This excerpt taken from the NENG DEF 14A filed Jan 28, 2009.
Incentive Stock Options
A Participant will not have income upon the grant of an incentive stock option. Also, except as described below, a Participant will not have income upon exercise of an incentive stock option if the Participant has been employed by the Company or its corporate parent or 50% or more-owned
corporate subsidiary at all times beginning with the option grant date and ending three months before the date the Participant exercises the option. If the Participant has not been so employed during that time, then the Participant will be taxed as described below under "Nonstatutory Stock Options." The exercise of an incentive stock option may subject the Participant to the alternative minimum tax.
A Participant will have income upon the sale of the stock acquired under an incentive stock option at a profit (if sales proceeds exceed the exercise price). The type of income will depend on when the Participant sells the stock. If a Participant sells the stock more than two years after the option was granted and more than one year after the option was exercised, then all of the profit will be long-term capital gain. If a Participant sells the stock prior to satisfying these waiting periods, then the Participant will have engaged in a disqualifying disposition and a portion of the profit will be ordinary income and a portion may be capital gain. This capital gain will be long-term if the Participant has held the stock for more than one year and otherwise will be short-term. If a Participant sells the stock at a loss (sales proceeds are less than the exercise price), then the loss will be a capital loss. This capital loss will be long-term if the Participant held the stock for more than one year and otherwise will be short-term.