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Las Vegas Sands 10-Q 2009
e10vq
Table of Contents

 
UNITED STATES SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
     
þ
  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
     
    For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009
     
o
  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    For the transition period from          to          
 
 
Commission file number 001-32373
 
 
 
     
Nevada   27-0099920
(State or other jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)   Identification No.)
     
3355 Las Vegas Boulevard South   89109
Las Vegas, Nevada   (Zip Code)
(Address of principal executive offices)    
 
 
(702) 414-1000
 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes o     No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer þ Accelerated filer o Non-accelerated filer o Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o     No þ
 
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the Registrant’s classes of common stock, as of May 1, 2009.
 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP.
 
     
Class
 
Outstanding at May 1, 2009
 
Common Stock ($0.001 par value)
  659,133,838 shares
 


 

 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP.
 
 
                 
PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
      Financial Statements (unaudited)        
        Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008     3  
        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008     4  
        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Equity and Comprehensive Loss for the Year Ended December 31, 2008 and the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009     5  
        Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 and 2008     6  
        Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements     7  
      Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations     32  
      Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk     48  
      Controls and Procedures     49  
      Legal Proceedings     49  
      Risk Factors     49  
      Exhibits     50  
    51  
 EX-10.1
 EX-10.2
 EX-31.1
 EX-31.2
 EX-32.1
 EX-32.2


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Table of Contents

ITEM 1 — FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
                 
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except share data)  
    (Unaudited)  
 
ASSETS
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 2,758,472     $ 3,038,163  
Restricted cash
    101,921       194,816  
Accounts receivable, net
    345,954       384,819  
Inventories
    27,188       28,837  
Deferred income taxes
    21,649       22,971  
Prepaid expenses and other
    108,724       71,670  
                 
Total current assets
    3,363,908       3,741,276  
Property and equipment, net
    12,136,005       11,868,228  
Deferred financing costs, net
    145,899       158,776  
Deferred income taxes
    31,890       44,189  
Leasehold interests in land, net
    1,049,650       1,099,938  
Other assets, net
    234,280       231,706  
                 
Total assets
  $ 16,961,632     $ 17,144,113  
                 
 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable
  $ 68,216     $ 71,035  
Construction payables
    684,763       736,713  
Accrued interest payable
    7,479       14,750  
Other accrued liabilities
    590,299       593,295  
Current maturities of long-term debt
    134,116       114,623  
                 
Total current liabilities
    1,484,873       1,530,416  
Other long-term liabilities
    77,695       61,677  
Deferred proceeds from sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo
    243,928       243,928  
Deferred gain on sale of The Grand Canal Shoppes
    56,870       57,736  
Deferred rent from mall transactions
    150,346       150,771  
Long-term debt
    10,274,760       10,356,115  
                 
Total liabilities
    12,288,472       12,400,643  
                 
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, issued to Principal Stockholder’s family, 5,250,000 issued and outstanding, after allocation of fair value of attached warrants, aggregate redemption/liquidation value of $577,500
    341,425       318,289  
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
               
Equity:
               
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 4,372,199 and 5,196,300 issued and outstanding with warrants to purchase up to 72,870,129 and 86,605,173 shares of common stock
    250,795       298,066  
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 1,000,000,000 shares authorized, 655,597,165 and 641,839,018 shares issued and outstanding
    656       642  
Treasury stock, at cost, 2,253 shares
    (13 )      
Capital in excess of par value
    3,148,556       3,090,292  
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
    (3,472 )     17,554  
Retained earnings
    933,339       1,015,554  
                 
Total Las Vegas Sands Corp. stockholders’ equity
    4,329,861       4,422,108  
Noncontrolling interest
    1,874       3,073  
                 
Total equity
    4,331,735       4,425,181  
                 
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 16,961,632     $ 17,144,113  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (In thousands, except share
 
    and per share data)  
    (Unaudited)  
 
Revenues:
               
Casino
  $ 797,925     $ 795,441  
Rooms
    174,388       190,689  
Food and beverage
    87,308       83,240  
Convention, retail and other
    113,487       78,858  
                 
      1,173,108       1,148,228  
Less-promotional allowances
    (94,046 )     (69,205 )
                 
Net revenues
    1,079,062       1,079,023  
                 
Operating expenses:
               
Casino
    548,897       519,468  
Rooms
    33,767       40,281  
Food and beverage
    42,642       41,040  
Convention, retail and other
    59,243       44,967  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    21,010       8,132  
General and administrative
    121,303       142,953  
Corporate expense
    23,424       25,537  
Rental expense
    7,929       9,064  
Pre-opening expense
    44,934       26,590  
Development expense
    254       5,892  
Depreciation and amortization
    139,249       113,413  
Loss on disposal of assets
    131       5,121  
                 
      1,042,783       982,458  
                 
Operating income
    36,279       96,565  
Other income (expense):
               
Interest income
    5,549       5,465  
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
    (71,118 )     (114,700 )
Other income (expense)
    (5,743 )     8,099  
Loss on early retirement of debt
          (3,989 )
                 
Loss before income taxes
    (35,033 )     (8,560 )
Provision for income taxes
    (813 )     (2,674 )
                 
Net loss
    (35,846 )     (11,234 )
Noncontrolling interest
    1,240        
                 
Net loss attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
    (34,606 )     (11,234 )
Dividends declared
    (17,619 )      
Accumulated but undeclared dividend requirement on preferred stock
    (5,465 )      
Accumulated but undeclared dividend requirement on preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
    (6,854 )      
Accretion to redemption value of preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
    (23,136 )      
                 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders
  $ (87,680 )   $ (11,234 )
                 
Basic and diluted loss per share
  $ (0.14 )   $ (0.03 )
                 
Basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding
    647,802,932       355,274,537  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
                                                                 
    Las Vegas Sands Corp. Stockholders’ Equity              
                            Accumulated
                   
                            Other
                   
                      Capital in
    Comprehensive
                   
    Preferred
    Common
    Treasury
    Excess of
    Income
    Retained
    Noncontrolling
       
    Stock     Stock     Stock     Par Value     (Loss)     Earnings     Interest     Total  
    (In thousands)  
    (Unaudited)  
 
Balance at January 1, 2008
  $     $ 355     $     $ 1,064,878     $ (2,493 )   $ 1,197,534     $ 4,926     $ 2,265,200  
Net loss
                                  (163,558 )     (4,767 )     (168,325 )
Currency translation adjustment
                            20,047                   20,047  
                                                                 
Total comprehensive loss
                                                            (148,278 )
Exercise of stock options
          1             6,833                         6,834  
Tax benefit from stock-based compensation
                      1,117                         1,117  
Stock-based compensation
                      59,643                         59,643  
Issuance of preferred and common stock and warrants, net of transaction costs
    298,066       200             1,482,907                           1,781,173  
Extinguishment of convertible senior notes
          86             474,914                         475,000  
Contribution from noncontrolling interest
                                        2,914       2,914  
Accumulated but undeclared dividend requirement on preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
                                  (6,854 )           (6,854 )
Accretion to redemption value of preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
                                  (11,568 )           (11,568 )
                                                                 
Balance at December 31, 2008
    298,066       642             3,090,292       17,554       1,015,554       3,073       4,425,181  
Net loss
                                  (34,606 )     (1,240 )     (35,846 )
Currency translation adjustment
                            (21,026 )                 (21,026 )
                                                                 
Total comprehensive loss
                                                            (56,872 )
Tax shortfall from stock-based compensation
                      (1,216 )                       (1,216 )
Stock-based compensation
                      12,223                         12,223  
Purchase of treasury stock
                (13 )                             (13 )
Warrants exercised and settled with preferred stock
    (47,271 )     14             47,257                          
Contribution from noncontrolling interest
                                        41       41  
Dividends declared
                                  (17,619 )           (17,619 )
Accumulated but undeclared dividend requirement on preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
                                  (6,854 )           (6,854 )
Accretion to redemption value of preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
                                  (23,136 )           (23,136 )
                                                                 
Balance at March 31, 2009
  $ 250,795     $ 656     $ (13 )   $ 3,148,556     $ (3,472 )   $ 933,339     $ 1,874     $ 4,331,735  
                                                                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
    (Unaudited)  
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
Net loss
  $ (35,846 )   $ (11,234 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    139,249       113,413  
Amortization of leasehold interests in land included in rental expense
    6,490       6,595  
Amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discount
    8,940       9,874  
Amortization of deferred gain and rent
    (1,291 )     (1,173 )
Deferred rent from mall transactions
          48,077  
Loss on early retirement of debt
          3,989  
Loss on disposal of assets
    131       5,121  
Stock-based compensation expense
    11,596       9,821  
Provision for doubtful accounts
    21,010       8,132  
Foreign exchange (gain) loss
    363       (8,831 )
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
          (1,326 )
Deferred income taxes
    12,405       (13,010 )
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable
    17,237       (74,551 )
Inventories
    1,650       (4,133 )
Prepaid expenses and other
    (39,690 )     (13,142 )
Leasehold interests in land
    (309 )     (933 )
Accounts payable
    (2,719 )     456  
Accrued interest payable
    (6,943 )     3,502  
Other accrued liabilities
    13,442       (8,212 )
                 
Net cash provided by operating activities
    145,715       72,435  
                 
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Change in restricted cash
    90,140       (27,115 )
Capital expenditures
    (523,841 )     (943,541 )
                 
Net cash used in investing activities
    (433,701 )     (970,656 )
                 
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
          5,020  
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
          1,326  
Dividend paid to preferred stockholders
    (24,473 )      
Purchase of treasury stock
    (13 )      
Proceeds from long-term debt (Note 3)
    177,429       2,105,196  
Repayments on long-term debt (Note 3)
    (144,575 )     (1,372,421 )
Proceeds from the sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo
          240,108  
Contribution from noncontrolling interest
    41        
Payments of deferred financing costs
          (89,866 )
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities
    8,409       889,363  
                 
Effect of exchange rate on cash
    (114 )     7,070  
                 
Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
    (279,691 )     (1,788 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    3,038,163       857,150  
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 2,758,472     $ 855,362  
                 
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:
               
Cash payments for interest, net of amounts capitalized
  $ 70,776     $ 101,324  
                 
Cash payments for taxes
  $ 600     $  
                 
Changes in construction payables
  $ (51,950 )   $ (7,432 )
                 
Non-cash investing and financing activities:
               
Capitalized stock-based compensation costs
  $ 627     $ 1,046  
                 
Accumulated but undeclared dividend requirement on preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
  $ 6,854     $  
                 
Accretion to redemption value of preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
  $ 23,136     $  
                 
Warrants exercised and settled through tendering of preferred stock
  $ 47,271     $  
                 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
 
NOTE 1 — ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OF COMPANY
 
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K of Las Vegas Sands Corp., a Nevada corporation (“LVSC”), and its subsidiaries (collectively the “Company”) for the year ended December 31, 2008. The year-end balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America. In the opinion of management, all adjustments and normal recurring accruals considered necessary for a fair statement of the results for the interim period have been included. The interim results reflected in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements are not necessarily indicative of expected results for the full year. The Company’s common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “LVS.”
 
 
 
The Company owns and operates The Venetian Resort Hotel Casino (“The Venetian Las Vegas”), a Renaissance Venice-themed resort; The Palazzo Resort Hotel Casino (“The Palazzo”), a resort featuring modern European ambience and design reminiscent of affluent Italian living; and an expo and convention center of approximately 1.2 million square feet (the “Sands Expo Center”). These Las Vegas properties, situated on or near the Las Vegas Strip, form an integrated resort with approximately 7,100 suites; approximately 225,000 square feet of gaming space; a meeting and conference facility of approximately 1.1 million square feet; an enclosed retail, dining and entertainment complex located within The Venetian Las Vegas of approximately 440,000 net leasable square feet (“The Grand Canal Shoppes”), which was sold to GGP Limited Partnership (“GGP”) in 2004; and an enclosed retail and dining complex located within The Palazzo of approximately 400,000 net leasable square feet (“The Shoppes at The Palazzo”), which was sold to GGP in February 2008.
 
As of March 31, 2009, the Company has received proceeds of $295.4 million from the sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo; however, the final purchase price will be determined in accordance with the agreement (the “Agreement”) between Venetian Casino Resort, LLC (“VCR”) and GGP based on net operating income (“NOI”) of The Shoppes at The Palazzo calculated 30 months after the closing date of the sale, as defined under the Agreement and subject to certain later audit adjustments. Subsequent to March 31, 2009, GGP and its subsidiary that owns The Shoppes at The Palazzo filed voluntary petitions under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (the “Chapter 11 Cases”). There can be no assurance that the Company will receive proceeds in excess of costs incurred in constructing and developing The Shoppes at The Palazzo, of which $381.1 million has been capitalized as of March 31, 2009. Although there is uncertainty as to the ultimate outcome of this matter due to the Chapter 11 Cases, based upon current estimates of NOI and capitalization rates, management believes that the ultimate proceeds the Company will receive will be in excess of its capitalized costs and no impairment charge is required as of March 31, 2009. The Company will continue to review the Chapter 11 Cases and to assess the ultimate proceeds based on current estimates of NOI and capitalization rates. The Company may be required to record an impairment charge in the future should the projected ultimate proceeds decline below current expectations or if a charge would be warranted based on information from proceedings in the Chapter 11 Cases.
 
 
The Company owns and operates the Sands Macao, the first Las Vegas-style casino in Macao, China, pursuant to a 20-year gaming subconcession. The Sands Macao offers approximately 229,000 square feet of gaming space and a 289-suite hotel tower, as well as several restaurants, VIP facilities, a theater, and other high-end services and amenities.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The Company also owns and operates The Venetian Macao Resort Hotel (“The Venetian Macao”), which anchors the Cotai Striptm, a master-planned development of resort properties in Macao, China. With a theme similar to that of The Venetian Las Vegas, The Venetian Macao includes a 39-floor luxury hotel with over 2,900 suites; approximately 550,000 square feet of gaming space; a 15,000-seat arena; retail and dining space of approximately 1.0 million square feet; and a convention center and meeting room complex of approximately 1.2 million square feet.
 
On August 28, 2008, the Company opened the Four Seasons Hotel Macao, Cotai Striptm (the “Four Seasons Macao”), which is located adjacent to The Venetian Macao. The Four Seasons Macao features 360 rooms and suites managed by Four Seasons Hotels Inc.; approximately 70,000 square feet of gaming space; several food and beverage offerings; conference and banquet facilities; and retail space of approximately 211,000 square feet, which is connected to the mall at The Venetian Macao. The property will also feature 19 Paiza mansions, which are currently expected to open in the second quarter of 2009, and the Four Seasons Apartments Macao, Cotai Striptm (the “Four Seasons Apartments”), which consist of approximately 1.0 million square feet of Four Seasons-serviced and -branded luxury apartment hotel units and common areas. The Company intends to sell shares in the subsidiary that will own the Four Seasons Apartments, which shares will entitle the holder to the exclusive use of a unit within the Four Seasons Apartments. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized construction costs of $904.7 million for this project (including $78.4 million in outstanding construction payables). The Company expects to spend approximately $320 million on additional costs to complete the Paiza mansions and Four Seasons Apartments, including furniture, fixtures and equipment (“FF&E”), pre-opening costs and additional land premiums, and to pay outstanding construction payables.
 
 
Given conditions in the capital markets and the global economy and their impact on the Company’s ongoing operations, the Company revised its development plan to suspend portions of its development projects and focus its development efforts on those projects with the highest rates of expected return on invested capital. Should general economic conditions not improve, if the Company is unable to obtain sufficient funding such that completion of its suspended projects is not probable, or should management decide to abandon certain projects, all or a portion of the Company’s investment to date on its suspended projects could be lost and would result in an impairment charge. In addition, the Company may be subject to penalties under the termination clauses in its construction contracts.
 
United States Development Projects
 
 
The Company is in the process of developing Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem (the “Sands Bethlehem”), a gaming, hotel, retail and dining complex located on the site of the historic Bethlehem Steel Works in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, which is approximately 70 miles from midtown Manhattan, New York. Sands Bethlehem is also expected to be home to the National Museum of Industrial History, an arts and cultural center, and the broadcast home of the local PBS affiliate. The Company owns 86% of the economic interest of the gaming, hotel and entertainment portion of the property through its ownership interest in Sands Bethworks Gaming LLC and more than 35% of the economic interest of the retail portion of the property through its ownership interest in Sands Bethworks Retail, LLC.
 
The Company is continuing construction of the casino component of the 124-acre development, which will open with 3,000 slot machines (with the ability to increase to 5,000 slot machines six months after the opening date) and will include several dining options, as well as the parking garage and surface parking. Construction activities on the remaining components, which include a 300-room hotel, an approximate 200,000-square-foot retail facility, a 50,000-square-foot multipurpose event center and a variety of additional dining options, have been temporarily suspended and are intended to recommence when capital markets and general economic conditions improve. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized construction costs of $547.8 million for this project (including $111.6 million in outstanding construction payables). The Company expects to spend approximately $290 million


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
on additional costs to complete the construction of the casino and parking components, costs to prepare the remaining portion of the site for delay, FF&E (including the potential 2,000 slot machines to be added six months after the opening date), pre-opening and other costs, and to pay outstanding construction payables. The Company expects to open the casino and parking components on May 22, 2009. The impact of the suspension on the estimated overall cost of the project’s remaining components is currently not determinable with certainty.
 
 
The Company had been constructing a St. Regis-branded high-rise residential condominium tower, the St. Regis Residences at The Venetian Palazzo (the “St. Regis Residences”), located between The Palazzo and The Venetian Las Vegas on the Las Vegas Strip. As part of the Company’s revised development plan, it has suspended construction activities for the project due to reduced demand for Las Vegas Strip condominiums and the overall decline in general economic conditions. The Company intends to recommence construction when these conditions improve and expects that it will take approximately 18 months from that point to complete construction of the project. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized construction costs of $179.9 million for this project (including $11.2 million in outstanding construction payables). The Company expects to spend approximately $20 million on additional costs to prepare the site for delay and to complete construction of the podium portion (which is part of The Shoppes at The Palazzo and includes already leased retail and entertainment space), and to pay outstanding construction payables. The impact of the suspension on the estimated overall cost of the project is currently not determinable with certainty.
 
 
The Company submitted plans to the Macao government for its other Cotai Strip developments, which represent five integrated resort developments, in addition to The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao on an area of approximately 200 acres (which are referred to as parcels 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8). The developments were expected to include hotels, exhibition and conference facilities, casinos, showrooms, shopping malls, spas, restaurants, entertainment facilities and other amenities. The Company had commenced construction or pre-construction for these five parcels and planned to own and operate all of the casinos in these developments under the Company’s Macao gaming subconcession.
 
As part of its revised development plan, the Company has sequenced construction of the developments on parcels 5 and 6. Phase I of the project includes a hotel tower to be managed by Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts (“Shangri-La”) under its Shangri-La and Traders brands and one of two hotel towers to be managed by Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide (“Starwood”) under its Sheraton brand, along with the podium that encompasses a casino, associated public areas, portions of the shopping mall and approximately 100,000 square feet of meeting space. Phase II of the project includes the second Sheraton tower and a hotel and serviced luxury apartment hotel, both of which will be managed by Starwood under its St. Regis brand, along with additional meeting space and completion of the shopping mall. Construction of phase I has been suspended while the Company pursues project-level financing; however, there can be no assurance that such financing will be obtained. The Company expects that if and when financing is obtained, it will take approximately 18 months from that point to complete construction of phase I. Construction of phase II of the project has been suspended until conditions in the capital markets and general economic conditions improve. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized construction costs of $1.66 billion for this project (including $123.7 million in outstanding construction payables). The Company expects to spend approximately $455 million on additional costs to prepare the site for delay and to pay outstanding construction payables. The impact of the revised development plan on the estimated overall cost of the project is currently not determinable with certainty. The Company’s management agreements with Shangri-La and Starwood impose certain deadlines and opening obligations on the Company, and the delays described above create a significant risk that the Company may not be able to meet these deadlines and obligations.
 
The Company had commenced pre-construction on parcels 7, 8 and 3 and has capitalized construction costs of $117.7 million for parcels 7 and 8 and $37.4 million for parcel 3 as of March 31, 2009. The Company intends to


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
commence construction after necessary government approvals are obtained, regional and global economic conditions improve, future demand warrants it and additional financing is obtained.
 
The impact of the delayed construction on the Company’s previously estimated cost to complete its Cotai Strip developments is currently not determinable with certainty. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized an aggregate of $5.34 billion in costs for its Cotai Strip developments, including The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao. The Company will need to arrange additional financing to fund the balance of its Cotai Strip developments and there is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain any of the additional financing required.
 
The Company has received a land concession from the Macao government to build on parcels 1, 2 and 3, including the sites on which The Venetian Macao (parcel 1) and Four Seasons Macao (parcel 2) are located. The Company does not own these land sites in Macao; however, the land concession, which has an initial term of 25 years and is renewable at the Company’s option in accordance with Macao law, grants the Company exclusive use of the land. As specified in the land concession, the Company is required to pay premiums for each parcel, which are either payable in a single lump sum upon acceptance by the Macao government of the land concession or in eight semi-annual installments (provided that the outstanding balance is due upon the completion of the corresponding integrated resort), as well as annual rent for the term of the land concession. In October 2008, the Macao government amended the Company’s land concession to separate the retail and hotel portions of the Four Seasons Macao parcel and allowed the Company to subdivide the parcel into four separate units under Macao’s horizontal property regime, consisting of retail, hotel/casino, Four Seasons Apartments and parking areas.
 
The Company does not yet have all of the necessary Macao government approvals that it will need in order to develop its planned Cotai Strip developments on parcels 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8. The Company has received a land concession for parcel 3, as previously noted, but has yet to be granted land concessions for parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8. The Company is in the process of negotiating with the Macao government to obtain the land concession for parcels 5 and 6, and will subsequently negotiate the land concession for parcels 7 and 8. Based on historical experience with the Macao government with respect to the Company’s land concessions for the Sands Macao and parcels 1, 2 and 3, management believes that the land concessions for parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8 will be granted; however, if the Company does not obtain these land concessions, the Company could forfeit all or a substantial part of its $1.78 billion in capitalized costs related to its developments on parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8 as of March 31, 2009.
 
Under the Company’s land concession for parcels 1, 2 and 3, the Company is required to complete the development of parcel 3 by August 2011. The Company believes that if it is not able to complete the development of parcel 3 by the deadline, it will be able to obtain an extension from the Macao government; however, no assurances can be given that an extension will be granted. If the Company is unable to meet the August 2011 deadline and that deadline is not extended or the portion of the land concession related to parcel 3 is not treated as a separate land concession, it could lose its land concession for parcels 1, 2 and 3, which would prohibit the Company from continuing to operate The Venetian Macao, Four Seasons Macao or any other facilities developed under the land concession. As a result, the Company could forfeit all or a substantial portion of its $3.56 billion in capitalized costs related to its developments on parcels 1, 2 and 3 as of March 31, 2009.
 
 
The Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Marina Bay Sands Pte. Ltd. (“MBS”), entered into a development agreement (the “Development Agreement”) with the Singapore Tourism Board (the “STB”) to build and operate an integrated resort called Marina Bay Sands in Singapore. Marina Bay Sands is expected to include three 55-story hotel towers (totaling approximately 2,600 rooms), a casino, an enclosed retail, dining and entertainment complex of approximately 800,000 net leasable square feet, a convention center and meeting room complex of approximately 1.3 million square feet, theaters and a landmark iconic structure at the bay-front promenade that will contain an art/science museum. The Company is continuing to finalize various design aspects of the integrated resort and is in the process of finalizing cost estimates for the project. As of March 31, 2009, the Company has capitalized


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
3.73 billion Singapore dollars (“SGD,” approximately $2.46 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) in costs for this project, including the land premium and SGD 428.8 million (approximately $282.1 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) in outstanding construction payables. The Company expects to spend approximately SGD 4.3 billion (approximately $2.8 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) through 2011 on additional costs to complete the construction of the integrated resort, FF&E, pre-opening and other costs, and to pay outstanding construction payables, of which approximately SGD 2.2 billion (approximately $1.4 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) is expected to be spent in 2009 before the project opens. As the Company has obtained Singapore-denominated financing and primarily pays its costs in Singapore dollars, its exposure to foreign exchange gains and losses is expected to be minimal. Based on the Company’s current development plan, the Company intends to continue construction on its existing timeline with the majority of the project targeted to open in late 2009 or early 2010.
 
 
The Company has entered into a non-binding letter of intent with the Zhuhai Municipal People’s Government of China to work together to create a master plan for, and develop, a leisure and convention destination resort on Hengqin Island, which is located within mainland China, approximately one mile from the Cotai Strip. In January 2007, the Company was informed that the Zhuhai Government established a Project Coordination Committee to act as a government liaison empowered to work directly with the Company to advance the development of the project. Under the revised development plan, the Company has indefinitely suspended the project.
 
 
When the current economic environment and access to capital improve, the Company may continue exploring the possibility of developing and operating additional properties, including integrated resorts, in additional Asian and U.S. jurisdictions, and in Europe.
 
 
Through March 31, 2009, the Company has principally funded its development projects through borrowings under its U.S., Macao and Singapore credit facilities, operating cash flows, proceeds from the Company’s recent equity offerings and proceeds from the disposition of non-core assets.
 
The U.S. senior secured credit facility and FF&E facility require the Company’s Las Vegas operations to comply with certain financial covenants at the end of each quarter, including maintaining a maximum leverage ratio of net debt, as defined, to trailing twelve-month adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, as defined (“Adjusted EBITDA”). The maximum leverage ratio is 7.0x for the quarterly periods ending March 31 and June 30, 2009, decreases 0.5x after every two quarterly periods and remains at 5.0x for the quarterly periods thereafter (commencing with the quarterly period ending March 31, 2011). The Macao credit facility requires the Company’s Macao operations to comply with similar financial covenants, including maintaining a maximum leverage ratio of debt to Adjusted EBITDA. The maximum leverage ratio is 4.0x for the quarterly periods ending March 31 and June 30, 2009, decreases to 3.5x for the quarterly periods ending September 30 and December 31, 2009, and then remains at 3.0x for the quarterly periods thereafter. If the Company is unable to maintain compliance with the financial covenants under these credit facilities, the Company would be in default under the respective credit facilities. A default under the Company’s domestic credit facilities would trigger a cross-default under the Company’s airplane financings, which, if the respective lenders chose to accelerate the indebtedness outstanding under these agreements, would result in a default under the Company’s senior notes. A default under the Company’s Macao credit facility would trigger a cross-default under the Company’s ferry financing. Any defaults or cross-defaults under these agreements would allow the lenders, in each case, to exercise their rights and remedies as defined under their respective agreements. If the lenders were to exercise their rights to accelerate the due dates of the indebtedness outstanding, there can be no assurance that the Company would be able


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
to repay or refinance any amounts that may become accelerated under such agreements, which could force the Company to restructure or alter its operations or debt obligations.
 
The Company completed a $475.0 million convertible senior notes offering and a $2.1 billion common and preferred stock and warrants offering in 2008. Portions of the proceeds from these offerings were used domestically to exercise the EBITDA true-up provision (as defined below) during the quarterly periods ended September 30, 2008 and March 31, 2009, and additional proceeds were contributed to Las Vegas Sands, LLC (“LVSLLC”) to reduce its net debt in order to maintain compliance with the maximum leverage ratio for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009. An additional portion of the proceeds was used in Macao to exercise the EBITDA true-up provision during the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and cash on hand was used to pay down $125.0 million of indebtedness under the Macao credit facility in March 2009 in order to maintain compliance with the maximum leverage ratio for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009.
 
In order to fund the Company’s revised development plan as discussed above and comply with the maximum leverage ratio covenants of its U.S. and Macao credit facilities for the remaining quarterly periods in 2009 and beyond, the Company will utilize cash on hand, cash flow from operations and available borrowings under its credit facilities. The Company will also need to execute on some, or a combination, of the following measures: (i) achieve increased levels of Adjusted EBITDA at its Las Vegas and Macao properties, primarily through aggressive cost-cutting measures and implementation of efficiency initiatives; (ii) successfully complete the sale of certain non-core assets (e.g. the malls at The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao or shares related to the Four Seasons Apartments), a portion of the proceeds of which would be used to repay debt in Macao; (iii) elect to contribute up to $50 million and $20 million of cash on hand to the Las Vegas and Macao operations, respectively, on a bi-quarterly basis (such contributions having the effect of increasing Adjusted EBITDA by the corresponding amount during the applicable quarter for purposes of calculating compliance with the maximum leverage ratio (the “EBITDA true-up”)); or (iv) execute a debt reduction plan. If the aforementioned measures are not sufficient to fund the Company’s revised development plan and maintain compliance with its financial covenants, the Company may also need to execute on some, or a combination, of the following measures: (i) further decrease the rate of spending on its global development projects; (ii) obtain additional financing at the parent company level, the proceeds of which could be used to reduce or repay debt in Las Vegas and/or Macao; (iii) consider sales of other assets or minority interests in certain of the Company’s operating assets; (iv) elect to delay payment of dividends on its preferred stock; or (v) seek waivers or amendments under the U.S. or Macao credit facilities; however, there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain such waivers or amendments. Management believes that successful execution of some combination of the above measures will be sufficient for the Company to fund its commitments and maintain compliance with its financial covenants.
 
 
In September 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” which defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS No. 157 applies under other accounting pronouncements that require or permit fair value measurement. SFAS No. 157 does not require any new fair value measurements. The provisions of SFAS No. 157 are effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007, and interim periods within those fiscal years. In January 2008, the FASB deferred the effective date for one year for certain non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities, except those that are recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). The adoption of SFAS No. 157 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. See “— Note 7 — Fair Value Measurements” for disclosures required by this standard.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141R, “Business Combinations,” which requires an acquirer to recognize the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree at the


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
acquisition date, measured at their fair values as of that date, with limited exceptions specified in the statement. SFAS No. 141R applies prospectively to business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of an entity’s fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008. The adoption of SFAS No. 141R did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — An Amendment of ARB No. 51,” which establishes accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. Specifically, this statement requires the recognition of a noncontrolling interest (minority interest) as equity in the consolidated financial statements and separate from the parent’s equity. The amount of net income attributable to the noncontrolling interest is included in consolidated net income on the face of the income statement. SFAS No. 160 clarifies that changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in deconsolidation are equity transactions if the parent retains its controlling financial interest. In addition, this statement requires that a parent recognize a gain or loss in net income when a subsidiary is deconsolidated and requires expanded disclosures regarding the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS No. 160 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning on or after December 15, 2008. As required by this standard, the prior period noncontrolling interest amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation; however, such amounts have not changed.
 
In March 2008, the FASB issued SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities,” which requires enhanced disclosures about an entity’s derivative and hedging activities, thereby improving the transparency of financial reporting. The objective of the guidance is to provide users of financial statements with: an enhanced understanding of how and why an entity uses derivative instruments; how derivative instruments and related hedged items are accounted for; and how derivative instruments and related hedged items affect an entity’s financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. SFAS No. 161 also requires several added quantitative disclosures in financial statements. SFAS No. 161 is effective for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. The adoption of SFAS No. 161 did not have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
In April 2008, the FASB issued Staff Position (“FSP”) No. FAS 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets,” which amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets.” The intent of this FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141R. FSP No. 142-3 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning on or after December 15, 2008. The adoption of FSP No. 142-3 did not have an effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
In April 2009, the FASB issued FSP No. FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1, “Interim Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments,” which requires quarterly disclosures for financial instruments that are not reflected in the financial statements at fair value. Prior to the issuance of this FSP, such disclosures, including quantitative and qualitative information about fair value estimates, were only required on an annual basis. FSP No. FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 is effective for interim reporting periods ending after June 15, 2009. The Company does not expect the adoption of FSP No. FAS 107-1 and APB 28-1 will have a material effect on its disclosures.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
NOTE 2 — PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET
 
Property and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
 
                 
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
 
Land and improvements
  $ 342,873     $ 341,927  
Building and improvements
    6,285,124       6,309,494  
Furniture, fixtures, equipment and leasehold improvements
    1,584,226       1,547,261  
Transportation
    322,774       322,194  
Construction in progress
    4,833,445       4,438,216  
                 
      13,368,442       12,959,092  
Less — accumulated depreciation and amortization
    (1,232,437 )     (1,090,864 )
                 
    $ 12,136,005     $ 11,868,228  
                 
 
Construction in progress consists of the following (in thousands):
 
                 
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
 
Marina Bay Sands
  $ 1,639,515     $ 1,422,795  
Four Seasons Macao
    276,215       255,373  
Other Macao Development Projects (principally Cotai Strip parcels 5 and 6)
    1,930,245       1,917,547  
The Palazzo and The Shoppes at The Palazzo
    170,964       166,450  
Sands Bethlehem
    543,564       413,563  
Other
    272,942       262,488  
                 
    $ 4,833,445     $ 4,438,216  
                 
 
As of March 31, 2009, portions of The Palazzo and The Shoppes at The Palazzo were under construction and are scheduled to be completed during 2009. Approximately $216.7 million in building and improvements, $27.3 million in furniture, fixtures, equipment and leasehold improvements (with total accumulated depreciation of $12.0 million) and $149.1 million in construction in progress as of March 31, 2009, related to The Shoppes at The Palazzo, which was sold to GGP. The $272.9 million in other construction in progress consists primarily of the construction of the St. Regis Residences and other projects in Las Vegas and at The Venetian Macao.
 
The cost of property and equipment that the Company is leasing to tenants as part of its Macao mall operations as of March 31, 2009, was $274.6 million with accumulated depreciation of $25.9 million.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company capitalized interest expense of $14.1 million and $30.6 million, respectively.
 
As described in “— Note 1 — Organization and Business of Company,” the Company revised its development plan to suspend portions of its development projects given the conditions in the capital markets and the global economy and their impact on the Company’s ongoing operations. If circumstances change, the Company may be required to record impairment charges related to these developments in the future.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
NOTE 3 — LONG-TERM DEBT
 
Long-term debt consists of the following (in thousands):
 
                 
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
 
Corporate and U.S. Related:
               
Senior Secured Credit Facility — Term B
  $ 2,947,500     $ 2,955,000  
Senior Secured Credit Facility — Delayed Draw I
    595,500       597,000  
Senior Secured Credit Facility — Delayed Draw II
    399,000       400,000  
Senior Secured Credit Facility — Revolving
    775,860       775,860  
6.375% Senior Notes
    248,665       248,608  
FF&E Facility
    133,600       141,950  
Airplane Financings
    84,875       85,797  
Other
    5,462       5,765  
Macao Related:
               
Macao Credit Facility — Term B
    1,800,000       1,800,000  
Macao Credit Facility — Term B Delayed
    700,000       700,000  
Macao Credit Facility — Revolving
    570,299       695,299  
Macao Credit Facility — Local Term
    100,590       100,589  
Ferry Financing
    224,972       218,564  
Other
    11,054       11,054  
Singapore Related:
               
Singapore Permanent Facility — A and B
    1,793,737       1,735,252  
Singapore Permanent Facility — D
    17,762        
                 
      10,408,876       10,470,738  
Less — current maturities
    (134,116 )     (114,623 )
                 
Total long-term debt
  $ 10,274,760     $ 10,356,115  
                 
 
Corporate and U.S. Related Debt
 
 
As of March 31, 2009, the Company had $107.3 million of available borrowing capacity under the senior secured credit facility, net of outstanding letters of credit and undrawn amounts committed to be funded by Lehman Brothers Commercial Paper Inc.
 
On April 15, 2009, the Company amended its senior secured credit facility to allow the Company to repurchase up to $800.0 million in aggregate stated principal amount of term loans (which include the term B and delayed draws I and II) on or prior to September 30, 2010. The amendment provides that any term loans purchased by the Company shall be immediately forgiven and cancelled.
 
Macao Related Debt
 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009, the Company paid down $125.0 million of indebtedness under revolving portion of the Macao credit facility. As of March 31, 2009, the Company had $123.1 million of available borrowing capacity under the Macao credit facility, net of undrawn amounts committed to be funded by Lehman Brothers Commercial Paper Inc.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Singapore Related Debt
 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009, the Company drew down SGD 230.0 million (approximately $151.3 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) under the term loan that is available on a delayed draw basis until December 31, 2010, and SGD 27.0 million (approximately $17.8 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) under the revolving credit facility. As of March 31, 2009, the Company had SGD 2.36 billion (approximately $1.55 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) available for borrowing, net of outstanding banker’s guarantees and undrawn amounts committed to be funded by Lehman Brothers Finance Asia Pte. Ltd., under the Singapore permanent facilities.
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities related to long-term debt are as follows (in thousands):
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Proceeds from Singapore Permanent Facility
  $ 171,026     $ 1,417,936  
Proceeds from Senior Secured Credit Facility
          450,000  
Proceeds from Macao Credit Facility
          75,300  
Proceeds from Ferry Financing
    6,403       147,262  
Proceeds from FF&E Facility and Other Long-Term Debt
          14,698  
                 
    $ 177,429     $ 2,105,196  
                 
Repayments on Macao Credit Facility
  $ (125,000 )   $  
Repayments on Senior Secured Credit Facility
    (10,000 )     (7,500 )
Repayments on Singapore Bridge Facility
          (1,356,807 )
Repayments on FF&E Facility and Other Long-Term Debt
    (8,653 )     (7,192 )
Repayments on Airplane Financings
    (922 )     (922 )
                 
    $ (144,575 )   $ (1,372,421 )
                 
 
NOTE 4 — EQUITY AND LOSS PER SHARE
 
 
On February 5, 2009, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a dividend of $2.50 per preferred share to holders of the preferred stock of record on that date for a total amount of $24.5 million, which was paid on February 17, 2009, the first business day following the February 15 payment date. Of the $24.5 million, $6.9 million had been accrued for as of December 31, 2008, as it related to the preferred stock issued to the Principal Stockholder’s family.
 
On April 30, 2009, the Company’s Board of Directors declared a dividend of $2.50 per preferred share to holders of the preferred stock of record on that date for a total amount of $23.5 million, which is to be paid on May 15, 2009.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009, holders of the preferred stock exercised 824,101 warrants to purchase an aggregate of 13,735,042 shares of the Company’s common stock at $6.00 per share and tendered 824,101 shares of preferred stock as settlement of the warrant exercise price. Subsequent to March 31, 2009, holders of the preferred stock exercised 212,200 warrants to purchase an aggregate of 3,536,673 shares of the Company’s common stock at $6.00 per share and tendered 212,200 shares of preferred stock as settlement of the warrant exercise price.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009, the Company paid approximately $13,000 in personal payroll taxes on behalf of one of its executive officers related to certain vested restricted stock and in return, the Company received 2,253 shares of its common stock as settlement for the liability.
 
 
At March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, the accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) balance consisted solely of foreign currency translation adjustments. For the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, comprehensive income (loss) amounted to $(56.9) million and $13.3 million, respectively, of which $(55.6) million and $13.3 million, respectively, was attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp.
 
Loss Per Share
 
The weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted loss per share consisted of the following:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (used in the calculation of basic loss per share)
    647,802,932       355,274,537  
Potential dilution from stock options, restricted stock and warrants
           
                 
Weighted-average common and common equivalent shares (used in the calculations of diluted loss per share)
    647,802,932       355,274,537  
                 
Antidilutive stock options, restricted stock and warrants excluded from calculation of diluted loss per share
    176,057,087       8,340,013  
                 
 
NOTE 5 — INCOME TAXES
 
The Company’s major tax jurisdictions are the U.S., Macao and Singapore. In the U.S., the Company is under examination for years after 2004. In Macao and Singapore, the Company is subject to examination for years after 2003.
 
The Company received a five-year corporate income tax exemption in Macao that exempts the Company from paying corporate income tax on profits generated by gaming operations. The Company will continue to benefit from this tax exemption through the end of 2013.
 
Effective January 1, 2007, the Company adopted the provisions of FIN No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes — an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109.” As of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, the balance of unrecognized tax benefits was $47.5 million and $32.3 million, respectively.
 
During the three months ended March 31, 2009, the Company increased its unrecognized tax benefits by $15.2 million, $14.5 million of which are unrecognized tax benefits for tax positions taken in prior periods. Included in the increase of unrecognized tax benefits for tax positions taken in prior periods are unrecognized tax benefits of $5.6 million that would affect the effective tax rate, if recognized. The Company does not expect a significant increase or decrease in unrecognized tax benefits over the next twelve months.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
NOTE 6 — STOCK-BASED EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION
 
Stock-based compensation activity is as follows for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 (in thousands, except weighted average grant date fair values):
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Compensation expense:
               
Stock options
  $ 11,097     $ 9,138  
Restricted shares
    499       683  
                 
    $ 11,596     $ 9,821  
                 
Compensation cost capitalized as part of property and equipment
  $ 627     $ 1,046  
                 
Stock options granted
    5,599       1,773  
                 
Weighted average grant date fair value
  $ 1.74     $ 32.90  
                 
Restricted shares granted
    29       21  
                 
Weighted average grant date fair value
  $ 4.67     $ 73.59  
                 
 
The fair value of each option grant was estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following weighted average assumptions:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Weighted average volatility
    74.05 %     35.85 %
Expected term (in years)
    4.7       6.0  
Risk-free rate
    2.65 %     2.96 %
Expected dividends
           
 
NOTE 7 — FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
 
Under SFAS No. 157, fair value is defined as the exit price, or the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants as of the measurement date. SFAS No. 157 also establishes a valuation hierarchy for inputs in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs (inputs market participants would use based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company) and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs (inputs that reflect the Company’s assumptions based upon the best information available in the circumstances) by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Level 1 inputs are quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 inputs are quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets, quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active, and inputs (other than quoted prices) that are observable for the assets or liabilities, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 inputs are unobservable inputs for the assets or liabilities. Categorization within the hierarchy is based upon the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The following table provides the assets carried at fair value measured on a recurring basis (in thousands):
 
                                 
    Total Carrying
  Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2009 Using:
    Value at
  Quoted Market
  Significant Other
  Significant
    March 31,
  Prices in Active
  Observable Inputs
  Unobservable Inputs
    2009   Markets (Level 1)   (Level 2)   (Level 3)
 
Cash equivalents(1)
  $ 2,219,439     $ 2,219,439     $     $  
Interest rate caps(2)
  $ 1,050     $     $ 1,050     $  
 
 
(1) The Company has short-term investments classified as cash equivalents as the original maturities are less than 90 days.
 
(2) The Company has 15 interest rate cap agreements with an aggregate fair value of approximately $1.1 million, based on quoted market values from the institutions holding the agreements as of March 31, 2009.
 
NOTE 8 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
 
The Company is involved in other litigation in addition to those noted below, arising in the normal course of business. Management has made certain estimates for potential litigation costs based upon consultation with legal counsel. Actual results could differ from these estimates; however, in the opinion of management, such litigation and claims will not have a material effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
Lido Casino Resort, LLC (“Lido”), formerly a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company and now merged into VCR, and its construction manager, Taylor International Corp. (“Taylor”), on one side, and Malcolm Drilling Company, Inc. (“Malcolm”), the contractor on The Palazzo project responsible for completing certain foundation work, filed claims against each other in an action filed in 2006 in Clark County District Court. On April 24, 2009, the Company reached a settlement of this matter with Malcolm for approximately $10.6 million, which has been accrued for as of March 31, 2009. Of the $10.6 million, $9.9 million has been capitalized as building-related construction costs and $0.7 million has been recorded as interest expense as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2009. In addition, the Company recorded $0.3 million in depreciation expense associated with the additional capitalized building-related construction costs during the three months ended March 31, 2009. The Company does not expect to incur any further charges in connection with this matter.
 
 
On October 15, 2004, Richard Suen and Round Square Company Limited filed an action against LVSC, Las Vegas Sands, Inc. (“LVSI”), Sheldon G. Adelson and William P. Weidner in the District Court of Clark County, Nevada, asserting a breach of an alleged agreement to pay a success fee of $5.0 million and 2.0% of the net profit from the Company’s Macao resort operations to the plaintiffs as well as other related claims. In March 2005, LVSC was dismissed as a party without prejudice based on a stipulation to do so between the parties. Pursuant to an order filed March 16, 2006, plaintiffs’ fraud claims set forth in the first amended complaint were dismissed with prejudice as against all defendants. The order also dismissed with prejudice the first amended complaint against defendants Sheldon G. Adelson and William P. Weidner. On May 24, 2008, the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiffs in the amount of $43.8 million. On June 30, 2008, a judgment was entered in this matter in the amount of $58.6 million (including pre-judgment interest). The Company has begun the appeals process, including its filings on July 15, 2008, with the trial court of a motion for judgment as a matter of law or in the alternative, a new trial and a motion to strike, alter and/or amend the judgment. The grounds for these motions include (1) insufficient evidence that Suen conferred a benefit on LVSI, (2) the improper admission of testimony, (3) the court’s refusal to give jury instructions that the law presumes that government officials have performed their duties regularly, and that the law has been obeyed, and (4) jury instructions that improperly permitted the plaintiff to recover for the services of others. These motions were heard by the trial court on December 8, 2008, and were denied. The Company intends to continue to


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
vigorously pursue available appeals up to the Nevada Supreme Court. The Company believes that it has valid bases in law and fact to overturn or appeal the verdict. As a result, the Company believes that the likelihood that the amount of the judgment will be affirmed is not probable, and, accordingly, that the amount of any loss cannot be reasonably estimated at this time. Because the Company believes that this potential loss is not probable or estimable, it has not recorded any reserves or contingencies related to this legal matter. In the event that the Company’s assumptions used to evaluate this matter as neither probable nor estimable change in future periods, it may be required to record a liability for an adverse outcome.
 
On January 26, 2006, Clive Basset Jones, Darryl Steven Turok (a/k/a Dax Turok) and Cheong Jose Vai Chi (a/k/a Cliff Cheong), filed an action against LVSC, LVSLLC, Venetian Venture Development, LLC (“Venetian Venture Development”) and various unspecified individuals and companies in the District Court of Clark County, Nevada. The plaintiffs assert breach of an agreement to pay a success fee in an amount equal to 5% of the ownership interest in the entity that owns and operates the Macao gaming subconcession as well as other related claims. In April 2006, LVSC was dismissed as a party without prejudice based on a stipulation to do so between the parties. Discovery has concluded in this matter and the case is currently set for trial in June 2009. Management believes that the plaintiff’s case against the Company is without merit. The Company intends to defend this matter vigorously.
 
On February 5, 2007, Asian American Entertainment Corporation, Limited (“AAEC”) filed an action against LVSI, VCR, Venetian Venture Development, William P. Weidner and David Friedman in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada (the “District Court”). The plaintiffs assert breach of contract by LVSI, VCR and Venetian Venture Development of an agreement under which AAEC would work to obtain a gaming license in Macao and, if successful, AAEC would jointly operate a casino, hotel and related facilities in Macao with Venetian Venture Development and Venetian Venture Development would receive fees and a minority equity interest in the venture and breach of fiduciary duties by all of the defendants. The plaintiffs have requested an unspecified amount of actual, compensatory and punitive damages, and disgorgement of profits related to our Macao gaming license. The Company filed a motion to dismiss on July 11, 2007. On August 1, 2007, the District Court granted the defendants’ motion to dismiss the complaint against all defendants without prejudice. The plaintiffs appealed this decision and subsequently, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals (the “Circuit Court”) decided that AAEC was not barred from asserting claims that the written agreement was breached prior to its expiration on January 15, 2002. The Circuit Court remanded the case back to the District Court for further proceedings on this issue. It is difficult to discern any claim during that period from the face of their complaint; however, management believes that the plaintiff’s case against the Company is without merit. The Company intends to defend this matter vigorously.
 
On January 2, 2008, Hong Kong ferry operator Norte Oeste Expresso Ltd. (“Northwest Express”) filed an action against the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, with the Company’s indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, Cotai Waterjets (Macau) Limited (“Cotai Waterjets”), as an interested party, challenging the award of a ferry concession to Cotai Waterjets to operate a ferry service between Hong Kong and Macao. The basis of the legal challenge is that under Macao law, all concessions related to the provision of a public service must be awarded through a public tender process. On February 19, 2009, the Court of Second Instance in Macao held that it was unlawful for the Macao government to have granted the ferry concession to Cotai Waterjets without engaging in a public tender process, and that the ferry concession award to Cotai Waterjets was void. The Company relied on the advice of counsel in obtaining the ferry concession and believes that it has complied with all applicable laws, procedures and Macao practice. The Company believes that all concessions to operate ferries to and from Macao were awarded in the same fashion as the concession awarded to Cotai Waterjets. The Company and the Macao government have appealed the decision to the Court of Final Appeal in Macao. The Company will cooperate with the Macao government during the appeal period to resolve this matter. The Company expects to continue to operate its ferry service until a decision on the appeal is rendered or the matter is otherwise resolved. If the decision is upheld by the Court of Final Appeal, the Cotai Waterjets ferry concession may be void, absent other action by the Macao government. If the Company is unable to continue to operate its ferry service, it will need to develop alternative means of transporting visitors to its Cotai Strip properties. If the Company


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
is unable to do so, a resulting significant loss of visitors to its Cotai Strip properties could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
On November 26, 2008, January 16, 2009 and February 6, 2009, various plaintiffs filed shareholder derivative actions on behalf of the Company in the District Court of Clark County, Nevada, against Sheldon G. Adelson, Irwin Chafetz, Charles D. Forman, George P. Koo, Michael A. Leven, James L. Purcell, Irwin A. Siegel, William P. Weidner and Andrew Heyer, all of whom were current or former members of the Board of Directors at the time the suits were filed. The complaints all alleged, among other things, breaches of fiduciary duties in connection with (a) the Company’s ongoing construction and development projects and (b) the Company’s securing debt and equity financing during 2008.
 
The parties in all three actions stipulated to the entry of an order consolidating their cases into a single proceeding now styled In re Las Vegas Sands Corp. Derivative Litigation. A consolidated amended complaint was filed on March 20, 2009, against the same defendants noted above. The substantive allegations of such complaint are similar to those of the original complaints. A motion to dismiss the consolidated amended complaint was filed on April 17, 2009. This motion, and any responses and replies thereto that may be filed, are expected to be argued in June or July 2009. As the Company is only a nominal defendant in this litigation, management believes the likelihood of a material loss, if any, to the Company is remote.
 
 
The State Administration of Foreign Exchange in China (“SAFE”) regulates foreign currency exchange transactions and other business dealings in China. SAFE has made inquiries and requested and obtained documents relating to certain payments made by the Company’s wholly-owned foreign enterprises (“WOFEs”) to counterparties and other vendors in China. These WOFEs were established to conduct non-gaming marketing activities in China and to create goodwill in China and Macao for the Company’s operations in Macao. The Company is fully cooperating with these pending inquiries. The Company does not believe that the resolution of these pending inquiries will have a material adverse effect on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
 
 
The Company entered into the Development Agreement with the STB, which requires the Company to construct and operate the Marina Bay Sands in accordance with the Company’s originally submitted proposal for the integrated resort and in accordance with the agreement. The Company is continuing to finalize various design aspects of the integrated resort and is in the process of finalizing its cost estimates for the project. The Company entered into the SGD 5.44 billion (approximately $3.58 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) Singapore permanent facility agreement to fund a significant portion of the construction, operating and other development costs of the Marina Bay Sands.
 
Cotai Strip Developments
 
The Company has entered into agreements with Starwood and Shangri-La to manage hotels and serviced luxury apartment hotel units on the Company’s Cotai Strip parcels 5 and 6, and for Starwood to brand the Company’s Las Vegas condominium project (the St. Regis Residences) in connection with the sales and marketing of these condominium units. Due to the suspension of the Company’s projects in Macao and Las Vegas, the Company is negotiating standstill agreements with Starwood, which it expects to be finalized in the second quarter of 2009. If negotiations are unsuccessful or if the Company does not obtain a similar agreement with Shangri-La, Starwood and Shangri-La would have the right to terminate their agreements with the Company, which would result in the Company having to find new managers and brands for the above-described projects. Such measures could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows, including requiring the Company to write-off its $20.0 million investment related to the St. Regis Residences.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
NOTE 9 — SEGMENT INFORMATION
 
The Company’s principal operating and developmental activities occur in three geographic areas: Las Vegas, Macao and Singapore. The Company reviews the results of operations for each of its key operating segments: The Venetian Las Vegas, which includes the Sands Expo Center; The Palazzo; Sands Macao; The Venetian Macao; Four Seasons Macao; and Other Asia (comprised primarily of the Company’s ferry operations). The Company also reviews construction and development activities for each of its primary projects: The Venetian Las Vegas; The Palazzo; Sands Macao; The Venetian Macao; Four Seasons Macao; Other Asia (comprised of the ferry operations and various other operations that are ancillary to the Company’s properties in Macao); Marina Bay Sands in Singapore; Other Development Projects (on Cotai Strip parcels 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8); and Corporate and Other (comprised primarily of airplanes, St. Regis Residences and Sands Bethlehem). The Venetian Las Vegas and The Palazzo operating segments are managed as a single integrated resort and have been aggregated as one reportable segment (the “Las Vegas Operating Properties”), considering their similar economic characteristics, types of customers, types of service and products, the regulatory business environment of the operations within each segment and the Company’s organizational and management reporting structure. The Company’s segment


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
information is as follows as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, and for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008 (in thousands):
 
                 
    Three Months Ended
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Net Revenues
               
Las Vegas Operating Properties
  $ 317,504     $ 351,573  
Macao:
               
Sands Macao
    224,412       268,250  
The Venetian Macao
    483,653       455,741  
Four Seasons Macao
    46,991        
Other Asia
    6,502       3,459  
                 
Total net revenues
  $ 1,079,062     $ 1,079,023  
                 
Adjusted EBITDAR(1)
               
Las Vegas Operating Properties
  $ 89,774     $ 122,561  
Macao:
               
Sands Macao
    50,358       65,618  
The Venetian Macao
    121,486       110,335  
Four Seasons Macao
    4,368        
Other Asia
    (6,010 )     (10,262 )
                 
Total adjusted EBITDAR
    259,976       288,252  
Other Operating Costs and Expenses
               
Stock-based compensation expense
    (7,776 )     (6,070 )
Corporate expense
    (23,424 )     (25,537 )
Rental expense
    (7,929 )     (9,064 )
Pre-opening expense
    (44,934 )     (26,590 )
Development expense
    (254 )     (5,892 )
Depreciation and amortization
    (139,249 )     (113,413 )
Loss on disposal of assets
    (131 )     (5,121 )
                 
Operating income
    36,279       96,565  
Other Non-Operating Costs and Expenses
               
Interest income
    5,549       5,465  
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
    (71,118 )     (114,700 )
Other income (expense)
    (5,743 )     8,099  
Loss on early retirement of debt
          (3,989 )
Provision for income taxes
    (813 )     (2,674 )
Noncontrolling interest
    1,240        
                 
Net loss attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
  $ (34,606 )   $ (11,234 )
                 
 
 
(1) Adjusted EBITDAR is net loss before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, pre-opening expense, development expense, other income (expense), loss on early retirement of debt, loss on disposal of assets, rental expense, corporate expense, stock-based compensation expense and noncontrolling interest. Adjusted EBITDAR is used by management as the primary measure of operating performance of the Company’s properties and to compare the operating performance of the Company’s properties with those of its competitors.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
 
                 
    Three Months Ended,
 
    March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Capital Expenditures
               
Corporate and Other
  $ 110,582     $ 65,694  
Las Vegas Operating Properties
    33,732       233,068  
Macao:
               
Sands Macao
    3,503       15,188  
The Venetian Macao
    2,662       30,332  
Four Seasons Macao
    61,801       161,193  
Other Asia
    9,216       22,875  
Other Development Projects
    39,640       241,856  
Singapore
    262,705       173,335  
                 
Total capital expenditures
  $ 523,841     $ 943,541  
                 
 
                 
    March 31,
    December 31,
 
    2009     2008  
 
Total Assets
               
Corporate and Other
  $ 1,178,819     $ 1,182,532  
Las Vegas Operating Properties
    6,363,455       6,562,124  
Macao:
               
Sands Macao
    605,042       592,998  
The Venetian Macao
    2,983,514       3,060,279  
Four Seasons Macao
    995,289       973,892  
Other Asia
    349,561       347,359  
Other Development Projects
    1,967,195       2,015,386  
Singapore
    2,518,757       2,409,543  
                 
Total assets
  $ 16,961,632     $ 17,144,113  
                 
 
NOTE 10 — CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
LVSC is the obligor of the senior notes due 2015, issued on February 10, 2005 (the “Senior Notes”). LVSLLC, VCR, Mall Intermediate Holding Company, LLC, Venetian Venture Development, Venetian Transport, LLC, Venetian Marketing, Inc., Lido Intermediate Holding Company, LLC and Lido Casino Resort Holding Company, LLC (collectively, the “Original Guarantors”), have jointly and severally guaranteed the Senior Notes on a full and unconditional basis. Effective May 23, 2007, in conjunction with entering into the Senior Secured Credit Facility, LVSC, the Original Guarantors and the trustee entered into a supplemental indenture related to the Senior Notes, whereby the following subsidiaries were added as full and unconditional guarantors on a joint and several basis: Interface Group-Nevada, Inc., Palazzo Condo Tower, LLC, Sands Pennsylvania, Inc., Phase II Mall Holding, LLC and Phase II Mall Subsidiary, LLC (collectively with the Original Guarantors, the “Guarantor Subsidiaries”). On February 29, 2008, all of the capital stock of Phase II Mall Subsidiary, LLC was sold to GGP and in connection therewith, it was released as a guarantor under the Senior Notes. The sale is not complete from an accounting perspective due to the Company’s continuing involvement in the transaction related to the completion of construction on the remainder of The Shoppes at The Palazzo, certain activities to be performed on behalf of GGP and the uncertainty of the final sales price. Certain of the assets, liabilities, operating results and cash flows related to the ownership and operation of the mall by Phase II Mall Subsidiary, LLC subsequent to the sale will


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
continue to be accounted for by the Guarantor Subsidiaries until the final sales price has been determined, and therefore are included in the “Guarantor Subsidiaries” columns in the following condensed consolidating financial information. As a result, net assets of $136.9 million (consisting of $381.1 million of fixed assets, offset by $244.2 million of liabilities consisting primarily of deferred proceeds from the sale) and $116.4 million (consisting of $360.6 million of fixed assets, offset by $244.2 million of liabilities consisting primarily of deferred proceeds from the sale) as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively, and a net loss (consisting primarily of depreciation expense) of $2.5 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, related to the mall and are being accounted for by the Guarantor Subsidiaries. These balances and amounts are not collateral for the Senior Notes and should not be considered as credit support for the guarantees of the Senior Notes.


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
The condensed consolidating financial information of LVSC, the Guarantor Subsidiaries and the non-guarantor subsidiaries on a combined basis as of March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, and for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, is as follows (in thousands):
 
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
March 31, 2009
 
                                         
                      Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Non-Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 104,423     $ 2,185,042     $ 469,007     $     $ 2,758,472  
Restricted cash
          6,219       95,702             101,921  
Intercompany receivables
    6,380       70,748       4,349       (81,477 )      
Accounts receivable, net
    985       140,926       207,472       (3,429 )     345,954  
Inventories
    1,293       13,696       12,199             27,188  
Deferred income taxes
    942       20,558       149             21,649  
Prepaid expenses and other
    75,806       11,851       21,067             108,724  
                                         
Total current assets
    189,829       2,449,040       809,945       (84,906 )     3,363,908  
Property and equipment, net
    146,783       4,086,950       7,902,272             12,136,005  
Investments in subsidiaries
    4,190,084       1,687,933             (5,878,017 )      
Deferred financing costs, net
    1,239       44,669       99,991             145,899  
Intercompany receivables
    458,376       1,377,139             (1,835,515 )      
Intercompany notes receivable
    94,505       87,010             (181,515 )      
Deferred income taxes
    55,897             228       (24,235 )     31,890  
Leasehold interests in land, net
                1,049,650             1,049,650  
Other assets, net
    2,874       31,577       199,829             234,280  
                                         
Total assets
  $ 5,139,587     $ 9,764,318     $ 10,061,915     $ (8,004,188 )   $ 16,961,632  
                                         
Accounts payable
  $ 6,381     $ 29,765     $ 35,499     $ (3,429 )   $ 68,216  
Construction payables
          48,574       636,189             684,763  
Intercompany payables
    70,748       4,349       6,380       (81,477 )      
Accrued interest payable
    2,149       402       4,928             7,479  
Other accrued liabilities
    6,960       154,861       428,478             590,299  
Current maturities of long-term debt
    3,686       65,050       65,380             134,116  
                                         
Total current liabilities
    89,924       303,001       1,176,854       (84,906 )     1,484,873  
Other long-term liabilities
    48,524       9,039       20,132             77,695  
Intercompany payables
                1,835,515       (1,835,515 )      
Intercompany notes payable
                181,515       (181,515 )      
Deferred amounts related to mall transactions
          451,144                   451,144  
Deferred income taxes
          24,235             (24,235 )      
Long-term debt
    329,853       4,786,410       5,158,497             10,274,760  
                                         
Total liabilities
    468,301       5,573,829       8,372,513       (2,126,171 )     12,288,472  
                                         
Preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
    341,425                         341,425  
Total Las Vegas Sands Corp. stockholders’ equity
    4,329,861       4,190,084       1,687,933       (5,878,017 )     4,329,861  
Noncontrolling interest
          405       1,469             1,874  
                                         
Equity
    4,329,861       4,190,489       1,689,402       (5,878,017 )     4,331,735  
                                         
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 5,139,587     $ 9,764,318     $ 10,061,915     $ (8,004,188 )   $ 16,961,632  
                                         


26


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
December 31, 2008
 
                                         
                      Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Non-Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 294,563     $ 2,286,825     $ 456,775     $     $ 3,038,163  
Restricted cash
          6,225       188,591             194,816  
Intercompany receivables
    19,586       16,683       4,843       (41,112 )      
Accounts receivable, net
    1,168       146,085       242,270       (4,704 )     384,819  
Inventories
    645       14,776       13,416             28,837  
Deferred income taxes
    1,378       21,446       147             22,971  
Prepaid expenses and other
    45,768       4,577       21,717       (392 )     71,670  
                                         
Total current assets
    363,108       2,496,617       927,759       (46,208 )     3,741,276  
Property and equipment, net
    148,543       4,128,835       7,590,850             11,868,228  
Investments in subsidiaries
    4,105,980       1,642,651             (5,748,631 )      
Deferred financing costs, net
    1,353       47,441       109,982             158,776  
Intercompany receivables
    398,398       1,296,988             (1,695,386 )      
Intercompany notes receivable
    94,310       86,249             (180,559 )      
Deferred income taxes
    25,251       18,722       216             44,189  
Leasehold interests in land, net
                1,099,938             1,099,938  
Other assets, net
    3,677       25,701       202,328             231,706  
                                         
Total assets
  $ 5,140,620     $ 9,743,204     $ 9,931,073     $ (7,670,784 )   $ 17,144,113  
                                         
Accounts payable
  $ 5,004     $ 34,069     $ 36,666     $ (4,704 )   $ 71,035  
Construction payables
          90,490       646,223             736,713  
Intercompany payables
    16,683       4,843       19,586       (41,112 )      
Accrued interest payable
    6,191       758       7,801             14,750  
Other accrued liabilities
    4,943       175,617       412,735             593,295  
Income taxes payable
                392       (392 )      
Current maturities of long-term debt
    3,688       65,049       45,886             114,623  
                                         
Total current liabilities
    36,509       370,826       1,169,289       (46,208 )     1,530,416  
Other long-term liabilities
    32,996       8,798       19,883             61,677  
Intercompany payables
                1,695,386       (1,695,386 )      
Intercompany notes payable
                180,559       (180,559 )      
Deferred amounts related to mall transactions
          452,435                   452,435  
Long-term debt
    330,718       4,804,760       5,220,637             10,356,115  
                                         
Total liabilities
    400,223       5,636,819       8,285,754       (1,922,153 )     12,400,643  
                                         
Preferred stock issued to Principal Stockholder’s family
    318,289                         318,289  
Total Las Vegas Sands Corp. stockholders’ equity
    4,422,108       4,105,980       1,642,651       (5,748,631 )     4,422,108  
Noncontrolling interest
          405       2,668             3,073  
                                         
Equity
    4,422,108       4,106,385       1,645,319       (5,748,631 )     4,425,181  
                                         
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 5,140,620     $ 9,743,204     $ 9,931,073     $ (7,670,784 )   $ 17,144,113  
                                         


27


Table of Contents

 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009
 
                                         
                      Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Non-Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Revenues:
                                       
Casino
  $     $ 129,819     $ 668,106     $     $ 797,925  
Rooms
          122,949       51,439             174,388  
Food and beverage
          47,095       40,213             87,308  
Convention, retail and other
          44,867       73,410       (4,790 )     113,487  
                                         
            344,730       833,168       (4,790 )     1,173,108  
Less-promotional allowances
    (158 )     (42,817 )     (50,159 )     (912 )     (94,046 )
                                         
Net revenues
    (158 )     301,913       783,009       (5,702 )     1,079,062  
                                         
Operating expenses:
                                       
Casino
          76,845       472,838       (786 )     548,897  
Rooms
          26,585       7,182             33,767  
Food and beverage
          19,160       25,124       (1,642 )     42,642  
Convention, retail and other
          19,524       42,643       (2,924 )     59,243  
Provision for doubtful accounts
          13,053       7,957             21,010  
General and administrative
          62,437       59,216       (350 )     121,303  
Corporate expense
    19,621       67       3,736             23,424  
Rental expense
          1,417       6,512             7,929  
Pre-opening expense
    290       92       44,552             44,934  
Development expense
    146             108             254  
Depreciation and amortization
    2,621       56,920       79,708             139,249  
(Gain) loss on disposal of assets
          (60 )     191             131  
                                         
      22,678       276,040       749,767       (5,702 )     1,042,783  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
    (22,836 )     25,873       33,242             36,279  
Other income (expense):
                                       
Interest income
    4,539       2,620       174       (1,784 )     5,549  
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
    (4,787 )     (29,501 )     (38,614 )     1,784       (71,118 )
Other expense
          (91 )     (5,652 )           (5,743 )
Loss from equity investments in subsidiaries
    (8,728 )     (10,145 )           18,873        
                                         
Loss before income taxes
    (31,812 )     (11,244 )     (10,850 )     18,873       (35,033 )
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
    (2,794 )     2,516       (535 )           (813 )
                                         
Net loss
    (34,606 )     (8,728 )     (11,385 )     18,873       (35,846 )
Noncontrolling interest
                1,240             1,240  
                                         
Net loss attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
  $ (34,606 )   $ (8,728 )   $ (10,145 )   $ 18,873     $ (34,606 )
                                         


28


Table of Contents

 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operation
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2008
 
                                         
                Non-
    Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Revenues:
                                       
Casino
  $     $ 147,832     $ 647,609     $     $ 795,441  
Rooms
          136,241       54,448             190,689  
Food and beverage
          48,204       35,036             83,240  
Convention, retail and other
          43,018       38,374       (2,534 )     78,858  
                                         
            375,295       775,467       (2,534 )     1,148,228  
Less-promotional allowances
    (669 )     (28,407 )     (39,650 )     (479 )     (69,205 )
                                         
Net revenues
    (669 )     346,888       735,817       (3,013 )     1,079,023  
                                         
Operating expenses:
                                       
Casino
          78,491       441,428       (451 )     519,468  
Rooms
          32,797       7,484             40,281  
Food and beverage
          22,935       18,878       (773 )     41,040  
Convention, retail and other
          22,493       24,143       (1,669 )     44,967  
Provision for doubtful accounts
          7,703       429             8,132  
General and administrative
          63,354       79,719       (120 )     142,953  
Corporate expense
    23,959       297       1,281             25,537  
Rental expense
          2,469       6,595             9,064  
Pre-opening expense
    745       4,470       21,375             26,590  
Development expense
    4,918             974             5,892  
Depreciation and amortization
    2,167       48,871       62,375             113,413  
Loss on disposal of assets
          4,184       937             5,121  
                                         
      31,789       288,064       665,618       (3,013 )     982,458  
                                         
Operating income (loss)
    (32,458 )     58,824       70,199             96,565  
Other income (expense):
                                       
Interest income
    1,412       2,807       3,030       (1,784 )     5,465  
Interest expense, net of amounts capitalized
    (4,229 )     (55,900 )     (56,355 )     1,784       (114,700 )
Other income (expense)
          (168 )     8,267             8,099  
Loss on early retirement of debt
                (3,989 )           (3,989 )
Income from equity investments in subsidiaries
    26,503       22,733             (49,236 )      
                                         
Income (loss) before income taxes
    (8,772 )     28,296       21,152       (49,236 )     (8,560 )
Benefit (provision) for income taxes
    (2,462 )     (1,793 )     1,581             (2,674 )
                                         
Net income (loss) attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
  $ (11,234 )   $ 26,503     $ 22,733     $ (49,236 )   $ (11,234 )
                                         


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Table of Contents

 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2009
 
                                         
                Non-
    Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  $ (15,814 )   $ 32,993     $ 128,536     $     $ 145,715  
                                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                                       
Change in restricted cash
          6       90,134             90,140  
Capital expenditures
    (861 )     (56,697 )     (466,283 )           (523,841 )
Dividend received from Guarantor Subsidiaries
    13,416                   (13,416 )      
Intercompany receivables to non-guarantor subsidiaries
    (55,000 )     (86,760 )           141,760        
Repayments of receivable from Guarantor Subsidiaries
    9,642                   (9,642 )      
Capital contributions to subsidiaries
    (116,115 )     (66,032 )           182,147        
                                         
Net cash used in investing activities
    (148,918 )     (209,483 )     (376,149 )     300,849       (433,701 )
                                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                                       
Dividends paid to preferred stockholders
    (24,473 )                       (24,473 )
Purchase of treasury stock
    (13 )                       (13 )
Capital contributions received
          116,115       66,032       (182,147 )      
Dividends paid to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
          (13,416 )           13,416        
Borrowings from Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
                55,000       (55,000 )      
Borrowings from Guarantor Subsidiaries
                86,760       (86,760 )      
Repayments on borrowings from Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
          (9,642 )           9,642        
Proceeds from Singapore permanent facility
                171,026             171,026  
Proceeds from ferry financing
                6,403             6,403  
Repayments on Macao credit facility
                (125,000 )           (125,000 )
Repayments on senior secured credit facility
          (10,000 )                 (10,000 )
Repayments on airplane financings
    (922 )                       (922 )
Repayments on FF&E facility and other long-term debt
          (8,350 )     (303 )           (8,653 )
Contribution from noncontrolling interest
                41             41  
                                         
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
    (25,408 )     74,707       259,959       (300,849 )     8,409  
                                         
Effect of exchange rate on cash
                (114 )           (114 )
                                         
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    (190,140 )     (101,783 )     12,232             (279,691 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    294,563       2,286,825       456,775             3,038,163  
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 104,423     $ 2,185,042     $ 469,007     $     $ 2,758,472  
                                         


30


Table of Contents

 
LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS — (Continued)
 
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Cash Flows
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2008
 
                                         
                Non-
    Consolidating/
       
    Las Vegas
    Guarantor
    Guarantor
    Eliminating
       
    Sands Corp.     Subsidiaries     Subsidiaries     Entries     Total  
 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities
  $ (40,795 )   $ 60,617     $ 52,613     $     $ 72,435  
                                         
Cash flows from investing activities:
                                       
Change in restricted cash
          304       (27,419 )           (27,115 )
Capital expenditures
    (7,503 )     (209,091 )     (726,947 )           (943,541 )
Repayments of receivable from Guarantor Subsidiaries
    80,362                   (80,362 )      
Intercompany receivables to Guarantor Subsidiaries
    (35,000 )                 35,000        
Intercompany receivables to non-guarantor subsidiaries
          (308,820 )           308,820        
Capital contributions to subsidiaries
          (10,265 )           10,265        
                                         
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    37,859       (527,872 )     (754,366 )     273,723       (970,656 )
                                         
Cash flows from financing activities:
                                       
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
    5,020                         5,020  
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation
    1,326                         1,326  
Capital contributions received
                10,265       (10,265 )      
Borrowings from Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
          35,000             (35,000 )      
Borrowings from Guarantor Subsidiaries
                308,820       (308,820 )      
Repayments on borrowings from Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
          (80,362 )           80,362        
Proceeds from Singapore permanent facility
                1,417,936             1,417,936  
Proceeds from senior secured credit facility
          450,000                   450,000  
Proceeds from Macao credit facility
                75,300             75,300  
Proceeds from ferry financing
                147,262             147,262  
Proceeds from FF&E facility and other long-term debt
                14,698             14,698  
Repayments on Singapore bridge facility
                (1,356,807 )           (1,356,807 )
Repayments on senior secured credit facility
          (7,500 )                 (7,500 )
Repayments on FF&E facility and other long-term debt
                (7,192 )           (7,192 )
Repayments on airplane financings
    (922 )                       (922 )
Proceeds from the sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo
          240,108                   240,108  
Payments of deferred financing costs
    (4 )     (9 )     (89,853 )           (89,866 )
                                         
Net cash provided by financing activities
    5,420       637,237       520,429       (273,723 )     889,363  
                                         
Effect of exchange rate on cash
                7,070             7,070  
                                         
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
    2,484       169,982       (174,254 )           (1,788 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    73,489       129,684       653,977             857,150  
                                         
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 75,973     $ 299,666     $ 479,723     $     $ 855,362  
                                         


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LAS VEGAS SANDS CORP. AND SUBSIDIARIES
 
ITEM 2 — MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
 
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with, and is qualified in its entirety by, the condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto, and other financial information included in this Form 10-Q. Certain statements in this “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” are forward-looking statements. See “— Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements.”
 
 
We view each of our casino properties as an operating segment. The Venetian Resort Hotel Casino (“The Venetian Las Vegas”) and The Palazzo Resort Hotel Casino (“The Palazzo”) operating segments are managed as a single integrated resort and have been aggregated into one reportable segment (the “Las Vegas Operating Properties”), considering their similar economic characteristics, types of customers, types of service and products, the regulatory business environment of the operations within each segment and our organizational and management reporting structure. Our Macao operating segments consist of the Sands Macao, The Venetian Macao Resort Hotel (“The Venetian Macao”), the Four Seasons Hotel Macao (the “Four Seasons Macao”) and other ancillary operations in that region (“Other Asia”).
 
 
Our Las Vegas Operating Properties, situated on or near the Las Vegas Strip, consist of The Venetian Las Vegas, a Renaissance Venice-themed resort; The Palazzo, a resort featuring modern European ambience and design reminiscent of affluent Italian living; and an expo and convention center of approximately 1.2 million square feet (the “Sands Expo Center”). Our Las Vegas Operating Properties represent an integrated resort with approximately 7,100 suites and approximately 225,000 square feet of gaming space. Our Las Vegas Operating Properties also feature a meeting and conference facility of approximately 1.1 million square feet; Canyon Ranch SpaClub facilities; a Paiza Clubtm offering services and amenities to premium customers, including luxurious VIP suites, spa facilities and private VIP gaming room facilities; an entertainment center; an enclosed retail, dining and entertainment complex located within The Venetian Las Vegas of approximately 440,000 net leasable square feet (“The Grand Canal Shoppes”), which was sold to GGP Limited Partnership (“GGP”) in 2004; and an enclosed retail and dining complex located within The Palazzo of approximately 400,000 net leasable square feet (“The Shoppes at The Palazzo”), which was sold to GGP in February 2008.
 
As of March 31, 2009, we have received proceeds of $295.4 million from the sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo; however, the final purchase price will be determined in accordance with the agreement (the “Agreement”) between Venetian Casino Resort, LLC and GGP based on net operating income (“NOI”) of The Shoppes at The Palazzo calculated 30 months after the closing date of the sale, as defined under the Agreement and subject to certain later audit adjustments. Subsequent to March 31, 2009, GGP and its subsidiary that owns The Shoppes at The Palazzo filed voluntary petitions under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (the “Chapter 11 Cases”). There can be no assurance that we will receive proceeds in excess of costs incurred in constructing and developing The Shoppes at The Palazzo, of which $381.1 million has been capitalized as of March 31, 2009. Although there is uncertainty as to the ultimate outcome of this matter due to the Chapter 11 Cases, based upon current estimates of NOI and capitalization rates, management believes that the ultimate proceeds we will receive will be in excess of our capitalized costs and no impairment charge is required as of March 31, 2009. We will continue to review the Chapter 11 Cases and to assess the ultimate proceeds based on current estimates of NOI and capitalization rates. We may be required to record an impairment charge in the future should the projected ultimate proceeds decline below current expectations or if a charge would be warranted based on information from proceedings in the Chapter 11 Cases.
 
Approximately 64.1% and 61.2% of gross revenue at our Las Vegas Operating Properties for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, was derived from room revenues, food and beverage services, and other non-gaming sources, and 35.9% and 38.8%, respectively, was derived from gaming activities. The percentage


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of non-gaming revenue reflects the integrated resort’s emphasis on the group convention and trade show business and the resulting high occupancy and room rates throughout the week, especially during mid-week periods.
 
 
We own and operate the Sands Macao, the first Las Vegas-style casino in Macao, pursuant to a 20-year gaming subconcession. The Sands Macao includes approximately 229,000 square feet of gaming space; a 289-suite hotel tower; several restaurants; a spacious Paiza Club; a theater; and other high-end services and amenities. Approximately 92.5% and 92.7% of the gross revenue at the Sands Macao for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, was derived from gaming activities, with the remainder primarily derived from room revenues and food and beverage services.
 
We also own and operate The Venetian Macao, the anchor property of our master-planned development of integrated resort properties that we refer to as the Cotai Striptm in Macao. The Venetian Macao, with a theme similar to that of The Venetian Las Vegas, features a 39-floor luxury hotel tower with over 2,900 suites; a casino floor of approximately 550,000 square feet; approximately 1.0 million square feet of retail and dining offerings; a convention center and meeting room complex of approximately 1.2 million square feet; a 15,000-seat arena that has hosted a wide range of entertainment and sporting events; and an 1,800-seat theater that features an original production from Cirque du Soleil. Approximately 81.5% and 80.1% of the gross revenue at The Venetian Macao for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, was derived from gaming activities, with the remainder derived from room revenues, food and beverage services, and other non-gaming sources.
 
On August 28, 2008, we opened the Four Seasons Macao, which is adjacent to The Venetian Macao. The Four Seasons Macao features 360 rooms and suites managed by Four Seasons Hotels Inc.; approximately 70,000 square feet of gaming space; several food and beverage offerings; conference and banquet facilities; and retail space of approximately 211,000 square feet, which is connected to the mall at The Venetian Macao. The property will also feature 19 Paiza mansions and the Four Seasons Apartments Macao, Cotai Striptm (the “Four Seasons Apartments”), which consist of approximately 1.0 million square feet of Four Seasons-serviced and -branded luxury apartment hotel units and common areas. We intend to sell shares in the subsidiary that will own the Four Seasons Apartments, which shares will entitle the holder to the exclusive use of a unit within the Four Seasons Apartments. Approximately 70.0% of the gross revenue at the Four Seasons Macao for the three months ended March 31, 2009, was derived from gaming activities, with the remainder primarily derived from retail and other non-gaming sources.
 
 
Given conditions in the capital markets and the global economy and their impact on our ongoing operations, we revised our development plan to suspend portions of our development projects and focus our development efforts on those projects with the highest rates of expected return on invested capital. Should general economic conditions not improve, if we are unable to obtain sufficient funding such that completion of our suspended projects is not probable, or should management decide to abandon certain projects, all or a portion of our investment to date on our suspended projects could be lost and would result in an impairment charge. In addition, we may be subject to penalties under the termination clauses in our construction contracts.
 
United States Development Projects
 
 
We are in the process of developing Sands Casino Resort Bethlehem (the “Sands Bethlehem”), a gaming, hotel, retail and dining complex located on the site of the historic Bethlehem Steel Works in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, which is approximately 70 miles from midtown Manhattan, New York. Sands Bethlehem is also expected to be home to the National Museum of Industrial History, an arts and cultural center, and the broadcast home of the local PBS affiliate. We own 86% of the economic interest of the gaming, hotel and entertainment portion of the property through our ownership interest in Sands Bethworks Gaming LLC and more than 35% of the economic interest of the retail portion of the property through our ownership interest in Sands Bethworks Retail, LLC.


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We are continuing construction of the casino component of the 124-acre development, which will open with 3,000 slot machines (with the ability to increase to 5,000 slot machines six months after the opening date) and will include several dining options, as well as the parking garage and surface parking. Construction activities on the remaining components, which include a 300-room hotel, an approximate 200,000-square-foot retail facility, a 50,000-square-foot multipurpose event center and a variety of additional dining options, have been temporarily suspended and are intended to recommence when capital markets and general economic conditions improve. As of March 31, 2009, we have capitalized construction costs of $547.8 million for this project (including $111.6 million in outstanding construction payables). We expect to spend approximately $290 million on additional costs to complete the construction of the casino and parking components, costs to prepare the remaining portion of the site for delay, furniture, fixtures and equipment (“FF&E,” including the potential 2,000 slot machines to be added six months after the opening date), pre-opening and other costs, and to pay outstanding construction payables. We expect to open the casino and parking components on May 22, 2009. The impact of the suspension on the estimated overall cost of the project’s remaining components is currently not determinable with certainty.
 
 
We had been constructing a St. Regis-branded high-rise residential condominium tower, the St. Regis Residences at The Venetian Palazzo (the “St. Regis Residences”), located between The Palazzo and The Venetian Las Vegas on the Las Vegas Strip. As part of our revised development plan, we suspended our construction activities for the project due to reduced demand for Las Vegas Strip condominiums and the overall decline in general economic conditions. We intend to recommence construction when these conditions improve and expect that it will take approximately 18 months from that point to complete construction of the project. As of March 31, 2009, we have capitalized construction costs of $179.9 million for this project (including $11.2 million in outstanding construction payables). We expect to spend approximately $20 million on additional costs to prepare the site for delay and to complete construction of the podium portion (which is part of The Shoppes at The Palazzo and includes already leased retail and entertainment space), and to pay outstanding construction payables. The impact of the suspension on the estimated overall cost of the project is currently not determinable with certainty.
 
 
We submitted plans to the Macao government for our other Cotai Strip developments, which represent five integrated resort developments, in addition to The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao on an area of approximately 200 acres (which we refer to as parcels 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8). The developments are expected to include hotels, exhibition and conference facilities, casinos, showrooms, shopping malls, spas, restaurants, entertainment facilities and other amenities. We had commenced construction or pre-construction for these five parcels and planned to own and operate all of the casinos in these developments under our Macao gaming subconcession. In addition, we were completing the development of some public areas surrounding our Cotai Strip properties on behalf of the Macao government. We intended to develop our other Cotai Strip properties as follows:
 
  •  Parcels 5 and 6 were intended to include multi-hotel complexes with a total of approximately 6,400 luxury and mid-scale hotel rooms, a casino, a shopping mall and approximately 320 serviced luxury apartment hotel units. We will own the entire development and have entered into management agreements with Shangri-La Hotels and Resorts (“Shangri-La”) to manage two hotels under its Shangri-La and Traders brands, and Starwood Hotels & Resorts Worldwide (“Starwood”) to manage hotels under its Sheraton brand and a hotel and serviced luxury apartment hotel under its St. Regis brand. Under our revised development plan, we have sequenced the construction of the project due to difficulties in the capital markets and the overall decline in general economic conditions. Phase I of the project includes the Shangri-La and Traders tower and the first Sheraton tower, along with the podium that encompasses the casino, associated public areas, portions of the shopping mall and approximately 100,000 square feet of meeting space. Phase II of the project includes the second Sheraton tower and the St. Regis hotel and serviced luxury apartment hotel, along with additional meeting space and completion of the shopping mall. We have suspended construction of phase I while we pursue project-level financing; however, there can be no assurance that such financing will be obtained. We expect that if and when financing is obtained, it will take approximately 18 months from that point to complete construction of phase I. Construction of phase II of the project has been


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  suspended until conditions in the capital markets and general economic conditions improve. As of March 31, 2009, we have capitalized construction costs of $1.66 billion for this project (including $123.7 million in outstanding construction payables). We expect to spend approximately $455 million on additional costs to prepare the site for delay and to pay outstanding construction payables. The impact of the revised development plan on the estimated overall cost of the project is currently not determinable with certainty. Our management agreements with Shangri-La and Starwood impose certain construction deadlines and opening obligations on us, and the delays described above create a significant risk that we may not be able to meet these deadlines and obligations.
 
  •  Parcels 7 and 8 were intended to include multi-hotel complexes with luxury and mid-scale hotel rooms, a casino, a shopping mall and serviced luxury apartment hotel units. We will own the entire development and have entered into non-binding agreements with Hilton Hotels to manage Hilton and Conrad brand hotels and serviced luxury apartment hotel units on parcel 7 and Fairmont Raffles Holdings to manage Fairmont and Raffles brand hotels and serviced luxury apartment hotel units on parcel 8. We had commenced pre-construction and have capitalized construction costs of $117.7 million as of March 31, 2009. We intend to commence construction after necessary government approvals are obtained, regional and global economic conditions improve, future demand warrants it and additional financing is obtained.
 
  •  For parcel 3, we have signed a non-binding memorandum of agreement with an independent developer and a non-binding letter of intent with Intercontinental Hotels Group to manage hotels under the Intercontinental and Holiday Inn International brands, and serviced luxury apartment hotel units under the Intercontinental brand. In total, the multi-hotel complex was intended to include a casino, a shopping mall and the serviced luxury apartment hotels units. We had commenced pre-construction and have capitalized construction costs of $37.4 million as of March 31, 2009. We intend to commence construction after necessary government approvals are obtained, regional and global economic conditions improve, future demand warrants it and additional financing is obtained.
 
The impact of the delayed construction on our previously estimated cost to complete our Cotai Strip developments is currently not determinable with certainty. As of March 31, 2009, we have capitalized an aggregate of $5.34 billion in construction costs for our Cotai Strip developments, including The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao. We will need to arrange additional financing to fund the balance of our Cotai Strip developments and there is no assurance that we will be able to obtain any of the additional financing required.
 
We have received a land concession from the Macao government to build on parcels 1, 2 and 3, including the sites on which The Venetian Macao (parcel 1) and Four Seasons Macao (parcel 2) are located. We do not own these land sites in Macao; however, the land concession, which has an initial term of 25 years and is renewable at our option in accordance with Macao law, grants us exclusive use of the land. As specified in the land concession, we are required to pay premiums for each parcel, which are either payable in a single lump sum upon acceptance by the Macao government of the land concession or in eight semi-annual installments (provided that the outstanding balance is due upon the completion of the corresponding integrated resort), as well as annual rent for the term of the land concession. In October 2008, the Macao government amended our land concession to separate the retail and hotel portions of the Four Seasons Macao parcel and allowed us to subdivide the parcel into four separate units under Macao’s horizontal property regime, consisting of retail, hotel/casino, Four Seasons Apartments and parking areas.
 
We do not yet have all of the necessary Macao government approvals that we will need in order to develop our planned Cotai Strip developments on parcels 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8. We have received a land concession for parcel 3, as previously noted, but have yet to be granted land concessions for parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8. We are in the process of negotiating with the Macao government to obtain the land concession for parcels 5 and 6, and will subsequently negotiate the land concession for parcels 7 and 8. Based on historical experience with the Macao government with respect to our land concessions for the Sands Macao and parcels 1, 2 and 3, management believes that the land concessions for parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8 will be granted; however, if we do not obtain these land concessions, we could forfeit all or a substantial part of our $1.78 billion in capitalized costs related to our developments on parcels 5, 6, 7 and 8 as of March 31, 2009.


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Under our land concession for parcels 1, 2 and 3, we are required to complete the development of parcel 3 by August 2011. We believe that if we are not able to complete the development of parcel 3 by the deadline, we will be able to obtain an extension from the Macao government; however, no assurances can be given that an extension will be granted. If we are unable to meet the August 2011 deadline and that deadline is not extended or the portion of the land concession related to parcel 3 is not treated as a separate land concession, we could lose our land concession for parcels 1, 2 and 3, which would prohibit us from continuing to operate The Venetian Macao, Four Seasons Macao or any other facilities developed under the land concession. As a result, we could forfeit all or a substantial portion of our $3.56 billion in capitalized costs related to our developments on parcels 1, 2 and 3 as of March 31, 2009.
 
 
Our wholly-owned subsidiary, Marina Bay Sands Pte. Ltd. (“MBS”), entered into a development agreement (the “Development Agreement”) with the Singapore Tourism Board (the “STB”) to build and operate an integrated resort called Marina Bay Sands in Singapore. Marina Bay Sands is expected to include three 55-story hotel towers (totaling approximately 2,600 rooms), a casino, an enclosed retail, dining and entertainment complex of approximately 800,000 net leasable square feet, a convention center and meeting room complex of approximately 1.3 million square feet, theaters and a landmark iconic structure at the bay-front promenade that will contain an art/science museum. We are continuing to finalize various design aspects of the integrated resort and are in the process of finalizing our cost estimates for the project. As of March 31, 2009, we have capitalized 3.73 billion Singapore dollars (“SGD,” approximately $2.46 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) in costs for this project, including the land premium and SGD 428.8 million (approximately $282.1 million at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) in outstanding construction payables. We expect to spend approximately SGD 4.3 billion (approximately $2.8 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) through 2011 on additional costs to complete the construction of the integrated resort, FF&E, pre-opening and other costs, and to pay outstanding construction payables, of which approximately SGD 2.2 billion (approximately $1.4 billion at exchange rates in effect on March 31, 2009) is expected to be spent in 2009 before the project opens. As we have obtained Singapore-denominated financing and primarily pay our costs in Singapore dollars, our exposure to foreign exchange gains and losses is expected to be minimal. Based on our current development plan, we intend to continue construction on our existing timeline with the majority of the project targeted to open in late 2009 or early 2010.
 
 
When the current economic environment and access to capital improve, we may continue exploring the possibility of developing and operating additional properties, including integrated resorts, in additional Asian and U.S. jurisdictions, and in Europe.
 
 
The preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires our management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. These estimates are based on historical information, information that is currently available to us and on various other assumptions that management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results could vary from those estimates and we may change our estimates and assumptions in future evaluations. Changes in these estimates and assumptions may have a material effect on our financial condition and results of operations. We believe that these critical accounting policies affect our more significant judgments and estimates used in the preparation of our condensed consolidated financial statements. For a discussion of our significant accounting policies and estimates, please refer to “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” presented in our 2008 Annual Report on Form 10-K filed on March 2, 2009.
 
There were no newly identified significant accounting estimates in the three months ended March 31, 2009, nor were there any material changes to the critical accounting policies and estimates discussed in our 2008 Annual Report.


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See related disclosure at “Item 1 — Financial Statements — Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — Note 1 — Organization and Business of Company.”
 
 
The following table summarizes our results of operations:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                Percent
 
    2009     2008     Change  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net revenues
  $ 1,079,062     $ 1,079,023       %
Operating expenses
    1,042,783       982,458       6.1 %
Operating income
    36,279       96,565       (62.4 )%
Loss before income taxes
    (35,033 )     (8,560 )     309.3 %
Net loss
    (35,846 )     (11,234 )     219.1 %
Net loss attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
    (34,606 )     (11,234 )     208.0 %
 
                 
    Percent of Net Revenues  
    Three Months
 
    Ended March 31,  
    2009     2008  
 
Operating expenses
    96.6 %     91.1 %
Operating income
    3.4 %     8.9 %
Loss before income taxes
    (3.2 )%     (0.8 )%
Net loss
    (3.3 )%     (1.0 )%
Net loss attributable to Las Vegas Sands Corp. 
    (3.2 )%     (1.0 )%
 
 
 
Operating revenues at our Las Vegas Operating Properties, The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao are dependent upon the volume of customers who stay at the hotel, which affects the price that can be charged for hotel rooms and the volume of table games and slot machine play. Hotel revenues are not material for the Sands Macao as its revenues are principally driven by casino customers who visit the casino on a daily basis.
 
The following are the key measurements we use to evaluate operating revenue:
 
Casino revenue measurements for Las Vegas:  Table games drop (“drop”) and slot handle (“handle”) are volume measurements. Win or hold percentage represents the percentage of drop or handle that is won by the casino and recorded as casino revenue. Table games drop represents the sum of markers issued (credit instruments) less markers paid at the table, plus cash deposited in the table drop box. Slot handle is the gross amount wagered or coins placed into slot machines in aggregate for the period cited. Based upon our mix of table games, our table games produce a statistical average win percentage (calculated before discounts) as measured as a percentage of drop of 20.0% to 22.0% and slot machines produce a statistical average win percentage (calculated before slot club cash incentives) as measured as a percentage of handle generally between 6.0% and 7.0%.
 
Casino revenue measurements for Macao:  Macao table games are segregated into two groups, consistent with the Macao market’s convention: Rolling Chip play (all VIP play) and Non-Rolling Chip play (mostly non-VIP players). The volume measurement for Rolling Chip play is non-negotiable gaming chips wagered. The volume measurement for Non-Rolling Chip play is table games drop as previously described. Rolling Chip volume and Non-Rolling Chip volume are not equivalent as Rolling Chip volume is a measure of amounts wagered versus


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dropped. Rolling Chip volume is substantially higher than table games drop. Slot handle is the gross amount wagered or coins placed into slot machines in aggregate for the period cited.
 
We view Rolling Chip table games win as a percentage of Rolling Chip volume and Non-Rolling Chip table games win as a percentage of drop. Win or hold percentage represents the percentage of Rolling Chip volume, Non-Rolling Chip drop or slot handle that is won by the casino and recorded as casino revenue. Based upon our mix of table games in Macao, our Rolling Chip table games win percentage (calculated before discounts and commissions) as measured as a percentage of Rolling Chip volume is expected to be 3.0% and our Non-Rolling Chip table games are expected to produce a statistical average win percentage as measured as a percentage of drop of 18.0% to 20.0%. Similar to Las Vegas, our Macao slot machines produce a statistical average win percentage as measured as a percentage of handle of generally between 6.0% and 7.0%.
 
Actual win may vary from the statistical average.  Generally, slot machine play is conducted on a cash basis. Credit-based wagering for our Las Vegas properties was approximately 55.6% of table games revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009. Table games play at our Macao properties is conducted primarily on a cash basis with only 29.4% credit-based wagering for the three months ended March 31, 2009; however, this percentage is expected to increase as we increase the credit extended to our junkets.
 
Hotel revenue measurements:  Hotel occupancy rate, which is the average percentage of available hotel rooms occupied during a period, and average daily room rate, which is the average price of occupied rooms per day, are used as performance indicators. Revenue per available room represents a summary of hotel average daily room rates and occupancy. Because not all available rooms are occupied, average daily room rates are normally higher than revenue per available room. Reserved rooms where the guests do not show up for their stay and lose their deposit may be re-sold to walk-in guests. These rooms are considered to be occupied twice for statistical purposes due to obtaining the original deposit and the walk-in guest revenue. In cases where a significant number of rooms are resold, occupancy rates may be in excess of 100% and revenue per available room may be higher than the average daily room rate.
 
 
 
Our net revenues consisted of the following:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                Percent
 
    2009     2008     Change  
          (In thousands)        
 
Casino
  $ 797,925     $ 795,441       0.3 %
Rooms
    174,388       190,689       (8.5 )%
Food and beverage
    87,308       83,240       4.9 %
Convention, retail and other
    113,487       78,858       43.9 %
                         
      1,173,108       1,148,228       2.2 %
Less — promotional allowances
    (94,046 )     (69,205 )     35.9 %
                         
Total net revenues
  $ 1,079,062     $ 1,079,023       %
                         
 
Consolidated net revenues were $1.08 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008. The increase in convention, retail and other revenues was driven by an increase in our passenger ferry service operations and a full quarter of revenues from the mall at the Four Seasons Macao, which opened in August 2008. This increase was offset by a decrease in room revenues and an increase in promotional allowances as more comps were provided in order to drive visitation to our properties.


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Despite the overall decline in global economic conditions, which led to a decrease in tables games volume across all of our properties (with the exception of Four Seasons Macao), casino revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $2.5 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. Of the increase, $35.4 million was attributable to the opening of Four Seasons Macao in August 2008, while The Venetian Macao recorded an increase of $30.0 million due to increases in our overall table games win percentages. This increase was offset by a $44.9 million decrease at the Sands Macao driven primarily by lower table games activity and an $18.0 million decrease at our Las Vegas Operating Properties primarily due to a decrease in table games win percentage. The following table summarizes the results of our casino revenue activity:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2009     2008     Change  
          (In thousands)        
 
Sands Macao
                       
Total casino revenues
  $ 219,473     $ 264,360       (17.0 )%
Non-Rolling Chip table games drop
  $ 612,864     $ 723,555       (15.3 )%
Non-Rolling Chip table games win percentage
    18.8 %     20.1 %     (1.3 )pts
Rolling Chip volume
  $ 5,133,848     $ 5,608,398       (8.5 )%
Rolling Chip win percentage
    2.59 %     2.54 %     0.05 pts
Slot handle
  $ 277,436     $ 253,498       9.4 %
Slot hold percentage
    7.0 %     8.4 %     (1.4 )pts
The Venetian Macao
                       
Total casino revenues
  $ 413,229     $ 383,250       7.8 %
Non-Rolling Chip table games drop
  $ 854,346     $ 880,070       (2.9 )%
Non-Rolling Chip table games win percentage
    21.9 %     19.5 %     2.4 pts
Rolling Chip volume
  $ 8,693,889     $ 8,707,010       (0.2 )%
Rolling Chip win percentage
    3.16 %     2.96 %     0.20 pts
Slot handle
  $ 558,504     $ 372,918       49.8 %
Slot hold percentage
    7.6 %     8.5 %     (0.9 )pts
Four Seasons Macao
                       
Total casino revenues
  $ 35,404     $       %
Non-Rolling Chip table games drop
  $ 86,712     $       %
Non-Rolling Chip table games win percentage
    23.2 %     %     pts
Rolling Chip volume
  $ 559,117     $       %
Rolling Chip win percentage
    3.09 %     %     pts
Slot handle
  $ 43,922     $       %
Slot hold percentage
    5.4 %     %     pts
Las Vegas Operating Properties
                       
Total casino revenues
  $ 129,819     $ 147,831       (12.2 )%
Table games drop
  $ 444,447     $ 456,579       (2.7 )%
Table games win percentage
    20.6 %     25.3 %     (4.7 )pts
Slot handle
  $ 705,901     $ 816,219       (13.5 )%
Slot hold percentage
    7.0 %     6.0 %     1.0 pts
 
In our experience, average win percentages remain steady when measured over extended periods of time, but can vary considerably within shorter time periods as a result of the statistical variances that are associated with games of chance in which large amounts are wagered.
 
Room revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009, decreased $16.3 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. Due to the decline in economic conditions and competition on the Las Vegas Strip, room rates were reduced to increase visitation at our Las Vegas Operating Properties, resulting in a decrease in


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ADR, which was slightly offset by an increase in our occupancy rate. The decrease at The Venetian Macao was due to a reduced ADR and a decrease in occupancy rate, driven by the overall economic conditions. These decreases were partially offset by revenues attributable to Four Seasons Macao of $3.7 million. The suites at Sands Macao are primarily provided to casino patrons on a complimentary basis and therefore revenues of $6.7 million and $6.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and related statistics have not been included in the following table, which summarizes the results of our room revenue activity:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2009     2008     Change  
    (Room revenues in thousands)  
 
Las Vegas Operating Properties
                       
Total room revenues
  $ 122,949     $ 136,241       (9.8 )%
Average daily room rate
  $ 214     $ 264       (18.9 )%
Occupancy rate
    90.7 %     86.4 %     4.3 pts
Revenue per available room
  $ 194     $ 228       (14.9 )%
The Venetian Macao
                       
Total room revenues
  $ 41,073     $ 47,690       (13.9 )%
Average daily room rate
  $ 216     $ 232       (6.9 )%
Occupancy rate
    77.2 %     78.6 %     (1.4 )pts
Revenue per available room
  $ 167     $ 183       (8.7 )%
Four Seasons Macao
                       
Total room revenues
  $ 3,691     $       %
Average daily room rate
  $ 295     $       %
Occupancy rate
    38.6 %     %     pts
Revenue per available room
  $ 114     $       %
 
Food and beverage revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $4.1 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase was primarily attributable to an increase of $5.0 million at the Las Vegas Operating Properties driven primarily by joint venture restaurants in The Palazzo that were not open during the full three months ended March 31, 2008.
 
Convention, retail and other revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $34.6 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase is due primarily to an increase of $13.1 million in Other Asia driven by our passenger ferry service operations as we increased the frequency of sailings and commenced night sailings in the summer of 2008, as well as $8.1 million attributable to Four Seasons Macao and an increase of $6.9 million at The Venetian Macao, driven primarily by an increase in leased occupancy of the mall.


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The breakdown of operating expenses is as follows:
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                Percent
 
    2009     2008     Change  
    (In thousands)  
 
Casino
  $ 548,897     $ 519,468       5.7 %
Rooms
    33,767       40,281       (16.2 )%
Food and beverage
    42,642       41,040       3.9 %
Convention, retail and other
    59,243       44,967       31.7 %
Provision for doubtful accounts
    21,010       8,132       158.4 %
General and administrative
    121,303       142,953       (15.1 )%
Corporate expense
    23,424       25,537       (8.3 )%
Rental expense
    7,929       9,064       (12.5 )%
Pre-opening expense
    44,934       26,590       69.0 %
Development expense
    254       5,892       (95.7 )%
Depreciation and amortization
    139,249       113,413       22.8 %
Loss on disposal of assets
    131       5,121       (97.4 )%
                         
Total operating expenses
  $ 1,042,783     $ 982,458       6.1 %
                         
 
Operating expenses were $1.04 billion for the three months ended March 31, 2009, an increase of $60.3 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase in operating expenses was primarily attributable to higher convention, retail and other operating revenues driven by our passenger ferry service operations, as well as the opening of the Four Seasons Macao, pre-opening expenses, and depreciation and amortization costs, as more fully described below.
 
Casino expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $29.4 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. Of the increase, $16.6 million and $15.9 million was due to the 39.0% gross win tax on casino revenues of Four Seasons Macao and The Venetian Macao, respectively, offset by a decrease in gross win tax at the Sands Macao of $16.9 million due to the decrease in casino revenues as noted above. An additional $9.1 million in casino-related expenses (exclusive of the aforementioned 39.0% gross win tax) were attributable to Four Seasons Macao.
 
Convention, retail and other expense for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $14.3 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. Of the increase, $13.6 million was driven by the increase in our passenger ferry service operations in Macao and $2.3 million was attributable to the opening of the Four Seasons Macao.
 
The provision for doubtful accounts was $21.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009, compared to $8.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase was due primarily to a $9.0 million provision for one customer during the three months ended March 31, 2009. The amount of this provision can vary over short periods of time because of factors specific to the customers who owe us money from gaming activities at any given time. We believe that the amount of our provision for doubtful accounts in the future will depend upon the state of the economy, our credit standards, our risk assessments and the judgment of our employees responsible for granting credit.
 
General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2009, decreased $21.7 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The decrease was primarily attributable to a decrease of $14.7 million and $7.1 million at The Venetian Macao and Sands Macao, respectively, due to our cost-cutting measures.
 
Pre-opening and development expenses were $44.9 million and $0.3 million, respectively, for the three months ended March 31, 2009, as compared to $26.6 million and $5.9 million, respectively, for the three months ended


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March 31, 2008. Pre-opening expense represents personnel and other costs incurred prior to the opening of new ventures, which are expensed as incurred. Pre-opening expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2009, were primarily related to activities at Marina Bay Sands and Sands Bethlehem, as well as costs associated with suspension activities at our other Cotai Strip properties. Development expenses include the costs associated with the Company’s evaluation and pursuit of new business opportunities, which are also expensed as incurred.
 
Depreciation and amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $25.8 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase was primarily the result of the opening of Four Seasons Macao (totaling $11.9 million). Additionally, increases of $6.6 million and $3.1 million were attributable to The Palazzo and The Venetian Macao, respectively, as both properties had unopened areas during the three months ended March 31, 2008.
 
 
Adjusted EBITDAR is used by management as the primary measure of the operating performance of our segments. Adjusted EBITDAR is net loss before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, pre-opening expense, development expense, other income (expense), loss on early retirement of debt, loss on disposal of assets, rental expense, corporate expense, stock-based compensation expense and noncontrolling interest. The following table summarizes information related to our segments (see “Item 1 — Financial Statements — Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements — Note 9 — Segment Information” for discussion of our operating segments and a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDAR to net loss):
 
                         
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
                Percent
 
    2009     2008     Change  
    (In thousands)  
 
Las Vegas Operating Properties
  $ 89,774     $ 122,561       (26.8 )%
Macao:
                       
Sands Macao
    50,358       65,618       (23.3 )%
The Venetian Macao
    121,486       110,335       10.1 %
Four Season Macao
    4,368             %
Other Asia
    (6,010 )     (10,262 )     (41.4 )%
                         
Total adjusted EBITDAR
  $ 259,976     $ 288,252       (9.8 )%
                         
 
Adjusted EBITDAR at our Las Vegas Operating Properties decreased $32.8 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The decrease was primarily driven by decreases in casino and room revenues of $18.0 million and $13.3 million, respectively, as previously described.
 
Adjusted EBITDAR at Sands Macao decreased $15.3 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. As previously described, the decrease was primarily attributable to the decrease in casino revenues of $44.9 million, partially offset by a $16.9 million decrease in gross win tax on reduced casino revenues and a $7.1 million decrease in general and administrative expenses due to our cost-cutting measures.
 
Adjusted EBITDAR at The Venetian Macao increased $11.2 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The increase was primarily attributable to the increase in net revenues of $27.9 million and the decrease in general and administrative expenses of $14.7 million due to our cost-cutting measures, partially offset by increases in operating expenses associated with the increase in the related revenue categories.
 
Adjusted EBITDAR in our Other Asia segment, which is composed primarily of our passenger ferry service operations, was $(6.0) million for the three months ended March 31, 2009, as compared to $(10.3) million for the three months ended March 31, 2008. As previously described, the ferry service operations had an increase in revenue driven by the increased number of sailings, which was partially offset by the increase in associated operating expenses.
 
Adjusted EBITDAR at Four Seasons Macao does not have a comparable prior-year period. Results of the operations of Four Seasons Macao are as previously described.


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The following table summarizes information related to interest expense on long-term debt:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Interest cost (which includes the amortization of deferred financing costs and original issue discount)
  $ 85,171     $ 145,283  
Less — capitalized interest
    (14,053 )     (30,583 )
                 
Interest expense, net
  $ 71,118     $ 114,700  
                 
Cash paid for interest
  $ 84,829     $ 131,907  
Average total debt balance
  $ 10,469,500     $ 8,080,723  
Weighted average interest rate
    3.3 %     7.2 %
 
Interest cost decreased $60.1 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008, resulting from a decrease in the weighted average interest rate, partially offset by an increase in our average long-term debt balances. The decrease in interest cost was offset by the capitalization of $14.1 million of interest during the three months ended March 31, 2009, as compared to $30.6 million of capitalized interest during the three months ended March 31, 2008. The decrease in capitalized interest is primarily due to the suspension of our Cotai Strip developments, the completion of Four Seasons Macao and the decrease in the weighted average interest rate. Leasehold interest in land payments made in Macao and Singapore are not considered qualifying assets and as such, are not included in the base amount used to determine capitalized interest.
 
 
Interest income was $5.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008. Interest income earned during the three months ended March 31, 2009, was driven by an increase in invested cash balances as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008, offset by a decrease in interest rates.
 
Other expense for the three months ended March 31, 2009, was $5.7 million as compared to other income of $8.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2008. The expense during the three months ended March 31, 2009, was primarily attributable to a decrease in the fair value of our interest rate cap agreements held in Singapore as well as the write-off of deferred financing fees related to a potential refinancing of our Macao credit facility.
 
Our reported income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2009, was 2.3% as compared to 31.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2008. The effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2009, includes a pre-tax book loss in the U.S., which has a statutory rate of 35%, and a zero percent tax rate from our Macao gaming operations due to our income tax exemption in Macao, which is set to expire in 2013. The non-deductible pre-opening expenses of foreign subsidiaries and the non-realizable net operating losses in foreign jurisdictions unfavorably impacted the rate.


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Our cash flows consisted of the following:
 
                 
    Three Months Ended March 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (In thousands)  
 
Net cash provided by operations
  $ 145,715     $ 72,435  
                 
Investing cash flows:
               
Capital expenditures
    (523,841 )     (943,541 )
Change in restricted cash
    90,140       (27,115 )
                 
Net cash used in investing activities
    (433,701 )     (970,656 )
                 
Financing cash flows:
               
Dividend paid to preferred stockholders
    (24,473 )      
Proceeds from long term-debt
    177,429       2,105,196  
Repayments of long-term debt
    (144,575 )     (1,372,421 )
Other
    28       156,588  
                 
Net cash provided by financing activities
    8,409       889,363  
                 
Effect of exchange rate on cash
    (114 )     7,070  
                 
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
  $ (279,691 )   $ (1,788 )
                 
 
 
Table games play at our Las Vegas Operating Properties is conducted on a cash and credit basis while table games play at our Macao properties is conducted primarily on a cash basis. Slot machine play is primarily conducted on a cash basis. The retail hotel rooms business is generally conducted on a cash basis, the group hotel rooms business is conducted on a cash and credit basis, and banquet business is conducted primarily on a credit basis resulting in operating cash flows being generally affected by changes in operating income and accounts receivable. Net cash provided by operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2009, increased $73.3 million as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008. The primary factor contributing to the net increase in cash flow provided by operating activities was due to a significant decrease in accounts receivable attributable to more efficient collection of current quarter operating revenues, as well as the collection of prior period receivables. This increase was offset by $48.1 million in deferred rent related to the sale of The Shoppes at The Palazzo received during the three months ended March 31, 2008, and a decrease in operating income (as previously described) during the three months ended March 31, 2009, as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2008.
 
 
Capital expenditures for the three months ended March 31, 2009, totaled $523.8 million, including $262.7 million for construction and development activities in Singapore; $116.8 million for construction and development activities in Macao (primarily for the unopened areas of Four Seasons Macao and our other Cotai Strip developments); $33.7 million at our Las Vegas Operating Properties (primarily for The Shoppes at The Palazzo); and $110.6 million for corporate and other activities, primarily for the construction of Sands Bethlehem and the St. Regis Residences.
 
Restricted cash decreased $90.1 million due primarily to decreases in restricted cash in Singapore and Macao of $48.2 million and $41.9 million, respectively, as we made construction payments primarily related to Marina Bay Sands and our other Cotai Strip developments, respectively.


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For the three months ended March 31, 2009, net cash flows provided from financing activities were $8.4 million. The net increase was primarily attributable to the borrowings of $171.0 million under the Singapore permanent facilities, offset by repayments of $125.0 million under the Macao credit facility and $10.0 million under the U.S. senior secured credit facility, net repayments of $2.3 million under the ferry financing and dividends paid to preferred stockholders of $24.5 million.
 
 
Through March 31, 2009, we have principally funded our development projects through borrowings under our U.S., Macao and Singapore credit facilities, operating cash flows, proceeds from our recent equity offerings and proceeds from the disposition of non-core assets. We held unrestricted and restricted cash and cash equivalents of approximately $2.76 billion and $101.9 million, respectively, as of March 31, 2009.
 
The U.S. senior secured credit facility and FF&E facility require our Las Vegas operations to comply with certain financial covenants at the end of each quarter, including maintaining a maximum leverage ratio of net debt, as defined, to trailing twelve-month adjusted earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, as defined (“Adjusted EBITDA”). The maximum leverage ratio is 7.0x for the quarterly periods ending March 31 and June 30, 2009, decreases 0.5x after every two quarterly periods and remains at 5.0x for the quarterly periods thereafter (commencing with the quarterly period ending March 31, 2011). The Macao credit facility requires our Macao operations to comply with similar financial covenants, including maintaining a maximum leverage ratio of debt to Adjusted EBITDA. The maximum leverage ratio is 4.0x for the quarterly periods ending March 31 and June 30, 2009, decreases to 3.5x for the quarterly periods ending September 30 and December 31, 2009, and then remains at 3.0x for the quarterly periods thereafter. If we are unable to maintain compliance with the financial covenants under these credit facilities, we would be in default under the respective credit facilities. A default under our domestic credit facilities would trigger a cross-default under our airplane financings, which, if the respective lenders chose to accelerate the indebtedness outstanding under these agreements, would result in a default under our senior notes. A default under our Macao credit facility would trigger a cross-default under our ferry financing. Any defaults or cross-defaults under these agreements would allow the lenders, in each case, to exercise their rights and remedies as defined under their respective agreements. If the lenders were to exercise their rights to accelerate the due dates of the indebtedness outstanding, there can be no assurance that we would be able to repay or refinance any amounts that may become accelerated under such agreements, which could force us to restructure or alter our operations or debt obligations.
 
We completed a $475.0 million convertible senior notes offering and a $2.1 billion common and preferred stock and warrants offering in 2008. Portions of the proceeds from these offerings were used domestically to exercise the EBITDA true-up provision (as defined below) during the quarterly periods ended September 30, 2008 and March 31, 2009, and were contributed to Las Vegas Sands, LLC to reduce its net debt in order to maintain compliance with the maximum leverage ratio for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009. As of March 31, 2009, our domestic leverage ratio was 6.42x, compared to the maximum leverage ratio allowed of 7.0x. An additional portion of the proceeds was used in Macao to exercise the EBITDA true-up provision during the quarterly period ended December 31, 2008, and cash on hand was used to pay down $125.0 million of indebtedness under the Macao credit facility in March 2009 in order to maintain compliance with the maximum leverage ratio for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2009. As of March 31, 2009, our Macao leverage ratio was 3.86x, compared to the maximum leverage ratio allowed of 4.0x.
 
In order to fund our revised development plan, as described in “— Note 1 — Organization and Business of Company — Development Projects,” and comply with the maximum leverage ratio covenants of our U.S. and Macao credit facilities for the remaining quarterly periods in 2009 and beyond, we will utilize cash on hand, cash flow from operations and available borrowings under our credit facilities. We will also need to execute on some, or a combination, of the following measures: (i) achieve increased levels of Adjusted EBITDA at our Las Vegas and Macao properties, primarily through aggressive cost-cutting measures and implementation of efficiency initiatives; (ii) successfully complete the sale of certain non-core assets (e.g. the malls at The Venetian Macao and Four Seasons Macao or shares related to the Four Seasons Apartments), a portion of the proceeds of which would be used


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to repay our debt in Macao; (iii) elect to contribute up to $50 million and $20 million of cash on hand to our Las Vegas and Macao operations, respectively, on a bi-quarterly basis (such contributions having the effect of increasing Adjusted EBITDA by the corresponding amount during the applicable quarter for purposes of calculating compliance with the maximum leverage ratio (the “EBITDA true-up”)); or (iv) execute a debt reduction plan. If the aforementioned measures are not sufficient to fund our revised development plan and maintain compliance with our financial covenants, we may also need to execute on some, or a combination, of the following measures: (i) further decrease the rate of spending on our global development projects; (ii) obtain additional financing at our parent company level, the proceeds of which could be used to reduce or repay debt in Las Vegas and/or Macao; (iii) consider sales of other assets or minority interests in certain of our operating assets; (iv) elect to delay payment of dividends on the Preferred Stock; or (v) seek waivers or amendments under our U.S. and Macao credit facilities; however, there can be no assurance that we will be able to obtain such waivers or amendments. Management believes that successful execution of some combination of the above measures will be sufficient for us to fund our commitments and maintain compliance with our financial covenants.
 
 
As of March 31, 2009, there had been no material changes to our aggregated indebtedness and other known contractual obligations, which are set forth in the table included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, with the exception of borrowings of $171.0 million under our Singapore permanent facilities (which mature in March 2015 and include quarterly payments commencing with the quarter ending March 31, 2011, with the remaining principal due in full upon maturity) and a repayment of $125.0 million under our Macao credit facility (which would have matured in May 2011 with no interim amortization).
 
 
We are a parent company with limited business operations. Our main asset is the stock and membership interests of our subsidiaries. The debt instruments of our U.S., Macao and Singapore subsidiaries contain certain restrictions that, among other things, limit the ability of certain subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness, issue disqualified stock or equity interests, pay dividends or make other distributions, repurchase equity interests or certain indebtedness, create certain liens, enter into certain transactions with affiliates, enter into certain mergers or consolidations or sell our assets of our company without prior approval of the lenders or noteholders.
 
 
We believe that inflation and changing prices have not had a material impact on our sales, revenues or income from continuing operations during the past year.
 
 
This report contains forward-looking statements that are made pursuant to the Safe Harbor Provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements include the discussions of our business strategies and expectations concerning future operations, margins, profitability, liquidity, and capital resources. In addition, in certain portions included in this report, the words: “anticipates,” “believes,” “estimates,” “seeks,” “expects,” “plans,” “intends” and similar expressions, as they relate to our company or its management, are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Although we believe that these forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot assure you that any forward-looking statements will prove to be correct. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors, which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. These factors include, among others, the risks associated with: