FreightCar America 10-Q 2007
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the Quarterly Period Ended March 31, 2007
Commission file number: 000-51237
FREIGHTCAR AMERICA, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x NO ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer ¨ Accelerated filer x Non-accelerated filer ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ¨ NO x
As of April 30, 2007, there were 12,255,079 shares of the registrants common stock outstanding.
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
Item 1. Financial Statements.
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(In thousands except share and per share data)
Note 1 Description of the Business
FreightCar America, Inc. (America), through its direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries, JAC Intermedco, Inc. (Intermedco), JAC Operations, Inc. (Operations), Johnstown America Corporation (JAC), Freight Car Services, Inc. (FCS), JAIX Leasing Company (JAIX), JAC Patent Company (JAC Patent) and FreightCar Roanoke, Inc. (FCR) (herein collectively referred to as the Company), manufactures, rebuilds, repairs, sells and leases railroad freight cars used for hauling coal, other bulk commodities, steel and other metals, forest products, intermodal containers and automobiles and trucks. The Company has manufacturing facilities in Danville, Illinois, Roanoke, Virginia and Johnstown, Pennsylvania. The Companys operations comprise one operating segment. The Company and its direct and indirect wholly owned subsidiaries are all Delaware corporations.
Note 2 Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of America, Intermedco, Operations, JAC, FCS, JAIX, JAC Patent and FCR. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The foregoing financial information has been prepared in accordance with the accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC) for interim financial reporting. The preparation of the financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from these estimates. The results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2007 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. The accompanying interim financial information is unaudited; however, the Company believes the financial information reflects all adjustments (consisting of items of a normal recurring nature) necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows in conformity with GAAP. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the Companys annual financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted. These interim financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements contained in the Companys Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006.
Note 3 Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the FASB) issued FASB Interpretation (FIN) No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes An Interpretation of FASB Standard No. 109. FIN No. 48 prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement attribute for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return, and also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. FIN No. 48 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. The Company adopted the provisions of FIN No. 48 on January 1, 2007. As a result of the implementation of FIN No. 48, the Company recorded an increase in gross unrecognized tax benefits of $2,638 and a decrease to retained earnings and accumulated other comprehensive loss of $1,936 and $94, respectively. If recognized, $1,454 of the gross unrecognized tax benefits would impact the Companys effective tax rate. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits did not materially change as of March 31, 2007. It is expected that the amount of unrecognized tax benefits will change in the next twelve months. However, the Company does not expect the change to have a significant impact on its results of operations or financial position. The Company recognizes accrued interest related to unrecognized tax benefits and penalties in income tax expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. As of January 1, 2007, the Company recorded a liability of $681 for the payment of interest and penalties. The liability for the payment of interest and penalties did not materially change as of March 31, 2007. As of January 1, 2007, the Company is subject to U.S. Federal income tax examinations for the tax years 2003 through 2006. The Company operates in a number of state tax jurisdictions and generally is subject to state income tax examinations for the tax years 2003 through 2006, with limited exceptions in certain states that may require examinations for years prior to 2003.
In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 157, Fair Value Measurements. SFAS No. 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 requires companies to disclose the fair value of their financial instruments according to a fair value hierarchy as defined in the standard. Additionally, companies are required to provide enhanced
disclosure regarding financial instruments in one of the categories, including a separate reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for each major category of assets and liabilities. SFAS No. 157 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, and interim periods within those fiscal years. Other than the enhanced disclosures required, the Company does not expect the provisions of SFAS No. 157 to have a material impact on the Companys financial statements.
In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. SFAS No. 159 permits companies to measure certain financial instruments and certain other items at fair value. The standard requires that unrealized gains and losses on items for which the fair value option has been elected be reported in earnings. SFAS No. 159 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, although earlier adoption is permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the financial impact of adopting SFAS No. 159.
Note 4 Inventories
Inventories are stated at the lower of first-in, first-out cost or market and include material, labor and manufacturing overhead. The components of inventories are as follows:
Note 5 Property, Plant and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment consists of the following:
Note 6 Goodwill and Intangible Assets
In June 2001, the FASB issued SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets, which became effective for the Company on January 1, 2002. This standard requires that goodwill and intangible assets with indefinite useful lives shall not be amortized but shall be tested for impairment at least annually by comparing the fair value of the asset to its related carrying value.
The Company performs the goodwill impairment test required by SFAS No. 142 as of January 1 of each year. The valuation uses a combination of methods to determine the fair value of the Company (which consists of one reporting unit) including prices of comparable businesses, a present value technique and recent transactions involving businesses similar to the Company. There was no adjustment required based on the annual impairment tests for 2006 and 2007.
Goodwill and intangible assets consist of the following:
Patents are being amortized on a straight-line method over their remaining legal life from the date of acquisition. The weighted average remaining life of the Companys patents is 10 years. Amortization expense related to patents, which is included in cost of sales, was $148 and $148 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The Company estimates amortization expense for each of the four years in the period ending December 31, 2010 will be approximately $590 and for the year ending December 31, 2011 will be approximately $586.
Note 7 Product Warranties
Warranty terms are based on the negotiated railcar sales contracts and typically are for periods of one to five years. The changes in the warranty reserve for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, are as follows:
Note 8 Revolving Credit Facility
On April 11, 2005, the Company entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement (the revolving credit agreement) with LaSalle Bank National Association and the lenders party thereto providing for the terms of the Companys revolving credit facility (the revolving credit facility). The proceeds of the revolving credit facility are used to finance the working capital requirements of the Company through direct borrowings and the issuance of stand-by letters of credit. The revolving credit facility has a total commitment of the lesser of (i) $50,000 or (ii) an amount equal to a percentage of eligible accounts receivable plus a percentage of eligible finished inventory plus a percentage of semi-finished inventory with a sub-facility for letters of credit totaling $30,000. The revolving credit facility has a three-year term ending on April 11, 2008 and bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus an applicable margin of between 1.75% and 3.00% depending on the Companys ratio of consolidated senior debt to consolidated EBITDA (as defined in the revolving credit agreement). Borrowings under the revolving credit facility are collateralized by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The revolving credit facility has both affirmative and negative covenants, including, without limitation, a maximum senior debt leverage ratio, a maximum total debt leverage ratio, a minimum interest coverage ratio, a minimum tangible net worth and limitations on capital expenditures and dividends. As of March 31, 2007, the Company was in compliance with all covenant requirements under the revolving credit facility. As of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, the Company had no borrowings under the revolving credit facility. The Company had $16,990 and $18,321 in outstanding letters of credit under the letter of credit sub-facility as of March 31, 2007 and December 31, 2006, respectively, and the ability to borrow $33,010 under the revolving credit facility as of March 31, 2007. Under the revolving credit facility, the Companys subsidiaries are permitted to pay dividends and transfer funds to the Company without restriction.
Note 9 Stock Repurchase Program
The Companys stock repurchase program was approved by the Companys Board of Directors in January 2007. The program authorizes the repurchase of up to $50,000 in shares in open market purchases at prevailing prices. The Company began repurchasing shares of its common stock in the open market beginning in March 2007. As of March 31, 2007, the Company had repurchased 476,599 shares of common stock for an aggregate of $23,457.
Note 10 Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive income is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. Comprehensive income consists of net income and the unrecognized pension and postretirement costs, which are shown net of tax. Comprehensive income was $22,952 and $21,373 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Note 11 Employee Benefit Plans
The Company has qualified, defined benefit pension plans covering substantially all of the employees of JAC, Operations and JAIX. The Company uses a measurement date of December 31 for all of its employee benefit plans. Generally, contributions to the plans are not less than the minimum amounts required under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act and not more than the maximum amount that can be deducted for federal income tax purposes. The plans assets are held by independent trustees and consist primarily of equity and fixed income securities.
The Company also provides certain postretirement health care benefits for certain of its salaried and hourly retired employees. Generally, employees may become eligible for health care benefits if they retire after attaining specified age and service requirements. These benefits are subject to deductibles, co-payment provisions and other limitations.
The components of net periodic benefit cost for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, are as follows:
The Company made contributions to the Companys defined benefit pension plans of $1,862 and $986, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006. Total contributions to the Companys defined benefit pension plans in 2007 are expected to be approximately $5,379. The Company made payments to the Companys postretirement benefit plan of approximately $694 and $976, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006. Total payments to the Companys postretirement benefit plan in 2007 are expected to be approximately $3,877. As of December 31, 2006, the Companys benefit obligations under its defined benefit pension plans and its postretirement benefit plan were $49,065 and $52,936, respectively, which exceeded the fair value of plan assets by $9,576 and $52,936, respectively.
The Company also maintains qualified defined contribution plans which provide benefits to employees based on employee contributions, years of service, employee earnings or certain subsidiary earnings, with discretionary contributions allowed. Expenses related to these plans were $559 and $493 for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, respectively.
Note 12 Risks and Contingencies
The Company is involved in various warranty and repair claims and related threatened and pending legal proceedings with its customers in the normal course of business. In the opinion of management, the Companys potential losses in excess of the accrued warranty provisions, if any, are not expected to be material to the Companys financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
The Company relies upon third-party suppliers for railcar heavy castings, wheels and other components for its railcars. In particular, it purchases a substantial percentage of its railcar heavy castings and wheels from subsidiaries of one entity. The Company also relies upon a single supplier to manufacture all of its cold-rolled center sills for its railcars. Any inability by these suppliers to provide the Company with components for its railcars, any significant decline in the quality of these components or any failure of these suppliers to meet the Companys planned requirements for such components may have a material adverse impact on the Companys financial condition and results of operations. While the Company believes that it could secure alternative manufacturing sources, the Company may incur substantial delays and significant expense in finding an alternative source and its results of operations may be significantly affected.
Note 13 Earnings Per Share
Shares used in the computation of the Companys basic and diluted earnings per common share are reconciled as follows:
Weighted average diluted common shares outstanding include the incremental shares that would be issued upon the assumed exercise of stock options and the assumed vesting of nonvested share awards. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, there were 52,000 shares of nonvested share awards which were anti-dilutive and not included in the above calculation.
Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.
You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q. This discussion contains forward-looking statements that are based on managements current expectations, estimates and projections about our business and operations. Our actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated and expressed in such forward-looking statements. See Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.
We are the leading manufacturer of aluminum-bodied railcars and coal-carrying railcars in North America, based on the number of railcars delivered. We also refurbish and rebuild railcars and sell forged, cast and fabricated parts for the railcars we produce, as well as those manufactured by others. Our primary customers are financial institutions, railroads and shippers.
Our manufacturing facilities are located in Danville, Illinois, Johnstown, Pennsylvania and Roanoke, Virginia. All of our manufacturing facilities have the capability to manufacture a variety of types of railcars.
During the three months ended March 31, 2007, we delivered 4,077 new railcars, compared to our delivery of 3,966 new railcars during the three months ended March 31, 2006. Our total backlog of firm orders was 6,006 units at March 31, 2007, compared with 9,315 units at December 31, 2006 and 17,794 units at March 31, 2006. While our backlog declined during the first quarter of 2007, orders in the railcar industry tend to be uneven and our long-term business prospects remain strong. The backlog as of March 31, 2007 represents estimated sales of $445 million, while the backlog as of March 31, 2006 represented estimated sales of $1,244 million.
Prices for steel and aluminum, the primary raw material components of our railcars, and surcharges on steel and railcar components remain at historically high levels. Notwithstanding fluctuations in the cost of raw materials, a majority of the contracts covering our current backlog include provisions that allow for variable pricing to protect us against future changes in the cost of raw materials. We were able to pass on increased material costs to our customers with respect to a majority of our railcar deliveries in the three months ended March 31, 2007.
With respect to the supply of components, while the availability of railcar components improved during 2006, the railcar industry continues to be adversely impacted by shortages of wheels and other components as a result of reorganization and consolidation of domestic suppliers, increased demand for new railcars and railroad maintenance requirements. Currently, we believe that these shortages will not significantly impact our ability to meet our delivery requirements as domestic suppliers have improved their delivery capabilities.
The North American railcar market is highly cyclical and the trends in the railcar industry are closely related to the overall level of economic activity. We expect railroads and utilities to continue to upgrade their fleets of aging steel-bodied coal-carrying railcars to lighter and more durable aluminum-bodied coal-carrying railcars. Despite the decline in our backlog, we believe that the long-term outlook for railcar demand is positive, due to increased rail traffic and the replacement of aging railcar fleets. We also believe that the long-term outlook for our business, including the demand for our coal-carrying railcars, is positive, based on our long-term supply agreements, our expanding product portfolio, our operational efficiency in manufacturing railcars and our international opportunities. However, U.S. economic conditions may not continue to improve in the future or result in a sustained economic recovery, and our business is subject to these and significant other risks that may cause our current positive outlook to change.
Our stock repurchase program was approved by the Board of Directors in January 2007. The program authorizes the repurchase of up to $50 million in shares in open market purchases at prevailing prices. We began repurchasing shares of our common stock in the open market during the first quarter of 2007. As of March 31, 2007, we had repurchased 476,599 shares of common stock for an aggregate of $23.5 million.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Three Months Ended March 31, 2007 compared to Three Months Ended March 31, 2006
Our sales for the three months ended March 31, 2007 were $322.5 million as compared to $292.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006, representing an increase of $29.7 million. The increase in sales was primarily due to a more diverse product mix, increased volumes and higher pricing related to variable price contracts. Revenues from our BethGon II®, AutoFlood III and other coal-carrying railcars comprised 77% of our total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2007 compared to 99% of total revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2006.
Gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $44.1 million as compared to $41.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006, representing an increase of $3.0 million. The increase in gross profit was primarily due to our production optimization, favorable labor performance, increased sales volume and lower depreciation costs, partially offset by a less favorable product mix. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, we were able to pass on increases in raw material costs to our customers with respect to a majority of our railcar deliveries.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2007 were $10.3 million compared to $8.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006, representing an increase of $2.0 million. Selling, general and administrative expenses were 3.2% of our sales for the three months ended March 31, 2007 compared to 2.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2006. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses is primarily attributable to $1.4 million of management transition expenses, along with increased investments in product development programs and other expenses of $0.6 million.
Total interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, was $0.2 million. For the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, interest expense consisted of third-party interest expense and amortization of deferred financing costs. Interest income for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $2.4 million, compared to $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006. Interest income represents income earned on short-term investments of our cash balances, which increased substantially compared to the three months ended March 31, 2006.
The provision for income taxes was $13.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2007, as compared to a provision of $12.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006. The effective tax rates for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006, were 36.4% and 36.0%, respectively. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was higher than the statutory U.S. federal income tax rate of 35% due to the addition of a 3.0% blended state rate and a 0.4% effect from other differences, less a 2.0% effect for the domestic manufacturing deduction. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2006 was higher than the statutory U.S. federal income tax rate of 35% due to the addition of a 3.9% blended state rate less a 1.9% effect from other permanent differences and less a 1.0% effect from the domestic manufacturing deduction.
As a result of the foregoing, net income was $23.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2007, reflecting an increase of $1.6 million from net income of $21.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, our basic and diluted net income per share was $1.82 and $1.80, respectively, on basic and diluted shares outstanding of 12,597,791 and 12,744,575, respectively. For the three months ended March 31, 2006, our basic and diluted net income per share was $1.71 and $1.67, respectively, on basic and diluted shares outstanding of 12,534,188 and 12,772,000, respectively.
LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
Our primary source of liquidity for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was our cash generated by cash flows from operations in prior periods. For the three months ended March 31, 2006, our primary source of liquidity was provided by cash flows generated from operations. From the three months ended March 31, 2006 to the three months ended March 31, 2007, the change in net cash used by operating activities was a decrease of $23.2 million. See Cash Flows.
As of March 31, 2007, we had no outstanding borrowings under the revolving credit facility, $17.0 million in outstanding letters of credit under the letter of credit sub-facility and the ability to borrow $33.0 million under the revolving credit facility. The revolving credit agreement has both affirmative and negative covenants, including, without limitation, a maximum senior debt leverage ratio, a maximum total debt leverage ratio, a minimum interest coverage ratio, a minimum tangible net worth and limitations on capital expenditures and dividends.
Based on our current level of operations, we believe that our proceeds from operating cash flows and our cash balances, together with amounts available under our revolving credit facility, will be sufficient to meet our anticipated liquidity needs for the remainder of 2007. Our long-term liquidity is contingent upon future operating performance and our ability to continue to meet financial covenants under our revolving credit facility and any other indebtedness. We may also require additional capital in the future to fund organic growth opportunities and cost reduction programs, including new equipment, development of railcars, joint ventures and acquisitions, and these capital requirements could be substantial. Management continuously evaluates manufacturing facility requirements to maximize our low-cost production capacity. We are exploring product diversification initiatives and international and other opportunities.
Our long-term liquidity needs also depend to a significant extent on our obligations related to our pension and welfare benefit plans. We provide pension and retiree welfare benefits to certain salaried and hourly employees upon their retirement. The most significant assumptions used in determining our net periodic benefit costs are the discount rate used on our pension and postretirement welfare obligations and expected return on pension plan assets. Our management expects that any future obligations under our pension plans that are not currently funded will be funded out of our future cash flow from operations. As of December 31, 2006, our benefit obligation under our defined benefit pension plans and our postretirement benefit plan was $49.1 million and $52.9 million, respectively, which exceeded the fair value of plan assets by $9.6 million and $52.9 million, respectively. As disclosed in Note 11 to the condensed consolidated financial statements, we expect to make contributions relating to our defined benefit pension plans of approximately $5.4 million in 2007. However, we may elect to adjust the level of contributions to our pension plans based on a number of factors, including performance of pension investments, changes in interest rates and changes in workforce compensation. In August 2006, President Bush signed the Pension Protection Act of 2006 into law. Included in this legislation are changes to the method of valuing pension plan assets and liabilities for funding purposes, as well as minimum funding levels required by 2008. We are determining the impact that these new requirements will have on our cash flow; however, initial estimates forecast that our defined benefit pension plans will be fully funded by 2008. This expectation will be affected by future contributions, investment returns on plan assets, growth in plan liabilities and interest rates. Assuming that the plan is fully funded as that term is defined in the Pension Protection Act, we will be required to fund the ongoing growth in plan liabilities on an annual basis. We anticipate funding pension contributions with cash from operations.
Based upon our operating performance, capital requirements and obligations under our pension and welfare benefit plans, we may, from time to time, be required to raise additional funds through additional offerings of our common stock and through long-term borrowings. There can be no assurance that long-term debt, if needed, will be available on terms attractive to us, or at all. Furthermore, any additional equity financing may be dilutive to stockholders and debt financing, if available, may involve restrictive covenants. Our failure to raise capital if and when needed could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.
The following table summarizes our contractual obligations as of March 31, 2007, and the effect that these obligations and commitments would be expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods:
Wheel and axle purchase commitments consist of a non-cancelable agreement with one of our suppliers to purchase materials used in the manufacturing process. The quantity commitment is partially based on the aluminum coal car industry backlog published by the American Railway Car Institute and the pricing is based on the Producer Price Index. The estimated amounts above may vary based on the actual quantities and price.
Aluminum purchase commitments consist of non-cancelable agreements to purchase fixed amounts of materials used in the manufacturing process. Purchase commitments are made at a fixed price and are typically entered into after a customer places an order for railcars.
The above table excludes $3.3 million of long-term liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits and accrued interest and penalties at March 31, 2007.
The following table summarizes our net cash used in or provided by operating activities, investing activities and financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2007 and 2006:
Operating Activities. Our net cash provided by or used in operating activities reflects net income adjusted for non-cash charges and changes in net working capital (including non-current assets and liabilities). Cash flows from operating activities are affected by several factors, including fluctuations in business volume, contract terms for billings and collections, the timing of collections on our contract receivables, processing of bi-weekly payroll and associated taxes, and payment to our suppliers. Our working capital accounts also fluctuate from quarter to quarter due to the timing of certain events, such as the payment or non-payment for our railcars. As some of our customers accept delivery of new railcars in train-set quantities, consisting on average of 120 to 135 railcars, variations in our sales lead to significant fluctuations in our operating profits and cash from operating activities. We do not usually experience business credit issues, although a payment may be delayed pending completion of closing documentation, and a typical order of railcars may not yield cash proceeds until after the end of a reporting period.
Our net cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $0.7 million, as compared to net cash generated by operating activities of $22.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006. The change in operating cash flows was primarily due to a reduction of $24.0 million attributable to changes in working capital related to an increase in accounts receivable, partially offset by a decrease in inventories, net of accounts payable. The large accounts receivable balance at March 31, 2007 was primarily attributable to the contract terms for billings and collections from two customers. Both of these receivables were collected subsequent to March 31, 2007.
Investing Activities. Net cash used in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $2.6 million as compared to $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2006. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, $2.5 million of the $2.6 million was comprised of expenditures for facility upgrades and machinery and equipment for our Roanoke, Virginia production facility, primarily as a result of our capacity expansion at the site. The remaining $0.1 million was comprised of general maintenance expenditures for machinery and equipment and facility upgrades at our other locations. For the three months ended March 31, 2006, net cash used in investing activities was $1.3 million, which consisted of capital expenditures.
Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $24.2 million, which included $23.5 million of stock repurchases under our stock repurchase program. The remaining $0.7 million was used primarily to pay cash dividends to our stockholders. Net cash used in financing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2006 was $0.4 million, which was used primarily to pay cash dividends to our stockholders.
Our capital expenditures were $2.6 million in the three months ended March 31, 2007 as compared to $1.3 million in the three months ended March 31, 2006. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, $2.5 million of the $2.6 million was comprised of expenditures for facility upgrades and machinery and equipment for our Roanoke, Virginia production facility, primarily as a result of our capacity expansion at the site. The remaining $0.1 million was comprised of general maintenance expenditures for machinery and equipment and facility upgrades at our other locations. For the three months ended March 31, 2006, $0.9 million of the $1.3 million was comprised of expenditures for machinery and equipment at our Danville production facility, while $0.4 million was comprised of expenditures for machinery and equipment at our Roanoke and Johnstown production facilities.
Excluding unforeseen expenditures, management expects that capital expenditures will be approximately $7.2 million in 2007. These expenditures will be used to maintain our existing facilities and update manufacturing equipment. Management continuously evaluates manufacturing facility optimization and may elect to make additional capital investments to maximize our low-cost production capabilities. We are also exploring product diversification initiatives and international and other opportunities. We expect to fund our capital expenditures through cash provided by operating activities and from our existing cash balances.
CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements including, in particular, statements about our plans, strategies and prospects. We have used the words may, will, expect, anticipate, believe, estimate, plan, intend and similar expressions in this report to identify forward-looking statements. We have based these forward-looking statements on our current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Our actual results could differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements.
Our forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, including:
Our actual results could be different from the results described in or anticipated by our forward-looking statements due to the inherent uncertainty of estimates, forecasts and projections and may be better or worse than anticipated. Given these uncertainties, you should not rely on forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements represent our estimates and assumptions only as of the date that they were made. We expressly disclaim any duty to provide updates to forward-looking statements, and the estimates and assumptions associated with them, in order to reflect changes in circumstances or expectations or the occurrence of unanticipated events except to the extent required by applicable securities laws. All of the forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed under Item 1A. Risk Factors. in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
We have a $50.0 million revolving credit facility which provides for financing of our working capital requirements and contains a $30.0 million sub-facility for letters of credit. As of March 31, 2007, there were no borrowings under the revolving credit facility and we had issued approximately $17.0 million in letters of credit under the sub-facility for letters of credit. We are exposed to interest rate risk on the borrowings under the revolving credit facility and do not plan to enter into swaps or other hedging arrangements to manage this risk, because we do not believe this interest rate risk to be significant. On an annual basis, a 1% change in the interest rate in our revolving credit facility will increase or decrease our interest expense by $10,000 for every $1.0 million of outstanding borrowings.
We are exposed to price risks associated with the purchase of raw materials, especially aluminum and steel. The cost of aluminum, steel and all other materials used in the production of our railcars represents a significant component of our direct manufacturing costs. Given the significant increases in the price of raw materials since November 2003, this exposure can affect our costs of production. We currently do not plan to enter into any hedging arrangements to manage the price risks associated with raw materials. Instead, we have either renegotiated existing contracts or entered into new contracts with a majority of our customers that allow for variable pricing to protect us against future changes in the cost of raw materials. As a result, a majority of our contracts for railcars in our backlog at March 31, 2007 permit us to pass through charges related to increases in the cost of raw materials to our customers. However, we may not always be able to pass on these increases in the future. In particular, when raw material prices increase rapidly or to levels significantly higher than normal, we may not be able to pass price increases through to our customers, which could adversely affect our operating margins and cash flows. In the event that we are able to increase the prices of our railcars, any such price increases may reduce demand for our railcars. The current high cost of the raw materials that we use to manufacture railcars, especially aluminum and steel, and delivery delays associated with these raw materials may adversely affect our financial condition and results of operations.
To the extent that we are unsuccessful in passing on increases in the cost of aluminum and steel to our customers, a 1% increase in the cost of aluminum and steel would increase our average cost of sales by approximately $220 per railcar, which, for the three months ended March 31, 2007, would have reduced income before income taxes by approximately $0.9 million.
We are not exposed to any significant foreign currency exchange risks as our general policy is to denominate foreign sales and purchases in U.S. dollars.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Under the supervision and with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, our management evaluated the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this quarterly report on Form 10-Q (the Evaluation Date). Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the Evaluation Date, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed in the reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commissions rules and forms.
Changes In Internal Controls
There has been no change in our internal control over financial reporting during the last fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Item 1. Legal Proce edings.
We are involved in certain threatened and pending legal proceedings, including workers compensation and employee matters arising from the conduct of our business. Additionally, we are involved in various warranty and repair claims and related threatened and pending legal proceedings with our customers in the normal course of business. While the ultimate outcome of such legal proceedings cannot be determined at this time, it is the opinion of management that the resolution of these actions will not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities:
Item 6. Exhibi ts.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.