IBM » Topics » Board of Directors

This excerpt taken from the IBM DEF 14A filed Mar 10, 2008.

Board of Directors


IBM’s Board of Directors is responsible for supervision of the overall affairs of the Company. The Board held 10 meetings during 2007. To assist it in carrying out its duties, the Board has delegated certain authority to several committees. Overall attendance at Board and committee meetings was 92%. Attendance was at least 75% for each director except for Mr. Dormann. Directors are expected to attend the Annual Meeting of Stockholders, and all directors attended the 2007 Annual Meeting except Messrs. Dormann and Owens. Following the Annual Meeting in 2008, the Board will consist of 11 directors. In the interim between Annual Meetings, the Board has the authority under the by-laws to increase or decrease the size of the Board and to fill vacancies.


        IBM’s Board of Directors has long adhered to governance principles designed to assure the continued vitality of the Board and excellence in the execution of its duties. Since 1994, the Board has had in place a set of governance guidelines reflecting these principles, including the Board’s policy of requiring a majority of independent directors, the importance of equity compensation to align the interests of directors and stockholders, and regularly scheduled executive sessions, including sessions of non-management directors without management. An executive session with independent directors is scheduled for at least once a year, and the non-management directors met in executive session three times in 2007. The chair of the Board committee responsible for the principal subject being discussed presides at executive sessions of the non-management directors. The IBM Board Corporate Governance Guidelines reflect the Company’s principles on corporate governance matters, including the policy that any director who receives more “withheld” votes than “for” votes in an election shall tender his or her resignation. These guidelines are available at and are available in print to any stockholder who requests them. At its Annual Meeting in 2009, the Company intends to seek stockholder approval to amend its certificate of incorporation to provide for majority voting for directors in uncontested elections. The Company will implement majority voting at an earlier date if there is a change in applicable law that would allow the Company to do so without stockholder approval.


        Under the IBM Board Corporate Governance Guidelines, the Directors and Corporate Governance Committee and the full Board annually review the financial and other relationships between the non-management directors and IBM as part of the annual assessment of director independence. The Directors and Corporate Governance Committee makes recommendations to the Board about the independence of non-management directors, and the Board determines whether those directors are independent. The independence criteria established by the Board in accordance with New York Stock Exchange requirements and used by the Directors and Corporate Governance Committee and the Board in their assessment of the independence of directors is set forth in Appendix A to this Proxy Statement. Applying those standards for the non-management directors in 2007, including those standing for election, the Committee and the Board have determined that each of the following directors has met the independence standards: C. Black, W.R. Brody, J. Dormann, M.L. Eskew, S.A. Jackson, M. Makihara, L.A. Noto, J.W. Owens, J.E. Spero, S. Taurel, C.M. Vest and L.H. Zambrano. The Committee and the Board have determined that Mr. K.I. Chenault does not qualify as an independent director in view of the commercial relationships between IBM and American Express Company. As a result, Mr. Chenault does not participate on any committee of the Board or in executive sessions regarding compensation for the Company’s CEO. Otherwise, Mr. Chenault continues to participate fully in the Board’s activities and to provide valuable expertise and advice. Mr. Eskew’s son is employed by the Company in a non-executive officer position. He was hired over a year before Mr. Eskew joined the Company’s Board, and his compensation is consistent with the Company’s policies that apply to all employees. Based on the foregoing, the Board has determined that this relationship does not preclude a finding of independence for Mr. Eskew.


        Stockholders and other interested parties who wish to communicate with the non-management directors of the Company should send their correspondence to: IBM Non-Management Directors, c/o Chair, IBM Directors and Corporate Governance Committee, International Business Machines Corporation, Mail Drop 390, New Orchard Road, Armonk, NY 10504, or





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