may adversely affect our operations.
We are and will continue to be dependent upon the services of our management team, including our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, the Presidents of each of our banks, and our other senior managers and commercial lenders. Losing one or more key members of the management team could adversely affect our operations. We do not maintain key man life insurance on any of our officers or directors.
We face substantial competition in all phases of our operations from a variety of different competitors. Our future growth and success will depend on our ability to compete effectively in this highly competitive environment. We compete for deposits, loans and other financial services with numerous Michigan-based and out-of-state banks, thrifts, credit unions and other financial institutions as well as other entities which provide financial services. Some of the financial institutions and financial services organizations with which we compete are not subject to the same degree of regulation as we are. Many of our competitors have been in business for many years, are larger and have higher lending limits than we do. The financial services industry is also likely to become more competitive as further technological advances enable more companies to provide financial services. These technological advances may diminish the importance of depository institutions and other financial intermediaries in the transfer of funds between parties.
We are subject to significant government regulation, and any regulatory changes may adversely affect us.
The banking industry is heavily regulated under both federal and state law. These regulations are primarily intended to protect customers, not our creditors or shareholders. As a bank holding company, we are also subject to extensive regulation by the Federal Reserve, in addition to other regulatory and self-regulatory organizations. Our ability to establish new facilities or make acquisitions is conditioned upon the receipt of the required regulatory approvals from these organizations. Regulations affecting banks and financial services companies undergo continuous change, and we cannot predict the ultimate effect of such changes, which could have a material adverse effect on our profitability or financial condition.
We continually encounter technological change, and we may have fewer resources than our competitors to continue to invest in technological improvements.
The banking industry is undergoing rapid technological changes with frequent introductions of new technology-driven products and services. In addition to better serving customers, the effective use of technology increases efficiency and enables financial institutions to reduce costs. Our future success will depend, in part, on our ability to address the needs of our customers by using technology to provide products and services that will satisfy customer demands for convenience as well as to create additional efficiencies in our operations. Many of our competitors have substantially greater resources to invest in technological improvements. There can be no assurance that we will be able to effectively implement new technology-driven products and services or be successful in marketing such products and services to our customers.
Our articles of incorporation and by-laws and Michigan laws contain certain provisions that could make a takeover more difficult.
Our articles of incorporation and by-laws, and the laws of Michigan, include provisions which are designed to provide our board of directors with time to consider whether a hostile takeover offer is in our best interest and the best interests of our shareholders. These provisions, however, could discourage potential acquisition proposals and could delay or prevent a change in control. The provisions also could diminish the opportunities for a holder of our common stock to participate in tender offers, including tender offers at a price above the then-current price for our common stock. These provisions could also prevent transactions in which our shareholders might otherwise receive a premium for their shares over then current market prices, and may limit the ability of our shareholders to approve transactions that they may deem to be in their best interests.
The Michigan Business Corporation Act contains provisions intended to protect shareholders and prohibit or discourage certain types of hostile takeover activities. In addition to these provisions and the provisions of our articles of incorporation and by-laws, Federal law requires the Federal Reserve Boards approval prior to acquisition of control of a bank holding company. All of these provisions may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control at the company level without action by our shareholders, and therefore, could adversely affect the price of our common stock.
We are a holding company and substantially all of our assets are held by our banks. Our ability to continue to make dividend payments to our shareholders will depend primarily on available cash resources at the holding company and dividends from our banks. Dividend payments or extensions of credit from our banks are subject to regulatory limitations, generally based on capital levels and current and retained earnings, imposed by regulatory agencies with authority over our banks. The ability of our banks to pay dividends is also subject to its profitability, financial condition, capital expenditures and other cash flow requirements. We also are prohibited from paying dividends on our common stock if the required payments on our subordinated debentures have not been made. We cannot assure you that our banks will be able to pay dividends to us in the future.
Our financial results may be adversely affected if we are unable to successfully manage any financial institutions that we acquire.
The market price for our common stock has fluctuated, and the overall market and the price of our common stock may continue to fluctuate. There may be a significant impact on the market price for our common stock due to, among other things:
|||Variations in our anticipated or actual operating results or the results of our competitors;|
|||Changes in investors|
|||perceptions of the risks and conditions of our business;|
|||The size of the public float of our common stock;|
|||Market conditions; and|
|||General economic conditions.|
Additionally, the average daily trading volume for our common stock as reported on the Nasdaq National Market is relatively low compared to larger companies whose shares trade on Nasdaq. There can be no assurance that a more active or consistent trading market in our common stock will develop. As a result, relatively small trades could have a significant impact on the price of our common stock.
There are no unresolved SEC comments with respect to reports filed by the Company under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
Our headquarters is located in the main branch office in Alma, Michigan. Our subsidiary banks operate 42 branch offices throughout central Michigan, most of which are full service facilities. Our subsidiaries operate larger facilities as main offices in Alma, Mt. Pleasant, West Branch, Lakeview, St. Johns and Kalamazoo. The remaining branch facilities range in size from 1,200 to 3,200 square feet, based on the location and number of employees located at the facility. All but nine of the branch locations are owned by the company, with the remaining facilities rented under various operating lease agreements which have a range of remaining terms and renewal arrangements. In several instances, branch facilities contain more space than is required for current banking operations. This excess space, totaling approximately 17,000 square feet, is leased to unrelated businesses. We also maintain a separate facility for our central operations unit near our headquarters office in Alma, Michigan.
We consider our properties and equipment of to be well maintained, in good operating condition and capable of accommodating current growth forecasts for their operations. However, we may chose to add additional branch locations to expand our presence in current or contiguous markets in the future to improve our opportunities for growth.
We are parties, as plaintiff or as defendant, to routine litigation arising in the normal course of their business. In the opinion of management, the liabilities arising from these proceedings, if any, will not be material to our consolidated financial condition.
The following information concerning executive officers of the Corporation has been omitted from the registrants proxy statement pursuant to Instruction 3 to Regulation S-K, Item 401(b).
Officers of the Corporation are appointed annually by the Board of Directors of the Corporation and serve at the pleasure of the Board of Directors. Information concerning the executive officers of the Corporation is given below. Except as otherwise indicated, all existing officers have had the same principal employment for over 5 years.
William L. Benear (age 60) became President & CEO of Firstbank Lakeview and Vice President of the Corporation in January 2000. Prior to his appointment as Lakeviews President & CEO, Mr. Benear has served as Executive Vice President of Firstbank Lakeview since 1994.
David M. Brown (age 48) became President & CEO of Firstbank St. Johns and Vice President of the Corporation in January 2005. Prior to his appointment as St. Johns President & CEO, Mr. Brown has worked for over 24 years at both regional and community banks. Positions held during his career include Community Bank President, Commercial Loan Regional Manager, Vice President of Commercial Banking and Branch Manager.
David L. Miller (age 41) was named a Vice President of the Corporation in December 2000. Prior to this appointment Mr. Miller served as Senior Vice President of Firstbank Lakeview, having been employed there since 1992. Mr. Miller serves in the Human Resources Department for the Corporation and its subsidiaries.
Dale A. Peters (age 64) has been a Vice President of the Corporation, President, CEO, and a director of Firstbank West Branch since 1987.
Richard D. Rice (age 47) was named a Vice President of the Corporation in April 2005. Mr. Rice joined the Corporation in July 2003 and has served as the Corporations Controller since December 2003. From 1998 until his appointment to Firstbank Corporation, Mr. Rice served as Vice President Accounting of National City Corporation (successor to First of America). Previous positions Mr. Rice held during his 13-year tenure with First of America include Vice President Accounting and several staff accounting positions.
Thomas O. Schlueter (age 49) became President & CEO of Keystone Community Bank and Vice President of the Corporation in October 2005. From November 1998 until his appointment to President of Keystone Community Bank, Mr. Schlueter served as Executive Vice President, in addition to being named Chief Operating Officer and a Director of Keystone Community Bank in December 1999. Prior to joining Keystone Community Bank, Mr. Schlueter was employed by First of America Bank/National City Bank for approximately 23 years, with his last position being that of Senior Vice President/Middle Market Lending Group Manager for Southwest Michigan.
Samuel G. Stone (age 61) was appointed Executive Vice President, CFO, Secretary and Treasurer of the Corporation in December 2001. From November 2000 to the December 2001 appointment, Mr. Stone was Vice President, CFO, Secretary and Treasurer of the Corporation. From 1998 until his appointment to Firstbank Corporation, Mr. Stone served as Senior Vice President Corporate Planning of National City Corporation (successor to First of America). Previous positions Mr. Stone held during his 28-year tenure with First of America included Senior Vice President and Treasurer, Vice President Director of Corporate Planning and Vice President Trust Investments.
Thomas R. Sullivan (age 56) was appointed President & CEO of the Corporation in January 2000 and has served as President, CEO, and Director of Firstbank (Mt. Pleasant) since 1991. Mr. Sullivan was Executive Vice President of the Corporation from 1996 to 2000 and served as Vice President of the Corporation from 1991 to 1996.
James E. Wheeler, II (age 47) was appointed President & CEO of Firstbank Alma in January 2000 and has served as Vice President of the Corporation since March 1989. Mr. Wheeler served as Executive Vice President of Firstbank Alma from 1999 to 2000 and from 1989 to 1999 as Senior Vice President and Chief Loan Officer of Firstbank Alma.
The information under the caption Common Stock Data on page 20 in the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, is here incorporated by reference.
The information under the heading Financial Highlights on page 4 in the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, is here incorporated by reference.
The information under the heading Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations on pages 5 through 21 in the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, is here incorporated by reference.
Information under the headings Liquidity and Interest Rate Sensitivity on pages 12 and 13 and Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosure About Market Risk on pages 17 and 18 in the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, is here incorporated by reference.
The reports of the independent registered public accounting firm, and the consolidated financial statements on pages 26 through 30, and the quarterly results of operations on page 51 in the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, are here incorporated by reference.
|(a)||Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures.|
The Corporations management is responsible for the establishing and maintaining effective disclosure controls and procedures as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15(d)-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-K Annual Report. The Corporations Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, after evaluating the effectiveness of the Corporations disclosure controls and procedures, have concluded that the Corporations disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2006 were adequate and effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in this Annual Report on Form 10-Kwas recorded, processed, summarized, and reported on a timely basis. Managements responsibility relating to establishing and maintaining effective disclosure controls over financial reporting are designed to produce reliable financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.
|(b)||Managements Report on Internal Controls over Financial Reporting.|
As disclosed in the Report on Managements Assessment of Internal Control Over Financial Reporting on page 18 of the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 13 to this Form 10 K), management assessed the Corporations system of internal control over financial reporting. Based on this assessment, management believes that, as of December 31, 2006, its system of internal control over financial reporting was effective. Managements assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, has been audited by Crowe Chizek and Company LLC, an independent registered certified public accounting firm, as stated in their report included in Exhibit 13 to this Annual Report on Form 10-K which is incorporated hereby by reference.
|(c)||Changes in Internal Controls.|
During the quarter ended December 31, 2006, there were no significant changes in the Corporations internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect the Corporations internal control over financial reporting. There were no significant changes in the Corporations system of internal controls or other factors that could significantly affect internal controls subsequent to December 31, 2006.
ITEM 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance.
The information under the captions Election of Directors, Board of Directors and Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance in the registrants definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders to be held April 23, 2007, is here incorporated by reference.
The Board of Directors of the Corporation has determined that Edward B. Grant, a director and member of the Audit Committee, qualifies as an Audit Committee Financial Expert as defined in rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Committee pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
The Board of Directors of the Corporation has adopted a Code of Ethics which details principles and responsibilities governing ethical conduct for all Corporation directors and executive officers. The Code of Ethics is filed as an Exhibit to this Report on Form 10-K.
Information relating to our Executive Officers is included in Part I of this Report on Form 10-K.
We provide stock options to our full time employees that qualify for benefits under the Firstbank Corporation Stock Option Plans of 1993, 1997 and 2006, as amended. These plans provide for shares of stock, in either restricted form or under option. Grant of options may be either incentive stock options or nonqualified stock options.
We provide an incentive based bonus program as a part of its overall compensation plan. All full time employees are eligible to receive payment under the plan, provided that our net income for the year is satisfactory. Annual bonuses are paid based on a discretionary evaluation of the performance of the employee and the employees individual achievements.
Information contained under the captions Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation and Compensation Discussion and Analysis in the registrants definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders to be held April 23, 2007, is here incorporated by reference.
ITEM 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Shareholder Matters.
The information under the caption Voting Securities in the registrants definitive proxy statement for our annual meeting of shareholders to be held April 23, 2007, is here incorporated by reference.
Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans. We had the following equity compensation plans at December 31, 2006:
|Plan Category||Number of securities to|
be issued upon exercise
of outstanding options
exercise price of
|Number of securities|
remaining available for
future issuance under
securities reflected in
|plans approved by|
|plans not approved by|
These equity compensation plans are more fully described in Note 15 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
The information under the captions Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation, Certain Relationships and related Transactionsand Director Independence in the registrants definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders to be held April 23, 2007, is hereby incorporated by reference.
The information set forth under the heading Relationship with Independent Certified Public Accountants on page 16 of the Corporations definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders to be held April 23, 2007, is hereby incorporated by reference.
(a)(1) Financial Statements.
The following consolidated financial statements of the Corporation and its subsidiaries and report of independent auditors are incorporated by reference from the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006, in Item 8:
|Statement or Report||Page Number in|
|Reports of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm||23-25|
|Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2006 and 2005||26|
|Consolidated Statements of Income and Comprehensive|
|Income for the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005, and 2004||27|
|Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity for|
|the years ended December 31, 2006, 2005, and 2004||28|
|Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended|
|December 31, 2006, 2005, and 2004||29-30|
|Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements||30-51|
The consolidated financial statements, notes to consolidated financial statements and report of independent auditors listed above are incorporated by reference in Item 8 of this report from the corresponding portions of the registrants annual report to shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2006.
|(2)||Schedules to the consolidated financial statements required by Article 9 of Regulation S-X are not required under the related instructions or are inapplicable, and therefore have been omitted.|
|(3)||Exhibits (Numbered in accordance with Item 601 of Regulation S-K) The Exhibit Index is located on the final page of this report on Form 10-K.|
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, dated March 6, 2007.
/s/ Thomas R. Sullivan
Thomas R. Sullivan
President & Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer
/s/ Samuel G. Stone
Samuel G. Stone
Executive Vice President & Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the date indicated. Each director of the Registrant, whose signature appears below, hereby appoints Thomas R. Sullivan and Samuel G. Stone and each of them severally, as his attorney-in-fact, to sign in his name and on his behalf, as a director of the Registrant, and to file with the Commission any and all Amendments to this Report on Form 10-K.
|/s/ Duane A. Carr
Duane A. Carr
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ David W. Fultz
David W. Fultz
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ William E. Goggin
William E. Goggin
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ Edward B. Grant
Edward B. Grant
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ David D. Roslund
David D. Roslund
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ Samuel A. Smith
Samuel A. Smith
|March 6, 2007|
|/s/ Jeff A. Gardner
Jeff A. Gardner
|March 6, 2007|
|3(a)||Articles of Incorporation. Previously filed as exhibit 3.1 to registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-4 filed on July 8, 2005. Here incorporated by reference.|
|3(b)||Bylaws. Previously filed as an exhibit to the registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-2 (Registration No. 33-68432) filed on September 3, 1993. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(a)*||Form of Indemnity Agreement with Directors and Officers. Previously filed as Exhibit 10.1 to the registrant's Current Report on Form 8-K dated June 27, 2005. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(b)*||Deferred Compensation Plan. Previously filed as an exhibit to the registrant's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1995. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(c)*||Trust under Deferred Compensation Plan. Previously filed as an exhibit to the registrant's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 1995. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(d)*||Stock Option and Restricted Stock Plan of 1993. Previously filed as an appendix to the registrant's definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders held April 26, 1993. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(e)*||Stock Option and Restricted Stock Plan of 1997. Previously filed as an appendix to the registrant's definitive proxy statement for its annual meeting of shareholders held April 28, 1997. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(f)*||2006 Stock Compensation Plan. Previously filed as Appendix A to registrant's proxy statement dated March 13, 2006. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(g)||Employee Stock Purchase Plan of 1999. Previously filed as an exhibit to the registrant's Registration Statement on Form S-8 (Registration No. 333-89771) filed on October 27, 1999. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(h)*||Form of Change of Control Severance Agreement. Filed as exhibit 10 to registrant's report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2000. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(i)*||Form of Stock Option Agreement. Previously filed as Exhibit 10(h) to the registrant's annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(j)*||Form of Stock Option Agreement for 2006 Stock Compensation Plan. Filed as exhibit 10.1 to registrant's report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006. Here incorporated by reference.|
|10(k)*||Form of Restricted Stock Agreement for 2006 Stock Compensation Plan. Previously filed as exhibit 10.2 to registrant's report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2006. Here incorporated by reference.|
|13||2006 Annual Report to Shareholders. (This report, except for those portions which are expressly incorporated by reference in this filing, is furnished for the information of the Securities and Exchange Commission and is not deemed "filed" as part of this filing). This report was delivered to the registrant's shareholders as an appendix to the registrant's proxy statement dated March 10, 2007, relating to the April 23, 2007 Annual Meeting of Shareholders which was delivered to the registrant's shareholders in compliance with Rule 14(a)-3 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.|
|14.||Code of Ethics.|
|21||Subsidiaries of Registrant.|
|23||Consent of Crowe Chizek and Company LLC - Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.|
|24||Powers of Attorney. Contained on the signature page of this report.|
|31.1||Certificate of Chief Executive Officer of Firstbank Corporation pursuant to 15 U.S.C. Section 7241, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|31.2||Certificate of Chief Financial Officer of Firstbank Corporation pursuant to 15 U.S.C. Section 7241, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|32.1||Certificate of Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer of Firstbank Corporation pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.|
|99||Firstbank Corporation 401(k) Plan Performance Table.|
*Management contract or compensatory plan.
The registrant will furnish a copy of any exhibit listed above to any shareholder of the registrant without charge upon written request to Samuel G. Stone, Secretary, Firstbank Corporation, 311 Woodworth Avenue, P.O. Box 1029, Alma, Michigan 48801.