Fujitsu Limited (6702-TO) is a Japanese company that manufactures electronics, semiconductors, computers, and provides related information technology services to customers around the world. Generating revenue of Y4.7 trillion (USD $47 billion) in FY2008, Fujitsu ranks as the largest information technology services provider in Japan and fourth largest in the world in term of sales. The company also has a large presence in Europe. Through Fujitsu's former joint venture with Siemens AG (SI), as of April 1, 2009, a wholly-owned subsidiary, Fujistu has the fourth largest market share in Europen, Middle Eastern, and African personal computers and servers. The Japanese manufacturer considers International Business Machines (IBM) to be the company's main global competitor and NEC Corporation in the Japanese market. Fujitsu also competes with likes of Hewlett-Packard Company (HPQ), Dell (DELL), and Rambus (RMBS).
Fujitsu's revenues are dependent on economic cycles, fluctuations in the Yen currency, and information technology trends. Contraction in discretionary spending decreases demand for consumer electronics that Fujitsu manufactures. The sharp global economic downturn in late 2008 led to a 17% decline in demand for Fujitsu's personal notebook computers, storage devices, and mobile phones for the last three months of 2008. Also impacting Fujitsu's bottom-line is movement in the relative value of Yen to other currencies, especially the [[U.S. Dollar (USD)|U.S. Dollar and Euro. A weakening Yen helps boost international sales and decreases the burden of domestic G&A expenses. Last, shifts in government policies and corporations strategies impact Fujitsu's businesses. More global outsourcing benefits Fujitsu, as does Obama's policy to make healthcare records accessible via an electronic network.
Fujitsu grew sales from Y4.79 trillion for FY2005 ended March 31, 2006 to Y5.33 trillion for FY2007. Healthy sales of hard drives, mobile phones, and notebooks helped increase total sales 6.45% for FY2006. Operating profit margins were advserly impacted by pricing pressure in consumer electronics, but growth in information technology services counteracted the contraction in margins. The strength in personal electronics carried into FY2007 ended March 31, 2008. Hard drives sales hit a record, PCs and mobile phones sales in Japan were strong, and notebook sales in the US grew as well. Overall, these sales grew 6.3% over FY2006. Revenue from Fujitsu's device solutions business segment also contributed to improved revenue. The division, which sells semiconductors had sales grow 14.1% in Japan and 9.9% outside the country. Enter the 2008 global recession and sales of consumer electronics plummet. Fujitsu sells the company's hard drive manufacturing business to Toshiba (TOSBF) to avoid US$112 million in losses, and Fujitsu's semiconductors manufacturing lines go from utilizing 70% of production capacity in Mid-2008 to 40% at the beginning of 2009. In May 2009, the company released FY2008 revenue of Y4.7trillion and operating income of Y69billion.
|Year ended March 31||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009|
|Net Sales (in Million Yen)||4,766,888||4,762,759||4,791,416||5,100,163||5,330,865||4,692,900|
|Overseas Sales %||29.1%||29.9%||33.2%||35.8%||36.1%||32.0%|
|Operating Income Margin %||3.2%||3.4%||3.8%||3.6%||3.8%||1.5%|
Fujitsu's businesses are divided into 3 main segments that accounted for 91% of revenue for FY 2007.
The bellwhether of Fujitsu, technology solutions include system platforms and related services. The division manufactures system and network servers used by businesses to manage information flow. Fujitsu sells the equipment and charges customers to implement services to help run them. Main customers include multi-national corporations that operate on a global platform. Fujitsu helps these companies communicate across their platforms as they outsource specific duties such as manufacturing or customer support to different locations. The Japanese IT provider also has a presence in infrastructure services. Fujitsu will build and sell systems that collect and monitor information captured in transportation traffic and water treatment systems. Revenue grew from Y3.16 trillion in FY2006 to Y3.27 trillion in FY2007. This division is less cyclical than Fujitsu's device and ubiquitous product solutions as service revenue lies under extended contracts and companies still want to increase efficiency in order to minimize costs during recessions. For April-December 2008 sales declined 2.8% from the year prior.
This business segment of Fujitsu manufactures PCs, mobile phones, and until April 2009, hard drives. For FY ended March 31, 2008, PCs and mobile phones formed 70% of this segment's sales and hard drives accounted for 30%. FOMA is the main brand of mobile phones and FMV is for notebooks. This segment had steady growth of Y948 billion in FY 2003 to Y1,189 billion in FY 2008 as the global economy continued to expand. However, the sharp decline in consumer discretionary spending led to a decrease of 17.4% in sales for April-December 2008 compared to the previous year. Consumers extended upgrade phone cycles, and increased competition in PCs and HDDs led to price slashing.
This business segment manufactures LSI devices and related electronic components. These seminconductors go into consumer electronics such as music players, cameras, and cell phones. Similar to the Ubiquitous Product Solutions, this division is dependent on consumer discretionary spending. Adverse economic conditions lead to sudden contractions in demand for this business segment's products. For April-December 2008 revenue collapsed 18.4% compared to the prior year. For the 1st quarter of FY2008, sales were 13.5% lower, 2nd (-22.4%), and 3rd (-30.8%).
Established in October 1, 1999, Fujitsu-Siemens Computers (FSC) was a 50-50 joint venture between Fujitsu and Siemens. At the time, Fujitsu had a large presence in Japan and Siemens in Germany; however, the two companies had limited exposure outside their respective markets. In order to compete with Dell (DELL), Hewlett-Packard Company (HPQ), and International Business Machines (IBM), Fujitsu and Siemens formed the alliance to deliver PCs and servers into the European, Middle Eastern, and African markets. As of March 2008, FSC had a 3.3% market share of the global PC business and 40% of the FY 2007 revenue of EURO6,617 million was generated in Germany. Fujitsu will pay EURO450 million in exchange for Siemen's 50% stake on April 1, 2009. Management of Fujitsu says the acquistion will let the company better focus its attention on the strategic sectors of energy, industry, and healthcare. Furthermore, whole ownership gives Fujitsu the ability to better execute its change of business structure (June 2008) from independent regions to organized global business units.
In February 2009, Fujitsu announced the company plans to sell 80% of its hard drive manufacturing business to Toshiba for an undisclosed amount with the intention of selling the remaining 20% at a later date. The economic slowdown has applied pressure to hard drive demand as fewer consumers buy PCs. By selling the division, Fujitsu protects itself from the US$112 million in expected losses for FY 2008 from the division.
Fujitsu's device solutions and ubiquitous product solutions accounted for 35% of revenue in FY 2007. These two business segments depend on sales on cell phones, music players, cameras, and other consumer electronics. During recessions, these purchases tend be foregone, while staples, such as food and electricity, do not fluctuate as much. This volatility in demand leads to sudden changes in Fujitsu's sales volume. Through 2006 and the 1H of 2008, the growth in mobile phone sales and computer notebooks drove Fujitsu's growth; however, the 2H of 2008, these sales plumetted. For April-December 2008, sales of PCs, mobile phones, and hard drives fell 17% outside of Japan compared to the prior year. The semiconductors manufacturing unit, which supplies devices used in consumer electronics, had sales decline 30.8% in October-December 2008 compared to October-December 2007.
An appreciating Yen hurts Fujitsu. The company generates 36% of its revenue abroard. A strenghtening Yen means sales overseas are worth less in Fujistu domestic currency. The impact is not insignificant. When the company lowered FY2008 guidance, it cited an appreciating Yen. From October 2008 to February 2008, Fujitsu lowered its FY2008 net sales expectations by Y350 billion - Y100 billion of which was cited as an appreciating Yen adversely impacting sales. Operating income was decreased Y100 million; the stronger Yen contributed to Y10 million of the decline. During the 2008 Financial Crisis, investors unwinded the their carry trade. They had borrowed in Yen, which charge little interest, and invested in higher-yielding currencies or equities in other countries. As financial markets weakened, investors scrambled to cover their short position in Yen, which sent the Yen higher. Not only did the faltering economy hurt demand for Fujitsu's products, the stronger Yen meant its products were less competitive to other manufacturing countries.
As companies expand internationally, the need for management information flow increases. A company's sales office in country A, manufacturing site in country B, and customer support in country C all need to be in communication with each other. As the complexity increases and amount of information transferred increases, Fujitsu's opportunity to offer products and services rises. Fujitsu manufactures network servers and offers IT services to manage the flow of information. IDC forecasted global outsourcing market annual growth at 8.4% for 2007-2012. During March 2008, Reuters signed an 10-year global deal to let Fujitsu transform, operate, and maintain its internal IT infrastructure and company applications across 100 countries. Also, government policies play an important role in creating opportunities for Fujitsu. Obama's Presidential Policy calls for moving all healthcare records to a linked electronic database, so that individual doctors are able to see a patient's history, which is expected to save time and prevent replication of tests already done. Fujitsu offers electronic medical record systems.
Competition in consumer electronics and the semiconductors industry is fierce. Fujitsu's operating margins have ranged from 3-4% during FY2003-2007. During FY 2008, this margin is expected to collapse to 1%. Competitors include Sharp Corporation (SHCAY), Rambus (RMBS), Dell (DELL), Hewlett-Packard Company (HPQ), and Semiconductor Manufacturing International (SMI). In 2008, Isuppli reported that Fujistu had 1.1% of the global market share for seminconductors. Intel (INTC) had the largest market share at 13.1%, while NEC Corporation, Fujitsu's largest domestic competitor, commanded 2.3%.
Fujitsu's is the world's fourth largest provider of information technology services by sales. International Business Machines (IBM), Oracle (ORCL), and Microsoft (MSFT) are the three largest. Prior the financial collapse in 2008, IDC reported that it expected worldwide IT spending to increase from the US$552.9 billion in 2007 to US$685.1 billion in 2011.
|Market (Millions of Dollars)||Total Value||Fujitsu's Share||Fujitsu's Rank||Largest Company's Share|
|Global Outsourcing (2007)||371,183||3.4%||4||11.8%|
|2007 IT Services in Japan||108,700||13.4%||1||13.4%|
|Next-Generation SONET (North America)||28.0%||1||28.0%|
|IT Market (UK) (2007)||3.8%||5||7.2%|
|2007 IT Market (APAC)||107,700|
|2007 IT Market (China)||68,000|
|Global Server Share (Q1 2008)||58,346||4.9%||4||31.9%|
|Global IT Services (Q1 2008)||513,638||2.5%||4||7.2%|
|Global PC (millon of units) (2007)||269||3.3%||5||18.8%|