Heritage Financial 10-Q 2012
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2012 March 31, 2012
Commission File Number 0-29480
HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨ No x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the last practicable date:
As of April 13, 2012 there were 15,475,757 common shares outstanding, with no par value, of the registrant.
HERITAGE FINANCIAL CORPORATION
FORWARD LOOKING STATEMENT
Forward Looking Statements
Safe Harbor statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: This Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to: the credit risks of lending activities, including changes in the level and trend of loan delinquencies and write-offs and changes in our allowance for loan losses and provision for loan losses that may be impacted by deterioration in the housing and commercial real estate markets; changes in general economic conditions, either nationally or in our market areas; changes in the levels of general interest rates, and the relative differences between short and long term interest rates, deposit interest rates, our net interest margin and funding sources; risks related to acquiring assets in or entering markets in which we have not previously operated and may not be familiar; fluctuations in the demand for loans, the number of unsold homes and other properties and fluctuations in real estate values in our market areas; results of examinations of us by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Federal Reserve Board) and of our bank subsidiaries by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (the FDIC), the Washington State Department of Financial Institutions, Division of Banks (the Washington DFI) or other regulatory authorities, including the possibility that any such regulatory authority may, among other things, require us to increase our reserve for loan losses, write-down assets, change our regulatory capital position or affect our ability to borrow funds or maintain or increase deposits, which could adversely affect our liquidity and earnings; legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect our business including changes in regulatory policies and principles, including the interpretation of regulatory capital or other rules including changes from the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and regulations that have been or will be promulgated thereunder; our ability to control operating costs and expenses; the use of estimates in determining fair value of certain of our assets, which estimates may prove to be incorrect and result in significant declines in valuation; difficulties in reducing risk associated with the loans on our balance sheet; staffing fluctuations in response to product demand or the implementation of corporate strategies that affect our workforce and potential associated charges; computer systems on which we depend could fail or experience a security breach; our ability to retain key members of our senior management team; costs and effects of litigation, including settlements and judgments; our ability to implement our expansion strategy; our ability to successfully integrate any assets, liabilities, customers, systems, and management personnel we have acquired including the Cowlitz Bank and Pierce Commercial Bank transactions or may in the future acquire into our operations and our ability to realize related revenue synergies and cost savings within expected time frames and any goodwill charges related thereto; risks relating to acquiring assets or entering markets in which we have not previously operated and may not be familiar; changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits; the availability of resources to address changes in laws, rules, or regulations or to respond to regulatory actions; adverse changes in the securities markets; inability of key third-party providers to perform their obligations to us; changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the financial institution regulatory agencies or the Financial Accounting Standards Board, including additional guidance and interpretation on accounting issues and details of the implementation of new accounting methods; other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, and technological factors affecting our operations, pricing, products and services; and other risks detailed from time to time in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Moreover, you should treat these statements as speaking only as of the date they are made and based only on information then actually known to the Company. The Company does not undertake and specifically disclaims any obligation to revise any forward-looking statements to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements. These risks could cause our actual results for 2012 and beyond to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements by, or on behalf of, us, and could negatively affect the Companys operating and stock price performance.
As used throughout this report, the terms we, our, us, or the Company refer to Heritage Financial Corporation and its consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context otherwise requires.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(Dollars in thousands, except for per share amounts)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Dollars in thousands, except for per share amounts)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Dollars in thousands, except for per share amounts)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED
MARCH 31, 2012
(Dollars and shares in thousands)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
(Dollars in thousands)
See Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 and 2011
NOTE 1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation
(a) Description of Business
Heritage Financial Corporation (the Company) is a bank holding company incorporated in the State of Washington in August 1997. The Company is primarily engaged in the business of planning, directing and coordinating the business activities of its wholly owned subsidiaries: Heritage Bank and Central Valley Bank (the Banks). The Banks are Washington-chartered commercial banks and their deposits are insured by the FDIC under the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF). Heritage Bank conducts business from its main office in Olympia, Washington and its twenty-six branch offices located in western Washington and the greater Portland, Oregon area. Central Valley Bank conducts business from its main office in Toppenish, Washington and its five branch offices located in Yakima and Kittitas counties of Washington State.
The Companys business consists primarily of lending and deposit relationships with small businesses and their owners in its market areas and attracting deposits from the general public. The Company also makes real estate construction and land development loans, one-to-four family residential loans, and consumer loans and originates for sale or investment purposes first mortgage loans on residential properties located in western and central Washington State and the greater Portland, Oregon area.
Effective July 30, 2010, Heritage Bank entered into a definitive agreement with the FDIC, pursuant to which Heritage Bank acquired certain assets and assumed certain liabilities of Cowlitz Bank, a Washington state-chartered bank headquartered in Longview, Washington (the Cowlitz Acquisition). The Cowlitz Acquisition included nine branches of Cowlitz Bank, including its division Bay Bank, which opened as branches of Heritage Bank as of August 2, 2010. It also included the Trust Services Division of Cowlitz Bank. Effective November 5, 2010, Heritage Bank entered into a definitive agreement with the FDIC, pursuant to which Heritage Bank acquired certain assets and assumed certain liabilities of Pierce Commercial Bank, a Washington state-chartered bank headquartered in Tacoma, Washington (the Pierce Commercial Acquisition). The Pierce Commercial Acquisition included one branch, which opened as a branch of Heritage Bank as of November 8, 2010. The Cowlitz Acquisition and the Pierce Commercial Acquisition are collectively referred to as the Cowlitz and Pierce Acquisitions.
(b) Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), for interim financial information, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read with our December 31, 2011 audited consolidated financial statements and its accompanying notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K (Form 10-K). In our opinion, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2012 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2012. In preparing the condensed consolidated financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates related to fair value measurements, the allowance for loan losses, expected cash flows from and indemnification asset related to purchased loans, other real estate owned, other than temporary impairment of investment securities, goodwill and other intangible assets, stock-based compensation and income taxes are particularly subject to change.
Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current years presentation. Reclassifications had no effect on prior period net income or stockholders equity.
(c) Significant Accounting Policies
The significant accounting policies used in preparation of our consolidated financial statements are disclosed in our 2011 Annual Form 10-K. There have not been any material changes in our significant accounting policies compared to those contained in our Form 10-K disclosure for the year ended December 31, 2011.
(d) Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Accounting Standards Updates (ASU) 2011-04, Amendments to Achieve Common Fair Value Measurement and Disclosure Requirements in U.S. GAAP and IFRSs, was issued in May 2011 as a result of the FASB and International Accounting Standards Boards (IASB) goal to develop common requirements for measuring fair value and for disclosing information about fair value measurements in accordance with U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting
Standards. The provisions of this Update are effective during the interim or annual periods beginning after December 15, 2011, and are to be applied prospectively. The adoption of the Update did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements, but the additional disclosures are included in Note 10.
FASB ASU 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income, was issued in June 2011 requiring that all non-owner changes in stockholders equity be presented either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. This Update also requires that reclassification adjustments for items that are reclassified from other comprehensive income to net income be presented on the face of the financial statements. The provisions of this Update are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2011, and are to be applied retrospectively. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of the Update did not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements at the date of adoption. The Company has presented condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011 as a separate statement immediately following the condensed consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011.
FASB ASU 2011-12, Deferral of the Effective Date for Amendments to the Presentation of Reclassifications of Items Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income in Accounting Standards Update No. 2011-05, was issued in December 2011 updating and superseding certain pending paragraphs relating to the presentation on the face of the financial statements the effects of reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income on the components of net income and other comprehensive income. This Update is effective concurrent with ASU 2011-05, Presentation of Comprehensive Income, and will not have a material effect on the Companys consolidated financial statements at the date of adoption.
NOTE 2. Loans Receivable
The Company originates loans under the normal course of business. These loans are identified as originated loans. Disclosures related to the Companys recorded investment in originated loans receivable generally exclude accrued interest receivable and deferred loan origination fees and costs due to their insignificance. The Company has also acquired loans through FDIC-assisted transactions. Loans acquired in a business acquisition are designated as purchased loans. The Bank refers to the purchased loans subject to the shared-loss agreements as covered loans, and those loans without a shared-loss agreement are referred to as non-covered loan. Loans purchased with evidence of credit deterioration since origination for which it is probable that all contractually required payments will not be collected are accounted for under FASB Accounting Standards Codification (FASB ASC) 310-30, Loans and Debt Securities Acquired with Deteriorated Credit Quality. These loans are identified as purchased impaired loans. Loans purchased that are not accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30 are accounted for under FASB ASC 310-20, ReceivablesNonrefundable fees and Other Costs. These loans are identified as purchased other loans.
(a) Loan Origination/Risk Management
The Company originates loans in one of the four segments of the total loan portfolio: commercial business, real estate construction and land development, one-to-four family residential, and consumer. Within these segments are classes of loans to which management monitors and assesses credit risk in the loan portfolios. The Company has certain lending policies and procedures in place that are designed to maximize loan income within an acceptable level of risk. Management reviews and approves these policies and procedures on a regular basis. A reporting system supplements the review process by providing management with frequent reports related to loan production, loan quality, concentrations of credit, loan delinquencies, and nonperforming and potential problem loans. The Company also conducts external loan reviews and validates the credit risk assessment on a periodic basis. Results of these reviews are presented to management. The loan review process complements and reinforces the risk identification and assessment decisions made by lenders and credit personnel, as well as the Companys policies and procedures.
A discussion of the risk characteristics of each portfolio segments is as follows:
Commercial Business: There are three significant classes of loans in the commercial portfolio segment, including commercial and industrial loans, owner-occupied commercial real estate, and non-owner occupied commercial real estate. The owner and non-owner occupied commercial real estate are both considered commercial real estate loans. As the commercial and industrial loans carry different risk characteristics than the commercial real estate loans, management will discuss them separately.
Commercial and industrial. Commercial and industrial loans are primarily made based on the identified cash flows of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. The cash flows of borrowers, however, may not be as expected and the collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value. Most commercial and industrial loans are secured by the assets being financed or other business assets such as accounts receivable or inventory and may incorporate a personal guarantee; however, some short-term loans may be made on an unsecured basis. In the case of loans secured by accounts receivable, the availability of funds for the repayment of these loans may be substantially dependent on the ability of the borrower to collect amounts due from its customers.
Commercial real estate. The Company originates multifamily and commercial real estate loans within its primary market areas. These loans are subject to underwriting standards and processes similar to commercial and industrial loans, in addition to those of real estate loans. These loans are viewed primarily as cash flow loans and secondarily as loans secured by real estate. Commercial real estate involves more risk than other classes in that the lending typically involves higher loan principal amounts, and payments on loans secured by real estate properties are dependent on successful operation and management of the properties. Repayment of these loans may be more adversely affected by conditions in the real estate market or the economy.
One-to-Four Family Residential: The majority of the Companys one-to four-family residential loans are secured by single-family residences located in its primary market areas. The Companys underwriting standards require that single-family portfolio loans generally are owner-occupied and do not exceed 80% of the lower of appraised value at origination or cost of the underlying collateral. Terms typically range from 15 to 30 years. The Company generally sells most single-family loans in the secondary market. Management determines to what extent the Company will retain or sell these loans and other fixed rate mortgages in order to control the Banks interest rate sensitivity position, growth and liquidity.
Real Estate Construction and Land Development: The Company originates construction loans for one-to-four family residential and for five or more residential properties and commercial properties. The one-to-four family residential construction loans generally include construction of custom homes whereby the home buyer is the borrower. The Company also provides financing to builders for the construction of pre-sold homes and, in selected cases, to builders for the construction of speculative residential property. Substantially all construction loans are short-term in nature and priced with a variable rate of interest. Construction lending can involve a higher level of risk than other types of lending because funds are advanced partially based upon the value of the project, which is uncertain prior to the projects completion. Because of the uncertainties inherent in estimating construction costs as well as the market value of a completed project and the effects of governmental regulation of real property, the Companys estimates with regards to the total funds required to complete a project and the related loan-to-value ratio may vary from actual results. As a result, construction loans often involve the disbursement of substantial funds with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project and the ability of the borrower to sell or lease the property or refinance the indebtedness. If the Companys estimate of the value of a project at completion proves to be overstated, it may have inadequate security for repayment of the loan and may incur a loss in the event the borrower does not repay the loan. Sources of repayment for these types of loans may be pre-committed permanent loans from approved long-term lenders, sales of developed property or an interim loan commitment from the Company until permanent financing is obtained. These loans are closely monitored by on-site inspections and are considered to have higher risks than other real estate loans due to their ultimate repayment being sensitive to interest rate changes, governmental regulation of real property, general economic conditions and the availability of long-term financing.
Consumer: The Company originates consumer loans and lines of credit that are both secured and unsecured. The underwriting process is developed to ensure a qualifying primary and secondary source of repayment. Underwriting standards for home equity loans are heavily influenced by statutory requirements, which include, but are not limited to, a maximum loan-to-value percentage of 80%, collection remedies, the number of such loans a borrower can have at one time and documentation requirements. To monitor and manage consumer loan risk, policies and procedures are developed and modified, as needed. The majority of the consumer loans are relatively small amounts spread across many individual borrowers which minimizes the credit risk. Additionally, trend reports are reviewed by management on a regular basis.
Originated loans receivable at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of the following portfolio segments and classes:
The recorded investment of purchased covered loans receivable at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of the following portfolio segments and classes:
The March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 gross recorded investment balance of purchased impaired covered loans accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30 was $74.0 million and $78.7 million, respectively. The gross recorded investment balance of purchased other covered loans was $30.6 million and $30.7 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the recorded investment balance of purchased covered loans which are no longer covered under the FDIC loss-sharing agreements was $3.6 million and $3.8 million, respectively.
Funds advanced on the purchased covered loans subsequent to acquisition, identified as subsequent advances, are included in the purchased covered loan balances as these subsequent advances are covered under the loss-sharing agreements. These subsequent advances are not accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30. The total balance of subsequent advances on the purchased covered loans was $13.5 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
The recorded investment of purchased non-covered loans receivable at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 consisted of the following portfolio segments and classes:
The March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 gross recorded investment balance of impaired purchased non-covered loans accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30 was $49.2 million and $56.1 million, respectively. The recorded investment balance of other purchased non-covered loans was $30.5 million and $32.0 million at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.
(b) Concentrations of Credit
Most of the Companys lending activity occurs within the State of Washington, and to a lesser extent the State of Oregon. The primary market areas include Thurston, Pierce, King, Mason, Cowlitz and Clark counties in Washington and Multnomah county in Oregon, as well as other markets. The majority of the Companys loan portfolio consists of commercial and industrial, non-owner occupied commercial real estate, and owner occupied commercial real estate. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, there were no concentrations of loans related to any single industry in excess of 10% of total loans.
(c) Credit Quality Indicators
As part of the on-going monitoring of the credit quality of the Companys loan portfolio, management tracks certain credit quality indicators including trends related to (i) the risk grade of the loans, (ii) the level of classified loans, (iii) net charge-offs, (iv) nonperforming loans, and (v) the general economic conditions of the United States of America, and specifically the states of Washington and Oregon. The Company utilizes a risk grading matrix to assign a risk grade to each of its loans. Loans are graded on a scale of 0 to 9, and a W. A description of the general characteristics of the risk grades is as follows:
Grades 0 to 5: These grades are considered pass grade with negligible to above average but acceptable risk. These borrowers generally have strong to acceptable capital levels and consistent earnings and debt service capacity. Loans with the higher grades within the pass category may include borrowers who are experiencing unusual operating difficulties, but have acceptable payment performance to date. Increased monitoring of financials and/or collateral may be appropriate. Overall, loans with this grade show no immediate loss exposure.
Grade W: This grade includes loans on managements watch list and is intended to be utilized on a temporary basis for pass grade borrowers where a potentially significant risk-modifying action is anticipated in the near term.
Grade 6: This grade is for Other Assets Especially Mentioned (OAEM) in accordance with regulatory guidelines, and is intended to highlight loans with elevated risks. Loans with this grade show signs of deteriorating profits and capital, and the borrower might not be strong enough to sustain a major setback. The borrower is typically higher than normally leveraged, and outside support might be modest and likely illiquid. The loan is at risk of further decline unless active measures are taken to correct the situation.
Grade 7: This grade includes Substandard loans, in accordance with regulatory guidelines, for which the loan has a high risk. The loan also has well-defined weaknesses which make payment default or principal exposure likely, but not yet certain. The borrower may have shown serious negative trends in financial ratios and performance. Such loans are apt to be dependent upon collateral liquidation, a secondary source of repayment or an event outside of the normal course of business. Loans with this grade can be accrual or nonaccrual status based on the Companys accrual policy.
Grade 8: This grade includes Doubtful loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines, and the Company has determined these loans to have excessive risk. Such loans are placed on nonaccrual status and may be dependent upon collateral having a value that is difficult to determine or upon some near-term event which lacks certainty. Additionally, these loans generally have a specific valuation allowance.
Grade 9: This grade includes Loss loans in accordance with regulatory guidelines. These loans are determined to have the highest risk of loss. Such loans are charged-off or charged-down when payment is acknowledged to be uncertain or when the timing or value of payments cannot be determined. Loss is not intended to imply that the loan or some portion of it will never be paid, nor does it in any way imply that there has been a forgiveness of debt.
Loan grades for all commercial business loans and real estate construction and land development loans are established at the origination of the loan. One-to-four family residential loans and consumer loans (non-commercial loans) are not graded as a 0 to 9 at origination date as these loans are determined to be pass graded loans. These non-commercial loans may subsequently require a 0-9 risk grade if the credit department has evaluated the credit and determined it necessary to classify the loan. Loan grades are reviewed on a quarterly basis, or more frequently if necessary, by the credit department. Typically, an individual loan grade will not be changed from the prior period unless there is a specific indication of credit deterioration or improvement. Credit deterioration is evidenced by delinquency, direct communications with the borrower, or other borrower information that becomes known to management. Credit improvements are evidenced by known facts regarding the borrower or the collateral property.
The loan grades relate to the likelihood of losses in that the higher the grade, the greater the loss potential. Loans with a pass grade are believed to have some inherent losses in the portfolios, but at a lesser extent than the other loan grades. These pass graded loans might have a zero percent loss based on historical experience and current market trends. The OAEM loan grade is transitory in that the Company is waiting on additional information to determine the likelihood and extent of the potential loss. However, the likelihood of loss is greater than Watch grade because there has been measurable credit deterioration. Loans with a Substandard grade are generally loans for which the Company has individually analyzed for potential impairment. For Doubtful and Loss graded loans, the Company is almost certain of the losses, and the unpaid principal balances are generally charged-off.
The following tables present the balance of the originated loans receivable by credit quality indicator as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
The tables above include impaired loan balances. Potential problem loans are those loans that are currently accruing interest and are not considered impaired, but which management is monitoring because the financial information of the borrower causes concern as to their ability to meet their loan repayment terms. Potential problem originated loans as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were $31.3 million and $29.7 million, respectively. The balance of potential problem originated loans guaranteed by a governmental agency was $2.6 million and $2.8 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. This guarantee reduces the Companys credit exposure.
The following tables present the recorded balance of the purchased other covered and non-covered loans receivable by credit quality indicator as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011.
Originated nonaccrual loans, segregated by segments and classes of loans, were as follows as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
The recorded investment balance of purchased other nonaccrual loan, segregated by segments and classes of loans, were as follows as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011:
The Company performs aging analysis of past due loans using the categories of 30-89 days past due and 90 or more days past due. This policy is consistent with regulatory reporting requirements. The balances of originated past due loans, segregated by segments and classes of loans, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 were as follows:
The balances of purchased other past due loans, segregated by segments and classes of loans, as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are as follows:
Impaired originated loans (including restructured loans) at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 are set forth in the following tables.
The Company had governmental guarantees of $2.4 million and $1.8 million related to the impaired originated loan balances at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively.
The Company had $28,000 and $9,000 of purchased other impaired loans as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. The recorded investment balances for the purchased other impaired consumer loan was $9,000 with a specific valuation allowance of $5,000 as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. The recorded investment balance for the commercial and industrial loan was $19,000 with no related specific valuation allowance as of March 31, 2012. The commercial and industrial loan was not impaired as of December 31, 2011. The unpaid contractual balances of the purchased other impaired loans and the average recorded investment were equal to the recorded investment balances for both period ends.
For the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 no interest income was recognized subsequent to a loans classification as impaired.
(f) Troubled Debt Restructured Loans
A troubled debt restructured loan (TDR) is a restructuring in which the Banks, for economic or legal reasons related to a borrowers financial difficulties, grants a concession to the borrower that it would not otherwise consider. TDRs are considered impaired and are separately measured for impairment under ASC 310-10-35, whether on accrual or nonaccrual status. At March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the balance of originated accruing TDRs was $14.6 million and $13.8 million, respectively. The related allowance for loan losses on the originated accruing TDRs was $1.7 million and $1.4 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, respectively. At March 31, 2012, originated non-accruing TDRs were $10.7 million and had a related allowance for loan losses of $2.1 million. At December 31, 2011, originated non-accruing TDRs of $11.7 million had a related allowance for loan losses of $1.8 million.
Originated troubled debt restructured loans that were modified during the three-months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 are set forth in the following table:
The Banks recorded investment in the loans shown in the table above did not change as a result of the modifications as the Banks did not forgive any principal or interest balance as part of the modification.
Heritage Bank also recorded a TDR for a non-performing purchased other covered loan during the three-months ended March 31, 2012. The recorded investment balance of this commercial and industrial loan was $19,000, with no related allowance for loan loss at March 31, 2012. There were no purchased other loans modified during the three-months ended March 31, 2011.
The majority of the Banks TDRs are a result of granting extensions to troubled credits which have already been adversely classified. We grant such extensions to reassess the borrowers financial status and develop a plan for repayment. Certain modifications with extensions also include interest rate reductions, which is the second most prevalent concession. Certain TDRs were additionally re-amortized over a longer period of time. These modifications would all be considered a concession for a borrower that could not obtain financing outside of the Banks.
The financial effects of each modification will vary based on the specific restructure. For the majority of the Banks TDRs, the loans were interest-only with a balloon payment at maturity. If the interest rate is not adjusted and the terms are consistent with market, the Banks might not experience any loss associated with the restructure. If, however, the restructure involves forbearance agreements or interest rate modifications, the Banks might not collect all the principal and interest based on the original contractual terms. The Banks estimate the necessary allowance for loan losses on TDRs using the same guidance as other impaired loans.
The balance of TDRs modified during the twelve-months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 that subsequently defaulted within the three-months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 after the restructure date were as follows:
Of the restructured loans as of March 31, 2012 in the table above, the defaults of the three commercial and industrial loans were the results of granting additional extensions on the credits after they had been classified as TDRs. The Banks typically grant shorter extension periods to continually monitor the troubled credits despite the fact that the extended date might not be the date we expect the cash flow. The Banks have considered these subsequent defaults in our allowance for loan loss calculations. At March 31, 2012, the allowance for loan losses related to the defaulted loans was $23,000. There were no subsequent defaults during the three-months ended March 31, 2011.
(g) Impaired Purchased Loans
As indicated above, the Company purchased impaired loans from the Cowlitz and Pierce Acquisitions which are accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30.
The following tables reflect the outstanding balance at March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011 of the purchased impaired loans:
The total balance of subsequent advances on the purchased impaired covered loans was $10.5 million as of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Heritage Bank has the option to modify certain purchased covered loans which may terminate the FDIC loss-share coverage on those modified loans. As of March 31, 2012 and December 31, 2011, the recorded investment balance of purchased impaired covered loans which are no longer covered under the FDIC loss-sharing agreements was $1.5 million and $2.0 million, respectively. Heritage Bank continues to report these loans in the covered portfolio as they are in a pool and they continue to be accounted for under FASB ASC 310-30. The FDIC indemnification asset has been properly adjusted to reflect the change in the loan status.
On the acquisition date, the amount by which the undiscounted expected cash flows of the purchased impaired loans exceed the estimate fair value of the loan is the accretable yield. The accretable yield is then measured at each financial reporting date and represents the difference between the remaining undiscounted expected cash flows and the current carrying value of the purchased impaired loan.
The following table summarizes the accretable yield on the Cowlitz Bank and Pierce Commercial Bank purchased impaired loans for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and 2011:
NOTE 3. Allowance for Loan Losses
The allowance for loan losses is maintained at a level deemed appropriate by management to adequately provide for known and inherent risks in the loan portfolio. A summary of the changes in the originated loans allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 are as follows:
A summary of the changes in the purchased loans allowance for loan losses for the three months ended March 31, 2012 and March 31, 2011 are as follows:
The following table details activity in the allowance for loan losses disaggregated on the basis of the Companys impairment method as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2012:
The purchased loans acquired in the Cowlitz and Pierce Acquisitions are subject to the Companys internal and external credit review. If and when credit deterioration occurs subsequent to the acquisition dates, a provision for loan losses will be charged to earnings for the full amount without regard to the FDIC loss-sharing agreement for the covered loan balances. The portion of the estimated loss reimbursable from the FDIC is recorded in noninterest income and increases the FDIC indemnification asset.
The following table details the recorded investment balance of the loan receivables disaggregated on the basis of the Companys impairment method as of March 31, 2012:
The following table details the balance in the allowance for loan losses disaggregated on the basis of the Companys impairment method for the three-months ended March 31, 2011 and as of December 31, 2011:
The following table details the recorded investment balance of the loan receivables disaggregated on the basis of the Companys impairment method for the year ended December 31, 2011: