France Telecom S.A. 6-K 2006
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
REPORT OF FOREIGN PRIVATE ISSUER
PURSUANT TO RULE 13a-16 OR 15d-16 OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
November 2, 2006
Commission File No. 1-14712
(Translation of registrants name into English)
6, place dAlleray, 75505 Paris Cedex 15, France
(Address of principal executive offices)
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Six months ended June 30, 2006 and 2005
Year ended December 31, 2005
(Amounts in millions of euros, except for share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
(Amounts in millions of euros)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
(Amounts in millions of euros)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
(Amounts in millions of euros)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
(Amounts in millions of euros)
Additional cash-flow disclosure:
Carryback receivable of 235 million euros, which is at maturity in 2006, has been offset with VAT payables of May and June.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements
NOTE 1 SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
This note describes the changes in significant accounting policies which have taken place since publication of the consolidated financial statements for 2005 and which have been used to prepare the interim financial statements at June 30, 2006.
1.1 Basis for preparation of the financial statements
As required by European regulation no. 1606/2002 of July 19, 2002, the consolidated financial statements for the first six months of 2006 have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting, as endorsed by the European Union. The comparative data presented for the first six months of 2005 and the twelve months of 2005 have been prepared on the same basis.
The interim financial statements have been prepared using the same accounting policies as the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2005, with the exception of the changes described in paragraph 1.2 and the specific requirements of IAS 34 Interim Financial Reporting.
In preparing the financial statements, France Telecoms management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, as well as items of revenue and expense. These estimates may be revised if the underlying circumstances evolve or in the light of new information or experience. Accordingly, estimates made at June 30, 2006 may subsequently be materially revised.
Lastly, in the absence of standard or an interpretation that specifically applies to a transaction, management uses its judgments on developing and applying an accounting policy that results in relevant and reliable information, such that the financial statements:
The consolidated financial statements and notes thereto are presented in euros. They were approved by the Board of Directors at its meeting of September 13, 2006.
1.2 Changes in accounting policies
The Group had already elected to adopt an early application as of January 1, 2004 the following standards and interpretations, which are compulsory as of January 1, 2006:
The following standards or amendments endorsed by the European Union have become effective and are compulsory as of January 1, 2006:
The amendment to IAS 19 Employee Benefits effective as of January 1, 2006 permits the immediate recognition in equity of actuarial gains or losses arising during the year. At this stage, the Group continues to recognize actuarial gains and losses using the corridor method, as was the case at December 31, 2005.
The Group is not concerned by IFRS 6 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources, or the amendments to IFRS 1 First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards and IFRS 6 Exploration for and Evaluation of Mineral Resources concerning presentation of comparative data, or IFRIC 5 Rights to Interests arising from Decommissioning, Restoration and Environmental Rehabilitation Funds.
France Telecom has elected not to adopt the following standards, amendments and interpretations with an early application (endorsed or in course of endorsement by the European Union):
The France Telecom Group is currently analyzing the practical effects of these new standards and interpretations and their implications for the financial statements.
1.3 Accounting treatment of waste electrical and electronic equipment
European Directive 2002/96/EC as amended by Directive 2003/108/EC distinguishes the waste of electrical and electronic equipments between the users (private households or professional) and between the responsibility of the market participants before and after August 13, 2005. In accordance with these Directives, the France Telecom Group has adopted the following principles:
NOTE 2 RESTATED SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Groups four reportable business segments are:
Each of the above reportable segments has its own resources, although they may also share certain resources in the areas of networks and information systems, research and development, distribution networks and other shared competencies.
The use of shared resources is taken into account in segment results based on the terms of contractual agreements between legal entities, external benchmarks, or by allocating costs among all the segments. The supply of shared resources is included in inter-segment revenues of the service provider and the use of the resources is included in expenses taken into account for the calculation of the service users gross operating margin.
Segment results correspond to operating income excluding gains and losses on disposals of assets and the share in profit or loss of associates not directly related to the segment concerned.
The Group has six geographic segments, including four main geographic markets (France, the United Kingdom, Poland and Spain), the rest of Europe and the rest of the world.
2.1 Analysis by business segment
2.1.1 Analysis of main operating indicators by business segment for the period ended June 30, 2006:
2.1.2 Analysis of main operating indicators by business segment for the period ended June 30, 2005:
2.1.3 Analysis of main operating indicators by business segment for the period ended December 31, 2005:
2.2 Analysis by geographic segment
2.2.1 Revenue contribution
2.2.2 Property, plant & equipment and intangible assets (including finance leases)
NOTE 3 MAIN ACQUISITIONS AND DISPOSALS OF COMPANIES AND CHANGES IN SCOPE OF CONSOLIDATION
Details of the main transactions carried out in the six months ended June 30, 2006 are as follows:
In March 2006, in accordance with the undertakings made in November 2005 when it acquired 79.4% of Auna, France Telecom acquired an additional 0.6% stake in Auna (now France Telecom Operadores de Telecomunicaciones S.A.) from the minority shareholders for the sum of 49 million euros, raising its holding to 80%. In addition, France Telecom Operadores de Telecomunicaciones S.A. acquired a further 1.4% of Retevision Movil S.A., which trades under the name Amena, for the sum of 106 million euros, raising its holding to 99.3%. The additional goodwill amounted to 127 million euros.
In May 2006, France Telecom received the sum of 106 million euros under the price revision clause. As the purchase price had been allocated on a preliminary basis on November 8, 2005, the additional sum received was deducted from goodwill.
Following these transactions, the provisional amount of goodwill amounted to 4,473 million euros at June 30, 2006.
In April 2006, France Telecom acquired a further 12% stake in Jitco from Arab Bank for the sum of 60 million euros. France Telecom now owns 100% of Jitco, which in turn owns 40% of Jordan Telecommunications Company. Goodwill arising on the transaction amounted to 20 million euros.
In January 2006, France Telecom sold its entire 20% holding in Ypso, a cable network operator, for 44 million euros. Accordingly, the purchase and sale undertakings entered into with Cinven and Altice over Ypso shares have lapsed. The net gain on disposal before tax was 84 million euros.
NOTE 4 IMPAIRMENT
The Group carries out impairment tests annually or when indicators show that assets may be impaired.
The continued hardening of the economic environment and the fall in the Stoxx Telecom index during the first half of 2006 was analyzed by France Telecom as a potential indicator of impairment, which required the recoverable amount of assets to be re-estimated for the six months to June 30, 2006. Recoverable amount was estimated on the same basis used for the annual test and the asset groupings were similar to those used at December 31, 2005.
4.1 Impact on goodwill and assets
The test conducted at June 30, 2006 did not lead to the recognition of impairment losses on goodwill. Impairment losses taken on assets with a finite useful life amounted to (131) million euros following the test. France Telecom will make a new estimate of recoverable amount at November 30, 2006, the date of the annual test.
Impairment losses on goodwill amounted to (11) million euros at December 31, 2005 in respect of Wirtualna Polska and zero at June 30, 2005.
Impairment losses net of reversals on property, plant & equipment and intangible assets amounted to (568) million euros at December 31, 2005 including (191) million euros in respect of the Equant trademark and (345) million euros in respect of the Amena trademark following the decision under the NexT plan to replace them with the Orange trademark, and (196) million euros at June 30, 2005 including (185) million euros in respect of the Equant trademark.
4.2 Cash generating units and groups of cash generating units
France Telecom has 36 main Cash Generating Units (CGUs) generally corresponding to an activity in a particular country. These CGUs break down as follows by primary business segment:
The Enterprise primary business segment comprised four CGUs at December 31, 2005. The number was reduced to two following the absorption of Transpacs and integration of Equants activities within France Telecoms Enterprise business.
To carry out the impairment tests, goodwill acquired in a business combination is allocated to each CGU or group of CGUs likely to benefit from acquisition-related synergies. CGUs are combined within a business or geographic sector, as permitted under IAS 36. Combined CGUs identified by France Telecom are as follows:
France Telecom has calculated the fair value less costs to sell, and value in use of all the above CGUs:
The recoverable amount is then calculated at the level of the CGU groups defined above.
Impairment tests for global assets are carried out based on groups of Cash Generating Units (CGUs). Global assets include goodwill, intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and assets with finite useful lives (property, plant and equipment, intangible assets with determined useful lives and net working capital).
The table below sets out data relating to the principal groups of CGUs:
Key assumptions used to determine the value in use of the other main CGUs:
Key assumptions used to determine the value in use of assets in the telecommunications segment are similar to those described above, and include:
The amounts assigned to each of these parameters reflect past experience adjusted for expected changes over the timeframe of the business plan, but may also be affected by unforeseeable changes in the political, economic or legal framework of certain countries.
The main key assumptions used in the Directories segment relate to net revenue and gross operating margin trends for paper and online directories. The amounts assigned to each of the parameters reflect past experience adjusted for expected changes over the timeframe of the business plan.
NOTE 5 GAINS AND LOSSES ON DISPOSALS OF ASSETS
The main disposals are set out in note 3.
NOTE 6 RESTRUCTURING COSTS
Restructuring costs net of restructuring provision reversals break down as follows:
7.1 Net financial debt analysis by type and maturity
Net financial debt as defined and used by France Telecom corresponds to the total gross financial debt (converted at the year-end closing rate), less (i) derivative instruments carried in assets for trading, (ii) cash flow hedges and fair value hedges, (iii) cash collateral paid on derivative instruments, (iv) cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities, and (v) deposits paid on certain specific transactions (if the related debt is included in gross financial debt), and including the impact of the effective portion of cash flow hedges.
The schedule below provides a breakdown of net financial debt by type and maturity:
7.2 Balance sheet items included in the calculation of net financial debt
7.3 Weighted average cost of financial debt
The weighted average cost of financial debt was 5.69% at June 30, 2006 against 6.46% at December 31, 2005.
The weighted average cost of debt is calculated as the ratio between net financial expenses, less exceptional and non-recurring items and average outstanding, calculated based on net debt as defined above, adjusted for the amounts that do not give rise to interest, such as accrued interest payable and liabilities related to commitments to purchase minority interests.
7.4 Main debt issues and redemptions
During the first half of 2006, France Telecom S.A. made the following bond issues:
During the first half of 2006, France Telecom S.A. made the following bond redemptions:
In March 2006, TP Group redeemed a 500 million euro bond issue.
During the first half of 2006, France Telecom S.A. also took out 456 million euros and repaid 950 million euros of bank loans.
7.5 Main changes in credit lines
The main change in credit lines during the first half concerned the TP Group. In February 2006, the TP Group arranged a syndicated credit line of 2,500 million zlotys, maturing in 2011. At June 30, 2006, a total of 800 million zlotys (197 million euros) had been drawn down. The loan agreement does not contain any specific financial covenants.
7.6 Change in France Telecoms credit ratings
At September 13, 2006, France Telecoms credit ratings were as follows:
7.7 Change in loan covenants
At June 30, 2006, the Group complied with its loan covenants.
Under a bank financing agreement signed in 2003, France Telecom Operadores de Telecomunicaciones S.A. must comply with certain financial covenants. The net debt to EBITDA covenant changed during the first half of 2006 and must be less than or equal to 2.60 at June 30, 2006 and at December 31, 2006 and beyond (net debt and EBITDA as defined in the loan agreements).
NOTE 8 EQUITY
At June 30, 2006, France Telecom S.A.s share capital amounted to 10,416,144,372 euros, comprising 2,604,036,093 ordinary shares with a par value of 4 euros each. During the period ended June 30, 2006, the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding was 2,603,422,901 and the weighted average number of ordinary and dilutive shares was 2,778,804,465.
At June 30, 2006, the French State owned 32.44% of France Telecom S.A.s share capital either directly or indirectly through ERAP.
8.1 Change in share capital
In the first half of 2006, France Telecom S.A. issued 976,296 new shares including 357,599 shares underlying the subscription options for Wanadoo shares transferred to France Telecom and 618,697 shares underlying the options liquidity instruments held by Orange stock option holders. As required by law, the capital increases resulting from the exercise of stock options in 2006 will be officially recorded by the Board of Directors no later than its first meeting after December 31, 2006.
8.2 Treasury shares
France Telecom S.A. did not purchase any shares under its share buyback program during the first half of 2006 and therefore held no treasury shares at June 30, 2006.
France Telecoms Annual Ordinary Shareholders Meeting, held on April 21, 2006, decided to pay France Telecom shareholders a cash dividend in respect of 2005 of 1 euro per share. The dividend was paid on May 10, 2006 in the total sum of 2,601,954,756 euros.
8.4 Translation adjustment
At June 30, 2006, the (638) million euros translation adjustment primarily included (253) million euros in respect of TP Group and (233) million euros in respect of Orange UK. Of the total, (368) million euros related to goodwill, including (168) million euros for Orange UK and (145) million euros for TP Group.
8.5 Minority interests
In the first half of 2006, net income attributable to minority interests primarily included 77 million euros in respect of TP SA and 75 million euros in respect of Mobistar.
Dividends paid out to minority shareholders in the first half of 2006 primarily included (174) million euros in respect of TP SA, (125) million euros in respect of PagesJaunes and (76) million euros in respect of Mobistar.
At June 30, 2006, minority interests reflected on the balance sheet primarily included 1,855 million euros in respect of TP Group, 561 million euros in respect of Amena, 418 million euros in respect of the Senegalese and Malian companies and 367 million euros in respect of Mobistar.
9.1 Claims and litigation
This note describes any new judicial, arbitration or administrative proceedings (including pending or potential proceedings of which the Company is aware) and any developments in existing litigation since the publication of the financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2005, where France Telecoms management believes that the probable outcome could reasonably have a material effect on its earnings, operations or financial position. At June 30, 2006, France Telecom had 307 million euros in provisions recorded on its balance sheet to cover all the litigation proceedings in which it is involved (301 million euros at December 31, 2005).
European Commission proceedings and inquiries
In July 2006, the European Commission announced its intention to initiate proceedings with the European Court of Justice for failure on the part of the French authorities to enforce the Commissions ruling of August 2, 2004 concerning the business tax regime applicable to France Telecom as implemented by a law passed on July 2, 1990. This ruling had concluded that the regime was incompatible with the European Union Treaty and had ordered the government to obtain reimbursement from France Telecom of the amount of state aid received, which was estimated at between 800 million and 1.1 billion euros plus interest, pending a more precise analysis. The precise calculation of the amount of aid (for which the European Commission had set itself a deadline of November 1, 2004) has given rise to numerous but inconclusive exchanges between the French government and the Commission.The French authorities maintain that they have complied strictly with their obligation to cooperate fairly with respect to enforcement of the August 2004 ruling and have indicated that that they would uphold their rights by contesting the Commissions action in the European Court. These procedural developments have no adverse impact on France Telecoms assessment of this risk, which it believes is a contingent liability as defined by IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Assets and Contingent Liabilities.
Litigation related to national competition law
In January 2006, Le Numéro filed a complaint with the French Competition Council for alleged anti-competitive practices on the part of France Telecom and PagesJaunes regarding directory enquiry services. In April 2006, France Telecom and PagesJaunes offered to make certain voluntary commitments to resolve the issues in dispute. The Competition Council has accepted these commitments and the case was closed in July 2006.
In March 2006, the French Supreme Court (Cour de cassation) upheld a Paris Court of Appeal ruling which imposed a 40 million euro fine on France Telecom for failing to implement a February 2000 decision of the Competition Council. In that decision, the Council had ordered France Telecom to provide a suitable wholesale broadband access offer to third party-operators. The Supreme Courts decision brings a final end to these proceedings which arose from a complaint by Neuf Telecom. In the proceedings concerning the substance of the same case, in July 2006 the Paris Court of Appeal rejected France Telecoms appeal against the Competition Councils November 2005 ruling. This ruling had found France Telecom to have abused a dominant position and imposed a fine of 80 million euros for having, according to the Competition Council, unjustifiably restricted its competitors access to its local network, thereby distorting competition in the retail market and the upstream broadband market during the period from November 1999 to September 2002. France Telecom has appealed to the French Supreme Court.
As part of its investigation into call termination charges made by mobile operators, the Swiss Competition Council announced in April 2006 that it proposed to fine Swisscom Mobile 489 million Swiss francs for abuse of dominant position in this area during the period prior to June 2005. In the same proposal, the Council said it did not intend to sanction Orange Switzerland or TDC Switzerland for their call termination charge practices during that same period. However, the Council announced that an inquiry would be opened into the period after June 1, 2005, when Swisscom Mobile significantly reduced its call termination charges. With regard to the claims submitted by Swisscom and TDC to the Swiss telecoms regulator to obtain a retrospective reduction in Orange Switzerlands call termination charges respectively from January 1, 2006 and August 1, 2005, a ruling is expected during the second half of 2006.
In May 2006, the French Supreme Court set aside a Paris Court of Appeal ruling which had overturned the Competition Councils decision ordering France Telecom and SFR to pay fines of 18 million and 2 million euros respectively, for restrictive practices in the B2B fixed-line-to-mobile communications market. The proceedings originated in 1999 when the association of operators TENOR (now ETNA) filed a complaint with the Competition Council. The Supreme Court judgment places the parties in the same position they were in after the Competition Councils original decision. France Telecom has further appealed this decision before the Paris Court of Appeal.
A hearing took place at the Paris Court of Appeal on September 12, 2006 in connection with the proceedings which resulted in the Competition Council handing down a 256 million euro fine against Orange France in December, 2005 for engaging in two types of collusive practice which, according to the Council, had the effect of restricting competition on the mobile telephony market. A decision is expected on December 12, 2006.
No significant events occurred in the first half of 2006 with respect to the four proceedings pending before the German courts concerning France Telecoms investment in Germany in partnership with MobilCom.
In connection with the ongoing litigation between TP SA and DPTG before an arbitral tribunal constituted in accordance with the United Nations Commission on International Law (UNCITRAL) rules, TP SA became aware in March 2006 of a conflict of interest involving the Chairman of the tribunal, leading him to resign from office. A new president has been designated by the co-arbitrators. This change in the composition of the tribunal has no effect on France Telecoms assessment of the risk involved in this dispute.
Following the Lebanese governments withdrawal of its 300 million US dollar recovery order issued in 2000 and of the criminal complaints outstanding against FTML and its senior management, France Telecom and the Lebanese government consider that the agreement settling the disputes between the Republic of Lebanon and FTML/FTMI became effective at the end of March 2006. The minority shareholders of FTML have expressed their opposition to this agreement considering it not to be in the best interest of FTML. Following the settlement between the Republic of Lebanon and Libancell, and in accordance with its own settlement with the Republic of Lebanon, France Telecom believes that FTMI/FTML are entitled to obtain further compensation, a position which has been contested by the Lebanese government. The parties have initiated discussions in an attempt to reach a voluntary settlement.
In March 2006, the Paris Commercial Court delivered its ruling concerning the dispute between Orange France and Suberdine and some of Suberdines shareholders. Suberdine engaged in marketing and selling of Orange products and services between 1995 and 2003. It claims that Orange suddenly terminated their business relationship without reason and is claiming up to 775 million euros in damages. The court has declared the complaints lodged by Suberdines shareholders inadmissible but has ordered Orange to pay Suberdine 12 million euros. Suberdine and Suberdines shareholders have both appealed against the Courts decision.
In May 2006, the French Supreme Court upheld a Paris Court of Appeal ruling which had dismissed an appeal by the French association for the defense of minority shareholders (ADAM) against a French securities commission (COB) decision approving the information memorandum published by France Telecom in connection with the public tender offer followed by a compulsory purchase of outstanding Orange shares launched in November 2003. The Supreme Courts decision brings a final end to these proceedings.
9.2 Contractual obligations and off-balance sheet commitments
The main changes in the contractual obligations reflected on the balance sheet during the first half of 2006 concerned changes in net financial debt as described in note 7. The main events during the first half of 2006 affecting off-balance sheet commitments and contractual obligations are as follows:
As part of the settlement signed on October 4, 2004 by France Telecom and Kulczyk Holding, France Telecom undertook to pay additional compensation, capped at 110 million euros, if the average share price of TP S.A. shares on the Warsaw stock exchange exceeds 56 zlotys per share for a period of 60 consecutive days between October 12, 2004 and July 6, 2006. These conditions have not been fulfilled and the undertaking has lapsed.
NOTE 10 SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Other than the subsequent events described elsewhere, the main events occurring after June 30, 2006 are as follows:
Following a competitive bidding process launched in June 2006 to prepare for the divestiture of its shareholding in PagesJaunes Groupe, France Telecom announced on July 24, 2006 its decision to grant exclusivity to Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co Ltd. (KKR), based on a sale price of 3.3 billion euros for 54% of PagesJaunes Groupe, i.e. a price per share of 22 euros.
An additional cash consideration of 0.6 euro per share, making a total of 90 million euros for France Telecom, will be paid by KKR should it obtain more than 95% of the existing shares and voting rights of PagesJaunes Groupe following the standing market offer (garantie de cours) it intends to launch after the acquisition of France Telecoms stake in PagesJaunes.
KKRs offer has been submitted to the Works Councils of France Telecom and PagesJaunes for consultation purposes. It will remain valid until October 15, 2006 but may be extended until November 30, 2006, depending on progress in the consultation status.
In July 2006, France Telecom acquired an additional holding of 10% plus one share of Jordan Telecommunications Company from the Jordanian government for the sum of 145 million euros. Prior to the transaction, Jordan Telecommunications Company was proportionately consolidated. France Telecom now owns 50% plus one share of Jordan Telecommunications Company, which will therefore be fully consolidated as of this date.
On July 22, 2006, France Telecom signed an agreement to sell all the shares in France Telecom Mobile Satellite Communications to investment funds managed by Apax Partners SA for the sum of 60 million euros. The sale is contingent upon certain conditions, and principally obtaining consent from the regulatory authorities.
NOTE 11 SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES
The following information has been prepared to present disclosures required under US GAAP and SEC regulations applicable to France Telecom. This information should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2005 included in the 2005 Form 20-F.
The financial information expressed in U.S. dollars is presented solely for the convenience of the reader and is translated from the Euro which was 0.7825 for each U.S. dollar at June 30, 2006. This rate is the noon buying rate in New York City for cable transfers in Euro as certified for customs purposes by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. No representation is made that the euro amounts could have been, or could be, converted to U.S. dollars at that rate on June 30, 2006 or at any other rate.
Computation of gross operating margin and net debt
The Consolidated Financial Statements comply with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and France Telecom believes they are the most appropriate format for shareholders to understand the results of the business. Gross operating margin is computed as net revenues, less external purchases, wages, and employee benefits, and other operating income and expense. Net debt is computed as gross financial debt, less certain financial assets. Gross operating margin and net debt are not measurements of operating performance or liquidity calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (US GAAP), and should not be considered a substitute for gross margin, operating income, net income, cash flows from operating activities or any other statement of income or cash flow statement data prepared in accordance with US GAAP, or a measure of profitability or liquidity. Gross operating margin and net debt may not be indicative of the historical operating results of France Telecom; nor is it meant to be predictive of potential results. Because all companies do not calculate gross operating margin or net debt identically, the presentation of gross operating margin and net debt contained in these financial statements of France Telecom may not be comparable to similarly entitled measures of other companies in accordance with IFRS or US GAAP.
Note 11.1 SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IFRS AND US GAAP
In accordance with European regulation 1606/2002 dated July 19,2002, France Telecoms interim consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with the requirements of IAS 34 as adopted by the European Union. As applied by France Telecom, there are no differences between IFRS as adopted by the European Union and IFRS as published by the IASB. However, IFRS as adopted by the European Union does differ in certain significant respects from US GAAP. Application of US GAAP would have affected consolidated shareholders equity and the consolidated results of operations of France Telecom as of June 30, 2006 and for each of the six months ended June 30, 2006 and 2005. The principal differences between IFRS and US GAAP as they relate to France Telecom are discussed in further detail below.
Reconciliation of consolidated net income to US GAAP
The following is a reconciliation of net income (loss) as reported in the Consolidated Statement of Income to net income (loss) as adjusted for the approximate effects of the application of US GAAP for each of the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005:
Reconciliation of consolidated net income to US GAAP :
Reconciliation of consolidated operating income to US GAAP
Reclassifications and adjustments to conform operating income to US GAAP are summarized as follows:
The principal difference between IFRS and US GAAP affecting operating income relates to a difference in consolidation methods of certain entities that are consolidated under IFRS but accounted for as equity method investees under US GAAP. See Note 11.2 Consolidation methods.
Reconciliation of consolidated shareholders equity to US GAAP
The following is a reconciliation of shareholders equity as reported in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as adjusted for the approximate effects of the application of US GAAP as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005:
The components of shareholders equity for US GAAP purposes as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005 are as follows:
As explained in Note 8.3, cash and stocks dividends of 2,602 million and 1,184 million respectively were paid in 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Description of US GAAP adjustments
Historical business combinations (A)
The historical business combinations result in the following differences in net equity between IFRS and US GAAP:
Other business combinations (B)
The business combinations included within this section result in the following differences between net equity under IFRS and US GAAP:
The development in 2006 of the following business combinations presented below had no material impact on the shareholders equity at June 30, 2006 :
Acquisition of Amena
On November 8, 2005, France Telecom acquired 28,971,688 Auna shares and 260,554 Multimedia Cable shares for a total cash consideration of 6.4 billion. As a result of the acquisition, France Telecom held 79.4% of Auna shares. Auna had a 97.9% stake in Retevision Movil SA, the mobile operator trading under the name of Amena, and referred to as Amena in the document.
The differences in accounting for the acquisition of Amena by France Telecom between IFRS and US GAAP has no material effect on the consolidated net income for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, or shareholders equity at June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005.
Under IFRS, France Telecom accounts for the acquisition of subsidiaries under the purchase method of accounting. The cost of the acquisition is measured as the fair value of assets acquired, equity instruments issued and liabilities incurred or assumed at the date of exchange, plus costs directly attributable to the acquisition. Identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed are measured initially at their fair values at the acquisition date. The excess of the acquisition cost over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired is recorded as goodwill.
US GAAP also requires the use of the purchase method of accounting for all business combinations. However, there are differences in valuation between US GAAP and IFRS as follows:
(1) The carrying amount of the Amena assets acquired under US GAAP of 653 million was higher than the carrying amount recognized under IFRS by 15 million as a result of interest that was capitalized on the borrowings related to the funding of UMTS licenses in accordance with US GAAP. France Telecom has chosen not to capitalize interest as allowed under IFRS.
(2) Under US GAAP, the portion of the purchase price allocated to the identified brand name intangible asset was lower than the amount recognized under IFRS by 347 million, which generates a discrepancy between IFRS and US GAAP goodwill of 173 million, net of the related deferred tax effect. In accordance with US GAAP practice, the brand name was valued based on France Telecoms intended useful life whereas under IFRS, the brand name was valued based on an indefinite useful life.
(3) France Telecom entered into a forward contract whereby France Telecom would acquire the minority shares on a future date. Under US GAAP, this forward contract has been accounted for as a reduction to minority interest equal to the fair value of the shares at inception. The remaining difference between the initial reduction to minority interest and the carrying amount of the minority interest has been reflected as part of a step acquisition. This resulted in a difference between US GAAP and IFRS of 31 million to the consolidated shareholders equity at December 31, 2005.
(4) Under IFRS, as France Telecom acquired less than 100% of Amena, the minority interest is stated at the minoritys proportion of the net fair value of acquired assets and liabilities assumed. However, under US GAAP, fair values are assigned only to the share of the net assets acquired by France Telecom.
As discussed in Note 3 to these consolidated Financial Statements, in 2006, FT increased its stake in Amena: France Telecom Operadores de Telecomunicaciones S.A. acquired a further 1.4% of Retevision Movil S.A., which trades under the name Amena, for the sum of 106 million euros, raising its holding to 99.3%. The additional goodwill amounted to 127 million euros. In May 2006, France Telecom received the sum of 106 million euros under the price revision clause. As the purchase price had been allocated on a preliminary basis on November 8, 2005, the additional sum received was deducted from goodwill.
The differences in accounting for the additional stake of Amena by France Telecom between IFRS and US GAAP has no material effect on the consolidated net income for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 or shareholders equity at June 30, 2006.
As a result of 2005 and 2006 operations, US GAAP goodwill of 4,631 million is higher than IFRS goodwill by 158 million.
2005 Acquisition of Orange Slovensko minority interest
In November 2005, France Telecom acquired the remaining Orange Slovensko shares not already held.
The differences in accounting for the acquisition of the minority interest in Orange Slovensko by France Telecom between IFRS and US GAAP resulted in an adjustment of nil to the consolidated net income for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, and 33 million and 33 million to the shareholders equity at June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
For the purchase of minority interests under IFRS, France Telecom recognizes goodwill for the difference between the purchase price and book value of the net assets acquired.
Under US GAAP, France Telecom is required to allocate the cost of the acquired remaining interest to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on their estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. It was determined that the fair values of the acquired share of assets and liabilities already recognized in France Telecoms consolidated financial statements were not different from their US GAAP carrying values, except for certain intangible assets. Based on an independent valuation prepared using estimates and assumptions provided by management, the fair value of tangible and intangible assets was determined, and was recognized in conjunction with the purchase price allocation.
Accounting for goodwillnon amortization and impairment (C)
Prior to the adoption of IFRS on January 1, 2004, France Telecom amortized goodwill in accordance with French GAAP. Under US GAAP, goodwill is not amortized, but tested for impairment on an annual basis. Therefore, the reconciliation to US GAAP reflects an adjustment of approximately 9.5 billion.
The total amount of goodwill impairment recorded under US GAAP result in an adjustment of approximately (26.2) billion in the shareholders equity as of June 30, 2006.
Accounting for the impairment of goodwill, prior to January 1, 2004:
Under US GAAP, France Telecom recorded significant goodwill impairments prior to January 1, 2004, due to downturns in the market place. In accordance with the transitional provisions of IFRS 1, France Telecom tested goodwill for impairment as of the adoption date, and no adjustments to the historical French GAAP goodwill amounts were necessary. As such, the US GAAP accounts reflect historical goodwill impairments of approximately (24.4) billion, relating primarily to the Orange reporting unit, for which an impairment charge of (19.7) billion was recorded during the first half of 2002.
Impairment test on June 30, 2006
The Group carries out impairment tests annually or when indicators show that assets may be impaired. The continued hardening of the economic environment and the fall in the Stoxx Telecom index during the first half of 2006 was analyzed by France Telecom as a potential indicator of impairment, which required the recoverable amount of assets to be re-estimated for the six months to June 30, 2006.
Under US GAAP, SFAS 142 requires that goodwill of consolidated entities be tested for impairment using a prescribed two-step process. The first step of the SFAS 142 test compares the fair value of the reporting unit with the units carrying amount, including goodwill. France Telecom estimates the fair value of its reporting units using various methods, including, where appropriate, using a discounted cash flow approach, market comparables, and market capitalizations adjusted for appropriate control premiums. If the reporting units carrying amount is greater than its fair value, an impairment may be present and the second step must be completed to measure the potential impairment. The second step measures the amount of impairment , if any, by comparing the implied fair value of the reporting units goodwill to the carrying amount of the reporting units goodwill.
The reporting segments are similar to those used at December 31, 2005: Personal, Home, Enterprise and Directory. Nevertheless some previously identified reporting units have been merged during the first half of 2006. The following reporting units, which contain the most significant portions of the outstanding balances of goodwill are: Personal (including the Spanish activities), Enterprise (including Equant), Directory Spain, Directory France, Home France, Home UK, Home Netherlands and Home Spain.
France Telecom recorded for the first half of 2006 a goodwill impairment charge totaling 348 million related to the goodwill of the reporting unit Home Services UK and a goodwill impairment charge totaling 73 million related to the goodwill of the reporting unit Directory in Spain.
Impairment and amortization of intangible assets (D)
Under IFRS and US GAAP, intangible assets with indefinite lives are not amortized, but tested for impairment on at least an annual basis. Other intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives. The major intangible assets held and amortized are customer relationships (average life of 5 years) and licenses.
As explained in Notes 11.1 (A) and (B), under IFRS, certain intangible assets which arose in step acquisitions under US GAAP do not exist, or have a different carrying value than under US GAAP.
The differences in accounting for these intangible assets by France Telecom under IFRS and US GAAP resulted in an adjustment of (91) million and (363) million to the consolidated net income for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively and (974) million and (888) million to the shareholders equity as reported under IFRS as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
Under IFRS, Personal Nederland long-lived assets were impaired during first half 2006 with an impact of (100) million. Under US GAAP, so far undiscounted cash flows are above the carrying amount of Personal Nederland assets, the impairment was reversed.
The remaining difference between IFRS and US GAAP is mainly attributable to the valuation of major intangible assets held and amortized: customer relationships and UMTS licenses. The primary difference between US GAAP and IFRS is related to business combinations and relates to a different treatment of identifiable assets.
Accounting for bonds redeemable into shares of France Telecom (E)
Under IFRS, the TDIRA and OCEANE bonds are determined to be hybrid financial instruments and are therefore separated into a liability component and an equity component.
Under US GAAP, the TDIRAs and OCEANEs are reflected as debt at their nominal value at the issuance date. The interests paid and accrued are recorded as interest expense through the income statement.
Due to the split accounting under IFRS, the effective interest rate was higher under IFRS than under US GAAP. This difference results in a US GAAP adjustment on shareholders equity of 212 million and 171 million as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively, and increased the consolidated net income by 41 million and 36 million for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
The TDIRAs were repackaged during the year ended December 31, 2003. IFRS 1 allowed France Telecom not to apply the IAS 39 provisions to the repackaged debt. Under US GAAP, the terms of the repackaged TDIRAs were not considered substantially different than those of the original instrument. Accordingly, under US GAAP the 438 million fees paid by France Telecom was recognized as an addition to the carrying amount of the TDIRAs. Those fees are amortized to interest expense over a period of seven years using the effective interest rate method. The impact for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005 has reduced US GAAP income by 25 million and 26 million, respectively.
The US GAAP adjustments relating to the bonds redeemable into shares of France Telecom noted above had the following impact on France Telecoms equity as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005:
Capitalization of interest costs (F)
Under IFRS, France Telecom has elected to not capitalize any interest costs.
Under US GAAP, interest costs incurred on qualifying capital expenditures (concerns mostly UMTS licenses), which require a period of time in order for such assets to be ready for their intended use, are capitalized. Once the assets are operational, the capitalized interest associated with the asset is depreciated accordingly. The respective amounts of interest capitalized net of amortization as of June 30, 2006 and 2005 were (40) million and (7) million. The capitalization of interests costs under US GAAP results in an adjustment on shareholders equity of 1,179 million and 1,233 million as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
Pension obligations and other employee benefits (G)
Under IFRS, the early retirement plan in France is treated as a termination benefit and changes in actuarial assumptions are fully charged to the income statement. Under US GAAP, the early retirement plan in France does not qualify for termination benefit accounting treatment and is accounted for as a post-employment benefit with actuarial gains and losses recognized over the remaining service period (ending in 2006). As a consequence, the related expense included in the restructuring costs in the IFRS statement of income, is classified within other operational expenses under US GAAP.
Under IFRS, following the transitional provisions of IFRS 1, France Telecom recognized 325 million of unrecognized actuarial gains and losses against shareholders equity as of January 1, 2004, net of tax. Under US GAAP, this impact on shareholders equity was reversed, and the actuarial gains and losses, as of such date, continue to be amortized over the employees remaining service period, resulting in an additional expense in income of 51 million and 9 million for the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
As a result, the annual amount of actuarial gains and losses recognized in the income statement differs between US GAAP and IFRS.
In addition, under US GAAP, an additional minimum pension liability is required if an unfunded Accumulated Benefit Obligation (ABO) exists and (a) an asset has been recognized as prepaid pension cost, (b) the liability already recognized as unfunded accrued pension cost is less than the unfunded accumulated benefit obligation, or (c) no accrued or prepaid pension cost has been recognized. If an additional liability required to be recognized exceeds unrecognized prior service cost, the excess shall be reported in other comprehensive income. The minimum pension liability was approximately 52 million (38 million, net of tax) as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005. Under IFRS, the recognition of an additional minimum pension liability is not required for pension obligations.
Please see the following for a reconciliation of the items that comprise the adjustments from IFRS net income and shareholders equity to US GAAP net income and shareholders equity:
Revenue recognition (H)
Until January 1, 2005, under US GAAP, activation fees and certain other one-time charges were deferred and recognized over the average life of the related customer relationship period. In addition, under US GAAP, related direct incremental costs, up to the amount of revenues, were also deferred and subsequently amortized in accordance with the election provided in SAB Topic 13.
As of January 1, 2005, France Telecom changed its accounting policy for such deferred incremental costs, to expensing them as incurred. The change was made to align France Telecoms accounting policy with other European Telecoms, to clarify external IFRS and US GAAP communications, and to align the US GAAP accounting policy to the IFRS policy. For all these reasons, the change in the US GAAP accounting policy was preferable for France Telecom. This change in accounting treatment under US GAAP resulted in an adjustment of (713) million net of tax, which has been recorded as a cumulative effect of change in accounting policy during the year ended December 31, 2005.
Under IFRS, France Telecom accounts for certain sales incentives, both with and without renewal obligations, in accordance with the interpretation made by the French standard setter (CNC). Under US GAAP, France Telecom accounts for certain sales incentives given to customers with renewal obligations in accordance with EITF 01-9, Accounting for Consideration Given by a Vendor to a Customer (EITF 01-9), and thereby recognizes such sales incentives upon the renewal of the customer. For the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, the US GAAP net income impacts of this recognition were (4) million and (2)million, respectively, and this item has increased US GAAP equity by 331 million and 336 million, as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
Deferred taxes (I)
Due to the reconciling adjustments between IFRS and US GAAP, deferred tax differences of (195) million and (226) million have been recognized on shareholders equity under US GAAP as of June 30, 2006 and December 31, 2005, respectively.
In addition, upon the transition to IFRS, the deferred taxes recognized on certain business combinations within the opening IFRS balance sheet have been recognized as a direct reduction to French equity for approximately 1.2 billion as permitted under IFRS. Under US GAAP, such adjustments have been recorded against goodwill.
In 2003, in connection with the acquisition of the remaining minority interest in Orange SA, approximately (2.4) billion of previously unrecognized deferred tax assets of France Telecom were recognized by a release of the respective valuation allowance because France Telecom expects to use the future taxable income of Orange in the France Telecom consolidated tax group. Under US GAAP, a part of the release was recognized as a reduction of goodwill. Under the transitional provisions of IFRS 1, no adjustment has been made to the historical treatment under French GAAP.
Discontinued Operations (J)
As of December 2004, France Telecom has classified Tower Participation SAS (Tower) as held for sale in accordance with SFAS 144, Accounting for the impairment and disposal of long-lived Assets, (SFAS 144), and has determined that it meets the definition of a disposal group as defined by SFAS 144. Tower was disposed of during 2005 and the gain on the sale was recognized through the discontinued operations during the six month period ended June 30, 2005 for 963 million.
Earnings per share (EPS) (K)
The following table reconciles the numerators and denominators used to calculate the US GAAP basic and diluted earnings per share for the six months ended June 30, 2006 and 2005:
NOTE 11.2 ADDITIONAL US GAAP DISCLOSURES
Under IFRS, France Telecom records provisions for restructuring costs only when the restructuring has been announced and the Company has drawn up or has started to implement a detailed formal plan. This did not result in any differences between IFRS and the US GAAP provisions of EITF 94-3, Liability Recognition for Certain Termination Benefits and Other Costs to Exit an Activity (including Certain Costs Incurred in a Restructuring).
Under US GAAP, starting January 1, 2003, France Telecom applied SFAS 146, Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities, to all new plans initiated after this date.
This Statement requires that a liability for costs associated with exit or disposal activities be recognized at fair value when the liability is incurred rather than at the date an entity commits to a plan of restructuring.
For the six month periods ended June 30, 2006, under US GAAP, restructuring costs related to Orange that were charged to the income statement totaled 19 million.
Equant strategic reorganization
France Telecom SA
A reconciliation of the restructuring provision under US GAAP for the six month period June 30, 2006 is set out in the table below:
For the six month periods ended June 30, 2006 and 2005, restructuring charges consist of the following:
For US GAAP purposes, majority-owned companies, based on voting rights directly or indirectly held, are fully consolidated, and less than majority-owned companies over which France Telecom exercises significant influence (generally 20% or more owned), including those companies accounted for using the proportionate consolidation method under IFRS, are included in the consolidated financial statements using the equity method.
In addition, under US GAAP, FIN 46R prescribes that certain variable interest entities (VIE) are to be consolidated if France Telecom is the primary beneficiary and exposed to the majority of the expected losses and expected residual returns associated with such investments.
For the six month period ended June 30, 2006, France Telecom applied the equity method of consolidation for appropriate investments which have been consolidated under the proportional method under IFRS. This difference in accounting treatment has no effect on either net income or shareholders equity with respect to investments accounted for under the proportionate consolidation method for IFRS. However, it does have an effect on the presentation of certain balance sheet items between IFRS and US GAAP.
Under IFRS, there may be instances where France Telecom does not hold a majority of voting rights of an entity, but is deemed to control the financial and operating policies of the company, so as to obtain benefits, and therefore consolidates the respective entity. Under US GAAP, less than majority owned companies where France Telecom has significance influence are accounted for under the equity method, unless they are determined to be VIEs and France Telecom is deemed the primary beneficiary.
For the six month period ended June 30, 2006, the approximate effects on the consolidated financial statements from applying certain consolidation methods for accounting for other investments that would be accounted for under the equity method under US GAAP (except for TP Group which is presented below), have resulted in an impact on the IFRS consolidated assets of 1,393 million(1.34%), operating income of 252 million (4.72%), and on operating cash flows of 327 million (4.92%).
Under IFRS, the TP Group (TP S.A. and its subsidiaries, or TPSA) is fully consolidated in the France Telecom financial statements.
Under US GAAP, France Telecoms investment in TPSA (representing 47.5% of TPSAs voting common stock) is accounted for as an equity investment under APB 18.
The approximate effect on the reported France Telecom Consolidated Balance sheet, Statement of Income, and Statements of Cash Flows from consolidating TPSA are presented below in accordance with IFRS:
The quoted market value of France Telecoms investment in TP Group was approximately 3.3 billion as of June 30, 2006.
NOTE 11.3 RECENT US GAAP ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
SFAS 158 Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plansan Amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106, and 132(R)
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued SFAS 158, Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plansan Amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, 106, and 132(R). This Statement requires an employer to recognize the overfunded or underfunded status of a defined benefit postretirement plan (other than a multiemployer plan) as an asset or liability in its statement of financial position and to recognize changes in that funded status in the year in which the changes occur through comprehensive income. This Statement also requires an employer to measure the funded status of a plan as of the date of its year-end statement of financial position, with limited exceptions. SFAS 158 is effective for France Telecom for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2006. Earlier application of the recognition or measurement date provisions is encouraged, however, early application must be for all of an employers benefit plans. Retrospective application of this Statement is not permitted. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
SFAS 157 Fair Value Measurements
In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS 157, Fair Value Measurements. This Statement defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value in generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. The statement does not require new fair value measurements, but is applied to the extent that other accounting pronouncements require or permit fair value measurements. The statement emphasizes that fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined based on the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. Companies will be required to disclose the extent to which fair value is used to measure assets and liabilities, the inputs used to develop the measurements, and the effect of certain of the measurements on earnings (or changes in net assets) for the period. This Statement is effective for France Telecom for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and for interim periods within those fiscal years. Earlier application is encouraged, provided that the entity has not yet issued financial statements, including interim financial statements, for any period of that fiscal year. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
SFAS 156 Accounting for Servicing of Financial Assetsan Amendment of SFAS 140
In March 2006, the FASB issued SFAS 156an Amendment of SFAS 140. This Statement addresses the accounting for servicing assets and liabilities, such as those common with mortgage securitization activities. Specifically, SFAS 156 addresses recognition and measurement of separately recognised servicing assets and liabilities, clarifies when an obligation to service financial assets should be separately recognized, requires FV measurement, and permits choice of amortization or FV methods for subsequent measurement. This Statement is effective for France Telecom for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2006. Earlier application is permitted as of the beginning of an entitys fiscal year, provided the entity has not yet issued financial statements, including interim financial statements, for any period of that fiscal year. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
FIN 48 Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxesan Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109
In June 2006, the FASB issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxesan Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109 (FIN 48). FIN 48 prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attributes for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on accounting in interim periods, disclosure, and transition. This interpretation is effective for France Telecom for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. Earlier application of the provisions of this Interpretation is encouraged if the entity has not yet issued financial statements, including interim financial statements, for any period of that fiscal year. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
FSP No. SFAS 123(R)-5 Amendment of FASB Staff Position FAS 123(R)-1
In October 2006, the FASB issued this FASB Staff Position (FSP) which amends FSP FAS 123(R)-1, Classification and Measurement of Freestanding Financial Instruments Originally Issued in Exchange for Employee Services under FASB Statement No. 123(R), to clarify that when an instrument held by an individual that is no longer an employee is modified or exchanged in connection with an equity restructuring or business combination, the instrument would still be subject to the recognition and measurement provisions of FASB Statement No. 123(R), Share-Based Payment, if certain criteria are met. The new guidance states that a modification of an instrument does not include an exchange or a change to the terms of an award if that exchange or change is made only to reflect an equity restructuring or business combination provided that (1) either there is no increase in value to the holders of the instrument or the change in the terms of the award is not done in contemplation of an equity restructuring or a business combination and (2) all holders of the same class of equity instruments (for example, stock options) are treated in a similar manner. The provisions of FSP FAS 123(R)-5 should be applied in an entitys first reporting period beginning after October 10, 2006. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
FSP No. SFAS 13-2 Accounting for a Change or Projected Change in the Timing of Cash Flows Relating to Income Taxes Generated by a Leveraged Lease Transaction
In July 2006, the FASB issued this FSP which addresses how a change or projected change in the timing of cash flows relating to income taxes generated by a leveraged lease transaction affects the accounting by a lessor for that lease. The guidance in this FSP amends FAS 13, Accounting for Leases. For purposes of applying this FSP, advance payments and deposits made with a taxing authority shall not be considered an actual cash flow of the leveraged lease; rather, those payments and deposits shall be included in the projected settlement amount. The accounts constituting the net investment balance shall be adjusted to conform to the recalculated balances, and the change in the net investment shall be recognized as a gain or loss in the year in which the assumption is changed. The pretax gain or loss recognized shall be included in income from continuing operations before income taxes in the same line item in which leveraged lease income is recognized. The tax effect of the recognized gain or loss shall be included in the income tax line item. The guidance in this FSP applies only to changes or projected changes in the timing of income taxes that are directly related to the leveraged lease transaction. The guidance in this FSP shall be applied to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. Earlier application is permitted as of the beginning of an entitys fiscal year, provided that the entity has not yet issued financial statements, including financial statements for any interim period, for that fiscal year. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
FSP No. FIN 46(R)-6 Determining the Variability to be Considered in Applying FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)
In April 2006, the FASB issued this FSP which addresses whether certain arrangements associated with variable interest entities should be treated as variable interests or considered as creators of variability, and indicates that the variability to be considered shall be based on an analysis of the design of the entity. FSP FIN 46(R)-6 is required to be applied prospectively to all entities with which the Company first becomes involved and to all entities previously required to be analyzed under FIN 46(R) upon the occurrence of certain events, beginning the first day of the first reporting period after June 15, 2006. Early application is permitted for periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued. Retrospective application to the date of the initial application of FIN 46(R) is permitted but not required, however, if elected, it must be completed no later than the end of the first annual reporting period after July 15, 2006. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
EITF 06-03 How Taxes Collected from Customers and Remitted to Governmental Authorities Should be Presented in the Income Statement (That Is, Gross versus Net Presentation)
In June 2006, the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) issued EITF 06-03, How Taxes Collected from Customers and Remitted to Governmental Authorities Should be Presented in the Income Statement (That Is, Gross versus Net Presentation). This issue relates to any tax assessed by a governmental authority that is directly imposed on a revenue-producing transaction. The EITF states that presentation of the taxes, either on a gross or net basis, is an accounting policy decision that should be disclosed pursuant to APB Opinion 22 if those amounts are significant. This issue should be applied to financial reports for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2006 with early application of this guidance permitted. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
EITF 06-01 Accounting for Considerations Given by a Service Provider to Manufacturers or Resellers of Specialized Equipment Necessary for an End-Customer to Receive Service from the Service Provider
In June 2006, the EITF issued EITF 06-01, Accounting for Considerations Given by a Service Provider to Manufacturers or Resellers of Specialized Equipment Necessary for an End-Customer to Receive Service from the Service Provider. This issue deals with the accounting treatment of various forms of consideration given by a service provider and its relation to EITF 01-9. It states that 1) a service provider should characterize the consideration given to a third-party manufacturer or reseller (that is not a customer of the service provider) based on the form of consideration directed by the service provider to be provided to the service providers customer; 2) if the consideration given by a service provider to a manufacturer or reseller (that is not a customer of the service provider) can be linked contractually to the service providers customer, it is in substance the same as consideration given by a service provider to the service providers customer, and; 3) that the consideration given by a service provider to a manufacturer or a reseller (that is not a customer of the service provider) that can be contractually linked to the benefit received by the service providers customer should be accounted for in accordance with the model in EITF 01-9. This EITF is effective for the first annual reporting period beginning after June 15, 2007. Earlier adoption is permitted for financial statements that have not yet been issued. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
SAB 108 Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements
In September 2006, the SEC issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 108, Considering the Effects of Prior Year Misstatements when Quantifying Misstatements in Current Year Financial Statements (SAB 108). SAB No. 108 provides guidance on the consideration of the effects of prior year misstatements in quantifying current year misstatements for the purpose of a materiality assessment. SAB 108 establishes an approach that requires quantification of financial statement errors based on the effects on each of the companys balance sheet and statement of operations and the related financial statement disclosures. SAB No. 108 permits existing public companies to record the cumulative effect of initially applying this approach in the first year ending after November 15, 2006 by recording the necessary correcting adjustments to the carrying values of assets and liabilities as of the beginning of that year with the offsetting adjustment recorded to the opening balance of retained earnings. Additionally, the use of the cumulative effect transition method requires detailed disclosure of the nature and amount of each individual error being corrected through the cumulative adjustment and how and when it arose. France Telecom is currently reviewing this issue to measure the potential impact on the consolidated results of operations, financial position, and cash flows.
NOTE 11.4 SUBSEQUENT EVENTS
Events occurring between June 30, 2006 and September 13, 2006, the date the interim consolidated financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors, are mentioned in Note 10 to the consolidated financial statements. The main subsequent events having occurred since September 13, 2006 are as follows:
Following the exclusivity announced on July 24, 2006, and after consultation with the relevant works councils and the approval of the operation by the relevant competition authorities, France Telecom signed on October 11, 2006 a final agreement for the sale to Médiannuaire, an affiliate of KKR (Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co Ltd) (KKR) of its 54% stake in PagesJaunes Groupe for an amount of 3.312 billion euros. An additional cash consideration of 0.6 euro per share, resulting in a total additional cash consideration of 90 million euros for France Telecom shall be paid by KKR in the event it holds more than 95 % of the existing shares and voting rights of PagesJaunes Groupe upon completion of the standing market offer (garantie de cours) which shall be offered by KKR to the PagesJaunes Groupe shareholders.
Following the signature on July 27, 2006 of an agreement with the controlling shareholders of the Diwan Group for the acquisition of shares representing approximatively 72% of the equity in the company, for an amount of 28.2 million euros, or 41.97 per share, and in accordance with Alternext regulations and with AMF general regulations, France Telecom will be offering to the shareholders of the Diwan Group an irrevocable standing market offer (garantie de cours) at the same price per share as the one of the controlling block acquisition.
Disposal of FTMSC shares
Following the agreement signed on July 22, 2006, France Telecom completed on October 31, 2006 the sale of all the shares in France Telecom Mobile Satellite Communications to investment funds managed by Apax Partners SA for the sum of 60 million euros.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.