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FormFactor 10-Q 2011

Table of Contents

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

Form 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

 

x

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended March 26, 2011

 

Or

 

o

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from            to            

 

Commission file number: 000-50307

 

FormFactor, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

 

13-3711155

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

 

7005 Southfront Road, Livermore, California 94551

(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

 

(925) 290-4000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes x  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of the Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o  No o

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definition of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated filer o

 

Accelerated filer x

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer o

 

Smaller reporting company o

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o  No x

 

As of April 27, 2011, 50,647,868 shares of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.001 per share, were outstanding.

 

 

 



Table of Contents

 

FORMFACTOR, INC.

 

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 26, 2011

 

INDEX

 

Part I.

Financial Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited):

 

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three months ended March 26, 2011
and March 27, 2010

3

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010

4

 

 

 

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 26, 2011 
and March 27, 2010

5

 

 

 

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

6

 

 

 

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

18

 

 

 

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

27

 

 

 

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

27

 

 

 

Part II.

Other Information

 

 

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

28

 

 

 

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

28

 

 

 

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

29

 

 

 

Item 6.

Exhibits

30

 

 

 

Signatures

 

31

 

 

 

Exhibit Index

 

32

 

2



Table of Contents

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

FORMFACTOR, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,
2011

 

March 27,
2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Revenues

 

$

40,428

 

$

39,666

 

Cost of revenues

 

36,359

 

41,994

 

Gross profit (loss)

 

4,069

 

(2,328

)

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

11,560

 

15,091

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

12,387

 

17,867

 

Restructuring charges, net

 

1,038

 

3,550

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

351

 

 

Total operating expenses

 

25,336

 

36,508

 

Operating loss

 

(21,267

)

(38,836

)

Interest income, net

 

424

 

775

 

Other income (expense), net

 

(374

)

117

 

Loss before income taxes

 

(21,217

)

(37,944

)

Provision for income taxes

 

207

 

240

 

Net loss

 

$

(21,424

)

$

(38,184

)

Net loss per share:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

$

(0.42

)

$

(0.77

)

Weighted-average number of shares used in per share calculations:

 

 

 

 

 

Basic and Diluted

 

50,636

 

49,890

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3



Table of Contents

 

FORMFACTOR, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

March 26,
2011

 

December 25,
2010

 

ASSETS

 

 

 

 

 

Current assets:

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

116,142

 

$

121,207

 

Marketable securities

 

217,090

 

226,028

 

Restricted cash

 

383

 

383

 

Accounts receivable, net

 

23,648

 

28,598

 

Inventories

 

22,953

 

25,003

 

Deferred tax assets

 

278

 

329

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

11,321

 

14,743

 

Total current assets

 

391,815

 

416,291

 

Restricted cash

 

297

 

297

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

 

36,053

 

37,311

 

Deferred tax assets

 

4,877

 

5,445

 

Other assets

 

5,899

 

6,710

 

Total assets

 

$

438,941

 

$

466,054

 

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

Current liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts payable

 

$

16,035

 

$

14,948

 

Accrued liabilities

 

15,555

 

24,045

 

Income taxes payable

 

 

1,894

 

Deferred revenue

 

4,774

 

4,637

 

Total current liabilities

 

36,364

 

45,524

 

Long-term income taxes payable

 

4,243

 

4,248

 

Deferred rent and other liabilities

 

5,071

 

5,081

 

Total liabilities

 

45,678

 

54,853

 

Commitments and contingencies (Note 16)

 

 

 

 

 

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value:

 

 

 

 

 

10,000,000 shares authorized; no shares issued and outstanding at March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010, respectively

 

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value:

 

 

 

 

 

250,000,000 shares authorized; 50,646,409 and 50,587,917 shares issued and outstanding at March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010, respectively

 

52

 

52

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

654,486

 

651,263

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

2,290

 

2,027

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(263,565

)

(242,141

)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

393,263

 

411,201

 

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

 

$

438,941

 

$

466,054

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4



Table of Contents

 

FORMFACTOR, INC.

 

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Cash flows from operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(21,424

)

$

(38,184

)

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used in operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

2,935

 

8,573

 

Amortization of investments

 

99

 

89

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

3,969

 

5,258

 

Deferred income tax benefit

 

(45

)

(96

)

Benefit from doubtful accounts receivable

 

(294

)

(147

)

Provision for excess and obsolete inventories

 

2,267

 

1,200

 

Loss (gain) on disposal of long-lived assets

 

(14

)

175

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

351

 

 

Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses

 

(242

)

332

 

Changes in assets and liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts receivable

 

5,338

 

(5,034

)

Inventories

 

(165

)

(6,353

)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

2,579

 

(1,334

)

Refundable income taxes

 

(257

)

26,458

 

Other assets

 

533

 

 

Accounts payable

 

1,754

 

89

 

Accrued liabilities

 

(8,554

)

(1,478

)

Income tax payable

 

(1,157

)

(317

)

Deferred rent

 

(103

)

(149

)

Deferred revenues

 

136

 

701

 

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(12,294

)

(10,217

)

Cash flows from investing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Acquisition of property, plant and equipment

 

(1,537

)

(7,342

)

Proceeds from sales of property, plant and equipment

 

15

 

 

Purchases of marketable securities

 

(51,853

)

(66,504

)

Proceeds from maturities of marketable securities

 

60,665

 

53,771

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

7,290

 

(20,075

)

Cash flows from financing activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuances of common stock and awards, net of issuance costs

 

1,534

 

1,550

 

Purchase and retirement of common stock

 

(1,968

)

 

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

(434

)

1,550

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

 

373

 

(323

)

Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents

 

(5,065

)

(29,065

)

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

 

121,207

 

122,043

 

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

 

$

116,142

 

$

92,978

 

Supplemental cash flow disclosures:

 

 

 

 

 

Changes in accounts payable and accrued liabilities related to property and equipment purchases

 

$

(653

)

$

285

 

Income taxes paid

 

$

1,687

 

$

394

 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

5



Table of Contents

 

FORMFACTOR, INC.

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

Note 1 — Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

 

Basis of presentation. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated interim financial statements of FormFactor, Inc. and our subsidiaries have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) and pursuant to the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Our interim financial statements do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for annual financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary to fairly present our financial position, results of operations and cash flows have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 26, 2011 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2011, or for any other period. The balance sheet at December 25, 2010 has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts as well as those of our wholly-owned subsidiaries after elimination of all significant inter-company balances and transactions.

 

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates, and material effects on our consolidated operating results and financial position may result.

 

These financial statements and notes should be read with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 25, 2010 included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 17, 2011.

 

Fiscal year.  We operate on a 52/53 week fiscal year, whereby the fiscal year ends on the last Saturday of December. Fiscal 2011 will end on December 31, 2011, and will consist of 53 weeks.

 

Reclassifications.  Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior period’s Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet, Statement of Cash Flows and Statement of Operations to conform to the current year presentation.

 

Significant Accounting Policies.  Other than the accounting policies discussed in Note 2 — Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Other Reporting Considerations, our significant accounting policies have not materially changed during the three months ended March 26, 2011 from those disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 25, 2010.

 

Note 2 —Recent Accounting Pronouncements and Other Reporting Considerations

 

Fair Value

 

Effective December 26, 2010, as required, we adopted the guidance to amend the disclosure requirements related to recurring and nonrecurring fair value measurements.  Specifically, we have adopted the guidance requiring the disclosure of the roll forward of activities on purchases, sales, issuances and settlements of the assets and liabilities measured using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3 fair value measurements). Other than requiring additional disclosures, adoption of this new guidance in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

In October 2009, additional authoritative guidance that modifies accounting for revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables was issued. The guidance eliminates the residual method of revenue recognition and establishes a hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable in a sale arrangement whereby the selling price for each deliverable is based on vendor-specific objective evidence (“VSOE”) if available, third-party evidence (“TPE”) if VSOE is not available, or estimated selling price if neither VSOE or TPE is available.  As required, we adopted this guidance effective December 26, 2010 on a prospective basis for revenue arrangements entered into or materially modified after the adoption date. The adoption of the additional authoritative guidance modifying revenue recognition accounting standards did not have any impact on our consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows for the three months ended March 26, 2011, nor is it expected to have a material impact on total net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2011 based on current business practices.

 

6



Table of Contents

 

Note 3 — Concentration of Credit and Other Risks

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash equivalents, investments and trade receivables. Our cash equivalents and marketable securities are held in safekeeping by large, creditworthy financial institutions. We invest our excess cash primarily in U.S. banks, government and agency bonds, money market funds and corporate obligations. We have established guidelines relative to credit ratings, diversification and maturities that seek to maintain safety and liquidity.

 

We sell our products to large multinational semiconductor manufacturers primarily located in Asia and North America. Four customers represented 16%, 15%, 13% and 11% of total revenues during the three months ended March 26, 2011, and four customers represented 19%, 15%, 13% and 12% of total revenues during the three months ended March 27, 2010.  No other customer accounted for more than 10% of total revenues in either of these fiscal periods.

 

We have significant accounts receivables concentrated with a few customers in the semiconductor industry. While our allowance for doubtful accounts balance is based on historical loss experience along with anticipated economic trends, unanticipated financial instability in the semiconductor industry could lead to higher than anticipated losses. As of March 26, 2011, four customers accounted for approximately 18%, 17%, 15% and 11% of gross accounts receivable.  At December 25, 2010, three customers accounted for approximately 21%, 19% and 11% of gross accounts receivable.  No other customer accounted for more than 10% of gross accounts receivable in either of these fiscal periods.

 

Note 4 — Restructuring Charges

 

Restructuring charges include costs related to employee termination benefits, cost of long-lived assets abandoned or impaired, as well as contract termination costs.

 

2010 Restructuring Activities

 

We recorded $3.6 million in restructuring charges in the three months ended March 27, 2010 as part of our then-current regionalization strategy (the “Q1 2010 Restructuring Plan”).  These charges consisted of termination benefits related to reductions in work force of 106 full-time positions, which were all related to severance and related benefits.  Subsequently, in the second quarter of fiscal 2010 we undertook a plan to rescind the previously issued severance arrangements for certain employees impacted by this plan, resulting in the reversal of $3.3 million of the accrual for severance costs booked in conjunction with the Q1 2010 Restructuring Plan, including the accrued retention bonus to date.  All activities related to this plan were completed during fiscal 2010.

 

In addition to the above, we executed certain additional restructuring actions during the remainder of fiscal 2010.  The ending restructuring accrual of $1.8 million as of December 25, 2010 reflects the unpaid amounts related to these actions as of that date.

 

2011 Restructuring Activities

 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2011, we implemented a restructuring plan (the “Q1 2011 Restructuring Plan”) including reducing our global workforce by 13 full-time employees across the organization. We recorded $1.1 million in charges for severance and related benefits during the quarter related to this plan. We expect that the activities comprising this reduction in workforce will be substantially completed by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

 

The liabilities we have accrued represent our best estimate of the obligations we expect to incur and could be subject to adjustment as market conditions change. The remaining cash payments associated with our various reductions in workforce are expected to be paid by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

 

The activities in the restructuring accrual for the three months ended March 26, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Employee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Severance

 

Contract

 

 

 

 

 

and

 

Termination

 

 

 

 

 

Benefits

 

and Other

 

Total

 

Accrual at December 25, 2010

 

$

1,382

 

$

451

 

$

1,833

 

Q1 2011 Restructuring Plan charges

 

1,082

 

 

1,082

 

Cash payments

 

(1,633

)

(53

)

(1,686

)

Other adjustments

 

(40

)

 

(40

)

Accrual at March 26, 2011

 

$

791

 

$

398

 

$

1,189

 

 

7



Table of Contents

 

Restructuring charges are reflected separately as ‘Restructuring charges, net’ in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. The remaining accrual as of March 26, 2011 that relates to severance and related benefits is expected to be paid out by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2011, while the remaining accrual for contract termination costs was forgiven by the counterparty subsequent to the first fiscal quarter.  See Note 18 — Subsequent Events of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for further discussion.  As such, the restructuring accrual is recorded as a current liability within ‘Accrued liabilities’ in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

Note 5 — Fair Value

 

We use fair value measurements to record fair value adjustments to certain financial and non-financial assets and to determine fair value disclosures. Our marketable securities are financial assets recorded at fair value on a recurring basis. We also have certain manufacturing equipment held for sale which are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis and included within ‘Prepaid expenses and other current assets’ in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

The accounting standard for fair value defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles, and requires disclosures about fair value measurements. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining the fair value measurements for assets and liabilities required to be recorded at fair value, we consider the principal or most advantageous market in which we would transact and consider assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions and risk of nonperformance. We apply the following fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows: The accounting standard for fair value establishes a fair value hierarchy that requires an entity to maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value. A financial instrument’s categorization within the fair value hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The standard describes a fair value hierarchy based on three levels of inputs, the first two of which are considered observable and the last unobservable, that may be used to measure fair value:

 

·      Level 1 - Quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

·      Level 2 - Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, which are observable either directly or indirectly.

 

·      Level 3 - Unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and that are significant to the fair value of the assets or liabilities.

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Recurring Basis

 

We measure and report certain assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis, including money market funds, U.S. government securities, municipal bonds, agency securities and foreign currency derivatives (see Note 17—Derivative Financial Instruments of the Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for discussion of fair value of foreign currency derivatives). The following tables represent the fair value hierarchy for our other financial assets (cash equivalents and marketable securities):

 

Fair value measured on a recurring basis as of March 26, 2011 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

76,388

 

$

 

76,388

 

Agency securities

 

 

5,000

 

5,000

 

Commercial paper

 

 

17,993

 

17,993

 

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U. S. Treasury

 

 

109,237

 

109,237

 

Agency securities

 

 

104,853

 

104,853

 

Commercial paper

 

 

3,000

 

3,000

 

Total

 

$

76,388

 

$

240,083

 

$

316,471

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Fair value measured on a recurring basis as of December 25, 2010 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Level 1

 

Level 2

 

Total

 

Assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash equivalents

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Money market funds

 

$

82,996

 

$

 

$

82,996

 

Commercial paper

 

 

16,991

 

16,991

 

Marketable securities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U. S. Treasury

 

 

105,865

 

105,865

 

Agency securities

 

 

108,173

 

108,173

 

Commercial paper

 

 

11,990

 

11,990

 

Total

 

$

82,996

 

$

243,019

 

$

326,015

 

 

The Level 1 assets consist of our money market fund deposits. The Level 2 assets consist of our available-for-sale investment portfolio, which are valued utilizing a market approach. Our investments are priced by pricing vendors who provided observable inputs for their pricing without applying significant judgments. Broker’s pricing is used mainly when a quoted price is not available, the investment is not priced by our pricing vendors or when a broker price is more reflective of fair values in the market in which the investment trades. Our broker-priced investments are labeled as Level 2 investments because fair values of these investments are based on similar assets without applying significant judgments. In addition, all of our investments have a sufficient level of trading volume to demonstrate that the fair values used are appropriate for these investments.

 

We did not have any significant transfers of assets measured at fair value on a recurring basis to or from Level 1 and Level 2 during the fiscal quarters ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010.

 

Assets Measured at Fair Value on a Nonrecurring Basis

 

The following table represents the fair value hierarchy for our long-lived assets measured at fair value on a nonrecurring basis as of March 26, 2011 (in thousands):

 

 

 

Level 3

 

Total

 

Total Gains (Losses)
Three Months Ended
March 26, 2011

 

Long-lived assets held for sale

 

$

389

 

$

389

 

$

 

Total

 

$

389

 

$

389

 

$

 

 

At the end of fiscal 2010, we had a building held for sale in Livermore, California, which was classified as Level 2 because the updated estimated fair value of the building was determined using inputs that reflected the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the building developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of us.  During the quarter ended March 26, 2011 we placed this building back into service at its carrying value of $0.8 million, resulting in a reclassification of the balance from ‘Prepaid expenses and other current assets’ to ‘Property and equipment, net’ in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 26, 2011.   See Note 10 — Long-lived Assets of the Notes to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements for more information.

 

At the end of fiscal 2010, we also had certain manufacturing equipment held for sale in Livermore, California which was classified as Level 3 as we used unobservable inputs in their valuation reflecting our assumptions that market participants would use in pricing this asset due to the absence of recent comparable market transactions and inherent lack of liquidity.  As of both March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010, our held for sale assets in Livermore were valued at $0.4 million and continued to be classified as Level 3 based on the fact that we used unobservable inputs in their valuation reflecting our assumptions that market participants would use in pricing this asset due to the absence of recent comparable market transactions and inherent lack of liquidity.

 

Other than the building previously held for sale that was put into service during the three months ended March 26, 2011, we did not have any assets that were transferred to or from Level 3 during the fiscal quarters ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Our fair value processes include controls that are designed to ensure appropriate fair values are recorded. Such controls include model validation, review of key model inputs, and analysis of period-over-period fluctuations and independent recalculation of prices.

 

Note 6 — Marketable Securities

 

We classify our marketable debt securities as “available-for-sale”.  All marketable securities represent the investment of funds available for current operations, notwithstanding their contractual maturities. Such marketable securities are recorded at fair value and unrealized gains and losses are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income until realized.

 

Marketable securities at March 26, 2011 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

Gains

 

Losses

 

Value

 

U. S. Treasury

 

$

108,951

 

$

293

 

$

(7

)

$

109,237

 

Agency Securities

 

105,002

 

16

 

(165

)

104,853

 

Commercial Paper

 

3,000

 

 

 

3,000

 

 

 

$

216,953

 

$

309

 

$

(172

)

$

217,090

 

 

Marketable securities at December 25, 2010 consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Gross

 

Gross

 

 

 

 

 

Amortized

 

Unrealized

 

Unrealized

 

Fair

 

 

 

Cost

 

Gains

 

Losses

 

Value

 

U. S. Treasury

 

$

105,513

 

$

372

 

$

(20

)

$

105,865

 

Agency Securities

 

108,361

 

36

 

(224

)

108,173

 

Commercial Paper

 

11,988

 

2

 

 

11,990

 

 

 

$

225,862

 

$

410

 

$

(244

)

$

226,028

 

 

The marketable securities with gross unrealized losses have been in a loss position for less than 12 months as of March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010, respectively.

 

When evaluating the investments for other-than-temporary impairment, we review factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below the amortized cost basis, review of current market liquidity, interest rate risk, the financial condition of the issuer, as well as credit rating downgrades.  We believe that the unrealized losses are not other-than-temporary. We do not have a foreseeable need to liquidate the portfolio and anticipate recovering the full cost of the securities either as market conditions improve, or as the securities mature.

 

Contractual maturities of marketable securities as of March 26, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Amortized
Cost

 

Fair
Value

 

Due in one year or less

 

$

106,281

 

$

106,493

 

Due after one year to three years

 

110,672

 

110,597

 

 

 

$

216,953

 

$

217,090

 

 

Realized gains and losses on sales and maturities of marketable securities were immaterial for the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, respectively.

 

Note 7 — Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We recorded a reduction in provision for doubtful accounts of $0.6 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 primarily due to the receipt of payments totaling $0.3 million for accounts receivable previously reserved and the write-off of previously reserved accounts receivable in the amount of $0.3 million. The allowance for doubtful accounts consisted of the following activity (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Beginning balance

 

$

847

 

$

9,260

 

Additions

 

 

 

Deductions

 

(610

)

(147

)

Ending balance

 

$

237

 

$

9,113

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Note 8 — Inventories

 

Inventories consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 26,

 

December 25,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Raw materials

 

$

5,878

 

$

2,736

 

Work-in-progress

 

11,777

 

16,807

 

Finished goods

 

5,298

 

5,460

 

 

 

$

22,953

 

$

25,003

 

 

We record provisions for excess and obsolete inventory based on forecasts of future demand. While management believes the estimates and assumptions underlying its current forecasts are reasonable, there is risk that additional charges may be necessary if current forecasts are greater than actual demand.

 

Note 9 — Warranty

 

We offer warranties on certain products and record a liability for the estimated future costs associated with warranty claims, which is based upon historical experience and our estimate of the level of future costs. Warranty costs are reflected in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations as a cost of revenues.  A reconciliation of the changes in our warranty liability (included in ‘Accrued liabilities’ in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets) is as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Warranty accrual beginning balance

 

$

433

 

$

732

 

Accrual (release) of warranties during the period

 

(180

)

(396

)

Settlements made during the period

 

(64

)

(29

)

Warranty accrual ending balance

 

$

189

 

$

307

 

 

Note 10 — Long-lived Assets

 

Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 26,

 

December 25,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Building

 

$

790

 

$

 

Machinery and equipment

 

119,480

 

115,847

 

Computer equipment and software

 

35,527

 

35,493

 

Furniture and fixtures

 

6,196

 

6,180

 

Leasehold improvements

 

70,037

 

69,934

 

 

 

232,030

 

227,454

 

Less: Accumulated depreciation, amortization and enterprise-wide impairment

 

(210,727

)

(207,992

)

 

 

21,303

 

19,462

 

Construction-in-progress

 

14,750

 

17,849

 

 

 

$

36,053

 

$

37,311

 

 

During the quarter ended March 26, 2011 we placed a building previously identified as held for sale back into service at its carrying value of $0.8 million.  This amount represents the lesser of its carrying amount before the building was classified as held for sale, adjusted for any depreciation that would have been recognized had the building been continuously classified as held and used, or the fair value at the date of the subsequent decision not to sell. The building will be depreciated over its estimated remaining useful life of ten years.

 

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Table of Contents

 

In the three months ended March 26, 2011 we wrote-off fully depreciated assets with an acquired cost of $0.2 million.  In addition, we recorded an impairment of $0.4 million related to the termination of aspects of an on-going project related to certain software development for internal use that had been recorded in construction-in-progress.  This impairment charge is included in “Impairment of long-lived assets” in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the quarter ending March 26, 2011.

 

At March 26, 2011, the carrying amount of our intangible asset, which consists of purchased intellectual property, was $4.1 million, with $5.9 million as the gross amount and $1.8 million as the accumulated amortization. We recorded $0.3 million amortization expense for our intangible asset during the first fiscal quarter of 2011, of which $0.2 million was charged to cost of revenues and $0.1 million was charged to selling, general and administrative expense. The intangible asset had a remaining amortization period of 3.5 years at March 26, 2011. The intangible asset is included in ‘Other assets’ in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

 

Note 11 — Comprehensive Loss

 

Comprehensive loss includes foreign currency translation adjustments and unrealized gains (losses) on available-for-sale securities, the impact of which has been excluded from net income and reflected as components of stockholders’ equity.

 

Components of comprehensive loss were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Net loss

 

$

(21,424

)

$

(38,184

)

Unrealized gain (loss) on investments, net

 

(27

)

14

 

Cumulative translation adjustments

 

290

 

(118

)

Comprehensive loss

 

$

(21,161

)

$

(38,288

)

 

Components of accumulated other comprehensive income were as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

March 26,

 

December 25,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Unrealized loss on marketable securities, net of tax of $299 at March 26, 2011 and December 25, 2010, respectively

 

$

(163

)

$

(136

)

Cumulative translation adjustments

 

2,453

 

2,163

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 

$

2,290

 

$

2,027

 

 

Note 12 — Stockholders’ Equity

 

Common Stock Repurchase Program

 

On October 20, 2010, our Board of Directors authorized a program to repurchase up to $50.0 million of outstanding common stock. Under the authorized stock repurchase program, we may repurchase shares from time to time on the open market; the pace of repurchase activity will depend on levels of cash generation, current stock price, and other factors. The stock repurchase program was announced on October 26, 2010 and expires on October 19, 2011. The program may be modified or discontinued at any time.  During fiscal year 2010 we repurchased and retired 70,000 shares of common stock for $0.6 million under this repurchase authorization.  During the first fiscal quarter of 2011 we repurchased and retired an additional 262,712 shares for $2.3 million.

 

Repurchased shares are retired upon the settlement of the related trade transactions. Our policy related to repurchases of our common stock is to charge the excess of cost over par value to additional paid-in capital. All repurchases were made in compliance with Rule 10b-18 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

 

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Equity Incentive Plans

 

We have three equity incentive plans: Incentive Option Plan and Management Incentive Option Plan (together, the “Prior Plans”), and 2002 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2002 Plan”), which became effective in April 2002. Upon the effectiveness of the 2002 Plan, we ceased granting any equity awards under the Prior Plans, although forfeited, repurchased, cancelled or terminated Prior Plan shares were transferred to the 2002 Plan.

 

Stock Options

 

Stock option activity under the Prior Plans and the 2002 Plan during the three months ended March 26, 2011 is set forth below:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Average

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

Remaining

 

Aggregate

 

 

 

Options

 

Average

 

Contractual

 

Intrinsic

 

 

 

Outstanding

 

Exercise Price

 

Life in Years

 

Value

 

Balances, December 25, 2010

 

5,318,387

 

$

14.53

 

 

 

 

 

Options granted

 

202,250

 

8.94

 

 

 

 

 

Options exercised

 

(12,515

)

6.23

 

 

 

 

 

Options cancelled:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forfeited

 

(70,275

)

9.86

 

 

 

 

 

Expired

 

(105,289

)

29.18

 

 

 

 

 

Balances, March 26, 2011

 

5,332,558

 

$

14.11

 

4.57

 

$

4,493,296

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vested and expected to vest at March 26, 2011

 

4,786,013

 

$

14.61

 

4.39

 

$

3,998,104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exercisable at March 26, 2011

 

2,007,799

 

$

21.08

 

2.09

 

$

1,368,343

 

 

The intrinsic value of option exercises during the three months ended March 26, 2011 was $43,000. Cash received from stock option exercises during the three months ended March 26, 2011 was $0.1 million. We did not realize any gross tax benefits in connection with these exercises.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

Restricted stock unit activity under the 2002 Plan during the three months ended March 26, 2011 is set forth below:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted

 

 

 

 

 

Average
Grant Date

 

 

 

Units

 

Fair Value

 

Non-vested restricted stock units at December 25, 2010

 

1,372,912

 

$

16.29

 

Awards granted

 

51,600

 

8.89

 

Awards released

 

(103,525

)

17.92

 

Awards cancelled

 

(112,118

)

17.08

 

Non-vested restricted stock units at March 26, 2011

 

1,208,869

 

$

15.77

 

 

Note 13 — Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for all stock-based compensation to employees and directors, including grants of stock options, as stock-based compensation costs in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements based on the fair value measured as of the date of grant. These costs are recognized as an expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations over the requisite service period and increase additional paid-in capital.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The table below shows the stock-based compensation charges included in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Stock-based compensation expense included in:

 

 

 

 

 

Cost of revenues

 

$

845

 

$

971

 

Research and development

 

1,261

 

1,393

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

1,863

 

2,894

 

Total stock-based compensation

 

3,969

 

5,258

 

Tax effect on stock-based compensation

 

 

 

Total stock-based compensation, net of tax

 

$

3,969

 

$

5,258

 

 

Stock Options

 

During the three months ended March 26, 2011, we granted 202,250 stock options under the 2002 Plan with a weighted average grant-date fair value of $3.70.  No options were granted during the quarter ended March 27, 2010. The following weighted-average assumptions were used in the estimated grant-date fair value calculations for stock options:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Stock Options:

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend yield

 

 

 

*

Expected volatility

 

50.0

%

 

*

Risk-free interest rate

 

1.6

9%

 

*

Expected term (in years)

 

4.2

2

 

*

 


* There were no options granted during the three months ended March 27, 2010.

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

During the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, we issued 228,737 shares and 157,961 shares, respectively, under the 2002 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“ESPP”). The following assumptions were used in estimating the fair value of employees’ purchase rights under the ESPP:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

ESPP:

 

 

 

 

 

Dividend yield

 

0%

 

0%

 

Expected volatility

 

38.9—52.6%

 

38.9 – 62.2%

 

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.17—0.33%

 

0.15 – 0.48%

 

Expected term (in years)

 

0.5 – 1.0

 

0.5 – 1.0

 

 

Unrecognized Compensation Costs

 

At March 26, 2011, the unrecognized stock-based compensation, adjusted for estimated forfeitures, was as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Average Expected

 

 

 

Unrecognized

 

Recognition Period

 

 

 

Expense

 

in years

 

Stock options

 

$

13,653

 

2.43

 

Restricted stock units

 

13,012

 

2.23

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

322

 

0.34

 

Total unrecognized stock-based compensation expense

 

$

26,987

 

 

 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Note 14 — Net Loss per Share

 

Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding for the period. Diluted net loss per share is computed giving effect to all potential dilutive common stock, including stock options, restricted stock units and common stock subject to repurchase. Diluted loss per share for three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, respectively, was based only on the weighted-average number of shares outstanding during that period as the inclusion of any common stock equivalents would have been anti-dilutive.

 

A reconciliation of the numerator and denominator used in the calculation of basic and diluted net loss per share follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Basic net loss per share

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(21,424

)

$

(38,184

)

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted average common stock outstanding

 

50,636

 

49,890

 

Diluted net loss per share

 

 

 

 

 

Numerator:

 

 

 

 

 

Net loss

 

$

(21,424

)

$

(38,184

)

Denominator:

 

 

 

 

 

Weighted-average shares used in computing basic net loss per share

 

50,636

 

49,890

 

Add stock options, restricted stock units, ESPP, warrants and common stock subject to repurchase

 

 

 

Weighted average shares used in computing diluted net loss per share

 

50,636

 

49,890

 

 

The following table sets forth the weighted-average of all potentially dilutive securities excluded from the computation in the table above because their effect would have been anti-dilutive (in thousands):

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Options to purchase common stock

 

4,901

 

4,979

 

Restricted stock units

 

1,112

 

75

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

52

 

Total potentially dilutive securities

 

6,013

 

5,106

 

 

Note 15 — Income Taxes

 

The income tax provision was $0.2 million for each of the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010. The results primarily reflect the tax provision on our non-U.S. operations in foreign jurisdictions taxed at rates below the U.S. statutory tax rate.  We maintain a valuation allowance for our U.S. Federal, state, and certain non-U.S. jurisdictions’ deferred tax assets.

 

The liability for uncertain tax positions was classified as a long-term income taxes liability as payments are not anticipated over the next 12 months.  It may be reduced when liabilities are settled with taxing authorities or when the statute of limitations expires without assessment from tax authorities. We are unable to make a reasonable estimate as to when cash settlements with the relevant taxing authorities will occur.  Unrecognized tax benefits increased by $0.3 million to $18.2 million during the first quarter of fiscal 2011 primarily as a result of additional R&D credit reserves and foreign transfer pricing reserves.  If recognized, $14.5 million of these unrecognized tax benefits (net of U.S. Federal benefit) would be recorded as a reduction of future income tax provision before consideration of changes in valuation allowance.

 

We classify interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as part of the income tax provision.  For the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, we recognized interest and penalties of approximately $7,000 and $83,000, respectively.  As of March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, we have accrued total interest and penalties of $0.4 million and $0.9 million related to the unrecognized tax benefits.

 

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Table of Contents

 

The amount of income taxes we pay is subject to ongoing audits by U.S. Federal, state and non-U.S. tax authorities which might result in proposed assessments.  Our estimate for the potential outcome for any uncertain tax issue is judgmental in nature. A number of years may elapse before an uncertain tax position is audited and finally resolved. While it is often difficult to predict the final outcome or the timing of resolution of any particular uncertain tax position, we believe that our reserves for income taxes reflect the most likely outcome. We adjust these reserves, as well as the related interest, in light of changing facts and circumstances.   However, if an ultimate tax assessment exceeds our estimate of tax liabilities, additional tax expense will be recorded. The impact of such adjustments could have a material impact on our results of operations in future periods.

 

Note 16 — Commitments and Contingencies

 

Environmental Matters

 

We are subject to U.S. Federal, state and local, and foreign governmental laws and regulations relating to the protection of the environment, including those governing the discharge of pollutants into the air and water, the management and disposal of hazardous substances and wastes, the clean-up of contaminated sites and the maintenance of a safe workplace. We believe that we comply in all material respects with the environmental laws and regulations that apply to us, including those of the California Department of Toxic Substances Control, the Bay Area Air Quality Management District, the City of Livermore Water Resources Division and the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health. We did not receive any notices of violations of environmental laws and regulations in fiscal 2010 or during the first fiscal quarter of 2011. No provision has been made for loss from environmental remediation liabilities associated with our facilities because we believe that it is not probable that a liability has been incurred as of March 26, 2011.

 

While we believe that we are in compliance in all material respects with the environmental laws and regulations that apply to us, in the future, we may receive additional environmental violation notices, and if received, final resolution of the violations identified by these notices could harm our operations, which may adversely impact our operating results and cash flows. New laws and regulations, stricter enforcement of existing laws and regulations, the discovery of previously unknown contamination at our or others’ sites or the imposition of new cleanup requirements could also harm our operations, thereby adversely impacting our operating results and cash flows.

 

Indemnification Arrangements

 

We may, from time to time in the ordinary course of our business, enter into contractual arrangements with third parties that include indemnification obligations. Under these contractual arrangements, we have agreed to defend, indemnify and/or hold the third party harmless from and against certain liabilities. These arrangements include indemnities in favor of customers in the event that our wafer probe cards infringe a third party’s intellectual property and our lessors in connection with facility leasehold liabilities that we may cause. In addition, we have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors and certain of our officers, and our bylaws contain indemnification obligations in favor of our directors, officers and agents. These indemnity arrangements may limit the type of the claim, the total amount that we can be required to pay in connection with the indemnification obligation and the time within which an indemnification claim can be made. The duration of the indemnification obligation may vary, and for most arrangements survives the agreement term and is indefinite. We believe that substantially all of our indemnity arrangements provide either for limitations on the maximum potential future payments we could be obligated to make, or for limitations on the types of claims and damages we could be obligated to indemnify, or for both. However, it is not possible to determine or reasonably estimate the maximum potential amount of future payments under these indemnification obligations due to the varying terms of such obligations, the history of prior indemnification claims, the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular contractual arrangement and in each potential future claim for indemnification, and the contingency of any potential liabilities upon the occurrence of events that are not reasonably determinable. We have not had any requests for indemnification under these arrangements. Our management believes that any liability for these indemnity arrangements would not be material to our accompanying consolidated financial statements. We have not recorded any liabilities for these indemnification arrangements on our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet as of March 26, 2011.

 

Legal Matters

 

From time to time, we may be subject to legal proceedings and claims in the ordinary course of business. For the fiscal quarter ended March 26, 2011, we were not involved in any material legal proceedings, other than the proceedings summarized below. In the future we may become a party to additional legal proceedings, including proceedings designed to protect our intellectual property rights that require us to spend significant resources. Litigation, in general, and intellectual property litigation in particular, can be expensive and disruptive to normal business operations. Moreover, the results of legal proceedings are difficult to predict, and the costs incurred in litigation can be substantial, regardless of outcome.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Patent Litigation

 

In 2005, we filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the United States District Court for the District of Oregon against Phicom Corporation, a Korea corporation, and its U.S. subsidiary, both collectively “Phicom”, charging that it is willfully infringing four U.S. patents that cover key aspects of our wafer probe cards—U.S. Patent Nos. 5,974,662, 6,246,247, 6,624,648, and 5,994,152. In 2006, we also filed an amended complaint in the same Oregon district court adding two additional patents to the litigation—U.S. Patent Nos. 7,073,254 and 6,615,485.

 

The district court action was stayed pending resolution of the complaint that we filed with the United States International Trade Commission, or Commission, on or about November 13, 2007, seeking institution of a formal investigation into the activities of Phicom and of Micronics Japan Co., Ltd., “Micronics Japan”. The requested investigation as filed encompassed U.S. Patent Nos. 5,994,152, 6,509,751, 6,615,485, 6,624,648 and 7,225,538 and alleged that infringement by each of Micronics Japan and Phicom of certain of the identified patents constitute unfair acts in violation of 19 U.S.C. Section 1337 and alleged violations of Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 in the importation into the United States of certain probe card assemblies, components thereof, and certain tested DRAM and NAND flash memory devices and products containing such devices that infringe patents owned by us.

 

In November 2009, in response to a request for review of prior decisions by the assigned Administrative Law Judge, the Commission issued a decision, which is termed a “final determination,” finding certain of FormFactor’s asserted patent claims valid, but not infringed, and other asserted patent claims invalid. The Commission did not find a violation of Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930 and terminated the investigation without issuing an exclusionary order against any products. We did not appeal the final determination to the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. The stay in the district court action against Phicom was lifted and the parties engaged in a non-binding mediation in an attempt to amicable resolve the litigation.  We anticipate that the matter will be resolved amicably, but it is possible the action will proceed forward.

 

In July 2010, we filed a patent infringement lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against Micro-Probe Incorporated charging that it is willfully infringing six U.S. patents that cover aspects of our proprietary technology and wafer probe cards. The complaint sought both injunctive relief and money damages for Micro-Probe’s alleged infringement of our U.S. Patent No. 6,441,315 for “Contact Structures With Blades Having A Wiping Motion,” U.S. Patent No. 6,825,422 for “Interconnection Element With Contact Blade,” U.S. Patent No. 6,965,244 for “High Performance Probe System,” U.S. Patent No. 7,227,371 for “High Performance Probe System,” U.S. Patent No. 6,246,247 for “Probe Card Assembly and Kit, and Methods of Using Same,” and U.S. Patent No. 6,624,648 for “Probe Card Assembly.” The complaint also sought injunctive relief and damages against Micro-Probe for unfair competition and further includes claims directed against a former employee for breach of confidence relative to our confidential and propriety information and against the former employee and Micro-Probe for conspiring to breach that confidence. After Micro-Probe and the former employee filed motions to dismiss, we voluntarily filed an amended complaint which was substantially similar to our original complaint except that we added a claim against the former employee alleging misappropriation of trade secrets and we omitted the infringement allegation related to our U.S. Patent No. 6,624,648, which is the subject of a re-examination proceeding before the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, or USPTO. Micro-Probe and the former employee have both filed answers to our amended complaint.  We have filed a second amended complaint in which we added allegations of infringement based upon two additional patents: U.S. Patent No. 7,671,614 for “Apparatus and Method for Adjusting An Orientation of Probes” and U.S. Patent No. 7,225,538 for “Resilient Contact Structures Formed And Then Attached To A Substrate”.  One or more third parties have initiated challenges in the U.S. and in foreign patent offices against certain of the above and other of our patents. These actions include re-examination proceedings filed in the USPTO, against three of our U.S. patents that were at issue in the Commission investigation. With respect to our U.S. Patent No. 5,994,152, the re-examination proceeding has concluded and a re-examination certificate has issued. With respect to our U.S. Patent No. 6,624,648, the matter is still pending before the USPTO. With respect to our U.S. Patent No. 6,615,485, the matter is on appeal from the decision of the USPTO examiner. Micro-Probe has filed requests for re-examination with the USPTO directed to our U.S. Patent No. 6,246,247, U.S. Patent No. 6,825,422, U.S. Patent No. 6,441,315, U.S. Patent No. 6,965,244 and U.S. Patent No. 7,227,371. The USPTO granted the re-examination requests directed to U.S. Patent Nos. 6,246,247, 6,825,422 and 6,441,315, and granted in part the requests directed to U.S. Patent Nos. 6,965,244 and 7,227,371. The foreign actions include proceedings in Taiwan against several of our Taiwan patents.

 

No provision has been made for patent-related litigation because we believe that it is not probable that a liability had been incurred as of March 26, 2011. We will incur material attorneys’ fees in prosecuting and defending the various identified actions.

 

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Note 17 — Derivative Financial Instruments

 

We operate and sell our products in various global markets. As a result, we are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. We utilize foreign currency forward contracts to hedge against future movements in foreign exchange rates that affect certain existing foreign currency denominated assets and liabilities, primarily trade receivables and payables. Under this program, our strategy is to have increases or decreases in our foreign currency exposures offset by gains or losses on the foreign currency forward contracts to mitigate the risks and volatility associated with foreign currency transaction gains or losses. We do not use derivative financial instruments for speculative or trading purposes. Our derivative instruments, which are generally settled in the same quarter, are not designated for hedge accounting treatment. We record the fair value of these contracts as of the end of our reporting period to our Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet with changes in fair value recorded within “Other income (expense), net” in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for both realized and unrealized gains and losses.

 

As of March 26, 2011, we had the following outstanding foreign exchange forward contracts that we entered into to hedge forecasted revenues and purchases (in thousands):

 

 

 

Contract Amount
(Local Currency)

 

Contract Amount
(U.S. Dollars)

 

Japanese Yen (Sell)

 

188,080

 

$

2,313

 

Taiwan Dollar (Buy)

 

(33,715

)

(1,151

)

Total USD notional amount of outstanding foreign exchange contracts

 

 

 

$

1,162

 

 

The contracts were entered into on March 25, 2011 and matured on March 28, 2011. Our foreign currency contracts are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy as they are valued using pricing models that utilize observable market inputs. There was no change in the value of these contracts as of March 26, 2011. Additionally, no gains or losses relating to the outstanding derivative contracts were recorded in the three months ended March 26, 2011.

 

The location and amount of gains and losses related to non-designated derivative instruments that matured in the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010 in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations are as follows (in thousands):

 

 

 

 

 

Losses Recognized on Derivatives

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

Derivatives Not Designated as

 

Location of Gain or (Loss)

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

Hedging Instruments

 

Recognized on Derivatives

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign exchange forward contracts

 

Other income (expense), net

 

$

(216

)

$

(181

)

 

Note 18 — Subsequent Events

 

Subsequent to March 26, 2011, we executed an amendment to our existing lease arrangement for our facility in Singapore which released us from our obligations related to the floor previously utilized for manufacturing in this facility.  In addition, we have been granted a rent reduction for the remaining occupied facilities in this building.  We previously had recorded certain asset retirement obligations and accruals related to our ceasing use of these facilities in connection with a prior restructuring action.  As a result, we will record a benefit of $1.5 million to ‘Restructuring charges, net’ in our Condensed Consolidated Statement of Operations for the fiscal quarter ending June 25, 2011. The rent reduction for the remaining occupied facilities is expected to reduce rental expense by approximately $0.1 million per quarter in future periods.

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Act of 1933, which are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. The forward-looking statements include statements concerning, among other things, our business strategy, including anticipated trends and developments in and management plans for our business and the markets in which we operate, financial results, operating results, revenues, gross margin, operating expenses, products, projected costs and capital expenditures, research and development programs, sales and marketing initiatives, and competition. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “could,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “intend” and “continue,” the negative or plural of these words and other comparable terminology.

 

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The forward-looking statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and our projections about future events. All forward-looking statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are based upon information available to us as of the filing date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to update any of these statements for any reason. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from those expressed or implied by these statements. These factors include the matters discussed in the section titled “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 25, 2010 and in the section titled “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. You should carefully consider the numerous risks and uncertainties described under these sections.

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes contained in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Unless expressly stated or the context otherwise requires, the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “FormFactor” refer to FormFactor, Inc. and its subsidiaries.

 

Overview

 

We design, develop, manufacture, sell and support precision, high performance advanced semiconductor wafer probe card products and solutions. Semiconductor manufacturers use our wafer probe cards to perform wafer sort and test on the semiconductor die, or chips, on the whole semiconductor wafer, which is prior to singulation of the wafer into individual separate chips. We work closely with our customers on product design, as each wafer probe card is a custom product that is specific to the chip and wafer designs of the customer and to certain other semiconductor test equipment used by the customer. During wafer sort and test, a wafer probe card is mounted in a prober and connected to a semiconductor tester. The wafer probe card is used as an interface to connect electrically with and test individual chips on a wafer. Our wafer probe cards are used by our customers in the front end of the semiconductor manufacturing process, as are our image sensor and parametric probe cards. We operate in a single industry segment and have derived substantially all of our revenues from the sale of wafer probe cards incorporating our proprietary technology, including our MicroSpring® interconnect technology.

 

During the first quarter of fiscal 2011, we saw revenue growth over the same period in fiscal 2010 across our Flash and System on a Chip, or SOC, product markets. Our revenues increased by 1.9%, or $0.8 million, in the first fiscal quarter of 2011 as compared to the same period in fiscal 2010. This growth is attributed primarily to market penetration in the Flash market combined with overall demand increases across both the Flash and SOC markets. However, this revenue growth continues to be offset by lost business opportunities due to pricing pressures and, more commonly, quoted lead times.

 

We incurred a net loss of $21.4 million in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 as compared to net loss of $38.2 million for the first quarter of fiscal 2010. The reduction of net loss quarter over quarter is primarily attributable to the restructuring actions undertaken throughout 2010, the purpose of which was to simplify our overall structure and better align our operations with the current business environment, streamline our manufacturing structure and reduce both manufacturing cost and cycle times.  Net loss also decreased quarter over quarter as a result of a reduction in depreciation resulting from the enterprise-wide impairment recorded in fiscal 2010.  The net loss for the first quarter of fiscal 2011 includes $1.0 million of restructuring charges as well as $0.4 million related to the termination of aspects of an on-going project related to certain software development for internal use that had been recorded in construction-in-progress.  The net loss for the first quarter of fiscal 2010 includes $3.6 million of restructuring charges.

 

Our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities totaled approximately $333.2 million as of March 26, 2011, as compared to $347.2 million at December 25, 2010. While there are no specific significant transactions or arrangements that are likely to materially affect liquidity, economic uncertainty and weak credit markets are driving our customers to delay their procurement as well as payment decisions which could adversely delay and affect our cash collections. We believe that we will be able to satisfy our working capital requirements for the next twelve months with the liquidity provided by our existing cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities. If we are unsuccessful in improving our operating efficiency, reducing our cash outlays or increasing our available cash through financing, our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities will further decline in the second quarter of fiscal 2011 and in future fiscal quarters.

 

We believe the following information is important to understanding our business, our financial statements and the remainder of this discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations:

 

Revenues.  We derive substantially all of our revenues from product sales of wafer probe cards. Revenues from our customers are subject to fluctuations due to factors including, but not limited to, design cycles, technology adoption rates, competitive pressure to reduce prices, cyclicality of the different end markets into which our customers’ products are sold and market conditions in the semiconductor industry. Historically, increases in revenues have resulted from increased demand for our existing products, the introduction of new, more complex products and the penetration of new markets. We expect that revenues from the sale of wafer probe cards will continue to account for substantially all of our revenues for the foreseeable future.

 

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Cost of Revenues. Cost of revenues consists primarily of manufacturing materials, payroll, shipping and handling costs and manufacturing-related overhead. Our manufacturing operations rely upon a limited number of suppliers to provide key components and materials for our products, some of which are a sole source. We order materials and supplies based on backlog and forecasted customer orders. Tooling and setup costs related to changing manufacturing lots at our suppliers are also included in the cost of revenues. We expense all warranty costs and inventory provisions as cost of revenues.

 

We design, manufacture and sell custom advanced wafer probe cards into the semiconductor test market, which is subject to significant variability and demand fluctuations. Our wafer probe cards are complex products that are custom to a specific chip design of a customer and must be delivered on relatively short lead-times as compared to our overall manufacturing process. As our advanced wafer probe cards are manufactured in low volumes and must be delivered on relatively short lead-times, it is not uncommon for us to acquire production materials and start certain production activities based on estimated production yields and forecasted demand prior to or in excess of actual demand for our wafer probe cards. We record an adjustment to our inventory valuation for estimated obsolete and non-saleable inventories based on assumptions about future demand, changes to manufacturing processes and overall market conditions.

 

Research and Development.  Research and development expenses include expenses related to product development, engineering and material costs. Almost all research and development costs are expensed as incurred. We plan to continue to invest in research and development activities to improve and enhance existing technologies and to develop new technologies for current and new markets and for new applications.

 

Selling, General and Administrative.  Selling, general and administrative expenses include expenses related to sales, marketing, and administrative personnel, provision for doubtful accounts, internal and outside sales representatives’ commissions, market research and consulting, and other sales, marketing, and administrative activities. These expenses also include costs for protecting and enforcing our patent rights and regulatory compliance costs.

 

Restructuring Charges. Restructuring charges include costs related to employee termination benefits and cost of long-lived assets abandoned or impaired, as well as contract termination costs.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets.  Asset impairment charges include charges associated with the write down of assets that have no future expected benefit or assets for which circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of these assets may not be recoverable, as well as adjustments to the carrying amount of our assets held for sale.

 

Use of Estimates. The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates may change as new information is obtained. Significant items that are subject to such estimates include the fair value of revenue elements, fair value of marketable securities, allowance for doubtful accounts, reserves for product warranty, valuation of obsolete and slow moving inventory, valuation of our long-lived assets, the assessment of recoverability of long-lived assets, valuation and recognition of stock-based compensation, provision for income taxes and valuation allowance for deferred tax assets and tax liabilities and accruals for other liabilities.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth our operating results as a percentage of revenues for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Revenues

 

100.0

%

100.0

%

Cost of revenues

 

89.9

 

105.9

 

Gross margin

 

10.1

 

(5.9

)

Operating expenses:

 

 

 

 

 

Research and development

 

28.6

 

38.0

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

30.6

 

45.0

 

Restructuring charges, net

 

2.6

 

9.0

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

0.9

 

0.0

 

Total operating expenses

 

62.7

 

92.0

 

Operating loss

 

(52.6

)

(97.9

)

Interest income, net

 

1.0

 

2.0

 

Other income (expense), net

 

(0.9

)

0.2

 

Loss before income taxes

 

(52.5

)

(95.7

)

Provision for income taxes

 

0.5

 

0.6

 

Net loss

 

(53.0

)%

(96.3

)%

 

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Table of Contents

 

Three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010:

 

Revenues

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

% Change

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Revenues by Market:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAM

 

$

26,872

 

$

31,768

 

(15.4

)%

Flash

 

6,247

 

3,460

 

80.6

%

SOC

 

7,309

 

4,438

 

64.7

%

Total revenues

 

$

40,428

 

$

39,666

 

1.9

%

 

Revenues for the three months ended March 26, 2011 increased 1.9%, or $0.8 million, compared to the revenues of the comparable period of the prior year. The increases are primarily due to increased demand for our advanced wafer probe cards caused by an overall improvement in the semiconductor market, and in particular the Flash memory and SOC market segments.

 

Our revenues for the three months ended March 26, 2011 were primarily generated by sales of wafer probe cards to manufacturers of DRAM devices.  DRAM sales were lower in the three months ended March 26, 2011 as compared to the same period in the prior year primarily due to reduced volumes at certain customers, generally resulting from extended qualification periods for the SmartMatrix product family at those customers, as well as lost business opportunities due to quoted lead times.

 

Revenues from sales to Flash memory device manufacturers increased significantly in the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year. The increases were driven primarily by a significant increase in the sale of NAND Flash wafer probe cards resulting from order expansion at existing NAND customers and the recent qualification of TouchMatrix at a large NAND supplier. NOR Flash also saw substantial year over year increases driven by customer demand across our probe cards that service this market.

 

Revenues from sales to SOC device manufacturers increased in the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to the overall upturn in the semiconductor industry and market trends to more complex devices and higher parallelism, which positively impacted revenues from sales of our wafer probe cards.

 

Revenues by Geographic Region

 

The following table sets forth our revenues by geographic region for the periods indicated:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

% of

 

March 27,

 

% of

 

 

 

2011

 

Revenue

 

2010

 

Revenue

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Taiwan

 

$

13,727

 

34.0

%

$

14,562

 

36.7

%

Japan

 

4,426

 

10.8

 

4,508

 

11.4

 

North America

 

8,520

 

21.1

 

8,564

 

21.6

 

South Korea

 

8,163

 

20.2

 

4,993

 

12.6

 

Asia-Pacific (1)

 

3,177

 

7.9

 

4,952

 

12.5

 

Europe

 

2,415

 

6.0

 

2,087

 

5.2

 

Total revenues

 

$

40,428

 

100.0

%

$

39,666

 

100.0

%

 


(1)  Asia-Pacific includes all countries in the region except Taiwan, Japan and South Korea, which are disclosed separately.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Geographic revenues information is based on the location to which we ship the customer product. For example, if a certain South Korean customer purchases through their North American subsidiary and requests the products to be shipped to an address in Asia-Pacific, this sale will be reflected in the revenues for Asia-Pacific rather than North America.

 

The significant increases in South Korea revenues for the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year were primarily due to the industry ramp up of DDR3, increased market penetration of our SOC products, and the continued market adoption and ramp of our SmartMatrix and TouchMatrix products across both the DRAM and Flash markets.  The increase in Europe was primarily driven by expansion in SOC, while the decrease in revenue in Taiwan was driven by a decrease in DRAM shipments to that region.  The decrease in revenues in Asia-Pacific was primarily due to a decrease in both DRAM and SOC shipments into that region in the period ended March 26, 2011.  Revenue in other regions remained consistent period over period due to steady demand across our overall product groups in those regions.

 

The following customers accounted for more than 10% of our revenues:

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

Micron Technology (1)

 

16.2

%

*

%

Elpida Memory (2)

 

15.4

 

12.1

 

Hynix Semiconductor (3)

 

13.4

 

18.6

 

PowerChip Semiconductor (4)

 

10.5

 

15.3

 

Samsung (5)

 

*

 

13.0

 

 


(1)          Includes Micron Technology, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including TECH Semiconductor Singapore Pte. Ltd., Numonyx Pte. Ltd., Numonyx Israel Ltd. and Micron Japan, Ltd.

(2)          Includes Elpida Memory and its consolidated subsidiaries, Rexchip Electronics Corporation and Tera Probe, Inc.

(3)          Includes Hynix Semiconductor and its consolidated subsidiary Hynix-Numonyx Semiconductor.

(4)   Includes PowerChip Semiconductor, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiary PowerFlash Technology Corp.

(5)   Includes Samsung Semiconductor and its consolidated subsidiary Samsung Austin Semiconductor.

*            Less than 10% of revenues.

 

The percentages above reflect customer constellations as of March 26, 2011.  Prior period concentrations have been updated to reflect the current customer compositions.

 

Gross Profit (Loss)

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Gross profit (loss)

 

$

4,069

 

$

(2,328

)

Gross margin

 

10.1

%

(5.9

)%

 

Gross margin fluctuates with revenue levels, product mix, selling prices, factory loading, and material costs. For the three months ended March 26, 2011, gross margin increased compared to the same period in the prior year, primarily due to lower depreciation expense, favorable changes in product mix from lower margin to higher margin products and reductions in general overhead costs.

 

The increase in gross margin for the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the same fiscal 2010 period was driven by $3.7 million of lower depreciation expense resulting primarily from the fiscal 2010 enterprise-wide impairment and the decisions to cease manufacturing operations in Singapore and Korea, as well as a reduction of $2.3 million in general overhead resulting from our cost control initiatives. We also experienced certain favorable changes in product mix from lower margin to higher margin products. Offsetting these improvements were inventory provision charges of $2.3 million, compared to $1.2 million in the first quarter 2010, driven by decreased demand for our on-hand inventories. Excess custom inventories are not uncommon for us as our advanced wafer probe cards are custom designs manufactured in low volumes and must be delivered on relatively short lead times, which requires us to acquire production materials and start certain production activities based on estimated production yields and forecasted demand prior to or in excess of actual demand for our wafer probe cards. The value of previously reserved materials that were used in manufacturing and shipped during the three months ended March 26, 2011 was $0.7 million. Gross margins for the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010 included stock-based compensation expenses of $0.8 million and $1.0 million, respectively.

 

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In the near future, our gross margins will likely continue to be adversely affected by lower levels of product revenues, even though we have taken significant steps to reduce our operating cost structure. Additionally, our gross margins may continue to be adversely affected if we are required to record additional inventory provision charges and inventory write-downs if estimated average selling prices of products held in finished goods and work in process inventories are below the manufacturing cost of those products.

 

Research and Development

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Research and development

 

$

11,560

 

$

15,091

 

% of revenues

 

28.6

%

38.0

%

 

Research and development expenses decreased for the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the same period in the prior year due to the combined effect of the decrease in certain new technology product development related costs and the decrease in other costs as a result of our cost reduction efforts. As a percent of revenues, research and development expenses decreased during the three months ended March 26, 2011 compared to the three months ended March 27, 2010 primarily due to the increased revenue base and our cost reduction efforts.

 

In the three months ended March 26, 2011, costs related to our research and development activities decreased by approximately $3.5 million from the comparable period of fiscal 2010 resulting primarily from reduced payroll and related costs of $1.2 million driven by reduced headcount, and reduced materials and related costs of $1.4 million resulting from our cost control efforts.  Stock-based compensation included within research and development expenses was $1.3 million and $1.4 million for the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, respectively, with the decrease in absolute dollars being primarily due to the decrease in headcount.

 

We are continuing our strategic investments in research and development, including investments in the development of our next generation parallelism architecture and products, fine pitch, advanced MicroSpring interconnect technology and new process technologies. We remain committed to product development in new and emerging technologies.

 

Selling, General and Administrative

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Selling, general and administrative

 

$

12,387

 

$

17,867

 

% of revenues

 

30.6

%

45.0

%

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 26, 2011 decreased $5.5 million from the comparable period of the prior year primarily due to a decrease in personnel-related costs and other discretionary spending. As a percent of revenue, selling, general and administrative expenses decreased during the three months ended March 26, 2011 as compared to the comparable period of the prior year, primarily due to the increased revenue base along with the reduction in expenses discussed above.

 

The $5.5 million decrease in the first quarter of fiscal 2011 compared with the same period of fiscal 2010 was the net effect of a $1.8 million decrease in salary expense due to reduced headcount, a $0.8 million decrease in depreciation expense resulting from the enterprise wide impairment recorded during fiscal 2010, a decrease in facilities related costs of $1.0 million resulting from the reduction of our facilities footprint during 2010 and a $1.0 million decrease in stock-based compensation expenses due to reduced headcount as well as fewer awards being granted than during the prior year comparable quarter.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Restructuring Charges, net

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Restructuring charges, net

 

$

1,038

 

$

3,550

 

% of revenues

 

2.6

%

9.0

%

 

For the three months ended March 26, 2011, restructuring charges decreased $2.5 million from the comparable period of the prior year.  The restructuring plans impacting the first quarters of fiscal 2011 and 2010 are discussed below.

 

2011 Restructuring Activities

 

In the first quarter of fiscal 2011, we implemented a restructuring plan (the “Q1 2011 Restructuring Plan”) including reducing our global workforce by 13 full-time employees across the organization. We recorded $1.1 million in charges for severance and related benefits during the quarter related to this plan. We expect that the activities comprising this reduction in workforce will be substantially completed by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2011. As a result of the Q1 2011 Restructuring Plan, we expect to realize quarterly savings, excluding stock-based compensation expenses, of approximately $0.6 million in subsequent quarters.

 

2010 Restructuring Activities

 

We recorded $3.6 million in restructuring charges in the three months ended March 27, 2010 as part of our then-current regionalization strategy (the “Q1 2010 Restructuring Plan”).  These charges consisted of termination benefits related to reductions in work force of 106 full-time positions, which were all related to severance and related benefits.  Subsequently, in the second quarter of fiscal 2010 we undertook a plan to rescind the previously issued severance arrangements for certain employees impacted by this plan, resulting in the reversal of $3.3 million of the accrual for severance costs booked in conjunction with the Q1 2010 Restructuring Plan, including the accrued retention bonus to date.  All activities related to this plan were completed during fiscal 2010.

 

The liabilities we have accrued represent our best estimate of the obligations we expect to incur and could be subject to adjustment as market conditions change. The remaining cash payments associated with our various reductions in workforce are expected to be paid by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2011.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

$

351

 

$

 

% of revenues

 

0.9

%

%

 

For the three months ended March 26, 2011, impairment charges of $0.4 million were related to the termination of aspects of an on-going projected related to certain software development for internal use that had been recorded in construction-in-progress.  There were no impairment charges recorded during the comparable period in fiscal 2010.

 

Management believes it is reasonably possible that additional impairment charges that would reduce further the carrying amounts of our property and equipment and intangible assets may arise in the remainder of 2011 if we are unable to achieve operating results anticipated by our 2011 financial plan.

 

Interest Income, Net and Other Income (Expense), Net

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Interest income, net

 

$

424

 

$

775

 

% of revenue

 

1.0

%

2.0

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other income (expense), net

 

$

(374

)

$

117

 

% of revenues

 

(0.9

)%

0.2

%

 

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The decrease in interest income from cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities for the three months ended March 26, 2011 as compared with the same period of the prior year was primarily related to lower average balances. Cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and marketable securities were $333.9 million at March 26, 2011 compared to $433.5 million at March 27, 2010. Weighted average yields for the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010 were 0.53% and 0.75%, respectively.  The decrease in yields was primarily attributable to the maturity of higher yielding securities and subsequent reinvestment to lower yielding securities.

 

Other income (expense), net for the three months ended March 26, 2011 was mainly comprised of foreign currency losses primarily related to Korean Won and Japanese Yen. Other income (expense), net for the three months ended March 27, 2010 was mainly comprised of income from the sale of component supplies offset by foreign currency losses primarily related to Japanese Yen.

 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

(In thousands, except percentages)

 

Provision for income taxes

 

$

207

 

$

240

 

Effective tax rate

 

1.0

%

0.6

%

 

The provision for income taxes differs from the amount computed by applying the statutory U.S. Federal rate principally due to a valuation allowance recorded against U.S. and certain non-U.S. deferred tax assets. The remaining tax provision for the first quarter of fiscal 2011 was primarily comprised of tax expense for non-U.S. cost-plus entities in foreign jurisdictions taxed at rates below the U.S. statutory tax rate.   The income tax provision for the three months ended March 27, 2010 primarily reflects taxes on our non-U.S. operations.

 

We classify interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as part of the income tax provision. For the three months ended March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, we recognized interest and penalties of approximately $7,000 and $83,000, respectively.  As of March 26, 2011 and March 27, 2010, we have accrued total interest and penalties of $0.4 million and $0.9 million related to the unrecognized tax benefits.

 

We anticipate that we will continue to record a valuation allowance against our U.S. and certain non-U.S. deferred tax assets. We expect our future tax provisions, during the time such valuation allowances are recorded, will consist primarily of the tax provision of our profitable non-U.S. jurisdictions.

 

Our effective tax rate may vary from period to period based on changes in estimated taxable income or loss by jurisdiction, changes to the valuation allowance, changes to U.S. Federal, state or foreign tax laws, future expansion into areas with varying country, state, and local income tax rates, deductibility of certain costs and expenses by jurisdiction.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

 

 

March 26,

 

December 25,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010

 

 

 

 

 

(In thousands)

 

Working capital

 

$

355,451

 

$

370,767

 

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities

 

$

333,232

 

$

347,235

 

 

Working capital: The decrease in working capital in the three months ended March 26, 2011 was primarily due to the use of cash from operating activities and reductions in accrued liabilities driven by the timing of payments and reductions in payroll and incentive compensation amounts, including income taxes paid in various foreign tax jurisdictions, offset by decreased accounts receivable due to strong accounts receivable collections during the period and reduced inventory levels.

 

Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities: Cash and cash equivalents consist of deposits held at major banks, money market funds and U.S. government securities that at the time of purchase had maturities of 90 days or less. Marketable securities consist of U.S. government and agency securities. We typically invest in highly-rated securities with low probabilities of default. Our investment policy requires investments to be rated single-A or better, limits the types of acceptable investments, concentration as to security holder and duration of the investment. Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities include $10.8 million held by our foreign subsidiaries as of March 26, 2011.

 

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Days Sales Outstanding: Days sales outstanding from receivables (“DSO”) were 55 days at March 26, 2011, compared with 66 days at December 25, 2010. The decrease in DSO is primarily due to continued improvement in our collection efforts as well as the shift in sales to customers with shorter payment terms.

 

Summary cash flows:

 

 

 

Three months ended

 

 

 

March 26,

 

March 27,

 

 

 

2011

 

2010