IDT 8-K 2011
IDT Corporation Reports First Quarter Fiscal 2012 Results and Declares Quarterly Dividend
NEWARK, NJ — December 12, 2011>: IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) reported record revenue of $376.8 million and a net loss attributable to IDT of $(4.3) million - $(0.21) per diluted share -for its first quarter of fiscal 2012, the three months ended October 31, 2011. Operating results for the quarter include the impact of $11.3 million in expense resulting from the settlement of a legal claim.
IDT’s Board also declared a quarterly dividend of $0.13 per share of common stock. The dividend will be paid on January 5, 2012 to shareholders of record of IDT’s Class A and Class B common stock as of the close of business on December 22, 2011. The ex-dividend date is December 20, 2011. The Board anticipates continuing to pay quarterly dividends commensurate with the Company’s financial results, available resources and strategic goals. For tax purposes, the $0.13 per share payment will be treated as a return of capital and not as a dividend. Payments classified as returns on capital generally reduce the basis in the shares on which the payment is made, unless the basis is lower than the amount of the payment.
As a result of the successful spin-off of Genie Energy Ltd. (NYSE: GNE), which was completed on October 28, 2011, IDT’s operating results for 1Q12, including all comparative periods presented, have been adjusted to reflect Genie Energy as a discontinued operation.
FIRST QUARTER FISCAL 2012 HIGHLIGHTS
Howard Jonas, IDT’s Chairman and CEO, said, “IDT spun-off Genie Energy to our stockholders in the first quarter, and delivered strong top line results, with revenues 21.6% higher than the year ago quarter. We have been particularly pleased by the rapid expansion of our Boss Revolution payment platform, which increased revenues by over 400% compared to the year ago quarter and is now larger than our traditional pre-paid calling card business in the U.S. on a revenue basis. Our bottom line and cash from operations were impacted by a significant legal settlement and other expenses which we undertook to facilitate the spin-off of Genie Energy. Absent these items, we would have had positive net income and cash from operations.
“Looking ahead, we expect to deliver positive net income and cash from operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2012 even as we continue to invest in building-out the Boss Revolution payment platform, our direct retail sales force and other initiatives essential to our long term growth strategy,” Mr. Jonas added.
BALANCE SHEET AND CASH FLOW HIGHLIGHTS
At October 31, 2011, IDT reported $146.5 million of cash and cash equivalents, including $17.4 million of restricted cash and cash equivalents, compared to $240.3 million as of July 31, 2011.
During 1Q12, IDT transferred $70.3 million to Genie Energy in connection with Genie Energy’s spin-off to IDT’s stockholders. In 2Q12, IDT transferred an additional $11.9 million to Genie in connection with the spin-off. These cash transfers, in addition to $23.8 million in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash held by Genie Energy prior to the spin-off, totaled $106.0 million, which represents the total cash that Genie Energy was expected to receive at spin-off, in accordance with IDT management’s intent as disclosed in Genie’s filed Registration Statement on Form 10.
At October 31, 2011, IDT’s total assets were $394.0 million and total liabilities were $323.5 million, compared to total assets of $568.2 million and total liabilities of $364.4 million at July 31, 2011. The decline in IDT’s net assets reflects predominantly the $94.1 million of cash mentioned above plus $30.7 million of other net working capital assets distributed to Genie Energy in the spin-off.
Net cash (used in) operating activities was $(13.4) million in 1Q12, compared to net cash provided by operating activities of $3.6 million during the year ago quarter. Most of the decline in cash for 1Q12 is due to the $10.0 million cash payment made to T-Mobile to settle pending litigation, as discussed above. In addition, IDT paid annual employee performance compensation in 1Q12 totaling $5.7 million.
Capital expenditures in 1Q12 totaled $1.9 million, compared to $3.3 million in the year ago quarter. Dividends paid to stockholders in 1Q12 totaled $5.2 million. IDT did not pay any dividends in the year ago quarter.
OPERATING RESULTS BY SEGMENT
IDT Telecom is comprised of two reportable business segments: Telecom Platform Services (TPS) and Consumer Phone Services (CPS). TPS, representing 99% of IDT Telecom’s revenue and 86% of its Adjusted EBITDA in 1Q12, markets and distributes multiple communications and payment services across four broad business categories, including:
CPS provides both bundled (unlimited local and long distance) services as well as long distance-only services to consumers in the United States. CPS has been in “harvest mode” since fiscal 2006 - maximizing revenue from current customers while maintaining SG&A and other expenses at the minimum levels essential to operate the business. We anticipate that CPS’ customer base and revenue will continue to decline, however, given the current customer behavior and churn trends, we expect this business to continue to generate positive cash flow for at least another three years.
Telecom Platform Services (TPS)
For 1Q12, TPS’ minutes of use rose to 7.3 billion, a 20.0% increase compared to the year ago quarter and a 4.5% increase sequentially, driven by the continued strength in both our Wholesale Termination Services and Retail Communications businesses. Consistent with the growth in minutes, TPS’ revenue increased 22.9% year over year and 4.5% sequentially to $369.1 million.
TPS’ gross margin percentage in 1Q12 was 14.3%, generating $52.6 million in gross profit. Gross margin percentage declined 290 basis points year over year and 110 basis points sequentially, while gross profit increased 1.7% year over year and declined 2.9% sequentially. The declines in gross margin reflect the loss of the large, high margin cable telephony customer, as well as the evolution of our product mix, as revenue from higher margin traditional disposable calling cards decline while revenue of our lower margin Wholesale Termination Services, Boss Revolution and IMTU, increase. In addition, during 1Q12, the gross profit and margins for our European Retail Communications business was negatively impacted by the weakening of the European currencies versus the US dollar.
TPS’ SG&A expense in 1Q12 was $44.9 million, an 8.2% year over year increase in absolute terms, primarily due to the increase in our variable costs as our top-line grew as well. As a percentage of TPS’ revenue, SG&A expense declined to 12.2%, compared to 13.8% in the year ago period and 13.4% in 4Q11. Variable SG&A includes costs such as marketing, bad debt, third-party transaction processing costs, and internal sales commissions that closely track top-line performance. In particular, internal sales commissions have grown rapidly as a direct result of IDT Telecom’s ongoing effort to grow and strengthen its retail direct sales force in the U.S. Similarly, third-party transaction processing costs have increased in direct proportion to the explosive growth of Boss Revolution. Excluding these variable costs, SG&A expense was relatively flat year over year.
Sequentially, TPS’ SG&A decreased by 5.2%, reflecting a sharp reduction in legal fees. Legal fees typically relate to legacy litigation activities not associated with the ongoing costs necessary to operate our businesses. In addition, during 1Q12, IDT recognized a higher level of bad debt due to a significant deterioration in our ability to collect on amounts due from a wholesale carrier customer. In general, management has identified a somewhat increased liquidity and/or solvency risk in the wholesale termination marketplace, and continues to attentively monitor credit exposure and the credit quality of our wholesale trade partners.
TPS generated $7.7 million in Adjusted EBITDA in 1Q12, compared to $10.2 million in the year-ago period and $6.8 million in the prior quarter.
TPS’ depreciation and amortization expense was $3.8 million in 1Q12, a 19.8% decline from the year ago period and a 1.1% decline sequentially. The slowing in the rate of decline in depreciation and amortization expense reflects the normalized levels of depreciation and amortization, after a period of sustained reductions related to the move to an IP-based network and reduced capital expenditures.
TPS’ loss from operations was $(7.3) million in 1Q12, including the impact of $11.3 million in costs related to the lawsuit settlement discussed above. Income from operations was $5.5 million in 1Q11, and $1.8 million in 4Q11.
All Other is comprised of operating businesses or assets of IDT that are not included within our TPS or CPS reportable segments. It includes Fabrix, a software development company specializing in highly efficient video processing, storage and delivery; Zedge, the worlds’ largest distribution platform for personalization of feature phones, smart phones and tablets; IDT Spectrum, which holds, leases and sells fixed wireless spectrum; and ICTI which holds intellectual property developed by IDT’s Net2Phone subsidiary related to computer-to-computer communications. All Other also includes IDT’s real estate holdings.
During 1Q12, Fabrix successfully deployed its deep video storage product with a North American tier-1 operator. In addition, a major cable operator based in the United States that is utilizing Fabrix for a cloud based DVR solution continues to roll out that service to its customer base successfully. Recently, Fabrix also closed a modest but strategically significant DVR deal in Europe.
Zedge continues its robust growth, with more than 12 million active installations of its app for Android. The Zedge app ranks in the top 15 most popular apps across Google’s Android Marketplace.
IDT Spectrum is seeing increased interest from wireless operators for its 38 and 28 GHz licenses to support wireless backhaul build-outs.
ICTI is moving forward in its effort to monetize its patent portfolio. Review and due diligence regarding the patents and potential defendants/licensees is ongoing, and negotiations with infringers are expected to commence in the first half of calendar 2012.
IDT EARNINGS ANNOUNCEMENT & SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION
ABOUT IDT CORPORATION
IDT Corporation (NYSE: IDT) through its IDT Telecom division, markets and distributes multiple communication and payment services. IDT Telecom’s retail communications, hosted solutions and payment services allow people to communicate and share financial resources around the world while its wholesale termination services business is a global leader in wholesale voice termination. For more information, visit www.idt.net.
In this press release, all statements that are not purely about historical facts, including, but not limited to, payment of dividends and those in which we use the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “plan,” “intend,” “estimate, “target” and similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. While these forward-looking statements represent our current judgment of what may happen in the future, actual results may differ materially from the results expressed or implied by these statements due to numerous important factors, including, but not limited to, those described in our most recent report on SEC Form 10-K (under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”), which may be revised or supplemented in subsequent reports on SEC Forms 10-Q and 8-K. These factors include, but are not limited to, the following: potential declines in prices for our products and services; our ability to maintain and grow our telecommunication businesses; availability of termination capacity to particular destinations; our ability to maintain carrier agreements with foreign carriers; our ability to obtain telecommunications products or services required for our services; the financial stability of our major customers; our ability to return to profitability and improve our cash flow; impact of government regulation; effectiveness of our marketing and distribution efforts; and general economic conditions. We are under no obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update the forward-looking statements in this press release, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
IDT Corporation Investor Relations
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures for the First Quarter Fiscal 2012
In addition to disclosing financial results that are determined in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), IDT also disclosed for the first quarter fiscal 2012 Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP measures. Generally, a non-GAAP financial measure is a numerical measure of a company’s performance, financial position, or cash flows that either excludes or includes amounts that are not normally excluded or included in the most directly comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.
IDT’s measure of Adjusted EBITDA consists of gross profit less selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. Another way of calculating Adjusted EBITDA is to start with income (loss) from operations and add depreciation and amortization, and other operating loss, and subtract other operating gains. These additions and subtractions are non-cash and/or non-routine items in the relevant fiscal 2012 and fiscal 2011 periods.
Management believes that IDT’s Adjusted EBITDA measure provides useful information to both management and investors by excluding certain expenses and non-routine gains or losses that may not be indicative of IDT’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results. Management uses Adjusted EBITDA, among other measures, as a relevant indicator of core operational strengths in its financial and operational decision making. In addition, management uses Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate operating performance in relation to IDT’s competitors. Disclosure of this financial measure may be useful to investors in evaluating performance and allows for greater transparency to the underlying supplemental information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making. Adjusted EBITDA may also be an indicator of the strength and performance of IDT’s and the segment’s ongoing business operations, including the ability to fund capital expenditures, and meet working capital needs from current operations (as opposed to cash resources), and to incur and service debt. In addition, IDT has historically reported similar financial measures and believes such measures are commonly used by readers of financial information in assessing performance, therefore the inclusion of comparative numbers provides consistency in financial reporting at this time.
Management refers to Adjusted EBITDA, as well as the GAAP measures gross profit, income (loss) from operations and net income (loss), on a segment and/or consolidated level to facilitate internal and external comparisons to the segments’ and IDT's historical operating results, in making operating decisions, for budget and planning purposes, and to form the basis upon which management is compensated.
While depreciation and amortization are considered operating costs under GAAP, these expenses primarily represent the non-cash current period allocation of costs associated with long-lived assets acquired or constructed in prior periods. While IDT’s business may be capital intensive, IDT has significantly reduced its capital expenditures to date and intends to incur capital expenditures at the reduced levels going forward. Since IDT’s telecommunications network is less costly than in the past, IDT’s operating results exclusive of depreciation and amortization charges are useful indicators of its current performance.
Other operating gains (loss), which are components of income (loss) from operations, are excluded from the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA. Although the Company has insurance claims and settlements of claims from time-to-time and has a number of matters under litigation, gains or losses do not occur each quarter nor are they part of the Company’s or the relevant segment’s core operating results.
The other calculation of Adjusted EBITDA consists of gross profit less selling, general and administrative expense and research and development expense. As the other excluded items are not reflected in this calculation, they are excluded automatically and there is no need to make additional adjustments. This calculation results in the same Adjusted EBITDA amount and its utility and significance is as explained above.
Adjusted EBITDA should be considered in addition to, not as a substitute for, or superior to, gross profit, income from operations, cash flow from operating activities, net income (loss) or other measures of liquidity and financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, IDT’s measurement of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures reported by other companies.
Following are reconciliations of Adjusted EBITDA to the most directly comparable GAAP measure, which is income (loss) from operations for both IDT’s reportable segments and for IDT on a consolidated basis.