Kearny Financial 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the fiscal year ended June 30, 2007
- or -
For the transition period from ________________ to ________________
Commission Number: 0-51093
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (973) 244-4500
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. x YES o NO
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting common equity held by non-affiliates of the Registrant on December 29, 2006 (the last business day of the Registrant’s most recently completed second fiscal quarter) was $276.5 million.
As of September 7, 2007 there were issued and outstanding 71,113,937 shares of the Registrant’s Common Stock including shares held by Kearny MHC.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Kearny Financial Corp. (the “Company” or the “Registrant”) may from time to time make written or oral “forward-looking statements,” including statements contained in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (including this Annual Report on Form 10-K and the exhibits thereto), in its reports to stockholders and in other communications by the Company, which are made in good faith by the Company pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties, such as statements of the Company’s plans, objectives, expectations, estimates and intentions, that are subject to change based on various important factors (some of which are beyond the Company’s control). The following factors, among others, could cause the Company’s financial performance to differ materially from the plans, objectives, expectations, estimates and intentions expressed in such forward-looking statements: the strength of the United States economy in general and the strength of the local economy in which the Company conducts operations; the effects of and changes in, trade, monetary and fiscal policies and laws, including interest rate policies of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, inflation, interest rates, market and monetary fluctuations; the impact of changes in financial services laws and regulations (including laws concerning taxes, banking, securities and insurance); changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by regulatory agencies, the Financial Accounting Standards Board or the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board; technological changes; competition among financial services providers; and the success of the Company at managing the risks involved in the foregoing and managing its business.
The Company cautions that the foregoing list of important factors is not exclusive. The Company does not undertake to update any forward-looking statement, whether written or oral, that may be made from time to time by or on behalf of the Company.
Item 1. Business
The Company is a federally-chartered corporation that was organized on March 30, 2001 for the purpose of being a holding company for Kearny Federal Savings Bank (the “Bank”), a federally-chartered stock savings bank. On February 23, 2005, the Company completed a minority stock offering in which it sold 21,821,250 shares, representing 30% of its outstanding common stock upon completion of the offering. The remaining 70% of the outstanding common stock, totaling 50,916,250 shares, were retained by Kearny MHC (the “MHC”). The MHC is a federally-chartered mutual holding company and so long as the MHC is in existence, it will at all times own a majority of the outstanding common stock of the Company. The stock repurchase programs conducted by the Company since the offering have reduced the total number of shares outstanding. The 50,916,250 shares held by the MHC represented 71.6% of the total shares outstanding as of the Company’s June 30, 2007 fiscal year end. The MHC and the Company are regulated by the Office of Thrift Supervision.
The Company is a unitary savings and loan holding company and conducts no significant business or operations of its own. References in this Annual Report on Form 10-K to the Company or Registrant generally refer to the Company and the Bank, unless the context indicates otherwise. References to “we,” “us,” or “our” refer to the Bank or Company, or both, as the context indicates.
The Bank was originally founded in 1884 as a New Jersey mutual building and loan association. It obtained federal insurance of accounts in 1939 and received a federal charter in 1941. The Bank’s
deposits are federally insured by the Deposit Insurance Fund as administered by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Bank is regulated by the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Our primary business is attracting retail deposits from the public and using those deposits, together with funds generated from operations, principal repayments on securities and loans and borrowed funds, for our investing and lending activities. We invest in mortgage-backed securities, U.S. government obligations, obligations of state and political subdivisions and other securities. Our loan portfolio consists of one-to-four family residential mortgage loans, multi-family and commercial mortgage loans, construction loans, commercial business loans, home equity loans and lines of credit and other consumer loans. At June 30, 2007, mortgage-backed securities and securities comprised 38.2% of our total assets while net loans receivable comprised 44.9% of our total assets. At June 30, 2006, mortgage-backed securities and securities comprised 44.8% of our total assets while net loans receivable comprised 35.3% of our total assets and at June 30, 2005, these percentages were 59.9% and 26.5%, respectively. It is our intention to continue increasing the balance of our loan portfolio relative to the size of our securities portfolio.
We operate from administrative headquarters in Fairfield, New Jersey and as of June 30, 2007 had 26 branch offices. As of June 30, 2007, we had 268 full-time employees and 24 part-time employees.
Market Area. Our primary market area consists of the counties in which we currently operate branches: Bergen, Hudson, Passaic, Morris, Middlesex, Essex, Union and Ocean Counties, New Jersey. We also consider Monmouth County, New Jersey to be part of our market area. Our lending is concentrated in these nine counties and our predominant sources of deposits are the communities in which our offices are located as well as the neighboring communities.
Our primary market area is largely urban and suburban with a broad economic base as is typical within the New York metropolitan area. Service jobs represent the largest employment sector followed by wholesale/retail trade.
Our business of attracting deposits and making loans is primarily conducted within our market area. A downturn in the local economy could reduce the amount of funds available for deposit and the ability of borrowers to repay their loans. As a result, our profitability could decrease.
Competition. We operate in a market area with a high concentration of banking and financial institutions and we face substantial competition in attracting deposits and in originating loans. A number of our competitors are significantly larger institutions with greater financial and managerial resources and lending limits. Our ability to compete successfully is a significant factor affecting our growth potential and profitability.
Our competition for deposits and loans historically has come from other insured financial institutions such as local and regional commercial banks, savings institutions and credit unions located in our primary market area. We also compete with mortgage banking and finance companies for real estate loans and with commercial banks and savings institutions for consumer loans and we face competition for funds from investment products such as mutual funds, short-term money market funds and corporate and government securities. There are large competitors operating throughout our total market area, including Bank of America, Commerce Bank, Wachovia Bank and PNC Bank with Chase Bank and Citibank anxious to expand their presence and we face strong competition from other community-based financial institutions.
General. We have traditionally focused on the origination of one-to-four family loans, which comprise a significant majority of our total loan portfolio. Our next largest category of lending is commercial real estate, which includes multi-family dwellings, mixed-use properties and other commercial properties. We also offer consumer loans (primarily composed of home equity loans and lines of credit), construction loans (to builders and developers as well as individual homeowners) and commercial business loans, generally secured by real estate.
Loan Maturity Schedule. The following table sets forth the maturities of our loan portfolio at June 30, 2007. Demand loans, loans having no stated maturity and overdrafts are shown as due in one year or less. Loans are stated in the following tables at contractual maturity and actual maturities could differ due to prepayments.
The following table shows the dollar amount of loans as of June 30, 2007 due after June 30, 2008 according to rate type and loan category.
One-to-Four Family Mortgage Loans. Our primary lending activity consists of the origination of one-to-four family first mortgage loans, nearly all of which are secured by property located within New Jersey. During the year ended June 30, 2007, the Bank originated $67.2 million of one-to-four family mortgage loans within New Jersey compared to $118.4 million in the year ended June 30, 2006. A slowing of the residential real estate market was the primary reason for the decrease in originations.
We will originate a one-to-four family mortgage loan on an owner occupied property with a principal amount of up to 95% of the lesser of the appraised value or the purchase price of the property, with private mortgage insurance required if the loan to value ratio exceeds 80%. Our loan to value limit on a non-owner occupied property is 75%. Loans in excess of $750,000 are handled on a case-by-case basis and are subject to lower loan to value limits, generally no more than 50%.
Our fixed rate and adjustable rate residential mortgage loans on owner occupied properties have terms of ten to thirty years. Residential mortgage loans on non-owner occupied properties have terms of up to fifteen years for fixed rate loans and terms up to twenty years for adjustable rate loans. We also offer ten-year balloon mortgages with a thirty-year amortization schedule on owner occupied properties and a twenty-year amortization schedule on non-owner occupied properties.
Our adjustable rate loan products provide for an interest rate that is tied to the one-year Constant Maturity U.S. Treasury index and have terms of up to thirty years with initial fixed rate periods of one, three, five, seven, or ten years according to the terms of the loan and annual rate adjustment thereafter. We also offer an adjustable rate loan with a term of up to thirty years with a rate that adjusts every five years to the five-year Constant Maturity U.S. Treasury index. There is a 200 basis point limit on the rate adjustment in any adjustment period and the rate adjustment limit over the life of the loan is 600 basis points.
We offer a first time home buyer program for persons who have not previously owned real estate and are purchasing a one-to-four family property in Bergen, Passaic, Morris, Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean and Union Counties, New Jersey for use as a primary residence. This program is also
available outside these areas only to persons who are existing deposit or loan customers of Kearny Federal Savings Bank and/or members of their immediate families. The financial incentives offered under this program are a one-quarter of one percent rate reduction on all first mortgage loan types and the refund of the application fee at closing.
The fixed rate mortgage loans that we originate generally meet the secondary mortgage market standards of the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation. However, as our focus is on growing the size of the loan portfolio, we generally do not sell loans in the secondary market and do not currently anticipate that we will commence doing so in any large capacity. There were no residential mortgage loan sales during the last three fiscal years.
Substantially all of our residential mortgages include “due on sale” clauses, which are provisions giving us the right to declare a loan immediately payable if the borrower sells or otherwise transfers an interest in the property to a third party. Property appraisals on real estate securing our one-to-four family residential loans are made by state certified or licensed independent appraisers approved by the Board of Directors. Appraisals are performed in accordance with applicable regulations and policies. We require title insurance policies on all first mortgage real estate loans originated. Homeowners, liability and fire insurance and, if applicable, flood insurance, are also required.
Multi-family and Commercial Real Estate Mortgage Loans. We also originate mortgage loans on multi-family and commercial real estate properties, including loans on apartment buildings, retail/service properties and other income-producing properties, such as mixed-use properties combining residential and commercial space. The Bank originated $62.9 million of multi-family and commercial real estate mortgages during the year ended June 30, 2007, compared to $23.4 million during the year ended June 30, 2006. The Bank’s business plan calls for an increased emphasis on originating these types of mortgages.
We generally require no less than a 30% down payment or equity position for mortgage loans on multi-family and commercial real estate properties and we require personal guarantees on all such loans. Currently, these loans are made with a maturity of up to 20 years. We also offer a five-year balloon loan with a twenty- year amortization schedule. All of our multi-family and commercial real estate mortgage loans are on properties within New Jersey.
Multi-family and commercial real estate mortgage loans generally are considered to entail significantly greater risk than that which is involved with one-to-four family real estate lending. The repayment of these loans typically is dependent on the successful operations and income stream of the borrower and the real estate securing the loan as collateral. These risks can be significantly affected by economic conditions. In addition, multi-family and commercial real estate mortgage loans generally carry larger balances to single borrowers or related groups of borrowers than one-to-four family loans. Multi-family and commercial real estate lending typically requires substantially greater evaluation and oversight efforts compared to residential real estate lending.
Commercial Business Loans. We also originate commercial term loans and lines of credit to a variety of professionals, sole proprietorships and small businesses in our market area. During the year ended June 30, 2007, the Bank originated $4.6 million of commercial business loans compared to $708,000 during the year ended June 30, 2006. The Bank’s business plan calls for an increased emphasis on originating commercial mortgages, as a by-product management expects a gradual increase in the origination of these types of loans.
These loans are normally secured by real estate and we require personal guarantees on all commercial loans. Marketable securities may also be accepted as collateral on lines of credit, but with a
loan to value limit of 50%. The loan to value limit on secured commercial lines of credit and term loans is otherwise generally limited to 70%. We also make unsecured commercial loans in the form of overdraft checking authorization up to $25,000 and unsecured lines of credit up to $25,000.
Our commercial term loans generally have terms of up to fifteen years and are mostly fixed rate loans. Our commercial lines of credit have terms of up to two years and are mostly adjustable rate loans. We also offer a one-year interest only commercial line of credit with balloon payment.
Unlike single-family residential mortgage loans, which generally are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from his or her employment and other income and which are secured by real property whose value tends to be more easily ascertainable, commercial business loans typically are made on the basis of the borrower’s ability to make repayment from the cash flow of the borrower’s business. As a result, the availability of funds for the repayment of commercial business loans may be substantially dependent on the success of the business itself and the general economic environment. Commercial business loans, therefore, have greater credit risk than residential mortgage loans. In addition, commercial loans generally carry larger balances to single borrowers or related groups of borrowers than one-to-four family loans. Commercial lending requires substantially greater evaluation and oversight efforts compared to residential or commercial real estate lending.
Home Equity Loans and Lines of Credit. Our home equity loans are fixed rate loans for terms of generally up to twenty years. We also offer fixed and adjustable rate home equity lines of credit with terms of up to fifteen years. During the year ended June 30, 2007, the Bank originated $51.4 million of home equity loans and lines of credit compared to $66.5 million in the year ended June 30, 2006. Fierce competition in the marketplace for these types of loans due to lower demand for first mortgages and less advertising on the part of the Bank were the primary reasons for the decrease in originations.
Collateral value is determined through an Automated Valuation Module (AVM), specifically, the Freddie Mac’s Home Valuation Explorer (HVE), or property value analysis report (FHLMC Form 704) provided by a state certified or licensed independent appraiser. In some cases, we determine collateral value by a full appraisal performed by a state certified or licensed independent appraiser. Home equity loans and lines of credit do not require title insurance but do require homeowner, liability and fire insurance and, if applicable, flood insurance.
Home equity loans and fixed rate home equity lines of credit are primarily originated in our market area and are generally made in amounts of up to 80% of value on term loans and of up to 75% of value on home equity adjustable rate lines of credit. We originate home equity loans secured by either a first lien or a second lien on the property.
Other Consumer Loans. In addition to home equity loans and lines of credit, our consumer loan portfolio includes savings and certificates of deposit secured (passbook) loans and unsecured personal overdraft loans. We will generally lend up to 90% of the account balance on a savings secured loan.
Consumer loans entail greater risks than residential mortgage loans, particularly consumer loans that are unsecured. Consumer loan repayment is dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability and is more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. The application of various federal laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount, which can be recovered on consumer loans in the event of a default.
Our underwriting standards for consumer loans include a determination of the applicant’s credit history and an assessment of the applicant’s ability to meet existing obligations and payments on the
proposed loan. The stability of the applicant’s monthly income may be determined by verification of gross monthly income from primary employment and any additional verifiable secondary income.
Construction Lending. Our construction lending includes loans to individuals for construction of one-to-four family residences or for major renovations or improvements to an existing dwelling. Our construction lending also includes loans to builders and developers for multi-unit buildings or multi-house projects. All of our construction lending is in New Jersey. During the year ended June 30, 2007, construction loan originations and/or disbursements were $6.3 million compared to $22.6 million during the year ended June 30, 2006. A slowing of the residential real estate market was the primary reason for the decrease in originations and/or disbursements.
Construction borrowers must hold title to the land free and clear of any liens. Financing for construction loans is limited to 80% of the anticipated appraised value of the completed property. Disbursements are made in accordance with inspection reports by our approved appraisal firms. Terms of financing are limited to one year with an interest rate tied to the prime rate published in the Wall Street Journal and may include a premium of one or more points. In some cases, we convert a construction loan to a permanent mortgage loan upon completion of construction.
We have no formal limits as to the number of projects a builder has under construction or development and make a case-by-case determination on loans to builders and developers who have multiple projects under development. The Board of Directors reviews the Bank’s business relationship with a builder or developer prior to accepting a loan application for processing. We generally do not make construction loans to builders on a speculative basis, without a contract in place. Financing is only provided for up to two houses at a time in a multi-house project, requiring a contract on one of the two houses before financing for the next house may be obtained.
Construction lending is generally considered to involve a higher degree of credit risk than mortgage lending. If the estimate of construction cost proves to be inaccurate, we may be compelled to advance additional funds to complete the construction with repayment dependent, in part, on the success of the ultimate project rather than the ability of a borrower or guarantor to repay the loan. If we are forced to foreclose on a project prior to completion, there is no assurance that we will be able to recover all of the unpaid portion of the loan. In addition, we may be required to fund additional amounts to complete a project and may have to hold the property for an indeterminate period.
Loans to One Borrower. Under federal law savings institutions have, subject to certain exemptions, lending limits to one borrower in an amount equal to the greater of $500,000 or 15% of the institution’s unimpaired capital and surplus. Accordingly, as of June 30, 2007, our loans to one borrower limit was approximately $54.1 million.
At June 30, 2007, our largest single borrower had an aggregate loan balance of approximately $11.3 million, representing three mortgage loans secured by commercial real estate. Our second largest single borrower had an aggregate loan balance of approximately $10.2 million, representing two loans secured by commercial real estate. Our third largest borrower had an aggregate loan balance of approximately $9.2 million, representing two loans secured by commercial real estate, one commercial line of credit secured by commercial real estate and one residential mortgage loan. At June 30, 2007, all of these lending relationships were current and performing in accordance with the terms of their loan agreements.
Loan Originations, Purchases, Sales, Solicitation and Processing. The following table shows total loans originated, purchased and repaid during the periods indicated.
Our customary sources of loan applications include repeat customers, referrals from realtors and other professionals and “walk-in” customers. Our residential loan originations are largely advertising driven.
We primarily originate our own loans and retain them in our portfolio. As part of our loan growth strategy, we generally do not sell loans in the secondary market and do not currently anticipate that we will commence doing so in any large capacity. There were no whole loan sales during the year ended June 30, 2007. Gross loan originations totaled $195.8 million for the year ended June 30, 2007 and exceeded principal repayments by approximately $59.1 million.
In 2005, the Bank entered into a loan purchase and servicing agreement with a large nationwide lender, in order to supplement the Bank’s loan production pipeline. The agreement calls for the purchase of loan pools that contain mortgages on residential properties in our lending area. We have procedures in place for purchasing these mortgages such that the underwriting guidelines are consistent with those used in our in-house loan origination process. The evaluation and approval process ensures that the purchased loans generally conform to our normal underwriting guidelines. Our due diligence process includes full credit reviews and an examination of the title policy and associated legal instruments. We recalculate debt service and loan-to-value ratios for accuracy and review appraisals for reasonableness. In May 2007, we expanded our loan purchase and servicing agreement with the same nationwide lender to include mortgage loans secured by residential real estate located outside of New Jersey. All loan pools presented to the Bank must meet the Bank’s underwriting requirements as outlined in the purchase and servicing agreement and are subject to the same review process shown above. Furthermore, there are stricter underwriting guidelines in place for out-of-state mortgages, including higher minimum credit scores.
During the year ended June 30, 2007, we purchased a total of $2.7 million of adjustable rate loans and $86.5 million of fixed rate loans from this seller.
Once we purchase the loans, we continually monitor the seller’s performance by thoroughly reviewing portfolio balancing reports, remittance reports, delinquency reports and other data supplied to us on a monthly basis. We also review the seller’s financial statements and documentation as to their compliance with the servicing standards established by the Mortgage Bankers Association of America.
The Bank also enters into purchase agreements with a limited number of smaller, local mortgage companies to supplement the Bank’s loan production pipeline. These agreements call for the purchase, on a flow basis, of adjustable rate and/or 10, 15 and 30 year fixed rate mortgage loans with servicing released to the Bank. During the year ended June 30, 2007, we purchased a total of $4.3 million adjustable loans and $1.8 million of fixed rate loans from these companies.
The Bank does not originate or purchase interest only mortgages, pay option adjustable rate mortgages or sub-prime mortgages.
In addition to purchasing one-to-four family loans, we also occasionally purchase participations in loans originated by other banks and through the Thrift Institutions Community Investment Corporation of New Jersey (“TICIC”). Our TICIC participations include multi-family and commercial real estate properties. The aggregate balance of TICIC participations at June 30, 2007 was $9.0 million and the average balance of a single participation was approximately $264,000. At June 30, 2007, we had six non-TICIC participations with an aggregate balance of $16.0 million, consisting of loans on commercial real estate properties, including a medical center, a self-storage facility, a shopping plaza, commercial buildings with a combination of retail and office space and a construction loan to build townhouses. During the year ended June 30, 2007, the Bank purchased $2.2 million of participations in loans originated by other banks.
Loan Approval Procedures and Authority. Senior management recommends and the Board of Directors approves our lending policies and loan approval limits. Our Chief Lending Officer may approve loans up to $500,000. Loan department personnel of Kearny Federal Savings Bank serving in the following positions may approve loans as follows: mortgage loan managers, mortgage loans up to $250,000; consumer loan managers, consumer loans up to $100,000; and consumer loan underwriters, consumer loans up to $50,000. In addition to these principal amount limits, there are established limits for different levels of approval authority as to minimum credit scores and maximum loan to value ratios and debt ratios. Our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Investment Officer have authorization to countersign loans for amounts that exceed $500,000 up to a limit of $750,000. Our Chief Lending Officer must approve loans between $500,000 and $750,000 along with one of these designated officers. Non-conforming mortgage loans and loans over $750,000 require the approval of the Board of Directors.
Loan Delinquencies and Collection Procedures. The borrower is notified by both mail and telephone when a loan is 30 days past due. If the delinquency continues, subsequent efforts are made to contact the delinquent borrower and additional collection notices and letters are sent. When a loan is 90 days delinquent, it is our general practice to refer it to an attorney for repossession or foreclosure. All reasonable attempts are made to collect from borrowers prior to referral to an attorney for collection. In certain instances, we may modify the loan or grant a limited moratorium on loan payments to enable the borrower to reorganize his or her financial affairs and we attempt to work with the borrower to establish a repayment schedule to cure the delinquency.
As to mortgage loans, if a foreclosure action is taken and the loan is not reinstated, paid in full or refinanced, the property is sold at judicial sale at which we may be the buyer if there are no adequate offers to satisfy the debt. Any property acquired as the result of foreclosure or by deed in lieu of foreclosure is classified as real estate owned until it is sold or otherwise disposed of. When real estate owned is acquired, it is recorded at the lower of the unpaid principal balance of the related loan or its fair market value less estimated selling costs. The initial writedown of the property is charged to the allowance for loan losses. Adjustments to the carrying value of the properties that result from subsequent declines in value are charged to operations in the period in which the declines occur. At June 30, 2007, we held real estate owned totaling $109,000, consisting of one parcel of vacant land, currently under a contract of sale.
Loans are reviewed on a regular basis and are placed on non-accrual status when they are more than 90 days delinquent, with the exception of passbook loans. When a passbook loan becomes 120 days delinquent, we collect the outstanding balance of the loan from the related passbook account along with accrued interest (and a penalty is charged if the account securing the loan is a certificate of deposit). Loans may be placed on a non-accrual status at any time if, in the opinion of management, the collection of additional interest is doubtful. Interest accrued and unpaid at the time a loan is placed on non-accrual status is charged against interest income. Subsequent payments are either applied to the outstanding principal balance or recorded as interest income, depending on the assessment of the ultimate collectibility of the loan. At June 30, 2007, we had approximately $1.5 million of loans that were held on a non-accrual basis compared to $942,000 at June 30, 2006.
Non-Performing Assets. The following table provides information regarding the Bank’s non-performing loans and other non-performing assets. As of each of the dates indicated, we did not have any troubled debt restructurings. At June 30, 2007 and 2006, the allowance for loan losses totaled $6.0 million and $5.5 million, non-performing loans totaled $1.5 million and $942,000 and the ratio of allowance for loan losses to non-performing loans was 406.25% and 578.66%, respectively.
During the years ended June 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, gross interest income of $111,000, $81,000 and $162,000, respectively, would have been recorded on loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis if those loans had been current. Interest income on such loans of $45,000, $9,000 and $69,000 was included in income for the years ended June 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.
Classified Assets. Management, in compliance with Office of Thrift Supervision guidelines, has instituted an internal loan review program, whereby non-performing loans are classified as substandard, doubtful or loss. It is our policy to review the loan portfolio, in accordance with regulatory classification procedures, on at least a quarterly basis. When a loan is classified as substandard or doubtful, management is required to evaluate the loan for impairment. When management classifies a portion of a loan as loss, a reserve equal to 100% of the loss amount is required to be established or the loan is to be charged-off.
An asset is considered “substandard” if it is inadequately protected by the paying capacity and net worth of the obligor or the collateral pledged, if any. Substandard assets include those characterized by the distinct possibility that the insured institution will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Assets classified as “doubtful” have all of the weaknesses inherent in those classified substandard, with the added characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full highly questionable and improbable, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values. Assets, or portions thereof, classified as “loss” are considered uncollectible and of so little value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific loss reserve is not warranted. Assets which do not currently expose the insured institution to a sufficient degree of risk to warrant classification in one of the aforementioned categories but which have credit deficiencies or potential weaknesses are required to be designated “special mention” by management.
Management’s classification of assets is reviewed by the Board on a regular basis and by the regulatory agencies as part of their examination process. An independent loan review firm performs a review of our residential and commercial loan portfolios and we downgrade our classifications to match those of this reviewing firm if there is disagreement between our assessment and the independent assessment. The following table discloses our classification of assets and designation of certain loans as special mention as of June 30, 2007. At June 30, 2007, all of the classified assets and special mention designated assets were loans.
At June 30, 2007 and 2006, none of the loans classified as “special mention,” approximately $726,000 and $350,000 classified as “substandard” and approximately $763,000 and $592,000 classified as “doubtful”, respectively, are included under non-performing assets, as shown in the table on Page 13.
Allowance for Loan Losses. The allowance for loan losses is a valuation account that reflects our estimation of the losses in our loan portfolio to the extent they are both probable and reasonable to estimate. The allowance is maintained through provisions for loan losses that are charged to income in the period they are established. We charge losses on loans against the allowance for loan losses when we believe the collection of loan principal is unlikely. Recoveries on loans previously charged-off are added back to the allowance.
Management, in determining the allowance for loan losses, considers the losses inherent in the loan portfolio and changes in the nature and volume of our loan activities, along with general economic and real estate market conditions. We utilize a two-tier approach: (1) identification of impaired loans and establishment of specific loss allowances on such loans and (2) establishment of general valuation allowances on the remainder of our loan portfolio by type of loan, as required by regulatory guidelines outlined in the Interagency Policy Statement last updated in December 2006.
A loan evaluated for impairment is deemed to be impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. All loans identified as impaired are evaluated independently. We do not aggregate such loans for evaluation purposes. Payments received on impaired loans are applied first to interest receivable and then to principal.
We maintain a loan review system, which allows for a periodic review of our loan portfolio and the early identification of potentially impaired loans. Such system takes into consideration, among other things, delinquency status, size of loan, type of collateral and financial condition of the borrower. Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans, such as residential real estate and home equity and consumer loans are evaluated in the aggregate using historical loss factors and current economic conditions. Large balance and/or more complex loans, such as multi-family and commercial real estate loans, are evaluated individually for impairment. There were no impaired loans at the end of June 30, 2007 and 2006.
Specific loan loss allowances are established for identified loans based on a review of such information and/or appraisals of the underlying collateral. General loan loss allowances are based upon a combination of factors including, but not limited to, actual loan loss experience, composition of the loan portfolio, current economic conditions and management’s judgment.
The estimation of the allowance for loan losses is inherently subjective as it requires estimates and assumptions that are susceptible to significant revisions as more information becomes available or as future events change. Future additions to the allowance for loan losses may be necessary if economic and other conditions in the future differ substantially from the current operating environment. In addition, the Office of Thrift Supervision, as an integral part of its examination process, periodically reviews our loan and foreclosed real estate portfolios and the related allowance for loan losses and valuation allowance for foreclosed real estate. The Office of Thrift Supervision may require the allowance for loan losses or the valuation allowance for foreclosed real estate to be increased based on its review of information available at the time of the examination, which would negatively affect our earnings.
The following table sets forth information with respect to the allowance for loan losses at the dates indicated.
Allocation of Allowance for Loan Losses. The following table sets forth the allocation of the allowance for loan losses by loan category and the percent of loans in each category to total net loans receivable at the dates indicated. The portion of the loan loss allowance allocated to each loan category does not represent the total available for future losses, which may occur within the loan category since the total loan loss allowance is a valuation reserve applicable to the entire loan portfolio.