This excerpt taken from the HPQ 10-K filed Jan 14, 2005.
On May 3, 2002, HP acquired all of the outstanding stock of Compaq Computer Corporation ("Compaq"), a leading global provider of information technology products, services and solutions, in exchange for 0.6325 shares of HP common stock for each outstanding share of Compaq common stock and the assumption of options to purchase Compaq common stock based on the same ratio. In addition, HP assumed certain Compaq stock plans. The acquisition of Compaq has enhanced HP's competitive position in key industries, while strengthening its sales force and relationships with strategic customer bases. The acquisition has enabled HP to focus on strategic product and customer bases, achieve significant cost synergies and economies of scale and improve the results of its Enterprise Storage and Servers ("ESS") and Software businesses (formerly combined as the Enterprise Systems Group), Personal Systems Group ("PSG") and HP Services ("HPS") businesses. Furthermore, these cost savings offer strategic benefits by reducing HP's cost structure in competitive businesses such as personal computers ("PCs"). The acquisition also has allowed the Imaging and Printing Group ("IPG") to leverage the interrelationship between PC and printer sales and utilize Compaq's direct distribution capabilities. HP derived the exchange ratio in the acquisition from estimates of future revenue and earnings of the combined company assuming completion of the acquisition, and from measuring the relative contributions of each of HP and Compaq to achieving these forecasted results, in addition to measuring the relative ownership of the combined company implied by their contributions. This transaction resulted in the issuance of approximately 1.1 billion shares of HP common stock with a fair value of approximately $22.7 billion, the assumption of Compaq options to purchase approximately 200 million shares of HP common stock with a Black-Scholes fair value of approximately $1.4 billion and estimated direct transaction costs of $79 million, for a total purchase price of $24.2 billion. The fair value of HP common stock was derived using an average market price per share of HP common stock of $20.92, which was based on an average of the closing prices for a range of trading days around September 3, 2001, the announcement date of the acquisition.
Of the total purchase price for this acquisition, $14.5 billion was allocated to goodwill, $3.5 billion was allocated to amortizable purchased intangible assets and $1.4 billion was allocated to intangible assets with an indefinite life. The purchase price also included $18.4 billion of additional assets and $14.3 billion of assumed liabilities. HP is amortizing the purchased intangibles on a straight-line basis over weighted average estimated useful lives of approximately 9 years for customer contracts and approximately 6 years for developed and core technology and patents. The intangible asset with an indefinite life is the Compaq trade name. This intangible asset will not be amortized because it has an indefinite remaining useful life based on many factors and considerations, including the length of time that the Compaq name has been in use, the Compaq brand awareness and market position and the plans for continued use of the Compaq brand within a portion of HP's overall product portfolio.
Of the total purchase price, $735 million was allocated to IPR&D and was expensed in the third quarter of fiscal 2002. Projects that qualify as IPR&D represent those that have not yet reached technological feasibility and for which no future alternative uses exist. Technological feasibility is defined as being equivalent to a beta-phase working prototype in which there is no remaining risk relating to the development.
The value assigned to IPR&D was determined by considering the importance of each project to the overall development plan, estimating costs to develop the purchased IPR&D into commercially viable products, estimating the resulting net cash flows from the projects when completed and discounting the net cash flows to their present value. The revenue estimates used to value the purchased IPR&D were based on estimates of the relevant market sizes and growth factors, expected trends in technology and the nature and expected timing of new product introductions by Compaq and its competitors.
The rates utilized to discount the net cash flows to their present values were based on Compaq's weighted average cost of capital. The weighted average cost of capital was adjusted to reflect the difficulties and uncertainties in completing each project and thereby achieving technological feasibility, the percentage-of-completion of each project, anticipated market acceptance and penetration, market growth rates and risks related to the impact of potential changes in future target markets. Based on these factors, discount rates that range from 25% - 42% were deemed appropriate for valuing the IPR&D.
In accordance with the terms of Compaq's equity-based plans, all of Compaq's outstanding options that were granted prior to September 1, 2001 vested upon Compaq stockholder approval of the acquisition. The intrinsic value of unvested Compaq options of approximately $70 million as of May 3, 2002, which relates to options granted subsequent to August 31, 2001, was allocated to deferred compensation in the purchase price allocation. HP amortizes the deferred compensation over the remaining vesting period of the options, which was approximately 3.5 years at May 3, 2002.