Ladish 10-K 2007
Documents found in this filing:
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE
Commission File Number 0-23539
Registrants telephone number, including area code: (414) 747-2611
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities Registered Pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Registration S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrants knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. X
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of accelerated filer and large accelerated filer in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer X Non-accelerated filer
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
The aggregate market value of voting stock held by nonaffiliates of the Registrant was $531,577,866 as of June 30, 2006.
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(Continued from cover page)
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
* Only the portions of documents specifically listed herein are to be deemed incorporated by reference.
Item 1. Business
Ladish Co., Inc. (Ladish or the Company) engineers, produces and markets high-strength, high-technology forged and cast metal components for a wide variety of load-bearing and fatigue-resisting applications in the jet engine, aerospace and industrial markets. Approximately 81% of the Companys 2006 billings were derived from the sale of jet engine parts, missile components, landing gear, helicopter rotors and other aerospace products. Approximately 22% of the Companys 2006 billings were derived from sales, directly or through prime contractors, under United States government contracts or under contracts with allies of the United States government, primarily covering defense equipment. Although no comprehensive trade statistics are available, based on its experience and knowledge of the industry, management believes that the Company is the second largest supplier of forged and cast metal components to the domestic aerospace industry, with an estimated 20% market share in the jet engine component field.
Products and Markets
The Company markets its products primarily to manufacturers of jet engines, commercial business and defense aircraft, helicopters, satellites, heavy-duty off-road vehicles and industrial and marine turbines. The principal markets served by the Company are jet engine, commercial aerospace (defined by Ladish as satellite, rocket and aircraft components other than jet engines) and general industrial products. The amount of revenue and the revenue as a percentage of total revenue by market were as follows for the periods indicated:
Ladish offers one of the most complete ranges of forging, investment casting and precision machining services in the world. The Company employs all major forging processes, including open and closed-die hammer and press forgings, as well as ring-rolling, and also produces near-net shape aerospace components through isothermal forging and hot-die forging techniques. Closed-die forging involves hammering or pressing heated metal into the required shape and size by utilizing machined impressions in specially prepared dies which exert three-dimensional control on the heated metal. Open-die forging involves the hammering or pressing of metal into the required shape without such three-dimensional control, and ring-rolling involves rotating heated metal rings through presses to produce the desired shape. Investment casting involves the creation of precise wax molds which are dipped, autoclaved and cast to create near-net components for the aerospace industry.
Much of the Companys business is capital intensive, requiring large and sophisticated forging, casting and heating equipment and extensive facilities for inspection and testing of components after formation. Ladish believes that it has the largest forging hammer and largest ring-roll in the world at its plant in Cudahy, Wisconsin. Its largest counterblow forging hammer has a capacity of 125,000 mkg (meter-kilograms), and its ring-rolling equipment can produce single-piece seamless products that weigh up to 350,000 pounds with outside diameters as large as 28 feet and face heights up to 10 feet. Ladishs 4,500-ton and 10,000-ton isothermal presses can produce forgings, in superalloys as well as titanium, that weigh up to 2,000 pounds. Ladish is in the process of installing a new 12,500-ton isothermal press which is expected to be operational in 2008. Much of the domestic forging equipment has been designed and built by Ladish. The Company also maintains such auxiliary facilities as die-sinking, heat-treating and machining equipment and produces most of the precision dies necessary for its forging operations. The Company considers such equipment to be in good operating condition and adequate for the purposes for which it is being used.
Marketing and Sales
The product sales force, consisting primarily of sales engineers, is supported by the Companys metallurgical staff of engineers and technicians. These technically trained sales engineers, organized along product line and customer groupings, work with customers on an ongoing basis to monitor competitive trends and technological innovations. Additionally, sales engineers consult with customers regarding potential projects and product development opportunities. During the past few years, the Company has refocused its marketing efforts on the jet engine components market and the commercial aerospace industry.
The Company is actively involved with key customers in joint cooperative research and development, engineering, quality control, just-in-time inventory control and computerized process modeling programs. The Company has entered into strategic contracts for a number of sole-sourced products with each of Rolls-Royce, Sikorsky and Snecma for major programs. The Company believes that these contracts are a reflection of the aerospace and industrial markets recognition of the Companys manufacturing and technical expertise.
The research and development of jet engine components is actively supported by the Companys Advanced Materials and Process Technology Group. The Companys long-standing commitment to research and development is evidenced by its industry-recognized materials and process advancements such as processing aluminum-lithium, Udimet 720 and titanium aluminides. The experienced staff and fully equipped research facilities support Ladish sales through customer-funded projects. Management believes that these research efforts position the Company to participate in future growth in demand for critical advanced jet engine components.
The Companys top three customers, Rolls-Royce, United Technologies and General Electric, accounted for approximately 52%, 52% and 50% of the Companys revenues in 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. Net sales to Rolls-Royce were 26%, 28% and 28%, United Technologies 15%, 14% and 14% and General Electric 11%, 10% and 8% of total Company net sales for the respective years. No other customer accounted for ten percent or more of the Companys net sales.
Caterpillar, Volvo, Techspace Aero and Snecma are also important customers of the Company. Because of the relatively small number of customers for some of the Companys principal products, the Companys largest customers exercise significant influence over the Companys prices and other terms of trade.
U.S. exports accounted for approximately 49%, 53% and 51% of total Company net sales in 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. U.S. exports to England constituted approximately 24%, 26% and 28%, respectively in the above years, of total Company net sales.
A substantial portion of the Companys revenues is derived from long-term, fixed price contracts with major engine and aircraft manufacturers. These contracts are typically requirements contracts under which the purchaser commits to purchase a given portion of its requirements of a particular component from the Company. Actual purchase quantities are typically not determined until shortly before the year in which products are to be delivered. The Company attempts to minimize its risk by entering into fixed-price contracts with its raw material suppliers. Additionally, a portion of the Companys revenue is directly or indirectly related to government spending, particularly military and space program spending.
Research and Development
The Company maintains a research and development department which is engaged in applied research and development work primarily relating to the Companys forging operations. The Company works closely with customers, universities and government technical agencies in developing advanced forgings, materials and processes. The Company spent approximately $3.9 million, $4.0 million and $3.2 million on applied research and development work during 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. Customers reimbursed the Company for $1.5 million, $1.4 million and $1.6 million of research and development expenses in 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively.
Patents and Trademarks
Although the Company owns patents covering certain of its processes, the Company does not consider these patents to be of material importance to the Companys business as a whole. The Company considers certain other information that it owns to be trade secrets and the Company takes measures to protect the confidentiality and control the disclosure and use of such information. The Company believes that these safeguards adequately protect its proprietary rights and the Company vigorously defends these rights.
The Company owns or has obtained licenses for various trademarks, trademark registrations, service marks, service mark registrations, trade names, copyrights, copyright registrations, patent applications, inventions, know-how, trade secrets, confidential information and any other intellectual property that is necessary for the conduct of its business (collectively, Intellectual Property). The Company is not aware of any existing or threatened patent infringement claim (or of any facts that would reasonably be expected to result in any such claim) or any other existing or threatened challenge by any third party that would significantly limit the rights of the Company with respect to any such Intellectual Property or to the validity or scope of any such Intellectual Property. The Company has no pending claim against a third party with respect to the infringement by such third party of any such Intellectual Property that, if determined adversely to the Company, would individually or in the aggregate have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial condition or results of operations. While the Company considers all of its proprietary rights as a whole to be important, the Company does not consider any single right to be essential to its operations as a whole.
Raw materials used by the Company in its metal components include alloys of titanium, nickel, steel, aluminum, tungsten and other high temperature alloys. The major portion of metal requirements for forged products are purchased from major metal suppliers producing forging quality material as needed to fill customer orders. The Company has two or more sources of supply for all significant raw materials.
The titanium and nickel-based superalloys used by the Company have a relatively high dollar value. Accordingly, the Company recovers and recycles scrap materials such as machine turnings, forging flash, solids and test pieces (by-products). The proceeds from the disposition of by-products are taken as a reduction to the Companys cost of goods and are not treated as a part of net sales.
The Companys most significant raw materials consist of nickel and titanium alloys. Its principal suppliers of nickel alloys include Special Metals Corporation and Allegheny Technologies. Its principal suppliers of titanium alloys are Titanium Metals Corporation of America, Allegheny Technologies and RTI International. The Company typically has fixed-price contracts with its suppliers.
In addition, the Company, its customers and suppliers have undertaken active programs for supply chain management which have reduced overall lead times and the total cost of raw materials. However, with the upturn in demand in the markets served by the Company in 2006 and expected in 2007, raw material lead times have been extended and prices have increased. The Company attempts to protect against raw material price escalation by passing those price increases directly to the Companys customers.
The Company uses a considerable amount of energy in the processing of its forged and cast metal components. The rapidly fluctuating prices for energy, both natural gas and electricity, had a significant impact on the Companys 2006 results and are likely to have a similar, if not greater, effect in 2007. Although the Company attempts to ameliorate the impact of these price swings by purchasing directly from producers and pre-ordering supplies for the future, the level of price fluctuation and lack of availability are not within the control of the Company.
The average amount of time necessary to manufacture the Companys products is five to six weeks from the receipt of raw material. The timing of the placement and filling of specific orders may significantly affect the Companys backlog figures, which are subject to cancellation for a variety of reasons. In addition, the Company typically only includes those contracts which will result in shipments within the next 18 months when compiling backlog and does not include the out years of long-term agreements. As a result, the Companys backlog may not be indicative of actual results or provide meaningful data for period-to-period comparisons. The Companys backlog was approximately $274 million, $457 million and $500 million as of December 31, 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. New order activity has been strong since 2004 with the Company receiving $266 million of new orders in 2004 in comparison to $206 million of new orders in 2003. In 2005, the Company received approximately $434 million in new orders and in 2006 the Company received $415 million in new orders as the commercial aerospace market continued to expand and the industrial portion of the Companys business grew.
The sale of metal components is highly competitive. Certain of the Companys competitors are larger than the Company and have substantially greater capital resources. Although the Company is the sole supplier on several sophisticated components required by prime contractors under a number of governmental programs, many of the Companys products could be replaced with other similar products of its competitors. However, the significant investment in tooling, the time required and the cost of obtaining the status of a certified supplier are barriers to entry. Competition is based on quality (including advanced engineering and manufacturing capability), price and the ability to meet delivery requirements.
Website Access to Company Reports
The Companys annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge on the Companys website at www.ladishco.com as soon as reasonably practicable after such material is filed electronically with the SEC. The Companys Code of Conduct is available on the Companys website and in printed form upon request. Also, copies of the Companys annual report will be made available, free of charge, upon written request.
Environmental, Health and Safety Matters
The Companys operations are subject to many federal, state and local regulations relating to the protection of the environment and to workplace health and safety. In particular, the Companys operations are subject to extensive federal, state and local laws and regulations governing waste disposal, air and water emissions, the handling of hazardous substances, environmental protection, remediation, workplace exposure and other matters. Management believes that the Company is presently in substantial compliance with all such laws and does not currently anticipate that the Company will be required to expend any substantial amounts in the foreseeable future in order to meet current environmental, workplace health or safety requirements. However, additional costs and liabilities may be incurred to comply with current and future requirements which could have a material adverse effect on the Companys results of operations or financial condition.
There are no known pending remedial actions or claims relating to environmental matters that are expected to have a material effect on the Companys financial position or results of operations. All of the properties owned by the Company, however, are located in industrial areas and have a history of heavy industrial use. These properties may potentially incur environmental liabilities in the future that could have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial condition or results of operations. The Company was previously named a potentially responsible party at several Superfund sites. The Companys liability with respect to these sites has largely been resolved. Although the Company does not believe that the amount for which it may be held liable for any further administrative or wrap-up expense will exceed the amount it has reserved, no assurance can be given that the amount for which the Company will be held responsible will not be significantly greater than expected. In 2006, the Company agreed to participate in the environmental remediation of a site near Houston, Texas. The Companys allocated share is relatively small, less than 1%, and its projected exposure for the site is estimated to be $0.16 million. The Company has an accrual of $0.30 million for this site and any other environmental claims which may arise.
With respect to any past or future claim for any environmental, health or safety matter, the Company evaluates every such claim from both a technical and legal perspective, using outside consultants where necessary. The Company establishes a good faith estimate of its prospective risk associated with said claim and, where material, establishes an accrual for the estimated value of such claim.
Forward Looking Statements
Any statements contained herein that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Legislation Reform Act of 1995, and involve risks and uncertainties. These forward-looking statements include expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, future financial performance, estimates, projections, goals and forecasts. Potential factors which could cause the Companys actual results of operations to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements include:
Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made.
As of December 31, 2006, domestically, the Company had approximately 1,200 employees, of whom 900 were engaged in manufacturing functions, 70 in executive and administrative functions, 190 in technical functions, and 40 in sales and sales support. At such date, approximately 603 employees, principally those engaged in manufacturing, were represented by labor organizations under collective bargaining agreements. Internationally, the Company had approximately 700 employees in Poland as of December 31, 2006, approximately two-thirds of which are represented by trade unions.
Executive Officers of the Company
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Cyclicality of the Aerospace and Jet Engine Industries
Substantially all of our revenues are derived from the aerospace and jet engine industries, which are cyclical in nature and subject to changes based on general economic conditions, airline profitability, passenger ridership and international relations. The duration and severity of upturns and downturns in these industries are influenced by a variety of factors, including those set forth herein. Accordingly, they cannot be predicted with any certainty. Historically, orders for new commercial aircraft and related commercial aerospace components have been driven by the operating profits or losses of commercial airlines. Purchases by customers in the military aerospace sector are dependent upon defense budgets. Events adversely affecting the aircraft industry, such as cyclical overcapacity and inability to maintain profitable fare structures, would likely have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Reduction in Government Spending
Since 2002, almost one-third of our revenues have been derived from the government-sponsored aerospace industry, an industry that is dependent upon government budgets and, in particular, the United States government budget. There can be no assurance that U.S. defense and space budgets and the related demand for defense and space equipment will continue or that sales of defense and space equipment to foreign governments will continue at present levels.
The sale of metal components for the aerospace, jet engine and industrial markets is highly competitive. Many products we manufacture are readily interchangeable with the products manufactured by our competitors. Many of our products are sold under long-term contracts which are bid upon by several suppliers. Our principal competitor, Precision Castparts Corp. (PCC), is a substantially larger business and has greater financial resources. In 2006, PCC purchased one of our larger suppliers of nickel-based alloys, Special Metals Corporation.
Reliance on Major Customers
Our three largest customers accounted for approximately 52%, 52% and 50% of our revenues in 2004, 2005 and 2006, respectively. Because of the small number of customers for some of our principal products, those customers exercise significant influence over our prices and other terms of trade. The loss of any of our largest customers could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
Dependence on Key Personnel
We have been and continue to be dependent on certain key management personnel. Our ability to maintain our competitive position will depend, in part, upon our ability to retain these key managers and to continue to attract and retain highly qualified managerial, manufacturing and sales and marketing personnel. There can be no assurance that the loss of key personnel would not have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or that we will be able to recruit and retain such personnel.
Product Liability Exposure
We produce many critical engine and structural parts for commercial and military aircraft and for other specialty applications. As a result, we have an inherent risk of exposure to product liability claims. We currently maintain product liability insurance, but there can be no assurance that insurance coverage will continue to be available on terms acceptable to us or that such coverage will be adequate for any liabilities that might be incurred.
Availability and Price of Raw Materials
The largest single component of our cost of goods sold is raw material costs. We manufacture products in a wide variety of specialty metals and alloys, some of which can only be purchased from a limited number of suppliers. We hold limited quantities of raw materials in inventory but, for the principal part of our business, we seek to procure delivery of raw materials in quantities and at times matching customers orders. We, along with other entities in the industry, have experienced periods of increased delivery times for nickel-based and titanium alloys and certain stainless steels, which account for a significant portion of our raw materials. Significant scarcity of supply of raw materials used by us could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations by affecting both the timing of delivery and the cost of purchasing such materials. In addition, our largest competitor, PCC, has purchased one of our largest suppliers of nickel-based alloys. Many of our products are sold pursuant to long-term agreements with our customers, which currently provide us the right to pass through material cost increases. Any inability to obtain such rights in future long-term agreements could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Approximately 50% of our domestic employees are represented by seven collective bargaining units. Contracts were historically renegotiated every three years with each union. In 2006, six of the unions entered into six-year agreements with the Company. While we do not expect that work stoppages will arise in connection with the renewal of labor agreements expiring in the foreseeable future, no assurance can be given that work stoppages will not occur. An extended or widespread work stoppage could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations.
Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Obligations
Many of our employees are eligible to participate in various Company-sponsored pension plans. In addition to pension benefits, we provide health care and life insurance benefits to our eligible employees and retirees. The pension benefits have been and will continue to be funded through contributions to pension trusts, while health care and life insurance benefits are paid as incurred.
We have several pension plans, most of which are underfunded. The aggregate actuarially determined liability recorded for these pension plans on the balance sheet at December 31, 2006 was approximately $36 million.
The actuarially determined liability recorded for postretirement health care and life insurance benefits on the balance sheet at December 31, 2006 was approximately $38 million on an actuarial basis and will be paid as incurred.
Compliance with Environmental and Other Government Regulations
Our operations are subject to extensive environmental, health and safety laws and regulations promulgated by federal, state and local governments. Many of these laws and regulations provide for substantial fines and criminal sanctions for violations. The nature of our business exposes us to risks of liability due to the use and storage of materials that can cause contamination or personal injury if released into the environment. In addition, environmental laws may have a significant effect on the nature, scope and cost of cleanup of contamination at operating facilities. It is difficult to predict the future development of such laws and regulations or their impact on future earnings and operations, but we anticipate that these standards will continue to require continued capital expenditures. There can be no assurance that we will not incur material costs and liabilities in the future relating to environmental matters.
Net Operating Loss Carryforwards
At December 31, 2006, domestically, we had approximately $4.4 million of net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards for federal income tax purposes, of which $4.3 million are restricted due to the 1993 change of ownership of Ladish in connection with our financial restructuring through Chapter 11 proceedings. To the extent we generate taxable income, these NOL carryforwards will reduce our federal income tax payments in 2007 and 2008 and therefore increase our after-tax cash flow. Should we fail to generate sufficient taxable income to utilize the NOL carryforwards, we could be forced to establish a valuation reserve for those NOL carryforwards we are not likely to use.
Risks Related to Significant Price Concessions to Our Customers and Increased Pressure to Reduce Our Costs
We are subject to substantial competition in all of the markets we serve, and we expect this competition to continue. As a result, we have made significant price concessions to our customers in the aerospace and industrial markets in recent years and we expect customer pressure for price concessions to continue. Maintenance of our profitability will depend, in part, on our ability to sustain a cost structure that enables us to be cost-competitive. If we are unable to adjust our cost relative to our pricing or if we are unable to continue to compete effectively, our business will suffer.
Our Business is Affected by Federal Rules, Regulations and Orders Applicable to Government Contractors
A number of our products are manufactured and sold under U.S. government contracts or subcontracts. Violation of applicable government rules and regulations could result in civil liability, in cancellation or suspension of existing contracts or in ineligibility for future contracts or subcontracts funded in whole or in part with federal funds.
Risks Associated with International Operations
We purchase products from and supply products to businesses located outside of the United States. In fiscal 2006, approximately 57% of our total sales were attributable to non-U.S. customers. A number of risks inherent in international business could have a material adverse effect on our future results of operations, including:
Our Business Involves Risks Associated with Complex Manufacturing Processes
Our manufacturing processes depend on certain sophisticated and high-value equipment, such as some of our forging presses for which there may be only limited or no production alternative. Unexpected failures of this equipment may result in production delays, revenue loss and significant repair costs. In addition, equipment failures could result in injuries to our employees. Moreover, the competitive nature of our business requires that we continuously implement process changes intended to achieve product improvements and manufacturing efficiencies. These process changes may at times result in production delays, quality concerns and increased costs. Any disruption of operations at our facilities due to equipment failures or process interruptions could have a material adverse effect on our business.
We expect that we will continue to make acquisitions of, investments in, and strategic alliances with complementary businesses, products and technologies to enable us to add products and services for our core customer base and for related markets, and to expand our business geographically. The success of this acquisition strategy will depend on our ability to: identify suitable businesses to buy; negotiate the purchase of those businesses on terms acceptable to us; complete the acquisitions within our expected time frame; improve the results of operations of the businesses that we buy and successfully integrate their operations into our own; and avoid or overcome any concerns expressed by regulators.
We may fail to properly complete any or all of these steps. We may not be able to find appropriate acquisition candidates, acquire those candidates that we do find, obtain necessary permits or integrate acquired businesses effectively and profitably.
Some of our competitors are also seeking to acquire similar businesses, including competitors that have greater financial resources than we do. Increased competition may reduce the number of acquisition targets available to us and may lead to less favorable terms as part of any acquisition, including higher purchase prices. If acquisition candidates are unavailable or too costly, we may need to change our business strategy.
We also cannot be certain that we will have enough capital or be able to raise enough capital on reasonable terms, if at all, to complete the purchases of the businesses that we want to buy. Our credit facility limits our ability to make acquisitions. Our lender may object to certain purchases or place conditions on them that would limit their benefit to us.
If we are unsuccessful in implementing our acquisition strategy for the reasons discussed above or otherwise, our financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
The Company has no unresolved comments from the Commission staff.
Item 2. Properties
The following table sets forth the location and size of the Companys five facilities:
The above facilities are owned by the Company.
The Company believes that its facilities are well maintained, are suitable to support the Companys business and are adequate for the Companys present and anticipated needs. While the rate of utilization of the Companys manufacturing equipment is not uniform, the Company estimates that its facilities overall are currently operating at approximately 80% of capacity.
The principal executive offices of the Company are located at 5481 South Packard Avenue, Cudahy, Wisconsin 53110. Its telephone number at such address is (414) 747-2611.
Item 3. Legal Proceedings
From time to time the Company is involved in legal proceedings relating to claims arising out of its operations in the normal course of business. Although the Company believes that there are no material legal proceedings pending or threatened against the Company or any of its properties, the Company has been named as a defendant in a number of asbestos cases in Mississippi and a few asbestos cases in Illinois. As of December 31, 2006, the Company has been dismissed from 3,827 of 3,866 claims in Mississippi and 4 of 6 claims in Illinois. The Company has never manufactured or processed asbestos. The Companys only exposure to asbestos involves products the Company purchased from third parties. The Company has notified its insurance carriers of these claims and is vigorously defending these actions.
Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders during the fourth quarter of 2006.
Item 5. Market for the Registrants Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
The common stock of the Company, par value $0.01 per share, trades on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol LDSH.
The following table sets forth, for the fiscal periods indicated, the high and low closing prices for each quarter of the years 2004, 2005 and 2006. At December 31, 2006 there were an estimated 2,500 beneficial holders of the Companys common stock.
The Company has not paid cash dividends and currently intends to retain all its earnings to reduce debt and to finance its operations, its stock repurchase program and future growth. The Company does not expect to pay dividends for the foreseeable future.
TOTAL SHAREHOLDER RETURN
The following graph compares the period percentage change in Ladishs cumulative total shareholder return on its common stock, assuming dividend reinvestment, with the cumulative total return of (i) the Russell 2000 Small Cap Index, and (ii) a peer group from the Companys industry, for the period of December 31, 2001 to December 31, 2006. The Companys peer group is comprised of Precision Castparts Corp., Allegheny Technologies Inc., Titanium Metals Corporation and SIFCO Industries, Inc.
Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The selected financial data of the Company for each of the last five fiscal years are set forth below.
The data below should be read in conjunction with the Financial Statements and the Notes thereto and Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations included elsewhere in this filing.
Item 7. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Year 2006 was a successful one at each of Ladishs business units as every operation exceeded internal expectations in sales and profitability. The strength of the international aerospace industry and the general industrial markets was a key to Ladishs performance. Sales in 2006 of $369.3 million was a 38% improvement over 2005 levels, after 2005 had been a 28% improvement over 2004. Ladishs future prospects remain encouraging as the book-to-bill ratio for 2006 continued a positive trend with $414.9 million of new orders added in 2006. A number of new long-term agreements were reached with key customers in 2006 and Ladish ended 2006 with a contract backlog of approximately $500 million.
Ladish was faced with a significant challenge in 2006 in integrating two newly acquired businesses, Zaklad Kuznia Matrycowa (ZKM) and Valley Machining, Inc. (Valley). Both of these acquisitions fit Ladishs identified targets of building on its established business platforms in lower cost locations. In 2006, Ladish assisted ZKM in upgrading its production controls and installing a new operating system as ZKM prepares to enter the European aerospace market to complement its existing industrial business. At Valley, Ladish increased capacity and capabilities by adding four new machining centers and transferring two additional machining centers from the Cudahy operation.
All of the key raw materials utilized by Ladish were subject to significant price increases in 2006. For 2006 and beyond, Ladish has taken steps to assure those escalating costs are passed through to its customers. The increase in raw material pricing does have a negative impact on cost of goods as a percentage of sales and Ladish has continued to focus on productivity improvements to offset that trend. The increasing raw material pricing combined with the sales growth has caused a growth in working capital. As of December 31, 2006, inventory was $106.7 million, a $28.6 million increase from the beginning of the year, and accounts receivable grew $17.6 million by year-end 2006. Ladish funded this growth with cash generated from operations and its credit facility.
Ladish generated $44.7 million of pretax income in 2006, a $22.8 million increase over 2005. The Companys tax rate for 2006 was 35.9% for financial statement purposes. The amount of taxes actually paid for 2006 will be significantly less as Ladish used the majority of its net operating loss carryforwards to offset the 2006 profits. Ladish reported net income of $28.5 million or $2.00 per share on a fully diluted basis for 2006.
On January 3, 2007, the Company contributed 300,000 shares of common stock of the Company to the trust for all seven of the defined benefit plans of the Company. The 300,000 shares came from the Treasury Stock of the Company and reduced the number of shares held in Treasury Stock from 404,624 to 104,624. The shares transferred had a cost basis of $7.32 per share and a fair market value of $37.08 per share based upon the market close immediately before January 3, 2007. In 2007, the pension liability was reduced by the fair value of the shares of $11.1 million, Treasury Stock was reduced by $2.2 million and the gain of $8.9 million was credited as an addition to paid-in capital.
Results of Operations
Year Ended December 31, 2006 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2005
The Company recognized $369.3 million of net sales in fiscal 2006, a 38% improvement over the $266.8 million of net sales in 2005. The net sales growth was due to a 25% sales increase in jet engine components, a 28% sales increase in aerospace components and a 146% sales increase in general industrial components. The net sales increase in general industrial components was largely attributed to a full year of sales from the Companys Polish subsidiary, ZKM. In 2006, cost of sales was 81.8% of net sales, a decrease from the level of 86.5% in 2005. This improvement resulted in a gross profit margin in 2006 of 18.2% in comparison to 13.5% in 2005. The increase in profitability was due to more efficient operations at the Companys facilities, higher incremental earnings from absorption of fixed costs and a strong market for by-product materials. The increase in profitability was partially offset by higher raw material prices which are passed directly to the customer without mark-up and the addition of the ZKM sales which carry lower profit margins than sales from domestic operations.
In 2006, the Company incurred $18.2 million of SG&A expense, or 4.9% of net sales. This 2006 SG&A increase from 4.6% of net sales in 2005 was the result of additional foreign sales which carry added costs, the oversight costs of the ZKM operation and additional provisions for incentive compensation resulting from the Companys improved profitability.
Interest expense in 2006 was $3.5 million in comparison to the $2.1 million of interest expense in 2005. The $1.4 million increase in interest expense was due to higher debt levels in 2006 related to the acquisitions of ZKM in the fourth quarter of 2005 and Valley in the first quarter of 2006 along with working capital requirements to support the business growth in 2006, see Liquidity and Capital Resources. The following table reflects the Companys treatment of interest for the years 2006 and 2005:
Pretax income for fiscal 2006 of $44.7 million was a $22.8 million improvement over 2005. The increase in pretax income in 2006 was the result of higher net sales which produced improved absorption of fixed costs and provided incremental earnings. An increase in productivity along with a strong market for by-product materials also contributed to the increase in pretax income.
Tax expense was $16.0 million for federal, state and foreign taxes in 2006. The 35.9% effective tax rate for 2006 was a slight reduction from the 37.1% effective tax rate for 2005. The reduction was primarily attributable to the lower tax rate on the income from ZKM.
The Company ended 2006 with $28.5 million of net income or $2.00 per share on a fully diluted basis, a 108% improvement in net income over 2005. The increase in earnings was the result of incremental sales growth, improved productivity and product mix, along with a strong by-product market.
For fiscal 2006, the Company booked $414.9 million in new orders and ended the year with a contract backlog of approximately $500 million. This compares to $439.7 million of new orders in 2005 and a contract backlog of approximately $457 million at the end of 2005. The slight decrease in orders from the 2005 level relates to the timing of orders placed under two new long-term agreements which became effective January 1, 2007.
Year Ended December 31, 2005 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2004
Net sales of $266.8 million were recognized by the Company in the year ending December 31, 2005. This 28% increase over 2004 was attributed to a 25% growth in sales of jet engine components and a 67% increase in the sales of industrial components. The growth in sales of industrial components was partially due to the Companys acquisition of ZKM in the fourth quarter of 2005. The commercial and government portions of the Companys business both increased in 2005, with the commercial sector increasing faster than the government. Cost of sales for fiscal 2005 was 86.5% of net sales, a reduction from the cost of sales of 91.3% in 2004. The improvement in 2005 is largely a result of improved absorption of fixed costs in 2005 due to incremental sales. The reduction in cost of sales percentage led to a significant gain in gross profit. The $36 million of gross profit, or 13.5% of net sales, in 2005 was nearly a 100% improvement over the $18.1 million, or 8.7% of net sales, of gross profit in 2004. The increase in gross profit is due to the incremental sales in 2005 partially offset by a reduced pension credit in 2005.
SG&A expenses in 2005 of $12.2 million or 4.6% of net sales compares favorably to the $10.3 million or 4.9% of net sales for SG&A in 2004. SG&A in 2005 was negatively impacted by $1.6 million of charges under FIN 44, while 2004 SG&A reflected a $0.5 million charge under FIN 44. The Company was also able to reduce its costs associated with documenting and testing its internal financial controls under the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) to $0.2 million in 2005 from $0.7 million in 2004.
In 2005, the Company incurred $2.07 million in interest expense in comparison to $2.13 million in 2004. The slight reduction was due to the repayment of another $6 million in senior notes in July 2005, offset by additional borrowings in 2005 under the credit facility to fund the acquisition of ZKM, see Recent Events and Liquidity and Capital Resources. The following table reflects the Companys treatment of interest for the years 2005 and 2004.
Pretax income in 2005 of $21.9 million was a $16.2 million improvement over the $5.7 million of pretax income in 2004. Pretax income growth is directly related to increased sales with incremental margins and the productivity improvement experienced by the Company. In a further analysis of the year over year profitability, it should be noted that 2004 results benefited from a pension credit of approximately $2.1 million in comparison to a credit of $0.5 million in 2005. The pension credit or expense results from the method required by accounting rules for amortizing significant gains or losses related to pension fund assets and obligations occurring in prior years.
Tax expense for 2005 was $8.12 million for federal, state and foreign taxes reflecting an effective rate of 37.1% in comparison to the $1.97 million tax expense for 2004. The increase in the 2005 rate over the 2004 rate of 34.4% is due primarily to increased income before taxes and a reduction of the Extra-Territorial Income (ETI) exclusion credit relative to total tax expense associated with the Companys foreign sales. The ETI exclusion was repealed by the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 and will be phased out over 2005 and 2006.
At December 31, 2005, the Company had a contract backlog of approximately $457 million in comparison to $274.3 million at that point in 2004, a 64% increase. In 2005, the Company booked approximately $434 million of new orders in comparison to $266.3 of new orders booked in 2004.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The Companys cash position as of December 31, 2006 is $11.1 million less than its position at December 31, 2005. The 2006 decrease in cash is a result of increases in inventory and receivables along with $16.3 million in capital expenditures and $6 million of debt repayment. Cash flow from operations in 2006 was less than cash flow from operations in 2005 due to the increased level of working capital required to support the Companys growth partially offset by the improvement in net income.
On July 20, 2001, the Company sold $30 million of Series A Notes in a private placement to certain institutional investors. The Series A Notes are unsecured and bear interest at a rate of 7.19% per annum with the interest being paid semiannually. The Series A Notes have a seven-year duration with the principal amortizing equally over the duration after the third year. Amortization payments of $6 million annually were made on July 20, 2004, 2005 and 2006.
On May 16, 2006, the Company sold $40 million of Series B Notes in a private placement to certain institutional investors. The Series B Notes are unsecured and bear interest at a rate of 6.14% per annum with interest being paid semiannually. The Series B Notes have a ten-year duration with the principal amortizing equally over the duration after the third year.
In addition, the Company and a syndicate of lenders have entered into a $35 million revolving line of credit (the Facility) which was most recently renewed on April 28, 2006. The Facility bears interest at a rate of LIBOR plus 1.25%. At December 31, 2006, there were $2.1 million of borrowings under the Facility and $32.9 million of credit was available pursuant to the terms of the Facility.
During the years ending December 31, 2005 and 2006, the Company received $2.453 million and $1.707 million, respectively, from the exercise of employee stock options.
There were 32,076 warrants exercised during the year ended December 31, 2005. Each warrant entitled the holder to purchase one share of common stock for $1.20 per share. There are no further warrants outstanding.
Inflation has not had a material effect upon the Company during the period covered by this report. Given the rising demand for the products manufactured by the Company, and the prospects for increases in raw material costs and possible energy cost escalation, the Company cannot determine at this time if there will be any significant impact from inflation in the foreseeable future.
Critical Accounting Policies
Deferred Income Taxes
The Company has domestic net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards that were generated prior to its reorganization (Pre-Reorganization) completed on April 30, 1993 as well as NOL carryforwards that were generated subsequent to reorganization and prior to the 1998 ownership change (Post-Reorganization), and NOL carryforwards generated in 2002 through 2004. These NOLs are available to the Company to reduce future taxable income. The net realizable value of the related tax benefit of the NOLs is approximately $1.8 million as of December 31, 2006.
The amount of the NOL carryforwards used through December 31, 2006 total $29.3 million of the Pre-Reorganization NOLs, $49.1 million of the Post-Reorganization NOLs and $23.0 million of the NOLs generated in 2002 through 2004. Federal NOL carryforwards remaining as of December 31, 2006 total $4.3 million of Pre-Reorganization NOLs and $0.1 million of NOLs generated in 2004. The Post-Reorganization NOLs were fully utilized in 2006. Wisconsin NOL carryforwards remaining as of December 31, 2006 total $1.4 million of NOLs generated in 2004.
The Companys IPO in March, 1998 created an ownership change as defined by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). This ownership change generated an IRS imposed limitation on the utilization of NOL carryforwards, generated prior to the ownership change, to reduce future taxable income. The annual use of the NOL carryforwards is limited to the lesser of the Companys taxable income or the amount of the IRS imposed limitation. Since the ownership change, the total NOL available for use is $11.9 million annually. To the extent less than $11.9 million is used in any year, the unused amount is added to and increases the limitation in the succeeding year. Pre-Reorganization NOLs are further limited to an annual usage of $2.1 million. Any unused amount is added to and increases the limitation in the succeeding year. The Pre-Reorganization NOLs of $4.3 million expire in 2008. There is no limitation on the usage of the $0.1 million of NOLs generated in 2004 and these NOLs expire in 2024. Because of the annual limitations on the usage of Pre-Reorganization NOLs and their earlier expiration dates, there is a greater risk of the loss of benefits recorded for these NOLs. The net deferred tax asset recorded for the Pre-Reorganization NOLs approximates $1.7 million.
As of December 31, 2005 and 2006, the Company has approximately $4.1 million of Wisconsin tax credit carryforwards. The Company may be eligible to use the tax credit carryforwards over a fifteen-year period beginning January 1, 2008. The State of Wisconsin has not yet issued administrative rules regarding the future use of these tax credit carryforwards and as such, the Company does not have a basis on which to determine that it is more likely than not that the tax credit carryforwards will be utilized. Accordingly, the Company has recorded a valuation allowance of $4.1 million as of December 31, 2005 and 2006, related to these tax credit carryforwards. The Company will continue to assess its ability to use the tax credit carryforwards in the future.
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 109 requires establishment of a valuation allowance for all or a part of the NOLs unless it is more likely than not that sufficient taxable income will be generated in future periods to utilize the NOLs before they expire. In determining that realization of the net deferred tax assets was more likely than not, the Company gave consideration to a number of factors including its recent earnings history, expectations for earnings in the future, the timing of reversal of temporary differences, tax planning strategies available to the Company and the expiration dates associated with NOL carryforwards. If, in the future, the Company determines that it is no longer more likely than not that the net deferred tax assets will be realized, a valuation allowance will be established against all or part of the net deferred tax assets with an offsetting charge to the income tax provision.
The Company has noncontributory defined benefit pension plans (Plans) covering a number of its employees. The Company contributed $4.295 million and $5.515 million, respectively, to the Plans in 2005 and 2006. The Company intends to contribute $12.892 million, $2.742 million and $2.414 million to the Plans in 2007, 2008 and 2009, respectively. The Company plans on funding those contributions from cash on hand, cash generated from operations, working capital reductions, treasury stock contributions and, if necessary, from the Facility. No calculation has been made for payments into the Plans beyond 2009.
The Plans assets are held in a trust and are primarily invested in U.S. Government securities, investment grade corporate bonds and marketable common stocks. The key assumptions the Company considers with respect to the assets in the Plans and funding the liabilities associated with the Plans are the discount rate, the long-term rate of return on Plans assets, the projected rate of increase in compensation levels and the actuarial estimate of mortality of participants in the Plans. The most sensitive assumption is on discount rate. For funding purposes, the Companys independent actuaries assumed an annual long-term rate of return on Plan assets of 8.9% for both 2005 and 2006. For the ten-year period ending December 31, 2006, the Company experienced an annual rate of return on Plan assets of 8.47%.
The Company is currently using a rate of 5.68% for its discount rate assumption, an increase from the 5.50% rate used for 2005. Prior to this increase, the discount rate assumption had declined for five consecutive years. A decrease in the discount rate results in an increase in the accumulated benefit obligation at the measurement date which may also result in an increase in the additional minimum pension liability included as a charge to accumulated other comprehensive income. Such a decrease also results in an actuarial loss which is amortized to pension expense in accordance with FASB Statement No. 87. An increase in the discount rate will have the opposite effect in the pension liability and pension expense. The Company bases its discount rate on long maturity AA rated corporate debt securities. The Company cannot predict whether these interest rates will increase or decrease in future years.
The Company cannot predict the level of interest rates in the future and correspondingly cannot predict the future discount rate which will be applied to determine the Companys projected benefit obligation. As demonstrated in the chart below, relatively small movements in the discount rate, up or down, can have a significant impact on the Companys projected benefit obligation under the Plans.
Nor can the Company predict with any certainty what the actual rate of return will be for the Plans assets. As demonstrated in the chart below, a modest change in the presumed rate of return on the Plans assets will have a material impact upon the actual net periodic cost for the Plans.
Goodwill of $9 million, included in other assets on the Companys balance sheets, represents the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable tangible and intangible net assets relating to business acquisitions. It is an asset with an indefinite life and therefore is not amortized to expense. The Companys assessment of fair value takes into account a number of factors including EBITDA multiples of transactions in the Companys industry as well as fair market value multiples of transactions of similarly situated enterprises. The Company tests the goodwill for impairment at least annually by fair value impairment testing. No impairments were recognized in 2005 or 2006. Should goodwill become impaired in the future, the amount of impairment will be charged to SG & A expense.
New Accounting Pronouncements
The Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Statement No. 123 (revised), Share-Based Payment, on October 1, 2005. Because the Company has no unvested options, adoption had no material effect on its financial position or results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2005 or 2006.
FASB Interpretation No. 47, Accounting for Conditional Asset Retirement Obligations, an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 143, Accounting for Asset Retirement Obligations requires that an entity recognize the fair value of a liability for a conditional asset retirement obligation in the period in which it is incurred if a reasonable estimate of fair value can be made. An asset retirement obligation would be reasonably estimable if (a) it is evident that the fair value of the obligation is embodied in the acquisition price of the asset, (b) an active market exists for the transfer of the obligation, or (c) sufficient information exists to apply an expected present value technique. FASB Interpretation No. 47 became effective for calendar year enterprises as of December 31, 2005. In applying this Statement to the Company, it was necessary to determine if the Company will undertake any major renovation, sell, dispose or abandon its factory and factory related assets; what liability would be associated with such action; and the date such action would be taken. The Company has four factories in the United States which may be subject to certain conditional retirement obligations. The Company believes it does not have sufficient information to estimate the fair value of any asset retirement obligation because the settlement date or range of potential settlement dates has not been specified by others and information is not available to apply an expected present value technique. There are no plans to demolish or undertake any major renovation to the factories that would result in any retirement obligations. The factories have been and are expected to be maintained by repairs and maintenance activities that would not involve activities resulting in a retirement obligation. Furthermore, there has not been any need identified for major renovations caused by technology changes, operational changes, or other factors.
FASB Statement No. 151, Inventory Costs, an amendment of ARB No. 43, Chapter 4, amends the guidance in ARB No. 43, Chapter 4 Inventory Pricing to clarify the accounting for abnormal amounts of idle facility expense, freight, handling costs and wasted material. This Statement requires that those items be reflected as current period charges to expense and that allocation of fixed production overheads to the cost of conversion be based on the normal capacity of the production facilities. The provisions of this Statement became effective for inventory costs incurred by the Company beginning January 1, 2006. As the Company already applies this approach to inventory pricing, there was no effect on its financial position and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2006.
FASB Statement No. 158, Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, requires public companies to recognize on their balance sheet the funded status of their defined benefit, pension and postretirement plans, as of December 31, 2006. As of that date, the Company recognized actuarial gains and losses, prior service cost, and any remaining transition amounts from the initial application of FASB Statement No. 87, Employers Accounting for Pensions, and FASB Statement No. 106, Employers Accounting for Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions, as they relate to the plans funded status. The offset to this liability was recorded in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) in stockholders equity. The $5.857 million reduction in equity does not affect the Companys ability to comply with debt covenant provisions.
FASB Interpretation No. 48, Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes, an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109, requires that an enterprise evaluate all tax positions recognized in that enterprises financial statements for any uncertainty that the tax positions will not be sustained under examination. The evaluation process is twofold. First, an enterprise must determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon examination. Secondly, the enterprise must measure the amount of benefit to recognize in its financial statements for tax positions which meet the more likely than not threshold. FASB Interpretation No. 48 becomes effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006. Therefore, this Interpretation will be effective for the Company for the year ending December 31, 2007. At this time, the Company does not believe there is any uncertainty with respect to the tax positions reflected in its financial statements which would result in a material change in the amount of benefit recognized in the financial statements.
Item 7.A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
The Company believes that its exposure to market risk related to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and trade accounts receivable is immaterial.
Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The response to Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data incorporates by reference the information listed in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying schedules beginning on page F-1.
Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
KPMG LLP have been the auditors of the financial statements of the Company for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2006. It is anticipated that representatives of KPMG LLP will be present at the 2007 Annual Meeting, will have the opportunity to make a statement if they so desire and will be available to respond to appropriate questions raised at the 2007 Annual Meeting or submitted to them in writing before the 2007 Annual Meeting.
KPMG LLP has informed the Company that it does not have any direct financial interest in the Company and that it has not had any direct connection with the Company in the capacity of promoter, underwriter, director, officer or employee.
As is customary, auditors for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2007 will be appointed by the Audit Committee and ratified by the stockholders and by the Board of Directors at their meeting immediately following the 2007 Annual Meeting.
Item 9.A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
The disclosure controls and procedures of the Company are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms. Disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the Company is accumulated and communicated to the Companys management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers to allow timely decisions regarding disclosure.
Under the direction of the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer, the Company has evaluated the effectiveness of its disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of December 31, 2006. Based on that evaluation, the Company has concluded that its disclosure controls and procedures were effective in providing reasonable assurance that material information required to be disclosed is included on a timely basis in the reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
There were no significant changes in the Companys internal controls or in other factors that could significantly affect these controls subsequent to the date of managements evaluation, including any corrective actions with regard to significant deficiencies and material weaknesses.
Managements Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
The Companys management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal controls over the financial reporting of the Company. The Companys management, under the supervision and with the participation of the Companys principal executive officer and principal financial officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of the Companys internal controls over financial reporting based upon the framework in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on that assessment, as of December 31, 2006, management believes that the Companys internal controls over financial reporting are operating effectively.
On February 1, 2006, the Company acquired 100% of the common shares of Valley, and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, Valleys internal control over financial reporting associated with assets of approximately $5.5 million and total revenues of approximately $3.4 million included in the consolidated financial statements of the Company as of and for the year ended December 31, 2006.
KPMG LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the Companys consolidated financial statements as of and for the year ended December 31, 2006, included herein, has issued an attestation report on managements assessment of the Companys internal control over financial reporting.
Item 9B. Other Information
The Company has no other information to report at this time.
Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Stockholders of Ladish Co., Inc.:
We have audited managements assessment, included in the accompanying Managements Annual Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, that Ladish Co., Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, based on criteria established in Internal Control Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). The Companys management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on managements assessment and an opinion on the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating managements assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A companys internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A companys internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the companys assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, managements assessment that the Company maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on the COSO criteria. Also, in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, based on the COSO criteria.
The Company acquired Valley Machining, Inc. (Valley) during 2006, and management excluded from its assessment of the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, Valleys internal control over financial reporting associated with total assets of approximately $5.5 million and total revenues of approximately $3.4 million included in the consolidated financial statements of Ladish Co., Inc. and subsidiaries as of and for the year ended December 31, 2006. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting of the Company also excluded an evaluation of the internal control over financial reporting of Valley.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of the Company as of December 31, 2006 and 2005, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2006, and our report dated March 2, 2007 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.
Item 10. Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant
Certain information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance, Audit Committee and Independent/Nominating Committee in the Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
The list of Executive Officers in Part I, Item 1. Business, paragraph captioned Executive Officers of the Registrant is incorporated by reference. The list of Directors of the Company is as follows:
Other information required by Item 401 of Regulation S-K is as follows:
Lawrence W. Bianchi, 65. Director since 1998. Mr. Bianchi in 1993 retired as the Managing Partner of the Milwaukee, Wisconsin office of KPMG Peat Marwick. From 1994 to 1998, Mr. Bianchi served as CFO of the law firm of Foley & Lardner. Mr. Bianchis principal occupation is investments.
Gene E. Bunge, 61. Mr. Bunge has served as Vice President, Engineering since November 1991. From 1985 until that time he was General Manager of Engineering. Mr. Bunge has been with the Company since 1968. He has a B.S.E.E. from the Milwaukee School of Engineering.
Jozef Burdzy, 55. Mr. Burdzy has served as President and Managing Director of ZKM since November 2005. Prior to that time, he served as Development and Technical Director. He has been with ZKM since 1977. Mr. Burdzy holds a M.S. Degree in Metallurgical Engineering from AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow, Poland.
John Delaney, 57. Mr. Delaney has been President of Stowe since April 2006. Prior to that period, Mr. Delaney served as General Sales Manager at Stowe. He has a B.A. in Economics from St. Anselm College and an M.B.A. from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
George Groppi, 58. Mr. Groppi has served as Vice President Quality and Metallurgy since September 1999. He was named Manager of Product Metallurgy in 1992. In 1994 he was appointed Manager of Production Control and in June 1999 assumed the position of Manager of Quality & Metallurgy. Mr. Groppi has been with the Company since 1969. He holds a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Marquette University.
Lawrence C. Hammond, 59. Mr. Hammond has served as Vice President, Human Resources since January 1994. Prior to that time he had served as Director of Industrial Relations at the Company and he had been Labor Counsel at the Company. Mr. Hammond has been with the Company since 1980. He has a B.A. and a Masters in Industrial Relations from Michigan State University and a J.D. from the Detroit College of Law.
James C. Hill, 58. Director since 2003. Mr. Hill was Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Vision Metals, Inc., a steel tubing producer, from 1997 to 2001. Prior to that period he was Corporate Vice President of Quanex Corporation, a NYSE public company and President of its Tube Group from 1983 to 1997.
Leon A. Kranz, 67. Director since 2001. Mr. Kranz was formerly President and Chief Executive Officer of Weber Metals, Inc., a Paramount, California based metals processor, a position he held for more than ten years.
Robert C. Miller, 56. Mr. Miller has served as President of Valley Machining since 1995. Prior to that time he had been the Inspection Coordinator/Level III NDT at Machine Products Inc.
Wayne E. Larsen, 52. Since 1995 Mr. Larsen has been Vice President Law/Finance and Secretary of the Company. He served as General Counsel and Secretary since 1989 after joining the Company as corporate counsel in 1981. Mr. Larsen is a Trustee of the Ladish Co. Foundation and a Director of the Wisconsin Foundation for Independent Colleges and the South Shore YMCA of Milwaukee. Mr. Larsen has a B.A. from Marquette University and a J.D. from Marquette Law School.
David L. Provan, 57. Mr. Provan has served as Vice President, Materials Management since September 1999. Prior to that time he had been Purchasing Manager, Raw Materials, and Head Buyer. Mr. Provan has been with the Company since 1979. He has a Bachelors Degree in Business Administration from the University of Wisconsin-Parkside.
J. Robert Peart, 44. Director since 2003. Mr. Peart is Managing Director for Guggenheim Aviation Partners, LLC, a private investment concern since 2004. Prior to that period, he was Managing Director of Residco, a transportation investment banking concern.
John W. Splude, 61. Director since 2004. Mr. Splude is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of HK Systems, Inc., an automated material handling and logistics software provider, a position he has held for over ten years. He is also a Director of Gehl Company, Superior Die Cast, a regent of Milwaukee School of Engineering and serves on the Advisory Board of U.S. Bank-Wisconsin.
Randy B. Turner, 57. Mr. Turner has served as President of PCT since it was acquired by the Company in January 2000. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Turner served as President of the corporate predecessor to PCT. He has a B.S. in Business Management from Lewis and Clark College.
Gary J. Vroman, 47. Mr. Vroman has served as Vice President, Sales and Marketing since December 1995. From January 1994 to December 1995 he was General Manager of Sales. Prior to that period he had been the Product Manager for jet engine components. Mr. Vroman has been with the Company since 1982. He has a B.S. in Engineering from the University of Illinois and a M.S. in Engineering Management from the Milwaukee School of Engineering.
Kerry L. Woody, 55. Director since 1997. Mr. Woody has been President since 1995 and was appointed Chief Executive Officer of the Company in 1998. Prior to that time he was Vice President-Operations, Vice President-Manufacturing Services and Production Manager. He joined the Company in 1975. In addition, Mr. Woody serves as a regent of the Milwaukee School of Engineering. Mr. Woody has a B.S. in Engineering from Milliken University.
The Companys ethics code is reflected in its policies addressing i) conflict of interest, ii) compliance with antitrust laws, iii) improper payments, iv) falsification of records, and v) insider trading. These policies apply to all Company employees including the principal executive officer, the principal financial officer, controller and members of the Board of Directors. On an annual basis, the Company requires its key management personnel to certify their review and compliance with these policies. A copy of the policies was filed as an exhibit to the Form 10-K on March 25, 2003. The policies can also be found on the Companys website, www.ladishco.com.
Item 11. Executive Compensation
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled Executive Compensation and Other Matters, The Stock Option Plan, Pension Benefits, Compensation of Directors, Employment Agreements, Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation, and Compensation and Stock Option Committee Report of the Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the sections entitled Voting Securities and Stockholders and The Stock Option Plan of the Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions
The information called for by this Item is incorporated herein by reference to the section entitled Certain Relationships of the Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
The information called for by this Item is incorporated by reference to the section entitled Audit Committee of the Proxy Statement for the 2007 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
Exhibits. See the accompanying index to exhibits on page X-1 which is part of this report.
Financial Statements. See the accompanying index to financial statements and schedules on page F-1 which is a part of this report.
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
INDEX TO FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
To Board of Directors and Stockholders of Ladish Co., Inc.:
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Ladish Co., Inc. and subsidiaries (the Company) as of December 31, 2006 and 2005, and the related consolidated statements of operations, stockholders equity, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2006. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Companys management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Ladish Co., Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2006 and 2005, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2006, in conformity with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles.
As discussed in Note 8 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company adopted the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 158, Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans, as of December 31, 2006.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the effectiveness of the Companys internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2006, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework, issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated March 2, 2007 expressed an unqualified opinion on managements assessment of, and the effective operation of, internal control over financial reporting.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Consolidated Statements of
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Consolidated Statements of
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
Ladish Co., Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial
of Applying FASB No. 158 on Individual Line Items
INDEX TO EXHIBITS