GIS » Topics » Uncertain Tax Positions

This excerpt taken from the GIS 10-Q filed Dec 19, 2007.

Uncertain Tax Positions

We adopted the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation (FIN) No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes – an Interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109,” as of the beginning of fiscal 2008. Prior to adoption, our policy was to establish reserves that reflected the probable outcome of known tax contingencies. The effects of final resolution, if any, were recognized as changes to the effective income tax rate in the period of resolution. FIN 48 requires application of a more likely than not threshold to the recognition and derecognition of uncertain tax positions. FIN 48 permits us to recognize the amount of tax benefit that has a greater than 50 percent likelihood of being ultimately realized upon settlement. It further requires that a change in judgment related to the expected ultimate resolution of uncertain tax positions be recognized in earnings in the quarter of such change.


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As a result of adoption, we recorded a $218.1 million reduction to accrued tax liabilities, a $151.9 reduction to goodwill, a $57.8 million increase to additional paid in capital and a $8.4 million increase to retained earnings at the beginning of fiscal 2008.

The following table sets forth changes in our total gross unrecognized tax benefit liabilities, excluding accrued interest, for the year to date period ended November 25, 2007. Approximately $168.5 million of this total represents the amount that, if recognized, would affect our effective income tax rate in future periods. This amount differs from the gross unrecognized tax benefits presented in the table due to the decrease in U.S. federal income taxes that would occur upon recognition of the state tax benefits included therein.






In Millions






Balance as of May 28, 2007





Tax positions related to current year:














Tax positions related to prior years:



















Lapses in statutes of limitations






Balance as of November 25, 2007






As of November 25, 2007, we have classified approximately $7.3 million of the unrecognized tax benefits as a current liability as these amounts are expected to be paid within the next 12 months. The remaining amount of our unrecognized tax liability was classified in other noncurrent liabilities.

We report accrued interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense. For the six-month period ended November 25, 2007, we recognized $20.9 million of tax-related interest expense and penalties, and had $113.6 million of accrued interest and penalties at November 25, 2007.

We do not expect any significant changes to the estimated amount of liability associated with our uncertain tax positions that arose prior to fiscal 2008, other than the payment of the amount noted above which is identified as a current liability.

Annually we file more than 350 income tax returns in approximately 100 global taxing jurisdictions. The number of years with open tax audits varies depending on the tax jurisdiction. Our major taxing jurisdictions include the United States (federal and state) and Canada. With limited exceptions, we are no longer subject to U.S. federal examinations by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for fiscal years before 2002. The IRS recently concluded field examinations for our 2002 and 2003 fiscal years. A payment of $24.8 million was made during the first quarter of fiscal 2008 to cover the additional tax liability plus interest related to all agreed adjustments for this audit cycle. The IRS also proposed additional adjustments for the 2002-2003 audit cycle including several adjustments to the tax benefits associated with the sale of minority interests in our GMC subsidiary. We believe we have meritorious defenses and intend to vigorously defend our position. Our potential liability for this matter is significant and, notwithstanding our reserves against this potential liability, an unfavorable resolution could have a material adverse impact on our results of operations or cash flows from operations. We do not expect that the amount of our tax reserves for these issues will change in the next 12 months. The IRS initiated its audit of our fiscal 2004 through 2006 tax years during the first quarter of fiscal 2008.

Various examinations by United States state taxing authorities could be conducted for any open tax year, which vary by jurisdiction, but are generally from 3 to 5 years. Currently, several state examinations are in progress. The Canada Revenue Agency is conducting an audit of our income tax returns in Canada for fiscal years 2003 (which corresponds to our earliest tax year still open for examination) through 2005. We do not anticipate that any United States state tax or Canadian tax adjustments will have a significant impact on our financial position, cash flows or results of operations.


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"Uncertain Tax Positions" elsewhere:

Kellogg Company (K)
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