QUOTE AND NEWS
CNNMoney.com  1 hr ago  Comment 
If you hit the annual Illinois State Fair in Springfield this weekend, you'll see the usual attractions: livestock exhibits, a ferris wheel, puffy funnel cakes. You might also be surprised to find a small booth for one of the largest technology...
guardian.co.uk  6 hrs ago  Comment 
The wage gap is more than simply one very memorable statistic – it’s a measure of inequality that shrinks and expands according to age, industry and race A Google employee’s tirade against diversity efforts included a claim that the gender...
CNNMoney.com  7 hrs ago  Comment 
1. Nervous markets: Global markets are heading for a third consecutive day of losses amid growing tensions between North Korea and the U.S.
Financial Times  Aug 11  Comment 
Amazon, Facebook and Google could challenge broadcaster in next Premier League auction
Channel News Asia  Aug 11  Comment 
Alphabet's Google on Thursday canceled a company-wide meeting scheduled to discuss the controversy over a memo opposing company diversity policies, citing concerns about attacks on employees from far-right internet commenters, according to an...
New York Times  Aug 11  Comment 
Readers debated the firing of Mr. Damore, a Google engineer who wrote a memo about why he thought there are so few women working in the tech industry.
TechCrunch  Aug 10  Comment 
 Google CEO Sundar Pichai was expected to hold an all-hands meeting this afternoon in light of now-former Google engineer James Damore’s post about differences between men and women. Shortly before it was scheduled to start, Pichai sent out a...
CNNMoney.com  Aug 10  Comment 
Google's CEO, Sundar Pichai, canceled a scheduled all-hands staff meeting?moments before it was scheduled to begin?meant to address concerns over a controversial essay published by former employee James Damore.
NPR  Aug 10  Comment 
About half of Harvey Mudd College computer science graduates are women, up sharply in the past decade. It and other schools found success by adjusting their curriculums and making other changes.
Benzinga  Aug 10  Comment 
Baird Equity Research lowered its rating for RingCentral Inc (NYSE: RNG) from Outperform to Neutral after the stock jumped 8.08 percent Wednesday on an unsubstantiated M&A rumor. The Baird analysts, William V. Power and Charles Erlikh, believe...




 

Google Inc (NASDAQ: GOOG), a global information technology leader, specializes in how people access and interact with information. Google provides the leading search engine along with many online services such as Gmail, Adsense, and Chrome. In fiscal year 2010, Google reported $29.3 billion of revenues and $8.5 billion of net income. Google operates in over 50 countries with unique domain names for each country. Internet advertising is the fastest growing segment of the advertising market, but still only represents 8% of total U.S. advertising dollars -- suggesting considerable room for further growth. To tap these opportunities, Google has used the profits from its paid search business to support innovative projects such as Google Editions and the Android Market.

Business Overview

Google’s search tools allow users to efficiently search through vast amounts of web-based information, organizing and delivering results based on relevance. It also has a long and growing list of products in many other areas of computer applications. Consumer usage of its products is free, financed through advertising (96% of 2010 Revenues) and licensing (3% of 2010 Revenues) sales.

Co-founders Larry Page and Sergei Brin created Google's core PageRank technology to archive and organize Internet webpages and develop a searchable database. The basic tenet of PageRank is that when one website links to another, the first website is endorsing the second. Pages are then "ranked" according to the ecosystem of all web pages archived. While the company has since utilized numerous other ranking systems, PageRank still remains a central technology. Google also creates search products for photos, videos, and specific websites types such as blogs. Google does not charge consumers for its search capabilities, receiving most of its revenue from advertising and a small portion from licensing its search technologies to enterprise companies.

Trends and Forces

Google's Advertising-Based Business Model is Susceptible to Economic Cycles

Advertising is a major revenue driver for Google, with 96% of its revenue coming from advertising. This dependence is a concern in a down economy since advertising is generally the first source of cost-cutting for companies[1]. Google has seen an increase in the number of paid clicks generated by an increase in aggregate traffic and the continued global expansion of their products, advertiser base and user base. The decrease in the average cost-per-click paid by advertisers was primarily the result of the strengthening of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currencies.[2]

Google's Web Presence Stands to Gain from Growing Internet Traffic

Since 2000, the number of worldwide Internet users has more than doubled. However, certain regions have grown faster than others. Google seems to be positioning itself to grow even more substantially internationally likewise JBVEF especially in the Financial Sector, earnings, and advertising Google is poised to hold its own and continue to deliver top notch results. The US market is responsible for around 48% of Google's revenue by geography while 39% comes from the rest of the world (the UK brings in around 13%).[3]

Google's Free, Advertising-Supported Offerings Prove Highly Disruptive

Google has completely transformed the world of advertising in its efforts to connect users to information. Its free offerings have been highly disruptive to well-rooted industries, provoking frequent legal conflict. Viacom is seeking damages in excess of $1 billion from the posting and distribution of copyrighted materials on YouTube. With the 2004 launch of Google Book Search, authors and publishing houses reacted to the millions of copyrighted books being downloaded for free. The Authors and the Association of American Publishers sued Google for copyright infringement in 2005. Through a settlement, Google continues to make books digitally available, to the chagrin of publishers and book retailers such as Amazon. With the launch of Google Earth, the appeal of America Online's MapQuest basically disappeared overnight. Google's Android-based smartphones, equipped with free GPS navigation services, have upended the need for TomTom, which comes at a charge to consumers. Google's Gmail, Google Apps, and Chrome also competes directly with Microsoft's Hotmail, Office Suite, and Internet Explorer respectively[4].

Competition

Although Google in its broadest perception has gained an unparalleled marketplace acceptance, in the narrower search market its competitors are Yahoo! (YHOO) and Microsoft (MSFT), which is currently expanding into the online search and advertising business within the US and Baidu.com (BIDU) in China. Yahoo, founded four years before Google, was historically the leading online search site, but in January 2009, Google made headlines by overtaking Yahoo in unique users per month. Relative to Yahoo!--and almost any company--Google's expenses are quite low. The expense breakdown suggests different priorities for the two companies: Google's highest cost sector is product development, at 9%, while Yahoo! allocated 20% of revenues for sales. And while Google spreads its costs evenly among the three principle areas, Yahoo!'s expenses are clearly concentrated in sales, with development and administration trailing far behind.

Because Microsoft has many sources of revenue beyond advertising, it is difficult to compare it in more detail to Google and Yahoo!.

With a plethora of social networking websites and platforms making their way onto the internet, Google faces stiff competition from websites such as Facebook, Twitter, Groupon and LinkedIn.

Google's Android smartphone operation system is also in direct competition with Apple (AAPL) , Microsoft (MSFT) and Research in Motion (RIMM) in the fast-moving, competitive smartphone market. These corporations also uses JAVA programming [[1]] (BlueJ) language for development and research as well.

As Google expands into e-commerce and Local services using its Google Offers, Checkout, and Wallet , it is also encroaching on an estalished player in Groupon as well as Facebook's Deals.

Sources

  1. GOOG 2008 10-K pg. 19  
  2. GOOG 2009 10-Q1 pg. 27  
  3. GOOG 2009 10-Q1 pg. 28  

46. Android GPS tracking 47. The Android Phone

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