GM » Topics » Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This excerpt taken from the GM 8-K filed May 12, 2009.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings Before Interest and Income Taxes

Adjusted net income excludes charges for certain tax related items, gains and losses on the sale of business units and business interests, charges associated with accounting changes, restructuring, plant closure and impairment charges, charges associated with Delphi Corporation (Delphi), special attrition program charges, and other gains and losses which management excludes when assessing the internal performance of the organization.

Adjusted earnings before interest and income taxes begins with adjusted net income and is adjusted to remove any remaining interest and income tax expense or benefit.

Managerial Cash Flow

GM reports non-GAAP managerial operating cash flow in its earnings releases and charts for securities analysts. Management believes that providing managerial operating cash flow furnishes it and investors with useful information by representing the cash flow generated or consumed by its operations, including cash consumed by capital expenditures and equity investments in companies related to GM’s core business and cash generated by sales of operating assets and equity investments in companies related to GM’s core business, before funding non-operating-related obligations including debt maturities, dividends and other non-operating items. Management uses this non-GAAP financial measure to assess its cash flow when evaluating the performance of GM, its business units and its management teams and when making decisions to allocate resources among GM’s business units.

 

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General Motors Corporation and Subsidiaries

This excerpt taken from the GM 8-K filed Feb 27, 2009.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release, the accompanying tables and the charts for securities analysts include the following financial measures, which are not prepared in accordance with Accounting Principles Generally Accepted in the United States of America (GAAP): (1) adjusted net income; (2) adjusted earnings before tax; (3) managerial cash flow; and (4) GM North America vehicle revenue per unit. Each of these financial measures is therefore considered a non-GAAP financial measure. This press release and the charts for securities analysts also contain a reconciliation of each non-GAAP financial measure to its most comparable GAAP financial measure. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified in the consolidated statements of operations and related summaries to conform to the current period presentation.

Management believes these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding GM’s operating results because they exclude amounts that GM management does not consider part of operating results when assessing and measuring the operational and financial performance of the organization. In addition, GM has historically reported similar non-GAAP financial measures and believes that inclusion of these non-GAAP financial measures provides consistency and comparability with past earnings releases. GM management believes these measures allow it to readily view operating trends, perform analytical comparisons, benchmark performance among geographic regions and assess whether the GM North American structural cost turnaround plan is on target. Also, GM management uses adjusted net income and adjusted earnings before tax for forecasting purposes and in determining future capital investment allocations. Accordingly, GM believes these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors in allowing for greater transparency of supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making.

While GM believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful supplemental information, there are limitations associated with the use of these non-GAAP financial measures. These non-GAAP financial measures are not prepared in accordance with GAAP, do not reflect a comprehensive system of accounting and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies due to potential differences in the method of calculation between companies. Costs such as the special attrition programs and restructuring charges that are excluded from GM’s non-GAAP financial measures can have a material effect on net earnings. As a result, these non-GAAP financial measures have limitations and should not be considered in isolation from, or as a substitute for, net earnings, cash flow from operations, or other measures of performance or liquidity prepared in accordance with GAAP. GM compensates for these limitations by using these non-GAAP financial measures as supplements to GAAP financial measures and by providing the reconciliations of the non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measures. Investors are encouraged to review the reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to their most comparable GAAP financial measures that are included elsewhere in this press release.

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings Before Tax

Adjusted net income excludes charges for certain tax related items, gains and losses on the sale of business units and business interests, charges associated with accounting changes, restructuring, plant closure and impairment charges, charges associated with Delphi Corporation (Delphi), special attrition program charges, and other gains and losses which management excludes when assessing the internal performance of the organization.

Adjusted earnings before tax begins with adjusted net income and is adjusted to remove any remaining tax expense or benefit.

 

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General Motors Corporation

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures (Continued)

Managerial Cash Flow

GM reports non-GAAP managerial automotive operating cash flow in its earnings releases and charts for securities analysts. Management believes that providing managerial automotive operating cash flow furnishes it and investors with useful information by representing the cash flow generated or consumed by its automotive operations, including cash consumed by automotive capital expenditures and equity investments in companies related to GM’s core business and cash generated by sales of automotive operating assets and equity investments in companies related to GM’s core business, before funding non-operating-related obligations including debt maturities, dividends and other non-operating items. Management uses this non-GAAP financial measure to assess its automotive cash flow when evaluating the performance of GM, its business units and its management teams and when making decisions to allocate resources among GM’s business units.

 

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General Motors Corporation

EXCERPTS ON THIS PAGE:

8-K
May 12, 2009
8-K
Feb 27, 2009
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