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Lake Shore Bancorp 10-K 2016
LSBK - 2015 10K

 

United States

Securities and Exchange Commission    

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2015

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

Commission File No.:  000-51821

 

Lake Shore Bancorp, Inc.

(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 

 

 

United States

 

(State or Other Jurisdiction

20-4729288

of Incorporation or Organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

31 East Fourth Street, Dunkirk, NY 14048

(Address of Principal Executive Offices, including zip code)

 

(716) 366-4070

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:  Common Stock, $0.01 par value per share

 

Name of each exchange on which registered:  The NASDAQ Stock Market, LLC

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None.

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.

Yes [  ]  No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.

Yes [  ]  No [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [X]  No []

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  [X]No  [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  []

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.  (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer  [  ]Accelerated filer  [  ]

 

Non-accelerated filer  [  ] (Do not check if smaller reporting company)Smaller reporting company  [X]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes [  ]  No [X]

 


 

 

 

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant as of June 30, 2015 was $24,537,537 based on the per share closing price as of June 30, 2015 on the Nasdaq Global Market for the registrant’s common stock, which was $13.43.    

 

There were 6,045,434  shares of the registrant’s common stock, $.01 par value per share, outstanding at March 24, 2016. 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE:

 

 

 

 

Part of 10-K

where incorporated

Portions of the registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2016 Annual Meeting of Stockholders

III

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LAKE SHORE BANCORP, INC.
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED
DECEMBER 31, 2015

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

 

ITEM

PART I

PAGE

 

 

 

1 

BUSINESS

1

1A 

RISK FACTORS

34

1B 

UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS

41

2 

PROPERTIES

42

3 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

43

4 

MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

43

 

 

 

 

PART II

 

 

 

 

5 

MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES

43

6 

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

45

7 

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

47

7A 

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

61

8 

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

61

9 

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

61

9A 

CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

61

9B 

OTHER INFORMATION

62

 

 

 

 

PART III

 

 

 

 

10 

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

62

11 

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

62

12 

SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

62

13 

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS, AND DIRECTOR INDEPENDENCE

62

14 

PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTING FEES AND SERVICES

62

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART IV

 

 

 

 

15 

EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULES 

63

 

SIGNATURES

66

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

PART I

 

Item 1. Business.

 

General

Lake Shore Bancorp, Inc. (“Lake Shore Bancorp,” the “Company,” “us,” or “we”) operates as a mid-tier, federally chartered savings and loan holding company of Lake Shore Savings Bank (“Lake Shore Savings” or the “Bank”).  A majority of Lake Shore Bancorp’s issued and outstanding common stock (60.6% as of December 31, 2015) is held by Lake Shore, MHC (the “MHC”), a federally chartered mutual holding company, which serves as the parent company to Lake Shore Bancorp.  The MHC does not engage in any substantial business activity other than its investment in a majority of the common stock of Lake Shore Bancorp.  The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the “Federal Reserve Board”) is the regulator for the MHC.  Federal law and regulations require that as long as the MHC is in existence, it must own at least a majority of Lake Shore Bancorp’s common stock.  The remaining common shares of Lake Shore Bancorp are owned by public stockholders and the Lake Shore Savings Bank Employee Stock Ownership Plan (“ESOP”).  Our common stock is traded on the Nasdaq Global Market under the symbol “LSBK”.  Unless the context otherwise requires, all references herein to Lake Shore Bancorp or Lake Shore Savings include Lake Shore Bancorp and Lake Shore Savings on a consolidated basis.

Lake Shore Bancorp, Inc. was organized in 2006 for the purpose of acting as the savings and loan holding company of Lake Shore Savings Bank in connection with the Company’s initial public stock offering.  The Company, a federal corporation, is regulated by the Federal Reserve Board.  At December 31, 2015, Lake Shore Bancorp had total consolidated assets of $473.4 million, of which $297.1 million was comprised of loans receivable, net and $113.2 million was comprised of available for sale securities.  At December 31, 2015, total consolidated deposits were $369.2 million and total consolidated stockholders’ equity was $73.9 million. 

Lake Shore Savings Bank was chartered as a New York savings and loan association in 1891.  In 2006, the Bank converted from a New York-chartered mutual savings and loan association to a federal savings bank charter. The Bank is subject to the supervision and regulation of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”). 

For over 124 years, the Bank has served the local community of Dunkirk, New York.  In 1987, we opened our second office in Fredonia, New York.  Since 1993, we have expanded to eleven branch offices.  In addition, we have added three administrative office buildings which comprise our corporate headquarters in Dunkirk, New York. Our principal business consists of (1) attracting retail deposits from the general public in the areas surrounding our corporate headquarters and main branch office in Dunkirk, New York and ten other branch offices in Chautauqua and Erie Counties, New York and (2) investing those deposits, together with funds generated from operations, primarily in one- to four-family residential mortgage loans, commercial real estate loans, home equity lines of credit and, to a lesser extent, commercial business loans, consumer loans, and investment securities.  Our revenues are principally derived from interest generated from our loans and interest earned and dividends received on our investment securities.  Our primary sources of funds for lending and investments are deposits, borrowings, receipts of loan principal and interest payments, mortgage-backed and asset-backed securities payments,  proceeds from sales, maturities and calls of investment securities and income resulting from operations in prior periods.

Available Information

 

Lake Shore Bancorp’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and any amendments to such reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are made available free of charge on our website, www.lakeshoresavings.com, as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission.  Such reports are also available on the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website at www.sec.gov.  Information on our website shall not be considered a part of this Form 10-K.

1

 


 

 

 

Market Area

Our operations are conducted out of our corporate headquarters and main branch office in Dunkirk, New York and ten other branch offices.  Our branches in Chautauqua County, New York are located in Dunkirk, Fredonia, Jamestown, Lakewood and Westfield.  In Erie County, New York our branch offices are located in Depew, East Amherst, Hamburg, Kenmore, Orchard Park, and Snyder. Our first branch office in Erie County opened during April 2003 and the most recent branch office opened in April 2013.  We also have seven stand-alone ATMs.  The opening of six branch offices in Erie County, New York since 2003 demonstrates the implementation of our growth strategy which is focused on expansion within Erie County while preserving our market share in Chautauqua County.

Our geographic market area for loans and deposits is principally located within Chautauqua and Erie Counties, New York. Chautauqua County is located on Lake Erie in the western portion of New York and is approximately 45 miles from Buffalo, New York. Chautauqua County is served by four accredited hospitals and offers higher education opportunities at the State University of New York (SUNY) at Fredonia, a four year liberal arts school, and at SUNY Jamestown, a community college.  Chautauqua County features tourist areas near Chautauqua Lake, but it also hosts a broad diversity of industry, commercial establishments and financial institutions as well as a skilled and productive workforce.  Jamestown, New York, where we opened the first of two branch offices in 1996, is the most populous city in Chautauqua County.

Erie County is a metropolitan center located on the western border of New York.  Located within Erie County is the city of Buffalo, the second largest city in the State of New York.  As the city of Buffalo has redeveloped, so too have its suburbs throughout Erie County, which also host the Buffalo Niagara International Airport in Cheektowaga, New York and professional sports franchises.  One of the main commercial thorough-fares in Erie County is Transit Road, which has experienced robust development in recent years and is the location of one of our branch offices

The demographic characteristics of our market area are less attractive than national and state measures.  Both Chautauqua and Erie Counties exhibit slower rates of population growth when compared to the United States and New York State averages. In addition, both Chautauqua and Erie Counties have lower per capita income when compared to the United States and the New York State averages.  Projected growth in per capita income for Chautauqua County is expected to be slow, but Erie County is projected to have higher per capita income growth in the next five years. Since Chautauqua County has historically exhibited less attractive demographic characteristics, we may have limited growth opportunities in Chautauqua County.  However, Erie County displays a stronger housing market than Chautauqua County and Erie County’s population base is five times larger than Chautauqua County, which offers us an expanded source of new customers in the form of deposit and lending opportunities.  Furthermore, Erie County is currently exhibiting strong economic development and job growth. Our primary market area has historically been stable, with a diversified base of employers and employment sectors. The local economies that we serve are not dependent on one key employer. Transportation equipment is the largest manufacturing industry in the Buffalo area, as well as production of automobile component parts. The principal employment sectors are service-related,  wholesale and retail trade, and durable-goods manufacturing.  Most of the job opportunities in Chautauqua and Erie Counties have been in service-related industries, and service jobs now account for the largest portion of the workforce.

The challenging economic conditions that affected the national and global financial markets in 2007 and 2008 did not have a significant effect on the housing prices in our market area.  Furthermore, unemployment rates in our market area have decreased since December 2013 from 6.4% to 4.7% in Erie County and from 7.4% to 5.7% in Chautauqua County as of December 31,  2015.  New York State’s unemployment rate as of December 31, 2015 was 4.7%, the lowest level since May 2008.  

2

 


 

 

Our future growth will be influenced by the strength of our regional economy, other demographic trends and the competitive environment.  We believe that we have developed lending products and marketing strategies to address the credit-related needs of the residents and small businesses in our local market area.

 New York State currently has several incentive programs for businesses to invest in the Western New York region.  One example is the “Start-Up NY” program, which offers tax incentives to start, expand or relocate a qualified business to a tax-free area within the state, primarily near a university or community college campus, in order to access top talent and research facilities.  Qualified businesses for this program include advance materials & manufacturing, biotech & life sciences, tech & electronics, and optics & imaging.  This program has generated significant interest in Western New York for new business development, due to its proximity to Canada, history of being a strong industrial and manufacturing center, and number of quality colleges and universities in the area.

Furthermore, the Erie County region and the City of Buffalo have recently experienced economic expansion led by major growth in the health care and education sectors, and resurgence in the central business district, which has led to an influx of private investment in development of hotels and housing in the downtown sector.  Major construction projects have been recently completed or are currently underway on the waterfront and at the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus.  The Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus has grown significantly with the construction of a new children’s hospital, expansion of an existing cancer/research hospital and construction of a new medical school by the State University of New York at Buffalo.  Development on the waterfront has centered around redevelopment of property for mixed use, including public access and private development that includes office space, ice rinks, hotels and restaurants.    The economic development within the region also impacts the small business and middle-market customers that we focus on and we believe we will be able to capitalize on opportunities created by economic growth in this section of our market area.

 

Competition

 

We face intense competition both in making loans and attracting deposits. New York State has a high concentration of financial institutions, many of which are branches of large money centers and regional banks which have resulted from the consolidation of the banking industry in New York and surrounding states. Some of these competitors have greater resources than we do and may offer services that we do not provide. For example, we do not offer trust or investment services. Customers who seek “one stop shopping” may be drawn to our competitors who offer such services.

 

Our competition for loans comes principally from commercial banks, savings banks, mortgage banking companies, credit unions, and other financial service companies. The most direct competition for deposits comes from credit unions, commercial banks and savings banks. We face additional competition for deposits from non-depository competitors such as mutual funds, securities and brokerage firms and insurance companies. We are significantly smaller than many of the financial institution competitors in our market area.  Some of our competitors are not subject to the same degree of regulation as that imposed on federal savings banks or federally insured institutions, and these other institutions may be able to price loans and deposits more aggressively. We remain very competitive in Chautauqua County, New York and as of June 30, 2015 we had 14.7% of total deposits and ranked 4th out of 11 banks in this market area, according to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) annual deposit market share report. Our deposit market share in Erie County, New York has increased since we entered this market area in 2003. We believe the primary factors in competing for deposits and loans is through personalized service, knowledge of local market area and economy, local decision making, technological convenience via mobile banking and active participation and support of the communities we serve.

 

Lending Activities

General.  Historically, as a thrift institution, we have primarily originated residential mortgage loans, including home equity loans. In recent years, we have become more focused on originating commercial real

3

 


 

 

estate and commercial business loans, also known as C&I Lending, to add adjustable rate loans to our portfolio and diversify the risk on our balance sheet, limit interest rate risk and to position ourselves for a rising interest rate environment. At December 31, 2015, we had total gross loans of $296.1 million. We retain the majority of loans that we originate. However, we do sell residential mortgage loans into the secondary market, with retention of servicing rights. Beginning in the fourth quarter of 2014 and during 2015, we sold fixed rate, conforming long-term residential mortgage loans with low yields (interest rates below 5% and maturities of 30 years) at the time of origination, with servicing retained, in an effort to manage interest rate risk. We plan to continue this practice in the near future. We have also purchased a limited number of equipment loans from a third party broker, which are secured by first liens on the new equipment purchases by small businesses located throughout the Northeastern United States. 

 

The interest rates we offer for loans are affected principally by the demand for loans, the supply of money available for lending purposes and the interest rates offered by our competitors. These factors, in turn, are affected by general and local economic conditions and monetary policies of the federal government, including the Federal Reserve Board. 

 

Loan Portfolio.  The following table sets forth the composition of our loan portfolio, by type of loan, in dollar amounts and in percentages at the dates indicated. We did not have any loans held for sale as of these dates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

Amount

 

Percent of Total

 

Amount

 

Percent of Total

 

Amount

 

Percent of Total

 

Amount

 

Percent of Total

 

Amount

 

Percent of Total

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Real Estate loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential one- to four- family

 

$

157,307 

 

53.12% 

 

$

167,840 

 

59.14% 

 

$

170,793 

 

61.81% 

 

$

167,794 

 

61.68% 

 

$

182,922 

 

66.82% 

Home equity

 

 

32,770 

 

11.07% 

 

 

32,337 

 

11.39% 

 

 

31,675 

 

11.46% 

 

 

30,724 

 

11.29% 

 

 

30,671 

 

11.20% 

Commercial

 

 

83,967 

 

28.35% 

 

 

68,238 

 

24.04% 

 

 

58,746 

 

21.26% 

 

 

57,653 

 

21.19% 

 

 

44,776 

 

16.36% 

Construction

 

 

4,849 

 

1.64% 

 

 

449 

 

0.16% 

 

 

936 

 

0.34% 

 

 

416 

 

0.15% 

 

 

519 

 

0.19% 

 

 

 

278,893 

 

94.18% 

 

 

268,864 

 

94.73% 

 

 

262,150 

 

94.87% 

 

 

256,587 

 

94.31% 

 

 

258,888 

 

94.57% 

Other loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

15,741 

 

5.31% 

 

 

13,467 

 

4.74% 

 

 

12,645 

 

4.58% 

 

 

13,680 

 

5.03% 

 

 

12,911 

 

4.72% 

Consumer

 

 

1,507 

 

0.51% 

 

 

1,495 

 

0.53% 

 

 

1,517 

 

0.55% 

 

 

1,791 

 

0.66% 

 

 

1,948 

 

0.71% 

 

 

 

17,248 

 

5.82% 

 

 

14,962 

 

5.27% 

 

 

14,162 

 

5.13% 

 

 

15,471 

 

5.69% 

 

 

14,859 

 

5.43% 

Total loans 

 

 

296,141 

 

100.00% 

 

 

283,826 

 

100.00% 

 

 

276,312 

 

100.00% 

 

 

272,058 

 

100.00% 

 

 

273,747 

 

100.00% 

Net deferred loan costs

 

 

2,945 

 

 

 

 

2,948 

 

 

 

 

2,846 

 

 

 

 

2,681 

 

 

 

 

2,687 

 

 

Allowance for loan losses

 

 

(1,985)

 

 

 

 

(1,921)

 

 

 

 

(1,813)

 

 

 

 

(1,806)

 

 

 

 

(1,366)

 

 

Loans receivable, net

 

$

297,101 

 

 

 

$

284,853 

 

 

 

$

277,345 

 

 

 

$

272,933 

 

 

 

$

275,068 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 


 

 

Loan Maturity.  The following table presents the contractual maturity of our loans at December 31, 2015.  The table does not include the effect of prepayments or scheduled principal amortization.  Loans having no stated repayment schedule or maturity and overdraft loans are reported as being due in one year or less.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

 

Other Loans

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, One- to Four-Family

 

Home Equity

 

Commercial

 

Construction

 

Commercial

 

Consumer

 

Total

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Amounts due in:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

One year or less

 

$

95 

 

$

648 

 

$

1,233 

 

$

 -

 

$

4,783 

 

$

840 

 

$

7,599 

After one year through five years

 

 

4,683 

 

 

5,851 

 

 

7,721 

 

 

 -

 

 

9,553 

 

 

438 

 

 

28,246 

Beyond five years

 

 

152,529 

 

 

26,271 

 

 

75,013 

 

 

4,849 

 

 

1,405 

 

 

229 

 

 

260,296 

Total

 

$

157,307 

 

$

32,770 

 

$

83,967 

 

$

4,849 

 

$

15,741 

 

$

1,507 

 

$

296,141 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate terms on amounts due after one year:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fixed rate

 

$

150,036 

 

$

2,155 

 

$

21,639 

 

$

268 

 

$

10,820 

 

$

564 

 

$

185,482 

Adjustable rate

 

 

7,176 

 

 

29,967 

 

 

61,095 

 

 

4,581 

 

 

138 

 

 

103 

 

 

103,060 

Total

 

$

157,212 

 

$

32,122 

 

$

82,734 

 

$

4,849 

 

$

10,958 

 

$

667 

 

$

288,542 

 

The following table presents our loan originations, purchases, sales, and principal repayments for the years indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Total Loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance outstanding at beginning of year

 

$

283,826 

 

$

276,312 

 

$

272,058 

 

$

273,747 

 

$

261,524 

Originations:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate loans

 

 

59,992 

 

 

46,413 

 

 

53,066 

 

 

48,091 

 

 

49,030 

Commercial and consumer loans

 

 

9,347 

 

 

4,560 

 

 

3,536 

 

 

5,383 

 

 

7,553 

Total originations

 

 

69,339 

 

 

50,973 

 

 

56,602 

 

 

53,474 

 

 

56,583 

Loan Purchases - Commercial Loans

 

 

242 

 

 

2,857 

 

 

1,228 

 

 

1,033 

 

 

1,679 

Total Originations and Purchases

 

 

69,581 

 

 

53,830 

 

 

57,830 

 

 

54,507 

 

 

58,262 

Deduct:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Principal repayments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate loans

 

 

39,970 

 

 

36,118 

 

 

45,341 

 

 

48,382 

 

 

38,694 

Commercial and consumer loans

 

 

6,253 

 

 

7,879 

 

 

5,944 

 

 

5,807 

 

 

6,392 

Total principal repayments

 

 

46,223 

 

 

43,997 

 

 

51,285 

 

 

54,189 

 

 

45,086 

Transfers to foreclosed real estate

 

 

1,178 

 

 

448 

 

 

704 

 

 

1,001 

 

 

252 

Loan sales - SONYMA(1) & FHLMC(2)

 

 

9,450 

 

 

1,737 

 

 

1,436 

 

 

767 

 

 

639 

Loans charged off

 

 

415 

 

 

134 

 

 

151 

 

 

239 

 

 

62 

Total deductions

 

 

57,266 

 

 

46,316 

 

 

53,576 

 

 

56,196 

 

 

46,039 

Balance outstanding at end of year

 

$

296,141 

 

$

283,826 

 

$

276,312 

 

$

272,058 

 

$

273,747 


(1) State of New York Mortgage Agency.

(2) During 2015 and 2014, we sold $8.3 million and $1.5 million, respectively, of long-term fixed rate residential mortgage loans with low yields to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“FHLMC”) in order to offset long-term interest rate risk.    

5

 


 

 

 

One- to Four-Family Residential Mortgage Lending.  At December 31, 2015, we had one- to four-family residential loans of $157.3 million, or 53.1% of the total loan portfolio.  Of one- to four-family residential mortgage loans outstanding on that date, 95.6% were fixed rate loans and 4.4% were adjustable rate loans.  At December 31, 2015, approximately 59.5% of our one- to four-family residential mortgage portfolio was secured by property located in Chautauqua County, 33.8% by property located in Erie County and 6.7% by property located elsewhere, primarily in New York State.  Approximately 9.6% of all residential loan originations during fiscal year 2015 were re-financings of loans already in our portfolio.

Our residential mortgage loan originations are obtained from customers, residents of our local communities or referrals from local real estate agents, attorneys and builders. The retention of fixed rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans in our loan portfolio increases our interest rate risk in a rising interest rate environment, since the yields earned on such fixed-rate assets would remain fixed, while the rates paid by the Bank for deposits and borrowings may increase, which could lower net interest income.  In an effort to manage interest rate risk, the Bank sold low yield, long-term fixed rate residential mortgages (primarily yields less than 5% and terms of 30 years) at origination on the secondary market, with servicing retained, beginning in the fourth quarter of 2014 and during 2015.  We plan to continue this practice in the near future. 

One- to four-family residential mortgage loan originations are generally for terms of 10, 15, 20 or 30 years, amortized on a monthly basis with interest and principal due either bi-weekly or monthly.  One- to four-family residential real estate loans may remain outstanding for significantly shorter periods than their contractual terms as borrowers may refinance or prepay loans at their option without penalty.  Conventional one- to four-family residential mortgage loans originated by us customarily contain “due-on-sale” clauses that permit us to accelerate the indebtedness of the loan upon transfer of ownership of the mortgaged property.  We do not offer “interest only” mortgage loans, subprime or “negative amortization” mortgage loans.

Our residential lending policies and procedures ensure that our one- to four-family residential mortgage loans generally conform to secondary market guidelines.  We underwrite all conforming rate loans (i.e. loans with less than a $417,000 loan balance) using the same criteria required by the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (“FHLMC”).  We originate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans with a loan-to-value ratio up to 97%, and up to 103.5% with our United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) Rural Development Guaranteed Loan Program (“GLP”) mortgage loan product.  Mortgages originated with a loan-to-value ratio exceeding 80% normally require private mortgage insurance.  Private mortgage insurance is not required on loans with an 80% or less loan-to-value ratio.

We offer adjustable rate mortgage loans with a maximum term of 30 years.  When an adjustable rate mortgage is originated, the initial interest rate is established based on market conditions and competitor rates. The rate adjusts annually after one, five, or seven years, depending on the loan product. After the initial fixed rate time period, the interest rate on these loans will re-price based upon a specific U.S. Treasury index plus an additional margin, taking into consideration the cap and floor rates established at the time of loan origination.

Our adjustable rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans include limits on increases or decreases in the interest rate of the loan.  The interest rate may increase or decrease by a maximum percentage amount per adjustment period with a ceiling rate and a floor rate being defined at the time of origination. The retention of adjustable rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans in our loan portfolio helps reduce exposure to changes in interest rates.  However, there are unquantifiable credit risks resulting from potential increased costs to the borrower as a result of the pricing of adjustable rate mortgage loans.  During periods of rising interest rates, the risk of default on one- to four-family adjustable rate mortgage loans may increase due to the increase of interest cost to the borrower.

We regularly provide a loan product to our customers that is underwritten using the criteria required by FHLMC.  After a loan is originated and funded, we may sell the loan to FHLMC.  During 2015, we originated and sold $8.3 million of long-term low rate one- to four-family residential mortgage loans to FHLMC and we plan to continue to do so in the future to manage interest rate risk. We also sold loans to the State of New York

6

 


 

 

Mortgage Agency (“SONYMA”) during 2015 and will continue to do so as long as the product is offered.  During 2015, we originated and sold $1.1 million of one- to four-family residential mortgage loans to SONYMA.  We retain all servicing rights for one- to four-family residential mortgage loans that we sell.

Lake Shore Savings historically had retained the majority of residential mortgage loans that it originated. As a result, Lake Shore Savings is exposed to increases in market interest rates, since the yield earned on fixed-rate assets would remain fixed, while the rates paid by Lake Shore Savings for deposits and borrowings may increase, which could result in lower net interest income. 

One- to four-family real estate loans can be affected by economic conditions and the value of the underlying collateral. The majority of our one- to four-family residential loans are backed by property located in Western New York and are affected by economic conditions in this market area. Western New York’s housing market has consistently demonstrated stability in home prices despite economic conditions, resulting in stable collateral value and lower risk of loss.

 

Home Equity Loans and Lines of Credit.  We currently provide all-in-one home equity lines of credit and have provided home equity loans in the past to our customers.  Home equity lines of credit are generally made for owner-occupied homes, and are secured by first or second mortgages on residences. At December 31, 2015, home equity loans and lines of credit totaled $32.8 million, or 11.1% of the total loan portfolio, of which 93.4% were adjustable rate loans and 6.6% were fixed rate loans. The all-in-one home equity line of credit must have a minimum line amount of $5,000 up to a maximum of 90% of the total loan-to-value ratio.  Home equity lines of credit products, which have interest rates tied to the prime rate, generally have a 15 year draw period and a 15 year payback period.  Since 2010, our adjustable rate home equity loans include limits on decreases in the interest rate of the loan. The decrease in the interest rate may not be below the “floor” rate established at time of origination. A customer has the option to convert either a portion, or the entire line of credit balance, to a term loan at a fixed rate of interest.  As the customer pays down the balance on the term loan, the funds available on the line of credit increase by a like amount.  All-in-one home equity lines of credit have 30 year maximum terms.

Home equity loans can be affected by economic conditions and the value of underlying property. Home equity loans may have increased risk of loss if the Company does not hold the first mortgage resulting in the Company being in a secondary position in the event of collateral liquidation. During periods of rising interest rates, the risk of default on home equity loans may increase due to the increase of interest cost to the borrower.

Commercial Real Estate Loans.  We originate commercial real estate loans to finance or refinance the purchase of real property, which generally consists of developed real estate, such as office buildings, warehouses, retail properties and multi-family apartment complexes, which are typically held as collateral for the loan.  At December 31, 2015, commercial real estate loans totaled $84.0 million, or 28.4% of the total loan portfolio. In underwriting commercial real estate loans, consideration is given to the property’s historic cash flow, paying capacity of the obligor, current and projected occupancy, location, and physical condition.  Within the commercial real estate portfolio at December 31, 2015, approximately 17.8% consisted of loans that are collateralized by properties located in Chautauqua County, 67.0% by properties located in Erie County, and 15.2% by properties located elsewhere in New York State.  The average principal amount of a commercial real estate loan is approximately $473,000 at December 31, 2015. The largest commercial real estate loan in our portfolio as of December 31, 2015 was $3.7 million secured by a commercial building used as a shopping plaza with multiple commercial tenants. This loan was performing in accordance with its terms on that date. We originate a variety of fixed and adjustable rate commercial real estate loans generally for terms of 5 to 10 years and payments based on an amortization schedule of up to 20 years to 25 years.  Adjustable rate loans are typically based on the current Federal Home Loan Bank of NY (“FHLBNY”) rates for a similar termed borrowing with an added spread based on the type and size of the loan.  We typically lend up to a maximum loan-to-value ratio of 75% to 80% on commercial real estate properties and require a minimum debt service coverage ratio of 1.2 to 1, a first lien on collateral and the personal guarantees of the owners.

7

 


 

 

Commercial real estate lending involves additional risks compared with one- to four-family residential lending, because payments on loans secured by commercial real estate properties are often dependent on the successful operation or management of the properties, the borrower’s ability to make repayments from the cash flow of the borrower’s business or rental income and/or the collateral value of the commercial real estate securing the loan, and repayment of such loans may be subject to adverse conditions in the real estate market or economic conditions to a greater extent than one- to four-family residential mortgage loans.  In addition tenancy of the properties needs to be monitored as to lease rates, term of lease and tenant worthiness.  Also, commercial real estate loans typically involve larger loan balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers, which generally require substantially greater evaluation and oversight efforts.  Our loan policies limit the amount of loans to a single borrower or group of borrowers to reduce this risk and are designed to set such limits within those prescribed by applicable federal and state statutes and regulations. We engage a third party to conduct a credit review of the commercial real estate portfolio, including compliance with the Bank’s underwriting standards and policy requirements. 

 

Construction Loans.  We originate loans to finance the construction of both one- to four-family homes and commercial real estate.  These loans typically have a 12 month or less construction period, whereby draws are taken and interest only payments are made.  As part of the draw process, inspection and lien checks are required prior to the disbursement of the proceeds.  Funds disbursed may not exceed 80.0% of the loan-to-value of land and up to 80% of loan-to-value of improvements any time during construction. Interest rates on disbursed funds are based on the rates and terms set at time of closing. The majority of our commercial real estate construction loans are variable rate loans with rates tied to prime rate, plus a premium, while the majority of our one- to four-family real estate construction loans are fixed rate loans. A floor rate is also established on any variable rate loans. A minimum of interest only payments on disbursement funds must be made on a monthly basis. At the end of the construction period, the loan automatically converts to either a conventional residential or commercial real estate mortgage, as applicable.  At December 31, 2015, construction loans totaled $4.8 million, or 1.6% of the total loan portfolio. At December 31, 2015, there were $4.6 million of loans to finance construction of commercial real estate and $268,000 to finance the construction of one- to four-family homes.

Construction loans can be affected by economic conditions and the value of underlying property. Construction loans may have additional risks related to advancing loan funds during construction due to the uncertain value of the property prior to the completion of construction.  

Commercial Loans.  In addition to commercial real estate loans, we also engage in commercial business lending to primarily small businesses, including business installment loans, lines of credit, and other commercial loans.  At December 31, 2015, commercial loans totaled $15.7 million, or 5.3% of the total loan portfolio. This amount includes $2.5 million of equipment loans that we have purchased from a third party broker. The average principal amount of a commercial loan is approximately $101,000 at December 31, 2015. The largest outstanding commercial loan in our portfolio as of December 31, 2015 was $2.6 million secured by general business assets. This loan was performing in accordance with its terms on that date.  Most of our commercial loans have fixed interest rates, and are for terms generally not in excess of 5 years.  Whenever possible, we collateralize these loans with a lien on business assets and equipment and require personal guarantees from principals of the borrower.  Interest rates on commercial loans generally have higher yields than rates on one- to four-family residential mortgages.  We offer commercial loan services designed to give business owners borrowing opportunities for modernization, inventory, equipment, construction, consolidation, real estate, working capital, vehicle purchases, and the refinancing of existing corporate debt.

Commercial loans are generally considered to involve a higher degree of risk than residential mortgage loans because the collateral underlying the loans may be in the form of furniture, fixtures, and equipment and/or inventory subject to market obsolescence.  Commercial loans may also involve relatively large loan balances to single borrowers or groups of related borrowers, with the repayment of such loans typically dependent on the successful operation and income stream of the borrower.  Such risks can be significantly affected by economic conditions.  In addition, commercial business lending generally requires substantially greater oversight efforts compared to residential real estate lending.  We engage a third party to conduct credit

8

 


 

 

reviews of the commercial loan portfolio, including compliance with the Bank’s underwriting standards and policy requirements. 

 

Consumer Loans.  We offer a variety of consumer loans.  At December 31, 2015, consumer loans totaled $1.5 million, or less than 1% of the total loan portfolio.  The largest component of our consumer loan portfolio are personal consumer loans and overdraft lines of credit, which are available for amounts up to $5,000 for unsecured loans and greater amounts for secured loans depending on the type of loan and value of the collateral.  Consumer loans, excluding overdraft lines of protection, generally are offered for terms of up to 10 years, depending on the collateral, at fixed interest rates.  Our consumer loan portfolio also consists of vehicle loans, other unsecured consumer loans up to $5,000, secured and unsecured property improvement loans, and other secured loans. 

Generally, the volume of consumer lending has declined as borrowers have opted for home equity lines of credit, where a mortgage-interest federal tax deduction is available, as compared to unsecured loans or loans secured by property other than residential real estate.  We continue to make automobile loans directly to borrowers and primarily on used vehicles.  We make other consumer loans, which may or may not be secured.  The terms of such loans vary depending on the collateral.

Consumer loans are generally originated at higher interest rates than residential mortgage loans but also tend to have a higher credit risk due to the loans being either unsecured or secured by rapidly depreciable assets.  Furthermore, consumer loan payments are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability, and therefore are more likely to be adversely affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. The application of various federal and state laws, including federal and state bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit the amount which can be recovered on consumer loans in the event of a default. Despite these risks, our level of consumer loan delinquencies generally has been low.  No assurance can be given, however, that our delinquency rate or losses will continue to remain low in the future.

Loan Approval Procedures and Authority.  Our lending policies are approved by our Board of Directors.  Home equity loans and consumer loans secured by real estate in excess of $25,000 and all one- to four-family residential mortgage loans up to $417,000 require approval by the Internal Residential Loan Committee. If these types of loans are between $417,000 and $1.0 million, then the approval of two of the following officers:  President and Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Executive Vice President – Commercial Division, Vice President of Banking Operations and Enterprise Risk Management,  Vice President - Commercial and Small Business Lending - Chautauqua County, along with another member of the Internal Residential Loan Committee is required.  If these types of loans are in excess of $1.0 million, then full Board approval is required.

For all commercial loans, including commercial real estate loans, certain Vice Presidents and Commercial Lending Officers have authority to approve loans for total one obligor credit up to $100,000.  Commercial loans with total one obligor credit in excess of $100,000 and up to $500,000 require the approval of two members of the Internal Commercial Loan Committee, one of which must be either the:  President and Chief Executive Officer or Executive Vice President – Commercial Division. Commercial loans with total one obligor credit in excess of $500,000 and up to $1.0 million require majority approval by the Board Loan Committee. Commercial loans with total obligor credit in excess of $1.0 million require full Board approval.

Additionally, branch managers are granted authority to approve certain loans, mainly consumer loans, in smaller amounts deemed appropriate by our Board of Directors.  Levels of lending authority for consumer loans are established and granted to specific branch managers and loan officers based on position and experience and are reviewed on an annual basis.

 

Current Lending Procedures.  Upon receipt of a completed loan application from a prospective borrower, we order a credit report and verify certain other information.  If necessary, we obtain additional financial or credit related information.  We require an appraisal for all residential and commercial real estate loans and home equity loans, including loans made to refinance existing mortgage loans.  Appraisals are

9

 


 

 

performed by licensed third-party appraisal firms that have been approved by our Board of Directors.  An appraisal management firm has been hired to handle all requests for appraisals on residential real estate loans. We require title insurance on all one- to four-family residential and commercial real estate loans and certain other loans.  We also require hazard insurance on all real estate loans, and if applicable, we require borrowers to obtain flood insurance prior to closing.  Based on loan-to-value ratios and lending guidelines, escrow accounts may be required for such items as real estate taxes, hazard insurance, flood insurance, and private mortgage insurance premiums.

 

Asset Quality

One of our key operating objectives has been, and continues to be, maintaining a high level of asset quality.  Our high proportion of one- to four-family residential mortgage loans, the maintenance of sound credit standards for new loan originations and loan administration procedures,  including third party loan reviews, and strong executive management focus on credit quality have been factors in monitoring and managing our levels of credit risk. These factors have contributed to our strong financial condition.

Collection Procedures.  We have adopted a loan collection policy to maintain adequate control on the status of delinquent loans and to ensure compliance with the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Dodd-Frank Act and the Consumer Protection Act.  When a borrower fails to make required payments on a residential, home equity, commercial, or consumer loan, we take a number of steps to induce the borrower to cure the delinquency and restore the loan to a current status.  Our collections department documents every time a borrower is contacted either by phone or in writing and maintains records of all collection efforts.  Once an account becomes delinquent for 15 days, a late notice is mailed to the borrower and any guarantors on a loan.  A second notice is mailed following the 30th day of delinquency.  At this time, we also directly contact the borrower.  Such contact may be repeated if a loan is delinquent between 60-89 days. 

Once a one- to four-family residential loan has been delinquent for more than 90 days, the loan is deemed a “classified asset” and is reported to our Board of Directors. In 2010, amendments to the New York State (“NYS”) Real Property Actions and Proceedings Law (“RPAPL”) became effective whereby specific pre-foreclosure procedures for any one- to four-family residence located in NYS must be followed. When the Company wants to pursue foreclosure action against a borrower, the law requires us to mail a 90 day pre-foreclosure notice of the impending foreclosure action to the borrower prior to commencement of the action. Within 3 days of sending this notice, the collection department sends the notice information to the NYS Superintendent of Banks through the NYS Department of Financial Services’ online system. The Company must also send a 30-day demand letter to the borrower sixty days after the initial pre-foreclosure notice was sent.  The demand letter includes updated loan balances regarding the potential foreclosure action. In order to receive approval for foreclosure action from the courts, the law requires a mandatory conference hearing between the court, borrower and bank.  Prior to proceeding with any foreclosure action in the case of a secured loan, we will review the collateral to determine whether its possession would be cost-effective for us. In cases where the collateral fails to fully secure the loan, in addition to repossessing the collateral, we may also sue on the note underlying the loan.

If a commercial loan has been delinquent for more than 30 days, the loan file is reviewed for classification, and the borrower is contacted by the Collections Department or by a loan officer.  If a commercial loan is 90 days or more past due, the loan is considered non-performing.  If the delinquency continues, the borrower is advised of the date that the delinquency must be cured, or the loan is considered to be in default.  At that time, foreclosure procedures are initiated on loans secured by real estate, and all other legal remedies are pursued.

The collection procedures for consumer loans include the sending of periodic late notices and letters to a borrower once a loan is past due.  On a monthly basis, a review is made of all consumer loans which are 30 days or more past due.  Consumer loans that are 180 days delinquent, where the borrowers have failed to demonstrate repayment ability, are classified as loss and charged-off.  Once a charge-off decision has been

10

 


 

 

made, the collections manager or management pursues legal action such as small claims court, judgments, salary garnishment and repossessions in an attempt to collect the deficiency from the borrower.

 

Non-performing Loans and Non-performing Assets.    We define non-performing loans as loans that are either non-accruing or accruing whose payments are 90 days or more past due, and non-accruing troubled debt restructurings.  Loans are placed on non-accrual status either when reasonable doubt exists as to the full timely collection of interest and principal, or when a loan becomes 90 days past due, unless an evaluation by the internal Asset Classification Committee indicates that the loan is in the process of collection and is either guaranteed or well secured.  When our Asset Classification Committee designates loans on which we stop accruing interest income as non-accrual loans, we reverse outstanding interest income that was previously credited.  We may again recognize income in the period that we collect such income, when the ultimate collectability of principal is no longer in doubt.  We return a non-accrual loan to accrual status when factors indicating doubtful collection no longer exist.  

 

Real estate acquired as a result of foreclosure is classified as foreclosed real estate until such time as it is sold.  We carry foreclosed real estate at its fair value less estimated selling costs at the date of acquisition.  If a foreclosure action is commenced and the loan is not brought current, paid in full, or refinanced before the foreclosure sale, the property could be sold at the foreclosure sale (to an outside bidder). If not, and we retain the property, then we will sell the real property securing the loan as soon thereafter as practical. Our foreclosed real estate totaled $712,000 at December 31, 2015 and $401,000 at December 31, 2014

Troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”) occur when we grant borrowers concessions that we would not otherwise grant but for economic or legal reasons pertaining to the borrower’s financial difficulties.  A concession is made when the terms of the loan modification are more favorable than the terms the borrower would have received in the current market under similar financial difficulties.  These concessions may include, but are not limited to, modifications of the terms of the debt, the transfer of assets or the issuance of an equity interest by the borrower to satisfy all or part of the debt, or the substitution or addition of borrower(s).  The Company identifies loans for potential TDRs primarily through direct communication with the borrower and evaluation of the borrower’s financial statements, revenue projections, tax returns and credit reports. Even if the borrower is not presently in default, management will consider the likelihood that cash flow shortages, adverse economic conditions, and negative trends may result in a payment default in the near future. Generally, we will not return a TDR to accrual status until the borrower has demonstrated the ability to make principal and interest payments under the restructured terms for at least six consecutive months. Our TDRs are impaired loans, which may result in specific allocations and subsequent charge-offs if appropriate.

At December 31, 2015, seven loans were classified as TDRs, including five one- to four-family residential loans which totaled $216,000 and two home equity loans which totaled $8,000. All of these loans were performing in accordance with their revised terms at December 31, 2015. At December 31, 2014,  seven loans were classified as TDRs including five one- to four-family residential loans which totaled $224,000 and two home equity loans which totaled $10,000. All of these loans were performing in accordance with their revised terms at December 31, 2014.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 


 

 

 

The following table presents information regarding our non-accrual loans, accruing loans delinquent 90 days or more, non-performing loans, foreclosed real estate, and non-performing and performing loans classified as troubled debt restructurings, as of the dates indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31,

 

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

Loans past due 90 days or more but still accruing:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

47 

 

$

 -

 

$

79 

 

$

10 

 

$

328 

 

Home equity

 

 

88 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

21 

 

Commercial

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

Construction

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

Other loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

87 

 

Consumer

 

 

27 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

18 

 

 

23 

 

Total

 

$

162 

 

$

10 

 

$

81 

 

$

28 

 

$

459 

 

Loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real estate loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

2,462 

 

$

2,413 

 

$

2,145 

 

$

1,628 

 

$

1,821 

 

Home equity

 

 

361 

 

 

335 

 

 

325 

 

 

299 

 

 

209 

 

Commercial

 

 

1,545 

 

 

1,891 

 

 

1,911 

 

 

255 

 

 

228 

 

Construction

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

Other loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

132 

 

 

76 

 

 

137 

 

 

201 

 

 

76 

 

Consumer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total non-accrual loans

 

 

4,506 

 

 

4,719 

 

 

4,525 

 

 

2,392 

 

 

2,339 

 

Total non-performing loans

 

 

4,668 

 

 

4,729 

 

 

4,606 

 

 

2,420 

 

 

2,798 

 

Foreclosed real estate

 

 

712 

 

 

401 

 

 

581 

 

 

580 

 

 

315 

 

Total non-performing assets

 

$

5,380 

 

$

5,130 

 

$

5,187 

 

$

3,000 

 

$

3,113 

 

Ratios:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-performing loans as a percent of total loans:

 

 

1.57 

%

 

1.66 

%

 

1.66 

%

 

0.89 

%

 

1.02 

%

Non-performing assets as a percent of total assets:

 

 

1.14 

%

 

1.05 

%

 

1.08 

%

 

0.62 

%

 

0.64 

%

Troubled debt restructuring:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

 -

 

$

 -

 

$

48 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

Home equity

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

31 

 

 

31 

 

Performing loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

216 

 

$

224 

 

$

144 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

Home equity

 

 

 

 

10 

 

 

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

Our recorded investment in non-accrual loans totaled $4.5 million at December 31, 2015 and $4.7  million at December 31, 2014. If all non-accrual loans had been current in accordance with their terms during the years ended December 31, 2015,  2014 and 2013, interest income on such loans would have amounted to $391,000, $381,000 and $162,000 respectively.

 

Classification of Loans.  Federal regulations require us to regularly review and classify our loans.  In addition, our regulators have the authority to identify problem loans and, if appropriate, require them to be

12

 


 

 

classified.  There are three classifications for problem loans: substandard, doubtful and loss.  “Substandard loans” have one or more defined weaknesses and are characterized by the distinct possibility that we will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. A substandard loan would be one inadequately protected by the current net worth and paying capacity of the obligor or pledged collateral, if applicable.  “Doubtful loans” have all the weaknesses inherent in substandard loans with the additional characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions and values questionable, and there is a high possibility of loss.  A loan classified as a “loss” is considered uncollectible and of such little value that its continuance on the books is not warranted. This does not mean that an asset does not have recovery or salvage value, but simply that it is not practical or desirable to defer writing off all or a portion of a worthless asset even though partial recovery may occur in the futureRegulations also provide for a “special mention” category, (i.e. criticized loans) described as loans which do not currently expose us to a sufficient degree of risk to warrant classification but do possess credit deficiencies or potential weaknesses deserving our close attention.

The allowance for loan losses is established through a provision for loan losses based on management evaluation of the losses inherent in the loan portfolio. When we classify loans as either substandard or doubtful, we set aside a loss reserve for such loans as we deem prudent. When we classify problem loans as loss, we typically charge-off the outstanding loan balance against the allowance for loan losses reserve.  Our determination as to the classification of our loans and the amount of our loss allowances are subject to review by our regulators, which can require that we establish additional loss allowances.  We regularly review our loan portfolio to determine whether any loans require classification in accordance with applicable regulations. 

 

The following table shows the aggregate amounts of our classified and criticized loans at the dates indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Special mention loans

 

$

5,003 

 

$

3,854 

 

$

3,090 

Substandard loans

 

 

5,693 

 

 

5,882 

 

 

5,701 

Doubtful loans

 

 

217 

 

 

718 

 

 

582 

Loss loans

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total classified and criticized loans

 

$

10,915 

 

$

10,457 

 

$

9,377 

 

The total classified and criticized loans as of December 31, 2015 includes $4.7 million of nonperforming loans.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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DelinquenciesThe following table provides information about delinquencies in our loan portfolio at the dates indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

 

 

60-89

 

 

90 +

 

 

60-89

 

 

90 +

 

 

60-89

 

 

90 +

 

 

 

Days

 

 

Days

 

 

Days

 

 

Days

 

 

Days

 

 

Days

 

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

Past Due

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Real estate loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

789 

 

$

1,291 

 

$

467 

 

$

1,059 

 

$

825 

 

$

880 

Home equity

 

 

32 

 

 

354 

 

 

136 

 

 

206 

 

 

32 

 

 

156 

Commercial

 

 

 -

 

 

1,248 

 

 

 -

 

 

1,891 

 

 

 -

 

 

1,911 

Construction

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

 

 

 -

Other loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

 -

 

 

30 

 

 

 

 

37 

 

 

 -

 

 

41 

Consumer

 

 

 

 

28 

 

 

 

 

13 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

$

826 

 

$

2,951 

 

$

617 

 

$

3,206 

 

$

858 

 

$

2,992 

 

Allowance for Loan Losses.  The allowance for loan losses is a valuation account that reflects our evaluation of the losses inherent in our loan portfolio.  We maintain the allowance through provisions for loan losses that we charge to income.  We charge losses on loans against the allowance for loan losses when we believe the collection of the loan is unlikely.

Our evaluation of risk in maintaining the allowance for loan losses includes the review of all loans on which the collectability of principal may not be reasonably assured.  We consider the following qualitative and environmental factors as part of this evaluation: historical loan loss experience; payment status; the estimated value of the underlying collateral; changes in lending policies, procedures and loan review system; changes in the experience, ability, and depth of lending management and other relevant staff; trends in loan volume and the nature of the loan portfolio; and national and local economic conditions.  There may be other factors that may warrant consideration in maintaining an allowance at a level sufficient to provide for probable loan losses.  Although our management believes that it has established and maintained the allowance for loan losses to reflect losses inherent in our loan portfolio, based on its evaluation of the factors noted above, future additions may be necessary if economic and other conditions differ substantially from the current operating environment.

In addition, various regulatory agencies periodically review our allowance for loan losses as an integral part of their examination process.  These agencies, including the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, may require us to increase the allowance for loan losses or the valuation allowance for foreclosed real estate based on their evaluation of the information available to them at the time of their examination.

The allowance consists of allocated, general and unallocated components.  The allocated component relates to loans that are classified as doubtful, substandard,  loss or special mention.  See “Asset Quality – Classification of Loans.”  For such loans that are also classified as impaired, an allowance is established when the discounted cash flows, collateral value or observable market price of the impaired loan is lower than the carrying value of the loan.  The general component covers non-classified loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for qualitative and environmental factors, as mentioned above.  An unallocated component may be maintained to cover uncertainties that could affect management’s estimate of probable losses, such as downturns in the local economy.  The unallocated component of the allowance reflects the margin of imprecision inherent in the underlying assumptions used in the methodologies for estimating allocated and general losses in the portfolio.

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A loan is considered impaired when, based on current information and events, it is probable that we will not be able to collect the scheduled payments of principal and interest when due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement.  Factors considered by management in determining impairment include payment status, collateral value, and the probability of collecting scheduled principal and interest payments when due.  Impairment is measured on a loan-by-loan basis for commercial real estate loans and commercial loans by either the present value of expected future cash flows discounted at the loan’s effective interest rate or the fair value of the collateral if the loan is collateral dependent.  Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans are collectively evaluated for impairment.  Accordingly, we do not separately identify individual consumer, home equity or one- to four-family real estate loans for impairment disclosures, unless they are subject to a troubled debt restructuring or as part of a larger loan relationship assessment

The following table details the number and recorded investment of impaired loans for the dates indicated:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

 

Number of

 

Recorded

 

Number of

 

Recorded

 

 

Loans

 

Investment

 

Loans

 

Investment

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Real estate loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

$

202 

 

$

211 

Home equity

 

 

 

 

10 

Commercial

 

 

1,545 

 

 

2,312 

Construction

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

Other loans:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial

 

 

80 

 

 

10 

Consumer

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

 

 -

Total

 

12 

$

1,835 

 

13 

$

2,543 

 

Refer to Note 5 in the Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for more information on our impaired loans.  

Provision for loan losses increased by  $178,000, or 80.2%, to $400,000 for the year ended December 31, 2015 from $222,000 for the year ended December 31, 2014.  The increase in provision for loan losses was primarily due to an increase in our commercial and construction loan portfolios and a charge-off on a previously impaired commercial real estate loan during 2015. Our credit quality continues to remain strong. The ratio of nonperforming loans to total net loans was 1.57% as of December 31, 2015 which was a decrease from 1.66% at December 31, 2014. The majority of our non-performing loans are one- to four-family residential mortgage loans or commercial real estate loans backed by first lien collateral on real estate held in the Western New York region. Western New York’s real estate market has consistently demonstrated price stability. Furthermore, the Company has conservative underwriting standards and its residential lending policies and procedures ensure that its one- to four-family residential mortgage loans generally conform to secondary market guidelines. In light of current economic conditions, we will continue to closely monitor our loan portfolio.  

 

 

 

 

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The following table sets forth activity in our allowance for loan losses and other ratios at or for the years indicated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At or for the Year Ended December 31,

 

 

2015

 

2014

 

2013

 

2012

 

2011

 

 

(Dollars in thousands)

Balance at beginning of year:

 

$

1,921 

 

$

1,813 

 

$

1,806 

 

$

1,366 

 

$

953 

Provision for loan losses

 

  

400 

 

  

222 

 

  

105 

 

  

656 

 

  

415 

Charge-offs:

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Real estate loans:

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

 

  

 

Residential, one- to four-family

 

  

(64)

 

  

(26)

 

  

(51)

 

  

(134)

 

  

 -

Home equity

 

  

(29)

 

  

(39)

 

  

 -

 

  

(14)

 

  

(29)

Commercial

 

  

(267)

 

  

 -

 

  

(21)

 

  

 -