QUOTE AND NEWS
Benzinga  Apr 3  Comment 
Shares of Nvidia Corp (NASDAQ: NVDA) have popped to a new 52-week high, up 2.59 percent to $19 on rumors that David Einhorn's Greenlight Capital has a long position in the stock. Benzinga followed up and called Einhorn's office for...
Forbes  Apr 3  Comment 
In early trading on Thursday, shares of NVIDIA (NVDA) topped the list of the day's best performing components of the Nasdaq 100 index, trading up 3.0%.  Year to date, NVIDIA registers a 19.2% gain.
SeekingAlpha  Apr 2  Comment 
By Jon Peddie: VMware (VMW) rose to prominence by being the world's most successful company in providing hypervisor/virtualization to enable enterprise customers to deploy private clouds. The computer virtualization product that does this, ESX, is...
Forbes  Apr 1  Comment 
There are company CEOs and then there are true, passionate, charismatic leaders. Nvidia CEO Jen-Hsun Huang falls into the latter category.  Huang co-founded Nvidia in 1993 and to this day, to listen to the man speak about the company's new...
TheStreet.com  Apr 1  Comment 
NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- Shares of Nvidia were climbing 4.77% to $18.76 in early trading on Tuesday, lifted by an upgrade from JMP Securities. In a note released early on Tuesday, JMP analyst Alex Gauna upgraded Nvidia from "market perform" to...
Benzinga  Apr 1  Comment 
TheStreet.com  Apr 1  Comment 
Update (9:35 a.m.): Updated with Tuesday market information. NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- JMP Securities upgraded Nvidia  to "outperform" from "market perform" and set a $26 target price. The firm noted the company is focused on increasing gross...
Forbes  Mar 27  Comment 
Nvidia is just now finishing up its annual ecosystem show which I attended this week. It’s called the "GPU Technology Conference", or "GTC" for short.  Held in San Jose, thousands of developers came to learn best practices and hear new...
SeekingAlpha  Mar 27  Comment 
By Markus Aarnio: Nvidia Corporation (NVDA) is a visual computing company, connecting people through the powerful medium of computer graphics. (click to enlarge) Insider selling during the last 30 days Here is a table of...
Cloud Computing  Mar 25  Comment 
SAN JOSE, Calif. , March 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- During a presentation at the NVIDIA GPU Technology Conference, cloud graphics pioneer, OTOY Inc., today previewed the forthcoming version of its acclaimed OctaneRender™ software, showcasing a...
Cloud Computing  Mar 25  Comment 
SAN JOSE, Calif. , March 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Super Micro Computer, Inc. (NASDAQ: SMCI), a global leader in high-performance, high-efficiency server, storage technology and green computing highlights its expansive selection of GPU optimized...




 

NVIDIA (NYSE:NVDA) is the only publicly traded company that focuses exclusively on graphics chips. About 80% of the company’s graphics chips go into PCs, with the rest split between servers, handheld devices, and video game consoles. NVIDIA’s primary competitors are AMD and Intel, and NVIDIA and AMD each focus on building graphics chips for high-end products.

NVIDIA's long term growth is most threatened by competitors offering platforms that combine several chips using a central processing unit (CPU), operating system, and graphics processing unit (GPU). As a result, the growth of platforms is a major threat to NVIDIA’s core business. Intel released its Centrino platform for notebooks and AMD has a similar platform called Puma. But NVIDIA has tried to get in the game as well, building a platform for netbooks (aka Mobile Internet Devices) known as Tegra which competes head to head with Intel’s Atom platform.[1] However, NVIDIA is at a severe disadvantage to competitors AMD and Intel who have been developing an array of different chips for years, making the transition to platforms far more natural for them.

NVIDIA sells the vast majority of its chips to companies that make computers. It is dependent on a small number of these companies as NVIDIA's two top customers account for 25% of the company’s revenue, with its largest customer being Asustek (12% of revenue). NVIDIA and AMD share leadership in the graphics market, and this makes it difficult for NVIDIA to sign many long term contracts. However, NVIDIA does have one major deal with Sony to provide the graphics chips for its PS3 consoles. [2]

Business Overview

Business & Financial Metrics[3]

In 2009, NVIDIA generated a net income of $131.1 million on revenues of $982.5 million. This represents a 21.8% increase in net income and a 8.8% increase in revenus from 2008, when the company earned $107.6 million on $903.2 million in revenues.

Business Segments[4]

NVIDIA produces chips and software that allow a computer to display complex moving images (for example movement in 3 dimensions). The following are the four main product segments along with their primary products:

Graphics Processing Unit (GPU): - 53.1% of revenue in 2009

  • GeForce are chips dedicated to personal computers especially for the purpose of gaming.

Consumer Products Business (CPB): - 4.9% of revenue in 2009

  • GoForce are like GeForce chips but are dedicated to handhelds and cell phones. The GoForce is used by both Motorola and Sony in their cell phones.

Professional Solutions Business (PSB): - 15.3% of revenue in 2009

  • Quadro chips are dedicated to business graphic solutions.
  • Tesla are high end graphic chips that are aimed at the supercomputing market. The supercomputing market is relatively small, but could potentially be a major market for NVIDIA.

Media and Communications Processor Business (MCP): - 26.2% of revenue in 2009

  • nForce are dedicated to integrating multifunctions and maximizing computer resource use (power, processing memory, etc.). The nForce was used in Microsoft’s Xbox console.

NVIDIA also creates customized parts in conjunction with other companies. These are sometimes integrated into the hardware of other companies, and sometimes allowed to stand alone. A customized chip is used in Sony’s next generation game console PS3. NVIDIA chips are used in Intel and AMD products as well.

IMAGE:NVDA-Segments2009.jpg[4]

Trends and Forces

Over 80% of Sales Come From the PC Market

NVIDIA gets over 80% of its sales from the PC market. NVIDIA is highly dependent on its PC customers, two of which make up 25% of the company's revenues.[5] The commoditization of PCs is one trend that could help gain even more business for NVIDIA. As PC makers try to differentiate themselves they have tried offering graphics chips as standard rather than a costly upgrade. As PC's become more advanced the market for high end graphics could grow as well especially if OEMs are making these chips standard parts.[6]

Evolving Video Game Graphics Means Business for NVIDIA

The video game industry is characterized by its evolving technology and its intense competition, primarily between Sony, Microsoft, and Nintendo. The trend in the industry seemed to be going towards better graphics and more complex gameplay, but the innovative approach of the Wii now puts that trend into question. The Wii does not have incredible graphics, but rather focuses on interesting and widely appealing gameplay. NVIDIA provides the graphics chip from the PS3 which had a focus on delivering very high level graphics, but so far sales for the PS3 have been lower than expected. A shift in the industry towards a Wii ideology could be potentially detrimental to NVIDIA's involvement in the industry. However, if Microsoft and Sony continue to go after better performance and more realistic graphics in their next generation consoles, then NVIDIA will benefit from that trend.

Short Product Cycles Creates Opportunities for Gains and Losses

Competitive advantages in a field as fast moving as graphics processing are tenuous and very short lived. A graphics chip product cycle here can last less than a year. Historically, NVIDIA and AMD/ATI have traded the lead in the high graphics market, often in the same year. Gamers and high end computer users are fickle and will jump to whoever wins the latest benchmarks. The huge R&D investments made by these companies makes it nearly impossible to consistently make the best chip year in and year out. However, loss of technology leadership means loss of competitive advantage for NVIDIA, and leads to drastically lower margins through lower revenues and increased R&D spending to catch up. NVIDIA has weathered multiple graphics chip generations and a crippling technology boom and bust cycle. It has emerged triumphant where a long list of competitors (3dfx, Matrox, S3, Creative) have left the industry or gone out of business because they could not keep up with product cycles or compete on price point.[7]

Competition

NVIDIA’s biggest competition is presently AMD which acquired NVIDIA’s old competitor ATI, the only other graphics company that also puts out high-end graphics chips. They also compete with Intel in the on-board and mobile video markets.

After years of having the definite upper hand, NVIDIA now has parity with AMD/ATI in the graphics market. Apple recently made the shift from NVIDIA to solely AMD/ATI for its desktop computers. NVIDIA won such high profile contracts as Sony's Playstation 3, while AMD/ATI has contracts for both Microsoft's Xbox 360 and Nintendo's Wii console.

Threat from Platforms

A potential advantage AMD and Intel have over NVIDIA is the ability to offer platforms. Platforms bundle some combination of chips doing different functions, for example, a central processing unit (CPU), operating system, or graphics processing unit (GPU). By bundling a graphics chip into the platform, Intel or AMD can offer its product in a more cost efficient and convenient way while at the same time eliminating the need to buy a separate graphics chip. This is a major threat to NVIDIA as its core business is to simply sell graphics chips. Intel's Centrino platform for notebooks has been quite successful because it offers a complete CPU, chipset, and wireless interface in one set of products. AMD has a notebook platform called Puma that is similar to Intel's platform, except has superior graphics capability. NVIDIA has released its Tegra platform which is a single chip computer (rather than the traditionally multi chip approach) aimed at handheld devices and mobile internet devices. The Tegra will compete directly with Intel's Atom platform. NVIDIA does not have a platform for PC's, but the Tegra is a step in that direction. However, even though NVIDIA has developed a platform, up until the Tegra NVIDIA has only developed graphics chips. AMD and Intel on the other hand have been developing an array of different types of chips for years, making their transition to platforms far more natural.

Competition

In the graphics chips world, NVIDIA's Major competitors are Intel and AMD (which recently acquired ATI).

In the high end graphics chips, NVIDIA’s major competitor is AMD. Both NVIDIA and ATI produce high end graphics chips. ATI’s main brand line (comparable to GeForce) was Radeon. Intel had plans to enter the high end graphics chips market with their "Larrabee" project, but those have been canceled.

Competition is more defined according to the ability to stay ahead of new technologies and being able to secure partnerships with other firms in the computer industry.

References

  1. NVIDIA Tegra
  2. NVIDIA 2007 10-K pg.69
  3. NVDA 2009 10-K pg. 106  
  4. 4.0 4.1 NVDA 2009 10-K pg. 103  
  5. NVIDIA 2007 10-K pg.49
  6. Psystar Releases Blu-Ray, Nvidia 9800GT Before Apple
  7. Wikipedia: 3dfx Interactive
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