General Dynamics 10-Q 2012
Documents found in this filing:
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 1, 2012
¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File Number 1-3671
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large Accelerated Filer þ Accelerated Filer ¨ Non-Accelerated Filer ¨ Smaller Reporting Company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No þ
360,606,640 shares of the registrants common stock, $1 par value per share, were outstanding on April 1, 2012.
ITEM 1. CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (UNAUDITED)
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
The accompanying Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Dollars in millions, except per-share amounts or unless otherwise noted)
Basis of Consolidation and Classification
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of General Dynamics Corporation and our wholly owned and majority-owned subsidiaries. We eliminate all inter-company balances and transactions in the Consolidated Financial Statements.
Consistent with defense industry practice, we classify assets and liabilities related to long-term production contracts as current, even though some of these amounts may not be realized within one year. In addition, some prior-year amounts have been reclassified among financial statement accounts to conform to the current-year presentation.
Interim Financial Statements
The unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. These rules and regulations permit some of the information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to be condensed or omitted.
Our fiscal quarters are 13 weeks in length. Because our fiscal year ends on December 31, the number of days in our first and fourth quarters varies slightly from year to year. Operating results for the three-month period ended April 1, 2012, are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012.
In our opinion, the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements contain all adjustments, that are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations and financial condition for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012.
These unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011.
We account for revenues and earnings using the percentage-of-completion method. Under this method, contract revenue and profit are recognized as the work progresses, either as the products are produced or as services are rendered. We estimate the profit on a contract as the difference between the total estimated revenue and costs to complete a contract and recognize that profit over the life of the contract. If at any time the estimate of contract profitability indicates an anticipated loss on the contract, we recognize the loss in the quarter it is identified.
We review and update our contract estimates regularly. We recognize changes in estimated profit on contracts under the reallocation method. Under the reallocation method, the impact of a revision in estimate is recognized prospectively over the remaining contract term. The net increase in our operating earnings (and earnings per share) from the quarterly impact of revisions in contract estimates totaled $90 ($0.16) and $68 ($0.13) for the three-months periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012, respectively. No revisions on any one contract were material to our Consolidated Financial Statements.
Out of Period Adjustments
In the first quarter of 2012, we recorded adjustments impacting revenues, operating costs and contracts in process that reduced earnings before income taxes by $67. These adjustments were made after completing an analysis at one of our European subsidiaries related to recognition of contract receivables and relief of inventories that determined certain transactions were not recorded properly in prior periods. After evaluating the quantitative and qualitative effects of these adjustments, individually and in the aggregate, we have concluded that their impacts on the Companys prior periods and current period Consolidated Financial Statements were not material.
We have evaluated material events and transactions that have occurred after the balance sheet date and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that require adjustment to or disclosure in this Form 10-Q.
In the first quarter of 2012, we acquired a fixed-base operation at Houston Hobby Airport that provides fuel, catering, maintenance, repair and overhaul services to private aircraft.
In 2011, we acquired six businesses for an aggregate of $1.6 billion, funded by cash on hand:
Information Systems and Technology
The operating results of these acquisitions have been included with our reported results since their respective closing dates. The purchase prices of these acquisitions have been allocated preliminarily to the estimated fair value of net tangible and intangible assets acquired, with any excess purchase price recorded as goodwill.
Intangible assets consisted of the following:
* Consists of acquired backlog and probable follow-on work and related customer relationships.
The amortization lives (in years) of our intangible assets on April 1, 2012, were as follows:
We amortize intangible assets on a straight-line basis unless the pattern of usage of the benefits indicates an alternate method is more representative of the usage of the asset. Amortization expense was $58 and $57 for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012, respectively. We expect to record amortization expense of $225 in 2012 and over the next five years as follows:
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by reporting unit for the three months ended April 1, 2012, were as follows:
(a) Includes adjustments during the purchase price allocation period.
(b) Consists primarily of adjustments for foreign currency translation.
Earnings per Share
We compute basic earnings per share using net earnings for the period and the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share incorporates the additional shares issuable upon the assumed exercise of stock options and the release of restricted shares. Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding were as follows (in thousands):
Dividends declared per share were $0.47 and $0.51 and cash dividends paid were $157 and $169 for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012, respectively.
Our financial instruments include cash and equivalents, marketable securities and other investments; accounts receivable and accounts payable; short- and long-term debt; and derivative financial instruments. We did not have any significant non-financial assets or liabilities measured at fair value on December 31, 2011, or April 1, 2012.
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in the principal or most advantageous market in an orderly transaction between marketplace participants. Various valuation approaches can be used to determine fair value, each requiring different valuation inputs. The following hierarchy classifies the inputs used to determine fair value into three levels:
The carrying values of cash and equivalents, accounts receivable and payable, and short-term debt (commercial paper) on the Consolidated Balance Sheets approximate their fair value. The following tables present the fair values of our other financial assets and liabilities on December 31, 2011, and April 1, 2012, and the basis for determining their fair values:
Contracts in process represent recoverable costs and, where applicable, accrued profit related to long-term contracts that have been inventoried until the customer is billed, and consisted of the following:
Contract costs consist primarily of labor, material, overhead and general and administrative (G&A) expenses. Contract costs also may include estimated contract recoveries for matters such as contract changes, negotiated settlements and claims for unanticipated contract costs. We record revenue associated with these matters only when the amount of recovery can be estimated reliably and realization is probable. Assumed recoveries for these items were not material on December 31, 2011, or April 1, 2012.
Other contract costs represent amounts that are not currently allocable to government contracts, such as a portion of our estimated workers compensation obligations, other insurance-related assessments, pension and other post-retirement benefits and environmental expenses. These costs will become allocable to contracts generally after they are paid. We expect to recover these costs through ongoing business, including existing backlog and probable follow-on contracts. If the backlog in the future does not support the continued deferral of these costs, the profitability of our remaining contracts could be adversely affected. We expect to bill substantially all of our contracts-in-process balance as of April 1, 2012, during the next 12 months, with the exception of these other contract costs.
Our inventories represent primarily business-jet components and are stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. Work-in-process represents largely labor, material and overhead costs associated with aircraft in the manufacturing process and is based primarily on the estimated average unit cost of the units in a production lot. Raw materials are valued primarily on the first-in, first-out method. We record pre-owned aircraft acquired in connection with the sale of new aircraft at the lower of the trade-in value or the estimated net realizable value. Inventories consisted of the following:
Debt consisted of the following:
On April 1, 2012, we had outstanding $3.9 billion aggregate principal amount of fixed-rate notes. The fixed-rate notes are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by several of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries. See Note N for condensed consolidating financial statements. We have the option to redeem the notes prior to their maturity in whole or part for the principal plus any accrued but unpaid interest and applicable make-whole amounts.
On April 1, 2012, we had no commercial paper outstanding, but we maintain the ability to access the market. We have $2 billion in bank credit facilities that provide backup liquidity to our commercial paper program. These credit facilities include a $1 billion multi-year facility expiring in July 2013 and a $1 billion multi-year facility expiring in July 2016. These facilities are required by rating agencies to support our commercial paper issuances. We may renew or replace, in whole or in part, these credit facilities prior to their expiration. Our commercial paper issuances and the bank credit facilities are guaranteed by several of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries.
Our financing arrangements contain a number of customary covenants and restrictions. We were in compliance with all material covenants on April 1, 2012.
A summary of significant other liabilities by balance sheet caption follows:
Deferred Tax Assets
Our net deferred tax asset was included on the Consolidated Balance Sheets as follows:
We periodically assess our liabilities and contingencies for all periods open to examination by tax authorities based on the latest available information. Where we believe there is more than a 50 percent chance that our tax position will not be sustained, we record our best estimate of the resulting tax liability, including interest, in the Consolidated Financial Statements. We include any interest or penalties incurred in connection with income taxes as part of income tax expense.
In the first quarter of 2012, we reached agreement with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on the examination of our federal income tax return for 2010. The resolution of this audit had no material impact on our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or effective tax rate. With the completion of this audit, the IRS has examined all of our consolidated federal income tax returns through 2010.
We participate in the IRSs Compliance Assurance Process, a real-time audit of our tax return. We have recorded liabilities for tax uncertainties for the years that remain open to review. We do not expect the resolution of tax matters for these years to have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition, cash flows or effective tax rate.
Based on all known facts and circumstances and current tax law, we believe the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits on April 1, 2012, is not material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows, and if recognized, would not have a material impact on our effective tax rate. We further believe that there are no tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that the unrecognized tax benefits will significantly vary over the next 12 months, producing, individually or in the aggregate, a material effect on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
We are exposed to market risk, primarily from foreign currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity prices and investments. We may use derivative financial instruments to hedge some of these risks as described below. We do not use derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.
Foreign Currency Risk
Our foreign currency exchange rate risk relates to receipts from customers, payments to suppliers and inter-company transactions denominated in foreign currencies. To the extent possible, we include terms in our contracts that are designed to protect us from this risk. Otherwise, we enter into derivative financial instruments, principally foreign currency forward purchase and sale contracts, designed to offset and minimize our risk. The one-year average maturity of these instruments matches the duration of the activities that are at risk.
Interest Rate Risk
Our financial instruments subject to interest rate risk include fixed-rate long-term debt obligations and variable-rate commercial paper. However, the risk associated with these instruments is not material.
Commodity Price Risk
We are subject to risk of rising labor and commodity prices, primarily on long-term fixed-price contracts. To the extent possible, we include terms in our contracts that are designed to protect us from this risk. Some of the protective terms included in our contracts are considered derivatives but are not accounted for separately because they are clearly and closely related to the host contract. We have not entered into any material commodity hedging contracts but may do so as circumstances warrant. We do not believe that changes in labor or commodity prices will have a material impact on our results of operations or cash flows.
Our investment policy allows for purchases of fixed-income securities with an investment-grade rating and a maximum maturity of up to five years. On April 1, 2012, we held $3 billion in cash and equivalents and marketable securities. Our marketable securities had an average duration of one year and an average credit rating of AA-. Historically, we have not experienced material gains or losses on these instruments due to changes in interest rates or market values.
We had notional forward exchange contracts outstanding of $4 billion on December 31, 2011, and April 1, 2012. We recognize derivative financial instruments on the Consolidated Balance Sheets at fair value (see Note D). The fair value of these derivative contracts consisted of the following:
We had no material derivative financial instruments designated as fair value or net investment hedges on December 31, 2011, or April 1, 2012.
We record changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments in operating costs and expenses in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings or in other comprehensive income (OCI) within the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income depending on whether the derivative is designated and qualifies for hedge accounting. Gains and losses related to derivatives that qualify as cash flow hedges are deferred in OCI until the underlying transaction is reflected in earnings. We adjust derivative financial instruments not designated as cash flow hedges to market value each period and record the gain or loss in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. The gains and losses on these instruments generally offset losses and gains on the assets, liabilities and other transactions being hedged. Gains and losses resulting from hedge ineffectiveness are recognized in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings for all derivative financial instruments, regardless of designation.
Net gains and losses recognized in earnings and OCI, including gains and losses related to hedge ineffectiveness, were not material to our results of operations for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012. We do not expect the amount of gains and losses in OCI that will be reclassified to earnings during the next 12 months to be material.
Foreign Currency Financial Statement Translation
We translate foreign-currency balance sheets from our international business units functional currency (generally the respective local currency) to U.S. dollars at the end-of-period exchange rates, and earnings statements at the average exchange rates for each period. The resulting foreign currency translation adjustments are a component of OCI.
We do not hedge the fluctuation in reported revenues and earnings resulting from the translation of these international operations income statements into U.S. dollars. The impact of translating our international operations revenues and earnings into U.S. dollars was not material to our results of operations for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, or April 1, 2012. In addition, the effect of changes in foreign exchange rates on non-U.S. cash balances was not material in the first three months of either 2011 or 2012.
Termination of A-12 Program. The A-12 aircraft contract was a fixed-price incentive contract for the full-scale development and initial production of the carrier-based Advanced Tactical Aircraft with the U.S. Navy and a team composed of contractors General Dynamics and McDonnell Douglas (now a subsidiary of The Boeing Company). In January 1991, the U.S. Navy terminated the contract for default and demanded the contractors repay $1.4 billion in unliquidated progress payments. Following the termination, the Navy agreed to defer the collection of that amount pending a negotiated settlement or other resolution. Both contractors had full responsibility to the Navy for performance under the contract, and both are jointly and severally liable for potential liabilities arising from the termination.
Over 20 years of litigation, the trial court (the U.S. Court of Federal Claims), appeals court (the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit), and the U.S. Supreme Court have issued various rulings, some in favor of the government and others in favor of the contractors.
On May 3, 2007, the trial court issued a decision upholding the governments determination of default. This decision was affirmed by a three-judge panel of the appeals court on June 2, 2009, and on November 24, 2009, the court of appeals denied the contractors petitions for rehearing. On September 28, 2010, the U.S. Supreme Court granted the contractors petitions for review as to whether the government could maintain its default claim against the contractors while invoking the state-secrets privilege to deny the contractors a defense to that claim.
On May 23, 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court vacated the judgment of the court of appeals, stating that the contractors had a plausible superior knowledge defense that had been stripped from them as a consequence of the governments assertion of the state-secrets privilege. In particular, the U.S. Supreme Court held that, in that circumstance, neither party can obtain judicial relief.
In addition, the U.S. Supreme Court remanded the case to the court of appeals for further proceedings on whether the government has an obligation to share its superior knowledge with respect to highly classified information, whether the government has such an obligation when the agreement specifies information that must be shared (as was the case with respect to the A-12 contract), and whether these questions can safely be litigated by the courts without endangering state secrets. On July 7, 2011, the appeals court remanded these issues to the trial court for further proceedings consistent with the U.S. Supreme Courts opinion. These issues remain to be resolved on remand.
We believe that the lower courts will ultimately rule in the contractors favor on the remaining issues in the case. We expect this would leave all parties where they stood prior to the contracting officers declaration of default, meaning that no money would be due from one party to another. Additionally, even if the lower courts were to ultimately sustain the governments default claim, we continue to believe that there are significant legal obstacles to the governments ability to collect any amount from the contractors given that no court has ever awarded a money judgment to the government. For these reasons, we have not recorded an accrual for this matter.
If, contrary to our expectations, the government prevails on its default claim and its recovery theories, the contractors could collectively be required to repay the government, on a joint and several basis, as much as $1.4 billion for progress payments received for the A-12 contract, plus interest, which was approximately $1.6 billion on April 1, 2012. This would result in a liability to us of half of the total (based upon The Boeing Company satisfying McDonnell Douglas obligations under the contract), or
approximately $1.5 billion pretax. Our after-tax charge would be approximately $830, or $2.31 per share, which would be recorded in discontinued operations. Our after-tax cash cost would be approximately $735. We believe we have sufficient resources to satisfy our obligation if required.
Other. Various claims and other legal proceedings incidental to the normal course of business are pending or threatened against us. These matters relate to such issues as government investigations and claims, the protection of the environment, asbestos-related claims and employee-related matters. The nature of litigation is such that we cannot predict the outcome of these matters. However, based on information currently available, we believe any potential liabilities in these proceedings, individually or in the aggregate, will not have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
We are subject to and affected by a variety of federal, state, local and foreign environmental laws and regulations. We are directly or indirectly involved in environmental investigations or remediation at some of our current and former facilities and third-party sites that we do not own but where we have been designated a Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or a state environmental agency. Based on historical experience, we expect that a significant percentage of the total remediation and compliance costs associated with these facilities will continue to be allowable contract costs and, therefore, recoverable under U.S. government contracts.
As required, we provide financial assurance for certain sites undergoing or subject to investigation or remediation. We accrue environmental costs when it is probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount can be reasonably estimated. Where applicable, we seek insurance recovery for costs related to environmental liability. We do not record insurance recoveries before collection is considered probable. Based on all known facts and analyses, we do not believe that our liability at any individual site, or in the aggregate, arising from such environmental conditions, will be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows. We also do not believe that the range of reasonably possible additional loss beyond what has been recorded would be material to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Portugal Contract. Our European Land Systems subsidiary has a contract with the Portuguese Ministry of Defense to provide 260 Pandur vehicles over the course of seven years. As a result of the economic environment impacting Portugal, we believe it is likely that our contract will be restructured, and we have begun engaging with the customer on this point. At this time, we cannot predict either the timing of a potential contract restructuring or the outcome upon our operating results or cash flows. As of April 1, 2012, we had a balance of approximately $125 in contracts in process related to this contract. Management will continue to work with the Portuguese Ministry of Defense to arrive at an acceptable resolution.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Request. On September 23, 2011, the SECs Division of Enforcement requested that we provide certain information, documents and records relating to accounting practices for revisions of estimates on contracts accounted for using the percentage-of-completion method. We are cooperating with the SEC staff. We cannot predict the outcome of this request.
Letters of Credit and Guarantees. In the ordinary course of business, we have entered into letters of credit and other similar arrangements with financial institutions and insurance carriers totaling
approximately $1.4 billion on April 1, 2012. These include letters of credit for our international subsidiaries, which are backed by available local bank credit facilities aggregating approximately $1.1 billion. From time to time in the ordinary course of business, we guarantee the payment or performance obligations of our subsidiaries arising under certain contracts. We are aware of no event of default that would require us to satisfy these guarantees.
Government Contracts. As a government contractor, we are subject to U.S. government audits and investigations relating to our operations, including claims for fines, penalties, and compensatory and treble damages. Based on currently available information, we believe the outcome of such ongoing government disputes and investigations will not have a material impact on our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
In the performance of our contracts, we routinely request contract modifications that require additional funding and administrative involvement from the customer. Most often, these requests are due to customer-directed changes in scope of work. While we believe we are entitled to recovery of these costs, the resolution process with our customer may be protracted. In some cases, our request may be disputed and we are required to file a claim with the customer. Based on currently available information, we believe our outstanding modifications and other claims will be resolved without material impact to our results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
Aircraft Trade-ins. In connection with orders for new aircraft in funded contract backlog, our Aerospace group has outstanding options with some customers to trade in aircraft as partial consideration in their new-aircraft transaction. These trade-in commitments are structured to establish the fair market value of the trade-in aircraft at a date generally 120 or fewer days preceding delivery of the new aircraft to the customer. At that time, the customer is required to either exercise the option or allow its expiration. Any excess of the pre-established trade-in price above the fair market value at the time the new aircraft is delivered is treated as a reduction of revenue in the new-aircraft sales transaction.
Product Warranties. We provide warranties to our customers associated with certain product sales. We record estimated warranty costs in the period in which the related products are delivered. The warranty liability recorded at each balance sheet date is generally based on the number of months of warranty coverage remaining for products delivered and the average historical monthly warranty payments. Warranty obligations incurred in connection with long-term production contracts are accounted for within the contract estimates at completion (EACs). Our other warranty obligations, primarily for business-jet aircraft, are included in other current liabilities and other liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
The changes in the carrying amount of warranty liabilities for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012, were as follows:
* Includes reclassifications and foreign exchange translation adjustments.
We provide defined-contribution benefits, as well as defined-benefit pension and other post-retirement benefits, to eligible employees.
Net periodic cost associated with our defined-benefit pension and other post-retirement benefit plans for the three-month periods ended April 3, 2011, and April 1, 2012, consisted of the following:
Our contractual arrangements with the U.S. government provide for the recovery of contributions to our pension and other post-retirement benefit plans covering employees working in our defense business groups. For non-funded plans, our government contracts allow us to recover claims paid. Following payment, these recoverable amounts are allocated to contracts and billed to the customer in accordance with the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) and specific contractual terms. For some of these plans, the cumulative pension and post-retirement benefit cost exceeds the amount currently allocable to contracts. To the extent recovery of the cost is considered probable based on our backlog, we defer the excess in contracts in process on the Consolidated Balance Sheets until the cost is allocable to contracts. See Note E for discussion of our deferred contract costs. For other plans, the amount allocated to contracts and included in revenues has exceeded the plans cumulative benefit cost. We have deferred recognition of these excess earnings to provide a better matching of revenues and expenses. These deferrals have been classified against the plan assets on the Consolidated Balance Sheets.
In late 2011, changes were made to the CAS to harmonize the regulations with the Pension Protection Act of 2006 (PPA). As a result, pension costs allocable to our contracts are expected to increase beginning in 2014 when the impact of the CAS regulations begins to take effect.
We operate in four business groups: Aerospace, Combat Systems, Marine Systems and Information Systems and Technology. We organize and measure our business groups in accordance with the nature of products and services offered. These business groups derive their revenues from business aviation; combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; military and commercial shipbuilding; and communications and information technology, respectively. We measure each groups profit based on operating earnings. As a result, we do not allocate net interest, other income and expense items, and income taxes to our business groups.
Summary financial information for each of our business groups follows:
* Corporate operating results primarily consists of our stock option expense.
The fixed-rate notes described in Note G are fully and unconditionally guaranteed on an unsecured, joint and several basis by certain of our 100-percent-owned subsidiaries (the guarantors). The following condensed consolidating financial statements illustrate the composition of the parent, the guarantors on a combined basis (each guarantor together with its majority owned subsidiaries) and all other subsidiaries on a combined basis.
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Earnings
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheet
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows
ITEM 2. MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
(Dollars in millions, except per-share amounts or unless otherwise noted)
General Dynamics offers a broad portfolio of products and services in business aviation; combat vehicles, weapons systems and munitions; military and commercial shipbuilding; and communications and information technology. We operate through four business groups: Aerospace, Combat Systems, Marine Systems and Information Systems and Technology. Our primary customers are the U.S. government, largely the Department of Defense; international governments around the world; and a diverse base of corporate and individual buyers of business jets. We operate in two primary markets: defense and business aviation with the majority of our revenues from contracts with the U.S. government. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with our 2011 Annual Report on Form 10-K and with the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements included in this Form 10-Q.
Defense Business Environment
As a defense contractor, our financial performance is impacted by the allocation and prioritization of U.S. defense spending. The Budget Control Act of 2011 has two primary parts that may affect future defense spending. The first part mandates a $487 billion reduction to previously-planned defense spending over the next decade. These cuts are incorporated in the fiscal year (FY) 2013 proposed defense budget. The second part is a sequester mechanism that would impose an additional $500 billion of cuts on defense spending between FY 2013 and FY 2021 if the Congress does not identify a means to reduce the U.S. deficit by $1.2 trillion. By law, these cuts take effect at the beginning of calendar year 2013. Because these reductions are not currently part of the Defense Departments budget, we are unable to predict exactly how they might impact funding for our programs.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
We recognize the majority of our revenues using the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. The following paragraphs explain how this method is applied in recognizing revenues and operating costs in our Aerospace and defense business groups. An understanding of our practices is important to an evaluation of our operating results.
In the Aerospace group, contracts for new aircraft have two major phases: the manufacture of the green aircraft and the aircrafts outfitting, which includes exterior painting and installation of customer-selected interiors. We record revenues on these contracts at two milestones: when green aircraft are delivered to and accepted by the customer, and when the customer accepts final delivery of the outfitted aircraft. Revenues in the Aerospace groups other original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) completions and services businesses are recognized as work progresses or upon delivery of the service. Changes in revenues result from the number and mix of new aircraft deliveries (green and outfitted), progress on aircraft completions and the level of service activity during the period.
The majority of the Aerospace groups operating costs relates to new aircraft production for firm orders and consists of labor, material and overhead costs. The costs are accumulated in production lots
and recognized as operating costs at green aircraft delivery based on the estimated average unit cost in a production lot. Thus, the level of operating costs reported in a given period is based largely on the number and type of aircraft delivered. To a lesser extent, the level of operating costs is impacted by changes in the estimated average unit cost for a production lot. Operating costs in the Aerospace groups other OEMs completions and services businesses are generally recognized as incurred.
For new aircraft, operating earnings and margins in the Aerospace group are a function of the prices of our aircraft, our operational efficiency in manufacturing and outfitting the aircraft and the mix of aircraft deliveries between the higher-margin large-cabin and lower-margin mid-cabin aircraft. Additional factors affecting the groups earnings and margins include the volume and profitability of completions and services work performed, the amount and type of pre-owned aircraft sold and the level of general and administrative (G&A) costs incurred by the group, which also include selling expenses and research and development (R&D) costs.
In the defense groups, revenue on long-term government contracts is recognized as work progresses, either as products are produced or services are rendered. As a result, changes in revenues are discussed generally in terms of volume, typically measured by the level of activity on individual contracts. Year-over-year variances attributed to volume indicate increases or decreases in revenues due to changes in production or service levels and delivery schedules.
Operating costs for the defense groups consist of labor, material, subcontractor and overhead costs and are generally recognized as incurred. Variances in costs recognized from period to period primarily reflect increases and decreases in production or activity levels on individual contracts and, therefore, result largely from the same factors that drive variances in revenues.
Operating earnings and margins in the defense groups are driven by changes in volume, performance or contract mix. Performance refers to changes in profitability based on revisions to estimates at completion on individual contracts. These revisions result from increases or decreases to the estimated value of the contract or the estimated costs to complete. Therefore, changes in costs incurred in the period do not necessarily impact profitability. It is only when total estimated costs at completion change that profitability may be impacted. Contract mix refers to changes in the volume of higher- vs. lower-margin work on individual contracts and when aggregated across the contract portfolio. On an individual contract, higher or lower margins can be inherent in the contract type (e.g., fixed-price/cost-reimbursable) or type of work (e.g., development/production).
Our revenues and operating costs were down in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period driven primarily by lower volume in the Information Systems and Technologys tactical communications systems business. These decreases were partially offset by the Aerospace groups green deliveries of G650 aircraft, which began in the fourth quarter of 2011. Operating earnings and margins for the first quarter of 2012 were down due to the lower volume in Information Systems and Technology
and the related shift in revenues from higher margin tactical communication products to lower margin information technology services.
Product Revenues and Operating Costs
Product revenues were lower in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period. The decrease in product revenues consisted of the following:
In the first quarter of 2012, tactical communication products revenues decreased driven by protracted customer acquisition cycles and a slower than expected transition to follow-on work on programs such as Common Hardware Systems-4 (CHS-4) and the Warfighter Information Network Tactical (WIN-T). Revenues were also down in ship construction as the T-AKE combat-logistics ship program nears completion and the Virginia-class submarine program transitions to Block III. Offsetting these decreases were higher aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues due to first quarter deliveries of G650 aircraft, which began in the fourth quarter of 2011.
Product operating costs were lower in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period. The decrease in product operating costs consisted of the following:
As demonstrated above, the primary driver of the change in product operating costs in the first quarter of 2012 was volume. No other changes were material.
Service Revenues and Operating Costs
Service revenues increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period. The increase in service revenues consisted of the following:
In the first quarter of 2012, the increase in ship engineering and repair revenues was driven by the fourth quarter 2011 acquisition of Metro Machine Corp.
Service operating costs increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period. The increase in service operating costs consisted of the following:
The primary driver of the change in service operating costs in the first quarter of 2012 was volume. No other changes were material.
As a percentage of revenues, G&A expenses were 7.1 percent in the first quarter of 2012, up from 6.5 percent in the prior-year period.
Net interest expense in the first three months of 2012 was $39 compared with $34 in the same period in 2011. The increase in interest expense is largely due to the $750 million net increase in fixed-rate notes in July 2011. We expect full-year 2012 net interest expense to be approximately $155 to $160, subject to capital deployment activities during the year.
Effective Tax Rate
Our effective tax rate for the first three months of 2012 was 31.3 percent compared with 31 percent in the same period in 2011. We anticipate a full-year 2012 effective tax rate of approximately 32 percent, compared with 31.4 percent in 2011, an increase primarily due to the expiration of the R&D tax credit that Congress has not yet extended for 2012. For additional discussion of tax matters, see Note I to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
Review of Business Groups
Following is a discussion of operating results and outlook for each of our business groups. For the Aerospace group, results are analyzed with respect to specific lines of products and services, consistent with how the group is managed. For the defense groups, the discussion is based on the types of products and services each group offers with a supplemental discussion of specific contracts and programs when significant to the groups results. Information regarding our business groups also can be found in Note M to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
The Aerospace groups revenues increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared to the prior-year period. The increase consisted of the following:
Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues include Gulfstream business-jet aircraft as well as completions of aircraft produced by other OEMs. Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions revenues increased in the first quarter primarily due to green deliveries of the new G650 aircraft, which began in the fourth quarter of 2011.
The growing global installed base and increased flying hours of business-jet aircraft resulted in growth in aircraft services revenues in the first quarter of 2012.
The groups operating earnings increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 2011. The increase consisted of the following:
Aircraft manufacturing, outfitting and completions earnings increased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with 2011 primarily due to the additional G650 green deliveries discussed above. Earnings from Jet Aviations completions business also increased in the first quarter as operational performance improved on narrow-and wide-body completion contracts.
Aircraft services earnings increased in the first quarter primarily due to a favorable mix of work.
Selling, general and administrative expenses were higher in the first quarter of 2012 due to the timing of supplier payments associated with Gulfstreams R&D efforts.
The groups operating margins decreased 30 basis points compared with the same prior-year period as higher R&D expenses offset the growth in the groups higher-margin aircraft manufacturing business.
We expect an increase of approximately 15 percent in the groups revenues in 2012 compared with 2011. The increase is due to additional green deliveries and initial outfitted deliveries of the G650. We expect the Aerospace groups margins to be in the mid-15 percent range, up from 2011 due to improved performance in Jet Aviations completions business and the strong first quarter performance at Gulfstream.
The Combat Systems groups revenues were down in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the same period in 2011. The decrease consisted of the following:
Revenues were up in the groups U.S. military vehicles business due to the December 2011 acquisition of Force Protection, Inc. Revenues were also up due to increased volume on international Abrams main battle tank and light armored vehicle (LAV) programs. These revenues were partially offset by lower volume on the domestic Stryker wheeled combat vehicle and Abrams programs consistent with our expectations.
Revenues were down in the first quarter of 2012 in the munitions business due to lower volume across several programs. The decrease in munitions revenues was partially offset by increased sales of axles in the military and commercial markets.
Revenues in the European military vehicle business decreased as work completes on the Piranha vehicle contract with the Belgian Army.
The Combat Systems groups operating margins for the first quarter of 2012 were impacted negatively by $67 of prior period adjustments recorded at one of our subsidiaries in the European military vehicles business. For further discussion, see Note A to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements. Over two thirds of these adjustments contributed to lower first quarter 2012 revenues in the European military vehicles business.
We expect the Combat Systems groups revenues to approximate $8.5 billion in 2012. A reduction in our U.S. military vehicles business primarily due to lower volume on the Stryker, Abrams and MRAP programs will be offset partially by growth in international vehicle exports and revenues from the acquisition of Force Protection Inc. Given the impact of the first quarter operating results, we expect the groups full-year operating margin to be in the high-13 percent range.
The Marine Systems groups revenues decreased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the same prior-year period. The decrease consisted of the following:
The groups U.S. Navy ship-construction programs include Virginia-class submarines, DDG-1000 and DDG-51 destroyers, and T-AKE combat-logistics and Mobile Landing Platform (MLP) auxiliary support ships. Navy ship construction revenues were down in the first quarter of 2012 primarily on lower Virginia-class submarine volume as we transition from the Block II to the Block III contract. Deliveries of the remaining 10 Virginia-class submarines under contract are scheduled through 2018, and plans published by the Navy include a request for proposals in 2012 for the next nine submarines under the program.
Volume was steady on the DDG-1000 and DDG-51 programs in the first quarter of 2012. Deliveries of the three DDG-1000 ships under contract are scheduled for 2014, 2015 and 2018. The remaining destroyer scheduled for delivery under the legacy DDG-51 multi-ship contract is scheduled for delivery in the second quarter of 2012. The two destroyers awarded under the Navys restart of the DDG-51 program, including one awarded in the first quarter of 2012, are scheduled for delivery in 2016 and 2017, respectively.
Volume increased on the MLP program in the first quarter of 2012 as the group continued construction on the first ship. Construction of the second ship is scheduled to begin in the second quarter of 2012. In the first quarter, the group was awarded a construction contract for the third ship in the program. Delivery of one ship per year is scheduled beginning in 2013. A fourth MLP ship was requested in the FY 2013 budget request. Activity on the groups T-AKE program was down in 2012 as the group neared completion of the remaining two ships.
While ship-construction revenues were down from the first quarter of 2011, revenues were up on engineering and repair programs for the Navy in the first quarter of 2012. The increase in revenues was driven by the 2011 acquisition of Metro Machine Corp., a surface-ship repair operation located in Norfolk, Virginia, that, coupled with our existing capabilities, enables us to deliver maintenance and repair services to the Atlantic and Pacific fleets.
Despite the decrease in revenues, the groups operating earnings were up in the first quarter of 2012, resulting in a 150-basis-point increase in operating margins. This margin increase was primarily due to the increase in the T-AKE profit rate as the mature program continued to experience favorable cost performance.
We expect the Marine Systems groups 2012 revenues to decrease slightly from 2011 because of the timing of several ship-construction programs, with operating margins expected in the high-10 percent range.
Information Systems and Technology
The Information Systems and Technology groups revenues decreased in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the same period in 2011. The decrease consisted of the following:
The decrease in revenues in the tactical communication systems business was driven by protracted customer acquisition cycles and slower than expected transition to related follow-on work in the U.S. This resulted in lower revenues in the first quarter of 2012 in key products, including encryption hardware, CHS-4 and WIN-T. In addition, over 10% of the decline in revenues was due to lower volume on the U.K.-based Bowman communications system program, which has moved into the maintenance and long-term support phase.
In the groups IT services business, decreased volume on several large-scale IT infrastructure and support programs for the intelligence community and the Department of Defense, including the New Campus East program, was offset by increased revenues from the 2011 acquisition of Vangent, Inc.
Revenues were down in the first quarter of 2012 compared with the prior-year period in the groups ISR business due to lower volume of optical products and on several mission integration programs.
The decrease in the groups first quarter 2012 operating earnings resulted in a 90-basis-point decrease in operating margins. This decrease was driven by a shift in the mix of the groups revenues to lower-margin IT services, which increased from 40 to 45 percent of the groups total revenues. Additionally, margins were down in the tactical communications systems business in the first quarter of 2012 as a result of lower encryption products sales.
We expect 2012 revenues in the Information Systems and Technology group to be down approximately 5 percent from 2011 due to continued award delays in our tactical communication systems business. Given the mix shift to lower-margin IT services business discussed above, the groups operating margins are expected to decline to the mid-9 percent range in 2012.
Corporate results consist primarily of compensation expense for stock options. Corporate operating costs totaled $17 in the first quarter of 2012 compared with $21 in the first quarter of 2011. We expect 2012 full-year Corporate operating costs of approximately $70.
Our total backlog, including funded and unfunded portions, was $55.2 billion on April 1, 2012 compared with $57.4 billion at year-end 2011. Our backlog does not include work awarded under unfunded indefinite delivery, indefinite quantity (IDIQ) contracts or unexercised options associated with existing firm contracts, which we refer to collectively as estimated potential contract value. The estimated potential contract value represents our estimate of the ultimate value we expect to receive under these arrangements. At the end of the first quarter of 2012, our estimate of this potential contract value was $27 billion, down 4 percent from year-end 2011.
The following table details the backlog and the total estimated contract value of each business group at the end of the fourth quarter of 2011 and first quarter of 2012:
Aerospace funded backlog represents aircraft orders for which we have definitive purchase contracts and deposits from customers. Funded backlog includes the groups newest aircraft models, the G650 and the G280, which have received provisional type certification from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Full type certification is expected for both aircraft around mid-2012. In the groups large-cabin segment, backlog remains well-positioned, with an 18- to 24-month period between customer order and delivery of in-service aircraft and approximately five years of backlog for the G650. Aerospace unfunded backlog consists of agreements to provide future aircraft maintenance and support services.
The group ended the first quarter of 2012 with $17 billion of backlog, down from $17.9 billion at year-end 2011 as we continue to deliver on our G650 backlog. Order activity in the first quarter of 2012 was solid, but lower than the fourth quarter. Customer defaults in the quarter were down nearly 50 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011. Approximately 60 percent of the groups orders in the first quarter of 2012 were from North American customers, with increased demand from Fortune 500
companies. In the international market, the group continued to see strong interest from customers in the Asia-Pacific region. While the installed base of aircraft is predominately in North America, international customers represented over 60 percent of the groups backlog at the end of the first quarter.
The total backlog for our defense groups represents the estimated remaining sales value of work to be performed under firm contracts. The funded portion of this backlog includes items that have been authorized and appropriated by the Congress and funded by the customer, as well as commitments by international customers that are similarly approved and funded by their governments. While there is no guarantee that future budgets and appropriations will provide funding for a given program, we have included only firm contracts we believe are likely to receive funding.
Total backlog in our defense groups was $38.2 billion on April 1, 2012, down 3 percent from the fourth quarter of 2011. Total backlog decreased primarily in the Combat Systems group following significant Stryker and LAV orders in the fourth quarter of 2011. Funded backlog increased significantly during the quarter in our Marine Systems group with the funding of two Virginia-class submarines, which were previously reported in unfunded backlog. Our defense groups each received notable contract awards in the first quarter.
Combat Systems awards included the following:
Marine Systems awards included the following:
Information Systems and Technology awards included the following:
FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES
We ended the first quarter of 2012 with a cash balance of $2.6 billion, unchanged from the end of 2011. Our net debt, defined as debt less cash and equivalents and marketable securities, was $900 at the end of the first quarter of 2012, down $100 from $1 billion at the end of 2011. Following is a discussion of the major components of our operating, investing and financing activities, as classified on the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, in the first three months of 2011 and 2012.
We generated cash from operating activities of $414 in the first three months of 2012 compared with $328 in the same period in 2011. The primary driver of cash flows in both periods was net earnings, offset in part by growth in operating working capital (OWC). The increase in OWC in the first three months of 2012 is largely due to timing of contract payments and, consistent with historical experience, expected to largely reverse by the end of the year.
As discussed further in Note K to the unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements, litigation on the A-12 program termination has been ongoing since 1991. If, contrary to our expectations, the default termination ultimately is sustained and the government prevails on its recovery theories, we, along with The Boeing Company, could collectively be required to repay the U.S. government as much as $1.4 billion for progress payments received for the A-12 contract, pl