Isle of Capri Casinos 10-K 2008
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
ISLE OF CAPRI CASINOS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, $.01 Par Value Per Share
(Title of Class)
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes o No x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x No o
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No x
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting stock held by non-affiliates(1) of the Company is $333,184,516, based on the last reported sale price of $20.61 per share on October 26, 2007 on the NASDAQ Stock Market; multiplied by 16,166,158 shares of Common Stock outstanding and held by non-affiliates of the Company on such date.
As of July 8, 2008, the Company had a total of 30,857,558 shares of Common Stock outstanding (which excludes 4,372,073 shares held by us in treasury).
(1) Affiliates for the purpose of this item refer to the directors, named executive officers and/or persons owning 10% or more of the Companys common stock, both of record and beneficially; however, this determination does not constitute an admission of affiliate status for any of the individual stockholders.
Part III incorporates information by reference to the Registrants definitive proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission within 120 days after the end of the fiscal year.
ISLE OF CAPRI CASINOS, INC.
DISCLOSURE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This report contains statements that we believe are, or may be considered to be, forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. All statements other than statements of historical fact included in this report regarding the prospects of our industry or our prospects, plans, financial position or business strategy, may constitute forward-looking statements. In addition, forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the use of forward-looking words such as may, will, expect, intend, estimate, foresee, project, anticipate, believe, plans, forecasts, continue or could or the negatives of these terms or variations of them or similar terms. Furthermore, such forward-looking statements may be included in various filings that we make with the SEC or press releases or oral statements made by or with the approval of one of our authorized executive officers. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that these expectations will prove to be correct. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain known and unknown risks and uncertainties, as well as assumptions that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause actual results to differ include, but are not limited to, those discussed in the section entitled Risk Factors beginning on page 2 of this Report. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained herein, which reflect managements opinions only as of the date hereof. Except as required by law, we undertake no obligation to revise or publicly release the results of any revision to any forward-looking statements. You are advised, however, to consult any additional disclosures we make in our reports to the SEC. All subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements contained in this Report.
We are a leading developer, owner and operator of branded gaming facilities and related lodging and entertainment facilities in regional markets in the United States and internationally. We currently operate 14 casinos in the United States, located in Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, Iowa, Colorado and Florida. Internationally we operate 4 casinos in Coventry, Dudley and Wolverhampton, England and Freeport, Grand Bahamas. We also operate a harness racing track at our casino in Florida.
Our fiscal year ends each year on the last Sunday of April. During fiscal 2008, we opened casinos developed by us in Waterloo, Iowa and Coventry, England; completed the acquisition of our casino in Caruthersville, Missouri; purchased the 43% minority interest not owned by us in our Black Hawk, Colorado properties; and completed the opening of our new casino in Pompano, Florida. Also in fiscal 2008, we had significant changes to our executive management team, as James Perry joined us as Chief Executive Officer and as a director; Virginia McDowell became our President and Chief Operating Officer; and Dale Black became our Chief Financial Officer.
During fiscal 2008 we developed and announced a strategic plan designed to improve our free cash flow. This plan includes developing two distinct brands within our business, Isle and Lady Luck, and reinvesting in our core assets.
The Isle brand and will be introduced at our properties which have a regional draw and tend to be in larger markets where we have expansion potential demonstrated by either the size of the market or excess land that we control. The Isle brand will offer expanded amenities, usually offering hotel rooms, expanded food and beverage offerings and conference and convention capabilities.
The Lady Luck casinos will be focused on a local customer base, typically in smaller markets with less growth potential. The goal of the Lady Luck brand will be to offer the best entertainment option for the respective market featuring casual dining, and popular local entertainment in a comfortable setting.
The operating focus of both brands will be to deliver superior guest experience by providing customers with the most popular gaming product in a clean, safe, friendly and fun environment. We have begun implementing several operating initiatives to improve on these attributes as customer research consistently confirms that these are the primary drivers in our customers decision making process in choosing a casino to attend. To this end we have implemented a customer courtesy program whereby we will measure our progress against three primary courtesy behaviors and incentivise our employees on improvements. In addition our maintenance, capital, and operating plans have been designed to improve on areas where customers have told us we are lacking in these key areas of clean, safe, friendly and fun. Finally we have designed our incentive plans to align employee incentives with the key initiatives and shareholders needs.
Through the strategic planning process we identified several capital projects which we will seek to implement over the next 18 to 24 months and beyond, aimed at enhancing the experience of our customers and consistent with a brand strategy that is designed to clearly define the experience that will be delivered by each brand. This will enable us to manage the expectations of our customers, employees and the investment community, and will align our operating strategy with the needs of our customers in each market. We believe that these internal projects offer us the highest potential uses of the free cash flow that we expect to generate in the intermediate term, as we look to improve our properties and also begin to de-lever our Company.
We expect that approximately $160 million will go towards the rebuilding and refurbishment of the Biloxi property, which we plan to begin as soon as we determine the timing of the settlement of our Hurricane Katrina insurance claims, and our goal is to have the project completed roughly in line with the Margaritaville project which is being developed adjacent to our property. We expect the insurance proceeds will provide a significant portion of the construction cost of the Biloxi project. The Biloxi project is expected to include a new single level casino, restoration of our convention space, new food venues, and renovation of the hotel rooms in the south hotel tower.
Additionally, we have earmarked approximately $16 million to $18 million to convert several of our local facilities to the Lady Luck brand. The Company plans to re-brand its properties in Davenport, Iowa, Lula, Mississippi, and Marquette, Iowa, and complete the re-branding in Caruthersville.
Lastly, we have identified approximately 1,200 hotel rooms (approximately forty percent of our room inventory) and many of the public areas in our hotels which are in need of renovation. We expect to begin the renovations once we have more clarity on the macro economic picture, our operating success and credit flexibility and better understand the estimated costs of completing the renovations.
The following is an overview of our existing casino properties as of the end of fiscal year 2008:
Lake Charles, which commenced operations in July 1995, is located on a 19-acre site along Interstate 10, the main thoroughfare connecting Houston, Texas to Lake Charles, Louisiana. The property consists of two dockside casinos offering 1,961 slot machines and 76 table games, a 252-room deluxe hotel, a separate 241-room hotel, a 105,000 square foot land-based pavilion and entertainment center, and 2,335 parking spaces, including approximately 1,400 spaces in an attached parking garage. The pavilion and entertainment center offer customers a wide variety of non-gaming amenities, including a 97-seat Farraddays restaurant, a 360-seat Calypsos buffet, a 165-seat Tradewinds Marketplace, a 64-seat Lucky Wins oriental restaurant and Caribbean Cove, which features free live entertainment and can accommodate 180 customers. The pavilion also has a 14,750 square foot entertainment center comprised of an 1,100-seat special events center designed for concerts, live boxing, televised pay-per-view events, banquets and other events, meeting facilities and administrative offices.
The Lake Charles market currently consists of two dockside gaming facilities (which include our property and Pinnacle Entertainments one-level facility), a Native American casino and a pari-mutuel facility/racino (operated by Boyd Gaming). Pinnacle Entertainment is in the process of developing their second casino (utilizing a license acquired from Harrahs Entertainment after Hurricane Rita) which would be adjacent to their current facility. It is expected to be in operation by early 2010. The current number of slot machines in the market exceeds 8,200 machines and table games exceed 200 tables. In calendar year 2007, the two gaming facilities (Isle and Pinnacle) and one racino (Boyd), in the aggregate, generated gaming revenues of approximately $640.6 million. Revenues for the Native American property are not published. Lake Charles is the closest gaming market to the Houston metropolitan area, which has a population of approximately 5.5 million and is located approximately 140 miles west of Lake Charles. We believe that the Isle-Lake Charles attracts customers primarily from southeast Texas, including Houston, Beaumont, Galveston, Orange and Port Arthur and from local area residents. Approximately 520,000 and 1.6 million people reside within 50 and 100 miles, respectively, of the Isle-Lake Charles.
Lula, which we acquired in March 2000, is strategically located off of Highway 49, the only road crossing the Mississippi River between Mississippi and Arkansas for more than 50 miles in either direction. The property consists of two dockside casinos containing 1,305 slot machines and 15 table games, two on-site hotels with a total of 487 rooms, a land-based pavilion and entertainment center, 1,583 parking spaces, and a new 28-space RV Park, which opened in July of 2007. The pavilion and entertainment center offer a wide variety of non-gaming amenities, including a 145-seat Farraddays restaurant, a 300-seat Calypsos buffet and a 44-seat Tradewinds Marketplace.
Our casino property is the only gaming facility in the Coahoma County, Mississippi market and generated gaming revenues of approximately $78.7 million in calendar year 2007. Lula draws a significant amount of business from the Little Rock, Arkansas metropolitan area, which has a population of approximately 666,000 and is located approximately 120 miles west of the property. Coahoma County is also located approximately 60 miles southwest of Memphis, Tennessee, which is primarily served by 9 casinos in Tunica, Mississippi. In addition, November 2007 saw the opening of a new competitor, Harlows Casino, 90 miles down-river from Lula in Greenville, MS. The opening of this new casino resulted in a 3% average reduction in the overall market share of Mississippis Northern Region, which includes Lula. The greater part of that impact was in our primary target market. Approximately 964,000 people reside within the propertys primary target market. Lula also competes with Native American casinos in Oklahoma and a racino in Memphis, Tennessee.
Biloxi, which commenced operations in August 1992, is located on a 17-acre site at the eastern end of a cluster of facilities formerly known as Casino Row in Biloxi, Mississippi, and is the first property reached by visitors coming from Alabama, Florida and Georgia via Highway 90.
On August 29, 2005 the property was significantly damaged by Hurricane Katrina. The property was closed on August 28, 2005 and remained closed to the public until December 26, 2005. The Highway 90 bridge spanning Biloxi Bay, located immediately to the east of the property, was also destroyed. The bridge was replaced with a new, larger bridge which partially opened in November 2007 and fully opened in April 2008.
In October 2005, the Mississippi legislature amended its gaming laws to allow casinos to operate land-based facilities within 800 feet of the mean high water line. Our Biloxi property is a land-based casino offering approximately 1,336 gaming positions, a 710-room hotel including 200 whirlpool suites, a 120-seat restaurant called A Taste of Farraddays, a 200-seat Calypsos buffet, a Tradewinds Express and 1,600 parking spaces. In May 2006, we completed the renovation of our existing atrium that added a new multi-story feature bar, connected the parking garage with the atrium by a covered walkway, and increased the number of parking spaces to approximately 1,600. In November 2006, we opened a 138-seat fine-dining restaurant and osteria called Bragozzo. In February 2007, we opened a full service Starbucks. In September 2007, we converted the Bragozzo restaurant to a full service Farraddays restaurant and converted A Taste of Farraddays to a banquet room called Paradise Room used to hold special events such as player parties.
Prior to Hurricane Katrina, the Mississippi Gulf Coast market (which includes Biloxi, Gulfport and Bay St. Louis) was one of the largest gaming markets in the United States and consisted of 12 dockside gaming facilities which, in the aggregate, generated gaming revenues of $1.2 billion during calendar year 2004, which was the last full calendar year before the storm. Including the Isle, eleven casinos have re-entered the market since Hurricane Katrina. In calendar year 2007, the Gulf Coast market reached revenues of $1.3 billion.
Natchez, which we acquired in March 2000, is located off of Highways 84 and 61 in western Mississippi. The property consists of a dockside casino offering 630 slot machines and 11 table games, a 141-room off-site hotel located approximately one mile from the casino, a 150-seat Calypsos buffet and 908 parking spaces.
Our property is currently the only gaming facility in the Natchez market and generated total revenues of approximately $42.2 million in calendar year 2007. We believe that the Isle-Natchez attracts customers primarily from among the 117,000 people residing within 50 miles of the Isle-Natchez. The Grand Soleil Casino Company began site construction for its river
boat casino and land-based hotel during early 2008. Construction has been halted and restarted several times due to legal and financial issues, but we expect that the facility could potentially open and impact the Natchez market by early 2009.
Our Kansas City property, which we acquired in June 2000, is the closest gaming facility to downtown Kansas City and consists of a dockside casino offering 1,335 slot machines and 25 table games, a 96-seat Farraddays Bistro restaurant, a 260-seat Calypsos buffet, a 45-seat Tradewinds Marketplace and 1,807 parking spaces. Plans for an $85 million expansion project at our Kansas City property were cancelled in fiscal year 2008 and as a result, $1.1 million of the project costs were written off.
The Kansas City market consists of four dockside gaming facilities and a tribal casino that, in the aggregate, generated gaming revenues of approximately $720.7 million in calendar year 2007. The other operators of the dockside gaming facilities in this market are Ameristar Casinos, Penn National Gaming (formerly Argosy Gaming) and Harrahs Entertainment. The tribal casino, owned by the Wyandotte Tribe, opened in January 2008 with 430 class II slots and generated about $4.4 million gaming revenue during the first three months of operations. We believe that our Kansas City casino attracts customers primarily from the Kansas City metropolitan area, which has approximately 1.9 million residents.
In the spring of 2007, the Kansas legislature authorized casinos in several locations throughout the State of Kansas, including two in the Kansas City, Kansas area. This process is on-going with one of the Kansas City, Kansas area casinos proposed to be located at the Woodlands Track and the other proposed to be a resort-type destination casino.
In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2008, the State of Missouri, began reconstruction of the Paseo Bridge and interchanges adjacent to our property. The construction is expected to continue into fiscal 2011. While we expect traffic access to our property to be maintained during the construction period, our customers will be subject to changes in their egress routes.
Our Boonville property, which opened on December 6, 2001, is located off of Interstate 70, approximately halfway between Kansas City and St. Louis. The property consists of a single level dockside casino offering 947 slot machines, 21 table games and 6 poker tables, a 140-room hotel that opened in May 2006, a 32,400 square foot pavilion and entertainment center and 1,101 parking spaces. The pavilion and entertainment center offers customers a wide variety of non-gaming amenities, including an 83-seat Farraddays restaurant, a 218-seat Calypsos buffet, a 24-seat Tradewinds Marketplace, an 800 seat event center, and a historic display area. We are the only gaming facility between Kansas City, Missouri, and St. Louis, Missouri and generated gaming revenues of approximately $83.5 million in calendar year 2007. We believe that our Boonville casino attracts customers primarily from the mid-Missouri region including the Columbia and Jefferson City areas.
Our Caruthersville property was acquired on June 11, 2007 and is a riverboat casino located along the Mississippi river in Southeast Missouri. In June 2008, the casino was re-branded as a Lady Luck casino. The property consists of 651 slot machines, 15 table games and 8 poker games. Caruthersville is the only casino located in Southeast Missouri.
The Bettendorf property, which we acquired in March 2000, is located off of Interstate 74, an interstate highway serving the Quad Cities metropolitan area. The property consists of a dockside casino offering 1,026 slot machines and 36 table games, a 514-room hotel, including a new $45 million, 258-room tower, which opened in May 2007, approximately 20,500 square feet of convention/banquet space, a 102-seat Farraddays restaurant, a 272-seat Calypsos buffet, a 26-seat Tradewinds Marketplace and 2,063 parking spaces. We have entered into agreements with the City of Bettendorf, Iowa under which the City is constructing an events center adjacent to our new hotel. We will lease, manage, and provide financial and operating support for the events center.
The Quad Cities metropolitan area, consisting of Bettendorf and Davenport, Iowa and Moline and Rock Island, Illinois, currently has three gaming operationsour two gaming facilities in Bettendorf and in Davenport, and one smaller operator, which has recently received approval to relocate within the market and construct a substantially larger facility. The three operations in the Quad Cities generated, in the aggregate, gaming revenues of approximately $189.9 million in calendar year 2007. Our operations in the Quad Cities also compete with other gaming operations in Illinois and Iowa.
Our Davenport property, which we acquired in October 2000, is located at the intersection of River Drive and Highway 61, a state highway serving the Quad Cities metropolitan area. The property consists of a dockside gaming facility offering 972 slot machines and 14 table games, a 228-seat Hit Parade buffet, a Grab-n-Go food outlet and 968 parking spaces.
Our Marquette property, which we acquired in March 2000, is located in Marquette, Iowa, approximately 60 miles north of Dubuque, Iowa. The property consists of a dockside casino offering 614 slot machines and 13 table games, a land-based facility which includes a 165-seat Calypsos buffet restaurant, a Tradewinds Marketplace, an entertainment showroom, a 25-room hotel, a marina and 475 parking spaces.
We are the only gaming facility in the Marquette, Iowa market and generated gaming revenues of approximately $36.6 million in calendar year 2007. We believe most of our Marquette customers are from northeast Iowa and Wisconsin and we compete for those customers with other gaming facilities in Iowa and Wisconsin.
Our Waterloo property, which opened on June 30, 2007, is located adjacent to Highway 218 and US 20 in Waterloo, Iowa. The property consists of a single level casino offering 1,101 slot machines, 29 table games and 6 poker tables. The property also offers a wide variety of non-gaming amenities, including a 105-seat Farraddays restaurant a 208-seat Isle buffet, a 36-seat Tradewinds marketplace, a 12-seat Starbucks, Club Capri Lounge, Fling feature bar, 5,000 sq. ft. of meeting space, over 1,100 parking spaces and a 195-room hotel, which includes 27 suites, as well as an indoor pool and hot tub area.
We are the only gaming facility in the Waterloo, Iowa market. We compete with other casinos in eastern Iowa. We generated gaming revenues of approximately $39.0 million in calendar year 2007, which included the first six months of the propertys operations.
Our Black Hawk property, which operates as a Isle branded casino, commenced operations in December 1998, is located on an approximately 10-acre site and is one of the first gaming facilities reached by customers arriving from Denver via Highway 119, the main thoroughfare connecting Denver to Black Hawk. The property includes a land-based casino with 1,371 slot machines and 18 table games, a 238-room hotel and 1,100 parking spaces in an attached parking garage. The Isle-Black Hawk also offers customers a wide variety of non-gaming amenities, including a 96-seat Farraddays restaurant, a 228-seat Calypsos buffet and a 32-seat Tradewinds Marketplace. In January 2008, Isle of Capri acquired the remaining minority interest in of this property from Nevada Gold & Casinos Inc., and we now own 100% of the Isle-Black Hawk.
The Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk
The Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk, which we acquired in April 2003, is located across the intersection of Main Street and Mill Street from the Isle-Black Hawk. The property consists of a land-based casino with 644 slot machines, 16 table games, a 164-room hotel that opened in December 2005 and 1,200 parking spaces in our parking structure connecting Isle-Black Hawk and Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk. The property also offers guests dining in its Station Café that was opened in early 2007 as well as a Quiznos sandwich franchise that is located in the basement of the facility. All three sites are connected via sky bridges. In January 2008, we acquired the minority interest in this property from Nevada Gold & Casinos Inc., and we now own 100% of the Black Hawk operations.
When casinos having multiple gaming licenses in the same building are combined, the Black Hawk/Central City market consists of 23 gaming facilities (eight of which have more than 600 slot machines), which in aggregate, generated gaming revenues of approximately $661.2 million in calendar year 2007. Black Hawk is the closest gaming market to the Denver, Colorado metropolitan area, which has a population of approximately 2.7 million and is located approximately 40 miles east of Black Hawk. We believe that the Black Hawk and Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk attract customers primarily from Denver, Boulder, Fort Collins and Golden, Colorado and Cheyenne, Wyoming.
In 1995, we acquired Pompano Park, a harness racing track located in Pompano Beach, Florida. Pompano Park is located off of Interstate 95 and the Florida Turnpike on a 223-acre owned site, near Fort Lauderdale, midway between Miami and West Palm Beach. Pompano Park is the only racetrack licensed to conduct harness racing in Florida.
On April 14, 2007, following changes to Florida law, we opened a gaming facility including 1,500 slot machines, two restaurants and a feature bar at Pompano Park adjacent to the existing grandstand at a cost of approximately $190 million. Two additional restaurants and a new poker room with 38 tables on the second floor of the facility opened in May 2007. The Isle-Pompano draws most of its customers from the approximately 2.6 million people residing within a 25-mile radius of the facility and competes with two other racinos and two tribal gaming facilities in the market.
Grand Bahama Island
Our Lucaya is a 19,000 square-foot casino located at the Our Lucaya Resort in Freeport, Grand Bahama and offers 303 slot machines, 25 table games and a 110-seat restaurant.
Our pub-style casino in Dudley, England is one of 17 gaming facilities in the West Midlands market. Dudley is close to the Birmingham metropolitan area, which has a population of approximately 5.3 million. The casino consists of 20 slot machines, 9 table games, and 28 electronic touch bet table terminals. We own two-thirds of the Blue Chip-Dudley.
Our pub-style casino in Wolverhampton, England is also in the West Midlands market. Wolverhampton is close to the Birmingham metropolitan area. The casino consists of 20 slot machines, 11 table games, and 34 electronic touch bet table terminals. We own two-thirds of the Blue Chip-Wolverhampton.
On July 6, 2007, we opened a casino in Coventry, England under the 1968 Gambling Act. This facility has 20 slot machines, 31 table games, including poker, and 50 electronic touch bet table terminals. The development is a full entertainment facility with two restaurants and three bars.
Our marketing programs are designed to promote our overall business strategy of providing customers with a safe, clean, friendly and fun gaming experience at each of our properties. We have developed an extensive proprietary database of customers that allows us to create effective targeted marketing and promotional programs that are designed to reward customer loyalty, attract new customers to our properties and maintain high recognition of our brands.
In March 2008 we announced our new strategic plan, the main components of which are to focus on organic growth opportunities and to consolidate our portfolio into two brands Isle and Lady Luck. Our re-branding decisions will be based on a variety of factors, including the size of the facility, amenities, and the size of the primary markets served. The Isle brand will feature regional facilities with hotel rooms and convention facilities designed for both business and leisure travelers, with upgraded amenities, all of which will complement our casino product. Based on a significant market research project conducted with our database customers, we will reintroduce Lady Luck as the brand for our smaller facilities that serve more local markets.
Specifically, as we implement our strategic plan, we expect our marketing programs and initiatives to focus on the following areas:
· Customer Research: Overall, our operating and marketing strategies have been developed and are being implemented to meet the needs and desires of our customers in each of our locations. In order to assess these needs and desires, we engage in significant customer research in each of our markets. Upon receipt of these surveys, we assess the attitudes of our customers and the customers of our competitive properties towards the most important attributes of their experience in a regional and/or local gaming facility. We use the extensive information gathered from these research initiatives to make marketing, operating and development decisions that, we believe, will optimize the position of our properties relative to our competition.
· Branding Initiatives: As previously discussed, we have designed a strategic plan that will consolidate our property portfolio from four brands into two brands. We believe that this approach will allow us to most effectively align and promote our properties based upon customer needs and desires, will further allow us to more efficiently market our properties on a consolidated basis, and will streamline the costs associated with marketing our portfolio.
· Database Marketing: We are streamlining our database marketing initiatives across the Company in order to focus our marketing efforts on profitable customers who have a proven willingness to regularly visit our properties. Specifically, our focus is on eliminating from our database customers who have historically been included in significant marketing efforts but have proven costly either as a result of excessive marketing expenditures on the part of the Company, or because these customers have become relatively dormant in terms of customer activity yet have remained active in our database.
· Segmentation: We have compiled an extensive database of customer information over time. Among our most important marketing initiatives, we are currently introducing database segmentation to our properties in order to adjust investment rates to a level at which we expect to meet a reasonable level of customer profitability.
· Retail Development: We believe that we must more effectively attract new, non-database customers to our properties moving forward in order to increase profitability and free cash flow. These customers are generally less expensive to attract and retain and, therefore, currently represent a significant opportunity for our operations.
As of April 27, 2008, we employed approximately 8,559 people. None of our employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement. We believe that our relationship with our employees is satisfactory.
The gaming and racing industries are highly regulated, and we must maintain our licenses and pay gaming taxes to continue our operations. Each of our facilities is subject to extensive regulation under the laws, rules and regulations of the jurisdiction where it is located. These laws, rules and regulations generally relate to the responsibility, financial stability and character of the owners, managers and persons with financial interests in the gaming operations. Violations of laws in one jurisdiction could result in disciplinary action in other jurisdictions. A more detailed description of the regulations to which we are subject is contained in Exhibit 99.1 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K, which exhibit is incorporated herein by reference.
Our businesses are subject to various federal, state and local laws and regulations in addition to gaming regulations. These laws and regulations include, but are not limited to, restrictions and conditions concerning alcoholic beverages, environmental matters, employees, currency transactions, taxation, zoning and building codes, and marketing and advertising. Such laws and regulations could change or could be interpreted differently in the future, or new laws and
regulations could be enacted. Material changes, new laws or regulations, or material differences interpretations by courts or governmental authorities could adversely affect our operating results.
We face significant competition from other gaming operations that could have a material adverse effect on our future operations.
The gaming industry is intensely competitive, and we face a high degree of competition in the markets in which we operate. We have numerous competitors, including land-based casinos, dockside casinos, riverboat casinos, casinos located on Native American-owned lands and at racing and pari-mutuel operations and video lottery and video poker machines not located in casinos. Several of our competitors have substantially better name recognition, marketing and financial resources than we do; competitors with more financial resources may therefore be able to improve the quality of, or expand, their gaming facilities in a way that we may be unable to match. Legalized gaming is currently permitted in various forms throughout the United States. Certain states have recently legalized, and other states are currently considering legalizing gaming, Other jurisdictions, including states in close proximity to jurisdictions where we currently have operations, have considered and may consider legalizing casino gaming and other forms of competition. In addition, there is no limit on the number of gaming licenses that may be granted in several of the markets in which we operate. As a result, new licenses could be awarded to gaming facilities in these markets, which could allow new gaming operators to enter our markets and have an adverse effect on our operating results. Expansion of existing gaming facilities and the development of new gaming facilities in our current markets will increase competition for our existing and future operations. In addition, many Native American tribes conduct casino gaming on Native American-owned lands throughout the United States. These facilities have the advantages of being land-based and exempt from certain state and federal taxes and operational restrictions. Some Native American tribes are either in the process of establishing or expanding, or are considering the establishment or expansion of, gaming in Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Florida, Alabama, Kansas, Colorado, Mississippi, Wisconsin and Iowa. The establishment or expansion of new gaming facilities and casinos on Native American-owned lands will increase competition for our existing and future gaming facilities in proximity to Native American-owned lands.
We also compete with other forms of legalized gaming and entertainment such as online computer gambling, bingo, pull tab games, card parlors, sports books, cruise-to-nowhere operations, pari-mutuel or telephonic betting on horse racing and dog racing, state-sponsored lotteries, jai-alai, and, in the future, may compete with gaming at other venues. In addition, we compete more generally with other forms of entertainment for the discretionary spending of our customers.
Our existing gaming facilities compete directly with other gaming properties in Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Iowa, Florida and Colorado. We also compete with gaming operators in other gaming jurisdictions such as Atlantic City, New Jersey and Las Vegas, Nevada. Our existing casinos attract a significant number of their customers from Houston, Texas; Mobile, Alabama; Kansas City, Missouri; Southern Florida; Little Rock, Arkansas and Denver, Colorado. Our continued success depends upon drawing customers from each of these geographic markets. Legalization of gaming in jurisdictions closer to these geographic markets than the jurisdictions in which our facilities are located would have a material adverse effect on our operating results. In that regard, the Kansas Legislature recently authorized casinos in several locations throughout the state of Kansas, including two in the Kansas City, Kansas area. We expect competition to increase as new gaming operators enter our markets, existing competitors expand their operations, gaming activities expand in existing jurisdictions and gaming is legalized in new jurisdictions. We cannot predict with any certainty the effects of existing and future competition on our operating results.
We are subject to extensive regulation from gaming authorities that could adversely affect us.
As owners and operators of gaming and pari-mutuel wagering facilities, we are subject to extensive state and local regulation. State and local authorities require us and our subsidiaries to demonstrate suitability to obtain and retain various licenses and require that we have registrations, permits and approvals to conduct gaming operations. The regulatory authorities in the jurisdictions in which we operate have very broad discretion with regard to their regulation of gaming operators, and may for a broad variety of reasons and in accordance with applicable laws, rules and regulations, limit, condition, suspend, fail to renew or revoke a license to conduct gaming operations or prevent us from owning the securities of any of our gaming subsidiaries, or prevent other persons from owning an interest in us or doing business with us. We may also be deemed responsible for the acts and conduct of our employees. Substantial fines or forfeiture of
assets for violations of gaming laws or regulations may be levied against us, our subsidiaries and the persons involved, and some regulatory authorities have the ability to require us to suspend our operations. The suspension or revocation of any of our licenses or our operations or the levy on us or our subsidiaries of a substantial fine would have a material adverse effect on our business.
To date, we have demonstrated suitability to obtain and have obtained all governmental licenses, registrations, permits and approvals necessary for us to operate our existing gaming facilities. We cannot assure you that we will be able to retain these licenses, registrations, permits and approvals or that we will be able to obtain any new ones in order to expand our business, or that our attempts to do so will be timely. Like all gaming operators in the jurisdictions in which we operate, we must periodically apply to renew our gaming licenses and have the suitability of certain of our directors, officers and employees approved. We cannot assure you that we will be able to obtain such renewals or approvals.
In addition, regulatory authorities in certain jurisdictions must approve, in advance, any restrictions on transfers of, agreements not to encumber or pledges of equity securities issued by a corporation that is registered as an intermediary company with such state, or that holds a gaming license. If these restrictions are not approved in advance, they will be invalid.
From time to time, legislators and special interest groups have proposed legislation that would expand, restrict or prevent gaming operations in the jurisdictions in which we operate. In addition, from time to time, certain anti-gaming groups have challenged constitutional amendments or legislation that would limit our ability to continue to operate in those jurisdictions in which these constitutional amendments or legislation have been adopted. For example, the Florida District Court of Appeals First District reversed the lower courts decision granting summary judgment in favor of Floridians for a Level Playing Field (FLPF), of which we are a member. The Court ruled that a trial is necessary to determine whether FLPF failed to obtain the required number of signatures to place the constitutional amendment authorizing slot machines on the ballot approved by the voters. We believe that at trial FLPF would prevail on the merits. However, if FLPF is ultimately unsuccessful in the litigation, the statewide vote amending the Florida constitution to permit slot machines at pari-mutuels could be invalidated and our right to operate slot machines at Pompano Park would be eliminated, which would have an adverse effect on us. We cannot assure you as to the outcome of this litigation.
We are subject to the possibility of an increase in gaming taxes and fees, which would increase our costs.
State and local authorities raise a significant amount of revenue through taxes and fees on gaming activities. We believe that the prospect of significant revenue is one of the primary reasons that jurisdictions permit legalized gaming. As a result, gaming companies are typically subject to significant taxes and fees in addition to normal federal, state, local and provincial income taxes, and such taxes and fees are subject to increase at any time. We pay substantial taxes and fees with respect to our operations. From time to time, federal, state, local and provincial legislators and officials have proposed changes in tax laws, or in the administration of such laws, affecting the gaming industry. In addition, we believe that worsening economic conditions that result in state and local governments having budget shortfalls (as is currently the case in many of the jurisdictions in which we operate) could intensify the efforts of state and local governments to raise revenues through increases in gaming taxes. Some of the states in which we own or operate casinos continue to experience budget shortfalls and, as a result, may increase gaming taxes to raise more revenue. We cannot determine with certainty the likelihood of changes in tax laws or in the administration of such laws. Such changes, if adopted, could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are subject to non-gaming regulation that could adversely affect us.
Several of our riverboats must comply with U.S. Coast Guard requirements as to boat design, on-board facilities, equipment, personnel and safety and must hold U.S. Coast Guard Certificates of Documentation and Inspection. The U.S. Coast Guard requirements also set limits on the operation of the riverboats and mandate licensing of certain personnel involved with the operation of the riverboats. Loss of a riverboats Certificate of Documentation and Inspection could preclude its use as a riverboat casino. Each of our riverboats is inspected annually and, every five years, is subject to dry-docking for inspection of its hull, which could result in a temporary loss of service.
We are required to have third parties periodically inspect and certify all of our casino barges for stability and single compartment flooding integrity. Our casino barges and other facilities must also meet local fire safety standards. We would incur additional costs if any of our gaming facilities were not in compliance with one or more of these regulations.
We are also subject to certain federal, state and local environmental laws, regulations and ordinances that apply to non-gaming businesses generally, such as the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, the Resource Conservation Recovery Act, the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act and the Oil Pollution Act of 1990. Under various federal, state and local laws and regulations, an owner or operator of real property may be held liable for the costs of removal or remediation of certain hazardous or toxic substances or wastes located on its property, regardless of whether or not the present owner or operator knows of, or is responsible for, the presence of such substances or wastes. We have not identified any issues associated with our properties that could reasonably be expected to have an adverse effect on us or the results of our operations. However, several of our properties are located in industrial areas or were used for industrial purposes for many years. As a consequence, it is possible that historical or neighboring activities have affected one or more of our properties and that, as a result, environmental issues could arise in the future, the precise nature of which we cannot now predict. The coverage and attendant compliance costs associated with these laws, regulations and ordinances may result in future additional costs.
Regulations adopted by the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network of the U.S. Treasury Department require us to report currency transactions in excess of $10,000 occurring within a gaming day, including identification of the patron by name and social security number. U.S. Treasury Department regulations also require us to report certain suspicious activity, including any transaction that exceeds $5,000 if we know, suspect or have reason to believe that the transaction involves funds from illegal activity or is designed to evade federal regulations or reporting requirements. Substantial penalties can be imposed against us if we fail to comply with these regulations.
We are also subject to a variety of other local rules and regulations, including zoning, environmental, construction and land-use laws and regulations governing the serving of alcoholic beverages.
Our business may be adversely affected by legislation prohibiting tobacco smoking.
Legislation in various forms to ban indoor tobacco smoking has recently been enacted or introduced in many states and local jurisdictions, including several of the jurisdictions in which we operate. On January 1, 2008, a statewide smoking ban that includes casino floors went into effect in Colorado. This smoking ban in Colorado has had some negative impact on business volume at our Black Hawk properties, the long-term impact of which we cannot yet predict. If additional restrictions on smoking are enacted in jurisdictions in which we operate, particularly if such restrictions are not applicable to all competitive facilities in that gaming market, our business could be materially and adversely affected.
Our substantial indebtedness could adversely affect our financial health and restrict our operations.
We have a significant amount of indebtedness. As of April 27, 2008, we had approximately $1.5 billion of total debt outstanding.
Our significant indebtedness could have important consequences to our financial health, such as:
· limiting our ability to obtain additional financing to fund our working capital requirements, capital expenditures, debt service, general corporate or other obligations;
· limiting our ability to use operating cash flow to fund working capital, capital expenditures, expansion and other important areas of our business because we must dedicate a significant portion of our cash flow to make principal and interest payments on our indebtedness;
· increasing our interest expense if there is a rise in interest rates, because a portion of our borrowings under our senior secured credit facility are subject to interest rate periods with short-term durations that require ongoing refunding at the then current rates of interest;
· causing an event of default if we fail to satisfy the financial and restrictive covenants contained in the indenture and agreements governing our 7% senior subordinated notes due 2014, our senior secured credit facility and our other indebtedness, which could result in all of our debt becoming immediately due and payable, could permit our secured lenders to foreclose on the assets securing our secured debt and have
other adverse consequences, any of which, if not cured or waived, could have a material adverse effect on us;
· placing us at a competitive disadvantage to our competitors who are not as highly leveraged; and
· increasing our vulnerability to and limiting our ability to react to changing market conditions, changes in our industry and economic downturns or downturns in our business.
Any of the factors listed above could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, although based on our current level of operations, we believe that our operating cash flow, available cash and available borrowings under our senior secured credit facility will be sufficient to meet our anticipated future liquidity needs, we cannot assure you that our business will continue to generate sufficient cash flow, or that future available draws under our senior secured credit facility will be sufficient, to enable us to meet our liquidity needs, including to service our indebtedness.
Despite our significant indebtedness, we may still be able to incur significantly more debt. This could intensify the risks described above.
The terms of the indenture and agreements governing the senior subordinated 7% notes, our senior secured credit facility and our other indebtedness limit, but do not prohibit, us or our subsidiaries from incurring significant additional indebtedness in the future.
As of April 27, 2008, we had the capacity to incur additional indebtedness, including the ability to incur additional indebtedness under all of our lines of credit, of approximately $170.0 million. Refer to Footnote 7, Long-Term Debt, for additional discussion on our Senior Secured Credit Facility. Approximately $18.6 million of these lines of credit were used to support letters of credit. Our capacity to issue additional indebtedness is subject to the limitations imposed by the covenants in our senior secured credit facility and the indenture governing our senior subordinated 7% notes. The indenture governing our senior subordinated 7% notes and our senior secured credit facility contain financial and other restrictive covenants, but will not fully prohibit us from incurring additional debt. If new debt is added to our current level of indebtedness, the related risks that we now face could intensify.
Restrictive covenants in the agreements governing our indebtedness may prevent us from pursuing business strategies that could otherwise improve our results of operations.
We have made and will need to make significant capital expenditures at our existing facilities to remain competitive with current and future competitors in our markets. Our senior secured credit facility and the indenture governing our senior subordinated 7% notes contain operating and financial restrictions that may limit our ability to obtain the financing to make these capital expenditures.
Our agreements governing our indebtedness, among other things, require us to maintain certain specified financial ratios and to meet certain financial tests. Our debt agreements also limit our ability to:
· borrow money;
· make capital expenditures;
· use assets as security in other transactions;
· make restricted payments or restricted investments;
· incur contingent obligations; and
· sell assets and enter into leases and transactions with affiliates.
We may experience construction delays during our expansion or development projects which could adversely affect our operations.
We currently expect to begin a construction project at our Biloxi property and plan to commence additional construction projects at several of our properties. We also evaluate other expansion opportunities as they become available and we may in the future engage in additional construction projects. The anticipated costs and construction periods are based upon budgets, conceptual design documents and construction schedule estimates prepared by us in consultation with our architects and contractors.
Construction projects entail significant risks, which can substantially increase costs or delay completion of a project. Such risks include shortages of materials or skilled labor, unforeseen engineering, environmental
or geological problems, work stoppages, weather interference and unanticipated cost increases. Most of these factors are beyond our control. In addition, difficulties or delays in obtaining any of the requisite licenses, permits or authorizations from regulatory authorities can increase the cost or delay the completion of an expansion or development. Significant budget overruns or delays with respect to expansion and development projects could adversely affect our results of operations.
We may not be able to successfully expand to new locations or recover our investment in new properties which would adversely affect our operations and available resources.
We regularly evaluate and pursue new gaming acquisition and development opportunities in existing and new gaming markets. To the extent that we elect to pursue any new gaming acquisition or development opportunity, our ability to benefit from our investment will depend on many factors, including:
· our ability to successfully identify attractive acquisition and development opportunities;
· our ability to successfully operate any developed or acquired properties;
· our ability to attract and retain competent management and employees for the new locations;
· our ability to secure required federal, state and local licenses, permits and approvals, which in some jurisdictions are limited in number and subject to intense competition and;
· the availability of adequate financing on acceptable terms.
Many of these factors are beyond our control. There have recently been significant disruptions in the global capital markets that have adversely impacted the ability of borrowers to access capital. Many analysts are predicting that these disruptions may continue for the foreseeable future. Accordingly, it is likely that we are dependent on free cash flow from operations and remaining borrowing capacity under our senior secured credit facility to implement our near-term expansion plans and fund our planned capital expenditures. As a result of these and other considerations, we cannot be sure that we will be able to recover our investments in any new gaming development opportunities or acquired facilities, or successfully expand to additional locations.
If our key personnel leave us, our business could be adversely affected.
We have recently had many changes in our senior executive management team, and have embarked on the execution of a strategic plan developed by, and to be led by, that team. Our continued success will depend, among other things, on the efforts and skills of a few key executive officers and the experience of our property managers, which have also recently experienced significant turnover. Our success also depends on our ability to attract and retain additional highly qualified personnel with gaming industry experience and qualifications to obtain the requisite licenses. We do not maintain key man life insurance for any of our employees. There is no assurance that we would be able to attract and hire suitable replacements for any of our key employees. We need qualified executives, managers and skilled employees with gaming industry experience to continue to successfully operate our business. We believe a shortage of skilled labor in the gaming industry may make it increasingly difficult and expensive to attract and retain qualified employees. We expect that increased competition in the gaming industry will intensify this problem.
Members of the Goldstein family control a large percentage of our common stock and their decisions may differ from those that may be made by other shareholders.
Bernard Goldstein, our current Chairman and former Chief Executive Officer, his sons, including Robert Goldstein, our Vice Chairman and Jeffrey Goldstein, one of our directors; and various family trusts associated with members of the Goldstein Family, collectively own and control approximately 51% of our common stock, as of July 8, 2008. Although the members of the Goldstein family are free to vote their shares differently than one another, the Goldstein family will be able to exert a significant amount of control over the election of our board of directors and the vote on substantially all other matters, including significant corporate transactions, such as the approval of a merger or other transactions involving a sale of us. The interests of the Goldstein family may differ from those of our other shareholders.
We have a history of fluctuations in our operating income (losses), and we may incur additional operating losses in the future. Our operating results could fluctuate significantly on a periodic basis.
We sustained a net loss of $96.9 million and operating loss of $36.1 million in fiscal year 2008 and a net loss of $4.6 million in fiscal year 2007. Companies with fluctuations in income (loss) from operations often find it more challenging to raise capital to finance improvements in their businesses and to undertake other activities that return value to their shareholders. In addition, companies with operating results that fluctuate significantly on a quarterly or annual basis experience increased volatility in their stock prices in addition to difficulties in raising capital. We cannot assure you that we will not have fluctuations in our income (losses) from operations in the future, and should that occur, that we would not suffer adverse consequences to our business as a result, which could decrease the value of our common stock.
Inclement weather and other conditions could seriously disrupt our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Dockside and riverboat facilities are subject to risks in addition to those associated with land-based casinos, including loss of service due to casualty, mechanical failure, extended or extraordinary maintenance, flood, hurricane or other severe weather. Our riverboats and barges face additional risks from the movement of vessels on waterways.
Reduced patronage and the loss of a dockside or riverboat casino from service for any period of time could adversely affect our results of operations. For example, as a result of Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, we closed our Biloxi facility from August 28, 2005 to December 26, 2005 and our Lake Charles facility from September 22, 2005 to October 8, 2005. Flooding on the waterways where our dockside and riverboat casinos operate also may require us to close our facilities from time to time, with a resulting adverse affect on our business. During the Spring of 2008, we were forced to close our Natchez and Davenport properties, for several days each, due to flooding. While our business interruption insurance provided sufficient coverage for those losses, we cannot be sure that the proceeds from any future claim will be sufficient to compensate us if one or more of our casinos experience a closure.
In fiscal 2007 and 2008, in part as a result of hurricane claims in the Gulf Coast region over the past several years, we have experienced a significant increase in property and business interruption premiums.
Access to a number of our facilities may also be affected by road conditions, such as construction and traffic. In addition, severe weather such as high winds and blizzards occasionally limits access to our facilities in Colorado.
Energy and fuel price increases, such as the recent dramatic increases in gasoline prices, may adversely affect our costs of operations and our revenues.
Our casino properties use significant amounts of electricity, natural gas and other forms of energy. While no shortages of energy have been experienced, substantial increases in the cost of electricity in the United States would negatively affect our results of operations. In addition, energy and fuel price increases in cities that constitute a significant source of customers for our properties could result in a decline in disposable income of potential customers, and lead our customers and potential customers to decide not to travel, both of which could result in a corresponding decrease in visitation to our properties, which would negatively impact our revenues. The extent of the impact is subject to the magnitude and duration of the energy and fuel price increases, which recently have been very significant, but this impact could be material.
A downturn in general economic conditions may adversely affect our results of operations.
Our business operations are subject to changes in international, national and local economic conditions, including changes in the economy as well as the economic impact related to future security alerts in connection with threatened or actual terrorist attacks and related to the war in Iraq, which may affect our customers willingness to travel and visit our properties. Recent unprecedented increases in the price of gasoline may also affect our customers willingness to travel. A recession or downturn in the general economy, or in a region constituting a significant source of customers for our properties, could result in fewer customers visiting our properties, which would adversely affect our results of operations.
The market price of our common stock may fluctuate significantly.
The market price of our common stock has historically been volatile and may continue to fluctuate substantially due to a number of factors, including actual or anticipated changes in our results of operations, the announcement of significant transactions or other agreements by our competitors, conditions or trends
in the our industry or other entertainment industries with which we compete, general economic conditions including those affecting our customers discretionary spending, changes in the cost of air travel or the cost of gasoline, changes in the gaming markets in which we operate and changes in the trading value of our common stock. The stock market in general, as well as stocks in the gaming sector have been subject to significant volatility and extreme price fluctuations that have sometimes been unrelated or disproportionate to individual companies operating performances. Broad market or industry factors may harm the market price of our common stock, regardless of our operating performance.
We have international operations that are subject to different risks than our domestic operations.
In the UK and the Bahamas, we are subject to certain additional risks, including difficulty in staffing and managing foreign subsidiary operations, foreign currency fluctuations, dependence on foreign economies, political issues, adverse tax consequences and uncertainty in regulatory reform in the UK. In addition, in the Bahamas current gaming regulation preclude residents from participating in gaming activities. Therefore, disruptions in tourism traffic due to issues such as increased costs and/or reduced availability of airline and other means of transportation and hotel accommodations can have an adverse impact in our gaming operations.
Failure to maintain effective internal controls in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act could result in a loss of investor confidence regarding our financial reports or may have a material adverse effect on our business.
We are required to comply with the reporting requirements of Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. In doing so, we may identify significant deficiencies or errors that are not currently known to us. As a public company, we are required to report, among other things, control deficiencies that constitute a material weakness or changes in internal controls that, or that are reasonably likely to, materially affect internal controls over financial reporting.
In fiscal 2007, we identified several material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting and have restated our financial results for the years ended through April 30, 2006 and the related quarterly results therein, and the first three fiscal quarters ended January 28, 2007. We believe that we have remediated our material weaknesses. We cannot be assured that additional material weaknesses, significant deficiencies and control deficiencies in our internal control over financial reporting will not be identified in the future.
The effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting in the future could be impacted by a variety of factors, including faulty human judgment, simple errors, omissions or mistakes, and the possibility that any enhancements to disclosure controls and procedures may still not be adequate to assure timely and accurate financial information.
If we fail to achieve and maintain effective controls and procedures for financial reporting, we could be unable to provide timely and accurate financial information. This may cause us to fail to satisfy the reporting requirements with our lenders and give rise to an event of default or cause investors to lose confidence in our reported financial information. This may also have an adverse effect on the trading price of our common stock.
* * * * * * *
In addition to the foregoing, you should consider each of the factors set forth in this Annual Report in evaluating our business and our prospects. The factors described in our Part 1 Item 1A are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently consider immaterial may also impair our business operations. This report is qualified in its entirety by these risk factors. If any of the foregoing risks actually occur, our business, financial condition and results of operation could be materially harmed. In that case, the trading price of our securities, including our common stock, could decline significantly.
We own approximately 2.7 acres and lease approximately 16.2 acres of land in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana for use in connection with the Isle-Lake Charles. This lease automatically renewed in March 2005 for five years and we have the option to renew it for fifteen (15) additional terms of five years each, subject to increases based on the Consumer Price Index
(CPI) with a minimum of 10% and construction of hotel facilities on the property. We own two hotels in Lake Charles with a total of 493 rooms. Annual rent payments under the Lake Charles lease are approximately $2.1 million.
We lease approximately 1,000 acres of land in Coahoma County, Mississippi and utilize approximately 50 acres in connection with the operations of the Isle-Lula. Unless terminated by us at an earlier date, the lease expires in 2033. Rent under the lease is currently 5.5% of gross gaming revenue as reported to the Mississippi Gaming Commission, plus $100,000 annually. We also own approximately 100 acres in Coahoma County, which may be utilized for future development.
We lease our Biloxi berth from the Biloxi Port Commission at an annual rent of the greater of $510,000 or 1% of the gross gaming revenue net of state and local gaming taxes. The lease terminates on July 1, 2009 and we have the option to renew it for seven additional terms of five years each subject to increases based on the CPI, limited to 6% for each renewal period.
We lease the real estate upon which some of our land-based facilities, including the casino, are located from the City of Biloxi and the Mississippi Secretary of State at current annual rent of $561,800 per year, plus 3% of our Biloxi propertys gross gaming revenues, net of state and local gaming taxes and fees, in excess of $25.0 million. The lease terminates on July 1, 2009, but it is renewable at our option for five additional terms of five years each and a sixth option renewal term, concluding on January 31, 2034, subject to rent increases based on the CPI, limited to 6% for each renewal period.
In April 1994, in connection with the construction of a hotel, we entered into a lease for additional land adjoining our Biloxi property. This lease with the City of Biloxi and the Mississippi Secretary of State is for an initial term of 25 years, with options to renew for six additional terms of ten years each and a final option period concluding December 31, 2085. Current annual rent is $605,000 plus 4% of gross non-gaming revenues, as defined in the lease, and renewals are subject to rent increases based on the CPI. The annual rent is adjusted after each five-year period based on increases in the CPI, limited to a 10% increase in any five-year period.
In August 2002, we entered into a lease for two additional parcels of land adjoining our property and the hotel. On the parcel adjoining the Biloxi property, we constructed a multi-level parking garage that has approximately 1,000 parking spaces. There is additional ground level parking on a parcel of land in front of the garage, also subject to this lease, with approximately 600 parking spaces. We have constructed a 400-room addition to the existing hotel on the parcel leased next to the existing hotel. In addition, we may construct a hotel above the parking garage. This lease with the City of Biloxi and the Mississippi Secretary of State is for an initial term of forty years, with one option to renew for an additional twenty-five years and additional options thereafter, with the consent of the Mississippi Secretary of State, consistent with the term of the lease described in the preceding paragraph. When combined with the base and percentage rents described for the leases in the preceding two paragraphs, annual rent under those two leases and this lease was $4.0 million for lease year ending July 31, 2007, and estimated to be $3.5 million for the lease year ending July 31, 2008. Such minimum rent is to increase thereafter over time in accordance with a formula based on anticipated timing for completion of the hotel on top of the parking garage (or August 31, 2008, whichever occurs first), up to a minimum rent of $3.7 million. The minimum rent for the lease year beginning August 1, 2008 will be $3.7 million in accordance with the terms of the lease agreement. Such amounts are subject to decreases due to market adjustments and increases based on the CPI. Also, we are responsible for annual rent equal to 4% of gross retail revenue and gross cash revenue (as defined in the lease), but without double counting. If the rent minimum described in the preceding sentences is not otherwise satisfied from other rents, then this percentage rent is not in addition to the minimum rent, but rather is to be applied to that minimum.
In connection with and pursuant to a settlement between the City of Biloxi and the State of Mississippi concerning the control and management of the area where we are located, we also have agreed to pay the City of Biloxis lease obligations to the State of Mississippi for an agreed upon period of time. This amount is $500,000 per year, payable on June 30, subject to increases based on the CPI and decreases if there are other tenants of the subject property. This obligation ends after June 2018 but may be renewed for thirty years.
We have also entered into a joint venture arrangement to sublease a surface parking lot next to our Biloxi property. Our portion of the annual rent under this lease is approximately $222,000. The current term is for five years expiring December 31, 2010, with a renewal option for an additional five-year term (under which our annual rent would increase based on the CPI), extending the lease through December 31, 2015, if exercised.
Through numerous lease agreements, we lease approximately 24 acres of land in Natchez, Mississippi that are used in connection with the operations of our Natchez property. Unless terminated by us at an earlier date, the leases have varying expiration dates through 2037. Annual rent under the leases total approximately $1.1 million. We also lease approximately 7.5 acres of land that is utilized for parking at the facility. We own approximately 6 additional acres of property in Natchez, Mississippi, as well as the property upon which our hotel is located.
We lease approximately 28 acres from the Kansas City Port Authority in connection with the operation of our Kansas City property. The term of the original lease was ten years and expired in October 2006 and was renewed for an additional five years. The lease includes seven additional five-year renewal options. The minimum lease payments are indexed to correspond to any rise or fall in the CPI, initially after the ten-year term of the lease or August 21, 2007 and thereafter, at each five year renewal date. Rent under the lease currently is the greater of $2.6 million (minimum rent) per year, or 3.25% of gross revenues, less complimentaries.
We lease our 27 acre casino site in Boonville pursuant to a lease agreement with the City of Boonville. Under the terms of agreement, we lease the site for a period of ninety-nine years. In lieu of rent, we are assessed additional amounts by the City of Boonville based on a 3.5% tax on gaming revenue, up to $1.0 million, which we recognize as additional gaming taxes. We lease approximately 27 acres from the City of Boonville.
We own approximately 37 acres, including our riverboat casino and 1,000 parking spaces in Caruthersville, Missouri.
We own approximately 24.6 acres of land in Bettendorf, Iowa used in connection with the operations of our Bettendorf property. We also lease approximately eight acres of land on a month-to-month basis from an entity owned by family members of our chairman, Bernard Goldstein, including Robert S. Goldstein, our vice chairman and director and Jeffrey D. Goldstein, a director of our company, which we utilize for parking and warehouse space. The initial term of the lease expires sixty days after written notice is given to either party and rent under the lease is currently $23,360 per month.
Pursuant to various lease agreements, we lease approximately twelve acres of land in Davenport, Iowa used in connection with the operations of Rhythm City-Davenport. The aggregate annual rent on these leases is approximately $300,000 and they have varying expiration dates through 2022.
We lease the dock site in Marquette, Iowa that is used in connection with our Marquette operations. The lease expires in 2019, and annual rent under the lease is approximately $180,000, plus $1.00 per passenger, plus 2.5% of gaming revenues (less state wagering taxes) in excess of $20.0 million but less than $40.0 million; 5% of gaming revenues (less state wagering taxes) in excess of $40.0 million but less than $60.0 million; and 7.5% of gaming revenues (less state wagering taxes) in excess of $60.0 million. We also rent approximately two acres of land used for the employee parking lot that is a month-to-month rental of $417 and an easement related to an overhead pedestrian bridge and driveway that is an annual payment of approximately $6,300. We also own approximately 25 acres of land for the pavilion, hotel, satellite offices, warehouse, lots by the marina and other property.
The casino occupies approximately 30 acres of land, which we own. We also entered into a one-year lease agreement for 17,517 sq. ft. of warehouse space. Rent under this lease is currently $4,306 per month.
We own approximately 10.1 acres of land in Black Hawk, Colorado for use in connection with our Black Hawk operations. The property leases an additional parcel of land adjoining the Isle of Capri Black Hawk where the Colorado Central Station Hotel and parking are located. This lease is for an initial term of nine years with options to renew for eighteen additional terms of five years each with the final option period concluding June 1, 2094. Annual rent is currently $1.8 million indexed to correspond to any rise or fall in the CPI at one-year intervals, not to exceed a 3% increase or decrease from the previous years rate.
The Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk
We own or lease approximately 7.1 acres of land in Black Hawk, Colorado for use in connection with the Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk. The property leases an additional parcel of land near the Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk for parking described above. This lease is for an initial term of ten years with options to renew for nine additional terms of ten years each with the final option period concluding August 2094. Currently the annual rent is $576,000 and renewals are subject to 20% rent increases over the rate of the previous term.
We own approximately 223 acres at Pompano.
We lease the casino at Our-Lucaya under the terms of a two-year lease which commenced June 1, 2007. However, beginning in October 2007 the lease may be terminated by either party with six months notice. Annual rental payments under the lease are currently $1.9 million.
Through our two-thirds ownership interest in Blue Chip, plc, we own the approximately 12,000 square-foot building used for the Blue Chip-Dudley casino operation. We also own an 8,000 square-foot parking area for the casino.
Through our two-thirds ownership interest in Blue Chip, plc, we own the approximately 12,000 square-foot building used for the Blue Chip-Wolverhampton casino operation. We also own a 2,000 square foot parking area for the casino.
We entered into a 15 year lease agreement with renewal options for an additional 10 years during fiscal 2004 to lease approximately 116,000 square feet for a new casino in Coventry, England in the sub-level of the Arena Coventry Convention Center. The convention center was developed, owned and operated by a non-affiliated entity and began operations in August 2005. Due to certain structural elements installed during the construction of the space being leased and certain prepaid lease payments made by us, we are required to be treated, for accounting purposes only, as the owner of the Arena Coventry Convention Center, in accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force Issue No. 97-10 (EITF 97-10), The Effect of Lessee Involvement in Asset Construction, even though we do not own these assets and do not participate in or control the operations of the convention center.
We own all of the riverboats and barges utilized at our facilities. We also own or lease all of our gaming and non-gaming equipment.
We lease our corporate offices in Creve Coeur, Missouri, Biloxi, Mississippi, and Boca Raton, Florida.
We own additional property and have various property leases and options to either lease or purchase property that are not directly related to our existing operations and that may be utilized in the future in connection with expansion projects at our existing facilities or development of new projects.
Lady Luck Gaming Corporation (now our wholly owned subsidiary) and several joint venture partners have been defendants in the Greek Civil Court and the Greek Administrative Court in similar lawsuits brought by the country of Greece through its Minister of Tourism (now Development) and Finance. The actions allege that the defendants failed to make specified payments in connection with the gaming license bid process for Patras, Greece. Although it is difficult to determine the damages being sought from the lawsuits, the action may seek damages up to that aggregate amount plus interest from the date of the action. Through April 27, 2008, we have accrued an estimated liability including interest of $8.9 million. The Athens Civil Court of First Instance granted judgment in our favor and dismissed the civil lawsuit. Appeals to both the Athens Civil Appeals Court and the Greek Civil Supreme Court have been dismissed. The Greek Civil Supreme Court denied the appeal on the basis that the Administrative Court is the competent court to hear the matter. During October 2005, after the administrative lawsuit had been dismissed by both the Athens Administrative Court of First Instance and the Athens Administrative Court of Appeals on the basis that the Administrative Court did not have a jurisdiction, the Administrative Supreme Court remanded the matter back to the Athens Administrative Appeals Court for a hearing on the merits, which court in May 2008 rendered judgment in our favor on procedural grounds and not on the merits. We expect the Greek government to appeal this decision to the Administrative Supreme Court. Therefore, the outcome of this matter is still in doubt and cannot be predicted with any degree of certainty. We intend to continue a vigorous and appropriate defense to the claims asserted in this matter.
We are subject to certain federal, state and local environmental protection, health and safety laws, regulations and ordinances that apply to businesses generally, and are subject to cleanup requirements at certain of our facilities as a result thereof. We have not made, and do not anticipate making, material expenditures, nor do we anticipate incurring delays with respect to environmental remediation or protection. However, in part because our present and future development sites have, in some cases, been used as manufacturing facilities or other facilities that generate materials that are required to be remediated under environmental laws and regulations, there can be no guarantee that additional pre-existing conditions will not be discovered and that we will not experience material liabilities or delays.
We are subject to various contingencies and litigation matters and have a number of unresolved claims. Although the ultimate liability of these contingencies, this litigation and these claims cannot be determined at this time, we believe that they will not have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
There were no matters submitted to a vote of our security holders during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year 2008.
i. Market Information. Our common stock is traded on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the symbol ISLE. The following table presents the high and low closing sales prices for our common stock as reported by the NASDAQ Global Select Market for the fiscal periods indicated.
ii. Holders of Common Stock. As of July 8, 2008, there were approximately 1,421 holders of record of our common stock.
iii. Dividends. We have never declared or paid any dividends with respect to our common stock and the current policy of our board of directors is to retain earnings to provide for the growth of our company. In addition, our senior secured credit facility and the indentures governing our 7% senior subordinated notes limit our ability to pay dividends. See Item 8-Financial Statements and Supplementary Data-Isle of Capri Casinos, Inc.-Notes to Consolidated Financial StatementsNote 7. Consequently, no cash dividends are expected to be paid on our common stock in the foreseeable future. Further, there can be no assurance that our current and proposed operations will generate the funds needed to declare a cash dividend or that we will have legally available funds to pay dividends. In addition, we may fund part of our operations in the future from indebtedness, the terms of which may prohibit or restrict the payment of cash dividends. If a holder of common stock is disqualified by the regulatory authorities from owning such shares, such holder will not be permitted to receive any dividends with respect to such stock. See Item 1-Business-Governmental Regulations.
iv. Equity Compensation Plans. The following table provides information about securities authorized for issuance under our 1993 and 2000 Employee Stock Option Plans, and our Deferred Bonus Plan, for the fiscal year 2008.
(b) Issuance of Unregistered Securities
(c) Purchases of our Common Stock
The following table provides information related to our purchases of Isle of Capri Casinos, Inc. common stock:
(1) We have purchased our common stock under stock repurchase programs. These programs, allow for the repurchase of up to 6,000,000 shares. To date, we have purchased 4,895,792 shares of our common stock under these programs. These programs have no approved dollar amounts, nor expiration dates.
COMPARISON OF 5 YEAR CUMULATIVE TOTAL RETURN*
Among Isle of Capri Casinos, Inc., The NASDAQ Composite Index
And The Dow Jones US Gambling Index
* $100 invested on 4/27/03 In stock or 4/30/03 In Index-Including reinvestment of dividends. Indexes calculated on month-end basis.
The following table presents our selected consolidated financial data for the five most recent fiscal years, which is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements and the notes to those statements. Because the data in this table does not provide all of the data contained in our consolidated financial statements, including the related notes, you should read Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, our consolidated financial statements, including the related notes contained elsewhere in this document and other data we have filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
* Excludes: destroyed Biloxi casino barge of $7.4 million in fiscal 2005 and $36.8 million in fiscal 2006, and Biloxi temporary casino of $37.9 million in fiscal 2006 and discontinued operations of Vicksburg and Bossier City
(1) Our fiscal year ended April 30, 2006 includes 53 weeks while all other fiscal years include 52 weeks. The operating results and data from continuing operations presented for fiscal years prior to fiscal year 2005 are not comparable to other fiscal years presented because they do not include the operating results of the Isle-Our Lucaya, which we opened on December 15, 2003, the Blue Chip-Dudley, which we acquired on November 28, 2003, the Blue Chip-Wolverhampton, which we opened on April 22, 2004, and the Blue Chip-Walsall, which we opened on September 23, 2004. The results of fiscal years 2004-2007 reflect Bossier City, Vicksburg and Colorado Grande-Cripple Creek as discontinued operations. We opened new casino operations in Pompano, Waterloo, and Coventry in April 2007, June 2007, and July 2007, respectively. We acquired our casino operations in Caruthersville in June 2007.
(2) The results of fiscal years 2004-2007 reflect Bossier City, Vicksburg and Colorado Grande-Cripple Creek as discontinued operations.
You should read the following discussion together with the financial statements, including the related notes and the other financial information in this Form 10-K.
We are a leading developer, owner and operator of branded gaming facilities and related lodging and entertainment facilities in regional markets in the United States and internationally. We have intentionally sought geographic diversity to limit the risks caused by weather, regional economic difficulties and local gaming authorities and regulations. We currently operate casinos in Mississippi, Louisiana, Missouri, Iowa, Colorado and Florida. Internationally we operate casinos in Coventry, Dudley and Wolverhampton, England and Freeport, Grand Bahamas. We also operate a harness racing track at our casino in Florida.
Our operating results have been affected by write-offs and other valuation charges, the acquisition or opening of new properties, dispositions of properties, losses from the early extinguishment of debt, pre-opening expenses and increases in competition. This Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations should be read in conjunction with and giving consideration to the following:
Write-offs and Other Valuation Charges As a result of continuing losses, a review of expected future operating trends and the current fair values or our long-lived assets in England, we recorded an impairment charge of $78.7 million related to long-lived assets of our UK operations as of our 2008 fiscal year end. The results from operations for the fiscal year 2008 also include $6.5 million of charges related to the termination of our plans to develop a new casino in west Harrison County, Mississippi and the cancellation of construction projects in Davenport, Iowa and Kansas City, Missouri.
Opening of New Properties - During fiscal year 2008, our operating results were impacted by the opening of the slot gaming facility at our Pompano Park facility in April 2007, the acquisition of our Caruthersville, Missouri casino in June 2007 and the opening of our Waterloo, Iowa and Coventry, England casinos in June 2007 and July 2007, respectively.
Acquisition of Minority Interest On January 27, 2008, we acquired the 43% minority interest in our Black Hawk, Colorado casino properties for $64.8 million.
Losses from Early Extinguishment of Debt We recorded a total of $15.3 million in losses associated with the early extinguishment of debt during fiscal year 2008, including a $9.0 million call premium paid to retire our 9% Senior Subordinated Notes, and $6.3 million of deferred finance costs associated with the retired debt instruments.
Pre-Opening Expenses - In fiscal year 2008, we opened our new Waterloo and Coventry properties. In late fiscal year 2007 we opened the slot gaming facility at our Pompano Park property. For fiscal years 2008 and 2007, we recorded pre-opening expenses related to these properties in the amounts of $6.5 million and $13.6 million, respectively.
Increased Competition - Following the impact of Hurricane Katrina in the fall of 2005, our Mississippi properties in Biloxi and Natchez experienced strong revenue growth as a result of limited competition on the Gulf Coast. Since that time, the Gulf Coast has seen recovery in casino development which, combined with the closure of the Biloxi/Ocean Springs bridge through November 1, 2007, has significantly reduced our market share in Biloxi from their artificially high post-Katrina levels. Patron counts have decreased at our Natchez property as gaming patrons who were displaced by hurricanes have returned to the Gulf Coast. In Louisiana, our Lake Charles property experienced higher gaming revenues in fiscal year 2007 due to the closure of competitors facilities as a result of Hurricane Rita. Competition has reopened which has resulted in decreased gaming revenues at our Lake Charles property in fiscal year 2008. Our Quad Cities (Bettendorf and Davenport) and Marquette properties have experienced increased competition in many of their feeder markets, which has continued to have a negative impact on gaming revenues at these properties.
Natchez Flooding Our Natchez property was closed due to flooding for the last fourteen days of fiscal year 2008.
Impact of Smoking Restrictions Our properties in Black Hawk have been negatively impacted by a smoking ban which went into effect on January 1, 2008. Our Quad Cities properties have benefited from a similar smoking ban affecting competing casinos in Illinois.
Impact of the Economy Our properties are subject to the impact of general economic conditions. Increases in gasoline prices and other macro economic factors may impact the frequency of our customers visits and a decline in economic conditions in many of our markets may also affect our potential customers disposable income.
Results of Operations
Our results of operations for the fiscal years ended April 27, 2008, April 29, 2007 and April 30, 2006 reflect the consolidated operations of all of our subsidiaries and include the following properties: Lake Charles, Biloxi, Lula, Natchez, Kansas City, Boonville, Caruthersville, Bettendorf, Marquette, Waterloo, Davenport, Black Hawk, Colorado Central Station-Black Hawk, Our Lucaya, Blue Chip-Dudley, Blue Chip-Wolverhampton, Coventry, and Pompano Park. Fiscal years 2007 and 2006 results have been reclassified to reflect Vicksburg and the Bossier City which were sold on July 31, 2006, as discontinued operations.
Our fiscal year ends on the last Sunday in April. This fiscal year convention creates more comparability of our quarterly operations, by generally having an equal number of weeks (13) and weekend days (26) in each quarter. Periodically, this convention necessitates a 53-week year. The fiscal years ended April 27, 2008 and April 29, 2007 were 52-week years. The fiscal year ended April 30, 2006 was a 53-week year.
We believe that our historical results of operations may not be indicative of our future results of operations because of the substantial present and expected future increase in competition for gaming customers in each of our markets, as new gaming facilities open and existing gaming facilities expand or enhance their facilities. We believe that our operating results may be materially affected by the economy and weather.
ISLE OF CAPRI CASINOS, INC.
(1) Reflects results since the June 2007 acquisition effective date.
(2) Waterloo, Pompano, and Coventry opened for operations in June 2007, April 2007 and July 2007, respectively.
Note: The table excludes our Vicksburg and Bossier City properties which have been classified as discontinued operations.
Fiscal Year 2008 Compared to Fiscal Year 2007
Revenues for the fiscal years ended 2008 and 2007 are as follows:
Casino Revenues - Casino revenues increased $106.2 million, or 10.5%, compared to fiscal year 2007. Our increased casino revenues were primarily a result of the opening or acquisition of new casino properties in Caruthersville, Waterloo, Pompano and Coventry, and increased casino revenues at Bettendorf driven by the opening of our new hotel in May 2007. Casino revenues from our new casino operations were $224.9 million for the fiscal year 2008. Same property casino revenues decreased $118.7 million for the fiscal year 2008. This included decreased casino revenues at Biloxi of $62.7 million for the fiscal year 2008, due to increased competition and post-hurricane normalization and at Lake Charles of $11.1 million for the fiscal year 2008, due to post-hurricane normalization and $11.5 million at our Black Hawk operations primarily due to planned reductions in our complimentary allowances and the impact of a state smoking ban at casinos effective January 2008.
Rooms Revenue - Rooms revenue decreased $0.1 million, or 0.2%, for the fiscal year 2008, compared to the fiscal year 2007. These revenues decreased in total at our Biloxi and Lula properties by $5.1 million for the fiscal year 2008, primarily related to increased competition and post-hurricane normalization and the closure since October of over 170 rooms in Lula for repair. Rooms revenue increased $5.4 million in Iowa driven by the new hotel tower in Bettendorf and the opening of our Waterloo facility.
Pari-mutuel Commissions and Fees - Pari-mutuel commissions earned at Pompano Park for the fiscal year 2008 decreased $0.9 million, or 4.5% compared to the fiscal year 2007 due primarily to decreased wagering on simulcast races.
Food, Beverage and Other Revenues - Food, beverage and other revenues increased $5.8 million, or 4.5%, for the fiscal year 2008, compared to the fiscal year 2007. Our increased food, beverage and other revenues were primarily a result of the opening or acquisition of new casino properties in Caruthersville, Waterloo, Pompano and Coventry. Considering the acquisition or opening of new properties for which our food, beverage and other revenues increased $24.0 million for the fiscal year 2008, same property food beverage and other revenues decreased $18.2 million for the fiscal year 2008. This included decreased food, beverage and other revenues at Biloxi of $9.2 million for the fiscal year 2008, due to increased competition and post-hurricane normalization, and at Lake Charles of $4.1 million for the fiscal year 2008, primarily due to the collection of $2.2 million in business interruption proceeds reflected in the prior year and post-hurricane normalization.
Promotional Allowances - Promotional allowances, which are made up of complimentaries, cash points and coupons, are rewards that we give our loyal customers to encourage them to continue to patronize our properties. Promotional allowances decreased $12.9 million, or 6.0%, for the fiscal year 2008, compared to the fiscal year 2007. Considering the acquisition or opening of new properties for which our promotional allowances increased $20.1 million for the fiscal year 2008, same property promotional allowances decreased $33.0 million for fiscal year 2008. Decreases in such promotional allowances reflect decreases in gross revenues at certain of our properties with Biloxi accounting for $18.2 million of the decrease for the fiscal year 2008, due to increased competition and post-hurricane normalization. Our decision to reduce certain marketing incentives to our less profitable customer segments has also reduced our overall promotional allowances.
Operating expenses for the fiscal years 2008 and 2007 are as follows:
Casino - Casino operating expenses increased $3.7 million, or 2.3%, for fiscal year 2008 compared to fiscal year 2007. Considering the acquisition or opening of new properties for which our casino expenses increased $27.0 million for fiscal year 2008, same property casino expenses decreased $23.3 million for fiscal year 2008. Overall casino expenses for fiscal year 2008 compared to fiscal year 2007, decreased in proportion to casino revenue from 15.7% to 14.6%.
Gaming Taxes - State and local gaming taxes increased $78.0 million, or 37.1%, for fiscal year 2008, as compared to the prior fiscal year. Considering the acquisition or opening of new properties for which our gaming taxes increased $92.4 million for fiscal year 2008, same property gaming taxes decreased $14.4 million for fiscal year 2008. This decrease in same property gaming taxes for the comparative fiscal years 2008 and 2007 corresponds to the reductions in gaming revenues. The effective rate for gaming taxes as a percentage of gaming revenue increased from 20.7% to 25.7% for the fiscal year 2008, due to an increase in the mix of gaming revenues derived from jurisdictions with higher gaming tax rates including Florida and England, partially offset by decreased gaming revenues in Mississippi.
Rooms - Rooms expense increased $2.2 million, or 22.6% for the fiscal year 2008 as compared to the fiscal year 2007. Rooms expense reflects increased room capacity due to the opening of the Waterloo property hotel and the Bettendorf property hotel expansion. These expenses directly relate to the cost of providing hotel rooms. A reduction in complimentary hotel rooms provided to our customers also increases our rooms expense as the cost of rooms expense allocated to casino expense is reduced.
Pari-mutuel Commissions and Fees - Pari-mutuel operating costs of the Pompano Park property increased $1.5 million for the fiscal year 2008 compared to fiscal year 2007. Such costs consist primarily of compensation, benefits, purses, simulcast fees and other direct costs of track operations.
Food, Beverage and Other - Food, beverage and other expenses increased $13.3 million, or 41.2% in fiscal year 2008 as compared to fiscal year 2007. Same property food, beverage and other expenses decreased $2.8 million for fiscal year 2008. This decrease in same property food, beverage and other expenses for fiscal year 2008, reflects reductions in our food, beverage and other revenues.
Marine and Facilities - These expenses include salaries, wages and benefits of the marine and facilities departments, operating expenses of the marine crews, insurance, maintenance of public areas, housekeeping and general maintenance of the riverboats and pavilions. Marine and facilities expenses increased $7.9 million, or 13.1%, in fiscal year 2008. Same property marine and facilities expenses decreased $3.5 million for fiscal year 2008. This decrease in same property marine and facilities expenses for fiscal year 2008 as compared to fiscal year 2007 is primarily the result of staff reductions and labor cost management.
Marketing and Administrative - These expenses include salaries, wages and benefits of the marketing and sales departments, as well as promotions, direct mail, advertising, special events and entertainment. Administrative expenses include
administration and human resource department expenses, rent, professional fees and property taxes. Marketing and administrative expenses increased $21.3 million, or 7.9%, in fiscal year 2008 compared to fiscal year 2007. Same property marketing and administrative expenses decreased $32.4 million for fiscal year 2008. This decrease in same property marketing and administrative expenses for fiscal year 2008 reflects our decision to reduce marketing costs to less profitable customer marketing segments and to reduce our administrative costs.
Corporate and Development - During fiscal year 2008, our corporate and development expenses were $49.0 million compared to $57.2 million for fiscal year 2007. This overall decrease in corporate and development expenses is due primarily to fiscal year 2007 including $16.2 million in development expenses primarily associated with development opportunities in Pittsburgh and Singapore.
Write-offs and Other Valuation Charges As a result of continuing losses, a review of expected future operating trends and the current fair values or our long-lived assets in Coventry, England, we have recorded an impairment charge of $78.0 million related to long-lived assets of our Coventry operations as of our 2008 fiscal year end. Additionally, we recognized $6.5 million in impairment charges for fiscal year 2008 primarily related to the write-off of costs related to the termination of our plans to develop a new casino in west Harrison County, Mississippi, the write-off of construction projects we decided to terminate in Davenport, and Kansas City, and $0.7 million for impairment of long-lived assets at our Blue Chip operations. During fiscal year 2007, we recognized an $8.5 million impairment charge relating to goodwill at Lula, Mississippi and real property at Blue Chip.
Pre-opening - Pre-opening expenses for fiscal year 2008 included $3.4 million, $2.8 million and $0.3 million for Waterloo, Coventry and Pompano, respectively. Pre-opening expenses during fiscal year 2007 included $10.6 million, $2.1 million, and $0.9 million for our Pompano Park, Coventry, and Waterloo properties, respectively.
Depreciation and Amortization - Depreciation and amortization expense for fiscal year 2008 increased $36.6 million, or 36.8% due primarily to our hotel expansion at our Bettendorf property, the acquisition of Caruthersville, the opening of our Waterloo and Coventry properties, and the opening of the slot gaming facility at our Pompano property. Depreciation and amortization expense at our new casino properties increased by $33.0 million compared to fiscal year 2007.
Other Income (Expense), Income Taxes, Minority Interest and Discontinued Operations
Interest expense, interest income, loss on early extinguishment of debt, income tax (provision) benefit, minority interest and income from discontinued operations, net of income taxes for the fiscal years 2008 and 2007 are as follows:
Interest Expense - Interest expense increased $20.1 million for fiscal year 2008 compared to fiscal year 2007. This increase is primarily attributable to higher debt balances under our Senior Secured Credit Facilities to fund acquisitions, and property and equipment additions.
Interest Income - During fiscal year 2008, our interest income was $3.8 million compared to $7.5 million for fiscal year 2007. The change in interest income reflects changes in our invested cash balances and interest rates.
Loss on Early Extinguishment of Debt Our loss included the $9.0 million call premium from the early redemption of our $200.0 million 9% Senior Subordinated Notes at 104.5% and a write-off of the related deferred financing costs of $2.4 million. Additionally, during the first quarter of fiscal year 2008, we replaced our February 2005 Credit Facility with our July 2007 Credit Facility resulting in a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $2.3 million from the write-off of deferred financing costs. In the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2008, we retired the Isle of Capri Black Hawks Senior Secured Credit Facility resulting in a loss on early extinguishment of debt of $1.6 million from the write-off of deferred financing costs. These transactions resulted in a total loss on early extinguishment of debt of $15.3 million for fiscal year 2008.
Income Tax (Provision) Benefit Our income tax (provision) benefit is and thus our effective income tax rate has been impacted by interim changes in our estimate of annual taxable income for financial statement purposes as well as our percentage of permanent items in relation to such estimated income or loss. Effective income tax rates were as follows:
Minority Interests - During fiscal year 2008, our minority interest expense was $4.9 million, compared to $3.6 million for fiscal year 2007. Minority interests are recorded for our minority partners interest in our Colorado. Following our acquisition of the remaining interest in our Colorado operations, we no longer record a minority interest for such operations.
Income From Discontinued Operations - On July 31, 2006, we completed the sale of our Bossier City and Vicksburg properties. Income from discontinued operations for fiscal year 2007 includes pretax operating income of $5.6 million, and we also recorded a gain on sale of discontinued operations of $23.3 million during fiscal 2007. Income tax provision for fiscal year 2007 was $12.2 million, resulting in income from discontinued operations of $16.7 million.
Fiscal Year 2007 Compared to Fiscal Year 2006
Note: Our 2006 fiscal year included 53 weeks of operations while our 2007 fiscal year included 52 weeks of operations.
Revenues for the fiscal years 2007 and 2006 are as follows: