Annual Reports

  • 20-F (May 9, 2014)
  • 20-F (May 13, 2013)
  • 20-F (May 3, 2012)
  • 20-F (May 6, 2011)
  • 20-F (Apr 30, 2010)
  • 20-F (Apr 28, 2009)

 
Other

Infosys Ltd 6-K 2005
U.S. GAAP Unaudited Consolid. Fin. Stmts. & Notes for Qtr. Ended Dec. 31, 2004

 

Exhibit 99.10

 

INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     (Dollars in millions)
     AS OF

     March 31,
2004 (1)


   December 31,
2004


          (Unaudited)
ASSETS              

Current Assets

             

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 445    $ 389

Investment in liquid mutual fund units

     218      244

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowances

     150      240

Deferred tax assets

     —        2

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     36      39

Unbilled revenue

     24      29
    

  

Total current assets

     873      943

Property, plant and equipment, net

     228      321

Goodwill

     8      8

Intangible assets, net

     2      1

Deferred tax assets

     7      8

Other assets

     14      24
    

  

Total Assets

   $ 1,132    $ 1,305
    

  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY              

Current Liabilities

             

Accounts payable

   $ 1    $ 1

Client deposits

     15      8

Other accrued liabilities

     99      114

Income taxes payable

     22      32

Unearned revenue

     15      26
    

  

Total current liabilities

     152      181

Non-current liabilities

             

Preferred stock of subsidiary

     22      22

Other non-current liabilities

     5      5

Stockholders’ Equity

             

Common stock, $0.16 par value 300,000,000 equity shares authorized as of December 31, 2004 Issued and outstanding - 266,564,224 and 269,456,304 equity shares as of March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2004 respectively (See Note 2.7)

     9      31

Additional paid-in capital

     157      228

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     39      42

Retained earnings

     748      796
    

  

Total stockholders’ equity

     953      1,097
    

  

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

   $ 1,132    $ 1,305
    

  


(1) March 31, 2004 balances were obtained from audited financial statements

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

1


 

INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

 

          (Dollars in millions except share and per share data)
    

Three months ended

December 31,


  

Nine months ended

December 31,


     2003

   2004

   2003

   2004

Revenues

   $ 276    $ 423    $ 760    $ 1,137

Cost of revenues (including amortization of stock compensation expenses of $ 2 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2003)

     155      241      430      642
    

  

  

  

Gross profit

     121      182      330      495
    

  

  

  

Operating Expenses:

                           

Selling and marketing expenses

     21      26      56      76

General and administrative expenses

     21      34      59      91

Amortization of stock compensation expense

     —        —        1      —  

Amortization of intangible assets

     3      —        7      1
    

  

  

  

Total operating expenses

     45      60      123      168
    

  

  

  

Operating income

     76      122      207      327

Other income

     9      11      24      17
    

  

  

  

Income before income taxes

     85      133      231      344

Provision for income taxes

     14      21      38      52
    

  

  

  

Net income

   $ 71    $ 112    $ 193    $ 292
    

  

  

  

Earnings per equity share

                           

Basic

   $ 0.27    $ 0.42    $ 0.74    $ 1.09

Diluted

   $ 0.26    $ 0.40    $ 0.73    $ 1.07

Weighted average equity shares used in computing earnings per equity share (See Note 2.7)

                           

Basic

     262,839,448      267,360,142      262,512,796      266,307,767

Diluted

     268,727,184      275,372,238      266,228,668      272,581,961

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

2


 

INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

 

                                     (Dollars in millions)  
     Common stock

   Additional
paid-in
capital


   Comprehensive
income


   Accumulated
other
Comprehensive
income


    Deferred
stock
compensation


    Retained
earnings


    Total
stockholders’
equity


 
     Shares

   Par value

              
     (See Note 2.7)

              

Balance as of March 31, 2003

   264,972,312    $ 9    $ 127           $ (32 )   $ (3 )   $ 525     $ 626  
    
  

  

         


 


 


 


Common stock issued

   851,656      —        15             —         —         —         15  

Cash dividends

   —        —        —               —         —         (47 )     (47 )

Income tax benefit arising on exercise of stock options

   —        —        2             —         —         —         2  

Amortization of compensation related to stock option grants

   —        —        —               —         3       —         3  

Comprehensive income

                                                          

Net income

   —        —        —      $ 193      —         —         193       193  

Other comprehensive income Translation adjustment

   —        —        —        29      29       —         —         29  
                       

                                

Comprehensive income

                      $ 222                                 
    
  

  

  

  


 


 


 


Balance as of December 31, 2003

   265,823,968    $ 9    $ 144           $ (3 )   $ —       $ 671     $ 821  
    
  

  

         


 


 


 


Balance as of March 31, 2004

   266,564,224    $ 9    $ 157           $ 39       —       $ 748     $ 953  
    
  

  

         


 


 


 


Common stock issued

   2,892,080      —        67             —         —         —         67  

Cash dividends

   —        —        —               —         —         (222 )     (222 )

Income tax benefit arising on exercise of stock options

   —        —        4             —         —         —         4  

Stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend (See Note 2.7)

          22      —               —         —         (22 )     —    

Comprehensive income

                                                          

Net income

   —        —        —      $ 292      —         —         292       292  

Other comprehensive income Translation adjustment

   —        —        —        3      3       —         —         3  
                       

                                

Comprehensive income

                      $ 295                                 
    
  

  

  

  


 


 


 


Balance as of December 31, 2004

   269,456,304    $ 31    $ 228           $ 42       —       $ 796     $ 1,097  
    
  

  

         


 


 


 


 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

3


 

INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

     (Dollars in millions)  
     Nine months ended
December 31,


 
     2003

    2004

 

Operating Activities:

                

Net income

   $ 193     $ 292  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities

                

Depreciation

     31       41  

Amortization of intangible assets

     7       1  

Provision for investments

     2       —    

Deferred taxes

     1       (3 )

Amortization of stock compensation expense

     3       —    

Changes in assets and liabilities

                

Trade accounts receivable

     (39 )     (85 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     —         (1 )

Unbilled revenue

     —         (5 )

Income taxes

     20       11  

Client deposits

     18       (7 )

Unearned revenue

     5       11  

Other accrued liabilities

     29       13  
    


 


Net cash provided by operating activities

     270       268  
    


 


Investing Activities:

                

Expenditure on property, plant and equipment

     (49 )     (130 )

Loans to employees

     4       1  

Non-current deposits with corporations

     —         (11 )

Cash advanced for contemplated business combination

     (11 )     —    

Investment in liquid mutual fund units

     (131 )     (56 )

Redemption of liquid mutual fund units

     —         32  
    


 


Net cash used in investing activities

     (187 )     (164 )
    


 


Financing Activities:

                

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     15       67  

Payment of dividends

     (47 )     (222 )
    


 


Net cash used in financing activities

     (32 )     (155 )
    


 


Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     16       (5 )

Net increase / (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents during the period

     67       (56 )

Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period

     354       445  
    


 


Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period

   $ 421     $ 389  
    


 


Supplementary information:

                

Cash paid towards taxes

   $ 17     $ 43  

Stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend (See Note 2.7)

                

 

See accompanying notes to the unaudited consolidated financial statements

 

4


 

INFOSYS TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED AND SUBSIDIARIES

 

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

1. Company overview and significant accounting policies

 

1.1 Company overview

 

Infosys Technologies Limited (Infosys) along with its majority owned and controlled subsidiary, Progeon Limited (Progeon), and wholly-owned subsidiaries Infosys Technologies (Australia) Pty. Limited (Infosys Australia), Infosys Technologies (Shanghai) Co. Limited (Infosys China) and Infosys Consulting Inc (Infosys Consulting) is a leading global information technology, or IT, services company. The company provides end-to-end business solutions that leverage technology thus enabling its clients to enhance business performance. The company provides solutions that span the entire software life cycle encompassing consulting, design, development, re-engineering, maintenance, systems integration and package evaluation and implementation. In addition, the company offers software products for the banking industry and business process management services.

 

1.2 Basis of preparation of financial statements

 

The consolidated financial statements include Infosys and its subsidiaries (the company) and are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP). Infosys consolidates entities in which it owns or controls more than 50% of the voting shares. The results of acquired businesses are included in the consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. Inter-company balances and transactions are eliminated on consolidation.

 

Interim information presented in the consolidated financial statements has been prepared by the management without audit and, in the opinion of management, includes all adjustments of a normal recurring nature that are necessary for the fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods shown, and is in accordance with GAAP. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the company’s annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2004.

 

1.3 Use of estimates

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Significant estimates and assumptions are used for, but not limited to accounting for costs and efforts expected to be incurred to complete performance under software development arrangements, allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, future obligations under employee benefit plans, provisions for post-sales customer support, the useful lives of property, plant, equipment and intangible assets and income tax valuation allowances. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Appropriate changes in estimates are made as management become aware of changes in circumstances surrounding the estimates. Changes in estimates are reflected in the financials statements in the period in which changes are made and, if material, their effects are disclosed in the notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

1.4 Revenue recognition

 

The company derives revenues primarily from software development and related services, licensing of software products and from business process management services. Arrangements with customers for software development and related services are either on a fixed price, fixed timeframe or on a time and material basis.

 

Revenue on time-and-material contracts is recognized as the related services are performed and revenue from the end of the last billing to the balance sheet date is recognized as unbilled revenues. Revenue from fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts is recognized as per the percentage-of-completion method. Guidance has been drawn from paragraph 95 of Statement of Position (SOP) 97-2, Software Revenue Recognition, to account for revenue from fixed price arrangements for software development and related services in conformity with SOP 81-1. The input (efforts expended) method has been used to measure progress towards completion as there is a direct relationship between input and productivity. Provisions for estimated losses, if any, on uncompleted contracts are recorded in the period in which such losses become probable based on the current contract estimates. Costs and earnings in excess of billings are classified as unbilled revenue while billings in excess of costs and earnings are classified as unearned revenue. Maintenance revenue is recognized ratably over the term of the underlying maintenance agreement.

 

The company provides its clients with a fixed-period warranty for corrections of errors and telephone support on all its fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts. Costs associated with such support services are accrued at the time related revenues are recorded and included in cost of revenues. The company estimates such costs based on historical experience and estimates are reviewed on a periodic basis for any material changes in assumptions and likelihood of occurrence.

 

5


In accordance with SOP 97-2, license fee revenues are recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the license fee is fixed and determinable, and the collection of the fee is probable. Arrangements to deliver software products generally have three elements: license, implementation and Annual Technical Services (ATS). The company has applied the principles in SOP 97-2 to account for revenue from these multiple element arrangements. Vendor specific objective evidence of fair value (VSOE) has been established for ATS. VSOE is the price charged when the element is sold separately. When other services are provided in conjunction with the licensing arrangement, the revenue from such contracts are allocated to each component of the contract using the residual method, whereby revenue is deferred for the undelivered services and the residual amounts are recognized as revenue for delivered elements. In the absence of an established VSOE for implementation, the entire arrangement fee for license and implementation is recognized as the implementation is performed. Revenue from client training, support and other services arising due to the sale of software products is recognized as the services are performed. ATS revenue is recognized ratably over the period in which the services are rendered.

 

Revenues from business process management and other services are recognized on both, the time-and-material and fixed-price, fixed-timeframe basis. Revenue on time-and-material contracts is recognized as the related services are rendered. Revenue from fixed-price, fixed-timeframe contracts is recognized as per the proportional performance method using an output measure of performance.

 

When the company receives advances for services and products, such amounts are reported as client deposits until all conditions for revenue recognition are met.

 

1.5 Cash and cash equivalents

 

The company considers all highly liquid investments with a remaining maturity at the date of purchase / investment of three months or less and that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash to be cash equivalents. Cash and cash equivalents comprise cash, and cash on deposit with banks, and corporations.

 

1.6 Investments

 

Investments in non-readily marketable equity securities of other entities where the company is unable to exercise significant influence and for which there are no readily determinable fair values are recorded at cost. Declines in value judged to be other than temporary are included in earnings.

 

Investment securities designated as “available for sale” are carried at their fair value. Fair value is based on quoted market prices. Temporary unrealized gains and losses, net of the related tax effect are reported as a separate component of stockholders’ equity until realized. Realized gains and losses and declines in value judged to be other than temporary on available for sale securities are included in earnings.

 

The cost of securities sold is based on the specific identification method. Interest and dividend income are recognized when earned.

 

1.7 Property, plant and equipment

 

Property, plant and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. The company depreciates property, plant and equipment over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method. The estimated useful lives of assets are as follows:

 

Buildings

   15 years    Vehicles    5 years

Plant and equipment

   5 years    Computer equipment    2-5 years

Furniture and fixtures

   5 years          

 

The cost of software purchased for internal use is accounted under SOP 98-1, Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use. Deposits paid towards the acquisition of these long lived assets outstanding at each balance sheet date and the cost of assets not put to use before such date are disclosed under “Capital work-in-progress”. Costs of improvements that substantially extend the useful life of particular assets are capitalized. Repairs and maintenance cost are charged to earnings when incurred. The cost and related accumulated depreciation are removed from the consolidated financial statements upon sale or disposition of the asset.

 

The company evaluates the recoverability of these assets whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets. Assets to be disposed are reported at the lower of the carrying value or the fair value less the cost to sell.

 

6


1.8 Business combinations

 

Business combinations have been accounted using the purchase method under the provisions of Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement of Financial Accounting Standard (SFAS) No. 141, Business Combinations. Cash and amounts of consideration that are determinable at the date of acquisition are included in determining the cost of the acquired business.

 

1.9 Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the cost of the acquired businesses in excess of the fair value of identifiable tangible and intangible net assets purchased. Goodwill is tested for impairment on an annual basis, relying on a number of factors including operating results, business plans and future cash flows. Recoverability of goodwill is evaluated using a two-step process. The first step involves a comparison of the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying value. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value, the second step of the process involves a comparison of the fair value and carrying value of the goodwill of that reporting unit. If the carrying value of the goodwill of a reporting unit exceeds the fair value of that goodwill, an impairment loss is recognized in an amount equal to the excess. Goodwill of a reporting unit shall be tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of the reporting unit below its carrying amount.

 

1.10 Intangible assets

 

Intangible assets are amortized over their respective individual estimated useful lives on a straight-line basis. The estimated useful life of an identifiable intangible asset is based on a number of factors including the effects of obsolescence, demand, competition, and other economic factors (such as the stability of the industry, and known technological advances), and the level of maintenance expenditures required to obtain the expected future cash flows from the asset.

 

Intangible assets are evaluated for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to future undiscounted net cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.

 

1.11 Research and development

 

Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Software product development costs are expensed as incurred until technological feasibility is achieved. Research and development costs and software development costs incurred under contractual arrangements with customers are accounted as cost of revenues.

 

1.12 Foreign currency

 

The functional currency of the company is the Indian rupee (Rs.). The functional currency for Infosys Australia, Infosys China and Infosys Consulting is the respective local currency. The consolidated financial statements are reported in U.S. dollars. The translation of Rs. to U.S. dollars is performed for balance sheet accounts using the exchange rate in effect at the balance sheet date and for revenue, expense and cash-flow items using a monthly average exchange rate for the respective periods. The gains or losses resulting from such translation are included in “Other comprehensive income”, a separate component of stockholders’ equity. The translation of the financial statements of foreign subsidiaries from the local currency to the functional currency of the company is also performed on the same basis.

 

Foreign-currency denominated assets and liabilities are translated into the functional currency at exchange rates in effect at the balance sheet date. The gains or losses resulting from such translation are included in earnings. Transaction gains or losses realized upon settlement of foreign currency transactions are included in determining net income for the period in which the transaction is settled. Revenue, expense and cash-flow items denominated in foreign currencies are translated into the functional currency using the exchange rate in effect on the date of the transaction.

 

1.13 Earnings per share

 

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income for the period by the weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the diluted weighted average number of equity shares outstanding during the period. The dilutive effect of convertible securities is reflected in diluted earnings per share by application of the if-converted method. Diluted earnings per share reflects the potential dilution from equity shares issuable through employee stock options and preferred stock of subsidiary.

 

If the number of common shares outstanding increases as a result of a stock dividend or stock split or decreases as a result of a reverse stock split, the computations of basic and diluted earnings per share are adjusted retroactively for all periods presented to reflect that change in capital structure. If such changes occur after the close of the reporting period but before issuance of the financial

 

7


statements, the per-share computations for that period and any prior-period financial statements presented are based on the new number of shares.

 

1.14 Income taxes

 

Income taxes are accounted for using the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities, and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect of changes in tax rates on deferred tax assets and liabilities is recognized as income in the period that includes the enactment date. The measurement of deferred tax assets is reduced, if necessary, by a valuation allowance for any tax benefits of which future realization is not more likely than not. Changes in valuation allowance from period to period are reflected in the income statement of the period of change. Deferred taxes are not provided on the undistributed earnings of subsidiaries outside India where it is expected that the earnings of the foreign subsidiary will be permanently reinvested. Tax benefits earned on exercise of employee stock options in excess of compensation charged to earnings are credited to additional paid in capital. The income tax provision for the interim period is based on the best estimate of the effective tax rate expected to be applicable for the full fiscal year.

 

1.15 Fair value of financial instruments

 

In determining the fair value of its financial instruments, the company uses a variety of methods and assumptions that are based on market conditions and risks existing at each balance sheet date. The methods used to determine fair value include discounted cash flow analysis and dealer quotes. All methods of assessing fair value result in general approximation of value, and such value may never actually be realized.

 

1.16 Concentration of risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the company to concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, investment securities and hedging instruments. By nature, all such financial instruments involve risk, including the credit risk of non-performance by counterparties. In management’s opinion, as of December 31, 2004 there was no significant risk of loss in the event of non-performance of the counterparties to these financial instruments, other than the amounts already provided for in the financial statements, if any. Exposure to credit risk is managed through credit approvals, establishing credit limits and monitoring procedures. The company’s cash resources are invested with corporations, financial institutions and banks with high investment grade credit ratings. Limitations are established by the company as to the maximum amount of cash that may be invested with any such single entity.

 

1.17 Derivative financial instruments

 

The company has adopted SFAS 133, Accounting for Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities. The company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts where the counter party is generally a bank. The company purchases foreign exchange forward contracts to mitigate the risk of changes in foreign exchange rates on accounts receivable and forecasted cash flows denominated in certain foreign currencies. Although these contracts constitute hedges from an economic perspective, they do not qualify for hedge accounting under SFAS 133, as amended. Any derivative that is either not designated a hedge, or is so designated but is ineffective per SFAS 133, is marked to market and recognized in earnings immediately.

 

1.18 Retirement benefits to employees

 

  1.18.1 Gratuity

 

In accordance with the Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972, Infosys provides for gratuity, a defined benefit retirement plan (the Gratuity Plan) covering eligible employees. The Gratuity Plan provides a lump sum payment to vested employees at retirement, death, incapacitation or termination of employment, of an amount based on the respective employee’s salary and the tenure of employment.

 

Liabilities with regard to the Gratuity Plan are determined by actuarial valuation. The company fully contributes all ascertained liabilities to the Infosys Technologies Limited Employees’ Gratuity Fund Trust (the Trust). In case of Progeon, contributions are made to the Progeon Employees’ Gratuity Fund Trust. Trustees administer contributions made to the Trust and contributions are invested in specific designated instruments as permitted by law and investments are also made in mutual funds that invest in the specific designated instruments.

 

  1.18.2 Superannuation

 

Certain employees of Infosys are also participants in a defined contribution plan. The company makes monthly contributions under the superannuation plan (the Plan) to the Infosys Technologies Limited Employees’ Superannuation Fund Trust based on a specified percentage of each covered employee’s salary. The company has no further obligations to the Plan beyond its monthly

 

8


contributions. Certain employees of Progeon are also eligible for superannuation benefit. Progeon makes monthly provisions under the superannuation plan based on a specified percentage of each covered employee’s salary. Progeon has no further obligations to the superannuation plan beyond its monthly provisions which are periodically contributed to a trust fund, the corpus of which is invested with the Life Insurance Corporation of India.

 

  1.18.3 Provident fund

 

Eligible employees of Infosys receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and the company make monthly contributions to the provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee’s salary. The company contributes a part of the contributions to the Infosys Technologies Limited Employees’ Provident Fund Trust. The remaining portion is contributed to the government administered provident fund.

 

In respect of Progeon, eligible employees receive benefits from a provident fund, which is a defined contribution plan. Both the employee and Progeon make monthly contributions to this provident fund plan equal to a specified percentage of the covered employee’s salary. Amounts collected under the provident fund plan are deposited in a government administered provident fund.

 

1.19 Stock-based compensation

 

The company applies the intrinsic value-based method of accounting prescribed by Accounting Principles Board (APB) Opinion No. 25, Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees, and related interpretations including FASB Interpretation No. 44, Accounting for Certain Transactions involving Stock Compensation an interpretation of APB Opinion No. 25, issued in March 2000, to account for its fixed stock option plans. Under this method, compensation expense is recorded on the date of grant only if the current market price of the underlying stock exceeded the exercise price. SFAS 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, established accounting and disclosure requirements using a fair value-based method of accounting for stock-based employee compensation plans. As allowed by SFAS 123, the Company has elected to continue to apply the intrinsic value-based method of accounting described above, and has adopted the disclosure requirements of SFAS 148, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation - Transition and Disclosure, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 123. All stock options issued to date have been accounted as a fixed stock option plan.

 

The following table illustrates the effect on net income and earnings per share if the company had applied the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS Statement No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, to stock-based employee compensation.

 

(Dollars in millions except share and per share data)

 
     Nine months ended
December 31,


 
     2003

    2004

 

Net income, as reported

   $ 193     $ 292  

Add: Stock-based employee compensation expense included in reported net income, net of related tax effects

     3       —    

Deduct: Total stock-based employee compensation expense determined under fair value based method for all awards, net of related tax effects

     (41 )     (22 )
    


 


Pro forma net income

   $ 155     $ 270  
    


 


Earnings per share: (See Note 2.7)

                

Basic - as reported

   $ 0.74     $ 1.09  

Basic - pro forma

   $ 0.59     $ 1.01  

Diluted - as reported

   $ 0.73     $ 1.07  

Diluted - pro forma

   $ 0.58     $ 0.99  
    


 


The fair value of each option is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model with the following assumptions:

 

     Nine months ended
December 31,


 
     2003

    2004

 

Dividend yield %

     0.2%       —    

Expected life

     1-5 years       —    

Risk free interest rate

     5.1%-5.7%       —    

Volatility

     60-75%       —    
    


 


 

There have been no grants of stock options by Infosys during the nine months ended December 31, 2004.

 

9


1.20 Dividends

 

Final dividends on common stock are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the stockholders and interim dividends are recorded as a liability on the date of declaration by the board of directors.

 

1.21 Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to conform prior period data to the current presentations.

 

2. Notes to the consolidated financial statements

 

2.1 Trade accounts receivable

 

Trade accounts receivable as of March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2004, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $3 million and $4 million respectively, amounted to $150 million and $240 million. The age profile of trade accounts receivable, net of allowances is given below.

 

          In %
     As of

     March 31,
2004


   December
31, 2004


Period (in days)

         

0 – 30

   69.7    65.6

31 – 60

   21.6    23.0

61 – 90

   4.7    6.3

More than 90

   4.0    5.1
    
  
     100.0    100.0
    
  

 

2.2 Related parties

 

The company provides loans to eligible employees in accordance with policy. No loans have been made to employees in connection with equity issues. The employee loans are repayable over fixed periods ranging from 1 to 100 months. The annual rates of interest at which the loans have been made to employees vary between 0% through 4%. Loans aggregating $27 million and $26 million were outstanding as of March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2004.

 

The required repayments of employee loans outstanding as of December 31, 2004 are as detailed below.

 

     (Dollars in millions)

Year ending December 31,


   Repayment

2005

   $ 14

2006

     3

2007

     2

2008

     3

2009

     1

Thereafter

     3
    

     $ 26
    

 

The estimated fair values of related party receivables amounted to $24 million and $22 million as of March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2004 respectively. These amounts have been determined using available market information and appropriate valuation methodologies. Considerable judgment is required to develop these estimates of fair value. Consequently, these estimates are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the company could realize in the market.

 

10


2.3 Other income

 

Other income consists of the following:

 

     (Dollars in millions)  
     Nine months
ended December
31,


 
     2003

    2004

 

Interest income

   $ 14     $ 12  

Income from mutual fund investments

     2       6  

Foreign exchange gain / (loss), net

     10       (1 )

Provision for investments

     (2 )     —    
    


 


     $ 24     $ 17  
    


 


 

The provision for investments during the nine months ended December 31, 2003 include write-downs to investments in CiDRA Corporation ($1.5 million) and Stratify Inc ($0.4 million). These write-downs were required due to the non-temporary impact of adverse market conditions on these entities’ business models and contemporary transactions on the securities of the entities which have been indicative of their current fair value.

 

2.4 Income taxes

 

The provision for income taxes in the income statement comprises:

 

     (Dollars in millions)  
     Nine months ended
December 31,


 
     2003

   2004

 

Current taxes

               

Domestic taxes

   $ 10    $ 12  

Foreign taxes

     27      43  
    

  


       37      55  
    

  


Deferred taxes

               

Domestic taxes

     1      (1 )

Foreign taxes

     —        (2 )
    

  


       1      (3 )
    

  


Aggregate taxes

   $ 38    $ 52  
    

  


 

All components of the aggregate taxes of $38 million and $52 million for the nine months ended December 31, 2003 and 2004 are allocated to the continuing operations of the company. Tax benefits of $4 million earned on exercise of employee stock options have been credited to additional paid in capital during the nine months ended December 31, 2004.

 

11


The tax effects of significant temporary differences that resulted in deferred tax assets and liabilities, and a description of the financial statement items that created these differences are as follows:

 

       (Dollars in millions)  
     As of

 
     March 31,
2004


    December 31,
2004


 

Deferred tax assets

                

Property, plant and equipment

   $ 6     $ 7  

Allowances on trade accounts receivable

     1       1  

Investments

     3       3  

Accrual for compensated absences

     1       1  

Others

     —         1  
    


 


       11       13  

Less: Valuation allowance

     (2 )     (3 )
    


 


       9       10  
    


 


Deferred tax liabilities

                

Gains on foreign exchange forward contracts

     (1 )     —    

Intangible assets

     (1 )     —    
    


 


       (2 )     —    
    


 


Net deferred tax assets

   $ 7     $ 10  
    


 


 

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, management considers whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which the temporary differences become deductible. Management considers the scheduled reversals of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income, and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Based on the level of historical taxable income and projections for future taxable income over the periods in which the deferred tax assets are deductible, management believes that it is more likely than not the company will realize the benefits of those deductible differences, net of the existing valuation allowance at December 31, 2004. The valuation allowance relates to provision for doubtful debts and investments. The amount of the deferred tax assets considered realizable, however, could be reduced in the near term if estimates of future taxable income during the carry forward period are reduced. The valuation allowance was $2 million as of March 31, 2004. The valuation allowance increased by $1 million during the nine months ended December 31, 2004.

 

The provision for foreign taxes is due to income taxes payable overseas, principally in the United States of America. The company benefits from certain significant tax incentives provided to software firms under Indian tax laws. These incentives presently include an exemption from payment of Indian corporate income taxes for a period of ten consecutive years of operation of software development facilities designated as “Software Technology Parks” (the STP Tax Holiday). The Government of India has amended the tax incentives available to companies set up in designated STPs. The period of the STP Tax Holiday available to such companies is restricted to ten consecutive years, beginning from the financial year when the unit started producing computer software or April 1, 1999, whichever is earlier.

 

2.5 Derivative financial instruments

 

The company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts where the counter-party is generally a bank. The company considers the risks of non-performance by the counter party as non-material. Infosys held foreign exchange forward contracts of $149 million and $309 million as of March 31, 2004 and December 31, 2004, respectively. The foreign exchange forward contracts mature between one to 12 months.

 

2.6 Segment reporting

 

SFAS No. 131, Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information, establishes standards for the way that public business enterprises report information about operating segments and related disclosures about products and services, geographic areas, and major customers. The company’s operations predominantly relate to providing IT solutions, delivered to customers located globally, across various industry segments. The Chief Operating Decision Maker evaluates the company’s performance and allocates resources based on an analysis of various performance indicators by industry classes and geographic segmentation of customers. Accordingly, revenues represented along industry classes comprise the principal basis of segmental information set out in these financial statements. Secondary segmental reporting is performed on the basis of the geographical location

 

12


of customers. The accounting principles consistently used in the preparation of the financial statements are consistently applied to record revenue and expenditure in individual segments, and are as set out in the summary of significant accounting policies.

 

Industry segments for the company are primarily financial services comprising enterprises providing banking, finance and insurance services, manufacturing enterprises, enterprises in the telecommunications (telecom) and retail industries, and others such as utilities, transportation and logistics companies. Geographic segmentation is based on business sourced from that geographic region and delivered from both on-site and off-shore. North America comprises the United States of America, Canada and Mexico; Europe includes continental Europe (both the east and the west), Ireland and the United Kingdom; and the Rest of the World comprising all other places except those mentioned above and India.

 

Revenue in relation to segments is categorized based on items that are individually identifiable to that segment, while expenditure is categorized in relation to the associated turnover of the segment. Allocated expenses of the geographic segments include expenses incurred for rendering services from the company’s offshore software development centers and on-site expenses. Certain expenses such as depreciation, which form a significant component of total expenses, are not specifically allocable to specific segments as the underlying assets are used interchangeably. Management believes that it is not practical to provide segment disclosures relating to those costs and expenses, and accordingly these expenses are separately disclosed as “unallocated” and adjusted only against the total income of the company.

 

Fixed assets used in the company’s business are not identified to any of the reportable segments, as these are used interchangeably between segments. Management believes that it is currently not practicable to provide segment disclosures relating to total assets and liabilities since a meaningful segregation of the available data is onerous.

 

Geographical information on revenue and industry revenue information is collated based on individual customers invoiced or in relation to which the revenue is otherwise recognized.

 

  2.6.1 Industry segments

 

                         (Dollars in millions)

Nine months ended December 31, 2003


  

Financial

services


   Manufacturing

   Telecom

   Retail

   Others

   Total

Revenues

   $ 289    $ 113    $ 114    $ 89    $ 155    $ 760

Identifiable operating expenses

     121      49      46      33      63      312

Allocated expenses

     77      29      31      23      39      199

Segmental operating income

   $ 91    $ 35    $ 37    $ 33    $ 53    $ 249

Unallocable expenses

                                        42

Operating income

                                        207

Other income, net

                                        24

Income before income taxes

                                        231

Provision for income taxes

                                        38
                                       

Net income

                                      $ 193
                                       

Nine months ended December 31, 2004


  

Financial

services


   Manufacturing

   Telecom

   Retail

   Others

   Total

Revenues

   $ 395    $ 167    $ 207    $ 114    $ 254    $ 1,137

Identifiable operating expenses

     167      73      87      45      103      475

Allocated expenses

     107      39      50      27      70      293

Segmental operating income

   $ 121    $ 55    $ 70    $ 42    $ 81      369

Unallocable expenses

                                        42

Operating income

                                        327

Other income, net

                                        17

Income before income taxes

                                        344

Provision for income taxes

                                        52
                                       

Net income

                                      $ 292
                                       

 

13


 

  2.6.2 Geographic segments

 

                    (Dollars in millions)

Nine months ended December 31, 2003


  

North

America


   Europe

   India

  

Rest

of the

World


   Total

Revenues

   $ 559    $ 143    $ 11    $ 47    $ 760

Identifiable operating expenses

     235      57      3      19      314

Allocated expenses

     146      37      3      12      198

Segmental operating income

   $ 178    $ 49    $ 5    $ 16      248

Unallocable expenses

                                 41

Operating income

                                 207

Other income, net

                                 24

Income before income taxes

                                 231

Provision for income taxes

                                 38
                                

Net income

                               $ 193
                                

                    (Dollars in millions)

Nine months ended December 31, 2004


   North
America


   Europe

   India

  

Rest

of the

World


   Total

Revenues

   $ 746    $ 250    $ 21    $ 120    $ 1,137

Identifiable operating expenses

     313      101      5      56      475

Allocated expenses

     184      59      5      46      294

Segmental operating income

   $ 249    $ 90    $ 11    $ 18      368

Unallocable expenses

                                 41

Operating income

                                 327

Other income, net

                                 17

Income before income taxes

                                 344

Provision for income taxes

                                 52
                                

Net income

                               $ 292
                                

 

  2.6.3 Significant clients

 

No client individually accounted for more than 10% of the revenues in the nine months ended December 31, 2003 and 2004.

 

2.7 Stock split

 

On June 12, 2004, the members of the company approved a 3:1 bonus issue on the equity shares of the company. The bonus issue has the nature of a stock split effected in the form of a stock dividend with 3 additional shares being issued for every share held. Bonus shares have been allotted to shareholders on July 3, 2004. The computations of basic and diluted earnings per share has been adjusted retroactively for all periods presented to reflect the change in capital structure. All references in these financial statements to number of shares, per share amounts and exercise price of stock option grants are retroactively restated to reflect stock splits made.

 

2.8 Litigation

 

The company is subject to legal proceedings and claims, which have arisen, in the ordinary course of its business. Legal actions, when ultimately concluded and determined, will not, in the opinion of management, have a material effect on the results of operations or the financial position of the company.

 

In the year ended March 31, 2004, Ms. Jennifer Griffith, a former employee, filed a lawsuit against the company and its former director, Mr. Phaneesh Murthy. The lawsuit was served on the company during the quarter ended December 31, 2003. This matter has recently been settled. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, all of Ms. Griffiths’s claims against the company will be released and the lawsuit will be dismissed with prejudice. The company believes the lawsuit will be dismissed at the end of January 2005.

 

14

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