QUOTE AND NEWS
Wall Street Journal  Dec 12  Comment 
Juniper Networks is in talks with activist investor Elliott Management about adding new directors to its board, a move that could enable the technology company to avoid a proxy fight.
Forbes  Dec 11  Comment 
The deal with TradeStation enables the brokerage to deploy a software-defined data center using VMware and OpenStack technologies. Mesosphere is a startup that recently launched a data center operating system. VMware’s collaboration with...
Market Intelligence Center  Dec 10  Comment 
Tuesday’s trading in Juniper Networks Inc (JNPR) gives options traders an opportunity for a 11.11% return. By selling the Apr. '15 $21.00 call and buying the Jan. '16 call at the $13.00 level for a net debit of $7.20, traders will book a profit...
Benzinga  Dec 8  Comment 
In a report published Monday, Deutsche Bank analyst Brian Modoff reiterated a Hold rating and $19.00 price target on Juniper Networks, Inc. (NYSE: JNPR). In the report, Deutsche Bank noted, “We have been following the Open Compute Project's...
Forbes  Dec 8  Comment 
This latest collaboration will involve both companies partnering in product development, marketing and sales, and builds on their recent partnership to deliver interoperable products. These interoperable products involve integrating Juniper’s...
The Hindu Business Line  Dec 5  Comment 
Large cloud builders and web-hosting companies are seeking ways to build large-scale cost-effective data centre networks to support hundreds and thousands of servers. Juniper Networks, t...




 

Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR) is a telecommunications equipment vendor specializing in information routing and data security. Its router products are an indispensable part of any modern telecom network. It is second to industry leader Cisco Systems (CSCO), which holds a 60% market share, twice that of Juniper. Specializing in telecommunication carrier networking in the past, Juniper recently entered the corporate network market, vastly expanding its potential revenue base.

Consolidation has defined the overall movement of the industry, as evidenced by the recent mergers between Alcatel-Lucent and Nokia-Siemens. Juniper has been less active in growth through acquisition, and one of its key risks is that it derives a majority of revenue from a few key service carriers in the consolidated wireline and wireless industries. Juniper may have a more difficult time competing for sales as its competitors grow through consolidation.

Consumer demand for newer, faster technologies--such as the "triple play" bundle of video, voice and data--puts Juniper's legacy offerings in good position to capitalize on the trend. Furthermore, Juniper has diversified beyond the telecom customer base to the much larger enterprise network market.

Company Overview

Juniper Networks deals in infrastructure equipment and security services for the telecommunications industry and generated revenues of $3.32 billion in 2009.[1] This contrasts with its 2008 total revenue of $3.57 billion. This decline in revenues mostly came from Juniper's routing products and service provider customers who purchased fewer products in 2009 as a result of the weakened global economy. As a result of the lower revenues, Juniper's net income declined from $512 million in 2008 to $117 million in 2009.[2]

Business Segments

Juniper Networks breaks its business down into two reportable segments: i) Infrastructure, and ii) Service Layer Technology (SLT).

Infrastructure (73% of Juniper's 2009 revenue[3])

Juniper markets switching, routing and security solutions to service providers, enterprises and government agencies globally, via direct sales, strategic partners, and value-added resellers.

Service Provider networks consist of a variety of switching, routing and security elements that securely transport information (data, voice, video) between end-users, as well as between end-users and hosted applications, services and the Internet. Juniper markets switching, routing and security solutions to service providers and cloud operators.

Service Provider networks are typically physically segmented into distinct sub-networks areas-for example-access and aggregation networks, edge networks, and core networks are very basic and commonly used segment names. Juniper markets switching, routing and security solutions for these segments.

  • Core Routers Most service providers have a massive network consisting of many smaller networks that are interconnected via a network 'core'. This 'core' consists of a relatively small number of high capacity systems that transport huge volumes of data across the 'core' network, between the edge networks.. Juniper's core routers include the PTX Series and T Series product portfolios.
  • Edge Routers The edge network is the on- and off- ramp for the service providers IP/MPLS network. Edge routers route data, voice, or video traffic to the core network, and then from the core to whatever network the data is headed for. Juniper's edge routers include the flagship MX Series 3D Universal Edge Router portfolio, which includes platforms that scale from 5Gbps through an industry-leading 80Tbps in a single edge chassis, as well as the E Series and M Series product families.
  • "Access and Aggregation Switches and Routers" The access and aggregation network connects business and residential users with the service providers edge network. Switches dominate the access and aggregation network, these devices typically provide rapid Layer 2 forwarding and filtering of traffic, however, some service providers are beginning to deploy routers in this network as well. Juniper markets the flagship MX Series 3D Universal Edge Router portfolio, which also provides switching capabilities, as well as the ACX Mobile back-haul router in the access and aggregation network..
  • Enterprise: Business networks tend to need more features (e.g., network security) than normal edge routers can offer. Service routers have additional control and security features to protect data being sent from network to network and computer to computer. Juniper produces the J-Series line of service routers.
  • Ethernet: Ethernet is the most prolific type of local area network. There are four main kinds of ethernet cabling, each allowing for faster and faster speeds, but a computer and/or router needs to have a special type of input to accept ethernet cables. Until very recently, Juniper's routers did not support ethernet, but the new MX-series of routers, as well as new models of their core, edge, and enterprise routers, do.

Service Layer Technology (27%[3])

Service layer technologies provide better control and security to networks.

  • SSL VPN: A virtual private network (VPN) is a private database that can be accessed through the public Internet; the data on the VPN is kept private via a number of security features. An SSL VPN can be accessed over any Internet browser. Juniper produces secure access hardware to protect the data on an SSL VPN from unwanted entry.
  • Security: Security applicances like firewalls and intrusion detectors are meant to keep unwanted programs and people out of secure files. Juniper supplies a number of security hardwares, specially designed for home and office use.

Trends and Forces

Juniper's products are used by high-growth companies

Juniper's product portfolio appears to be extremely biased towards high-growth sectors of telecommunications equipment. Routers have become a completely necessary part of modern telecommunication networks, so as long as networks keep growing, the demand for routers will keep growing. Also, as companies get larger and larger, they will need the ability to transfer more and more data, further benefiting companies like Juniper.

The YouTube effect

The growth of online video -- from YouTube, BitTorrent, and increasingly Television Studios' own forrays onto the Internet -- has already led to massive increases in the amount of data traveling across the Internet. A single, 30-minute video clip requires many thousands of times the bandwidth that a single email message requires. As such, online video has already required that carriers spend massive amounts to upgrade their networks, and this spending has benefited Juniper, the second-largest manufacturer of routers to direct traffic on the Internet after competitor Cisco Systems (CSCO).

IP/PON

More and more carrier networks are being upgraded or built with IP architecture and Passive Optical Network cabling in order to allow triple play technology over wireline networks. These new networks are replacing older, copper-based networks (ATM), because IP/PON expands bandwidth and accelerates the speed of information transmission. New routers must be compatible with new network architecture, and Juniper has shifted heavily away from ATM-based routers into IP-based routers. This would be beneficial to Juniper as long as the current ATM-to-IP trend continues.

SBC: Session border controllers (SBCs) are router-like pieces of hardware used specifically for VoIP applications. SBCs are used to control calls entering a network. As VoIP becomes more popular, the market for SBCs could expand, but Juniper has exited this market entirely, which could prove to be a competitive disadvantage later.

3G:The expansion of third generation wireless technology is also connected to the expansion of IP/PON because faster wireless transmission speeds need faster wireline networks to maintain overall network speed. Thus, potential growth or decline in the broadband wireless market could affect the market for Juniper's routers.

Ethernet

Ethernet is the most common LAN technology. For a while, Juniper's routers were not ethernet compatible, and Cisco's CRS-1 router, which was ethernet compatible, stole a significant portion of the router market from Juniper, as did the entry of Alcatel-Lucent with its own ethernet-compatible routers. Recently, new ethernet card updates as well as new routers with ethernet inputs are allowing Juniper to enter a large market they had previously been left out of. If ethernet remains the dominant LAN type, Juniper's recent entry into the market could prove to be a major competitive advantage, though they may first have to struggle to get customers away from Cisco and Alcatel-Lucent. Routers are integral parts of modern networks, and security hardware is becoming more and more important, meaning that as long as Juniper keeps its routers and service hardware competitive (as it has by adding ethernet capability), it is well posed to grow as fast as the market.

Service Carrier Demand for New Equipment

Juniper's products are not sold to a general market; much of its revenue is concentrated between the small number of telecom service providers and equipment vendors that dominate the global market. Service providers typically have the most visibility into market swings since they own relationships with end consumers; market trends can lead to unpredictable and volatile cycles for equipment vendors such as Juniper.

On the flip side of this issue is that any new deals from new or existing customers have the potential to bring in outsized revenue streams. For instance, Google (GOOG)--which bought Juniper equipment previously--is likely to purchase additional routers and security equipment from Juniper in 2007. Juniper enjoys a a good deal of customer lock-in because of the nature of the business.

Acquisitions

The telecom industry is increasingly consolidating, as the merger of Alcatel and Lucent, Nokia and Siemens, and the acquisition of Redback by Ericsson have created bigger, more concentrated threats towards Juniper's competitive position. If the company moves with this trend, it could increasingly pursue its own acquisition strategy or be swallowed into a larger company such as Alcatel-Lucent or Ericsson.

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