Harman International Industries 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2007
Commission File Number 001-09764
Harman International Industries, Incorporated
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 202-393-1101
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one)
Large accelerated filer x Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
The aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of December 29, 2006 (the last business day of the registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $5,996,542,750 based upon the closing price of the shares on the New York Stock Exchange on that date.
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the registrant’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 65,240,401 shares of common stock, par value $.01 per share, as of August 27, 2007.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.
The page numbers in this Table of Contents reflect actual page numbers, not EDGAR page tag numbers.
References to “Harman International,” “Harman,” the “company,” “we,” “us” and “our” in this Form 10-K refer to Harman International Industries, Incorporated and its subsidiaries unless the context requires otherwise.
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). You should not place undue reliance on these statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning possible or assumed future results of operations, capital expenditures, the outcome of pending legal proceedings and claims, including environmental matters, goals and objectives for future operations, including descriptions of our business strategies and purchase commitments from customers. These statements are typically identified by words such as “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate” and similar expressions. We base these statements on particular assumptions that we have made in light of our industry experience, as well as our perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors that we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. As you read and consider the information in this report, you should understand that these statements are not guarantees of performance or results. They involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the results and events contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in, or incorporated by reference into, this report will in fact transpire.
You should carefully consider the risks described below and the other information in this report. Our operating results may fluctuate significantly and may not meet our expectations or those of securities analysts or investors. The price of our stock would likely decline if this occurs. In addition, the proposed acquisition of our company by KHI Parent Inc. (“Parent”), a company formed by investment funds affiliated with Kohlberg, Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. (“KKR”) and GS Capital Partners VI Fund, L.P. and its related funds, which are sponsored by Goldman, Sachs & Co. (“GSCP”), as reported on our current report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 26, 2007, may cause the price of our stock to fluctuate significantly.
Factors that may cause fluctuations in our operating results and/or the price of our common stock include, but are not limited to, the following:
Forward–Looking Statements (continued)
Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, you should be aware that many factors could affect our actual financial results, results of operations and/or the price of our common stock and could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in the forward-looking statements. As a result, the foregoing factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read together with the other cautionary statements included in this and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission. For additional information regarding certain factors that may cause our actual results to differ from those expected or anticipated, see the information under the caption “Risk Factors” which is located in Item 1A of Part I of this report.
Harman International Industries, Incorporated was incorporated in Delaware in 1980.
We believe we are a worldwide leader in the development, manufacture and marketing of high-quality, high fidelity audio products and electronic systems. We have developed, both internally and through a series of strategic acquisitions, a broad range of product offerings sold under renowned brand names in our principal markets. We believe that we are a leader in digitally integrated infotainment systems for the automotive industry. We believe our JBL, Infinity, Harman/Kardon, Mark Levinson and Becker brand names are well known worldwide for premium quality and performance. We have built these brands by developing our world-class engineering, manufacturing and marketing competences and have employed these resources to establish our company as a worldwide leader in the markets we serve.
We report our business on the basis of three segments: Automotive, Consumer and Professional. For additional information about these segments, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7 of Part II of this report and Note 13, Business Segment Data, to our consolidated financial statements located in Item 8 of Part II of this report.
Our Automotive segment designs, manufactures and markets audio, electronic and infotainment systems for vehicle applications primarily to be installed as original equipment by automotive manufacturers. Our automotive products are marketed worldwide under brand names including JBL, Infinity, Mark Levinson, Harman/Kardon, Logic 7, Lexicon and Becker. Through engineering and supply agreements, our premium audio systems and infotainment product offerings are sold to a number of global automotive manufacturers including DaimlerChrysler, Mercedes-Benz, the BMW Group, Toyota/Lexus, Audi/VW, Porsche, Land Rover, Hyundai, and PSA Peugeot Citroën. We also produce a Harman/Kardon branded infotainment system for Harley-Davidson touring motorcycles. Our infotainment systems are a combination of information and entertainment components that may include or control GPS navigation, traffic information, voice-activated telephone and climate control, rear seat entertainment, wireless Internet access, hard disk recording, MP3 playback and a high-end branded audio system. These systems include scaleable software to allow us to better serve a full range of vehicles from luxury through entry-level. Our Automotive segment also produces personal navigation devices (“PNDs”) that are primarily sold in Europe.
Our Consumer segment designs, manufactures and markets audio, video and electronic systems for home, mobile and multimedia applications. Our Consumer home products and systems are marketed worldwide under brand names including JBL, Infinity, Harman/Kardon, Lexicon, Mark Levinson and Revel. Our audio and electronic systems are recognized throughout the world for superior sound quality and high performance. Our home product applications include systems to provide high-quality audio throughout the home and our mobile products include an array of aftermarket systems to deliver audio entertainment and navigation in the vehicle. Our home and mobile audio and electronic products are offered primarily through audio/video specialty stores and retail chain stores such as Best Buy, MediaMarkt and Fnac. Our branded audio products for multimedia applications are primarily focused on products designed to enhance sound for Apple’s iPods and iPhones, computers, headphones and other MP3 players and are sold in retail stores such as the Apple stores, Best Buy and Target.
Our Professional segment designs, manufactures and markets loudspeakers and electronic systems used by audio professionals in concert halls, stadiums, airports, houses of worship and other public spaces. We also design products for recording, broadcast, cinema and music reproduction applications, and we provide high-quality products to the sound reinforcement, music instrument support and broadcast and recording segments of the professional audio market. Our Professional products are marketed worldwide under brand names including JBL Professional, AKG, Crown, Soundcraft, Lexicon, DigiTech, dbx and Studer.
We offer complete systems solutions for professional installations and users around the world. Our products can be linked by our HiQnetTM network protocol providing a central digital network for audio professionals to control different aspects of a complex system. We believe that we are uniquely equipped to provide turnkey systems solutions for professional audio applications that offer the customer improved performance, reliability, ease of installation and reduced cost.
Our results of operations depend on our sales of audio products and electronic systems in the automotive, consumer and professional markets. Our products are sold worldwide, with the largest markets being the United States and Germany. A significant portion of our revenues is Euro denominated.
We believe significant growth opportunities continue to exist with automotive manufacturers through an increase in the number of models offering our audio, navigation and infotainment systems, supply agreements with additional automakers, increases in per-vehicle content through the provision of integrated infotainment systems with premium branded audio systems, higher penetration levels of audio and infotainment systems within existing models and providing systems that will include additional functionality such as driver assist safety measures. We believe significant growth opportunities exist in the consumer electronics market as the home and multimedia technologies continue to converge. We also believe growth opportunities exist in the professional markets as we expect our HiQnet system protocol to allow us to capitalize on these opportunities as this technology simplifies the interaction of our products and provides users with an incentive to purchase complete HiQnet compatible systems.
Proposed Agreement and Plan of Merger
On April 26, 2007, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with KHI Parent Inc., a company formed by investment funds affiliated with KKR and GSCP. The merger agreement provides for the merger of KHI Merger Sub Inc. with and into our company, with our company surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. KHI Merger Sub and Parent were formed to acquire our company.
If the merger agreement is adopted by our stockholders and the merger is completed, our stockholders will be entitled to receive $120.00 in cash, without interest, for each share of Harman common stock owned at the completion of the merger. As an alternative to receiving the $120.00 per share, our stockholders have the opportunity to elect, on a purely voluntary basis, to exchange some or all of their shares of Harman common stock, on a one-for-one basis, for shares of common stock of Parent. The right to elect to receive shares of Parent common stock is available to all Harman stockholders and option holders. However, the number of Parent shares our stockholders and option holders will receive may be less than they request in the event that elections to receive shares of Parent common stock would require Parent to issue more than 8,333,333 shares of Parent common stock. This number of Parent shares represents approximately 27% of the equity interests in Parent that will be outstanding immediately
following the merger based on the expected equity financing for the merger. If the total elections for Parent shares exceed that maximum number, then the shares of Parent common stock will be allocated to electing Harman stockholders and option holders on a pro rata basis and the remaining Harman shares and options will be converted into cash.
Our Board of Directors, upon the recommendation of a committee of independent directors, has unanimously approved and declared advisable the merger agreement and the transactions contemplated by the merger agreement, determined that the terms of the merger agreement are fair to, and in the best interests of, our company and our stockholders and resolved to recommend that our stockholders vote in favor of the adoption of the merger agreement.
Completion of the merger is subject to the approval of our stockholders and other customary closing conditions, including regulatory approvals and antitrust clearances. We presently anticipate that the merger will be completed in the fourth quarter of calendar year 2007.
We believe that we are a leader in developing and manufacturing high-quality, high fidelity digitally-integrated infotainment systems and premium branded audio systems for automobiles.
The automotive market is currently experiencing unprecedented consumer demand for information and entertainment in the car. We have developed leading technical competencies to address this demand. Our infotainment systems are a combination of information and entertainment components that may include or control GPS navigation, traffic information, voice-activated telephone and climate control, rear seat entertainment, wireless Internet access, hard disk recording, MP3 playback and a high-end branded audio system. These systems include scaleable software to allow us to better serve a full range of vehicles from luxury through entry-level. In fiscal 2007, we supplied infotainment systems for vehicles manufactured by Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Porsche, Audi, Hyundai, Chrysler, Renault, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Land Rover. Our business objective is to maintain our leadership position in the infotainment business.
We continue to leverage our expertise in the design and manufacture of premium branded audio systems, as well as the reputation for quality associated with our JBL, Infinity, Harman/Kardon, Mark Levinson, Becker and Lexicon brand names. As a result of our well-established relationships with automobile manufacturers, our engineers are engaged early in the vehicle design process to develop systems that optimize acoustic performance and minimize weight and space requirements. Our Infinity branded car audio systems are offered by DaimlerChrysler and Mitsubishi, in North America. DaimlerChrysler’s Mercedes-Benz Division, the BMW Group, Land Rover, Porsche, GM and Saab provide Harman/Kardon branded audio systems in their vehicles. Our premium Mark Levinson digital audio system is offered by Lexus and Rolls Royce. Rolls Royce vehicles come standard with a Lexicon branded audio system. Toyota, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Hyundai/Kia offer our JBL branded audio systems.
In the future, we expect our infotainment systems will also provide driver assist capabilities such as pre-crash emergency braking, full speed adaptive cruise control, sleep guarding, lane departure warnings and night vision.
We manufacture loudspeakers under the JBL, Infinity, Harman/Kardon and Revel brand names for the consumer home audio market. These loudspeaker lines include models designed for two-channel stereo and multi-channel surround sound applications for the home and in a wide range of performance choices, including floor standing, bookshelf, powered, low frequency, in-wall, wireless and all-weather as well as in styles and finishes ranging from high gloss lacquers to genuine wood veneers. The JBL and Infinity product lines also include car loudspeakers, amplifiers, subwoofers and crossover products sold in the aftermarket as well as marine speakers intended for use on boats.
We also offer a broad range of consumer audio electronics under the Harman/Kardon, Mark Levinson and Lexicon brand names. Our Harman/Kardon home electronics line includes audio/video receivers featuring Logic 7, Dolby Digital and DTS surround sound processing capabilities and multi-channel amplifiers, DVD players and CD players. We design and manufacture high-end electronics, including amplifiers, digital signal processors, compact disc players and transports, DVD transports and surround sound processors that we market under the renowned Mark Levinson brand. We believe that we are a leader in the design and manufacture of high-quality home theater surround sound processors and amplifiers under the Lexicon name. Lexicon was a pioneer in the development of digital signal processors for the professional audio market. We have successfully transferred Lexicon’s professional audio expertise to produce excellent consumer products.
In the multimedia market, we offer branded iPodÒ docking devices such as JBL On Stage TM II, JBL Onstage TM Micro,Ò JBL Radial TM, JBL Radial TM Micro, JBL® On Time TM, Harman/Kardon Go +Play TM, and PC related devices such as JBL Creature TM II, JBL Spot TM, JBL Spyro TM, JBL Duet TM, and Harman/Kardon Soundsticks® II. We also offer a wide variety of headphone devices. Our products add greater functionality for computers and the successful iPod® by Apple as well as other MP3 players. Our new Harman/Kardon Drive + PlayTM 2 provide full music control and interface with a highly visible display for the use of these devices in automobiles. Music management allows for choice by artist, album, song, genre, composer and play list. We believe our products facilitate the transfer of music and data from the home to the car and back. We also offer aftermarket personal navigation devices such as Guide + Play TM GPS-500, which is a portable GPS navigator and digital audio/video player.
Our Professional products include loudspeakers and electronic equipment that are marketed under what we believe are some of the most respected brand names in the industry, including JBL Professional, Crown, Soundcraft, Lexicon, DigiTech, AKG, BSS, dbx and Studer.
The Professional market is increasingly moving to digital technology. We believe that we are a leader in this market. Our Professional segment derives value from our ability to share research and development, engineering talent and other digital resources among its business units. Soundcraft, Studer, Crown, Lexicon, DigiTech, dbx and BSS each have substantial digital engineering resources and work together to achieve common goals by sharing resources and technical expertise.
Our Professional loudspeakers are well known for high-quality and superior sound. JBL Professional branded products include studio monitors, loudspeaker systems, powered loudspeakers, sound reinforcement systems, cinema systems, surround sound systems and industrial loudspeakers.
Our Professional electronic products are recognized for high quality and reliability. We market these products on a worldwide basis under various trade names, including Crown, Soundcraft, Lexicon, DigiTech, AKG, BSS, dbx and Studer. These products are often sold in conjunction with our JBL Professional loudspeakers and certain products are integrated into JBL loudspeakers.
We produce sound mixing consoles which range from automated multi-track consoles for professional recording studios to compact professional mixers for personal recording, home studios and sound reinforcement. Our consoles are sold to four main market areas: sound reinforcement, recording studios, broadcast studios and musical instrument dealers. Our mixing consoles are sold primarily under the Soundcraft and Studer brands. We produce many types of signal processing products, equalizers, and special effects devices that are used in live sound applications and in recording studios to produce sound effects and refine final mixes. These products are sold under the Lexicon, DigiTech, dbx and BSS brand names.
We produce microphones, audio headphones, surround-sound headphones and other professional audio products, which are marketed under the AKG brand name.
We also produce professional amplifiers and powered loudspeakers under the Crown and JBL brand names. We believe the integration of loudspeakers and electronics enhances our ability to provide complete systems solutions to the professional audio market. Our other professional products include switching systems, digital audio workstations and turnkey broadcasting studio installations marketed primarily under the Studer brand name.
With our HiQnet network protocol we can configure, connect and control a complete professional sound system from microphone to speaker on one unified digital network. This system provides enhanced productivity and facilitates real-time problem diagnosis and correction from a central location.
We believe that our world-class manufacturing capabilities are essential to maintaining and improving product quality and performance. Our manufacturing facilities are located in North America, Europe and Asia.
Our Automotive manufacturing facilities in Europe are located in Germany, the United Kingdom, Sweden, France and Hungary. Our European facilities are primarily used to manufacture infotainment systems and automotive navigation and audio systems. In North America, we manufacture loudspeakers in Indiana, Kentucky and Mexico and manufacture electronics in California, Kentucky and Missouri. In addition, we are currently building a new facility in Suzhou, China where we will manufacture automotive loudspeakers and amplifiers. Production at the Suzhou facility is expected to start in June 2008.
Our Consumer manufacturing facilities are located in California, Massachusetts, Mexico and China. Our loudspeaker manufacturing capabilities include the production of high-gloss lacquer and wooden veneer
loudspeaker enclosures, wire milling, voice coil winding and the use of computer controlled lathes and other machine tools to produce precision components.
In North America, our principal Professional manufacturing facilities for loudspeakers are located in California and for electronic products, including amplifiers and effects devices, are located in Utah and Indiana. European Professional electronics manufacturing includes mixing consoles in the United Kingdom and Switzerland, professional recording and broadcast equipment in Switzerland and microphones and headphones in Austria.
Our facilities have been designed to emphasize worker safety and compliance with environmental and safety regulations.
We use externally sourced microchips in many of our products. A significant disruption in our microchip supply chain and an inability to obtain alternative sources would have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations.
Several independent suppliers manufacture electronic products designed by Harman/Kardon, certain Consumer and Professional loudspeakers and electronic products and personal navigation devices. We do not believe the loss of any one of these suppliers would have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations or consolidated financial position.
Trademarks and Patents
We market our products under numerous brand names that are protected by both pending and registered trademarks around the world. Samples of our brands include JBL,® Infinity,® Harman/Kardon,® Lexicon,® Mark Levinson,® Revel,® Crown,® Becker,® Soundcraft,® Spirit,® DigiTech,® AKG,® Studer,® BSS® and dbx.® Our trademark registrations cover use of trademark rights in connection with various products, such as loudspeakers, speaker systems, speaker system components and other electrical and electronic devices. We have registered or taken other protective measures for many of these trademarks in substantially all major industrialized countries.
As of June 30, 2007 we had 1,885 trademark registrations and 294 pending trademark applications around the world. On that date, we also had 1,695 United States and foreign patents and 2,172 pending patent applications covering various audio, infotainment and software products.
We experience seasonal fluctuations in sales and earnings. Historically, our first fiscal quarter ended September 30 is generally the weakest due to automotive model year changeovers and the summer holidays in Europe. Our sales and earnings may also vary due to customer acceptance of our products, product offerings by our competitors and general economic conditions, including fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates.
We are subject to various risks related to our dependence on key customers. Sales to DaimlerChrysler accounted for 25 percent of our total consolidated net sales for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2007. The majority of these sales were to the Mercedes-Benz division. Accounts receivable due from DaimlerChrysler accounted for 19 percent of total consolidated accounts receivable at June 30, 2007.
We anticipate that DaimlerChrysler will continue to account for a significant portion of our net sales and accounts receivables for the foreseeable future.
The loss of sales to DaimlerChrysler, or to any of our other significant automotive customers, would have a material adverse effect on our total consolidated net sales, earnings and financial position. For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2007, approximately 70 percent of our sales were to automobile manufacturers. These automotive customers are not obligated to any long-term purchase of our products.
We manufacture automotive products and systems on a just-in-time basis and maintain sufficient inventories of finished goods to meet Consumer and Professional customer orders promptly; therefore, we do not consider the level of backlog to be an important indication of our future performance. Our backlog was approximately $27 million at June 30, 2007. We expect to deliver these products within the next twelve months. Our backlog was approximately $31 million at June 30, 2006.
We warrant our products to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for periods ranging from six months to six years from the date of purchase, depending on the business segment and product. The warranty is a limited warranty, and it may impose certain shipping costs on the customer and exclude deficiencies in appearance except for those evident when the product is delivered. Dealers and warranty service providers normally perform warranty service for loudspeakers and electronics in the field, using parts we supply on an exchange basis. Estimated warranty liabilities are based upon past experience with similar types of products, the technological complexity of certain products, replacement cost and other factors. We take these factors into consideration when assessing the adequacy of our warranty provisions for periods still open to claim.
The audio industry is fragmented and competitive and includes numerous manufacturers offering audio products that vary widely in price, quality and distribution methods. Consumer home, multimedia and mobile aftermarket products are offered through audio specialty stores, discount stores, department stores, mail order firms and Internet merchants. Automotive and computer manufacturers also offer branded audio products as options. Music instrument retailers, professional audio dealers, contractors and installers offer professional products and customers can also purchase these products on a contract bid basis. We concentrate primarily on the higher-quality, higher-priced segments of the audio market and compete based upon the strength of our brand names, the quality of our products, our ability to provide integrated systems and our comprehensive marketing, engineering and manufacturing resources.
In the automotive audio market, we compete with Bose, Pioneer ASK, Foster Electric and Panasonic in the sale of audio systems to automotive manufacturers and Alpine, Bosch, Panasonic, Siemens VDO, Visteon, Mitsubishi Electronics, Aisin Seiki and Denso in the sale of electronics and infotainment systems to automotive manufacturers. We compete based upon the strength of our brand names and the quality of our products.
We believe our competitive position is enhanced by our technical expertise in designing and integrating acoustics, navigation, speech recognition and human-machine interfaces into complete infotainment systems uniquely adapted to the specific requirements of each automobile model.
We believe that we currently have a significant share of the consumer market for loudspeakers, primarily as a result of the strength of our brand names and our technology. We believe JBL and Infinity are two of the most recognized loudspeaker brands in the world. By developing our high-end loudspeaker brand, Revel, over the past several years, we have extended our market position. Our principal competitors in the consumer loudspeaker market include Bose, Klipsch, Polk Audio, B&W and Boston Acoustics.
Competition in the consumer home electronics market remains intense, dominated by large Asian manufacturers. This market is characterized by the short life cycle of products and a need for continuous design and development efforts. Our competitive strategy is to compete in the higher-quality segments of this market and to continue to emphasize our ability to provide system solutions to customers, including a combination of loudspeakers, electronics products, integrated surround sound and home theater systems. Our principal electronic competitors include Yamaha, Sony, Denon, Onkyo, Pioneer and Marantz. We also compete in the luxury consumer electronics market with our Mark Levinson and Lexicon brands. Our principal competitors in this high-end market include Krell, McIntosh, Audio Research, Meridian, Linn and Accuphase.
In the multimedia market, we supply Apple stores and other retailers with JBL and Harman/Kardon speaker systems that serve Apple’s successful iPod as well as other MP3 players. Our principal competitors for these products are Bose, Altec Lansing and Klipsch. We also offer Harman/Kardon and JBL speaker systems to personal computer retailers. In this market, our principal competitors are Creative Labs, Altec Lansing, Logitech, Klipsch and Cyber Acoustics. Additionally, Harman/Kardon audio technology is built into certain Toshiba laptops. The Harman/Kardon Drive + Play 2 mobile product provides full MP3 control and interface for Apple’s iPod and includes a highly visible display. Our principal competitor in the MP3 mobile accessory market is Alpine. Our personal navigation devices range from simple navigation units to multi-functional units that encompass all-in-one navigation and entertainment systems for vehicle and personal use. Our principal competitors for these products are Garmin, TomTom, Magellan and Pioneer.
The market for professional sound systems is highly competitive. We believe that we have historically held a leading market position in the professional loudspeaker market and have complemented our professional loudspeaker line by adding digital professional electronic products and broadcast and recording equipment. We compete by utilizing our ability to provide systems solutions to meet the complete audio requirements of our professional customers. With our HiQnet networking protocol software, our professional brand products can communicate and operate together. We offer products for most professional audio applications.
We compete in the sound reinforcement market using many of our brand names, including JBL Professional, AKG, Crown, Soundcraft, dbx and BSS. Our principal competitors in the sound
reinforcement market include Telex, Electro Voice, Mackie, QSC, Meyer Sound Laboratories, Sennheiser, Peavey, Shure, Audio Technica, and Yamaha. Our Studer, AKG, Soundcraft, JBL Professional and Lexicon branded products compete in the recording and broadcast markets. Principal competitors in these markets include Yamaha, Sennheiser, Loud Technologies, Inc., Lawo, Harris Corporation, DigiDesign/M-Audio, Genelec, KRK, TC Electronics, Stagetec and Sony. In the music instrument market, competitors for our JBL Professional, DigiTech, dbx, Crown, Soundcraft and AKG products include Yamaha, Peavey, QSC, Shure, Sennheiser, Line 6, Dunlop, Zoom, Audio Technica and Roland. We also compete in the industrial and architectural sound market. Competitors within this market include Siemens, Peavey and Tannoy.
We are subject to various Federal, state, local and international environmental laws and regulations, including those governing the use, discharge and disposal of hazardous materials. We believe that our facilities are in substantial compliance with current laws and regulations. The cost of compliance with current environmental laws and regulations has not been, and is not expected to be, material.
Research and Development
Expenditures for research and development were $356.7 million, $302.0 million and $222.6 million for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Number of Employees
At June 30, 2007, we had 11,688 full-time employees, including 5,611 employees located in North America and 6,077 located outside of North America.
Our corporate website is located at www.harman.com. Through our website we make available, free of charge, access to our Annual Reports on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, Current Reports on Form 8-K filed or furnished by the company pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Our website also provides access to reports filed by our directors, executive officers and certain significant stockholders pursuant to Section 16 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. In addition, our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Ethics Code and charters for three committees of our Board of Directors are available on our website. The information on our website is not incorporated by reference into this report. In addition, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) maintains a website, www.sec.gov, that contains reports, proxy and information statements and other information that we file electronically with the SEC.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
In addition to the other information included in this report, you should carefully consider the risk factors described below.
Risks Related to Harman
Currency fluctuations may reduce profits on our foreign sales or increase our costs, either of which could adversely affect our financial results.
A significant amount of our assets and operations are located outside the United States. Consequently, we are subject to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, especially the Euro. Translation losses resulting from currency fluctuations may adversely affect the profits from our foreign operations and have a negative impact on our financial results. In addition, we purchase certain foreign-made products. Although we hedge a portion of our foreign currency exposure and, due to the multiple currencies involved in our business, foreign currency positions partially offset and are netted against one another to reduce exposure, we cannot assure you that fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates will not make these products more expensive to purchase. Increases in our cost of purchasing these products could negatively impact our financial results if we are not able to pass those increased costs on to our customers.
Failure to maintain relationships with our largest customers and failure by our customers to continue to purchase expected quantities of our products due to changes in market conditions would have an adverse effect on our operations.
We anticipate that our automotive customers, including DaimlerChrysler, will continue to account for a significant portion of our sales for the foreseeable future. However, DaimlerChrysler, or our other automotive customers are not obligated to any long-term purchases of our products. The loss of sales to DaimlerChrysler, or to any of our other significant automotive customers, would have a material adverse effect on our consolidated sales, earnings and financial position.
Our products may not satisfy shifting consumer demand or compete successfully with competitors’ products.
Our business is based on the demand for audio and video products and our ability to introduce distinctive new products that anticipate changing consumer demands and capitalize upon emerging technologies. If we fail to introduce new products, misinterpret consumer preferences or fail to respond to changes in the marketplace, consumer demand for our products could decrease and our brand image could suffer. In addition, our competitors may introduce superior designs or business strategies, impairing our distinctive image and our products’ desirability. If any of these events occur, our sales could decline.
A decrease in discretionary spending would likely reduce our sales.
Our sales are dependent on discretionary spending by consumers, which may be adversely impacted by economic conditions affecting disposable consumer income and retail sales. In addition, our sales of audio, electronic and infotainment products to automotive customers are dependent on the overall success of the automobile industry, as well as the willingness of automobile purchasers to pay for the option of a premium branded automotive audio system or a multi-function digital infotainment system.
Our business could be adversely affected if we are unable to obtain raw materials and components from our suppliers on favorable terms.
We are dependent upon third party suppliers, both in the United States and other countries, for various components, parts, raw materials and finished products. Some of our suppliers may produce products that compete with our products. We use externally sourced microchips in many of our products. A significant disruption in our supply chain and an inability to obtain alternative sources could have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations.
Our business could be adversely affected by a strike or work stoppage at one of our manufacturing plants or at a facility of one of our significant customers or at a common carrier or major shipping location.
One of our manufacturing facilities in the United States operates under a collective bargaining agreement. This contract is scheduled to expire in March 2009. Certain of our automotive customers are unionized and may incur work stoppages or strikes. A work stoppage at our facilities or those of our automotive customers could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated sales, earnings and financial condition. In addition, a work stoppage at a common carrier or a major shipping location could also have a material adverse effect on our consolidated sales, earnings and financial condition.
We may lose market share if we are unable to compete successfully against our current and future competitors.
The audio and video product markets that we serve are fragmented, highly competitive, rapidly changing and characterized by intense price competition.
Many manufacturers, large and small, domestic and foreign, offer audio and video systems that vary widely in price and quality and are marketed through a variety of channels, including audio and video specialty stores, discount stores, department stores, mail order firms, and the Internet. Some of our competitors have financial and other resources greater than ours. We cannot assure you that we will continue to compete effectively against existing or new competitors that may enter our markets. We also compete indirectly with automobile manufacturers that may improve the quality of original equipment audio and electronic systems, reducing demand for our aftermarket mobile audio products, or change the designs of their cars to make installation of our aftermarket products more difficult or expensive.
If we do not continue to develop, introduce and achieve market acceptance of new and enhanced products, our sales may decrease.
In order to increase sales in current markets and gain entry into new markets, we must maintain and improve existing products, while successfully developing and introducing new products. Our new and enhanced products must respond to technological developments and changing consumer preferences. We may experience difficulties that delay or prevent the development, introduction or market acceptance of new or enhanced products. Furthermore, despite extensive testing, we may be unable to detect and correct defects in some of our products before we ship them. Delays or defects in new product introduction may result in loss of sales or delays in market acceptance. Even after introduction, our new or enhanced products may not satisfy consumer preferences and product failures may cause consumers to reject our
products. As a result, these products may not achieve market acceptance. In addition, our competitors’ new products and product enhancements may cause consumers to defer or forego purchases of our products.
Our operations could be harmed by factors including political instability, natural disasters, fluctuations in currency exchange rates and changes in regulations that govern international transactions.
The risks inherent in international trade may reduce our international sales and harm our business and the businesses of our distributors and suppliers. These risks include:
These and other risks may increase the relative price of our products compared to those manufactured in other countries, reducing the demand for our products.
If we are unable to enforce or defend our ownership and use of our intellectual property, our business may decline.
Our future success will depend, in substantial part, on our intellectual property. We seek to protect our intellectual property rights, but our actions may not adequately protect the rights covered by our patents, patent applications, trademarks and other proprietary rights and prosecution of our claims could be time consuming and costly. In addition, the intellectual property laws of some foreign countries do not protect our proprietary rights, as do the laws of the United States. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary information, third parties may obtain, disclose or use our proprietary information without our authorization, which could adversely affect our business. From time to time, third parties have alleged that we infringe their proprietary rights. These claims or similar future claims could subject us to significant liability for damages, result in the invalidation of our proprietary rights, limit our ability to use infringing intellectual property or force us to license third-party technology rather than dispute the merits of any infringement claim. Even if we prevail, any associated litigation could be time consuming and expensive and could result in the diversion of our time and resources.
Covenants in our existing debt agreements could restrict our operations.
Our existing revolving credit facility contains certain provisions that could restrict our operating and financing activities. They restrict our ability to, among other things:
Because of the restrictions on our ability to create or assume liens, we may have difficulty securing additional financing in the form of additional indebtedness. In addition, our revolving credit facility contains other and more restrictive covenants, including financial covenants that will require us to achieve specified financial and operating results and maintain compliance with specified financial ratios. We may have to curtail some of our operations to maintain compliance with these covenants.
If we fail to comply with the covenants contained in our existing debt agreements, the related debt incurred under those agreements could be declared immediately due and payable, which could also trigger a default under other agreements.
Our ability to meet the covenants or requirements in our credit facilities may be affected by events beyond our control, and we cannot assure you that we will satisfy these covenants and requirements. A breach of these covenants or our inability to comply with the financial ratios, tests or other restrictions could result in an event of default under our revolving credit facility. Upon the occurrence of an event of default under our revolving credit facility, the lenders could elect to declare all amounts outstanding under our revolving credit facility, together with accrued interest, to be immediately due and payable. If the payment of our indebtedness is accelerated, we cannot assure you that we will be able to make those payments or borrow sufficient funds from alternative sources to make those payments. Even if we were to obtain additional financing, that financing may be on unfavorable terms.
Harman International is a holding company with no operations of its own and therefore our cash flow and ability to service debt is dependent upon distributions from our subsidiaries.
Our ability to service our debt and pay dividends is dependent upon the operating earnings of our subsidiaries. The distribution of those earnings, or advances or other distributions of funds by those subsidiaries to Harman International, all of which could be subject to statutory or contractual restrictions, are contingent upon the subsidiaries’ earnings and are subject to various business considerations.
Any of the foregoing factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition. In light of these risks and uncertainties, there can be no assurance that the results and events contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this report will in fact transpire.
Risks Related to the Merger with Parent
The merger may not be completed, which could adversely affect our business.
Completion of the merger is subject to the satisfaction of various conditions, including adoption of the merger agreement by holders of a majority of the outstanding shares of our common stock, expiration or termination of applicable waiting periods under the HSR Act (the FTC granted early termination of the applicable waiting period on May 18, 2007) and other non-U.S. competition laws, and other customary closing conditions described in the merger agreement. We cannot guarantee when or if these closing conditions will be satisfied, that the required approvals will be received or that the proposed merger will be successfully completed. In the event that the proposed merger is not completed, we may be subject to several risks, including the following:
Uncertainties associated with the merger may have a negative impact on employee and business relationships.
The announcement of the proposed merger may have a negative impact on our ability to attract and retain officers and other key employees and/or maintain relationships with key customers and suppliers. These events could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
As a result of the proposed acquisition, we will have substantially more debt.
We will have substantial indebtedness if the proposed acquisition is consummated. There can be no assurance that our businesses will be able to generate sufficient cash flows from operations to meet our anticipated debt service obligations. Our level of indebtedness will have important consequences, including limiting our ability to invest operating cash flow to expand our businesses or execute our strategies, to capitalize on business opportunities and to react to competitive pressures, because we will need to dedicate a substantial portion of these cash flows to service our debt. In addition, we could be unable to refinance or obtain additional financing because of market conditions, high levels of debt and the debt restrictions expected to be included in the debt instruments executed in connection with the consummation of the proposed acquisition. This new indebtedness is expected to contain restrictive covenants, which may adversely affect our ability to operate our businesses.
The downgrade in our credit ratings resulting from the announcement of the proposed merger could negatively affect our ability to access capital.
After the announcement of the proposed merger, Standard & Poor’s Rating Services (S&P) downgraded our corporate credit ratings. The uncertainty about the effect of the merger may further adversely affect our credit rating. Downgrades in our corporate credit ratings generally cause borrowing costs to increase, the potential pool of investors and funding sources to decrease and may have other negative consequences on our business.
Most of our large customers, suppliers and counterparties require an expected level of creditworthiness in order for them to enter into transactions with us. As our corporate credit ratings decline, particularly below investment grade, counterparties may decline to do business with us.
In the future, we could have liquidity needs that could be difficult to satisfy under some circumstances.
The inability to raise capital on favorable terms, particularly during times of uncertainty in the financial markets, could impact our ability to sustain and grow our businesses, which would increase our capital costs. Our access to the financial markets could be adversely impacted by the merger, the recent downgrade in our corporate credit ratings and various other factors, such as:
A lack of necessary capital and cash reserves could adversely impact the evaluation of our creditworthiness by counterparties and rating agencies, and would likely increase our capital costs. An increase in our capital costs could have a material negative impact on our results of operations and financial condition.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
Our corporate headquarters are located at 1101 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20004.
Certain information regarding our principal facilities are described in the table below.
We also own or lease other facilities that are not considered principal properties. We believe that our facilities are suitable and adequate for our present needs and suitable additional or substitute facilities will be available, if required.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
Litigation Related to the Merger
On May 8, 2007, Helen Rodgers Living Trust filed a putative class action lawsuit against Harman and all of its directors in the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. The lawsuit purports to be brought on behalf of all common stockholders of Harman and alleges that Harman’s directors breached their fiduciary duties to Harman stockholders by entering into the merger agreement. The original complaint alleged that the consideration to be offered to Harman stockholders under the merger agreement is “inadequate” and that the merger agreement “inequitably favors . . . insiders” of Harman. The complaint also alleged that the termination fee in the merger agreement was excessive, that Harman’s directors purportedly would not “fairly and adequately” evaluate any alternative bids, and that the provision in the merger agreement that allowed Harman to solicit proposals for alternative bidders during a 50-day period ending in June 2007 was “illusory.”
On June 20, 2007, Parent filed a registration statement on Form S-4 with the Securities and Exchange Commission that included a proxy statement/prospectus related to the proposed merger. Shortly thereafter, plaintiff filed its first amended complaint on June 29, 2007. While the first amended complaint continued to raise the allegations made in the original complaint, the new focus of plaintiff’s case was that the merger agreement “inequitably favors . . . insiders” of Harman by allowing such insiders to exchange otherwise worthless “underwater” options (options with an exercise price over $120 per share) for Parent shares on a “one option for one Parent share basis,” and by allowing them to separately negotiate with Parent for more favorable treatment of their options. The first amended complaint also alleged that the disclosures contained in the proxy statement/prospectus were inadequate. Among other things, the first amended complaint sought to enjoin the merger and the conversion of the “underwater” options into Parent shares, as well as “declaratory judgments” that said “underwater” options may not participate in the merger election process and that Harman insiders may not separately negotiate with Parent “for the exchange of their [Harman] equity interests in the Acquisition.” In addition, the first amended complaint sought, among other things, unspecified damages, an order rescinding the merger agreement and a declaration that Harman’s directors have breached their fiduciary duties to Harman.
On June 29, 2007, plaintiff filed a motion for preliminary injunction. The motion sought to enjoin the conversion of the “underwater” options into Parent shares, and also sought to “unw[i]nd or otherwise cancel” the challenged options. In the motion, plaintiff did not seek to enjoin the stockholder vote or the merger itself. After defendants filed their opposition to the motion for preliminary injunction on July 23, 2007, plaintiff agreed to voluntarily withdraw its motion.
Thereafter, on August 15, 2007, plaintiff filed its second amended complaint, which substantially narrows plaintiff’s claims by eliminating, among other things, the vast majority of its disclosure claims and the allegations relating to “underwater” options.
We believe the lawsuit is without merit and intend vigorously to defend against it.
At June 30, 2007, we were involved in several additional legal actions. The outcome of these legal actions cannot be predicted with certainty; however, management, based upon advice from legal counsel, believes such actions are either without merit or will not have a material adverse effect on our financial position or
results of operations. In fiscal 2005, we recorded a $6 million liability for probable unasserted claims. There was no change in the status of these claims at June 30, 2007.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders and Executive Officers of the Registrant
Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
Executive Officers of the Registrant
Executive officers are elected annually by our Board of Directors and hold office at the pleasure of the Board until the next annual election of officers or until their successors are elected and qualified. Each of our current executive officers is identified below together with information about each officer’s age, position and employment history for the last five years.
Sidney Harman has been Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors since July 2000 and has served as Chairman of the Board and as a director of our company since 1980. Dr. Harman also served as our Chief Executive Officer from 1980 to 1998 and from January 1, 2007 to June 30, 2007.
Dinesh Paliwal became President, Chief Executive Officer and Vice Chairman on July 1, 2007 and was elected a director on August 13, 2007. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Paliwal served as President of Global Markets and Technology of ABB Ltd from January 2006 until June 2007 and he served as President and CEO of ABB North America from January 2004 until June 2007. He was President and CEO of ABB Automation from October 2002 to December 2005.
Kevin L. Brown joined our company in August 2003 as the Chief Financial Officer of Harman/Becker Automotive Systems. Mr. Brown was promoted to Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer in August 2006. He has served as Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Assistant Secretary of Harman International since July 2005. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Brown served as Senior Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Donnelly Corporation, an automotive parts supplier, from April 2001 to March 2003.
Erich A. Geiger joined our company in 1996 as Managing Director of Harman/Becker GmbH. He was named Chief Technology Officer of Harman International in 2003. In 2004, Dr. Geiger was named
Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer of Harman International and Executive Chairman of Harman/Becker Automotive Systems. He was appointed Chief Strategy Officer on September 29, 2006.
Helmut Schinagel joined our company October 1, 2006 as the Chief Executive Officer of our Automotive Group. Prior to joining our company, Mr. Schinagel served as Senior Vice President of the BMW Group, an automotive manufacturer, from 1999 until he joined our company in 2006.
Gina Harman has served as President of the Consumer Group since 2002. She served as President of the North America operations from 1998 to 2002 and has been with the company since 1985. She was a member of the Board of Directors from November 2005 until she resigned from the board in August 2007. Ms. Harman is the daughter of Dr. Harman, our Executive Chairman.
Blake Augsburger joined our company in 2001 as the President of Crown International. In 2006, Mr. Augsburger was promoted to President of our Professional Group. Prior to joining our company, he was Corporate Vice President and General Manager for Hubbell High Voltage Test Businesses from 1999 to 2001.
Sandra B. Robinson has been employed with our company since 1984 and has served as Vice President –Financial Operations since November 1992. Ms. Robinson became Chief Accounting Officer in July 2005.
Edwin C. Summers has been employed with our company as Vice President, General Counsel since July 1998. He became Secretary in November 2005.
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is reported on the New York Stock Exchange Composite Tape under the symbol HAR. As of August 27, 2007, there were approximately 130 record holders of our common stock.
The table below sets forth the reported high and low sales prices for our common stock, as reported on the New York Stock Exchange, for each quarterly period for fiscal years ended June 30, 2007 and 2006.
We paid cash dividends during fiscal 2007 and 2006 of $.05 per share, with a dividend of $.0125 per share paid in each of the four quarters.
We did not repurchase any shares of our common stock in the quarter ended June 30, 2007. Our share repurchase program was first publicly announced on June 16, 1998. In August 2005, the Board authorized the purchase of up to an additional four million shares, bringing the total number of authorized shares to 20 million. The total number of shares repurchased through June 30, 2007 was 18,198,082. Our share repurchase program has been suspended due to our proposed merger with Parent.
For a description of limitations on repurchases of shares and on the payment of dividends, see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Financial Condition” located in Item 7 of Part II of this report.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following table presents selected historical financial data derived from the audited Consolidated Financial Statements for each of the five years presented. The information should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the audited Consolidated Financial Statements and the Notes thereto.
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the information presented in other sections of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, including “Item 1. Business,” “Item 6. Selected Financial Data,” and “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data.” This discussion contains forward-looking statements which are based on our current expectations and experience and our perception of historical trends, current market conditions, including customer acceptance of our new products, current economic data, expected future developments, including foreign currency exchange rates, and other factors that we believe are appropriate under the circumstances. These statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those suggested in the forward-looking statements. See “Risk Factors” included in Item 1A of Part I. of this report.
We begin this discussion with an overview of our company to give you an understanding of our business and the markets we serve. We then discuss our critical accounting policies. This is followed by a discussion of our results of operations for the fiscal years ended June 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005. We include in this discussion an analysis of certain significant year-to-year variances included in our results of operations and an analysis of our restructuring activities. We also provide specific information regarding our three reportable business segments: Automotive, Consumer and Professional. We then discuss our financial condition at June 30, 2007 with a comparison to June 30, 2006. This section contains information regarding our liquidity and capital resources and cash flows from operating, investing and financing activities. We complete our discussion with a business outlook for future periods.
We design, manufacture and market high-quality, high-fidelity audio products and electronic systems for the automotive, consumer and professional markets. We have developed, both internally and through a series of strategic acquisitions, a broad range of product offerings sold under renowned brand names in our principal markets. These brand names have a heritage of technological leadership and product innovation. Our three reportable business segments, Automotive, Consumer and Professional, are based on the end-user markets we serve.
Automotive designs, manufactures and markets audio, electronic and infotainment systems for vehicle applications. Our systems are generally shipped directly to our automotive customers for factory installation. Infotainment systems are a combination of information and entertainment components that may include or control GPS navigation, traffic information, voice-activated telephone and climate control, rear seat entertainment, wireless Internet access, hard disk recording, MP3 playback and a high-end branded audio system. These systems include scaleable software to allow us to better serve a full range of vehicles from luxury through entry-level vehicles. Automotive also provides aftermarket products such as personal navigation devices (“PND”) to customers primarily in Europe. Future infotainment systems may also provide driver safety capabilities such as lane guidance, pre-crash emergency braking, adaptive cruise control, and night vision.
Consumer designs, manufactures and markets audio, video and electronic systems for home, mobile and multimedia applications. Home product applications include systems to provide high-quality audio throughout the home and to enhance in-home video systems such as home theatres. Our aftermarket
mobile products, such as iPod adaptors, speakers and amplifiers, deliver audio entertainment in the vehicle. Additionally, aftermarket mobile products include PNDs that provide GPS navigation, video and other infotainment capabilities. Multimedia applications include loudspeaker accessories for personal computers, music phones, and portable electronic devices such as the iPod and other MP3 players. These consumer products are primarily distributed through retail outlets.
Professional designs, manufactures and markets loudspeakers and electronic systems used by audio professionals in concert halls, stadiums, airports, houses of worship and other public spaces. We also develop products for recording, broadcast, cinema, touring and music reproduction applications. In addition, we have leading shares of both the portable PA market and musician vertical markets serving small bands, DJ’s and other performers. These products are increasingly linked by our proprietary HiQnet protocol which provides centralized monitoring and control of both complex and simple professional audio systems.
Our products are sold worldwide, with the largest markets being the United States and Germany. In the United States, our primary manufacturing facilities are located in California, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri and Utah. Outside of the United States, we have significant manufacturing facilities in Germany, Austria, the United Kingdom, Mexico, Hungary, France and China. Our businesses operate using local currencies. Therefore, we are subject to currency fluctuations that are partially mitigated by the fact that we purchase raw materials and supplies locally when possible. We are especially affected by Euro exchange rates since a significant percentage of our sales are made in Euros.
We experience seasonal fluctuations in sales and earnings. Historically, our first quarter ending September 30 is generally the weakest due to the production schedules of our automotive customers and summer holidays in Europe. Our sales and earnings may also vary due to customer acceptance of our products, the timing of new product introductions, product offerings by our competitors and general economic conditions. Our reported sales and earnings may also fluctuate due to foreign currency exchange rates, especially for the Euro.
We achieved good results in fiscal 2007 and completed the year with a strong balance sheet. Each of our three reportable business segments had higher sales than the prior year and our balance sheet was strengthened by repurchasing shares of our common stock and reducing debt. We also continued our restructuring program, announced in June 2006, which is intended to increase efficiencies in manufacturing, engineering and administration.
On April 26, 2007, we announced that we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with KHI Parent Inc., a company formed by investment funds affiliated with KKR and GSCP. The merger agreement provides for the merger of KHI Merger Sub Inc. with and into our company, with our company surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. KHI Merger Sub and Parent were formed to acquire our company.
We anticipate completing the transaction during the fourth quarter of this calendar year.
Dinesh Paliwal joined our company on July 1, 2007 as President, Chief Executive Officer and Vice Chairman and was elected as a director on August 13, 2007.
Critical Accounting Policies
The methods, estimates and judgments we use in applying our accounting policies, in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (“GAAP”), have a significant impact on the results we report in our financial statements. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances. The estimates affect the carrying values of assets and liabilities. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Our accounting policies are more fully described in Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, of our consolidated financial statements located in Item 8 of Part II. However, we believe the following policies merit discussion due to their higher degree of judgment, estimation, or complexity.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Our products are sold to customers in many different markets and geographic locations. Methodologies for estimating bad debt reserves range from specific reserves to various percentages applied to aged receivables based on historical experience. We must make judgments and estimates regarding account receivables that may become uncollectible. These estimates affect our bad debt reserve and results of operations. We base these estimates on many factors including historical collection rates, the financial stability and size of our customers as well as the markets they serve and our analysis of accounts receivable aging. Our judgments and estimates regarding collectibility of accounts receivable have an impact on our financial statements.
The valuation of inventory requires us to make judgments and estimates regarding excess, obsolete or damaged inventories including raw materials, finished goods and spare parts. Our determination of adequate reserves requires us to analyze the aging of inventories and the demand for spare parts and to work closely with our sales and marketing staff to determine future demand for our products. We make these evaluations on a regular basis and adjustments are made to the reserves as needed. These estimates and the methodologies that we use have an impact on our financial statements.
We perform a goodwill impairment test on an annual basis. At June 30, 2007, our goodwill balance of $403.7 million was not impaired. We made this determination based upon a valuation of our reporting units, as defined by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The valuation took into consideration various factors such as our historical performance, future discounted cash flows, performance of our competitors and overall market conditions. We cannot, however, predict the occurrence of events that might adversely affect the reported value of goodwill. These events may include, but are not limited to, strategic decisions made in response to economic and competitive conditions, the impact of the economic environment on our customer base, or a material negative change in our relationships with significant customers. Please refer to Note 4,
Goodwill, of our consolidated financial statements for additional information regarding our goodwill balance and annual impairment test.
Pre-Production and Development Costs
We incur pre-production and development costs related to infotainment systems that we develop for automobile manufacturers pursuant to long-term supply agreements. Portions of these costs are reimbursable under the separate agreements and are recorded as unbilled costs on our balance sheet in other current assets and other assets. We believe that the terms of our supply contracts and established relationship with these automobile manufacturers reasonably assure that we will collect the reimbursable portions of these contracts. Accounting for development costs under the percentage of completion method requires us to make estimates of costs to complete projects. We review these estimates on a quarterly basis. Unforeseen cost overruns or difficulties experienced during development could cause losses on these contracts. Such losses are recorded once a determination is made that a loss will occur.
We warrant our products to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for periods ranging from six months to six years from the date of purchase, depending on the business segment and product. These warranties require us to make estimates regarding the amount and costs of warranty repairs we expect to make over a period of time. Several factors influence this estimate including historical analysis of warranty repair by product category, the technological sophistication of certain products, replacement costs and other factors. The estimates we use have an impact on our financial statements.
Deferred income tax assets or liabilities are computed based on the temporary differences between the financial statement and income tax basis of assets and liabilities using the statutory marginal income tax rate in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. Deferred income tax expenses or credits are based on the changes in the deferred income tax assets or liabilities from period to period. We record a valuation allowance to reduce our deferred tax assets to the amount that we believe is more likely than not to be realized. In determining the need for, and amount of, a valuation allowance, we consider our ability to forecast earnings, future taxable income, carryback losses, if any, and we consider feasible tax planning strategies. We believe the estimate of our income tax assets, liabilities and expense are critical accounting estimates because if the actual income tax assets, liabilities and expenses differ from our estimates the outcome could have a material impact on our results of operations.
On July 1, 2005, we adopted SFAS No. 123R, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, using the modified prospective method. Accordingly, prior period amounts presented herein have not been restated to reflect the adoption of SFAS No. 123R. Prior to fiscal 2006, we used a fair value based method of accounting for share-based compensation provided to our employees in accordance with SFAS No. 123R. The adoption of this revised standard did not have a material impact on our results of operations as we have recorded stock compensation expense on a fair value basis for all awards granted on or after July 1, 2002. As of June 30, 2007, there was $0.3 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to
nonvested restricted stock compensation arrangements granted under the plans. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 1.13 years. As of June 30, 2007, there was also $1.3 million of total unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested restricted stock units granted under the plans. This cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.26 years. The revised standard did require certain changes in our calculations and disclosures. See Note 11, Stock Option and Incentive Plan, to our consolidated financial statements included in this report for additional information regarding our stock-based compensation.
Results of Operations
Fiscal 2007 net sales were $3.551 billion, an increase of 9 percent compared to the prior year. The effects of foreign currency translation contributed approximately $144 million to the net sales increase compared to last year. Exclusive of foreign currency, net sales were 5 percent higher than the prior year. Each of our three reportable business segments had higher net sales in fiscal 2007 compared to the prior year. The growth in overall sales was primarily due to higher infotainment system sales to automotive customers, strong growth in automotive aftermarket PND sales, higher multimedia sales in the consumer market, and increased sales of our professional products enabled with the HiQnet protocol.
Net sales in fiscal 2006 increased 7 percent to $3.248 billion when compared to the prior year. The unfavorable effects of foreign currency translation reduced fiscal 2006 net sales by approximately $85 million during the year. Exclusive of foreign currency translation, net sales were 10 percent higher than fiscal 2005. The growth in net sales was primarily due to higher sales of infotainment systems to automotive customers, strong sales of multimedia products, and increased sales in the professional market.
We present below a summary of our net sales by reportable business segment:
Automotive – Automotive net sales increased 11 percent in fiscal 2007 compared to the prior year. Foreign currency translation contributed approximately $122 million to the net sales increase compared to the prior year. Exclusive of foreign currency, net sales were 6 percent higher than last year. Since a significant percentage of our sales are to customers in Europe, the majority of our foreign currency exposure is in the Automotive segment. The growth in net sales was primarily due to higher shipments of audio systems to Lexus for the LS460 and to Toyota for the Camry. We also had higher sales of infotainment system to Audi due to a full year of production of the Q7 platform. Infotainment system sales to DaimlerChrysler were higher than last year due primarily to supplying the Mercedes-Benz GL Class. Automotive had lower sales to BMW, Landrover, Renault, Porsche and PSA Peugeot Citroën
compared to the prior year. Sales of aftermarket products, particularly PNDs, were very strong during fiscal 2007.
In fiscal 2006, Automotive net sales increased 5 percent compared to fiscal 2005. The unfavorable effects of foreign currency translation reduced fiscal 2006 net sales by approximately $70 million during the year. Exclusive of foreign currency, net sales increased 9 percent compared to the previous year. The net sales growth was primarily due to the success of an infotainment system we developed for the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. Also in Europe, net sales to Audi were higher due to the introduction of the Q7 platform and increased shipments for the A6 compared to prior year. BMW sales were higher primarily for the 3-Series. Porsche and Range Rover sales were also higher than the prior year. Strong sales of our new aftermarket PND product Traffic Assist also contributed to the sales growth. In North America, we had higher sales to Toyota, Lexus and Hyundai/Kia and lower sales to Chrysler.
Consumer– Consumer net sales increased 1 percent to $498 million when compared to the prior year. Foreign currency translation contributed approximately $14 million to the net sales increase compared to the prior year. Exclusive of foreign currency, net sales were 2 percent lower than the prior year. The sales growth was primarily due to higher multimedia sales in Europe, partially offset by lower multimedia sales in the United States. Multimedia products include popular accessories for the iPod such as the JBL OnStage and OnTime. Sales in the United States were adversely affected by substantial competition in this market. Sales of Harman/Kardon home electronic products were also higher in Europe but lower in the United States. Sales of traditional home loudspeakers were lower in both Europe and the United States. The decrease in U.S. sales is primarily due to our decision to exit distribution through a major North American retailer.
Consumer net sales were 18 percent higher in fiscal 2006 compared to the prior year. The sales growth was primarily due to strong demand in the United States and Europe for our multimedia products. Consumer products for home applications such as Harman/Kardon electronics and JBL and Infinity loudspeakers were also higher compared to the prior year, partially offset by slightly lower sales of high-end Specialty Group audio systems. New product introductions for mobile applications resulted in higher sales compared to the prior year.
Professional – Professional net sales were 8 percent higher than fiscal 2006. Foreign currency translation contributed approximately $8 million to the net sales increase compared to the prior year. Exclusive of foreign currency, net sales were 7 percent higher than the prior year. The sales increase was primarily due to the popularity of our products that incorporate the HiQnet protocol. This system is attractive to audio professionals as it provides centralized monitoring and control of complex audio systems. In particular, Professional sales growth was driven by new JBL Pro and Crown products as well as the introduction of new digital audio consoles.
In fiscal 2006, Professional net sales were 6 percent higher than fiscal 2005. Sales of JBL Professional, Crown and Harman Music Group products increased compared to the prior year, partially offset by lower sales of AKG and Mixer Group products. Our professional business units benefited from a ramp up of products utilizing the newly developed HiQnet protocol. AKG and Mixer Group net sales were lower due to our decision to concentrate on a smaller number of higher-margin core products.
Gross profit margin decreased 1.4 percentage points in fiscal 2007 to 34.1 percent when compared to the prior year. The decline was primarily due to competition in the Consumer multimedia market. Automotive product mix and higher manufacturing costs also contributed to the decrease in gross profit margin. These lower margins were partially offset by increased margins in our Professional business. Our restructuring program did not affect our gross profit margin since the efficiencies will primarily be obtained by workforce reductions. The costs associated with the workforce reductions are reported in our selling, general and administrative costs. The restructuring program is discussed in detail under the caption Restructuring and Merger Costs.
Fiscal 2006 gross profit margin increased 1.5 percentage points to 35.5 percent. The increase was primarily due to gross profit margin improvements across all of our reportable business segments. Each of these segments was able to leverage higher sales against fixed factory costs.
A summary of our gross profit by reportable business segment is presented below:
Automotive – Automotive gross profit margin decreased 1.0 percentage point to 35.0 percent in fiscal 2007 when compared fiscal 2006. The decrease is primarily related to higher manufacturing costs and product mix. During fiscal 2007, we went into full production at our new manufacturing facility in Washington, Missouri. This factory will primarily produce infotainment systems for Chrysler. Since our new Chrysler program began late in fiscal 2007, the factory’s overhead costs were not fully leveraged during the year. We anticipate our Washington, Missouri factory will operate at full capacity during fiscal 2008. Gross profit margin was also negatively affected by lower production for the Mercedes-Benz C-Class. We expect to move into full production for the new C-Class in fiscal 2008.
In fiscal 2006, Automotive gross profit margin increased 1.2 percentage points compared to fiscal 2005. The increase was primarily due to leveraging fixed factory costs against higher sales in that year. Automotive also incurred lower warranty costs in fiscal 2006 which benefitted our gross profit margins due partially to favorable tooling cost reimbursements from our customers.
Consumer – Consumer gross profit margin declined 7.1 percentage points in fiscal 2007 to 25.4 percent when compared to the prior fiscal year. Gross profit margins in fiscal 2006 were particularly high due to the success of high-margin multimedia products, including the JBL OnStage and OnTour. In fiscal 2007, increased competition in the multimedia market resulted in lower prices and margins. We anticipate an improvement in margins in fiscal 2008 due to the introduction of accessory products for a new generation of MP3 players and music-enabled cell phones, such as Apple’s iPhone.
Consumer gross profit margin improved 2.7 percentage points in fiscal 2006 compared to the prior year, primarily due to increased sales of high-margin multimedia products and leveraging fixed factory costs against an 18 percent sales growth in fiscal 2006. Warranty costs were lower in fiscal 2006 due primarily to costs incurred the previous year to extend claim periods on certain products and to replace a chip in one of our products.
Professional – Professional gross profit margin increased 1.4 percentage points to 38.7 percent when compared to the prior year. The improvement is due primarily to leveraging fixed costs against an increase in net sales. The introduction of high-margin products enabled with the HiQnet protocol in fiscal 2007 also contributed to the improvement in gross profit margin. In particular, Soundcraft/Studer introduced new digital mixing consoles that are produced in more efficient factories after significant investments in new technologies over the past few years. Professional’s overall gross profit margin improvement was partially offset by higher than expected material costs at Crown. We anticipate that we will be able to maintain these higher gross margins in fiscal 2008.
Gross profit margin in fiscal 2006 was 1.8 percentage points higher than fiscal 2005. The improvement was primarily due to lower factory overhead costs and improved factory efficiencies, leveraged against higher sales. AKG and Soundcraft/Studer made significant progress over the past year to increase manufacturing efficiencies and concentrate on selling higher margin core products. In prior years, these business units had incurred substantial costs to improve factory operations and eliminate lower margin products.
Selling, General and Administrative Expenses
Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses as a percent of net sales were 23.2 percent in fiscal 2007 compared to 23.3 percent in the prior year. Research and Development (“R&D”) costs are the largest component of our SG&A expenses. In fiscal 2007, R&D costs were $356.7 million or 10.0 percent of net sales. In fiscal 2006, R&D costs were $302.0 million, or 9.3 percent of net sales. The increase was primarily due to costs incurred to support new infotainment system awards from automotive customers. We expect R&D costs, as a percentage of net sales, to decrease approximately 1 percentage point in fiscal 2008 due to the increasing scalability of our infotainment systems and the beginning of production for certain automotive programs. SG&A expenses also include employee compensation and benefit costs. We have recorded stock-based compensation expense under the fair value based method since fiscal 2003, including $15.4 million, $16.6 million and $14.3 million in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Our fiscal 2006 SG&A expenses were 23.3 percent of net sales, an increase of 0.8 percentage points compared to fiscal 2005. The increase was primarily due to higher R&D costs to support new infotainment system programs for automakers.
Below is a summary of our SG&A expenses by reportable business segment:
Automotive – Automotive R&D costs were $286.5 million in fiscal 2007, representing 11.5 percent of net sales. Fiscal 2006 R&D costs were $232.2 million, or 10.4 percent of net sales. These costs were incurred to develop audio, electronic and infotainment systems for an expanding list of automotive platforms. Our infotainment systems are increasingly based on scalable software allowing us to efficiently design systems for luxury, mid-range and entry-level vehicles. During fiscal 2007, we received a major infotainment systems award from BMW that will encompass virtually their entire model range. This sophisticated system will include HD and satellite radio capabilities, second and third dimensional navigation, traffic information, voice recognition, Internet browser and wireless connectivity. We also develop various systems for Mercedes-Benz, Audi, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Porsche in Europe. In the United States and Asia, we develop audio systems for Toyota, Lexus, Hyundai, Chrysler and Harley-Davidson. Automotive SG&A expenses also include restructuring costs of $5.7 million in fiscal 2007 and $7.3 million in fiscal 2006.
Consumer – SG&A expenses as a percent of net sales increased 0.5 percentage points in fiscal 2007 when compared to the prior year due primarily to higher selling expenses. These expenses and R&D costs are the most significant SG&A cost components in the Consumer segment. Selling expenses include salaries and benefits for sales personnel, marketing costs, trade show and product literature costs. Selling expenses were higher in fiscal 2007 to market new multimedia products and PNDs. R&D costs are incurred to develop multimedia products including accessories for music players such as the iPod and music-enabled cell phones. We also develop home electronic equipment and loudspeakers for use at home and in vehicles. R&D costs were $34.2 million, $36.3 million and $29.9 million for fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Fiscal 2007 and 2006 restructuring expenses included in SG&A expenses were $1.0 million and $0.4 million, respectively.
Professional – Professional SG&A expenses as a percent of net sales decreased 1.6 percentage points in fiscal 2007 when compared to fiscal 2006. Similar to Consumer, the primary components of Professional SG&A expenses are selling and R&D costs. Selling expenses are incurred to support a broad range of branded audio products. These products are marketed to audio professionals for use in public places such as concert halls, stadiums and houses of worship. Selling expenses were $49.6 million, $49.3 million and $47.0 million in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. A significant amount of R&D costs have been incurred to develop our HiQnet networking protocol. This protocol simplifies and centralizes the monitoring and control of complex professional audio systems. R&D costs in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005 were $35.7 million, $33.2 million and $31.1 million, respectively. Professional also had $0.4 million of
restructuring expenses included in fiscal 2007 SG&A expenses. Fiscal 2006 restructuring expenses were $1.7 million.
Other – Other SG&A expenses primarily include compensation, benefit and occupancy costs for corporate employees. In fiscal 2007, these expenses also included costs associated with our proposed merger with Parent.
Restructuring and Merger Costs
In June 2006, we announced a restructuring program designed to increase efficiency in our manufacturing, engineering and administrative organizations. During fiscal 2007, restructuring expenses were $7.1 million and cash payments associated with restructuring activities were $8.0 million. Since the restructuring program began in June 2006, we have incurred restructuring charges of $16.6 million and made cash payments of $8.4 million.
Below is a rollforward of our restructuring accrual at June 30, 2007 and June 30, 2006:
On April 26, 2007, we entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger with KHI Parent Inc., a company formed by investment funds affiliated with KKR and GSCP. The merger agreement provides for the merger of KHI Merger Sub Inc. with and into our company, with our company surviving the merger as a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. KHI Merger Sub and Parent were formed to acquire our company.
We anticipate completing the transaction during the fourth quarter of this calendar year. During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007, we incurred $3.8 million of costs associated with the merger. These costs were primarily legal fees and are a component of SG&A expenses.
Fiscal 2007 operating income was $386.4 million, or 10.9 percent of net sales. This represents a decrease of 1.3 percentage points compared to the prior year. The decrease in operating income was primarily driven by lower gross profit margin partially offset by lower SG&A, as a percentage of sales.
Our fiscal 2006 operating income was $397.2 million, or 12.2 percent of net sales. This represents an improvement of 0.6 percentage points above fiscal 2005. The improvement in operating income was achieved as a result of strong growth in our Consumer and Professional business segments, partially offset by lower Automotive operating margins.
We present below a summary of our operating income by reportable business segment:
Interest expense, net, was $1.5 million compared to $13.0 million last year. Our net interest expense decreased primarily due to the repayment of debt. Our fiscal 2007 interest expense, net, included $8.1 million of interest income primarily related to interest on our cash and cash equivalents and short-term investment balances. In fiscal 2006 and 2005, interest income was $12.2 million and $7.6 million, respectively.
We had average borrowings of $170.2 million in fiscal 2007 compared to $342.0 million and $340.3 million in fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively. We used interest rate swaps during fiscal 2006 and 2005 to effectively convert fixed rate debt to variable rate debt. The weighted average borrowings exclude the average fair value of the interest rate swaps of $2.5 million and $11.8 million in fiscal 2006 and 2005. No interest rate swaps were used in fiscal 2007.
Our weighted average interest rate in fiscal 2007 was 5.6 percent. In fiscal 2006 and 2005, the weighted average interest rates were 7.4 percent and 5.3 percent, respectively. Our fiscal 2007 weighted average interest rates have decreased compared to the prior year due to the majority of our outstanding debt shifting from higher rate senior debt to lower rate revolving credit facilities.
Our interest expense in fiscal 2008 is expected to increase substantially as a result of the financing associated with our proposed merger with Parent.
We recorded miscellaneous expenses, net, of $2.7 million in fiscal 2007. In fiscal 2006 and 2005, we spent $8.0 million and $5.1 million, respectively. The fiscal 2007 expense was comprised primarily of bank charges. Bank charges were $2.6 million, $2.5 million and $2.7 million in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. In fiscal 2006, we incurred a $4.9 million expense for repurchase premiums associated with the buyback of over 90 percent of our then-outstanding senior notes. These premiums also include a charge on the termination of interest rate swap contracts.
Our fiscal 2007 effective tax rate was 18.4 percent. This tax rate was impacted by non-recurring tax items, including a $51 million net gain resulting from a recent court decision that allows certain taxpayers to recognize foreign tax credits. The effective tax rate was also impacted by a $4 million tax charge
resulting from a dividend from South Africa. Exclusive of these items, our fiscal 2007 tax rate was 30.4 percent. During fiscal 2007, we made tax payments of $145.4 million, primarily in Germany.
The effective tax rates in fiscal 2006 and 2005, were 32.4 percent and 30.6 percent, respectively. In fiscal 2006, we repatriated $500 million from our foreign subsidiaries under the “American Jobs Creation Act of 2004.” This decision resulted in a $3.4 million tax charge during fiscal 2006.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2005 we changed our method of accounting for reporting changes in interim periods to liabilities resulting from changes in judgments or settlements related to uncertain tax positions. We had previously accounted for such changes in judgments and settlements as adjustments to the estimated annual effective rate. We changed our method to account for such changes in judgments and settlements as a discrete item in the interim period of the change. This discrete method recognizes the effect of any change in reserve only in the quarter of the change. The newly adopted accounting method is preferable because it better reflects our consolidated financial position and operations at the time of the change in uncertain tax positions. The adoption of this accounting method did not have an effect on our fiscal 2005 financial statements.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
We primarily finance our working capital requirements through cash generated by operations, borrowings under revolving credit facilities and trade credit, if needed. During fiscal 2007, cash was primarily used to repurchase shares of our common stock, reduce debt, make investments in our manufacturing facilities, make tax payments primarily in Germany, and meet our working capital needs. Cash and cash equivalents were $106.1 million at June 30, 2007 compared to $291.8 million at June 30, 2006.
We will continue to have cash requirements to support seasonal working capital needs, investments in our manufacturing facilities, interest and principal payments, and dividend payments. We intend to use cash on hand, cash generated by operations and borrowings under our revolving credit facility to meet these requirements. We believe that cash from operations and our borrowing capacity, if needed, will be adequate to meet our normal cash requirements over the next twelve months. The proposed merger will result in significantly higher debt and related interest payments.
Below is a more detailed discussion of our cash flow activities during fiscal 2007.
Net cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2007 was $215.3 million compared to $400.0 million in fiscal 2006. The reduction in operating cash flows was primarily due to a decrease in accrued liabilities and increases in inventories and accounts receivable. These increases were partially offset by higher net income in fiscal 2007.
Working capital, excluding cash and short-term debt, was $329.9 million at June 30, 2007 compared to $106.7 million at June 30, 2006. The increase is primarily due to higher inventories and accounts receivable. Automotive inventories increased significantly due to our entry into the PND market in fiscal 2007. Although the accounts receivable balance was higher than a year ago, days sales outstanding was
50.0 days, the same as the prior year. Accrued liabilities decreased primarily due to the reclassification of certain pension liabilities from accrued liabilities to other non-current liabilities upon our adoption of SFAS No. 158, Employers’ Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, which is discussed further in Note 12, Retirement Benefits.
Net cash used in investing activities was $180.0 million in fiscal 2007, compared to $146.7 million in fiscal 2006. This activity primarily reflects investments in our manufacturing facilities. Capital expenditures were $174.8 million in fiscal 2007 and $130.5 million in fiscal 2006. A substantial portion of these expenditures were made to complete our new manufacturing facility in Washington, Missouri. The facility was substantially complete at the end of fiscal 2006. In fiscal 2007, we invested in the necessary equipment and tooling to begin production of infotainment systems in the facility. We also made capital expenditures for a new manufacturing facility in China during this past year. In Europe, we invested in customer tooling and other manufacturing equipment to support infotainment system programs for automotive customers. Capital expenditures were also used for new product tooling for consumer and professional products.
Net cash flows used in financing activities were $222.7 million in fiscal 2007 compared to $260.1 million used in fiscal 2006. During this past year, we paid $128.8 million to repurchase 1.5 million shares of our common stock and we made net payments of $107.6 million on our revolving credit facility. Since the inception of our share repurchase program in June 1998, we have acquired and placed in treasury 18.2 million shares at a cost of $639.6 million through June 30, 2007. Our share repurchase program has been suspended due to our proposed merger with Parent.
Our total debt was $76.5 million at June 30, 2007 primarily comprised of borrowings of $55.0 million under our revolving credit facility and $16.5 million in outstanding principal amount of senior notes. The senior notes had a stated interest rate of 7.32 percent and were due on July 1, 2007. These notes were paid in upon maturity. We also had capital leases and other long-term borrowings of $3.2 million at June 30, 2007. Short-term borrowings included in debt were $1.8 million.
At June 30, 2006, our total debt was $197.6 million primarily comprised of $159.9 million of borrowings under our revolving credit facility. Also included in total debt was $13.2 million principal amount of 7.125 percent senior notes due February 15, 2007 and $16.5 million principal amount of 7.32 percent senior notes due July 1, 2007. We also had capital leases and other long-term borrowings of $6.2 million at June 30, 2007. Short-term borrowings included in debt are $1.8 million at June 30, 2007.
On June 28, 2005, we entered into a $300 million multi-currency revolving credit facility with a group of banks, which under certain circumstances could have been increased to $350 million. This facility expires in June 2010 and replaces the $150 million revolving credit facility that expired on August 14, 2005. On June 22, 2006, we amended and restated our multi-currency revolving credit facility. The Restated Credit Agreement, among other things, added Harman Holding GmbH & Co. KG (“Harman Holding”), a limited partnership organized under the laws of Germany and wholly-owned subsidiary of the company, as an additional borrower. The maximum principal amount of borrowings permitted under the Restated
Agreement remains at $300 million. The Restated Agreement also amends our conditional option to increase the maximum aggregate revolving commitment amount from $350 million to $550 million. At June 30, 2007, we had $55.0 million of borrowings under this credit facility and outstanding letters of credit of $5.6 million. Unused availability under the revolving credit facility was $239.4 million at June 30, 2007. We expect this credit facility will be repaid in full and terminated in connection with the financing associated with the completion of our proposed merger with Parent.
Our long-term debt agreements contain financial and other covenants that, among other things, limit our ability to incur additional indebtedness, restrict subsidiary dividends and distributions, limit our ability to encumber certain assets and restrict our ability to issue capital stock of our subsidiaries. Our long-term debt agreements permit us to pay dividends or repurchase our capital stock without any dollar limitation provided that we would be in compliance with the financial covenants in our revolving credit facility after giving effect to such dividend or repurchase. We were in compliance with the terms of our long-term debt agreements at June 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005.
We have obligations and commitments to make future payments under debt agreements and operating leases. The following table details our financing obligations by due date:
Automotive has received significant awards to develop infotainment systems for customers including BMW, Audi, PSA Peugeot Citroën and Chrysler. We anticipate that our infotainment systems will become increasingly scalable across a full range of luxury, mid-range and entry-level vehicles. In the
future, we expect these systems to include additional functionality that will include driver assist safety measures. Consumer will continue to develop new products that emphasize mobility such as the emerging music-enabled cell phones. Professional will focus on expanding their lineup of products that are enabled with their HiQnet protocol.
We presently expect our proposed merger with KHI Parent to be completed in the fourth quarter of calendar 2007. Following the merger, we will be a wholly owned subsidiary of Parent. Affiliates of KKR and GSCP will hold a majority of the common stock of Parent. This transaction will result in a significant increase in our outstanding debt and we will incur substantial transaction, financing and other expenses in connection with the transaction that are expected to have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations at and for our fiscal year ended June 30, 2008 and future periods.
We are required to include information about potential effects of changes in interest rates and currency exchange rates in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Interest Rate Sensitivity/Risk
At June 30, 2007, interest on approximately 22 percent of our borrowings was determined on a fixed rate basis. The interest rates on the balance of our debt are subject to changes in U.S. and European short-term interest rates. To assess exposure to interest rate changes, we have performed a sensitivity analysis assuming a hypothetical 100 basis point increase or decrease in interest rates across all outstanding debt and investments. Our analysis indicates that the effect on fiscal 2007 net income of such an increase or decrease in interest rates would be approximately $0.4 million. Based on June 30, 2006 positions, the impact of such changes in interest rates was approximately $0.9 million to fiscal 2006 net income.
The following table provides information as of June 30, 2007 about our financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates and debt obligations. The table presents principal cash flows and related average interest rates by contractual maturity dates. Weighted average variable rates are generally based on LIBOR as of the reset dates. The information is presented in U.S. dollar equivalents as of June 30, 2007.
Principal Payments and Interest Rates by Contractual Maturity Dates
Foreign Currency Risk
We maintain significant operations in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Austria, Hungary, Mexico, Switzerland and Sweden. As a result, we are subject to market risks arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, principally the change in the value of the Euro compared to the U.S. Dollar. Our
subsidiaries purchase products and raw materials in various currencies. As a result, we may be exposed to cost changes relative to local currencies in the markets to which we sell our products. To mitigate these risks, we enter into forward foreign exchange contracts. Also, foreign currency positions are partially offsetting and are netted against one another to reduce exposure.
We presently estimate the effect on projected 2008 income before income taxes, based upon a recent estimate of foreign exchange transactional exposure, of a uniform strengthening or uniform weakening of the transaction currency rates of 10 percent would be to increase or decrease income before income taxes by approximately $35 million. As of June 30, 2007, we had hedged a portion of our estimated foreign currency transactions using forward exchange contracts.
We presently estimate the effect on projected 2008 income before income taxes, based upon a recent estimate of foreign exchange translation exposure (translating the operating performance of our foreign subsidiaries into U.S. Dollars), of a uniform strengthening or weakening of the U.S. Dollar by 10 percent would be to increase or decrease income before income taxes by approximately $40 million.
Competitive conditions in the markets in which we operate may limit our ability to increase prices in the event of adverse changes in currency exchange rates. For example, certain products made in the U.S. are sold outside of the U.S. Sales of these products are affected by the value of the U.S. Dollar relative to other currencies. Any long-term strengthening of the U.S. Dollar could depress the demand for these U.S. manufactured products and reduce sales. However, due to the multiple currencies involved in our business and the netting effect of various simultaneous transactions, our foreign currency positions are partially offsetting.
Actual gains and losses in the future may differ materially from the hypothetical gains and losses discussed above based on changes in the timing and amount of interest rate and foreign currency exchange rate movements and our actual exposure and hedging transactions.
Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The management of Harman International is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal control system was designed to provide reasonable assurance to our management and Board of Directors regarding the preparation and the fair presentation of published financial statements. All internal control systems, no matter how well designed, have inherent limitations. Therefore, even those systems determined to be effective can provide only reasonable assurance with respect to financial statement preparation and presentation.
We assessed the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2007. In making this assessment, we used the framework set forth by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (“COSO”) in “Internal Control-Integrated Framework.” Our assessment included an evaluation of such elements as the design and operating effectiveness of key financial reporting controls, process documentation, accounting policies, overall control environment and information systems control environment. Based on our assessment, we have concluded that, as of June 30, 2007, our internal control over financial reporting was effective.
Our assessment of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting, as of June 30, 2007, has been audited by KPMG LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm. KPMG’s report on our internal controls over financial reporting is included herein.
/s/ Kevin L. Brown
Kevin L. Brown
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
/s/ Sandra B. Robinson
Sandra B. Robinson
Vice President – Financial Operations and Chief Accounting Officer
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The Board of Directors and Shareholders
Harman International Industries, Incorporated:
We have audited management’s assessment, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 8, that Harman International Industries, Incorporated maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The management of Harman International Industries, Incorporated is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on management’s assessment and an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating management’s assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, management’s assessment that Harman International Industries, Incorporated maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2007, is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Also, in our opinion, Harman International Industries, Incorporated maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of June 30, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO).
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Harman International Industries, Incorporated and subsidiaries as of June 30, 2007 and 2006, and the related consolidated statements of operations, cash flows and shareholders’ equity and comprehensive income for each of the years in the three-year period ended June 30, 2007 and our report dated August 29, 2007 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
/s/ KPMG LLP
August 29, 2007