Littelfuse 10-K 2011
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
Commission file number 0-20388
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes [X] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes [ ] No [X]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes [X] No [ ]
(Cover continued from previous page)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (Section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes [ ] No [ ]
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. [X]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “small reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Check one): Large accelerated filer [ ] Accelerated filer [X] Non-accelerated filer [ ] Smaller reporting company [ ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [ ] No [X]
The aggregate market value of 21,846,038 shares of voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $684,217,910 based on the last reported sale price of the registrant’s Common Stock as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select MarketSM on July 3, 2010.
As of February 18, 2011, the registrant had outstanding 22,551,386 shares of Common Stock.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the Littelfuse, Inc. Proxy Statement for the 2010 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Proxy Statement”) are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Certain statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K that are not historical facts are intended to constitute “forward-looking statements” entitled to the safe-harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (“PSRLA”). These statements may involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, risks relating to product demand and market acceptance, economic conditions, the impact of competitive products and pricing, product quality problems or product recalls, capacity and supply difficulties or constraints, coal mining exposures, failure of an indemnification for environmental liability, exchange rate fluctuations, commodity price fluctuations, the effect of the company’s accounting policies, labor disputes, restructuring costs in excess of expectations, pension plan asset returns being less than assumed, integration of acquisitions and other risks that may be detailed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” below and in the company’s other Securities and Exchange Commission filings.
ITEM 1. BUSINESS.
Littelfuse, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “company” or “Littelfuse” or “we” or “our”) is the world’s leading supplier of circuit protection products for the electronics industry, providing the broadest line of circuit protection solutions to worldwide customers. In the electronics market, the company supplies leading manufacturers such as Alcatel-Lucent, Apple, Cisco, Celestica, Delta, Flextronics, Foxconn, Hewlett-Packard, Huawei, IBM, Intel, Jabil, LG, Motorola, Nokia, Panasonic, Quanta, Samsung, Sanmina-SCI, Seagate, Siemens and Sony.
The company is also the leading provider of circuit protection for the automotive industry and the third largest producer of electrical fuses in North America. In the automotive market, the company’s end customers include major automotive manufacturers in North America, Europe and Asia such as BMW, Chrysler, Ford Motor Company, General Motors, Hyundai Group, and Volkswagen. The company also supplies wiring harness manufacturers and auto parts suppliers worldwide, including Advance Auto Parts, Continental, Delphi, Lear, Leoni, O’Reilly Auto Parts, Pep Boys, Sumitomo, Valeo, and Yazaki. In the electrical market, the company supplies representative customers such as Abbott, Acuity Brands, Dow Chemical, DuPont, GE, General Motors, Heinz, International Paper, John Deere, SMA, First Solar, Samsung, Merck, Poland Springs, Procter & Gamble, Rockwell, United Technologies and 3M. Through the company’s Electrical business, the company supplies industrial ground fault circuit protection in mining and other large industrial operations to customers such as Potash Corporation, Mosaic, Agrium, and Cameco. See “Business Environment: Circuit Protection Market.”
The company reports its operations by three business unit segments: Electronics, Automotive, and Electrical. For segment and geographical information and consolidated net sales and operating earnings see “Item 7. Management’s Discussion And Analysis Of Financial Condition And Results Of Operations” and Note 15 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statments included in this report.
Net sales by business unit segment for the periods indicated are as follows (in thousands):
The company operates in three geographic territories: the Americas, Europe, and Asia-Pacific. The company manufactures products and sells to customers in all three territories. There has been and continues to be a shift in the company’s revenues, and consequently manufacturing, to the Asia-Pacific region.
Net sales in the company’s three geographic territories, based upon the shipped to destination, are as follows (in thousands):
The company’s products are sold worldwide through a direct sales force and manufacturers’ representatives. For the year ended January 1, 2011, approximately 69.1% of the company’s net sales were to customers outside the United States (exports and foreign operations), including 18.9% in Hong Kong.
The company manufactures many of its products on fully integrated manufacturing and assembly equipment. The company maintains product quality through a Global Quality Management System with most manufacturing sites certified under ISO 9001:2000. In addition, several of the Littelfuse manufacturing sites are also certified under TS 16949 and ISO 14001.
References herein to “2010” or “fiscal 2010” refer to the fiscal year ended January 1, 2011. References herein to “2009” or “fiscal 2009” refer to the fiscal year ended January 2, 2010. References herein to “2008” or “fiscal 2008” refer to the fiscal year ended December 27, 2008. The company operates on a “4-4-5” fiscal calendar that normally keeps the number of weeks constant during the quarter. As a result of using this convention, fiscal year 2009 contained 53 weeks whereas each of fiscal 2010 and fiscal 2008 contained 52 weeks.
The company’s annual report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports are available free of charge through the “Investors” section of the company’s Internet web site (http://www.littelfuse.com), as soon as practicable after such material is electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), accessible via a link to the web site maintained by the SEC. Except as otherwise provided herein, such information is not incorporated by reference into this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT: CIRCUIT PROTECTION MARKET
Electronic circuit protection products are used to protect circuits in a multitude of electronic systems. The company’s product offering includes a complete line of overcurrent and overvoltage solutions, including (i) fuses and protectors, (ii) positive temperature coefficient (“PTC”) resettable fuses, (iii) varistors, (iv) polymer electrostatic discharge (“ESD”) suppressors, (v) discrete transient voltage suppression (“TVS”) diodes, TVS diode arrays and protection thyristors, (vi) gas discharge tubes, (vii) power switching components and (viii) fuseholders, blocks and related accessories.
Electronic fuses and protectors are devices that contain an element that melts in an overcurrent condition. Electronic miniature and subminiature fuses are designed to provide circuit protection in the limited space requirements of electronic equipment. The company’s fuses are used in a wide variety of electronic products, including wireless telephones, consumer electronics, computers, modems and telecommunications equipment. The company markets these products under the trademarked brand names PICO® II and NANO2® SMF.
Resettable fuses are PTC polymer devices that limit the current when an overcurrent condition exists and then reset themselves once the overcurrent condition has cleared. The company’s product line offers both radial leaded and surface mount products. Varistors are ceramic-based, high-energy absorption devices that provide transient overvoltage and surge suppression for automotive, telecommunication, consumer electronics and industrial applications. The company’s product line offers both radial leaded and multilayer surface mount products.
Polymer ESD suppressors are polymer-based devices that protect an electronic system from failure due to rapid transfer of electrostatic charge to the circuit. The company’s PulseGuard® line of ESD suppressors is used in PC and PC peripherals, digital consumer electronics and wireless applications.
Discrete diodes, diode arrays and protection thyristors are fast switching silicon semiconductor structures. Discrete diodes protect a wide variety of applications from overvoltage transients such as ESD, inductive load switching or lightning, while diode arrays are used primarily as ESD suppressors. Protection thyristors are commonly used to protect telecommunications circuits from overvoltage transients such as those resulting from lightning. Applications include telephones, modems, data transmission lines and alarm systems. The company markets these products under the following trademarked brand names: TECCOR®, SIDACtor® and Battrax®.
Gas discharge tubes are very low capacitance devices designed to suppress any transient voltage event that is greater than the breakover voltage of the device. These devices are primarily used in telecommunication interface and conversion equipment applications as protection from overvoltage transients such as lightning.
Power switching components are used to regulate energy to various type loads most commonly found in industrial and home equipment. These components are easily activated from simple control circuits or interfaced to computers for more complex load control. Typical applications include heating, cooling, battery chargers and lighting.
In addition to the above products, the company is also a supplier of fuse holders (including OMNI-BLOK®), fuse blocks and fuse clips primarily to customers that purchase circuit protection devices from the company.
Fuses are extensively used in automobiles, trucks, buses and off-road equipment to protect electrical circuits and the wires that supply electrical power to operate lights, heating, air conditioning, radios, windows and other controls. Currently, a typical automobile contains 30 to 100 fuses, depending upon the options installed. The fuse content per vehicle is expected to continue to grow as more electronic features are included in automobiles. The company also supplies fuses for the protection of electric and hybrid vehicles.
The company is a primary supplier of automotive fuses to United States, Asian and European automotive original equipment manufacturers (“OEM”), automotive component parts manufacturers and automotive parts distributors. The company also sells its fuses in the replacement parts market, with its products being sold through merchandisers, discount stores and service stations, as well as under private label by national firms. The company invented and owns most of the U.S. patents related to the blade-type fuse, which is the standard and most commonly used fuse in the automotive industry. The company’s automotive fuse products are marketed under trademarked brand names, including ATO®, MINI®, MAXI™, MIDI®, MEGA™, MasterFuse®, JCASE® and CablePro™.
A majority of the company’s automotive fuse sales are made to main-fuse box and wire harness manufacturers that incorporate the fuses into their products. The remaining automotive fuse sales are made directly to automotive manufacturers, retailers who sell automotive parts and accessories, and distributors who in turn sell most of their products to wholesalers, service stations and non-automotive OEMs.
The company entered the electrical market in 1983 and manufactures and sells a broad range of low-voltage and medium-voltage circuit protection products as well as protection relays to electrical distributors and their customers in the construction, OEM and industrial maintenance, repair and operating supplies (“MRO”) markets.
Power fuses are used to protect circuits in various types of industrial equipment and in industrial and commercial buildings. They are rated and listed under one of many Underwriters Laboratories’ fuse classifications. Major applications for power fuses include protection from over-load and short-circuit currents in motor branch circuits, heating and cooling systems, control systems, lighting circuits and electrical distribution networks.
The company’s POWR-GARD® product line features the Indicator™ series power fuse used in both the OEM and MRO markets. The Indicator™ technology provides visual blown-fuse indication at a glance, reducing maintenance and downtime on production equipment. The Indicator™ product offering is widely used in motor protection and industrial control panel applications.
Protection relays are used to protect personnel and equipment in industrial environments and commercial buildings from excessive currents, over voltages and electrical shock hazards called ground-faults. Major applications for protection relays include protection of motor, transformer and power-line distribution circuits. Ground-fault relays are used to protect personnel and equipment in wet environments such as underground mining or water treatment applications where there is a greater risk for electricity to come in contact with water and create a shock hazard.
PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
The company employs scientific, engineering and other personnel to continually improve its existing product lines and to develop new products at its research and engineering facilities in Champaign and Chicago, Illinois, Boston, Massachusetts, Canada, China, Germany, the Philippines and Mexico. The Product & Development Technology departments maintain a staff of engineers, chemists, material scientists and technicians whose primary responsibility is to design and develop new products.
Proposals for the development of new products are initiated primarily by sales and marketing personnel with input from customers. The entire product development process usually ranges from a few months to 18 months based on the complexity of development, with continuous efforts to reduce the development cycle. During fiscal years 2010, 2009 and 2008, the company expended $17.6 million, $18.1 million and $24.1 million, respectively, on research, product design and development (“R&D”). During 2010, the company completed moving R&D operations to lower cost locations closer to its customers. R&D operations are now in Canada, China, Germany, the Philippines and Mexico as well as the United States.
PATENTS, TRADEMARKS AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
The company generally relies on patent and trademark laws and license and nondisclosure agreements to protect intellectual property and proprietary products. In cases where it is deemed necessary by management, key employees are required to sign an agreement that they will maintain the confidentiality of the company’s proprietary information and trade secrets.
As of January 1, 2011, the company owned 223 patents in North America, 105 patents in the European Union and 135 patents in other foreign countries. The company also has registered trademark protection for certain of its brand names and logos. The 223 North American patents are in the following product categories: 138 electronics, 57 automotive and 28 electrical. Patents and licenses are amortized over a period of 4-12 years, with a weighted average life of 11.9 years. Distribution networks are amortized over a period of 4-20 years, with a weighted average life of 14.7 years. Trademarks and tradenames are amortized over a period of 5-20 years, with a weighted average life of 14.9 years. The company recorded amortization expense of $5.0 million, $5.0 million and $3.9 million in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, related to intangible assets.
New products are continually being developed to replace older products. The company regularly applies for patent protection on such new products. Although, in the aggregate, the company’s patents are important in the operation of its businesses, the company believes that the loss by expiration or otherwise of any one patent or group of patents would not materially affect its business.
License royalties amounted to $0.2 million, $0.1 million and $0.2 million for fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively, and are included in other expense (income), net on the Consolidated Statements of Income.
The company performs the majority of its own fabrication, stamps some of the metal components used in its fuses, holders and switches from raw metal stock and makes its own contacts and springs. In addition, the company fabricates silicon wafers for certain applications and performs its own plating (silver, nickel, zinc, tin and oxides). All thermoplastic molded component requirements used for such products as the ATO®, MINI® and MAXI™ fuse product lines are met through the company’s in-house molding capabilities. After components are stamped, molded, plated and readied for assembly, final assembly is accomplished on fully automatic and semi-automatic assembly machines. Quality assurance and operations personnel, using techniques such as statistical process control, perform tests, checks and measurements during the production process to maintain the highest levels of product quality and customer satisfaction.
The principal raw materials for the company’s products include copper and copper alloys, heat-resistant plastics, zinc, melamine, glass, silver, raw silicon, solder and various gases. The company uses a sole source for several heat-resistant plastics and for zinc, but believes that suitable alternative heat-resistant plastics and zinc are available from other sources at comparable prices. All of the other raw materials are purchased from a number of readily available outside sources.
A computer-aided design and manufacturing system (CAD/CAM) expedites product development and machine design and the company’s laboratories test new products, prototype concepts and production run samples. The company participates in “just-in-time” delivery programs with many of its major suppliers and actively promotes the building of strong cooperative relationships with its suppliers by utilizing early supplier involvement techniques and engaging them in pre-engineering product and process development.
The company’s domestic sales and marketing staff of over 35 people maintains relationships with major OEMs and distributors. The company’s sales, marketing and engineering personnel interact directly with OEM engineers to ensure appropriate circuit protection and reliability within the parameters of the OEM’s circuit design. Internationally, the company maintains a sales and marketing staff of over 100 people with sales offices in the U.K., Germany, Spain, Italy, Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, Brazil, Hong Kong, Korea, China and India. The company also markets its products indirectly through a worldwide organization of over 60 manufacturers’ representatives and distributes through an extensive network of electronics, automotive and electrical distributors.
The company uses manufacturers’ representatives to sell its electronics products domestically and to call on major domestic and international OEMs and distributors. The company sells approximately 15% of its domestic products directly to OEMs, with the remainder sold through distributors nationwide.
In the Asia-Pacific region, the company maintains a direct sales staff and utilizes distributors in Japan, Singapore, Korea, Taiwan, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Philippines, New Zealand and Australia. In Europe, the company maintains a direct sales force and utilizes manufacturers’ representatives and distributors to support a wide array of customers.
The company maintains a direct sales force to service all the major automotive OEMs and system suppliers domestically. Approximately 23 manufacturers’ representatives sell the company’s products to aftermarket fuse retailers such as O’Reilly Auto Parts and Pep Boys. In Europe, the company uses both a direct sales force and manufacturers’ representatives to distribute its products to OEMs, major system suppliers and aftermarket distributors. In the Asia-Pacific region, the company uses both a direct sales force and distributors to supply to major OEMs and system suppliers.
The company markets and sells its power fuses and protection relays through approximately 38 manufacturers’ representatives across North America. These representatives sell power fuse products through an electrical and industrial distribution network comprised of approximately 2,000 distributor buying locations. These distributors have customers that include electrical contractors, municipalities, utilities and factories (including both MRO and OEM).
The company’s field sales force (including regional sales managers and application engineers) and manufacturers’ representatives call on both distributors and end-users (consulting engineers, municipalities, utilities and OEMs) in an effort to educate these customers on the capabilities and characteristics of the company’s products.
BUSINESS SEGMENT INFORMATION
The company has three operating business unit segments: Electronics, Automotive and Electrical. For information with respect to the company’s operations in its three reportable business unit segments for the fiscal year ended January 1, 2011, see Business Unit Segment Information included as part of “Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data,” which is incorporated herein by reference.
The company sells to approximately 4,000 direct customers worldwide. Sales to Arrow Pemco were 10.4% in 2010 but less than 10% for 2009 and 2008. No other single customer accounted for more than 10% of net sales during the last three years. During fiscal 2010, 2009 and 2008, net sales to customers outside the United States (exports and foreign operations) accounted for approximately 69.1%, 67.5% and 62.0%, respectively, of the company’s total net sales.
The company’s products compete with similar products of other manufacturers, some of which have substantially greater financial resources than the company. In the electronics market, the company’s competitors include AVX, Bel Fuse, Bourns, Cooper Industries, EPCOS, On Semiconductor, STMicroelectronics and Tyco Electronics. In the automotive market, the company’s competitors include Cooper Industries, Pacific Engineering (a private company in Japan) and MTA (a private company in Italy). In the electrical market, the company’s major competitors include Cooper Industries and Ferraz Shawmut. The company believes that it competes on the basis of innovative products, the breadth of its product line, the quality and design of its products and the responsiveness of its customer service, in addition to price.
The backlog of unfilled orders at January 1, 2011, was approximately $107.5 million, compared to $59.0 million at January 2, 2010. Substantially all of the orders currently in backlog are scheduled for delivery in 2011.
As of January 1, 2011, the company employed approximately 6,000 employees worldwide. Approximately 750 employees in Mexico and 28 employees in Germany are covered by collective bargaining agreements. The Mexico collective bargaining agreement, covering employees in Piedras Negras, expires January 31, 2012. During 2010, a collective bargaining agreement covering approximately 160 employees at the company’s Matamoros, Mexico facility was terminated as a result of plant closure.
In Germany the company has two separate collective bargaining agreements, one for 24 employees in Dünsen, expiring June 30, 2011, and the second for 4 employees in Essen, expiring March 31, 2012.
Previously in 2009 a collective bargaining agreement covered approximately 30 employees at the company’s Des Plaines, Illinois facility. This agreement expired on March 31, 2009 and currently no U.S.-based employees are subject to a collective bargaining agreement.
Approximately 13% of the company's total workforce are employed under collective bargaining agreements at January 1, 2011. Those employees covered by a collective bargaining agreement that will expire within one year of January 1, 2011 approximate less than 1% of the company's total workforce.
Overall, the company has historically maintained satisfactory employee relations, and many of its employees have long service with the company.
The company is subject to numerous foreign, federal, state and local regulations relating to air and water quality, the disposal of hazardous waste materials, safety and health. Compliance with applicable environmental regulations has not significantly changed the company’s competitive position, capital spending or earnings in the past and the company does not presently anticipate that compliance with such regulations will change its competitive position, capital spending or earnings for the foreseeable future.
The company employs an environmental engineer to monitor regulatory matters and believes that it is currently in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations, except with respect to its facilities located in Ireland. The Ireland facility was acquired in October 1999 in connection with the acquisition from Harris Corporation of its suppression products division. Certain containment actions have been ongoing and full disclosure with appropriate agencies in Ireland has been initiated. The company received an indemnity from Harris Corporation with respect to these matters.
Littelfuse GmbH, which was acquired by the company in May 2004, is responsible for maintaining closed coal mines from legacy acquisitions. The company is compliant with German regulations pertaining to the maintenance of the mines and has an accrual related to certain of these coal mine shafts based on an engineering study estimating the cost of remediating the dangers (such as a shaft collapse) of certain of these closed coal mine shafts in Germany. The reserve is reviewed annually and calculated based upon the cost of remediating the shafts that the study deems most risky. Further information regarding the coal mine liability reserve is provided in Note 10 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS.
Our business, financial condition and results of operations are subject to various risks and uncertainties, including the risk factors we have identified below. These factors are not necessarily listed in order of importance. We may amend or supplement the risk factors from time to time by other reports that we file with the SEC in the future.
Our industry is subject to intense competitive pressures.
We operate in markets that are highly competitive. We compete on the basis of price, quality, service and/or brand name across the industries and markets we serve. Competitive pressures could affect the prices we are able to charge our customers or the demand for our products.
We may not always be able to compete on price, particularly when compared to manufacturers with lower cost structures. Some of our competitors have substantially greater sales, financial and manufacturing resources and may have greater access to capital than Littelfuse. As other companies enter our markets or develop new products, competition may intensify further. Our failure to compete effectively could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We may be unable to manufacture and deliver products in a manner that is responsive to our customers’ needs.
The end markets for our products are characterized by technological change, frequent new product introductions and enhancements, changes in customer requirements and emerging industry standards. The introduction of products embodying new technologies and the emergence of new industry standards could render our existing products obsolete and unmarketable before we can recover any or all of our research, development and commercialization expenses on capital investments. Furthermore, the life cycles of our products may change and are difficult to estimate.
Our future success will depend upon our ability to manufacture and deliver products in a manner that is responsive to our customers’ needs. We will need to develop and introduce new products and product enhancements on a timely basis that keep pace with technological developments and emerging industry standards and address increasingly sophisticated requirements of our customers. We invest heavily in research and development without knowing that we will recover these costs. Our competitors may develop products or technologies that will render our products non-competitive or obsolete. If we cannot develop and market new products or product enhancements in a timely and cost-effective manner, our business, financial condition and results of operations could be materially adversely affected.
Our business may be interrupted by labor disputes or other interruptions of supplies.
A work stoppage could occur at certain of our facilities, most likely as a result of disputes under collective bargaining agreements or in connection with negotiations of new collective bargaining agreements. In addition, we may experience a shortage of supplies for various reasons, such as financial distress, work stoppages, natural disasters or production difficulties that may affect one of our suppliers. A significant work stoppage, or an interruption or shortage of supplies for any reason, if protracted, could substantially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations. The transfer of our manufacturing operations and changes in our distribution model could disrupt operations for a limited time.
Our revenues may vary significantly from period to period.
Our revenues may vary significantly from one accounting period to another due to a variety of factors including:
The bankruptcy or insolvency of a major customer could adversely affect us.
The bankruptcy or insolvency of a major customer could result in lower sales revenue and cause a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations. In addition, the bankruptcy or insolvency of a major U.S. auto manufacturer or significant supplier likely could lead to substantial disruptions in the automotive supply base, resulting in lower demand for our products, which likely would cause a decrease in sales revenue and have a substantial adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our ability to manage currency or commodity price fluctuations or shortages is limited.
As a resource-intensive manufacturing operation, we are exposed to a variety of market and asset risks, including the effects of changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates. We have multiple sources of supply for the majority of our commodity requirements. However, significant shortages that disrupt the supply of raw materials or result in price increases could affect prices we charge our customers, our product costs, and the competitive position of our products and services. We monitor and manage these exposures as an integral part of our overall risk management program, which recognizes the unpredictability of markets and seeks to reduce the potentially adverse effects on our results. Nevertheless, changes in currency exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates cannot always be predicted. In addition, because of intense price competition and our high level of fixed costs, we may not be able to address such changes even if they are foreseeable. Substantial changes in these rates and prices could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. For additional discussion of interest rate, currency or commodity price risk, see "Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks.”
Operations and supply sources located outside the United States, particularly in emerging markets, are subject to greater risks.
Our operating activities outside the United States contribute significantly to our revenues and earnings. Serving a global customer base and remaining competitive in the global marketplace requires the company to place our production in countries outside the United States, including emerging markets, to capitalize on market opportunities and maintain a cost-efficient structure. In addition, we source a significant amount of raw materials and other components from third-party suppliers in low-cost countries. Our international operating activities are subject to a number of risks generally associated with international operations, including risks relating to the following:
Any of these factors could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
We are in the process of relocating our manufacturing operations and changing our distribution and customer service model.
We are a company that, from time to time, seeks to optimize its manufacturing capabilities and efficiencies through restructurings, consolidations, plant closings or asset sales. We may make further specific determinations to consolidate, close or sell additional facilities. Possible adverse consequences related to such actions may include various charges for such items as idle capacity, disposition costs, severance costs, impairments of goodwill and possibly an immediate loss of revenues, in addition to normal or attendant risks and uncertainties. We may be unsuccessful in any of our current or future efforts to restructure or consolidate our business. Our plans to minimize or eliminate any loss of revenues during restructuring or consolidation may not be achieved. These activities may have a material adverse effect upon our business, financial condition or results of operations.
We engage in acquisitions and may encounter difficulties in integrating these businesses.
We are a company that, from time to time, seeks to grow through strategic acquisitions. We have in the past acquired a number of businesses or companies and additional product lines and assets. We intend to continue to expand and diversify our operations with additional acquisitions. The success of these transactions depends on our ability to integrate the assets and personnel acquired in these acquisitions. We may encounter difficulties in integrating acquisitions with our operations and may not realize the degree or timing of the benefits that we anticipated from an acquisition.
Environmental liabilities could adversely impact our financial position.
Federal, state and local laws and regulations impose various restrictions and controls on the discharge of materials, chemicals and gases used in our manufacturing processes or in our finished goods. These environmental regulations have required us to expend a portion of our resources and capital on relevant compliance programs. Under these laws and regulations, we could be held financially responsible for remedial measures if our current or former properties are contaminated or if we send waste to a landfill or recycling facility that becomes contaminated, even if we did not cause the contamination. We may be subject to additional common law claims if we release substances that damage or harm third parties. In addition, future changes in environmental laws or regulations may require additional investments in capital equipment or the implementation of additional compliance programs. Any failure to comply with new or existing environmental laws or regulations could subject us to significant liabilities and could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.
In the conduct of our manufacturing operations, we have handled and do handle materials that are considered hazardous, toxic or volatile under federal, state and local laws. The risk of accidental release of such materials cannot be completely eliminated. In addition, we operate or own facilities located on or near real property that was formerly owned and operated by others. Certain of these properties were used in ways that involved hazardous materials. Contaminants may migrate from, within or through these properties. These releases or migrations may give rise to claims. Where third parties are responsible for contamination, the third parties may not have funds, or not make funds available when needed, to pay remediation costs imposed upon us under environmental laws and regulations.
The company is responsible for the maintenance of discontinued coal mining operations in Germany. To date there have been no claims by any regulatory agency that would require the company to incur regulatory environmental remediation. The risk of environmental remediation exists and the company is in the process of remediating the mines considered to be the most at risk.
We derive a substantial portion of our revenues from customers in the automotive, consumer electronics and communications industries, and we are susceptible to trends and factors affecting those industries as well as the success of our customers’ products.
Net sales to the automotive, consumer electronics and communications industries represent a substantial portion of our revenues. Factors negatively affecting these industries and the demand for products also negatively affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. Any adverse occurrence, including industry slowdown, recession, political instability, costly or constraining regulations, armed hostilities, terrorism, excessive inflation, prolonged disruptions in one or more of our customers’ production schedules or labor disturbances, that results in significant decline in the volume of sales in these industries, or in an overall downturn in the business and operations of our customers in these industries, could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition or results of operations. For example, the automotive industry as well as the consumer electronics market is highly cyclical in nature and sensitive to changes in general economic conditions, consumer preferences and interest rates. In addition, the global automotive and electronic industries have overall manufacturing capacity far exceeding demand. To the extent that demand for certain of our customers’ products declines, the demand for our products may decline. Reduced demand relating to general economic conditions, consumer preferences, interest rates or industry over-capacity may have a material adverse effect upon our business, financial condition or results of operations.
The inability to maintain access to capital markets may adversely affect our business and financial results.
Our ability to invest in our businesses, make strategic acquisitions and refinance maturing debt obligations may require access to the capital markets and sufficient bank credit lines to support short-term borrowings. If we are unable to access the capital markets or bank credit facilities, we could experience a material adverse affect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Fixed costs may reduce operating results if our sales fall below expectations.
Our expense levels are based, in part, on our expectations for future sales. Many of our expenses, particularly those relating to capital equipment and manufacturing overhead, are relatively fixed. We might be unable to reduce spending quickly enough to compensate for reductions in sales. Accordingly, shortfalls in sales could materially and adversely affect our operating results.
The volatility of our stock price could affect the value of an investment in our stock and our future financial position.
The market price of our stock has fluctuated widely. Between January 2, 2010 and January 1, 2011, the closing sale price of our common stock ranged between a low of $28.96 and a high of $48.75, experiencing greater volatility over that time than the broader markets. The volatility of our stock price may be related to any number of factors, such as general economic conditions, industry conditions, analysts’ expectations concerning our results of operations, or the volatility of our revenues as discussed above under “Our Revenues May Vary Significantly from Period to Period.” The historic market price of our common stock may not be indicative of future market prices. We may not be able to sustain or increase the value of our common stock. Declines in the market price of our stock could adversely affect our ability to retain personnel with stock incentives, to acquire businesses or assets in exchange for stock and/or to conduct future financing activities with or involving our common stock.
ITEM 1B. UNRESOLVED STAFF COMMENTS.
ITEM 2. PROPERTIES.
The company’s operations are located in 39 owned or leased facilities worldwide, representing an aggregate of 1,420,338 square feet. The company’s corporate headquarters is located in the U.S. in Chicago, Illinois. The company has North American manufacturing facilities in Saskatoon, Canada, Piedras Negras, Mexico and Melchor Muzquiz, Mexico. The manufacturing facilities previously located in Irving, Texas and Matamoros, Mexico were closed in 2010. During 2010, the European headquarters and the primary European distribution center, previously located in Utrecht, the Netherlands, until the property was sold in 2010, were relocated to Dünsen, Germany. A manufacturing plant currently located in Dünsen, Germany is expected to close in 2011. The company is currently marketing for sale its Des Plaines, Illinois, property and Dundalk, Ireland, facility, both of which closed during fiscal year 2009. The Des Plaines building was demolished in 2010 to facilitate the sale of the underlying property. Asia-Pacific operations include sales and distribution centers located in Singapore, Taiwan, Japan, China and Korea, with manufacturing plants in China, Taiwan and the Philippines. The manufacturing plant in Taiwan is expected to close in 2011. The company does not believe that it will encounter any difficulty in renewing its existing leases upon the expiration of their current terms. Management believes that the company’s facilities are adequate to meet its requirements for the foreseeable future.
The following table provides certain information concerning the company’s facilities at January 1, 2011, and the use of these facilities during fiscal 2010:
Properties with lease expirations in 2011 renew at various times throughout the year. The company does not anticipate any material impact as a result of such expirations.
ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS.
The company is not a party to any legal proceedings that it believes will have a material adverse effect upon the conduct of its business or its financial position.
ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS.
There were no matters submitted to the company’s stockholders during the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010.
ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY, RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS AND ISSUER PURCHASES OF EQUITY SECURITIES.
Shares of the company’s common stock are traded under the symbol “LFUS” on the NASDAQ Global Select MarketSM. As of February 18, 2011, there were 116 holders of record of the company’s common stock.
Stock Performance Graph
The following stock performance graph and related information shall not be deemed “soliciting material” or “filed” with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall such information be incorporated by reference into any future filings under the Securities Act of 1933 or Securities Act of 1934, each as amended, except to the extent that the company specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.
The following stock performance graph compares the five-year cumulative total return on Littelfuse common stock to the five-year cumulative total returns on the Russell 2000 Index and the Dow Jones Electrical Components and Equipment Industry Group Index. The company believes that the Russell 2000 Index and the Dow Jones Electrical Components and Equipment Industry Group Index represent a broad market index and peer industry group for total return performance comparison. The stock performance shown on the graph below represents historical stock performance and is not necessarily indicative of future stock price performance.
The Dow Jones Electrical Components and Equipment Industry Group Index includes the common stock of American Superconductor Corp.; Amphenol Corp.; Anaren Microwave, Inc.; Arrow Electronics, Inc.; Avnet, Inc.; AVX Corp.; Benchmark Electronics, Inc.; C&D Technologies, Inc.; Capstone Turbine Corp.; Commscope, Inc.; CTS Corp.; Emerson; Fuelcell Energy, Inc.; General Cable Corp.; Hubbell Inc. Class B; Jabil Circuit, Inc.; KEMET Corp.; Littelfuse, Inc.; Methode Electronics, Inc.; Molex, Inc. and Molex, Inc. Class A; Park Electrochemical Corp.; Plexus Corp.; Plug Power, Inc.; Power-One, Inc.; Powerwave Technologies, Inc.; Regal-Beloit Corp.; Sanmina Corp.; SPX Corp.; Technitrol, Inc.; Thomas & Betts Corp.; Three-Five Systems, Inc.; Valence Technology, Inc.; Vicor Corp.; and Vishay Intertechnology, Inc.
In the case of the Russell 2000 Index and the Dow Jones Electrical Components and Equipment Industry Group Index, a $100 investment made on December 31, 2005, and reinvestment of all dividends is assumed. In the case of the company, a $100 investment made on December 31, 2005, is assumed (the company paid no dividends in 2006, 2007, 2008, or 2009. The company did pay dividends in 2010). Returns are at December 31 of each year, with the exception of 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 for the company, which are at December 30, 2006, December 29, 2007, December 27, 2008, January 2, 2010, and January 1, 2011, respectively, which in each case was the last day of the company’s respective fiscal year.
The company previously had not paid any cash dividends prior to fiscal 2010. In the fourth quarter of 2010, a dividend of $0.15 per common share was paid by the company. Future dividend policy will be determined by the Board of Directors based upon its evaluation of earnings, cash availability and general business prospects. Currently, there are restrictions on the payment of dividends contained in the company’s credit agreements that relate to the maintenance of a minimum net worth and certain financial ratios. However, the company expects to continue paying cash dividends on a quarterly basis for the foreseeable future.
The table below provides information with respect to purchases by the company of shares of its common stock during each fiscal month of the fourth quarter of fiscal 2010:
The company’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to 1,000,000 shares of the company’s common stock under a program for the period May 1, 2010 to April 30, 2011, of which 643,777 shares have been purchased, at an average price of $39.42, through January 1, 2011, and 356,223 shares may yet be purchased under the program as of January 1, 2011.
The company withheld 11,207 shares of stock in lieu of withholding taxes on behalf of employees who became vested in restricted stock option grants during fiscal 2010. Shares withheld were 7,251 during the period May 1, 2010 to May 29, 2010 and 3,956 during the period July 3, 2010 to July 31, 2010. Shares withheld are classified as Treasury Shares on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.
The table below provides information with respect to the company’s quarterly stock prices and cash dividends declared and paid for each quarter during fiscal 2010 and 2009:
ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA.
The information presented below provides selected financial data of the company during the past five fiscal years and should be read in conjunction with Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and the Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements set forth in Item 7 and Item 8, respectively, for the respective years presented (amounts in thousands, except per share data):
ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.
Littelfuse, Inc. and its subsidiaries (the “company” or “Littelfuse”) design, manufacture, and sell circuit protection devices for use in the electronics, automotive and electrical markets throughout the world. The following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) is designed to provide the reader with information that will assist in understanding the company’s Consolidated Financial Statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from year to year, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, as well as how certain accounting principles affect the Consolidated Financial Statements. The discussion also provides information about the financial results of the various business segments to provide a better understanding of how those segments and their results affect the financial condition and results of operations of Littelfuse as a whole.
Business Segment Information
U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) dictates annual and interim reporting standards for an enterprise's operating segments and related disclosures about its products, services, geographic areas and major customers. Within U.S. GAAP, an operating segment is defined as a component of an enterprise that engages in business activities from which it may earn revenues and incur expenses, and about which separate financial information is regularly evaluated by the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”) in deciding how to allocate resources. The CODM is the company’s President and Chief Executive Officer.
The company reports its operations by three business unit segments: Electronics, Automotive and Electrical. The following table is a summary of the company’s operating segments’ net sales by business unit and geography (in thousands):
Business unit segment information is described more fully in Note 15 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. The following discussion provides an analysis of the information contained in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes beginning on page 40 at January 1, 2011 and January 2, 2010, and for the three fiscal years ended January 1, 2011, January 2, 2010 and December 27, 2008.
Results of Operations — 2010 Compared with 2009
Net sales increased in the current year to $608.0 million compared to $430.1 million in 2009 reflecting strong growth in all market segments and geographies. The Automotive business segment sales increased $31.8 million or 32% to $130.3 million. The Electronics business segment sales increased $126.9 million or 48% to $389.9 million, and the Electrical business segment sales increased $19.2 million or 28% to $87.8 million. Sales levels were negatively impacted in 2009 due to the sharp downturn in the global economy and credit crisis. The strong revenue growth in 2010 was the result of the global economic recovery, distributor inventory replenishment and effective execution of the company’s strategic growth plans. The company experienced $1.4 million in favorable currency effects in 2010 as compared to 2009. This favorable impact resulted primarily from sales denominated in the Canadian dollar, Japanese yen and Korean won and were offset by the unfavorable impact of sales denominated in euros.
The increase in Automotive sales was due to continued growth in Asian demand for passenger vehicles and recovery in the North American and European passenger vehicle and off-road truck and bus markets. The positive impact from increases in sales volume in 2010 was partially offset by unfavorable currency effects of $1.9 million mainly due to the weaker euro.
The increase in Electronics sales reflected stronger demand and distributor inventory replenishment in all three geographic regions as well as successful new product introductions and other market share gains. The positive impact from an increase in volume was offset by net unfavorable currency effects of $0.3 million largely due to the weakness of the euro, partially offset by the favorable impact of a stronger Japanese yen and Korean won.
The increase in Electrical sales was due to continued strong growth for protection relays and custom products driven primarily by strength in the potash mining market. Additionally, electrical fuse products realized steady improvement in demand as the industrial market continued to recover in 2010. The Electrical segment experienced net favorable currency effects of $3.6 million primarily from sales denominated in the Canadian dollar.
On a geographic basis, sales in the Americas increased $61.6 million or 37% in 2010 compared to 2009. This increase resulted from increases at all three of the company’s business segments. Automotive sales increased $8.1 million or 23% primarily reflecting recovery in the passenger vehicle market. Electronics sales increased $35.3 million or 55% reflecting strong end market demand and distributor restocking. Electrical sales increased $18.2 million or 27% resulting from an increase in demand for protection relays, custom products and power fuses. The Americas region also experienced $3.6 million in favorable currency effects resulting from sales denominated in the Canadian dollar.
Europe sales increased $31.7 million or 38% in 2010 compared to 2009. This increase resulted from increases at all three of the company’s business segments. Automotive sales increased $13.4 million or 29% reflecting strong end market demand and increased production resulting from the economic recovery in Europe during 2010. Electronics sales increased $18.0 million or 48% reflecting strong end market demand and distributor inventory replenishment. Electrical sales increased $0.3 million. Current year results included unfavorable currency effects of $5.6 million, reflecting a weaker euro in 2010.
Asia-Pacific sales increased $84.6 million or 47% in 2010 compared to 2009. This increase resulted from increases at all three of the company’s business segments. Automotive sales increased $10.4 million or 59% reflecting continued increased demand for passenger vehicles in the developing Asian markets as well as gains in market share. Electronics sales increased $73.6 million or 46% primarily reflecting growth in demand for consumer products and restocking by distributors. Electrical sales increased $0.6 million or 41%. Current year results included favorable currency translation effects of $3.2 million primarily due to the impact of a stronger Japanese yen and Korean won.
Gross profit was $233.9 million or 38.5% of sales in 2010, compared to $125.4 million or 29.1% of sales in 2009. The increase in gross profit margin percentage in 2010 resulted from operating leverage on higher sales, an improved cost structure due to consolidation of manufacturing facilities and the impact of restructuring activities in 2009. The company recorded approximately $4.2 million of restructuring charges in cost of sales in 2009 due primarily to the reorganization of the company’s European and Asian operations. The European restructuring charges included the transfer of its manufacturing operations from Dünsen, Germany, to Piedras Negras, Mexico. The Asian restructuring included the planned closure of a manufacturing facility in Taiwan.
The company continues to focus heavily on research and development (R&D) to develop new solutions for customers and expand product offerings. During 2010, the company continued moving R&D operations to lower cost locations closer to its customers. R&D operations are now in Canada, China, Germany, the Philippines and Mexico, as well as the United States.
Total operating expense was $126.3 million or 20.8% of net sales for 2010 compared to $111.7 million or 26.0% of net sales for 2009. The increase in operating expenses primarily reflects the increased cost of company incentive programs driven by significantly improved financial performance in 2010. Higher transportation costs driven by higher sales volumes also contributed to the increase in operating expenses. Operating expenses as a percentage of sales improved in 2010 as compared to 2009 as a result of cost reduction plans initiated in 2009 resulting in improved operating efficiencies across the company.
Operating income was $107.6 million or 17.7% of net sales in 2010 compared to $13.7 million or 3.2% of net sales in the prior year. The increase in operating income in the current year was due primarily to the increase in sales and reduction in costs as described above.
Interest expense, net, decreased to $1.4 million in 2010 compared to $2.4 million for 2009 primarily due to lower borrowing in 2010.
Other expense (income), net, consisting of interest income, royalties, non-operating income and foreign currency items, was $1.5 million of income in 2010 compared to $0.5 million of expense in 2009. The increase reflected a favorable net change of approximately $1.3 million in foreign currency translation effects primarily due to the strengthening of the Philippine peso and Mexican peso against the U.S. dollar.
Income before income taxes was $107.7 million in 2010 compared to $10.8 million in 2009. Income tax expense was $29.0 million in 2010 compared to $1.4 million in 2009. The 2010 effective income tax rate was 27.0% compared to 13.2% in 2009. The increase in the 2010 effective tax rate reflects more income earned in high tax jurisdictions in 2010 (primarily the U.S.) as well as the favorable effects of one-time tax adjustments in 2009.
Results of Operations — 2009 Compared with 2008
Net sales decreased in 2009 to $430.1 million compared to $530.9 million in 2008. These results reflected sales declines in the Automotive segment of $28.4 million or 22% to $98.5 million, along with a decrease in sales in the Electronics segment of $79.5 million or 23% to $263.0 million, partially offset by an increase in sales in the Electrical segment of $7.1 million or 12% to $68.6 million. The Electrical segment sales included a full year of sales ($23.7 million) in 2009 from the acquisition of Startco Engineering Ltd. (“Startco”), which was acquired in the fourth quarter of 2008.
The decrease in Automotive sales was due primarily to the continued weak passenger car and truck markets across all geographies, resulting in sharp declines in global vehicle production, as OEMs had extended plant shutdowns. The negative impact from declines in volume was further impacted by unfavorable currency effects of $2.6 million in 2009, mainly due to the weaker euro.
The decrease in Electronics sales primarily reflected continued weak demand as consumers continued to lose confidence in the economy and cut back on spending, particularly in the consumer electronics market. In addition, many customers in Asia, particularly contract manufacturers and original design manufacturers, had extensive plant shutdowns, and electronics distributors reduced inventories in response to weak demand. During the second half of 2009, demand for some consumer electronic items began to improve resulting in increased demand for the company’s products. The negative impact from declines in volume was further impacted by net unfavorable currency effects of $1.5 million largely due to the weakness of the euro and Korean won, partially offset by the favorable impact of a stronger Japanese yen.
The increase in Electrical sales was due to incremental sales recorded in 2009 of $23.7 million from Startco, acquired at the beginning of the fourth quarter of 2008, as compared to $3.9 million in sales recorded in 2008. The base electrical business, which excludes Startco, declined 22% in 2009 as compared to 2008 due primarily to weakness in the non-residential construction and MRO markets.
On a geographic basis, sales in the Americas decreased $35.7 million or 18% in 2009 compared to 2008 due to decreased Automotive sales of $15.9 million and lower Electronics sales of $25.9 million, partially offset by increased Electrical sales of $6.1 million, which included Startco. Automotive and Electronics sales declined due to the impact of the global recession and inventory de-stocking throughout the supply chain. The Electrical sales increase was due to incremental sales from the company’s Startco acquisition.
Europe sales decreased $35.2 million or 30% in 2009 compared to 2008 due to decreased Automotive sales of $17.5 million and lower Electronics sales of $17.7 million due to the impact of the global recession and inventory de-stocking throughout the supply chain. Current year results included unfavorable currency effects of $3.4 million, reflecting a weaker euro in 2009.
Asia-Pacific sales decreased $29.9 million or 14% in 2009 compared to the prior year mainly due to lower Electronics sales of $36.0 million, which was partially offset by higher Automotive sales of $5.1 million and Electrical sales $1.0 million. The weaker Electronics sales reflected the impact of the global recession and inventory de-stocking throughout the supply chain. The increase in Automotive sales reflected strong growth in the China market and gains in market share. Current year results included unfavorable currency translation effects of $0.7 million primarily due to a sharp decline in the Korean won partially offset by a favorable impact of a stronger Japanese yen.
Gross profit was $125.4 million or 29.1% of sales in 2009, compared to $143.7 million or 27.1% of sales in 2008. The increase in gross profit margin percentage in 2009 primarily resulted from cost savings related to manufacturing plant consolidations and reductions in operating expenses. Higher restructuring and other costs related to plant transfer activities and a pension settlement charge of $5.7 million during 2008 also contributed to the margin improvement change in 2009.
The company recorded approximately $4.2 million of restructuring charges in cost of sales in 2009 due primarily to the reorganization of the company’s European and Asian operations. The European restructuring charges included the transfer of its manufacturing operations from Dünsen, Germany, to Piedras Negras, Mexico. The Asian restructuring included the planned closure of a manufacturing facility in Taiwan. The 2009 restructuring charges to cost of sales were approximately $4.6 million lower than restructuring charges to cost of sales for 2008.
Total operating expense was $111.7 million or 26.0% of net sales for 2009 compared to $135.2 million or 25.5% of net sales for 2008. The reduction in operating expenses primarily reflects cost savings initiatives implemented in late 2008 and early 2009 including headcount reductions, consolidation of Asian and European sites and transfer of certain activities to low-cost Asian locations.
Operating income was $13.7 million or 3.2% of net sales in 2009 compared to $8.5 million or 1.6% of net sales in the prior year. The increase in operating income in the current year was due primarily to the cost reductions and lower restructuring charges described above partially offset by lower sales.
Interest expense, net, decreased to $2.4 million in 2009 compared to $3.4 million for 2008 primarily due to a $1.1 million loss on an interest rate swap transaction recognized in 2008.
Other expense (income), net, consisting of interest income, royalties, non-operating income and foreign currency items, was $0.5 million of expense in 2009 compared to $5.6 million of income in 2008. The decrease primarily reflected an unfavorable net change of approximately $3.8 million in foreign currency translation effects (primarily due to the weakening of the Korean won against the U.S. dollar) and a $1.1 million refund received in 2008 related to a recovery of Japanese output taxes paid in 2007.
Income before income taxes was $10.8 million in 2009 compared to $10.6 million in 2008. Income tax expense was $1.4 million in 2009 compared to $2.6 million in 2008. The 2009 effective income tax rate was 13.2% compared to 24.5% in 2008. The decrease in the 2009 effective tax rate reflects the mix of income earned in lower tax jurisdictions in 2009 as well as the release of $2.6 million of contingent income tax reserves due to the lapsing of statute of limitations and the close-out of open audit years by local tax authorities.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
The company historically has financed capital expenditures through cash flows from operations. Management expects that cash flows from operations and available lines of credit will be sufficient to support both the company’s operations and its debt obligations for the foreseeable future.
On September 29, 2008, the company entered into a Loan Agreement with various lenders that provides the company with a five-year term loan facility of up to $80.0 million for the purposes of (i) refinancing certain existing indebtedness; (ii) funding working capital needs; and (iii) funding capital expenditures and other lawful corporate purposes, including permitted acquisitions. The Loan Agreement also contains an expansion feature, pursuant to which the company may from time to time request incremental loans in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $40.0 million. The company had $49.0 million outstanding at January 1, 2011. Further information regarding this arrangement is provided in Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
The Loan Agreement requires the company to meet certain financial tests, including a consolidated leverage ratio and a consolidated interest coverage ratio. The Loan Agreement also contains additional affirmative and negative covenants which, among other things, impose certain limitations on the company’s ability to merge with other companies, create liens on its property, incur additional indebtedness, enter into transactions with affiliates except on an arm’s length basis, dispose of property, or issue dividends or make distributions. At January 1, 2011, and for the year then ended, the company was in compliance with these covenants. The Loan Agreement does not impact the existing debt covenants in the revolving credit facility described below.
Revolving Credit Facilities
On January 28, 2009, the company entered into an unsecured financing arrangement with a Canadian bank that provided a CAD 10.0 million (equivalent to approximately $10.0 million at January 1, 2011) revolving credit facility, for capital expenditures and general working capital, which expires on July 21, 2011. This facility consists of prime-based loans and overdrafts, bankers’ acceptances and U.S. base rate loans and overdrafts, and is guaranteed by the company. As of January 1, 2011, the company had approximately CAD 10.0 million (equivalent to approximately $10.0 million) available under the revolving credit.
This agreement contains covenants that, among other matters, impose limitations on future mergers, sales of assets, and changes in control, as defined in the agreement. In addition, the company is required to satisfy certain financial covenants and tests relating to, among other matters, interest coverage, working capital, leverage and net worth. As of the fiscal year ended 2010, the company was in compliance with all covenants.
The company has an unsecured domestic financing arrangement consisting of a credit agreement with banks that provides a $75.0 million revolving credit facility, with a potential increase of up to $125.0 million upon request of the company and agreement with the lenders, which expires on July 21, 2011. At January 2, 2010, the company had available $50.0 million of borrowing capacity under the revolving credit facility at an interest rate of LIBOR plus 0.500% (0.76% as of January 1, 2011).
The domestic bank credit agreement contains covenants that, among other matters, impose limitations on the incurrence of additional indebtedness, future mergers, sales of assets, payment of dividends, and changes in control, as defined in the agreement. In addition, the company is required to satisfy certain financial covenants and tests relating to, among other matters, interest coverage, working capital, leverage and net worth. At January 1, 2011, and for the year then ended, the company was in compliance with these covenants.
The company had $2.3 million available in letters of credit at January 1, 2011. No amounts were drawn under these letters of credit at January 1, 2011.
Cash Flows and Working Capital
The company started 2010 with $70.4 million of cash. Net cash provided by operating activities in 2010 was approximately $104.1 million in the year and included $78.7 million in net income and $46.1 million in non-cash adjustments (primarily $32.0 million in depreciation and amortization), partially offset by $20.7 million of changes in operating assets and liabilities.
Changes in various operating assets and liabilities (including short-term and long-term items) that negatively impacted cash flows in 2010 consisted of increases in accounts receivable ($12.8 million) and inventories ($15.1 million), a decrease in accounts payable ($1.8 million) and accrued expenses (including post-retirement) ($13.6 million). The increase in accounts receivable result from increased sales activity. The increase in inventory results from increased sales activity and production rates in addition to higher prices for raw materials. Additionally, the company made contributions to its domestic and foreign pension plans of $16.2 million in 2010. Positively impacting cash flows were increases in accrued payroll and severance ($2.4 million), accrued taxes ($14.9 million), and a decrease in prepaid expenses and other current assets ($5.4 million).
Net cash used in investing activities in 2010 was approximately $65.7 million and included $22.4 million in purchases of property, plant and equipment (primarily related to the company’s plant expansion and new facilities in the Asia-Pacific region), and a net $48.3 million for the acquisition of Cole Hersee during the fourth quarter of 2010, partially offset by $5.0 million in cash receipts from the sale of property, plant and equipment. The majority of the receipts from asset sales resulted from the sale of the company’s land and building at its Utrecht, Netherlands location.
Net cash provided by financing activities in 2010 was approximately $2.2 million, which included $10.7 million in net proceeds from borrowing and $18.5 million in cash proceeds from the exercise of stock options. Additionally the company repurchased $25.4 million of its common stock during 2010 and paid a cash dividend of $3.3 million during the fourth quarter of 2010. The net payments from debt include $21.0 million in gross payments under the company’s term loan discussed above. Further information regarding the company’s debt is provided in Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
The effect of exchange rate changes decreased cash by $1.2 million in 2010. The net cash provided by operating activities less net cash used in financing and investing activities plus the effect of exchange rate changes, resulted in a $39.4 million increase in cash and cash equivalents in 2010. This left the company with a cash balance of $109.7 million at the end of 2010.
Days sales outstanding (DSO) in accounts receivable decreased to 58 days at year-end 2010 (excluding the year-end Cole Hersee balance), compared to 61 days at year-end 2009 and 53 days at year-end 2008. DSO in 2008 was unusually low due to the sharp drop-off in sales at the end of the year. The DSO levels for 2010 and 2009 of 58 and 61 days respectively, are more typical of what is expected going forward. Days inventory outstanding was 70 days at year-end 2010 (excluding the year-end Cole Hersee balance), compared to 62 days at year-end 2009 and 72 days at year-end 2008.
The ratio of current assets to current liabilities was 2.9 to 1 at year-end 2010, compared to 3.2 to 1 at year-end 2009 and 3.1 to 1 at year-end 2008. The change in the current ratio at the end of the 2010 compared to the prior year reflected increased current liabilities in 2010, primarily related to higher current portion of long term debt balances as well as higher accrued payroll and accrued income tax balances offset by lower accrued severance balances. The carrying amounts of total debt increased $10.8 million in 2010, compared to a decrease of $16.8 million in 2009 and an increase of $66.7 million in 2008, due to an increase in the amount borrowed under the revolving credit facility in 2010. The ratio of long-term debt to equity was 0.09 to 1 at year-end 2010, compared to 0.13 to 1 at year-end 2009 and 0.22 to 1 at year-end 2008. Further information regarding the company’s debt is provided in Note 6 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
The company started 2009 with $70.9 million of cash. Net cash provided by operating activities in 2009 was approximately $29.6 million in the year and included $9.4 million in net income and $41.1 million in non-cash adjustments (primarily $36.6 million in depreciation and amortization), partially offset by $20.9 million of changes in operating assets and liabilities.
Changes in various operating assets and liabilities (including short-term and long-term items) that negatively impacted cash flows in 2009 consisted of decreases in accrued payroll and severance ($9.0 million), net decreases in accounts payable and accrued expenses ($7.9 million), increases in accounts receivable ($15.6 million), decreases in accrued taxes ($3.3 million), and increases in prepaid expenses and other current assets ($0.6 million), partially offset by decreases in inventory ($15.5 million).
The company’s capital expenditures were $22.4 million in 2010, $15.5 million in 2009 and $51.3 million in 2008. Higher capital expenditures in 2008 were primarily related to facilities and equipment to support the manufacturing transfers to Asia and Mexico. The company expects capital expenditures in 2011 will be approximately $29 to $32 million with the largest portion related to the completion of facility moves, capacity expansion and new product development. The company expects to fund 2011 capital investments from operating cash flows.
The company’s Board of Directors has authorized the company to repurchase up to 1 million shares of its common stock, from time to time, depending on market conditions. The company repurchased 643,777 of its common shares in 2010 for $25.4 million and 218,000 common shares for $6.6 million in 2008. The company did not repurchase any common shares during 2009. As of January 1, 2011, the company is authorized to purchase up to 356,223 additional shares of its common stock.
Contractual Obligations and Commitments
The following table summarizes contractual obligations and commitments as of January 1, 2011:
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
As of January 1, 2011, the company did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined under the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission rules. Specifically, the company was not liable for guarantees of indebtedness owed by third parties; the company was not directly liable for the debt of any unconsolidated entity, and the company did not have any retained or contingent interest in assets; and the company does not participate in transactions that generate relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities. In 2009, the company entered into derivative financial instruments. Further information regarding these arrangements is provided in Note 7 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued authoritative guidance that eliminates the qualifying special purpose entity concept, changes the requirements for derecognizing financial assets and requires enhanced disclosures about transfers of financial assets. The guidance also revises earlier guidance for determining whether an entity is a variable interest entity, requires a new approach for determining who should consolidate a variable interest entity, changes when it is necessary to reassess who should consolidate a variable interest entity, and requires enhanced disclosures related to an enterprise’s involvement in variable interest entities. The guidance is effective for the first annual reporting period that begins after November 15, 2009. The company adopted the new accounting guidance on January 3, 2010, which did not have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In October 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that amends earlier guidance addressing the accounting for contractual arrangements in which an entity provides multiple products or services (deliverables) to a customer. The amendments address the unit of accounting for arrangements involving multiple deliverables and how arrangement consideration should be allocated to the separate units of accounting, when applicable, by establishing a selling price hierarchy for determining the selling price of a deliverable. The selling price used for each deliverable will be based on vendor-specific objective evidence if available, third-party evidence if vendor-specific objective evidence is not available, or estimated selling price if neither vendor-specific nor third-party evidence is available. The amendments also require that arrangement consideration be allocated at the inception of an arrangement to all deliverables using the relative selling price method. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010. The company adopted the new accounting guidance on January 3, 2010, which did not have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In October 2009, the FASB issued authoritative guidance that amends earlier guidance for revenue arrangements that include both tangible products and software elements. Tangible products containing software components and non-software components that function together to deliver the tangible product’s essential functionality are no longer within the scope of guidance for recognizing revenue from the sale of software, but would be accounted for in accordance with other authoritative guidance. The guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, with earlier application permitted. The company does not believe that the adoption of this accounting guidance will have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In January 2010, the FASB issued additional guidance to improve fair value disclosures and increase the transparency in financial reporting. These enhancements include: (1) a reporting entity should disclose separately the amounts of significant transfers in and out of Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements and describe the reasons for the transfers; and (2) in the reconciliation for fair value measurements using significant unobservable inputs, a reporting entity should present separately information about purchases, sales, issuances, and settlements. This new guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2009. The company adopted the new accounting guidance on January 3, 2010, which did not have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In February 2010, the SEC issued a statement that reaffirms its support for the potential use of IFRS in the preparation of financial statements by U.S. registrants. It announced a work plan by which it is expected to make a determination in 2011 whether or not it will mandate the conversion to IFRS. As of October 2010, the SEC continues to anticipate making the determination in 2011 of whether, when, and how to incorporate IFRS into the U.S. domestic financial reporting system. The company is currently assessing the potential impact of IFRS on its Consolidated Financial Statements and will continue to review progress of the work plan.
In December 2010, the FASB issued authoritative guidance related to disclosure of supplementary pro forma information for business combinations. The guidance specified that if a public entity presents comparative financial statements, the entity should disclose revenue and earnings of the combined entity as though the business combination(s) that occurred during the current year had occurred as of the beginning of the comparable prior annual reporting period only. The amendments also expand the supplemental pro forma disclosures to include a description of the nature and amount of material, nonrecurring pro forma adjustments directly attributable to the business combination included in the reported pro forma revenue and earnings. The guidance is effective prospectively for business combinations for which the acquisition date is on or after the beginning of the first annual reporting period beginning on or after December 15, 2010. The company does not believe that the adoption of this new guidance will have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
In December 2010, the FASB issued an authoritative guidance describing when to perform step 2 of the goodwill impairment test for reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. The amendments in this guidance modify Step 1 of the goodwill impairment test for reporting units with zero or negative carrying amounts. For those reporting units, an entity is required to perform Step 2 of the goodwill impairment test if it is more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists. In determining whether it is more likely than not that goodwill impairment exists, an entity should consider whether there are any adverse qualitative factors indicating that impairment may exist. The qualitative factors are consistent with the existing guidance and examples, which require that goodwill of a reporting unit be tested for impairment between annual tests if an event occurs or circumstances change that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. For public entities, the amendments in this guidance are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2010. Early adoption is not permitted. The company expects to adopt this new guidance effective the beginning of fiscal year 2011, and does not expect it to have a material impact on its Consolidated Financial Statements.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Certain of the accounting policies as discussed below require the application of significant judgment by management in selecting the appropriate estimates and assumptions for calculating amounts to record in the financial statements. Actual results could differ from those estimates and assumptions, impacting the reported results of operations and financial position. Significant accounting policies are more fully described in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included elsewhere in this Annual Report. Certain accounting policies, however, are considered to be critical in that they are most important to the depiction of the company’s financial condition and results of operations and their application requires management’s subjective judgment in making estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. The company believes the following accounting policies are the most critical to aid in fully understanding and evaluating its reported financial results, as they require management’s most difficult, subjective or complex judgments, resulting from the need to make estimates about the effect of matters that are inherently uncertain. The company has reviewed these critical accounting policies and related disclosures with the Audit Committee of its Board of Directors.
Revenue Recognition: The company recognizes revenue on product sales in the period in which the sales process is complete. This generally occurs when products are shipped (FOB origin) to the customer in accordance with the terms of the sale, the risk of loss has been transferred, collectability is reasonably assured and the pricing is fixed and determinable. At the end of each period, for those shipments where title to the products and the risk of loss and rewards of ownership do not transfer until the product has been received by the customer, the company adjusts revenues and cost of sales for the delay between the time that the products are shipped and when they are received by the customer. The company’s distribution channels are primarily through direct sales and independent third party distributors.
Revenue and Billing: The company accepts orders from customers based on long term purchasing contracts and written sales agreements. Contract pricing and selling agreement terms are based on market factors, costs and competition. Pricing normally is negotiated as an adjustment (premium or discount) from the company’s published price lists. The customer is invoiced when the company’s products are shipped to them in accordance with the terms of the sales agreement.
Returns and Credits: Some of the terms of the company’s sales agreements and normal business conditions provide customers (distributors) the ability to receive price adjustments on products previously shipped and invoiced. This practice is common in the industry and is referred to as a “ship and debit” program. This program allows the distributor to debit the company for the difference between the distributors’ contracted price and a lower price for specific transactions. Under certain circumstances (usually in a competitive situation or large volume opportunity), a distributor will request authorization to reduce its price to its buyer. If the company approves such a reduction, the distributor is authorized to “debit” its account for the difference between the contracted price and the lower approved price. The company establishes reserves for this program based on historic activity and actual authorizations for the debit and recognizes these debits as a reduction of revenue.
The company has a return to stock policy whereby a customer with previous authorization from Littelfuse management can return previously purchased goods for full or partial credit. The company establishes an estimated allowance for these returns based on historic activity. Sales revenue and cost of sales are reduced to anticipate estimated returns.
The company properly meets all of the criteria for recognizing revenue when the right of return exists. Specifically, the company meets those requirements because:
Volume Rebates: The company offers incentives to certain customers to achieve specific quarterly or annual sales targets. If customers achieve their sales targets, they are entitled to rebates. The company estimates the future cost of these rebates and recognizes this estimated cost as a reduction to revenue as products are sold.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts: The company evaluates the collectability of its trade receivables based on a combination of factors. The company regularly analyzes its significant customer accounts and, when the company becomes aware of a specific customer’s inability to meet its financial obligations, the company records a specific reserve for bad debt to reduce the related receivable to the amount the company reasonably believes is collectible. The company also records allowances for all other customers based on a variety of factors including the length of time the receivables are past due, the financial health of the customer, macroeconomic considerations and past experience. Historically, the allowance for doubtful accounts has been adequate to cover bad debts. If circumstances related to specific customers change, the estimates of the recoverability of receivables could be further adjusted.
The company performs regular detailed assessments of inventory, which include a review of, among other factors, demand requirements, product life cycle and development plans, component cost trends, product pricing, shelf life and quality issues. Based on the analysis, the company records adjustments to inventory for excess quantities, obsolescence or impairment when appropriate to reflect inventory at net realizable value. Historically, inventory reserves have been adequate to reflect inventory at net realizable values.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The company annually tests goodwill for impairment on the first day of its fiscal fourth quarter or at an interim date if there is an event or change in circumstances that indicates the asset may be impaired. The company has four reporting units for goodwill testing purposes. Management determines the fair value of each of its reporting units by using a discounted cash flow model (which includes forecasted five-year income statement and working capital projections, a market-based weighted average cost of capital and terminal values after five years) to estimate market value. In addition, the company compares its derived enterprise value on a consolidated basis to the company’s market capitalization as of its test date to ensure its derived value approximates the market value of the company when taken as a whole.
As of the most recent annual test conducted on October 2, 2010, the company concluded the fair value of each of the reporting units exceeded its carrying value of invested capital and therefore, no goodwill impairment existed. Specifically, the company noted that its headroom, defined as the excess of fair value over the carrying value of invested capital, was 85%, 64%, 253% and 141% for its electronics, automotive, base electrical, and protection relay and custom products reporting units, respectively, at October 2, 2010. Certain key assumptions used in the annual test included a discount rate of 14% and a long-term growth rate of 3% for all four reporting units.
In addition, the company performed a sensitivity test at October 2, 2010 that showed a 100 basis point increase in its discount rate or a 100 basis point decrease in the long-term growth rate for each reporting unit would not have changed the company’s conclusion that no goodwill impairment existed at October 2, 2010.
The company will continue to perform a goodwill impairment test as required on an annual basis and on an interim basis, if certain conditions exist. Factors the company considers important, which could result in changes to its estimates, include underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results and declines in acquisitions and trading multiples. Due to the diverse end user base and non-discretionary product demand, the company does not believe its future operating results will vary significantly relative to its historical and projected future operating results.
The company evaluates long-lived asset groups on an ongoing basis. Long-lived asset groups are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of the related asset may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of the asset to future undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by the asset group. If it is determined to be impaired, the impairment recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying value of the asset exceeds its fair value. The company’s estimates of future cash flows from such assets could be impacted if it underperforms relative to historical or projected future operating results. The company recorded asset impairment charges of $3.0 million, $0.8 million and $3.2 million for the fiscal years ended 2010, 2009 and 2008 respectively. Further information regarding asset impairments is provided in Note 11 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
Environmental liabilities are accrued based on estimates of the probability of potential future environmental exposure. Expenses related to on-going maintenance of environmental sites are expensed as incurred. If actual or estimated probable future losses exceed the company’s recorded liability for such claims, it would record additional charges as other expense during the period in which the actual loss or change in estimate occurred.
Pension and Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan
Littelfuse has a number of company-sponsored defined benefit plans primarily in North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region. The company recognizes the full unfunded status of the plan on the balance sheet. Actuarial gains and losses and prior service costs and credits are recognized as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income. Accounting for pensions requires estimating the future benefit cost and recognizing the cost over the employee’s expected period of employment with the company. Certain assumptions are required in the calculation of pension costs and obligations. These assumptions include the discount rate, salary scales and the expected long-term rate of return on plan assets. The discount rate is intended to represent the rate at which pension benefit obligations could be settled by purchase of an annuity contract. These assumptions are subject to change based on stock and bond market returns and other economic factors. Actual results that differ from the company’s assumptions are accumulated and amortized over future periods and, therefore, generally affect its recognized expense and accrued liability in such future periods. While the company believes that its assumptions are appropriate given current economic conditions and its actual experience, significant differences in results or significant changes in the company’s assumptions may materially affect its pension obligations and related future expense. Further information regarding these plans is provided in Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
Stock-based compensation expense is recorded for stock-option grants, restricted stock and performance-based restricted stock awards based upon the fair values of the awards. The fair value of stock option awards is estimated at the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, which includes assumptions for volatility, expected term, risk-free interest rate and dividend yield. Expected volatility is based on implied volatilities from traded options on Littelfuse stock, historical volatility of Littelfuse stock and other factors. Historical data is used to estimate employee termination experience and the expected term of the options. The risk-free interest rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The company initiated a quarterly cash dividend in 2010 and expects to continue making cash dividend payments in the foreseeable future.
The performance-based restricted stock awards granted in 2008 vest after a three-year performance period and are paid completely in the company’s common stock at the end of the performance period. The fair value of performance-based restricted stock awards that are paid in common stock is measured at the market price on the grant date, and the fair value of the portion paid in cash is measured at the current market price of a share.
The number of shares issued is based on the company attaining certain financial performance goals relating to return on net tangible assets (“RONTA”) for performance-based restricted stock awards granted prior to 2008, or return on net assets (“RONA”) for performance-based restricted stock granted in 2008, as well as earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”) during the three-year performance period after the grant date. Stock-based compensation expense for performance-based restricted stock awards is based on the fair values and the company’s current estimate of the probable number of shares to be issued (based on the probable outcome at the end of the performance period). As the company’s estimate of the probable outcome changes in future periods, stock-based compensation expense is adjusted accordingly.
Total stock-based compensation expense was $5.2 million, $5.5 million and $5.1 million in 2010, 2009 and 2008, respectively. Further information regarding this expense is provided in Note 13 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
The company accounts for income taxes using the liability method. Deferred taxes are recognized for the future effects of temporary differences between financial and income tax reporting using tax rates in effect for the years in which the differences are expected to reverse. The company recognizes deferred taxes for temporary differences, operating loss carryforwards and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Federal and state income taxes are provided on the portion of foreign income that is expected to be remitted to the U.S. and be taxable.
The company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained on examination by the taxing authorities, based on the technical merits of the position. The tax benefits recognized in the financial statements from such a position are measured based on the largest benefit that has a greater than fifty percent likelihood of being realized upon ultimate settlement.
Further information regarding income taxes, including a detailed reconciliation of current year activity, is provided in Note 14 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in this report.
The company’s 2010 performance significantly rebounded from 2009 across all sectors. Sales for 2010 were $608.0 million compared to $430.1 million for 2009. Sales for 2011 are expected to be in the range of $670.0 to $690.0 million. Earnings for 2011 are expected to be in the range of $3.75 to $4.05 per diluted share. Capital expenditures for 2011 are expected to be in the range of $29.0 to $32.0 million.
ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK.
The company is exposed to market risk from changes in interest rates, foreign exchange rates and commodities.
The company had $74.0 million in debt outstanding at January 1, 2011, primarily related to the term loan, which is described above in Item 7 under Liquidity and Capital Resources. While the remaining portion of this debt has a variable interest rate, the company’s interest expense is not materially sensitive to changes in interest rate levels since debt levels and potential interest expense increases are insignificant relative to earnings.
Foreign Exchange Rates
The majority of the company’s operations consist of manufacturing and sales activities in foreign countries. The company has manufacturing facilities in Mexico, Canada, Germany, China, Taiwan and the Philippines. During 2010, sales to customers outside the U.S. were 69.1% of total net sales. Substantially all sales in Europe are denominated in euros and substantially all sales in the Asia-Pacific region are denominated in U.S. dollars, Japanese yen, Korean won, Chinese yuan and Taiwanese dollars.
The company’s foreign exchange exposures result primarily from sale of products in foreign currencies, foreign currency denominated purchases, employee-related and other costs of running operations in foreign countries and translation of balance sheet accounts denominated in foreign currencies. The company’s most significant long exposure is to the euro, with lesser long exposures to the Canadian dollar, Japanese yen and Korean won. The company’s most significant short exposures are to the Mexican peso, Philippine peso and Chinese yuan. Changes in foreign exchange rates could affect the company’s sales, costs, balance sheet values and earnings. The company uses netting and offsetting intercompany account management techniques to reduce known foreign currency exposures where possible and also, from time to time, utilizes derivative instruments to hedge certain foreign currency exposures deemed to be material.
The company uses various metals in the manufacturing of its products, including copper, zinc, tin, gold and silver. Prices of these commodities can and do fluctuate significantly, which can impact the company’s earnings. The most significant of these exposures is to copper and zinc, where at current prices and volumes, a 10% price change in copper would affect pretax profit by approximately $2.6 million. A 10% change in zinc would affect pretax profit by approximately $0.8 million.
The cost of oil fluctuated dramatically over the past several years. Consequently, there is a risk that a return to high prices for oil and electricity in 2011 could have a significant impact on the company’s transportation and utility expenses.
While the company is exposed to significant changes in certain commodity prices and foreign currency exchange rates, the company actively monitors these exposures and takes various actions to mitigate any negative impacts of these exposures.
ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA.
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Littelfuse, Inc.
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Littelfuse, Inc. and subsidiaries (Company) as of January 1, 2011 and January 2, 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 1, 2011. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the Index at Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Littelfuse, Inc. and subsidiaries at January 1, 2011 and January 2, 2010, and the consolidated results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 1, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Littelfuse, Inc. and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of January 1, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission and our report dated February 25, 2011, expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
February 25, 2011
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
The Board of Directors and Shareholders of Littelfuse, Inc.
We have audited Littelfuse, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 1, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (the COSO criteria). Littelfuse, Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Form 10-K. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, Littelfuse, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 1, 2011, based on the COSO criteri.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Littelfuse, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 1, 2011 and January 2, 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended January 1, 2011, and our report dated February 25, 2011 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
February 25, 2011
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
See accompanying notes.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
See accompanying notes.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
See accompanying notes.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY