QUOTE AND NEWS
guardian.co.uk  9 hrs ago  Comment 
Tony Hall says he would not have talked about bank with head of trust, who formerly chaired HSBC’s audit committee, while a BBC investigation was ongoing BBC director general Tony Hall said he had not talked about the BBC’s investigation...
The Hindu Business Line  Mar 2  Comment 
India’s manufacturing activity expanded at its slowest pace in five months in February as a slowdown in new orders dragged on overall output, a business survey showed on Monday. The HSBC...
Yahoo  Mar 2  Comment 
Activity in China's factory sector edged up to a seven-month high in February but export orders shrank and deflationary pressures persisted, a private business survey showed, adding to the view that yet more interest rate cuts will be needed....
Clusterstock  Mar 1  Comment 
Stuart Gulliver, the boss of HSBC, grumbles that publicly owned businesses are now being held to a higher standard of behaviour than bishops. A more apt comparison might be medieval monks, given the self-flagellation that the London-based banking...
guardian.co.uk  Mar 1  Comment 
Chair of BBC’s governing body was chair of HSBC’s audit committee at time covered by HSBC files, but has had no discussions with journalists about coverage The BBC Trust has defended its chairwoman Rona Fairhead after it emerged that she was...
guardian.co.uk  Mar 1  Comment 
Future replacement for Douglas Flint, who faced questions from MPs about the bank’s Swiss activities last week, will come from outside the organisation HSBC is to appoint its next chairman from outside its existing management team in a move...
Yahoo  Feb 28  Comment 
HSBC (HSBA.L), in the spotlight after details emerged about how its Swiss unit allegedly helped clients dodge taxes, isn't the troublemaker it is currently depicted as, the head of a rival private bank was quoted saying on Saturday. "HSBC has been...
Financial Times  Feb 27  Comment 
HSBC chief’s comments raise questions about leaders’ accountability for the actions of their staff
Clusterstock  Feb 27  Comment 
Hervé Falciani, the French-Italian whistleblower who leaked HSBC classified files to the French tax authorities triggering an international scandal, was given a cool gadget to communicate with his protectors: an ultra-thin phone that could be...




 
TOP CONTRIBUTORS

HSBC Holdings, PLC (Symbol: HBC) is a London-based banking and financial services organization that isn't indebted to the British government. [1] This sets the company apart from several U.K. competitors, like Barclays (BCS), Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS-LN), and Lloyds Banking Group (LYG), who have resorted to borrowing.[2] For the full year 2010 ended in December, HSBC reported a total interest income of $80B and a net profit of $14.2B.[3] While HSBC is headquartered in the UK, its operations where impacted by the financial crisis which started in the US. Because it is not an American company, it was not able to receive the same bailout opportunities as American banks and instead relied on British bailout money.

Business Overview

For the full year 2010 ended in December, HSBC reported a total interest income of $80B and a net profit of $14.2B.[3] HSBC Holdings operates in four main business segments. The financial crisis has distorted the net income break down of each segment. The Personal Financial Services, Commercial Banking, and Global Banking & Markets have traditionally earned equal portions of Net Income.[4]

Personal Financial Services (18% of 2010 Pretax profits)[4])

Personal Financial Services provides savings accounts, mortgages, personal loans, and credit cards. Within this segment is the HSBC Premier banking service, which offers 24-hour priority telephone access and free international funds transfer between HSBC accounts.[2]

Commercial Banking (31% of 2010 pretax profits[4])

The Commercial Banking segment offers banking products to corporate, mid-market, small, and micro businesses. These products include financing, cash management, international trade, and investment banking. [2]

Global Banking & Markets (50% of 2010 pretax profits [4])

The Global Banking & Markets segment offers financial products to major government, corporate, and institutional clients worldwide. These products include foreign exchange, currency and interest rate derivatives, and private equity managers.[2]

Global Private Banking (4% of 2010 pretax profits[4])

The Private Banking segment offers trustee services to high net worth individuals. These services include cash management, clearing, wealth management, and inheritance planning.[2]

Trends and Forces

Housing Market and Economic Conditions

HSBC owns large sets of mortgages which either it purchased or it originated. This makes it dependent on the housing market. An increased rate of foreclosure will cause the company to writeoff mortgages and attempt to sell them on the market. Selling houses becomes more difficult the more that the housing market declines. By contrast, the growth of the housing market allows HSBC's assets to become more reliable and likely to be paid.[5] [6]

HSBC issues rights to raise capital

HSBC [6] historically issued rights to allow existing shareholders to purchase additional securities at a discounted price.[1][7] This has allowed HSBC to avoid needing government capital, unlike its competitors Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS-LN) and Lloyds Banking Group (LYG), giving investors more confidence in HSBC. While issuing rights to prevent HSBC from raising capital, the company no longer has any rights to offer and so if it needs more capital, it will be forced to borrow from the government.

U.K. Banks are affected by changes in the US

As a U.K. based bank, HSBC is relatively insulated from U.S. crisises. However, U.K. banks have U.S. commercial real estate exposures -- in the form of loans and other debt mortgage-backed securities (MBS).[8] So hardships in the U.S. housing market and banks suffering losses due to subprime lending in turn causes foreign banks to suffer losses. However, because the UK tends to react after the US market has, this means that US banks are sometimes able to rise out of recessions sooner than UK based banks.

Competition


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Investopedia, "Rights Offering"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4
  3. 3.0 3.1 HBC 2011 10-K "Report of the Directors: Operating and Financial Review" pg15-16
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 HBC 10-F 2011 Report of the Directors: Operating and Financial Review "Summary" p37
  5. Forbes, "HSBC Pays for its Mistakes," 03/02/09
  6. 6.0 6.1 Forbes, "AIG,HSBC Leave Europe Scarred," 03/02/09
  7. Bloomberg, "HSBC Finds Buyers for 97% of Record Rights Offering," 04/06/09
  8. Seeking Alpha, "Second Stress Wave for European Banks," 04/23/09
  9. Barclays 2008 Annual Report
  10. RBS Website, "Financial Results"
  11. LYG website, "About Us"
  12. Citigroup website, "About"
  13. Bank of America website, "About"
  14. J.P. Morgan website, "About Us"
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