Hornbeck Offshore Services operates offshore supply vessels (OSVs), multi-purpose support vessels (MPSVs), and a shore-base facility. The company makes money by providing logistics support and specialty services to the offshore oil and gas exploration and production industry, primarily in the US, Gulf of Mexico, and select international markets. With increased regulation following incidents in offshore drilling in the Gulf of Mexico (GoM) such as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill by BP (BP), Hornbeck has been forced to diversify its business line from traditional upstream GoM based operations.
Hornbeck comprises of two business units:
Most of HOS's operations are center around the Gulf of Mexico (GoM), but following BP's oil spill in the Deepwater Horizon incident, government regulations concerning offshore oil drilling particularly in the Gulf of Mexico have heightened, thereby influencing the bottom line for companies like HOS. In particular, the US government, through OPA 90, assigns liability to each responsible party for oil removal costs and a variety of public and private damages. Since HOS operates as a support group for oil drilling operations in the GoM, the company is likely to be liable to some extent should incidents occur in the GoM again.
The industry in which HOS operates under incurs high levels of fixed costs through its OSV and MPSVs, which are unable to be easily changed regardless of level of business activity. These high costs especially hurt in times of low productivity due to reduced demand. Further weather interruptions such as during Hurricane Season causes significant negative effects as HOS continues to incur costs regardless the equipment is at bay or out at sea.
HOS competes with other offshore drilling support companies such as: