National Bank of Canada (TSE:NA) is the 6th largest bank and 8th largest financial institution by market cap in Canada. Mainly used by French-speaking Canadians, it is headquartered in Montreal, Quebec, founded in 1859. The bank operates in three business segments: Personal and Commercial, Wealth Management, and Financial Markets. The Personal and Commercial Banking segment provides financial products and services to clients. Wealth Management provides investment solutions, products and specialized services to serve the investment and savings needs of clients. Financial Markets provides corporate, public sector and institutional clients with banking and investment banking services, and gives clients access to the Canadian capital markets.
During 2010, the National Bank of Canada earned revenues of $4.5 billion, a 5% increase from 2009, and its net interest income increased 1% to $2.12 billion. This increase was driven especially by the Personal and Commercial segment due to steady growth in loan and deposit volumes.
The bank has pursued a strategy of maintaining its leadership in fixed income, and continually expanding the market for structured products. The bank led or joint-led 45 deals for 15.2% of all public sector debt issuance, rising in rank to 4th in 2010 from 6th in 2009 in the Thomson Reuters underwriting league tables. In addition, the bank was ranked number 2 in secondary trading of ETFs with a 24% market share.
Fluctuations in the U.S. Dollar (USD) and the Canadian Dollar (CAD) impact the bank’s business operations and its ADR share price. On one hand, a rise in the US Dollar boosts values of its American portfolio of loans, but also reduces the dividend paid on the ADR all else equal. On the other hand, the Canadian economy is largely linked to exports of natural resources. As the CAD depreciates, it boosts domestic revenue for Canadian resources. For instance, if oil trades for $50USD/bl, and the USD/CAD is 1, then a Canadian exporter receives $50CAD/bl for his oil. Now if the CAD depreciates 20% relative to the USD and oil does not move, he would then receive $60CAD/bl for the same oil; thus, improving his return. Therefore, Canada's economic health is dependent on the USD/CAD relationship.
As loaning is a large part of the bank's operations, it has high exposure to credit risk, and relies on accurately predicting how well its customers will repay their loans. The corporation must maintain proactive credit risk management and constantly weigh ongoing economic factors--should they overestimate its customers' ability to repay loans, the bank's overall performance will suffer.
|Bank||Net Income (C$/Yr)||Assets (C$)||Market Cap (NYSE)||Yields (NYSE)||Branches||Tier 1 Capital Ratio||Employees||Customers||Forbes Global 2000 Rank|
|Bank of Nova Scotia (BNS)||3.140B||455,500M||24.57B||7.5%||9.30%||69,000||12,500,000||92|
|Bank Of Montreal (BMO) ||1.978B||152,687M||12.37B||9.4%||1280||9.77%||37,100||8,200,000||189|
|Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD)||3.813B||563,214M||26.92B||6.8%||2200||9.80%||52,000||10,000,000||95|
|Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CM)||-2.060B||353,930M||1.86B||8.3%||1048||10.50%||40,457||11,000,000||159|
As the 6th largest bank in Canada, the National Bank of Canada competes with the other top banks in Canada, colloquially named the Big Five.