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Kellogg Company 10-Q 2010

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.2
  6. Ex-32.2
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d)

OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

(Mark One)

 

    x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended October 2, 2010

OR

 

    ¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                  to                 

Commission file number 1-4171

KELLOGG COMPANY

 

State of Incorporation—Delaware   IRS Employer Identification No.38-0710690

One Kellogg Square, P.O. Box 3599, Battle Creek, MI 49016-3599

Registrant’s telephone number: 269-961-2000

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer  x   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

Yes  ¨    No  x

Common Stock outstanding as of October 30, 2010 — 368,213,884 shares

 

 

 


Table of Contents

 

KELLOGG COMPANY

INDEX

 

     Page  

PART I — Financial Information

  

Item 1:

  

Financial Statements

  

Consolidated Balance Sheet — October 2, 2010 and January 2, 2010

     2   

Consolidated Statement of Income — quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October  3, 2009

     3   

Consolidated Statement of Equity — year ended January 2, 2010 and year-to-date period ended October  2, 2010

     4   

Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows — year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009

     5   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     6-23   

Item 2:

  

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     24-32   

Item 3:

  

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

     33   

Item 4:

  

Controls and Procedures

     33   

PART II — Other Information

  

Item 1A:

  

Risk Factors

     34   

Item 2:

  

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

     34   

Item 6:

  

Exhibits

     34   

Signatures

     35   

Exhibit Index

     36   

Rule 13a-14(e)/15d-14(a) Certification from A. D. David Mackay

  

Rule 13a-14(e)/15d-14(a) Certification from Ronald L. Dissinger

  

Section 1350 Certification from A. D. David Mackay

  

Section 1350 Certification from Ronald L. Dissinger

  


Table of Contents

 

Part I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Kellogg Company and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET

(millions, except per share data)

 

      October 2,
2010
(unaudited)
   

January 2,
2010

*

 

Current assets

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 559     $ 334  

Accounts receivable, net

     1,211       1,093  

Inventories:

    

Raw materials and supplies

     232       214  

Finished goods and materials in process

     720       696  

Deferred income taxes

     148       128  

Other prepaid assets

     135       93  

Total current assets

     3,005       2,558  

Property, net of accumulated depreciation of $4,666 and $4,520

     3,015       3,010  

Goodwill

     3,644       3,643  

Other intangibles, net of accumulated amortization of $46 and $45

     1,457       1,458  

Pension

     208       160  

Other assets

     395       371  

Total assets

   $ 11,724     $ 11,200  
                  

Current liabilities

    

Current maturities of long-term debt

   $ 948     $ 1  

Notes payable

     594       44  

Accounts payable

     1,145       1,077  

Accrued advertising and promotion

     454       409  

Accrued income taxes

     133       33  

Accrued salaries and wages

     161       322  

Other current liabilities

     344       402  

Total current liabilities

     3,779       2,288  

Long-term debt

     3,929       4,835  

Deferred income taxes

     431       425  

Pension liability

     441       430  

Other liabilities

     926       947  

Commitments and contingencies

    

Equity

    

Common stock, $.25 par value

     105       105  

Capital in excess of par value

     485       472  

Retained earnings

     6,087       5,481  

Treasury stock, at cost

     (2,528     (1,820

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     (1,931     (1,966

Total Kellogg Company equity

     2,218       2,272  

Noncontrolling interests

            3  

Total equity

     2,218       2,275  

Total liabilities and equity

   $ 11,724     $ 11,200  
                  

* Condensed from audited financial statements.

Refer to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Kellogg Company and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

(millions, except per share data)

 

     Quarter ended     Year-to-date period ended  
(Results are unaudited)    October 2,
2010
    October 3,
2009
    October 2,
2010
    October 3,
2009
 

Net sales

   $ 3,157     $ 3,277     $ 9,537     $ 9,675  

Cost of goods sold

     1,788       1,837       5,438       5,529  

Selling, general and administrative expense

     828       873       2,438       2,497  

Operating profit

     541       567       1,661       1,649  

Interest expense

     62       65       188       199  

Other income (expense), net

     1       (10     9       (1

Income before income taxes

     480       492       1,482       1,449  

Income taxes

     143       132       427       416  

Earnings (loss) from joint ventures

     —          —          —          (1

Net income

   $ 337     $ 360     $ 1,055     $ 1,032  

Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (1     (1     (3     (4

Net income attributable to Kellogg Company

   $ 338     $ 361     $ 1,058     $ 1,036  

Per share amounts:

        

Basic

   $ 0.91     $ 0.94     $ 2.80     $ 2.71  

Diluted

   $ 0.90     $ 0.94     $ 2.78     $ 2.70  

Dividends per share

   $ 0.4050     $ 0.3750     $ 1.1550     $ 1.0550  

Average shares outstanding:

        

Basic

     373       382       378       382  

Diluted

     376       384       381       383  

Actual shares outstanding at period end

                     368       379  
                                  

Refer to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Kellogg Company and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF EQUITY

(millions)

 

              

Capital in
excess of

par value

    

Retained
earnings

                 Accumulated
other
comprehensive
income (loss)
     Total Kellogg
Company
equity
    

Non-

controlling
interests

  

Total
equity

    

Total
comprehensive
income (loss)

 
     Common stock          Treasury stock                 
(unaudited)    shares    amount          shares    amount                 
   

Balance, January 3, 2009

   419    $105      $438             $4,836         37       ($1,790)         ($2,141)             $ 1,448            $ 7       $ 1,455       

Common stock repurchases

               4      (187)            (187)                (187)      

Net income (loss)

              1,212                    1,212              (4)      1,208          $1,208          

Dividends

              (546)                   (546)                (546)      

Other comprehensive income

                       175              175                 175          175          

Stock compensation

           37                         37                 37       

Stock options exercised and other

               (3)            (21)         (3)      157                   133                   133             

Balance, January 2, 2010

   419    $105      $472             $5,481         38       ($1,820)         ($1,966)             $ 2,272            $ 3       $ 2,275          $1,383          

Common stock repurchases

               18       (907)            (907)                (907)      

Net income (loss)

              1,058                    1,058              (3)      1,055          1,055          

Dividends

              (435)                   (435)                (435)      

Other comprehensive income (loss)

                       35              35                 35          35          

Stock compensation

           16                         16                 16       

Stock options exercised and other

           (3)            (17)         (5)      199             179                 179       
                                                                                    

Balance, October 2, 2010

   419    $105      $485             $6,087         51      ($2,528)         ($1,931)             $ 2,218            $ —       $ 2,218          $1,090          
                                                                                    

Refer to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Kellogg Company and Subsidiaries

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

(millions)

 

     Year-to-date period ended  
(unaudited)    October 2,
2010
    October 3,
2009
 

Operating activities

    

Net income

   $ 1,055     $ 1,032  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to operating cash flows:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     265       282  

Deferred income taxes

     (53     (9

Other

     116       (18

Postretirement benefit plan contributions

     (45     (93

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Trade receivables

     (125     (240

Inventories

     (43     35  

Accounts payable

     68       (54

Accrued income taxes

     63       84  

Accrued interest expense

     (18     (33

Accrued and prepaid advertising, promotion and trade allowances

     33       151  

Accrued salaries and wages

     (161     9  

All other current assets and liabilities

     (76     84  

Net cash provided by operating activities

     1,079       1,230  

Investing activities

    

Additions to properties

     (252     (252

Other

     2       1  

Net cash used in investing activities

     (250     (251

Financing activities

    

Net issuances (reductions) of notes payable

     547       (915

Issuances of long-term debt

            745  

Reductions of long-term debt

     (1       

Net issuances of common stock

     178       34  

Common stock repurchases

     (907     (187

Cash dividends

     (435     (403

Other

     7       2  

Net cash used in financing activities

     (611     (724

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     7       17  

Increase in cash and cash equivalents

     225       272  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     334       255  

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 559     $ 527  
                  

Refer to Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

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Table of Contents

 

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

for the quarter ended October 2, 2010 (unaudited)

Note 1 Accounting policies

Basis of presentation

The unaudited interim financial information of Kellogg Company (the Company) included in this report reflects normal recurring adjustments that management believes are necessary for a fair statement of the results of operations, financial position, equity and cash flows for the periods presented. This interim information should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and accompanying notes contained on pages 27 to 56 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

The condensed balance sheet data at January 2, 2010 was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The results of operations for the quarterly period ended October 2, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for other interim periods or the full year.

New accounting standard

In December 2009, the FASB amended the Accounting Standards Codification related to the consolidation provisions that apply to variable interest entities. This guidance is effective for fiscal years that begin after November 15, 2009 and was adopted by the Company on a prospective basis as of January 3, 2010 without material impact to its consolidated financial statements.

Note 2 Goodwill and other intangible assets

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010 are presented in the following table. Certain of the Company’s goodwill balances are subject to foreign currency translation adjustments. Fluctuations in exchange rates contributed to the change in goodwill balance for the period.

Carrying amount of goodwill

 

(millions)    North America    Europe    Latin America    Asia Pacific (a)    Consolidated

January 2, 2010

   $3,539    $62    $—    $42    $3,643

Currency translation adjustment

          —      (1)      —        2             1

October 2, 2010

   $3,539    $61    $—    $44    $3,644
 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia and South Africa.

Intangible assets subject to amortization

 

     Gross carrying amount    Accumulated amortization
(millions)    October 2,
2010
   January 2,
2010
   October 2,
2010
   January 2,
2010

Trademarks

   $19    $19    $16    $15

Other

     41      41      30      30

Total

   $60    $60    $46    $45
 

For intangible assets in the preceding table, amortization was less than $1 million for each of the current and prior year comparable quarters. The currently estimated aggregate annual amortization expense for full-year 2010 and each of the four succeeding fiscal years is approximately $2 million.

Intangible assets not subject to amortization

 

     Total carrying amount
(millions)    October 2,
2010
   January 2,
2010 

Trademarks

   $1,443    $1,443
 

 

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Table of Contents

 

Note 3 Exit or disposal activities

The Company views its continued spending on cost-reduction activities as part of its ongoing operating principles to provide greater visibility in achieving its long-term profit growth targets. Initiatives undertaken are currently expected to recover cash implementation costs within a five-year period of completion. Upon completion (or as each major stage is completed in the case of multi-year programs), the project begins to deliver cash savings and/or reduced depreciation.

2010 activities

During the third quarter of 2010, the Company incurred exit costs related to two ongoing programs which will result in cost of goods sold (COGS) and selling, general and administrative (SGA) expense savings. The COGS program relates to Kellogg’s lean, efficient, and agile network (K LEAN). The SGA programs focus on the efficiency and effectiveness of various support functions.

Total charges incurred during the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 were as follows:

 

     Quarter ended, October 2, 2010    Year-to-date period ended, October 2, 2010
(millions)    COGS
program
   SGA
programs
   Total    COGS
program
   SGA
programs
   Total

Employee severance

   $—    $1    $1    $2    $2    $4

Other cash costs (a)

     —      1      1         6      6

Retirement benefits (b)

     —      5      5      1      5      6

Total

   $—    $7    $7    $3    $13    $16
 

 

(a) Includes cash costs for equipment removal and relocation.
(b) Pension plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits.

Total program costs incurred through October 2, 2010 were as follows:

 

     Total program costs through
October 2, 2010
      COGS
program
   SGA
programs
   Total

Employee severance

   $17    $19    $36

Other cash costs (a)

       6      14      20

Retirement benefits (b)

       4        5        9

Total

   $27    $38    $65
 

 

(a) Includes cash costs for equipment removal and relocation.
(b) Pension plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits.

In 2009, the Company commenced K LEAN. Refer to page 35 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on this initiative. Based on forecasted foreign exchange rates, the Company currently expects to incur $35 million in total exit costs; $27 million has been incurred to date which represents employee severance and other cash costs associated with the elimination of hourly and salaried positions at various global manufacturing facilities. Costs for this program impacted the following operating segments for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009 as follows:

 

     COGS program
     Quarter ended    Year-to-date period ended
(millions)   

October 2, 2010

   October 3, 2009    October 2, 2010    October 3, 2009

North America

   $—    $2    $1    $12

Europe

     —      4      2        5

Asia Pacific (a)

     —      1           1

Total

   $—    $7    $3    $18
 

 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia and South Africa.

 

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In 2009, the Company commenced various SGA programs which will result in an improvement in the efficiency and effectiveness of various support functions. Refer to page 35 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on this initiative. Based on forecasted foreign exchange rates, the Company currently expects to incur $40 million in total exit costs; $38 million has been incurred to date which represents severance and other cash costs associated with the elimination of salaried positions. These programs are expected to be substantially complete by the end of 2010. Costs for these programs impacted the following operating segments for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009 as follows:

 

     SGA programs
     Quarter ended    Year-to-date period ended
(millions)    October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009
   October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

North America

   $6    $—      $10      $5

Europe

     1      5        1        5

Asia Pacific (a)

             2      —

Total

   $7    $5    $13    $10
 

 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia and South Africa.

Reserves for the COGS and SGA programs are primarily for employee severance and will be paid out by the end of 2010. The detail is as follows:

 

(millions)    Balance
January 2, 2010
   Accruals    Payments    Balance
October 2, 2010

COGS program

     $6    $2      $(5)    $3

SGA programs

     12      2      (12)      2

Manufacturing optimization

       7           (6)      1

Total

   $25    $4    $(23)    $6
 

Other prior year activities

The Company also incurred $6 million of exit costs for the quarter ended October 3, 2009 for two programs: the European manufacturing optimization plan in Bremen Germany; and the supply chain rationalization in Latin America. These costs were recorded in COGS within the Europe and Latin America operating segments.

The programs were completed as of the end of 2009. Refer to page 36 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K for further information on these initiatives.

The following tables present the total exit costs for these programs for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 3, 2009.

 

     Quarter ended, October 3, 2009
(millions)    Employee
severance
   Other cash
costs (a)
   Asset
write-offs
   Retirement
benefits (b)
   Total

Manufacturing optimization

   $1    $—    $—    $—    $1

Supply chain rationalization

     2      —      3      —      5

Total

   $3    $—    $3    $—    $6
 

 

(a) Includes cash costs for equipment removal and relocation.
(b) Pension plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits.

 

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     Year-to-date period ended, October 3, 2009
(millions)    Employee
severance
   Other cash
costs (a)
   Asset
write-offs
   Retirement
benefits (b)
   Total

Manufacturing optimization

   $7    $—    $—    $—    $  7

Supply chain rationalization

     2      —      3      —        5

Total

   $9    $—    $3    $—    $12
                          

 

(a) Includes cash costs for equipment removal and relocation.
(b) Pension plan curtailment losses and special termination benefits.

Note 4 Equity

Earnings per share

Basic earnings per share is determined by dividing net income attributable to Kellogg Company by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share is similarly determined, except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if all dilutive potential common shares had been issued. Dilutive potential common shares consist principally of employee stock options issued by the Company, and to a lesser extent, certain contingently issuable performance shares. Basic earnings per share is reconciled to diluted earnings per share in the following table. The total number of anti-dilutive potential common shares excluded from the reconciliation were 9 million and 4 million for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010, respectively, and 12 million and 20 million for the quarter and year-to-date periods ended October 3, 2009, respectively.

Quarters ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009:

 

(millions, except per share data)    Net income
attributable to
Kellogg Company
     Average
shares
outstanding
     Earnings
per share
 

2010

        

Basic

     $338        373        $ 0.91   

Dilutive potential common shares

                  3          (0.01)   

Diluted

     $338        376        $ 0.90   

2009

        

Basic

     $361        382        $0.94  

Dilutive potential common shares

                  2            —   

Diluted

     $361        384        $ 0.94   
                            

Year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009:

 

(millions, except per share data)    Net income
attributable to
Kellogg Company
     Average
shares
outstanding
     Earnings
per share
 

2010

        

Basic

     $1,058        378        $ 2.80   

Dilutive potential common shares

                  3          (0.02)   

Diluted

     $1,058        381        $ 2.78   

2009

        

Basic

     $1,036        382        $ 2.71   

Dilutive potential common shares

                  1          (0.01)   

Diluted

     $1,036        383        $ 2.70   
                            

During the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010, the Company issued 0.2 million shares to employees and directors under various benefit plans and stock purchase programs, as further discussed in Note 5.

On April 23, 2010, the Company’s board of directors authorized a $2.5 billion three-year share repurchase program for 2010 through 2012. This authorization replaced the previous share buyback program which authorized stock repurchases of up to $1,113 million for 2010. During the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010, the Company repurchased 18

 

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million shares of common stock for a total of $907 million. During the year-to-date period ended October 3, 2009, the Company spent $187 million to purchase approximately 4 million shares.

Comprehensive income

Comprehensive income includes net income and all other changes in equity during a period except those resulting from investments by or distributions to shareholders. Other comprehensive income for all periods presented consists of foreign currency translation adjustments, fair value adjustments associated with cash flow hedges and adjustments for net experience losses and prior service cost related to employee benefit plans.

Pre-tax adjustments to the Company’s other comprehensive income balances related to pension and post-retirement benefits arising during the periods for net experience gain (loss) and prior service credit (costs) are summarized as follows:

 

     Quarter ended    Year-to-date period ended
(millions)    October 2, 2010   October 3, 2009    October 2, 2010   October 3, 2009

Census-related valuation update

   $  —    $—    ($16)   ($42)

Foreign currency remeasurement

     (29)     —         4      (48)

Total

   ($29)   $—    ($12)   ($90)
 

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company amended its U.S. postretirement healthcare benefit plan, which resulted in a $17 million decrease of a deferred tax asset.

 

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Quarter ended October 2, 2010:

 

(millions)    Pre-tax
amount
     Tax (expense)
or benefit
   After-tax
amount
 

2010

        

Net income

           $337   

Other comprehensive income:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     $163          $—       163   

Cash flow hedges:

        

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

     (2)            1       (1)   

Reclassification to net earnings

              (1)       

Postretirement and postemployment benefits:

        

Amounts arising during the period:

        

Net experience gain (loss)

     (27)            8       (19)   

Prior service credit (cost)

     (2)           —       (2)   

Reclassification to net earnings:

        

Net experience loss

     25           (8)      17   

Prior service cost

              (1)       
       $166         ($1)      165   

Total comprehensive income

                   $502   
                        

Quarter ended October 3, 2009:

 

(millions)    Pre-tax
amount
     Tax (expense)
or benefit
   After-tax
amount
 

2009

        

Net income

           $360   

Other comprehensive income:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     ($5)          $—       (5)   

Cash flow hedges:

        

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

     (26)            9       (17)   

Reclassification to net earnings

     18           (6)      12   

Postretirement and postemployment benefits:

        

Amounts arising during the period:

        

Net experience gain (loss)

     —            —       —    

Prior service credit (cost)

     —            —       —    

Reclassification to net earnings:

        

Net experience loss

     16           (5)      11   

Prior service cost

              (1)       
       $6         ($3)       

Total comprehensive income

                   $363   
                        

 

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Year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010:

 

(millions)    Pre-tax
amount
     Tax (expense)
or benefit
   After-tax
amount
 

2010

        

Net income

           $1,055   

Other comprehensive income:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     $5          $—        

Cash flow hedges:

        

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

     (41)            12       (29)   

Reclassification to net earnings

     37           (10)      27   

Postretirement and postemployment benefits:

        

Amounts arising during the period:

        

Net experience gain (loss)

     (12)              3       (9)   

Prior service credit (cost)

     —            (17)      (17)   

Reclassification to net earnings:

        

Net experience loss

     76           (24)      52   

Prior service cost

                (3)       
       $74         ($39)      35   

Total comprehensive income

                   $1,090   
                        

Year-to-date period ended October 3, 2009:

 

(millions)    Pre-tax
amount
     Tax (expense)
or benefit
   After-tax
amount
 

2009

        

Net income

           $1,032   

Other comprehensive income:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     $107          $—       107   

Cash flow hedges:

        

Unrealized gain (loss) on cash flow hedges

     (8)              3       (5)   

Reclassification to net earnings

     (5)              2       (3)   

Postretirement and postemployment benefits:

        

Amounts arising during the period:

        

Net experience gain (loss)

     (73)            23       (50)   

Prior service credit (cost)

     (17)              6       (11)   

Reclassification to net earnings:

        

Net experience loss

     47           (15)      32   

Prior service cost

                (3)       
       $59          $16       75   

Total comprehensive income

                   $1,107   
                        

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) as of October 2, 2010 and January 2, 2010 consisted of the following:

 

(millions)    October 2,
2010
     January 2,
2010
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     ($766)         ($771)   

Cash flow hedges—unrealized net loss

     (32)         (30)   

Postretirement and postemployment benefits:

     

Net experience loss

     (1,061)         (1,104)   

Prior service cost

     (72)         (61)   

Total accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

     ($1,931)         ($1,966)   
                   

 

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Note 5 Stock compensation

The Company uses various equity-based compensation programs to provide long-term performance incentives for its global workforce. Currently, these incentives consist principally of stock options, and to a lesser extent, executive performance shares and restricted stock grants. Additionally, the Company awards restricted stock to its non-employee directors. The interim information below should be read in conjunction with the disclosures included on pages 40 to 43 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report in Form 10-K.

The Company classifies pre-tax stock compensation expense in selling, general and administrative expense principally within its corporate operations. For the periods presented, compensation expense for all types of equity-based programs and the related income tax benefit recognized were as follows:

 

     Quarter ended    Year-to-date period ended
(millions)    October 2, 2010    October 3, 2009    October 2, 2010    October 3, 2009

Pre-tax compensation expense

   $1    $9    $24    $37

Related income tax benefit

   $—    $3      $8    $13
 

As of October 2, 2010, total stock-based compensation cost related to non-vested awards not yet recognized was $40 million and the weighted-average period over which this amount is expected to be recognized was 2 years.

Stock options

During the year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009, the Company granted non-qualified stock options to eligible employees as presented in the following activity tables. Terms of these grants and the Company’s methods for determining grant-date fair value of the awards were consistent with that described on pages 41 and 42 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010:

 

Employee and director stock options    Shares
(millions)
     Weighted-
average
exercise
price
     Weighted-
average
remaining
contractual
term (yrs.)
     Aggregate
intrinsic
value
(millions)
 

Outstanding, beginning of period

      26         $45        

Granted

        4           53        

Exercised

       (4)           44        

Forfeitures and expirations

       —           —                     

Outstanding, end of period

     26        $46        6.5        $129  

Exercisable, end of period

     20        $46        5.7        $104  
   
Year-to-date period ended October 3, 2009:            
Employee and director stock options    Shares
(millions)
     Weighted-
average
exercise
price
     Weighted-
average
remaining
contractual
term (yrs.)
     Aggregate
intrinsic
value
(millions)
 

Outstanding, beginning of period

      26         $45        

Granted

        4           40        

Exercised

       (1)           36        

Forfeitures and expirations

        —           —                     

Outstanding, end of period

      29         $45        6.7        $134  

Exercisable, end of period

      24         $45        6.1        $102  
   

 

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The weighted-average fair value of options granted was $7.90 per share for the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010 and $6.33 per share for the year-to-date period ended October 3, 2009. The fair value was estimated using the following assumptions:

 

      Weighted-
average expected
volatility
   Weighted-
average expected
term (years)
   Weighted-
average risk-
free interest
rate
   Dividend
yield

Grants within the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010:

   20.00%    4.94    2.54%    2.80%
 

The total intrinsic value of options exercised was $40 million for the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010 and $4 million for the year-to-date period ended October 3, 2009.

Performance shares

In the first quarter of 2010, the Company granted performance shares to a limited number of senior executive-level employees, which entitle these employees to receive a specified number of shares of the Company’s common stock on the vesting date, provided cumulative three-year operating profit and internal net sales growth targets are achieved.

The 2010 target grant currently corresponds to approximately 210,000 shares, with a grant-date fair value of $48 per share. The actual number of shares issued on the vesting date could range from 0 to 200% of target, depending on actual performance achieved. Based on the market price of the Company’s common stock at October 2, 2010, the maximum future value that could be awarded to employees on the vesting date for all outstanding performance share awards was as follows:

 

(millions)    October 2, 2010

2008 Award

   $16

2009 Award

   $18

2010 Award

   $21

The 2007 performance share award, payable in stock, was settled at 150% of target in February 2010 for a total dollar equivalent of $14 million.

Note 6 Employee benefits

The Company sponsors a number of U.S. and foreign pension, other nonpension postretirement and postemployment plans to provide various benefits for its employees. These plans are described on pages 43 to 47 of the Company’s 2009 Annual Report on Form 10-K. Components of Company plan benefit expense for the periods presented are included in the tables below.

 

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Pension

 

     Quarter ended      Year-to-date period ended  
(millions)    October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009      October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009  

Service cost

     $22         $20            $66            $60   

Interest cost

       52           49            151            147   

Expected return on plan assets

      (82)          (80)          (238)          (237)   

Amortization of unrecognized prior service cost

         4             4             11             10   

Recognized net loss

       20           12             60             35   

Total pension expense

     $16           $5           $50           $15   
   
Other nonpension postretirement            
     Quarter ended      Year-to-date period ended  
(millions)    October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009      October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009  

Service cost

       $5            $4             $15             $13   

Interest cost

       16             16               48               49   

Expected return on plan assets

      (16)           (17)              (48)              (51)   

Amortization of unrecognized prior service cost

        (1)             (1)               (2)                (2)   

Recognized net loss

         4              3               13                 9   

Total postretirement benefit expense

       $8            $5             $26             $18   
   
Postemployment            
     Quarter ended      Year-to-date period ended  
(millions)    October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009      October 2, 2010      October 3, 2009  

Service cost

     $1        $2        $4        $5  

Interest cost

       1          1          3          3  

Recognized net loss

       1          1          3          3  

Total postemployment benefit expense

     $3        $4        $10        $11  
   

Company contributions to employee benefit plans are summarized as follows:

 

(millions)    Pension      Nonpension
postretirement
     Total  

Quarter ended:

        

October 2, 2010

     $    6        $    3        $    9  

October 3, 2009

     $    6        $    3        $    9  

Year-to-date period ended:

        

October 2, 2010

     $  35        $  10        $  45  

October 3, 2009

     $  83        $  10        $  93  

Full year:

        

Fiscal year 2010 (projected)

     $335         $280        $615   

Fiscal year 2009 (actual)

     $  87        $  13        $100  

Plan funding strategies may be modified in response to management’s evaluation of tax deductibility, market conditions, and competing investment alternatives.

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company amended its U.S. postretirement healthcare benefit plan, which resulted in a decrease of a deferred tax asset of $17 million. This impact was recorded in other comprehensive income.

 

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Note 7 Income taxes

The consolidated effective income tax rate for 2010 as compared to 2009 is as follows:

 

      Effective income
tax rate
 

Quarter ended:

  

October 2, 2010

     30

October 3, 2009

     27

Year-to-date period ended:

  

October 2, 2010

     29

October 3, 2009

     29

The consolidated effective tax rate for the quarter ended October 2, 2010 was higher than the prior period due to the positive impact of various provision-to-return adjustments.

As of October 2, 2010, the Company classified $48 million of unrecognized tax benefits as a current liability, representing several income tax positions under examination in various jurisdictions. Management’s estimate of reasonably possible changes in unrecognized tax benefits during the next twelve months consists of the current liability balance, expected to be settled within one year, offset by $11 million of projected additions. Management is currently unaware of any issues under review that could result in significant additional payments, accruals or other material deviation in this estimate.

Following is a reconciliation of the Company’s total gross unrecognized tax benefits for the year-to-date period ended October 2, 2010; $106 million of this total represents the amount that, if recognized, would affect the Company’s effective income tax rate in future periods.

 

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Table of Contents

 

(millions)        

January 2, 2010

   $ 130  

Tax positions related to current year:

  

Additions

     10  

Tax positions related to prior years:

  

Additions

     2  

Reductions

     (10

Settlements

     (4

October 2, 2010

   $ 128  
          

The current portion of the Company’s unrecognized tax benefits is presented in the balance sheet within accrued income taxes and the amount expected to be settled after one year is recorded in other liabilities.

The Company classifies income tax-related interest and penalties as interest expense and SGA expense, respectively.

 

(millions)        

Interest expense recognized for the year-to-date period ending October 2, 2010

   $ 4  

Interest accrued at October 2, 2010

   $ 27  

Note 8 Derivative instruments and fair value measurements

The Company is exposed to certain market risks such as changes in interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, and commodity prices, which exist as a part of its ongoing business operations. Management uses derivative financial and commodity instruments, including futures, options, and swaps, where appropriate, to manage these risks. Instruments used as hedges must be effective at reducing the risk associated with the exposure being hedged and must be designated as a hedge at the inception of the contract.

The Company designates derivatives as cash flow hedges, fair value hedges, net investment hedges, or other contracts used to reduce volatility in the translation of foreign currency earnings to U.S. dollars. The fair value of derivative instruments is recorded in other prepaid assets, other assets, other current liabilities or other liabilities. Gains and losses representing either hedge ineffectiveness, hedge components excluded from the assessment of effectiveness, or hedges of translational exposure are recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Income in other income (expense), net. Within the Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows, settlements of cash flow and fair value hedges are classified as an operating activity; settlements of all other derivatives are classified as a financing activity. As a matter of policy, the Company does not engage in trading or speculative hedging transactions.

Total notional amounts of the Company’s derivative instruments at October 2, 2010 and January 2, 2010 were as follows:

 

(millions)    October 2,
2010
     January 2,
2010
 

Foreign currency exchange contracts

     $1,206        $1,588  

Interest rate contracts

     1,900        1,900  

Commodity contracts

     207        213  

Total

     $3,313        $3,701  

Cash flow hedges

Qualifying derivatives are accounted for as cash flow hedges when the hedged item is a forecasted transaction. Gains and losses on these instruments are recorded in other comprehensive income until the underlying transaction is recorded in earnings. When the hedged item is realized, gains or losses are reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (AOCI) to the Consolidated Statement of Income on the same line item as the underlying transaction.

Fair value hedges

Qualifying derivatives are accounted for as fair value hedges when the hedged item is a recognized asset, liability, or firm commitment. Gains and losses on these instruments are recorded in earnings, offsetting gains and losses on the hedged item.

 

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Net investment hedges

Qualifying derivative and nonderivative financial instruments are accounted for as net investment hedges when the hedged item is a nonfunctional currency investment in a subsidiary. Gains and losses on these instruments are included in foreign currency translation adjustments in AOCI.

Other contracts

The Company also periodically enters into foreign currency forward contracts and options to reduce volatility in the translation of foreign currency earnings to U.S. dollars. Gains and losses on these instruments are recorded in other income (expense), net, generally reducing the exposure to translation volatility during a full-year period.

Foreign currency exchange risk

The Company is exposed to fluctuations in foreign currency cash flows related primarily to third-party purchases, intercompany transactions and nonfunctional currency denominated third-party debt. The Company is also exposed to fluctuations in the value of foreign currency investments in subsidiaries and cash flows related to repatriation of these investments. Additionally, the Company is exposed to volatility in the translation of foreign currency denominated earnings to U.S. dollars. Management assesses foreign currency risk based on transactional cash flows and translational volatility and enters into forward contracts, options, and currency swaps to reduce fluctuations in net long or short currency positions. Forward contracts and options are generally less than 18 months duration. Currency swap agreements are established in conjunction with the term of underlying debt issues.

For foreign currency cash flow and fair value hedges, the assessment of effectiveness is generally based on changes in spot rates. Changes in time value are reported in other income (expense), net.

Interest rate risk

The Company is exposed to interest rate volatility with regard to future issuances of fixed rate debt. The Company periodically uses interest rate swaps, including forward-starting swaps, to reduce interest rate volatility and funding costs associated with certain debt issues, and to achieve a desired proportion of variable versus fixed rate debt, based on current and projected market conditions.

Fixed-to-variable interest rate swaps are accounted for as fair value hedges and the assessment of effectiveness is based on changes in the fair value of the underlying debt, using incremental borrowing rates currently available on loans with similar terms and maturities.

Price risk

The Company is exposed to price fluctuations primarily as a result of anticipated purchases of raw and packaging materials, fuel, and energy. The Company has historically used the combination of long-term contracts with suppliers, and exchange-traded futures and option contracts to reduce price fluctuations in a desired percentage of forecasted raw material purchases over a duration of generally less than 18 months.

Commodity contracts are accounted for as cash flow hedges. The assessment of effectiveness for exchange-traded instruments is based on changes in futures prices. The assessment of effectiveness for over-the-counter transactions is based on changes in designated indices.

Credit-risk-related contingent features

Certain of the Company’s derivative instruments contain provisions requiring the Company to post collateral on those derivative instruments that are in a liability position if the Company’s credit rating falls below BB+ (S&P), or Baa1 (Moody’s). The fair value of all derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features in a liability position on October 2, 2010 was $39 million. If the credit-risk-related contingent features were triggered as of October 2, 2010, the Company would be required to post collateral of $39 million. In addition, certain derivative instruments contain provisions that would be triggered in the event the Company defaults on its debt agreements. There were no collateral posting requirements as of October 2, 2010 triggered by credit-risk-related contingent features.

Fair value measurements

Following is a description of each category in the fair value hierarchy and the financial assets and liabilities of the Company that are included in each category at October 2, 2010 and January 2, 2010.

Level 1 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market. For the Company, level 1 financial assets and liabilities consist primarily of commodity derivative contracts.

 

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Level 2 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on quoted prices in markets that are not active or model inputs that are observable either directly or indirectly for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

For the Company, level 2 financial assets and liabilities consist of interest rate swaps and over-the-counter commodity and currency contracts.

The Company’s calculation of the fair value of interest rate swaps is derived from a discounted cash flow analysis based on the terms of the contract and the interest rate curve. Commodity derivatives are valued using an income approach based on the commodity index prices less the contract rate multiplied by the notional amount. Foreign currency contracts are valued using an income approach based on forward rates less the contract rate multiplied by the notional amount. The Company’s calculation of the fair value of level 2 financial assets and liabilities takes into consideration the risk of nonperformance, including counterparty credit risk.

Level 3 – Financial assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. These inputs reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions a market participant would use in pricing the asset or liability. The Company did not have any level 3 financial assets or liabilities as of October 2, 2010 or January 2, 2010.

Fair values of these assets and liabilities in the Consolidated Balance Sheet measured at fair value on a recurring basis consists of derivatives designated as hedging instruments, and as of October 2, 2010 and January 2, 2010 were as follows:

 

      Level 1      Level 2      Total  
(millions)    October 2,
2010
     January 2,
2010
     October 2,
2010
     January 2,
2010
     October 2,
2010
    

January 2,

2010

 

Assets:

                 

Foreign currency exchange contracts:

                 

Other prepaid assets

     $—           $—           $34         $7         $34         $7   

Interest rate contracts:

                 

Other prepaid assets

     —           —                  —                  —     

Other assets

     —           —           82         44         82         44   

Commodity contracts:

                 

Other prepaid assets

            4          —           —                   

Total assets

     $6         $4          $117         $51         $123         $55   

Liabilities:

                 

Foreign currency exchange contracts:

                 

Other current liabilities

     $—           $—           ($11)         ($31)         ($11)         ($31)   

Interest rate contracts:

                 

Other liabilities

     —           —           —           (1)         —           (1)   

Commodity contracts:

                 

Other current liabilities

     (3)          —           (11)         (6)         (14)         (6)   

Other liabilities

     —           —           (30)         (14)         (30)         (14)   

Total liabilities

     ($3)          $—           ($52)         ($52)         ($55)         ($52)   
                                                       

 

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The effect of derivative instruments on the Consolidated Statement of Income for the quarters ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009 were as follows:

 

Derivatives in fair value hedging
relationships (millions)
   Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income
   Gain (loss)
recognized in income
          October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   Other income (expense), net    $26    $(30)

Interest rate contracts

   Interest expense        9         9

Total

        $35    $(21)
                

 

Derivatives in cash flow hedging
relationships (millions)
  

Gain (loss)

recognized in
AOCI

 

Location of

gain (loss)
reclassified
from AOCI

     Gain (loss)
reclassified from
AOCI into income
  Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income (a)
   Gain (loss)
recognized in income(a)
     October 2,
2010
  October 3,
2009
         October 2,
2010
  October 3,
2009
       October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   $ 2   $(16)     COGS       $(8)   $  (3)   Other income (expense), net    $ —      $ —  

Foreign currency exchange contracts

     (2)        1     SGA expense         (1)       —     Other income (expense), net       —         —  

Interest rate contracts

    —         —       Interest expense         (1)       (1)   N/A       —         —  

Commodity contracts

     (2)     (11)     COGS          4      (14)   Other income (expense), net       —        (2)

Total

   $(2)   $(26)            $(6)   $(18)        $ —      $(2)
                                         

 

Derivatives not designated as hedging
instruments (millions)
   Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income
   Gain (loss)
recognized in income
          October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   Other income (expense), net    $ —      $ —  

Total

        $ —      $ —  
                

 

(a) Includes the ineffective portion and amount excluded from effectiveness testing.

 

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The effect of derivative instruments on the Consolidated Statement of Income for the year-to-date periods ended October 2, 2010 and October 3, 2009 were as follows:

 

Derivatives in fair value hedging

relationships (millions)

   Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income
  

Gain (loss) recognized

in income

          October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   Other income (expense), net    $(25)    $(38)

Interest rate contracts

   Interest expense       29        18 

Total

        $   4     $(20)
                

 

Derivatives in cash flow hedging

relationships (millions)

  

Gain (loss)
recognized in

AOCI

  Location of
gain (loss)
reclassified
from AOCI
   Gain (loss)
reclassified from
AOCI into income
   Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income (a)
   Gain (loss)
recognized in income(a)
     October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009
       October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009
        October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   $(10)        $(19)   COGS    $(21)         $15     Other income (expense), net    $—     $(1)

Foreign currency exchange contracts

     —              3    SGA
expense
       (1)           (2)    Other income (expense), net      —     — 

Interest rate contracts

     —              2    Interest
expense
       (3)           (4)    N/A      —     — 

Commodity contracts

     (31)             6    COGS      (12)           (4)    Other income (expense), net      (1)      (2)

Total

   $(41)        $  (8)        $(37)         $ 5          $(1)    $(3)
                                        
Derivatives not designated as hedging
instruments (millions)
                                Location of gain (loss)
recognized in income
   Gain (loss)
recognized in income
                                  October 2,
2010
   October 3,
2009

Foreign currency exchange contracts

   Other income (expense), net    $—    $1

Total

        $—    $1
                                        

 

(a) Includes the ineffective portion and amount excluded from effectiveness testing.

Financial instruments

The carrying values of the Company’s short-term items, including cash, cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable and notes payable approximate fair value. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt is calculated based on broker quotes and was as follows at October 2, 2010:

 

(millions)    Fair Value    Carrying Value

Current maturities of long-term debt

   $     975    $     948

Long-term debt

       4,567        3,929
           

Total

   $  5,542    $  4,877
           

Credit risk concentration

The Company is exposed to credit loss in the event of nonperformance by counterparties on derivative financial and commodity contracts. Management believes a concentration of credit risk with respect to derivative counterparties is

 

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limited due to the credit ratings of the counterparties and the use of master netting and reciprocal collateralization agreements.

Master netting agreements apply in situations where the Company executes multiple contracts with the same counterparty. Certain counterparties represent a concentration of credit risk to the Company. If those counterparties fail to perform according to the terms of derivative contracts, this would result in a loss to the Company of $57 million as of October 2, 2010.

For certain derivative contracts, reciprocal collateralization agreements with counterparties call for the posting of collateral in the form of cash, treasury securities or letters of credit if a fair value loss position to the Company or our counterparties exceeds a certain amount. There were no collateral balance requirements at October 2, 2010.

Management believes concentrations of credit risk with respect to accounts receivable is limited due to the generally high credit quality of the Company’s major customers, as well as the large number and geographic dispersion of smaller customers. However, the Company conducts a disproportionate amount of business with a small number of large multinational grocery retailers, with the five largest accounts encompassing approximately 28% of consolidated trade receivables at October 2, 2010.

Note 9 Voluntary product recall

On June 25, 2010, the Company announced a voluntary recall of select packages of Kellogg’s cereal in the U.S. due to an odor from waxy resins found in the package liner. Estimated customer returns and consumer rebates were recorded as a reduction of net sales; costs associated with returned product and the disposal and write-off of inventory were recorded as COGS; and other recall costs were recorded as SGA expenses. During the quarter, the Company refined the estimated costs of the recall, which resulted in a reduction of $1 million, for a year-to-date expense through October 2, 2010 of $47 million, or $.09 per share on a diluted basis. In addition to the costs of the voluntary recall, the Company also lost sales of the impacted products in the second and third quarters of 2010.

Note 10 Operating segments

Kellogg Company is the world’s leading producer of cereal and a leading producer of convenience foods, including cookies, crackers, toaster pastries, cereal bars, fruit snacks, frozen waffles, and veggie foods. Kellogg products are manufactured and marketed globally. Principal markets for these products include the United States and United Kingdom. The Company currently manages its operations in four geographic operating segments, consisting of North America and the three International operating segments of Europe, Latin America, and Asia Pacific.

 

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     Quarter ended      Year-to-date period ended  
(millions)    October 2,
2010
     October 3,
2009
    

October 2,

2010

     October 3,
2009
 

Net sales

           

North America

     $2,130         $2,187         $6,469         $6,574   

Europe

          564              631           1,730           1,805   

Latin America

          247              262              709              750   

Asia Pacific (a)

          216              197              629              546   

Consolidated

     $3,157         $3,277         $9,537         $9,675   

Segment operating profit

           

North America

        $404             $415         $1,261         $1,244   

Europe

          102               105              307              304   

Latin America

            34                 51              126              157   

Asia Pacific (a)

            25                 28                82                74   

Corporate

           (24)                (32)             (115)             (130)   

Consolidated

        $541             $567         $1,661         $1,649   
                                     

 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia and South Africa.

 

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Table of Contents

KELLOGG COMPANY

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Results of operations

Overview

Kellogg Company is the world’s leading producer of cereal and a leading producer of convenience foods, including cookies, crackers, toaster pastries, cereal bars, fruit snacks, frozen waffles and veggie foods. Kellogg products are manufactured and marketed globally. We currently manage our operations in four geographic operating segments, consisting of North America and the three International operating segments of Europe, Latin America and Asia Pacific.

We manage our Company for sustainable performance defined by our long-term annual growth targets. These targets are low single-digit (1 to 3%) for internal net sales, mid single-digit (4 to 6%) for internal operating profit, and high single-digit (7 to 9%) for net earnings per share on a currency neutral basis. Internal net sales and internal operating profit exclude the impact of foreign currency translation, acquisitions, dispositions and shipping day differences. See the “Foreign currency translation” section for an explanation of management’s definition of currency neutral.

For the quarter ended October 2, 2010, our reported net sales decreased 4% compared to the same period last year; internal net sales decreased 2%. Consolidated operating profit decreased 5%, while internal operating profit decreased 3%. Diluted earnings per share (EPS) declined 4% to $0.90, compared to $0.94 in the comparable prior period. EPS on a currency neutral basis was down 2%.

On a year-to-date basis, our reported net sales were down 1%, with internal net sales down 2%. Consolidated operating profit increased 1% on a reported basis and 1% on an internal basis. Diluted EPS was up 3%, at $2.78, compared to $2.70 in the prior year. EPS on a currency neutral basis was up 4%.

We have lowered our guidance for the full year to reflect weaker performance in some of our core cereal markets, continued competitive intensity and the impact of the voluntary cereal recall in the U.S. which is discussed further in the “Voluntary product recall” section. For the full year, we now expect our internal net sales to be down approximately 1%. Internal operating profit is expected to be approximately flat compared to the prior year and currency neutral earnings per share is expected to grow 4 to 5%.

For 2011, we expect to grow internal net sales by low single-digits. Internal operating profit is expected to be flat to down 2%. EPS on a currency-neutral basis is expected to grow low single-digits.

 

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Net sales and operating profit

The following table provides an analysis of net sales and operating profit performance for the third quarter of 2010 versus 2009:

 

(dollars in millions)    North
America
    Europe     Latin
America
    Asia
Pacific
(a)
    Corporate     Consoli-
dated
 

2010 net sales

   $  2,130     $  564     $  247     $  216     $     $  3,157  
                                                  

2009 net sales

   $ 2,187     $ 631     $ 262     $ 197     $     $ 3,277  
                                                  

% change — 2010 vs. 2009:

            

Volume (tonnage) (b)

     -4.2     -4.9     -3.8     11.1            -3.4

Pricing/mix

     1.3     -.5     8.4      -9.4            .9

Subtotal — internal business

     -2.9     -5.4     4.6      1.7             -2.5

Foreign currency impact

     .3     -5.0     -10.1     7.3            -1.1

Total change

     -2.6     -10.4     -5.5     9.0            -3.6
(dollars in millions)    North
America
    Europe     Latin
America
    Asia
Pacific
(a)
    Corporate     Consoli-
dated
 

2010 operating profit

   $ 404     $ 102     $ 34     $ 25     $ (24   $ 541  
                                                  

2009 operating profit

   $ 415     $ 105     $ 51     $ 28     $ (32   $ 567  
                                                  

% change — 2010 vs. 2009:

            

Internal business

     -2.9     2.4     -18.2     -16.8     20.7     -3.0

Foreign currency impact

     .3     -5.4     -14.0     6.9         -1.7

Total change

     -2.6     -3.0     -32.2     -9.9     20.7     -4.7

 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia, and South Africa.
(b) We measure the volume impact (tonnage) on revenues based on the stated weight of our product shipments.

Our consolidated net sales were down 4% reflecting weakness in our core cereal markets, competitive pressures, and the impact of the second quarter 2010 voluntary recall of select packages of breakfast cereals. Reported net sales was positively impacted by currency, resulting in an internal net sales decline of 2%.

Internal net sales for our North America operating segment declined 3%. North America has three product groups: retail cereal, retail snacks and frozen and specialty channels. Retail cereal’s internal net sales declined by 6% in the quarter. Heavy promotional pricing drove deflation into the category. Despite the deflation, the cereal category continued to be weak and we experienced a decrease in consumption. Consumer consumption impacts purchases by retailers, who are our primary customers. Our consumption was negatively impacted by the ongoing effect of the voluntary cereal recall that occurred in the second quarter of 2010. The brands involved in the recall, our kids’ brands, were the cornerstone of our back-to-school promotions in the third quarter. While we tried to re-work our promotional plans, our competitors were more aggressive than we expected and benefited from our supply issues resulting from the recall. We have also been impacted by less support from non-measured channels this year.

The retail snack product group (cookies, crackers, toaster pastries, cereal bars, and fruit snacks) grew by less than 1%. The modest growth was driven by Pop-Tarts and strong wholesome snack bar sales including our bar innovations such as FiberPlus Chocolate Peanut Butter and Special K Fruit Crisps. The good performance in wholesome snacks was masked by weaker performance in cookies.

Internal net sales in the frozen and specialty channels (frozen foods, food service and vending) decreased by 5%. In our waffle business, our customers are not resetting their shelves as quickly as we had expected and the pace of consumers’ response is slower than projected.

Our International operating segments’ internal net sales were down 2% compared to the prior year. Europe’s internal net sales declined 5% in the third quarter. We are seeing price deflation in many food categories across Europe, especially in the U.K. Continued weakness in the Russia snack business drove lower volumes and contributed to Europe’s lower top line results. Latin America’s internal net sales growth was up 5%, on top of last year’s strong 9% growth. Cereal growth across the region mitigated a decline in snacks. Our decline in snacks is largely driven by Venezuela where we import products from Mexico. The imports have been impacted by exchange rate controls in Venezuela. Internal net sales in Asia Pacific grew 2% driven by strong performance across Asia and South Africa. This was muted by a decline in Australia where the cereal category is facing price deflation.

Consolidated operating profit declined by 5% on an as reported basis and by 3% on an internal basis, when excluding the impact of foreign currency translation. Softness in sales, increased investment in advertising, a decrease in volume going

 

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through our manufacturing plants and increased costs more than offset the benefit of lower incentive compensation expense, resulting in an overall decline in operating profit. Incentive compensation is based upon the Company’s actual results compared to our targets. Given results are lower than expected, incentive compensation decreased in the third quarter, including a year-to-date adjustment.

Internal operating profit in North America decreased by 3%, Europe’s grew by 2%, Latin America’s declined by 18% and Asia Pacific’s declined by 17%. North America’s operating profit was negatively impacted by increased promotional activity in the cereal category, the ongoing impact of the second quarter 2010 voluntary recall as well as a slower than anticipated rebound in our waffle business. In addition, higher supply chain costs and increased advertising contributed to the decline. This was partially offset by lower up-front costs and lower incentive compensation expense. Europe’s increase in internal operating profit was attributable to supply chain efficiencies, lower up-front costs and a decrease in incentive compensation expense. Latin America’s decline was due primarily to increased commodity costs, incremental operating and distribution costs in Mexico as well as overhead inflation and a modest increase in advertising. Asia Pacific’s decline was due to increased investments in advertising and promotion. Corporate benefited from lower incentive compensation expense.

The following tables provide analysis of our net sales to operating performance for the year-to-date periods of 2010 compared to 2009. Our weak top-line growth in the second and third quarter of 2010 has more than offset our first quarter increase, resulting in a decrease in year-to-date internal net sales of 1%. Internal operating profit is up 1% compared to the prior year due to lower up-front costs and reduced incentive compensation expense which more than offset the softness in the business.

 

(dollars in millions)    North
America
    Europe     Latin
America
    Asia
Pacific
(a)
    Corporate     Consoli-
dated
 

2010 net sales

   $ 6,469     $ 1,730     $ 709     $ 629     $     $

 

9,537

 

 

 

                                                  

2009 net sales

   $ 6,574     $ 1,805     $ 750     $ 546     $     $ 9,675  
                                                  

% change — 2010 vs. 2009:

                                                

Volume (tonnage) (b)

     -2.8     -2.3     -3.7     3.0            -2.4

Pricing/mix

     .5     .2     7.3     -.9            .9

Subtotal — internal business

     -2.3     -2.1     3.6     2.1            -1.5

Foreign currency impact

     .7     -2.0     -9.1     13.0            .1

Total change

     -1.6     -4.1     -5.5     15.1            -1.4
(dollars in millions)    North
America
    Europe     Latin
America
    Asia
Pacific
(a)
    Corporate     Consoli-
dated
 

2010 operating profit

   $ 1,261     $ 307     $ 126     $ 82     $ (115   $ 1,661  
                                                  

2009 operating profit

   $ 1,244     $ 304     $ 157     $ 74     $ (130   $ 1,649  
                                                  

% change — 2010 vs. 2009:

            

Internal business

     .5     4.3     -9.3     -5.7     11.1     .9

Foreign currency impact

     .8     -3.3     -10.1     17.0            -.2

Total change

     1.3     1.0     -19.4     11.3     11.1     .7

 

(a) Includes Australia, Asia, and South Africa.
(b) We measure the volume impact (tonnage) on revenues based on the stated weight of our product shipments.

 

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Margin performance

Margin performance for the third quarter and year-to-date periods of 2010 versus 2009 is as follows:

 

Quarter    2010     2009     Change vs.
prior year
(pts.)
 

Gross margin (a)

     43.4     43.9     -0.5   

SGA% (b)

     -26.3     -26.6     0.3  

Operating margin

     17.1     17.3     -0.2   
Year-to-date    2010     2009     Change  

Gross margin (a)

     43.0     42.9     0.1  

SGA% (b)

     -25.6     -25.9     0.3