MGM Resorts International 10-Q 2008
SECURITIES & EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2008
For the transition period from to
Commission File No. 001-10362
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
3600 Las Vegas Boulevard South, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109
(Address of principal executive offices - Zip Code)
(Registrants telephone number, including area code)
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days: Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of large accelerated filer, accelerated filer and smaller reporting company in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act): Yes o No þ
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuers classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date:
MGM MIRAGE AND SUBSIDIARIES
I N D E X
Part I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
MGM MIRAGE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share data)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
MGM MIRAGE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
MGM MIRAGE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
MGM MIRAGE AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
NOTE 1 ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Organization. MGM MIRAGE (the Company) is a Delaware corporation, incorporated on January 29, 1986. As of March 31, 2008, approximately 53% of the outstanding shares of the Companys common stock were owned by Tracinda Corporation, a Nevada corporation wholly owned by Kirk Kerkorian. MGM MIRAGE acts largely as a holding company and, through wholly-owned subsidiaries, owns and/or operates casino resorts.
The Company owns and operates the following casino resorts in Las Vegas, Nevada: Bellagio, MGM Grand Las Vegas, Mandalay Bay, The Mirage, Luxor, Treasure Island (TI), New York-New York, Excalibur, Monte Carlo, Circus Circus Las Vegas and Slots-A-Fun. Operations at MGM Grand Las Vegas include management of The Signature at MGM Grand Las Vegas, a condominium-hotel consisting of over 1,500 units. Other Nevada operations include Circus Circus Reno, Gold Strike in Jean, and Railroad Pass in Henderson. The Company has a 50% investment in Silver Legacy in Reno, which is adjacent to Circus Circus Reno. The Company also owns Shadow Creek, an exclusive world-class golf course located approximately ten miles north of its Las Vegas Strip resorts, and Primm Valley Golf Club at the California/Nevada state line.
In April 2007, the Company completed the sale of Buffalo Bills, Primm Valley, and Whiskey Petes casino resorts (the Primm Valley Resorts), not including the Primm Valley Golf Club, with net proceeds to the Company of approximately $398 million. In June 2007, the Company completed the sale of the Colorado Belle and Edgewater in Laughlin (the Laughlin Properties), with net proceeds to the Company of approximately $199 million. In February 2007, the Company entered into an agreement to contribute Gold Strike, Nevada Landing (closed in March 2007) and surrounding land (the Jean Properties) to a joint venture. The joint ventures purpose is to develop a mixed-use community on the site. See Note 2 for further discussion of these transactions.
The Company is a 50% owner of CityCenter, a mixed-use development on the Las Vegas Strip between Bellagio and Monte Carlo, expected to open in late 2009. CityCenter will feature a 4,000-room casino resort designed by world-famous architect Cesar Pelli; two 400-room non-gaming boutique hotels, one of which will be managed by luxury hotelier Mandarin Oriental; approximately 425,000 square feet of retail shops, dining and entertainment venues in The Crystals retail complex; and approximately 2.3 million square feet of residential space in approximately 2,700 luxury condominium and condominium-hotel units in multiple towers. The estimated net project budget for CityCenter is $8.5 billion, after net residential proceeds of $2.7 billion. The gross project budget consists of $9.2 billion of construction costs (including capitalized interest), $1.7 billion of land, $0.2 billion of preopening expenses, and $0.1 billion of intangible assets. The Company is managing the development of CityCenter and, upon completion of construction, will manage the operations of CityCenter for a fee. The Company owned 100% of CityCenter until November 2007.
The Company and its local partners own and operate MGM Grand Detroit, which recently opened a new permanent hotel and casino complex in downtown Detroit, Michigan. The interim facility closed on September 30, 2007 and the new casino resort opened on October 2, 2007. The Company also owns and operates two resorts in Mississippi Beau Rivage in Biloxi, which includes the Fallen Oak golf course, and Gold Strike Tunica.
The Company has 50% interests in three resorts outside of Nevada Grand Victoria, Borgata and MGM Grand Macau (through its 50% ownership of MGM Grand Paradise Limited). Grand Victoria is a riverboat in Elgin, Illinois an affiliate of Hyatt Gaming owns the other 50% of Grand Victoria and also operates the resort. Borgata is a casino resort located on Renaissance Pointe in the Marina area of Atlantic City, New Jersey. Boyd Gaming Corporation owns the other 50% of Borgata and also operates the resort. MGM Grand Macau is a casino resort that opened on December 18, 2007. Pansy Ho Chiu-King owns the other 50% of MGM Grand Paradise Limited.
The Company owns additional land adjacent to Borgata, a portion of which consists of common roads, landscaping and master plan improvements, a portion of which is being utilized for an expansion of Borgata, and a portion of which is planned for a wholly-owned development, MGM Grand Atlantic City, preliminarily estimated to cost approximately $4.5 $5.0 billion excluding land and associated costs. The proposed resort would include three towers with more than 3,000 rooms and suites, approximately 4,500 slot machines and 250 table games, approximately 500,000 square-feet of retail, an extensive convention center, and other typical resort amenities.
Financial statement impact of Hurricane Katrina and Monte Carlo fire. The Company maintains insurance for both property damage and business interruption relating to catastrophic events, such as Hurricane Katrina affecting Beau Rivage in August 2005 and the rooftop fire at Monte Carlo in January 2008. Business interruption coverage covers lost profits and other costs incurred during the closure period and up to six months following re-opening.
Non-refundable insurance recoveries received in excess of the net book value of damaged assets, clean-up and demolition costs, and post-event costs are recognized as income in the period received or committed based on the Companys estimate of the total claim for property damage and business interruption compared to the recoveries received at that time. All post-event costs and expected recoveries are recorded net within General and administrative expenses, except for depreciation of non-damaged assets, which is classified as Depreciation and amortization.
Insurance recoveries are classified in the statement of cash flows based on the coverage to which they relate. Recoveries related to business interruption are classified as operating cash flows and recoveries related to property damage are classified as investing cash flows. However, the Companys insurance policy includes undifferentiated coverage for both property damage and business interruption. Therefore, the Company classifies insurance recoveries as being related to property damage until the full amount of damaged assets and demolition costs are recovered and classifies additional recoveries up to the amount of the post-event costs incurred as being related to business interruption. Insurance recoveries beyond that amount are classified as operating or investing cash flows based on the Companys estimated allocation of the total claim.
Hurricane Katrina. The Company reached final settlement agreements with its insurance carriers related to Hurricane Katrina in late 2007 and received insurance recoveries of $635 million, which exceeded the $265 million net book value of damaged assets and post-storm costs incurred. The Company recognized the $370 million of insurance recoveries in income in 2007 and 2006, of which $303 million was recorded within Property transactions, net and $67 million related to the business interruption portion of the Companys claim was recorded within General and administrative expenses. None of these amounts were recognized in the three months ended March 31, 2007. During the three months ended March 31, 2007, insurance recoveries of $7 million were classified as operating cash flows and insurance recoveries of $48 million were classified as investing activities.
Monte Carlo fire. As of March 31, 2008, the Company had received $22 million of proceeds from its insurance carriers related to the Monte Carlo fire. The Company recorded a write-down of $4 million related to the net book value of damaged assets and demolition costs of $7 million, both fully offset by $11 million of recoveries. A recovery of $19 million was recorded for costs incurred during the closure period, but no recoveries have been recorded for lost profits. Therefore, as of March 31, 2008, the Company had a receivable of $8 million from its insurance carriers. During the three months ended March 31, 2008, insurance recoveries of $10 million were classified as operating cash flows and insurance recoveries of $11 million were classified as investing cash flows.
Fair value measurement. The Company adopted SFAS No. 157, Fair Value Measurements (SFAS 157), on January 1, 2008. SFAS 157 establishes a framework for measuring the fair value of financial assets and liabilities and requires certain disclosures about fair value. The Companys only significant assets and liabilities affected by the adoption of SFAS 157 are marketable securities held in connection with the Companys deferred compensation and supplemental executive retirement plans, and the plans corresponding liabilities. As of March 31, 2008, the assets and liabilities related to these plans each totaled $143 million, measured entirely using Level 1 inputs under FAS 157, which are observable inputs such as quoted prices in an active market.
Basis of presentation. As permitted by the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission, certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Companys 2007 annual consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Companys Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007.
In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments which include only normal recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the Companys financial position as of March 31, 2008 and the results of its operations and cash flows for the three month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007. The results of operations for such periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. Certain reclassifications, which have no effect on previously reported net income, have been made to the 2007 financial statements to conform to the 2008 presentation. Substantially all of the prior year reclassifications relate to the classification of meals provided free to employees as a General and administrative expense, while in past periods the cost of these meals was charged to each operating department. The total amount reclassified to General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2007 was $27 million.
NOTE 2 ASSETS HELD FOR SALE AND DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
The sale of the Primm Valley Resorts in April 2007 resulted in a pre-tax gain of $202 million, and the sale of the Laughlin Properties in June 2007 resulted in a pre-tax gain of $64 million.
The assets and liabilities of the Jean Properties have not been contributed to the planned joint venture and therefore are classified as held for sale. Nevada Landing closed in March 2007 and the carrying value of its building assets were written-off. These amounts are included in Property transactions, net in the accompanying consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2007.
The following table summarizes the assets held for sale and liabilities related to assets held for sale in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets:
The results of the Laughlin Properties and Primm Valley Resorts are classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated statements of income for the three months ended March 31, 2007. Due to our continuing investment in the Jean Properties, the results of these operations have not been classified as discontinued operations in the accompanying consolidated statements of income. The cash flows of discontinued operations are included with the cash flows of continuing operations in the accompanying consolidated statements of cash flows.
Other information related to discontinued operations is as follows:
NOTE 3 INVESTMENTS IN UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates consisted of the following:
As described in Note 1, the net project budget for CityCenter is $8.5 billion, and the joint venture expects to spend approximately $2.0 billion in construction costs during the remainder of 2008. During the three months ended March 31, 2008, the Company and Dubai World each made loans of $200 million to CityCenter to fund near-term construction costs. Subsequent to March 31, 2008, the Company and Dubai World each funded additional near-term construction costs and expect to fund additional costs on an as-needed basis. The joint venture is currently negotiating with its lenders to obtain project financing, and anticipates that such financing will include requirements to utilize the project assets as security for the financing. The other potential source of project financing is additional contributions from the Company and Dubai World, which require approval of the joint ventures Board of Directors.
During the three months ended March 31, 2008, the Company incurred $13 million of costs reimbursable by CityCenter, primarily employee compensation, residential sales costs, and certain allocated costs. Such costs are recorded as Other operating expenses, and the reimbursement of such costs is recorded as Other revenue, in the accompanying consolidated statements of income.
The Company recorded its share of the results of operations of unconsolidated affiliates as follows:
NOTE 4 LONG-TERM DEBT
Long-term debt consisted of the following:
Amounts due within one year of the balance sheet date are classified as long-term in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets because the Company has both the intent and ability to repay these amounts with available borrowings under the senior credit facility.
Interest expense, net consisted of the following:
The senior credit facility has a total capacity of $7 billion, and matures in 2011. The Company has the ability to solicit additional lender commitments to increase the capacity to $8 billion. The components of the senior credit facility include a term loan facility of $2.5 billion and a revolving credit facility of $4.5 billion. At March 31, 2008, the Company had approximately $1.9 billion of available borrowing capacity under the senior credit facility.
In February 2008, the Company repaid the $180.4 million of 6.75% senior notes at maturity using borrowings under the senior credit facility.
The Companys long-term debt obligations contain customary covenants requiring the Company to maintain certain financial ratios. At March 31, 2008, the Company was required to maintain a maximum leverage ratio (debt to EBITDA, as defined) of 6.5:1 and a minimum coverage ratio (EBITDA to interest charges, as defined) of 2.0:1. At March 31, 2008, the Companys leverage and interest coverage ratios were 3.5:1 and 4.1:1, respectively.
NOTE 5 COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation. The Company entered into a series of agreements to implement a strategic alliance with the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation (MPTN), which owns and operates Foxwoods Casino Resort in Ledyard, Connecticut. The Company and MPTN have formed a jointly owned company Unity Gaming, LLC to acquire or develop future gaming and non-gaming enterprises. The Company will provide a loan of up to $200 million to finance a portion of MPTNs investment in future joint projects.
Kerzner/Istithmar Joint Venture. In September 2007, the Company entered into a definitive agreement with Kerzner International and Istithmar forming a joint venture to develop a multi-billion dollar integrated resort to be located on the southwest corner of Las Vegas Boulevard and Sahara Avenue. The Company will contribute 40 acres of land, which is being valued at $20 million per acre, for fifty percent of the equity in the joint venture. Kerzner International and Istithmar will contribute cash totaling $600 million, of which $200 million will be distributed to the Company, for the other 50% of the equity.
Guarantees. The Company is party to various guarantee contracts in the normal course of business, which are generally supported by letters of credit issued by financial institutions. The Companys senior credit facility limits the amount of letters of credit that can be issued to $250 million, and the amount of available borrowings under the senior credit facility is reduced by any outstanding letters of credit. At March 31, 2008, the Company had provided $85 million of total letters of credit, including $50 million to support bonds issued by the Economic Development Corporation of the City of Detroit, which are recorded as a liability of the Company.
Litigation. The Company is a party to various legal proceedings, most of which relate to routine matters incidental to its business. Management does not believe that the outcome of such proceedings will have a material adverse effect on the Companys financial position or results of operations.
Sales and use tax on complimentary meals. In March 2008, the Nevada Supreme Court ruled, in a case involving another casino company, that food and non-alcoholic beverages purchased for use in providing complimentary meals to customers and to employees was exempt from sales and use tax. The Company had previously paid use tax on these items and has generally filed for refunds for the periods from January 2001 to February 2008 related to this matter. The amount subject to these refunds, including amounts related to the Mandalay Resort Group properties prior to the Companys 2005 acquisition of Mandalay Resort Group, is approximately $33 million.
The Nevada Department of Taxation has filed a petition for rehearing, and there is no set timetable for the Nevada Supreme Court to respond. As of March 31, 2008, the Company had not recorded income related to this matter since it is still subject to court action. However, the Company is claiming the exemption on sales and use tax returns for periods after February 2008 in light of the Nevada Supreme Court decision.
NOTE 6 INCOME PER SHARE OF COMMON STOCK
The weighted-average number of common and common equivalent shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted earnings per share consisted of the following:
Approximately 3.6 million and 0.7 million stock options and stock appreciation rights were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share in the three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, since including these stock options and stock appreciation rights would have been anti-dilutive.
NOTE 7 COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Comprehensive income consisted of the following:
NOTE 8 STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
Tender Offer. In February 2008, the Company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dubai World completed a joint tender offer to purchase 15 million shares of Company common stock at a price of $80 per share. The Company purchased 8.5 million shares at a total purchase price of $680 million.
Stock repurchases. In addition to the tender offer, the Company repurchased 7.0 million and 2.5 million shares of common stock in the three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively, at a total cost of $427 million and $175 million, respectively. At March 31, 2008, the Company had 2.6 million shares available for repurchase under a December 2007 authorization.
NOTE 9 STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The Company adopted an omnibus incentive plan in 2005 which allows it to grant stock options, stock appreciation rights (SARs), restricted stock, and other stock-based awards to eligible directors, officers and employees. The plans are administered by the Compensation Committee (the Committee) of the Board of Directors. Salaried officers, directors and other key employees of the Company and its subsidiaries are eligible to receive awards. The Committee has discretion under the omnibus plan regarding which type of awards to grant, the vesting and service requirements, exercise price and other conditions, in all cases subject to certain limits, including:
To date, the Committee has only awarded stock options and SARs under the omnibus plan. The Companys practice has been to issue new shares upon the exercise of stock options and SARs. Under the Companys previous plans, the Committee had issued stock options and restricted stock. Stock options and SARs granted under all plans generally have either 7-year or 10-year terms, and in most cases vest in either four or five equal annual installments.
As of March 31, 2008, the aggregate number of share-based awards available for grant under the omnibus plan was 2.1 million. A summary of activity under the Companys share-based payment plans for the three months ended March 31, 2008 is presented below:
Stock options and stock appreciation rights
As of March 31, 2008, there was a total of $114 million of unamortized compensation related to stock options and stock appreciation rights expected to vest, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.4 years. The following table includes additional information related to stock options and SARs:
The Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), Share-Based Payment (SFAS 123(R)) on January 1, 2006 using the modified prospective method. The Company recognizes the fair value of awards granted under the Companys omnibus plan in the income statement based on the fair value of these awards measured at the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model. For awards granted prior to adoption, the unamortized expense is being recognized on an accelerated basis, since this was the method used for disclosure purposes prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R). For awards granted after adoption, such expense is being recognized on a straight-line basis over the vesting period of the awards. Forfeitures are estimated at the time of grant, with such estimate updated periodically and with actual forfeitures recognized currently to the extent they differ from the estimate.
The following table shows information about compensation cost recognized:
Compensation cost for stock options and stock appreciation rights was based on the fair value of each award, measured by applying the Black-Scholes model on the date of grant, using the following weighted-average assumptions:
NOTE 10 PROPERTY TRANSACTIONS, NET
Net property transactions consisted of the following:
Write-downs and impairments in 2008 primarily related to a damaged marquee sign at Bellagio and assets written off in conjunction with retail store changes at Mandalay Bay.
Write-downs and impairments in 2007 primarily related to the write-off of the carrying value of the building assets of Nevada Landing which closed in March 2007.
NOTE 11 CONSOLIDATING CONDENSED FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The Companys subsidiaries (excluding MGM Grand Detroit, LLC and certain minor subsidiaries) have fully and unconditionally guaranteed, on a joint and several basis, payment of the senior credit facility, the senior notes and the senior subordinated notes. Separate condensed financial statement information for the subsidiary guarantors and non-guarantors as of March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 and for the three month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007 is as follows:
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING BALANCE SHEET INFORMATION
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS INFORMATION
Item 2. Managements Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Results of Operations
At March 31, 2008, our primary operations consisted of 17 wholly-owned casino resorts and 50% investments in four other casino resorts, including:
MGM Grand Las Vegas includes The Signature at MGM Grand, a condominium hotel consisting of over 1,500 units in three towers which we manage as a hotel. Other operations include the Shadow Creek golf course in North Las Vegas; two golf courses south of Primm, Nevada at the California state line; and Fallen Oak golf course in Saucier, Mississippi. In addition, we own 50% of CityCenter Holdings, LLC which is developing CityCenter located on a 67-acre site on the Las Vegas Strip, between Bellagio and Monte Carlo. CityCenter will feature a 4,000-room casino resort designed by world-famous architect Cesar Pelli; two 400-room non-gaming boutique hotels, one of which will be managed by luxury hotelier Mandarin Oriental; approximately 425,000 square feet of retail shops, dining and entertainment venues; and approximately 2.3 million square feet of residential space in approximately 2,700 luxury condominium and condominium-hotel units in multiple towers. CityCenter is expected to open in late 2009. The other 50% of CityCenter is owned by Infinity World Development Corp., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dubai World. We will continue to serve as developer of CityCenter and, upon completion of construction, we will manage CityCenter for a fee. We owned 100% of CityCenter until November 2007.
In April 2007, we sold the Primm Valley Resorts (Whiskey Petes, Buffalo Bills and Primm Valley Resort in Primm, Nevada), not including the two golf courses. In June 2007, we sold the Laughlin Properties (Colorado Belle and Edgewater). In February 2007, we entered into an agreement to contribute Gold Strike and Nevada Landing (the Jean Properties) and surrounding land to a joint venture, and we closed Nevada Landing in March 2007. See Liquidity and Capital Resources Other Factors Affecting Liquidity.
We operate primarily in one segment, the operation of casino resorts, which includes offering gaming, hotel, dining, entertainment, retail and other resort amenities. Over half of our net revenue is derived from non-gaming activities, a higher percentage than many of our competitors, as our operating philosophy is to provide a complete resort experience for our guests, including non-gaming amenities which command a premium price based on their quality. Our significant convention and meeting facilities allow us to maximize hotel occupancy and customer volumes during off-peak times such as mid-week or during traditionally slower leisure travel periods, which also leads to better labor utilization. We believe that we own several of the premier casino resorts in the world, and a main focus of our strategy is to continually reinvest in these resorts to maintain that competitive advantage.
As a resort-based company, our operating results are highly dependent on the volume of customers at our resorts, which in turn impacts the price we can charge for our hotel rooms and other amenities. We also generate a significant portion of our operating income from high-end gaming customers, which can cause variability in our results. Key performance indicators related to revenue are:
Most of our revenue is essentially cash-based, through customers wagering with cash or paying for non-gaming services with cash or credit cards. Our resorts generate significant operating cash flow. Our industry is capital intensive and we rely heavily on the ability of our resorts to generate operating cash flow to repay debt financing, fund maintenance capital expenditures and provide excess cash for future development.
We generate a majority of our net revenues and operating income from our resorts in Las Vegas, Nevada, which exposes us to certain risks outside of our control, such as competition from other recently opened or expanded Las Vegas resorts, and the impact from expansion of gaming in California. We are also exposed to risks related to tourism and the general economy, including national and global economic conditions and terrorist attacks or other global events.
Our results of operations do not tend to be seasonal in nature, though a variety of factors may affect the results of any interim period, including the timing of major Las Vegas conventions, the amount and timing of marketing and special events for our high-end customers, and the level of play during major holidays, including New Year and Chinese New Year. We market to different customer segments to manage our hotel occupancy, such as targeting large conventions to ensure mid-week occupancy. Our results do not depend on key individual customers, though our success in marketing to customer groups, such as convention customers, or the financial health of customer segments, such as business travelers or high-end gaming customers from a particular country or region, can impact our results.
The following discussion is based on our consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007. On a consolidated basis, the most important factors and trends contributing to our operating performance for the periods were:
Our net revenue decreased 2% in the first quarter from the prior year period, due to the factors described above. Decreases in room prices and occupancy more than offset increased revenues from new restaurants and other amenities at several of our resorts, as well as increased revenues from the new casino and hotel at MGM Grand Detroit.
Operating income decreased 23% for the quarter to $341 million as a result of the following factors: 1) an overall decrease in revenue, a significant element of which was the result of lower ADR; 2) while we were able to address staffing levels for volume decreases, those reductions were offset by increased wage rates and benefits; and 3) the increased costs of operating the larger MGM Grand Detroit. Our operating margin decreased from 23% to 18%. As discussed further below in Operating Results Details of Certain Charges, during the first quarter of 2008 we had lower preopening and start-up expenses in the quarter. We have been reviewing our operating costs for several quarters, and most recently in April 2008 reduced our salaried management positions by over 400. We are working on several other initiatives to increase the efficiency of our operations and at MGM Grand Detroit, we continue to adjust costs following the opening, a normal process in the initial stages of a new operation.
Operating Results Detailed Revenue Information
The following table presents details of our net revenues:
Table games revenue decreased primarily due to a 4% decrease in table games volume, including baccarat, at our Las Vegas Strip resorts. Table games hold percentages were above the mid-point of the Companys normal range in both periods, and slightly higher in 2008. Slots revenue benefitted from a 9% increase at MGM Grand Detroit, though these results are below our long-term expectations for the resort, given the significant increase in capacity with the permanent casino. Slots revenue decreased 2% on the Las Vegas Strip, though flat excluding Monte Carlo, with increases at Bellagio, The Mirage, and Mandalay Bay offset by decreases at other resorts. Slots revenue decreased 5% at our Mississippi resorts; our mid-market resorts and resorts in regional markets were more severely impacted by the current economy.
Room revenues decreased 6% overall, with a 4% decrease in Las Vegas Strip REVPAR. We had 44,000 fewer rooms available company-wide, 60,000 on the Las Vegas Strip, with the closure of Monte Carlo and current year room remodel activity offset partially by the new MGM Grand Detroit hotel and rooms back in service after 2007 room remodels. The following table shows key hotel statistics for our Las Vegas Strip resorts:
While food and beverage revenue decreased as well down 4% entertainment revenue was flat, as our Cirque du Soleil production shows performed well and offset an events calendar with fewer concerts and sporting events in the 2008 quarter. Other revenue increased $26 million, or 21%, in the first quarter of 2008. This was due primarily to increased revenue at The Signature of MGM Grand Tower 3 was not open in the 2007 quarter and revenue related to reimbursement by CityCenter of costs we incur in managing the projects development. For both of these items, the corresponding expenses are reflected in Other operating expenses, which also increased significantly in the quarter.
Operating Results Details of Certain Charges
Preopening and start-up expenses were $5 million in the 2008 quarter versus $14 million in 2007. The current year amount consists largely of our portion of CityCenters preopening expenses.
Property transactions, net consisted of the following:
Write-downs and impairments in 2008 primarily related to a damaged marquee sign at Bellagio and assets written off in conjunction with retail store changes at Mandalay Bay.
Write-downs and impairments in 2007 primarily related to the write-off of the carrying value of the Nevada Landing building assets due to its closure in March 2007.
Operating Results Income from Unconsolidated Affiliates
Income from unconsolidated affiliates decreased by $7 million in the quarter, as our share of income from MGM Grand Macau (which opened in December 2007) $10 million was offset by several items: 1) Lower income at Borgata and Silver Legacy; 2) prior year profits from the unit sales at The Signature at MGM Grand of $8 million; and 3) our share of CityCenters preopening expenses in the current year while the project was wholly-owned in 2007.
Net interest expense decreased to $150 million in the 2008 first quarter from $184 million in the 2007 period. Gross interest was lower due to a combination of lower market interest rates and the decrease in average debt balances outstanding as a result of the net proceeds of approximately $3.7 billion from the CityCenter transaction and Dubai World stock sale in November 2007, offset by recent share repurchase activity. Capitalized interest decreased, as we are no longer capitalizing interest on our investment in MGM Grand Macau or the Detroit permanent casino, and capitalization of interest on our CityCenter investment was lower than our former capitalization of interest on CityCenter construction costs when the project was wholly-owned. These items were offset partially by new capitalized interest on MGM Grand Atlantic City construction and related land costs.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Cash Flows Operating Activities
Cash used in operations was $124 million for the three months ended March 31, 2008, compared to cash provided by operations of $256 million in the prior year period. The decrease was primarily due to the decrease in operating income and significant income tax payment made in the first quarter of 2008 related to the contribution of CityCenter to a joint venture. At March 31, 2008, we held cash and cash equivalents of $328 million.
Cash Flows Investing Activities
Capital expenditures of $249 million in 2008 consisted of room remodel costs, primarily at The Mirage, TI, and Excalibur; trailing payments on the construction of MGM Grand Detroit; payments for corporate aircraft; payments for the showroom at Luxor that will feature a new show by Cirque du Soleil and Criss Angel; and other routine capital expenditures. Capital expenditures in 2007 included significant spending on the CityCenter and MGM Grand Detroit development projects as well as room remodel costs, payments for corporate aircraft, and other routine capital expenditures. We also funded $200 million of CityCenters construction costs during the first quarter of 2008 see Other Factors Affecting Liquidity.
Cash Flows Financing Activities
In the three months ended March 31, 2008, we borrowed net debt of $1.6 billion. In February 2008, we completed, along with a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dubai World, a joint tender offer to purchase 15 million shares of Company common stock at a price of $80 per share. The Company purchased 8.5 million shares at a total purchase price of $680 million. In addition, we repurchased 7 million shares of our common stock on the open market at a cost of $427 million during the three months ended March 31, 2008, leaving 2.6 million shares available under our current share repurchase authorization. We also repaid $180 million of 6.75% senior notes at maturity in February 2008. At March 31, 2008 our senior credit facility had an outstanding balance of $5.0 billion, with available liquidity of $1.9 billion.
Other Factors Affecting Liquidity
Long-term Debt Payable in 2008. We have a total of $196 million in senior notes that we expect to repay at maturity in 2008. In addition, holders of our $150 million of 7% debentures due 2036 will have the option to require us to repurchase such debt late in 2008.
CityCenter. The estimated net project budget for CityCenter is $8.5 billion, after net residential proceeds of $2.7 billion. The gross project budget consists of $9.2 billion of construction costs (including capitalized interest), $1.7 billion of land, $0.2 billion of preopening expenses, and $0.1 billion of intangible assets.
The joint venture expects to spend approximately $2.0 billion in construction costs during the remainder of 2008. During the three months ended March 31, 2008, we and Dubai World each made loans of $200 million to CityCenter to fund near-term construction costs. Subsequent to March 31, 2008, we and Dubai World each funded additional near-term construction costs and expect to fund additional costs on an as-needed basis. The joint venture is currently negotiating with its lenders to obtain project financing, and anticipates that such financing will include requirements to utilize the project assets as security for the financing. The other potential source of project financing is additional contributions from us and Dubai World, which require approval of the joint ventures Board of Directors.
MGM Grand Atlantic City Development. In October 2007, we announced plans for a multi-billion dollar resort complex on our 72-acre site in Atlantic City. The new resort, MGM Grand Atlantic City, is preliminarily estimated to cost approximately $4.5 to $5.0 billion, not including land and associated costs. The proposed resort would include three towers with more than 3,000 total rooms and suites, approximately 4,500 slot machines and 250 table games, approximately 500,000 square-feet of retail, an extensive convention center, and other typical resort amenities.
Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation. We have entered into a series of agreements to implement a strategic alliance with the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation (MPTN), which owns and operates Foxwoods Casino Resort in Ledyard, Connecticut. Under the strategic alliance, a new casino resort owned and operated by MPTN and adjacent to the existing Foxwoods casino resort will carry the MGM Grand brand name. The resort is scheduled to open in May 2008, and we are receiving a branding fee in connection with this agreement. We have also formed a jointly owned company with MPTN Unity Gaming, LLC to acquire or develop future gaming and non-gaming enterprises. We will provide a loan of up to $200 million to finance a portion of MPTNs investment in future joint projects.
Jean Properties. We have entered into an operating agreement to form a 50/50 joint venture with Jeanco Realty Development, LLC. The venture will master plan and develop a mixed-use community in Jean, Nevada. We will contribute the Jean Properties and surrounding land to the joint venture. The value of this contribution per the operating agreement will be $150 million. We expect to receive a distribution of $55 million upon transfer of the Jean Properties and surrounding land to the venture, which is subject to the venture obtaining necessary regulatory and other approvals, and $20 million no later than August 2008. Nevada Landing closed in March 2007.
Market risk is the risk of loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates. Our primary exposure to market risk is interest rate risk associated with our variable rate long-term debt. We attempt to limit our exposure to interest rate risk by managing the mix of our long-term fixed rate borrowings and short-term borrowings under our bank credit facilities.
As of March 31, 2008, long-term fixed rate borrowings represented approximately 61% of our total borrowings. Assuming a 100 basis-point change in LIBOR at March 31, 2008, our annual interest cost would change by approximately $50 million.
(Cautionary Statements Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995)
This Form 10-Q contains some forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements give our current expectations or forecasts of future events. You can identify these statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. They contain words such as anticipate, estimate, expect, project, intend, plan, believe, may, could, might and other words or phrases of similar meaning in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance. In particular, these include statements relating to future actions, new projects, future performance, the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings and future financial results. From time to time, we also provide oral or written forward-looking statements in our Forms 10-K, Annual Reports to Stockholders, Forms 8-K, press releases and other materials we release to the public. Any or all of our forward-looking statements in this Form 10-Q and in any other public statements we make may turn out to be wrong. They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions we might make or by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors mentioned in this Form 10-Q for example, government regulation and the competitive environment will be important in determining our future results. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed. Our actual future results may differ materially.
We undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. You are advised, however, to consult any further disclosures we make on related subjects in our Forms 10-K, 10-Q and 8-K reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission. This discussion is provided as permitted by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
You should also be aware that while we from time to time communicate with securities analysts, we do not disclose to them any material non-public information, internal forecasts or other confidential business information. Therefore, you should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any analyst, irrespective of the content of the statement or report. To the extent that reports issued by securities analysts contain projections, forecasts or opinions, those reports are not our responsibility.
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
We incorporate by reference the information appearing under Market Risk in Part I, Item 2 of this Form 10-Q.
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
Our Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) and Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer) have concluded that the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures are effective as of March 31, 2008. This conclusion is based on an evaluation conducted under the supervision and with the participation of Company management. Disclosure controls and procedures are those controls and procedures which ensure that information required to be disclosed in this filing is accumulated and communicated to management and is recorded, processed, summarized and reported in a timely manner and in accordance with Securities and Exchange Commission rules and regulations.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2008, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Part II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
For a complete description of the facts and circumstances surrounding material litigation we are a party to, see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. There have been no significant developments in any of the cases disclosed in our Form 10-K in the three months ended March 31, 2008.
Item 1A. Risk Factors
A complete description of certain factors that may affect our future results and risk factors is set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. There have been no material changes to those factors in the three months ended March 31, 2008.
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Our share repurchases are only conducted under repurchase programs approved by our Board of Directors and publicly announced. The following table includes information about our share repurchases for the quarter ended March 31, 2008:
Item 6. Exhibits
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.