IHS » Topics » Year Ended November 30, 2004 Compared to the Year Ended November 30, 2003

This excerpt taken from the IHS 10-K filed Jan 24, 2006.

Year Ended November 30, 2004 Compared to the Year Ended November 30, 2003

        Revenue.    Revenue was $394.0 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $345.8 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $48.2 million or 14%. The increase was primarily attributable to internal growth, which contributed approximately $17.8 million; 2004 acquisitions, which increased revenue by $16.6 million; and favorable foreign-currency movements, which increased revenue by $13.2 million. Internal growth was primarily driven by increased sales of critical information and decision-support tools in our Energy and Engineering operating segments, as well as modest price increases.

        Revenue for our Energy segment was $185.8 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $156.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $29.6 million or 19%. The 2004 revenue increase within our Energy segment included increases in revenue of $14.3 million, $3.6 million, and $11.7 million from our critical information, decision-support tools, and services, respectively. The revenue increases in critical information and decision-support tools stemmed from organic growth, foreign exchange movements and acquisitions. The increase in services revenue primarily resulted from the acquisition of CERA.

        Revenue for our Engineering segment was $208.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $189.7 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $18.5 million or 10%. The 2004 revenue increase within our Engineering segment included increases in revenue of $19.0 million and $2.3 million from our critical information and decision-support tools offerings, respectively, which was partially offset by a $2.8 million reduction in services revenue. The increase in revenue from the sale of critical information was split nearly evenly between organic growth and favorable foreign-currency movements. The organic growth was primarily attributable to recent updates to existing products and improved performance of our largest information offering, Specs and Standards. The reduction in services revenue mainly reflects management's decision to exit certain less profitable non-core service offerings.

        Cost of Revenue.    Cost of revenue was $184.4 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $160.7 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $23.7 million or 15%. As a percentage of revenue, cost of revenue remained relatively constant at 46.5% in 2003 compared to 46.8% in 2004. Our ability to leverage the fixed cost component of our cost structure was offset by the foreign exchange effects on some of our expenses, lower margins in companies we acquired in 2004, and a continued increase in the effective rate of royalty expense.

        Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.    Selling, general, and administrative expenses were $136.5 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $119.9 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $16.6 million or 14%. The increase was due in part to an increase in corporate costs of $6.5 million primarily associated with our proposed initial public offering, including costs related to Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the assembly of our

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current management team. It also reflected an increase in expenses of $5.8 million from our 2004 acquisitions, as well as foreign-currency movements of $4.4 million. Despite these increased costs, selling, general, and administrative expenses remained constant as a percentage of revenue as a result of our ability to leverage these costs as we increased revenue and also because the selling, general, and administrative expenses of the companies we acquired in 2004 were less as a percentage of revenue than ours.

        Depreciation and Amortization Expenses.    Depreciation and amortization expenses were $9.6 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $8.9 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $0.7 million or 8%. The increase was primarily attributable to assets acquired as part of our 2004 acquisitions, partially offset by a reduced depreciable asset base which resulted in part from asset impairments.

        Compensation Expense Related to Equity Awards.    Compensation expense related to equity awards was $21.8 million for the year ended November 30, 2004, reflecting the costs of our offer to purchase outstanding options and shares of capital stock issued pursuant to stock option plans maintained by one of our subsidiaries. We had no compensation expense related to equity awards for the year ended November 30, 2003.

        Net Gain on Sales of Assets.    Net gain on sales of assets was $5.5 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $0.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $5.3 million. The gain in 2004 resulted from the sale of corporate assets, the dissolution of a joint venture, and the settlement of a revenue-based earn-out arrangement relating to a non-core business we sold in 2002. The gain in 2003 resulted from the revenue-based earn-out which was settled in 2004. This revenue-based earn-out, which was the consideration we received for the sale of this non-core business in 2002, was to be paid quarterly for four years. Since the earn-out was contingent upon the future profitability of the business, we recognized a gain on the sale when we received the earn-out proceeds.

        Impairment of Assets.    Impairment of assets was $2.0 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $0.6 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $1.4 million. In 2004, we wrote off the value of a decision-support tool that was being developed by our Energy segment. During 2003, we wrote down this decision-support tool.

        Net Periodic Pension and Post-retirement Benefits.    Net periodic pension and post-retirement benefits income was $5.8 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $8.6 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing a decrease of $2.8 million or 32%. The decrease was primarily due to the increased amortization of actuarial losses resulting from lower than expected asset returns from 2000 to 2002.

        Earnings in Unconsolidated Subsidiaries.    Earnings in unconsolidated subsidiaries were $0.4 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $3.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing a decrease of $2.8 million or 86%. The decrease was principally attributable to the dissolution of a joint venture during early 2004. Prior to its dissolution, the joint venture was accounted for using the equity method.

        Net Other Expense (Income).    Net other expense was $3.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $1.1 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $2.1 million. The increase was principally attributable to foreign-currency movements and integration costs relating to acquisitions.

        Operating Income.    Operating income was $52.9 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $66.6 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing a decrease of $13.7 million or 21%. The decrease was primarily attributable to a $21.8 million charge for

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compensation expense related to equity awards in 2004 and a decrease from unfavorable foreign-currency movements, as well as a decline in net periodic pension and post-retirement benefits income. These declines were partially offset by $5.5 million gain on net sales of assets, as well as increases in internal growth.

        Operating income for our Energy segment was $35.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $29.9 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $5.3 million or 18%. The increase was attributable to increased sales and acquisitions in 2004 that were partially offset by a $2.0 million asset impairment and higher corporate costs that were allocated to the segment.

        Operating income for our Engineering segment was $33.0 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $28.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing an increase of $4.8 million or 17%. The increase is primarily comprised of a $5.1 million net gain on sales of assets, as well as an increase in sales. These increases were partially offset by higher corporate costs that were allocated to the segment.

        Interest Income.    Interest income was $1.1 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $1.4 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing a decrease of $0.3 million or 16%. The decrease was attributable to lower average interest rates.

        Interest Expense.    Interest expense was $0.5 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $1.1 million for the year ended November 30, 2003, representing a decrease of $0.6 million or 59%. The decrease was attributable to the fact that we substantially repaid all of our long-term debt during 2003 and had reduced levels of borrowings during 2004.

        Provision for Income Taxes.    Our effective tax rate was 20.8% and 36.0% in 2004 and 2003, respectively. The lower effective tax rate in 2004 was principally due to the recognition of the tax benefit of a dividends-received deduction on dividends from a preferred stock investment. The decrease also reflected the tax benefit resulting from the release of substantially all of the valuation allowance on foreign tax credits primarily related to the extension of the credit carryforward period included in the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004.

        Loss from Discontinued Operations, Net.    Loss from discontinued operations, net was $2.0 million for the year ended November 30, 2004 compared to $0.2 million for the year ended November 30, 2003. The loss was greater in 2004 primarily due to the fact that we purchased this business in the fourth quarter of 2003.

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