HPQ » Topics » Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

These excerpts taken from the HPQ 10-K filed Dec 18, 2008.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements


Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

    Principles of Consolidation

        The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Hewlett-Packard Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its controlled majority-owned subsidiaries (collectively, "HP"). HP accounts for equity investments in companies over which HP has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not hold a controlling interest, under the equity method, and HP records its proportionate share of income or losses in interest and other, net in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. HP has eliminated all significant intercompany accounts and transactions.

    Business Combinations

        HP records all acquisitions using the purchase method of accounting and, accordingly, included the results of operations in HP's consolidated results as of the date of each acquisition. HP allocates the purchase price of its acquisitions to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed and intangible assets acquired, including in-process research & development ("IPR&D") charges, based on their estimated fair values. The excess purchase price over those fair values is recorded as goodwill. See Note 6 for further discussion of HP acquisition activities.

    Reclassifications and Segment Reorganization

        HP has made certain organizational realignments in order to optimize its operating structure. Reclassifications of prior year financial information have been made to conform to the current year presentation. None of the changes impacts HP's previously reported consolidated net revenue, earnings from operations, net earnings or net earnings per share.

        HP has revised the presentation of its Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2007 and 2006 to provide improved visibility and comparability with the current year presentation. This change does not affect previously reported results of operations for any period presented.

    Use of Estimates

        The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in HP's Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.

    Revenue Recognition

        Net revenue is derived primarily from the sale of products and services. The following revenue recognition policies define the manner in which HP accounts for sales transactions.

        HP recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services are rendered, the sales price or fee is fixed or determinable and collectability is reasonably assured. Additionally when HP recognizes revenue on sales to channel partners, including resellers, distributors or value-added solution providers, we do so when the channel partners have economic substance apart from HP and we have completed our obligations related to the sale.

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Table of Contents


HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)

Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)

        When a sales arrangement contains multiple elements, such as hardware and software products, licenses and/or services, HP allocates revenue to each element based on its relative fair value, or for software, based on vendor specific objective evidence ("VSOE") of fair value. In the absence of fair value for a delivered element, HP first allocates revenue to the fair value of the undelivered elements and the residual revenue to the delivered elements. Where the fair value for an undelivered element cannot be determined, HP defers revenue for the delivered elements until the undelivered elements are delivered or the fair value is determinable for the remaining undelivered elements. If the revenue for a delivered item is not recognized because it is not separable from the undelivered item, then HP also defers the cost of the delivered item. HP limits the amount of revenue recognition for delivered elements to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of products or services or subject to customer-specified return or refund privileges.

        In instances when revenue is derived from sales of third-party vendor services, revenue is recorded at gross when the company is a principal to the transaction and net of costs when the company is acting as an agent between the customer and the vendor. Several factors are considered to determine whether the company is an agent or principal, most notably whether the company is the primary obligator to the customer, has established its own pricing, and has inventory and credit risks.

        The company reports revenue net of any required taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities, with the collected taxes recorded as current liabilities until remitted to the relevant government authority.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements



NAME="fi72001_note_1__summary_of_significant_accounting_policies">


Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies





    Principles of Consolidation





        The Consolidated Financial Statements include the accounts of Hewlett-Packard Company, its wholly-owned subsidiaries and its controlled
majority-owned subsidiaries (collectively, "HP"). HP accounts for equity investments in companies over which HP has the ability to exercise significant influence, but does not hold a controlling
interest, under the equity method, and HP records its proportionate share of income or losses in interest and other, net in the Consolidated Statements of Earnings. HP has eliminated all significant
intercompany accounts and transactions.





    Business Combinations





        HP records all acquisitions using the purchase method of accounting and, accordingly, included the results of operations in HP's
consolidated results as of the date of each acquisition. HP allocates the purchase price of its acquisitions to the tangible assets acquired, liabilities assumed and intangible assets acquired,
including in-process research & development ("IPR&D") charges, based on their estimated fair values. The excess purchase price over those fair values is recorded as goodwill. See
Note 6 for further discussion of HP acquisition activities.





    Reclassifications and Segment Reorganization





        HP has made certain organizational realignments in order to optimize its operating structure. Reclassifications of prior year financial
information have been made to conform to the current year presentation. None of the changes impacts HP's previously reported consolidated net revenue, earnings from operations, net earnings or net
earnings per share.



        HP
has revised the presentation of its Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the fiscal years ended October 31, 2007 and 2006 to provide improved visibility and comparability
with the current year presentation. This change does not affect previously reported results of operations for any period presented.





    Use of Estimates





        The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make
estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in HP's Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates.





    Revenue Recognition





        Net revenue is derived primarily from the sale of products and services. The following revenue recognition policies define the manner
in which HP accounts for sales transactions.



        HP
recognizes revenue when persuasive evidence of a sales arrangement exists, delivery has occurred or services are rendered, the sales price or fee is fixed or determinable and
collectability is reasonably assured. Additionally when HP recognizes revenue on sales to channel partners, including resellers, distributors or value-added solution providers, we do so when the
channel partners have economic substance apart from HP and we have completed our obligations related to the sale.



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HREF="#bg72001a_main_toc">Table of Contents





HEWLETT-PACKARD COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES



Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (Continued)



Note 1: Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Continued)




        When
a sales arrangement contains multiple elements, such as hardware and software products, licenses and/or services, HP allocates revenue to each element based on its relative fair
value, or for software, based on vendor specific objective evidence ("VSOE") of fair value. In the absence of fair value for a delivered element, HP first allocates revenue to the fair value of the
undelivered elements and the residual revenue to the delivered elements. Where the fair value for an undelivered element cannot be determined, HP defers revenue for the delivered elements until the
undelivered elements are delivered or the fair value is determinable for the remaining undelivered elements. If the revenue for a delivered item is not recognized because it is not separable from the
undelivered item, then HP also defers the cost of the delivered item. HP limits the amount of revenue recognition for delivered elements to the amount that is not contingent on the future delivery of
products or services or subject to customer-specified return or refund privileges.



        In
instances when revenue is derived from sales of third-party vendor services, revenue is recorded at gross when the company is a principal to the transaction and net of costs when the
company is acting as an agent between the customer and the vendor. Several factors are considered to determine whether the company is an agent or principal, most notably whether the company is the
primary obligator to the customer, has established its own pricing, and has inventory and credit risks.




        The
company reports revenue net of any required taxes collected from customers and remitted to government authorities, with the collected taxes recorded as current liabilities until
remitted to the relevant government authority.





EXCERPTS ON THIS PAGE:

10-K (2 sections)
Dec 18, 2008
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