HAMPTON ROADS BANKSHARES 10-K 2012
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011
Commission File Number 001-32968
HAMPTON ROADS BANKSHARES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes ¨ No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer, and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes ¨ No x
State the aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by nonaffiliates computed by reference to the price at which the common equity was last sold, or the average bid and asked price of such common equity, as of the last business day of the registrants most recently completed second fiscal quarter: $136,767,099
The number of shares outstanding of the issuers Common Stock as of March 1, 2012 was 34,561,146 shares, par value $0.01 per share.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Annual Report to Shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2011 are incorporated by reference into Part II, which excerpts from the Annual Report are filed herewith as Exhibit 13.1.
Hampton Roads, Bankshares, Inc.
Form 10-K Annual Report
For the Year Ended December 31, 2011
ITEM 1 - BUSINESS
Unless indicated otherwise, the terms we, us, or our refer to Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries.
Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. (the Company), a Virginia corporation, was incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Virginia on February 28, 2001, primarily to serve as a holding company for Bank of Hampton Roads (BOHR). On July 1, 2001, all BOHR common stock converted into Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. common stock on a share for share exchange basis, making BOHR a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. In January 2004, the Company formed Hampton Roads Investments, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary, to provide securities, brokerage, and investment advisory services. This subsidiary is currently inactive.
On June 1, 2008, pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of January 8, 2008 by and between the Company and Shore Financial Corporation (SFC), the Company acquired via merger all of the outstanding shares of SFC making Shore Bank (Shore) a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Shore has a wholly-owned subsidiary, Shore Investments, Inc.
On December 31, 2008, pursuant to the terms of the Agreement and Plan of Merger dated as of September 23, 2008 by and between the Company and Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc. (GFH), the Company acquired via merger all of the outstanding shares of GFH making Gateway Bank & Trust Co. (Gateway) a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. At the time of acquisition, Gateway had three wholly-owned subsidiaries: Gateway Insurance Services, Inc., Gateway Investment Services, Inc., and Gateway Bank Mortgage, Inc. On May 11, 2009, Gateway was dissolved and merged into BOHR; the subsidiaries became wholly-owned subsidiaries of BOHR. On August 1, 2011, Gateway Insurance Services, Inc. was sold.
During 2011 one of our concentrations was to return our focus to core community banking by making choices to reduce branches that are similar in proximity and those in our less profitable markets. On December 31, 2010, we had 58 branches, and as of December 31, 2011, we reduced our branches to 46. We have intentions to close or sell eight more branches in 2012.
BOHR is a Virginia state-chartered commercial bank with 20 full-service offices in the Hampton Roads region of southeastern Virginia, including eight offices in the city of Chesapeake, three offices in the city of Norfolk, seven offices in the city of Virginia Beach, one office in Emporia, and one office in the city of Suffolk. In addition, BOHR has 18 full-service offices located in the Northeastern and Research Triangle regions of North Carolina and in Richmond, Virginia that do business as Gateway. The bank owns two wholly-owned operating subsidiaries. Gateway Investment Services, Inc. assists customers in their securities brokerage activities through an arrangement with an unaffiliated broker-dealer. As prescribed by this arrangement, Gateway Investment Services, Inc. earns revenue through a commission sharing arrangement with the unaffiliated broker-dealer. Gateway Bank Mortgage, Inc. provides mortgage banking services with products that are sold on the secondary market. BOHR commenced operations in 1987.
Shore is a Virginia state-chartered commercial bank with seven full-service offices and an investment center located on the Delmarva Peninsula, otherwise known as the Eastern Shore. Shore operates on the Virginia and Maryland portions of the Eastern Shore, including the counties of Accomack and Northampton in Virginia and the Pocomoke City and Salisbury market areas in Maryland. Shores subsidiary, Shore Investments, Inc., provides non-deposit investment products including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and insurance products. Shore Investments, Inc. has an investment in a Virginia title insurance agency that enables Shore to offer title insurance policies to its real estate loan customers. On July 7, 2011, Shore expanded its Maryland banking operations into the West Ocean City, Maryland area with the opening of a Loan Production Office. Shore commenced operations in 1961.
BOHR and Shore may be collectively referred to as the Banks throughout this document.
Our principal executive office is located at 999 Waterside Drive, Suite 200, Norfolk, VA 23510 and our telephone number is (757) 217-1000. The Companys common stock, par value $0.01 per share (the Common Stock), trades on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol HMPR. On April 27, 2011, the Company effected a 1 for 25 stock split. As a result, all prior period amounts have been restated to give retroactive effect of this reverse split.
Like many financial institutions across the United States, we have been affected by deteriorating economic conditions and related financial losses. The revised report of our independent registered public accounting firm on our consolidated financial statements, as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009, contained an explanatory paragraph regarding the uncertainty of our ability to continue as a going concern. Under our Written Agreement (the Written Agreement) with the Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond (FRB) and the Bureau of Financial Institutions of the Virginia State Corporation Commission (Bureau of Financial Institutions), we were required to raise additional capital.
As a result, during the Spring and Summer of 2010, the Company entered into the various definitive investment agreements (the Investment Agreements) with the Investors to purchase 25,500,000 shares of Common Stock of the Company for $10.00 per share as part of an aggregate $255 million private placement (the Private Placement), in two separate closings. The Investors are affiliates of The Carlyle Group (Carlyle) and Anchorage Advisors, L.L.C. (Anchorage) (together Carlyle and Anchorage are referred to as the Anchor Investors), CapGen Capital Group VI LP (CapGen), affiliates of Davidson Kempner Capital Management (Davidson Kempner), affiliates of Fir Tree, Inc. (Fir Tree), and C12 Protium Value Opportunities Ltd. (C12).
The initial closing (the First Closing) related to the issuance of $235 million worth of Common Stock occurred on September 30, 2010 following shareholder approval at the Companys shareholders meetings held on September 28, 2010 and upon the exchange of 80,347 shares of Series C preferred stock held by the United States Department of the Treasury (the Treasury) for newly-created shares of Series C-1 preferred stock (the TARP Exchange) and subsequent conversion of such Series C-1 preferred shares into 2,089,022 shares of Common Stock (the TARP Conversion), the exchange of Series A and B preferred for up to 912,240 shares of Common Stock (the Exchange Offers), and approval of an amendment to the preferred stock designations (the Preferred Amendments). Certain of the Investors or their affiliates also received warrants to purchase Common Stock in connection with the Private Placement. Additional information on these warrants and the transactions comprising the Companys Recapitalization Plan (as defined below) can be found in Note 3, Recapitalization Plan, of the Notes to the Companys consolidated financial statements, and in Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Capital Resources and Liquidity and below.
The second closing, related to the issuance of an additional $20 million worth of Common Stock to the Investors (the Second Closing and collectively with the First Closing, the Closings), occurred on December 28, 2010.
In addition, under the terms of the Investment Agreements, the Company was required to conduct a $40 million rights offering, which allowed existing shareholders of record on September 29, 2010 to purchase common shares at the same $10.00 purchase price per share as the Investors (the Rights Offering). Pursuant to the Investment Agreements, the Investors agreed to purchase any shares not sold in the Rights Offering pursuant to a backstop commitment (the Backstop). Eligible shareholders who elected to participate in the Rights Offering purchased 976,000 shares. Pursuant to the Investment Agreements, the Investors honored their backstop commitments to purchase at the same price per share the remaining 3,024,000 shares not purchased by shareholders eligible to participate in the Rights Offering. This transaction also closed on December 28, 2010.
The transactions described above are part of the Companys Recapitalization Plan which includes the Private Placement, Rights Offering, Exchange Offers, TARP Exchange, TARP Conversion, and Preferred Amendments. The issuance of Common Stock under the Recapitalization Plan and other authorizations were unanimously
approved by the Board of Directors, and subsequently, the common shareholders at the Companys 2010 annual meeting of common shareholders (the Annual Meeting). The requisite amount of Series A and B preferred shareholders also approved the Preferred Amendments on that date.
Summaries of the material terms of the Investment Agreements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the full text of each document. Copies of the Investment Agreements and ancillary documents are attached as Exhibits 10.1-10.9 to our Form 8-K filed on August 17, 2010, and Exhibit 10.1 to the Companys Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on September 23, 2010, which are incorporated by reference herein.
During the second quarter of 2011, the Company sold a total of 1,169,789 shares of Common Stock in a series of sales made in an at-the-market offering that opened June 15, 2011 and concluded June 28, 2011. The Companys net proceeds from the at-the-market offering were $15.5 million.
As of December 31, 2011, BOHR was above the well-capitalized threshold with respect to its Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital ratio and Leverage ratio and adequately capitalized with respect to its Total Risk Based Capital Ratio. Each of Shores capital ratios remained above the well-capitalized threshold at December 31, 2011.
Principal Products or Services
Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. engages in a general community and commercial banking business, targeting the banking needs of individuals and small- to medium-sized businesses in our primary service areas including the Hampton Roads region of southeastern Virginia, the Northeastern and Research Triangle regions of North Carolina, the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland, and Richmond, Virginia. The Companys primarily products are traditional deposit and loan services.
We offer a broad range of interest-bearing and noninterest-bearing deposit accounts, including commercial and retail checking accounts, Negotiable Order of Withdrawal (NOW) accounts, savings accounts, and individual retirement accounts as well as certificates of deposit with a range of maturity date options. The primary sources of deposits are small- and medium-sized businesses and individuals within our target markets. Additionally, we entered the national certificate of deposit and the brokered certificate of deposit markets. Pursuant to the Written Agreement, however, BOHR is currently prohibited from accepting brokered deposits greater than the amount it had when the Written Agreement was entered into. Further, until BOHR becomes well capitalized for regulatory capital purposes, it cannot renew or accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval, and it may not offer interest rates on our deposit accounts that are significantly higher than the average rates in our market area.
All deposit accounts are insured by the FDIC up to the maximum allowed by law. Additionally and pursuant to Section 343 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the Dodd-Frank Act), the FDIC has adopted final rules whereby it will provide unlimited deposit insurance for noninterest-bearing transaction accounts through December 31, 2012. This includes personal and business noninterest-bearing deposit and checking accounts and certain types of attorney trust accounts. This temporary unlimited coverage is in addition to the FDICs coverage of $250,000 available to depositors under the FDICs general deposit insurance rules.
We offer a range of commercial, real estate, and consumer lending products and services, described in further detail below. Our loan portfolio is comprised of the following categories: commercial and industrial, construction, real estate-commercial mortgage, real estate-residential mortgage, and installment loans. Our primary lending objective is to meet business and consumer needs in our market areas while maintaining our standards of profitability and credit quality and enhancing client relationships. All lending decisions are based upon an evaluation of the financial strength and credit history of the borrower and the quality and value of the collateral securing the loan. With few exceptions, personal guarantees are required on all loans.
Commercial and industrial loans. We make commercial and industrial loans to qualified businesses in our market areas. Commercial and industrial loans are loans to businesses which are typically not collateralized by real estate. Generally, the purpose of commercial and industrial loans is for the financing of accounts receivable, inventory, or equipment and machinery. Repayment of commercial and industrial loans may be more substantially dependent upon the success of the business itself, and therefore, must be monitored more frequently. In order to reduce our risk, the Banks require regular updates of the business financial condition, as well as that of the guarantors, and regularly monitor accounts receivable and payable of such businesses when deemed necessary.
Construction loans. Although we are generally no longer making new loans to finance construction and land development, a significant amount of our portfolio contains such loans. Historically, we made construction and development loans to individuals and businesses for the purpose of construction of single family residential properties, multi-family properties, and commercial projects as well as the development of residential neighborhoods and commercial office parks. To manage risk on construction and development loans, the Banks funded these loans on an as-completed basis with experienced bank representatives inspecting the properties before funding. Larger, more complicated projects required independent inspections by an architectural or engineering firm approved by the Banks prior to funding. Additionally, risk was being managed in the construction and development portfolio by limiting additional lending for speculative building of both residential and commercial properties, based upon the borrowers history with the Banks, financial strength, and the loan-to-value ratio of such speculative property. The Banks rarely exceeded 80% loan-to-value on any new construction loan. An individual who borrowed with the purpose of building a personal residence provided evidence of a permanent mortgage as well as a contract with a builder before the closing of the loan.
Real estate-commercial mortgage loans. The Banks make commercial mortgage loans for the purchase and re-financing of owner occupied commercial properties as well as non-owner occupied income producing properties. These loans are secured by various types of commercial real estate including office, retail, warehouse, industrial, storage facilities, and other non-residential types of properties. Commercial mortgage loans typically have maturities or are callable from one to five years. Underwriting for all commercial mortgages involves an examination of debt service coverage ratios, the borrowers creditworthiness and past credit history, and the guarantors personal financial condition. Underwriting for non-owner occupied commercial mortgages also involves evaluation of the current leases and financial strength of the tenants.
Real estate-residential mortgage loans. We offer a wide range of residential mortgage loans through our Banks and our subsidiary, Gateway Bank Mortgage, Inc. Our residential mortgage portfolio held by the Banks includes first and junior lien mortgage loans, home equity lines of credit, and other term loans secured by first and junior lien mortgages. Residential mortgage loans have historically been lower risk loans in the Banks portfolios due to the ease in which the value of the collateral is ascertained, although the risks involved with these loans has been on the rise lately due to falling home prices and high unemployment in our markets. First mortgage loans are generally made for the purchase of permanent residences, second homes, or residential investment property. Second mortgages and home equity loans are generally for personal, family, and household purposes such as home improvements, major purchases, education, and other personal needs. Mortgages that are secured by a borrowers primary residence are made on the basis of the borrowers ability to repay the loan from his or her regular income as well as the general creditworthiness of the borrower. Mortgages secured by residential investment property are made based upon the same guidelines as well as the borrowers ability to cover any cash flow shortages during the marketing of such property for rent.
Installment loans. Installment loans are made on a regular basis for personal, family, and general household purposes. More specifically, we make automobile loans, home improvement loans, loans for vacations, and debt consolidation loans. Due to low interest rates offered by auto dealership financial programs, this segment of the loan portfolio has declined in recent years. While consumer financing may entail greater collateral risk than real estate financing on a per loan basis, the relatively small principal balance of each loan mitigates the risk associated with this segment of the portfolio.
We offer other banking-related specialized products and services to our customers, such as travelers checks, coin counters, wire services, and safe deposit box services. Additionally, we offer our commercial customers various cash management products including remote deposit capture which allows them to make electronic check deposits from their offices. We issue letters of credit and standby letters of credit, most of which are related to real estate construction loans, for some of our commercial customers. We have not engaged in any securitizations of loans.
In addition to its banking operations, the Company has two other reportable segments: Mortgage and Other. At the end of the third quarter of 2011, the Company sold Gateway Insurance Services, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary, for a gain of $1.3 million. As a result of the sale, the Companys investment and insurance segments were combined into the reportable segment Other.
In our Mortgage segment, Gateway Bank Mortgage, Inc. engages in originating and processing mortgage loans. For our Other segment, two of our wholly-owned subsidiaries, Shore Investments, Inc. and Gateway Investment Services, Inc., provide securities, brokerage, and investment advisory services and are capable of handling many aspects of wealth management including stocks, bonds, annuities, mutual funds, and financial consultations.
For financial information about our business segments, see Note 17, Business Segment Reporting, of the Notes to the Companys consolidated financial statements.
We believe there is a strong demand within our markets for telephone banking and Internet banking. These services allow both commercial and retail customers to access detailed account information and execute a wide variety of banking transactions, including balance transfers and bill payment. We believe these services are particularly attractive to our customers, as these services enable them to conduct their banking business and monitor their accounts at any time. Telephone and Internet banking assist us in attracting and retaining customers and encourage our existing customers to consider us for all of their banking and financial needs.
Throughout our markets, we have a network of fifty-three ATMs, which are accessible by the customers of our subsidiary banks.
On February 13, 2012, we announced our intention to offer shares of our Common Stock in an offering that we expect will raise between $54.0 million and $86.0 million in gross proceeds and anticipate will settle during the second quarter of 2012.
The financial services industry in our market area remains highly competitive and is constantly evolving. We experience strong competition with competitors, some of which are not subject to the same degree of regulation that is imposed on us. Many of them have broader geographic markets and substantially greater resources, and therefore, can offer more diversified products and services.
In our market areas, we compete with large national and regional financial institutions, savings banks, and other independent community banks, as well as credit unions, consumer finance companies, mortgage companies, and loan production offices. Many of these institutions have substantially greater assets and capital than we do. In many instances, these institutions have greater lending limits than we do. Competition for deposits and loans is affected by factors such as interest rates offered, the number and location of branches, types of products offered, and reputation of the institution. We believe that our pricing of products has remained competitive, but our historical success is primarily attributable to high quality service and community involvement.
The Companys market area includes the Hampton Roads cities of Chesapeake, Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Portsmouth, and Suffolk, Virginia; the Northeastern and Research Triangle regions of North Carolina; the Eastern Shore of Virginia and Maryland; and Richmond, Virginia. This region has a diverse, well-rounded economy supported by a solid manufacturing base and a significant military presence. The Company has no significant concentrations to any one customer.
Government Supervision and Regulation
As a bank holding company, the Company is subject to regulation under the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended, and the examination and reporting requirements of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
Other federal and state laws govern the activities of our Banks, including the activities in which they may engage, the investments they make, the aggregate amount of loans they may grant to one borrower, and the dividends they may declare and pay to us. Our bank subsidiaries are also subject to various consumer and compliance laws. As Virginia state-chartered banks, BOHR and Shore are primarily subject to regulation, supervision, and examination by the Bureau of Financial Institutions. In addition, we are regulated and supervised by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve) through the FRB. We must furnish to the Federal Reserve quarterly and annual reports containing detailed financial statements and schedules. All aspects of our operations, including reserves, loans, mortgages, capital, issuance of securities, payment of dividends, and establishment of branches are governed by these authorities. These authorities are able to impose penalties, initiate civil and administrative actions, and take further steps to prevent us from engaging in unsafe or unsound practices. In this regard, the Federal Reserve has adopted capital adequacy requirements.
The following description summarizes the more significant federal and state laws applicable to us. To the extent that statutory or regulatory provisions are described, the description is qualified in its entirety by reference to that particular statutory or regulatory provision.
Bank Holding Company Act
Under the Bank Holding Company Act, we are subject to periodic examination by the Federal Reserve and required to file periodic reports regarding our operations and any additional information that the Federal Reserve may require. Our activities at the bank holding company level are limited to:
Some of the activities that the Federal Reserve has determined by regulation to be closely related to the business of a bank holding company include making or servicing loans and specific types of leases, performing specific data processing services, and acting in some circumstances as a fiduciary, investment, or financial adviser.
With some limited exceptions, the Bank Holding Company Act requires every bank holding company to obtain the prior approval of the Federal Reserve before:
In addition, and subject to some exceptions, the Bank Holding Company Act and the Change in Bank Control Act (the Acts), together with their regulations, require Federal Reserve approval prior to any person or company acquiring control of a bank holding company, which is generally deemed to occur if an individual or company acquires 25% or more of any class of voting securities of the bank holding company. Under the Acts, prior notice to the Federal Reserve is required if a person acquires 10% or more, but less than 25%, of any class of voting securities and if the institution has registered securities under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the Exchange Act) or no other person owns a greater percentage of that class of voting securities immediately after the transaction. The regulations provide a procedure for challenging this rebuttable control presumption. Currently, none of our investors own 25% or more of the outstanding Common Stock of the Company.
Payment of Dividends
The Company is a legal entity separate and distinct from the Banks and their subsidiaries. Substantially all of our cash revenues will result from dividends paid to us by our Banks and interest earned on short-term investments. Our Banks are subject to laws and regulations that limit the amount of dividends that they can pay. Under Virginia law, a bank may declare a dividend out of the banks net undivided profits, but not in excess of its accumulated retained earnings. Additionally, our Banks may not declare a dividend, unless the dividend is approved by the Federal Reserve, if the total amount of all dividends, including the proposed dividend, declared by the bank in any calendar year exceeds the total of the banks retained net income of that year to date, combined with its retained net income of the two preceding years. Federal Reserve regulations also provide that a bank may not declare a dividend in excess of its undivided profits without Federal Reserve approval. Our Banks may not declare or pay any dividend if, after making the dividend, the bank would be undercapitalized, as defined in the banking regulations. As of December 31, 2011, both the Company and BOHR were prevented by the Written Agreement from paying dividends without prior regulatory approval.
The Federal Reserve and the Bureau of Financial Institutions have the general authority to limit the dividends paid by insured banks if the payment is deemed an unsafe and unsound practice. Both the Federal Reserve and the Bureau of Financial Institutions have indicated that paying dividends that deplete a banks capital base to an inadequate level would be an unsound and unsafe banking practice.
In addition, we are subject to certain regulatory requirements to maintain capital at or above regulatory minimums. These regulatory requirements regarding capital affect our dividend policies. Regulators have indicated that bank holding companies should generally pay dividends only if the organizations net income available to common shareholders over the past year has been sufficient to fully fund the dividends, and the prospective rate of earnings retention appears consistent with the organizations capital needs, asset quality, and overall financial condition.
Insurance of Accounts, Assessments, and Regulation by the FDIC
The deposits of our bank subsidiaries are insured by the FDIC up to the limits set forth under applicable law and are subject to the deposit insurance assessments of the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) of the FDIC.
Under the Dodd-Frank Act, a permanent increase in deposit insurance was authorized to $250,000. The coverage limit is per depositor, per insured depository institution for each ownership category.
The FDIC has implemented a risk-based deposit insurance assessment system under which the assessment rate for an insured institution may vary according to regulatory capital levels of the institution and other factors, including supervisory evaluations. In addition to being influenced by the risk profile of the particular depository institution, FDIC premiums are also influenced by the size of the DIF in relation to total deposits in FDIC insured banks.
This system is intended to tie each banks deposit insurance assessments to the risk it poses to the FDICs deposit insurance fund. Under the risk-based assessment system, the FDIC evaluates each banks risk based on three primary factors: (1) its supervisory rating, (2) its financial ratios, and (3) its long-term debt issuer rating, if applicable. Rates vary between 2.5 and 45 basis points, depending on the insured institutions Risk Category. The FDIC also has authority to impose special assessments.
Initial base assessment rates range from 5-9 basis points for Risk Category I institutions to 35 basis points for Risk Category IV institutions. In addition, premiums increase for institutions that rely on excessive amounts of brokered deposits to fund rapid growth, excluding Certificate of Deposit Account Registry Service (CDARS), and decrease for institutions unsecured debt. After applying all possible adjustments, minimum and maximum total base assessment rates range from 2.5-9 basis points for Risk Category I institutions to 30-45 basis points for Risk Category IV institutions. Either an increase in the Risk Category of our bank subsidiaries or adjustments to the base assessment rates could have material adverse effect on our earnings. As the DIF reserve ratio is replenished to certain thresholds in the future, these assessment rates will decrease without further action by the FDIC being required.
The Dodd-Frank Act changes how the FDIC will calculate future deposit insurance premiums payable by insured depository institutions. Assessments will generally be based upon a depository institutions average total consolidated assets minus the average tangible equity of the insured depository institution during the assessment period, whereas assessments were previously based on the amount of an institutions insured deposits. The minimum deposit insurance fund ratio will increase from 1.15% to 1.35% by September 30, 2020, and the cost of the increase will be borne by depository institutions with assets of $10 billion or more.
The Dodd-Frank Act also provides the FDIC with discretion to determine whether to pay rebates to insured depository institutions when its deposit insurance reserves exceed certain thresholds. Previously, the FDIC was required to give rebates to depository institutions equal to the excess once the reserve ratio exceeded 1.50%, and was required to rebate 50% of the excess over 1.35% but not more than 1.50% of insured deposits. The FDIC adopted a final rule on February 7, 2011 that implements these provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act.
Additionally, by participating in the transaction account guarantee program under the FDIC Temporary Liquidity Guaranty Program (TLGP), banks temporarily become subject to an additional assessment on deposits in excess of $250,000 in certain transaction accounts and additionally for assessments from 50 basis points to 100 basis points per annum depending on the initial maturity of the debt. Further, all FDIC insured institutions are required to pay assessments to the FDIC to fund interest payments on bonds issued by the Financing Corporation (FICO), an agency of the Federal Government established to recapitalize the predecessor to the DIF. The FICO assessment rate, which is determined quarterly, was 0.00165% of insured deposits during the fourth quarter of 2011. These assessments will continue until the FICO bonds mature in 2019.
The FDIC is authorized to prohibit any insured institution from engaging in any activity that the FDIC determines by regulation or order to pose a serious threat to the DIF. Also, the FDIC may initiate enforcement actions against banks, after first giving the institutions primary regulatory authority an opportunity to take such action. The FDIC may terminate the deposit insurance of any depository institution if it determines, after a hearing, that the institution has engaged or is engaging in unsafe or unsound practices, is in an unsafe or unsound condition to continue operations, or has violated any applicable law, regulation, order or any condition imposed in writing by the FDIC. It also may suspend deposit insurance temporarily during the hearing process for the permanent termination of insurance, if the institution has no tangible capital. If deposit insurance is terminated, the deposits at the institution at the time of termination, less subsequent withdrawals, shall continue to be insured for a period from six months to two years, as determined by the FDIC. We are unaware of any existing circumstances that could result in the termination of any of our bank subsidiaries deposit insurance.
Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 comprehensively revised the laws affecting corporate governance, accounting obligations, and corporate reporting for companies with equity or debt securities registered under the Exchange Act, as amended. In particular, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act established (1) new requirements for audit committees, including independence, expertise, and responsibilities; (2) new certification responsibilities for the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer with respect to the Companys financial statements; (3) new standards for auditors and regulation of audits; (4) increased disclosure and reporting obligations for reporting companies and their directors and executive officers; and (5) new and increased civil and criminal penalties for violation of the federal securities laws.
Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (EESA)
The EESA was enacted on October 3, 2008. EESA authorized the Secretary of Treasury (the Secretary) to purchase or guarantee up to $700 billion in troubled assets from financial institutions under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). Pursuant to authority granted under EESA, the Secretary created the TARP Capital
Purchase Program (TARP CPP or CPP) under which the Treasury could invest up to $250 billion in senior preferred stock of U.S. banks and savings associations or their holding companies. Qualifying financial institutions issued senior preferred stock with a value equal to not less than 1% of risk-weighted assets and not more than the lesser of $25 billion or 3% of risk-weighted assets. The senior preferred stock pays dividends at the rate of 5% per annum until the fifth anniversary of the investment and, thereafter, at the rate of 9% per annum. The CPP was amended by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) to provide that the senior preferred stock could be redeemed within three years without a qualifying equity offering, subject to the approval of its primary federal regulator. After the three years, the senior preferred may be redeemed at any time in whole or in part by the financial institution. Until the third anniversary of the issuance of the senior preferred, the consent of the Treasury is required for an increase in the dividends on the Common Stock or for any stock repurchases unless the senior preferred has been redeemed in its entirety or the Treasury has transferred the senior preferred to third parties. The senior preferred does not have voting rights other than the right to vote as a class on the issuance of any preferred stock ranking senior, any change in its terms, or any merger, exchange, or similar transaction that would adversely affects its rights. The senior preferred also has the right to elect two directors if dividends have not been paid for six periods. The senior preferred is freely transferable and participating institutions will be required to file a shelf registration statement covering the senior preferred. The issuing institution must grant the Treasury piggyback registration rights. Prior to issuance, the financial institution and its senior executive officers must modify or terminate all benefit plans and arrangements to comply with EESA. Senior executives must also waive any claims against the Treasury. No dividends may be paid on Common Stock unless dividends have been paid on the senior preferred stock.
Institutions participating in the TARP or CPP are required to issue 10-year warrants for common or preferred stock or senior debt with an aggregate market price equal to 15% of the amount of senior preferred. The Treasury will not exercise voting rights with respect to any shares of Common Stock acquired through exercise of the warrants. The financial institution must file a shelf registration statement covering the warrants and underlying Common Stock as soon as practicable after issuance and grant piggyback registration rights.
If an institution participates in the CPP, the institution is required to meet certain standards for executive compensation and corporate governance, including a prohibition against incentives to take unnecessary and excessive risks, recovery of bonuses paid to senior executives based on materially inaccurate earnings or other statements, and a prohibition against agreements for the payment of golden parachutes. Institutions that sell more than $300 million in assets under TARP auctions or participate in the CPP will not be entitled to a tax deduction for compensation in excess of $500 thousand paid to its chief executive or chief financial official or any of its other three most highly compensated officers. Additional standards with respect to executive compensation and corporate governance for institutions that have participated or will participate in the TARP (including the CPP) were enacted as part of the ARRA, described below.
On December 31, 2008, and subsequent to the Companys acquisition of GFH, as part of the CPP, the Company entered into a Letter Agreement and Securities Purchase Agreement (collectively, the Purchase Agreement) with the Treasury, pursuant to which the Company sold (i) 80,347 shares of the Companys Series C Preferred Stock, having a liquidation preference of $1,000 per share and (ii) a warrant (the Warrant) to purchase 1,325,858 shares of the Companys Common Stock at an initial exercise price of $9.09 per share, subject to certain anti-dilution and other adjustments, for an aggregate purchase price of $80.3 million in cash.
On August 12, 2010, the Company and Treasury executed the Exchange Agreement, which provided for (i) the exchange of the 80,347 shares of the Series C preferred for 80,347 shares of newly-created Series C-1 Preferred with a liquidation preference of $1,000, (ii) the conversion of the Series C-1 Preferred at a discounted conversion value of $260 per share into 52,225,550 shares of Common Stock at a conversion price of $0.40 per share, and (iii) the amendment of the terms of the Warrant to provide for the purchase of up to 1,325,858 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.40 per share for a ten-year term following the issuance of the amended warrant. The Company and Treasury consummated the transactions contemplated by the Exchange Agreement on September 30, 2010.
On April 27, 2011, the Company effected a 1 for 25 shares reverse stock split. The Treasury now has 2,089,022 shares of Common Stock and a warrant to purchase Common Stock.
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)
The ARRA was enacted on February 17, 2009. The ARRA includes a wide variety of programs intended to stimulate the economy and provide for extensive infrastructure, energy, health, and education needs. In addition, the ARRA imposes certain new executive compensation and corporate governance obligations on all current and future TARP recipients, including the Company, until Treasury no longer owns the Common Stock. The executive compensation restrictions under the ARRA (described below) are more stringent than those initially enacted by EESA.
The ARRA amended Section 111 of the EESA to require the Secretary to adopt additional standards with respect to executive compensation and corporate governance for TARP recipients. The standards required to be established by the Secretary include, in part, (1) prohibitions on making golden parachute payments to senior executive officers and the next 5 most highly-compensated employees during such time as any obligation arising from financial assistance provided under the TARP remains outstanding (the Restricted Period), (2) prohibitions on paying or accruing bonuses or other incentive awards for certain senior executive officers and employees, except for awards of long-term restricted stock with a value equal to no greater than 1/3 of the subject employees annual compensation that do not fully vest during the Restricted Period or unless such compensation is pursuant to a valid written employment contract prior to February 11, 2009, (3) requirements that TARP CPP participants provide for the recovery of any bonus or incentive compensation paid to senior executive officers and the next 20 most highly-compensated employees based on statements of earnings, revenues, gains, or other criteria later found to be materially inaccurate, with the Secretary having authority to negotiate for reimbursement, and (4) a review by the Secretary of all bonuses and other compensation paid by TARP participants to senior executive employees and the next 20 most highly-compensated employees before the date of enactment of the ARRA to determine whether such payments were inconsistent with the purposes of the Act.
The ARRA also sets forth additional corporate governance obligations for TARP recipients, including requirements for the Secretary to establish standards that provide for semi-annual meetings of compensation committees of the board of directors to discuss and evaluate employee compensation plans in light of an assessment of any risk posed from such compensation plans. TARP recipients are further required by the ARRA to have in place company-wide policies regarding excessive or luxury expenditures, permit non-binding shareholder say-on-pay proposals to be included in proxy materials, as well as require written certifications by the chief executive officer and chief financial officer with respect to compliance.
On June 15, 2009, the Treasury published its standards for executive compensation and corporate governance pursuant to ARRA.
The Federal Reserve has issued risk-based and leverage capital guidelines applicable to banking organizations that it supervises. The federal capital standards define capital and establish minimum capital requirements in relation to assets and off-balance sheet exposure as adjusted for credit risk. The risk-based capital standards currently in effect are designed to make regulatory capital requirements more sensitive to differences in risk profile among bank holding companies and banks, to account for off-balance sheet exposure, and to minimize disincentives for holding liquid assets. Assets and off-balance sheet items are assigned to broad risk categories, each with appropriate risk weights. The resulting capital ratios represent capital as a percentage of total risk-weighted assets and off-balance sheet items.
Under the risk-based capital requirements, the Company and our bank subsidiaries are each generally required to maintain a minimum ratio of total capital to risk-weighted assets (including specific off-balance sheet activities, such as standby letters of credit) of 8% to be adequately capitalized. At least half of the total capital must be
composed of Tier 1 Capital, which is defined as common equity, retained earnings, qualifying perpetual preferred stock, and minority interests in common equity accounts of consolidated subsidiaries, less certain intangibles. The remainder may consist of Tier 2 Capital, which is defined as subordinated debt, some hybrid capital instruments and other qualifying preferred stock, and a limited amount of the loan loss allowance and pretax net unrealized holding gains on certain equity securities. In addition, each of the federal banking regulatory agencies has established minimum leverage capital requirements for banking organizations. Under these requirements, banking organizations must maintain a minimum ratio of Tier 1 Capital to adjusted average quarterly assets equal to 3% to 5%, subject to federal bank regulatory evaluation of an organizations overall safety and soundness. In summary, the capital measures used by the federal banking regulators are Total Risk-Based Capital ratio (the total of Tier 1 Capital and Tier 2 Capital as a percentage of total risk-weighted assets), Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital ratio (Tier 1 capital divided by total risk-weighted assets), and the Leverage ratio (Tier 1 capital divided by adjusted average total assets). Generally, under these regulations, a bank will be:
In addition, the Federal Reserve may require banks to maintain capital at levels higher than those required by general regulatory requirements. As of December 31, 2011, BOHR was above the well-capitalized threshold with respect to its Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio and Leverage Ratio and adequately capitalized with respect to its Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio. Each of Shores capital ratios remained above the well-capitalized threshold at December 31, 2011.
The risk-based capital standards of each of the FDIC and the FRB explicitly identify concentrations of credit risk and the risk arising from non-traditional activities, as well as an institutions ability to manage these risks, as important factors to be taken into account by the agency in assessing an institutions overall capital adequacy. The capital guidelines also provide that an institutions exposure to a decline in the economic value of its capital due to changes in interest rates be considered by the agency as a factor in evaluating a banking organizations capital adequacy.
Other Safety and Soundness Regulations
There are significant obligations and restrictions imposed on bank holding companies and their depository institution subsidiaries by federal law and regulatory policy that are designed to reduce potential loss exposure to the depositors of such depository institutions and to the FDIC insurance fund in the event that the depository institution is insolvent or is in danger of becoming insolvent. These obligations and restrictions are not for the benefit of investors. Regulators may pursue an administrative action against any bank holding company or bank which violates the law, engages in an unsafe or unsound banking practice, or is about to engage in an unsafe or unsound banking practice. The administrative action could take the form of a cease and desist proceeding, a removal action against the responsible individuals or, in the case of a violation of law or unsafe and unsound banking practice, a civil monetary penalty action. A cease and desist order, in addition to prohibiting certain action, could also require that certain actions be undertaken. Under the Dodd-Frank Act and the policies of the FRB, we are required to serve as a source of financial strength to our subsidiary depository institutions and to commit resources to support the Banks in circumstances where we might not do so otherwise.
The federal banking agencies also have broad powers under current federal law to take prompt corrective action to resolve problems of insured depository institutions. The extent of these powers depends upon whether the institution in question is well capitalized, adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized, or critically undercapitalized, as defined by the law. As of December 31, 2011, BOHR was above the well-capitalized threshold with respect to its Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio and Leverage Ratio and adequately capitalized with respect to its Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio. Each of Shores capital ratios remained above the well-capitalized threshold at December 31, 2011.
State banking regulators also have broad enforcement powers over the Banks, including the power to impose fines and other civil and criminal penalties and to appoint a conservator.
Bank Secrecy Act (BSA)
Under the BSA, a financial institution is required to have systems in place to detect certain transactions, based on the size and nature of the transaction. Financial institutions are generally required to report cash transactions involving $10,000 or more to the Treasury. In addition, financial institutions are required to file suspicious activity reports for transactions that involve $5,000 or more and which the financial institution knows, suspects, or has reason to suspect involves illegal funds, is designed to evade the requirements of the BSA, or has no lawful purpose.
USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Patriot Act)
In October 2001, the Patriot Act was enacted in response to the terrorist attacks in New York, Pennsylvania, and Washington, D.C. that occurred on September 11, 2001. The Patriot Act is intended to strengthen U.S. law enforcement and the intelligence communities abilities to work cohesively to combat terrorism on a variety of fronts. The Patriot Act contains sweeping anti-money laundering and financial transparency laws and imposes various regulations, including standards for verifying client identification at account opening and rules to promote cooperation among financial institutions, regulators, and law enforcement entities in identifying parties that may be involved in terrorism or money laundering. The continuing and potential impact of the Patriot Act and related regulations and policies on financial institutions of all kinds is significant and wide-ranging.
The commercial banking business is affected not only by general economic conditions but also by the monetary policies of the FRB. The instruments of monetary policy employed by the Federal Reserve include open market operations in United States government securities, changes in the discount rate on member bank borrowings, and changes in reserve requirements against deposits held by federally insured banks. The FRBs monetary policies have had a significant effect on the operating results of commercial banks in the past and are expected to continue to do so in the future. In view of changing conditions in the national and international economies and in the money markets, as well as the effect of actions by monetary and fiscal authorities, including the Federal Reserve System, no prediction can be made as to possible future changes in interest rates, deposit levels, loan demand, or the business and earnings of our bank subsidiaries, their subsidiaries, or any of our other subsidiaries.
Transactions with Affiliates
Transactions between banks and their affiliates are governed by Sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act. An affiliate of a bank is any bank or entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with such bank. Generally, Sections 23A and 23B (i) limit the extent to which the bank or its subsidiaries may engage in covered transactions with any one affiliate to an amount equal to 10% of such institutions capital stock and surplus and maintain an aggregate limit on all such transactions with affiliates to an amount equal to 20% of such capital stock and surplus and (ii) require that all such transactions be on terms substantially the same as, or at least as favorable to those that, the bank has provided to a non-affiliate.
The term covered transaction includes the making of loans, purchase of assets, issuance of a guarantee, and similar other types of transactions. Section 23B applies to covered transactions as well as sales of assets and payments of money to an affiliate. These transactions must also be conducted on terms substantially the same as, or at least favorable to those that, the bank has provided to non-affiliates.
The Dodd-Frank Act also changed the definition of covered transaction in Sections 23A and 23B and limitations on asset purchases from insiders. With respect to the definition of covered transaction, the Dodd-Frank Act defines that term to include the acceptance of debt obligations issued by an affiliate as collateral for a banks loan or extension of credit to another person or company. In addition, a derivative transaction with an affiliate is now deemed to be a covered transaction to the extent that such a transaction causes a bank or its subsidiary to have a credit exposure to the affiliate. A separate provision of the Dodd-Frank Act states that an insured depository institution may not purchase an asset from or sell an asset to a bank insider (or their related interests) unless (1) the transaction is conducted on market terms between the parties and (2) it has been approved in advance by the majority of the institutions non-interested directors if the proposed transaction represents more than 10 percent of the capital stock and surplus of the insured institution.
Loans to Insiders
The Federal Reserve Act and related regulations impose specific restrictions on loans to directors, executive officers, and principal shareholders of banks. Under Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O, loans to a director, an executive officer, and to a principal shareholder of a bank as well as to entities controlled by any of the foregoing may not exceed, together with all other outstanding loans to such person and entities controlled by such person, the banks loan-to-one borrower limit. For this purpose, the banks loan-to-one borrower limit is 15% of the banks unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus in the case of loans that are not fully secured and an additional 10% of the banks unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus in the case of loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral having a market value at least equal to the amount of the loan. Loans in the aggregate to insiders and their related interests as a class may not exceed the banks unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. Section 22(h) also prohibits loans above amounts prescribed by the appropriate federal banking agency to directors, executive officers, and principal shareholders of a bank or bank holding company and to entities controlled by such persons, unless such loan is approved in advance by a majority of the board of directors of the bank with any interested director not participating in the voting. The Federal Reserve has prescribed the loan amount, which includes all other outstanding loans to such person as to which such prior board of director approval is required, as being the greater of $25,000 or 5% of capital and surplus (up to $500,000). Section 22(h) requires that loans to directors, executive officers, and principal shareholders be made on terms and underwriting standards substantially the same as offered in comparable transactions to other persons. Violations of Section 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act and Regulation O could subject the Company to civil penalties. As of December 31, 2011, there were no loans to insiders and their related interests in the aggregate that exceeded the Companys or Banks unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus. However, BOHR currently has two outstanding loans to directors that exceed its loan-to-one borrower limit by 67.3% and 22.2%. We are currently evaluating options to cure these violations.
Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (CRA)
Under the CRA and related regulations, depository institutions have an affirmative obligation to assist in meeting the credit needs of their market areas, including low- and moderate-income areas, consistent with safe and sound banking practice. The CRA requires the adoption by each institution of a CRA statement for each of its market areas describing the depository institutions efforts to assist in its communitys credit needs. Depository institutions are periodically examined for compliance with the CRA and are periodically assigned ratings in this regard. Banking regulators consider a depository institutions CRA rating when reviewing applications to establish new branches, undertake new lines of business, and/or acquire part or all of another depository institution. An unsatisfactory rating can significantly delay or even prohibit regulatory approval of a proposed transaction by a bank holding company or its depository institution subsidiaries.
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) and federal bank regulators have made various changes to the CRA. Among other changes, CRA agreements with private parties must be disclosed and annual reports must be made to a banks primary federal regulator. A bank holding company or any of its subsidiaries will not be permitted to engage in new activities authorized under the GLBA if any bank subsidiary received less than a satisfactory rating in its latest CRA examination. During our last CRA exam, our rating was satisfactory.
Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999 (GLBA)
The GLBA covers a broad range of issues, including a repeal of most of the restrictions on affiliations among depository institutions, securities firms, and insurance companies. The following description summarizes some of its significant provisions.
The GLBA contains extensive customer privacy protection provisions. Under these provisions, a financial institution must provide to its customers, both at the inception of the customer relationship and on an annual basis, the institutions policies and procedures regarding the handling of customers nonpublic personal financial information. The law provides that, except for specific limited exceptions, an institution may not provide such personal information to unaffiliated third parties unless the institution discloses to the customer that such information may be so provided and the customer is given the opportunity to opt out of such disclosure. An institution may not disclose to a non-affiliated third party, other than to a consumer credit reporting agency, customer account numbers or other similar account identifiers for marketing purposes. The GLBA also provides that the states may adopt customer privacy protections that are stricter than those contained in the act.
The GLBA repeals sections 20 and 32 of the Glass-Steagall Act, thus permitting unrestricted affiliations between banks and securities firms.
Consumer Laws Regarding Fair Lending
In addition to the CRA described above, other federal and state laws regulate various lending and consumer aspects of our business. Governmental agencies, including the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Department of Justice, have become concerned that prospective borrowers may experience discrimination in their efforts to obtain loans from depository and other lending institutions. These agencies have brought litigation against depository institutions alleging discrimination against borrowers. Many of these suits have been settled, in some cases for material sums of money, short of a full trial.
These governmental agencies have clarified what they consider to be lending discrimination and have specified various factors that they will use to determine the existence of lending discrimination under the Equal Credit Opportunity Act and the Fair Housing Act, including evidence that a lender discriminated on a prohibited basis, evidence that a lender treated applicants differently based on prohibited factors in the absence of evidence that the treatment was the result of prejudice or a conscious intention to discriminate, and evidence that a lender applied an otherwise neutral non-discriminatory policy uniformly to all applicants but the practice had a discriminatory effect unless the practice could be justified as a business necessity.
Banks and other depository institutions also are subject to numerous consumer-oriented laws and regulations. These laws, which include the Truth in Lending Act, the Truth in Savings Act, the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the Electronic Funds Transfer Act, the Equal Credit Opportunity Act, and the Fair Housing Act, require compliance by depository institutions with various disclosure requirements and requirements regulating the availability of funds after deposit or the making of some loans to customers.
The Dodd-Frank Act
On July 21, 2010, the Dodd-Frank Act was signed into law, which significantly changes the regulation of financial institutions and the financial services industry. The Dodd-Frank Act, together with the regulations to be developed thereunder, includes provisions affecting large and small financial institutions alike, including several provisions that will affect how community banks, thrifts, and small bank and thrift holding companies will be regulated in the future.
The Dodd-Frank Act, among other things, changes the base for FDIC insurance assessments to a banks average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity, rather than upon its deposit base, permanently raises the current standard deposit insurance limit to $250,000, and expands the FDICs authority to raise insurance premiums. Furthermore, it states noninterest-bearing transaction accounts will be fully insured through December 31, 2012. The legislation also calls for the FDIC to raise the ratio of reserves to deposits from 1.15% to 1.35% for deposit insurance purposes by September 30, 2020 and to offset the effect of increased assessments on insured
depository institutions with assets of less than $10 billion. In addition, bank regulators are required to establish minimum capital levels for holding companies that are at least as stringent as those currently applicable to banks. The Dodd-Frank Act also limits interchange fees payable on debit card transactions, establishes the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (the CFPB) as an independent entity within the Federal Reserve, which has broad rulemaking, supervisory, and enforcement authority of consumer financial products and services, including deposit products, residential mortgages, home-equity loans, and credit cards, and contains provisions on mortgage-related matters such as steering incentives, determinations as to a borrowers ability to repay, and prepayment penalties. The CFPB was granted general authority to prevent covered persons or service providers from committing or engaging in unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices under federal law in connection with any transaction with a consumer for a consumer financial product or service or the offering of a consumer financial product or service. On January 4, 2012, the CFPBs first director was appointed, and accordingly, was vested with full authority to exercise all supervisory, enforcement, and rulemaking authorities granted to the CFPB under the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act also includes provisions that affect corporate governance and executive compensation at all publicly-traded companies and allows financial institutions to pay interest on business checking accounts. The legislation also restricts proprietary trading, places restrictions on the owning or sponsoring of hedge and private equity funds, and regulates the derivatives activities of banks and their affiliates.
Future Regulatory Uncertainty
Because federal and state regulation of financial institutions changes regularly and is the subject of constant legislative debate, we cannot forecast how federal and state regulation of financial institutions may change in the future and, as a result, impact our operations. Although Congress and the state legislature in recent years have sought to reduce the regulatory burden on financial institutions with respect to the approval of specific transactions, we fully expect that the financial institution industry will remain heavily regulated in the near future and that additional laws or regulations may be adopted further regulating specific banking practices.
As of December 31, 2011, we employed 596 people, of whom 569 were full-time employees. None of our employees are represented by any collective bargaining agreements.
We maintain Internet websites at www.bankofhamptonroads.com, www.shorebank.com, and www.trustgateway.com. These websites contain a link to our filings with the Security Exchange Commission (SEC) on Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, and Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act. The reports are made available on this website as soon as practicable following the filing of the reports with the SEC. The information is free of charge and may be reviewed, downloaded, and printed from the website at any time. You may also read and copy any material we file with the SEC at the SECs Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the SECs Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. Copies of these materials may be obtained at prescribed rates from the SEC at such address. These materials can also be inspected on the SECs web site at www.sec.gov.
ITEM 1A RISK FACTORS
An investment in our Common Stock involves risks. You should carefully consider the risks described below in conjunction with the other information in this Form 10-K, including our consolidated financial statements and related notes, before investing in our Common Stock. In addition to the other information contained in this report, the following risks may affect us. This Form 10-K contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties, including statements about our future plans, objectives, intentions and expectations. Past results are not a reliable indicator of future results, and historical trends should not be used to anticipate results or trends in future periods. Many factors, including those described below, could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in forward-looking statements.
Risks Relating to our Business
We incurred significant losses in 2009, 2010, and 2011 and expect to incur significant losses in 2012, although at a lower level than in the previous years. While we expect to return to profitability in 2013, we can make no assurances to that effect.
Throughout 2009, 2010, and 2011, our loan customers continued to operate in an economically stressed environment. Economic conditions in the markets in which we operate remain constrained and the levels of loan delinquencies and defaults that we experienced were substantially higher than historical levels and our net interest income did not grow significantly.
As a result, our net loss available to common shareholders for the year ended December 31, 2011 was $98.6 million or $2.90 per common diluted share, as compared with net loss available to common shareholders of $99.2 million or $12.85 per common diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2010. The net loss for the year ended December 31, 2011 was primarily attributable to a provision for loan losses expense of $67.9 million required for resolving problem credits as loan quality continued to deteriorate in 2011. Furthermore, interest income on loans decreased $23.9 million due to the 23% decline in the average balance of loans from 2010 to 2011 and a $10.9 million increase in losses on foreclosed real estate and repossessed assets during 2011. Our net interest margin increased 33-basis points to 3.23% for 2011 compared from 2.90% for 2010, and our net interest income decreased $4.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2011 as compared to the same period in 2010. This trend may continue in 2012 and could adversely impact our ability to become profitable. In light of the current economic environment, significant additional provisions for loan losses also may be necessary to supplement the allowance for loan losses in the future. As a result, we may continue to incur significant credit costs and net losses throughout 2012, which would continue to adversely impact our financial condition, results of operations, and the value of our Common Stock. We expect that we will incur a significant net loss during 2012, although at a lower level than in 2011. Additional losses could cause us to incur future net losses and could adversely affect the price of, and market for, our Common Stock.
Throughout 2009, 2010, and 2011 economic conditions in the markets in which our borrowers operate continued to deteriorate and the levels of loan delinquencies and defaults that we experienced were substantially higher than historical levels and our net interest income has declined. Our loan customers continue to operate in an economically stressed environment.
Our capital needs could dilute your investment or otherwise affect your rights as a shareholder. If we do not generate the desired level of capital from our announced offering of Common Stock, we will try to raise additional capital and can give no assurance as to what the cost of that capital may be.
On February 13, 2012, we announced our intention to offer shares of our Common Stock in an offering that we expect will raise between $54 million and $86 million in gross proceeds and anticipate will settle during the second quarter of 2012. The offering could substantially dilute the investment and voting rights of shareholders who do not participate in the offering.
At December 31, 2011, BOHR was classified as adequately capitalized for regulatory capital purposes. In the Written Agreement, the Bureau of Financial Institutions and the FRB require us to significantly exceed the capital level required to be classified as well capitalized. The Written Agreement does not provide, and we do not otherwise know, what constitutes significantly exceeding the well-capitalized regulatory threshold. If we do not generate the necessary level of capital from the announced offering or if we underestimate the amount of capital necessary to meet the expectation of the Bureau of Financial Institutions and the FRB, we may have to sell additional securities in order to generate the required capital.
We are seeking to raise capital through an offering of our Common Stock and may seek to raise additional capital through offerings of our Common Stock, preferred stock, securities convertible into Common Stock, or rights to acquire such securities or our Common Stock. Under our articles of incorporation, we have additional authorized shares of Common Stock that we can issue from time to time at the discretion of our board of directors, without further action by shareholders, except where shareholder approval is required by law. The issuance of any additional shares of Common Stock in the announced offering or of Common Stock or convertible securities in a
subsequent offering could be substantially dilutive to shareholders of our Common Stock. Dilution is the difference between what you pay for your stock and the net tangible book value per share immediately after the additional shares are sold by us. Holders of our shares of Common Stock have no preemptive rights as a matter of law that entitle them to purchase their pro-rata share of any offering or shares of any class or series. The market price of our Common Stock could decline as a result of sales of shares of our Common Stock made as a part of or after the announced offering or the perception that such sales could occur.
New investors, particularly with respect to subordinated debt securities, also may have rights, preferences, and privileges that are senior to, and that could adversely affect, our then current shareholders. For example, subordinated debt securities would be senior to shares of our Common Stock. As a result, we would be required to make interest payments on such subordinated debt before any dividends can be paid on our Common Stock, and in the event of our bankruptcy, dissolution, or liquidation, the holders of debt securities must be paid in full prior to any distributions being made to the holders of our Common Stock.
Additionally, certain current shareholders hold warrants to purchase up to 1,889,337 shares of our Common Stock. With the exception of certain permitted transactions, including certain public or broadly marketed sales of Common Stock, any issuance of Common Stock by the Company for less than the applicable warrant exercise price will result in a reduction of the warrant exercise price and an anti-dilution adjustment to the number of shares of Common Stock into which the warrants are exercisable. As a result, the warrant holders could substantially increase their relative ownership of our Common Stock following any offering that does not qualify as a permitted transaction and other shareholders could experience substantial dilution.
We cannot predict or estimate the amount, timing, or nature of our future offerings. Thus, our shareholders bear the risk of our future offerings diluting their stock holdings, adversely affecting their rights as shareholders, and/or reducing the market price of our Common Stock.
As a result of our intended issuance of additional shares of Common Stock in the announced offering, your investment could be subject to substantial dilution.
We announced our intention to offer shares of our Common Stock in an offering that we expect will raise between $54.0 million and $86.0 million in gross proceeds and anticipate will settle during the second quarter of 2012. As such, your investment could be subject to substantial dilution. Dilution is the difference between what you pay for your stock and the net tangible book value per share immediately after the additional shares are sold by us. Further, the market price of our Common Stock could decline as a result of the sale of shares of our Common Stock in the announced offering and existing shareholders who do not participate in the announced offering will have their relative ownership percentage reduced by the issuance of additional shares of Common Stock. Our shareholders bear the risk of the announced offering diluting their stock holdings, reducing the market price of our Common Stock, and/or adversely affecting their rights as shareholders.
The determination of the appropriate balance of our allowance for loan losses is merely an estimate of the inherent risk of loss in our existing loan portfolio and may prove to be incorrect. If such estimate is proven to be materially incorrect and we are required to increase our allowance for loan losses, our results of operations, financial condition, and the value of our Common Stock would be materially adversely affected.
We maintain an allowance for loan losses, which is a reserve established through a provision for loan losses charged to our expenses that represents managements best estimate of probable losses within our existing portfolio of loans. Our allowance for loan losses amounted to $74.9 million at December 31, 2011, which represented 4.98% of our total loans, as compared to $157.3 million, or 8.03% of total loans, at December 31, 2010. The level of the allowance reflects managements estimates and judgments as to specific credit risks, evaluation of industry concentrations, loan loss experience, current loan portfolio quality, present economic, political, and regulatory conditions, and unidentified losses inherent in the current loan portfolio. For further discussion on the impact continued weak economic conditions have on the collateral underlying our loan portfolio, see If the value of real estate in the markets we serve were to further decline materially, a significant portion of our loan portfolio could become further under-collateralized, which could result in a material increase in our allowance for loan losses and have a material adverse effect on us.
The determination of the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses inherently involves a high degree of subjectivity and requires management to make significant estimates of current credit risks and future trends, all of which may undergo material changes. In addition, regulatory agencies as an integral part of their examination process, periodically review the estimated losses of loans. Such agencies may require us to recognize additional losses based on their judgments about information available to them at the time of their examination. Accordingly, the allowance for loan losses may not be adequate to cover loan losses or significant increases to the allowance for loan losses may be required in the future if economic conditions should worsen. Any such increases in the allowance for loan losses may have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial condition, and the value of our Common Stock.
We have had, and may continue to have, large numbers of problem loans and difficulties with our loan administration, which could increase our losses related to loans.
Our non-performing assets as a percentage of total assets decreased to 9% at December 31, 2011 from 11% at December 31, 2010. On December 31, 2011, approximately 2% of our loans are 30 to 89 days delinquent and are treated as performing assets. Based on these delinquencies, more loans may become non-performing. The administration of non-performing loans is an important function in attempting to mitigate any future losses related to our non-performing assets.
In the past, our management of non-performing loans was, at times, not as strong as we would prefer. In 2009, we hired an independent third party to review a significant portion of our loans. The independent third party discovered several deficiencies with our loan management that we have since taken steps to remedy. The following deficiencies were identified: updated appraisals on problem loans and large loans secured by real estate were not always being obtained, better organized credit files were needed, additional resources were needed to manage problem loans, and a lack of well-defined internal workout policies and procedures.
We have taken a variety of initiatives to remedy the conditions noted above as well as other enhancements to our credit review and collection processes. Initiatives and procedures that augmented the credit administration function included acquisition and development loan reviews, interest reserve loan reviews, past due loan reviews, forecasting reviews, standard loan reviews, loans presented for approval and renewal, relationship reviews, and global cash flow analyses. We have improved the organization of our credit files and have made efforts to attain appraisal updates in a timelier manner. We also increased staffing in credit administration and established and staffed a separate special assets function to manage problem assets.
Although we have made significant enhancements to our loan administration processes to address these issues, we can give you no assurances that we will be able to successfully manage our problem loans, our loan administration, and origination process. If we are unable to do so in a timely manner, our loan losses could increase significantly and this could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and the value of, or market for, our Common Stock.
If the value of real estate in the markets we serve were to further decline materially, a significant portion of our loan portfolio could become further under-collateralized, which could have a material adverse effect on our loan losses, results of operations, and financial condition.
With approximately three-fourths of our loans concentrated in the regions of Hampton Roads, Richmond, and the Eastern Shore in Virginia and the Triangle region of North Carolina, a decline in local economic conditions could adversely affect the value of the real estate collateral securing our loans. Moreover, our markets in the Outer Banks of North Carolina have been especially hard hit by recent declines in real estate values. A further decline in property values could diminish our ability to recover on defaulted loans by selling the real estate collateral, making it more likely that we would suffer additional losses on defaulted loans. Additionally, a decrease in asset quality could require additions to our allowance for loan losses through increased provisions for loan losses, which would negatively impact our profits. Also a decline in local economic conditions may have a greater effect on our earnings and capital than on the earnings and capital of financial institutions whose real estate portfolios are more geographically diverse. The local economies where the Company does business are heavily reliant on military spending and may be adversely impacted by significant cuts to such spending that might result from recent Congressional budgetary enactments. Real estate values are affected by various factors in addition to local economic conditions, including, among other things, changes in general or regional economic conditions, government rules or policies, and natural disasters.
An inability to improve our regulatory capital position could adversely affect our operations.
At December 31, 2011, BOHR was classified as adequately capitalized for regulatory capital purposes. Until BOHR becomes well capitalized for regulatory capital purposes, it cannot renew or accept brokered deposits without prior regulatory approval and it may not offer interest rates on our deposit accounts that are significantly higher than the average rates in our market area. As a result, it may be more difficult for BOHR to attract new deposits as our existing brokered deposits mature and do not rollover and to retain or increase non-brokered
deposits. As of December 31, 2011, BOHR reported brokered deposits of $97.5 million. If BOHR is not able to attract new deposits, our ability to fund its loan portfolio may be adversely affected. In addition, as long as we do not qualify as well capitalized, we will pay higher insurance premiums to the FDIC, equal to $2.0 million or more in excess of what we paid in 2011, which would reduce our earnings.
We may be subject to prompt corrective action by our regulators if our total risk-based capital ratio declines below 8%.
Section 38 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act requires insured depository institutions and federal banking regulators to take certain actions promptly to resolve capital deficiencies at insured depository institutions. Section 38 establishes mandatory and discretionary restrictions on any insured depository institution that fails to remain at least adequately capitalized, which would occur if our total risk-based capital ratio declined below 8%. These restrictions could include submissions and implementations of acceptable capital plans, restrictions on the payment of dividends and certain management fees, increased supervisory monitoring, restrictions as to asset growth, branching and new business lines without regulatory approval, restriction of senior officer compensation, placement into receivership, restriction of entering into certain material transactions, restriction of extending credit, restriction of making any material changes in accounting methods, and restrictions as to undertaking covered transactions.
If our Common Stock was no longer included in the Russell 2000 or Russell 3000 Indices, there could be a reduction in liquidity and prices for our stock.
Our Common Stock is included in the Russell 2000 and Russell 3000 indices. Inclusion in these indices may have positively impacted the price, trading volume, and liquidity of our Common Stock, in part, because index funds or other institutional investors often purchase securities that are in these indices. Conversely, if our market capitalization falls below the minimum necessary to be included in either or both of these indices at any annual reconstitution date, the opposite could occur. Further, our inclusion in these indices is weighted based on the size of our market capitalization, so even if our market capitalization remains above the amount required to be included on these indices, if our market capitalization is below the amount it was on the most recent reconstitution date, our Common Stock could be weighted at a lower level. If our Common Stock is weighted at a lower level, holders attempting to track the composition of these indices will be required to sell our Common Stock to match the reweighting of the indices.
If we are not able to raise the capital contemplated by the announced offering we will no longer qualify for inclusion in the Russell 2000 and Russell 3000 indices. Even if we do raise the capital contemplated by announced offering, no reassurance can be given that the Company will or will not be included in the Russell 2000 and Russell 3000 indices, or similar indices, following the Rights Offering and the Standby Offering or thereafter. Further, even if we continue to be included in these indices, no reassurance can be given that our Common Stock will have a similar weighting to our current weighting on theses indices.
The Company has restated its financial statements, which may have a future adverse effect.
The Company may continue to suffer adverse effects from the restatement of its previously issued financial statements that were included in its annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, as amended, and its quarterly report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, as amended.
As a result of this matter, the Company may become subject to civil litigation or regulatory actions. Any of these matters may contribute to further rating downgrades, negative publicity, and difficulties in attracting and retaining customers, employees, and management personnel.
We have entered into a Written Agreement with the FRB and the Bureau of Financial Institutions that subjects us to significant restrictions and requires us to designate a significant amount of our resources to complying with the agreement, and it may have a material adverse effect on our operations and the value of our securities.
Effective June 17, 2010, the Company and BOHR entered into the Written Agreement with the FRB and the Bureau of Financial Institutions. Shore is not a party to the Written Agreement.
Under the terms of the Written Agreement, BOHR has agreed to develop and submit for approval within the time periods specified in the Written Agreement written plans to:
In addition, BOHR has agreed that it will:
In addition, the Company has agreed that it will:
Under the terms of the Written Agreement, the Company and BOHR have submitted capital plans to maintain sufficient capital at the Company on a consolidated basis and at BOHR on a stand-alone basis and to refrain from declaring or paying dividends absent prior regulatory approval.
This description of the Written Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the copy of the Written Agreement filed with the Companys Current Report on Form 8-K, filed June 17, 2010. To date, the Company and BOHR have met all of the deadlines for taking actions required by the FRB and the Bureau of Financial Institutions under the terms of the Written Agreement. A Risk Committee was appointed to oversee the Companys compliance with the terms of the agreement and has met each month to review compliance. Written plans have been submitted for strengthening board oversight, strengthening credit risk management practices, improving liquidity, reducing the reliance on brokered deposits, improving capital, and curing the technical violations of laws and regulations. The Company has also submitted its written policies and procedures for maintaining an adequate allowance for loan losses and its plans for all foreclosed real estate and nonaccrual and delinquent loans in excess of $2.5 million. Additionally, the Company instituted the required review process for all classified loans. Previously, the Company charged off the assets identified as loss from the previous examination. Moreover, the Company has raised $295.0 million in the closings of several related capital transactions in the third and fourth quarters of 2010. As of December 31, 2011, BOHR was above the well-capitalized threshold with respect to its Tier 1 Risk-Based Capital Ratio and Leverage Ratio and adequately capitalized with respect to its Total Risk-Based Capital Ratio. Each of Shores capital ratios remained above the well-capitalized threshold at December 31, 2011. As a result, management believes the Company and BOHR are in full compliance with the terms of the Written Agreement.
The formal investigation by the SEC may result in penalties, sanctions, or a restatement of our previously issued financial statements.
In April 2011, the SECs Division of Enforcement notified the Company that the Division is conducting a formal investigation into the Companys provision and allowance for loan losses and deferred tax asset valuation allowances contained in its annual and quarterly reports for years 2008 through 2010. The Company intends to cooperate fully with the Division and believes its provisions and allowances will be determined to be appropriate. However, the formal investigation is in the introductory stages, and we cannot predict the timing or eventual outcome of this investigation. The investigation could possibly result in penalties, sanctions, or a restatement of our previously issued consolidated financial statements.
The Company has received a grand jury subpoena from the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division. The Company has been advised that it is not a target at this time, and we do not believe we will become a target, but there can be no assurances as to the timing or eventual outcome of the related investigation.
On November 2, 2010, the Company received from the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division, a grand jury subpoena to produce information principally relating to the merger of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc. into the Company on December 31, 2008 and to loans made by Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Gateway Bank & Trust Co., before Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.s merger with the Company. The United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division has informed us that we are not a target of the investigation at this time, and we are fully cooperating. We can give you no assurances as to the timing or eventual outcome of this investigation.
We may not be able to consummate or realize the anticipated benefits from our previously-announced sale of branches, which could have a material adverse affect on our results of operations or financial condition.
As previously announced, we have entered into agreements to sell certain of our bank branches. In addition to returning our focus to our core community banking business in our core markets, we expect that these sales, among other things, will reduce our expense base and, by reducing our assets and liabilities, improve our capital ratios. The consummation of the remaining proposed branch sales is subject to a number of conditions, including receipt of necessary regulatory approvals and execution of certain real property leases, and there can be no assurance that the sales of these branches will occur. If we are unable to consummate any or all of the remaining proposed sales, then we will not derive the expected benefits to our results of operations and financial condition that we anticipate as a result of these sales, such as a reduction to our expense base. Finally, if we are unable to consummate the sale of any or all of the remaining branches proposed to be sold, our ability to grow or achieve or maintain profitability in the future may be adversely impacted.
Even if we do consummate the sale of some or all of the branches proposed to be sold, we nonetheless may not fully realize the anticipated benefits of such sales. Among other things, the loss of revenue from these branches could outweigh the expected expense reduction. These and other potential consequences of the proposed sales could have an adverse impact on our financial condition or results of operations.
FDIC insurance assessments will increase from our prior inability to maintain a well-capitalized status, which will further decrease earnings.
The Dodd-Frank Act permanently lifted the FDIC coverage limit to $250,000. The Dodd-Frank Act also revised the assessment methodology for funding the DIF requiring that assessments be based on an institutions average consolidated total assets minus average tangible equity, rather than the institutions deposits. In addition, in May 2009, the FDIC announced that it had voted to levy a special assessment on insured institutions in order to facilitate the rebuilding of the DIF. The assessment is equal to five-basis points of the Companys total assets minus Tier 1 capital as of June 30, 2009. The FDIC has indicated that future special assessments are possible.
In addition, under the FDICs risk-based deposit insurance assessment system, an institutions assessment rate varies according to certain financial ratios, its supervisory evaluations, and other factors. Our inability to maintain a well-capitalized status could impact our risk category and will cause our assessment to increase by $2.0 million or more in 2012 compared to 2011, which could decrease our earnings.
These developments have caused, and may cause in the future, an increase to our assessments, and the FDIC may be required to make additional increases to the assessment rates and levy additional special assessments on us. Higher insurance premiums and assessments increase our costs and may limit our ability to pursue certain business opportunities. We also may be required to pay even higher FDIC premiums than the recently increased level because financial institution failures resulting from the depressed market conditions have depleted and may continue to deplete the DIF and reduce its ratio of reserves to insured deposits.
Our commercial real estate and equity line lending may expose us to a greater risk of loss and hurt our earnings and profitability.
Our business strategy centers, in part, on offering commercial and equity line loans secured by real estate in order to generate interest income. These types of loans generally have higher yields and shorter maturities than traditional one-to-four family residential mortgage loans. At December 31, 2011, commercial real estate and equity line lending totaled approximately $686.0 million, which represented 46% of total loans. Such loans increase our credit risk profile relative to other financial institutions that have lower concentrations of commercial real estate and equity line loans.
Loans secured by commercial real estate properties are generally for larger amounts and involve a greater degree of risk than one-to-four family residential mortgage loans. Payments on loans secured by these properties generally are dependent on the income produced by the underlying properties which, in turn, depends on the successful operation and management of the properties. Accordingly, repayment of these loans is subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market or the local economy. While we seek to minimize these risks in a variety of ways, there can be no assurance that these measures will protect against credit-related losses.
Equity line loans typically involve a greater degree of risk than one-to-four family residential mortgage loans. Equity line lending allows a customer to access an amount up to their line of credit for the term specified in their agreement. At the expiration of the term of an equity line, a customer may have the entire principal balance outstanding as opposed to a one-to-four family residential mortgage loan where the principal is disbursed entirely at closing and amortizes throughout the term of the loan. We cannot predict when and to what extent our customers will access their equity lines. While we seek to minimize this risk in a variety of ways, including attempting to employ conservative underwriting criteria, there can be no assurance that these measures will protect against credit-related losses.
A significant amount of our loan portfolio contains loans used to finance construction and land development, and these types of loans subject our loan portfolio to a higher degree of credit risk.
A significant amount of our portfolio contains loans used to finance construction and land development. Construction financing typically involves a higher degree of credit risk than financing on improved, owner-occupied real estate. Risk of loss on a construction loan is largely dependent upon the accuracy of the initial estimate of the propertys value at completion of construction, the marketability of the property, and the bid price and estimated cost (including interest) of construction. If the estimate of construction costs proves to be inaccurate, we may be required to advance funds beyond the amount originally committed to permit completion of the project. If the estimate of the value proves to be inaccurate, we may be confronted, at or prior to the maturity of the loan, with a project whose value is insufficient to assure full repayment. When lending to builders, the cost of construction breakdown is provided by the builder, as well as supported by the appraisal. Although our underwriting criteria were designed to evaluate and minimize the risks of each construction loan, there can be no guarantee that these practices will have safeguarded against material delinquencies and losses to our operations.
At December 31, 2011, we had loans of $285.0 million or 19% of total loans outstanding to finance construction and land development. Construction and land development loans are dependent on the successful completion of the projects they finance, however, in many cases such construction and development projects in our primary market areas are not being completed in a timely manner, if at all.
Our lending on vacant land may expose us to a greater risk of loss and may have an adverse effect on results of operations.
A portion of our residential and commercial lending is secured by vacant or unimproved land. Loans secured by vacant or unimproved land are generally more risky than loans secured by improved property for one-to-four family residential mortgage loans. Since vacant or unimproved land is generally held by the borrower for investment purposes or future use, payments on loans secured by vacant or unimproved land will typically rank lower in priority to the borrower than a loan the borrower may have on their primary residence or business. These loans are susceptible to adverse conditions in the real estate market and local economy.
Difficult market conditions have adversely affected our industry.
Beginning in 2007, the global and U.S. economies experienced a protracted slowdown in business activity as a result of disruptions in the financial system, including a lack of confidence in the worldwide credit markets. Dramatic declines in the housing market over more than the past 48 months, with falling home prices, increasing foreclosures, unemployment, and under-employment, have negatively impacted the credit performance of real estate related loans and resulted in significant write-downs of asset values by financial institutions. These write-downs, initially of asset-backed securities but spreading to other securities and loans, have caused many financial institutions to seek additional capital, to reduce or eliminate dividends, to merge with larger and stronger institutions and, in some cases, to fail.
Market developments may continue to affect consumer confidence levels and may cause adverse changes in payment patterns, causing increases in delinquencies and default rates, which may impact our charge-offs and provision for credit losses. A worsening of these conditions would likely exacerbate the adverse effects of these difficult market conditions on us and could have a material adverse effect on the value of, or market for, our Common Stock.
We are not paying dividends on our Common Stock and currently are prevented from doing so. The failure to resume paying dividends on our Common Stock may adversely affect the value of our Common Stock.
We paid cash dividends on our Common Stock prior to the third quarter of 2009. During the third quarter of 2009, we suspended dividend payments. We are prevented by our regulators from paying dividends until our financial position improves. In addition, the retained deficit of BOHR, our principal banking subsidiary, is approximately $449.0 million as of December 31, 2011. Absent permission from the Virginia State Corporation Commission, BOHR may pay dividends to us only to the extent of positive accumulated retained earnings. It is unlikely in the foreseeable future that we would be able to pay dividends if BOHR cannot pay dividends to us. Although we can seek to obtain a waiver of this prohibition, our regulators may choose not to grant such a waiver, and we would not expect to be granted a waiver or be released from this obligation until our financial performance and retained earnings improve significantly. As a result, there is no assurance if or when we will be able to resume paying cash dividends.
In addition, all dividends are declared and paid at the discretion of our Board of Directors and are dependent upon our liquidity, financial condition, results of operations, regulatory capital requirements, and such other factors as our Board of Directors may deem relevant. The ability of our banking subsidiaries to pay dividends to us is also limited by obligations to maintain sufficient capital and by other general restrictions on dividends that are applicable to our banking subsidiaries. If we do not satisfy these regulatory requirements, we are unable to pay dividends on our Common Stock.
Sales, or the perception that sales could occur, of large amounts of our Common Stock may depress our stock price.
The market price of our Common Stock could drop if our existing shareholders decide to sell their shares. As of December 31, 2011, affiliates of the Carlyle Group, affiliates of Anchorage Investors, L.L.C., CapGen Capital Group VI LP, affiliates of Fir Tree, Inc., affiliates of Davidson Kemper Capital Management, and C12 Protium Value Opportunities Ltd. owned 22.8%, 20.8%, 17.5%, 9.6%, 9.6%, and 2.2%, respectively, of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock. Pursuant to the various definitive investment agreements that we have entered into with these shareholders, each of the shareholders listed above received certain registration rights covering the resale of shares of our Common Stock. In addition, the shares of certain of these shareholders may be traded, subject to certain volume limitations in some cases, pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act. If any of these shareholders sell large amounts of our Common Stock, or other investors perceive such sales to be imminent, the market price of our Common Stock could drop significantly.
In addition, as of December 31, 2011, the U.S. Treasury owned 6% of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock plus a warrant to purchase an additional 53,035 shares of our Common Stock. In connection with the issuance of such shares of Common Stock and the warrant, we entered into an Exchange Agreement with the Treasury, under the terms of which the Treasury received certain registration rights covering the resale of such shares of Common Stock or the warrant, and the shares are freely transferable pursuant to Rule 144 under the Securities Act. The sale of the shares of Common Stock owned by the Treasury, the exercise of the warrant, and sale of the underlying shares of Common Stock, or the perception by other investors that such sales are imminent, could adversely affect the market for our Common Stock.
Our ability to maintain adequate sources of funding may be negatively impacted by the current economic environment which may, among other things, impact our ability to resume the payment of dividends or satisfy our obligations.
Our access to funding sources in amounts adequate to finance our activities on terms which are acceptable to us could be impaired by factors that affect us specifically or the financial services industry or economy in general. In managing our balance sheet, a primary source of funding is customer deposits. Our ability to continue to attract these deposits and other funding sources is subject to variability based upon a number of factors including volume and volatility in the securities markets and the relative interest rates that we are prepared to pay for these liabilities. Further, BOHR is prohibited from accepting new brokered deposits until it is both well capitalized and may not accept new brokered deposits in excess of the level it had at the time it entered into the Written Agreement until it is no longer subject to the Written Agreement with the FRB. Our potential inability to maintain adequate sources of funding may, among other things, impact our ability to resume the payment of dividends or satisfy our obligations.
Our ability to maintain adequate sources of liquidity may be negatively impacted by the current economic environment which may, among other things, impact our ability to pay dividends or satisfy our obligations.
Liquidity is essential to our business. An inability to raise funds through deposits, borrowings, the sale of investments or loans, the issuance of equity and debt securities, and other sources could have a substantial negative effect on our liquidity. Factors that could detrimentally impact our access to liquidity sources include operating losses; rising levels of non-performing assets; a decrease in the level of our business activity as a result of a downturn in the markets in which our loans or deposits are concentrated or as a result of a loss of confidence in us by our customers, lenders, and/or investors; or adverse regulatory action against us. Our ability to borrow could also be impaired by factors that are not specific to us, such as a disruption in the financial markets or negative views and expectations about the prospects for the financial industry in light of the turmoil faced by banking organizations and deterioration in credit markets. Under current market conditions, the confidence of depositors, lenders, and investors is critical to our ability to maintain our sources of liquidity.
The management of liquidity risk is critical to the management of our business and to our ability to service our customer base. In managing our balance sheet, a primary source of liquidity is customer deposits. Our ability to continue to attract these deposits and other funding sources is subject to variability based upon a number of factors including volume and volatility in the securities markets and the relative interest rates that we are prepared to pay for these liabilities. The availability and level of deposits and other funding sources, including borrowings and the issuance of equity and debt securities, is highly dependent upon the perception of the liquidity and
creditworthiness of the financial institution, and such perception can change quickly in response to market conditions or circumstances unique to a particular company. Concerns about our financial condition or concerns about our credit exposure to other persons could adversely impact our sources of liquidity, financial position, regulatory capital ratios, results of operations, and our business prospects.
The current economic environment may negatively impact our ability to maintain required capital levels or otherwise negatively impact our financial condition, which may, among other things, limit our access to certain sources of funding and liquidity.
If the level of deposits were to materially decrease, we would have to raise additional funds by increasing the interest that we pay on certificates of deposit or other depository accounts, seek other debt or equity financing, or draw upon our available lines of credit. Shore relies on brokered deposits (and BOHR has historically relied on such deposits) and we rely on commercial retail deposits as well as advances from the FHLB and the Federal Reserve discount window to fund our operations. Although we have historically been able to replace maturing deposits and advances as necessary, we might not be able to replace such funds in the future if, among other things, our results of operations or financial condition or the results of operations or financial condition of the FHLB or market conditions were to change or because we are restricted from doing so by regulatory restrictions. Further, BOHR is prohibited from accepting new brokered deposits until it is well capitalized and may not accept new brokered deposits in excess of the level it had at the time it entered into the Written Agreement until it is no longer subject to the Written Agreement with the FRB. We constantly monitor our activities with respect to liquidity and evaluate closely our utilization of our cash assets; however, there can be no assurance that our liquidity or the cost of funds to us may not be materially and adversely impacted as a result of economic, market, or operational considerations that we may not be able to control.
We may face increasing deposit-pricing pressures, which may, among other things, reduce our profitability.
Deposit pricing pressures may result from competition as well as changes to the interest rate environment. Under current conditions, pricing pressures also may arise from depositors who demand premium interest rates from what they perceive to be a troubled financial institution. Current economic conditions have intensified competition for deposits. The competition has had an impact on interest rates paid to attract deposits as well as fees charged on deposit products. In addition to the competitive pressures from other depository institutions, we face heightened competition from non-depository financial products such as securities and other alternative investments.
Furthermore, technology and other market changes have made it more convenient for bank customers to transfer funds for investing purposes. Bank customers also have greater access to deposit vehicles that facilitate spreading deposit balances among different depository institutions to maximize FDIC insurance coverage. In addition to competitive forces, we also are at risk from market forces as they affect interest rates. It is not uncommon when interest rates transition from a low interest rate environment to a rising rate environment for deposit and other funding costs to rise in advance of yields on earning assets. In order to keep deposits required for funding purposes, it may be necessary to raise deposit rates without commensurate increases in asset pricing in the short term. Finally, we may see interest rate pricing pressure from depositors concerned about our financial condition and levels of non-performing assets.
We may continue to incur losses if we are unable to successfully manage interest rate risk.
Our profitability depends in substantial part upon the spread between the interest rates earned on investments and loans and the interest rates paid on deposits and other interest-bearing liabilities. These rates are normally in line with general market rates and rise and fall based on managements view of our needs. Changes in interest rates will affect our operating performance and financial condition in diverse ways including the pricing of securities, loans and deposits, and the volume of loan originations in our mortgage banking business, and could result in decreases to our net income. Our net interest income will be adversely affected if market interest rates change so that the interest we pay on deposits and borrowings increases faster than the interest we earn on loans and investments. This could, in turn, have a material adverse affect on the value of our Common Stock.
Our future success is dependent on our ability to compete effectively in the highly competitive banking industry.
We face vigorous competition from other banks and other financial institutions, including savings and loan associations, savings banks, finance companies, and credit unions for deposits, loans, and other financial services that serve our market area. A number of these banks and other financial institutions are significantly larger than we are and have substantially greater access to capital and other resources, as well as larger lending limits and branch systems, and offer a wider array of banking services. Many of our non-bank competitors are not subject to the same extensive regulations that govern us. As a result, these non-bank competitors have advantages over us in providing certain services. While we believe we compete effectively with these other financial institutions serving our primary markets, we may face a competitive disadvantage to larger institutions. If we have to raise interest rates paid on deposits or lower interest rates charged on loans to compete effectively, our net interest margin and income could be negatively affected. Failure to compete effectively to attract new, or to retain existing, clients may reduce or limit our margins and our market share and may adversely affect our results of operations, financial condition, growth, and the value of our Common Stock.
Our operations and customers might be affected by the occurrence of a natural disaster or other catastrophic event in our market area.
Because a substantial portion of our loans are with customers and businesses located in the central and coastal portions of Virginia, North Carolina, and Maryland, catastrophic events, including natural disasters such as hurricanes which have historically struck the east coast of the United States with some regularity or terrorist attacks, could disrupt our operations. Any of these natural disasters or other catastrophic events could have a negative impact on our financial centers and customer base as well as collateral values and the strength of our loan portfolio. Any natural disaster or catastrophic event affecting us could have a material adverse impact on our operations and the value of our Common Stock.
We face a variety of threats from technology based frauds and scams.
Financial institutions are a prime target of criminal activities through various channels of information technology. We attempt to mitigate risk from such activities through policies, procedures, and preventative and detective measures. In addition, we maintain insurance coverage designed to provide a level of financial protection to our business. However, risks posed by business interruption, fraud losses, business recovery expenses, and other potential losses or expenses that may be experienced from a significant event are not readily predictable and, therefore, could have an impact on our results of operations.
Virginia law and the provisions of our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws could deter or prevent takeover attempts by a potential purchaser of our Common Stock that would be willing to pay you a premium for your shares of our Common Stock.
Our Articles of Incorporation, as well as the Companys Bylaws (the Bylaws), contain provisions that may be deemed to have the effect of discouraging or delaying uninvited attempts by third parties to gain control of the Company. These provisions include the division of our Board of Directors into classes and the ability of our board to set the price, term, and rights of, and to issue, one or more additional series of our preferred stock. Our Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws also provide for a classified board of directors, with each member serving a three-year term, and do not provide for the ability of stockholders to call special meetings.
Similarly, the Virginia Stock Corporation Act contains provisions designed to protect Virginia corporations and employees from the adverse effects of hostile corporate takeovers. These provisions reduce the possibility that a third party could effect a change in control without the support of our incumbent directors. These provisions may also strengthen the position of current management by restricting the ability of shareholders to change the composition of the board, to affect its policies generally, and to benefit from actions that are opposed by the current board.
If we do not comply with the continued listing requirements of the NASDAQ Global Select Market, our Common Stock could be delisted.
Our Common Stock is listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market. As a NASDAQ Global Select Market listed company, we are required to comply with the continued listing requirements of the NASDAQ Marketplace Rules to maintain our listing status, including a requirement that our Common Stock maintain a minimum closing bid price of at least $1.00 per share (the Bid Price Rule).
The Company intends to actively monitor the bid price of its Common Stock and will consider available options if it fails to maintain a sufficient minimum closing bid price. Such actions could include implementation of a reverse stock split of the Companys Common Stock in order to regain compliance with the Bid Price Rule. If, however, we are unable to comply with the Bid Price Rule for any reason and/or if we are unable to otherwise comply with NASDAQ continued listing requirements, our Common Stock could be delisted.
Our continued success is largely dependent on key management team members.
We are a customer-focused and relationship-driven organization. Future growth is expected to be driven by a large part in the relationships maintained with customers. While we have assembled an experienced and talented senior management team, maintaining this team, while at the same time developing other managers in order that management succession can be achieved, is not assured. The unexpected loss of key employees could have a material adverse effect on our business and may result in lower revenues or reduced earnings.
Risks Relating to Market, Legislative, and Regulatory Events
Our business, financial condition, and results of operations are highly regulated and could be adversely affected by new or changed regulations and by the manner in which such regulations are applied by regulatory authorities.
Current economic conditions, particularly in the financial markets, have resulted in government regulatory agencies placing increased focus on and scrutiny of the financial services industry. The U.S. Government has intervened on an unprecedented scale, responding to what has been commonly referred to as the financial crisis. In addition to participating in the TARP CPP, the U.S. Government has taken steps that include enhancing the liquidity support available to financial institutions, establishing a commercial paper funding facility, temporarily guaranteeing money market funds and certain types of debt issuances, and increasing insured deposits. These programs subject us and other financial institutions who have participated in these programs to additional restrictions, oversight and/or costs that may have an impact on our business, financial condition, results of operations, or the price of our Common Stock.
Compliance with such regulation and scrutiny may significantly increase our costs, impede the efficiency of our internal business processes, require us to increase our regulatory capital, and limit our ability to pursue business opportunities in an efficient manner. We also will be required to pay significantly higher FDIC premiums because market developments have significantly depleted the insurance fund of the FDIC and reduced the ratio of reserves to insured deposits. The increased costs associated with anticipated regulatory and political scrutiny could adversely impact our results of operations.
New proposals for legislation continue to be introduced in the U.S. Congress that could further substantially increase regulation of the financial services industry. Federal and state regulatory agencies also frequently adopt changes to their regulations and/or change the manner in which existing regulations are applied. We cannot predict whether any pending or future legislation will be adopted or the substance and impact of any such new legislation on us. Additional regulation could affect us in a substantial way and could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
Banking regulators have broad enforcement power, but regulations are meant to protect depositors and not investors.
We are subject to supervision by several governmental regulatory agencies. The regulators interpretation and application of relevant regulations, are beyond our control, may change rapidly and unpredictably, and can be expected to influence our earnings and growth. In addition, if we do not comply with regulations that are applicable to us, we could be subject to regulatory penalties, which could have an adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations. We have also entered into a Written Agreement with the FRB and
Bureau of Financial Institutions. For a discussion regarding risks related to the Written Agreement, see We have entered into the Written Agreement with the FRB and the Bureau of Financial Institutions, which requires us to dedicate a significant amount of resources to complying with the agreement and may have a material adverse effect on our operations and the value of our securities.
All such government regulation may limit our growth and the return to our investors by restricting activities such as the payment of dividends, mergers with, or acquisitions by, other institutions, investments, loans and interest rates, interest rates paid on deposits, the use of brokered deposits, and the creation of financial centers. Although these regulations impose costs on us, they are intended to protect depositors. The regulations to which we are subject may not always be in the best interests of investors.
The fiscal, monetary, and regulatory policies of the Federal Government and its agencies could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System regulates the supply of money and credit in the United States. Its policies determine, in large part, the cost of funds for lending and investing and the return earned on those loans and investments, both of which affect our net interest margin. It also can materially decrease the value of financial assets we hold, such as debt securities. Its policies also can adversely affect borrowers, potentially increasing the risk that they may fail to repay their loans.
In addition, as a public company we are subject to securities laws and standards imposed by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Because we are a relatively small company, the costs of compliance are disproportionate compared with much larger organizations. Continued growth of legal and regulatory compliance mandates could adversely affect our expenses, future results of operations, and the value of our Common Stock. In addition, the government and regulatory authorities have the power to impose rules or other requirements, including requirements that we are unable to anticipate, that could have an adverse impact on our results of operations and the value of our Common Stock.
The recently enacted Dodd-Frank Act may adversely affect our business, financial condition, and results of operations.
On July 21, 2010, President Obama signed the Dodd-Frank Act into law. The Dodd-Frank Act makes extensive changes to the laws regulating financial services firms and requires significant rule-making. In addition, the law mandates multiple studies, which could result in additional legislative or regulatory action. Many of the provisions of the Dodd-Frank Act have begun to be or will be implemented over the next several months and years and will be subject both to further rulemaking and the discretion of applicable regulatory bodies. Because the ultimate impact of the Dodd-Frank Act will depend on future regulatory rulemaking and interpretation, we cannot predict the full effect of this legislation on our business, financial condition, or results of operations.
Although management does not expect the Dodd-Frank Act to have a material adverse effect on the Company, it is not possible to predict at this time all the effects the Dodd-Frank Act will have on the Company and the rest of the financial institution industry. It is possible that the Companys interest expense could increase and deposit insurance premiums could change and steps may need to be taken to increase qualifying capital.
The soundness of other financial institutions could adversely affect us.
Our ability to engage in routine funding transactions could be adversely affected by the actions and commercial soundness of other financial institutions. Financial services institutions are interrelated as a result of trading, clearing, counterparty, or other relationships. As a result, defaults by, or even rumors or questions about, one or more financial services institutions, or the financial services industry, generally, have led to market-wide liquidity problems and could lead to losses or defaults by us or by other institutions. Many of these transactions expose us to credit risk in the event of default of our counterparty or client. In addition, our credit risk may be exacerbated when the collateral held by us cannot be liquidated at prices sufficient to recover the full amount of the financial instrument exposure due us. There is no assurance that any such losses would not materially and adversely affect our results of operations and the value of, or market for, our Common Stock.
ITEM 1B UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS
The Company has received no written comments regarding its periodic or current reports from the staff of the SEC that were issued 180 days or more preceding the end of its fiscal year ended December 31, 2011 and that remain unresolved.
ITEM 2 - PROPERTIES
We lease our executive offices, which are located at 999 Waterside Drive, Suite 200, Norfolk, VA 23510. The original lease was dated May 26, 2005 and includes a portion of the first floor and all of the second floor. There have been two amendments to the lease that add a portion of the nineteenth floor. This lease expires September 30, 2021. We operate from the locations listed below:
All of our properties are in good operating condition and are adequate for our present and anticipated future needs.
ITEM 3 - LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
In the ordinary course of operations, the Company may become a party to legal proceedings. Based upon information currently available, management believes that such legal proceedings, in the aggregate, will not have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, cash flows, or results of operations.
In April 2011, the SEC informed the Company that it is conducting a formal investigation related to certain accounting matters. For a further discussion of this matter, see Risk Factors The formal investigation by the SEC may result in penalties, sanctions, or a restatement of our previously issued financial statements.
On November 2, 2010, the Company received from the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division a grand jury subpoena. For a discussion of this matter, see Risk Factors Risks Relating to our Business The Company has received a grand jury subpoena from the United States Department of Justice, Criminal Division and, although the Company is not a target at this time and we do not believe the Company will become a target, there can be no assurances as to the timing or the eventual outcome of the related investigation.
ITEM 5 - MARKET FOR REGISTRANT'S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS, AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES
Market Price of Common Stock and Dividend Payments
Our Common Stock began trading on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol HMPR on September 12, 2007. Prior to listing on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, our Common Stock traded on the NASDAQ Capital Market starting August 3, 2006. The following table sets forth for the periods indicated the high and low prices per share of our Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market along with the quarterly cash dividends per share declared. Per share prices have been adjusted for the 1 for 25 shares reverse stock split that occurred on April 27, 2011 but do not include adjustments for markups, markdowns, or commissions.
Number of Shareholders of Record
As of March 1, 2012, we had 34,561,146 shares of Common Stock outstanding, which were held by 5,119 shareholders of record. In addition, we had approximately 2,615 beneficial owners who own their shares through brokers.
We have historically paid cash dividends on a quarterly basis. However, on July 30, 2009, the Board of Directors voted to suspend the quarterly dividend on the Company Common Stock in order to preserve capital and liquidity. Our ability to distribute cash dividends in the future may be limited by negative regulatory restrictions and the need to maintain sufficient consolidated capital. Both the Company and BOHR currently are prohibited by the Written Agreement from paying dividends without prior regulatory approval.
The graph below presents five-year cumulative total return comparisons through December 31, 2011, in stock price appreciation and dividends for our Common Stock, the Standard & Poors 500 Total Return Index (S & P 500), and the SNL Securities index including banks between $1 billion and $5 billion in total assets (SNL $1B-$5B Bank Index). Returns assume an initial investment of $100 at the market close on December 31, 2006 and reinvestment of dividends. Values as of each year-end of the $100 initial investment are shown in the following table and graph.
Recent Sales of Unregistered Securities
Unregistered shares of Common Stock sold were previously reported on Forms 8-K filed October 5, 2010 and December 29, 2010.
Purchases of Equity Securities by the Issuer and Affiliated Purchasers
The Company announced an open ended program on August 13, 2003 by which management was authorized to repurchase an unlimited number of the Companys shares of Common Stock in the open market and through privately negotiated transactions. During 2011, the Company did not purchase any shares of its Common Stock.
ITEM 6 - SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA
The Selected Financial Data on page 2 in the excerpts from the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2011, contained in Exhibit 13.1 hereto, is incorporated herein by reference.
ITEM 7 - MANAGEMENTS DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations on pages 3 through 33 in the excerpts from the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2011, contained in Exhibit 13.1 hereto, is incorporated herein by reference.
ITEM 7A - QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The information on the Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk included in the Interest Rate Sensitivity section on pages 29 through 30 in the excerpts from the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2011, contained in Exhibit 13.1 hereto, is incorporated herein by reference.
Other than freestanding derivatives associated with interest rate lock commitments on mortgage loans which the Company intends to sell in the secondary market, we had no derivative financial instruments, foreign currency exposure, or trading portfolio as of December 31, 2011.
ITEM 8 - FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA
The following consolidated financial statements of the Company set forth on pages 36 through 88 in the excerpts from the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2011, contained in Exhibit 13.1 hereto, is incorporated herein by reference or as noted and included as part of this Form 10-K:
All other schedules are omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the financial statements or notes thereto.
ITEM 9A - CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
The Companys disclosure controls and procedures are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the Companys reports filed under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SECs rules and forms, including, without limitation, that such information is accumulated and communicated to Company management, including the Companys principal executive and financial officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures. The Company, under the supervision and with the participation of the Companys management, including the Companys Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Companys disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of December 31, 2011. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of December 31, 2011, the Companys disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance that material information is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported by management of the Company on a timely basis in order to comply with the Companys disclosure obligations under the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that the Companys disclosure controls and procedures will detect or uncover every situation involving the failure of persons within the Company to disclose material information otherwise required to be set forth in the Companys periodic reports.
Managements Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Management of the Company is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act). The Companys internal control over financial reporting is designed to provide reasonable assurance to the Companys management and board of directors regarding the reliability of financial reporting and preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.
Management assessed the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011. In making this assessment, management used the criteria set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission in Internal Control Integrated Framework. Based on this assessment, management believes that, as of December 31, 2011, the Companys internal control over financial reporting was effective based on those criteria.
Managements assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011 has been audited by KPMG LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that also audited the Companys consolidated financial statements. KPMG LLPs attestation report on managements assessment of the Companys internal control over financial reporting appears on page 30 in the Annual Report for the year ended December 31, 2011, contained in Exhibit 13.1 hereto, is incorporated herein by reference.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting. No change in the Companys internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the quarter ended December 31, 2011 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
ITEM 10 DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
The following sets forth the names, ages, and business experience for the past five years of each of the Companys directors, the date each became a director and their respective term of office. In addition, this information includes the experience, qualifications, attributes, or skills that led to the conclusion that each of the Companys directors should serve as a director at this time.
NON-DIRECTOR EXECUTIVE OFFICERS (INCLUDING NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS)
The following sets forth the names, ages, and business experience for the past five years of the Companys executive officers (including named executive officers pursuant to Item 402 of Regulation S-K), other than the ones listed under Directors above.
There are no family relationships between any director, executive officer, or person nominated or chosen by the Company to become a director or executive officer.
Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance
Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, requires directors, executive officers, and persons who beneficially own more than 10% of the Companys Common Stock to file initial reports of ownership and reports of changes in beneficial ownership with the SEC. Such persons are also required to furnish the Company with copies of all Section 16(a) forms they file.
Based solely on a review of the copies of such forms furnished to the Company, the Company believes that all Section 16(a) filing requirements applicable to its directors, executive officers, and greater than 10% beneficial owners were complied with in 2011, except for the following: William A. Paulette failed to timely file a Form 4 to report one transaction; Patrick E. Corbin failed to timely file two Form 4s to report two transactions; Henry P. Custis, Jr. failed to timely file one Form 4 to report one transaction; and Kevin W. Pack failed to timely file one Form 4 to report one transaction.
Code of Ethics
The Company has a Code of Ethics for its senior financial officers and the Chief Executive Officer. The Code of Ethics covers topics including, but not limited to, conflicts of interest, confidentiality of information, and compliance with laws and regulations. The Audit Committee has also adopted a policy under the Companys Audit Committee Charter that establishes procedures for employees to communicate concerns about questionable accounting or auditing matters or other improper activities directly to the Audit Committee through its designee.
Any waivers of, or amendments to, the Code of Ethics will be disclosed through the timely filing of a Form 8-K with the SEC. A copy of the Companys Code of Ethics can be obtained, without charge, through written communications addressed to Attn: Douglas J. Glenn, President and Chief Executive Officer, Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc., 999 Waterside Drive, Suite 200, Norfolk, Virginia 23510.
Audit and Corporate Governance and Nominating Committees
Certain information regarding the Audit Committee and the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee is included in Item 13 of the Annual Report on Form 10-K and is incorporated herein by reference.
ITEM 11 EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
Compensation Discussion and Analysis
Particularly during this challenging environment for banking services and the depressed market for bank stocks, our Compensation Committee and management believe that shareholder value must drive executive compensation decisions. While our compensation philosophy has been to maintain a competitive compensation package to attract qualified executive officers, we have historically had a pay-for-performance program that bases compensation decisions on the financial performance of the Company. Due primarily to economic conditions, the Company was unable to provide in fiscal 2011 the return to shareholders that management and the Board of Directors desired. As a result of continued poor economic conditions, compensation to our executive officers continued to be frozen in 2011, with bonus and stock compensation all but eliminated.
Our recent mergers have also factored into our executive compensation program. The June 1, 2008 merger combined the Companys and Shores executive management teams and the December 31, 2008 merger combined the Companys and Gateways management teams. Both mergers brought together different executive compensation programs. The following plans of Shore were assumed by the Company in connection with its acquisition: the Shore Financial Corp. 2001 Stock Incentive Plan and the Shore Financial Corp. 401(k) Plan (the Shore 401(k) Plan). The following plans of Gateway were assumed by the Company in connection with its acquisition of Gateway: the Gateway Bank and Trust Company Employees Savings & Profit Sharing Plan and Trust (the Gateway 401(k) Plan); the 1999 Incentive Stock Option Plan of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.; the 1999 Non-Statutory Stock Option Plan of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.; the 2001 Non-Statutory Stock Option Plan of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.; the 2005 Omnibus Stock Ownership and Long-Term Incentive Plan of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.; and the 1999 Bank of Richmond Stock Option Plan of Gateway Financial Holdings, Inc.
There have been several changes to these plans. The Companys Executive Savings Plan was discontinued during 2010. On April 1, 2011, the Company converted all 401(k) plans into the Virginia Bankers Association Master Defined Contribution Plan for Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. (the Plan). On October 4, 2011, the Companys shareholders approved the 2011 Omnibus Incentive Plan, which succeeds the Companys 2006 Stock Incentive Plan and provides for the grant of up to 2,750,000 shares of our Common Stock as awards to employees of the Company and its related entities, members of the Board of Directors of the Company, and members of the board of directors of any of the Companys related entities.
During 2011, our Compensation Committee focused on retaining and attracting key executives to assist in managing though the financial challenges facing the Company. The Compensation Committee reviews the compensation, including salaries, bonuses, employee benefits, executive incentive plans, policies, practices, and programs, for the Companys executive officers. We evaluate the performance of the Companys Chief Executive Officer and, with the assistance of the Chief Executive Officer, the performance of the other executive officers.
Our intent is to offer compensation packages that will attract and retain high quality personnel for our organization. We want to provide our employees with incentives that will align their interests with the long-term and short-term goals of the organization as a whole. Several components of our compensation packages include vesting periods and stock ownership that are designed to promote loyalty and longevity among employees. We wish to reward those employees who are excelling in their respective positions and, by so doing, enhance the future profitability of our Company.
Changing Regulatory Environment
Our compensation programs during 2011 were also impacted by our participation in the CPP of the United States Department of the Treasurys TARP. As a result of participation in TARP, our executives and certain of our employees were subject to compensation related limitations and restrictions, which will continue to apply so long as the Treasury holds the Common stock it received in return for the financial assistance it provided us (disregarding any warrants to purchase our Common Stock that the Treasury may hold). The TARP compensation limitations and restrictions include:
On June 21, 2010, the Federal Reserve, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the FDIC, and the Office of Thrift Supervision issued guidance on sound incentive compensation policies. The guidance includes three broad principles:
The guidance was immediately effective under the agencies power to regulate the safety and soundness of financial institutions. The guidance applies to all U.S. financial institutions.
As required by TARP and consistent with the other regulatory guidance mentioned above:
The Company has agreements with Andy Davies (who resigned as President and Chief Executive Officer in August 2011) and Douglas J. Glenn, which authorize the Company or the applicable subsidiary of the Company to amend his or her compensation, bonus, incentive, and other benefit plans and arrangements and agreements as necessary to comply with the requirements of Section 111(b) of the EESA and the Treasurys CPP and waives any and all claims against the Treasury and against the Company for those changes that the Company shall make to its compensation and benefit programs to allow the Company to comply with Section 111(b) of EESA in conjunction with its participation in the Treasurys CPP.
Our Board also adopted an Excessive or Luxury Expenditure Policy that is consistent with the TARP requirements and that can be found on the Companys website. This policy, which applies to all our employees, covers expenditures for entertainment or events, office and facility renovations, aviation or other transportation services, and other activities or events. These expenditures are prohibited excessive or luxury expenditures to the extent they are not reasonable expenditures for staff development, reasonable performance incentives, or other similar reasonable measures conducted in the normal course of the Companys business operations.
In addition to the TARP executive compensation restrictions described above, the Company is prohibited, under section 18(k) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act and 12 C.F.R. Part 359, from making any severance or indemnification payments to its employees for so long as Bank of Hampton Roads or the Company remain in troubled condition under applicable federal regulations. To the extent that our arrangements, plans, or other arrangements described herein provide for severance or indemnification payments, we may be prohibited from making such payments by 12 C.F.R. Part 359.
W. Thomas Mears and Michael J. Sykes were not subject to the above referenced TARP limitations on the payment of performance-based bonuses and other incentive payments during 2011. Both Mr. Mears and Mr. Sykes received incentive compensation during 2011 as discussed in more detail below. In 2012 the bonus limitations will apply to Mr. Mears and Mr. Sykes such that they may not be eligible to receive comparable or other bonuses in 2012.
Elements of Compensation
The challenge for management and the Compensation Committee is to motivate, retain, and reward key performers for working harder and smarter than ever in a very difficult banking environment. At the same time, we recognize that some of the tools we would use to accomplish these objectives were unavailable due to the TARP compensation restrictions. In 2011, management and the Compensation Committee, believing in the long-term validity of our compensation program, attempted to preserve the integrity of that program to the extent possible, while respecting the requirements and restrictions of TARP.
Consistent with 2010 compensation, economic conditions, and Company performance, in 2011 it was apparent that making most incentive payments to executive officers would not be appropriate. As a result, the compensation to our executive officers, including our Named Executive Officers, continued to be frozen, with bonus and stock compensation all but eliminated. In freezing our compensation, the Company specifically considered worsening economic conditions in the markets in which our borrowers operate and that the levels of loan delinquencies and defaults that we were experiencing were substantially higher than historical levels.
The executive officers did not play a role in the compensation process during 2011, except for the former Chief Executive Officer, John A. B. Davies, Jr., who presented information regarding the other executive officers to the Compensation Committee for their consideration. Mr. Davies was never present while the Compensation Committee deliberated on his compensation package.
Our compensation packages currently consist of the following elements:
Salary: We consider many factors in determining the salary component for each of the executive officers. Because one of our objectives is to attract and retain high quality personnel, we, historically, have conducted surveys of other financial institutions and reviewed data from a peer group within our region taking into account asset size and revenue base to ensure that we are comparing ourselves to similar organizations. In fiscal 2011, however, no such survey or peer review was conducted and no benchmarking was used in setting annual compensation.
Salary for each executive officer is determined based on his or her individual and group responsibilities and achievements during the preceding year and such determination includes judgments based on performance evaluations, regulatory examination results, efficiency in performance of duties, and demonstrated leadership skills. Normally, decisions to increase or decrease compensation materially from the prior period are influenced by the amount of new responsibilities taken on by the executive officers and their contributions to the profitability of the Company.
Douglas J. Glenn. Mr. Glenn entered into a six-year employment contract in 2007. His annual salary in 2011 was $425,000. Mr. Glenn is eligible to participate in the following compensation programs offered by the Company: Supplemental Retirement Agreement, Stock Incentive Plan, and the Executive Savings Plan, which was terminated effective September 30, 2010. On February 13, 2012, in connection with his appointment to President and Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Glenn entered into an Amended and Restated Employment Agreement (Restated Agreement). The Restated Agreement provides that Mr. Glenns employment with the Company and the Bank is at-will and that he is entitled to 90 days prior notice of termination of his employment. Mr. Glenn will
receive an initial base salary of $550,000 and will be eligible for annual salary increases at the discretion of the boards of directors of the Company and the Bank. Under the Restated Agreement, Mr. Glenn is also entitled to participate in the Companys employee and director benefit plans and programs for which he is or will be eligible and certain fringe benefits. Mr. Glenn will not be entitled to any change of control or severance benefits.
The Restated Agreement provides that Mr. Glenn will receive annual restricted stock grants equal to 50% of his average base salary in the year of the grant. The restricted stock will vest on the later of two years from the date of the grant, the date the Company is no longer subject to the executive compensation and corporate governance requirements of Section 111(b) of the EESA, or the date the Company is no longer subject to the Written Agreement. Any shares of restricted stock that vest shall not be transferable except as permitted by EESA and the regulations thereunder.
Mr. Glenn also has a supplemental employment retirement agreement. The purpose of the agreement is to provide a retirement vehicle for Mr. Glenn that will reward his years of service to the Company. Under this agreement, Mr. Glenn is eligible to receive an annual benefit payable in 15 installments equal to 50% of his benefit computation base following the attainment of his plan retirement date in 2031. The benefit computation base is calculated on his average compensation including bonuses from us over the three highest compensation completed calendar years prior to the year during which the plan retirement date occurs. Currently the estimated annual benefits payable upon retirement at the plan retirement date are $488,668. Mr. Glenn will become fully vested in the plan on November 2022. The Restated Agreement amended Mr. Glenns supplemental employment retirement agreement to state that the maximum aggregate amount he shall be entitled to receive is the lesser of $600 thousand or the amount he is otherwise entitled to under the supplemental retirement agreement.
Upon his hiring, Mr. Glenn was granted incentive stock options for 800 shares of Company Common Stock that vests in years five through ten of Mr. Glenns employment, or immediately upon a change-of-control event and other customary circumstances.
John A. B. Davies, Jr. Mr. Davies resigned as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company on August 12, 2011. Mr. Davies joined the Company as President and Chief Executive Officer effective July 14, 2009, at which time the Company and Mr. Davies entered into a three-year employment contract, which provided for an initial annual salary of $500,000. He was eligible to participate in all cash and non-cash employee benefit plans maintained by the Company for its senior executive officers, as determined by the Board of Directors. All of the plans are more fully discussed herein. Other benefits extended to Mr. Davies included the personal use of a Company automobile.
Subject to certain limitations, Mr. Davies employment agreement provided that he was to receive annual restricted stock grants. Mr. Davies received no such restricted stock grants in 2011.
Mr. Davies employment agreement also called for certain payments to be made if he was terminated other than for cause or resigned for good reason (as those terms were defined in his employment agreement), or if he was terminated other than for cause or resigned for good reason within one year after a change of control (as that term is defined in his employment agreement).
The Companys obligation to make these payments was qualified in its entirety by the Companys ability to make such payments under applicable law. The Company made no such payments in connection with Mr. Davies resignation from the Company.
In connection with Mr. Davies resignation from the Company, he entered into a Consulting Agreement and a Transition Agreement, both dated August 17, 2011. The Consulting Agreement provides that, effective September 12, 2011, Mr. Davies will be retained as a consultant for one year in order to facilitate a smooth and orderly transition within the Company and the Bank and to assure access to Mr. Davies unique and valuable services. Under the Consulting Agreement, Mr. Davies may perform up to 1,000 hours of service, as specified in the Consulting Agreement, in exchange for monthly consulting payments of $41,667, subject to adjustment based on the number of hours of service performed in a particular month. In addition, the Company will reimburse Mr. Davies for out-of-pocket expenses he reasonably incurs to perform his consulting services, subject to the prior approval of the Company. Under the Transition Agreement, Mr. Davies continued to serve as a full-time
employee until September 11, 2011, at which point his employment terminated. Also under the Transition Agreement, Mr. Davies has agreed not to compete with the Company or the Bank or solicit any employee of the Company or the Bank until September 11, 2013 in exchange for $110,000 in cash consideration. The Transition Agreement also contains a mutual release of claims.
Stephen P. Theobald. Mr. Theobald has no written employment contract with the Company. His annual base salary is $425,000. In addition, Mr. Theobald is eligible to participate in all of the plans and arrangements that are generally available to all of the Companys salaried employees.
W. Thomas Mears. Mr. Mears has no written employment contract with the Company. His annual base salary is $240,000. Mr. Mears received a $100,000 sign-on bonus as well. In addition, Mr. Mears is eligible to participate in all of the plans and arrangements that are generally available to all of the Companys salaried employees.
Michael J. Sykes. Mr. Sykes has no written employment contract with the Company. His annual base salary is $150,000. During 2011, Mr. Sykes also received commissions of $146,494 for his work in the Companys special assets division. As a member of the special assets division, Mr. Sykes participated in the Special Assets Division 2011 Proposed Incentive Plan. Under this plan, Mr. Sykes was eligible for and received commissions on the resolution of non-performing assets equal to 0.75% of qualifying resolutions. Mr. Sykes is no longer a member of the special assets division, and therefore, no longer participates in this or similar plans though he may receive commission under the plan on non-performing assets that began the resolution process and were still in process before he left the division. In addition, Mr. Sykes is eligible to participate in all of the plans and arrangements that are generally available to all of the Companys salaried employees.
Robert J. Bloxom. Mr. Bloxom previously entered into a five-year employment contract with Shore Bank in 2008, which includes payment of a severance amount in the event of a change-in-control of the Company, which may be paid unless the Treasury Department or other government agency issues guidance that would prohibit such payments, such as EESA and ARRA. If permitted by law, the severance amount will be equivalent to 2.99 times his annual salary payable over a sixty-month period. Mr. Bloxoms annual salary in 2011 was $275,000. Mr. Bloxoms employment contract will renew in five-year increments. In addition, Mr. Bloxom is eligible to participate in all of the plans and arrangements that are generally available to all of the Companys salaried employees.
Incentive Arrangement: In order to focus our executive officers attention on the profitability of the organization as a whole, we have historically paid cash incentives based upon our annual financial performance as measured by return on average assets. Given the operating losses experienced in 2010, a decision was reached that the Company would not pay bonuses to executive officers under this plan during 2011.
2011 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan: We strongly encourage our employees to own stock in the Company. We feel that stock ownership among employees fosters loyalty and longevity and is an excellent method for aligning employee interests with the long-term goals of the organization and our shareholders. To facilitate stock ownership, the compensation committee of the Board of Directors adopted the 2011 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan, which was approved by our shareholders on October 4, 2011. The 2011 Omnibus Incentive Plan succeeds our 2006 Stock Incentive Plan and provides for the grant of up to 2,750,000 shares of our Common Stock as awards to employees of the Company and its related entities, members of the Board of Directors of the Company, and members of the board of directors of any of the Companys related entities. Awards may be made in the form of options, stock appreciation rights, stock awards, stock units, and incentive awards. Each type of award under the plan is subject to different requirements and the awards may be conditioned by the performance of the officers and their contribution to the performance of the Company. The plan provides that no person shall be granted stock options or stock appreciation rights for more than 1,000,000 shares of Common Stock or stock awards or stock units of more than 500,000 shares of Common Stock during any calendar year. The plan also provides that no person may be granted incentive awards in any calendar year with a maximum possible payout of more than $1.5 million. During 2011, the Company granted no stock options, stock awards, or other incentive awards under this plan or under the 2006 Stock Incentive Plan it replaced.
Executive Savings Plan: We implemented an Executive Savings Plan with executive officers and certain other officers whereby an initial contribution of the officers salary made by the officer will be matched 100% each year by the Company as long as the officers employment with the Company continues and the officer is in good standing. This plan was terminated, effective September 30, 2010 and all remaining account balances were distributed on October 1, 2011.
Defined Contribution Plan: We provide defined contribution 401(k) plans at each of our subsidiary banks. The Company may also make an additional discretionary contribution to the plans. Participants are fully vested in their contributions and the Companys match immediately and become fully vested in the Companys discretionary contributions after three years of service.
Previously, BOHR, Gateway, and Shore had separate plans, however, on April 1, 2011, the Company converted all plans into the Virginia Bankers Association Master Defined Contribution Plan for Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc. (the Plan). Any employee of the Company, Bank of Hampton Roads, or Hampton Roads Investments, Inc. who is at least 21 years of age and has at least three months of service is eligible to participate in the Plan. Additionally, any employee of Shore Bank who is at least 18 years old and has at least three months of service prior to April 1, 2011 is eligible to participate in the Plan. Participants may contribute up to 98% of their covered compensation, subject to statutory limitations, and the Company will make matching contributions of 100% of the first 3% of pay and 50% for the next 2% of pay. The Company may also make additional discretionary contributions to the Plan. Participants are fully vested in their contributions and the Companys match immediately and become fully vested in the Companys discretionary contributions after three years of service.
Supplemental Retirement Agreement: The Company has entered into Supplemental Retirement Agreements with several key officers, including Mr. Glenn. The details of his agreements are discussed above.
We reviewed our compensation programs and policies for all employees and determined that they do not encourage employees to expose the Company to imprudent risks and are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. We believe our compensation programs are designed with the appropriate balance of risk and reward in relation to our Companys overall business strategy. In addition, our executive compensation programs did not provide for the payment of performance-based bonuses in 2011, which significantly reduces the amount of excessive risk-taking that our compensation programs might impose.
2011 Compensation Committee Report
The Compensation Committee has reviewed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and to be included in the Companys proxy statement related to its 2012 Annual Meeting of Shareholders and discussed it with the Companys management. Based on this review and discussion, the Compensation Committee recommended that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in the Companys annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011 and the Companys Proxy Statement.
During 2011, the Company participated in the TARP established by the Treasury under the EESA as a result of its prior sale of preferred stock to the Treasury and subsequent exchange and conversion of preferred stock into Common Stock of the Company.
As required by the TARP and by the ARRA, the Compensation Committee reviewed the terms of each senior executive officer and employee compensation plan with the Companys senior risk officer. This process included the review of all applicable senior executive officer and employee contracts, including salary, annual incentives, and long-term incentives and performance measurements.
As required by ARRA, a number of changes were made to our executive compensation program. The changes include:
In addition, the Company has required that bonus payments to senior executive officers or any of the next twenty most highly compensated employees, as defined in the regulations and guidance established under section 111 of EESA (bonus payments), be subject to a recovery or clawback provision if the bonus payments were based on materially inaccurate financial statements or any other materially inaccurate performance metric criteria.
The purpose of the review was to identify any features of the compensation plans that could encourage the Companys executive officers to take unnecessary and excessive risks or encourage the Company's employees to manipulate reported earnings to enhance compensation. The Committee believes that the compensation plans do not encourage the senior executive officers to take unnecessary or excessive risks that threaten the value of the Company or encourage the manipulation of reported earnings because such plans currently do not contain performance-based compensation elements. In addition, to ensure compliance with relevant laws associated with the receipt of TARP and to limit potential risks posed by its compensation plans, the Company suspended all incentives, with the exclusion of base salaries.
The Compensation Committee certifies that it has reviewed with the senior risk officer the senior executive officer compensation plans and has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that these plans do not encourage senior executive officers to take unnecessary and excessive risks that threaten the value of the Company. The Compensation Committee further certifies that it has reviewed with the senior risk officer the employee compensation plans and has made all reasonable efforts to limit any unnecessary risks these plans pose to the Company; and the Company has reviewed the employee compensation plans to eliminate any features of these plans that would encourage the manipulation of reported earnings of the Company to enhance the compensation of any employee.
Patrick E. Corbin
Henry P. Custis, Jr.
Robert B. Goldstein
Hal F. Goltz
W. Lewis Witt
Summary Compensation Table
The following table shows the compensation of our principal executive officers and principal financial officers during 2011, as well as our three most highly compensated executive officers (other than our principal executive officer and principal financial officers) during the year. References throughout this Annual Report on Form 10-K to our Named Executive Officers or named executives refer to each of the individuals named in the table below.
Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year-End Table
The following table presents outstanding stock option and non-vested stock awards as of December 31, 2011.
With the exception of the shares expiring on November 1, 2017, the above stock options are fully vested and have 10-year terms. The shares expiring on November 1, 2017 are vested over ten years so that 80 shares vest annually on November 1.
Option Exercises and Stock Vested Table
The following table presents the stock options exercised and the stock awards vested for the Named Executive Officers during 2011.
Pension Benefits Table
The following table presents information related to the Supplemental Retirement Agreements for the Named Executive Officers as of and for the year ended December 31, 2011.
Mr. Glenns Supplemental Retirement Agreements is discussed in further detail in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The discount rate used to calculate the Present Value of Accumulated Benefit was 7% under the terms of the plan agreement.
Nonqualified Deferred Compensation Table
The following table presents information related to the Executive Savings Plan for the Named Executive Officers during 2011.
The Executive Savings Plan was terminated on September 30, 2011 and the remaining balance was paid on October 1, 2011. The Executive Savings Plan is discussed in further detail in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The amounts disclosed above in the Aggregate Earnings in Last Fiscal Year columns were also included in the All Other Compensation column of the Summary Compensation Table above.
Potential Payments upon Termination or Change-in-Control
The table below shows the present value of estimated Company payments under the employment agreements, equity plans, and other non-qualified plans described above, upon a termination of employment, including the Company gross-up payments for excise tax on the parachute payments upon a change of control, for each of the Named Executive Officers. The payments represent the maximum possible payments under interpretations and assumptions most favorable to the executive officer. All termination events are assumed to occur on December 31, 2011 and termination upon a change of control is assumed to be involuntary by the Company or its successor. Company payments to a terminated executive may be more or less than the amounts contained in the various agreements and plans. In addition, certain amounts currently are vested and, thus, do not represent an increased amount of benefits. Mr. Davies resigned as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company on August 12, 2011. In connection with that resignation, he entered into a Consulting Agreement and a Transition Agreement, both of which are discussed in more detail in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. The amounts shown for Mr. Davies Consulting Agreement and Transition Agreement below are the amounts actually due under the agreements to Mr. Davies, subject to the conditions and obligations applicable to such payments discussed above under Compensation Discussion and Analysis.
Director Compensation Table
The following table shows compensation paid to directors of the Company during 2011.
During 2011, each director of the Company received a monthly directors fee of $1,667 and $500 per committee meeting attended ($250 if attended by teleconference). Neither the Chairman of the Companys Board nor any chairman of a board committee was otherwise compensated.
Certain of the Companys directors also serve as directors of Shore Bank, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company. Each director of Shore Bank receives an annual retainer of $13,000 regardless of whether he attends meetings of the board plus $500 for each meeting attended, except for the chairman of the Shore Bank board, who receives an annual retainer of $22,000 plus $500 for each meeting attended. In addition, each director, excluding Mr. Glenn, is paid $250 for each board committee meeting attended. The Chair of the Investment, Asset/Liability Management and Compensation committees is paid $500 per meeting attended, and the Chair of the Audit Committee is compensated $700 per meeting, with other Audit Committee members receiving $350 per meeting attended.
Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation
No member of the Companys Compensation Committee was an officer or employee of the Company during 2011. During 2011, none of our executive officers served as a member of a Compensation Committee of another entity, nor did any of our executive officers serve as a director of another entity whose executive officers served on our Compensation Committee. There are members of our Compensation Committee that have outstanding loans with Bank of Hampton Roads. Each of these loans was made in the ordinary course of business on substantially the same terms, including interest rates, collateral, and repayment terms, as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with unrelated parties and did not involve more than the normal risk of collectability or present other unfavorable features. See Certain Relationships and Related Transactions.
ITEM 12 - SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
Beneficial Ownership of Directors, Executive Officers, and Principal Shareholders of the Company
The following table sets forth for (1) each director and the executive officers named in the Summary Compensation Table, (2) all directors and executive officers as a group, and (3) each beneficial owner of 5% or more of our Common Stock: (i) the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned on February 10, 2012, and (ii) such persons or groups percentage ownership of outstanding shares of Common Stock on such date. All of the Companys directors and executive officers receive mail at the Companys principal executive office at Attn: Douglas J. Glenn, President and Chief Executive Officer at Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc., 999 Waterside Drive, Suite 200, Norfolk, Virginia 23510.
This table is based upon information supplied by officers, directors, and principal shareholders. Unless indicated in the footnotes to this table and subject to community property laws where applicable, the Company believes that each of the shareholders named in this table has sole voting and investment power with respect to the shares indicated as beneficially owned.
A summary of the information related to our existing equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2011 is given below:
On October 4, 2011, the Companys shareholders approved the 2011 Omnibus Incentive Plan, which succeeds the Companys 2006 Stock Incentive Plan and provides for the grant of up to 2,750,000 shares of our Common Stock as awards to employees of the Company and its related entities, members of the Board of Directors of the Company, and members of the board of directors of any of the Companys related entities.
ITEM 13 CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS
During 2011, directors and executive officers of the Company, their affiliates, and members of their immediate families were customers of and had loan transactions with the Company in the normal course of business and are expected to continue to have customer relationships with the Company in the future. All outstanding loans and commitments included in such transactions were made on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and collateral, as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with unrelated persons, and did not involve more than a normal risk of collectability or present other unfavorable features.
At December 31, 2011, loans to executive officers, directors, and their associates amounted to $79.4 million. During 2011, additional loans and repayments of loans by executive officers, directors, and their associates netted ($24.5) million.
Jordan E. Slone, a former director of the Company, is the managing member of two limited liability companies that serve as the managers for the legal entities that own and manage the Dominion Tower at 999 Waterside Drive, Norfolk, Virginia 23510. The Company currently leases the second floor and a portion of the nineteenth floor of the Dominion Tower for its executive offices and a portion of the first floor as a financial center. Our lease, as amended, expires in September 2021. Rent payments made in 2011 totaled approximated $829,000 for the year. The payments under this lease in 2012 are expected to be approximately the same. Total rent due for the term of the lease beginning January 1, 2011 was approximately $7.7 million. It is also expected that the rent paid will exceed 5% of the gross revenues of the entities that own Dominion Tower. The terms of this lease are substantially similar to the terms of leases that are the result of arms length negotiations between unrelated parties, and the rent is comparable to current market rates. In the opinion of management, the payments under the Dominion Tower lease are as favorable to the Company as could have been made with unaffiliated parties.
Bank of Hampton Roads leases its Nags Head, North Carolina and one of its Kitty Hawk, North Carolina branches from Billy G. Roughton, a director of the Company, and his wife for monthly payments of $8,000 and $17,888, respectively, during 2011. Total payments under these leases in 2012 are expected to be approximately the same as in 2011. Total rent due for the term of the leases beginning January 1, 2011 were $344 thousand and approximately $4.0 million, respectively. The interests of the Roughtons in these transactions are equal to the monthly lease payments. The term of the Nags Head lease was renewed for five years commencing August 2009. Kitty Hawk is a land lease that commenced in April 2006 for a term of twenty years, with three five-year renewals; these renewals would be a the same rate as we are currently paying. In the opinion of management, the payments under these leases are as favorable to the Company as could have been made with unaffiliated parties.
On September 30, 2010, under the terms of a letter agreement with the Company, Carlyle Investment Management L.L.C. received a $3,000,000 cash fee as well as a warrant to purchase 313,875 shares of our Common Stock at $10.00 per share, as consideration for assistance provided in structuring the Companys Private Placement. Randal K. Quarles is a managing director of this entity and a director of the Company. Carlyle Investment Management L.L.C. is also affiliated with Carlyle Financial Services Harbor, L.P., who is a participant in the Private Placement.
On September 30, 2010, ACMO-HR, L.L.C. received warrants to purchase 941,623 shares of our Common Stock at $10.00 per share. ACMO-HR, L.L.C. is also a participant in the Private Placement. Anchorage Advisors is affiliated with ACMO-HR, L.L.C. and Hal F. Goltz, a director of the Company, is a senior analyst of Anchorage Advisors.
On September 30, 2010, CapGen Capital Group VI LP received warrants for the purchase of 470,812 shares of our Common Stock for $10.00 per share. CapGen Capital Group VI is also a participant in the Private Placement and Robert B. Goldstein, a director of the Company, is affiliated with this entity.
In addition, as a result of the Common Stock issuances in the second closing of the Private Placement and related transactions, on December 28, 2010, the amount of shares of our Common Stock for which the warrants (discussed immediately above) are exercisable automatically increased pursuant the terms of such warrants. The underlying share amounts increased by the following amounts: 19,999 shares, under a warrant issued to Carlyle Financial Services Harbor, L.P.; 59,995 shares, under warrants issued to ACMO-HR, L.L.C.; and 29,998 shares under warrants issued to CapGen Capital Group VI LP.
The Board is comprised of a majority of independent directors as defined by the NASDAQ listing standards. The Board of Directors in its business judgment has determined that the following of its members are independent as defined under the NASDAQ Stock Markets listing standards: Patrick E. Corbin, Henry P. Custis, William A. Paulette, W. Lewis Witt, Randy K. Quarles, Hal F. Goltz and Robert B. Goldstein. In reaching this conclusion, the Board of Directors considered that the Company and its subsidiaries provide services to, and otherwise conduct business with, certain members of the Board of Directors or members of their immediate families or companies with which members of the Board of Directors are affiliated. These transactions are discussed in greater detail in the Certain Relationships and Related Transactions section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Based on these standards, the Board of Directors determined that Billy Roughton was not independent because he owns two branches in North Carolina. These transactions are discussed in greater detail in the Certain Relationships and Related Transactions section of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. Except for Billy Roughton, none of our non-employee directors, their immediate family members, or employees, are engaged in such relationships with us.
The Board of Directors considered the following transactions between us and certain of our directors or their affiliates and determined that such transactions did not impair the directors independence under the above standard:
The Company currently has separate Audit, Compensation, and Nominating Committees which are composed of directors who are each an independent director as that term is defined under the NASDAQ Stock Markets listing standards and the requirements of the SEC.
The Audit Committee consisted of Patrick E. Corbin, William A. Paulette, and W. Lewis Witt. The Board of Directors determined that all of these directors were independent directors as that term is defined under the NASDAQ Stock Markets listing standards and the requirements of the SEC.
The Audit Committee and the Board of Directors has designated Patrick E. Corbin as the Audit Committee Financial Expert, as defined under the SECs rules. The Audit Committees charter appears on the Companys website at http://www.snl.com/irweblinkx/corporateprofile.aspx?iid=4066242.
The Audit Committee is responsible for the appointment, compensation, and oversight of the work of the independent registered public accounting firm of the Company. It also must pre-approve all audit and non-audit services provided by the independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee acts as the intermediary between the Company and the independent registered public accounting firm and reviews the reports of the independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee held 4 meetings in 2011. See Audit Committee Report below.
Audit Committee Report
The Audit Committee reviews the Companys financial reporting process, including internal control over financial reporting, on behalf of the Board of Directors. As required by the Audit Charter, each Audit Committee member satisfies the independence and financial literacy requirements for serving on the Audit Committee, and at least one member has accounting or related financial management expertise, all as stated in the NASDAQ rules.
Management has the primary responsibility for the consolidated financial statements and the reporting process, including internal control over financial reporting. In this context, the Audit Committee has met and held discussions with management and the independent registered public accounting firm. Management represented to the Audit Committee that the Companys consolidated financial statements were prepared using U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). The Audit Committee has reviewed and discussed the consolidated financial statements with management and the independent registered public accounting firm.
The Audit Committee discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61, Communication with Audit Committees, as amended, including their judgment about the quality, not just the acceptability, of the Companys accounting principles and underlying estimates in the Companys consolidated financial statements; all critical accounting policies and practices to be used; all alternative treatments within GAAP for policies and practices related to material items that have been discussed with management of the Company; and other material written communications between the independent registered public accounting firm and the management of the Company, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences. In addition, the Audit Committee has discussed with the independent registered public accounting firm its independence from the Company and its management, including the matters in the written disclosures required by the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent accountants communications with the audit committee concerning independence. The Audit Committee discussed with the Companys internal and independent registered public accounting firm the overall scope and specific plans for their respective audits.
The Audit Committee meets with the internal and independent registered public accounting firm to discuss the results of their audits, the evaluations of the Companys internal controls, and the overall quality of the Companys financial reporting. The meetings also are designed to facilitate any private communications with the Audit Committee desired by the internal auditors or independent registered public accounting firm. In reliance on the reviews and discussions referred to above, the Audit Committee recommended to the Board of Directors, and the Board has approved, that the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company be included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011, as amended, for filing with the SEC.
Patrick E. Corbin
William A. Paulette
W. Lewis Witt
The Compensation Committee consisted of Patrick E. Corbin, Henry P. Custis, Jr., Robert B. Goldstein, Hal F. Goltz and W. Lewis Witt, all of whom the Board of Directors determined were independent in 2011 under standards set by the NASDAQ Stock Market. This committee met two times in 2011.
The Compensation Committee reviews the compensation of all executive officers, determines the compensation package for the Chief Executive Officer, and administers the Companys compensation programs. See Compensation Discussion and Analysis and 2011 Compensation Committee Report.
The charter of the Compensation Committee appears on the Companys website at http://www.snl.com/irweblinkx/corporateprofile.aspx?iid=4066242.
Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee
The Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee consisted of Henry P. Custis, Robert B. Goldstein, William A. Paulette and Randal K. Quarles, all of whom the Board of Directors determined were independent in 2011 under standards set by the NASDAQ Stock Market. This committee did not meet in 2011.
The Nominating Committee does not have a written diversity policy, however, it does give consideration to potential candidates who would promote diversity on the Board with respect to professional background, experience, and expertise.
Qualification of Directors. In evaluating candidates for election to the Board, the Nominating Committee shall take into account the qualifications of the individual candidate as well as the composition of the Board of Directors as a whole. Among other things, the Nominating Committee considers:
Under our Bylaws, shareholders may submit nominees for director. There have been no material changes to the procedures by which shareholders may submit such nominees since they were last reported by the Company.
The charter of the Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee appears on the Companys website at http://www.snl.com/irweblinkx/corporateprofile.aspx?iid=4066242.
Boards Role in Risk Oversight
The Board of Directors is actively involved in overseeing enterprise risk, primarily through the assistance of its Audit Committee. The Companys Internal Audit Department conducts an annual investigation and evaluation of enterprise risk. The Internal Audit department reports its findings to and answers inquiries of the Audit Committee. The Chairman of the Audit Committee then shares this information with the full Board of Directors at its next meeting and responds to its directions. In addition to the Audit Committee, other committees of the Board of Directors consider risk within their areas of responsibility. In setting executive compensation, the Compensation Committee considers risks that may be implicated by our compensation programs and endeavors to set executive compensation that creates incentives to achieve long-term shareholder value without encouraging excessive risk taking to achieve short-term results. The Compensation Committee reports its findings with explanations to the full Board.
We have operated under a board leadership structure with separate roles for our Chairman of the Board and our Chief Executive Officer, although our governance documents do not require this. Historically, our Chairman of the Board is responsible for presiding over the meetings of the Board of Directors and the annual meetings of shareholders, and our Chief Executive Officer is responsible for the general management of the business, financial affairs, and day-to-day operations of the Company. As our directors continue to have more oversight responsibility, we believe it is beneficial to have a Chairman whose focus is to lead the board and facilitate communication among directors and management. Accordingly, we believe this structure is the best governance model for the Company and our shareholders.
Information About Shareholders
The Board of Directors has not established a written policy regarding communications with shareholders. A formal policy has not been adopted because directors have periodic contact with shareholders through business, personal, and community-based activities. Although not prescribed in a policy, shareholders may communicate with the Board of Directors through written communications addressed to the Companys executive office at Attn: Douglas J. Glenn, Executive Vice President, Chief Executive Officer and General Counsel at Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc., 999 Waterside Drive, Suite 200, Norfolk, Virginia 23510.
Board and Committee Meetings
The business of the Company is managed under the direction of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors generally meets twice a month and held 22 meetings in 2011. During 2011 each director participated in at least 75% of all Board of Directors meetings and at least 75% of all meetings of committees on which he served. The Board of Directors does not have a policy regarding attendance at annual shareholders meetings. However, directors are encouraged to attend such meetings, and at the 2011 annual meeting of shareholders, held on October 4, 2011, all then current directors were in attendance. All Board committee meetings are scheduled by the committee chairpersons as deemed necessary.
ITEM 14 PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES
Amounts paid to KPMG, LLP (KPMG) and Yount Hyde & Barbour, P.C. (YHB) for work performed in 2011 and 2010 appear below:
As stated in the Audit Committee charter, the Audit Committee must pre-approve all audit and non-audit services provided by the firm of independent auditors. During 2011, the Audit Committee pre-approved 100% of services provided by KPMG. The Audit Committee has considered the provisions of these services by KPMG and has determined that the services are compatible with maintaining KPMGs independence.
ITEM 15 EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES
The following documents are filed as part of this report.
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
Consolidated Balance Sheets
Consolidated Statements of Operations
Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders Equity
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the date indicated.
Hampton Roads Bankshares, Inc.