Annual Reports

 
Quarterly Reports

  • 10-Q (Nov 5, 2013)
  • 10-Q (Aug 6, 2013)
  • 10-Q (May 8, 2013)
  • 10-Q (Nov 8, 2012)
  • 10-Q (Aug 7, 2012)
  • 10-Q (May 4, 2012)

 
8-K

 
Other

NYSE Euronext 10-Q 2010

Documents found in this filing:

  1. 10-Q
  2. Ex-31.1
  3. Ex-31.2
  4. Ex-32.1
  5. Ex-32.1
e10vq
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2010
OR
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     .
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER 001-33392
 
NYSE Euronext
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
     
DELAWARE
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
  20-5110848
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
11 Wall Street
New York, New York 10005
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
(212) 656-3000
Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes þ No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer þ
  Accelerated filer o   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ
As of August 6, 2010, the registrant had approximately 261 million shares of common stock, $0.01 par value per share, outstanding.
 
 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
Item 4. Controls and Procedures
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1. Legal Proceedings
Item 1A. Risk Factors
Item 6. Exhibits
SIGNATURES
EX-31.1
EX-31.2
EX-32.1
EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 LABELS LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT


Table of Contents

CERTAIN TERMS
In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, “NYSE Euronext,” “we,” “us,” and “ our ” refer to NYSE Euronext, a Delaware corporation, and its subsidiaries, except where the context requires otherwise.
“Archipelago®,” “Archipelago Exchange®,” “Euronext® ,” “NYSE® ,” “NYSE Liffe®,” “Pacific Exchange® ” and “SFTI® ,” among others, are trademarks or service marks of NYSE Euronext or its licensees or licensors with all rights reserved.
“FINRA®” is a trademark of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) with all rights reserved, and is used under license from FINRA.
All other trademarks and service marks used herein are the property of their respective owners.
Unless otherwise specified or the context otherwise requires:
    NYSE” refers to (1) prior to the completion of the merger between the New York Stock Exchange, Inc. and Archipelago Holdings, Inc. (“Archipelago”), which occurred on March 7, 2006, New York Stock Exchange, Inc., a New York Type A not-for-profit corporation, and (2) after completion of the merger, New York Stock Exchange LLC, a New York limited liability company, and, where the context requires, its subsidiaries, NYSE Market, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and NYSE Regulation, Inc., a New York not-for-profit corporation. New York Stock Exchange LLC is registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) under the U.S. Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) as a national securities exchange.
 
    NYSE Arca” refers collectively to NYSE Arca, L.L.C., a Delaware limited liability company (formerly known as Archipelago Exchange, L.L.C.), NYSE Arca, Inc., a Delaware corporation (formerly known as the Pacific Exchange, Inc.), and NYSE Arca Equities, Inc., a Delaware corporation (formerly known as PCX Equities, Inc.). NYSE Arca, Inc. is registered with the SEC under the Exchange Act as a national securities exchange.
 
    NYSE Amex” refers to NYSE Amex LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (formerly known as the American Stock Exchange LLC). NYSE Amex LLC is registered with the SEC under the Exchange Act as a national securities exchange.

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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains statements that may constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. In some cases, you can identify these statements by forward-looking words such as “may,” “might,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “plan,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “potential” or “continue,” and the negative of these terms and other comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements, which are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and assumptions about us, may include projections of our future financial performance based on our growth strategies and anticipated trends in our business and industry. These statements are only predictions based on our current expectations and projections about future events. There are important factors that could cause our actual results, level of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from the results, level of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements. In particular, you should consider the risks and uncertainties described under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed for the year ended December 31, 2009, and any additional risks and uncertainties described in our subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.
These risks and uncertainties are not exhaustive. Other sections of this report describe additional factors that could adversely impact our business and financial performance. Moreover, we operate in a very competitive and rapidly changing environment. New risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible to predict all risks and uncertainties, nor can we assess the impact that these factors will have on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements.
Although we believe the expectations reflected in the forward-looking statements are reasonable, we cannot guarantee future results, level of activity, performance or achievements. Moreover, neither we nor any other person assumes responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of any of these forward-looking statements. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We are under no duty to update any of these forward-looking statements after the date of this report to conform our prior statements to actual results or revised expectations and we do not intend to do so.
Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about:
    possible or assumed future results of operations and operating cash flows;
 
    strategies and investment policies;
 
    financing plans and the availability of capital;
 
    our competitive position and environment;
 
    potential growth opportunities available to us;
 
    the risks associated with potential acquisitions or alliances;
 
    the recruitment and retention of officers and employees;
 
    expected levels of compensation;
 
    potential operating performance, achievements, productivity improvements, efficiency and cost reduction efforts;
 
    the likelihood of success and impact of litigation;
 
    protection or enforcement of intellectual property rights;
 
    expectations with respect to financial markets, industry trends and general economic conditions;
 
    our ability to keep up with rapid technological change;
 
    the timing and results of our technology initiatives;
 
    the effects of competition; and

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    the impact of future legislation and regulatory changes.
     We caution you not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. We expressly qualify in their entirety all forward-looking statements attributable to us or any person acting on our behalf by the cautionary statements referred to above.

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PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.   Financial Statements
NYSE EURONEXT
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION

(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2010     2009  
Assets
               
Current assets:
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 369     $ 423  
Financial investments
    50       67  
Accounts receivable, net
    729       660  
Deferred income taxes
    83       100  
Other current assets
    181       270  
 
           
Total current assets
    1,412       1,520  
Property and equipment, net
    991       986  
Goodwill
    3,863       4,210  
Other intangible assets, net
    5,532       6,184  
Deferred income taxes
    618       680  
Other assets
    627       802  
 
           
Total assets
  $ 13,043     $ 14,382  
 
           
 
               
Liabilities and equity
               
Current liabilities:
               
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
  $ 915     $ 1,162  
Related party payable
    40       40  
Section 31 fees payable
    155       150  
Deferred revenue
    368       163  
Short term debt
    282       616  
Deferred income taxes
    17       18  
 
           
Total current liabilities
    1,777       2,149  
Long term debt
    1,962       2,166  
Deferred income taxes
    1,970       2,090  
Accrued employee benefits
    482       504  
Deferred revenue
    354       362  
Related party payable
    114       110  
Other liabilities
    55       66  
 
           
Total liabilities
    6,714       7,447  
 
           
Commitments and contingencies
               
Equity
               
NYSE Euronext stockholders’ equity:
               
Common stock, $0.01 par value, 800 shares authorized; 276 and 275 shares issued; 261 and 260 shares outstanding
    3       3  
Common stock held in treasury, at cost; 15 shares
    (416 )     (416 )
Additional paid-in capital
    8,164       8,209  
Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
    106       (112 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
    (1,582 )     (813 )
 
           
Total NYSE Euronext stockholders’ equity
    6,275       6,871  
Noncontrolling interest
    54       64  
 
           
Total equity
    6,329       6,935  
 
           
 
               
Total liabilities and equity
  $ 13,043     $ 14,382  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NYSE EURONEXT
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
                                 
    Three months ended     Six months ended  
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2010     2009     2010     2009  
Revenues
                               
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 927     $ 943     $ 1,689     $ 1,773  
Market data
    93       101       184       204  
Listing
    105       101       210       201  
Technology services
    75       49       154       99  
Other
    47       58       93       117  
 
                       
 
                               
Total revenues
    1,247       1,252       2,330       2,394  
Transaction-based expenses:
                               
Section 31 fees
    99       126       162       156  
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    494       514       869       1,021  
 
                       
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    654       612       1,299       1,217  
 
                       
Other operating expenses:
                               
Compensation
    160       158       332       326  
Depreciation and amortization
    66       66       132       134  
Systems and communications
    47       56       99       113  
Professional services
    66       43       124       98  
Selling, general and administrative
    68       74       147       148  
Merger expenses and exit costs
    32       442       45       465  
 
                       
Total other operating expenses
    439       839       879       1,284  
 
                       
 
                               
Operating income (loss)
    215       (227 )     420       (67 )
Interest expense
    (26 )     (31 )     (53 )     (62 )
Investment income
    1       3       1       8  
Other income
    55       4       50       8  
 
                       
Income (loss) before income taxes
    245       (251 )     418       (113 )
Income tax (provision) benefit
    (66 )     72       (114 )     40  
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss)
    179       (179 )     304       (73 )
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest
    5       (3 )     10       (5 )
 
                       
 
                               
Net income (loss) attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 184     $ (182 )   $ 314     $ (78 )
 
                       
 
                               
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 0.70     $ (0.70 )   $ 1.20     $ (0.30 )
 
                               
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 0.70     $ (0.70 )   $ 1.20     $ (0.30 )
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NYSE EURONEXT
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)
(Unaudited)
                 
    Six months ended  
    June 30,  
    2010     2009  
Cash flows from operating activities:
               
Net income (loss)
  $ 304     $ (73 )
 
               
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    143       156  
Deferred income taxes
    16       (3 )
Deferred revenue amortization
    (44 )     (37 )
Stock based compensation
    20       21  
Other non-cash items
    (53 )     2  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Accounts receivable, net
    (98 )     96  
Other assets
    (53 )     (111 )
Accounts payable, accrued expenses, and Section 31 fees payable
    (40 )     254  
Related party payable
    10       (186 )
Deferred revenue
    200       258  
Accrued employee benefits
    (12 )     (11 )
 
           
Net cash provided by operating activities
    393       366  
Cash flows from investing activities:
               
Sales of investments
    299       539  
Purchases of investments
  (282 )     (436 )
Sale (purchases) of equity investments and businesses
    175       (44 )
Purchases of property and equipment
    (162 )     (212 )
Other investing activities
          (1 )
 
           
Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities
    30       (154 )
Cash flows from financing activities:
               
Proceeds from issuance of debt
          312  
Commercial paper (repayments) borrowings, net
    (249 )     (265 )
Repayment of other debt
        (412 )
Dividends to shareholders
    (156 )     (156 )
Employee stock transaction
          1  
Other
    (1     1  
 
           
Net cash used in financing activities
    (406 )     (519 )
Effects of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
    (71     37  
 
           
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents for the period
    (54 )     (270 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    423       777  
 
           
 
               
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $ 369     $ 507  
 
           
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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NYSE EURONEXT
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
Note 1—Organization and Basis of Presentation
Organization
NYSE Euronext is a holding company that, through its subsidiaries, operates the following securities exchanges: the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”), NYSE Arca, Inc. (“NYSE Arca”) and NYSE Amex LLC (“NYSE Amex”) in the United States and the five European-based exchanges that comprise Euronext N.V. (“Euronext”)—the Paris, Amsterdam, Brussels and Lisbon stock exchanges, as well as derivatives markets in London, Paris, Amsterdam, Brussels and Lisbon (collectively, “NYSE Liffe”) and the United States futures market, NYSE Liffe US, LLC (“NYSE Liffe US”). NYSE Euronext is a global provider of securities listing, trading, market data products, and software and technology services. NYSE Euronext was formed in connection with the April 4, 2007 combination of NYSE Group (which was formed in connection with the March 7, 2006 merger of the NYSE and Archipelago) and Euronext. NYSE Euronext common stock is dually listed on the NYSE and Euronext Paris under the symbol “NYX.”
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of NYSE Euronext and its subsidiaries.
The accompanying condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. and reflect all adjustments, consisting of only normal recurring adjustments, that are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the period. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally required in financial statements under accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. have been condensed or omitted; however, management believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.
The preparation of these condensed unaudited consolidated financial statements, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S., requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the period. Actual results could be materially different from these estimates. Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation.
We revised our reportable business segments effective in the first quarter of 2010. The new segments are Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. Historical financial results have been revised to reflect this change.
The condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements of NYSE Euronext as of and for the year ended December 31, 2009. Operating results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2010.
Note 2—Acquisitions and Divestitures
NYFIX, Inc.
On November 30, 2009, NYSE Euronext acquired NYFIX, Inc. (“NYFIX”) which is a leading provider of innovative solutions that optimize trading efficiency. The total value of this acquisition was approximately $144 million. NYFIX’s FIX business and FIX Software business were added to the NYSE Technologies’ portfolio. The NYFIX Transaction Services U.S. electronic agency execution business, comprised of its direct market access and algorithmic products, and the Millennium Alternative Trading System was sold to BNY ConvergEX subsequent to the NYFIX acquisition.
NYSE Liffe US
On October 30, 2009, NYSE Euronext entered into a definitive agreement with Citadel Securities, Getco, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley and UBS to sell a significant equity interest in NYSE Liffe US. The transaction closed in the fourth quarter of 2009. NYSE Euronext continues to manage the day-to-day operations of NYSE Liffe US, which operate under the supervision of a separate board of directors. On March 9, 2010, NYSE Euronext sold an additional 6% of NYSE Liffe US equity interest to DRW Ventures LLC. NYSE Euronext consolidates the results of NYSE Liffe US.
Hugin Group BV
On October 14, 2009, Thomson Reuters acquired Hugin Group BV from NYSE Euronext. Hugin Group BV is a pan-European provider of investor relations and press distribution services.

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Other transactions
Qatar
On June 19, 2009, NYSE Euronext entered into a strategic partnership with the State of Qatar to establish the Qatar Exchange, the successor to the Doha Securities Market. Under the terms of the partnership, the Qatar Exchange will adopt the latest NYSE Euronext trading and network technologies for both the existing cash equities market and the new derivatives market. We are providing certain management services to the Qatar Exchange at negotiated rates.
NYSE Euronext agreed to contribute $200 million in cash to acquire a 20% ownership interest in the Qatar Exchange, $40 million of which was paid upon closing on June 19, 2009 and generally, the remaining $160 million is to be paid annually in four equal installments. The $154 million present value of this liability is included in “Related party payable” in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition as of June 30, 2010.
New York Portfolio Clearing (“NYPC”)
On June 18, 2009, NYSE Euronext and The Depositary Trust and Clearing Corporation (“DTCC”) entered into an arrangement to pursue a joint venture that is expected to be operational at the conclusion of the regulatory review. NYSE Euronext plans to contribute $15 million in working capital and commit a $50 million financial guarantee as an additional contribution to the NYPC default fund. Pending Registered Derivatives Clearing Organization status approval from the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission as well as other required regulatory approvals, NYPC initially will clear interest rate products traded on NYSE Liffe US, with the ability to add other exchanges in the future. NYPC will use NYSE Euronext’s clearing technology. DTCC’s Fixed Income Clearing Corporation will provide capabilities in risk management, settlement, banking and reference data systems.
National Stock Exchange of India
On May 3, 2010, NYSE Euronext completed the sale of its 5% equity interest in the National Stock Exchange of India for gross proceeds of $175 million. A $56 million gain was included in “Other income” in our condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 as a result of this transaction.
Note 3—Restructuring
Severance Costs
As a result of streamlining certain business processes, NYSE Euronext has launched various voluntary and involuntary severance plans in the U.S. and Europe.
The following is a summary of the severance charges recognized in connection with these plans, utilization of the accrual through June 30, 2010 and the remaining accrual as of June 30, 2010 (in millions):
                                         
                    Information Services              
            Cash Trading     and Technology     Corporate/        
    Derivatives     and Listings     Solutions     Eliminations     Total  
Balance as of December 31, 2009
  $ 7     $ 122     $ 13     $ 4     $ 146  
Employee severance charges and related benefits
    2       13       3             18  
Severance and benefit payments
    (5 )     (72 )     (10 )     (2 )     (89 )
Currency translation and other
          (15 )                 (15 )
 
                             
 
                                       
Balance as of June 30, 2010
  $ 4     $ 48     $ 6     $ 2     $ 60  
 
                             
The severance charges are included in merger expenses and exit costs in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. Based on current severance dates and the accrued severance at June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext expects to pay these amounts throughout 2010 and 2011.
Contract Termination
LCH.Clearnet Contract Termination/NYSE Liffe Clearing
Through July 30, 2009, NYSE Euronext used the services of LCH.Clearnet Group Limited for clearing transactions executed on its European cash and derivatives markets.
On October 31, 2008, NYSE Euronext announced that NYSE Liffe’s London Market (for the purposes of this section, “NYSE Liffe”) entered into binding agreements with LCH.Clearnet Ltd. (“LCH.Clearnet”) to terminate its clearing arrangements and to establish new arrangements known as “NYSE Liffe Clearing”, whereby NYSE Liffe assumed full responsibility for clearing activities for the U.K. derivatives market. To achieve this, NYSE Liffe became a self-clearing Recognised Investment Exchange and outsourced the existing

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clearing guarantee arrangements and related risk functions to LCH.Clearnet.
In connection with this arrangement, NYSE Euronext made a one-time €260 million ($355 million) payment to compensate LCH.Clearnet for economic losses arising as a result of the early termination of its clearing arrangements with LCH.Clearnet (the “NYSE Liffe Clearing Payment”). This payment was tax deductible.
On May 27, 2009, NYSE Liffe received regulatory approval from the Financial Services Authority (“FSA”) to launch NYSE Liffe Clearing. Following such approval, NYSE Euronext recorded a $355 million expense which was included in merger expenses and exit costs in our condensed consolidated statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009.
On July 30, 2009, NYSE Liffe Clearing launched operations and NYSE Euronext made the $355 million payment to LCH.Clearnet.
On May 12, 2010, NYSE Euronext announced that, subject to regulatory approval, it will commence clearing its European securities and derivatives business through two new, purpose-built, clearing houses based in London and Paris in late 2012. LCH.Clearnet Ltd in London and LCH.Clearnet SA in Paris have been informed that NYSE Euronext’s current contractual arrangements for clearing with them will terminate accordingly at that time. No termination fees or penalties will be payable.
As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext retained a 9.1% stake in LCH.Clearnet Group Limited’s outstanding share capital and the right to appoint one director to its board of directors.
Note 4—Segment Reporting
We revised our reportable business segments effective in the first quarter of 2010. The new segments are Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. Historical financial results have been revised to reflect this change. We revised our segments to reflect changes in management’s resource allocation and performance assessment in making decisions regarding the Company. These changes reflect our current operating focus. The accounting policies for our segments are the same as those described in “Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 (the “2009 Form 10-K”). We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on revenue and operating income. We have aggregated all of our corporate costs, including costs to operate as a public company, within “Corporate/ Eliminations.”
The following is a description of our reportable segments:
Derivatives consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  providing access to trade execution in derivatives products, options and futures;
 
  providing certain clearing services for derivative products; and
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information.
Cash Trading and Listings consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  providing access to trade execution in cash equities and settlement of transactions in certain European markets;
 
  obtaining new listings and servicing existing listings;
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information; and
 
  providing regulatory services.
Information Services and Technology Solutions consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  operating sellside and buyside connectivity networks for our markets and for other major market centers and market participants in the United States and Europe;
 
  providing trading and information technology software and solutions;
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information to data subscribers for proprietary data products; and
 
  providing multi-asset managed services and expert consultancy to exchanges and liquidity centers.

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Summarized financial data of our reportable segments is as follows (in millions):
                                         
            Cash Trading   Information Services and   Corporate/    
Three months ended June 30,   Derivatives   and Listings   Technology Solutions   Eliminations   Total
2010
                                       
Revenues
  $ 305     $ 835     $ 107     $     $ 1,247  
Operating income (loss)
    135       107       12       (39 )     215  
2009
                                       
Revenues
  $ 219     $ 949     $ 83     $ 1     $ 1,252  
Operating income (loss)
    (298 )     82       5       (16 )     (227 )
                                         
            Cash Trading   Information Services and   Corporate/    
Six months ended June 30,   Derivatives   and Listings   Technology Solutions   Eliminations   Total
2010
                                       
Revenues
  $ 603     $ 1,511     $ 217     $ (1 )   $ 2,330  
Operating income (loss)
    262       206       27       (75 )     420  
2009
                                       
Revenues
  $ 417     $ 1,811     $ 166     $     $ 2,394  
Operating income (loss)
    (240 )     216       11       (54 )     (67 )
Note 5—Earnings and Dividend Per Share
The following is a reconciliation of the basic and diluted earnings per share computations (in millions, except per share data):
                                 
    Three months ended June 30,     Six months ended June 30,  
    2010     2009     2010     2009  
Net income
  $ 179     $ (179 )   $ 304     $ (73 )
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest
    5       (3 )     10       (5 )
 
                       
Net income attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 184     $ (182 )   $ 314     $ (78 )
 
                       
 
                               
Shares of common stock and common stock equivalents: Weighted average shares used in basic computation
    261       260       261       260  
Dilutive effect of: Employee stock options and restricted stock units
                       
 
                       
 
                               
Weighted average shares used in diluted computation
    261       260       261       260  
 
                       
 
                               
Basic earnings per share attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 0.70     $ (0.70 )   $ 1.20     $ (0.30 )
 
                               
Diluted earnings per share attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 0.70     $ (0.70 )   $ 1.20     $ (0.30 )
 
                               
Dividends per common share
  $ 0.30     $ 0.30     $ 0.60     $ 0.60  
As of June 30, 2010 and 2009, 3.8 million and 4.1 million restricted stock units, respectively, and options to purchase 0.5 million and 0.7 million shares of common stock, respectively, were outstanding. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, 1.4 million and 0.8 million awards, respectively, were excluded from the diluted earnings per share computation because their effect would have been anti-dilutive. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, diluted net loss per common share is the same as basic net loss per common share since the assumed conversion of stock options and restricted stock units would have been anti-dilutive due to the loss position.

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Note 6—Pension and Other Benefit Programs
The components of net periodic (benefit) expense are set forth below (in millions):
                                                 
                                    Postretirement  
    Pension Plans     SERP Plans     Benefit Plans  
Three months ended June 30,   2010     2009     2010     2009     2010     2009  
Service cost
  $ 1     $ 1     $     $     $     $ 1  
Interest cost
    12       12       1       1       3       3  
Expected return on assets
    (14 )     (15 )                        
Actuarial loss
    2                                
Curtailment loss (gain)
          1                   1       (9 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Net periodic cost (benefit)
  $ 1     $ (1 )   $ 1     $ 1     $ 4     $ (5 )
 
                                   
                                                 
                                    Postretirement  
    Pension Plans     SERP Plans     Benefit Plans  
Six months ended June 30,   2010     2009     2010     2009     2010     2009  
Service cost
  $ 2     $ 2     $     $     $     $ 2  
Interest cost
    24       24       2       2       6       6  
Expected return on assets
    (28 )     (30 )                        
Actuarial loss
    4                                
Curtailment loss (gain)
          1                   2       (9 )
 
                                   
 
                                               
Net periodic cost (benefit)
  $ 2     $ (3 )   $ 2     $ 2     $ 8     $ (1 )
 
                                   
During the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext did not make any material contributions to its pension plans. Based on current actuarial assumptions, NYSE Euronext anticipates funding an additional $4 million to its European pension plans and zero for its U.S. pension plans for the remainder of fiscal 2010.
Curtailment to the Plans
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, NYSE Euronext recorded a $10 million curtailment gain associated with changes to its U.S. retiree medical plan, $1 million curtailment loss associated with the launch of a voluntary resignation incentive plan in the U.S. during 2009, and $1 million curtailment gain in Europe.
Note 7—Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
The change in the net carrying amount of goodwill by reportable segments was as follows (in millions):
                                 
            Cash Trading     Information Services and        
    Derivatives     and Listings     Technology Solutions     Total  
Balance as of January 1, 2010
  $ 2,249     $ 1,553     $ 408     $ 4,210  
Purchase accounting adjustments
                (5 )     (5 )
Currency translation and other
    (113 )     (202 )     (27 )     (342 )
 
                       
Balance as of June 30, 2010
  $ 2,136     $ 1,351     $ 376     $ 3,863  
 
                       
The following table presents the details of the intangible assets as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009 (in millions):
                         
    Estimated fair     Accumulated        
Balance as of June 30, 2010   value     amortization     Useful Life (in years)  
National securities exchange registrations
  $ 4,714     $     Indefinite
Customer relationships
    806       134       7 to 20  
Trade names and other
    179       33       2 to 20  
 
                   
Other intangible assets
  $ 5,699     $ 167          
 
                   

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    Estimated     Accumulated        
Balance as of December 31, 2009   fair value     amortization     Useful Life (in years)  
National securities exchange registrations
  $ 5,255     $     Indefinite
Customer relationships
    886       122       7 to 20  
Trade names and other
    195       30       2 to 20  
 
                   
Other intangible assets
  $ 6,336     $ 152          
 
                   
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, amortization expense for intangible assets was approximately $14 million and $29 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, amortization expense for intangible assets was approximately $14 million and $28 million, respectively.
The estimated future amortization expense of acquired purchased intangible assets as of June 30, 2010 was as follows (in millions):
         
Year ending December 31,        
Remainder of 2010 (from July 1st through December 31st)
  $ 29  
2011
    58  
2012
    58  
2013
    58  
2014
    58  
Thereafter
    557  
 
     
Total
  $ 818  
 
     
Note 8—Fair Value of Financial Instruments
NYSE Euronext accounts for certain financial instruments at fair value in accordance with the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic defines fair value, establishes a fair value hierarchy on the quality of inputs used to measure fair value, and enhances disclosure requirements for fair value measurements. The fair value of a financial instrument is the amount that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value of financial instruments is determined using various techniques that involve some level of estimation and judgment, the degree of which is dependent on the price transparency and the complexity of the instruments.
In accordance with the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic, NYSE Euronext has categorized its financial instruments measured at fair value into the following three-level fair value hierarchy based upon the level of judgment associated with the inputs used to measure the fair value:
    Level 1: Inputs are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market that NYSE Euronext has the ability to access. Generally, equity and other securities listed in active markets and investments in publicly traded mutual funds with quoted market prices are reported in this category.
 
    Level 2: Inputs are either directly or indirectly observable for substantially the full term of the assets or liabilities. Generally, municipal bonds, certificates of deposits, corporate bonds, mortgage securities, asset backed securities and certain derivatives are reported in this category. The valuation of these instruments is based on quoted prices or broker quotes for similar instruments in active markets.
 
    Level 3: Some inputs are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement and reflect management’s best estimate of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. Generally, assets and liabilities carried at fair value and included in this category are certain structured investments, derivatives, commitments and guarantees that are neither eligible for Level 1 or Level 2 due to the valuation techniques used to measure their fair value. The inputs used to value these instruments are both observable and unobservable and may include NYSE Euronext’s own projections.
If the inputs used to measure the financial instruments fall within different levels of the fair value hierarchy, the categorization is based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement of the instrument. A review of the fair value hierarchy classifications is conducted on a quarterly basis. Changes in the valuation inputs may result in a reclassification for certain financial assets or liabilities.

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The following table presents NYSE Euronext’s fair value hierarchy of those assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis (in millions):
                                 
    As of June 30, 2010  
    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
Assets
                               
Mutual Funds (SERP/SESP)(1)
  $ 38     $     $     $ 38  
Corporate Bonds
          1             1  
Auction Rate Securities
                8       8  
Equity Securities
    2                   2  
Foreign exchange derivative contracts
          1             1  
 
                       
Total Financial investments
  $ 40     $ 2     $ 8     $ 50  
 
                               
Liabilities
                               
Foreign exchange derivative contracts
  $     $ 4     $     $ 4  
                                 
    As of December 31, 2009  
    Level 1     Level 2     Level 3     Total  
Assets
                               
Mutual Funds (SERP/SESP)(1)
  $ 49     $     $     $ 49  
Corporate Bonds
          1             1  
Government Bonds
          2             2  
Asset Backed Securities
          1             1  
Auction Rate Securities
                8       8  
Equity Securities
    3                   3  
Foreign exchange derivative contracts
          3             3  
 
                       
Total Financial investments
  $ 52     $ 7     $ 8     $ 67  
 
                               
Liabilities
                               
Foreign exchange derivative contracts
  $     $ 1     $     $ 1  
 
(1)   Equity and fixed income mutual funds held for the purpose of providing future payments of Supplemental Executive Retirement Plan (SERP) and Supplemental Executive Savings Plan (SESP).
The difference between the total financial assets and liabilities as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009 presented in the tables above and the related amounts in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition is primarily due to investments recorded at cost or adjusted cost such as non-quoted equity securities, bank deposits and other interest rate investments, and debt instruments recorded at amortized cost. The fair value of our long-term debt instruments was approximately $2.1 billion as of June 30, 2010. The carrying value of all other financial assets and liabilities approximates fair value. For both periods as of June 30, 2010 and December 31, 2009, NYSE Euronext had $8 million of Level 3 securities consisting of auction rate securities purchased by NYSE Amex prior to its acquisition by NYSE Euronext on October 1, 2008. Since February 2008, these auction rate securities have failed at auction and are currently not valued at par. As of June 30, 2010, the weighted average price of these auction rate securities was 93 cents to a dollar and NYSE Euronext had recorded in other comprehensive income a $0.4 million unrealized gain on these securities.
Note 9—Derivatives and Hedges
NYSE Euronext may use derivative instruments to hedge financial risks related to its financial position or risks that are otherwise incurred in the normal course of its operations. NYSE Euronext does not use derivative instruments for speculative purposes and enters into derivative instruments only with counterparties that meet high creditworthiness and rating standards. NYSE Euronext adopted Subtopic 65 in the Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification on January 1, 2009.
NYSE Euronext records all derivative instruments at fair value on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition. Certain derivative instruments are designated as hedging instruments under fair value hedging relationships, cash flow hedging relationships or net investment hedging relationships. Other derivative instruments remain undesignated. The details of each designated hedging relationship are formally documented at the inception of the relationship, including the risk management objective, hedging strategy, hedged item, specific risks being hedged, derivative instrument, how effectiveness is being assessed and how ineffectiveness, if any, will be measured. The hedging instrument must be highly effective in offsetting the changes in cash flows or fair value of the hedged item and the effectiveness is evaluated quarterly on a retrospective and prospective basis.

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The following presents the aggregated notional amount and the fair value of NYSE Euronext’s derivative instruments reported on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition as of June 30, 2010 (in millions):
                         
    Notional   Fair Value of Derivative Instruments
June 30, 2010   Amount   Asset(1)   Liability(2)
Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
                       
Foreign exchange contracts
  $   484   $   1   $   2
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
                       
Foreign exchange contracts
    180         2
 
           
 
                       
Total derivatives
  $   664   $   1   $   4
 
           
 
(1)   included in “Financial investments” in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.
 
(2)   included in “Short term debt” in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.
Pre-tax gains and losses on derivative instruments designated as hedged items under net investment hedging relationship for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 were as follows (in millions):
                                 
    Gain/ (loss) recognized in other    
    comprehensive income (effective   Gain/ (loss) recognized in income
    portion)   (ineffective portion)
    Three months   Six months   Three months   Six months
    ended   ended   ended   ended
    June 30, 2010   June 30, 2010
Derivatives in net investment hedging relationship
                       
Foreign exchange contracts
  $ (3 )   $ (3 )   $ 0     $ 0  
Pre-tax gains and losses on derivative instruments not designated in hedging relationship for the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 were as follows (in millions):
                 
    Gain/ (loss) recognized in income  
    Three months ended     Six months ended  
Derivatives not designated as hedging instrument   June 30, 2010  
Foreign exchange contracts
  $ 0        $ 4     
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had euro/U.S. dollar, sterling/U.S. dollar and sterling/euro foreign exchange contracts in place with tenors less than 4 months in order to hedge various financial positions. Certain contracts were designated as hedging instruments under the Derivatives and Hedging Topic. As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had £215 million ($324 million) sterling/U.S. dollar contracts outstanding with a negative fair value of $2 million, £120 million ($180 million) sterling/euro contracts outstanding with a negative fair value of $2 million and €130 million ($161 million) euro/U.S. dollar contracts outstanding with a positive fair value of $1 million. These instruments mature between July 2010 and September 2010. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010, the cumulative net gain / (loss) recognized under foreign exchange contracts in “Other income” in the condensed consolidated statements of operations amounted to $0 million and $4 million, respectively, and the cumulative net loss recognized under foreign exchange contracts in “Other comprehensive income” in the equity amounted to $3 million loss for both periods.
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had no derivative instruments in fair value hedging relationship and cash flow hedging relationship.
Note 10—Commitments and Contingencies
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext incorporates herein by reference the discussion set forth under “Legal Proceedings” in Part II, Item 1 of the Form 10-Q filed by NYSE Euronext on May 7, 2010, and Part I, Item 3 of the Form 10-K filed by NYSE Euronext for the year ended December 31, 2009; no other matters were reportable during the period.
In addition to the matters incorporated herein by reference, NYSE Euronext is from time to time involved in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. NYSE Euronext does not believe, based on currently available information, that the results of any of these various proceedings will have a material adverse effect on its operating results or financial condition.
Note 11—Income taxes
For the three and six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext’s effective tax rate was lower than the U.S. statutory rate primarily due to higher earnings generated from foreign operations, where the applicable foreign jurisdiction tax rate is lower than the U.S. statutory, and the reorganization of certain of our European businesses. The applicable tax rate was 27.5% for both the three and

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six months ended June 30, 2010. The applicable tax rate was 29% and 35% for the three and six months ended June 30, 2009, respectively.
Note 12—Related Party Transactions
FINRA
As part of the July 30, 2007 asset purchase agreement with FINRA, FINRA and NYSE Group have entered into service agreements with FINRA and its affiliates. Based on these service agreements and pre-existing arrangements with NYSE Amex, FINRA provides certain regulatory services to NYSE Group and its affiliates. On June 14, 2010, NYSE Euronext completed its previously announced agreement under which FINRA assumed responsibility for performing the market surveillance and enforcement functions previously conducted by NYSE Regulation. As part of this arrangement, 165 NYSE Euronext employees were transferred to FINRA.
LCH.Clearnet Contract Termination/ NYSE Liffe Clearing
See Note 3 for a discussion of NYSE Liffe Clearing.
Qatar
See Note 2 for a discussion of the Shareholders’ Agreement.
The following represents income and (expenses) in respect to these related parties (in millions):
                                 
Income (expenses)   Three months ended June 30,   Six months ended June 30,
    2010   2009   2010   2009
FINRA
  $ 4     $ 4     $ 8     $ 9  
LCH.Clearnet
    (11 )     1       (21 )     1  
Qatar
    6             13        
Note 13—Other Comprehensive Income
The following outlines the components of other comprehensive income (in millions):
                                                 
Income/(expenses)   Three months ended June 30,  
    2010     2009  
    NYSE     Noncontrolling             NYSE     Noncontrolling        
    Euronext     interest     Total     Euronext     interest     Total  
Net income
  $ 184     $ (5 )   $ 179     $ (182 )   $ 3     $ (179 )
Change in market value adjustments of available-for-sale securities
    (4 )           (4 )     22             22  
Employee benefit plan adjustments
                                   
Foreign currency translation adjustments
    (348 )     (2 )     (350 )     644       2       646  
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total comprehensive (loss) income
  $ (168 )   $ (7 )   $ (175 )   $ 484     $ 5     $ 489  
 
                                   
                                                 
Income/(expenses)   Six months ended June 30,  
    2010     2009  
    NYSE     Noncontrolling             NYSE     Noncontrolling        
    Euronext     Interest     Total     Euronext     interest     Total  
Net income
  $ 314     $ (10 )   $ 304     $ (78 )   $ 5     $ (73 )
Change in market value adjustments of available-for-sale securities
    (2 )           (2 )     30             30  
Employee benefit plan adjustments
                      (13 )           (13 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments
    (763 )     (4 )     (767 )     405       1       406  
 
                                   
 
                                               
Total comprehensive (loss) income
  $ (451 )   $ (14 )   $ (465 )   $ 344     $ 6     $ 350  
 
                                   

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
     You should read the following discussion together with the condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. This discussion contains forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ from such forward-looking statements. See “Forward-Looking Statements” and the information under Part I, Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 and our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2010, “Risk Factors.” Certain prior period amounts presented in the discussion and analysis have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
Overview
NYSE Euronext was formed from the combination of the businesses of NYSE Group and Euronext, which was consummated on April 4, 2007. Following consummation of the combination, NYSE Euronext became the parent company of NYSE Group and Euronext and each of their respective subsidiaries. Under the purchase method of accounting, NYSE Group was treated as the accounting and legal acquiror in the combination with Euronext. On October 1, 2008, NYSE Euronext completed its acquisition of The Amex Membership Corporation, including its subsidiary the American Stock Exchange, which is now known as NYSE Amex.
We revised our reportable business segments effective in the first quarter of 2010. The new segments are Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. Historical financial results have been revised to reflect this change. We revised our segments to reflect changes in management’s resource allocation and performance assessment in making decisions regarding the Company. These changes reflect our current operating focus. The accounting policies for our segments are the same as those described in “Note 2. Significant Accounting Policies” included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009. We evaluate the performance of our operating segments based on revenue and operating income. We have aggregated all of our corporate costs, including costs to operate as a public company, within the “Corporate/ Eliminations.”
The following is a description of our reportable segments:
Derivatives consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  providing access to trade execution in derivatives products, options and futures;
 
  providing certain clearing services for derivative products; and
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information.
Cash Trading and Listings consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  providing access to trade execution in cash equities and settlement of transactions in certain European markets;
 
  obtaining new listings and servicing existing listings;
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information; and
 
  providing regulatory services.
Information Services and Technology Solutions consist of the following in NYSE Euronext’s global businesses:
  operating sellside and buyside connectivity networks for our markets and for other major market centers and market participants in the United States and Europe;
 
  providing trading and information technology software and solutions;
 
  selling and distributing market data and related information to data subscribers for proprietary data products; and
 
  providing multi-asset managed services and expert consultancy to exchanges and liquidity centers.
For a discussion of these segments, see Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Factors Affecting Our Results
The business environment in which NYSE Euronext operates directly affects its results of operations. Our results have been and will continue to be affected by many factors, including the level of trading activity in our markets, which during any period is significantly influenced by general market conditions, competition and market share, broad trends in the brokerage and finance industry, price levels and price volatility, the number and financial health of companies listed on NYSE Euronext’s cash markets, changing

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technology in the financial services industry, and legislative and regulatory changes, among other factors. In particular, in recent years, the business environment has been characterized by increasing competition among global markets for trading volumes and listings, the globalization of exchanges, customers and competitors, market participants’ demand for speed, capacity and reliability, which requires continuing investment in technology, and increasing competition for market data revenues. For example, the growth of our trading and market data revenues could be adversely impacted if we are unsuccessful in attracting additional volumes. The maintenance and growth of our revenues could also be impacted if we face increased pressure on pricing.
While access to credit markets has improved in recent months, the upheaval in the credit markets that commenced in 2008 continued to impact the economy during 2009 and the first half of 2010. Equity market indices have experienced volatility and the market may remain volatile throughout 2010. Economic uncertainty in the European Union could spread to other countries and may continue to negatively affect global financial markets. While markets may improve, these factors have adversely affected our revenues and operating income and may negatively impact future growth.
As a result of recent events, there has been, and it is likely that there will continue to be, significant change in the regulatory environment in which we operate. In particular, on July 21, 2010, President Obama signed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. Although many of its provisions require the adoption of rules to implement, and it contains substantial ambiguities, many of which will not be resolved until regulations are adopted, such reforms could adversely affect our business or result in increased costs and the expenditure of significant resources. In addition, there are significant structural changes underway within the European regulatory framework. See “Risk Factors” — We may be adversely affected by the new financial reform legislation in the United States and pending reforms in Europe.”
While we have not experienced reductions in our borrowing capacity, lenders in general have taken actions that indicate their concerns regarding liquidity in the marketplace. These actions have included reduced advance rates for certain security types, more stringent requirements for collateral eligibility and higher interest rates. Should lenders continue to take additional similar actions, the cost of conducting our business may increase and our ability to implement our business initiatives could be limited.
We expect that all of these factors will continue to impact our businesses. Any potential growth in the global cash markets in the upcoming months will likely be tempered by investor uncertainty resulting from volatility in the cost of energy and commodities, unemployment concerns, contagion concerns in relation to the sovereign debt issues faced by some members of the Eurozone, as well as the general state of the world economy. We continue to focus on our strategy to broaden and diversify our revenue streams, as well as our company-wide expense reduction initiatives in order to mitigate these uncertainties.

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Sources of Revenues
Transaction and Clearing Fees
Our transaction and clearing fees consist of fees collected from our cash trading, derivatives trading and clearing fees.
    Cash trading. Revenues for cash trading consists of transaction charges for executing trades on our cash markets, as well as transaction charges related to orders on our US cash markets which are routed to other market centers for execution. Additionally, our U.S. cash markets pay fees to the SEC pursuant to Section 31 of the Exchange Act. These Section 31 fees are designed to recover the costs to the government of supervision and regulation of securities markets and securities professionals. Activity assessment fees are collected from member organizations executing trades on our US cash markets, and are recognized when these amounts are invoiced. Fees received are included in cash at the time of receipt and, as required by law, the amount due to the SEC is remitted semiannually and recorded as an accrued liability until paid. The activity assessment fees are designed so that they are equal to the Section 31 fees. As a result, activity assessment fees and Section 31 fees do not have an impact on NYSE Euronext’s net income.
 
    Derivatives trading and clearing. Revenue from derivatives trading and clearing consists of per-contract fees for executing trades of derivatives contracts and clearing charges on NYSE Liffe and NYSE Liffe US and executing options contracts traded on NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex. In some cases, these fees are subject to caps.
Revenues for per-contract fees are driven by the number of trades executed and fees charged per contract. The principal types of derivative contracts traded and cleared are equity and index products and short-term interest rate products. Trading in equity products is primarily driven by price volatility in equity markets and indices and trading in short-term interest rate products is primarily driven by volatility resulting from uncertainty over the direction of short-term interest rates. The level of trading and clearing activity for all products is also influenced by market conditions and other factors. See “— Factors Affecting Our Results.”
Market Data
We generate revenues from the dissemination of our market data in the U.S. and Europe to a variety of users. In the U.S., we collect market data fees principally for consortium-based data products and, to a lesser extent, for NYSE proprietary data products. Consortium-based data fees are dictated as part of the securities industry plans and charged to vendors based on their redistribution of data. Consortium-based data revenues from the dissemination of market data (net of administrative costs) are distributed to participating markets on the basis of a formula set by the SEC under Regulation NMS. Last sale prices and quotes in NYSE listed, NYSE Amex listed, and NYSE Arca listed securities are disseminated through “Tape A” and “Tape B,” which constitutes the majority of the NYSE Euronext’s U.S. revenues from consortium-based market data revenues. We also receive a share of the revenues from “Tape C”, which represents data related to trading of certain securities that are listed on Nasdaq. These revenues are influenced by demand for the data by professional and nonprofessional subscribers. In addition, we receive fees for the display of data on television and for vendor access. Our proprietary products make market data available to subscribers covering activity that takes place solely on our U.S. markets, independent of activity on other markets. Our proprietary data products also include the sale of depth of book information, historical price information and corporate action information.
NYSE Euronext offers NYSE Realtime Reference Prices, which allows internet and media organizations to buy real-time, last-sale market data from NYSE and provide it broadly and free of charge to the public. CNBC, Google Finance and nyse.com display NYSE Realtime stock prices on their respective websites.
In Europe, we charge a variety of users, primarily the end-users, for the use of Euronext’s real-time market data services. We also collect annual license fees from vendors for the right to distribute Euronext market data to third parties and a service fee from vendors for direct connection to market data. A substantial majority of European market data revenues is derived from monthly end-user fees. We also derive revenues from selling historical and reference data about securities, and by publishing the daily official lists for the Euronext markets. The principal drivers of market data revenues are the number of end-users and the prices for data packages.
Listings
There are two types of fees applicable to companies listed on our U.S. and European securities exchanges — listing fees and annual fees. Listing fees consist of two components: original listing fees and fees related to other corporate-related actions. Original listing fees, subject to a minimum and maximum amount, are based on the number of shares that the company initially lists. Original listing fees, however, are generally not applicable to companies that transfer to one of our U.S. securities exchanges from another market, except for companies transferring to NYSE Amex from the over-the-counter market. Other corporate action related fees are paid by listed companies in connection with corporate actions involving the issuance of new shares to be listed, such as stock splits, rights issues, sales of additional securities, as well as mergers and acquisitions, which are subject to a minimum and maximum fee.

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In the U.S., annual fees are charged based on the number of outstanding shares of the listed U.S. company at the end of the prior year. Non-U.S. companies pay fees based on the number of listed securities issued or held in the United States. Annual fees are recognized on a pro rata basis over the calendar year.
Original fees are recognized as income on a straight-line basis over estimated service periods of ten years for the NYSE and the Euronext cash equities markets and five years for NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex. Unamortized balances are recorded as deferred revenue on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.
Listing fees for our European markets comprise admission fees paid by issuers to list securities on the cash market, annual fees paid by companies whose financial instruments are listed on the cash market, and corporate activity and other fees, consisting primarily of fees charged by Euronext Paris and Euronext Lisbon for centralizing shares in IPOs and tender offers. Revenues from annual listing fees relate to the number of shares outstanding and the market capitalization of the listed company.
In general, Euronext Paris, Euronext Amsterdam, Euronext Brussels and Euronext Lisbon have adopted a common set of listing fees. Under the harmonized fee book, domestic issuers (i.e., those from France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Portugal) pay admission fees to list their securities based on the market capitalization of the respective issuer. Subsequent listings of securities receive a 50% discount on admission fees. Non-domestic companies listing in connection with raising capital are charged admission and annual fees on a similar basis, although they are charged lower maximum admission fees and annual fees. Euronext Paris and Euronext Lisbon also charge centralization fees for collecting and allocating retail investor orders in IPOs and tender offers.
The revenue NYSE Euronext derives from listing fees is primarily dependent on the number and size of new company listings as well as the level of other corporate-related activity of existing listed issuers. The number and size of new company listings and other corporate-related activity in any period depend primarily on factors outside of NYSE Euronext’s control, including general economic conditions in Europe and the United States (in particular, stock market conditions) and the success of competing stock exchanges in attracting and retaining listed companies.
Technology Services
Revenues are generated primarily from connectivity services related to the SFTI and FIX networks, software licenses and maintenance fees and strategic consulting services. Co-location revenue is recognized monthly over the life of the contract. We also generate revenues from software license contracts and maintenance agreements. We provide software which allows customers to receive comprehensive market-agnostic connectivity, transaction and data management solutions. Software license revenues are recognized at the time of client acceptance and maintenance agreement revenues are recognized monthly over the life of the maintenance term subsequent to acceptance. Expert consulting services are offered for customization or installation of the software and for general advisory services. Consulting revenue is generally billed in arrears on a time and materials basis, although customers sometimes prepay for blocks of consulting services in bulk. Customer specific software license revenue is recognized at the time of client acceptance. NYSE Euronext records revenues from subscription agreements on a pro rata basis over the life of the subscription agreements. The unrealized portions of invoiced subscription fees, maintenance fees and prepaid consulting fees are recorded as deferred revenue on the condensed consolidated statement of financial condition.
Other Revenues
Other revenues include trading license fees, fees for facilities and other services provided to designated market markers (“DMMs”), brokers and clerks physically located on the floors of our U.S. markets that enable them to engage in the purchase and sale of securities on the trading floor, the results of our BlueNext business and fees for clearance and settlement activities in our European markets, as well as regulatory revenues. Regulatory fees are charged to member organizations of our U.S. securities exchanges.
Components of Expenses
Section 31 Fees
See “Sources of Revenues— Transaction and Clearing Fees” above.
Liquidity Payments, Routing and Clearing
We offer our customers a variety of liquidity payment structures, tailored to specific market, product and customer characteristics in order to attract order flow, enhance liquidity and promote use of our markets. We charge a “per share” or “per contract” execution fee to the market participant who takes the liquidity on certain of our trading platforms and, in turn, we pay, on certain of our markets, a portion of this “per share” or “per contract” execution fee to the market participant who provides the liquidity.
We also incur routing charges in the U.S. when we do not have the best bid or offer in the market for a security that a customer is trying to buy or sell on one of our U.S. securities exchanges. In that case, we route the customer’s order to the external market center that displays the best bid or offer. The external market center charges us a fee per share (denominated in tenths of a cent per share) for routing to its system. We include costs incurred due to erroneous trade execution within routing and clearing. Furthermore, NYSE

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Arca incurs clearance, brokerage and related transaction expenses, which primarily include costs incurred in self-clearing activities, and service fees paid per trade to exchanges for trade execution.
Other Operating Expenses
Other operating expenses include compensation, depreciation and amortization, systems and communications, professional services, selling, general and administrative, and merger expenses and exit costs.
     Compensation
Compensation expense includes employee salaries, incentive compensation (including stock-based compensation) and related benefits expense, including pension, medical, post-retirement medical and supplemental executive retirement plan charges. Part-time help, primarily related to security personnel at the NYSE, is also recorded as part of compensation.
     Depreciation and Amortization
Depreciation and amortization expenses consist of costs from depreciating fixed assets (including computer hardware and capitalized software) and amortizing intangible assets over their estimated useful lives.
     Systems and Communications
Systems and communications expense includes costs for development and maintenance of trading, regulatory and administrative systems; investments in system capacity, reliability and security; and cost of network connectivity between our customers and data centers, as well as connectivity to various other market centers. Systems and communications expense also includes fees paid to third-party providers of networks and information technology resources, including fees for consulting, research and development services, software rental costs and licenses, hardware rental and related fees paid to third-party maintenance providers.
     Professional Services
Professional services expense includes consulting charges related to various technological and operational initiatives, including fees paid to LCH.Clearnet in connection with the clearing guarantee arrangements, as well as legal and audit fees.
     Selling, General and Administrative
Selling, general and administrative expenses include (i) occupancy costs, (ii) marketing costs consisting of advertising, printing and promotion expenses, (iii) insurance premiums, travel and entertainment expenses, co-branding, investor education and advertising expenses with NYSE listed companies, (iv) general and administrative expenses and (v) regulatory fine income levied by NYSE Regulation. Regulatory fine income must be used for regulatory purposes. Subsequent to the July 30, 2007 asset purchase agreement with FINRA, the amount of fines has been relatively immaterial.
     Merger Expenses and Exit Costs
Merger expenses and exit costs consist of severance costs and related curtailment losses, contract termination costs, depreciation charges triggered by the acceleration of certain fixed asset useful lives, as well as legal and other expenses directly attributable to business combinations and cost reduction initiatives.

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Results of Operations
The results of operations of NYSE Euronext include the results of operations of NYFIX, Inc. since November 30, 2009.
Three Months Ended June 30, 2010 Versus Three Months Ended June 30, 2009
The following table sets forth NYSE Euronext’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, as well as the percentage increase or decrease for each condensed consolidated statement of operations item for the three months ended June 30, 2010, as compared to such item for the three months ended June 30, 2009.
                         
                    Percent  
    Three months ended     Increase  
    June 30,     (Decrease)  
(Dollars in Millions)   2010     2009          
Revenues
                       
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 927     $ 943       (2 )%
Market data
    93       101       (8 )%
Listing
    105       101       4 %
Technology services
    75       49       53 %
Other revenues
    47       58       (19 )%
 
                   
Total revenues
    1,247       1,252       %
Transaction-based expenses:
                       
Section 31 fees
    99       126       (21 )%
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    494       514       (4 )%
 
                   
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    654       612       7 %
 
                   
Other operating expenses:
                       
Compensation
    160       158       1 %
Depreciation and amortization
    66       66       %
Systems and communications
    47       56       (16 )%
Professional services
    66       43       53 %
Selling, general and administrative
    68       74       (8 )%
Merger expenses and exit costs
    32       442       (93 )%
 
                   
Total other operating expenses
    439       839       (48 )%
 
                   
Operating income (loss)
    215       (227 )     195 %
Interest expense
    (26 )     (31 )     (16 )%
Investment income
    1       3       (67 )%
Other income
    55       4       NM  
 
                   
Income (loss) before income taxes
    245       (251 )     198 %
Income tax (provision) benefit
    (66 )     72       192 %
 
                   
Net income (loss)
    179       (179 )     200 %
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest
    5       (3 )     (267 )%
 
                   
Net income (loss) attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 184     $ (182 )     201 %
 
                   
 
NM
not meaningful

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Highlights
For the three months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext reported total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $654 million, $215 million and $184 million, respectively. This compares to total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating loss and net loss attributable to NYSE Euronext of $612 million, $(227) million and $(182) million, respectively, for the three months ended June 30, 2009.
The $42 million increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, $442 million increase in operating income and $366 million increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext for the period reflect the following principal factors:
Increased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses — Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses increased primarily due to increased volumes in our derivatives business and growth in information services and technology solutions offset by decreased volumes in certain U.S. cash trading venues and price change in our Europe cash trading venues.
Increased operating income (loss) — The period-over-period increase in operating income of $442 million was primarily due to reduced other operating expenses of $400 million mainly associated with a one time NYSE Liffe Clearing payment of $355 million in the second quarter of 2009 and increased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses. Excluding the impact of foreign currency ($9 million), net impact of merger and acquisition activity ($420 million), new business initiatives ($13 million), data center integration costs ($15 million) and benefit curtailment ($10 million) reflected in 2009, our other operating expenses decreased $29 million or 7% as compared to the three months ended June 30, 2009.
Increased net income (loss) attributable to NYSE Euronext — As compared to the three months ended June 30, 2009, the period-over-period increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $366 million was mainly due to increased operating income and a $56 million one time gain on the sale of our 5% equity interest in the National Stock Exchange of India.
Segment Results
We revised our reportable business segments effective in the first quarter of 2010. The new segments are Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. Historical financial results have been revised to reflect this change. For discussion of these segments, see Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements and “—Overview” above.
Derivatives
                                         
    Three months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Derivatives   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 282     $ 202       40 %     92 %     92 %
Market data
    12       10       20 %     4 %     5 %
Other revenues
    11       7       57 %     4 %     3 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    305       219       39 %     100 %     100 %
Transaction-based expenses:
                                       
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    79       50       58 %     26 %     23 %
 
                               
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    226       169       34 %     74 %     77 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    5       371       (99) %     2 %     169 %
Other operating expenses
    86       96       (10) %     28 %     44 %
 
                               
Operating income (loss)
  $ 135     $ (298 )     145 %     44 %     (136 )%
 
                               
For the three months ended June 30, 2010, Derivatives operating income increased $433 million to $135 million. The increase was primarily due to reduced operating expenses of $376 million reflecting (i) a one time NYSE Liffe Clearing payment of $355 million in 2009, (ii) an increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses of $57 million associated with an increase in our European derivatives average daily volume as compared to the same period a year ago, and (iii) the inclusion of results of the NYSE Liffe Clearing business, for which there was no comparable activity during the three months ended June 30, 2009. Other operating expenses decreased by $10 million reflecting the results of operating efficiencies.

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Cash Trading and Listings
                                         
    Three months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Cash Trading and Listings   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 645     $ 741       (13) %     77 %     78 %
Market data
    49       57       (14) %     6 %     6 %
Listing
    105       101       4 %     13 %     11 %
Other revenues
    36       50       (28) %     4 %     5 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    835       949       (12) %     100 %     100 %
Transaction-based expenses:
                                       
Section 31 fees
    99       126       (21) %     12 %     13 %
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    415       464       (11) %     50 %     49 %
 
                               
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    321       359       (11) %     38 %     38 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    19       62       (69) %     2 %     6 %
Other operating expenses
    195       215       (9) %     23 %     23 %
 
                               
Operating income
  $ 107     $ 82       30 %     13 %     9 %
 
                               
For the three months ended June 30, 2010, Cash Trading and Listings operating income increased $25 million to $107 million. The increase was primarily due to a decrease in other operating expenses reflecting the results of operating efficiencies and reduced levels of merger expenses and exit costs, partially offset by a $38 million decrease in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses mainly as a result of reduced trading volumes at our NYSE Arca venue and price changes in our Euronext venues. Our revenue capture at New York Stock Exchange improved during the period.
Information Services and Technology Solutions
                                         
    Three months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Information Services and Technology Solutions   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Market data
  $ 32     $ 34       (6) %     30 %     41 %
Technology services
    75       49       53 %     70 %     59 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    107       83       29 %     100 %     100 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    8       7       14 %     8 %     8 %
Other operating expenses
    87       71       23 %     81 %     86 %
 
                               
Operating income
  $ 12     $ 5       140 %     11 %     6 %
 
                               
For the three months ended June 30, 2010, Information Services and Technology Solutions operating income increased $7 million to $12 million. The increase was primarily due to the inclusion of the results of NYFIX following the November 30, 2009 acquisition of that business and improved results of our connectivity and software businesses.
Corporate / Eliminations
                         
    Three months ended June 30,  
                    Increase  
Corporate / Eliminations   2010     2009     (decrease)  
Other revenues
  $     $ 1       (100 )%
 
                   
Total revenues
          1       (100 )%
Merger expenses and exit costs
          2       (100 )%
Other operating expenses
    39       15       160 %
 
                   
Operating (loss) income
  $ (39 )   $ (16 )     (144 )%
 
                   
Corporate and eliminations include unallocated costs primarily related to corporate governance, public company expenses, duplicate costs associated with migrating our data centers and costs associated with our pension, SERP and postretirement benefit plans as well as intercompany eliminations of revenues and expenses. The increase in other operating expenses of $24 million is due to increased data center migration costs and a $10 million benefit curtailment gain reflected in the three months ended June 30, 2009.

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Non-Operating Income and Expenses
Interest Expense
Interest expense is primarily attributable to the interest expense on the debt incurred in connection with $750 million of fixed rate bonds due in June 2013 and €1,000 million of fixed rate bonds due in June 2015. (See “Liquidity and Capital Resources”). The reduction in interest expense is primarily driven by lower outstanding debt balances.
Investment Income
The decrease in our average cash and investment balances, reduction of interest rates and foreign currency rates were the primary drivers of the $2 million decrease in investment income.
Other Income
For the three months ended June 30, 2010, other income increased $51 million to $55 million as compared to the same period a year ago. Other income consists primarily of foreign exchange gains and losses and dividends on certain investments, which may vary period over period, as well as income from equity method investments. For the three months ended June 30, 2010, the increase in other income is primarily due to a $56 million gain on sale of our equity interest in the National Stock Exchange of India.
Noncontrolling Interest
For the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext recorded noncontrolling interest of $5 million loss and $(3) million income, respectively. The $8 million decrease in noncontrolling interest year over year primarily reflects the reduced profitability of BlueNext and the operating losses of NYSE Liffe U.S., which is in development stage.
Income Taxes
For the three months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext provided for income taxes at an estimated tax rate of 27.5% and 29%, respectively. For the three months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext’s effective tax rate was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to foreign operations and the reorganization of certain of its European businesses.

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Six Months Ended June 30, 2010 Versus Six Months Ended June 30, 2009
The following table sets forth NYSE Euronext’s condensed consolidated statements of operations for the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, as well as the percentage increase or decrease for each condensed consolidated statement of operations item for the six months ended June 30, 2010, as compared to such item for the six months ended June 30, 2009.
                         
                    Percent  
    Six months ended     Increase  
    June 30,     (Decrease)  
(Dollars in Millions)   2010     2009          
Revenues
                       
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 1,689     $ 1,773       (5 )%
Market data
    184       204       (10 )%
Listing
    210       201       4 %
Technology services
    154       99       56 %
Other revenues
    93       117       (21 )%
 
                   
Total revenues
    2,330       2,394       (3 )%
Transaction-based expenses:
                       
Section 31 fees
    162       156       4 %
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    869       1,021       (15 )%
 
                   
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    1,299       1,217       7 %
Other operating expenses:
                       
Compensation
    332       326       2 %
Depreciation and amortization
    132       134       (1 )%
Systems and communications
    99       113       (12 )%
Professional services
    124       98       27 %
Selling, general and administrative
    147       148       (1 )%
Merger expenses and exit costs
    45       465       (90 )%
 
                   
Total other operating expenses
    879       1,284       (32 )%
 
                       
 
                   
Operating income (loss)
    420       (67 )     727 %
Interest expense
    (53 )     (62 )     (15 )%
Investment income
    1       8       (88 )%
Other income
    50       8       525 %
 
                   
Income (loss) before income taxes
    418       (113 )     470 %
Income tax (provision) benefit
    (114 )     40       385 %
 
                   
Net income (loss)
    304       (73 )     516 %
Net loss (income) attributable to noncontrolling interest
    10       (5 )     (300 )%
 
                   
Net income (loss) attributable to NYSE Euronext
  $ 314     $ (78 )     503 %
 
                   

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Highlights
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext reported total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating income and net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $1,299 million, $420 million and $314 million, respectively. This compares to total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, operating loss and net loss attributable to NYSE Euronext of $1,217 million, $(67) million and $(78) million, respectively, for the six months ended June 30, 2009.
The $82 million increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses, $487 million increase in operating income and $392 million increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext for the period reflect the following principal factors:
Increased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses — Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses increased primarily due to increased volumes in our derivatives business and growth in information services and technology solutions offset by decreased volumes in certain U.S. cash trading venues and price change in our Europe cash trading venues.
Increased operating income (loss) — The period-over-period increase in operating income of $487 million was primarily due to reduced other operating expenses of $405 million mainly associated with a one time NYSE Liffe Clearing payment of $355 millon in the six months ended June 30, 2009 and increased total revenues, less transaction-based expenses. Excluding the impact of foreign currency ($2 million), net impact of merger and acquisition activity ($442 million), new business initiatives ($28 million), data center integration costs ($24 million) and benefit curtailment ($10 million) reflected in 2009, our other operating expenses decreased $71 million or 9% as compared to the six months ended June 30, 2009.
Increased net income (loss) attributable to NYSE Euronext — As compared to the six months ended June 30, 2009, the period-over-period increase in net income attributable to NYSE Euronext of $392 million was mainly due to increased operating income and a $56 million one time gain on the sale of our 5% equity interest in the National Stock Exchange of India.
Segment Results
We revised our reportable business segments effective in the first quarter of 2010. The new segments are Derivatives, Cash Trading and Listings, and Information Services and Technology Solutions. Historical financial results have been revised to reflect this change. For discussion of these segments, see Note 4 to the condensed consolidated financial statements and “—Overview” above.
Derivatives
                                         
    Six months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Derivatives   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 560     $ 384       46 %     93 %     92 %
Market data
    24       21       14 %     4 %     5 %
Other revenues
    19       12       58 %     3 %     3 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    603       417       45 %     100 %     100 %
Transaction-based expenses:
                                       
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    153       92       66 %     25 %     22 %
 
                               
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    450       325       38 %     75 %     78 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    8       377       (98) %     1 %     91 %
Other operating expenses
    180       188       (4) %     30 %     45 %
 
                               
Operating income (loss)
  $ 262     $ (240 )     209 %     44 %     (58 )%
 
                               
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, Derivatives operating income increased $502 million to $262 million. The increase was primarily due to reduced other operating expenses of $377 million reflecting (i) a one time NYSE Liffe Clearing payment of $355 million in 2009, (ii) an increase in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses reflecting an increase in our European derivatives average daily volume as compared to the same period a year ago, and (iii) the inclusion of results of the NYSE Liffe Clearing business, for which there was no comparable activity during the six months ended June 30, 2009. Other operating expenses decreased by $8 million reflecting the results of operating efficiencies.

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Cash Trading and Listings
                                         
    Six months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Cash Trading and Listings   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Transaction and clearing fees
  $ 1,129     $ 1,389       (19) %     75 %     77 %
Market data
    97       116       (16) %     6 %     6 %
Listing
    210       201       4 %     14 %     11 %
Other revenues
    75       105       (29) %     5 %     6 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    1,511       1,811       (17) %     100 %     100 %
Transaction-based expenses:
                                       
Section 31 fees
    162       156       4 %     11 %     9 %
Liquidity payments, routing and clearing
    716       929       (23) %     47 %     51 %
 
                               
Total revenues, less transaction-based expenses
    633       726       (13) %     42 %     40 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    26       74       (65) %     2 %     4 %
Other operating expenses
    401       436       (8) %     26 %     24 %
 
                               
Operating income
  $ 206     $ 216       (5) %     14 %     12 %
 
                               
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, Cash Trading and Listings operating income decreased $10 million to $206 million. This was primarily due to a $93 million decrease in total revenues, less transaction-based expenses as a result of reduced trading volumes at our NYSE Arca venue and price changes in our Euronext venues offset by reduced levels of merger expenses and exit costs and improved revenue capture at New York Stock Exchange. Other operating expenses as a percentage of revenues remained relatively flat year over year.
Information Services and Technology Solutions
                                         
    Six months ended June 30,  
                    Increase     % of Revenues  
Information Services and Technology Solutions   2010     2009     (decrease)     2010     2009  
Market data
  $ 63     $ 67       (6) %     29 %     40 %
Technology services
    154       99       56 %     71 %     60 %
 
                               
Total revenues
    217       166       31 %     100 %     100 %
Merger expenses and exit costs
    10       12       (17) %     5 %     7 %
Other operating expenses
    180       143       26 %     83 %     86 %
 
                               
Operating income
  $ 27     $ 11       145 %     12 %     7 %
 
                               
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, Information Services and Technology Solutions operating income increased $16 million to $27 million. The increase was primarily due to the inclusion of the results of NYFIX following the November 30, 2009 acquisition of that business and improved results of our connectivity and software businesses.
Corporate / Eliminations
                         
    Six months ended June 30,  
                    Increase  
Corporate / Eliminations   2010     2009     (decrease)  
Other revenues
  $ (1 )   $       (100 )%
 
                   
Total revenues
    (1 )           (100 )%
Merger expenses and exit costs
    1       2       (50 )%
Other operating expenses
    73       52       40 %
 
                   
Operating (loss) income
  $ (75 )   $ (54 )     39 %
 
                   
Corporate and eliminations include unallocated costs primarily related to corporate governance, public company expenses, duplicate costs associated with migrating our data centers and costs associated with our pension, SERP and postretirement benefit plans as well as intercompany eliminations of revenues and expenses. The increase in other operating expenses of $21 million is due to increased data center migration costs and a $10 million benefit curtailment gain reflected in the six months ended June 30, 2009.

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Non-Operating Income and Expenses
Interest Expense
Interest expense is primarily attributable to the interest expense on the debt incurred in connection with $750 million of fixed rate bonds due in June 2013 and €1,000 million of fixed rate bonds due in June 2015. (See “Liquidity and Capital Resources”). The reduction in interest expense is primarily driven by lower outstanding debt balances.
Investment Income
The decrease in our average cash and investment balances, reduction of interest rates and foreign currency rates were the primary drivers of the $7 million decrease in investment income.
Other Income
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, other income increased $42 million to $50 million as compared to the same period a year ago. Other income consists primarily of foreign exchange gains and losses and dividends on certain investments, which may vary period over period, as well as income from equity method investments. For the six months ended June 30, 2010, the increase in other income is primarily due to a $56 million gain on sale of our equity investment in the National Stock Exchange of India.
Noncontrolling Interest
For the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext recorded noncontrolling interest of $10 million loss and $(5) million income, respectively. The decrease of $15 million in noncontrolling interest year over year primarily reflects the reduced profitability of BlueNext and the operating losses of NYSE Liffe U.S., which is in development stage.
Income Taxes
For the six months ended June 30, 2010 and 2009, NYSE Euronext provided for income taxes at an estimated tax rate of 27.5% and 35%, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext’s effective tax rate was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to foreign operations and the reorganization of certain of its European businesses.

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Liquidity and Capital Resources
NYSE Euronext’s financial policy seeks to finance the growth of its business, remunerate shareholders and ensure financial flexibility, while maintaining strong creditworthiness and liquidity. NYSE Euronext’s primary sources of liquidity are cash flows from operating activities, current assets and existing bank facilities. NYSE Euronext’s principal liquidity requirements are for working capital, capital expenditures and general corporate use.
Cash flows from operating activities
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, net cash provided by operating activities was $393 million, representing net income of $304 million, depreciation and amortization of $143 million and an increase in working capital of $7 million. Capital expenditures for the six months ended June 30, 2010 were $162 million.
Net financial indebtedness
As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had approximately $2.2 billion in debt outstanding and $0.4 billion of cash, cash equivalents and financial investments, resulting in $1.8 billion in net indebtedness. We define net indebtedness as outstanding debt less cash, cash equivalents and financial investments.
Net indebtedness was as follows (in millions):
                 
    June 30,     December 31,  
    2010     2009  
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 369     $ 423  
Financial investments
    50       67  
 
           
Cash, cash equivalents and financial investments
    419       490  
 
               
Short term debt
    282       616  
Long term debt
    1,962       2,166  
 
           
Total debt
    2,244       2,782  
 
           
 
               
Net indebtedness
  $ 1,825     $ 2,292  
 
           
Cash, cash equivalents and financial investments are managed as a global treasury portfolio of non-speculative financial instruments that are readily convertible into cash, such as overnight deposits, term deposits, money market funds, mutual funds for treasury investments, short duration fixed income investments and other money market instruments, thus ensuring high liquidity of financial assets.
As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext’s main debt instruments were as follows (in millions):
                 
    Principal amount as of        
    June 30, 2010     Maturity  
Commercial paper issued under the global commercial paper program
  $ 278     From July 1 2010 to
July 29, 2010
4.8% bond in U.S. dollar
  $ 750     June 30, 2013
5.375% bond in Euro
  1,000 ($1,226 )   June 30, 2015
In 2007, NYSE Euronext entered into a U.S. dollar and euro-denominated global commercial paper program of $3.0 billion in order to refinance the acquisition of the Euronext shares. As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had $0.3 billion of debt outstanding at an average interest rate of 0.5% under this commercial paper program. The effective interest rate of commercial paper issuances does not materially differ from short term interest rates (Libor U.S. for commercial paper issued in U.S. dollar and Euribor for commercial paper issued in euro). The fluctuation of these rates due to market conditions may therefore impact the interest expense incurred by NYSE Euronext.
The commercial paper program is backed by a $2.0 billion 5-year syndicated revolving bank facility maturing on April 4, 2012. This bank facility is also available for general corporate purposes and was not drawn as of June 30, 2010. On September 15, 2008, the amount of commitments readily available to NYSE Euronext under this facility decreased from $2.0 billion to $1,833 million as a result of the bankruptcy filing of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc., which had provided a $167 million commitment under this facility.
In August 2006, prior to the combination with NYSE Group, Euronext entered into a €300 million ($368 million at June 30, 2010)

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revolving credit facility available for general corporate purposes, which matures on August 4, 2011. On a combined basis, as of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext had two committed bank credit facilities totaling $2.2 billion, with no amount outstanding under any of these facilities. The commercial paper program and the credit facilities include terms and conditions customary for agreements of this type, which may restrict NYSE Euronext’s ability to engage in additional transactions or incur additional indebtedness.
In 2008, NYSE Euronext issued $750 million of 4.8% fixed rate bonds due in June 2013 and €750 million of 5.375% fixed rate bonds due in June 2015 in order to, among other things, refinance outstanding commercial paper and lengthen the maturity profile of its debt. In 2009, NYSE Euronext increased the €750 million 5.375% notes due in June 2015 to €1 billion as a result of an incremental offering of €250 million. The terms of the bonds do not contain any financial covenants. The bonds may be redeemed by NYSE Euronext or the bond holders under certain customary circumstances, including a change in control. The terms of the bonds also provide for customary events of default and a negative pledge covenant.
Liquidity risk
NYSE Euronext continually reviews its liquidity and debt positions, and subject to market conditions and credit and strategic considerations, may from time to time determine to vary the maturity profile of its debt and diversify its sources of financing. NYSE Euronext anticipates being able to support short-term liquidity and operating needs primarily through existing cash balances and financing arrangements, along with future cash flows from operations. If existing financing arrangements are insufficient to meet the anticipated needs of its current operations or to refinance existing debt, NYSE Euronext may seek additional financing in either the debt or equity markets. NYSE Euronext may also seek equity or debt financing in connection with future acquisitions or other strategic transactions. While we believe that we generally have access to debt markets, including bank facilities and publicly and privately issued long and short term debt, we may not be able to obtain additional financing on acceptable terms or at all.
Because commercial paper’s new issues generally fund the retirement of old issues, NYSE Euronext is exposed to the rollover risk of not being able to issue new commercial paper. In order to mitigate the rollover risk, NYSE Euronext maintains undrawn backstop bank facilities for an aggregate amount exceeding at any time the amount issued under its commercial paper program. In case we would not be able to issue new commercial paper, we may draw on these backstop facilities.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The following provides information about NYSE Euronext’s critical accounting policies and estimates. Critical accounting polices reflect significant judgments and uncertainties, and potentially produce materially different results, assumptions and conditions.
Revenue Recognition
There are two types of fees applicable to companies listed on the NYSE, NYSE Arca, NYSE Amex and Euronext — listing fees and annual fees. Listing fees consist of two components: original listing fees and fees related to other corporate action. Original listing fees, subject to a minimum and maximum amount, are based on the number of shares that the company initially lists with the NYSE, NYSE Arca or Euronext. Original listing fees, however, are generally not applicable to companies that transfer to one of our U.S. securities exchanges from another market, except for companies transferring to NYSE Amex from the over-the-counter market. Other corporate action related fees are paid by listed companies in connection with corporate actions involving the issuance of new shares. Annual fees are recognized on a pro rata basis over the calendar year. Original listing fees are recognized on a straight-line basis over their estimated service periods of 10 years for the NYSE and Euronext, and 5 years for NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex. Unamortized balances are recorded as deferred revenue on the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition.
In addition, NYSE Euronext licenses software and provides software services which are accounted for in accordance with Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification, which involves significant judgment.
Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets
NYSE Euronext reviews the carrying value of goodwill for impairment at least annually based upon estimated fair value of NYSE Euronext’s reporting units. Should the review indicate that goodwill is impaired, NYSE Euronext’s goodwill would be reduced by the difference between the carrying value of goodwill and its fair value.
NYSE Euronext reviews the useful life of its indefinite-lived intangible assets to determine whether events or circumstances continue to support the indefinite useful life categorization. In addition, the carrying value of NYSE Euronext’s other intangible assets is reviewed by NYSE Euronext at least annually for impairment based upon the estimated fair value of the asset.
For purposes of performing the impairment test, fair values are determined using discounted cash flow methodology. This requires significant judgments including estimation of future cash flows, which, among other factors, is dependent on internal forecasts, estimation of the long-term rate of growth for businesses, and determination of weighted average cost of capital. Changes in these estimates and assumptions could materially affect the determination of fair value and/or goodwill and other intangible impairment for each reporting unit.

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Income Taxes
NYSE Euronext records income taxes using the asset and liability method, under which current and deferred tax liabilities and assets are recorded in accordance with enacted tax laws and rates. Under this method, the amounts of deferred tax liabilities and assets at the end of each period are determined using the tax rate expected to be in effect when the taxes are actually paid or recovered. Future tax benefits are recognized to the extent that realization of such benefits is more likely than not.
Deferred income taxes are provided for the estimated income tax effect of temporary differences between financial and tax bases in assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets are also provided for certain tax carryforwards. A valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets is established when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized.
NYSE Euronext is subject to numerous tax jurisdictions primarily based on our operations in these jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in assessing the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in NYSE Euronext’s financial statements or tax returns. Fluctuations in the actual outcome of these future tax consequences could have a material impact on NYSE Euronext’s financial position or results of operations.
Pension and Other Post-Retirement Employee Benefits
Pension and other post-retirement employee benefits costs and liabilities are dependent on assumptions used in calculating such amounts. These assumptions include discount rates, health care cost trend rates, benefits earned, interest cost, expected return on assets, mortality rates, and other factors. In accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, actual results that differ from the assumptions are accumulated and amortized over future periods and, therefore, generally affect recognized expense and the recorded obligation in future periods. While management believes that the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may affect NYSE Euronext’s pension and other post-retirement obligations and future expense.
Hedging Activities
NYSE Euronext uses derivative instruments to limit exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates and interest rates. NYSE Euronext accounts for derivatives pursuant to Derivatives and Hedging Topic of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. The Derivatives and Hedging Topic establishes accounting and reporting standards for derivative instruments and requires that all derivatives be recorded at fair value on the statement of financial condition. Changes in the fair value of derivative financial instruments are either recognized in other comprehensive income or net income depending on whether the derivative is being used to hedge changes in cash flows or changes in fair value.
Recently Issued Accounting Guidance
The FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2009-13, Multiple-Deliverable Revenue Arrangements, which supersedes certain provisions in Subtopic 25 in the Revenue Recognition Topic of the Codification. ASU 2009-13 requires an entity to allocate arrangement consideration at the inception of an arrangement to all of its deliverables based on their relative selling prices. It also eliminates the use of the residual method of allocation which was allowed under previous guidance and requires the use of the relative-selling-price method in all circumstances in which an entity recognizes revenue for an arrangement with multiple deliverable subject to the Subtopic 25 in the Revenue Recognition Topic. ASU 2009-13 also requires both ongoing disclosures regarding an entity’s multiple-element revenue arrangements as well as certain transitional disclosures during periods after adoption. This new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010.
The FASB issued ASU 2009-14, Certain Revenue Arrangements That Include Software Elements, which amends certain provisions in Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic of the Codification. The amendments in ASU 2009-14 change revenue recognition for tangible products containing software elements and non-software elements as follows: (1) the tangible element of the product is always outside the scope of Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic (2) the software elements of tangible products are outside of the scope of Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic when the software elements and non-software elements function together to deliver the product’s essential functionality and (3) undelivered elements in the arrangement related to the non-software components also are excluded from the software revenue recognition guidance. ASU 2009-14 applies to transactions which contain both software and non-software elements. For these transactions, companies will have to go through a two-step process for the software elements. First, a company has to allocate the total consideration to separate units of account for the non-software elements and software elements as a group, using relative selling-price method. Second, the amount allocated to the software elements as a group will then be accounted for in accordance with the requirements in Subtopic 605 in the Software Topic of the Codification. This may require the use of Residual Method of allocation if VSOE (vendor specific objective evidence) or TPE (third party evidence) does not exist for the undelivered elements. This new guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning on or after June 15, 2010, and it is also applicable to existing arrangements that are materially modified after the effective date. We do not believe that this will have a significant impact on our financial statements.

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Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
General
As a result of its operating and financing activities, NYSE Euronext is exposed to market risks such as interest rate risk, currency risk and credit risk. NYSE Euronext has implemented policies and procedures designed to measure, manage, monitor and report risk exposures, which are regularly reviewed by the appropriate management and supervisory bodies. NYSE Euronext’s central treasury is charged with identifying risk exposures and monitoring and managing such risks on a daily basis. To the extent necessary and permitted by local regulation, NYSE Euronext’s subsidiaries centralize their cash investments, report their risks and hedge their exposures with the central treasury. NYSE Euronext performs sensitivity analysis to determine the effects that market risk exposures may have.
NYSE Euronext uses derivative instruments solely to hedge financial risks related to its financial position or risks that are otherwise incurred in the normal course of its commercial activities. It does not use derivative instruments for speculative purposes.
Interest Rate Risk
Except for fixed rate bonds, most of NYSE Euronext’s financial assets and liabilities are based on floating rates, on fixed rates with an outstanding maturity or reset date falling in less than one year or on fixed rates that have been swapped to floating rates via fixed-to-floating rate swaps. The following table summarizes NYSE Euronext’s exposure to interest rate risk as of June 30, 2010 (in millions of U.S. dollars):
                                 
                            Impact(2) of a
    Financial   Financial           100 bp adverse shift
Dollars (in Millions)   assets   liabilities   Net Exposure   in interest rates(3)
Floating rate(1) positions in
                               
Dollar
  $ 97     $ 3     $ 94     $ (0.9 )
Euro
    89       280       (191 )     (1.9 )
Sterling
    189             189       (1.9 )
Fixed rate positions in
                               
Dollar
          749       (749 )     (22.4 )
Euro
          1,213       (1,213 )     (56.7 )
Sterling
                       
 
(1)   Includes floating rate, fixed rate with an outstanding maturity or reset date falling in less than one year and fixed rate swapped to floating rate.
 
(2)   Impact on profit and loss for floating rate positions (cash flow risk) and on equity until realization in profit and loss for fixed rate positions (price risk).
 
(3)   100 basis points parallel shift of yield curve.
NYSE Euronext is exposed to price risk on its outstanding fixed rate positions. As of June 30, 2010, fixed rate positions in U.S. dollar and in euro with an outstanding maturity or reset date falling in more than one year amounted to $749 million and $1,213 million, respectively. A hypothetical shift of 1% in the U.S. dollar or in the euro interest rate curves would, in aggregate, impact the fair value of these positions by $22.4 million and $56.7 million, respectively.
NYSE Euronext is exposed to cash flow risk on its floating rate positions. Because NYSE Euronext is a net lender in U.S. dollar and sterling, when interest rates in U.S. dollar or sterling decrease, NYSE Euronext’s net interest and investment income decreases. Based on June 30, 2010 positions, a hypothetical 1% decrease in U.S. dollar or sterling rates would negatively impact annual income by $0.9 million and $1.9 million respectively. Because NYSE Euronext is a net borrower in euro, when interest rates in euro increase, NYSE Euronext net interest and investment income decreases. Based on June 30, 2010 positions, a hypothetical 1% increase in euro rates would negatively impact annual income by $1.9 million.
Currency risk
As an international group, NYSE Euronext is subject to currency translation risk. A significant part of NYSE Euronext’s assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses is recorded in euro and sterling. Assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses of foreign subsidiaries are generally denominated in the local functional currency of such subsidiaries.

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NYSE Euronext’s exposure to foreign denominated earnings for the six months ended June 30, 2010 is presented by primary foreign currency in the following table (in millions):
                 
    Six months ended June 30, 2010
    Euro   Sterling
Average rate in the period
  $ 1.3287     $ 1.5255  
Average rate in the same period one year before
  $ 1.3349     $ 1.4942  
Foreign denominated percentage of
               
Revenues
    16 %     16 %
Operating expenses
    11 %     13 %
Operating income
    39 %     28 %
Impact of the currency fluctuations (1) on
               
Revenues
  $ (2.4 )   $ 7.2  
Operating expenses
    (1.0 )     5.5  
Operating income
    (1.4 )     1.7  
 
(1)   Represents the impact of currency fluctuation for the six months ended June 30, 2010 compared to the same period in the prior year.
NYSE Euronext’s exposure to net investment in foreign currencies is presented by primary foreign currencies in the table below (in millions):
                 
    June 30, 2010  
    Position in euros     Position in sterling  
Assets
  €4,035   £2,837
of which goodwill
    1,043     1,075
Liabilities
  2,335   467
of which borrowings
  1,215      
 
               
Net currency position before hedging activities
  €1,700   £2,370
Impact of hedging activities
        16         95
 
           
 
               
Net currency position
  €1,716   £2,465
 
               
Impact on consolidated equity of a 10% decrease in the foreign currency exchange rates
  $ (210)   $ (370)
 
           
At June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext was exposed to net exposures in euro and sterling of €1.7 billion ($2.1 billion) and £2.5 billion ($3.7 billion), respectively. NYSE Euronext’s borrowings in euro of €1.2 billion ($1.5 billion) constitute a partial hedge of NYSE Euronext’s net investments in foreign entities. As of June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext also had in aggregate $664 million of foreign exchange contracts outstanding, that mature between July 2010 and September 2010. As of June 30, 2010, the net fair value of these contracts was a $3 million net liability.
Based on June 30, 2010 net currency positions, a hypothetical 10% decrease of euro against dollar would negatively impact NYSE Euronext’s equity by $210 million and a hypothetical 10% decrease of sterling against dollar would negatively impact NYSE Euronext’s equity by $370 million. For the six months ended June 30, 2010, currency exchange rate differences had a negative impact of $767 million on NYSE Euronext’s consolidated equity.
Credit risk
NYSE Euronext is exposed to credit risk in the event of a counterparty default. NYSE Euronext limits its exposure to credit risk by rigorously selecting the counterparties with which it makes investments and executes agreements. Credit risk is monitored by using exposure limits depending on ratings assigned by rating agencies as well as the nature and maturity of transactions. NYSE Euronext’s investment objective is to invest in securities that preserve principal while maximizing yields, without significantly increasing risk. NYSE Euronext seeks to substantially mitigate credit risk associated with investments by ensuring that these financial assets are placed with governments, well-capitalized financial institutions and other creditworthy counterparties.
An ongoing review is performed to evaluate changes in the status of counterparties. In addition to the intrinsic creditworthiness of counterparties, NYSE Euronext’s policies require diversification of counterparties (banks, financial institutions, bond issuers and funds) so as to avoid a concentration of risk. Derivatives are negotiated with highly rated banks.

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Item 4.   Controls and Procedures
As of the end of the period covered by this report, our management carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934). Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of the period covered by this report. No changes were made during the quarterly period ended June 30, 2010 in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.   Legal Proceedings
For the six months ended June 30, 2010, NYSE Euronext incorporates herein by reference the discussion set forth under “Legal Proceedings” in Part II, Item 1 of the Form 10-Q filed by NYSE Euronext on May 7, 2010, and Part I, Item 3 of the Form 10-K filed by NYSE Euronext for the year ended December 31, 2009; no other matters were reportable during the period.
In addition to the matters incorporated herein by reference, NYSE Euronext is from time to time involved in various legal proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of its business. NYSE Euronext does not believe, based on currently available information, that the results of any of these various proceedings will have a material adverse effect on its operating results or financial condition.
Item 1A.   Risk Factors
Other then the matters discussed below, for the three months ended June 30, 2010, there were no material changes from the “Risk Factors” as previously disclosed in Part I, Item 1A. of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009 and Part Part, Item 1A of our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, which disclosures are incorporated herein by reference.
We may be adversely affected by the new financial reform legislation in the United States and pending reforms in Europe.
On June 30, 2010, the House passed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (the “Act”). The Senate passed the Act on July 15, 2010 and the President signed it into law on July 21, 2010. Few provisions of the Act will become effective immediately upon signing and many of its provisions require the adoption of regulations by various federal agencies and departments. Furthermore, the legislation contains substantial ambiguities, many of which will not be resolved until regulations are adopted. As a result, it is difficult to predict all of the effects that the legislation will have on us, although we do expect it to impact our business in various and significant ways. For instance, New York Portfolio Clearing, our joint venture futures clearing organization that we expect to become operational at the conclusion of the regulatory review, could become subject to heightened prudential standards to be adopted by the SEC as well as to the Federal Reserve’s back-up authority to regulate financial market utilities that are primarily regulated by the SEC, if New York Portfolio Clearing is designated as systemically important. In order to clear interest rate swaps, NYPC may be required to register with the CFTC as a derivatives clearing organization and become subject to extensive regulation. In addition, other of our subsidiaries that are not regulated in the U.S. today could be required to register with regulatory authorities and be subject to extensive regulation. The Act authorizes the SEC and CFTC to adopt position limits on the trading of swap and security-based swap products that may trade today or in the future on the facilities of certain of our subsidiaries. Such position limits could cause market participants to change their trading behavior and could result in our experiencing a loss of transaction-based revenue and limit opportunities for future growth. The Act also provides regulators, such as the SEC, with enhanced examination and enforcement authorities, which could result in our regulated subsidiaries incurring increased costs to respond to examinations or other regulatory inquiries.
Similar uncertainties arise in the context of financial reform and our European cash and derivatives businesses, where the European Commission’s public consultation on the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (“EMIR”) concluded on July 9th. NYSE Euronext and over two hundred other parties responded with detailed written submissions. The European Commission’s aim is to adopt EMIR officially in September 2010 and to achieve political agreement (by the Member States and the European Parliament) by the end of 2011. This would enable EMIR to be implemented in 2012, in line with the G20 timetable. The current emphasis in EMIR is on mandating Central Counterparty (CCP) clearing for “eligible” OTC Contracts. However, detailed discussion continues about regulatory standards for CCPs in general and there are risks of potentially burdensome and costly operational requirements being imposed on CCPs. In addition threats exist to the current zero risk weighting of collateral lodged with CCPs. There is a scheduled MIFID review in the first quarter of 2011 which may impact our European businesses. There are also changes planned for the domestic regimes in Europe. On July 26, 2010, the UK Government announced its plans for reforming the UK regulatory regime, to involve the abolition of the FSA and its replacement with two separate regulators, one covering prudential risks and the other conduct of business matters. This would mean that, from 2013, our London trading market of NYSE Liffe would be overseen by a new regulator, the Consumer Protection and Markets Authority, whereas our London-based clearing activities would be regulated by the Prudential Regulation Authority, a new subsidiary of the Bank of England. All of these changes could affect our business in the future.
It is expected that market participants will change their behavior in response to these new regulations. We are highly dependent upon the levels and nature of activity on our exchanges, in particular the volume of financial instruments traded, the number of traders in the market, the relative attractiveness of the financial instruments traded on our exchanges and similar factors. To the extent that the above regulatory changes cause market participants to reduce the levels or restrict the nature of activity on our exchanges, our business, financial condition and operating results may be adversely affected. Furthermore, our U.S. and international exchanges compete for listings companies in other jurisdictions. If the Act or any of the pending European legislation described above adversely affects market perceptions of the legal and regulatory environment surrounding the markets we operate, it may make it difficult for our exchanges to compete with

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competitor exchanges in different jurisdictions. For instance, the Act imposes new corporate governance requirements on U.S. listed companies, which may diminish the relative attractiveness of a listing on a U.S. exchange and adversely affect the ability of our U.S. exchanges to attract and retain listings.
Our reliance on FINRA to perform regulatory functions has increased, and our business could be adversely affected if they cease to perform these functions.
On June 14, 2010, we and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) announced the completion of the previously announced agreement under which FINRA will assume responsibility for performing the market surveillance and enforcement functions previously conducted by NYSE Regulation. As of that date, FINRA assumed these regulatory functions for our U.S. equities and options markets, NYSE, NYSE Arca and NYSE Amex, and a substantial majority of the NYSE Regulation staff was transferred to FINRA. Although NYSE Regulation remains ultimately responsible for overseeing FINRA’s performance of regulatory services for our markets, and NYSE Regulation has retained staff associated with such responsibility as well as for rule development and interpretations, oversight of listed issuers’ compliance with financial and corporate governance standards and real-time stockwatch reviews, following the completion of this agreement we are substantially more reliant on FINRA to perform these regulatory functions. To the extent that FINRA experiences difficulties, materially changes their business relationship with us or is unable for any reason to perform their obligations, our business or our reputation may be materially adversely affected.
We are required to allocate significant resources to FINRA to perform these regulatory functions. The obligation to fund these regulatory functions could limit our ability to reduce our expense structure, and could limit our ability to invest in or pursue other opportunities that may be beneficial to our stockholders.

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Item 6.   Exhibits
     
Exhibit No.   Description
 
   
31.1
  Certification of the principal executive officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
   
31.2
  Certification of the principal financial officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) or Rule 15d-14(a) of the Exchange Act.
 
   
32.1
  Certification of the principal executive officer and the principal financial officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350.
 
   
101.INS
  XBRL Report Instance Document
 
   
101.SCH
  XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
   
101.PRE
  XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
 
   
101.CAL
  XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
 
   
101.LAB
  XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document

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SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, NYSE Euronext has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized:
         
  NYSE Euronext
 
 
Date: August 6, 2010  By:   /s/ Michael Geltzeiler    
    Michael Geltzeiler   
    Group Executive Vice President and Chief
Financial Officer
NYSE Euronext 
 
 

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